A city, seat of justice of Passaic Co, NJ, situated on both sides of the Passaic river, 17 miles northwest of New York. It owes its existence and prosperity to the great water power furnished by the Passaic. A large number of cotton factories, as well as other establishments for making machinery, firearms and paper, are here in successful operation. The genius of Alexander Hamilton first perceived these natural advantages, and devised the means for their application. Difficulties at first prevented the success of his plans, but time has proved their practicability and sagacity. The beauty of Passaic falls, which are near this place, is not less admirable than their utility. Hither many resort in the summer, to enjoy the picturesque scenery and healthful air.
Paterson contains several churches and institutions fr improvement in knowledge. The Morris canal passes near the south part of the city; the Paterson railroad connects it with Jersey City and New York, and the Ramapo and Paterson railroad communicates with the Erie railroad at Ramapo.
The population in 1810 was 292; in 1820 was 1,578; in 1830 was 7,731; in 1840 was 7,596 and in 1850 was 11,138.