Will County, IL
In 1997 Wilmington is 159 years old. Originally called Winchester, shortly after its founding, the name was changed to Wilmington when it was learned there was another Winchester in Illinois. Wilmington is often called the Island City. There is a large island, in the Kankakee River, within city limits. It is divided by Highway 53 into North Island Park and South Island Park. Strip mining of coal was a major industry in the early days of Wilmington. That has ended. Agriculture has always been a major factor in the wealth of the community.
Transcribed and contributed to Illinois Genealogy Trails by Sandy Vasko
W.R. Steele, Editor
GREAT Motive Power
For Sale or To Lease
The Great Water Power Of The Kankakee River in this village, is now offered for sale or
lease in lots to suit purchasers. The recent opening of both Water and Railroad communications from this point
connecting with all the great channels of commerce in the country make this one of the most desirable locations
for manufacturing in the United States. A portion of this waterpower, which is one of the best in the world is
already improved, and the water now offered can be drawn upon machinery at a small expense.
This village now contains an enterprising population numbering about fifteen hundred, which is rapidly increasing. The beauty of the location, and its general good health, renders it a desirable place of residence. The surrounding country, which may in truth be called the "Garden of the West", is rapidly filling up with an enterprising population. Those seeking waterpower will do well to make early application to James F. Alden at Wilmington
1860 - 1869 Newspaper Articles
W.R. Steele, Editor
Canal and River Improvements at Wilmington
A brief review of the origin, progress and operations of the "Kankakee and Iroquois
Navigation and Manufacturing Company," now called the Kankakee Company, may not at this time be uninteresting
to the local, nor even to the general reader. In the year 1847 a charter was granted to Col. Peter Stewart, Dr.
Bowen, and others, citizens of the counties of Will and Iroquois for the improvement of navigation in the Kankakee
and Iroquois rivers within this State, and the creation of power thereon, for manufacturing purposes. The company
was promptly organized, during the same year subscriptions to the stock obtained, and "Dam and lock No. 1"
of said work extending navigation from the Kankakee Feeder, of the Illinois & Michigan Canal to this place
some four and one-half miles, were put under contract and constructed in 1848 - But, unfortunately before these
structures had been put to practice, they were both swept away and destroyed by the freshet of the ensuing spring.
This disaster so exhausted the resources and crippled the energies of the Company, that no further attempt was
made by them to rebuild said works. In 1851, however the citizens of this town, witnessing the great advantages
some of the neighboring towns enjoyed, by reason of their facilities for canal transportation, and becoming aroused
to the importance of these benefits, resolved to renew the attempt, at the public charge, by a general and voluntary
assessment. Accordingly, by legislative authority a meeting was called notes were passed and taxes levied to raise
the means requisite to reconstruct the works, as before and in 1852 they were again rebuilt, (as was then believed,)
in a more permanent and substantial manner, but they had hardly gone into operation before they too, shared the
same fate as their predecessors, and were again substantially destroyed early in the year of 1853. From that period
to the spring of this year, several fruitless efforts were made to revive the enterprise, and raise the means necessary
to reconstruct the works on a more enduring basis; but the people dismayed by the fatality attending the former
operations, steadily declined to risk their money a third time.
Thus were the affairs of the Company situated, when, early in this year, Mr. H. O. Alden, an extensive real estate owner, and now residing here being strongly impressed with the great value of this improvement to his own property, as well as of its inestimable importance to the interest of this while community, proposed to the old company, or a new one, or to the citizens that he would give, as a gratuity, the sum of $5,000 toward a reconstruction of said work, in a more thorough and reliable manner, and pay said sum so soon as the same should be completed. The inability of the old company, however, and the general distrust, caused by the former failures, rendered an acceptance of the proposition, liberal, as it confessedly was, altogether impractical. Mr. Alden then unwilling to abandon, as it would seem forever, the hope of securing a project, so long, and faithfully labored for by the citizens, and one, too, so vital to his own and their interests made another proposal to the farmers, real estate owners and business men of Wilmington, and adjacent towns, interested in, and to be benefited by this improvement. This offer was substantially as follows: That for reliable subscriptions to an amount equal only to three times as much as he had alone offered to give, together with a free transfer of the old company's stacks, power, and franchises, he would at his own individual cost and risk, rebuild said works in a reliable manner, and open navigation to the White Cloud Mills in this village, requiring no payment on said subscriptions, until the same should be completed. To consider the proposition, a meeting of the citizens was called, at which was unanimously voiced to accept of the same; where upon a committee was appointed to take the matter, at once, in hand; and at the same time the Board of Directors of the old company, also, readily voted to recommend the proposed transfers. In a brief time said subscriptions were satisfactorily made up; and the promptitude, with which this whole community with only a few exceptions, responded to this third call upon their resources, even conditional as it was, is, under existing discouragements, not only highly commendable to their liberality, but is also most credible to their sagacity, in securing at a critical juncture, the benefits of an enterprise, for the attainment of which they had hitherto toiled in vain, and the value of which they foresaw, would extend to all coming rime.
These preliminaries thus satisfactorily adjusted, Mr. Alden, set about carrying out the undertaking. By widely advertising for proposals, he was soon enabled to close contracts with experienced and responsible parties, for the execution of the whole work. Out of some twenty different bids, his engineer adopted a plan of dam which, although more costly than others of approved construction, has the unqualified endorsement of very many, if not most, of the leading engineers and experienced builders in the west, as one giving the greatest strength and security of the most exposed portions of the work: and one in which, all concur in the opinion, that it is as strong as a combination of oak timber and iron and stone can make it; and that it must and will successfully resist the floods of even the turbulent Kankakee.
This is as it should be. Experience having alone proved that the freshets and ice floods of the river cannot be trifled with, those now engaged in the construction of these works are fully admonished of the power against which they have to contend. Being thus forewarned, it is their own fault if they are not also forearmed. Good care has therefore been taken, regardless of expense, to make all exposed portions of these structures, doubly secure, and thus far that they are so, all agree who have examined their progress.
Of the employees on this work, it is but justice to say that all seem actuated by the right spirit, in securing to the proprietor and to the people a work that shall answer all just expectations, and one creditable, both to him and to them. Neither money nor labor is spared where they are needed for strength, completeness or security. In the ability, skill and fidelity of R. P. Morgan, Jr., Esq., as engineer, all have confidence, and the assurance that everything has been, and will be done to insure the perfection and stability of the whole operation. And in the energy and the experience of Messrs. Cross and Harper as contractors, they have an equal guaranty, that their undertaking will be performed vigorously, faithfully and in due time. Hence, not only from the reliable character of those having this important enterprise in charge, but from its auspicious resuscitation, its faithful and vigorous prosecution, and its advanced progress, we hazard little in assuring the public that by the middle of next month, all these works will be successfully and satisfactorily completed.
Upward and Onward
"Upward and Onward" may now, with propriety, be the motto of our embryo city. The visible impulse already given every branch of business in this locality, foreshadows the vivifying effects of the "river improvement', now in an advanced stage of completion. The very certainty that this work, so important to this town particularly, and to the Kankakee Valley generally, will now be permanently accomplished, gives a new confidence in the forward progress of our village, and a new impetus to the enterprises requisite to supply the business wants of this community. It effect are already manifest, not only in the increase of business generally, but also in additions to our population, and in the activity of real estate sales at greatly enhanced prices. Now is the time to buy, if not to sell. The changing of hands in this kind of property, always indicates prosperity and a progressive advance of values - Those therefore, who contemplate such investments, will do well to move before the tide rises - before the canal opens, and boats pass the upper lock. We are informed, that within the past week, real estate upon the river, but without the corporation limits, has been sold at prices fifty and one hundred per cent above what it could have been purchased for the year since.
WATER POWER, TOWN LOTS, Farming Lands, &c.
The subscriber will sell real estate, at great bargains for cash or short payments, until navigation shall be opened to this place. Persons wishing to avail themselves of past low prices, to secure valuable property, either for use or investments, will do well not to delay until the river improvement and canal are completed.
This property is comprised of the following parcels, viz:
Over 200 desirable building lots, many of which are suitable for mercantile and mechanical purposes, others, better adapted, by their location, for dwellings. They are of the following dimensions. 66 by 22, 66 by 44, 66 by 66, 132 by 66, and 165 by 82 1/2 feet, and all are bounded on wide streets, and centrally situated.
Alden's Island, in the Kankakee River, containing over 50 acres of land, will be laid out into lots to suit purchasers, either for residences, or for manufacturing or other business uses. This island is connected on both sides with the main land by costly and permanent bridges, is accessible at all stages of water, and being within the corporation limits already forms a part of the village, being mostly some 15 or 20 feet above the bed of the river, it is therefore beyond the reach of the highest spring or ice floods thereof. For natural beauty of landscape, and charming views of water scenery this island is nowhere surpassed. For the "National Armory" now so much talked about or for extensive manufacturing purposes of any kind, requiting large and permanent waterpower, this island cannot be excelled, if equated in this or any other country.
Also a large number of lots for grain warehouses, for coal and lumberyards, and for other heavy operations, requiring ease in access to the canal, and ready facilities for loading and unloading canal boats. These lots are situated contiguous to the canal basin, and near to the banks of the canal, above the railroad bridge. If not soon sold, these lots will be leased for a term of years.
Also, other warehouse lots for grain and other freight by railroad. These lots are contiguous to the railroad at the bridge, and may be made accessible by side tracks, to the second stories of warehouses, rendering the delivery of freight - for the canal, or the reception of it therefore; by railroad, of unsurpassed convenience.
Also sundry water lots, with ample waterpower apportioned to each. These lots are spacious enough for extensive operations in almost any branchy of manufacturing. They are already well secured by permanent dams, embankments, race-walls, waste-weirs, head-gates &c., fully protecting them against the turbulent floods, so often disastrous, and frequently destructive to the water-powers on all our Western rivers. The Kankakee; upon which these lots are situated, is the main branch of the Illinois river, over 600 feet wide at this point, is a rapid stream, with solid rock bed and high banks, furnished a power of head and fall of, from 8 to 11 feet, and capable, as reported by competent engineers, of driving 100 run of mill stones, at the ordinary stages of water.
Also, to rent on long lease, if applied for soon, the extensive water power about being created by the construction of Dam and Lock No. 1, of the Kankakee Company, three and a half miles below this village. This power will be ready for use this autumn, and cannot be equaled in the western country for driving heavy machinery, the whole water of the river being centered in one flume.
Also, a grain warehouse, of stone and brick. This substantial building is of three stories, exclusive of basement and attic, 100 by 40 feet with basement of stone masonry, laid in waterlime cement, 30 inches thick, with brick upper walls 20 inches, well supported in the floorings, and well tied in the walls, and capable of storing 100,000 bushels of wheat and corn. This, now being the only commodious warehouse where grain can be received, stored, elevated and discharged into canal boats, except by hand-power is most desirable for that purpose. Its corn sheller, elevators and conveyors are all moved by waterpower, and its contiguity to the canal renders the loading of boats, lying in the basin, both expeditious and easy. This building, originally constructed with that view, may be readily converted into any kind of factory, being well lighted, strongly built, and having ample waterpower. If not sold soon, this property may be leased on short term.
Also, two choice water lots, of extra size and power, well located for grain warehouses, but better adapted to extensive milling purposes, being easy of access, and having a large waterpower. One of these lots is situated on the west end of the mill dam and roadway the other immediately adjoining the "White Cloud Mills" lot already contracted to be sold - situated on the east end. These lots, lying upon the main southern and western thoroughfare leading into the village and one through which a larger part of the wheat and corn of the country will be received, and both bounded by the canal basin, are invaluable for either of the above uses.
Also, between 200 and 300 acres of CHOICE FARMING LANDS, comprising rich alluvial prairie and wood land, much of it under cultivation, and lying upon either bank of the river, contiguous to said village, on the one side, and opposite thereto, and connected by said bridges, therewith, on the other. These lands on the west bank, affording more extensive accommodations for suburban residences, may when required, he laid out for these uses, possessing as they do, beautiful woodland scenery and water views, equaling, if not surpassing, in magnificence, the island lots already described; and for water power too; if needed, they are equally as available as the eastern side, ad they command the water of the main branch of the river.
Most of the above property, and that most favorable located for business, has, until recently, been kept out of the market for several years. The litigation, however, which caused the suspension of sales, has also indisputably settled the title thereto; therefore, the property is now offered for ready sale on favorable terms with perfect title.
The "Kankakee River Improvement," a work of great importance to Wilmington, and one which is now in an advanced stage of completion, has already had the effect to increase business, stimulate sales of real estate, and augment the population. All branches of trade and industry already begin to feel its beneficial influences hence the future of Wilmington must be onward in the race of competition wither prosperous sister. With equal artificial and superior natural advantages, her success is sure. With her railroads, and telegraphs, and now her canals, and navigable river, with her vast water powers, and its already valuable improvements, wither her inviting and charming building sites, with the abundance and cheapness of all kids of building material, with her boundless quarries of limestone, and inexhaustible beds of bituminous coal, with her rich alluvium and prairies, her beautiful groves of woodland, with the salubrity of her climate, and the health of her people, with her rapidly increasing population and growth of natural wealth, Wilmington at this time, is certainly of most desirable point for any and every kind of Agriculture, Mercantile, Mechanical and Manufacturing employment.
Any further information may be had by calling on the subscriber at his office, on Water, near the corner of Baltimore Street, Wilmington, Will County, Illinois, Hiram O. Alden
September 12, 1861 1tf
In the Common Council, last night, the following communication was received from Hon. I.
"Hon Julian S. Runsey - Sir._It is highly probable that a national arsenal and armory for the manufacture of arms will be established at the approaching session of Congress.
There are reasons why this armory should be located in the great Northwest. On the 23d of July a select committee of Congress was appointed to inquire into the expediency of location such an armory at Chicago. My reasons why it should be located here are, 1st, the entire security of the position; 2d, facilities for transportation of materials, by lake, river, and canal; 3d, the supply of materials of all kinds; 4th, the iron of Lake Superior is of the greatest tenacity, and most suitable for the manufacture of steel; 5th, the abundance of maple and other hard timber; 6th Chicago is the granary and provision store of the Northwest, hence breadstuffs are cheaper here than at any other point; 7th, this is the largest lumber market in the country; 8th, stone can be furnished here as cheap, if not cheaper, than elsewhere; 9th, all transportations are cheap as from any other point.
I would respectfully suggest that a committee be appointed to prepare a memorial to Congress, and take such other steps as may be deemed expedient to secure the favorable action of Congress. Respectfully, etc. Isaac N. Arnold.
Upon motion of Alderman Hoyt, the Council concurred in the proposition, and a committee, consisting of the Mayor and Aldermen Hoyt, Cobb and McDonald, was appointed to carry out the propositions.
The above proceedings upon the subject of a National Armory in the West, we take from the Chicago Evening Journal. Without questioning the nine reas9ons set forth by Mr. Arnold, in favor of Chicago, as an eligible and suitable place for the location of this government work, still we may be allo9wed to say, that each and all of said reasons with the exception of lake transportation exist with increases force, in favor of this place, as a location for a work of that kind, over Chicago.
As to the first reason, its position is equally secure, and may be made much more so, by locating the works on the island in the Kankakee River, now unoccupied by buildings, but which is already accessible by costly and permanent bridges. It may, if desirable, be fortified at small expense, the banks being some 15 or 20 feet above the bed of the river.
As for the second, we have here the same facilities of canal and railroad transportation.
Of the third, we may say, the supply of materials of all kinds is equal, if not superior, especially, so far as all agricultural products are concerned. And they are cheaper, because produced here.
As to the fourth, the iron of Lake Superior can be brought here by water with a slight increase of expense of transportation; and the iron of Missouri can be delivered here or any other freight by way of the Mississippi or Illinois rivers, and the Illinois and Michigan Canal cheaper than at Chicago.
To the fifth, we may reply that, beside maple, we have the finest hickory, oak and black walnut growing in great abundance in this immediate vicinity.
To the sixth, it is true that Chicago is the granary and provision store of the Northwest, but the inference that breadstuffs are cheaper there than at any other point is not a necessary sequence. This point is on of the large feeders of the Chicago granary. The Kankakee Valley, of which Wilmington is the natural entreport, produces annually, some 2,500,000 bushels of wheat, and some 6,000,000 bushels of corn beside proportionate quantities of beef, pork, lard, butter, cheese, poultry, game, eggs, &c., all of which products are sold here, from 10 to 15 per cent lower than they can be purchased in Chicago - that being the difference of transportation waste, commissions, &c., Here, all the substantial necessaries of living are cheaper here than there.
Of the seventh, we admit that Chicago is a large lumber market, and that soft wood lumber may be obtained there as much cheaper as the difference of 50 miles of canal transportation, but all hard wood lumber may be furnished cheaper, because grown and made here.
As to the eighth, how cheap stone can be furnished at Chicago we know not, but we are not aware of any quarries neared than Athens, on the Illinois & Michigan Canal. These must be transported several miles by water, and then dressed or sawed by hand or steam power. We have within three miles, by water navigation; a quarry of building stone altogether superior to the Athens, and within three and a half miles, a quarry of variegated marble - just discovered - of a quality not inferior to any in the United States; and all these stone can be sawed, dressed and transported by water.
And as to the ninth, we may also say in behalf of Wilmington, that "all transportations are as cheap as at any other point," having both canal, and railroad facilities for that purpose, and being connected by inland navigation with both New York and New Orleans.
But to the above nine reasons we beg leave to add others of equal; if not of much greater importance, than any above named.
In the first place, it is not necessary or desirable that a government manufactory of this kind should be located in a populous city, but there are very many prudential reasons why it should not be. None of our National Armories were originally so located. When fixed at Springfield and Harper's Ferry, the Government sought those sites - then villages in the interior but little, if any, larger than Wilmington.
Second. The high price of lands, and consequently of rents, would be vastly increased by a location there instead of here. We will venture to say, that lands here, better adopted to the purposes needed, and as well located in reference to the facilities of transportation, can be purchased for one tenth the sum such locations will be held at Chicago - be the quantity required more or less.
Third. All materials for brick and stone masonry are here abundant, cheap, and within one hundred rods of the premises. Limestone sand, best of brick clay and common building stone, can be procured here altogether, and with less expense than at any other point in the Northwest, and probably more than one third cheaper than at Chicago.
Fourth. All kinds of fuel, except perhaps anthracite coal, are also much cheaper here. The woodlands on the riverbanks, and the coal inside the immediate vicinity furnish an abundant supply of firewood, charcoal, and the best qualities of bituminous coal, at prices greatly below Chicago quotations.
Fifth. Last, but no least, the steady and unlimited water power, already erected here by the construction of a permanent stone dam with embankments, head gates, waste weirs, &c., rendering the same safe, reliable and ready for use, should not be overlooked. The comparative economy - all other things being equal between water and steam power for driving machinery, is to patent to all practical men to require dissension.
Should this Government manufactory of fire arms be established, as it undoubtedly ought to be, in the great Northwest, we humbly trust the public interests will both be overlooked or disregarded in its location and that Congress, or their committee will carefully examine the subject, selecting a site there for, irrespective of private interests or influences, having only that high regard for public convenience and accommodation, and exercising that prudential economy which the people have, at this time, a right to expect of the Government in all its expenditures for their benefit.
THE RIVER IMPROVEMENT
The unfavorable weather of the past week, with high water, and the failure of the arrival
of a cargo of timber, some what retarded the progress of this work; but the fine weather now lends its aid to its
speedy completion. The solid rock excavation for the canal and basin, above the railroad bridge, is nearly done,
and the dam and lock are now progressing with an augmented force, and will soon be beyond the reach of river casualties.
10-31-1861 - Our "River Improvement" is fast approaching completion, the timber all being on the ground, ready for closing the dam, and through the energy of the engineer we hope to see the dam and lock finished before the end of another week.
11-7-1861 - The Kankakee Dam is now almost completed, and unless a very heavy rain shall wet in, the entire work will be finished by Saturday night. Through the energy of Mr. Wm. Thomas, of Lockport, the gates at the upper end of the lock are "swinging" and a few blasts to clear out the lower end will fit it for its gates tomorrow.
11-21-1861 - Mr. Alden's large brick building, near the canal basin, is we notice, being converted into a grain warehouse. The repairs outside are already completed. The new stone flume is also done, and the water wheel for shelling corn and elevating grain to the upper stories is now in motion. The scales and the corn sheller are on hand, ready to set, and the other needful fixtures for a commodious grain storehouse are rapidly progressing. This will be the first and when completed the only accommodation to our farmers, to shell, store, and ship corn and wheat, except by horse of hand power. We trust this example will be followed by others, whereby facilities may be afforded for storing and shipping grain from this point, so long desired and needed by the farmers in this vicinity.
BEWARE - We noticed a few days since several dead hogs floating in the race near the White Cloud Mill. Some person not having the welfare of his neighbors at heart, either threw them where they were seen, or into the river to float down here. It is a practice which should not be tolerated, and we hope those who are so unfortunate as to lose their hogs by disease will see to it that they are not thrown where they can become a nuisance to others. We have a village ordinance, if we mistake not, making this a penal offence, and we hope the authorities will have it enforced.
THE KANKAKEE RIVER IMPROVEMENT - These works, we are glad to day are not substantially completed. It is proposed to raise the water in the dam the last of this week - Friday or Saturday - when all available, force will be needed to shut down and close the apertures. In the mean time, the cofferdams will be removed, and all the works, finished up with the exception of completing the graveling of the center of the dam. Boats, however, may come up to the basin as soon as the apertures of the dam are closed, and before said graveling is finished.
11-28-1861 - CLOSE OF NAVIGATION
Navigation on the Illinois and Michigan Canal will be suspended for the season on the 30th inst., (this week Saturday) the water will be drawn off from all the levels on the 1st of December. The Superintendent has officially notified the Board of Trade to this effect.
NAVIGATION COMPLETED TO WILMINGTON
The long looked for object is at length successfully, and as we learn; securely and permanently accomplished. The closing in of the dam and raising of the water therein, took place on the 22 inst. The 50 apertures for the escape of the water, at the foot of the dam, each about 4 by 9 feet, were simultaneously shut up by letting down the trap doors and spiking them in their places. The water then suddenly rose to a level - some two and a half feet - with the first ripple or fall, a few hundred yards above the dam. After that the rise was slow, having an area to fill of some three miles in length, and an average width of over 1,000 feet, with a height of dam 9 feet. The filling of this space took three days, with the issues in the lock gates and waste weir, however open.
The dam, when filled, presents a beautiful sheet of water, over 800 feet in length, falling evenly over the comb thereof, to the depth, of some six inches. The graveling is now being done, to fill up the center portion opposite said apertures, but even before thus graveling, the dam proves so tight that it readily filled with all the aforesaid issues open. The escape of the water thereby, and through the dam does not perceptibly diminish the volume over it. The water in the channel at the railroad bridge, and in the canal above is four and a half feet; and the structures, thus far, promise to be all that can be asked or desired. Their stability and durability cannot be reasonably doubted or questioned. The massive white oak timbers and the ponderous iron bolts with which they are fasted together, and secured to the rock bed of the river, while they are all continually submerged in water, leaves no chance for decay, nor probability of disturbance by ice or by floods.
And may we not all congratulate ourselves, and each other, upon the favorable and successful completion of this important work? - A work for which this community has labored, and labored earnestly, to accomplish for nearly fifteen years - a work, the value of which to the citizens can only be estimated by the practical results sure to flow there from - results which we believe will far exceed the estimates of the most sanguine - and results, too, which in any event, will reimburse all who have contributed to it consummation, ten fold and more, for all their investments, whether of money, or labor, or trouble.
12-5-1861 - IMPROVEMENT OF THE ILLINOIS AND MICHIGAN CANAL
A large meeting of the citizens of LaSalle and vicinity was held on the 28th inst., at Cody's Hall, in the latter place, to hear the subject of improving the Illinois and Michigan Canal presented. T.L. Breckenridge, Esq., of Joliet, Judge Champlin, of Ottawa, and Col E.D. Taylor of LaSalle, made short and telling speeches setting forth the importance, feasibility and expediency of the project in a commercial, geographical and national point of view. A committee of twenty-five gentlemen was appointed to circulate petitions through LaSalle County, praying Congress to accomplish the work.
12-12-1861 - Four Canal Boats
For Sale Cheap
The grain boat GIBRALTER, and her furniture, now lying at Bridgeport, Chicago
The grain boat ROCK RUN and her furniture now lying at Ottawa
The canal boat GEO L TAYLOR lying at Wilmington
The canal boat EMILIA lying at Joliet
Address or inquire of J P SCHWALM, Joliet, Ill. 12-3m Dec. 9, 1861
12-19-1861 - Navigation of our River a Demonstrated Fact
The arrival at our village last week, of the first canal boat, the Geo. L. Taylor, I Mattison, master, is an event of important significances, as connected with the future prosperity of our town. The unsuccessful efforts of many years has at length triumphed over all obstacles, failures and discouragements, and the work is finally accomplished, in a manner that must gladden the hearts of every well wisher of the prosperity of the "Kankakee Valley." With the long desired facilities of canal navigation to Chicago now actually secured, nothing now remains but for our business men and farmers to embrace these advantages, and turn them to a practical account in building up interests that have so long languished for them. Extensive warehouse accommodations for the storage of grain, are now absolutely demanded for the convenience of the grain dealer and the farmer, in moving the vast amount of produce now ready for a market. With the exception of Mr. Alden's grain warehouse and spacious crib for ear corn, the latter of which, we understand is now ready for storage- their is yet no movement for these needed accommodations this winter, although, we her, that Messr. Osborne & Gildersleeve contemplate the construction of a spacious warehouse soon, below the railroad bridge.
TO ENGINE AND BOAT BUILDERS
The subscriber will receive proposals until the first of February next for the building of a Canal tug boat, with light draft of water, 60 or 70 feet long by 17 wide, with stern wheel, and engine of 20 horse power, well and strongly built of good materials and completed in all respects ready for use. Also 3 or 6 Canal grain boats of light draft of water, (4 feet) 100 feet long by 17 wide, built of good materials strongly fastened, with cabins and rubber coverings instead of close deck. These boats, with the tug to be completed and delivered on the opening of navigation on the Illinois & Wilmington Canal' next spring. H.O. Alden Wilmington, Will Co., Ill, Dec 16, 1861
12-26-1861 - From our window
On putting forth our head from the office window on Saturday last, we were greeted with strains of beautiful music, which we found proceeded from the "Wilmington Brass Band" and upon inquiry learned that they had been down to the boat Geo L. Taylor, now lying up for the winter in the canal basin, below the White Cloud Mills, where standing upon the after cabin, they 'discoursed' some of their fine music to the admiring crowd, and after taking some 'Illinois cordial' upon the invitation of Mr. H.O. Alden, Jr., they were proceeding to show our citizens that they could play well, and were deserving of the new instruments which they propose purchasing with the proceeds of the ball given them last night.
1-8-1862 - WATER TRANSPORTATION
The importance of our River Improvements seems to be fully appreciated by our friends of the "Pontiac Sentinel." Also the beauty and bright prospects of Wilmington! But we are too modest, at present, to give our sister city, Joliet, a formal notice to "Look to her laurels", though it is gratifying that others should see the future of our village as we see it. Therefore we refer with pleasure to the following article from the Pontiac Sentinel:
"The completion of the 'Kankakee River Improvement' to the village of Wilmington, which is now a demonstrated fact, as we are informed by Richard P. Morgan, Jr. Esq., the engineer of the work, must result in great advantage to the farmers in the northern portion of Livingston and Kankakee counties, as well as those nearer to Wilmington.
They can, from that locality, well afford to haul their grain and produce to Wilmington direct, and reap all the profits to be secured by canal navigation, by ample storage facilities, and being able to obtain advances upon their grain put in store. Thus those in need of a little ready money will have means of obtaining it without being obliged to sacrifice their grain before the market prices is remunerative. The value of corn on a canal boat in Chicago is from one and a half to two cents per bushel more than on the cars, for the reason that all corn delivered on the railroads must pass through the warehouses and pay their charges. The opening of this work to Wilmington, making it a most desirable market for all kinds of produce, and increasing the activity of its inexhaustible mill privileges, must give a powerful impetus to the prosperity of the beautiful and thrifty village.
With the vast patronage of the productive country surrounding and allied to Wilmington by the completion of this enterprise, its future is so full of promise, that, we sincerely recommend Joliet to look to her laurels.
If reasonable arrangements could be made by our grain merchants at Pontiac, Odell, and Dwight, with the St. Louis R.R. Co. for the transshipment of grain at Wilmington, a great saving to the farmers of all Livingston county could be made. We recommend immediate attention to this subject as one of great importance to our whole community. Let the enterprising portion of our grain dealers push this to a favorable result if possible before the opening of navigation and thousands of dollars may be saved t our farmers the coming .............................
3-5-1862 GRAIN WANTED
At the Feeder warehouse for which the highest Cash prices will be paid. Storage also at reasonable rates. S.D. Willard 22-tf
Wilmington, Feb27, 1862
THE SHIP CANAL PROJECT
The bill to provide for building a ship canal from Chicago to the Mississippi river, was
reported by the Military Committee of the House of Representatives last week, and has passed to a third reading.
At the report is elaborate, and sets forth the importance of the project in all its bearings, evidencing that the committee regard it as a necessity for times of war, and a commercial desideratum that must bind more strongly every link of our country in times of peace.
The Committee proposed three plans for carrying out the project, and gives a careful estimate of the cost of each. The first is to enlarge the present canal from Chicago to Joliet sufficiently for the largest ships and steamboats to pass, and then to improve the river from Joliet to the Mississippi - the water to be taken from Lake Michigan. The canal to be 160 feet wide on the bottom, with walls of stone 12 feet high, and the locks 350 feet long by 70 feet wide. The total cost of this plan is estimated at $13,346,824.
The second plan proposed is for a width of 100 feet at the bottom, and to cost $11,500,000.
The third is for supplying the water from the Calumet, Des Plaines and DuPage rivers, and by pumping wheels from Lake Michigan at a cost of $9,292,444. It is estimated that five years would be required for completing the work. We hope to see the bill passed and the good work commenced at an early day.
3-12-1862 Further Notice,
To subscribers to the "Kankakee River Improvement" whose names are over due and still unpaid,
More than a year having elapsed since the proposal and subsequent agreement for the construction of said works was made and executed between said subscribers and the undersigned; and more than three months having gone by since said works were completed, according to contract, and due notice there of giver each promisor, by mail, the undersigned would now respectfully request payment of said notes and subscriptions.
To those who decide to pay when they dispose of their grain, notice is hereby given that grain of all kinds will be received by Messrs. Morgan & Alden, at their warehouse, at the highest market prices, and applied on said notes of subscription. Or, if they prefer, they may store said grain, as above, to be sold at any time the owner may elect before, or after the opening of navigation, and applied as aforesaid.
To those who do not propose to pay as above, payment is requested without further notice or delay. H.O. Alden, Wilmington, Ill, February 28, 1862 23-3
Chicago Markets - Chicago, February 25, 1861 Tuesday evening
Wheat, red no. 1.............................................................................
Wheat, red no. 2............................................................................
Wheat, spring no.1.............................79
Wheat, spring no. 2............................74
MORGAN & ALDEN
We offer to the farmers in the vicinity of Wilmington the HIGHEST MARKET PRICE IN CASH for produce of all kinds. Having the best facilities for storing grain in large quantities, we will make liberal advances, in cash, on all grain stored with us.
Rates of Storage........ One cent per bushel for the first 30 days. Half a cent per bushel, per month thereafter. Corn shelled for one cent per bushel.
WAREHOUSE ON THE CANAL BASIN
We intend this to be a permanent business, and shall endeavor to transact all business. We respectfully invite all farmers to call and see us and our facilities for shipping and storing grain.
Very respectfully, Morgan & Alden
3-19-1862 - RATES OF TOLLS
On the "Kankakee River Improvement Showing the Tolls allowed by the Charter, and the reductions thereon. These reduced rates - covering a distance of nine miles, from Wilmington to the Illinois and Michigan Canal will be subject to future revisions and corrections.
On wheat and corn @100 lbs
Rye, barley, oats, buckwheat
Other grains & seeds @ 100 lbs
Beef, pork, butter, cheese, & lard @ 100 lbs
Salt @ barrel
Flour @ barrel
Iron castings & all other iron @ 1,000 lbs
Lumber, hard wood @ 1,000 ft.
Lumber, soft wood @ 1,000 ft.
Lumber, hewed or round timber
Lumber @1,000 cubic ft hardwood
Lumber @1,000 cubic feet hewed or round
Lumber @1,000 cubic feet soft wood
Lumber, split posts or rails @ 100
Lumber, lathes or shingles per 1,000
Wood for fuel per cord
Coal per ton
Bricks @ 1,000
Stone, dressed per cubic yard
All other heavy freights per 1,000 lbs.
Coats and other vessels, loaded or empty, navigating the river improvement
Charges for towing by steam will be fixed hereafter.
H. O. Alden, lessee Wilmington, Il March 2nd, 1862 26 tf
We call attention of farmers, and others interested, to the advertisement of Mr. Alden, the Lessee of the Kankakee Company, in another column, fixing the present rates of tolls for freights between this place and the main Illinois and Michigan Canal. The very large reductions from the tolls given by the charter thereby reducing freights to and from Chicago to a point so much below what this community has hitherto enjoyed, cannot but be duly appreciated by the producer and the shipper. These reductions so discriminate on agricultural products, and on grain, especially that the farmer will here after be enabled to realize some three cents per bushel more for his grain than before the completion of navigation to this place. Indeed, during the past winter they have been enabled to obtain that advantage resulting from these facilities, thus already enjoying the benefits anticipated by this enterprise. The reductions also on freights from Chicago, such as lumber, salt, iron, and other heavy articles, are alike large, favoring equally the farmer, the shipper, and the consumer.
The weather the past week has varied between rain and sunshine, indicating the opening of early spring. On Thursday night the ice broke away in the pond above the "improvement dam" and was precipitated in large masses over. On Friday the immense gorge of ice below the railroad bridge gave way, and went down stream with great force, passing over the dam to use the language of those who say it - "mountains high." That this was literally true is still shown by the huge masses of thick ice lodged high up on the river banks above the dam, and piled up on its western embankment, some eight feet above its comb, and not less than seventeen feet above its bed.
With this sever test, however, of a fearful ice flood, together with that of the January thaw, when the water was within eighteen inches of the top of the new lock-guard and wing wall, the work all remains firm and immovable. With the exception of some of the apron timbers lying below, and detached from the dam, which may have been displaced by the heavy ice, the dam, lock, lock-gates, wing wall abutment and embankment, have all withstood this test, sever as it has been, without material injury. Hence it may now be confidently said, that a dam can be, and has been, constructed, able to withstand the powerful forces of the "turbulent Kankakee" and not withstanding its two predecessors, constructed at different periods, within the last twelve years, did not survive the first high water after their completion, still the fact has now been fully demonstrated, contrary to the hopes of a few, the fears of many, and the prophecy of all, that this works will stand.
From their thorough and faithful completion, regardless of all needful expenditure, upon plans approved by many skilful engineers, we are glad to say, no doubt is now entertained, by those most competent to decide, that these structures are all safe, reliable and permanent.
Therefore all rumors set afloat and they have recently been legion, either under honest misapprehension, or sinister design, may be set down, thus far, as wholly unfounded. The holes located at either extremity of the dam, where none can possibly exist, reported one day; the breach in the walls, that would let a horse through, started the next day; the carrying away of a part of the dam, asserted the third; and finally that the water was all running under instead of over the dam, are all the ingenious inventions of a fruitful fancy, without the semblance of truth enough in them to redeem the rumors from imputations of downright misrepresentations.
3-28-1862 - A YANKEE CONTRIVANCE
At the grain warehouse of Morgan & Alden, near the canal basin, we notice a very ingenious and useful arrangement for loading grain boats. It is a decided improvement upon the ordinary mode of loading, both in expedition and labor saving. A railway track is laid from the warehouse to the canal basin, with a grade so graduated that the loaded car is propelled by its centripetal force. The lower terminus is sufficiently elevated above a boat to allow the car to run over it and deposit its load directly into hatches. The car holds some 120 bushels. The hopper scales, when the grain is weighed, is in the second story of the warehouse, to which, the grain is carried by elevators worked by waterpower, thence spouted into the car and then rapidly sped to the boat. By experiment, it was found that a car could be easily loaded, taken to the boat, unloaded and return, every seven minutes, thus loading some thousand bushels per hour. With these ample facilities for moving and shipping grain in large or small quantities, and with great expedition and labor saving, our farmers can now avail themselves of the advantages of forwarding or selling their grain, when the markets are most favorable.
3-28-1862 - OPENING OF THE CANAL
The Superintendent of the I & M Canal announces that the canal will be open for boats drawing four and a half feet, on Tuesday next, April 1st. This will start up trade a little, and no doubt clean out a great deal of grain from this section.
4-2-1862 - THE KANKAKEE COMPANY
We learn the H. O. Alden Jr., has been appointed Superintendent of the Kankakee River Improvement works and the Collector of said Company. The reduced tolls on said Improvement we have already published, which, we understand will be the rates until further notice. The rules and regulations of the "Illinois and Michigan Canal' so far as they are applicable to these works, have been adapted by the Lessee, as the rules and regulations of the Company. The river navigation is ready for use, and boats can come up to town so soon ad the high water subsides sufficiently to lock boats through with safety.
4-16-1862 The Illinois and Michigan Canal is now open, and a brisk business doing.
5-7-1862 - THE FIRST BOAT UP
We note the arrival of the first boat of the season at the 'port of Wilmington.' The 'Trader, of Chicago' arrived at the Railroad bridge last evening.
6-14-1862 - OUR RIVER IMPROVEMENT
The arrival of six Canal Boats at this port since our last issue, has not only given a pleasing commercial appearance to our town, but has in a degree, demonstrated the practical advantages we are to derive from the construction of this work. The Abraham Lincoln, Capt. Mallory, and the Monitor, Capt. Wilson, were loaded with lumber for Daniel Small, Esq., who also appeared as Commodore of the fleet and commander of the boat Geo. L. Taylor, which was used as a lighter for the other boats. The Josephine, Capt. Colby, came up light, for a load of grain, and is now loading at the warehouse of Morgan and Alden, on the Basin. The Maria, Capt. Bickerton, also came up light, and is loading with grain at Dr. Bowen's.
Some difficulty was experienced below Lock No. 1, owing to a bar of stone and gravel having formed during the freshet, at a point about 300 feet below the Lock, obliging the boats to light off a portion of their loads. We are however informed by Mr. H. O. Alden, Jr., the Superintendent that this difficulty will be obviated in a few days. We are also further informed that the timber and lumber for the 'steam tug" is all ready for shipment to this place, where it is to be built, and we may therefore reasonably anticipate that in the course of another week, boat building will be added t our increasing branch of industry.
Since writing the above, the Abraham Lincoln and Monitor have cleared for Chicago, loaded with grain from the warehouse of S. D. Willard, Esq. We believe, however, the Monitor is to act as a lighter for the Lincoln, through the Feeder to the Main Canal, and will then return for a load.
We hear that the new boat built by D. Small, Esq. at Joliet, for the Wilmington trade, is launched, and will arrive here soon.
Such, in brief is the condition and prospect of our water navigation, which, taken in connection with the comparative high prices for grain that have ruled as a consequence in this market, lead us to believe these facts to be cheering to our merchants, citizens, and especially our farmers.
5-21-1862 - ARRIVED
The new canal boat 'Charlie of Wilmington' just finished by D Small Esq. arrived at this port on Sunday. She hoisted sail at the dam and came up in about three-quarters of an hour. She is fine looking, well proportioned and substantial craft, and will be under the management of Mr. E. D. Small. Success to the young captain.
5-28-1862 - A NEW ENTERPRISE
Within the past week, vessel building has been added to the new institutions of our town. Messrs. S.P. Carter & CO. have established a shipyard on the margin of the river, north of the railroad bridge, and have already laid the keel and commenced the construction of a river steamer, for H.O. Alden, Esq. designed for towing canal boats between the head of navigation and the main Illinois and Michigan Canal.
These builders, we hear, are from the cities of Belfast and Augusta, Maine, master carpenters of long experience in their vocation, and competent to construct any kind of watercraft, from the light sail yacht to a mammoth chip. They are ready to engage in vessel building in all its branches, and especially in the construction of all kinds of boats adapted to canal and slack water navigation. Out citizens may now have built, under their own inspection, any kind of watercraft they may desire, and be sure that their work will be done skillfully and faithfully.
Already, this firm has built the "Charlie of Wilmington" for D. Small, Esq. a grain and lumber boat, 95 feet long, 17 feet wide, and of the burthen of 150 tons. The mechanical execution of this work is the best advertisement of the builders skill, She has already entered upon her mission, viz. that of carrying grain to and bringing lumber from Chicago. This enterprise is, but another indication of the onward march to prosperity of our town, and an additional evidence of the advantages secured to her citizens by the river improvement. A work which they will learn more and more how to appreciate, and one the value of which to them, they will, one and all, sooner or later, see feel and acknowledge.
6-18-1862 - MORGAN & ALDEN
We offer to the farmers in the vicinity of Wilmington the HIGHEST MARKET PRICE IN CASH for produce of all kinds. Having the best facilities for storing grain in large quantities, we will make liberal advances, in cash, on all grain stored with us.
Rates of Storage - One cent per bushel for the first 30 days. Half a cent per bushel, per month thereafter. Corn shelled for one cent per bushel.
WAREHOUSE ON THE CANAL BASIN
We intend this to be a permanent business, and shall endeavor to transact all business entrusted to wit with such care as to insure the continued patronage of those who may deal with us. We respectfully invite all farmers to call and see us and our facilities for shipping and storing grain.
Very respectfully, Morgan & Alden
H. Jones & Co.,
Forwarding and Commission Merchants,
Wilmington, Will County, Illinois
The subscribers will attend promptly to all business entrusted to their care, in the way of forwarding all kinds of grain and produce from the mouth of the Kankakee Feeder, or State dam, to Chicago. Consignments received on either side of the river.
Notice to Farmers
The highest market price paid for
GRAIN OF ALL KINDS,
At the warehouse of S. D. Willard & Co. 31-tf
7-2-1862 - A MOVE IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION
Our enterprising neighbors above us, on the Kankakee and Iroquois rivers, even far up in the State of Indiana, have, it seems, since the completion of the improvement of the Kankakee River to this place and the demonstration of its advantages to our people, become awakened to the importance of extending these improvements, as contemplated in the original charter of the "Kankakee and Iroquois Navigation and Manufacturing Company" up said rivers into our sister State.
We take the following communication from the Kankakee County Democrat:
"Pursuant to the public notice, a large number of the leading citizens and business men of Iroquois county, and also delegates from a meeting held at Brooks, Newton county, Indiana, and citizens from Kankakee county, met at the court house in Middleport on the 16th inst., for the purpose of taking into consideration the practicability and feasibility of making slack water navigation on the Kankakee and Iroquois rivers.
On motion of Hon. John Chamberlain, Dr. C. F. McNeil, was appointed Chairman of the meeting; and on further motion James C. Steely was appointed Secretary. The object of the meeting having first been stated at length by the Chairman, the meeting was addressed by A. B. Condit of Newton county, Indiana; E. A. Webster of Kankakee county, and Messrs. John Chamberlain, John Wilson, M. Hogle and S. A. Washington, of Iroquois county. Mr. Condit, being a practicable and scientific engineer, and having been appointed by Gov. Wright of Indiana in 1853 to do the engineering for a draining of the swamp lands in White, Jasper and Newton counties, Indiana, he possesses a full knowledge of the topography of the country on the upper Iroquois river, and fully demonstrated to the meeting beyond doubt, diagrams and other wise, the practicability, at very small cost, of making the rivers navigable at the driest season of the year, by slack water, not only up to Middleport, but to Reselear, Indiana, by making a reservoir of Beaver Lake; he further satisfied the meeting that by the way of the Pinkamink a seven mile canal over a flat surface to the head of the Menon, and down that stream and the Tippecanoe river, navigation by water can be made into the Wabash and Erie canal, thus giving us an outlet to the East for our produce.
On motion of Hon. John Chamberlain, the chair appointed a committee composed of the following gentlemen: Hon. John Chamberlain, A. C. Condit, J. Sylvester, Dr. F. Bledes and H. Hogle, to select and report an executive committee of eight, two from Indiana, four from Iroquois county, and two in Kankakee county, to obtain what information they could in regard to the original charter of the "Kankakee and Iroquois Navigation Company," the present laws now in force in relation to the same matter, the practicability and feasibility of the project and all the statistics, &c., possible, which would have any bearing upon the question, or benefit those interested in the work, and make a full written report at a subsequent meeting.
The committee appointed by the chair reported the names of the following gentlemen to compose said executive committee, to wit: Dr. C. F. McNeil, Geo. B. Joiner, M. Hogle and James McGrew and E. A. Webster of Kankakee county, A. B. Condit of Newton County and G. W. Spitler of Jasper county, Indiana.
On motion the meeting adjourned to meet again on Wednesday the 2d day of July next, at two O'clock P.M., to receive the report of the Executive Committee and adopt all further measures necessary to commence the work of improving said rivers for slack water navigation."
The committee named above, we understand, visited Wilmington on Saturday last, to obtain the information for which they were delegated, and had a conference with the Directors of the Kankakee Company and Mr. Alden, the lessee and principal stock holder of that Company. This interview, we are told, resulted in such assurances of aid under the charter, with proper concessions and guarantees, as were satisfactory to said delegation' so that there would now seen to be no obstacle in the way of carrying out - with adequate means and the requisite skill - this improvement, so vastly important to the citizens residing eastwardly of Wilmington, upon the margin of these two large rivers, and for the want of which improvement, they are now suffering so much loss and inconvenience.
The demand for the present prosecution and early completion of such a work, may be more fully understood by looking at the statistics of the agricultural products and the present cost of moving the same by railroad.
...........from this fertile region of country; and as a sample of the extent of said products, the committee estimate that there are at this time, east of Kankakee City, full 5,000,000 bushels of corn, alone, now ready for transportation, which, from the high charges for freight, is worth only from 10 to 11 cents per bushel. The opening of water communication into this section would not only gladden the farmer, but would contribute to the rapid development of the resources of the Kankakee and Iroquois valleys - a region of country not excelled anywhere for richness and fertility - Give them cheap transportation, and their rich and valuable prairie and timber lands would be at once sought for and occupied by an industrious and thriving population.
But the people themselves - as they are now doing - must inaugurate, and accomplish this work. And this, they can easily do if they will do it. Its whole cost - say some $250,000 or less - would, in fact, be reimbursed to them in the price of their products, in a single year. With about a dozen dams, and as many locks, over 100 miles of navigation may thus be opened. The effect of the improvement here foreshadows the result there. Before the completion and opening of navigation last autumn, corn sold here for 11 and 12 cents. In anticipation of cheaper transportation, the price, during the winter, ran up to 21 cents, and is now selling as high as 23 cents. And the fact is worthy of note that corn has been carted from this very region - some thirty miles and more, and from beyond the Illinois Central railroad track = and sold here at a better profit that they could get at their home market.
No better demonstration is needed to our eastern neighbors; and the fact that their most influential and best business men have, in good earnest, enlisted in this work, not only shows an appreciation of its importance, but a determination to avail themselves, at an early day, of its great advantages. We trust, no local or selfish influences, anywhere, will be allowed to impede the progress of an enterprise, the value of which to the whole people of these valleys, is magnified an hundred fold beyond its cost, and , at once, dwarf all selfish motives entirely out of sight.
So much for the impetus given to this magnificent enterprise by what has already been done. The $50,000 hitherto expended upon this end of the work, although much of it was unfortunately lost in the destruction of two dams, still, the people in this vicinity are, this very day, the richer for their contribution; and, in many cases, are already fully reimbursed for those outlays. Ever branch of business feels its beneficial influences.
PORT OF WILMINGTON
June 18th Maria, Bickerton, Lumber
June 19th Charlie, Small, lumber
June 26th Maria, Bickerton, lumber
June 28th Monitor, Wilson, lumber
June 28th Josephine, Colby, light
June 19th Maria, Bickerton, corn
June 20th Charlie, Small, corn
June 27th Maria, Bickerton, corn
June 29th Josephine, Colby, corn
July 1st, Monitor, Wilson, corn
We notice the framework of another boat already commenced in the shipyard of the Messrs. Carters. This is building for the Feeder navigation, and to be used as a lighter. The Steam Tug, by the same builders is ready for launching. She is a staunch, well built, first class boat. Her machinery is being built by Messrs. P. W. Gates & Co., Eagle works, Chicago, and will be completed this week. A part of it was delivered last week, and is already in its place. Her motive power is to be two engines of three feet stroke and some 20 horse power or more, and with a four and half inch shaft and stern wheel ten feet diameter.
7-9-1862 - THE LAUNCH
A boat launch is an event; let it occur where it will. The launching of a live steamer from the stocks of a ship yard at Wilmington becomes an item of importance, worthy of being written in big Roman, upon the records of the town. But the thing is done. Let the record be preserved! On the afternoon of the Fourth, at precisely 4 o'clock, as per program, the new steam tug "Pioneer" was eased from its ways, its stay locks and fastenings trimmed, and its keel .....upon its ...lying course to its home in the waters of our beautiful stream, the Kankakee. Thousands of spectators were upon the ground long before the hour for launching, covering every available spot of ground surrounding or commanding a view of the grand little steamer. The spectators resembled Gideon's flock, but would have greatly out numbered it. Carriages lined the margin of the stream, and even forded its shoal shores to obtain a better view of the launch. The wedges were driven, and the tresselings limbered, the Pioneer bidding adieu to land amid the shouts of the party on board, caught and held in volume by the multitude ashore. The work of launching would have been completed, had not a nick of timber, known in the parlance of the shipyard as the dog of the splice, held the boat to shore. A stroke or two of the master mechanic's hand caused the little lignean plague to loose its hold, and the gay little tug was afloat, with streamers a flying, subject to many a kindly greeting as rippling wave after wave swept and kissed its keel in token of welcome.
From the completion of the Pioneer will date the dawn of the brisk and busy navigation of the Kankakee. The only lace, a want of tow, will then be supplied. Owing to a delay in the arrival of her machinery, her trial trip has been necessarily deferred, but will be duly announced, as a good time is asked for when it occurs.
The contractors who have put the Pioneer in such perfect model are Messrs. S. P. Carter & Co. Eight ship carpenters have been employed in her construction, viz; S. P. Carter, John Carter, H. B. Carter, Wm Doyle, Geo. Dyer, Alpheus Dyer, J. B. Campbell, and Samuel Kempton. These gentlemen are all experienced builders, as the work on the Pioneer testifies. They rank No 1 mechanics. No craft leaves their hands till it is ......................
PORT OF WILMINGTON
July 5th - Maria, Bickerton, lumber
July 5th - Thos. Addie, Emmett, light
July 7th - Thos. Addie, Emmett, 2,000 bush corn
July 7th - Charlie, Small, 2,000 bush corn
7-16-1862 - WILMINGTON MARKETS
New Ear.................................20@21 cents
New Shelled ........................ 21@22 cents
Old Ear ............................... 20@21 cents
Old Shelled ........................ 21@22 cents
Wheat, - Spring ..................... 65@70 cents
Oats ....................................... 24 cents
Rye ........................................ 30 cents
Barley ...................................... 30@40 cents
PORT OF WILMINGTON
July 14th, Monitor, lumber
July 14th Thos. Addie, Emmett, lumber
July 14th Charlie, lumber
July 8th Maria, 2,000 bush corn
July 15th Charlie, 2,000 bush corn
July 16th Monitor, 2,000 bush corn
July 16th Thos. Addis, Emmett, 2,000 bush corn
SLACK WATER NAVIGATION MEETING
Pursuant to adjournment at a meeting held on the 16th, the citizens of Jasper and Newton counties, Ind., and Iroquois and Kankakee counties, Ill., again met at the Court House in Middleport, on the 2d day on July, inst., to receive the report of the Executive Committee appointed at their former meeting, and take what further action they might deem expedient and necessary in making preliminary arrangements, raising stock and commencing the work, with the goal of completing slack water navigation on the Kankakee and Iroquois rivers.
On motion of Hon. John Chamberlain, Mr. George King was appointed Chairman and on motion of Hon. Franklin Blades, J. C. Steely, Esq., was elected Secretary of the meeting.
The report of the Executive Committee being called for, it was read by Dr. C.F. McNeill, Chairman of said Committee, and, on motion, was unanimously adopted.
On motion, Hon. John Chamberlain, Dr. C.F. McNeill, James Fletcher, Esq., George B. Joiner, Esq., John Wilson, Esq., and Mr. George King, or as many of them as can conveniently do so, were appointed a committee to confer with the President and Directors of the "Kankakee Company," and make all necessary preliminary arrangements for commencing the work on said rivers. Said committee was further impowered in Case they succeeded in making what they considered satisfactory arrangements with said Company, to appoint such a number of citizens as they might think best, to immediately proceed to raising stock for the prosecution of the work. Said committee was further authorized and instructed to confer with the citizens of Kankakee county, and the citizens of Indiana, interested in the project, and cooperate with them, or enter into any arrangement which will promote the general forwarding of the whole work, or so much thereof as is now, practical.
On motion, the proceedings of this meeting and the report of the Executive Committee were ordered to be published in the Reselaer, Kent, Middleport, Kankakee and Wilmington papers. On motion, adjourned to meet again at Middleport, on Saturday, the 19th of July, inst. GEORGE KING, CHAIRMAN, J.C. STEELY, SECRETARY
7-23-1862 - EXTENSION OF OUR RIVER NAVIGATION
We publish this week the able report of the Executive Committee of the citizens of Kankakee and Iroquois counties in this state, and of Jasper and Newton counties in Indiana. These counties, through which flows the Kankakee and Iroquois rivers, will be largely benefited by the proposed slack water navigation, affording facilities for cheap transportation, adding not less the 50 cents to the value of their grain and other agricultural products.
The people on these rivers, above us after witnessing the beneficial effects of the completion of the river improvement to Wilmington, advancing not only the interests of the farmer but in giving new life to every other branch of business here, have opened their eyes to the vast importance to them in the extension of this work; and the energy with which they have now taken the matter in hand, shows not only their appreciation of its importance, but a settled purpose to avail themselves of its advantages.
Having now, as we understand, entered into favorable and satisfactory arrangements with "The Kankakee Company" to prosecute the enterprise under that company's charter, they have all the requisite powers, rights, and privileges to carry the work through successfully and advantageously. The staff is now in their own hands. With the means and the skill adequate to the undertaking, both of which they can, if they will, command, there would seem to be no obstacle in the way of these communities enjoying, at an early day, and for all time, the benefits of a work, the value of which, annually, is of greater value than its whole cost.
And now that our neighbors are aroused to the proper appreciation of interests to be promoted and the benefits to be enjoyed by the completion of the contemplated work, we trust that all will cordially cooperate to the end. Now is the opportunity. Allow the existing interest to die out, and years will not see the enterprise revived. Let, therefore, no local jealousies, sinister influences, or conflicting interests or opinions interpose too defeat or delay an undertaking of such vast importance to those enlisted in its prosecution or coming within the influence of its benefits.
We commend the report to the perusal of our readers, embodying as it does, much valuable investigation, and information of interest to us all. The committee's commendation of the stability of the works; already completed to Wilmington, is a noticeable fact, inasmuch as two of said committee are practical and experienced engineers. After a person examination, they say of the dam etc, that few, of any, are superior to it in the United States."
Nearly ready - We are glad to notice that the handsome little steamer "Pioneer" now has her machinery all in, and is nearly ready for her trial trip, which event will no doubt occur this week. May it be a successful one, and give satisfaction t her owner, the builders and the people.
WATER COMMUNICATION WITH THE LAKE BOARD
The Executive Committee appointed at a meeting of citizens of Kankakee and Iroquois counties, Ill., and Newton county, Ind., held at Middle port on the 16th int., "to obtain what information they could in regard to the original charter of the "Kankakee and Iroquois Navigation and Manufacturing Company," the present laws now in force in relation to the same matter, the practicability and feasibility of the project, statistics, &c., beg leave to
That they have used every effort the limited time would permit, to ascertain all the facts possible, required by the meeting, and arrange them to report to this, meeting. The meeting will readily perceive that in making estimates and giving statistics, that only an approximation to the facts could be arrived at, but the committee having given the basis upon which they arrived at their conclusions, the public can readily make their own estimates, and detect any miscalculations or oversights.
Of the Kankakee and Iroquois Navigation and Manufacturing Company was passed by our Legislature in 1847. The charter gives the company full control of the improvement of the two rivers for navigation, and also the use and control of all the water power thereon, for the term of fifty years from the 15th day of February, 1847, at which time said act was approved. There have been several amendatory acts passed, but non to change or repel any of the original powers granted in the charter, and the company have kept up a regular legal organization since it was first organized. The work done, under the charter has been done below Wilmington, to which place there is at present slack water navigation. The work to Wilmington has between leased by the company to Mr. H. O. Alden, for the term of seven years from the 10th day of July, 1861, under an act of the Legislature passed in 1859.We are assured by the Directors that there is no outstanding indebtedness against the company, and that nearly all the old stock has been forfeited, leaving only, in both new and old stock, not to exceed $30,000. An interview between the directors and your committee, within the last few days, authorized us to assure this meeting that the company stands ready to make any reasonable arrangements with the citizens of Kankakee and Iroquois counties to extend or forward the work, whenever these counties, or wither one of them, desire to commence work above Wilmington with the determination of ultimately completing the whole thing through. As there can be no object or desire, and but partial advantage, if any, in completing but part of the work, we have no hesitation in saying that this assurance cannot be otherwise than satisfactory. If this meeting conclude to proceed to organize, raise stock and commence work, all necessary arrangement and guarantees with and from the company, can be arranged and secured by and through a committee appointed for that purpose. The present officers of the company are: Peter Stewart, President; Peter Stewart, D. U. Cobb, Edward Alden, Franklin Mitchell and H. O. Alden, Directors; H. O. Alden, Jr. Secretary - all residing at or near Wilmington.
In this connection perhaps it will be properly in place to state that an act was passed by the Legislature of Illinois, in 1849, which is still in force, authorizing the County Court of Iroquois county, to levy and cause to be collected a tax on all taxable property of said county, a sum not to exceed one dollar on each $100 worth, for the purpose of improving the Kankakee and Iroquois river, provided, that upon a30 days notice, at a general election, a majority of the voters of the county vote for the same:
PRACTICABILITY AND FEASIBILITY
Your committee, two of whom are practical engineers, have carefully examined the surveys and levels of the river heretofore made and estimated by Mr. Benjamin and Mr. Holman in 1847, and Mr. Matteson in 1860; made a personal, though hasty examination of the rivers; ascertained the amount of work already done by the company, and its cost; the number of dams built by private enterprise and their cost; and solicited and received a great deal of other information and statistics of a reliable character, pertaining to the matter, within their reach.
For the purpose of showing the matter in a clearer and more practical form, we have thought best to divide the work and make the estimates in different sections, and with this view we have made estimates from the head of Alden's Island, a short distance above Wilmington, (the point to which the lessee of the lower work, as we understand it, is obligated to complete it, and give two feet more or water,) to Kankakee City; from Kankakee City to a point 86 miles up the Kankakee River, in Indiana; from Kankakee City to Middleport; from Middleport to the State Line; and from the latter place to Renselaer, Jasper Co., Indiana, on the Iroquois River. The rise from the level at the head of Alden's Island to foot of dam at Kankakee City is 50.71 feet; from the latter place to the State line on Kankakee river 20 feet; from Kankakee City to Middle port 12 feet; from Middleport to State Line 8 feet; and from State Line to foot of rapids, Renselaer, 18 feet. There are a dam and flouring mills at Altorf, eight miles below Kankakee City, ten feet high, but now broken and out of repair; a dam of a substantial character, six feet two inches high at Kankakee City; a good dam at Aroma on Kankakee River, eight feet high; one at Momence about eight feet high; one at Sugar Island on the Iroquois, five and one half feet high; one at Texas six feet high. All these dams have been built since the Kankakee and Iroquois Navigation and Manufacturing Company has been chartered and all without any permit from the company, except the Kankakee dam, under which permit the owners are compelled to make the latter dam eight feet high, and provide a lock and keep all in repair, for the purpose of navigation, for the use of water power. The owners of the Mills at the other dams will, in order to enjoy and use their powers, be required, in case the rivers are improved, to contribute a fair share of the expense in making these dams of the proper height and of a substantial character. The dam at Altorf will be required to be repaired, the dam at Kankakee City must be raised one foot and ten inches, and provided with a lock, the dam at Aroma provided with a lock, the dam at Sugar Island rebuilt, and the dams at Texas and at Lyon's Mills, each provided with locks. In case this be done, it will yet require, in order to make the river navigable, and give for feet of water with slight excavations below the dams, eight dams between Alden's Island and Kankakee City; one between that place and State Line on Kankakee River; one more between Kankakee and Middleport; one from that to State Line; and two from that to Renselaer; making 13 additional dams for the whole work on both rivers, which would open up a water line of navigation, including the navigation which would be made a short distance up the tributaries, of about two hundred and fifty miles, on direct lines around the rivers. The distances are, Wilmington to Kankakee, 20 miles; from Kankakee up the main stream, 86 miles; Kankakee to Middleport, 28 miles; Middleport to State Line, 12 miles; State line to Renselaer, Ind., 21 miles; total 167 miles. Beaver Creek, Spring Creek, Sugar Creek, the Beaver Lake feeder, and other small tributaries, will add 80 or 90 miles, effected by backwater, the dams enabling the farmers on these tributaries, during a good stage of water, to run off their produce and bring back lumber, salt, lime, coal, stone, &c. By making Beaver Lake a reservoir, a supply of 6,000 cubic feet of water per minute, (sufficient to run 10 run of stone,) can be had for 90 days, during the dry season, and only lower the lake one foot, estimating the rains to supply the loss by evaporation, a supply sufficient for all purposes of navigation and manufacturing, and adding materially to the health of the country by keeping up a constant supply of running water.
In order to come at what would be a fair and reasonable estimate of the expense of building the dams and locks, our committee have solicited and received suggestions and statements from various, and we may be permitted to say, conflicting sources, but have formed conclusions from what we consider the most reliable basis. The Sugar Island dam, originally six feet high, and 300 feet long, and abutments, built in a substantial manner, ten years ago, cost $800. The Aroma dam, 900 feet long and 8 feet high, and stone abutments, built ten years ago, in a sold manner, cost $3,000. The Kankakee City dam, 500 feet long, and six feet two inches high, cost about $2,500. The estimate of the expense of the dam, 800 feet long, between Wilmington and the Feeder Dam, is placed at $10,000, but your committee are well satisfied it was built under circumstances that materially increased the expense, and that a laudable desire to make it very permanent, caused the builder and proprietor to use much more money upon it than was necessary for any substantial or practical purpose. An examination of this dam satisfies the committee that few, if any are superior to it in the United States. Your committee have also conversed with practical and reliable mechanics, acquainted with the cost of material on the rivers, and having experience in dam building on the same, and after carefully comparing all the facts elicited from all quarters, they feel warranted in giving it as their candid opinion that dams, such as are required, can be built for five dollars per foot, running measure, across the stream, including abutments. The dams on the Kankakee River will average about 750 feet, those on the Iroquois, between Kankakee City and the state line, about 300 feet, and between that point and Renselaer about 150 feet. The estimates for stone locks, according to State public improvement rates, is set down at $5,000, and wooden locks at half that rate, but your committee are fully convinced, from the sources already named, that stone locks can be built in a substantial manner for about $3,000, and wooden locks for about $1,500. At these estimates, the cost of stone locks required between Wilmington and Kankakee City would be $54,000, between Kankakee City and a point 86 miles above on the Kankakee River, $9,750, between Kankakee City and Middle port, (wooden locks,) $6,000, stone locks, $9,000; and between the latter place and Reselaer, $8,500; making for the improvement of both rivers, $78,000 - $250,000 for about 250 miles of direct water navigation, or an average of about $313 per mile, which if equitable divided, according to wealth and population, between Kankakee and Iroquois counties, Illinois, and Lake, Porter, Newton and Jasper counties, Indiana, would hardly be felt by any one. This large scope of country, which would be immediately and directly interested in and benefited by the work, embraces an area of about 3,160 square miles, or 2,022,400 acres, and the whole expense of the work would be only about four cents per acre! These estimates are made for wooden dams, which are more substantial than stone dams, at a less cost, and never decay under water.
THE AMOUNT OF GRAIN
Produced annually upon this area of country, for exporting, cannot be correctly estimated by your committee, from what few statistics they have before them, but they feel warranted in stating that in corn alone, the staple product of the country, the amount would not be less than 5,000,000 bushels, which would be largely increased so soon as slack water navigation on the rivers would be opened.
The amount of wheat, rye, oats, barley, &c., &c., together with the hay, flax seed, wool, potatoes, beans, fruits, wood, lumber, coal, lime, stone, merchandise, beef, pork, &c., which would be exported and imported upon the rivers, including the corn trade, could hardly be estimated, and would amount to an enormous and valuable trade. The difference in the cost per bushel on the transportation of corn, as between water and railroad transportation, throughout the country to be benefited by the work, could not be less than an average of five cents per bushel in favor of water exportation, and our farmers in the area named, would save annually on the transportation of corn alone, not les than $250,000! On the other articles named there would be saved not less than $150,000 more. This would make an annual saving to Kankakee and Iroquois counties, Illinois, and Lake, Porter, Jasper and Newton counties, Indiana of $400,000! More than four times the amount necessary to complete the work - And when we consider all the other various and great benefits to be gained, in the increased value of lands, the increased area of lands which would be brought into cultivation, the increase of population, improvement of wealth, the water power made, and the benefits of a great manufacturing district in out midst, the competition against the extortionate rates of our railroads, and the probability of reaching a ship canal at the mouth of the Kankakee river, where our produce can be put on board of vessels for all parts and every market of the world, by the time our work can be completed and put in operation, your committee feel astonished that the rivers have not before been improved, and certainly believe that our people will take hold of the matter in good faith and earnest, and contribute freely the small amount necessary to do the work without delay. The large amount of trade in all the counties named, except Kankakee, which principally now goes East, would be diverted to Chicago, which ought to be a sufficient inducement to that city to lend a helping hand, if necessary. If the whole work, however, can be done by the people on the rivers, it would belong to them and be under their control, and being a people's highway, which would be used by all, would give advantages to the country which could not be obtained by any other kind of public improvement, and of more importance to the country named, than any other project which has ever been agitated among our people.
As an indication of some of the advantages to be gained on freights, we will state the fact that before the completion of slack water navigation to Wilmington, the freights from Kankakee City to Chicago, on corn per hundred, was nine cents; and from Chebanse, only nine miles this side of the city, ten cents; since navigation has been opened to Wilmington, the freights from Kankakee to Chicago have been reduced to five cents per hundred on corn but still remain at ten cents from Chebanse. The freights by railroad from Wilmington to Chicago per hundred, on corn, is at present nine cents, and by water, we understand, is about four cents; and from Middleport to Chicago, fifteen cents per hundred. Lumber is brought from Chicago to Wilmington by water, for about $1.25 per thousand, and it now costs $4 per thousand to bring the same article from Chicago to Middleport, by railroad, when, if the rivers be opened, it will only cost from $1.25 to $1.50. A like difference obtains on all other articles shipped. The freights by water, on corn, from all points on the rivers, when opened, to Chicago, would not exceed from three to five cents per bushel, which would be about half the rates by railroad.
Your committee found that the people generally throughout the area of country to be benefited by the work, are exceeding anxious that it should be commenced immediately, and are willing to contribute to the extent of their ability for that purpose. No opposition has been found anywhere except among the railroad interests, and perhaps some mill interests where the proprietors will have to go to the expense of improving their dams and making locks in order to save to themselves the water power, which legally belongs to the company. The citizens of Kankakee County, we are satisfied, will generally co-operate in the work, and are now ready to assist in good earnest, notwithstanding the reduction of freights by the Ill. C. R. R. in order to kill off the project. The residents of Kankakee City, aware of the increased trade and business of Wilmington caused by the navigation made to the latter place, have their eyes opened to the great importance and benefits to be obtained from opening the river to the City, which would make it a point for business second to few in the State. There can be but few in all the counties named who would not be more or less benefited - even those who live a distance from the rivers along railroad lines would receive the advantage of reduced freights on the road, made by the competition created for the carrying trade, and the present monopolies which are extorting from our people nearly all their hard earnings, in the form of exorbitant railroad freights, would again be placed under the healthy influence of the hard fisted yeomanry, the backbone and sinew of the country. Kankakee County could co-operate, and under the laws of that State can immediately form a corporation for that purpose. Although the times are hard and grain low, the people are not so blind to their own interests as not to be aware that to make times better and enable them to pay their debts and make all necessary public and private improvements, it is necessary and of paramount importance to them to open the means of conveyance of their grain to markets where they can obtain remunerative, fair and living prices, and by that means they will be ten-fold better off in the end than now.
In view of all these facts, your committee begs leave to recommend to this meeting that immediate steps be taken to commence work. Navigation can be opened from Kankakee City, up both ..............................................
.....derived from the completion of the whole work. During three or four months of the year the Kankakee River from Kankakee City to Wilmington can be navigated without dams, at which time most of the produce could be taken out from the upriver country. A committee of good sound responsible men should be appointed by this meeting to make all necessary preliminary arrangements with the President and Directors of the Kankakee and Iroquois Navigation and Manufacturing Company, form a common stock company, by raising the necessary stack, have the work again estimated by a reliable and competent engineer, and take all other necessary steps to commence the work. All of which is respectfully submitted.
C. F. McNeil
A. B. Condit
E. A. Webster
G. B. Joiner
Middleport, July 2, 1862
7-30-1862 EXTENSION OF OUR RIVER NAVIGATION
An article in your paper of the 23d inst., under the above caption, presumed, from its appearance, to be editorial, (but which smacks strongly in "Lighter" interest for the river navigation,) strikes me as rather anomalous. The idea that the counties of Kankakee and Iroquois would be benefited 50 per cent by slack water navigation, (such as we have at Wilmington) is surely humbug extraordinary. Let us look at the facts, as they exist. At Manteno, corn is worth from 2 to 4 cents per bushel more than it is at Wilmington; at Kankakee City from 1 to 2 cents, while at the Feeder some 2 or 3 cents more than parties can afford to pay in this market, while depending on the river for transportation.
Why are Messrs. Morgan & Alden compelled to disappoint farmers, whose grain they have in store, and who have been urging a shipment of the same for the last five or six weeks. Why are Morgan & Alden transporting their grain from their warehouse on the 'basin' to the cars, and so forward the same to Chicago by rail, instead of availing themselves of the 'river improvements.'
Is not five cents per bushel inducement enough for boats to engage in freighting from this market? NO boat as yet has left Wilmington with over 2,600 bushels. Some have gone through to the Feeder without getting aground; some have been two, three, and some seven or eight days, in making the passage of the river navigation, and that too during season of unusual high water. Now, as to the practical engineers who pronounce the improvement dam such a superior structure, I would say that no engineer of character would recommend the erection of a bent dam on a stream like the Kankakee.
Experience demonstrates that the durability of a bent dam is dependant wholly on the spring freshet. A gorge of ice at a proper distance below usually breaks them up. Such has been the fate of the dams at Momence, Aroma, Altorf, as well the former dam at this place, while a crib dam on a level bottom, can always be made a permanent structure. Finally, why has the canal boat "Charlie" been tied up in the State dam for the Past eight days? Why, simply because the river is some two or three feet above a common stage of water, and the lock gates are flooded. Several years ago one of those practical engineers built an eight feet lock, and subsequently another practical engineer erected a nine feet dam for the eight feet lock; consequently the two structures don't harmonize in the present stage of water. MORE ANON Wilmington, July 26, 1862
We give place this week to the communication, of "More Anon," on the subject of the river navigation at Wilmington. As such documents however, are almost sure to create ill-feeling, and a "war of words" between interested parties, we wish to have it understood that we shall show no partiality to either side of the questions at issue, and that communications must, in all cases, be paid for at the usual rates - five cents per line.
8-6-1862 MARINE LIST
PORT OF WILMINGTON
July 18 Maria, Bickerton, salt
July 29 Charlie, Small, 36,000 feet lumber
July 29 Maria, Bickerton, lumber and salt
July 29 Monitor, Wilson, 61,000 feet lumber
Aug 2 Belle, 30,000 feet lumber
Aug 4 Abby Sprague, Kelly, 25,000 feet lumber
Aug 4 Charlie, Small, lumber
July 18 Maria, Bickerton, 2,800 bush corn
July 30 Charlie, Small, 3,000 bush corn
July 31 Maria, Bickerton, 2,800 bush corn
` Aug 2 Monitor, Wilson, 2,500 bush corn
Aug 2 Thos. A. Emmett, 2,100 bush corn.
The "Pioneer" - This neat little steamer was put in motion for the first time by steam on Friday last. In the morning she went down about a mile, and returned, and in the afternoon a trip was made to the dam and back. Her machinery works admirably, and we believe she gives perfect satisfaction to her builders and owner. On Saturday a large party of ladies and gentlemen went down to the dam, for a pleasure trip: and all enjoyed the sail and unite in praising the "Pioneer." Her appearance on our river was hailed with much joy by the citizens along shore. Mr. J. Cozzens, is to be her captain, and Mr. David Monteith engineer.
8-20-1862 - THE GALLANT VOLUNTEERS AND THE GAY "PIONEER"
On Saturday last Maj. Hammond, Capt. Gardner and Lieut. McConnell chartered the steamer "Pioneer," for the purpose of giving the brave volunteers under their command, and their favorite dulcineas, a gala trip down the river. At half past two P.M., the steamer loosed from its moorings, having in tow the "Monitor," (not the cheese box,) for the more ample accommodation of those on board. A prolonged cheer, a rousing huzza, (such as only a soldier by the side of his sweet-heart can give) wafted a brief adieu to those on shore. Music, under the direction of Fife-Major Young and Major Hammond, Jr., was discoursed in lively martial strains. All were joyous; all were happy!
Cape Stewart, Islands No 1 and 2, Bowen's Point, and Fort Merrill, were severally neared and passed. From the latter a salute was given, the stars and stripes were hoisted, and the gay little steamer "spoken," which, by order of Capt. Gardner and Com. Cozzens, (who were unanimously voted the admired admirals of the day,) was rounded too and effected a landing, receiving as reinforcements to the merry crowd aboard. Brig-aDear "yenaN," gens d'armes and Staff. Again afloat time passed gleefully. A change in the programme was inaugurated by a call for "a speech." Speeches were made by Col. Stewart, Messrs. Merrill, Cobb, and Alden, after which the entertained, wishing to pay a tribute of respect to the gallant officers to whom they were indebted for the day's good cheer, passed, vive voce, which had an earnestness and a ring to it, the following resolutions of hearty thanks.
Resolved, that we herewith tender an unanimous expression of thanks to officers Hammond, Gardner, McConnell and others, for the gala greeting which today cheers us, hoping and avowing that we may and will follow with quick and unfaltering step where they and duty lead us, whether it be through the rugged war path, securing our country's safety, or the garnished deck of pleasure, seeking our hearts delight. "So say we all of us."
And so said all, with a tone which had meaning and unction in it. Com. Cozzens was also gladly remembered for the gentlemanly interest he had taken in the party aboard. The subjoined resolution was passed, and endorsed by a "three times three."
Resolved, That Capt. Cozzens, the gallant commander of the "good ship" which has been the purveyor of this day's pleasure, herewith be made the recipient of our most hearty thanks for his gentlemanly bearing towards us. Long may the gay "Pioneer" float, and longer still may her good Captain flourish, after our armies and we shall have put an end to volunteering for the war."
Thus passed Saturday with our brave volunteers. Our hearts go out after them. May Heaven preserve is our wish and prayer.
PORT OF WILMINGTON
Aug 10 Maria, Bickerton, 16,000 feet lumber
Aug 12 Josephine, Colby, light
Aug 13 Wave, Raymond, 20,000 feet lumber
Aug 15 Monitor, Wilson, 30,000 feet of lumber
Aug 15 Charlie, Small, 35,000 feet lumber
Aug 18 Maria, Bickerton, 176 bbls. Salt
Aug 7 Charlie, Small, 2,600 bush corn
Aug 7 Abby Sprague, Kelly 3,000 do.
Aug 9 Belle, Filday, 4,800 do.
Aug 12 Maria, Bickerton, 2,500 bush corn
Aug 15 Wave, Raymond, 4,800 do.
Aug 16 Charlie, Small, 2,700 bush corn.
Aug 19 Maria, Bickerton, 2,400 bush corn
PORT OF WILMINGTON
Aug 26 Maria, Bickerton, lumber
Aug 21 Monitor, Wilson, 4,300 bush corn
Aug 21 Josephine, Colby, 2,000 bush corn
9-10-1862 - MORGAN & ALDEN
We offer to the farmers in the vicinity of Wilmington the HIGHEST MARKET PRICE IN CASH for produce of all kinds. Having the best facilities for storing grain in large quantities, we will make liberal advances, in cash, on all grain stored with us.
Rates of Storage
One cent per bushel for the first 30 days. Half a cent per bushel, per month thereafter. Corn shelled for one cent per bushel.
11-30-1864 Lockport, Ill., November 26 - No clearances will be granted to boats navigating the Illinois and Michigan Canal after the 30th of November. The canal is now open from Bridgeport to LaSalle. W. A. Gooding, General Superintendent
4-5-1865 - NAVIGATION
The water has already been let into the Illinois and Michigan Canal, and navigation is now good to Joliet. Owing to the recent breaks no boats can pass below Joliet until after the 10th instant, when it is announced navigation will be fully open
IN THE MARKET, DWELLING, STORE, WAREHOUSE AND WATER LOTS
In the Village of Wilmington, Will CO. Illinois
The subscribers offer for sale, on favorable terms, for early improvement, a large number of lots, very eligibly located for dwellings, stores, shops, and for manufacturing and other business purposes. The waterpower at Wilmington both for volume and reliability is not surpassed by any other in Northern Illinois. The location for any and every kind of manufacturing, requiring large or small power, is most desirable, enjoying transportation, both by water and by rail, to all the principal eastern and southern markets. The surrounding country is fertile, and already settled by a thriving population. The town is healthy and rapidly filling up with enterprising business men, offering unusual inducements to all classes of people, seeking employment in the various callings of life and desiring a pleasant, prosperous home.
For information, apply to H.O. Alden, Jr., or to Edward Alden, at Wilmington, ALDEN & SMITH Feb 1865
Also for sale, the Canal Boat EXCELSIOR, three mules and towing harness. Terms easy. H.O. Alden, Jr.
5-24-1865 - THE KANKAKEE
The steam packet, Kankakee, built recently for trade between Chicago and Wilmington, by S. P. Carter, of Joliet, left Chicago on the 14th instant, and arrived in Wilmington, after various stops by the way, in due time. It was found that she is just the thing needed by her builders and proprietors. Some delay was of course occasioned on her first trip, by foaming in the boiler, caused by the oil working into the boiler from the rivets and joints. However, the trip gave perfect satisfaction to her owners, and we have no doubt she is destined to be a permanent institution. The time allowed to be made is four miles per hour; but she can, with the greatest case, when heavily loaded, make six miles per hour. She brought down on her first trip 33,000 feet of lumber and fifty barrels of slat, besides sundries. The water being slack in the feeder, some trouble was found in getting through, but we have no doubt the canal authorities will soon see the necessity of remedying this matter, so that hereafter there shall be no obstacles to prevent the steamer from making regular time. While staying at this port she is receiving some painting and finishing touches, and it is expected she will return to Chicago tomorrow, and soon make regular trips.
6-14-1865 - A NEW ENTERPRISE
To Mr. S. P. Carter, of Joliet, belongs the honor of inaugurating a new enterprise, which may prove the beginning of an era long wished for by the people of Chicago, when steamboats shall ply between the great northern lakes and the "The Father Of Waters." Mr. Carter has built a steamboat which is intended to make regular trips between Chicago and Wilmington, on the Kankakee River. The route is by way of the Illinois and Michigan canal and through the "Kankakee feeder" into the river Kankakee, a stream which is made navigable by the feeder dam during the whole season. The little craft left Chicago on the 14th instant on her first trip, and arrived at Wilmington, in due time, with a cargo of $3,000 feet of lumber and some tons of general merchandise. Very little difficulty was experienced in the navigation, not withstanding that this was the first steam craft that ever navigated the route. The boat was to have left Wilmington for Chicago on the 25th, and is expected to make regular trips until the close of navigation. The time is certainly coming when by the enlargement of the canal, steamboats will clear from Chicago for the south with the same regularity that they now do for eastern ports. The enterprise of Mr. Carter, though unimportant in itself, is a token of the commercial enterprise in that direction which shall be witness hereafter. - Chicago Journal.
2-19-1868 - Canal tolls - The Board of Trustees of the Illinois and Michigan Canal have established the following rates of toll for the ensuing season:
On lumber, 1 cent per 1,000 feet, per mile. On corn, 3 1/2 mills per 1,000 pounds per mile. On stone, dressed or sawed, 10 mills per cubic yard, per mile. On dimension stone, rough, 8 mills per cubic yard, per mile. On rubble stone, 5 mills per cubic yard, per mile. On MacAdam stone, 4 mills per cubic yard per mile. On all other articles the rates are the same as last year.
7-29-1868 - Complaints are justly made of the practice of throwing offal into the mill race. The waters of the race are at times a mass of filth and corruption too disgusting to look upon or get within smelling distance of. We hope those of our citizens who know of parties who are guilty of this offensive practice, will enter complaints at once, that the violators of common decency may be punished.
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