Declaration in order to obtain the Benefit of the Act of Congress Passed June the 7th, 1832



On this third day of December 1832

Personally appeared in open Court before James BANE, John PETERSON and David SHARER, judges of the County Commissioners Court in said County & State aforesaid & now sitting in the Town of Vienna, Hezekia WEST, a resident of the County and State aforesaid, aged 69 years, who, being duly sworn according to law, Doth on his oath make this declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress, passed June 7th, 1832; that he entered the service of the U. S. under the following named officers and served as herein stated, viz: I, Hezekiah WEST, a native of the State of Maryland, and what was called Frederick Co., Born in the year 1763 & was removed with my parents to the State of S. Carolina when I was about 7 or 8 years of age. My father, John WEST, settled on Sandy River in what was then called Camdon District (but Latterly Chester) where I was sent to school under the tuition of Joseph COYLETT, afterwards to Daniel STRINGER & in the year 1777, as I believe, or thereabout, I was taken from school, my teacher Daniel STRINGER having listed into the service of the U. S. into a company of Grenidears (as I understood) and my father, John WEST, also Listed into the service of the U.S. into a Co. of Mounted Rangers under the command of Capt.Richard WINN & Colonol THOMPSONS Ridgement, as I understood and do yet believe, in which service my father, John WEST, was killed in time of Battle while fighting under command of Richard WINN at St. Tilles, as I was credibly informed & do firmly believe, & for which service of the said John WEST, I, as the only heir of my father's Family that is now living, have for some time past been trying to obtain something from Congress as a matter of right but not being able to make such proof of his service and losses as Congress required, have hitherto failed, altho I am fully persuaded as well assured that my widowed mother in her lifetime never received any of my father's wages of 14 months service, or any pay for his horse and saddle & gun (for these Rangers mounted, armed and equiped themselves as I well remember), all of which was lost, & neither my widowed mother or any of my father's heirs has ever yet received one cent for. I being his only son have good recollection of my father's Listing and hearing of his death, for I was then about 14 years of age, as my mother informed me, and from which time I have kept my own age, & at 16 years of age, or immediately thereafter I entered into the service of the U. S. in Colonol WINNS Ridgement & Captain FROSTS Company.

My first tower (tour) of service was in year 1779, as I believe, or 1780, not sure which, but I think it might have been 1779, as I am aware that was to Date in which I became 16 years of age, & as I was well grown of my age, there was but little chance for me to escape, for the Malitia Law compelled all from 16 to 60 to serve as soldiers unless they were cleared by a court martial. Nor did I feel much objection to serve my Country, for as my father had lost his life in the Defence of our rights and Liberties, I was zealous to avenge my Countrys wrongs, & as there was a call for Mounted Rangers, I turned out, I think volunteer, and mounted, armed and equiped myself and was marched under command of a Lieutenant in Capt. FROSTS Co. & WINNS Regiment by the name of Elisha GORE.

We crossed Broad River at (I think) Lileses Ford some small distance as I believe below the mouth of Sandy River & Ranged about on Enores & on Tigar & Bush Rivers in what was then called Dutch Fork between Broad River and Saluda River, the Design of the expedition (as it was said) was to suppress the tories that was said to infest them parts & was doing mischief, and perhaps had killed some of the Whigs in them parts after General GREEN had marched his army from the siege against the British at Ninety Six, and marched his army across the Broad River at or near the fish dam ford & across Sandy near to where I was then living with my widowed mother, and they pressed a saddle from me for one of Gen. GREENs wounded men to ride on as they were returning from the said siege at 96, which saddle never was returned to me nor have I ever received any pay for. Some short time after Gen. GREEN had retreated from 96 and the British had also evacuated that post, and had left some of their friends, the tories, in the lurch, was the time I was called on to perform the above tower of Rangeing, but I know not how long I was out on that tower, tho I think not more than one month, perhaps not quite so much, but I know that some short time after my return home from the above tower I was called on by my Capt. FROST to perform a tower of duty as a malitia foot man and was ordered to Rendevouse at Winnsborough, which order I promptly obeyed, and was marched under command John MCCOOL from Winnsborough across the Congaree River down to Orringeberg on Edisto River where we were stationed for 2 months, viz, February and March, I think in the year 1780, but am not sure whether 1780 or 81, in which time I was called on to guard some public wagons that was going to Gen. GREENs army that was stationed (as I understood) between us at Orringeburg & the Brittish at or near to Charleston inS.C. I went with these public wagons in company with sundry other soldiers as a guard for the saw mills on Edisto River, where we were discharged from this duty of guarding these wagons and returned back to camp at Orringeburg & I think that about the first of April that year I was relieved by another division of men in WINNs Regiment & returned home & think and believe that about the last of May or first of June that same year I was again ordered to Rendevouse at Winnsborough & was again marched from Winnsborough under command of Capt. Robert FROST & again crossed the Congaree River & was marched to a place called the fore holes where we joined the malitia there under command of a Col. BRATTON, who was, I think, commander in chief of the men at the fore holes - about 300 men as well as I can remember, Gen. GREEN still being stationed between us and the british, as I understood, but I cannot recollect the name of the chief commander while at Orringeburg, but I remember to have seen Gen. SUMPTER there, but I think he did not stay long.

From the fore holes I was ordered to march with a detached party under Capt. MCCORD and in company of my own Capt. FROST across the country from the fore holes to Santee River and were stationed at Co. LAWRENCES Ferry where we remained during the balance of the tower, but I know not how long that was, but I believe that it must have been one month, or I think some more, taking what time I was at the fore holes & Santee together & soon after I had returned home from this last named tower & had recovered from a hard spell of sickness (occasioned I suppose by the fatigue of marching on foot in the heat of summer & in a bad watered part of the country) I Listed, as it was called Listing, or at least I joined a company of horse troops or volunteer Rangers under the command of Capt. John MCCOOL in Col. David HOPKINS Reg., Col. WINN having been promoted to Gen., as I understood. This Capt. John MCCOOL is the same that I served my two months under at --rrinsburg, and with the Rangers I remained until the end of the Revolutionary War, but how long that was I am not prepared to say, for I have no Documents to show Day or Date, as I had the misfortune to have my house burned soon after I was married and after the close of the Revolutionary War. This might have been done by some vilien of a tory, and was suspected to have been first robed, then set on fire by a man by the name of HOLDMAN, as he very shortly fled from these parts. But I think it reasonable to suppose that taking the whole of my services together, I served more than six months, considering that the malitia in South Carolina & in WINNs Regiment was classed into 3 divisions, and reckoning from the year 1779, at which time I entered the service of the U. S., as I believe, until peace was made & the tories subdued so that we could stay at home in peace, must I think have been two years or more, & perhaps three years, so that if I had not Listed nor joined the horse troops, or volunteer Rangers, I must have served at least one third part of that time, that is, from 1779 until peace was made and the tories subdued in them parts where I performed my services, but as I joined them (Rangers) and served with them until the end of the Revolutionary War, it doth appear, I think, that I must have and did serve more than one third part of that time, tho I cannot (in positive terms) say how long I was in actual and effective service, as sometimes I might have been indulged by my officers to stay at home on account of my poor widowed mother, when I dare go home for fear of out lieing & murderous tories that infested them parts (for these were perilous times). Some of these tories that was commanded or headed by a Wm. NICHOLES had killed my Major - Moses BOND - in his own house, as was the general report and as I firmly believed and do yet believe. This was just before I entered into the service of the U. S. & my Lieutenant John MAYFIELD was also killed after I joined the Rangers under John MCCOOL & after MAYFIELD was killed Joseph MCCOOL took his place, & many miles have I rode both by day & by night in order to suppress or to drive out the tories from them parts between the Catawba and broad Rivers & towards Saluda & on Sandy River, nor did we ever ease (long at a time) until we expelled the tories from them parts, or caused them to submit to government of the U. S. And as to my service as a malitia foot man, when drafted as above state, I have no hesitation in saying that I knew the terms of time was at least three months & I think some more - 2 months at Orringeburg & 1 month or more at the fore holes & Santee together, and this I have once before sworn to when I laid my claim to Congress for my fathers services and losses, and also my own of the three months and the saddle that was pressed from me by Gen. GREENs army when on their retreat from 96 as above mentioned, but I said nothing about my Rangeing towers at that time, because I could not recollect how long I served in them, nor do I yet know how long I was in actual and effective service any farther than what I have already stated as is the term of time from the year 1779 until peace was made and the tories subdued. Another reason of my not making some mention of my ranging towers at the time was because I considered them as voluntary & did not know whether Congress would consider themselves bound to allow pay for volunteer service as when men were drafted and compelled to serve, & as I have no proof within my reach or power to procure (that I know know of) by which I can make proof of my services in the Revolutionary War, I submit the above Declaration to the investigation and judgement of such as may have the right to inspect & judge of what I have on my solomn oath stated, and leave the matter with them to say whether from the year 1779 unto the end of the war I must not have served a term of eight months or more, even under the malitia law, & as I joined the company of rangers under Capt. John MCCOOL in Col.David HOPKINSes Regiment, in which service we mounted, armed and equiped ourselves, I think it very reasonable to suppose that I served more, but say three months as a malitia foot man, of which I am vary confident I did serve, & say one month or near that long in the Dutch Fork & if it was only four months under MCCOOL, would make five months more as a Mounted Ranger, but as I cannot remember how long I was a Mounted Ranger in all, I would be willing to say three months Rangeing & three more as a foot man. For this much I can say, and that in good conscience, and from my own recollection & knowledge, that from the time that I was turned sixteen years of age, which, agreeable with the account that I was turned sixteen years of age, which, agreeable with the account given me by my parents, was 1779, unto the end of the Revolutionary War I was obedient to every call of my country & command of her officers under which I was placed.

I never took protection of the british altho many others in So. Carolina did so, and some of my neighbors & acquaintances. I never (to my knowledge at this time) disobeyed the orders of my officers that had a right to command me. I gloried in the Cause of our Rights & Liberties and in the name of a true Whig. I did not like the Brittish & I thought far less of the tories.

I hereby relinquish every claim to a pension or annuity except the present, and declare that my name is not on the pension roll of any state or territory to my knowledge.

Hezekiah West [signed]



This day personally appeared before me, an acting Justice of the Peace in and for said county, Hezekiah WEST, who being duly sworn deposeth & saith that by reason of old age & consequent lapse of memory and cannot swear positively as to the precise length of his service, but according to the best of his recollection in service the periods mentioned below & in the following grades - For the year 1780 1 month I served as a mounted private volunteer malitia man - For 1781 2 months at one tour and at another tour of service in the same year - 1 month - For 1782 3 months as a privated mounted volunteer - and for such service I claim a pension.

Sworn to and subscribed this 2nd day of June 1833



Hezekiah WEST

John McINTIRE, Clk.

Be it remembered that at a County Court holden in the town of Vienna in the County and State aforesaid, before the Hon. James BANE, John PETERSON & Daniel SHERER judges of said court on the 3d day of June1833(?), in open Court appeared Hezekiah WEST, and after being duly sworn ----- and saith in answer to the Interrogatories put by the Court as following -

QUESTION 1: Where and what year were you born?

ANSWER 1: I was born in Fredric Co., State of Maryland, A. D. 1763

QUESTION 2: Have you any record of your age and what is it?

ANSWER 2: I have none. My knowledge of my age was derived from the account my parents gave me verbally.

QUESTION 3: Where were you living when called into service, where since the Revolutionary War, and where do you now live?

ANSWER 3: State of Carolina in Camden district when called into service. Since, I lived in the same place until 1804, then moved to Tennessee in Jackson Co., and lived there five years, and then moved to Kentucky and lived there 2 yrs, since which I have lived in Johnson Co. State of Illinois - my place of residence at this time

QUESTION 4: How were you called into service?

ANSWER 4: I volunteered

QUESTION 5: State names of regular officers of troops where you served

ANSWER 5: MCOOL - MCCORD - FROST in Col. WINNs Regiment. I served in all four tours; the first, one month a mounted volunteer; the next two tours a malitia foot man - The fourth and last I served as a mounted volunteer for three months.

QUESTION 6: Did you ever receive a discharge from the service, and if so by whom was it given and what has become of it?

ANSWER 6: I have no recollection of ever receiving a discharge - if I did it has escaped my memory

QUESTION 7: State the names of persons you know in your present neighborhood, and who can testify to your character for veracity and their belief of your services as a soldier of the Revolution

ANSWER 7: Thomas GORE, Joshua GORE & Thomas STANDARD have been personally acquainted with me for 30 years, and James JONES, a clergyman, resident of the same County in which I reside, has known me for the last 14 yrs and can testify to my character for veracity.

Worn to and subscribed the day and year past above written

{Signed} Hezekiah West

And he said Court do hereby declare their opinion that the above named applicant was a revolutionary soldier and served as he states.

I, John McINTIRE, Clark of the County Court of said Co. of Johnson do hereby certify that the foregoing contains the original proceedings of the said Court in the matter of amending the application of Hezekiah WEST for a pension.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal of office this 4th day of May 1833.

{Signed} John McINTIRE, Clk.

I, James JONES, a clergyman, resident of said County and State, hereby certify that I am well acquainted with HEzekiah WEST, who has subscribed his name to the amendment and the annexed declaration. That I believe him 69 yrs of age, that he is respected, and believed in the neighborhood where he resides to have been a Revolutionary soldier & that I concur in that opinion.

Sworn to, and subscribed the day and year aforesaid.

{Signed} James JONES

And the said Court do hereby certify that James JONES, a clergyman who has signed the preceding certificate is a resident of Johnson Co., Illinois, is a creditable person, and that his statement is entitled to credit.

I, John McINTIRE,Clerk of the County Court of Johnson Co., Illinois, do hereby certify that the above contains the original proceedings of the said Court.

{Signed} John McINTIRE, Clk.

We, James JONES, a Clergyman, residing in the County of Johnson and State of Illinois, and William McFATRIDGE, S. J. CHAPMAN and Joshua GORE, residing in the County and State aforesaid, hereby certify that we are well acquainted with Hezekiah WEST - that we believe him to be sixty nine years old; that he is respected and believed in the neighborhood where he resides to have been a soldier of the Revolution, and that we concur in that opinion.

{Signed} Wm. McFATRIDGE


Joshua GORE

And the said Court do hereby declare in their opinion, after the investigation of the mater, and after putting the Interrogatories prescribed by the War Department, that the above names applicant was a Revolutionary soldier and served as he stated, and the Court further certifies that it appears to them that James JONES, whose certificate is enclosed, is a Clergyman residing in the County and State aforesaid, and that Wm. McFATRIDGE, S. J. CHAPMAN & Joshua GORE, who have also signed the same, are residents in the same County & State and are creditable persons, and that their statement is entitled to credit.

{Signed} John PETERSON

James BAIN


I, John McINTIRE, Clerk of the Co. Commissioners Court of Johnson Co. do hereby certify that the foregoing contains the original proceedings of the said Court in the matter of the application of Hezekiah WEST for a pension.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal of office this 4th day of Dec. 1832.

Vienna, Johnson Co., Ill.

June 4th, 1833

Dear Sir -

After consulting the return from your office to the application of Mr. WEST, I thought it most advisable to amend the declaration by attaching the interrogations, together with the affidavit required, to the former declaration. Mr. WEST, not unlike the balance of his veteran brethern, might not give the date of many of the battles, yet it never has been doubted by his neighbors that he served in the Revolution, beloved, respected and esteemed, yet poor, no one pretends to doubt his veracity. You will please direct your next communication on this subject to the undersigned at Jonesboro, Union County, Ill.

Your most ob sevnt,


Mount Vernon, Ill.

March 20th, 1837

Sir. -

Since my arrival home I have received the enclosed testimony in relation to the claim of Mr. WEST of Johnson Co. for an increase of his pension. Please examine the subject and inform me of the result.

Very respectfully,

Your obt Svt


Envelope Addressed to:


Comr. of Pensions,

Washington, D. C.



This day personally appeared Wm GARNANDERN before me, the undersigned, an acting Justice of Peace in and for the County and State aforesaid, and after being duly sworn according to law deposes and saith that Hezekiah WEST in the year 1782 did serve part of it towers of duty with said deponant in the Revolution War under Capt. McCORD in the State of S. Carolina on the Santee R. at a certain ferry called lawrences of Gillans ferry, and at that time the military draft was considered to be three months towers, and further this deponant saith that Hezekia WEST, who is now drawing pension, who resides in Johnson Co., Ill. in the identical same that he served with in the Revolution. and further this deponant saith that he saw said Hezekiah WEST save a man from drownding and also he said WEST caught a young alligator and brought the same into camp, and further this deponant saith not.

{Signed} William GARNANDERN

I hereby certify the above was asigned and sworn to before me this 21st Day of Jan. 1837.




I, Alfred G. LAGON, Clk. of the Co. Commissioners Court of the Co. & State aforesaid, do hereby certify that David BOATRIGHT, before whom the foregoing affidavit was made, is, and was at the time of taking the same, an acting justice of the peace in and for Crawford Co., and that full faith and credit are due to all his acts as such. In testimony whereof I set my hand & seal of official P------ this 27 Jan 1837

{Signed} Alfred G. LAGON, Clk.

Illinois 13411

Hezekiah WEST

Who was in the Co. commanded by Capt. FROST of the Regt. com. by Col. WYNNE in the S. Carolina for 7 months

6 mos Infry - $20

1 mo Cavalry - $4.17

Total - $24.17

Inscribed on the Roll of Illinois at the rate of $24.17 per annum is commence on the 4th day of March 1831

Certificate of pension issued the 18th day of July 1833 & sent to John McINTIRE at Vienna, Ill.

Arrears to the 4th day of March 1833 $48.34

Semi annual allowance ending 4 Sept. '33 $12.09

Total - $60.43

Recorded by Wm. R. CALVERT, Clerk, Book E, Vol. 8, Page 64

Paid at the Treasurey under the Act 6 April 1838 from 4 Sept 1841 to 4 March 1842

Agt notified 20 Oct. 1844

1873 Sept. 5


Request to come from Clerk of Court

(in Pencil) d. July 29 1845 B.

Revolutionary Records in South Carolina Historical Commission

Mr. Hezekiah WEST - his Acct. of 102 Days of Militia Duty in 1782 amo. to 10 s. per Day

L 51 O. O.

sterling b 7. 5. 8-1/2


South Carolina

Camden District

Jan. 26, 1782 - To duty in Camp 64 days, prvt L - 32 S - 0 D - 0

May 26, 1782 - To duty in camp 38 days, prvt L - 19 S - 0 D - 0

= L-51, S - 0 D - 0

Period when the Service rendered

Vols. 1779, 1780/81 not stated, 1781 (Enlis T C states his time too indefinitely to make a complete brief)

Served about 1 1/2 month with the Mounted Ranger as a Private, guard and private with Capt. FROST, Lieut. Elisha GORE, Capt. John McCOOL, Capt.Robt. FROST, Capt. McCORD

Generals and Field Officers under whom he served:


Battles in which the applicant was engaged:


Country through which he marched:

Crossed Broad River, Enore, Sisar to rendevous at Winnsboro, Congaree to Orangeburg on Edisto river from Saluda to Foreholes, Santee River, Col.Lawrence ferry

I am, Respectfully yours,

obedient servant,


Commissioner of Pensions.

Transcribed by S. Cook

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