BOONE COUNTY INDIANA BIOGRAPHIES

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JAMES McCANN
This old, highly esteemed pioneer was born in Pennsylvania in 1787; married to Elizabeth Cunningham (who was born in Kentucky, 1793), in the state of Kentucky, about the year 1811. Came to Boone County in 1833, where Mr. McCann enter 160 acres of land, part of which is now owned by his son William, in Center Township. Mr. McCann was elected county recorder in 1842. Served about ten years to the great satisfaction of all. He died in May, 1870; is buried at the Lebanon Cemetery. His wife died in July, 1883, and is also buried at the same cemetery. Both Mr. and Mrs. McCann were members of the Christian Church, and were devoted to the work of Christianity. No more worthy couple ever lived in the county than they. Died highly esteemed by all who were acquainted with them.  The county and church in their death lost two good citizens. The following are their children's names: John P., resides in Center Township; Robert C., resides in Jefferson six miles west of Lebanon ; William G., resides in Center; Margaret (deceased); Nancy, resides in Jefferson Township; Mary, resides in Center Township. In person Mr. McCann was of medium size, dark complexion and hair.

JAMES A. MCDONALD
This old pioneer first looked out on this world August 8, 1824. He was born in Nicholas County, Ky. He first removed from that state when a boy of nine years. Lived in Decatur County, Ind., till 1834, when he became a citizen of this county, where he has ever since resided, first settling in Clinton Township. Mr. McDonald was married to Elizabeth Perkins, daughter of Jesse Perkins, one of the pioneers of Boone County. This marriage occurred April 15, 1847. The following are their children's names: John R., married to Eliza Turner; Charlotte, married to Joseph Kersey, of Washington Township; Hugh, married to Mary Lindley; Mary A., married to Peter Cox; she is deceased, and buried in Hopewell Cemetery, at the age of twenty-five years; Robert M., lives at home. Mr. and Mrs. Me. are members of the Presbyterian Church, at Hopewell. Mrs. McDonald was born in Rush County, August 26,1822. Her mother's name before marriage was Charlotte Herndon. Mr. Mc.'s parents' names were Hugh McDonald and Gizeller Riley.

SAMUEL McLEAN
Was born in Pennsylvania; married to Mary Smith. Came to Boone County in the year 1831, and settled in Jackson Township near the Montgomery County line. Mr. McLean served several years as probate judge for Boone County with credit to all. He died in 1862, and is buried at Mt. Zion Cemetery in Jackson Township. Mrs. McLean died in 1864, and is buried at the same cemetery. In person Mr. McLean was a large, fine looking man, fair complexion and light hair, weighing nearly 200 pounds. John and James McLean, grandsons, reside in Jackson Township; both are substantial farmers and citizens of the county. Their father's name was Charles McLian. He died in November, 1864, and is buried at the Porter Cemetery.

WILLIAM McLEAN.
Mr. McLean was one of the early citizens of Boone County. He was born November 30, 1805, in the state of Pennsylvania. Married to Mariah Jones November 9, 1824, in Wayne County, Ind., and came to this county in 1832. Mr. McLean was from first to last a prominent man in the county, served as a member of the constitutional convention in 1852, and other minor offices. In person he was fine looking, full six feet high, blue eyes, fair complexion. He died .December 19, 1870, and is buried at West port Cemetery in Laporte County, Ind. Mrs. McLean is yet living, a well preserved old lady, residing with Washington Gibson in Jamestown. The following are the names of William and Mariah McLean's children: James W., resides in Kansas; Samuel R., killed at Fort Gibson; William C., died in hospital in Gallatin, Tenn.; Margaret J., married to G. W. Gibson, resides in Jamestown; Mary E., married to E. Clemens, resides in Illinois; Sarah E., married to D. Piersol (deceased), buried in Laporte County, Ind.; Anna M., married to Brice Huston, resides in Chicago; Emily D., married to Jiles Cochran, resides in Wabash County, Iiid. Mrs. McLean was born in Green County, Tenn., April 3, 1809.

HENRY LUCUS,
Son of Philip Lucus, was born in Pennsylvania in 1813; came with his parents to Worth Township in 1836, and consequently were among the early settlers of that part of the county. He was in his twenty-third year when he came, just entering strong manhood, ready for the battle of life ; and it was a battle, for the outlook at that time in Worth Township was not the most flattering, to say the least. The first few years he helped develop his father's farm, teaching school in the winter, and thus acquiring a fair education that proved a great advantage to him in after life. Henry Lucus from first to last occupied a warm place in the hearts of the people with whom he moved and lived. Repeatedly was he elected as justice of the peace and township trustee. He served in all about eighteen years, with general satisfaction. He was a strong partisan, a Jacksonian Democrat, and as such he was elected to the offices referred to above. He was nominated for county recorder in 1874 by the Democratic party, but was defeated by W. F. Morgan by a few votes less than one hundred. In person Mr. Lucus was tall, light hair and complexion, a little stooping. He did not belong to any church or society. He moved to Putnam County, Ind., about the year 1881, and died there in 1884 or 1885, highly esteemed there as well as in Boone County, where he lived so long and was loved so well.

HON. HENRY M. MARVIN.
Henry Martyn Marvin was born in Putnam County, New York, on the 6th day of November, 1821. His birthplace was on a farm and dairy, which occupation he followed until
nineteen years of age, when he went to New York City and engaged in the grocery business for two years, or until he was twenty-one years of age, and in April, 1843, started for Indiana, the then "far west." At that time the railroad extended from New York City through Philadelphia to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania; then packet boat on canal to Holidaysburg; thence portage railroad, twelve miles over the Alleghenies, to Johnstown; thence by canal packet to Pittsburg; thence by steamboat to Cincinnati!, Ohio; thence by stage coach to Connersville, Fayette County, Indiana; thence afoot four miles to Harrisburg, Fayette County, where he made his home until he married and moved to Boone County, on the 5th day of February, 1845. There were no railroads west of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, in 1843, and all kinds of travel was of the slow order. Times financially, when he came to Indiana, were very hard. Indiana was fifteen millions of dollars in debt, and could not pay principal nor interest. Almost everybody was in debt; it was trade and barter, no money. He worked for thirty-seven and a half cents per day in the month of June hoeing corn, on the White Water Valley, in 1843. Worked one month in harvest for thirteen dollars, when work was of the hardest, but very little farm machinery being in use at that time. He taught school for six months at ten dollars per month, and boarded around and collected the money at tho end of the term for himself, and received every dollar of it; not one delinquent. Then he taught nine months for one hundred and twenty dollars, and boarded among the scholars and collected every dollar. He considered the White Water Valley at that time one of the finest countries in the world. When he came to Boone County, in 1845, it was a new country. If you wanted to look off to any distance, you had to go out in the Michigan road and look north or south, or up in the sky. It was woods everywhere�north, south, east, west. What land was cleared was eighteen inches and under, and dead trees were scattered over all the fields, and every wind tumbled them down, making hard work for the farmer all the time. He has cleared one hundred acres of heavy timber since he came to Boone County; ditched twice over; fenced ever so many times. Built house and out-houses that took twenty-four thousand feet of lumber, and hauled the logs to the mill, and the lumber from the mill. Put out two orchards, and tried to fix a home comfortable to live in. In the fall of 1845 he threshed a load of wheat with horses (for there were no threshing machines then), loaded up his wagon and went to Lafayette, twenty-five miles distant. Was gone three and a half days, slept in wagon, took grub for self and horses; expenses, not a cent, and got forty-five cents per bushel for wheat, but got a barrel of salt for a dollar and a quarter. Wildcat money; no two bills on the same bank.

In the spring of 1850, one morning in April, in going along the road on his farm, he met John L. Koms and his son Absolom, going to Lebanon. He said : "Ain't you going to Lebanon?" He asked him what was going on at Lebanon. He said that there was to be a Democratic convention, and that they were going to nominate Marvin for the legislature and for him to go and get his horse and go with them. And sure enough he was nominated and elected by thirty-eight majority, at a cost of less than five dollars. Those were glorious, Democratic, honest times. There were twenty-two candidates for office in Boone County that year, and you would have smiled to see them all on horseback, Indian file, going through the wet prairies in Harrison Township, from one grove to another, where speaking was done by candidates for the constitutional convention, and for the legislature. Mark A. Duzan and William E. McLane were the Democratic candidates, and Judge Cason, Bill Bowers, and Stephen Neal were the Whig and Independent candidates for the convention, and John H. Nelson and Henry M. Marvin were the candidates for the legislature on the Democratic ticket, and Joseph F. Dougherty (the best posted man on politics I ever knew), and the Rev. Keath, were the Whig candidates. Colonel Kise was elected clerk of the Circuit Court by a very small majority that year.

As Marvin looks back over life's journey of over forty-two years in Boone County, he has no regrets, no mistakes to rectify, does not want to live one day of his life over again, but is thankful to God for the many blessings that have been bestowed upon him. He has seen the county grow from a wilderness, with its impassable swamps and crossrail roads and log cabins, to one of the finest, richest counties in the state, with the best gravel roads, comfortable school houses and fine dwelling houses and barns; with good churches all over the county, and good, substantial public buildings; with railroads passing through the county east and west, north and south, everything to make man comfortable and happy. And Marvin flatters himself that he has contributed hi* part in bringing this all about up to this present period. You talk about pensioning soldiers for their services to their country, which is all right and proper, but where is the man more deserving than the farmer who has cleared up 100 acres of heavy timber and made it blossom as a rose, who made the country while they fought to defend it. In Washington Township, Wayne County, Indiana, on the 1st of December, 1844, was married Henry M. Marvin to Emma E. Elwell, and they left the paternal home on her nineteenth birthday for their future home in Boone County, where a large family of boys and girls were born to them and where many days of joys and sorrows have passed and gone. Zelia, the oldest, married Win. H. Dooley, April 4, 1866, and died March 6, 1867, aged twenty- one years. Laura, the second, died November 14, 1864, sixteen and one-half years of age. Eli, the third, was born August 9, 1850, and married Jennie Snyder, daughter of John Snyder, Esq., of Clinton County, Indiana. They have one son, LeGrand, eleven years of age. Martha Bell was born December 23, 1852, and died at six and a half years of age. Joseph Miner was born December 22, 1855, and died September 13, 1882. Jesse Bright was born April 4,1858, and married Anna Spahr, daughter of John Spahr, ex-sheriff of Boone County. They have one daughter, Helen. Ida June was born July 3, 1861. and died October 18,1862. Charles Henry was born November 20, 1864, and Cord Emma, the ninth, was born the 16th of August, 1867. The last two are living with their parents at tho present time. So you see that Marvin has fulfilled the scriptural injunction to increase and multiply. In fact, he has tried, in his poor way .of doing his duty to God and his fellowman, and he feels thankful that he cast his lot among this people, who have always been kind, considerate and obliging, and he has a pleasant home among them where he expects to spend his days with his companion under as pleasant circumstances as usually fall to the lot of poor human nature. Thanks to this family for favors.

JAMES M. MARTIN
Was born in Montgomery County, Ind., August 30, 1839. Was married to Caroline Varner December 7, 1859. Two children were born to them�Mary J., born December 17, 1867, married to Ambrose C. Smith; Roda L., born January 11, 1879. Mr. Martin was married the second time to Ella C. Smith January 13, 1876. Children's' names by this marriage : Clara D., born October 3, 1876 ; Ella A., born October 29, 1879; James E., born September 18, 1881; John R., born September 10, 1883. One child died in infancy, March 29, 1886. Mrs. Martin was born in Putnam County, Ind., December 17, 1853. Mr. Martin's first wife died June 25, 1874, and is buried in Finley Cemetery in Montgomery County. James M. Martin and his present wife belong to the M. E. Church. Mr. Martin is one of the solid men of Boone; owns 500 acres of choice land in Jackson Township, eight miles southwest of Lebanon and five miles northeast of Jamestown. He has splendid buildings, and everything denotes thrift and good husbandry. He began life a poor young man, determined to succeed in life, and he has done so to a great degree. He is among the wealthy men of the county. In his "make-up" he is social, fond of company, and enjoys life. See his portrait in another part of this work. Mr. Martin is engaged in stock raising and dealing extensively.

THOMAS S. METCALF
Was born in Fayette County, Kentucky, October 16, 1818; was married to Mary Brown December 22, 1848, in Owen County, Kentucky, and came to Boone County, Indiana, in 1849. He located in Lebanon, where he worked many years at blacksmithing in company with James Wysong. Mr. Metcalf now resides in Washington Township near "Pike's Crossing." The following are his children's names: Alice, married to Samuel Borland, died at Lafayette, September o, 1873; Simon lives at home; Mary, married to Amos Huston, resides at Thorntown, Ind.; Susan, married to Martin Vantyle, resides near Kirkland; Amanda, married to William Starks, died at Lafayette, Ind., June 7, 1876 ; Emma, married to David Henry, resides in Lebanon; Thomas M. lives at home; Annie, married to Jacob Wills, resides near " Pike's Crossing;" Judah, Minnie; Samuel J. and John died in infancy. Mr. Metcalf is a real Kentuckian. It was our good luck to call at his hospitable home during the canvass for this work, and was kindly entertained by this good family.

JOHN MURPHY,
A resident of Union Township, and who owns a fine farm on the Michigan road one mile south of Northfield, was born in Wayne County, Indiana, December 26, 1827; married to Hulda Elwell September 23,1846, in Wayne County, Indiana. Came to Boone County in 1847, settling on the farm where he now resides and where he owns one of the best farms in the county. The following are his children's names: Amelia, died at the age of seventeen years, is buried at the Ross Cemetery, in Union Township; Robert died at the age of eight years, buried same place; Sarah E. died at the age of seven years, is also buried at Ross Cemetery; Ollie, married to Walter Kennedy, is buried at Crown Hill Cemetery; Emma died in infancy ; Elmer died at the age of twelve years; Alice D. lives at home ; Lilly L. also lives at home. Mr. and Mrs. Murphy both belong to the Adventist Church, and have given liberally of their time and means to build up this society and church house in Northfield. Long may they live.

HON. STEPHEN NEAL.
Stephen Neal, the seventh child of John and Priscilla Neal, was born on the 11th of June, A. D., 1817, in Pittsylvania County, State of Virginia. In the autumn of 1819 his father and family moved from Virginia to Bath County, Ky. His father's occupation was farming, and the subject of this sketch was trained in the pursuit of farming until he was eighteen years of age His mother having died when he was in his fifteenth year, his father thenceforth gave him his time. Up to the time of his mother's death he had had only a few months' schooling, the father residing on a farm remote from school facilities, there then being no public school system in Kentucky. However, the subject of this sketch at the age of eight years had learned to read. The family's supply of books was scant, consisting of a few elementary school books, a few histories, biographies, and the bible. Our subject read and diligently studied all of these; and, as opportunity afforded, he would borrow books from the neighbors. Among these were the histories of Greece and Rome, Harvey's Meditations, and Wesley's Notes on the Bible. Such was his early home reading. He was an indefatigable student, though his school privileges had been so very limited. In his sixteenth year he went to reside with and labor for a neighbor by the name of John Rice, who had a fair supply of books, and with whom a school teacher named Thomas Nelson also resided. This teacher had a good library, and was a Latin and Greek scholar. While residing in this family our subject availed himself of the opportunity he then had, in reading in a promiscuous manner. In his eighteenth year he left this family and entered a country school, laboring of mornings, evenings and Saturdays to pay his way while attending school. In his nineteenth year he attended the academy at Moorefield, Ky.. which was under the control of Prof. Henry T. Trimble, an educator of much excellence, and a graduate of Transylvania University, Ky.

While in this academy our subject made a specialty of studying the Latin and Greek languages; he attended this school about one year, and was then employed to teach a country school near Moorefield, Ky.; here he taught one year, being a more diligent student than any of his scholars. In the twenty-second year of his age he was married to Frances Ann, daughter of William Atkinson. After this, he still continued to teach school, but being unwilling to follow this occupation for a life-time pursuit, he commenced the study of the law. reading what time was not devoted to his school work. In March, 1841, he went to the city of Madison, Ind., and continued his law studies in the law office of the Hon. Joseph G. Marshall, who had a very extensive law library. After studying here about one year, he returned to Carlisle, Ky., and staid for a while in the law office of Wm. Norvell, Esq. Here he applied for a license to practice his profession, and was examined as to his qualifications by Hon. Judge Keed, of Maysville, and Judge Simpson, of Mount Sterling, Ky., and by them he was licensed to practice law in all the courts of that commonwealth. He was first admitted to the bar at Carlisle, Ky., and there he did his first legal practice. In the autumn of 1843 he removed to Lebanon, Indiana, and resided on a small farm one-half mile east of the town. In size, Lebanon was then a village, surrounded by swamps and lagoons of water, and much of the county was then a native wilderness. Here he resided on the farm until October, 1851, at which date his wife died, and he broke up housekeeping. Soon after coming to Lebanon in 1843 he entered into the practice of the law, but the legal business here was then mostly done by attorneys from Indianapolis, who came and attended court during its terms. In what legal work Mr. Neal did, and in farming some, he managed to obtain a support. In August, 1846, he was elected from this, Boone County, a Representative to the state legislature, and again in August, 1847, he was re-elected to the same office.

During this last named session of the legislature the important subject of a settlement of the state debt of Indiana was pending. During the years 1841 to 1847 the state had failed to pay even the interest on the state debt which had been incurred in the internal improvement system of the state. The debt then, on the outstanding bonds of the state, amounted to about eighteen million dollars. The creditors of the state were urgent for some adjustment of the debt. An able attorney from London, England, representing the bondholders, visited that session of the legislature, urging the state to accept the proposition which he made on behalf of the bondholders. To this end, said attorney presented to the legislature a bill known as the Butler bill, for the adjustment of the state debt. This bill was so craftily and plausibly devised as to mislead and deceive all but the most skillful attorneys. It was put on its passage in the house and passed by a vote of seventy ayes against thirty nays. There was at that time a majority for it in the senate. With only the thirty members in the house opposed to it, and the minority in the the senate opposed to it, there seemed but little hope of defeating it. Mr. Neal co-operated with the minority, and by management the minority of the legislature defeated the Butler bill. But a detailed history of how this was effected can not be given here. Suffice to say, that the minority, in a bill which they had prepared, offered to transfer to the bondholders the Wabash and Erie Canal, and all its appurtenances and lands donated to construct it, for one- half of the state debt, and to issue new bonds for the other half, which was finally accepted by the bondholders. This was a measure of great importance to the state.

At this session Mr. Neal was active in urging the adoption of a homestead law; he wrote an able article on this subject, which was first published in the Indianapolis Sentinel and afterwards in the other papers; and so prepared the way that at the next session of the legislature a homestead law was enacted. Mr. Neal also introduced a joint resolution into the legislature prohibiting the legislature from granting divorces by legislative action. This resolution passed, and from that day to the present, the legislature has never granted another divorce. Mr. Neal's position was, that granting divorces belonged to the judicial department of the government, and not to the legislative department. This measure has since become a part of the state constitution. At the same session, Mr. Neal urged the adoption of a resolution instructing our senators and requesting our representatives in congress to adopt "the Wilmot proviso" forever inhibiting slavery in all the free territories. Mr. Neal had been educated in the Jeffersonian theory of government, and was elected on both occasions as a Jeffersonian Democrat. Id 1848 he co-operated with the free soil movement to inhibit the extension of slavery in the free territories of the United States. And when the Republican party was organized in 1856 he became an active worker in that party, and when the war of rebellion came in 1861 he acted with the union party, though on account of ill health he did not enter the military service. At that time he was partly paralyzed by neuralgia in his face and right arm. After the war had ended he i-till acted with the Republican party, until after the measures of reconstruction had been adopted and fixed in the constitution of the national government. As a means of reconstruction on a fixed basis, he prepared and advised the adoption of the fourteenth amendment, being the originator of that amendment to the constitution of the United States, which was recommended by the action of congress in June, 1866, and ratified by three-fourths of the state legislatures soon after, and became a part of the constitution. Since the measures of reconstruction were consummated, he ceased to take any active part in political affairs, and has been regarded as a non-partisan. In 1878 he wrote several able articles in favor of a well regulated greenback, or full legal tender national currency; hence, he was by some called a Greenback partisan. But he never favored the extreme measures of that party in its early days. He has taken no active part as a partisan since the adoption of the measures of national reconstruction. During the years that he took an active part in politics, he wrote extensively for different leading new-papers, but most of his writings were published anonymously.

In November, 1857, he married for his second wife Miss Clara, daughter of Charles Davis, Esq , and by her had born to him five sons and two daughters, of which children four sons and one daughter are yet living, their mother having died March 4, 1879'. In May, 1880, he was married to Mrs. Laura A., widow of George Kernodle, deceased, and by her he has had one daughter and one son.

In the year 1856 the celebrated phrenologist, Professor N. S. Fowler, of New York, delineated Mr. Neal's characteristics as follows. He said : ' Your constitution is first best�you are the toughest, hardiest, most enduring of men; can wear through what would break down ninety-nine men in every one hundred. Such ability to learn and accomplish does not often come under my hands. You do not know how much you can do, if you simply observe the health conditions. Your functions work easily, like a machine well lubricated, so that you expend but little energy�that is, all work easily right up to the very mark. Your proclivities run altogether in the line of intellect; they also run strongly in that of moral, and hence you might and perhaps should have made a minister, though you are not now as faithful to creeds as you once were, for you are doing your own thinking; yet the religious sentiment grows. You are a natural theologian, but you love religion discussed from the natural standpoint quite as well as the biblical; are a real reformer�a true lover of your race, and interested in whatever promises good to man ; plenty benevolent enough, perhaps too much so; are unable to witness or cause pain or death, even to animals ; would make a good criminal lawyer, for you would do the best you could to mitigate the punishment of your client; have an excellent talent for the practice of the law�are better adapted to that vocation than any other, except that you are a little too good and have not fight enough, so associate yourself with one more pugnacious ; you are a little too good for your own good�will often settle difficulties rather than to litigate them. Your enjoy the universal esteem of all who know you; are one of the most friendly men ; are every way popular, but destined to become more so, for you make friends of all you meet. You enjoy unlimited confidence; are able to pass from thing to thing readily; have a fair appetite to eat, but do not live to eat: have a fair love of money, but do not live to get rich�infinitely prefer honor to money; are becoming more shrewd and politic of late than formerly, yet naturally candid; are very cautious and leave no stone unturned in accomplishing ends� are in fact too cautious, yet extremely stable when your mind is made up; are wanting in self-esteem�too apt to feel unworthy and hang back; are too diffident�need brass, sir, more than anything else. You are the personification of honor, and honorable; perfectly just, even too scrupulous; are a dear lover of nature, her beauty, her perfections; have only fair mirth, and evince it more in argument than anything else; excel in arguing by ridicule; an accurate eye; a great deal of method�are good in figures and a natural scholar, and capable of excelling in all the natural sciences. You are uncommonly well informed, and have one of the best memories that come under my hands; are a splendid writer, and would make as good an editor as there is. I recommend you to try writing for the press; would draw up good reports, resolutions, etc., and make a first-rate wheel horse in any convention�in fact, anywhere; use beautiful language, and every word in its place, and the very word, though not as flippantly as correct; are very discriminating, original, and will state your points so that everybody accedes to them." Such are the words of Professor Fowler. Those who are well and intimately acquainted with Mr. Neal can judge how exactly the foregoing language corresponds with his characteristics, hence we submit what Professor Fowler has said of him.

In religion, Mr. Neal is a member of the Church of Christ. His father and mother, and his first father-in-law and mother- in-law were Calvinistic or Predestinerian Baptists, hence his early religious impressions were under the influence of that dogma, which in early life came well-nigh carrying him into the opposite extreme of Universalism; but after a careful and thorough consideration of these two theories, he discarded both as contrary to the revelation of God in the Word. After this, however, for a number of years he remained within the confusing clouds of partisan and unscriptural theories, much of which to him seemed not in harmony with divine revelation. He had never had any doubts that the holy bible contains the divinely inspired revelation of God to man. In the years of 1849-'00 ho attended the meetings of a small band of the Disciples of Christ, which held their meetings in Lebanon, and at these meetings he learned that they took the bible as their "only guide in religious faith and practice," discarding all men-made creeds. This position met his hearty approval. So, in June, 1851, while the beloved Thomas Lockhart was holding a meeting, he united with this band of disciples, known as the congregation of the Church of Christ, at Lebanon. Being a ready and fluent speaker, lie was urged to take part in the public exercises and labors of the congregation, and he did so heartily. His labors in " the word and doctrine" showed that he had made the holy scriptures a careful study, and hence were acceptable to the church. In February, 1852, he was, by the action of the church, ordained and licensed to preach "The Word," the gospel; and during the next three years he devoted his whole time to the ministry ; traveled, and visited, and preached in Indiana, Illinois and Iowa, besides laboring regularly, for a time, for several congregations, having been employed by the church at Frankfort, Ind.; at Christian Chapel, near Ladoga; also, at the church near Colfax, and at the church near Kirklin, and at Weah Prairie. But, being poor, and not receiving sufficient financial support, he had (sad as it was for him) to resume the law practice for a maintenance; but he still continued, as opportunity offered, to labor more or less in the word and doctrine, in the church mostly at the Lebanon congregation. .. And after resuming the law practice-, and while so engaged, he has never sought or received any pecuniary compensation for his labors in the church services. In religion, he has studiously avoided being "sensational," and, though some of his sermons have been published in the religious publications, and highly commended, they were, by his request, published anonymously; and so, also, most of his poetic and literary productions have been published anonymously; because he was careful to avoid notoriety. From 1843 to the present time he has been a resident of Boone County, Indiana, except about two years, from 1883 to 1885, he resided in the state of Iowa. He is emphatically a self-made man. His life has been one of great labor�constant and incessant industry; as an indefatigable student, his reading has been extensive and varied. In jurisprudence, in the sciences, in theology, in history, in the classics, in poetry, his reading has been incalculable. It seems that to study and to think was to him as natural as to breathe. Idleness found no place with him. In the judicial forum, in the halls of legislation, in the church, he has been unobtrusive, carefully avoiding attracting attention, and, as far as practicable, seeking no public notoriety, but carefully seeking to be unknown. The most important political act of his life remained unknown for twenty years after its accomplishment, except to a few confidential friends who were enjoined to secrecy. The ruling purpose and aim of his life seems to have been to acquire knowledge, and to use it for the welfare of others, rather than in the acquisition of property or public fame. To secure and promote the equal civil and religious rights of humanity, with him, has been a ruling motive, as his labors fully prove. Beginning life, he had to rely on his own efforts solely ; and, through life, he has relied solely on his own industry and economy for a support. If his energies and industry had been directed in the acquisition of property, he could undoubtedly have been financially a man of wealth ; but the acquisition of property was a subordinate and secondary consideration with him. He preferred knowledge to dollars. He had, however, in the hitter years of his busy life, acquired a sufficient property for a competency ; but during the last five years, through sickness, and on account of an unfortunate investment of all the property he had in real estate in Kansas, he lost it all; but in the meantime, having regained his health, he is again able to labor. Though now in his seventieth year, he is almost as active, physically, as a young man, and, mentally, seems to be as vigorous as at the age of forty, thus evincing that through life lie has lived in conformity to the laws of health.

JAMES NEILES
Was a son of James and Sarah Neiles, born in Fleming County, Kentucky, March 15, 1830, and from this point came to Rush County, near Rushville, stopping here for a short time, and then came to Boone County in 1852. Mr. Neiles was united in marriage to Miss Caroline Neiles, of Fleming County, Ky.; she survived until 1859, the result of this marriage being three children, of which two survive and reside in Boone County. He then was united in marriage to Miss Mary J. Shelby, of Fleming County, Ky., she living but a short time. For his third wife he married Miss Emma Goodwin, of Boone County, a daughter of the well-known Aaron Goodwin, the result of this marriage being ten children, of whom two are deceased; all reside in Boone County, Ind. Mr. Neiles is a man of great ambition and energy, and possesses all the acquirements of business with a strong mind and a head of his own. He filled the office of marshal of Lebanon when it was yet a small town, in 1865, just after the war, when it took pluck and sand to keep order, but nevertheless he always maintained the same. Politically speaking Mr. Neiles is a Democrat of the true type. His occupation has been that of forming principally,trading in real estate, settling up estates and loaning money.

WILLIAM NICELY,
One of the early citizens of Jackson Township, was born in the state of Tennessee, on the 11th day of March, 1808; entered eighty acres of land in Jackson Township near where he now resides in 1834. Mr. Nicely was first married to Catharine Christman, who was born in Virginia, in 1808; died in 1862; is buried at Mount Zion Cemetery. Mr. Nicely was again married, to Jane Farlow; died in the year 1862; is also buried at Mount Zion Cemetery. He was the third time married, this time to Susannah C. Duncan, August 16, 1863; born September 29, 1830. Of the first set of children : John M., George W., Martha J., Mary J., William F., Albert and Sarah C.; of the second marriage: Emily M., Cynthia A., James C., Jane A. (two last named are deceased). Mr. Nicely and his wife belong to the Christian Church. Mr. Nicely is among the early pioneers of Boone County. Though quite old, he is a boy yet, a good fireside talker, and was well fitted for the frontier life. He lives four miles north of Jamestown, in Jackson Township.

JACOB PARR.
When I come to write of such men as the one whose name stands at the head of this sketch, and who have, by perseverance, industry and economy, so successfully carved out their own fortune and standing in society, I am at a loss for language to convey to the reader a proper appreciation of their true worth and merit.

Mr. Parr was born in Sullivan County, East Tennessee, February 25, 1820. He came to this state in 1831, stopping in Bartholomew County for two years, when his father entered two hundred and forty acres of land in the southeastern part of Marion Township, where he settled with his wife and eight children in 1833, when this country was a wilderness, there being only three houses on the Michigan road between Indianapolis and the present village of Northfield. He helped to cut the trees that built the first house in that neighborhood, the nearest being the distance of five miles. He has lived to see the firm tread of civilization march in and take the place of the extensive forest with its many wild animals. In the year 1843 he married Miss Elizabeth Richardson, with whom he lived for thirteen years, when death entered his household and took from him his beloved companion. The result of this marriage was four children, all of whom are dead, except one daughter, the wife of John S. Jones.

In the year 1854, he married Mrs. Amanda Montgomery, of Clay County, a widow with one sou, who is now one of Marion Township's thriftiest farmers and stock traders. This ha*, indeed, been a happy marriage; no cloud has ever risen to darken their married life. The neighbors say of her that she is the most industrious, even tempered woman they ever knew. The result of this marriage is eight children.

When Mr. Parr, in 1843, married his first wife, his sole possessions were one horse and one suit of clothes j he borrowed the money to purchase his license. His only fortune then was a good constitution, temperate habits, sterling integrity and an ordinary education, and by his untiring energy and skillful financiering, he has amassed quite a good deal of this world's goods, owning, before deeding away to his children, over five hundred acres of land, and at present pays more tax than any other man in Marion Township. He has never been sued or sued any man; he is very conscientious and would not harm any one knowingly, and as far as we know, he hah not an enemy in the world. He has been an active member in the Methodist Episcopal Church since he was fifteen years of age, and a 'square-toed Democrat; never scratched his ticket with one exception. He has now passed the age allotted to man and is nearing the evening of life.

JOHN M. PATTON.
Mr. Pattern's first entrance to the county was at Eagle Village, in 1847, as a school teacher, when a young man, perhaps twenty-four or twenty-five years of age. I think he was from Southern Indiana. He remained at the village only a year or two when he went to Lebanon, and from there to Thorntown, where most of his life was spent, dying there a few years ago highly respected as a citizen and successful business man. He was associated in the banking interest there for several years as stockholder and one of its officers. He was a few years after coming to Thorntown married to a lady by the name of Allen, who is also deceased. James Pattor, their son, resides in Thorntown at this time. John M. Patton will be remembered as a jovial, kind hearted man. I call to mind going to school to him in an early day. In person he was of good features, dark hair and complexion, and all through life a cripple, using his cane as far back as I can recollect him. His political or religious notions I do not know anything about. His social qualities when young were good.

BENJAMIN PAULY.
The subject of this sketch was born in Kentucky, January 13, 1816, and is just the ago of his adopted state. He became a resident of Boone County in 1835, settling near where Holmes Station now is. Married to Virginia Smith in 1852. There were no children born to them. They, however, raised two children, Martha Leap, who was married to John Shoemaker, and Samantha Smith, who married Jacob Shoemaker. After leaving Holmes Station, Mr. Pauly resided on White- lick several years. Then he moved to Mount's Run, where he resided over thirty years. He now resides in the city of Lebanon, a retired life. He has gained a handsome property during a long and eventful life in Boone County. He has been a hard working man. His best days were spent in a struggle with the privations attending the early frontier life. Mr. Pauly is a member of the Baptist Church in good standing, and a Democrat of the Jeffersonian school.

WOODFORD W. PHILLIPS.
This old pioneer was born in Ohio, July 19, 1806. His father's name was Thomas Phillips, who was married to Mary McDowell. They came to Clinton Township in 1838, where he entered land; died in Illinois. Mrs. Phillips died in the year 1845; buried at Mechanicsburg. Woodford W. Phillips, the subject of this sketch, entered his land in Washington Township, in 1832, where he has since resided and is now living on the pike south of Mechanic^burg, where he is pleasantly located; married to Dorcas J. Russell, in Dearborn County, Ind., December 6, 1829. The following are his children's names: Oscar W., lives in Tippecauoe County, Ind.; Frank C., resides in Clinton Township, and is one of the first men in the county. To him and family I am indebted for favors shown in canvassing for the "Early Life and Times in Boonc County." Arminta M., resides in Center Township; Pauline,, died October 10, 18.37; buried at Mechanicsburg; Angeline A., resides in Marion Township; Thomas B, died March, 1882; buried at the Bethel Cemetery, in Washington Tcwn- ship; Roswell, lives in Marion Township; Virginia F., died at home, July 21, 1886; buried at Mechanicsburg; John F., died September 2, 1862; buried at Mechanicsburg; Cordelia; Luella E., resides in Washington Township. Mr. Phillips was again married, to Susannah Wallace, March 8, 1848; she died January 25, 1870; was the third time married to Elizabeth Simpson, July 19, 1872, the widow of the late Jesse Simpson, who died November 23, 1867 ; buried at Lebanon. Mr. Phillips is ami. ng the old men of the county, is in his eighty-second year. This is truly a pioneer family, well known in the county, and will in time to come be remembered.

JOSEPH B. PITZER,
A native of Virginia, was born there in the year 1813; came to Eagle Creek, in Marion County, about the year 1839 or 1840. In the same year, or about that time, he was married to Susan Stephenson, of Knightstown, with whom he is now living in Zionsville. Mr. Pitzer is the father of but one child (Rufus), who died at the age of eighteen or twenty years. In 1846 Mr. Pitzer, in connection with John P. Welch, started a store in Eagle Village, where they built up one of the largest trades ever gained in that town. This firm continued three or four years. Mr. Welch died in 1850. Soon after Mr. Pitzer was elected county auditor; served four years with credit to all. Mr. Pitzer was an old-time Whig and recently has acted with the Republican party, and as such was elected to the office referred to. Mr. Pitzer has gained, through industry and economy, a competency for himself in his now declining days. Having retired from business the past eight or ten years, he is living quietly at Zionsville, where he enjoy the respect of all. In person he is rather under medium size. He is a brother of the late Judge Nash L. Pitzer. The writer has known Mr. Pitzer since 1846, and can testify of his worth. We hope he and his wife may live many years to enjoy their well earned estate.

SETH W. PORTER.
The subject of this sketch, Seth W. Porter, was of Irish extraction and was born at Snow Hill, on the eastern shore of Maryland, May 30, 1791. Came to Kentucky in 1811; enlisted in Colonel Dudley's regiment and followed the fortune.- of his gallant commander to the relief of General Harrison, at Fort Meigs. He was in the disastrous defeat of Dudley, and was captured by the Indians, with whom he remained a prisoner for several months. He came to Parke County. Indiana, in 1828, and to Boone County, where ho settled in Jefferson Township, in June, 1836. In the midst of the howling wilderness, with his family, he began life anew. They slept in the wagon until the cabin could be prepared so as to shelter them. He died on the same spot, May 9, 1870. His widow, who was born in Fleming County, Kentucky, May 25, 1800, survived him and died at the same place in 1879. He was the father of Dr. A. G. Porter, of Lebanon ; Dr. A. M. Porter, of State Line City, Indiana; M. B. Porter, farmer, of Jefferson Township, this county; and. Dr. W. D. Porter, of Higginsville, Illinois. The aggregate ages of these four sons is two hundred and forty-nine years.

ISAAC POWELL
Was born in Nicholas County, Kentucky, in 1780. He was married to Sarah Boyd in the above county, remained there until the year 1835, when he came to Boone County, Indiana. His parents were from England, and came to Kentucky in an early day, where they were pioneers, indeed. Isaac Powell died in the year 1843, and was buried on the farm where he settled, now known as the Watson farm. Sarah Powell, hi.s wife died in 1858, and was buried at the same place. The following are the names of the family: Ann, Mary, Martin, Charles, Sarah, Marena, Elizabeth, Martha, William C., Eliza, and Jeremiah. Five of the above are now living in Boone County, viz: Martin, Marena Stephenson, Sarah McCann, Elizabeth, and William C. Powell. This is one of the early families of the county, as well as the largest. William C., who is one of the best citizens of Clinton Township, furnished the above facts of his father's family; is a resident of Clinton Township, where he owns a fine farm.

DR. JESSE REAGAN.
Dr. Reagan was born in Warren County, Ohio, February 15, 1829. He was first married to Elizabeth Hardesty, September 27, 1854. The following are the names of their children : Annie, married to Mr. Curry, she resides in Kirkland, married the second time to W. W. Wilds; Frank C., married to Victory Hangs, resides in Mechanicsburg; Lucy J., married to Mack Warburnton (deceased, buried in Clinton County, Ind.); Milly M., at home. Dr. Reagan was the second time married to Mrs. Emma Hebb, November 24, 1884. To them was born one child, Walter G., born in 1884. Dr. Reagan read medicine with Dr. Almon Lofton in Rossville, Clinton County, Ind., and commenced the practice of medicine in Mechanicsburg nearly thirty years ago ; has grown gray in the profession, and no man has a better record than Dr. Reagan, as a successful doctor and gentleman, in the counties of Clinton and Boone, where-he has practiced so long and so well. Has worn himself out in his chosen profession, and in the evening of life his fellow citizens elected him county clerk, November, 1886. He is a member of the Masonic order, and has a high regard for its teachings. Also a member of the Presbyterian Church. See his portrait in another part of this work.

JONATHAN RICHARDSON.
Mr. Richardson was born in Grasom County, Virginia, January 14, 1797, and went with his parents at the age of three years to Kentucky, where he lived until he was twenty- three years of age; when about the year 1818 he came to Rush County, Indiana, where he married Anna Wheeler in 1822. Miss Wheeler was born in Maine, April 22, 1807. They were married in Rush County, December 25, 1822; came to Decatur County, Indiana, where they resided until the year 1837, when they removed to Marion Township, this county, near Big Springs, and where they were pioneers, and where their best days were spent in developing the county. Mr. Richardson died June 26, 1856, in the fifty-ninth year of his age, and is buried at the Big Spring Cemetery. Mrs. Richardson is yet living, in the eightieth year of her age. She is a member of the regular Baptist Church. The following are the names of this pioneer family, of which there were fifteen in number; ten are dead, five living: John W., Elizabeth J., William, George B., Mary A., James, Tillman H., Ameline R., Jonathan, Sarah and Rachel. The following are living: William resides in Marion Township; George B., same; Mary Parr, in Jolliettville; Nancy E. Parr, in Hamilton County, Ind.; Jonathan, in Boone County. All lived to be men and women except two, who died in infancy. To William we are indebted for the above hi.story.

HIRAM J. ROBERTS
Was born in New York State, November 25, 1804; married to Eunice Young, March 4, 1837. Miss Young was born in New York, August 17, 1813; married in Tippecanoe County, Indiana. Came to Clinton Township, Boone County, in 1837. Mr. R. entered, in 1837, the land on which he died, April 25, 1873. His family yet live on the farm, near the Clinton County line, and on the bank of Sugar Creek. The following are the names of their children : Silas, died at the age of four years; Charles R., died at the age of fourteen mouths: James L., died at the age of one year; Sarah A., married to Richard Hardesty, April 5, 1863, resides in Clinton Township; William H., married to Margaret A. Sims; Hayden E., married to Martha E Hundley, resides in Kansas; Mary A., married to James Sims, resides in Clinton County, Indiana ; John Alonzo, died at the age of nine years; Diana, born October 18, 1852, lives at home; Josiah, married to Mary K. Blubough, August 17,1882, lives on the farm. The 'deceased members are buried at Mechanicsburg. Mrs. Roberts is a member of the Christian Church.

WILLIAM R. ROBERTS
First saw the light of day in Kentucky, and on the 13th day of March, 1834. His parents names were Reden and Isabel Roberts, born in Nicholas County, Ky. William R. Roberts, the subject of this sketch, was married to Miss E. Miller (born October 10, 1821) on January 8, 1846. Her father's name was James Miller, her mother's name before marriage was- Mary Davidson. Mr. and Mrs. Roberts came to Boone County in 1855. The following are their children's names: Barton L. (deceased); James R.; Robert W., resides in Lebanon; Andrew D. (deceased); Millard W.; Nancy, married to A. B Huckstep; Permelia F., married to Thomas McKern, resides in Jefferson Township. Mr. Roberts served thirteen years as justice of the peace. Mr. and Mrs. Roberts belong to the Baptist Church. The deceased members of the family are buried at Pleasant View Cemetery, in Jefferson Township. Mr. Roberts resides about six miles northwest of Lebanon. Though Mr. Roberts is not a pioneer, he has been here a long time, and is well known as a substantial citizen of the county.

DR. AHIJAH ROBINSON.
Dr. Ahijah Johnson died at his suburban home Saturday, March 6, 1886, at 4 o'clock p. M., after six mouths of intense suffering. He had been failing in health for some time, but fought manfully against his ailments until the development of the cause which produced death. The announcement of his death caused the most profound sorrow, he having been one among the prominent business men in Lebanon for a number of years. He is one who throughout his life enjoyed the warm friendship of all with whom he was associated, and his personal merits have been recognized by his fellow citizens. Prominent among the features of his character was his pacific disposition. Throughout his life he lived at peace with all men. He contributed generously for the furtherance of enterprises having for their object the general welfare of the country. His strict fidelity to his trust always won the approbation and confidence of those with whom he had dealings, he never having filled a place that did not expand or reflect credit on himself, yet he never had any desire to make himself conspicuous. He had been sorely afflicted for fifty-four years, but bore his afflictions bravely. He was honored throughout the community for his upright character and incorruptible integrity, and throughout a long and useful life retained, undiminished, the confidence and respect of all who knew him. He was born- in Washington County, Va., August 18, 1823. He came to Indiana in 1829, where he passed the days of his boyhood and youth. In a new settlement, remote from large cities and towns, his early educational advantages were naturally limited. As he grew in years, however, he, by individual research and close application, obtained a good store of knowledge and became a man of more than ordinary intelligence. He served as a justice of the peace in his native county for a number of years, and was afterward commissioned to act as postmaster in several villages of the same county. He also served in the capacity of county commissioner.

After studying the science of medicine he began the practice in the state of Illinois, subsequently transferring his experience from that state to the counties of Hendricks and Boone, Indiana. On the 18th of October, 1857, he was married to Miss Nettie McClintick, in Hendricks County, three years subsequent to his location in Boone County. He continued to practice the medical profession until disabled by physical infirmities. After locating at Lebanon he filled, at various times, the offices of township trustee, postmaster and county commissioner. He was one who assisted in organizing the First National Bank of Lebanon, and for several years acted as one of the officers, but becoming physically disqualified for active business he withdrew and lived a retired life until his death. He was the first of his family to pass away, and leaves his wife, daughter, her husband, and two sons to mourn the loss of a good, kind, indulgent husband and father. The funeral services were conducted at the residence by Rev. Banta, at 2 o'clock Sunday afternoon, March 7, 1886, and the remains were then laid to rest in the new cemetery, under the auspices of the Masons, with whom he had been a faithful brother for forty years.

MASONIC RESOLUTIONS.
Since the edict of the Divine Architect of the universe to to our fathers in the Garden of Eden after the transgression : " Dust thou.art and unto dust shalt thou return," the children of men have been born into the world, suffered their brief period and have passed away. So at frequent intervals we are called to mourn for our brethren who have ''passed to that bourne from which no traveler returns." We, as a fraternity, believe that, as is emblematized by the sprig of acacia that bloomed at the head of the Grand Master's grave that our .sleeping brother will rise again to live forever in the Grand Lodge above, where we will meet in an unbroken assembly throughout eternity.

Resolved, That in the death of our brother, Ahijah Robinson, who passed from labor to refreshment on the 6th day of March, 1886. we lost a true Mason�one who loved the order and was true to his professions.

Resolved, That our sympathies are extended to the bereaved family, who have lost a loving husband and father.

Resolved, That these resolutions be made a matter of record in the lodge, and a copy furnished to each of the papers in the city and to the family of the deceased.

OZIAS ROBINSON
Was born December 12, 1808, in the state of Kentucky. He was married to Margaret Dickson, in 1827. Came to Putnam County, Indiana, remained there a few years, then to Clinton Township, Boone County, in 1835. Mrs. Robinson was born in Kentucky, in 1809, July 1. The following are the children's names: Martha A., married to Alvin Jolly; William J., born 1828, married to Miss Roberts, in 1847, then Dorotha Stone, May 25, 1884; James F., married to Sarah Gullion, born in Lebanon, Indiana; Ebenezer, married to Matilda Evans, resides in Kansas. Mr. R. died July, 1882, is buried at Elizaville Cemetery. She was a member of the Baptist Church. Mr. R. is yet living, with his son, near Elizaville. James F. was in the army, a member of the 86th Indiana Volunteers; was killed at Mission Ridge. Mr. and Mrs. Robinson were early and highly respected citizens of Clinton Township.

SAMUEL RODEFER,
A portrait of whom appears on another page of this volume, is one of the oldest and best known citizens of Boone County. He is a native of Virginia, having been born near Woodstock. Shenandoah County, in that state. His early life was marked by the toils and privations so characteristic of the sturdy people of that day and generation. At the age of eighteen years his father, Philip Rodefer, had the son bound to Henry Layman, for a term of three years, to learn the trade of carpentering. For his services in this vocation the young man was rewarded by being clothed by his employer and sent to school three months in the winter of each year. Two weeks of each year, however, in accordance with the terms of the contract, the son was to be allowed to assist in the harvesting at his father's farm. He remained with Layman about one year and a half, but that gentleman removing to Ohio at the end of that time, the young apprentice was released from his contract. Following this experience young Rodefer worked in the country for a time, and subsequently went to Woodstock, where he worked for John Glower, Sr., at carpentering and cabinet making, which he continued for several years, receiving for his services the munificent salary of from five to eight dollars per month. In February, 1839, at the solicitation of his brother, James, who was four years his senior and had been living at Logansport, the subject of this sketch was induced to return to Indiana with his relative, He was then twenty-two years of age. On Sunday, the 10th day of March, 1839, the brothers started to the .west, overland, having one horse between them, the two alternately walking and riding, in accordance with a mutual understanding. The journey was a long and tedious one, the monotony of the dreary march being relieved only occasionally by incidents which space forbids to be detailed in this brief sketch. Their route was along the National road, and they traveled at the rate of about thirty to thirty-three miles a day. Arriving in Montgomery County, Ohio, they rested two weeks with an uncle who resided twelve miles west of Dayton. Resuming their journey, they passed through the town of Marion, Indiana, and thence through the Indian Reserve to Peru, the younger brother there beholding for the first time a real, live Indian. They arrived in Rochester, Fulton County, April 17,1839. The subject of this sketch soon after commenced work at cabinet making for Jacob Kitt. By hard labor and the most rigid economy the struggling young mechanic had saved up a sum of money amounting to $20 or $25, and while working at his trade there he made his first loan, which, by the way, was an unfortunate one, a .scheming individual getting the hard earnings of the young man in exchange for a worthless note, an experience Mr. Rodefer frequently experienced in the latter years of an active business life, and while some of his transactions in after years may have cost him many times the amount of his first loss, none of them, perhaps, were ever so keenly felt.

In the latter part of December, 1842, Mr. Rodefer was united in marriage with Mary Ann \V. Barlow, whoso home was in Hendricks County, but who was then living with her sister, Mrs. Ruth J. Martin. To this union one child was born December 27, 1843 a daughter, who is yet living, the wife of John F. Gabriel, of Carthage, Mo. Mrs. Rodefer died July 7, 1844. In June, 1848, Mr. Rodefer was married the second time to Mary Brewer, of Greenwood, Ind., who lived with her sister, Mrs. Ponce, near Rochester, and the following year moved to Lebanon, then a struggling village. This wife died in December, 1849, in a house built by Mr. Rodefer on a lot which is now covered by the Globe Flouring Mills. In April, 1852, Mr. Rodefer was again married, his bride being Miss Tabitha Campbell, of Johnson County, a lady of many virtues and accomplishments. She died June 27, 1866, leaving two daughters Dora, a bright and promising girl, who died January 28, 1871, and Atha May, now the wife of Charles E. Wilson.

Mr. Rodefer's residence in Lebanon has been marked by an active participation in business affairs, and his entire time is still devoted to his large business interests. By prudent investments, a close attention to details, correct habits, and a strict adherence to business rules, he has accumulated a handsome competence. He subscribes freely to every practical public enterprise, and gives freely to every deserving charity; and yet the manner of the giving is so modest and so unostentatious that the acts are not blazoned to the world. He is thoroughly in accord with the tenets of orthodox Christianity, and a liberal contributor to all churches of whatsoever name.

The poet of divine tragedy has aptly said that" The evils that men do live after them ; The good is oft interred with their bones."

It is no exaggeration to say that the evils of the man of whom we write are fewer than those of most men of this age. Born midst the humblest surroundings, bereft of influential friends or relatives, thrown on the cold charities of the world and his own resources, and with only a meager education, he has successfully fought the great battle of life, armed as he was only with the inherent virtues of a strong will, a long head and a good heart.

The term "self-made" is often inappropriately used. As applied to the gentleman of whom we write, it is essentially true that he is thoroughly a self-made man. He never knew the vices of the modern youth he never learned to swear or drink or to use tobacco in any form. Abstemious in his habits, sensible to the laws of nature, and having complete control of himself under all circumstances, he has passed the period allotted to man of three score years and ten in the full possession of every physical and mental faculty; and while the sun of his busy' and eventful life has reached and passed its meridian, it still shines bright in the western horizon, but still hesitating to sink in the fathomless sea of everlasting rest, shedding its benign rays on the declining years of one who may at times seemed to have been severe in order that he might be just, but whose sympathies in all things were on the side of justice and mercy and righteousness; and when final and unprejudiced judgment shall come to be passed upon him by the future biographer it can be truly said :

" His life was gentle, And the elements so mixed in him That nature might stand up and say to all the world, 'This was a man.' "

JAMES H. SAMPLE.
Mr. Sample was born in the state of Ohio on the 11th day of August, 1803. He was married to Isabelle Wylie in Kentucky in 1827. Came to Boone County in the year 1833. Mr. Sample died September 3, 1853. The following are the names of this largo family: Joseph A., born February 11, 1829; Robert, born September 26, 1830; Hugh R., born March 22, 1832, died in infancy; Mary E., born March 3, 1833; Hugh W., born August 28, 1835; Eliza A., born May 22, 1837, died in infancy; Andenille, born January 23, 1839. was in the 10th Indiana Volunteers, died March 4, 1864, at Nashville, Tenn., brought home and buried at Salem Cemetery; he was wounded September 17, 1863; William H.,born February 24, 1841, died August 18, 1860; Dorcas W., born May 21, 1843; Rebecca J., born April 14, 1845, died December 23, 1877; John R,, born April 17,1849; Margaret A.r born May 3, 1851. Mr. and Mrs. Sample settled in the green woods when the country was new; there were no roads or mills near. Mr. Sample taught about the first school ever taught in Clinton Township. The four first named were born in Kentucky. Mr. and Mrs. Sample were members of the Presbyterian Church. Mrs. Sample died August 27, 1881. Mr. Sample was justice of the peace eight years. They were highly respected members of the church and society.

WILLIAM R. SANFORD.
Mr. S. was born in Mercer County, Kentucky, February 13, 1796; was united in marriage to Elizabeth Threlkeld in Kentucky, in the year 1819. Mrs. San ford was born in Shelby County, Kentucky, November 12, 1794. She died September, 1876; is buried at the Shannondale Cemetery. This worthy couple came to Jefferson Township, in 1834, when that part of the county was quite new and undeveloped. "When they first came their neighbors were scattered ; a heavy forest in every direction. Nothing but strong hands and determination would have succeeded in making a home in the new country. Mr. S. is yet living with his daughter, Mrs. T. J. Stipe, at the age of ninety years. The following are their children's names: Eveline, Martha, John T , George, Yowell, Thomas W., .Line, Elisha, Sally, Hiram, Samuel R., and James H. The following are deceased : John and Elisha ; are buried at the Shannondale Cemetery, in Montgomery, County, Indiana.

GEORGE W. SCOTT,
Of Harrison Township, was born in Virginia, January 2,1826, in Lee County ; came with his parents to Morgan County, Ind., in 1831, remained there two years ; then to Hendricks County, remained there six years, when the family came, in 1840, to Boone County, settling in Harrison Township in January of that year. His father's name was Nathaniel Scott, his mother's name before marriage was Sarah E. Coldwell. Nathaniel Scott was born in Giles County, Va., July 14, 1796; was married to Sarah E. Coldwell, in Virginia, in 182-3. Mr. Scott was in the war of 1812. He died October 22, 1877, aged eighty-three years, three months. Mrs. Scott died April 1, 1884, aged eighty-one years; both are buried at Union Cemetery in Jackson Township. The following are the names of this pioneer family : Rachel S , Marion K., George W., Reuben M., John M., all dead except George W. Scott, the subject of this sketch, who resides in Harrison Township. George W. Scott was married to Druzilly James, January, 1847. She died August, 1875, and is buried at Mt. Union Cemetery. Three children were born to them. Mr. Scott was the second time married to Miss Sarah J. Lower. Seven children were born to them. Mr. Scott served ten years as township trustee with general acceptability, and was nominated in 1886 for county commissioner by the Democratic party, but was defeated a few votes by William C. Crump. In 1872 Mr. Scott had the misfortune to lose one of his legs in a runaway with horses. He is pleasantly located on the pike between New Brunswick and Lebanon, where he owns a fine farm and enjoys the confidence of the people he has so long been associated with. To him and family we are greatly indebted to for favors shown in the canvass for this work.

JOHN SHAW.
Mr. S. was born in the state of New York, in the year 1792; his wife, Clarissa Stearns, was born the same year in the state of Vermont. They were married in the state of New York, in 1815. Came to Eagle Township, Boone County,, in 1830. Their children were all born in the state of New York. Mrs. Shaw died in the year 1863; Mr. Shaw died in 1883, at the advanced age of ninety-one years. Both buried at the Pleasant Hill Cemetery. The following are the names of their children : John S. Shane, born in the year 1816; Nelson Shaw, born in the year 1817 ; Laura Jane, born in the year 1819. Laura J. died in the year 1881. John Shaw is the father of John S.Shaw and Nelson Shaw, of Eagle Township, where they have lived since 1830. They each own a fine farm and are well located, prosperous citizens of that part of the county. John Shaw, senior, was one of the oldest men and citizen of the township, outliving all his first neighbors who settled on Eagle Creek as early as 1830.

JOHN SHELBURN.
Mr. Shelburn was born in Kentucky in the year 1808. Came to where he now lives nearly fifty years ago. Though, strictly speaking, he is not one of the first settlers, yet the county was new when he arrived. He married Miss Bishop, daughter of William Bishop, one of the first settlers on Big Eagle. Mr. Shelburn has one of the finest farms on Big Eagle, two and one-half miles north of Zionsville, where his best days were spent and his best energies put forth to make a farm and raise his family, which he has done with credit He now is old and highly respected as an honest man and a Christian gentleman, a Baptist by faith and practice. No man in Boone County stands higher than John Shelburn.

THOMAS J. SHELBURN.
Mr. Shelburn, though comparatively a young man and citizen of the county, stands to-day deservedly high, having served a term of years as township trustee of Eagle Township, where he has resided for the past twenty years. - He has been engaged in farming and stock raising successfully. He was nominated for1 county auditor on the Democratic ticket in 1886, but was defeated by a few votes by J. H. Perkins at the November election, 1886. He is as pleasant a gentleman as one will find anywhere. He is a brother of Benjamin Shelburn, who resides at the old John Duzan homestead on Eagle Creek. He married a daughter of Mr. Duzan, and owns a fine farm and other land adjoining. He is also a good farmer, and a member of the Baptist Church near where he lives. He is about fifty years of age, Thomas J. being a few years younger. Both are true and tried Democrats. They are relatives of John Shelburn of the same township. George and Charles are brothers of B. W. and T. J. Shelburn.

GEORGE SHOEMAKER
Was born in North Carolina, September 17, 1811, and came to Union Township, Boone County, in 1837. He was first united in marriage to Martha Harvey, who died in December, 1848. The following arc the names of his children by the first marriage : Lev! P.; Isaac M.; Michael, died in Vicksburg during the late war; was in the 54th Indiana Volunteer Regiment; buried at Vicksburg; Malinda J., deceased, and Eliza E. The following children are by his second marriage, which occurred June 11, 1850, to Elizabeth Allen: John J., Frances H., James B., Laura B. George Shoemaker is one of the prominent men of Boone County, having served as county commissioner several years, township trustee eight years, and is and has been connected with the banks at Lebanon as an officer and stockholder; he is also one of our best farmers, owning at one time nearly one thousand acres of choice land in Union Township, eight miles east of Lebanon, where he has resided many years, highly respected by all. Is a member of the Regular Baptist Church. -No man in the county stands higher than Mr. Shoemaker, one of the pioneers of Union Township.

PHILIP SICKS.
Prominent among the farmers of Boone County is the person whose name stands at the head of this sketch. He was born in Bath County, Kentucky, July 15,1803; came to Flat Rock, Decatur County, stopping there one year, and from there ho landed in Boone County, in the spring of 1836, and has been a permanent resident ever since.

Mr. Sicks was married to Nancy Shane, March 9, 1826, in Nicholas County, Kentucky; the result of this marriage being nine children, of whom three are deceased, and his wife died July 6, 1848. Afterwards married Amelia Vidato, of whom lie has never raised any children. She died October 12, 1882. Mr. Sicks then united in marriage to Margaret Sicks, who was born in Bath County, Kentucky, with whom he lived until bis death. She yet resides on the corner of Lebanon and Elm streets, in a comfortable home, where Mr. Sicks passed away, September 13, 1886. Mr. Sicks united with the Christian Church in 18(>6 and has always been a commanding Christian. No man in Boone County was more highly respected by his neighbors and acquaintances than Philip Sicks. At his death his descendants numbered eighty-nine�six children, forty- eight grandchildren, and thirty-five great-grandchildren. Such was the career of an honest, upright, intelligent, and worthy citizen.

JOHN SLOCUM,
One of the pioneers of Boone County, was born in Harrison County, Va., May 22, 1803. Married to Sarah McCann, who was born July 27, 1805. They were married May 18, 182G. Came first to Rush County, Ind., and remained there one year. In April, 1830, they landed in Washington Township, on Spring Creek, where Ire owned a large tract of land, a part of which he entered. He died July 3, 1866; Mrs. S. died September 27, 1863; both are buried in Bethel Cemetery, near where they first settled, and where their life was mostly spent, or the best days at least. Names of their children : Robert, born March 15, 1827, resides in Washington Township, and is one of the best farmers and men in the county; owns 640 acres of choice land six miles north of Lebanon; he was married to Nancy J. Snodgrass; Sarah, deceased in Kansas, September, 1866; Thomas, born July 17, 1830, married to Martha Rose, resides in Knox County, Mo.; John, born November 11, 1834, married to Eliza Taylor, resides in Jefferson Township; Margaret, born August 7, 1835, married to David Thornburg; she is deceased ; buried in the Bethel Cemetery, in Washington Township; Mary J., married to William Lansbury, born November 28, 1841; Ann, born April 12, 1846, died September, 1866, and is buried in Bethel Cemetery; Rebecca, died in infancy; Harriet, born April 29, 1848, died at the age of five years. This is one of the largest as well as the earliest families in Washington Township. Long may their memory live. While canvassing for this work we called on Robert, the eldest of the family, and from whom we obtained the history of his family. We wish to thank Mr. Robert Slocum for his kindness, also his family. The grandfather of John Slocum was born in England, 1744. Came to America 1767, and died in Hampshire, Va. He was married to Abigail Lee, one of the Lee family, who came to Virginia. On another page of this work will be found a portrait of Robert Slocum, taken at the age of sixty years.

AARON SMITH,
One of the pioneers of Boone County, was born in 1800. Was united in marriage to Frances Thomas in 1825. She was born in Kentucky in the year 1810. They came to Perry Township in 1835, then an unbroken woods. Mr. Smith bought 120 acres of land at Gaunt Mill, where he at once began to make a home in the woods. He, with his wife, made a successful effort and soon were possessed.of a. well cultivated farm. Mr. Smith died in the fall of 1877, highly respected. Mrs. Smith is yet living at the age of seventy-seven, just the age at which her husband died. Mr. Smith is buried at the Mt. Tabor Cemetery, in Perry Township. This pioneer family raised a large family of eight children, five boys and three girls, named as follows: Daniel (deceased), Caleb, resides in Zionsville; Eli, born in Kentucky, 1830, married to Patsy A. Kemper, October 24, 1850, resides in Perry Township. He was elected county treasurer in 1885; he also served as township trustee nine years; he is highly esteemed as a valuable citizen and has made a good officer, in every relation of life a good man; Malinda S., Permelia F., Presly T., all living; William T., died at the age of eight years; Laura F., died at the age of five years; buried at Mt. Tabor Cemetery in Perry Township. Mr. Smith was a sterling Democrat of the Jeffersonarian school. He taught the second school in Perry Township.

ISAAC H. SMITH.
The one whose name heads this brief sketch resides in the southwestern part of Boone County, adjoining Hendricks County on the south, and one mile west of his house is the line of Montgomery County. He has resided here many years, and owns a fine farm of 240 acres, well cultivated, and has a splendid brick house and other buildings; in fact, everything denotes thrift and energy. Mr. Smith was born in Hendricks County, Ind., December 27, 183,3. His parents, Harden and Elizabeth Smith, were born in Kentucky, but came when young to Jackson Township, Boone County, where they were married, where they resided many years and he entered forty acres of land. About this time Isaac H. Smith, the subject of this sketch, together with his parents, had a struggle with life. Hardships came thick and fast, when Isaac proposed to go to Thorn town and learn the carpenter's trade with Samuel Otterman, at ten dollars per month. This was in the year 1852. He remained in and around Thorntown for three years. At this time he became a partner with Joseph Otterman in the above business. This firm did a large amount of work in Montgomery and Boone counties, building barns, houses, etc. The work then, as a matter of course, had to be done by hand, as there were no planing mills then and the work was laborious. But Mr. Smith had the grit and manhood to surmount all obstacles and succeeded in helping his parents in the struggle of life. He was married to Anna L. Otterman, daughter of Lewis Otterman, April 13, 1856. His family consists of nine children, four boys and five girls. One of the sons died when young. Mr. Smith's mother died in November, 1855.

WILLIAM SMITH
Was one among the many pioneers of Boone, settling down about one and a half miles southwest of Zionsville and living there until his death. Mr. Smith was born in what is now called New Virginia, January 21, 1799, and lived there until 1830, when he moved to Boone County, where he has made his residence ever since. He was united in marriage January 15, 1826, to Miss Margaret Carr, of Virginia, who was born September 7, 1809, and died April 19, 1880, this marriage being a very happy one. They have raised nine children, six boys and three girls, of whom two are deceased. Farming was his only occupation. He belonged to no creed, but always lived a conscientious and admirable life. Mr. Smith was a Jacksonian Democrat of the old type. Such was the life of a useful, honest and honorable old man. Mr. Smith in person was low, heavy-set, fair complexion, light hair. Is the father of Ex-county Commissioner Wm Smith and Attorney Jesse Smith, of Zionsville. He was many years justice of the peace.

WILLIAM WARREN SMITH
Was born November 25, 1814, near Baltimore, Md., and at the age of twelve, his father, John Smith, emigrated to Baxter County, Virginia. When in his twenty-first year, the subject of this sketch, in company with his brother, John T. Smith, came to Franklin County, Ohio. On the 17th of January, 1839, he and Miss Catharine Weaver were joined in wedlock, and with an eye to the future they, for a time, were content to live in the Buckeye State. In the course of time two heirs were born unto them, both being girls. The oldest one died, and the parents being in poor circumstances, turned their yes toward the setting sun. Loading their household goods into one wagon, they, with their one daughter, emigrated to Indiana in October 1842. They landed in the dismal swamps of Boone, where frogs croaked, owls hooted, and wolves howled. In the midst of all this they bought forty acres of William B. Brackenridge, for a consideration of two hundred and twenty- five dollars. The next thing in order was to build a cabin, and at this station pioneer life began. In the midst of the forest, without money, without road;-, and a long way to market through mud and mire what was to be done? They had come to stay, and had brought their iron will with them. By industry and.patience he helped to tear down the forest. He had not only the welfare of his family and neighbors at heart, but the love of Christ also. He was a Predestinarian, but alas! he was called to lay down his labors here on earth. He passed from among the living January 31, 1884, aged sixty-nine years, two months and six days. He left an aged widow, three sons and two daughters to mourn their loss. It is to be hoped their loss is his gain in the world to come. He left all his family a good home. There were seven children, four of whom survive. They are as follows: David W., who married Mary J. Williams, resides in Boone County ; Bazzle H., who married Serreld Fitch, also lives in Boone County ; Warren J., married Henrietta Smith, lives in Boone County; Rachel, married George Low, of Hamilton County, where they now live. Bazzle married twice, the second time to Nancy Stoker.

W. W. Smith, who furnished the above, is a valuable citizen of Perry Township, and who kindly entertained us while getting material for this work.

JAMES ARGALUS AND JEMIMA JANE NEAL SMOCK
    Mr. and Mrs. James Argalus Smock, noted pioneer family, lived and farmed in Boone County all their lives. Mr. Smock also served as a commissioner of Boone County in 1916. They were members of the Fayette Baptist Church.
    Mr. and Mrs. S. Argalus Smock were married February 11, 1385, by the Rev. William Hambrick. Mrs. Smock was the former Jemima Jane Neal.
The couple first started farming on the Todd farm, one mile south of Road 334 on Road 52. In two years they moved to a home eight miles south of Lebanon on Road 52 in Perry Township. A log cabin served as home for a short time while the Smock’s built a new house.
    The couple had six children: Mrs. Tommy (Hazel) Caldwell, Mrs. Elza (Rut) Harmon, Mrs. Fred (Vessie) Cooper, Edna Smock, Lawrence Smock, and David
Smock. All are deceased.
Mr. Smock died September 2, 1929. Mrs. Milna Smock then made her home with her daughter, and family, Mr. and Mrs. Tommy Caldwell until her death June 27, 1947.
Mr. and Mrs. Argalus Smock have several living grandchildren. They include Mrs. Alfred Belt, Mrs. Joe Wood, Harold Smock, all of Lebanon; Earl Smock, of Zionsville; Marlin Smock, of Danville; Don Smock, of Indianapolis; and Fred S. Cooper, of New Augusta. A niece of Mrs. Smock, Mrs. Ruie Tanselle, resides in Lebanon.
In the 1920’s Mr. and Mrs. Smock were featured in an article in the Lebanon Reporter when they installed a Ben Hut Lighting and Cooking Plant in their home. The Ben Hut was manufactured by the of Crawfordsville. Johnson Acetylene Gas Co., Mr. Smock says, “We tried them all • both acetylene cellar plains and electric; at the poor farm, They not only would not do the business, but I was scared an the time for fear that some one who didn't understand would get a hand torn off while they were oiling and adjusting the machinery or would be disfigured for life by the fumes of the acid that sputters and boils in the batteries. The Ben Hur Plant goes out in the yard, like a cistern, and there is noting that could harm anyone.’

DR. W. D. STARKEY.
My paternal grandfather, Stacy Starkey, was born in Button County, New Jersey, April '25, 1772, and after learning the blacksmith trade migrated to Chambersburg, Penn.. where he married Margaret Dynes, daughter of Francis Dynes and Mary Dynes. A few years after their marriage they migrated to Fleming County, Ky., where they brought up a family of seven children. In the year 1830 he migrated to Marion County, Ind., locating about two miles from the present site- of Traders' Point, where in 1856 he died, his beloved companion with whom he had lived over sixty years following him for a few months, both being interred in Jones' Chapel Cemetery .near their last place of residence. My father, Jesse Chambers, youngest child of Stacy and Margaret Starkey, was born May 19, 181], in Fleming County, Ky., and with his father when nineteen years old migrated to Marion County, Ind., in 1830; lived on a farm until the time of his death, June 16, 1864; was interred in Jones' Chapel Cemetery. At the age of twenty-two was married to Mary F. McCurdy, in Marion County, Ind. My mother was born September 2, 1811, in Livingston County, New York, and when but five years old migrated into Marion County, Ind., with her father and mother and an older brother and sister, locating on White River, near the present site of Broad Ripple. In 1818 a short move was made to a point on Eagle Creek, one-half mile above the present site of Traders' Point. In 1821, when it was decided to locate the capital of the state at the present site of Indianapolis, another move was made to a point three miles down Eagle Creek, to have the advantages of a residence nearer the capital of the state. My maternal grandfather hero entered a large tract of land, about 2,500 acres, as soon as the land was surveyed. He resided in the present limit;! of Marion County, about six years before the government survey David McCurdy was born in Scotland, in 1775, and with his mother and only brother, migrated when he was four years- old to America, locating in Livingston County, N. Y. He died in 1858, and was interred in Jones' Chapel Cemetery, where my grandmother had been buried years before.

I was the third son of Jesse C. and Mary F. Starkey, and was born September 22. 1837, on a farm near Traders' Point, Marion County. Was one of a family of seven sons and one Daughter; was brought up on a farm. Had the advantages of the common schools of the neighborhood and a select school taught in the neighborhood by W. H. Griggs, whose zeal and scientific attainments will be remembered by many. After teaching school two years, I commenced, at the age of twenty- two years, the study of medicine, with Dr. S. A. Ross, of Clermont, Marion County, Ind.; continued the study with him two years, and attended lectures in the Rush Medical College, of Chicago, in 1850-61 ; when, after spending a few months' with Drs. W. N. Dtizan and S. Rodman, of Zionsville, I located in the practice of medicine in Whitestown, Boone County. Ind., in March, 1862, and continued in the practice twelve years, when I engaged in the drug business, in Zionsville, about two years. Then I moved on to my farm, in 1875, where I now reside, where my time is occupied in farming and stock raising. See his portrait on another page.

Elizaville Pioneers
Carved Heritage in County by Mrs. Maurice Stephenson
Little is known of the early life of Robert Stephenson, Jr. He was the son of Robert Stephenson, a Revolutionary War soldier.

Robert Stephenson journeyed to Paris, Kentucky, in 1788, from Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. He then went to what is now Carlisle, settling about four miles east. He died in 1795 and was buried in Shioh Cemetery near his homestead. He was the father of three children:
Robert Jr., Joseph, and Jane Campbell.

Robert Stephenson, Jr., was married to Martha McAnulty in Nicholas County, Ky., on April 6, 1802. Three children were born.

After the death of his wife, Stephenson served in the War of 1812. In 1813 he was married to Sarah J. McDole.To this union were born John A., married Mary Adams;William 1., married Mary (Polly) Wiley; Aris J., married Margaret Jane Wiley; Thomas M., married Jane Carroll,Frances B. Moore, and Sarah (Eaton) Ransdell; George W.;Margaret I., married Samuel H. Kirkpatrick; and JosephS., married Elizabeth Stephenson, daughter of William andRuth Campbell Stephenson.

In 1833, Robert Stephenson and his family left Kentucky and settled in Clinton Township, Boone County, in October. It is believed the family left Kentucky because of their disapproval of slavery.

Robert purchased land in Section 26, on Nov. 7, 1833; 160 acres in Section 25 on Nov. 7, 1833; and another 160 acres in Section 25, an October 25, 1835. The deeds
were signed by Martin Van Buren, President of the United States.

The winter of 1837, the fifth son, George, age 14, was engaged in felling a tree. Having nearly completed his task he started to run as the tree began to topple, but he ran in the
wrong direction. The huge trunk fell upon him and he was killed. This was the first death recorded in Clinton Township. He was the first to be buried in Salem Mud Creek Cemetery.

Robert and Sarah Stephenson were charter members of the Salem U. P. Church. There were sixteen other members, including a brother, Joseph, and his wife, Ann.

Thomas M., the fourth son, purchased 160 acres in Section 25 from his parents on April 2, 1840. This was signed and sealed in the presence of James H. Sample and Robert Stephenson, J. P., a cousin of Robert Stephenson, Jr.

On February 15, 1844, Thomas M. was married to Jane Carroll, the daughter of James and Lucy Gregory Carroll. They were married by the Rev. John H. Bonner, first pastc of Salm U. P. Church.

To this union the following children were born:
Joseph Edger, 1846-1870, married Mary E. Pressley. H served in the Civil War, was a doctor and is buried in Mud Creek Cemetery;
Charles Carroll, 1848 -1880?, served in the Civil War, never married;
Miranda Ann, 1850 -1910, married John E. Richey, son of James and lane Richey. Miranda and her husband were proprietors of the Rose -House, located at 215 -216 West Main Street in 1887, and the Perkins House, located at 215 -217 South Lebanon St., from 1888 -1909;
William Jerome, 1851-1922, married Laura J. Baird, Marion Township, Boone County. William taught school in Marion Township before becoming a doctor. In 1886 he and his wife went to Nebraska where he worked as a physician on the Winneabago Indian Agency. He later practiced in Decatur, Nebraska. Laura died in Decatur in 1888 and is
buried in Spencer Cemetery, Hamilton County. William is buried in Nebraska;
Albert 13., 1853-1923, was married to Sadie F. Moore, the daughter of Robert and Mary Ann Cornell Moore. A teacher, Albert taught school several years then moved to Sheridan, md., where he had a barber shop;
George W., 1857 -1921, traveled to Nebraska with his brother, William. He was married to Anna W. Rahn, of Nebraska. He worked as a Government meat inspector on the Winneabago Indian Agency and later lived in Lincoln, Neb., and Sioux City, lowa;

ROBERT STEPHENSON
Was born in Nicholas County, Kentucky, in 1783; was married to Sarah McDole in Kentucky. Came to Boone County in 1833, and settled in what now is Clinton Township, section twenty-five. No roads, no mills, and few neighbors. Mr. and Mrs. Stephenson were members of the Presbyterian Church, and are buried at the Salem or Mud Creek Cemetery. The following are their children's names: John A. died at the age of forty years; William lives in Center Township; Aris, deceased; Margaret, deceased ; Thomas M., married to Sarah Ransdale, resides two miles north of Elizaville, and near Marion Township. He is in every way considered one of the best citizens; he has been here nearly all his life and owns one of the finest farms in Clinton Township. George was killed in Clinton Township about the year 1839. Joseph resides in Lebanon.

Thomas M Stephenson
Oscar Thomas, 1859�1928, was married to Rosa Alice Wiley, daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth (McAnulty). They were the parents of Frank B. Stephenson, husband of the late Drubell (Immel) Stephenson, of Lebanon;
Ella Belle, 1861-1938, was married to Charles Daily in Lebanon. He was the son of John and Martha Daily, early settlers in Lebanon. The couple later lived in Pender, Neb.;
U.S. Grant, 1863 -1887, never married;
Harry, 1868 -1872, he was two months old when hismother died.
In 1872 Thomas M. Stephenson was married to Frances B. Moore, of Marion Township, Boone County. She diedeight days after the birth of twin sons on July 28, 1873.
The infant sons, Franklin and Francis, died shortly after.
The third wife of Thomas Stephenson was Sarah Eaton RansdelL A daughter was born to the union, she was named Jennie. She was the first wife of Dora Neal and the mother of Zelda Neal Costlow.
Thomas M. Stephenson died June 16, 1892. He is buried in Mud Creek Cemetery.
Thomas Stephenson has five grandchildren living: Fairie Stephenson Miller, of Noblesville; Zelda Neal Costlow, of Largo, Fla.; Ethel Stephenson Norton and Ralph T. Stephenson, both of Hemet, Cal.; and Maurice G. Stephenson, of Sioux City, Iowa.

THOMAS J. STIPES,
One of the- early citizens of Jefferson Township, was born in Jefferson County, Ind., February 16, 1819. Came to Boone County March 7, 1845. He was married to Martha Sanford, daughter of William R. Sanford. one of the pioneers of the ' countv. Mr. Stipes is one of the best farmers; takes great delight in agriculture and raising ^nd caring for stock of all kinds. He has one of the finest deer parks in the county and has it well stocked with all sizes of deer, from the spotted fawn to the fleet-footed buck. Mr. and Mrs. Stipes have no chidren. Mr. Sanford, Mrs. Stipes' father, is living with them. Mr. Stipes' father's name was Joseph Stipes, died February 12, 1858, is buried at Shannondule Cemetery in Montgomery County. His mother's name, bdfore marriage, was Mary A. Stone, she died in January, 1863, is also buried at the Shan- noudale Cemetery. Mr. Stipes lives in Jefferson Township near the Montgomery County line.

THE STOLTZ FAMILY.
The above family came from North Carolina in 1835, and settled on Little Eagle Creek near the Boone and Hamilton County line. There were four brothers, as follows: Thomas, Philip, Franklin and Joseph. Thomas now re.sides in Center Township, Boone County. Joseph resides in Zionsville. Philip died about 1862, and is buried at the Little Eagle Creek Cemetery. Franklin died in 1884, and is also buried in the above cemetery. Mrs. Philip Stultz resides on the old borne farm on the creek. She is quite an old lady. Thomas married a Miss Ketner. Franklin raised a large family of twelve children, all of .whom are now living. M. P. and Edward Brendle were married to two of his daughters Joseph resides in Zionsville, living a retired life after working hard, as well as the other brothers, to gain a competency, which they all did. All were highly esteemed as good citizens, worthy the citizenship of any county. When these four brothers came on the creek the country was new; they at once saw the situation, rolled up their sleeves, assisted by their wives, to make a farm. Success finally came, and from a few acres in the woods large, well cultivated farms were the result. The road was not strewn with flowers by any means; hardships, toils and privations were all along the way. There were at times obstacles hard to surmount. Dark clouds came thick and fast, but as often would the clouds have silver linings. The writer, when a boy, often passed their cabins along the little crooked road up the creek. But the little cabins are gone, the crooked road has been straightened, and better houses have taken the place of the cabins. It has taken toil and untold labor to bring about those changes.

LELAND TANSELL
Was born near Georgetown, Ky., September 7, 1814. His father, Francis Tansell, was a Frenchman; died near Indianapolis in 1841. His mother's name was (before marriage) Catharine Cook. She died January 1, 1842; both are buried west of Indianapolis, in Marion County. They were very old people, near eighty years of age. Leland Tansell was married to Arabi'll Huffman, June 20, 1839, in Perry Township, Boone County. Mr. Tansell came first to the county in 1835, four years before he was married; has resided in the county over fifty years. He now resides one mile southwest of Zions- ville, where he owns a fine farm and enjoys home after a long -citizenship. He knows something about pioneer life on Eagle Creek. While canvassing for this %vork I was kindly entertained by them at their home. The names of their children we have not at hand. There are several, however, most of whom are now men grown. Long may this worthy family live.

WM. RILEY TAYLOR
Was born in Union County, Ind., October 7, 1817. Came to Boone County in 1832; was first married to Elizabeth Beck, October, 1832. The following are the children's names: John F., James L., William R.. Abncr (died at the age of two years); Francis M., Mary A. (died at the age of twenty-two years); Martha (died at the age of twenty-one years, in Texas). Mrs. Taylor died November, 1864. The deceased members of Mr. Taylor's family are buried at the cemetery just east of his house, where he has erected handsome and costly monuments in memory of loved ones gone. Mr. Taylor was again married to Eliza Coldwell, in 1875, daughter of William Coldwell, one of the pioneers of Jefferson Township. Mr. Taylor, in 1847, built a fine brick residence on his fine farm in Jefferson Township, where he now resides and owns one of the finest farms, 640 acres, in the county. Mr. Taylor was a Democrat up to 1860, since which time he has been somewhat independent in politics. He was a strong war man, and all through life a highly respected citizen. To Mr. and Mrs. Taylor we owe much for kind treatment at their hospitable home while gathering material for the "Early Life and Times in Boone County." W. R. Taylor resides in Jefferson Township, one and one-half miles west of Hazelrigg Station, where he owns six hundred acres of choice land.

February, 10, 1887.
ANDERSON TEOTTER.
The subject of this sketch was born September 12, 1809, in Carolina County, Va., came to Indiana Territory in the year 1814. At the age of twenty seven years came to Heudricks County, Ind., and came to Booue County December, 1836. Mr. Trotter was married to Mary Curgan in November, 1836. When they came to Boone County one month after marriage, they moved in a little log cabin in the green woods. Then it was that the struggle of life began in earnest. Sometimes dark; sometimes the dark clouds would have a silver lining. Mr. Trotter says he could hardly stand straight up in his cabin it was so low, and had but one room, which served as parlor, bedroom and kitchen. Yet in this little, humble home, some of his happiest days were spent. As the opening in the woods spread out larger and broader, the little ones came in due time to bless their wedded life. Mr. Trotter says their table was a slab split out, and the puncheon floor was of the same material. This little cabin served its day, when it gave way to the hesved log house, and, in time, this to a frame. Mr. Trotter was a poor man on coming to this county; ten dollars was all the money he had. He had the misfortune in 1863 to have his house burnt, losing nearly all his furniture. Mr. Trotter all through life has been a hard worker, and, now, aged as he is, I found him last September hard at work toiling in the fields. His wife died several years ago, November 19, 1867. She is buried on the farm near Jamestown, as well as some of his deceased ceildren. A daughter died in September, 1845, aged seventeen years, and on September 10, 1857, his youngest son died, aged sixteen years. Mrs. Trotter was born in Virginia, July, 1814; came to Indiana in the year 1834. She was in her sixty-fourth year when she died. Mr. Trotter is now living with his children near Jamestown, Mrs. William Heckerthorn, Mrs. D. H. Shoc-kley, and Mrs. John Day. His toiling ha* not been in vain, for, after providing for his family, he has plenty left for old age. Mr. Trotter's father was born in Virginia in 1780, and died in 1818. His grandfather was born in Ireland in the seventeenth century. Mr. Anderson Trotter is highly esteemed in the county wherever known. In person he is of medium size, florid complexion, and has been an iron man ; has been througli the " flint mill." Long may he live to enjoy his hard earnings

OEL THAYER.
Mr. Thayer was born in Vermont in 1807, and was married to Caroline Osburn, daughter of the late James Osburn. She was born in 1815. They came to Boone County at an early day, about the year 1838. Mr. Thayer was most of his life engaged in selling goods and trading, first at Clarkstown, then at Eagle Village and Lebanon. He was one of the best posted men in the county on general subjects, and a shrewd business man in every respect. He died at Lebanon in 1874, just past the meridian of life. His wife died six or eight years previous. The following are his children's names: Byron, Albert, Amanda, Henry, Adaline, James A., Daniel M., Vianna, William, Edwin and Helen. Byron, Amanda and Vianna are deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Thayer and the family deceased are buried at Lebanon. Albert Thayer lives in the city of Indianapolis. Mr. and Mrs. Thayer will long be remembered as early and highly respected citizens.

DENNIS THKEILKIELD.
Mr. Threilkield was born in Kentucky, November, 1831. Came with his parents to Boone County when a mere boy. He is the son of George Threilkield, one of the pioneers of the county, and who came to Jefferson Township about the year 1836. Dennis is one of the substantial men of Boone County and one of its most successful farmers and stock raisers. He resides in Jefferson Township, ten miles southwest of Lebanon, where he owns a fine farm and splendid buildings, splendid house, barn and other outbuildings. Everything on his farm denotes thrift and energy. He was married at the age of twenty-five, but has no children. In politics he is a Democrat of the Jacksonian school. Wherever Dennis is known he is highly esteemed as a worthy man and citizen. While canvassing for this work we stopped at his pleasant home, and was kindly received and entertained by him and his estimable wife.

JAMES A. THOMPSON,
One of the pioneers of Jefferson Township, Boone County, was born in Nicholas County, Ky., May 26, 1799, married to Martha Blair February 19, 1824. Miss Blair was also a native of Kentucky, born November 22, 1804. Came to Boone in 1830. and were indeed pioneer.-). Mrs. Thompson died May 26, 1866; Mr. Thompson died December 28,1867. Both are buried at the Shannondale Cemetery in Montgomery County, lud. Mr. Thompson entered 240 acres of land. He as well as his wife were members of the church. Mr. Thompson was associate judge a number of years, and a man of high standing. The following are their children's names: Joseph A., born January 8, 1825; Mary J., born October 2&, 1826; Levi N., born August 28, 1828; Wallace M., born May 12, 1831; Chester G., born May 8, 1833; Martin B., born December 9, 1835; Susan A., born June 5, 1838; Cynthia A., born August 12,1840; William B., born April 22, 1843. The following are deceased: Mary J., buried at Thorntown, Ind.; Levi N., buried at the Cox Cemetery ; Wallace and William B., buried at the Shannondale Cemetery, in Montgomery County, Ind. The Thompson family will be remembered as one of the pioneer families of Boone County.

JAMES THORNBURG
Was born near Lexington, Ky., August 7, 1800; was married to Jane Andrews, near Dayton, Ohio, in 1820; came to what is now Washington Township when it was all woods. Entered the land now owned by James Staley. Mr. and Mrs. Thorn- burg were both members of the Missionary Baptist Church; are buried at the Cason Cemetery, in Washington Township. The following are the names of this pioneer family: Catharine, married to Joseph Buckhalter; reside in Kansas. Mary, married to John Stort; reside in Dayton, Ind. William, married to Christenia Ouster; he died in St. Louis, 1862. John, married to Amanda Bozland (deceased); died in Crawfords- ville, Ind. Nancy, married to Samuel Scott, (deceased); buried at Cason Cemetery. Abigail, married to James Bozland ; reside in Thorntown, Ind. David, married to Sarah E. Wagoner; reside in Washington Township. Ira S., married to Angeline Bells; reside in Jackson Township. James married to Margaret Lister; reside in Missouri. Elizabeth J., married Slayback; she resides in Center Township; her husband is dead. Levi was married to Clara Lame; reside in Sedalia, Mo. The children all lived to be married. David was the first child born in Washington Township. This pioneer family came to Boone County in the year 1832.

JACOB TIPTON.
Jacob Tipton, the subject of this sketch, was born in Maryland in the year 1800. His parents died when he was very young. He was apprenticed to a blacksmith and learned that trade. When he attained his majority he emigrated to the state of Pennsylvania, and worked at his trade about three years, and from there he came to Preble County, O., and engaged to work at his trade With Daniel McCoy, whose son-in-law he afterwards became, marrying his daughter Sarah, and in 1830, together with his father-in-law, came to Indiana, locating at Jamestown. Daniel McCoy settled on a farm in Hendricks County, about three miles from Jamestown, while Jacob put up a rude shop and worked at his trade for about one year. Daniel McCoy sold his farm and moved to Jamestown in 1831. He and Tipton formed a partnership and sold goods under the firm name of Tipton. & McCoy. They continued the business about four years, and, selling out, Jacob Tipton moved to Northfield in 1835, and went into the goods business with Hiram McQuitty; but before he came to North- field he was elected sheriff, succeeding Austin Davenport in that office; served in that office two terras, and was succeeded by William Zion. The first grand jury that ever convened in the county held their session at his house in Jamestown. One little incident that happened while he was sheriff, is perhaps worthy of notice; he had a warrant for the arrest of a notorious character for larceny, who had been a terror to the country for some time, and who declared that he would not be taken. When he went to arrest him he fortunately met him alone in the woods, and told him to get into the path going to Lebanon, and if he made a move to the right or left he would kill him, keeping his hand in his pocket all the time. He rode behind him all the way to Lebanon through the woods, for there was nothing but a path in those days, and safely deposited him in the log jail, and then told him that he was unarmed did not have even a pocket-knife. The fellow was very much chagrined when he found that out, and that he could have escaped so easily if he had not been so cowardly. He also kept tavern in Northfield for about twenty years. During that time there was an immense travel on the Michigan road. He and McQuitty dissolved partnership, McQuitty retiring. He continued the business at intervals alone and in partnership with his son, John G. Tipton, till 1854.

About the vear 1838 he attached himself to the North American Fur Company a id continued with that company fourteen years, when the company suspended, hauling all the furs he bought in wagons t Logansport. After that comi any suspended, about 1853 or '54, he bought fur for Denny & Co., Dayton, Ohio, until his death in 1860. While engaged in that business for a period of about twenty-five years, he was kept much away from home in the winter season, sometimes as long as three or four weeks at a time, his wife and boys looking after the affairs at home, managing both the farm and tavern. His wife's management of the tavern made it very profitable; she drew the largest custom of any of the many taverns on the Michigan road. Travelers that stopped there once would always Make it a point to do so again when traveling that road. He was the father of thirteen children, all of whom attained their majority. John G. Tipton, the eldest, who was associated with him at one time in the mercantile business at Northfield, and afterwards conducted the business alone, died in Marion Township, Boone County, 1871. Martha is living in Missouri. William A. is a successful lawyer now at Win- lield, Kansas; he has won distinction at the Lebanon, Coving- ton and Indianapolis bars, and has a reputation second to none as a jurist. Mary J. died in Northfield in 1855; Sarah E. is living in Stock well, Ind.; Francis M. is at Winfield, Kansas, practicing law; Hulda L. died in Jefferson Township, 1881; James H. is living in Fountain County, also practicing law ; he has filled several positions of trust in that county. George W. is living in Iowa; Rachel M. is living in Boone County; Tillmau H, is living in Fountain County ; Rebecca D. is living in Fountain County; Amanda M. is living in Dakota. Sarah Tipton, his widow, still survives him, and is living in Fountain County with her son, James H. Tipton. She is now .seventy-eight years old. During the late war the family furnished the following volunteers for the Union: John G. Tipton, 86th Indiana; Jaraes H., 10th and 154th ludiana� served four years; George W., 40th Indiana�served three years; Tillman H., 135th and 154th�one year; Francis M., captain home guards, had to stay at home and take care of the family.

Of the early settlers that were in Jamestown at the time he came there, was Samuel Wick, who was keeping tavern. John Gibson lived just below town. Witt's house was the only house that was built at that time. The town was laid out by James Madlock and John Gibson. The first store was kept by Sayer & Burk : the first election was held there in 1831 (either 1831 or '3'2) ; the first court was held in a log cabin ; the grand jury held their meetings in a room of his house; almost the whole court boarded at his house. Mrs. Tipton was out of flour and had to serve them with corn bread; in passing the bread, David Hoover, the clerk of the court, declined to take any just yet, mistaking it for pudding.

There was but one church organization, the Baptists, who held their meetings in a log school house below town and in houses in the neighborhood. When he came to North- field, in 1835, there was but one house there; that was a grocery, kept by Jonathan Cruz, who hoarded with Hiram Mc- Quitty, who lived just south of town. He moved into a vacant house just below town, owned by McQuitty. He soon built him a dwelling house, and he and McQuit'ty built a store house in which they afterwards sold goods. John McCoy did most of the carpenter work. There was considerable travel on the Michigan road at that time, going to the north and northwest. The road was lined with peddlers of all kinds. They could buy flour, meat, apples, peaches, whisky, brandy and all kinds of notions from wagons in the road. He was soon appointed postmaster. The mail was carried by stages. He was postmaster twenty years. They had one mail each way daily in the winter and spring. When the roads were bad it would be midnight most of the time before the mail from either way would reach his office, and he would have to get up in the night and open the mail. Often he was not at home and that duty was performed by Mrs. Tipton.

Of the early settlers of North field were Harrison and Mack Spencer, who sold goods; James Peyton, Chauncy Cole, Abner Sanborn, the first justice of the peace, and shortly after kept tavern; Dr. Presly, Dr. S. K. Hardy, Dr. Martin, who was also a Baptist preacher; John Kounts located just north on Eagle Creek and kept a grocery and erected the first mill in the neighborhood, and I think Isaac Hoover, west of town, erected the second; John Hartman, Judge Dooley, Isaac Hut- ton, "Wm. O. Gary, were the first school teachers, if I remember right. Jacob Tipton was an energetic man, had an iron constitution, the weather never was too severe for him to venture out into it to attend to his business. He was possessed of a good, practical education, as good as the times could afford. He did much to develop the county and encourage emigration. His business brought him in contact with men from all parts of the country, and it was through his influence and representations that induced many good men to settle in the county who would have went elsewhere. In politics he was always a Democrat,and took great interest in politics, both state and national. He was one of those men who was peculiarly fitted to develop and advance the interests of a new country. He never had much sickness, was always on the move until his death, which occurred in October, 1860. He was buried in the Ross Cemetery, one mile north of Northfield.

STEPHEN TITUS,
One of the pioneers of Boone County, was born in the state of Pennsylvania, January 1, 1800, consequently had a fair start with the nineteenth century. Was married to Nancy Barton in the year 1821. Came to Booue County in 1830, and entered his land, 160 acres, on Sugar Creek, where he died February 13, 1868. Mrs. Titus died October 31, 1874; both are buried in Bethel Cemetery, iu Washington Township. Mr. Titus was a member of the Christian Church. In person Mr. T. was tall, fair complexion and light hair, and a Jacksonian Democrat. The following are their children's names: Sacressa, married Owen Davis, died in Ohio ; Rachel, died in 1883, buried iu Bethel Cemetery; William, married to Nancy McKinsey, resides iu Sugar Creek Township; Eli, married to Eliza Campbell, deceased ; George, married to Matilda Parkins, resides in Washington Township; Samuel, married to Jane Wilkius, resides at the old home; Nathaniel C., married to Bell Campbell, resides in Lebanon ; was elected sheriff of Boone County in November, 1886; Stephen, died in Louisville, Ky.; was in the army; buried in the Bethel Cemetery; Elizabeth and Sarah E. died iu infancy.

WILLIAM TITUS,
The subject of this sketch, was born in the state of Pennsylvania (Green County), March 4, 1825, and with his parents, Stephen and Nancy Titus, moved to Indiana in the fall of 1830, settling two and one-half miles east of Thorn town, in Washington Township, Boone County. "The land had been brought into market two years before, but the Indians did not leave till the year we moved here, therefore the country was just beginning to be settled by the whites. This, then, was an unbroken wilderness, save what little the squaws had cleared up at what was then called Upper and Lower Thorntown, and a few hardy pioneers who had pushed out among- the Indians to get a home. My father went to work, after building a cabin, to clearing away the forest so that he might raise something for his family to live on. I, being the oldest boy of the family, had to do all I could, as soon as I was old enough, to help make the farm and keep the family. I lived at home till I was twenty-six years old. I married, in 1851, Nancy A. McKinsey, daughter of George and Leah McKinsey. She was born in a little cabin, where Thorntown now stands, February 24, 1830. Her parents soon after moved to the Twelve-Mile Prairie, living there until she was grown to womanhood. Her father finally bought the mill property owned by Michael Chase, on Sugar Creek, in Washington Township, this county, where we were married. Eight children .have been the fruit of our marriage, five of whom have passed away to the Savior who said: ' Suffer little children to come unto me, and forbid them not, for of such is the kingdom of heaven.' One son and two daughters live to comfort us in the evening of life. I have lived to see this country, a wilderness fifty-seven years ago, converted into beautiful farms and pleasant homes, with all the advantages of schools, churches, and elevation in society that follow such grand improvements. I and my family are members of the Christian Church ; have a farm in Sugar Creek Township, where, perhaps, we will live till called to that country where Christ, our elder brother, has gone to prepare a mansion for all who love Him. William Titus."

WILLIAM W. TROUT.
Mr. Trout has been nearly all his life in Boone County, most of the time in Worth Township, where he was married to Miss Neese, daughter of A. Neese, Esq., who resides one mile south of Whitestown. Mr. Trout now lives near Hazle- rigg Station, on the farm formerly owned by the late H. G. Hazlerigg, and where he has resided the past five or six years, and where he owns and operates one of the finest farms in the county. Mr. Trout studied law when a young man, and has acted as attorney and collector for the railroad for many years; but of late has devoted his time to farming his chosen profession. He is a Democrat of the olden type. Takes great interest in fine stock raising, of which he has none but the best, and is looking for better all the time. He has a pleasant ihome and family, and where we were kindly received while in Washington Township in the interest of this work. Mr. Trout is just in his prime, being about fifty-two years of age, strong, athletic and will pull the scales down at two hundred pounds at any time. May he never grow less.

JAMES TURNER.
Among many of the prominent citizens of Boone County who have passed away in the last few years was the person whose name stands at the head of this sketch. Mr. Turner was born in Lee County, Virginia, in the spring of 1806. When he was two years old his mother died; after this, his father moved to Campbell County, Tennessee, he living with him until he was thirteen years of age, when he separated from him, not seeing his relations any more, with the exception of one brother. He came to Indiana in 1829, stopping at Crawfordsville, and in the year of 1830, the 25th day of March, was married to Elizabeth Pauley. She was an acquaintance of his in Tennessee, and had moved out here a year or so previous. They lived in Montgomery County for a short time after their marriage, then moving to Boone County and buying a home in the woods northeast of Thorn- town, having very few neighbors at that time, but frequently visited by Indians.

Mr. Turner has not been a very shifting man; has moved only three times since he settled. In February, 1872, he sold his farm and bought land within one mile of Lebanon. His wife died the 16th of April, 1878, and in November, 1879, he broke up housekeeping and went to live with his daughter, Mrs. Cynthia Tyre, she being the only child living, having buried two boys William Wallace and James A.and one daughter Eliza, several years before. He lived with his daughter the most of the time until January 24, 1881, when he. passed away to another world, at the age of seventy-two years,

Mr. Turner's profession was that of farming; he labored very severely in the settling up of the old county of Boone, sometimes working for from twenty-five to fifty cents per day. He took great pride in saving his money and being firm in his dealings, and made a nice little fortune. His motto was, that " if he couldn't get his price, to take the one offered." His great prosperity is certainly a great incentive to poor young men; it shows where industry and will are combined there is always a way.

ABRAHAM UTTER.
The subject of this sketch was born in the year 1800; was one of the pioneers of Boone County. He first saw the light of day in East Tennessee; married Jane Carmichael in 1830; came to Boone County in the fall of 1832 ; resided nearly fifty years ou the same land which he entered when the county was vet almost a wilderness; no_ roads or other conveniences of to-day. Mr. Utter died on the 9th of March, 1881; Mrs. Utter died in the year 1876; buried at the Cox Cemetery. Mr. Utter's parents came to the county in the year 1834. Mr. Utter died many years ago; Mrs. Utter died in the winter of 1851. Is also buried at the Cox Cemetery. Abraham Utter, senior, was in the wars of 1876 and 1812; died at the age of eighty-six years.

Abraham Utter, the subject of this sketch, raised a family of ten children ; two daughters and two sons reside in Boone County (three are deceased), and one daughter and two sons reside in Rice County, Kansas. Thomas Utter resides in Washington Township; was I>orn January 8,1839; married to Martha Grose on the 8th of December, 1864. The following are the names of their children: Olivia and Prior. Mr. Utter has a splendid farm on Sugar Creek.

Samuel Utter, of Lebanon, is a son of Abraham Utter, also, Mrs. James Taylor is a daughter. Mrs. Taylor resides in Wa.-hington Township, near FTazelrigg Station. See Mr. and Mrs. Utter's portraits in another part of this work.

vannuys  vanmuys
The Van Nuys Family Of Boone County
by James L. Ranney
Andrew Van Nuys            Mrs. Van Nuys
A landmark of the Boone County landscape for almost a century is the farm, with its unique round bam, which for many years belonged to the Andrew B. VanNuys family. It is now the home of Mrs. Nellie Quellhorst. The Van Nuys genealogy, written by Carrie E. Allen in 1916, gives this record of the family's founders.
    "Andrew Banta Van Nuys, born August 4, 1837, In Switzerland County, Indiana, married October 5, 1866, Harvenia Frances Mount, who was bom May 10, 1847, in Montgomery County, Indiana. She is a sister of Ex-Governor Mount of Indiana. They live on a farm near Lebanon, Indiana. On October 5, 1916, they happily celebrated the 50m anniversary of their marriage."
    The Van Nuys family built the stately brick house in 1882, and made it their home as long as they lived. Their son, Ashton Mount Van Nuys, born August 7, 1872, became a well-known attorney In Muncle. Ind.  He died
November 20. 1922.   Andrew Van Nuys died March B,1919, aod Mrs. Van Nuys died January 30, 1922.
    The Van Nuys' daughter. Mabel Estella Van Nuys, was bom April 15, 1879.   She married Chester F. Kanney on June 27, 1301, and they had five children.  They lived on die Van Nuys farm from about 1918 until after her death In 1927.
All the Ranney young people attended the old Number 11 and Center Number 1 schools. Two of mem. Ralph Ranney and Wllma Yates, still live at Lebanon. Mildred Ranney lives in New York City, and Mabel Van Nuys Redden makes her borne at St. Clair Shores, Michigan. James Lowell Ranney lives In Portland. Oregon.

SOLOMON WARREN,
One of the pioneers of Boone County, came from Pike County, Ohio, in the year 1832 ; married to Mary Lowry. Mr. Lowry, her father, was born in North Carolina, April 16, 1804. Mrs. Lowry, her mother, was born in Ohio, November 21, 1809. Mr. Warren settled in Washington Township on arriving in the county. The following are their children's names: Isaac, born February 7, 1833, married to Rebecca Sanders ; Edward, born May 26, 1835, married to Sarah Pittenger; Eliza, married to Samuel R. MeDaniel, she is deceased, buried at Hope- well Cemetery; Susanah, married to Aaron Freestone, also deceased and buried at Hopewell; Elihu, died at the age of twenty-four, also buried at Hopewell; Eliza, died April 21, 1864, buried at Hopewell; Rhoda, born D.ecember 13, 1845, died March 3, 1864; Silas, born February 22, 1847, married to Jane Hardcsty, resides in Washington Township; Nancy, -born September 23, 1850, resides in Clinton Township. Solomon Warren and wife were members of the Baptist Church. They entered their land at an early day. They are buried at Hopewell Cemetery in Clinton Township. Solomon Warren died November 7, 1877; Mrs. Mary Warren died November 18, 1870. Edward Warren was the first time married to Har- .riet E. McDonald, February 16,1860. She died May 26,1884.

SAMUEL WEST,
A resident of Worth Township, resides two miles north of Whitestown, and one-half mile south of the Noblesville gravel road. He was born in the state of Kentucky, May 29, 1825; came with his parents to Boone County in the year 1834, in the month of April. He was married to Susannah Evans, September 28, 1845. The following are his children's names: Willis G., married to Mandona Dulin; resides in Center Township. Jonathan E., married to Malinda Wheeler; reside in Marion Township. Martha J., married to.Milton (X Thompson; the second time to G. W. Shelburn. Rozella, married to Mansfield Shelburn. James E., deceased September 12, 1856; is buried at Mount's Run Cemetery. Sarah M., married to John Klingler. Mary E., married to Albert Carr. Samuel A., married to Mary E. Stark. Susannah, married to Josiah Baber; reside in Center Township. Charles J., Albert F., Harvey W. The last three named reside at home. Mr. and Mrs. West belong to the Baptist Church. Mr. West's father resides in Lebanon, aged eighty-six years; his mother died in 1870. Mrs. West's father's name was Jonathan Evans; died April, 1856; her mother died in 1873; buried at Mount's Run Cemetery, in Union Township.

WILLIAM WEST.
This name will sound familiar to the people in Boone County. He was born in Kentucky on the 9th day of September, 1800. He settled in Boone County in 1835, about two miles south of where Elizaville now lays, in Clinton Township. He was married to Miss Ella Dixon in 1824, who lived with him until August 23, 1870, when she departed this life. He raised four children, as follows: Samuel, born January 29, 1827; Sally, born January 29, 1827; Ebeuezer, born February 29, 1829; Margaret Ellen, born October 31, 1841. All are living excepting Sally, who died November 23, 1869. Mr. West was married again to Mrs. Mary Jane Johnson, February, 1871. He is one of the old Jacksonian Democrats (voted for Jackson three times), and has always kept up his faith. He has always held farming as his real occupation, and was one of the best hunters of his day, but never saw the time that he could kill over six deer in one day; and says that he has seen the day when coon, deer and fox skins were as good as legal tender, and that was the way he paid his taxes. Mr. West is now arriving at a ripe old age, and has never joined any church, but is a constant bible reader, and claims that he can be a good man without belonging to any creed or church.

JAMES WILLS.
Mr. Wills resides in Washington Township, a short distance east of Pike's crossing, where he owns a fine farm, which he delights to cultivate. He was born in Henry County, Indiana, January 5, 1826. The son of James Wills, who was married to Elizabeth Warren, came to Booue County in 1835. His parents are buried at' Hopewell Cemetery, in Clinton Tosvns-hip. The subject of this article was united in marriage to Elizabeth Gipson, February 23, 1854. The following are the nameb of his children: JasperN., married to Jane Bennett, resides in Kansas; William J., married to Anna Metcalf, resides in Washington Township; John R., Mary E , died at the age of fifteen years, buried at Bethel Cemetery in Washington Township; Frances M., Charles M., Salista A., Edgar A. P., Susan C., Isaac M., Hallie A. and Eddie E. Mrs. Wills is the daughter of Isaac Gipson, one of the pioneers of Sugar Creek Township. Mr. Wills is a Democrat of the Jaeksonian type. The last five named reside at home.

JONES H. WILSON
Was born in Bartholomew County, Indiana, May 15, 1835r and remained a citizen of that county until twelve years of age; at that period he moved with his parents to Fulton County, Indiana. Six years later he moved with them to Boone County. His earliest training was in the art of farming, and, as ho grew older, he adopted that as his vocation. He is one who has experienced the hardships and vicissitudes of pioneer life, having assisted his father in the labor of clearing large- tracts of land.

In 1855 he united in marriage with Miss Tillitha Lumpkiu, who was born in Putnam County, Indiana, in 1838. He located on a rented farm of forty acres, in Perry Township, where he remained one year; he then removed to the farm which he now owns, consisting of one hundred and twenty acres. He is the father of ten childr'-n, named, respectively: Lafayette, Mary E., William M., Anderson. Mandana, Alice, Lillie, Zoro O., Mertie, and Roy, of which the following arc married: Lafayette, married Miss Rosiua Ottinger, October, 1875; Mary, to Martin Lawler, December, 1877; William, to Miss Miranda Ottinger, February, 1882; Mandana, to Monroe Edwards, September, 1882; Anderson, to Miss Rosa Mc- Colley, August, 1883. All of them reside in Perry Township, except Mary, who resides in Hendricks County. The three boys, Lafayette, William, and Anderson, are teachers of the common schools of our county, and have been for a num- of years teaching through the winter season and farming during the summer.

Mr. Wilson and wife united with the Christian Church in 1868, and both are regarded as consistent Christians. Since that time five of the children have united, and are regarded as exemplary citizens in every respect.

Mr. Wilson's political views have always been in unison with the principles of the Republican party, and although one of its most cordial supporters, he is not a bigoted partisan, and never sacrificed principle for party. His actions throughout life have been governed by conscientious motives, and he is universally esteemed as an honest man wherever he is known.

Doctor Williar Wood
By Elsie Sanders and Ina Wood
Dr. Willard L. Wood, of Stony Island, Chicago, a former resident of Boone County, is still active at Rush -Presbyterian-St. Luke Hospitals in Chicago at the age of 81

Born near Zionsville in 1895 and attending a one -room school west of Zionsville, he began a teaching career after a summer course at Indiana State University at a one-room school, Buzzard's Roost, northwest of Zionsvile. Continuing teaching and going to school, the farm boy received an A. B. from Indiana State in 1920 and a M. S. in chemistry in 1925 while at Garfield High School in Terre Haute.

Transferring to the University of Chicago and Rush Medical he completed his medical degree. Later appointments include Professor Emeritus of Medicine (Rush) and consultant in Medicine at Presbyterian -St. Luke's Hospital where he has been an attending physician for 41 years. He also has received the Doctor of Science degree from Indiana State University.

In recognition of the achievements of Dr. Wood in the field of arthritis and internal medicine, an endowed professorship was established in his name at Ruth Medical College. It is called the Willard Wood Endowed Chair of Rheumatology.

The Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center,Chicago, says the funding has surpassed $1 million.Voluntary contributions come from patients whom Dr.Wood has served for 41 years.

He is a Fellow of the American College of Physicians and a member of the American Rheumatism Association, Central Society for Clinical Research, Chicago Society of Internal Medicine, American Arthritis Foundation, American Association for theAdvancement of Science and other professional organizations.

A former Army officer, Dr. Wood did post graduate work in Paris and Vienna, Austria, in 1932 and was certified as a Specialist in Internal Medicine in 1938. Well known in medical circles as a writer and speaker, he addressed a foreign branch in Vienna in 1960 of the  International Congress of Chest Physicians.

He is a member of the Indiana Academy of Science and is listed in Who's Who in Midwest American Men of Science, Dictionary of International Biographies from 1964 to 1968. Sons of Indiana carried a biography of Dr. Wood in their 1967 edition.

Dr. Wood is married and the father of two daughters and has three grandchildren. He was one of a family of eight of John D. and Hester E. Wood, residing in Eagle and Union Townships, all of whom attended one -room schools and all became teachers before branching into other professions. All ar.e eligible to belong to the pioneer families of Indiana, and one member does.

CYNTHIA ANN WOODY
Was the daughter of Zimri and Lydia P. Cook. She was boriv in Wayne County, Ind., the 4th day of December, 1814, and was married to Jeremiah Moffitt, the 4th day of January, 1832r and with him moved into Sugar Creek Township, Boone County, Ind., the lltli day of August of the same year, and on.to the farm upon she now resides, the 15th day of the following November. She has been a continuous resident thereupon since. Her husband died in the year 1852, and in 1855 she was married to James Woody, whom she survives, still living on the old homestead with her daughter and only living child, Sarah J. Hadley, wife of Milton Hadley. She is a member of the Friends Church, and after having undergone the privations and hardships of pioneer life is hale and rugged in old age. Sue her portrait on another page.

Joseph Ferneding Worland
1935-1919
Joseph Ferneding Worland was born in Shelby County. Indiana, Nov. 30, 1835, the same day Mark Twain was born and thirty-nine years before Winston ChurchilL He was baptized by and named for Father Joseph Femeding, for whom he conceived a deep hatred and would therefore use only his middle initial. He never learned to read or write but was by no means stupid, and was so witty that the young bucks thought it great sport to get him out of bed to answer such questions as, How far is it half a mile down the road? because the answer was worth their time. In fact, my mother thinks that this prank was the basis of his hatred for her father, George Rader.
    He married first Marinda Allen, and they had three children, Olive, Cora and a baby that died. They moved to Boone County, Indiana in 1869. Marinda died in 1880. Olive was already married. She had hidden her clothes under the steps of Center Church when she went to young people's meeting on Sunday night, and the next day she and George stood up in the buggy in front of the church and were married, so that when her father got there with his shotgun to prevent the marriage, there was nothing he could do about it. When Joe's wife died he took Cora to some of the neighbors, but when he went to visit her he found she had head lice. He said, If I can't hire anybody to take care of her, Ill find somebody! This somebody proved to be Lizzie Brown, a tiny little woman who was very efficient and cheerful, and although quite deaf, a voluble talker. Her speech and manner were very precise. She and Joe had two children, Mattie and Albert. Mattie was just the age of her half-niece, Cora Rader, and they were always closer than sisters.
    Olive and Cora both had very hard lives. They both married against their father's wishes and he disinherited them. George Rader was a brilliant man and a mechanical genius, but was never able to make his talents pay off, so that his family lived
in great poverty. So did the family of Cora and Jim McNealy. However, when someone attempted to quiz Mattie about family relationships her black eyes snapped and with her machine -gun speech she fired back, Olive always brings the children and comes home once a year, and she can truthfully say that her father's always glad to see her!
    But when Mattie became old enough to be interested in the boys, Joe tried to shoo them all off. Finally Eli Rose succeeded in winning her love, with her mother's approvaL Before they went to town to be married, Lizzie had the man across the road teach her to load and unload the shotgun so that if Joe took after Eli, he could do him no harm. Fortunately, when she told Joe that Mattie was married he took it very well, and she reloaded the gun. He never knew it had been unloaded. She was prone to say on occasion, Josie, behave yourself! and sometimes he did.
    Joe was a man of violent temper and foul and profane tongue, but he had very strict standards of behavior for all small fry who came near him, particularly concerning table manners. Once when the Erp children were visiting there, they climbed up on the fence of the mule pen. Joe came on the run and grabbed them off. Those mules will kick your heads off! Zonda says, I don't think he said, Those mules will kick your heads off!  Joe always drove the fastest and finest buggy horses he could find, and, naturally, this high spirited kind of horse was skittish when the automobile came around. His buggy was upset a few times and he hated automobiles, never called them anything but old automobiles,and refused to ride in them.
    Then came the awful fall of 1918. As the juggernaut of war slowly ground to a halt in Europe, Kaiser Bill, who now seems such an innocent villain in comparison with the evil, sinister Hitler of twenty years later, abdicated his throne and fled to Holland, and on Nov. 11, the Armistice was signed. But before the armies had stopped moving, another specter stalked the world: pestilence, in the form of influenza, soon known as flu. No one who is not old enough to remember that dreadful winter can imagine its horror, with schools, churches and all other public places closed for weeks at a
time. Not uncommonly, half the population of a community would be stricken at one time. Deaths world -wide reached 20, 000, 000, and there were more than half a million in this country. The disease brooked no defiance: those who did not stay in bed were likely to die. For this reason, farmers, who felt that they must take care of their livestock, were among its most numerous victims.
    Word came to Lizzie and Joe that their son, Albert, was dying. Lizzie expected Joe to hitch his horse and go, but the first thing she knew be had his hat and coat on. She said, What are you going to do, Josie?He said, Why, I'm going to that boy, and he crawled into the automobile and went. She begged people not to tease him about his first auto ride, because it had come under such tragic circumstances.
    Joe had been staunch as an oak when he reached his 82nd birthday, but Albert's death broke his heart and he only survived until the next summer. He had left the Catholic church as soon as he came of age, and hated it, but on the morning he died he murmured, Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death.
    Years later Lizzie reminisced fondly of him and said, Let him be fierce or let him be as he might, if I could have him back, I would!

JOHN WYSONG
Was born November 11,1811, in the old " tar" state of North Carolina. His parents' names were John Wysong and Elizabeth Wysong (her name was Parker before marriage). The elder Wysong died July 18, 1854, and is buried at Mount's Run Cemetery. His wife died in 1856, and is also buried a* Mount's Run Cemetery. The subject of this sketch was married to Jane Beaty in North Carolina September 29, 1836, and came to this county in 1839. Mr. Wysong entered part of his land, and where he died June 15, 1886. Mrs. Wysong's parents died in North Carolina, her mother dying March 12, 1837, and her father, January 31, 1855. The following are the names of the children of John and Jane Wysong: Elizabeth, married to George B. Dulin; William B., married to Lillie dayman ; Lucy, married to John D. Miller; Adolphus, married to Miss Ross; John H., married to Angeline Hubanks; Amanda A., married to John E. Brohard. Mrs. Wysong resides on the old farm, seven miles east of Lebanon. Mr. and Mrs. Wysong were members of the Regular Baptist Church. The above family will be remembered as one of the highest respectability.

WILLIAM YOUNG.
Among the early settlers of Jefferson Township was the one whose name heads this short sketch. Mr. Young was born in Hawkins County, Tennessee, in 1790, and was married to Jane Rutledge, who was born in Wythe County, Virginia. Mr. Young came to Boone County in 1829, settling in Jefferson Township, where he entered a large tract of land near the Montgomery County line. The following year his wife died in 1830. This good woman did not live long enough to see the new county developed to any extent. The first few months of her life after coming to this county she, with her worthy companion, lived in a tent until a rude cabin could be built. It took courage to undergo such a life it required heroism. Could she now look out on the beautiful farm of J. V. Young (formerly the old homestead) what a change would greet her. The fine brick mansion in place of the tent and cabin, the pike in place of the trail yes, there has been a wonderful change. Mrs. Young is buried at the Shannondale Cemetery in Montgomery County. Mr. Young was the second time married, this time to Mary Vannice, in the year 1835. Mr. Young died in 18G9, and is also buried at the Shannondale Cemetery. John V. and George T. Young arc children of the first marriage. The former now owns the old farm, which is one of the best in the county splendid buildings, and in the finest state of cultivation. George T. resides two miles east; he also owns a fine farm. He was elected township trustee in April, 1884. William Young, the subject of this sketch, served a number of years as trustee of his township. He was a brother of the Rev. Clayborn Young, who was also a pioneer and it is said organized the first church (Presbyterian) in the township. William Young, as well as John V. and George T., are Jacksonian Democrats.

WILLIAM ZION.
The pioneer whose name heads this sketch was among- the first to come to the city of Lebanon, then a mere crossroads, so to speak. Strong and active, just in his early manhood, eager for the fray, which he proved, ou occasion, in after life. He was born in Abington, Va., January 1812. He was the son of Jacob Zion and Catharine Zion, who were early citizens of Rush County, Ind., coming as early as 1828. Mrs. Catharine Zion died there in the year 1834 j is buried at Rushville. Mr. Jacob Zion died in the state of Iowa, in the year 1864. They were of German descent. William Zion was married to Amelia Sims, in Rushville, December 13, 1832. She was the daughter of Stephen and Elizabeth Sims, who were also early citizens of Rush County. Mrs. Elizabeth Sims died at Rushville, March 20,1834. Mr. Sims died in Clinton County, Ind., January 16, 1862. Amelia Sims, now Mrs. Amelia Zion, was born in Brookville, Ind., May 29, 1814. In 1834 Mr. and Mrs. William Zion came to Lebanon, where he at once, as stated above, entered upon the scenes of an active life, and from first to last was foremost in all the undertakings and improvements, not only in Lebanon, but throughout the county and state. He soon after arriving engaged in the mercantile business in a small way, increasing his stock as his business grew up. Later he was at the head and front, and for years " Zion's store," on the corner, was a household word. Twice did he build up on the old corner; first, a large two story frame in 1843, which stood until the year 1866, when the present brick building was erected by him. He retired from the mercantile business in 1862, when other matters engaged his attention. He was an earnest and devoted friend and encourager of railroads, and much of his time and means were devoted to the building of the two roads now entering Lebanon. The beautiful little city of Zionsville was named in honor of him, as he had done so much in getting the town started, which now is a thriving little city of 1,500' inhabitants.

In 1847 he built the brick house adjoining Lebanon, where he lived the remainder of his life, and where the family now reside, and where he operated a fine farm for years. When Mr. Zion first came he worked at his trade, that of carriage making and blacksmithing, aud was its first of the kind in Lebanon. Mr. Zion was many years ago made a Master Mason in Thorutown, and during life was a supporter and member of this ancient and honorable body. He served as county sheriff, being elected in the year 1836. In all his relations iu life, both public aud private, he acted well his part; always discharged his duty with fidelity. In person, Mr. Z. was a large man, full six feet high, dark eyes and hair, good features. He died March 15, 1880; is buried at the new cemetery, east of the city he done so much for, and where a suitable monument marks the resting place of one of the pioneers of Boone County. We must not forget his wife, who is yet living, a well preserved lady of seventy-four years, whose portrait, as well as Mr. Zion's, will be found iu another part of this work. Also a letter from Mrs. Zion contributed to the Patriot, of this city, dated December 20, 1886, which we have been permitted to copy in the "Early Life and Times in Boone County." In . all the relations of life Mrs. Zion has proved a worthy helpmate from the cabin down to the present day. Not more than three or four persous are now living iu Lebanon when Mrs. Zion first came. She has a vivid recollection of all the events of the city and county for fifty years; is a fine conversationalist, and is well informed, especially on pioneer life. The publishers of this work are under obligations to her for valuable information about Lebanon.

The following are their children's names: Charlotte F., born October 23, 1833; married to L. M. Oliphant, November 12,1850; she died August 15,1854. George, born March 27, 1836; died in infancy. Elizabeth K., born March 29, 1836; married to Wm. Odeu, June 22,1858; died May 1, 1868. Parrisada A., born March 7, 1840; married to Moses Hall, of Kentucky, December 2, 1862; reside in Lebanon. Mary L., born April 30, 1842; married to Dr. A. O. Miller, August 21, 1862; reside in Lebanon. Mr. Miller has served as county auditor, served with distinction in the late war, is now county health director. Theodore L., was born August 18, 1844 ; was married first to Hattie Combs, February 18, 1868; the second time to Mrs. Wear, of Anderson, Ind., where he now resides, and is the present (1886) marshal. He was also in the late war, 10th Ind. Reg. Eliza A., born July 23, 1846; married to A. Morris, September 1, 1868; resides in Indianapolis. James M., born September 22, 1848; married to Millie Loveless, October 5,1869; reside in San Francisco, Cal. Charles M., born September 7, 1854; married to Mary Clemens; reside in Lebanon. Mr. Zion is one of the young attorneys of the bar of this city. William A., born October 25, 1850; married to Elizabeth Buchanan; reside in the city of Chicago, Ill.

Source: Early Life and Times in Boone County, Indiana. Boone County - Past and Present ...Complied by Hayden & Spahr , Lebanon, Ind.
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