Illinois Genealogy Trails History Group

Presents...

"American Population before the 1790 Census"

by Evarts B. Greene and Virginia Harrington

transcribed by Kim Torp


"The Illinois Country"

1723: 334 inhabitants according to census made by M. Diron in June, 1723, as follows:
 

Settlers

White Workmen

Women

Children

Kaskaskias

64 

41 

37 

54 

Fort Chartres

39 

42 

28 

17 

Cahokia


1726: 700 men. 280 "masters," 37 hired persons or servants, 129 Negro slaves, 66 Indian slaves


1732: 672 [699] total inhabitants according to census as follows:
 

Whites

Slaves

Men

Women

Legitimate Children

Orphans & Bastards

Negroes

Indians

Men

Women

Children

Men

Women

La Prairie du Fort Chartres

43 

27 

66 

13 

18 

19 

20 

Cascassias

48 

36 

87 

14 

38 

23 

41 

30 

38 

Cahoquias

-- 

-- 

-- 

-- 

Concession de Renault

12 

17 

-- 

14 

Officers

               

Soldiers

41 

               

Jesuits

               

Priests

               
 

159 

39

[66] 

170 

20 

68 

33 

64 

57 

62 


1743: 2,000 to 3,000 whites in the Illinois settlements of Kaskaskia, St. Philippe, Cahokia and Prairie du Rocher.


1750: 140 families in the 5 French villages. 1,100 white people, 300 blacks and about 60 red slaves in the 5 French villages.


1763: 670 white inhabitants and 300 Negroes in all Illinois:

Kaskaskia

400 

100 

Indian warriors besides 

Fort Chartres

100 

40 

Indian warriors besides 

Prairie du Rocher

50 

   

St. Philippe

20 

   

Cahokia

100 

60 

Indian warriors besides 

 

670

200

Total Indian warriors


1764: 1,400 inhabitants, including women and children, according to last census. 600 fighting men and 1,000 Negroes


1765: 90 families: 50 in Kaskaskias, and 40 at Cahokia. "Those [villages] of Prairie du Roche, Fort Chartres, and St. Philippe are almost totally abandoned."
2,950 inhabitants:

White men able to bear arms

White women

White children

Negroes of both sexes

Indians able to bear arms

700 

500 

850 

900 

650 


1766: 400 French families. 700 white men able to bear arms. 168 French families plus 80 houses, as follows

Kaskaskia

80 houses 

15 cabins of Indians 

Prairie du Rocher

14 families 

 

St. Philippe

   

Cahokia

43 families 

20 cabins of Indians 

Point Coupee

110 families 

 

1767: 1,100 families in Illinois. Census:

Kaskaskia

600 whites 

142 Negro men

81 Negro women

80 Negro boys 

Cahokia

60 families 

 

Prairie du Roche

25 families 

 

St. Philippe

3 families 

 

Fort Chartres

3 families 

 

1770: 2,000 white inhabitants of all ages and sexes in the Illinois country, including Vincennes

Kaskaskia

65 families, an officer and 20 men 

Prairie du Roches

12 dwelling houses and 1 company militia 

Fort Chartres

3 or 4 families 

Cahokia

45 dwelling houses 


1771: 300 fencible men and 230 Negroes on the eastern side of the Mississippi.


1772: 1,500 inhabitants. 900 whites; 560 or 660 blacks:

Kaskaskia

500 whites 

400 to 500 blacks 

Prairie du Roche

100 whites 

80 blacks 

St. Philippe

1 to 3 families 

 
Cahokia

300 whites 

80 blacks 


1786: 550 or 600 souls in Illinois nearest to the Mississippi; about 200 white settlers in the Mississippi towns, including Americans, who number about 50; about 250 slaves.


1787: 606 males, according to census, as follows:
Cahokia

239 French 

Kaskaskia

191 French 

Prairie du Rocher

79 French 

American male inhabitants

97 


1788: 146 or 147 families, according to report of Congressional Committee, as follows:
Kaskaskia

80 

Prairie du Rocher

12 

Fort Chartres and St. Philippe

4 or 5 

Cahokia

50 


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