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Revolutionary War Soldiers Buried in Illinois
©Transcribed by Kimberly Torp, 2004 & 2006
Revolutionary War Soldier
Joshua Armstrong

Contributed by ©Bill Armstrong
[abill at]

Descendants of Joshua (Pvt-Scout) Armstrong

JOSHUA ARMSTRONG was born August 1, 1756 in Paxtang, Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania, and died December 25, 1844 in Fieldon, Jersey Co., Illinois. He married SARAH MORRIS July 7, 1785 in Rockingham Co., Virginia, daughter of MAURICE MORRIS and ELIZABETH CUSHMAN. She was born July 7, 1763 in Rockingham Co., Virginia, and died January 6, 1853 in Jerseyville, Jersey Co., Illinois.

grave marker
Marker at Joshua Armstrong's
gravesite in Armstrong Cemetery,
Jersey County, IL

Joshua resided 1787-1801 Warren Co., Ky., 1810 Illinois, December 2, 1833 Greene, Illinois.
Pension Application #M23461 for service in a Pennsylvania Line Regiment.
Source-Jersey County Revolutionary War Soldiers.htm

Joshua Armstrong enlisted from Cumberland Co., Pennsylvania three times in the year of 1777, 2 months under Captain Laird and Colonel Chambers Regiment, 2 months under Lt. Jenkins in expedition against the Indians at Standing Stone, 2 months at Fort Wheeling, Va. under Colonel Marshall as a Scout, September 26-28th, 1778, in battle of Chestnut Hill and Seven Stars at Guelph Mill.

In 1778 as Private in Captain John McTeer's Company in the 2nd Class, 3rd Battalion, Cumberland County Militia.

August 1, 1781 4 1/2 months under Captain Bruce and as Artificer under Foreman Anderson and Colonel Crockett, and also in 1781 10 months under Colonel Marshall in expedition of General George Rogers Clark at The Falls Of The Ohio River and served in the Battle's of Seven Stars at Gulph's Mill, Pa. December 11, 1777 and Battle of Chestnut Hill, Pa. December 6,1777

The Pennsylvania Militia, 1777-1783, was organized under an act of March 7, 1777, which provided for compulsory enrollment by the constables of all ablebodied male whites between the ages of eighteen and fifty-three.
Pay for military service was often long delayed. Thousands of militiamen returned from tours of active duty unpaid, bearing only a slip signed by a commanding officer. General financial confusion and the collapse of wartime currencies made prompt payment impossible, but eventually,under an act of April 1, 1784, Pennsylvania compensated such payment for their active service and settled accounts with certain other public creditors by passing to them interesting bearing Certificates of the funded or Militia Debt. These certificates (bonds in the modern sense) were ultimately redeemed at face value. Unfortunately, when redemption came many of the original holders had long since sold their certificates at heavy discounts.
The financial diffculties of the new government, difficulties that lasted into the 1790's, complicated the payment of troops. Soldiers who served during the years 1777-1780, when the currency was depreciating, were paid in Continental bills of Credit, which quickly lost value. To make amends for such depreciation, each of these men who in 1781 yet remained in line service was awarded a substanial sum in Depreciation Pay Certificates, which were both intrest bearing and nogotiable, like bonds of the present day. Somewhat similarly, at the end of the war arrearages and allowances due were met by issuing to each soldier still in the service a number of interest-bearing Final Settlements, also called Pierce's Certificates. To each of her line soldiers, who served to the end of the war, Pennsylvania granted Donation Land in certain western counties, land that remained free from taxation so long as the soldier lived and retained ownership. Contrary to common belief, none of the lands granted to veterans by the federal government were located in Pennsylvania. Navy veterans were not eligible for grants of Donation Land.

Source-Pennsylvania Archives Muster Roll of the War of the Revolution.
Source-Pennsylvania State Library, Harrison, Pa. Volume VI, Page 214, Pennsylvania Archives, 5th Series.
Source-Joshua Armstrong, Artificer, War Of The Revolution by Byron Armstrong, Illinois State Historical Society Library Old State Capitol, Springfield, Illinois. EZG A739a
Source-The Unveiling of a Tablet to the Memory of a Revolutionary Soldier-Joshua Armstrong by Mrs. Sarah B. Stifler.

He was a Private, Artificer & Scout, and served (1777) in Captain Lorned's Company, & also Col. Chamber's Pennsylvania Regiment, & served under Col. George Rogers Clark expedition.
Source's-Texas DAR List, Clift, Hein, DAR Vet/Pat Index, White; Rev, and ABB93-2-587.
Source-Armstrong Clan & Numbers x1221,x1334,x2127,2274,2296, & 2299.
Source-The Armstrong Family p. 73, NGRI
Source-War Department Records 23 Feb. 1785 from U.S. Goverment to Va., for services rendered during the American Revolution .
Source-Commissoner of Pensions, Washington, D.C.
Source-Brinks, McDonough & Co., History of Macoupin County, Illinois p. 190, 1879.
Source-R. Brinks, History of Madison County, Illinois p. 124, 1882 Armstrong.
Source-Clan Records, Warren Co., Ky. marriages Records.
Source-U. S. Census Mortality Schedule for Illinois.
Source-Illinois State Historical Society Library, Old State Capitol, Springfield, Illinois EZG A739a by Byron Armstrong
Source-Unveiling of a Tablet to the Memory of a Revolutionary Soldier-Joshua Armstrong by Mrs. Sarah B. Stifler
ACA-x1221-Ruth L. Lepper RR 1, Box 95, Ashland, Illinois 62612-Phone (217)

ACA-x2127-Frank Krautter 1624 5th Ave. Youngstown, Ohio 44504 Phone (330)743-
6041 Unlisted Phone Number(deceased)

ACA-2299-W. L. Armstrong 3199 Potter Kingman, Az. 86401-1615 Phone-(928) 757-1024

Joshua was born in Paxtang, Lancaster Co., Pa. which is North/West of Harrisburg, Pa. close to and East of the Susguehanna River, off 83 North.
When Joshua was about eight, his father Robert moved his family west to Cumberland Co., Pa.
During the Revolution Joshua served several enlistments. Here is his own account as recorded in his application for a pension under the Pension Act passed by Congress on 7 June 1832.
"State of Illinois, Greene County"

Declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the act of Congress of the 7th of June 1832.
On this second day of December 1833, personally appeared in open court, (being a court of record) in and for the County of Greene, Joshua Armstrong, a resident of the County of Greene and state of Illinois, now in the seventy eight year of his age, who being first duly sworn according to Law doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain benefit of the provision made by the act of Congress (passed) June 7th 1832, that he was drafted into the service of the United States as a Private in the Pennsylvania Militia, in the year 1777 to serve a tour of sixty days under Capt. Leard, attached to Col. Chambers regiment. General Potter's Brigade, while the British were in Phildelphia. He was in two engagements against the British, the first at Chestnut Hill, the second at the (Leven Ford) near the Guelph Mill, where his brother John Armstrong was taken prisoner, and confined in Philadelphia until the British abandoned the place, and after a few days of his release, he died, aledgeing that he was poisoned while in confinement.

2nd-Sometime after, the date not now distinctly recollected, he was drafted as a Private in the Pennsylvania Militia, to go against the Indians at Standing Stone-he served two months of this expedition under Lt. Junkins from Cumberland County, Pa., the services performed in Canoe Valley, Junietta- the Company was divided and stationed at different points to protect the frontier, the names of the different Officers not at this time recollected.

3rd-He served a tour of duty of two months at Wheeling Fort, and was engaged during the time in scouting-his impression is that during this service he was under subordinate Officers, who were changed during the time and their names not now recollected.

4th-In the year 1781, about the 1st Day of August he entered into the service of the United States at Pittsburgh, under General George Rogers Clark, Colonel Crockett, Majors Crittendon and Wells. He was in the service, this time four and a half months and served as an Artificer (besides performing military duty under Captain Bruce) under Wm. Anderson foreman of Artificers-during this service he was with the troops down the Ohio to the Falls, and returned by water to Wheeling. He lost his brother, Joseph Armstrong who was killed in the expedition, having received a wound at the Falls, at the same time Capt. Keller was wounded, who also died.

5th-He served a tour of duty of two months at Wheeling under Colonel Marshall of the Pennsylvania Militia, who gave him a written discharge a few days before the experation of his time for carrying an express to Deckers Fort Mingo
at the bottom on the Ohio, which service was performed at great hazard, but the discharge has been lost. He states upon his oath aforesaid that his whole service amounted to twelve and a half months. He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a Pension or Annuity except the present, and he declares that his name is not on the Pension Roll of any Agency in any State.
Whereupon the Court propounded the following interrogations to the applicant.
1st-Where and what year were you born?
Ans.-I was born in Lancaster County, Pa. August 1, 1756, and was raised in Cumberland County, Pa.
2nd.-Have you any record of your age, and if so where is it?
Ans.-My age was recorded in a large family Bible now in my possession.
3rd.-Where were you living when called to service, where have you lived since the Revolutionary War and where do you now live?
Ans.-I was living in Cumberland Co., Pa. when called into service, since the Revolutionary War I have lived first in Monongahala from thence to Virginia in Rockingham County where I married from there I removed to Bourbon County Kentucky and after a residence of six years, I removed to Greene County, Kentucky, remained there six years and then removed to Warren County Kentucky, lived there sixteen years, and then removed to the territory of Illinois in the year 1810, since which time he has resided in the territory and State and now in Greene County, Illinois.
4th-How were you called into service, were you drafted or did you volunteer or were you a substitute, and if a substitute, for whom?
Ans.-I have stated in my declaration as near as my memory will serve me, the manner in which I was called into service-the service under General Clark was volunteered under a promise of pay as an Artificer but I never received any.
5th-State the names of the regular officers, who were with the troops where you served, such Continental and Militia Regiments as you can recollect and the general circumstances of your service?
Ans.-I have already stated in my declaration all that is distinctly recollected and esteemed material to my application.

6th-Did you receive a discharge from the service and if so by whom was it given, and what has become of it?
Ans.-I never received any discharge except the one from Col. Marshall , that I recollect, and that has been lost as before stated.

7th-State the names of persons to whom you are known in your present neighborhood and who can testify as to your character for veracity, and their belief of your services as a soldier of the Revolution?
Ans.- The Rev. Major Dotson, Rev. Fletcher Dotson, Rev. William Smith, John Thompson, General John Thompson Jr., Chester Bethel, James Rusk, Jefferson Robertson, Morris Armstrong (his son) and Chelton Smith.
In witness whereof the said Joshua Armstrong subscribed his name in open court on the date before mentioned.
His Joshua x Armstrong mark.

Statement #1-In the year 1777 served a tour of sixty days under Capt. Leard, attached to Col. Chambers Regiment, General Potter's Brigade, while the British were in Philadelphia. (That date would be September 26, 1777, when the British occupied Philadelphia, Pa.

Statement #2-He was in two engagements against the British, 1st at Chestnut Hill, Pa. would be December 6, 1777, 2nd at the Leven Ford, near the Guelph Mill which would be December 11, 1777 Gulph's Mills, Pa.

Statement #3-He served a tour of duty at Wheeling Fort. The date of battle September 26-28, 1778, Fort Henry, Wheeling, Virginia.

Statement #4-In the year 1781 about the first day of August under General George Rogers Clark, and Colonel Crockett. During this time he was with the troops down the Ohio to the Falls; could be Falls of the Ohio, New Albany Indiana according to the Encyclopedia.
Battle of Sandusky, Ohio on June 4, 1782
Source-Historical Register of Chronological List of Battles, Actions April 1775--December 1783.

Chartered in 1783 by the State of Virginia, Clarksville is the oldest Anglo-American town in the Old Northwest. It is named for General George Rogers Clark, who in 1778 and 1779 led the campaign which captured the British Forts of Kaskaskia, Cahokia, and Vincennes.
In recognition of their victory, the Virginia Assembly in 1783 gave Clark and his troops a 150,000-acre land grant at the Falls of the Ohio. One thousand acres were designated as the town of Clarksville, and Clark was appointed chairman of the town's first board of trustees.

Overshadowed by neighboring Jeffersonville and New Albany, Clarksville grew slowly during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Town trustees were forced to fight off several challenges to Clarksville's charter during the 19th century. In 1854 a land speculator named Lawson Very attempted unsuccessfully to establish the town of Ohio Falls on land adjacent to and including undeveloped portions of the original Clarksville grant.
Source-Southern Indiana, Clark--Floyd Counties the Sunny Side of Louisville.

The Coroners of Green County Kentucky previous to 1800 were first, Joshua Armstrong; second, David Allen. David Allen was also the first Captain of an organized Militia Company.
Source-History of Kentucky p. 397
Source-Sue Lucht

In 1803 Joshua was living at Beaver Dam Creek, Warren Co., Kentucky
Source-1803 Warren County Kentucky Tax Records
Source-Helen Donald

Joshua Armstrong was found in Index to Book 1. 1793-1798-Grantee, Joshua Armstrong, Grantor William Scaggs, shown Page 280, Green Co., Kentucky.
Source-Tiffany Luchetta

Joshua was listed as a Taxpayer in 1805 in Green River, Warren Co., Kentucky and shows nearest waterway to land he owned.

Joshua Armstrong name is entered on page 250
Source-Kentuckians in Illinois by Stuart Seely Sprague, Professor of History Morehead State University
Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. Baltimore, Maryland (1987)
Library of Congress Catalogue Card Number 86-82614

Joshua Armstrong Pension file also contains the statement by his widow, Sarah, that was filed to obtain her Pension rights as a survivor of a Revolutionary soldier.

In 1810 Joshua moved to Illinois and was a Ranger, until the Indians were driven from the southern part of the state. Prior to coming to Illinois, he had removed to Kentucky, and in the year above mentioned he settled in what is now Madison County Illinois.. Joshua Armstrong remained where he first settled.. until 1824, when he removed with his family to Jersey County, near Fielding, where the old pioneer and soldier remained until his death.
Source-1820 Federal Census p.p. 153, 183.

In 1816 in Madison County, Joshua Armstrong was permitted to build a Toll Bridge across Silver Creek on the road leading from the 'Settlement' to the United States Salines, and to charge the following rates; Teams 25 cents, man and horse 12 1/2 cents and men alone 6 1/4 cents.
Joshua served as Justice of Madison County (appointed 1 Jan. 1818) and as Trustee of Schools in 1819.
Most of Joshua's and Sarah's children were born in Kentucky but raised in Illinois. Robert Armstrong B/3/4/1786 Va., Margaret B/1/27/1788 Ky., Mary B/1/13/1791 in Bourbon Co., Ky., married David Lindsay 4/5/1810 and she died 7/28/1829., Thomas B/3/28/1793 Warren Co., Ky., William B/9/1/1795 Warren Co., Ky., Andrew Jackson B/4/18/1798 Warren Co., Ky., Hugh B/2/13/1799 Warren Co., Ky. Morris Maurice B/12/17/1800 Warren Co., Ky. Nancy B/6/6/1803 Warren Co., Ky. married Andrew Stice 5/24/1822.

Joshua bought 40 acres of land Issue Date April 22, 1835 at the Land Office of Edwardsville, Illinois.
Authority: April 24, 1820: Sale Entries (3 Stat. 566) Document # 6693
Source-Bureau Of Land Management-General Land Office Records
The Land Deed was signed by Andrew Jackson, President of the United States

Joshua bought 40 acres of land Issue Date September 25, 1835 at the Land Office of Edwardsville, Illinois, Authority: April 24,1820: Sale Entries (3 Stat. 566) Document # 7260
Source-Bureau Of Land Management-General Land Office Records.
The Land Deed was signed by Andrew Jackson, President of the United States.
Source-For both lands bought April 1835 & September 1835-

Index of Armstrong Heads of Household
Joshua Armstrong
Source-1840 Jersey County Illinois Federal Census, Historial Society Web Page

Joshua died on Christmas Day 1844 in Greene Co., Illinois, and is buried in the Armstrong Cemetery(sometimes called the Richland Cemetery) in Jersey County.
Sarah continued to draw a widow's pension for Joshua's Revolutionary War service until her death in January 1850.

Major General John Armstrong B/10/13/1717 Brooksboro, Fermanaugh Co., Ireland
D/3/9/1795 Herman, Harrisburg Co., Pa. is an Uncle of Joshua Armstrong.

A marker was placed at Joshua's gravesite by Ninian Edwards, Chapter DAR on
October 26, 1930, of Alton, Illinois
Source-DAR Patriot Index, part 1
On October 9, 2000, Mrs. Martha J. Wieland and Richard Gubser; a retired Funeral Director, both of Jerseyville, Illinois, found the Armstrong Cemetery, which is not in Richwood, Illinois, but is in English, Illinois, and the location is about ten miles West of Jerseyville, on a graveled road off Route 16. It is the largest cemetery in English Township with about 88 graves in it.
There was no evidence of a cemetery, only a large field of unharvested corn-but some distance from the road, in the middle of the field, there appeared to be an elevation with a Cedar Tree in the center. There was a path where the farmer had driven his equipment, followed it as far as we could in the car, then "waded" in waist high grass and weeds to the tree. There the cemetery was, in deplorable condition, all overgrown with much evidence of deer all around.
Quote from Message of Marthia J. Wieland
My gratitude to these two, for their hard work.
I am also grateful to J. Michael Jones of Phoenix, Az.
Grandson-William L. Armstrong Of Kingman, Arizona
Also buriel site of Joshua Armstrong in English, Jersey Co., Illinois
Source-English, Jersey Co., Illinois Cemetery Book dated July 2002, but they have his death date as September 25, 1811 which is wrong.

Source-Family Ancestral File(AFN: 1FM6-1ZV) File Number 1985627
According to the Greene Co., Illinois Vital Records Office, there were no Death Records until 1878.
Source-"Reprint McDonald and Newton County Sections of Goodspeed's Newton, Lawrence, Berry, and McDonald Counties History," Goodspeed Publishing Company p.p. 344,345.
Source-"Genealogical Abstracts Of Revolutionary War", p.77. abstracted by Virgil D. White, the National History Publishing Company, Waynesboro, Tn. 1990
Joshua joined the Canteen Creek Church, Troy, Illinois
Source-Robert L. Webb
Source-Sue Mullins
Source-Rob Armstrong 125 Smothers Rd. Seymour, Tennessee 37865
Compiled by W.L.A.(Az.)
All below same source

Sarah was on the Pension Roll 9/25/1845, as residing in Greene Co., Illinois
Pension #W23461 Pennsylvania
Source-Revolutionary Soldiers in Jersey County Illinois
Sarah Morris Armstrong joined the Canteen Creek Church, Troy, Illinois June 1817
Source-Robert L. Webb
Source-Sue Mullins
Buried at English, Jersey Co., Illinois Cemetery
Source-English, Jersey Co., Illinois Cemetery Book dated July 2002
Compiled by WLA(Az)

2. i. ROBERT A.28 ARMSTRONG, b. March 4, 1786, Rockingham Co., Virginia; d. 1845, Warren Co., Kentucky.
3. ii. MARGARET ARMSTRONG, b. January 27, 1788, Beaver Dam Creek, Warren Co., Ky.; d. July 28, 1852, Girard, Macoupin Co., Illinois.
4. iii. MARY POLLY ARMSTRONG, b. January 13, 1791, Bourbon Co., Ky.; d. July 28, 1829, St. Clair, Illinois.
5. iv. THOMAS (PVT.) ARMSTRONG, b. March 28, 1793, Beaver Dam Creek, Warren Co., Kentucky; d. April 13, 1878, Ritchey, Newton Co., Missouri.
6. v. WILLIAM (PVT) ARMSTRONG, b. September 1, 1795, Greene, Warren Co., Ky.; d. January 7, 1879, Yatesville, Morgan Co., Illinois.
7. vi. ANDREW JACKSON (PVT) ARMSTRONG, b. April 18, 1798, O'Fallon, St. Clair Co., Illinois; d. October 17, 1852, Suavey Island, Morgan Co., Oregon.
8. vii. HUGH ARMSTRONG, b. February 13, 1799, Beaver Dam Creek, Warren Co., Ky.; d. May 7, 1839, Little Grove, Menard Co., Illinois.
9. viii. MORRIS MAURICE (JUDGE) ARMSTRONG, b. December 17, 1800, Beaver Dam Creek, Warren Co., Kentucky; d. April 15, 1876, Girard, Macoupin Co., Illinois.
10. ix. NANCY ARMSTRONG, b. June 6, 1803, Beaver Dam Creek, Warren Co., Ky.; d. October 21, 1860, Waverly, Illinois.
x. ANGELIA M. ARMSTRONG, b. Abt. 1805, Billings, Yellowstone Co., Montana; m. THOMAS D. DAVIS, Abt. 1823, Billings, Yellowstone Co., Montana; b. Abt. 1800, Montana.
xi. AARON ARMSTRONG, b. 1805, Billings, Yellowstone Co., Montana.

Source-1860 Macoupin Co., Illinois Census
Source-Sue Mullins
Note-Father of Aaron is speculation of compiler
Compiled by WLA(Az)

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