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Washington County, Illinois
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Washington County
Cities, Towns, Villages and Areas

Past & Present

I L L I N O I S
Land of Lincoln
The Prairie State
  Part of Northwest Territoy
July 4, 1800 -Illinois was part of the new Indiana Territory
February 3, 1809 / March 1, 1809 - Illinois Territory was created
December 3, 1818 - Illinois admitted to the Union as the 21ststate
State Capitols =
      Vandalia - 1819 to 1939
      Springfield - 1939 to present
 
Washington County   Parent County = St. Clair
January 2, 1818 =
      Washington County was formed including what is now Clinton County
December 28, 1824 =
      Clinton County was seperated, leaving Washington County as it is now
County Seat = Nashville
Latitude = 36 58 N to 42 30 N
Longitude = 87 30 W to 91 30 W
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
History of the Various Areas of Washington County, Illinois
 List of Cities, Towns, Villages & Areas
 
"Early Town Names & their Origins", by Wanda Groennert 1980
 
"Research", including some populations, by Wanda Groennert 1980
 
Other References use in this compilation.
 

Cities, Towns, Villages & Areas
NameTownship Latitude
Longitude
About
 
AddievilleOkawville
&
Plum Hill
382329N
0892924W
4 miles West of Nashville;
 
Addieville was laid out and named by Col. Don. Morrison after his wife Adelia "Addie" Morrison. It was on the line of the St. Louis and South Eastern Railroad.
AldaHoyleton382746N
0891412W
 
AshleyAshley 381946N
0891127W
Ashley Illinois recieved the name of Ashley, Illinois
during the time the I.C . R. R. was being built in 1855.
A construction Engineer on the Rail Road project was name Ashley.
He gave it the name.
As far as I know it carried the name of Woodrome Settlement until that time.
Woodrome is spelled many ways in History books.
coutesy of : Bucky McCoy
 
James Lucas 1st settled area
 
See also : Ashley History
Ayers PointOakdale   used during the Civil War era
 
William Ayers settled at the head of Elkhorn Creek in 1823, and this was knwon as Ayers' Point for many years; it is now Oakdale.
Baldwin Heights
also in
Jefferson County
Irvington 382659N
0890841W
 
BeaucoupBeaucoup382059N
0891731W
Beacoup Settlement began early on in the settlement of Washington County. Major J. White settled here in 1821. At one time Beacoup area residents fought for the county seat to be here instead of Covington.
 
The village of Beaucoup was laid out in 1870 by James Garvin and Daniel Hay, and was situated on the St. Louis and Southeastern Railroad.
BiddlebornLively Grove381752N
0894105W
 
Big Muddy Settlement   
 
East & North of Little Muddy Settlement
BoloBolo 
 
A Polish settlement east & south of Nashville
BridgeportOkawville  The area of Okawville Township and Vendy Township during the Civil War era
 
H. P. H. Morgan laid out the town of Bridgeport before 1856 when the town of Okawville was laid out across the creek.
Bruten's PrairiePilot Knob  
 
This land was settled in 1819 by Benjamin Bruten. It has also known been as Three Mile Prairie.
CasparsLively Grove Named by Wm. Herman Schaeffer
ClarminLively Grove381316N
0894158W
Clarmin is a community located along Illinois Route 4 and Illinois Route 13; 1 mile northwest of Tilden.
CordesPilot Knob381746N
0892726W
Sothwest of Nashville
CovingtonCovington382717N
0892609W
County seat from 1818 to 1831 (original Covington was nearer the river)
Cox Ferry Bridge  
 
Before the bridge was erected, a ferry crossed the Kaskaskia river here and it was known as Cox's Ferry. At one time this was an important link between Washington and Clinton Counties, and a gateway to St. Louis. It was located oon the Mud Lake - St. Louis Road and at one time was the only bridge spanning the Kaskaskia River between Carlyle and New Athens. When Illinois State Route 15 was built, a new bridge was built north of here and this one fell into disuse.
Du BoisDu Bois381326N
0891244W
Also called Bois & Coloma
 
The town was laid out in 1853 by L. J. Bridges, J. W. Tilley, and D. & E. H. Topping
Du Bois CenterDu Bois381506N
0891241W
 
ElkhornOakdale  used during the Civil War era
ElktonOakdale381730N
0893324W
Area of Elkhorn Prairie
 
Elkton was laid out in 1837 by Henry Talbot and James Steele, Jr. on Section 5, Township 3 South, Range 4 West.
French SettlementLively Grove 
 
Southwest part of county Section 36; Lively Grove Township;
later called West Grand Co.?
Frogtown 382632N
0892930W
Also called Olive Branch & Oelzwig after church;
between Okawville & Covington
Georgetown  
 
Staked out as county seat after Clinton Co split away
abandoned
Grand Cote PrairieLively Grove 
 
Settled in the 1820s. Henry T. East settled on Section 22 in 1828.
 
A log building for a school was located on Section 28 in 1838.
Grand PrairieOkawville 
 
St. Paul"s Church area 2 1/2 miles SW Okawville; White Church
 
See also : Kinyon Settlement
Grand Point  
 
West of Irvington, South of Hoyleton Rd, St Hwy 177
HahlenNashville 
 
West & South of Nashville
HoyletonHoyleton 382630N
0891627W
1st called "Yankeetown", later named by a Mr. Hoyle
 
In 1858, A. J. Bent and Ovid Miner laid out the village of Hoyleton.
 
See also : Hoyleton History
HuegelyHoyleton382420N
0891906W
Named after Huegely
IrvingtonIrvington382621N
0890946W
Located in the extreme northeastern corner of the county.
The first settlers were Mr. Scott and family on Section 16 in 1827.
Irvington was situated on the Illinois Central Railroad, and the first building was the depot.
The town was laid out by S. Y. Henry.
JohannisburgJohannisburg382304N
0893911W
The village of Johannisburg was laid out in 1866 by Randolph Winther. It is situated on section 4, town 2, range 5 west.
Kaskaskia River  
 
3 Mar 1835 1st time records call the river "Okaw"
KempsideNashville381902N
0892536W
Northeast of Cordes in Section 33, Nashville Township.;
named for Mr. Kemp;
Railroad side track for farmers;
hotel
Kinyon Settlement Plum Hill 
 
Four miles south of Okawville was a community of pioneers in which the Kinyon name dominated. The cemetery remains, north of where the Grand Prairie Baptist Chuch once stood.
Little PrairieBolo 
 
West & South of Plum Hill
Little Muddy Settlement  
 
West of the town of Ashley
Lively GroveLively Grove381823N
0893641W
Though there were two previous villages, the present village of Lively Grove began in its present location (section 1, town 3, range 5) in 1866; and was named as the Lively massacre survivors rested there overnite.
McKinley StationOakdale3813357N
0893254W
Located in the southwest portion of the county. it was a large square frame building that once was a hotel. The hotel had fourteen rooms, and catered to city people who wanted a rural weekend. The M.-I. RR (Missouri and Illinois Railroad) stopped at a crossing just south of the hotel.
McKinley Station started as a dairy venture about 1894. There were four large cattle barns and a creamery that stood west of the hotel. As many as 100 cows were milked here. The financially ill-fated venture discontinued around 1904 or 1905.
Meadow-in-the Hole  
 
George Rogers Clark & men rested here;
South of McLean home in Oakdale
Mt. PleasantCovington 
 
Section 16, Township 1 South, Range 3 West
NashvilleNashville382037N
0892250W
County Seat of Washington County 1831 to present
Called New Nashville by early settlers from Nashville TN area
New MindenCovington
&
Hoyleton
382629N
0892213W
Named by German settlers from Minden, Germany. The town was laid out in 1865 by Frederick Kasten.
NoltingsIrvington382916N
0891157W
Named after Nolting family - also called Nolting Station
North PrairieHoyleton 
 
Southwest of Hoyleton
OakdaleOakdale381542N
0893005W
Formerly Ayers Point, named after the first settler; William Ayers
 
In 1867, the town was laid out by the firm of James B. McClurkin & Co. It is located on Section 14, Township 3 South, Range 4 West. This firm was comprised of Daniel McClurkin, James B. McClurkin, John McAfee, and S. D. McClurkin.
OkawvilleOkawville382603N
0893301W
The town of Okawville was laid out in 1856, by James Garvin and James Davis. Previouly, H. P. H. Morgan had laid out the town of Bridgeport immediately across the creek.
PetersburgJohannisburg382101N
0893731W
Settled in the late 1850s, and an Evangelical Church was built in 1858. Known as Petersburg, a Post Office was established in 1863. Now known as Stone Church, and probably named because of the large stone church.
Pilot KnobPilot Knob 
 
Named for a high hill in the center; once spelled Pilate Knob in 1822
PinchOkawville 
 
East & North of Okawville
 
The community was located east of Plum Creek and in the early days was known as Okaw.
Plum HillPlum Hill382146N
0893031W
Named for a grove of plum trees
PyramidAshley382003N
0891340W
See Tuckerville
PosenBolo381530N
0892008W
A Polish settlement east & south of Nashville
RadomDu Bois381655N
0891132W
Radom was laid out in 1856 on land purchased from the Illinois Central Railroad. This was by General G. B. Turchin and Nicholas Nichalski, two New Yorkers. It was not incorporated until 1929.
RaineysburgPilot Knob 
 
Pilot Knob Twp.; Sec 25 & 27 on land owned by Wm. Rainey;
disbanded 11-26-1867
Ratcliff Point  
 
later known as Sawyers' Point
area South of St Hwy 15 & West of "Oakdale Rock Road"
RichviewRichview382242N
0891048W
Formerly Richmond, Old Town, & New Richview
 
from : Nashville Journal; January 28, 1929
Interesting Richview History
Seventy-five years ago Richview was one of four towns
along the Illinois Central Railroad. Old Richview was laid
out in 1839 by Wm. Lindsay. It gradually grew and became
quite a business center having five stores, two blacksmith
shops, one wagon shop, three physicians and had a
population of between five and six hundred.
When the Illinois Central Railroad was built the track was
laid about a half mile east of Old Richview or "Our Town"
as it is called today. The railroad company built the depot
and switch on a forty acre tract owned by the company in
the year 1854 and laid out an addition to the town.
A section boarding house was erected by the company
and years after this house remodeled and an addition
was built on which propeerty is today owned by
Mrs. J. W. Stanton. The residense is occupied by
Mr. and Mrs. R. J. Stokes.
Mr. Stokes is the I. C. station agent.
Sawyers' Point  
 
1st called Ratcliff Point;
area South of St Hwy 15 & West of "Oakdale Rock Road"
Stone ChurchJohannisburg382101N
0893731W
Settled in the late 1850s, and an Evangelical Church was built in 1858. Known as Petersburg, a Post Office was established in 1863. Now known as Stone Church, and probably named because of the large stone church.
Three Mile PrairiePilot Knob 
 
Also known as Burton's Prairie in Pilot Knob Twp.
TuckervilleAshley  Tuckerville may now be known as "Pyramid", Ashley "Y" & Pyramid Bus Stop
 
Named after Tucker family who lived there;
 
About a mile and a half west of Ashley Ill. at the inersection
of 15 and 51 was Tuckerville Illinois. Mainly because it was
a setttlement of Tuckers. Around 1930 some men from Marion,
Illinois and the area bought busses and started the Egyption
Bus Company. It operated for several years and sold to
Grey Hound. It finally folded and until recently there were stills
signs of it, but to the naked eye this day if you were familiar
with the area you can pick out spots you recognize. At one
time their was a wye in the road at the entersection and a
tavern was in the center, but to the north of the intersection
and a bit to the west was The Pyramid Bus Station.
Tuckerville was once listed on road maps. It was a very busy place.
The business structures was two stories high with sleeping rooms
and a full time cafe below. The garage was about twenty feet north
of the main building
coutesy of : Bucky McCoy
Venedy Venedy
&
Johannisburg
382342N
0893845W
First named "Windom"
Named after Vene, Germany by Brockschmidt Family
 
The town of Venedy was laid out in 1840 by G. H. Brockschmidt on section 24.
Venedy StationVenedy 4 miles West of Okawville
Wamac
      (partial)
also in
Marion & Clinton
Counties
Irvington Named for Washington, Marion, & Clinton Counties;
all join at their intersection
White Town  
 
1857; Platted by Wm. H. White
NW 1/4 of SW 1/4 Sec. 30 TWN1N R2W
Windom  
 
First name of Venedy
Wittenburg  
 
A cluster of houses on the Kaskaskia River on the side of Cox Ferry Bridge, about a mile southwest of New Memphis Station.
There was once a butcher-block factory, a sawmill, and a small hotel called the Stopover House.
Wood TavernNashville 
 
"Half-Way House" later known as the Wood Tavern was located on the old Shawneetown - St. Louis trace, in what is now inside the city limits of Nashville. It remained standing until 1952, when it was razed. The owner-builder was Major John D. Wood
Wood's tombstone, lies neglected about 100 feet west of where the building stood. (see also : Wood's Graves);

EARLY TOWN NAMES & THEIR ORIGINS
by Wanda Groennert 1980

Formatted for online use 2012 Karla Skabialka
Covington County seat from 1818 to 1831 (original Covington was nearer the river)
Okawville  
Nashville Called New Nashville by early settlers from Nashville TN area; county seat 1831
? Southeast of present site of Elkton
Beaucoup ?
Ashley James Lucas 1st settled area
Elkton Area of Elkhorn Prairie
Venedy Named after Vene, Germany by Brockschmidt Family
Johannisburg  
Stone Church 1863 P O established called Petersburg; named afer the large stone church
Oakdale Formerly Ayers Point, named after 1st settler; Wm. Ayers
Lively Grove Lively massacre survivors rested there overnite
Caspers Named by Wm. Herman Schaeffer
Venedy Station 4 miles West of Okawville
Addieville 4 miles West of Nashville; named by Col. Morrison after his wife "Addie"
Plum Hill Named for a grove of plum trees
Pilot Knob Named for a high hill in the center; once spelled Pilate Knob in 1822
New Minden Named by German settlers from Minden, Germany
Hoyleton 1st called "Yankeetown", later named by a Mr. Hoyle
Irvington  
Richview Formerly Richmond, Old Town, & New Richview
Radom  
DuBois Also called Bois & Coloma
  Near railroad tracks - south part of Okawville
  SW of Oakdale
Cordes SW of Nashville
Huegely Named after Huegely
Noltings Named after Nolting family - also called Nolting Station
Biddleborn  
Clarmin  
Posen A Polish settlement east & south of Nashville
Tuckerville Named after Tucker family who lived there; Ashley "Y" & Pyramid Bus Stop
Wamac Named for Washington, Marion, & Clinton Counties; all join at their intersection
Kempside NE Cordes Sec. 33 Nashville Twp.; named for Mr. Kemp; RR side track for farmers; hotel
Bolo A Polish settlement east & south of Nashville
Frogtown Also called Olive Branch & Oelzwig after church; between Okawville & Covington
 
OTHER AREAS IN WASHINGTON CO. IL
by Wanda Groennert 1980
Georgetown Staked out as county seat after Clinton Co split away; abandoned
French Settlement SW part of county Sec. 36; Lively Grove Twp; later called West Grand Co.?
White Town 1857; Platted by Wm. H. White NW 1/4 of SW 1/4 Sec. 30 TWN1N R2W
Pinch East & North of Okawville
Cox Ferry Bridge Located at Mud Creek & Old St. Louis Road; abandoned
Little Prairie West & South of Plum Hill
Hahlen West & South of Nashville
Meadow-in-the Hole George Rogers Clark & men rested here; South of McLean home in Oakdale
North Prairie SW Hoyleton
Grand Prairie St. Paul's Church area 2 1/2 miles SW Okawville; White Church
Grand Point West of Irvington, South of Hoyleton Rd, St Hwy 177
Little Muddy Settlmt West town of Ashley
Big Muddy Settlmt East & North of Little Muddy Settlement
3 Mile Prairie Also known as Burton's Prairie in Pilot Knob Twp.
Sawyers' Point 1st called Ratcliff Point; area South of St Hwy 15 & West of "Oakdale Rock Road"
Windom 1st name of Venedy
Kaskaskia River 3 Mar 1835 1st time records call the river "Okaw"
Raineysburg Pilot Knob Twp.; Sec 25 & 27 on land ownedby Wm. Rainey; disbanded 11-26-1867

RESEARCH FROM WANDA GROENNERT; 1980
Retyped for digital format 2012 by Karla Skabialka
18371860 pop.18701870 pop.18761879
Covington   CovingtonCovington
Okaw   Bridgeport 511 Okawville Okawville
New Nashville 872 Nashville 1640 Nashville Nashville
Elkhorn       Elkhorn Elkhorn P O
Beaucoup       Beaucoup Beaucoup
  624 Ashley 1030 Ashley Ashley
    Elkton 160 Elkton Elkton
Windom   Venedy 230 Venedy Venedy
    Johannesburg 101 Johannesburg Johannesburg
    Petersburg 35 Stone Church Stone Church
Ayers Point   Oakdale 116 Oakdale Oakdale
        Lively Grove Lively Grove
        Caspers Caspers P O
        Venedy Station Venedy Station
        Addieville Addieville
        Plum Hill P O Plum Hill P O
        Pilot Knob  
        New Minden New Minden
        Hoyleton Hoyleton
        Irvington Irvington
        Richview Richview
        Radom Radom
        DuBois DuBois
          Windom P O
          South Okawville
          McKinley Station
          Cordes
          Huegley
          Noltings P O

References
1879 History of Washington County, Illinois
      Brink, McDonough & Co.; Philadelphia; Corresponding Office, Edwardsville, ILL.; 1879
This Is Washington County -- 1818 - 1968 -- Illinois Sesquincentennial
      by the Sesquincentennial Committee of the Historical Society of Washington County


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