City and town, seat of justice, together with New London, of New London Co, CT, 39 miles south east of Hartford; from Washington 357 miles. Situated at the head of navigation of Thames river, at the junction of the Shetucket and Yantic rivers, 14 miles from Long Island sound. The main part of the city is situated on a steep acclivity, the houses being built in tiers rising one above another, present a beautiful appearance when approached from the south. Here are extensive manufactories of cotton and woolen goods, paper, hardware, pottery &c. This location was the scene of severe contests between the Mohegan and Narragansett Indians. It was the stronghold of the latter, and here the burial place of their kings is still seen. Near the city there are several picturesque falls or cataracts, and from a high rock which overhangs these waterfalls, the Mohegan Indians plunged and perished, rather than fall into the hands of the Narragansett, who were pursuing them.
The population in 1840 was 7,239 and in 1850 was 10,265.