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1925 Tornado Devastates Southern Illinois
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Daily Illini, Champaign-Urbana, Illinois
Volume LIV Number 159
Sunday, March 22, 1925, Page 16
Map of Storm Area
Main Path of Wednesday's Tornado
Path 1925 Tornado
      The map shows the general direction and extent of the storm which devastated Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana, and, branches of which caused great damage in Kentucky, Tennessee and even as far north as Toronto and Buffalo. The lower scene shows a rescue squad searching the ruins.

Daily Illini, Champaign-Urbana, Illinois
Volume LIV Number 156
Thursday, March 19, 1925, Page 1
Southern Illinois Is Laid Waste As Fire Follows Storm
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Storm Sweeps Across State from Eastern Missouri Through Indiana; 3,631
Reported Hurt in Dehabilitated Area
250 Caught in School
      CHICAGO, March 18 -- A tornado tore through southern Illinois today after lashing eastern Missouri and then caused considerable damage in Indiana before it died out to the northeast after collecting a reported toll of 3,631 persons dead or injured on the basis of estimates available tonight from the storm-swept regions where communication was largely destroyed.
      While darkness and prostrated wires made the collection of data difficult estimates which came in through various sources with ever-increasing totals placed the total dead at 957, and the injured at 2,674 before midnight.
      The destruction of property was enormous. Several towns being almost entirely wiped out and such populous places as West Frankfort and Murphysboro having lost whole blocks of buildings. In the town of Parrish only three persons were said to have escaped injury or death out of a population of 500.
      The wind was so powerful at Parrish that bodies were carried more than a mile, it was reported. At Murphysboro where the dead totalled 100 a school house was blown down over the heads of 245 pupils, while at De Soto, late estimates placed the dead at 100 and the injured at 300 out of a total population of 730.
      A school house at De Soto also was razed and only three of the 250 occupants escaped unhurt. Almost 88 bodies already have been taken from the ruins. The latest reports say that 700 persons were killed at Parrish and West Frankfort alone, but other information placed the loss in these towns somewhat lower.
      In some places where the twisting wind struck hardest whole buildings were moved from their foundation, a grain elevator at De Soto having been carried intact some forty feet to the middle of the road. Churches and schools seemed, to have suffered most outside of dwellings and less substantial farm buildings.
      The storm was not so severe in Missouri where it seemed to emerge from the Ozark mountains owing to a low barometer pressure from Arkansas, but it laid waste a number of towns and many farms before it jumped the Mississippi river into Illinois. There the tornado was at the height of its fury for several miles while it careened from Murphysboro to Parrish. The twister rose above the tree-tops for a considerable distance but lapped the earth again just west of the Indiana line creating more damage at Carmi.
      The tornado lifted sightly again, split into two sections and swept northeast and southeast through Princeton and Griffin, Ind., before it stopped its havoc. Princeton reported 100 dead and twice as many injured, while the latest tabulation at Griffin made the dead 70 and as many more hurt Owensville, Ind., also reported 75 dead where the wires came up around midnight and probably 100 injured. Poseyville had a loss of five dead and a score hurt.
      While lack of communication and the wide area of the storm precluded checking on the reported deaths and injuries which experience has shown are frequently exaggerated during the hours of distress, report each hour enhanced rather than decreased the total casualties. Persons who have reported tornadoes which are not uncommon in this region predicted that a final check of the dead and injured might cut the total in two although the rural regions where many must have been killed and injured, had not been heard from tonight.
      Relief was almost as quick in its action as were the elements in destroying so many lives. Relief trains bearing doctors, nurses, wreckers, and goodly supplies of medicine and food were dispatched from Chicago and St. Louis as well as other points within a few hours after the disaster became known. Governor Len Small ordered troops and medical corps of the Illinois national guard to proceed to the devastated regions at the earliest possible moment.
      While the storm started shortly after 1 o'clock this afternoon from its Missouri lair and had terrific demolishing force it did not reach Illinois until around 3 o'clock and it was nearly dusk before it took its last savage blow in Indiana.
      Whirling and swirling with such irresistible energy that it crushed large buildings like egg shells and razed reinforced mine tipples like weeds the punishment inflicted on the towns in its path was meteoric-like in its fury.
      Almost in a moment the inhabitants of the towns struck were crushed to death or buried maimed under the debris of buildings that crumbled like cardboard houses.
      Citizens after a period of bewilderment quickly rallied in an effort to rescue those who had not been slain and attempts were made to get word to unaffected towns asking for aid. Those who escaped the storm bent to the horrified work before them only to be handicapped in many places by outbreak of fire in the debris. Although darkness fell shortly after the storm had passed, organized rescue work was in progress within a few hours.
      In almost all the devastated cities and towns facilities were scarce for taking care of the injured , and many were taken to Carbondale, Cairo and other places where all hospitals were used in accordance with the armories and other public buildings.
      Financial relief funds, in addition to other measures initiated for the aid of the stricken areas were started almost as soon as word of the disaster reached various cities. Newspapers here, in St. Louis and other places started public subscriptions, and in various cities adjacent to the storm territory, civic and fraternal organizations made donations.
      At midnight the Chicago Tribune at the request of Mayor William E. Dever, started a financial relief fund. The newspaper gave $1,000 and added subscriptions were reported in later hours despite the fact that the general circulation of the disaster had not been thoroughly spread in the city.
      CENTRALIA. Mar. 18 --(AP)-- A graphic eye-witness account of the destruction of the DeSoto public school, and the widespread damage there was told by Max Burton, a telegraph operator for the Illinois Central at Tammaroa, about 2½ miles from the scene of the disaster. Burton hastened to the little town immediately after receiving word of the disaster.
      "Rescue workers were piling bodies of little children on mattresses and blankets on the playground, outside of the school house," Burton said. "It seems that there was no one there to claim them. Their parents were being taken to hospitals on special trains and ambulances."
      "The hallways of the school house had been blown in and the passageway was covered with bricks. The few people engaged in rescuing them could not get into the school. I saw about twenty bodies and while I was there they carried some away, meanwhile others were being brought out of the wrecked building."
      "A few yards behind the school house in a field near the city limits I saw the bodies of two little babies about six or eight months old. Both were dead and their clothes torn off."
      CENTRALIA, March 18. --(AP)-- Approximately 700 persons were killed: at Parrish and West Frankfort alone, by the terrific tornado which laid waste to a large section of southern Illinois today, according to word received here tonight.
      A grain elevator at DeSoto was carried intact about forty feet, being set in the middle of a hard road
      One report brought from Murphysboro to DeSoto, said that a brick schoolhouse at Murphysboro had been blown down. No estimate of the loss of life, however, was given.
      So terrific was the storm at Parrish, and West Frankfort eye witnesses said, that in some cases bodies were blown about a mile and a half out of town.
      Railroad men who came through the stricken area tonight declared many bodies were carried a mile or more from the various towns and before an accurate tabulation can be made.
      Train No. 1, a south bound passenger, on the Illinois Central that left here, at 3 p.m., with three empty refrigerator cars, stopped at DeSoto and filled the cars with bodies, Conductor Redus reported late tonight. There was no building over ten feet high left standing in the town, Redus said.
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      WEST FRANKFORT, March 18. --(AP)-- Scores of persons were killed and hundreds injured and almost a third of the residential section of this city was completely destroyed at 3 o'clock this afternoon when a terrific tornado swept over the city.
      With the hospital filled to capacity and emergency first-aid quarters established at every available place an accurate check of the dead is impossible. More than 300 persons were made homeless. Ambulances, doctors and nurses are being rushed here from the surrounding cities, and immediately upon their arrival are plunging into the work of rescue.
      Rescue workers are being hampered in their efforts by a fire which is raging in the debris. The local fire department assisted by outside companies, is making desperate efforts to extinguish the blaze, but it is feared that further loss of life will result as all the dead and injured have not been taken from the debris.
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      DE SOTO, Mar. 18 --(AP)-- The number of dead and killed here in this afternoon's tornado was estimated late this evening to run between 150 and 400, most of the victims being children, caught under the crumbling debris of the two-story school building of the town. The population of the town is estimated at 600
      At a late hour this evening 88 bodies were reported to have been taken from the wreckage of the school, and rumors were that only three of the 250 pupils had recovered. More than 100 grown persons are reported to have been injured, most of them being taken to Duquoin hospital, and others to Carbondale.
      Five buildings, including the railroad station, were left standing, the others being twisted and blown into a mass of destruction.
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      CAIRO, Mar. 18 -- A relief train with a number of those injured at Gorham, Ill., in the tornado today was reported enroute to Cairo at midnight. The train is due to reach this city about two o'clock Thursday morning.
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      CAIRO, Mar. 18 -- According to advices received here over railroad wires the armory and hospitals at Carbondale have been filled to capacity with the bodies of persons killed by a tornado which struck several southern Illinois towns this afternoon and relief workers have found it necessary to send other bodies to Duquoin.
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      EAST ST. LOUIS, Mar. 18 -- An Illinois Central train left here late this evening with seventeen physicians aboard, bound for the storm stricken area. Free transportation was furnished the physicians by the road. It was announced at the relay station that another special train was being held in readiness to take additional physicians and medical and food supplies to the storm sufferers.
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      CAIRO, Mar. 18 -- E. P. Decker, mayor of Grand Tower, Ill., in a telegram to Mayor Wood of Cairo, tonight said:
"City of Gorham destroyed by tornado. Town burning up. Impossible to estimate number of dead and injured. All people are homeless. What is needed immediately is a Red Cross unit, doctors and nurses and 500 tents for the homeless. We are transporting as many as possible to Grand Tower. The roads are nearly impassible."
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      JACKSONVILLE, Mar. 18 -- Word received here via the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy railroad wire from Ashland, Ill., which took the message from a Baltimore & Ohio railroad wire, is to the effect that the town of Thompsonville, in the southern part of the state is burning, as a result of the tornado, which swept that section late today.
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      EVANSVILLE, Ind., March 18. -- At least 200 persons are believed to be dead as the result of a tornado that struck southern Indiana, razing the towns of Princeton, Griffin, Owensville and Poseyville between 1:10 and 4:30 o'clock this afternoon, according to conservative estimates available up to late tonight.
      A special dispatch received by the Evansville Courier from Carmi, Ill., says the tornado swept Carmi, Crossville, Ill., and Enfield, Ill.
      A schoolhouse north of Carmi was reported demolished, and the entire town of Enfield is said to be virtually destroyed.
      According to special dispatches to The Evansville Courier from New Harmony, Ind., practically the entire town of Griffin, Ind., of about 400 population, was wiped out by a tornado late today. A score or more were reported dead and possibly a hundred hurt.
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      TERRE HAUTE, Ind., March 18. -- At 9 o'clock tonight 27 bodies had been recovered from the tornado wreckage at Princeton, Ind. Many other bodies were said to have been buried under the debris and while the exact number of dead was not known, it was reported nearly 100 persons had perished.
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      GALLATIN, Tenn., March 18. -- Nine persons were killed at Witham, Tenn., about 16 miles north of here, in a storm early tonight which blew over that section according to reports here. Several persons were reported missing.
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      Telephone communications with the Mt. Carmel Republican-Register late last night gave assurance that Grayville, Ill., was not touched by the tornado although surrounded by the devastated area on all sides.
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      ST. LOUIS, Mar. 18 -- Unconfirmed reported through the Missouri Pacific railroad late today said a heavy wind storm had struck Annapolis, Mo., 111 miles south of St. Louis, blown down most of the houses and killed several persons. Annapolis has a population of about 200.
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      RUSSELVILLE, Ala., Mar. 18 -- A man was killed and seven other persons badly injured in a tornado which struck Littleville, near here today. Many houses were blown down and other damage done. A woman who was injured is not expected to live.
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      NASHVILLE, Tenn., Mar. 19 -- Twenty-three dead and scores injured, with heavy property loss that could not be estimated was the toll of the storm which struck Tennessee late Wednesday centering in Sumner county, according to reports compiled early this morning by the Nashville Tennessean.
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      SPRINGFIELD, Mo. Mar. 18 -- A message was received late tonight at the local general offices of the Frisco system that the fast passenger train No. 105 was overturned near South Greenfield, Mo., 15 miles west of here. Several persons were reported killed.
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      SPRINGFIELD, Mo., Mar. 18 -- The engine of St. Louis, San Francisco passenger train No. 105, the Kansas City-Florida special southbound, went into the ditch at South Greenfield, Mo., northwest of here at 10:45 tonight. No one was injured.
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Adjt. Gen. Black Orders Guardsmen of 130th to Storm Area at Once
      SPRINGFIELD, march 19 -- Adjt. General Carlos E. Black announced at 12:30 o'clock this morning that the medical units of the state guard at Quincy, Champaign and Ottawa had been ordered to the storm area. The units will go direct to Murphysboro, General Black indicated, also that he will order the Chicago medical regiment, commanded by Col. Harry B. Orr to Jackson county.
      Companies of the 130th infantry from Hillsboro and Salem have been ordered to mobilize and await orders.
      The headquarters company Third battalion 130th infantry of Carbondale was ordered to mobilize and proceed to Murphysboro with all possible haste The company will be commanded by Major Robert Davis who was in charge of troops in Williamson county for some time.
      Company K, of the 130th infantry of Cairo, has been ordered to proceed to Murphysboro.
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      Col. A. E. Culbertson, Delevan, commanding the 130th infantry was at Carbondale on an inspection when the tornado broke. He immediately notified Adjutant General Black and the troop movement was ordered. The message from Colonel Culbertson to Adjutant General Black follows:
"Tornado swept Murphysboro this afternoon and several lives are reported lost. Buildings are burning."
      The message from General Black to Colonel Culbertson follows:
"Mobilize Carbondale company immediately and proceed to Murphysboro. Wire conditions there and your recommendations. We want to lend all possible help as soon as possible.
      WASHINGTON, March 18. -- The American Red Cross tonight began mobilizing its disaster relief personnel for service in the tornado stricken territory of the middlewest and south and it was said all personnel necessary would be dispatched from Washington and other points as rapidly as possible.
      Chapters in the affected territory were authorized to, expend all necessary funds and efforts were being made to get in touch with Henry M. Baker, director of disaster relief who was in Sullivan. Ind.
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      CAIRO, March 17. -- Mayor Hill of Carbondale, III., in a telephone to call W. H. Wood, mayor of Cairo, early tonight appealed for assistance in "every form" for the storm swept section about Carbondale. He urged especially that relief workers be rushed to the scene.
      Mr. Hill did not attempt to estimate the number of dead or injured. Company K, 157th infantry, Illinois national guard stationed here was immediately mobilized and held at its, armory for orders. Reports received here shortly after 6 o'clock said the fire which followed in the wake of the storm at Murphysboro had already destroyed the entire western end of the town.
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      SPRINGFIELD, March 18. --(AP)-- A bill appropriating $500,000 for the relief of those in the tornado zone will be introduced in the state senate tomorrow morning.
      The bill was decided upon at a conference, attended by Governor Small, Lieut. Gov. Fred E. Sterling and Senators Richard Barr and John Dailey tonight The bill, which will carry an emergency clause will be rushed through the homeland senate and the money will be available next week.
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Latest Report on Storm Casualties
      The latest list of casualties with the towns listed in the order in which the storm struck, follows:
Annapolis, Mo.250
Biehle, Mo.1020
Altonburg, Mo.110
Cape Girardeau, Mo.1250
Herrin, Ill.--50
Murphysboro, Ill.100300
Gorham, Ill.780
De Soto, Ill.100300
Bush, Ill.560
Hurst, Ill.640
West Frankfort, Ill.350650
Benton, Ill.050
Logan, Ill.630
Parrish, Ill.75422
Thompsonville, Ill.840
McLeansboro, Ill.1780
Crossville, Ill.110
Griffin, Ind.7575
Owensville, Ind.75100
Princeton, Ind.100200
Poseyville, Ind.520
Elizabeth, Ind.012
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Governor Appeals to Citizens; St. Louis Red Cross To Receive and Disburse Funds
      SPRINGFIELD, Mar. 18 --(AP)-- An appeal to the citizens of Illinois for the relief of the stricken in the towns which have suffered loss of life and property as a result of the tornado which swept the southern part of Illinois this afternoon was issued tonight by Governor Len Small. The governor urged that all contributions be sent to William M. Baxter, jr., assistant to the vice chairman of the American Red Cross branch at St. Louis, Mo.
      The appeal of the governor follows:
      "Reports received by me are to the effect that many of our people have been killed and maimed, and hundreds perhaps thousands made homeless from the effects of a tornado, which this evening descended upon the southern part of the state."
      "The American Red Cross branch at St. Louis has volunteers to act as the agency for the receipt and disbursement of emergency relief funds in aid of the suffering communities and its offer has been accepted."
      "Every means at the command of the executive for the amelioration of the distressing conditions, in the devastated area will be employed and units of the national guard of Illinois will be mobilized and moved where necessary as the need develops."
      "I hereby appeal to our citizens for funds for the relief of these stricken peoples and request that contributions be forwarded direct to William M. Baxter, jr."
      Governor Small dispatched the following message to the American Red Cross branch at St, Louis accepting the offer to accept and distribute relief funds:
      "For the people of Illinois, I thank you and the American Red Cross for your offer of assistance in the tornado district of southern Illinois which I gratefully accept. I have issued an appeal tonight to the people of Illinois for emergency relief funds and designated your St. Louis branch to receive contributions and disburse funds for the relief of the suffering.

Daily Illini, Champaign-Urbana, Illinois
Volume LIV Number 157
Friday, March 20, 1925, Page 1
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Improvised Southern Illinois Morgues Are Filled with Seekers of Loved Ones
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      CARBONDALE , Mar. 19 --(AP)-- Southern Illinois, scene of numerous tragedies in the past three years, including the Herrin mine riot and the Glenn Young feud, tonight mourned over the victims of its greatest disaster -- yesterday's twister.
      The toll of the tornado "lay in state" tonight in a score of improvised morgues in as many little towns and villages. With rough boards and boxes as their biers and sheets and blankets as their shrouds, the long rows of still forms lay in mortuaries, churches, clubs and private homes.
      Between the aisle of bodies, many of them of school children and a number of those of babes, tonight walked an endless stream of men, women and children searching for loved ones. It was a task for which there had been no time before because the urgent needs of the seriously injured, and was being enacted amidst scenes of sorrow unparalleled in these communities to which mining disasters with heavy losses of life are not strangers.
Rush Relief Work
      "While heart rending scenes were being enacted over the bodies scarcely less pitiful were the pictures to be found in the makeshift hospitals. That was especially true at Murphysboro where doctors and nurses who had worked since dawn labored far into the night by candle light alleviating the pain of the more desperately hurt.
      Broken victims of the storm were wheeled or carried in rapid succession before a little group of doctors who pronounced the fate of the sufferers after cursory, glances and turned to the next.
Tornado Is Freakish
      While the victims to the newcomer appeared numberless, tales of narrow escaped, freakish pranks of the deadly wind and of heroism seldom equalled were heard on every side.
      A DeSoto banker who found his institution crumbling about his ears escaped serious injury and possibly death by taking refuge in a vault with his money
      At Murphysboro two dogs exhibited true canine affection for their master penned in death under the debris of a burning building, when they braved streams of water played by firemen to tug at his lifeless form, refusing to be driven away until the firemen chopped away the rubbish and recovered the body. One woman was held tight in the arms of her husband, and saved from possible death while three walls of their home were blown away from about them. The fourth wall remained intact and the husband clung to it and he and his wife escaped unhurt.
Fire Truck Burns
      The brand new $12,000 fire truck of the Herrin department which with companies of the Anna, Benton and other departments from nearby towns went to Murphysboro was burned upon its first run when it became mired in the mud and the flames swept over it. A number of locomotives were destroyed when the Mobile & Ohio roundhouse was demolished at Murphysboro.
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Murphysboro Hit Hardest in Storm
      Chicago, Mar. 19 --(AP)-- Fairly systematic checking in the towns which were struck by Wednesday's tornado, tonight indicated that the list of dead would not far exceed 800 and might be somewhat lower when duplications had been eliminated.
West Frankfort107500
De Soto188200
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Poseyville, Ind.520
Grand Totals8232,990
Total Casualties 3,813
645 Killed, 1945 Injured in Illinois; Totals in Other States Add to Roll
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      Following is a late compiled list of the identified dead in the storm stricken areas of Southern Illinois:
      Mrs. Norton Bash, Mrs. Fred Woods, Helen Watts, Viola Ford, Mrs. Brothafrd.
      Eulalie Morrison, 12; Mrs. Henry Bullard , Mrs. Temple , Joseph Hartley, Electra Beasley, Richard Beasley, R. L. Hude, Mrs. Hughes, George Bullard, Mary Neil, John Butcher , Mrs. S. O. South , Mrs. Arthur Paulson.
      Charles Stout, B. A .Orland, Hugh Reeder, Ernest Hardwick, John DeWitt, Edward Neil, Ernest Bjyek, Ben Haberneihl, child of Robert McCord, Mildred Tucker, Mrs. Sam Rodman, Arthur Dunne, son of Illinois Central agent; Evelyn Boston, Mrs. James W. Gibson, daughter of Coroner Forshee, J. A. James , ----- McAllister, Mrs. James Fielding and three-year-old son, T. E. Barbey, Mrs. Wallace Blackloch, L. Lipe, Bernard Sheeley, Minnie Beck.
West Frankfort
      Mrs. Joe Butler, 32, wife of motor boss of Orient mine, No. 1; Mrs. Bob Peek, Joe Walson, Mrs. Ida Burton, Mrs. Charlie Fisher, Mrs. Fred Biggs, Randall Biggs, C .L. Hicks, Elizabeth Howard, Janie Sanders, William Norris, Mrs. Nell Hahd, Mrs. Fred Burbank, Mrs. Oscar Whittington and two small children, Mrs. Olla Oller, Mrs. Joie Powell, Mrs. Hand and infant son, ----- Hancock, ----- Williams,
      Mrs. C. L. Hicks, Nan Kelley, Mrs. Ford, Mrs. Violet Powell, John Ford, Mrs. Charles Campbell, G. L. Russell, J. H. Bean, Fred Biggs, Mrs. Clark, Mrs. Hattie Nieble, Odell Karnes, Sister Anna, two children; Joe Watson, sister Pearl and children.
      Mrs. Ola Burton, LeRoy Roberts, child; daughter of Mrs. Joe Hand, Fred Gray, Telka Siskouski, Margaret Biggs, Kenneth Owsley, Bonnie Wampler, a daughter of C. R. Wampler.
      Dovie Wampler, Wesley Gunter, John Drabish, Sarah Aydebitt, Helen Nootney, Belleville, Ill.; E. E. Burns, Falls City; Amelia Panovich, Mrs. Metz, Belleville;, Elbert Williams, Ohio Valley;, Charles Deaton, Ruth Hicks, child; Elmer Lewis, the church child, Gereadine Rumley, child:;
      Walter Ogden, child; Malcolm Ogden, Brown Zwikia, child; Earl Barnes, child; a daughter of J. A.Sullivan, Irvin Gregoni, Harriette Nellas, Harvey Days, ;the Burton baby, teve Panovich, Mr. and Mrs. Beni Summers, Walter Gilbert, Frank ; Pritchett, Gladys Remley, Mrs. Walter Smith, James McGowen, Della Scott, Bessie Neibel, Mrs. Stanley Lebach, Mary Lester, John Black,
      Mrs. Frances Brown, Elizabeth Bolen, Mrs. Shopinski, Mrs. Flora Dixon, Frank Doner, Ida Ogden, Charles Campbell, Wayne D. Brown, Jesse Brown , Billy Jean Brown,
      John Novotay, Mahaley Starns, Mrs. Tim Karnes , Elizabeth Cudy, Fred Sowerby.
      There are 14 unidentified dead at the morgue.
      J. W. Mifflin, Frances Hammer, Joe Moore, Doris Miller, David Ellis,Sam Kerens , Arthur Duncan , John Hamerhahl and brother Ben, Mary Davis, John Swafford; Frank Baroni, Mrs. Ardell Shangler and child, Mrs. Louis Miller, Robert and Luella Piltz, Tressy Schamllenberger, Clara Bailey, Dr. E. R. Waymans and son, August Hasserbrook, Alworth Gregory, Helena Bowermain, Mrs. George Baker, Clyde Liep, Jerry N. Miffilin,
      Willis Child, Joe Baroni, Albert Hausley, Mrs. L. B. File, E. C. Harris, boy, Octavia. Tremley, Edna Hays, Mr. and Mrs. O. S. Silvey,
      ----- Gregory, Early Russell, John J. Grewer, Willia m Schurlozzie , Dolph Isam, Mrs. Jones, Mrs. Kelly, Major Verbal and wife, Mary Mainard, Baker child, J. G. Andrews, Hassebrook child, Doris Stevens, Jerry Callahan's child, Albert Callalian's child.
      E. A. Hinchcliff, Robert Stevenson, Joe Correnti's child, Helen Maycock, Columbus Pierson's child,
      J . G. Harris, CAmpbell Liep, H. S. Coonts, D. E. Darbey, Dr. Forshe's son-in-law, Mrs. Mary Brandon, Mrs. George Berger, Mrs. martha Halliday, S. M. Hainy, Meridan, Miss., W. E. Neal, Earnest Hardwig, ----- Clements, Herbert Lennington, Mrs. Slater, A sister Necis Coffer, Joe Henry, Mrs. Anna Loy, Charles Loy, Thomas Loy, Earl Varner.
      Wesley Cluck, farmer. His son, name unknown, EmilyLloyd, Randall Baltard, Mrs. Randall Ballard, Mrs. Harriet Tyler, her daughter, name unknown, Mrs. Charles Webb, Mrs. John Ray, Lonnie Smith, three Smith children, John Trobough, Mrs. John Trobough.
      Hugh Dolah, Mr. B. Ballard, two Ballard children, Monroe Lampley, Carl Hunt, John B. Lockwood, Frank Oglesby, Sam, Arthur and William Hannagan.
      A son of Mose Mayberry, Mr. and Mrs. Sumner Hollister and daughter, baby of Leslie Prince, Mr. and Mrs. Bob Adams, Elsa Wilson and family (number unknown), The Rev. Marion Pittman, Sam Flannegan.
      Richard Johnson, Mrs. ----- Nolan, 85.
      Martha Braden, Layman Price, wife and son Eugene, Andy Downs, two children of Carlen Taylor, Mrs. Gray, Ivan Smother , Isabel Launius.
Logan and Parrish
      Mr. and Mrs. William Rainey, Mrs. Joe Melvin, child of Bert Gunter, Bert Gunter, two children of Alfred Brady, Sam Flannigan, John Lampley, Columbus Hicks and daughter-in-law.
New Reports Keep Casualty Lists High;
Fire Adds to Horrors of Stricken Towns
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      CHICAGO, Mar. 19 --(AP)-- After the light of a full day had cast its searching rays into the debris left by Wednesday's tornado, and relief work had been organized to gather the dead, heal the hurt and aid the homeless, the toll of destruction to life and property tonight still remained the greatest ever recorded in similar catastrophes, with 823 reported killed and 2,990 injured in the five states affected.
      While the casualty lists had been reduced from first estimates in some instances, word came from hitherto unreported places to keep the total almost as high as indicated in first messages from devastated centers. After a night of terror, dawn revealed that many towns had been virtually obliterated, while whole blocks of larger places had been leveled and fire added to the horrors brought by the wind.
Damage Runs in Millions
      The fires for the most part were kept from buildings that escaped the fury of the twister, but the rescuers were not able to dig out the dead from the wreckage or give as much attention to the homeless and maimed as they might have devoted otherwise. Outside help arrived during the day and by noon the relief was well organized.
      Those in charge Speak in millions when, asked to estimate material losses. The brief dispatches read "$100,000 in southwestern Kentucky"; "$2,000,000 at Princeton,"; "$6,000,000 at West Frankfort"; "$100,000 in Missouri." At the other scenes no one yet ventures to estimate.
Red Cross Arrives
      The Red Cross rushed relief supplies from St. Louis. Chicago offered $500,000. The Illinois legislature appropriated a like amount, the Missouri legislature $25,000 and the Southern Illinois American Legion, $6,000. Other contributions are expected to reach $100,000.
      From the Associated Press casualty list tonight it was seen that more than 100 little children and infants were victims. Every available dwelling was a morgue in the zone of visitation. Serious operations are performed virtually outdoors.
DeSoto Suffers Heaviest
      Human bodies in almost every form, cremated, butchered or crushed were being removed from the debris today. Only a comparatively few have been found intact. Bodies pierced with splinters of wind driven wood are frequent.
      The little hamlet of DeSoto probably suffered the heaviest single catastrophe inflicted by the tornado for it was here that 118 men, women and children died, many of them in the schoolhouse which was razed in a moment.
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E. J. Bjick and Bert Orland Are Killed in Murphysboro District
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      The father of K. E. Bradshaw '27 was killed in Murphysboro , according to reports last night from students who went to that city. The home of A. B. French '28, 1110 West Illinois street, Murphysboro, was completely destroyed by wind and fire, but none was hurt, although French's mother was ill in the house at the time.
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Special Correspondence of The Daily Illini
      MURPHYSBORO, March 19 -- Of 25 Illini families in the Murphysboro and West Frankfort sections of yesterday's tornado, two have suffered casualties.
      In the Murphysboro district, E. J. Bjick, father-in-law of G. E. Sager '18 of the department of horticulture, and Bert Orland, father of F. .A. Orland '23 , formerly of the College of Commerce, were killed.
      Bjick died from wounds received when his house collapsed. His family escaped with minor injuries. Orland, who was foreman of the Mobile and Ohio roundhouse here, was killed instantly when the roundhouse was demolished.
      Former State Senator S. M. Hunter of Carbondale, son-in-law of Judge A. O. Harker, legal counsel of the University, was caught in the maelstrom at De Soto, but escaped without injury.
      A large flour mill belonging to the father of J. R. Dean '28 was completely destroyed. His home and the homes of 16 other Illini families in Murphysboro and the vicinity were left in ruins.
      In the West Frankfort district not a single property loss was incurred by relatives of Illini nor were there any injured.
      Eleven Illini, unable to get any information from the demolished area because of wire trouble, left for their homes shortly after the news of the disaster reached the University.
      They were: M. C. Miller '25, R. L. Pigott '27, Grace Taggart '25 , E. French '28, S Benecini '28, J. R. Dean '28, E. R. Ison '27, F. A. Smith '28, R. B. Eadie '28, O. C. Lee '28 and B. A. Sgiritz '18 of the department of dairy husbandry.
      Miller went to Enfield, Smith to Orient , Eadie and Lee to West Frankfort while all the others arrived here early this morning.
      Edward Martell '23, who is in business at Murphysboro, suffered considerable property loss, it has been reported here.
- - - - -
Special Correspondent of The Daily Illini.
      Of the entire district that suffered from the tornado, Murphysboro was affected the worst, with the number of dead mounting during the night as the Citizens Search committee found new heaps of dead under ashes and debris. A number of the casualties are school children who were trapped in the high school building and the Logan, and Longfellow grade schools.
      Not until the first sight of morning did relief work begin here. All during the night the city was in flames, with some taking shelter where they could and others wandering about in search of parents or children.
      At dawn, however, the citizens began to stir about and before long relief organization was completed. Doctors and Nurses from Chicago, St. Louis and Carbondale swarmed about and answered calls throughout the day. Every available place was utilized as an emergency hospital and food kitchens were established at a number of corners.
      Scores of families, who had been robbed of their homes by the tornado, gathered in the streets before smoldering ruins where they could keep warm. In the attempt to maintain order state militiamen were on guard and set up martial law. Toward noon, as the organization of the relief work provided a routine operation, the streets were less crowded and many citizens threw open their homes for those who were homeless.
- - - - -
      St. Louis. Mo., March 20 -- Six states taking, stock today of their losses in life and property by 'Wednesday afternoon's tornado brought out figures showing the known dead total 576 with over 500 persons unaccounted for.
      In Missouri and Illinois there are 476 unknown dead, 97 in Indiana and 53 in Tennessee, Kentucky and Alabama. The heaviest property loss is in southern Illinois.
      The extent of the tornado showed it the worst in American history. It reached down in Alabama but struck with its main force, first in Missouri, devastated southern Illinois then sped into Kentucky and Tennessee and Indiana where it showed great fury.
      The tornado crumpled all or part of a score of towns and villages and took lives in 37 places.
      The loss of life in many small districts and on farms has not yet been fully determined.
      St. Louis, Mo., March 20 -- The casualty list for the southern Illinois district at 7:00 a. m. showed
Murphysboro150100 600
West Frankfort10545 400
DeSoto25100 350
New Orient1510 50
Bush510 50
Virgennes38  50
Ruralton32 20
Gorham7525 150
Logan105 50
Caldwell27 16
Carmi 2 11
Leadanna 3 75
McLeansboro ? 35
Plumfield 7 24
Thompsonville18 32
Parish520 16
Altenburg, Mo.2   
Annapolis, Mo.3  75
Biehle, Mo.46 14

      Princeton, Ind., March 20 "God saved us."
      That's what William Smith says about the miraculous escape of himself, wife and three children.
      "I got my family into the northwest room of our house," Smith said. "I had just stepped in the room when I heard a crash and a roaring sound. Only the one room, the one we were in is standing. We were not even scratched."
      Murphysboro, Ill., March 20 -- This town is a hole of destruction today. Fully one half of the city has been swept away either by the cyclone or the subsequent fire which burned or more than 24 hours.
      Former residences are in sticks and ground up stone. Business are heaps. Motor cars are tangled bits of metal.
      It is in these heaps the rescue workers are working to locate the, bodies of those who were killed when the tornado swept over Little Egypt. Everywhere there is suffering.
      One little girl described the scene. She is seeking her parents and no one knows the answer to her sobs for "Mamma."
      Tents spot the charred landscape, in these tents the injured are treated by scores of nurses and doctors who hastened here from Chicago, St. Louis and the adjoining territory.
      Provision tents have been erected and coffee and soup is passed out to the line of hungry and homeless sufferers. Winger relief whirred overhead in the form of planes from Scott Field which are carrying food and clothing from the relief supply headquarters at DuQuoin, Benton and Carbondale.
      Morgues, the dismal touch of the thing. Everywhere there are morgues. Local undertakers were not capable of caring for all of the dead of the city and temporary morgues were established in many places. There the mangled forms of Murphysboro's dead lay tor identification.
      Through all of these morgues go a stream of survivors looking for relatives and friends. In many cases identification is impossible. One body is identified by a ring on the finger.
      The dead and injured list, published every hour, calls attention of the survivors. They wait in little groups for one of the grim rescuers to put up the list. Generally the lists at one of the places designated as a morgue and there the suffering frantic victims wait solemn eyed for news of their relatives and friends.

Urbana Daily Courier, Urbana, Illinois
Volume 48 Number 67
Friday Evening, March 20,1925, Page 1
- - - - -
Between 5,000 and 7,000 Tornado Survivors Are Homeless
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- - - - -
Murphysboro Has 169 Dead and 100 Missing -- Wholesale Burials Begin Today
- - - - -
(By United Press)
      The casually list for southern Illinois district at noon showed:
CitiesDead Miss.Hurt
Murphysboro169100 600
West Frankfort11040 450
De Soto25100 350
New Orient1510 50
Bush510 50
Vergennes38  50
Royalton32 20
Gorham7025 150
Logan1010 50
Altenburg, Mo.3   
Annapolis, Mo.3   
Biehle, Mo.55 14
Coldwell, Ill.27 16
Carmi   11
Crossville, Ill.1   
Leadanna 3 70
McLeansboro   35
Plumfield, Ill. 7 24
Thompsonville, Ill.18 32

CitiesDead Hurt
Beaumont8 50
Holland4 10
Lakeland3 40
Springfield1 25
Lexington1 6

CitiesDead Hurt
Griffin60 250
Princeton21 200
Owensville15 75
Poseyville5 30
Elizabeth3 20
- - - - -
      The number of known dead in the greatest tornado disaster which ever visited the United States crept slowly past the 600 mark today as workers searched the ruins of towns and hamlets in six states.
      The United Press recapitulation shows 641 known dead, approximately 3,000 injured, between 5,000 and 7,000 homeless and scores as yet unaccounted for.
      In such disasters, however, there is always duplication, and the indications are that the ultimate loss of life will not greatly exceed and possibly may be less than that figure.
      Red Cross complications thus far are well under 650 but the organization has not completed its poll in all the afflicted area.
      The quick work of the Red Cross and other relief organizations, aided by the militia in stricken southern Illinois where the tornado wrecked its greatest havoc, has resulted in orderly processes of relief and reconstruction.
      Care has been taken to prevent the outbreak of disease. The best possible housing is being accorded the sufferers through erection of tents in the devastated towns and hamlets. While there is some shortage of food owing to difficulty of transportation over broken and muddy roads, all measures are being taken to prevent this situation becoming acute.
      Murphysboro, March 20. -- Today the wholesale work of burial was started along with the taking stock of what is left in the district. Thirty bodies were buried late last night here.
      More will he buried today in the various towns stricken by the death-dealing winds which swept over from Missouri.
      The first steps of reconstruction were under way this morning with Gov. Len Small here devising ways to spend the $500,000 which the state legislature is expected to appropriate to relieve the suffering.
      The governor arrived late Thursday and immediately started a tour of the destroyed territory. He was accompanied Colonel Inglesh of the guard troops, and Senator Sneed and Adjutant General Carlos Black.
      "The destruction and tragedy is almost unbelievable. I am shocked and deeply concerned over this," the governor pointed waving towards the devastated area.
      While the governor and his aides were starting their relief program, the rescue workers were plunging on thru the charred wreckage seeking out bodies, relieving suffering of the homeless injured and starting the first forms of reconstruction.
      Everywhere there is tragedy. Gruesome signs are much in evidence. The workers here and there come across the storm tossed parts of humans, in many cases the parts of babies and youngsters.
      Buildings are total wrecks, automobiles twisted into gaping heaps. In many cases automobiles were tossed completely through the sides of buildings.
Everyone Must Work
      With the reconstruction work facing them, relief workers -- abetted by the saddened residents of the once populous district -- have laid down an ultimatum of work.
      "It costs money to feed everyone here now and unless you are willing to work in such an emergency we will not feed you" is the gist of the ultimatum handed down.
      The relief workers have been added to by 300 additional doctors and nurses from Chicago, who arrived last night, and by the arrival of several more state guard regiments.

Urbana Daily Courier, Urbana, Illinois
Volume 48 Number 67
Friday Evening, March 20,1925, Page 3
In the Wake of America's Most Disastrous Storm
      This series of photos show the great disaster wrought in Murphysboro, a Southern Illinois town, by the devastating storm which swept through there, March 18th, taking a toll of some 1000 lives, and injury to near 3000, before it wound up its hectic course throughout several middlewest states.
1925 Tornado photo 2
Minnie and Rose Hawkins in the ruins of the homestead in the residential district of Murphysburo. Both girls had narrow escapes, but were uninjured.
1925 Tornado photo 3
HOW HOUSEHOLD BELONGINGS of storm victims were scattered amidst the ruins.
1925 Tornado photo 4
All that is left of the Mobile and Ohio railroad shop in Murphysboro. The smoke can be seen arising from the ruins , what is left of the building having caught fire after the walls caved in.
1925 Tornado photo 5
General view of the ruin in the residential district of Murphysboro. Few structures in in this part of the city escaped. Some were overturned, others unroofed and some reduced to kindling wood by the force of the wind and later on fire.
1925 Tornado photo 6
All that was left of the Blue Front Hotel at Murphysboro, in which twelve persons were killed.

Daily Illini, Champaign-Urbana, Illinois
Volume LIV Number 158
Saturday, March 21, 1925, Pages 1 & 2
Egypt Begins Burial of Dead;
Send Us Money and Supplies
But Not Men, Inhabitants Plead
- - - - -
15,000 Are Homeless as Roll of Identified Dead Mounts to 738; Predict 1,000 Killed
- - - - -
      CHICAGO, Mar. 20 --(AP)-- Burial of the dead resulting from a tornado which more than two days ago struck portions of five states was started today while kinfolk and friends of many mourners were still digging in the debris, frantically striving to uncover bodies which had not yet been found.
      In the wreckage of the cities and out in the byways of the rural districts, relief and rescue workers reported additional casualties would be discovered. Unidentified dead still rest on their crude fixtures in several morgues, waiting for chance recognition or unknown burial.
      The casualty list of The Associated Press tonight carrying the names of those actually identified, totalled 738. The estimated and known dead from all sections numbered about 800, according to latest advices. The injured totalled around 3,000, on these reports. The homeless were being tabulated by hundreds and Red Cross officials predicted they would number upwards of 15,000.
Tents Put Up
      These refugees are as safely and comfortably housed as it is possible, however, the tents, equipments and food supplies rushed into all centers being ample to care for the situation.
      The problem is now one of rehabilitation.
      Forty men worked all day digging graves at Murphysboro, one of the worst stricken cities, and tonight they expected to have 70 of the victims buried.
      If all the bodies have been recovered by Sunday the city will pause for a few hours for a general funeral service.
      The death list here was the highest recorded, it having reached 165 with 24 bodies remaining unidentified.
      At West Frankfort, a sister city, which ranked second in loss of life and damage 100 men were engaged in grave preparations. Methodically the city was effacing material evidences of the tornado's visitation, whose path followed a section largely occupied by homes of miners and railroad men. It probably will be a month before gas is again sent through the city mains, but electric lights were promises for tonight.
Good Order Maintained
      In the other southern Illinois towns, DeSoto, Gorham, Bush, McLeansboro, Enfield, Parrish and neighboring villages measures toward consigning their dead, relieving the pain of the injured and erasing the effects of the destructions made comparatively rapid headway.
      Order was generally reported and no unusual instances of pilfering or looting thus far have been noted.
      Despite the lack of heat, lighting and water facilities in some places, physicians in charge have minimized the threat of disease epidemics. The immediate precautions against tetanus and other infections have proven of value.
      The section of Kentucky affected was nearly normal, Tennessee had taken care of it's victims, Missouri's casualties, which were lessened with later reports, had been virtually accounted for, while Griffin and Princeton, the principal cities hit in Indiana, likewise had been cleaned up except for some scattered areas.
Wabash Hinders Work
      Flood waters of the Wabash threatened to hinder relief workers at Griffin. This town, about 50 years old, will not be rebuilt in the opinion of survivors. It was virtually destroyed.
      Carbondale, Ill., was made the center of relief and rescue operations in southern Illinois. Civic, fraternal and religious bodies are coordinating their efforts from that point.
      Estimates of the material loss were increased as inventory was taken in the badly smitten cities. That the total would approximate six or seven million dollars in southern Illinois alone was forecast.
      Indiana's section reported from two to three millions. The combined total of Tennessee, Kentucky and Missouri are estimated to exceed a million dollars.
- - - - -
      CARBONDALE, Mar. 20 --(AP)-- A nation's sympathy in the form of material aid tonight poured in a flood on the homeless and maimed victims of Wednesday's tornado through the district relief organization here.
      Money, clothing, food, shelter, medical assistance and even caskets to bury the dead were offered with a lavish hand by a people aroused by the extent of the disaster until tonight supplies of every description flowed in a steady stream into this city by the trainload and truckload to be redistributed tomorrow among the sufferers.
      At a joint meeting of the federal, military, state, Red Cross and Civic organizations here today, it was agreed that the worst is over as far as deaths and casualties are concerned, but that there is great danger of an epidemic of some sort, particularly as scores of families whose homes were wrecked are returning to what was once a building, and from the wreckage attempting to erect a shelter.
Medical Unit Arrives
      Accordingly the 108th medical regiment of 200 men and 21 officers from Chicago was brought here today and from headquarters here will attempt to direct the health and sanitation work in the storm area. A supply of anti-tetanus serum arrived today from St. Louis and was said to be sufficient to take care of this exigency. The serum will be administered to victims only on the advice of medical authorities and inoculation will not be compulsory.
      Governor Len Small made an automobile tour of the entire district today, making inspections at West Frankfort and Murphysboro and upon arrival here announced that the entire resources of the state will be applied to bringing rapid relief to the stricken district.
      Care of the injured throughout the district was relieved of the strain today. Sufferers from the little town of De Soto, who had been cared for here, were today removed to local hospitals from the Elks club and private homes, except for a few of the less seriously hurt, while at Murphysboro, West Frankfort and the smaller towns there were plenty of doctors and nurses to meet all demands.
Reports of Dead Continue Higher
      CHICAGO, Mar. 20. --(AP)-- The death list in the five states which on Wednesday was struck by a tornado and storm remained virtually unchanged at midnight today. At this time the dead, estimated and known, numbered 809. The casualties were 3,725.
ILLINOISDead Injured
West Frankfort122500
Total Casualties 3725
  Winds Play Strange Pranks;
Rescuers Swarm Scenes of Desolation
Special Correspondent of The Daily Illini
      Murphysboro, Mar. 20 -- Havoc and disaster gave way to relief work for injured hundreds in southern Illinois today. The fortunate survivors of the castrophy have recovered from the stunning blow dealt by the tornado, while hundreds of volunteer helpers have swarmed into the devastated area to save what lives they can and restore order where chaos is supreme.
      The raging heavens that sent the tornado today gave fair weather to aid in the relief work, which is now going on systematically. But the charred ruins of what was once a group of prosperous and neighborly towns still remain in scattered heaps.
Doctors Arrive
      While, new detachments of doctors and nurses relieved the exhausted group that first arrived oh the scene; the citizens of this town and of DeSoto nearby begin the task of burying the dead. Simple services will suffice for the present; with memorial services for the storm dead scheduled for the completion of the clean-up.
      Murphysboro, hardest hit of the entire section, is also the scene of the most freaks of nature, a survey of the entire district showed. Not miracles, but the pranks of fierce winds, were the forces that left some places standing and tore away halves of others.
      Bits of straw stuck in trees, auto wrapped around telegraph poles houses left alone where many neighboring buildings had been are a few of the things that can be seen.
Papers Carried 50 Miles
      One 9-year-old pupil of the Longfellow school was found dead two blocks from the school building. Much of the stock of a store belonging to C. W. Parks, ex'16 was completed damaged; but the cloth needed for bandages was left untouched and was quickly turned over to doctors and nurses. Wednesday's tax receipts were picked up at Fairfield, 50 miles northeast. The high school building here was divided in two with the new wings remaining but the old center unit wrecked by the maelstrom.
      Tin roofs, plate glass and telegraph poles were, found in many places far from where they had been. A barber chair found in a field near West Frankfort could not be traced since there was no barber shop known to have been in that district.
Gov. Small Arrives
      State officialdom added a touch of military order this afternoon when Gov. Len Small arrived here. He made certain that the detachment of national guard troops patrolling the business district and directing traffic was sufficient to meet the stricken city's needs. Company K of the 130th infantry, Carbondale, under command of Maj. R. W. Davis, Company C. of the 130th infantry, Springfield , and the howitzer company of Jacksonville are on duty here.
      Henry Baker, national director of Red Cross relief work, is also here and has assured the workers of all necessary supplies.
      There are still a number of people missing in the local tabulation, according to I. K. Levy, in charge of the citizen's committee.
Cemeteries Despoiled
      Besides the toll in human lives and property many places are strewn with dead animals and the cemetery is all torn up, with tombstones toppled over and some coffin's brought to the surface when trees were uprooted.
      As the number of known dead in West Frankfort, Parrish, DeSoto and here climbed back toward the original estimates, the list of unidentified casualties decreased, with relatives streaming in and out of temporary morgues to claim their dead.
      By now "Egypt" is settled to its task and is pleading to be left with the relief parties that are there, asking only for more money, food and clothing.

Daily Illini, Champaign-Urbana, Illinois
Volume LIV Number 157
Friday, March 20, 1925, Page 2
- - - - -
267 Bodies Are Identified as Searchers Continue Work of Restoring Stricken Area
- - - - -
      Names of 267 persons killed in the tornado which swept southern Illinois, Missouri and Indiana Wednesday, were available last night. Of these, West Frankfort claimed 122, DeSoto 50, Gorham 27 and White County 29.
      Mrs. Charles Campbell, G. L. Russell, Mrs. Nora Ford, Fred Stagner jr., Mrs. Tim Karnes, Randall Karnes, Joe Pleskovich, Tommy Stagner, Fred Biggs, J. H. Bean, Mrs. C. L. Hicks, Mrs. Charles Fisher, Mrs. Sarah Aidlott, Wesley Gunter jr., Anna Lou Johnston, Plumbfield; Lorene Karnes, Vivian Karnes, Kenneth Karnes, 15 months;
      Mrs. James Williams, Frank Razer, infant of T. C. Ritins, Mrs. Maggie Hammonds, L. J. Carlton, Elmer Lewis, Mrs. Francis. Mekota, Anna Ostroska, ----- Morgan (child), Mrs. ----- Tarter, Mrs. Violet Powell, Jeff Delvy, ten unidentified.
      Wilma Braden, 5; Martha Braden, Roy Braden, Mrs. Joe Crawford, 50, mother of Martha Braden; Mrs. Ettie Kerley, 47; Bertha Kerley, 3; Otto Kerley, 12; Homer Kerley, 12; Charles Gunter, about 50; Mrs. Bert Gunter, 23; Christiana Gunter, 3; Mrs. Deboria Rainey, 52; Mrs. Isabelle Launis, Mrs. Belle McFarland, 63; Ivory Williams, 32, station agent at Parrish; Hattie Smith, Royal Eugene Galloway, 14; Billie Cunningham, 3; Ivan Smothers, 18; Mrs. ----- Gray, 65; unidentified negro,
      Mrs. Frank Galloway, 46; Mr. and Mrs. Joe Melvin, Sam Flannigan, Mrs. Arlie Flannigan, Columbus Hicks and daughter-in-law ; Mrs. Arthur Shew, Mrs. Silas Sullivan, John Gammons, Mrs. Monroe Ing, Andy Downs, Layman Price, 22; Beulah Price, 21; Jackie Jean Price, 1; Merl Taylor, 4; Kenneth Taylor, 3; Mrs. Gertie Clem, Mrs. Hannah C. Cunningham, William Rainey.
West Frankfort
      Mrs. Amelia Uonovich, Pearl Watson, daughter of Lem Watson, Jissut Brown, Jme Watson, Mrs. Ralph Wamplers, Mrs. Ralph Wamplers' child, Sonnie, Mrs. Shoppinski, Andrew Hancock, Mrs. Flora Dixon, Frank Donner, Church child, Marshall Ramsey, jr., Geraldine Ruley, Lester Gordon Ogdon (child), Malcolm Ogden (child), Landon Hand, Brown Zupskia (boy), Wilma Pattillo, daughter of Luther Pattillo, Earl Barnes (boy), LeRoy Roberts, Homer Edward, Powell, ----- Brown, son of Jess Brown, Marion Gordon, ----- Sullivan, daughter of J. A. Sullivan, Virgil Campbell, Kenneth Owsley, son of Roy Owsley, Janetta Campbell, Harold Lee Thomas, Ruth Campbell, Billie Jean Brown, child, Novotney, son of John Novotney, Jess Brown (boy), Nora Edith Wnittington, William Norris, Charles Campbell, Mrs. Jane Sanders, T. C. Ritings, Steve Plescovich, George Boznic, 22, C. E. Burns, Mrs. Nell Hand, Fred Sowerby, Marguerite Biggs, Elizabeth Howard, Francis, alias, "Jessie" Brown, Mrs. Fred Burbank, Frank McLellan, John Black,
      Mary Estes, Tekla Ziskonski, Mrs. Stanley Lelovik, Hattie Niebel, Stella Scott, Mrs. Marshall F. Remley, C. L. Hicks, Frank Pritchett, Harry Hill, Walter Gilbert, Ben Summers, Anthony Shemansky, Lula Summers, wife of Ben Summers, Andy Solcatch, Ida Ogdon, Nola Oiler, Charles Deaton. Miss Loren Ford.
      Ola Burton, M. E. Silkwood, Nann Kelley, Ordel Karns, Joe Campbell, Mrs. Joe Butler, 34, John Ford, Mrs. Biggs, Jacob Holland, Mrs. Walter Smith, Mrs. G. E. Clark, Raymond Bays, 5, James McGowan, Infant of Ola Burton, Anna Karnes, Besse Neibel.
      ----- Brather and wife and twins, Margaret Neal, Fay Hyde, Ruth Brather, baby ; Ruby Austin, Alva Heevlett, Espey, Mrs. S. O. South, Mrs. Sills, Mrs. Polston, Ethel Richards, Mrs. Smith, Frances Murray, Brown, Tina May Bryant, Joe Bullar, W. N. Shankle, Frank Woods, Mrs. Arch Will, Nora Will, Millard Baker, John Barr, Mrs. Barbara Hall.
      Mr. and Mrs. Frank Redd, Mrs. Morton Bash, Mrs. Westwdods, Helen Watts, Viola Ford, man named Oliver, Eula Morrison, Mrs. Henry Bullard Joseph Hartley, Mrs. Temple, Electa Beasley, Richard Beasley, R. L. Hyde, Mrs. ----- Hughes, George Hughes and daughter.
      George Bullar, son of the Rev. Stecess, ----- Banibridge (girl), ----- Dickson (girl), three unidentified women and one unidetnified boy.
White County
      Fred Bennett; Mrs. James M. Stokes, Mrs. Kelly Fitzgerald, Mrs. Harry Maurer, Mrs. Orval Warthen, George Speck, Warthen child, Wilburn Felty, Herman Bingman, Vernon Miller, John Wilson, William Richardson, Mrs. Bolen, William Dietz, Robert Clark, Mrs. Phillips, Mrs. Jack Murdach , Mrs. Sumner, Mrs. Rhein Sumner, daughter of Sumner, child of Elza Wilson, John Frymire, Albert Murdach, Mrs. McMutry, four children of Mr. and Mrs. Delbert Warthen, Mrs. Jane Ryppy.
      Reuben Grain and wife Ollie; Jane Grain, sister of Grain; Mrs. Mary Moschenrose; Louis, Edward and Andrew Moschenrose; Sally Inchcljff; Joe Robert Dunn ----- Needham, baby; Lafayette Needham; William Foncree; Opal Rosenberger;
      Margaret Brown; Lawrence Gale; Nancy Reeder; Charles Barton; Gus, Reeder; R. Bean; Delia Cross; Gerald C. Cross Charles Gordon; George Thormure; Kitty White; Bertha Casey; Dick Johnson; Frances Stamp; Murray Asbury.

The DeKalb Daily Chronicle, DeKalb, Illinois
Volume 25, Number 8
Saturday, March 21, 1925, Page 1
- - - - -
- - - - -
Waters of the Wabash Are Said to Be Near Danger Point
- - - - -
- - - - -
(By United Press)
      Evansville, Ind., March 21 -- Every sufferer in every area is provided with food and shelter, Henry M. Baker, national director for relief of the American Red Cross announced today, after a tour of all the stricken areas in Missouri, southern Illinois and Indiana.
      Special offices will be established for the relief work and branch offices in every storm center. Future relief measures will be practically devoted to rehabilitation, and for food and clothing for those left destitute, said Baker.
      St. Louis, Mo., March 21 -- The major problem in Indiana areas devastated by a cyclonic storm Wednesday is now to properly feed and clothe the homeless and ward off any threat of pestilence. Relief work was progressing favorably in all centers according to United Press advices today.
      Tennessee has buried its 34 dead. Kentucky's toll remains at 19 with order fully restored in its stricken sections, but in southern Illinois and Indiana districts much work is still to be done.
      A shortage of clothing and a lack of food supplies mingled with fear of disease in southern Illinois as the third day of relief and rehabilitation of the devastated area began.
      In Indiana some alarm was felt that the Wabash river approaching flood stage might overflow its banks and increase the havoc already wrought at Griffin and nearby points.
      The United Press compilations of the known dead rose to 781 today, the total thus far in all six states affected by the storm.
      St. Louis, Mo., March 21 -- Order is beginning to rise out of chaos made of Little Egypt by the death dealing wind Wednesday.
      This morning 613 are known to be dead throughout the district and approximately 400 are still missing.
      From throughout the entire wind swept district from Annapolis, Mo. and into Indiana there is acute suffering, but rescue work is getting under way. One of the big problems confronting workers is the homeless, estimated at from 10,000 to 15,000. Many of the homeless are children whose parents were either killed or are among the great numbers missing. Most of the homeless are scantily clad.
      At DuQuoin, Benton, Carbondale, Herrin and several of the other southern Illinois cities which escaped the storm's terror the children are being cared for in private homes temporarily.
      In southern Missouri the homeless are living in box cars and in leantos made of standing walls and boards taken from the debris. The rescue workers are beginning to make progress now after two days and nights of constant work among the injured and through the charred remains of villages in the storm's path.
      Overnight Murphysboro presented a tragic scene. Throughout the storm stricken half of the city could be seen little groups huddled about campfires or in front of salvaged cook stoves.
      Evansville, Indiana. March 21 -- The menace or flood today added to the horrors of the storm ridden district in southern Indiana. The treacherous Wabash river which empties into the Ohio near here was rising rapidly and threatened to overflow. Persons familiar with the river said the flood's rise from its present stage would empty its waters over destitute Griffin and land that lies to the east.
      Louisville, Ky., March 21 -- Kentucky's casualty lists as the result of Wednesday's tornado remained at 19 dead today and more than 100 injured. Disposal of the dead and care of the injured and homeless is being taken care of by the communities affected.

The DeKalb Daily Chronicle, DeKalb, Illinois
Volume 25, Number 8
Saturday, March 21, 1925, Page 5
Pictures of the Tornado That Swept Through Five States
1925 Tornado photo 7
Just before the twister struck Murphysboro, Ill., where the ruins of this house are situated, a mother and her children were peacefully sleeping. Without warning the tornado bore down uon them, snatched them from their places and cut open the front of the house with a knife, exposing the interior with its demolished furniture to open view from the street.
1925 Tornado photo 8
The efforts of a lifetime were smashed to bits by the tornado which crushed in houses like so many egg shells and left a trail of death and havoc in its wake. This picture, taken at Murphysboro, Ill., one of towns hardest hit by the twister, gives some concept of the tornado's fury. Note the solid concrete walls in the foreground snatched from their foundations and hurled far and wide.
1925 Tornado photo 9
Morgue piled high with storm dead at Murphysboro, Illinois.
1925 Tornado photo 10
Private dwelling at Murphysboro, Illinois, which was one of the few buildings that escaped destruction from the tornado.
1925 Tornado photo 11
Ruins of the Longfellow grade school at Murphysboro, Ill., where approximately 70 children were crushed to death when a tornado of unprecedented fury swept through the town, snatched off the roof of the building and piled the dead and injured in heaps.
1925 Tornado photo 12
What was once the main street of Frankfort, III., reduced near to nothing but a pile of twisted debris and desolation following the ruin and death that visited the town during the terrific tornado of March 18.
1925 Tornado photo 13
This is the first picture come from Annapolis, Mo., where the tornado of March 18 marshaled its winds of death and havoc and sent them roaring through five states whose death toll from the disaster totals approximately 1000.

Daily Illini, Champaign-Urbana, Illinois
Volume LIV Number 159
Sunday, March 22, 1925, Page 1
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Relief Workers Complete Survey of Franklin County;
Farmers Salvage Wreckage
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      BENTON, Mar. 21. --(AP)-- Relief workers today were just beginning to push into the more remote portions of Franklin county, where the tasks of removing the dead and injured, caring for the survivors and burying the bodies of victims, have been carried on by neighbors, whose homes were outside the path of the wind.
      Automobiles loaded with food supplies and clothing today torturously made their way over the still almost impassable lanes and dirt roads in the country surrounding Parish, four-mile lane, Buckoo school house and Mt. Etna church.
      The yellow clay hillsides still look as if the tornado had just passed, with, fallen trees strewn across the roads and with the debris of house and farm buildings lying where it was deposited by the devastating blast as it swept on to adjacent counties.
Search Wreckage
      Sober-faced farmers, their homes in ruins and their fields a wind swept expanse of desolation, today worked among the wreckage, picking out what few things will ever again be useful. Neighbors with their horses and wagons plodded up and down roads, carrying the recovered goods to places for safe keeping.
      The people in the isolated districts do not go about the task weeping. Their eyes rimmed with black and their steps slow after three days of ceaseless labor, they move dully about amid the debris, making no comment.
      Yesterday and today processions composed of one or two automobiles, a few wagons and buggies, filed along the roads to the scattered hillside cemeteries. A few words by a neighborhood preacher, prayers and the bodies would be lowered into their lonely graves. The ceremonies were even more simple than those held in the stricken towns.
Roads Impassable
      The drenching rain which followed immediately after the tornado made the stiff clay roads impassable to automobile, one country doctor spending Wednesday night going from farm to farm in a borrowed wagon, and the task of caring for the victims devolved on those whose homes were not razed during the storm.
      With telephone communication broken and the roads blocked to all traffic at intervals at night, without lights other than oil lanterns, the farmers worked without food and sleep releasing victims from fallen debris. The injured and dead were removed to neighboring houses until ambulances and one or two physicians were able to make their way through from the larger towns.
      Night-fall brought added:confusion. From time to time persons would be warned to stop picking over the debris, but the handful of rescuers who gathered from surrounding farms were too occupied with the work of caring for the victims to keep close guard. There were no troops.
      With organized agencies rapidly bringing relief to the devastated towns, rehabilitation has already begun. But in the rural districts, where things move slowly under normal conditions, it will be weeks, even months, before the work of recovery gets fairly started.
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Undaunted Survivors Clear Away Debris of Storm and Lay Plans for Rebuilding
      CHICAGO, Mar. 21 --(AP)-- Saddened but undaunted by the havoc of Wednesday's tornado, survivors of the catastrophe in the storm belt of Illinois and Indiana tonight prepared to emulate the Phoenix, which arose from its ashes.
      With only half of the 800 dead consigned, to hasty graves and hundreds of the nearly 3,000 injured still in the care of doctors and nurses, plans were announced for rebuilding the devastated areas as soon as possible.
      Three days of heroic endeavor by thousands of willing workers, spurred to their task by the desperateness of the conditions brought about by the tornado in its 300 mile sweep from the Missouri Ozarks through the Ohio valley, had wrought wonders when darkness settled over the scene tonight.
Homeless All Housed
      Every homeless person had been housed in some manner. Food had been supplied for the helpless, medicines and other comforts had been made available for the wounded, and solace had been afforded the bereaved. Probably all the slain had been recovered from the debris of the hundreds of homes destroyed, and the death total tonight was 808, with almost as many dead identified.
      The storm will go down as the greatest in the history of America and the relief work that made almost as fast time as the wind itself sets a record, on the use of airplanes and radio in carrying supplies and sending out calls for help. Something like a million dollars was raised in three days to aid the stricken, and subscriptions for relief are pouring in hourly to increase the total.
      Sixteen Illinois towns were hit by the tornado and in those municipalities and their rural surroundings 642 lives were taken, while 2,110 were hurt, many severely. Murphysboro was the worst sufferer with half its area devastated, 189 persons killed and 700 injured. West Frankfort came next with 123 slain and 500 maimed.
Four Towns Wiped Out
      DeSoto with 71 dead, Gorham with 64 killed and Parrish with a loss of 43 lives were almost annihilated. Griffin was the heaviest loser in Indiana and in fact in the whole storm, for only a building or two were left standing and of its meagre population 58 were crushed to death and 200 injured.
      The early notes of optimism and encouragement for rebuilding the future were sounded by one of Murphysboro's heaviest losers. In a stirring address he elicited cheers from listeners who were still in grief and misery. Murphysboro wants its Mobile and Ohio shops rebuilt, to re-employ 400 men. The Brown Shoe company, employing 300, persons, also was destroyed there but the townspeople expect to see a new plant. At Princeton, Ind., good news was in the announcement that the Southern railway shops would be reconstructed as well as the Heinz factory.
Disease Spread Checked
      The reaper which stalks after death to claim the injured, disease, figuratively began to raise its head only to have it bowed with the weapons which so swiftly, have come to the rescue.
      Warning of a large number of surgical cases and symptoms of gangrene and tetanus caused the Illinois director of health to appeal for doctors and anti-toxin. In less than an hour the large response of surgeons caused the request to be withdrawn. In that same time from far away Washington came word that the serum was on its way from the public health service.
      Pitiful were the stories of all burials. Neighbors would read the penciled name on the wooden box, affix the name to a cross, or temporary headstone and carry it to the grave. Women, men and children helped, turning from one group of bodies of a funeral procession to another, lending aid.
      Boxes of flowers sent from Chicago to De Soto were sorted into seventy-one small sprays by women who explained that "we have no flowers and we do not want to miss any one."
      These smitten districts do not desire the sight-seer curio or memento hunter which are anticipated over the Sunday. Military forces are stationed about to keep them out They will only hinder relief. Should any succeed in entering the storm zone they will be put to grave digging and reclamation.
      Dr. Herman Bundeson, Chicago commissioner of health, departed tonight for West Frankfort.
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Town That Was Practically Obliterated Jealously Guards Against Intrusion at Rites
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      DE SOTO, Mar. 21 --(AP)-- DeSoto, the tiny town of southern Illinois, which was made the plaything of the wind, today buried her dead.
      The little village which was practically obliterated by last Wednesday's tornado, jealously guarded from intrusion the outside aid so freely offered ill performing the last rites for her dead.
      Sixty-five grave diggers, recruited from the men of the town, opened the long rows, of graves, DeSoto women comforted bereaved neighbors as their loved ones were consigned to the earth and DeSoto children placed sprays of flowers on the new mounds.
      Tomorrow night upward of 50 freshly made mounds, representing one tenth of the town's population, will bear mute testimony in the little cemetery to the town's disaster.
      Thirty bodies were returned to what is left of the little hamlet they called home, today, others will be placed beside their silent neighbors tomorrow. Then the town will try to construct homes from the tangled debris ironically tossed aside by the elements with the maimed and broken bodies of its inhabitants.
      Of the 71 victims killed in the disaster in De Soto nearly all will finally be laid to rest in the De Soto cemetery.

Daily Illini, Champaign-Urbana, Illinois
Volume LIV Number 159
Sunday, March 22, 1925, Page 16
Birdseye View of Murphysboro --- Griffin Abandoned
1925 Tornado 14
      A task greater than that of even shell-riddled Belgium and France faces hundred of thousands of people in Indiana and Illinois as they bury their dead and dig what is left of their belongings out of the ruins of their homes and shops. State militiamen and volunteers from nearby communities are aiding in the mammoth task of clearing the areas for reconstruction. A cleanup squad is shown at Griffin, Ind.
1925 Tornado Map
      The map shows the general direction and extent of the storm which devastated Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana, and, branches of which caused great damage in Kentucky, Tennessee and even as far. north as Toronto and Buffalo. The lower scene shows a rescue squad searching the ruins.
Griffin -- A town of the Past
1925 Tornado 16
      This scene from the heart of Griffin, Ind, is typical of hundreds of square miles throughout the storm-swept area. The inhabitants have agreed to abandon the town.
1925 Tornado 17
      Murphysboro, Jackson county, a town of 10,000 souls, now lies practically leveled. The death toll in this town, which was the hardest hit of all in the path of the tornado was reported last night at more than 175, with the possibility of an increase with new deaths of those injured and further discoveries. What was three square miles of business and residence section is now laid waste as pictured here.
Scene Typical of Wide Areas
1925 Tornado 18
      Why it is impossible for the outside world to communicate with the tornado-shredded territory is clearly pictured here. Telephone, telegraph and electric wires are tossed about like so many cotton threads. This photo was taken at Princeton, Ind; but the scene is a common one throughput the path of the storm. The damage to public utilities has not even been estimated yet, and it will be months before normal communications can be re-established.
Ruins of the Blue Point Hotel at Murphysboro
1925 Tornado 19
      Nothing but the dismantled foundation remains of this building. Here you see relatives and friends seeking the bodies of those believed to be buried beneath the charred ruins. The hotel is no worse hit than were most of the buildings in Murphysboro and this scene has been duplicated hourly in different parts of the city since organized relief was started Thursday morning.

The DeKalb Daily Chronicle, DeKalb, Illinois
Volume 25, Number 90
Monday, March 23, 1925, Page 1
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Southern Illinois Begins Long Grind to Replace Huge Loss.
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(By United Press)
      St. Louis, Mo., March 23 -- Southern Illinois, swept to near destruction by a cyclone, last week, starts the long grind of rebuilding. Tabulations today show 690 are dead and upwards of 1,750 injured over the area which stretches from Annapolis, Mo., to the Indiana state line.
      For the most part burials and brief services are over. More than three fourths of the dead at West Frankfort and Murphysboro have been buried.
      At Murphysboro the public funeral for the 201 casualties was held yesterday. the ministers allotted five minutes apiece for the funeral, used faith as the keynote of their sermons.
      Today the grind of reconstruction starts. At Murphysboro plans are under way for the rebuilding of the Brown Shoe Company, where 400 men were employed.
      Carbondale, one of the towns escaping rthe storm's wrath, has been designated the central distributing point for the Red Cross relief work. Henry M. Baker, director of disaster relief work, has sent out a notice over the district that work of the Red Cross will be continued as long as needed.
      Governor Jackson, who made a personal inspection of the entire Indiana district yesterday drove out of Griffin over a highway that was covered with one foot of water.
      The governor is considering calling a special session of the state legislature to appropriate funds for the rehabilitation of the stricken district.
      Evansville, Ind., March 23. The village of Griffin, swept by tornado and fire last Wednesday, with the loss of at least 58 lives, was practically isolated today by floods of the Wabash river and smaller streams.
      Entrance to the town was cut off from three directions and a highway leading to the village from the fourth direction is covered with water.
      The Wabash river is still rising and a rise in the Ohio will prevent the flood waters from draining away rapidly.
      Supplies for the few refugees of the town's original population of 400 still remaining on the spot were being collected at Barrett's station two miles east of Griffin and taken to the desolated village on a gasoline handcar on the Illinois Central railroad.
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Insurance Losses May Reach Million
(By United Press)
      Indianapolis, Ind., March 23 -- Insurance losses In the tornado-swept area of Indiana may reach 1,000,000, according to adjusters who returned here today. More than a score of state insurance agents are in the field in Gibson and Posey counties to adjust the claims resulting from the storm. They expect to take several weeks to complete the work.

The DeKalb Daily Chronicle, DeKalb, Illinois
Volume 25, Number 90
Monday, March 23, 1925, Page 6
Picture of Tornado That Swept Through Five States
1925 Tornado 20
      Here is a view of the east side of Griffin, Ind., following the storm. Houses for blocks were splintered by the wind, trees torn out by their roots and business houses leveled.

Urbana Daily Courier, Urbana, Illinois
Volume 48 Number 69
Monday Evening, March 23, 1925, Pages 1 & 5
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Reconstruction Work in Storm 's Wake Now In Progress
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Latest Tabulation Shows More Than Three Thousand Victims In Various Locations
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(By United Press)
      St. Louis, Mo., March 23 -- Reconstruction machinery swung into action over the six states swept by Wednesday's storm, today and the smash of hammer could be heard coming from the debris smeared towns.
      The death list for the entire territory according to today's figures, is 851, while more than 3,000 are in hospitals. Many Thousands are homeless.
      In southern Illinois the first houses were going up to replace those whipped to splinters last week. Today hundreds of workmen were on duty in Murphysboro and West Frankfort starting construction of homes.
      Shipments of lumber, tools and other reconstruction necessities poured into the district, beginning to arrive before dawn.
      First semblance of order was beginning in southeastern Missouri where the storm struck first. Many volunteer workmen have gone into the various little towns to help rebuild.
      In Indiana the possibility of flood waters from the Wabash river adding further damage, still remained, The river continued to rise but it is believed the crest will be reached by early afternoon.
      For the most part burials and brief services are over. More than three-fourths of the dead at West Frankfort and Murphysboro have been buried. At Murphysboro the public funeral for the casualties was held yesterday.
      The ministers allotted five minutes apiece for funerals used faith as the keynote of their sermons.
      Today the grind of reconstruction starts. At Murphysboro plans are under way for the rebuilding of the Brown Shoe Company where 400 men were employed.
      At Gorham, where only four homes are standing, where last week there were 500, the rebuilding begins today.
      Neighboring towns have sent in a quota of workmen to aid in the work. Country stores have been closed, the Becker box factory at Grand Tower has been shut down and several contractors have quit work -- In order to send their employees into the storm swept district to aid in the reconstruction work.
      Carbondale, one of the towns escaping the storm's wrath, has been designated the central distributing point for Red Cross relief work. Henry Baker, director of disaster relief work, has sent the following notice over the district:
"Because of the centrally located and strategic position of Carbondale, I am appointing this area as the central distributing point for all other disaster stricken areas in Illinois. Requests coming in from areas in which there are no authorized Red Cross representatives shall be handled by Carbondale direct."
      "This authorization holds for the emergency period only and will be automatically canceled when the district officially declares the emergency period closed and period of permanent rehabilitation opened."

Urbana Daily Courier, Urbana, Illinois
Volume 48 Number 69
Monday Evening, March 23, 1925, Page 2
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      Miss Tula Woolard , secretary to Supt. William Harris of the Urbana public schools, returned Sunday from Thompsonville, with a report that she found her people safe, the tornado having struck the town only on one edge.
      Thompsonville is only three miles from Parrish and in the latter village not one of the 100 houses that sheltered the 500 population remains standing. Two public buildings, the Methodist church and the school house, are left, all the rest of the village having been swept bare.
      Friday the survivors dragged the ponds in the vicinity of Parrish and recovered 26 bodies.
      Seventy-two dead from Parrish were buried in the Thompsonville cemetery, Saturday, and 13 were buried there the day before, Miss Woolard states.

Daily Illini, Champaign-Urbana, Illinois
Volume LIV Number 160
Tuesday, March 24,1925, Page 1
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Mobile and Ohio Will Rebuild Railroad Shops in Murphysboro, Officer Says
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Property Loss Estimated at $18,000,000 in Devastated States


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