Peoria County, Illinois  Genealogy Trails



Federal Land Patents

Candi Horton, 2007

These records do not appear to be the same as the public domain land tract sales.

On some of the sales I have listed under what Authority they received the land. It appears that there are only two ways.
[Authority- The congressional act or treaty under whose authority the land title was transferred from the federal government to private ownership]

- April 24, 1820: Sale-Cash Entry (3 Stat. 566) -
1820 Public land sales boomed. The Act of April 20, 1820, authorized land to be sold for a minimum of $1.25 per acre and tracts as small as 80 acres. 
Public lands initially offered for sale by District Land Offices were sold at pre-announced, scheduled public auction. 
If any land remained unsold, the parcels would be available for purchase at the minimum price on a first-come-first-served basis. This replaced the credit system.

- May 6, 1812: Scrip Warrant Act of 1812 (2 Stat. 728) military personnel -
From 1788 to 1855 the United States granted military bounty land warrants as a reward for military service. 
These patents were issued in various denominations and based upon the rank and length of service. 
They were often assigned to heirs or other individuals.

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These Peoria County land patent records can be found at the Bureau of Land Management website.

Select "Search Land Patents". More details about each transaction can be found at their website.

Land patents document the transfer of land ownership from the federal government to individuals. 
These land patent records include the information recorded when ownership was transferred.
Also, there may be additional names listed on the document, for example, maiden name, alias, heirs, assignees, company name, or state.




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