1850 Counties of Missouri

County Description Area in sq miles Courts held at Pop in 1850
Adair northern part, traversed by Chariton river   Kirkville 2,342
Andrew northwest part, Nodaway & Missouri rivers on west side blank Savannah 8,443
Atchison northwest corner, between Missouri & Nodaway rivers blank blank 1,687
Audrain northeast part, drained by fork of Salt river 435 Mexico 3,506
Barry in southwest part, drained by White river 830 McDoanld 3,467
Bates on western boundary, crossed by Osage river 1,160 Batesville 3,099
Benton in western part, crossed by Osage river 1,050 Warsaw 5,015
Boone central part, on NE side of Missouri river 600 Columbia 14,979
Buchanan westerly boundary, on east side of Missouri river 800 Sparta 12,975
Butler southern boundary, crossed by Big Black river blank Cane Creek 1,616
Caldwell northwest part blank Kingston 2,316
Callaway central part, north side of Missouri river 760 Fulton 13,827
Camden central part, on south side of Osage river blank Erie 2,338
Cape Girardeau southeast part, on west side of Mississippi river 864 Jackson 13,912
Carroll toward the western part, on north side of Missouri river 700 Carrolltton 5,441
Cass western boundary blank Harrisonville 6,090
Cedar southwest part blank Fremont 3,361
Chariton northern part, Missouri river on southwest side, Grand river on west 832 Keytesville 7,514
Clark northeast corner, Des Moines river on NE and Mississippi river on west 560 Waterloo 5,527
Clay western part, on north side of Missouri river 432 Liberty 10,332
Clinton northwestern part 425 Plattsburgh 3,786
Cole central part, south side of Missouri river, Osage river on Southeast 650 Jefferson City 6,696
Cooper central part, south side of Missouri river 400 Booneville 12,950
Crawford southeast part, water by Maramec river 1650 Steelville 6,397
Dade southwest part 960 Greenfield 4,246
Dallas southwest part blank Buffalo 3,648
Daviess northwest part, crossed by long branch of Grand river 576 Gallatin 5,298
De Kalb northwest part blank Maysville 2,076
Dodge northern boundary blank St John 353
Dunklin southeastern corner, St Francis river on the west & Lake Pemisco & a part of Mississippi river on the southeast blank Chillitecaux 1,229
Franklin eastern part, Missouri river on north 850 Newport 11,021
Gasconade between eastern & central parts, on southern side of Missouri river, crossed by Gasconade river 1260 Hermann 4,996
Gentry not listed   Gentry  
Greene southwest part, crossed by White river 1000 Springfield 12,785
Grundy northern part, crossed by numerous branches of Grand river not listed Trenton 3,006
Harrison northern boundary blank Bethany 2,447
Henry western part, crossed by South Grand river 750 Clinton 4,052
Hickory south western part blank Hermitage 2,329
Holt western boundary, Missouri river on southwest blank Oregon 3,957
Howard northern part, Missouri river on south & west 398 Fayette 13,969
Jackson western boundary, Missouri river on north 525 Independence 14,000
Jasper western boundary 980 Jasper 4,223
Jefferson east boundary, Mississippi river on east 500 Hillsborough 6,928
Johnson western part 785 Warrensburgh 7,464
Knox north eastern part blank Edina 2,894
Laclede south part blank Cave Spring 2,498
Lafayette western part, Missouri river on north 450 Lexington 13,690
Lawrence south western part blank Mount Vernon 4,859
Lewis eastern boundary, Mississippi river on east 500 Monticello 6,578
Lincoln eastern boundary, Mississippi river on east 576 Troy 9,421
Linn northern part 588 Linneus 4,058
Livingston toward northwest part, crossed by Grand river 510 Chillicothe 4,247
Macon northern part, crossed by Chariton river 846 Bloomington 6,565
Madison south east part 780 Fredericktown 6,003
Marion eastern boundary, Mississippi river on east 425 Palmyra 12,230
McDonald southwest corner blank Rutledge 2,236
Mercer northern boundary blank Princeton 2,691
Miller central part, crossed by Osage river 555 Tuscumbia 3,834
Mississippi southeastern part, Mississippi river on east blank Charleston 3,123
Moniteau central part, Missouri river on northeast blank Jamestown 6,004
Monroe north eastern part 744 Paris 10,541
Montgomery eastern part, Missouri river on south 576 Danville 5,849
Morgan central part, Osage river on south 792 Versilles 4,650
New Madrid southeast part, Mississippi river on southeast, Lake St Mary's in the north 1625 New Madrid 5,541
Newton western boundary 1150 (in 1840) Neosho 4,268
Nodaway north boundary blank Marysville 2,118
Oregon south boundary blank Thomasville 1,432
Osage central part, Missouri & Osage rivers on northwest, crossed by Gasconade river blank Linn 6,704
Ozark south boundary blank Rockbridge 2,294
Perry eastern boundary, Mississippi river on northeast 400 Perryville 2,438
Pettis toward west part 600 Georgetown 5,150
Pike northeastern boundary, Mississippi river on northeast 720 Bowling Green 13,609
Platte western boundary, with Missouri river on southwest blank Platte City 16,845
Polk in south western part 760 Bolivar 6,186
Pulaski toward south part 1332 Waynesville 3,998
Putnam north boundary, Chariton river on east blank Putnamville 1,657
Quahaw no description blank Crawford Seminary not listed
Ralls eastern boundary, Mississippi river on east, crossed by Salt river 470 New London 6,151
Randolph toward northern boundary 450 Huntsville 9,439
Ray western part, Missouri river on south 570 Richmond 10,373
Ripley south boundary 1080 Doniphan 2,830
St Charles eastern boundary, Mississippi river on southeast 470 St Charles 11,454
St Clair toward southwestern part, crossed by Osage river 820 Osceola 3,556
St Francis toward southeast 425 Farmington 4,964
St Genevieve on eastern boundary, Mississippi river on northeast 400 St Genevieve 5,313
St Louis on eastern boundary, Mississippi river on east, Missouri river on northwest & Maramee river on south 550 St Louis 104,978
Saline toward northwest part, Missouri river on north & east 829 Marshall 8,843
Schuyler north boundary, Chariton river on west blank Lancaster 3,287
Scotland on northern boundary blank Memphis 3,782
Scott on eastern boundary, Mississippi river on northeast 936 Benton 7,914
Shannon in south part 1300 Eminence 1,199
Shelby northeast part 432 Shelbyville 4,253
Sullivan in north part blank Milan 2,983
Taney on south boundary, crossed by White river 1426 Forsyth 4,373
Texas southern part blank Houston 2,312
Warren in eastern part, Missouri river on south 350 Warrenton 5,860
Washington in east part 820 Potosi 8,811
Wayne in southeast part, St Francis river on southeast, crossed by Big Black river 1200 Greenville 4,518
Wright in southern part blank Hartsville 3,387

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