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Washington County, Illinois
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Clarkson Manufacturing Company
Nashville, Washington County, Illinois
Illinois Power Shovel Company ~~ 1926 - 1930
Clarkson Manufacturing Company ~~ 1930 - 1957
National Mine Service Company ~~ 1957 - _?_ (1980s in Nashville)
      In 1917, the Clarksons bought the Nicholson Brothers Coal Mine from the Nicolsons who had operated the coal mine from 1915 to 1917. They named the company Nashville Mining Company
(source = 1917 Annual Coal Report - Change of Name : Nicholson Coal Company to Nashville Mining Company).
      Nashville Mining Company, Also known as the Nashville Coal Company, operated under this name until 1923.
In 1924 the name was changed to Clarkson Coal Mining Company. (source = 1924 Annual Coal Report).
Clarkson Coal Mining Company continued to operated this coal mine until 1939.
For more history of this mine's operators - see : Coal Mine History
Clarkson Biographies
John L. & Clyde E. Clarkson, sons of John T. & Anna (nee Erskine) Clarkson
John L. Clarkson
John Leroy Clarkson
Born on May 1, 1888 in Kirkwood, Wapello Co., Iowa
Married Ethel Edwards on October 7, 1914
      in Benld, Macoupin Co., Illinois
1917 Draft Registration (June 8, 1917)
      Age 29 years
      Born May 1, 1888 in Nashville, Illinois
      Married plus one child
      Coal Operator for Self
      Medium Height, Slender Build,
      Dark Brown Eyes, Dark Brown Hair
Residence in 1920, 1930 Nashville, Illinois
      Occupation Operator of Coal Mine
Residence in 1940 : Nashville, Illinois
      Occupation : Engineer Proprietor
                Manufacturing Coal Loading Machine
Died on June 11, 1952 in Nashville, Washington Co., Illinois
Clyde E. Clarkson
Clyde Erskine Clarkson
Born on March 29, 1891 in Foster, Monroe Co., Iowa
1917 Draft Registration (June 2, 1917)
                Precinct 4, Tucson, Arizona
      Born on March 29, 1891 in Foster, Iowa
      University of Agr. Tucson / Agriculture
      Prev Mil. -- 1st Sergeant of _?_ Mil Dept
                Iowa Natl Guards (4 years)
      Medium Height, Slender Build
      Brown Eyes, Brown Hair
      Address : 204 Second Ave.
Married Ursilla Elzema Reese about 1919
Residence in 1920 : Nashville, Illinois
      Occupation : Engineer Proprietor
Residence in 1930 : Nashville, Illinois
      Occupation : Superintendent - Power Shovel Co.
Residence in 1940 : Nashville, Illinois
      Occupation : Proprietor & Mechanic Engineer
                Coal Shovel Manufacturer
Died on May 16, 1972 in Evergreen, Jefferson Co., Colorado
Clarkson Loader 1930       According to the Coal Age of October 1936 published by McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, Inc., on page 69 :
      In 1929 the first Clarkson loader was installed at Orient No. 1 mine of the Chicago, Wilmington & Franklin Coal Company at Orient, Franklin County, Illinois,
(this is near West Frankfort, Franklin County, Illinois)
  Article by National Mine Service Company
from WCHS Archives
courtesy of Elaine Rucker
National Mine Service Company
Clarkson Division                                                                   Nashville, Illinois

      Clyde E. and John L. Clarkson bought an underground bituminous coal mine on the east side of Illinois Route 127, just north of Nashville from the Nicholson Coal Company in the early 1900's. They called it the Nashville Coal Mining Company and mined and sold coal. By 1934 the operation had been renamed Clarkson Coal and Mining Company and functioned until 1939, when mining was discontinued after one of the entries struck and old oil well, flooding the mine, reportedly with salt water. Fortunately, however, in 1926 the Illinois Power Shovel Company had been formed to build the National Conway Coal Shovels in the above-ground shop. according to designs and patents held by National Lead Company. This capital equipment manufacture and repair began to contribute to company revenues.
      The first coal loader, a "Type 50 Clarkson Loader", was built on a Conway Coal Shovel chassis in 1930 and shipped to Chicago, Wilmington, and Franklin Coal Company's Orient # 1 Mine. The company was renamed the Clarkson Manufacturing Company, and coal loader development was actively pursued through the change from rail-mounted underground equipment to rubber-tired equipment. The first rubber-tired "Redbird" Loader was built in 1949 and displayed at the American Mining Congress Coal Show in Cleveland, Ohio.
      Heavy loads imposed on conveyor chains by bigger and more powerful machines resulted in a search for new, better ways to build conveyor chains. In 1931 Alton Jackson began his career at Clarkson Manufacturing Company trying to find solutions to these problems. One of his designs, utilizing a welded flight-to-flight pin connection (Patent #2,450,501), is still in use today, even though Mr. Jackson died in 1968. Redbird Conveyor Chain, in a complete range of sizes, became -- and remain -- an important product which is sold to mining customers and competitors as well.
      On February 1, 1955, Clarkson Manufacturing Company acquired the entire assets, "as pertaining to mining", of the Marietta Manufacturing Company. Up to that time Marietta had been developing and building Marietta (Boring Type) Miners (descendants of the original McKinlay Entry Drivers first used in the early 1920's) in Point Pleasant, West Virginia. The mobility and productivity of Marietta Miners, along with unprecedented durability eventually led to wide-spread use of them in coal and non-coal mines the world over. The first Clarkson Manufacturing Company Marietta was built for shipment to France in August of 1956.
      The patents and designs owned by Clarkson Manufacturing Company, were important to the mining industry, caused Gordon C. MacVean, founder of the young and growing National Mine Service Company, to seek out and acquire the Clarkson Manufacturing Company, on April 1, 1957. The facilities in Nashville were designated as the Clarkson Division of National Mine Service Company and product design and production was continued under Stuart Jenkins, Plant Manager. (National Mine Service Company is a corporation of West Virginia and its headquarters in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.) Alton Jackson, Clifford C. Conway, and a young engineer from Chicago, Jerry Karlovsky, teamed up to design a succession of more and more powerful Marietta Miners. In the years between 1957 and 1969, over 100 Mighty Mariettas were designed by the Clarkson Division Engineering Department and fabricated, machined, and assembled at the "Old Shovel Factory". Included were Marietta destined for service in coal, potash, trona, iron ore, and salt mines all over the United States and Canada, as well as, France, Germany, Australia, and even the Negev Desert of Israel. These machines were disassembled and crated for shipment since some weighed as much as 100 tons.
      Additionally, the largest underground miners ever built were designed and, in part, constructed at the Calrkson Division Plant. They were the 1012 and 780AW4 Marietta which weighed 205 and 250 tons each, respectively. These machines were installed in Canadian potash mines in Saskatchewan in 1968 and 1970 and are still in service. The 1012 mines an entry 12 foot high and 21 foot wide while the 780AW4 mines an entry 8 foot high and 26 foot wide. The size and power of these 4160 Volt A.C. 1,800 and 1,500 horsepower machines have never been equalled by any other manufacturer.
      The year 1969 marked the end of an era when passage of the Coal Mine Health and Safety Act virtually outlawed the use of boring-type miners in United States coal mines. But, the Clarkson Division was at work on the next generation of mining machinery -- The Marietta Drum Miner. This unique machine has numerous, patented features including a tough-cutting, solid head with canted-end drums capable of dependable cutting where other types of heads can't cut at all. Since the first prototype machine was built in 1970, over 100 Marietta Drum Miners of various sizes have been built. Most of the final assembly of the drum miners has been dome at the Ashland Division Plant of National Mine Service Company since the Miner Product Engineering Group was transferred to Ashland, Kentucky, in 1973.
      The Clarkson Division is now actively engaged in producing parts for all National Mine Service Company Mining Machinery Division's products and has been assigned the responsibility of building and developing prototypes of new, better, and now, smaller Marietta Drum Miners. Diminishing reserves of high coal continue to push the national average mine height lower; but under the direction of Jim Lehde, Plant Manager and Don Freed, Chief Development Engineer, the Clarkson Division (as did the Illinois Power Shovel Company) will continue to furnish the mining industry the equipment needed, no matter what size or horsepower.
Clarkson    Loader
circa 1930s
Clarkson's Loader photo 1 Clarkson's Loader photo 2
Photographs from James Lehde's Collection, courtesy of Jan & Marsha Middleton

Clarkson    Scoop Loader
circa 1930s
Clarkson's Loader photo 3
Photograph from James Lehde's Collection, courtesy of Jan & Marsha Middleton
Clarkson's coal mine & plant in 1939
Postcard Photograph dated 1939 courtesy of Jo House
Clarkson Manufacturing card front   Clarkson Manufacturing card rear
Photos of Ink Blotter card from Harrl Beatty Photograph Collection, courtesy of Larry & Jo House
Clarkson's Manufacturing plant in 1940s
Clarkson Manufacturing     circa 1940's - 1950s
Photograph courtesy of Jo House
  Clarkson Manufacturing Company
Photographs from James "Jim" Lehde's Collection
courtesy of Jan & Marsha Middleton
Clarkson's photo 12 Clarkson's photo 15
Clarkson's photo 25 Clarkson's photo 16
Clarkson's Loader photo 1 Clarkson's Loader photo 2
Clarkson's photo 9 Clarkson's photo 13
Clarkson's photo 24 Clarkson's photo 23
Clarkson's photo 26 Clarkson's photo 22
Clarkson's photo 19 Clarkson's photo 20
Clarkson's photo 21 Clarkson's photo 18
Clarkson's photo 11 Clarkson's photo 14

© 2014     Wayne Hinton
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