City, seat of justice of Davidson Co and Capital of Tennessee, situated on the south bank of Cumberland river, at the head of steamboat navigation, 120 miles from its entrance into the Mississippi, and 648 miles from Washington. Built upon an uneven surface, amid the picturesque scenery of a fertile and populous region, few southern cities combine a pleasant situation with more attractive hospitality and refinement, or display, in proportion to their population, a greater number of elegant public structures. Of these, a new state house is the most magnificent. The court house is a spacious and convenient edifice; the churches are beautiful and costly; and the schools are excellent. The medical department of Nashville university is in a prosperous condition, with commodious buildings, well supplied with apparatus and other means of instruction. The other public buildings are the jail, the penitentiary, and an asylum for the insane. Large steamboats navigate the Cumberland river to Nashville, during the greater part of the year. When the water is low, the stream admits vessels only of 30 or 40 tons burden. These carry on an extensive trade with New Orleans and intermediate places. Water is elevated from the river into a reservoir, and thence distributed over the city.
Population: in 1830 was 5,566; in 1840 was 6,299 and in 1850 was 9,125.