1850 Counties of Virginia

County Description Area in sq miles Courts held at Pop in 1850
Accomac eastern shore,  between Chesapeake Bay and the ocean, 240 Drummond Town 17,890
Albemarle central part on north side of James river 700 Charlotteville 25,800
Alexandria east, formerly a part of DC west of Potomac river 36 Alexandria 10,008
Alleghany central part, water by branches of James river 500 Covington 3,515
Amelia southeast part, on south side of Appomattox river 300 Amelia 9,768
Amherst central part, north side of James river 418 Amherst 12,699
Appomattox southeast of central part on James river blank Clover Hill 9,193
Augusta central part, drained by James & Shenandoah rivers 900 Staunton 24,610
Barbour in north western part,   Phillippi 9,005
Bath in central part, water by James, Cowpasture & Jackson rivers 900 Bath 3,426
Bedford in southern part, between James & Stauton rivers 660 Liberty 24,081
Boone western part blank Ballardsville 3,237
Botetourt central part, , on sources of James & Roanoke rivers 1,120 Fincastle 14,908
Brooke extreme north part, between Ohio river & PA line 150 Willsburgh 5,054
Brunswick south boundary, Nottoway river on north east side 676 Lawrenceville 13,994
Buckingham southeast part, southern side of James river 680 Maysville 13,837
Cabell northwest boundary, on southern side of Ohio river & crossed by Guyandott river 100 Barboursville 6,299
Campbell southern part, between James & Roanoke rivers 576 Campbell courthouse 23,245
Caroline eastern part, between Rappahannock & North Anna rivers 600 Bowling Green 18,456
Carroll southern boundary blank Hillsville 5,909
Charles City toward southeast part, between James & Chickahoming rivers 208 Charles City Court House 5,200
Charlotte southern part, NE side of Staunton river 600 Marysville or Charlotte Court House 13,955
Chesterfield southern part, between Appomattox & James rivers 456 Chesterfield Court House 17,486
Clarke northeast part, crossed by Shonandoah river 225 Berryville 7,352
Culpepper northern part, on southwest side of Rapahannock river 672 Culpepper Court House 12,282
Cumberland southeast part, James river on the north 320 Cumberland Court House 9,751
Dinwiddie southeastern part, Notaway river on south, Appomatox river on north 616 Dinwiddie 25,118
Doddridge northwestern part blank West Union 2,750
Elizabeth City southeastern part, Chesapeake bay on east & Hampton Roads on the south 64 Hampton 4,568
Essex eastern part, Rappahannock river on northwest 280 Tappahannock 73,944
Fairfax north eastern part, Potomac river on northeast side 450 Fairfax 10,682
Fauquier north eastern part 720 Warrenton 20,808
Fayette western part, crossed by Great Kanawba river 1350 Fayetteville 3,955
Floyd southern part 525 Jacksonville 6,458
Fluvanna central part, James river on south & crossed by Rivanna river 416 Palmyra 9,487
Franklin southern part, with Roanoke river on the north 771 Rocky Mount 17,430
Frederick north eastern part 660 Winchester 15,975
Giles south western part, crossed by Great Kanawba river 675 Parishburgh 6,570
Gilmer north western part, crossed by Little Kanawga river blank Glenville 3,475
Gloucester eastern part, Chesapeake bay on east & York river of southwest 280 Gloucester 10,527
Goochland eastern part, James river on south 336 Goochland 10,352
Grayson southern boundary, crossed by New river, main branch of Great Kanawha 927 Greenville 6,677
Greenbrier western part, crossed by Greenbrier river 1493 Lewisburgh 10,022
Greene eastern part, Blue Ridge of Alleghany Mts on northwest 190 Stannardsville 4,400
Greenville southern boundary, Nottoway river on north & crossed by Meherin river 325 Hicksford 5,639
Halifax southern boundary, Staunton river on northeast, crossed by Dan river 759 Banister or Halifax CH 25,962
Hampshire northern boundary, Potomac river on north, crossed by its southern branch 960 Romney 14,036
Hancock northern part blank blank 4,050
Hanover eastern part, Pamunky river on northeast 630 Hanover 15,153
Hardy northern part 1156 Moorefield 9,543
Harrison north western part, crossed by west fork of Monongahela river 110 Clarksburgh 11,728
Henrico eastern part, James river on southwest 291 Richmond 43,437
Henry southern boundary, crossed by Smith's river 358 Martinsville 8,872
Highland central part blank Monterey 4,227
Isle of Wight southeast part, James river on northeast & Blackwater river on southwest 400 Isle of Wight Court House 8,015
Jackson northwest boundary, Ohio river on northwest 480 Jackson Court House 6,554
James City eastern part, York river on northeast, James & Chickahominy rivers on southwest 150 Williamsburg 4,020
Jefferson north eastern boundary, Potomac river on northeast, crossed by Shenandoah river 225 Charleston 15,357
Kanawha western part, crossed Great Kanawha river 2000 Charleston 15,353
King and Queen eastern part 335 King & Queen Court House 10,319
King George eastern part, Potomac river on northeast, Rappahannock river on southwest 254 King George Court House 5,9714
King William eastern part, between Pamunky & Matapony rivers 270 King William Court House 8,779
Lancaster eastern part, on west shore of Chesapeake bay, Rappahannock river on southwest 161 Lancaster Court House 4,708
Lee southwest corner 512 Jonesville 10,267
Lewis northwest part 1600 Weston 10,031
Logan western boundary 2930 Logan Court House 3,620
Loudon (or Loudoun) north eastern boundary, Potomac river on northeast 460 Leesburgh 22,089
Louisa toward eastern part 570 Louisa 16,691
Lunenburgh south part 40 Lewiston 11,692
Madison toward northeast part 330 Madison 9,331
Marion northern part blank blank 10,551
Marshall northern boundary of western VA on Ohio river 350 Elizabethtown 10,138
Mason northwestern boundary, Ohio river on northwest, crossed by Great Kanawha river 875 Point Pleasant 7,5398
Matthews southeast part, bound on north, east and south by Chesapeake bay 80 Matthews Court House 6,714
Mecklenburgh south boundary, crossed by Roanoke river 640 Boydton 20,630
Mercer in southwestern part, Great Kanawha river on northeast 540 Princeton 4,222
Middlesex eastern part, Rappahannock river on northeast 170 Urbana 4,394
Monongalia north boundary, crossed by Monongahela river 560 Morgantown 12,387
Monroe western part, Great Kanawha river on west 750 Union 9,827
Montgomery southwest part, Great Kanawha river on west 600 Christiansburgh 8,559
Morgan northeastern boundary, Potomac river on north 350 Bath 3,557
Nansemond south boundary, James river on northwest, Dismal swamp covers eastern part 444 Suffolk 12,283
Nelson central part, James river on southeast 490 Livingston 12,598
New Kent east part, York & Pamunky rivers on northeast, Chickahoning river on southwest 225 New Kent Court House 6,064
Nicholas west part, Great Kanawha river on southwest, crossed by Gauley river 1430 Summersville 3,963
Norfolk south boundary, principally covered with Dismal swamp 544 Norfolk 25,115
Northampton east shore, Atlantic ocean on east & Chesapeake bay on west 320 Eastville 7,498
Northumberland eastern part, Potomac river & Chesapeake bay on east. 240 Heathsville 7,346
Nottoway south eastern part 290 Nottoway Court House 8,437
Ohio northwest corner, Ohio river on northwest 125 Wheeling 18,006
Orange eastern part, Rappahannock river on north 380 Orange Court House 10,067
Page toward north eastern part, south fork of Shenandoah river on northwest 160 Luray 7,600
Patrick southern boundary 541 Taylorsville 9,609
Pendleton toward northern part 999 Franklin 5,795
Pittsylvania south boundary, Dan river on the south 891 Pittsylvania Court House 28,786
Pocahontas toward the western part 710 Huntersville 3,598
Powhatan towards east part, James river on north & Appomattox on south 300 Scottsville 8,778
Preston on north boundary, crossed by Cheat river 201 Kingwood 11,708
Prince Edward southern part 375 Prince Edward Court House 11,857
Prince George south east part, James river on north 305 Prince George Court House 7,596
Princess Ann southeast corner, Atlantic on east 374 Princess Ann Court House 7,669
Prince William on eastern boundary, Potomac river on east 370 Brentsville 8,129
Pulaski southwestern part, crossed by New river 350 Newbern 5,118
Putnam west part, crossed by Great Kanawha river blank blank 5,335
Raleigh western part blank Raleigh 1,765
Randolph northern part, crossed by Cheat river 2060 Beverly 5,248
Rappahannock toward northeast part 100 Washington 9,782
Richmond eastern part, Rappahannock river on southwest 200 Warsaw 6,448
Ritchie northwest part blank Ritchie Court House 3,902
Roanoke toward southwest, crossed by Roanoke river 370 Salem or Roanoke Court House 8,447
Rockbridge in central part, crossed by James river 680 Lexington 16,055
Rockingham toward northeast part, crossed by Shenandoah river 833 Harrisonburgh 20,294
Russell southwest part, crossed by Clinch river 1370 Lebanon 11,929
Scott southern boundary, crossed by Clinch river 624 Estillville 9,829
Shenandoah toward northeast part 410 Woodstock 13,768
Smyth in southwest part 480 Marion 8,161
Southampton south boundary, crossed by Nottoway river 648 Jerusalem 13,521
Spottsylvania eastern part, Rappahannock river on northeast 408 Spottsylvania Court House 14,911
Stafford eastern boundary, Potomac river on east, Rappahannock river on southwest 355 Stafford 8,044
Surry in southeast part, James river on northeast 324 Surry Court House 5,679
Sussex in southeast part, crossed by Nottoway river 465 Sussex Court House 9,820
Taylor northern part, crossed by east fork of Monongahela river blank Pruntytown 5,367
Tazewell southwest part 1600 Jeffersonville or Tazewell Court House 9,942
Tyler on northwest boundary, Ohio river on northwest 855 Middlebourne 5,498
Warren in northeastern part, crossed by Shenandoah river 200 Front Royal 6,608
Warwick in southeast part, James river on southwest 95 Warwick Court House 1,546
Washington on south boundary 764 Abington 14,612
Wayne on western boundary, Ohio river is northern border & Sandy river is western border 350 Wayne Court House 4,738
Westmoreland on northeast boundary, Potomac river on northeast, Rappahannock river on southwest 316 Westmoreland 8,080
Wetzel northwest boundary, Ohio river on northwest blank New Martins 4,184
Wirt northwest part, crossed by Little Kanawha river blank Elizabethtown or Wirt Court House 3,353
Wood on north western boundary, Ohio river on northwest, crossed by Little Lanawba river 1233 Parkersburgh 9,450
Wyoming no description blank Ginseng 1,645
Wythe in southwest part, crossed by New river 700 Wytheville 12,024
York on southeast boundary, York river on northeast, Chesapeake bay on east 150 Yorktown 4,460

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