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DU BOIS, ILLINOIS Buildings
Unknown Date
Dubois, IL City Hall
 
Dubois, IL Bank
 
Dubois, IL M. E. Church
 
Dubois, IL Reminger Building & Molter Hotel
 
Dubois, IL John Kuhn residence
 
The above five photographs courtesy of Larry Clark

DU BOIS, ILLINOIS Schools
Du Bois School article
Page Photo Furnished by W. J. "Bucky" McCoy

Upper left photo :
MSGR J. Czeranski and 1950 Eight Grade Graduation Class
 
Upper Right Photo :
Hopewell School, Early 1900's
 
Center Right Photo :
Chapel Hill School, 1928
 
Bottom Right Photo :
Unknown
 
Bottom Left Photo :
Public School possibly circa 1950
 
Transcription of Article
Du Bois Public Schools
      The first public school was located in Section 32 in 1839. Mr. Johnson was the teacher. Before this school was started, children were taught in Perry County.
 
      The second school was built around 1900. Mr. Brown was the teacher. This building was located north of the old K. of C. hall, which is about one block north of St. Charles Church.
 
      The third and last public school was located where our new village hall is now located. It was a brick building consisting of three rooms. Two rooms were classrooms and the third was a library. Some of the teachers that taught there were : Lane, Neudecker, Spencer, and Clark.
 
- - - submitted by Susan, Greg, Sarah, and Gary Zmudzinski
 

 
Du Bois School Students
1930
Du Bois School Students
Photograph Furnished by W. J. "Bucky" McCoy

 

 
DU BOIS, ILLINOIS Coal Mining
Du Bois Township
Township 3 South, Range 1 West, Sections 1 - 36
      In 1865, a coal shaft was sunk by Voss & Beard to the depth of 200 feet, and they stopped work. A year later it was sunk 50 feet deeper by J. W. Tilley & R. S. Peyton. R. S. Peyton became the sole proprietor and continued sinking the mine to 296 feet. In 1879, the mine was operated by the Forman & Slutterd estate.
   Source :1879 History
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Source
Reference #
Section # Company NameMine NameYears Operated
32033G. W. Brown & CompanyDuBois1865 - 1884
32033DuBois Coal CompanyDuBois1884 - 1886
32033G. W. BrownBrown1886 - 1888
32033DuBois Coal CompanyDuBois1888 - 1890
32033Kuhn & SchwindKuhn1890 - 1891
32033J. D. SchwindSchwind1891 - 1892
32033Kuhn & SchwindKuhn1892 - 1894
32033Adam Kuhn Coal CompanyDuBois1894 - 1834
32033DuBois Coal CompanyKuhn1934 - 1935
32033Bois Coal CompanyKuhn1935 - 1961
 
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Influence of Coal Mine
The Coal Mine

     The Kuhn Coal Company mine in Du Bois was dug in 1865 to supply fuel for steam locomotives. The 300 foot deep mine proved to be the longest operating mine in the state.
      Mules drug coal cars to the shaft head. An ancient steam boiler provided power to bring coal to the surface. There was no modern machinery and no electricity.
      Miners worked by the glow of carbide lights attached to their helmets. A pick and shovel were their only tools. They brought up about 100 tons of coal per day.
      The mine operated in fall and winter and closed during the spring and summer so miners could farm their ground.
      Sylvester Felts, who lived next door to the mine and worked there off and on for most of his life, recalled that the whistle blew every half hour between five and seven each morning, calling the miners to work.
      Outside his window, he could see the men walking, riding horses or seated in horse-drawn wagons as they drifted to the mine to begin the day's work.

   

      When spring came and the mine closed, men would work on their farms or find employment elsewhere. Even the mules split the year above ground and below ground. In the spring they were allowed to adjust to the sunlight and then were taken to farms to work. It was said that the first thing they did was to lie down and roll in the dirt.
      After the Kuhn mine closed, the mine's tipple stood as an unofficial monument to the past. It was a reminder that until the mine closed it had the distinction of being the oldest operating mine in the state. Now the tipple and the surrounding buildings are gone. Its longevity is attributed to the fact that the slow recovery of coal by hand gave the mine its extensive life span.
      In the spring of 1961, the mine closed for the summer. That proved to be the last time that coal was hoisted from the mine.
     The mine remained open until 1962. the men worked the same way then as they did when the mine opened. Miners chopped at the coal with picks and shoveled it into the mule-drawn carts.

DuBois Mine Photo
 
      John Waligorski, a former general manager, bookkeeper, secretary-treasurer of the mine's cooperative company, reported that when operations were to resume in the fall, there was trouble with the shaft. Attempts were made to repair the shaft but they failed and the mine was never in operation again.

      The narrow shaft extended about 300 feet down to the coal bed. Mining was done by the room and pillar method. Old maps indicate the mined out area extended about a mile to the west and almost a mile to the north of the shaft. Miners said the coal seam averaged about six feet in thickness.

      At the time of the closing, the mine produced about 140 tons of coal per day. Waligorski said annual production was about 10,000 to 12,000 tons. Some was transported to industrial areas; some was sold to local truckers who loaded at the mine.

      Employees usually numbered between 30 and 40. The majority of these were coal diggers. There were also mile skinners, track layers, two hoisting engineers and tipple hands.

      The coal was of high quality and production costs were low. During the final years of operation the mine was operated, in part, as a cooperative with part of the profits going back to the men who dug the coal.

 

 

 

DuBois Coal Miners
"Bud" and Charley Setzekorn no longer work at the Kuhn mine . . .

        Records show some of the expenses of the Du Bois Coal Company in 1884 :
1 large time book
2 small time books
Nevel Qualls . . survey help
John Morgan . . survey help
wick
Nevel Qualls . . .shift work
John Morgan . . . shift work
John Eaton, digging 19 bu. coal
nails
98 gals Zero oil @15
nails and bolts for trap door
rope
1 bu. corn

10 pounds harness leather
two teams, hauling slack
1 gallon oil
hauling powder to mine
bell rope
2 blank books

$1.00
.20
1.00
1.00
.10
4.87
1.68
.38
.15
14.70
.70
.25
.50

7.00
4.00
.20
.20
.10
.20

 
There were 53 employees at the mine in 1886;
41 employees in 1888.

Wages averaged from .70 to $53.58 per month. Records also show that most miners worked for $1.50 per day in 1891.

DuBois Mine Photo
. . . but in 1957, when they did, the "lunchroom" was a quiet corner.

Article and Photographs furnished by W. J. "Bucky" McCoy

 

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