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Randolph County Illinois
Genealogy and History


Note: These are extractions, not complete transcriptions, except where noted.
If anyone would care to transcribe the originals to replace these extractions, we would be VERY grateful!

Conrad Dehmer
Dehmer, Conrad was born in Prussia. In 1852 he came to the US to St Louis, then on to Red Bud in 1859. He was unmarried as of 1894. Once settled he sent for his mother, who came to RC and kept house for him until she died at age 65. (1894)

Jacques Timothy Boucher DeMonbreum

DeMonbreum, Jacques Timothy Boucher was born in 1747 in Quebec, Canada. He and his wife, Therese Archange Gibault were very early settlers in Kaskaskia, and all five of his children were born there. He was a hunter and trapper and eventually became the first white settler in the area of Nashville, Davidson Co., Tenn. He died in Nashville in 1826. The DeMonbreun family remained in Tenn. until shortly after the Civil War, when my g-grandfather, William Rains DeMonbreun returned to Ill. (he was the g-grandson of Jacques DeMonbreun ). In 1878 he married Lyda Hammer in Pekin, Tazewell Co., Ill, and the family eventually settled in Alton, Madison Co. Ill. [Submitted by Sherron Logan]

Louis Derousse (of Chester)
The settlement of Derousse family in Illinois was coincident with the founding of Kaskaskia. The year 1686, as near as can be ascertained, was the date of the emigration of the family from France and their coming to Illinois. In France the home of the family was in the village of St. Pierre, and from this circumstance the early members of the family in Illinois were known as St. Pierre Derousse. From this first representative of the Derousses, who came to Illinois from France by way of Canada, is descended the most numerous French family in the State of Illinois, if not in the whole Mississippi Valley. It numbers about eighty voters in Randolph County alone.
The Derousse family has borne an active part in the history of the American Bottom around Kaskaskia for nearly two hundred years, and have proved themselves of vigorous and hardy stock They have multiplied and increased, while other French families, once prominent, have dwindled away and become nearly extinct.
Louis Derousse is the son of Pierre K Derousse. The maiden name of his mother, whose family came from Canada, was Pelagie Richard. Mr. Derousse was born at Kaskaskia, August the twenty-eighth, 1816. At sixteen he was bound as an apprentice to the cabinet-making business, and worked at that till he was twenty-one. He was elected Constable. The position of Deputy Sheriff he filled for eighteen years under Sheriffs Campbell and Steele. He was married in November, 1842, to Elizabeth Unger, a member of a wealthy family of Kaskaskia, of Pennsylvania German descent. After he was married he was engaged extensively in the wood business at Kaskaskia Landing, on the Mississippi. In 1852 Mr. Derousse went to California, and there spent a year. His first wife having died in February 1860, he was married in April, 1863, to Mary Mauger, who was born in New Jersey, but of French blood. By his first wife, Mr. Derousse had nine children, of whom four are living. There have been four children by the second marriage.
In March, 1870, Mr. Derousse moved to Chester, of which place he is now a resident. He had previously, in the year 1865, removed to Belleville with the intention of making his home in that city, but he afterward disposed of the fine property he had purchased at that place and returned to Kaskaskia. Mr. Derousse has been engaged in numerous business enterprises, and owns a large amount of property at Chester and in the American Bottom. He is a prominent business man of the County, and a citizen widely known and respected. ["An illustrated historical atlas map of Randolph County, Ills. : carefully compiled from personal examinations and surveys". (1875) - tr. By Stephanie Thornton]

John E. Detrich
Detrich, John E was born 07 Jun 1820 in Mifflenburg, Union Co, PA. He came to Sparta in 1839 where he owned a newspaper. This father was Germany and his mother was French, they died when he was very young. John was raised by his mother's brother John P Gulelius. (1875)

Thomas Devine
Devine, Thomas was born in Birmingham, England on 12 Dec 1858. He came to the US in 1873. He first settled in Jackson Co with an Uncle John then moved on to RC. 30 Jun 1885 he married Vena Bruns the d/o William and Sophia (both were from Germany and they had 6 children). Thomas' father was James, who was born in Ireland then moved to England, his wife's name was Catherine. They had 6 children. (1894)

Alexander Dickey
Dickey, Alexander was born 1795 in SC. He came to RC in 1818 with his brothers, Smith, John and James. Alexander married Miss Hair, they lived in T4 R5 Sec 32, 33, 34. In 1836 he opened a grist mill. Their children were: William , James, Sarah, Rachel, Mary and Eliza J (d age 18). Alexander died ca 1873 in Sparta, his wife died in 1879. Alex's father was born in SC and was in the Rev War, as of 1875 his war pension had never been drawn. (1875)

Andrew Douglas
Andrew Douglas
The name of Douglas belongs to one of the most ancient and powerful noble families of Scotland. According to one tradition the family is descended from one Theobald, a Fleming, to whom Arnold, abbot of Kelso, made a grant of lands on the Douglas, or Blackwater, in Lanarkshire, about the middle of the twelfth century. Another story relates that their progenitor was an unknown chief who, as a reward for success in battle, received lands in the same locality about the year 770. The best historians, however, trace the record back no farther than to William de Douglas, about 1175-1213. From him in direct descent comes the men who have made the name of Douglas illustrious. "The good Sir James" Douglas fought with Bruce at Bannockburn, where he commanded a portion of the Scottish army. After Bruce's death, he was intrusted with the duty of carrying the king's heart to the Holy Land, and on the way fell in a combat with the Saracens. Then follow a long list of illustrious names. The power of the family became so great in Scotland about the time of the fifteenth century that a proverb was current to the effect that, "No man may touch a Douglas, nor a Douglas's man; for if he do, he is sure to come by the waur."
There arose several divisions of the Douglas family, among which the Angus branch was celebrated. In its members certain privileges were vested-one, the right in ancient times to cast the first vote in parliament, another to lead the vanguard in battle, and also to bear the crown in public solemnities. The right to bear the Scottish crown in its coat of arms was retained by the family to the present century. The history of the family has been written out at great length, and covers nearly the entire period of Scottish history. The family has held various titles, conferred at different periods for valor in the field of battle, or services in time of peace; and in lineage has been connected with the throne itself. The Douglases were popularly divided into two branches, the Black and the Red Douglases, both of whom figure conspicuously in Scottish history. Mr. Andrew Douglas, whose name appears at the head of this sketch, is descended from the latter branch, or the Red Douglases, who, in distinction from the others were a more peaceful and agricultural people. Few families can claim the same distinguished lineage, and trace their ancestry back to a period so remote as the Douglases'. Springing up at a wild and romantic period in early Scottish history, the line is descended through a succession of bold, powerful, and warlike chiefs who were connected with every hard-fought battle whose blood ever dyed the Scottish heather. The vitality of the family has been maintained in a wonderful degree. In later days history bears out the assertion that its members have become eminent in science, law and statesmanship; while a large number who bear the name of Douglas have become among the most thrifty and industrious of the people of the United States.
Andrew Douglas, the subject of this biography, was born in Roxburgshire, Scotland, within five miles of the boundary line between Scotland and England. It was in this locality that the famous battle of Chevy-Chase was fought between Earl Douglas and Lord Percy, an account of which is handed down in an old English ballad. Percy, of Northumberland, had vowed to hunt for three days in the Scottish border, without asking leave of Earl Douglas, the rightful lord of the soil. Douglas did not fail to resent the insult, and the ballad goes on to relate the hunt of Percy, and the slaughter of the deer, till

Lo, yonder doth Earl Douglas com, His men in armor bright; Full twenty hundred Scottish spears All marching in their sight;
Earl Douglas on his milk-white steed, Most like a baron bold,Rode foremost of his company,Whose armor shone like gold.
The English archers bent their bows, Their hearts were good and true; At the first flight of arrows sent, Full fourscore Scots they slew.
They closed full fast on every side, No slackness was there found; And many a gallant gentleman Lay gasping on the ground.
This fight did last from break of day Till setting of the sun; For when they rang the evening bell, The battle scarce was done.
Of fifteen hundred Englishmen, Went home but fifty-three; The rest were slain in Chevy-Chase, Under the greenwood tree.

Andrew Douglas was the son of James Douglas, and his wife Jeannette Lowrie. The Lowries (whose family name Is familiar from the old Scotch song of Annie Laurie) were a Lowland family and a hardy and vigorous race of people. Mr. Douglas was born on the sixteenth of July, 1818. He obtained a common education in the schools of the neighborhood of his birthplace. He was sent to school from six to twelve years of age, but after that was never in a school-house in his life for the purpose of receiving instruction. Six children, three boys and three girls, composed the family. His father was a farmer and miller. He remained at home, and was employed on the farm till twenty-five, and at that age he resolved to emigrate to America. The whole family accordingly left Scotland and touched the shores of America, at New York City, in the year 1843. They at once came to Randolph County, where an uncle, Lot Douglas, had moved twelve years previously. The family first located near the school-house in Mr. Douglas' present neighborhood, on rented land now belonging to James Adams. In July, 1858, Mr. Douglas was married to Eliza Craig, the daughter of John Craig, one of the old settlers of the township. Mrs. Douglas is also of Scotch descent. She was born at Paisley, Scotland, on the thirteenth of May, 1829, and came to America in the year 1840. Immediately after his marriage, Mr. Douglas moved on property, which he had bought in Section five, Township 7-6. In 1846, he had bought one hundred and twenty acres of land, and after that entered additional tracts lying in the neighborhood. When Mr. Douglas moved here in 1849, directly succeeding his marriage, the land was in a state of uncultivation. He cut down the first tree on the site of his present residence, and put up a log cabin which forms part of the house he now inhabits.
Mr. Douglas' start was made with but little capital. He has been one of the enterprising and progressive farmers of the neighborhood, and his industry has assisted materially in the development of the section of country in which he lives. His homestead farm is composed of three hundred and sixty acres, and in all he owns about eight hundred acres of land in Randolph County. Economy and industry have been the elements of his success. A lithographic view of his residence and finely improved farm is shown on another. He is a man of moral worth, and inherits some of that stability of character which pre-eminently marks the Scotch race. Mr. and Mrs. Douglas have had nine children, of whom five are now living, whose names are John C., Eliza S., Andrew, Sarah, and May. On coming to America, Mr. Douglas attached himself to the Whig party. At the presidential election which occurred the year after his arrival, 1844, he voted for Henry Clay. Mr. Douglas was a member of the Whig party till the close of its career. On the commencement of the agitation of the slavery question, he arrayed himself promptly on the side of freedom, voting from Fremont in 1856, and forming one of the earliest members of the Republican organization in Randolph County. ["An illustrated historical atlas map of Randolph County, Ills. : carefully compiled from personal examinations and surveys". (1875) - tr. By Stephanie Thornton ]

Archibald T. Douglass

Douglass, Archibald T was born 19 Apr 1820 in RC. In 1840 he married Eleanor G McBride. Their Children Were: Elizabeth J, William M, Mary, Amanda, Samuel F, Margaret and one which died. Archibald's father was Samuel, who was born in Abbeville, SC in 1766. He came to RC at the age of 10. In 1817 he married Mary Thompson. They settled in Sec 23 of T4-7, having 11 children. Samuel died in 1856. Archibald's grandfather was John Douglass of Abbeville, SC. His first marriage was to Susannah Anderson. His second marriage was to Samuel's mother Mary. When John died, Mary, married George Wilson and came to RC about 1805. (see the bio for George Wilson) (1894)

Rederick Dreves
Dreves, Frederick was born in Mar 1841 in Prussia. His parents were Henry and Wilhelmina (Hamote). They had 4 children, The family came to the US in 1849. During the trip over Wilhelmina and a daughter died. When the family reached St Louis, Cholera took two more children, leaving Frederick and his father. Henry remarried in 1850 in St Louis. Frederick married in 1865 to Catherine Trede, she was born in Germany. Their children were: Henry, Dietlof, George, Hermann, William, Anna and Mena. (1894)


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