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Richland County, Illinois
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1880 Census of Richland County
Supplemental Schedules of  Defective, Dependent and Delinquent Classes
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Transcribed by K. Torp


Supplemental Schedules Nos. 2 to 7, for the Defective Dependent and Delinquent Classes

Richland County, IL 1880 Census


Blind

"The object of this Supplemental Schedule is to furnish material not only for a complete enumeration of the blind, but for an account of their condition. It is important that every inquiry respecting each case be answered as fully as possible. Enumerators will, therefore, after making the proper entries upon the Population Schedule (No. 1) transfer the name (with Schedule page and number) of every blind person found. In this enumeration will be included not only the totally blind, but also the semi-blind. No person will be carried on this schedule, however, who can see sufficiently well to read. For the distinction between the totally blind and the semi-blind, see Note E; it is of the greatest importance to note this distinction with care, by making the proper entry in columns 10 or 11."
 

(none of these folks went to an institution, so that column is left out)

Name

Residence when at home

(Note A)

Is he self- supporting or partly so

(Note B)

Age at which blindness occurred

(Note C)

Form of blindness

(Note D)

Supposed Cause of blindness, if known

Is the person totally blind or semi-blind

(Note E)

Gnu, Samuel

Olney

partly

65

cataract

cataract

totally

Pasture, Mary

Olney

yes

49

total in 1 eye, nearly so in the other

Eresipelas

semi-blind

Hein, Mary

Olney

partly

30

 

cold followed by infld am_tism

totally

Morehead, Jno T. (L.?)

Olney

yes

81

 

cataract

semi-blind

Gillaspie, Mary

Noble

partly

39

 

sore eyes

totally

Grisemer, Benjamin F. 

Bonpas

no

1

 

 

totally

McKinnel, Sarah

Bonpas

partly

40

 

measles & sore eyes

semi-blind

Berry, Edwin D.

Bonpas

 

 

 

 

 

Notes:

Note A: A blind person may be found either at his own home or away from it in some educational institution, asylum or poor-house. In the latter case, his residence when at home must be stated, in order that he may be accredited to the State or county to which he properly belongs so that the county in which the institution is situated may not be charged with more than its due proportion of the blind.

Note B: If self-supporting, say "yes" if partly self-supporting, say "partly: if not, say "no". Indicate all inmates of institutions who are maintained or treated at their personal expense (not at the expense of any town, county or State, nor of the institution) by the word "Pay"

Note C: If blind from birth, say "b"; if not, state the age at which blindness occurred. Special pains should be taken to indicate all blindness from birth.

Note D: Where practicable, get a statement from attending physician.

Note E: The totally blind are unable to distinguish forms or colors; the partially blind can distinguish forms or colors, but cannot see to read, or at least not without such effort as to make reading practically impossible.
 


Deaf-Mutes

"The object of this Supplemental Schedule is to furnish material not only for a complete enumeration of deaf-mutes, but for an account of their condition. It is important that every inquiry respecting each case be answered as fully as possible. Enumerators will, therefore, after making the proper entries upon the population schedule (No. 1), transfer the name (with Schedule page and number) of every deaf-mute found to Schedule No. 1 to this Special Schedule and proceed to ask the additional questions indicated in the headings of the several columns. Care must be taken not to enumerate persons who are deaf only (hard of hearing) or dumb only (tongue-tied) as deaf-mutes. A deaf-mute is one who cannot speak, because he cannot hear sufficiently well to learn to speak. Enumerators may obtain valuable hints as to the number of deaf-mutes, and their residence, from physicians who practice medicine in their respective districts, also from school-teachers. Great assistance may be derived from questions addressed to deaf-mutes themselves: Do you know any deaf-mutes in this neighborhood? The class feeling of the deaf and dumb, arising from their isolated state is so great that they seek each other out for the sake of companionship and ordinarily know every deaf-mute for miles around."

Name

Residence when at home

(Note A)

Is he self- supporting, or partly so

(Note B)

Age at which deafness occurred

(Note C)

Supposed cause of deafness, if known

Is this person semi- mute/ semi-deaf

(Note D)

Has this person ever been an inmate of an institution for deaf-mutes

Is this person also insane, idiotic or blind

Cox, Francis

Denver twp

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gerber, Elizabeth

Claremont twp

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shiek, Martin 

Bonpas twp

partly

B

 

 

 

 

Slover, Aaron

Bonpas twp

partly

B

born so

 

 

 

McWilliams, Ebenezer

Preston twp

 

 

 

 

 

 

Boles, Benjamin

Preston twp

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stewart, Sarah F.

Olney

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marshall, Lizzie

Olney

yes

B

natural

no

Indiana - 10 yrs disch.1873

 

Cartwright, Catherine

Olney

partly

B

natural

yes-yes

Jacksonville - 3 yrs disch. 1871

 

Cartwright, Joseph

Olney

yes

2

sickness fever

yes-yes

Jacksonville - 4 yrs disch. 1871

 

Sterchi, Lidia A.

Olney

no

18 mo

measels

no-yes

no

 

Sterchi, Geo. W.

Olney

 

9 mo

spinal fever

no-yes

no

 

Graham, Elisha J.

Olney

yes

4 yr

fever with fits

yes-yes

Indiana - 7 yrs. disch. 1858

 

Graham, Marietta

Olney

yes

4 yr

Brain 7 scarlet fever

yes-no

Indiana - 7 yrs. disch. 1858

 

Shields, Charles E.

Ohay twp

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cooper, Celia

Ohay twp

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lawless, Mary

Noble

partly

9

scarlet fever

yes-no

 

 

Toliver, Katie

Noble

partly

6

spinal fever

yes-yes

Jacksonville - 6 ½ yrs

 

Alcorn, Anna

Noble

 

3

spinal fever

yes-yes

Jacksonville - 4/12

 

Smith, Hamilton

 

 

 

 

dumb, but not deaf

 

 

Notes:

Note A: A deaf-mute may be found either at his own home or away from it in some educational institution, asylum or poor-house. In the latter case, his residence when at home must be stated, in order that he may be accredited to the State or county to which he properly belongs so that the county in which the institution is situated may not be charged with more than its due proportion of deaf-mutes.

Note B: If self-supporting, say "yes" if partly self-supporting, say "partly: if not, say "no". Indicate all inmates of institutions who are maintained or treated at their personal expense (not at the expense of any town, county or State, nor of the institution) by the word "Pay"

Note C: If a deaf-mute from birth, say "b"; if not, state the age at which deafness occurred. Special pains should be taken to indicate all deaf-mutes from birth.

Note D: The word "semi-mute" has a technical meaning, and denotes a deaf-mute who lost his or her hearing after having acquired at least a partial knowledge of spoken language. Some semi-mutes retain the ability to speak imperfectly, others lose it entirely. If a deaf-mute has ever learned to speak, he is a semi-mute (unless he was artificially taught to speak in an institution for deaf-mutes) By a semi-deaf person is meant one who cannot hear sufficiently well to comprehend what is said to him, but who hears very loud sounds, such as thunder, &c
 
 


Idiots

[Original terminology and spelling used]

"The object of this Supplemental Schedule is to furnish material not only for a complete enumeration of the idiots, but for an account of their condition. It is important that every inquiry respecting each case be answered as fully as possible. Enumerators will, therefore, after making the proper entries upon the Population Schedule (No. 1) transfer the name (with Schedule page and number) of every idiot found. The word "idiot" has a special meaning which it is essential for every enumerator to know. An idiot is a person the development of whose mental faculties was arrested in infancy or childhood before coming to maturity. It is sometimes difficult to distinguish between the stupidity which results from idiocy and that which is due to the loss or deterioration of mental power in consequence of insanity. The latter is not true idiocy, but dementia or imbecility. The enumeration desired for the census is of true idiots only. Demented persons should be classed with the insane. Enumerators may obtain valuable hints as to the number of idiots, and their residences, from physicians who practice medicine in their respective districts."

Name

Residence when at home

(Note A)

Is he self- supporting or partly so

(Note B)

Age at which idiocy occurred

(Note C)

Supposed Cause of idiocy (if acquired)
 
 

(Note D)

Size of Head (Large, small or natural)

Has this person ever been an inmate of a training school for idiots/Year discharged

Is this person also insane, blind, deaf, epileptic, paralyzed (right/left)

Evans, John

Denver twp

no

B

 

ordinary

no

 

Dasch, Mary

Denver twp

no

1 year

sickness in infancy

 

no

 

Price, Charles

Denver twp

yes

B

hereditary

 

no

 

Clarke, Erastis

Denver twp

partly

B

hereditary

 

no

 

Brown, Wm. R.

Denver twp

no

B

hereditary

 

no

 

Sayre Sarah E.

Denver twp

no

B

hereditary

 

no

 

Dewhirst, Mary V

Denver twp

 

B

mother fearfully frightened at dog killing cat

 

no

 

I did not take size of head in any of the above cases - John Delzer, Enumerator

Lindsay, Martha

Bonpas twp

no

B

 

natural

none

 

Grisemer, Sarah E.

Bonpas twp

no

2

Fall on the head

natural

no

 

Berry, Edwin D.

Bonpas twp

no

5/12

measles & hooping cough

small

no

also blind

Glover, Aaron

Bonpas twp

 

 

 

 

 

also deaf

Johns, Henry

Olney

partly

8

scarlet fever

natural

no

 

Border, Lizzie

Olney

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nicholas, Henry S.

Olney

partly

11

typhoid fever

large

no

 

Morehouse, Thadeas

Olney

yes no

2

whooping cough

natural

no

 

Cochran, Edwin A.

Olney

no

B

 

 

no

epileptic

Lucas, Harriet

Olney

no

10

fits

natural

 

insane & epileptic

Smith, Hamilton

Noble twp

no

B

not known

natural

 

dumb, but not deaf and at times seems insane

Marney, Frank

Olney

no

3

Epilepsy & fever

small

 

epileptic

Gerber, Matida

Claremont

partly

B

 

small

 

 

Gerber, John

Claremont

partly

B

 

small

 

 

Notes:

Note A: An idiot may be found either at his own home or away from it in some institution, such as a training school, asylum or poor-house. In the latter case, his residence when at home must be stated, in order that he may be accredited to the State or county to which he properly belongs so that the county in which the institution is situated may not be charged with more than its due proportion of the blind.

Note B: If self-supporting, say "yes" if partly self-supporting, say "partly: if not, say "no". Indicate all inmates of institutions who are maintained or treated at their personal expense (not at the expense of any town, county or State, nor of the institution) by the word "Pay"

Note C: If an idiot from birth, say "b"; if idiocy occurred after birth, state the age at which it occurred. Special pains should be taken to indicate all blindness from birth.

Note D: The causes of idiocy are such as the following: scarlet fever, measles, meningitis,&c. blow on head, fall, &c, fright, &c.


Pauper & Indigent Inhabitants in Institutions, Poor Houses or Asylums, or Boarded at Public Expense in Private Houses - 1880

"Richland County Poorhouse"

Smith, Mary: Noble twp.; able-bodied, not habitually intemperate, not an epileptic, not ever been convicted of a crime. Wasn't born in the institution. Has two sons living with her in the poor house. [The idiotic column may be checked -it's hard to read]

Smith, Charles: Claremont; able-bodied, not habitually intemperate, not an epileptic, not ever been convicted of a crime. Was born in the institution. Mother and 1 brother lives in the poor house with him
 

Noble, William: Claremont; able-bodied, not habitually intemperate, not an epileptic, not ever been convicted of a crime. Was born in the institution. Mother and 1 brother lives in the poor house with him
 

Ward, Sarah: Olney; not able-bodied, not habitually intemperate, not an epileptic, not ever been convicted of a crime. Was not born in the institution. The insane column is checked.

Marney, Frank: Olney; able-bodied, not habitually intemperate, is an epileptic, not ever been convicted of a crime. Was not born in the institution. The idiotic column is checked.



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