San Francisco, CA

The "Empire City" of the Pacific, and seat of justice of San Francisco Co, CA, stands on a narrow neck of land between the bay of San Francisco, and the ocean, fronting eastward on the bay, and having the ocean five miles on the west.  The bay is safe and commodious, being capable of holding the combined navies of the world.  It extends southward some fifty miles, parallel with the sea, from which it is separated by a narrow strip of land, varying from five to twenty miles in width.  The city of San Francisco is on the extreme point of this promontory.  Its site is handsome and commanding, being on an inclined plane half a mile in extent from the water's edge to the hills in the rear.  Two points of land--- Clark's point on the north, and Rincon point on the south---one mile apart, project into the bay, forming a crescent between them, which is the water front of the city, and which has already been filled in and covered with buildings to the extent of half a mile.  Those points, and the lofty hills north and west, upon which the city is rapidly climbing, afford a most extensive and picturesque view of the surrounding country.  There are scarcely to be found more charming and diversified prospects than are presented from these heights.
For growing importance, commercial advantages, and the enterprise of its citizens, San Francisco deserves the rank of one of the great cities of the Union.  Although it has been repeatedly destroyed by fire, it has each time risen, phoenix like, from its own ashes, with new beauty and with greater splendor than before.  It contains a large number of elegant brick fire proof stores and banking houses, and the streets are paved with heavy timbers and planks, which will soon give place to more durable materials.  There are several daily lines of steamers to Sacramento, Marysville, Stockton, San Joaquin City, and other points on the rivers, and in the northern and southern mines; while ocean steamers ply from San Francisco to Panama and San Juan del Sur, the port of Nicaragua.  Vessels from the Atlantic coast, and all parts of the world, constantly arrive or depart.
The population in 1847 was 375 and in 1852 was 34,876.