Genealogy Trails
Cass County, Indiana
Biographical Sketches


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ADAM TOWNSHIP BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES.

JACOB BARNHART is a son of Abraham and Elizabeth (Neff) Barnhart, both of whom were natives of Virginia and of German descent. Jacob Barnhart is a native of Franklin County, Va., where he was born September 25, 1823. He passed his youth in assisting his parents on the home-farm, and at the age of twenty began life on his own responsibility, and since then his principal occupation has been farming. His marriage with Miss Mary Fisher was solemnized January 7, 1849, she being a daughter of Peter and Elizabeth (Brower) Fisher,!and was born April 18, 1826. Her early .life was passed in Virginia, but later removed to Ohio; thence to Miami County, Ind., where she received a fair education by attending the common schools. The children born to Mr. and Mrs. Barnhart are as follows; Levina A., born November 30, 1849, died April 4 ,1864; Elizabeth, born March 18, 1851; George, born April 14, 1852; Maria, born November 20, 1853; Susannah, born August 8, 1855, died November 6, 1856; Henry A., born September 11, 1858; Harvey, born March 20, 1860, died June 10, 1861; an infant, born December 12, 1862, died unnamed; Emma A., born January 16, 1866, and Marvin E., born June 17, 1869. The parents belong to the German Baptist Church, of which denomination Mr. Barnhart has been a minister for twenty-four years, also an. ordained elder for ten years. He has occupied various positions of trust, and has always been faithful and true to the trust imposed. He owns a good farm in Section 20, upon which he lives; he is widely known and universally liked and respected.

DANIEL BROWER, farmer, was born November 1, 1822, in Preble County, Ohio. His parents were Henry and Hannah (Dillman) Brower, natives of Pennsylvania and Virginia, respectively, and of German extraction. Daniel Brower acquired a fair education at the common schools in his native State. At the age of sixteen he came with his parents to Cass County, where he continued to remain under the parental roof until thirty-seven years of age, during which time he was principally engaged in farming. In 1852 he was elected treasurer of Miami County, Ind., creditably filling this office for one term, when he resumed farming. November 13, 1859 he was united in marriage with Mary E. Thompson, a native of Virginia, and of English extraction. Five children are the fruits of this union, namely: Margaret A., born January 21, 1801; Viola A., born June 6, 1804: Frank W., born January 22, 1807; Irvin D., born November 20, 1809, and George L., born April 5, 1872, all of whom are now living. Mr. Brower is an enterprising and industrious citizen, owns a good farm of 100 acres in Section 27, which he has acquired by industrious exertion and honest dealing. Politically he is a thorough Democrat.

J. L. CLOUSE, merchant at Hoover, is a native of Washington County, Penn.; was born March 1, 1831. His parents were William and Lydia (Leonard) Clouse, both of whom were natives of Pennsylvania and of German extraction. John L. passed his boyhood days at home, receiving a common school education. At the age of eighteen he was apprenticed to the carpenter's trade, which occupation he followed for a period of thirty years. January, 1804, be enlisted in Company K, Forty-sixth Eegiment Veteran Volunteers, and served until the close of the war. Prior to the war he was united in marriage with Miss Eliza J. Richey, a daughter of Andrew and Martha (Thompson) Kichey, who were natives of Pennsylvania. Seven children were born to this union, namely: Mary E., born October 20, 1854, died September 26, 1864; Lucy B., born July 28, 1857; Ora L, born November 7, 1859; Eosa F., born November 5, 1862; Lydia B., born October 4, 1865, died August 5, 1867; John R., born February 28, 1868, and Charles W., born January 18, 1872. Mr. Clouse is among the enterprising men of Hoover, where he is engaged in general merchandising, and by strict attention to business has established a trade which requires his entire attention, and which he justly merits. He also fills the position of railway agent of the Eel River Railroad at Hoover, and holds the office of postmaster. He is a member of the G. A. R., and altogether is one of the substantial men of the county.

DAVID CONRAD, farmer, is a native of Washington County, Penn., and was born January 1, 1833. He is a son of Daniel and Sarah (Custer) Conrad, natives of Pennsylvania, and who settled with their family in Adams Township in the year 1840. Our subject received a common school education in the schools of his time, and throughout life farming has been his chief occupation. Catherine Smith became his wife December 14. 1854. She is a native of Wayne County, Ohio, her birth occurring Mny 19, 1835, and a daughter of Jacob P. and Rebecca (Miller) Smith, who were natives of Ohio and Maryland, respectively, and who came to Case County in 1852. To Mr. and Mrs. Conrad have been born nine children, namely: Theodore F., born February 24, 1856, died September 20, 1856; Frances A., born August 7, 1858; Sarah B., born October 14, 1861; George M., born February 19, 1864; Cyrus V., born January 16,1866; Velma O., born September 24, 1868; Berdella M., born January 12, 1872; Ada P., born January 26,1881, and an infant unnamed. Mr. Conrad owns a fine farm in Section 20, well improved and cultivated. His politics are Democratic, and he takes an active interest in public affairs and is a member of the Masonic fraternity. Mrs. Conrad is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. They are of the best people, and highly respected as citizens in the community where they live.

ANDBEW J.. COX, farmer, was born in Miami County, Ohio, November 7, 1837, son of John and Mary (Hoover) Cox, who were of German extraction. Andrew J., then a small boy, came with his parents to Cass County, locating in Adams Township. Here his early years were passed in assisting his parents on the home-farm, and attending the district school. January 11, 1852, he married Miss Susannah Loman, a native of Ohio, born March 8,1834, and a daughter of Abraham and Jane (Hughel) Loman, natives of Ohio. Four children have been the fruits of their union, Whose names are: Semantha E., born May 23, 1853; Eliza J., born November 25, 1855; Mary A., born April 3, 1858, and John R., born August 16, 1860, only two of whom are now living. Mr. Cox has followed farming through life, and with good success, as his farm of 172 acres, well improved and cultivated, amply testifies, and which he has acquired by hard and honest labor. He and wife are members of the Christian Church. He is a Democrat in politics and an upright citizen, whom to know is to respect and esteem.

WILLIAM DALZELL was born on the farm he now owns, March 25, 1851, a son of Thomas and Mary (McMillen) Dalzell, the former a native of Ireland and the latter of Pennsylvania. These parents immigrated to Cass County in 1835, locating on Section 29, Adams Township, where they resided until their death, living an honored and respected life. The father died December 25, 1884, the mother having preceded him February 8, 1881. They were members of the Presbyterian Church, and are buried in the Bethlehem Grave-Yard. William was reared in his native county, receiving in youth a common school education, and at the age of twenty-four began life for himself. He selected farming as his vocation through life, as did his father before him, and is the present owner of 255 acres of good farming and grazing land. Miss Isabel Dillman became his wife May 30,1875; she is a daughter of Daniel and Elizabeth (Aukerman) Dillman, and was born August 1, 1849. To their union four children have been born: John H., born September 14, 1876, died October 31, 1885; Dudley T., born September 15, 1880; Blanche E., born June 22, 1882, and one child which died in infancy. Mr. Dalzell is one of the county's self-made men, beginning life's battle a poor boy, and by upright dealings has acquired a competency. Mrs. Dalzell is a member of the Evangelist Church.

"W. H. and S. F. DILLMAN, sons of Daniel and Elizabeth (Aukerman) Dillman, are among the most prosperous citizens of Adams Township, where they are pleasantly situated on the home-farm, which they own, and contains 160 acres of excellent land, and are engaged in farming. Daniel Dillman, the father, was born in Virginia July 21, 1804. He was married in Preble County, Ohio, March 18, 1830, and where they continued to reside until 1840, in which year they removed to Cass County, and were the first to locate in Adams Township, where they engaged in agricultural pursuits, and resided until their respective deaths. He was twice married; his first wife, the mother of our subject, who died March 21, 1859; his second wife, who was Catherine Burrows, a native of Cass County, died February 23, 1870. The father was industrious, intelligent, and highly respected, and was father of the following family: Mary M., born December 3, 1830; John H, born February 19, 1832; Aaron S., born October 5, 1834, died April 16, 1837: Elizabeth C., born July 16, 1837, died July 17, 1845; William H.. born October 9, 1839; Maria V., born June 15, 1841; S. F, born February 20, 1843; Eliza L., born April 26, 1845; Lavina E., born May 20, 1847; Isabel H, born August 1, 1849, and Margaret A., born June 6, 1852. The two brothers, whose names form the subject of this notice, live together on the home-farm. S. F. is the only one married, his wife beiug Miss Martha J. Mitten. The brothers take an interest in all moral, educational or other enterprises that go to build up the community in which they live or benefit the condition of their fellow-men.

STEPHEN EURIT, an early settler and leading citizen of Cass County, Ind., was born April 22, 1821, in Lewis County, Va. His parents are John and Mary A. (Martin) Eurit, natives of Virginia, and were respectively of Irish and German descent. They were married in Virginia in 1819, and resided in Lewis County until 1829, in which year they immigrated to Vigo County, Ind., where they remained until 1833. During the fall of this year they removed to Cass County, where they entered 200 acres of land in Bethlehem Township, which they subsequently improved, and devoted their time and energies to farming. Our subject was raised upon his father's farm, secured a fair education, and for a number of years was engaged in teaching school in Cass and the adjoining counties. June 19, 1847, he was married to Ellen J. Dalzell, who was born March 12, 1822, in Washington County. Penn. She is a daughter of John and Lucy (Crooks) Dalzell, and a grand-daughter of Gen. Crooks, who took a prominent part in the war of 1812. He commanded 4,000 men, organized in 1811, in western Pennsylvania; came west and built Fort Meigs, in Ohio, which was afterward attacked by Procter and gallantly defended by Maj. Croghan. Mrs. Eurit passed her early life at home, and came with her parents, in 1833, to Cass County, where she engaged for some time in teaching school. Mr. and Mrs. Eurit have been blessed by the following children: Martha, born August 25, 1848; Mary A., born November 26, 1849; Emma, born November 26, 1851, died November 5, 1854; William A., born August 5, 1853, died October 13, 1854; Fannie, born September 10, 1855, died January 4, 1879; Ida M., born August 14, 1857; Alice, born March 16, 1859, died October 3, 1872; and Charles M., born December 20, 1861. Mr. Eurit is the owner of 260 acres of well improved land, upon which are good substantial buildings. He is the architect of his own fortune, which he has accumulated by his own industry. He held the office of township trustee for a number of years with the best of satisfaction. He is a Eepublican in politics, and himself and wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. In 1854 Mr. Eurit moved to Iowa, but, owing to the death of two of his children in their new home, he returned to Cass County in October of the same year.

JAMES EVANS is a native of Clinton County, Ohio, born September 7, 1834, the fourth child in a family of twelve children born to James and Nancy (West) Evans, natives of Kentucky and Ohio, respectively. They moved to Wabash County, Ind., in 1851; thence a year later to Cass County, settling in Adams Township. James, our subject, received but an ordinary education, being engaged from childhood at work upon the farm, and has followed farming all his life. In the fall of 1857 he went to Henry County, Ind., where, on April 1, 1858, he was united in marriage with Miss Mary E. Current, a native of Taylor County, Va., born June 8, 1836, and a daughter of Abraham J. and Elizabeth (Lake) Current, natives of Virginia, and who came to Henry County in 1837. Seven children have blessed this union, whose names are: Isabel, born April 27, 1860; Abraham J., born October 29, 1862; Benson W., born May 22,1865; Lizzie J., born February 6, 1867; Isam E., born October 16, 1873, and Alfred, born October 6, 1875, all of whom are now living. In April, 1879, Mr. Evans removed from Henry County, Ind., to Adams Township, and settled where he now lives, and where he owns a fine farm, well improved and under good cultivation, which he has earned by hard work, self-denial and judicious management. He held the office of justice of the peace four years.* Politically he is a strong Democrat, and is an A. F. & A. M.

EDWARD FAHL, farmer, was born in Pennsylvania in 1829. eldest of a family of nine children born to George and Mary Fahl, natives of Pennsylvania, and of German extraction. Our subject was reared by his parents, with whom he came, • at the age of thirteen, to Huntington County, Ind. Here, in January, 1860, he was united in marriage with Catherine Kusmal, a native of Germany, born in 1841. They began life together on a farm in Huntington County, where they lived until 1868, when they removed to Miami, Ind., and continued to live until 1877, in which year they removed to Cass County and purchased their present farm of 160 acres, which is well improved, and where he still resides. Mr. and Mrs. Fahl are members of the German Reformed Church, and the parents of the following living children: Sarah, born February 24. 1862; Mary, born January 7, 1866; John, born June 26, 1869: Susan, born December 6, 1875; William, born May 27, 1879; Amanda, bom August 19, 1872; George F., born November 8. 1882. Mr. Fahl in politics affiliates with the Democratic party, and is known as an industrious and upright citizen.

JAMES P. FERGUSON was born in the township where he now lives, January 1, 1838. He is one of ten children, namely: Thomas, Mary, Sarah, Richard W., Elizabeth, John M., James P., Sebastian C. and two dying in infancy, born to Richard and Phcebe A. (Payne) Ferguson, both natives of Franklin County, Va., and of English descent. They came to Cass County in 1833, and located near Logansport, where they resided for a number of years, and then removed to Adams Township. James P. was reared on his father's farm, and acquired a fair education in youth by making most of his opportunities. After attending the Logansport Seminary two terms, he began teaching in his native township, which he continued for several terms with more than ordinary success. On November 26, 1863, he was united in marriage with Miss Maria V. Dillman, daughter of Daniel and Elizabeth (Aukerman) Dillman, appropriate mention of whom is made elsewhere in this volume. She was born in Adams Township June 15, 1841, and presented her husband with six children: Oscar B., born December 13, 1865; Luman W., born March 4, 1868; Henry D., born November 24. 1869; Sylvia M., born February 1, 1872; Cora D., born December 24, 1874, and Ella M., born August 21,1876, all of whom are now living. Mr. Ferguson has been principally engaged in farming throughout life, and now owns a good farm in Section 32, upon which is one of the best residences of the township. He began life poor, and attributes his success in life to proper economy and industry. He is a member of the Masonic order and a firm advocate of the principles of the Republican party.

JOHN GRABLE, one of the old and prominent citizens of Cass County, is a native of Washington County, Penn., where he was born October 18, 1804. He is the fourth son of a family of eleven children born to Jonathan and Catherine (Barkhammer) Grable, both of whom were natives of Pennsylvania. Our subject was reared by his parents; his education is only an ordinary one, being acquired in the primitive schools of his times. At the age of seventeen he began to learn the tanner's trade, and followed the same for four years. In 1827 he removed to Jefferson County, Ohio, where he lived until 1836, in which year he removed to Carroll County; thence to Summit County; subsequently, in 1846, to Cass County, Ind., and located on the farm where he now lives, and shared in the toils and hardships and privations of a pioneer life. December 24, 1824, he was joined in marriage with Miss Anna Carson, a native of Washington County, Penn., born July 22, 1807, and a daughter of Thomas and Mary (Gibson) Carson, natives of Pennsylvania. Twelve children blessed this union, whose names are: Joram, born August 9, 1825, died June 28, 1859; Maria, born November 9, 1826, died May 28, 18(54; Jonathan, born March 2, 1829, died October 15, 1831; John C., born November 11, 1830; Julia A., born October 24, 1832, was married to S. G. Conrad, February 26, 1857, and died February 13, 1863; Mandane, born August 12, 1835, was married to W. C. Bennett October 15, 1858; Samantha, born December 12, 1838, died January 10, 1841; Mary, born April 29, 1841, died April 1, 1842; Salome, born January 14, 1843, was married to F. M. Lunsford April 18,1867, and died January 14, 1874; Isabel F., born August 23, 1845, was married, November 19, 1868, to Charles T. Lunsford, and died August 11,1871; Luzarba, born November 23, 1847, died August 5, 1864; and Maude M., born November 1, 1850, was married to John O. Winegardner August 26, 1869. Mrs. Grable was a true wife and mother, and departed this life November 17, 1866. Mr. Grable began life in an humble way, and by his industry, economy and good management has acquired a valuable farm of 236 acres, located in Sections 7 and 8, Adams Township, where he is now enjoying the evening of life, and bids fair to live many years, and thus fulfill the wishes of his many friends. Politically he is a Republican. His farm is now successfully managed by his son John, with whom he lives, and who was married on June 12, 1862, to Miss Jane Dalzell, a native of Cass County, born July 30, 1842. To their union four children have been born, viz.: Nora E., born September 6, 1863; Schuyler C., born September 24, 1867; John E., born July 22, 1870; and Joram, born October 6, 1872.

LEVI H. HOSLEE, lumber dealer at Hoover, was born in Richland County, Ohio, April 2, 1840. He was reared in his native State, attending the common schools, from which he obtained a fair education. At the age of twenty he enlisted for the late war in Company F, One Hundred and Seventy-ninth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry, where he served until the close of the war, receiving an honorable discharge. Returning from the war he removed to Noble County, Ind., where he was engaged in the lumber business until 1884, since which time he has been located at Hoover, where he formed a partnership and is doing a good business. Their saw-mill is one of the largest in the county, and they have established an extensive lumber-yard, manufacturing principally railroad lumber. Mr. Hosier began life with little or no capital, but has worked his way, by his own efforts, to his present prominent position as a business man. He chose for his wife Miss Abigail Bachelder, a native of Ohio, and born of Scotch descent. Four children have blessed this union: Ellen, Daniel E.,' William E. and George L. Mr. Hosier is a member of the G. A. R. and a first-class citizen.

WILLIAM B. KINNAMAN, farmer, was born in Cass County. Ind., May 9, 1832, son of Thomas and Elizabeth (Bennett) Kinnaman, who were natives of North Carolina and Pennsylvania, respectively. Thomas Kinnaman was a pioneer of the Hoosier State, he having settled in Clinton Township, Cass County, in the fall of 1829. William B. was raised on his parents' farm, receiving but a common schooling in his youth. On attaining his majority he began to do for himself, and at the age of twenty-three he went to Kansas, remaining four years, at the end of which time he returned to his native county. December 24, 1862, he married Lucy A. Short, a native of Indiana, born May 4, 1844, and a daughter of Jacob and Anna (Pride) Short, natives of Delaware. Their union has been fruitful in the birth of five children: Charles E., born January 28, 1863; Frances E., born May 2, 1864, died February 22, 1865; John G., born October 20, 1868; William L., born November 28, 1870, and Anna B., born June 1, 1882. Mr. Kinnaman began life poor, but, by his own efforts, he has secured a good farm and has established a reputation as an honorable and upright citizen. Politically he is a Democrat, and is a member of the Masonic fraternity. Mrs. Kinnaman is an honored member of the Christian Church.

MRS. SARAH A. LEFFEL, a native of Brown County, Ohio, was born December 13, 1837; is a daughter of Joseph and James (Veal) Burdsall, natives of New Jersey. When quite young she came to Miami County, Ind., where she received a common education. April 28, 1855, she was united in marriage with Jesse Reece, by whom she is the mother of the following children: Scott, born January 21, 1856; Matilda J., born December 14, 1857; Joseph F., born January 7, 1860; Mary E., born July 31, 1862, now deceased. Mr. Reece departed this life in October, 1864. On December 2, 1869, Mrs. Reece was married to William Leffel, a native of Franklin County, Va., born October 29, 1810, and a son of Samuel and Dorothy (Miller) Leffel, natives of Virginia. One child was born to this marriage, Harry G., born April 18, 1876. Mr. Leffel came to Cass County in the year of 1833. He was an honorable and upright citizen, a man respected and admired for his many sterling qualities of both heart and mind, and his death, which occurred May 24, 1886, was a cause for great regret among his neighbors and friends. Since his death Mrs. Leffel has continued to reside on the homefarm, which is regarded as one of the best in the township.

DAVID MOSS, an old and respected citizen of Cass County, and a resident of Adams Township, was born in Union County, Ind., November 23, 1817. His parents were William and Elizabeth (Librook) Moss, both natives of Franklin County, Va., and of English and German descent, respectively. They removed to Union County, Ind., in the early part of the present century and engaged in farming. Our subject was reared to manhood's estate on his father's farm, receiving only such education in youth as the common schools of that early day afforded. August 31, 1840, he was wedded to Miss Mary Brown, by whom he is the father of six children: Sarah, born October 7, 1842; Elizabeth, born June 10, 1844 (deceased) ; Louis, born August 8, 184(5; Aaron, born July 5, 1848; William, born July 20, 1851, and Lavina, born January 5, 1854. August 21, 1854, the wife and mother died, and June 21, 1855, Mr. Moss was united in marriage with Margaret Shidler, a daughter of David and Rebecca (Landis) Shidler. This union has been blessed with four children: Abraham, born November 29, 1856; John, born May 24, 1859; Alfred, born July 11, 1861, and Rebecca, born January 5, 1868. Mr. Moss has been a successful farmer all his life, now owning a fine farm of well improved land, located on Section 33. Throughout life he has been an industrious and upright citizen and enjoys the high regard of all who know him. Politically he is a Democrat. Mrs. Moss is a member of the German Baptist Church.

ALLEN OBENCHAIN, an old and respected resident of Adams Township, is a native of Botetourt County, Va., born September 17, 1821, one of fourteen children born to John and Elizabeth (Stair) Obenchain, natives of Virginia, where they lived until they came to Indiana in 1837, settling in Tippecanoe County. Our subject was reared on a farm in his native county, receiving a common school education, and at the age of seventeen came with his parents to this State. In 1841 he came to Cass County, where he was engaged in threshing wheat and operated the first threshing machine that was introduced in the county. August 1, 1848, he married Eliza Obenchain, a native of Clark County, Ohio, born September 25, 1828, and a daughter of Thomas and Susan (Chapman) Obenchain, natives of Virginia. By this union he is the father of twelve children: An infant, which died unnamed; Thomas E., born July 13, 1850, died September 21, 1857; Martha J., born August 10, 1852; Charles P., born June 16, 1854, died May 15, 1856; William A., born October 30, 1850; Allen B., born June 28, 1858, died March, 1860; George W., born January 22, 1800; John E., born May 28, 1802, died June 3, 1872; Henry G., born May 14, 1804, died November 17, 1805; Elder R, born February 12, 1807; Ginevra I., born September 29, 1809. and Elmer R, born July 13, 1872, died March 11, 1873. Mr. Obenchain has passed the greater portion of his life thus far engaged in agricultural pursuits, in which he has been successful, now owning two good farms in Adams Township, which have been secured entirely by himself and wife, and, what is far more desirable and commendable, an honest name and unblemished reputation. Himself and wife are members of the Christian Church, and he is a Democrat in politics.

JOHN B. RUSH is a native of Preble County, Ohio, and was born August 11, 184(5. His parents, Cornelius and Barbara (Brower) Rush, were natives of Ohio, and came to Cass County in 1848. John B. was reared upon the farm by his parents, receiving the advantages of a good education, and was most successfully engaged in teaching school for a period of eight years. May 19, 1870, he married Frances A. Tanquary, a native of Ohio, born December 7, 1846, a daughter of William and Elizabeth (Shackelford) Tanquary, natives of Ohio. He and wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Although Mr. Rush started in life a poor boy, he now owns an excellent farm in Section 6, and is looked upon as one of the substantial citizens of Adams Township. He is a Republican in politics, taking an active interest for his party.

JOHN C. SKINNER, farmer, was born in Montgomery County, Ohio, August 13, 1821. His parents, Thomas and Amelia (Cox) Skinner, natives of North Carolina and Tennessee, respectively, were among the early settlers of the Buckeye State. In the year of 1837 they removed from Ohio to Cass County, locating in Adams Township, and engaged in farming. John C. passed his youth and early manhood assisting his father upon the farm, his education being such as he could get by attending the common schools of that early day. At the age of twenty-two he began to do for himself, and for a time was engaged in saw-milling. He was married, at the age of twenty-five, to Miss Hannah Crooks, who died in the year of 1802. In 1809 he was united in marriage with Sarah Han. who departed this life Jxily 11, 1870, and on March 20, 1878, he was married to Fannie Bell, a daughter of Robert and Alice (Hance) Bell. Mrs. Skinner was born September 15, 1847. To Mr. Skinner's first marriage were born three children: Fannie E., born October 29, 1850, died September 1, 1876; Richard T., born September 8, 1852, died November 1, 1870, and Wesley J., born October 10, 1858, died March 0, 1877. By his second marriage two children were born: Walter M., born December 1, 1809, and Edith P., bom August 18, 1873, and died May 13, 1875. Mr. Skinner  began life a poor man, but, by diligence, economy and good management, he now owns one of the best farms in Adams Township, upon which are many valuable improvements. He and wife are members of the Christian Church, and are universally respected.

THOMAS H. SKINNEE, farmer, was born in Montgomery County, Ohio, November 21, 1836, and is a son of Thomas and Amelia (Cox) Skinner, pioneers of Cass County. Thomas H. is one of the leading men of Adams Township. He was raised to hard work upon his father's farm, secured a fair education from the common schools, and at the age of twenty-four years began life for himself as a farmer. March 21, 1861, he was married to Sarah A. Bockover. She is a native of Cass County, born August 24, 1842, and a daughter of John and Harriet (Simmons) Bockover, natives of Ohio, coming to Cass County in 1838. The children born to their union are Olive A., born April 26, 1862; Albert "W., born January 21, 1864; Ida M., born December 13, 1865; Florence M.,born December 24, 1867; Amanda E., born February 18, 1870; Fred H., born November 28, 1873; Eva M.,born November 4, 1878, and Jessie V.,born August 29, 1881, three of whom arf now deceased. Mr. Skinner owns a good farm, well improved, and devotes his attention to agricultural pursuits. He is a Republican, but has never aspired to any political prominence. He and wife are connected with the Christian Church.

H. D. SKINNEE, M. D., was born in Cass County, Ind., November 21, 1854, son of Richard C. and Elizabeth (Conrad) Skinner, natives of Ohio and Pennsylvania, respectively, and of German descent. Subject was reared on a farm, and attended the district school until sixteen years old, when he began teaching during the winter and attending the school at Logansport in the summer. At the age of twenty-four, in accordance with his desire, he began the study of medicine under Drs. Fitch and Coleman, continuing three years, at the expiration of which time he entered the Indiana Medical College, at Indianapolis, Ind., and graduated March 31, 1881. He returned to Twelve Mile, where he engaged in the practice of his profession, and has remained there ever since. September 15, 1882, he married Miss Sarah A. Williams, a daughter of John and Christenia (Keplinger) Williams, both of whom were natives of Indiana. To their union two children have been born: Roscoe, born in June, 1883, and Daniel Otto, born in September, 1884. The Doctor started in life without any financial assistance, but through his energy and ability has secured a large practice and a good home. He is a member of the fraternity of Odd Fellows, and is now serving his second term as township trustee. In politics he is a Republican, and is a man of thorough and energetic business qualifications, and is held in high esteem by all.

ESAU WOODHOUSE, farmer, was born in Cass County, Ind, June 27, 1835, eldest of six children born to Philip and Sarah (Hoover) Woodhouse, who were among the early settlers of Cass County, they coming from Ohio. Esau Woodhouse was raised on the farm of his parents, received a fair education when a boy, and when twenty-one years old engaged in farming on his own responsibility. He is an enterprising and industrious citizen, owns a good well improved farm, located in Section 27, Adams Township, and is a stanch Democrat in politics. He was united in marriage with Susan J. Kingry March 2, 1859. Mrs. Woodhouse is a native of Franklin County, Va., born October 1, 1838. Six children have resulted from this union: Minerva F., born January 28, 1860; Henry T., born August 21, 1862; Laura B., born December 22, 1865, died September 8, 1866; Sarah E, born March 4, 1868; Urilla A., born April 17, 1872, and Mirttie I., born April 12, 1876. The parents are members of the Christian Church, and are respected by all who know them.

HENRY WOODHOUSE, farmer, was born in Adams Township, Cass Co., Ind., December 29, 1836. He is a son of Philip and Sarah (Hoover), Woodhouse, natives of Ohio, but removed to to Cass County in the fall of 41834. Our subject received only a common schooling, and, until twenty years old, assisted his parents on the home-farm. September 4, 1857, he was united in marriage with Miss Sarah Cox, a daughter of William Cox, of Cass Countv. To this union one child was born, Mary E., born October 11, 1858, and died July, 1860. September 8, 1861, his wife, Sarah, died, and again, October 15, 1863, he married Lydia Abbott, a native of Cass County, born July 7, 1839. Two children were born to this mar-" riage: Huldah M., born September 18, 1864, died December 18, 1875, and Arthur D., born June 13, 1866, and died the following December. Mr. Woodhouse is one of the substantial men of Adams Township; beginning life in very moderate circumstances, by good management and industry has accumulated a fine farm, located in Section 27, and where known he is highly respected.


BETHLEHEM TOWNSHIP BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES.

GEOKGE W. ANDERSON, farmer, is a native of Virginia, his birth occurring September 15. 1821, and is a son of Samuel and Elizabeth (Vance) Anderson, also natives of Virginia. He received his education from the primitive schools of that day, selected farming as his vocation through life, and January 31, 1851, was married to Miss Priscilla McNarnor, a daughter of Joseph and Annie McNamor, natives of Delaware. Seven children are the fruit of this marriage: Elizabeth, born January 1, 1852, deceased; Auneritta, born April 10, 1854, now deceased; Mary E., born March 21, 1857; Isaac, born November 20, 1850; Jane, born March 21, 18(52; John, born November 4, 18f>4, and George W., born April 26, 1868; and of the five living three are now married and reside near home. Mr. Anderson is one of the progressive and substantial men of Bethlehem Township, beginning life with no substantial means, and by good management and industry accumulating 185 acres of good land. In politics he is a time-honored Democrat, having cast his first ballot for James K. Polk. He and wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and are enjoying the evening of life surrounded by its comforts, and sharing the good will and opinion of all around them.

ELIAS BOOKWALTER, farmer, is a native of Pickaway County, Ohio, born August 25, 1821. He passed his early life at home, and secured only such education as was afforded by the common schools. February 14. 1844, he was united in matrimony with Rosana Adair, a native of Ross County, Ohio, born July 22, 1819. and a daughter of John and Sarah (Finch) Adair, natives of Virginia and Kentucky, respectively. A family of two children were born to this union, whose names are Sarah A., born February IT, 1846, and Albert F., born February 12, 1848, both of whom are married and reside in Cass County. Mr. Bookwalter has made farming his occupation through life, and owns sixty acres of land, well improved. In politics he votes with the Republican party. He is an honest, upright citizen, esteemed for his many good qualities by all who know him. Mrs. Bookwalter is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

LEWIS BROWN is a native of Monroe County, Mich., born June 29, 1837, son of Lewis, Sr., and Keziah (Dein) Brown, both of whom were natives of Ontario County, N. Y. Our subject in youth was given a fair education, and at the age of eighteen began, the work of life for himself. In 1801 he came to Cass County, which has since been his home, and engaged in the occupation, of farming, being very successful, now owning 195 acres of excellent land, all of which are well improved. March 5, 1863, he was- married to Miss Malinda Smith, born in Cass County March 20, 1839, a daughter of George M. and Mary (Fuller) Smith, both natives of Clarke County, Ohio. To this union have been born two children: George E., born December 19, 1863, and Frank, born August 29, 1857, both of whom are now living. Mr. and Mrs. Brown are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He is a Republican in politics and an exemplary citizen.

JAMES M. BUCHANAN, farmer, one of the well-known old pioneers of Cass County, was born November 4, 1810, in the State of Pennsylvania. In youth, he received only such education as was afforded in that early day. May 2, 1837, he was united in marriage with Mary A. Gurley, a native of Hunterstown, Penn., born February 28, 1814, and a daughter of John and Martha (Caldwell) Gurley, both of Scotch-Irish extraction.- Six children have blessed their union: James, born October 3, 1838; Samuel M., born May 11, 1842, died February 8, 1872; Martha J., born October 1, 1844, died August 8, 1849; George W., born October 3, 1847; G., born November 15, 1851, and Edward B., born September 20,1854; all of whom are married and reside in the county, except Edward B., who lives with his father, and is engaged in the grocery business at Meta, also holds the postoffice of the same place. Mr. Buchanan is one of Bethlehem Township's best farmers, as well as one of the county's most influential and respected citizens. He and wife have been members of the Baptist Church at Meta, ever since its organization, in 1842, by the Rev. James Buchanan. In politics he has been a lifelong Democrat.

JAMES BUCHANAN is a native of Cass County, lud,, of which he is now commissioner. He was born October 3, 1838, a son of James M. and Mary A. (Gurley) Buchanan, natives of Pennsylvania, and among the early settlers of Cass County. Our subject passed his youth and early manhood on his father's farm, where he early learned those lessons of industry and economy by which his subsequent life has been characterized. He was educated in the county schools, began life upon his own responsibility as a farmer, and is now one of the leading agriculturists of his township. He owns a fine farm of 293 acres, located in Section 11, and is extensively engaged in the breeding of stock, making a specialty of imported stock and short-horn cattle. He is now, satisfactorily, holding the office of county commissioner in the First District, and by the shrewd management of the board they have, besides clearing the county of debt, expended 885,000 in necessary improvements. Their last allowance of §10,000, for a monument to the dead soldiers of Cass County, meets the approval of all loyal citizens. December 11, 18(52, he was married to Miss Mary C. Buchanan, a native of Blair County, Penn., born. April 21, 1841, a daughter of Thomas B. and Mary (McKillip) Buchanan. This marriage has been blessed with seven children: Martha P., born September 24, 1863; Thomas B., born October 29, 1805, died November 13, 1866; Clarissa W., born July 31, 1868; Edward B., born December 8, 1870; Ray, born March 24, 1872; George C., born March 18, 1873, and James J., born July 17, 1875. Mrs. Buchanan and daughter are members of the Presbyterian Church. Mr. Buchanan is an active Democrat in politics, and a member of the K. of P. He is a representative citizen of his township, and a courteous gentleman in every respect.

G. W. BUCHANAN, an enterprising farmer and stock-raiser of Bethlehem Township, is a native of the township where he now resides, his birth occurring October 3, 1847. His parents are James M. and Mary A. (Gurley) Buchanan, natives of Pennsylvania, and pioneers of Cass County, now residing in Bethlehem Township, and whose biographical sketch appears elsewhere in this volume. G. W. Buchanan was raised a farmer, and enjoyed such educational advantages as the country schools afforded, attending the same at intervals for several years. He remained with his parents until twenty-four years of age, commencing life for himself as a farmer. He was married, February 27, 1872, to Mary E. Dague, daughter of Samuel and Phebe (Conrad) Dague, natives of Pemisylvaiiia. The father came to Cass County in 1846, locating in Adams Township. He was a farmer by occupation, a man of local prominence, and departed this life January 17, 1875, his widow surviving him until August 12, 1875. Mrs. Buchanan was born in Adams Township May 24, 1847. She was educated in the schools of her native county, and later was employed as teacher for a number of years in the district schools of the county; also taught one year in the Logansport Seminary. Mr. and Mrs. Buchanan have a family of four children: Waldo E., born August 22, 1875; Mary M., born December 11, 1878; Blanch, born February 17, 1883, and Grace, born March 7, 1885. Mr. Buchanan has been successful as a farmer, and at the present time owns a good farm in Bethlehem Township, and makes farming and stock-raising his sole business, and is justly regarded as one of the progressive and wide-awake citizens of Cass County. In political faith he is a stanch Democrat, and he and wife are members of the Presbyterian Church.

JAMES T. CALLAHAM, farmer, was born in Fulton County. Ind., November 19. 1849. He was raised on the farm of his parents, was fairly educated in the district schools, and on attaining his majority began doing for himself. He selected farming as his yocation through life, as did his father before him, and owns a good farm of 135 acres in Section 6, besides fifteen acres in Fulton County. November 18, 1874, Sarah A. Marsh became his wife. She is a daughter of David and Anna (Hall) Marsh, the former a native of Ohio, and the latter of Virginia. Two children are the fruit of this union: Eva M., born January 23, 1878, and Vally May, born August 17, 1882. The parents are members of the Presbyterian Church. Mr. Callaham is a Republican, and is an energetic and highly esteemed citizen.

MAEION CALLENDEE, farmer, was born in Clay Township, Cass Co., Ind., July 26, 1853, a son of Collins and Elvira (Sisco) Callender, both natives of Ohio, the former of German and the latter of English extraction. Our subject was left fatherless when nine years old, and when but quite young he was cast upon the world to do for himself, consequently receiving a very ordinary education. Miss Mary Conrad became his wife September 18,1878. She is the daughter of John S. and Artelia E. Conrad, natives of Pennsylvania and North Carolina, respectively. Mrs. Conrad was born July 16, 1858, and obtained a good education by attending school at Logansport, Ind. Four children are the fruit of this union: Myrtle A., born November 7, 1879; Frederick S., born April 27, 1882; Hattie A., born February 11, 1884, and Bertha, born November 9, 1885, all of whom are now living. Mr. Callender, by industry, has secured a good farm of fifty acres on Section 28, and, as a Eepublican, is always interested in public affairs. An upright and hard-working citizen, he enjoys the high respect of all who know him. Mrs. Callender is a member of the Christian Church.

MAECUS W. COLLETT, a prosperous and prominent farmer, was born February 6, 1847, in Miami County, Ind., and is the only son born to the marriage of William Collett and Susannah Coler, natives respectively of Maryland and Ohio. The father was born November 18, 1817, and died June 6, 1878; and the mother was born November 14, 1823, and died March 26, 1850. Both were buried at Mexico, Ind. Marcus W. received a common school education, and remained at home, working on the farm, until seventeen years of age, at which time he enlisted in the First Light Battery, Indiana Volunteers, with which he remained until the close of the war. After the war he engaged in farming, and at the age of twenty-two was united in marriage with Sarah A. Stroud, who was born in Cass County, Ind., August 13, 1849, and a daughter of William and Eebecca (Eichardson) Stroud. To them five children have been born: Grace G., born June 25, 1870; William S., March 21, 1872; Blanch Z., July 9, 1874; Charlie Coler, November 8, 1879, and Walter, born September 20, 1880, and died October 18, 1880. Mr. Collett has followed the occupation of farming, in which he has been quite fortunate, as 320 acres of fine land in Bethlehem Township abundantly prove. His politics are Republican, and he is the present trustee of his township, also a member of the Masonic order. He is one of the county's best citizens and a progressive man.

GEORGE W. CONKLING (deceased) was born in Cherry Valley, N. Y., July 12, 1812. His father, Henry Conkling, was a native of Otsego County, the same State, and was a farmer by occupation. Our subject was reared on a farm until the age of seventeen, when he engaged in the mercantile business with his uncle, in New York City, for several years, but was forced to abandon this occupation, owing to failing health. In 1833 he came West to Medina County, Ohio, where, on November 8, 1835, he was united in marriage with Harriet Lanphear, a daughter of Stephen and Sarah (Sawyer) Lanphear, natives of Vermont and Canada, respectively. Mrs. Conkling was born in Plattsburg, N. Y., March 5, 1813, and removed with her parents to Medina County, Ohio, in 1833. By her union with Mr. Conkling she became the mother of five children, namely: Sarah A., born March 27, 1837. died March 13, 185-1; Walter, born March 17, 1839; Sylvester, born February 14, 184t died February 28, 1841; Eliza M., born October 15, 1843; and Henry, born December 15, 184(5, died January 10, 1874. In 1836 the parents came to Cass County, locating in Section 26, Bethlehem Township, being among the earliest settlers of the county. Mr. Conkling was an unassuming, honorable, upright citizen, ,a man respected and admired for his many sterling qualities of both h£art and mind, a true Christian, and a member of the Christian Church. He died September 3, 1876. Since his death Mrs. Conkling has continued to reside on the home-farm, which is successfully managed by her son Walter, who chose for his wife Mary M. Miller. Eliza, Mrs. Conkling's only surviving daughter, was united in marriage, November 25, 1863, to James Kirtland, by whom she is the mother of the following children: Ollie, George W., Harry, Edward 0. and Elias W. Mrs. Conkling is a member of the Christian Church.

WALTER CONKLING was born on the farm where he was reared, and now owns, March 17, 1839. He was one of five children, viz.: Sarah A., Walter, Sylvester, Eliza M. and Henry G., born to George W. and Harriet (Lauphear) Conkling. The parents came to Cass County in 1836 and settled in Section 26, Bethlehem Township. Walter was reared to manhood upon his father's farm, educated in the common schools of the neighborhood, and was joined iii marriage, December 27, 1870, with Miss Mary M. Miller, daughter of William B. and Mary (Hurley) Miller. The father is a native of Ireland, born June 27, 1807, and is still living. The mother is a native of Ohio, born October 4, 1812, and died August 28, 1873. Mrs. Conkling is a native of Shelby County, Ohio, born April 14, 1845. She came with her parents to Indiana in 1864, and for a number of years was engaged in teaching school. Mr. Conkling is a well-to-do farmer, a good citizen and neighbor, and he and wife are the parents of one child, Florence Gertrude, born September 17, 1877. He and wife are members of the Christian Church; he is a Republican in politics. His home is at present known as Pine postoffice.

STEPHEN G. CONEAD. The subject of this sketch was born in Washington County, Penn., October 4, 1833. Daniel H. and Mary Conrad, both natives of Pennsylvania of German descent were his parents. In 1840 his parents came to this county. Here Stephen spent his boyhood and youth. On February 26, 1857, he was married to Julia A. Grable, daughter of John and Ann Grable. To this union was born two children: Dora B. and Frank P., both of whom are now living. About February 24, 18(53, Julia was called away. On February 8, 1866, he was again married to Margaret Cowel, and to this union were born three children: George W., E. G. and Mary E. They are all living. This wife died in December, 1874. and on September 28, 1878, he was again united in marriage with Ellen Webster, daughter of Mathew and Fanny Webster, natives of England. Ellen was born in Yorkshire, England, November 5, 1847. When she was nine months old her parents immigrated to Logansport. Prior to this marriage she was the wife of William E. Balton, and had born to her two sons, Francis M. and Homer E., both of whom are now living. Homer is living at home. Mrs. Conrad is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Politically Mr. Conrad is a Democrat, and firmly believes in the principles of his party. He began life a poor boy, and by dint of industry and perseverance he has accumulated considerable of property. He now owns 200 acres of fine land in Section 28, and his home is one of the most pleasant we have yet seen. Being reared on a farm he has adopted farming as a life profession, and is to-day one of Bethlehem's most successful farmers. He enlisted in Company F. Twelfth Eegiment, Indiana Cavalry, and served until the close of the war. Margaret Cowel's father and mother were Eeuben and Ellen Cowel.

GEORGE W. CONEAD was born December 14, 1835, in Washington County, Penn., and is a son of David H. and Mary (Custer) Conrad, natives of Pennsylvania. He obtained his education at the common schools, and worked on the farm for his father until of age. In 1840 he came to Casb County; thence, in 1862, toSilver Lake, Ind., where he was employed as a clerk for about two years, at the expiration of which time he removed to Michigan, living in various localities. For a period of two years he was engaged in carrying the United States mail from Traverse City to Petoskey, and later removed to Mackinaw Island, where he embarked in the drug business, continuing seven years, when, owing to a fire, he lost all his means. In 1878 he returned to Cass County, where he has ever since been engaged in agricultural pursuits. He was married to Triphena A. Glace, who was born in Washington County, Md., May 11, 1850, a daughter of William L. and Mary (Kneady) Glace. Five children were born to this union: Charlie £>., born November 11, 1867; William, born February 3, 1868, died in infancy; Clara, born October 8, 1870; Beryl A., born June 26, 1874, and James A., born January 27, 1880. Mr. Conrad is well and favorably known throughout the county, is a member of the Masonic fraternity, a Republican in politics, and his wife is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

DAVID EARLY, a progressive farmer of Bethlehem Township, was born in Columbiana County, Ohio, June 7, 1843, and is one of seven children born to Isaac and Mary E. (Zeigler) Early, natives of Ohio and Pennsylvania respectively; the former born April 2, 1821, and the latter born December 22, 1819. They were married in Columbiana County, Ohio, in 1841, and ten years later removed to Fulton County, Ind., where they still reside upon the home farm. David Early was raised a farmer in youth, receiving a fair education. He volunteered his services for the preservation of the Union, enlisting in Company E, Twenty-ninth Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry, in 1861. He was mustered in the Army of the Cumberland under Gen. Buell, also participating in the battles of Shiloh, and Stone River. In the latter engagement he was severely wounded and taken prisoner; was afterward recaptured by the Union forces, and was actively engaged until mustered out in 1864. In 1865 he re-enlisted, but was rejected on account of his wound. This effectually put an end to further military duties on his part, and resulted in an honorable discharge. At the close of the war he was, for one year, engaged in saw-milling in Tennessee, since which time he has followed the occupation of farming. On November 16, 1871, he was united in marriage with Lydia J. Morrow, who was born February 12, 1853. Mrs. Early is a daughter of John and Elizabeth (Clouse) Morrow, natives of Pennsylvania; the father born April 26, 1820, and the mother March 25, 1824. They were married October 27, 1840, and immigrated to Cass County in 1843, locating in Bethlehem Township, where they reared the following family: Louisiana, Abner J., William F., Eli C., Nancy M., George B. and Lydia J. (wife of subject). Mr. and Mrs. Early are the parents of two children: Icel F., born November 24, 1873, and Lora P., born December 5, 1880, both of whom are living. Mr. Early owns a fine farm in Section 27, and is one of the practical and progressive farmers of his township. He is a Republican in politics, and takes an active interest in all public affairs.

GEORGE V. FRESHOUR is a native of Morgan County, Va., where he was born February 25, 1822, a son of Matthias and Eleanor (Burke) Freshour, also natives of Morgan County, Va., who in 1834 became residents of Cass County, where they passed the remainder of their days. The father departed this life September 3, 1834, his widow surviving him some years. George V. was reared upon a farm, aiding his mother, and from boyhood was accustomed to hard work. June 8, 1846, he married Charlotte T. Rowan, a native of Hamilton County, Ohio, born January 8, 1823, a daughter of Finley and Anna (Enyart) Eowan. They were blessed with seven children: Orlando, born August 31, 1847, died September 4, 1848; Harmon T., born June 27, 1849; George J., born January 12, 1852; William V., born July 20, 1854; Robert F., born October 16,1856; Charlotte T., born January 5, 1859, and Ida M., born June 23, 1861. Farming has been the occupation of Mr. Freshour through life; and that he has made it a success one can readily see from the well cultivated farm of 705 acres and the comfortable home he now owns. Beginning life poor, he has attained his present possessions only by industry and frugality. He is a Republican in politics, a member of the F. & A. M., and a gentleman known and respected by many.

SAMUEL GRABLE, one of the. oldest citizens of Cass County, is a native of Washington County, Peim, where he was born March 8. 18ul. He received the ordinary education of the day, and was reared to farming, which occupation he has always followed, and at the present time is the owner of a fine farm, located in Sections 5 ami C>. Bethlehem Township. He came to Cass County in 1845, and settled upon his present place, and has become identified as one of the most worthy and industrious farmers of the township. In January, 1864, he was joined in wedlock with Miss Hannah Conrad, a daughter of John and Hannah (Hockett) Conrad, by whom he is the father of the following children: David, Buckius, Salome, Catherine, Jonathan, Phebe A., Harvey, Mary and Samuel M., five of whom are now living. Harvey died while serving his country in the late war, and was buried at Chattanooga, Tenu. Mrs. Grable departed this life October 6, 1876. She was a true wife, a devoted mother, and a worthy member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. Grable now resides on the old homestead with his son Samuel, and is now enjoying the declining years of a well spent life. He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, the Masonic fraternity, and is a stanch Republican. Samuel Grable was married, April 16, 1878, to Miss Nina Barnett, daughter of Moses Barnetf. They have two children: Jonathan, born March 23,1879, and Harry, born March 26, 1882, both of whom are now living.

ABRAHAM B. GRABLE, an old and highly respected citizen of Bethlehem Township, was born in Washington County. Penn., February 9, 1808, and is a son of Jonathan and Catherine (Barkhammer) Grable, both of whom were natives of Washington County, Penn.. and of German descent. Abraham B. was reared in his native county, where he received a common education, such as the log schoolhouse of that day afforded. On attaining his majority he began life's battle on his own responsibility, and, choosing farming, has always made that his vocation. In the year 1835 Isabella Perry, a daughter of Reuben and Cynthia (Coleman) Perry, became his wife. Mrs. Grable is also a native of Washington County. Penn., born April 18, 1817. She became the mother of nine children, whose names are Reuben P., born December 18, 1837, enlisted June, 1863, in Company E, One Hundred and Eighteenth Indiana Volunteer Infantry, and was honorably discharged March 4, 1864 (he died at Thomasboro, Ill., August 14, 1880); Mary C., born May 11, 1842; Julia A., born May 5, 1845, died at Brownsville. Neb., November 22, 1881; Moses C., born January 12, 1848, died October 6, 1855; Jonathan A., born February 14, 1851, died April 3, 1851; Jason C., born June 25, 1853, died February 12, 1876: Ezra J., born October 9, 1853, died September 6, 1859; Cynthia B.. born October 24, 1857, and Flora E., born April 5, 1860. Mr. Grable came to Cass County in 1839, and has since lived and labored. He owns a farm near the Bethlehem Church, which is well improved, and one of the best in the township. He is now hale and hearty; and at present lives with his son-in-law, Ira Krider, who was united in marriage with Flora E. Grable, by whom he is the father of four children: Milo J., born April 30, 1878, died February 16, 1879: Ethel M., born October 6, 1879; Leroy Glen, born June 17, 1883: Clayton, born April 13, 1885. Mr. and Mrs. Grable are members of the Methodist Church. He is a Republican in politics, and at one time held the office of township trustee.

GEORGE HORNEY, farmer, a native of Noble Township. Cass Co., Ind., was born January 14, 1858, and is a son of James and Matilda (Page) Horney, natives of Ohio and Virginia, respectively. Our subject attended the district schools in his youth, was raised on a farm, and on attaining his majority began doing for himself, continuing to farm with his father until the latter's death, which occurred in February, 1884. His marriage with Lucia L. Horn was solemnized April 20, 1882. Mrs. Horney was born in Bethlehem Township May 17, 1857, a daughter of Thaddeus M. and Sinah (Burson) Horn, both natives of Pennsylvania and of German descent. They immigrated to Cass County in 1852, settling in Clay Township; thence, in 1855, to Bethlehem Township. The .father, in conjunction with farming, followed blacksmithing, sawmilling and threshing. He died suddenly of heart disease, April 29. 1884, his wife having preceded him April 18, 1882. They were members of the Baptist Church. Mr. Horney owns a good farm of ninety-four acres, is a Republican in politics, a hard working industrious farmer, and a man with many friends. He and wife had born to them three children on June 2, 1883, but lived only a short time. Mrs. Horney is a member of the Presbyterian Church.

DAVID M. KINGEEY, farmer, was born in Preble County, Ohio, November 27, 1840. His parents are Hiram and Nancy (McEllieny) Kingery, both of whom are natives of Botetourt County, Va., and of German and Scotch descent, respectively. They emigrated from Virginia to Ohio in 1832; thence, in 1844, to Cass County. David M. passed his early life in receiving such an education as the common schools afforded, and assisting in tilling the soil of his father's farm. In July, 1862, he enlisted in his country's cause in Company E, Eighty-seventh Indiana Volunteer Infantry. ' He served in the Fourteenth Army Corps of the Department of the Cumberland. At different times during the war he was under the command of Gens. Buell, Rosecrans, Thomas and Slocum. He was a participant in the battles of Perryville, Chickamauga, Mission Eidge, Buzzard Eoost, Dalton, Eesacca, Allatoona Pass, Lost Mountain, Kenesaw Mountain, Peach Tree Creek and Jonesboro; was a brave and efficient soldier, and was honorably discharged June 24,18G5. Eeturning home from the war, and feeling the need of a better education, he entered the Logansport schools, remaining three years, and then engaged in teaching for a period of ten years with the best of success. Mr. Kingery has, by business ability and energy, succeeded in accumulating a good farm, located in Section 9, and has the social esteem of all well disposed citizens and a name and reputation beyond reproach. He is a Republican in politics, and in April, 1882, was elected trustee of his township, which office he held two terms, to the entire satisfaction of all concerned. He was married, June 26, 1872, to Mary L. Benham, born in Cass County February 22, 1849, a daughter of Silas and Ellen (Fuller) Benham, natives of Vermont. Six children were born to this marriage, namely: Ada, born March 31, 1873, died January 30, 1874; Arthur M., born November 10, 1874, died August 5, 1876; Jay B., born September 13, 1876; Elsie, born March 11, 1881; Orlen, born February 23, 1883, and Lloyd, born February 21, 1885. The parents are members of the Baptist Church. Mr. Kingery's antecedents served in the Revolutionary war andnrar of 1812.

NATHAN KINNAMAN, farmer, was born in Cass County, Ind., June 4, 1838. He was reared at home in Washington Township, and received his education in the neighborhood schools. At the age of twenty-six he was united in marriage with Miss Bettie Wagner, daughter of John and Jane Wagner, natives of Pennsylvania and of German descent. Seven children were born to this union, all of whom are living: Andrew J., Thomas A., Willis C., Addie E., Ida J., Carrie E. and Jessie. November 29, 1873, Mr. Kiunaman lost his first wife by death, and Febuary 24, 1875, he was married to Sarah E. Staley, daughter of George and Adaline (Bray) Staley. She is a native of Indiana, born March 3, 1842. The occupation of Mr. Kinnaman has always been farming, and in that 'pursuit has been successful, owning at the present time 133 acres of goal, tillable land, and living comfortably and happy. He and wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and he is a Republic an in politics.

ISAIAH W. KEIDER. Among the substantial citizens of Cass County, none are more highly respected than the above. He was born June 4, 1830, in Montgomery County, Ohio, a Sod of Henry and Susanna (Custer) Krider. The former was born in Lancaster County, Penn., July 14, 1779; the latter is also a native of Pennsylvania, born March 23, 1802. In 1837 the parents removed to Cass County, and became associated with the county and its interests. The father was a man of quiet and unpretentious habits, yet, withal, he was a man of substantial worth and merit His death occurred March 3, 1808. His widow, who still survives him, resides in Bethlehem Township, is in her eighty-fifth year, and is remarkably active, both of body and mind. She is a descendant of Paul Custer, an English gentleman of wealth, and is admired for her qualities of true womanhood. Christian Krider, the paternal grandfather of our subject, was a native of Pennsylvania, but left his native county in 1810, going to Erie County, where he remained until 1815, in which year he removed to Washington County, where he continued to live fourteen years; then removed to Montgomery County, Ohio; subsequently, in 1837, he came to Cass County, and here took his share in the perils and privations, the valor and enterprise of the early pioneer days. In his eightysixth year he went from Logansport to Chicago, thence to Peoria 111., going the entire distance on horse-back. His death occurred December 23, 1847, and his remains now rest in the Bethlehem Church-yard. Isaiah W., the immediate subject of this sketch, was the fifth child of a family of eight, namely: Elizabeth, George C., Christian E., David H., subject, Mary M., Rebecca and Susan, born to his parents. He removed with them to Cass County, and remained under the parental roof until twenty-four years of age. December 30, 1852, he married' Martha T. Genung, a daughter of Ira and Hannah J. (Sterges) Genung, natives of New Jersey. Eleven children were the fruit of this union, viz.: Anthony A. born October 21,1853, died January 1860; Leroy M., born April 5,1855; Alice C., born January 9, 1857; Ira G., born October 7, 1858; Jay H., born January 5, 1861, died July 24, 1881; Laura A., born September 21, 1862, died October 30, 1863; Mary F., born September 26, 1864; Clarance E., born December 14, 1866, died February 17, 1867; Isaiah Wesley, born March 1, 1869; Elizabeth, born September 0, 1872, and Elda T., born February, 13, 1877. The oldest living son, Leroy M., was educated at Fort Wayne Ind., also a graduate of De Pauw University. He is a minister of ability, and is now located at Wabash, Ind. Mr. Krider located where he now lives in 1853. and owns 193 acres of good land. He has been bard working and industrious, and what he now has is mainly the fruit of his own accumulation. He and wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

HAEKISON LAYTON was born in Tippecanoe County, Incl, January 11, 1832, and is a son of James and Eliza (Russel) Layton, natives of Ohio. He received the advantages to be derived from the common schools, and until eighteen years of age made his home with his parents. At this age he engaged in the occupation of farming, continuing until 1864, at which time he enlisted in Company E, One Hundred and Thirty-fifth Indiana Volunteers, 100-day service. After returning home he again enlisted in Company D, One Hundred and Fiftieth Indiana Volunteers, with which he remained until the close of the war. On his return home he again engaged in farming, and October 24, 18(37, was united in marriage with Susannah Rockeyfield, a daughter of Isaac and Mary Rockeyfield, natives of Pennsylvania. This union has been blessed with two children: Joseph Edward, born July 21, 1868, and Lizzie May. born May 8, 1874. Mr. Layton commenced life with nothing, and has worked hard, and by industry has in his possession seventyfive acres of well improved land. He has been a resident of Cass County since the fall of 1875, and is a useful and well-known citizen, and a Republican in politics. The parents are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

HENRY LEMON, farmer, was born in Bedford County. Penn., April 11, 1845, son of Samuel and Rebecca (Repine) Lemon, natives of Virginia and New Jersey, respectively. Our subject remained in his native county, and acquired such an education as the common schools afforded; and in the fall of 1861, at the age of sixteen, he volunteered his services in his country's behalf, as a member of Company H, Fifty-fifth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, and was with his regiment through many engagements. He was severely wounded in the left limb, which procured him an honorable discharge from the service April 24, 1865. In the latter year he came to Cass County, where he has since remained, engaged in agricultural pursuits, and owns a small well improved farm. On October 8, 1868, he was united in marriage with Mary E. Early, who was born July 1, 1848, and daughter of Isaac and Mary (Zeigler) Early, mention of whom is made in the biography of David Early. They have a family of four children: Rose Ella, born August 16, 1869; Lilla May, born January 14, 1872: Bertha E., born October 30, 1876, and Nina K, born May 16, 1881. The parents are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and are well respected in the community in which they reside.

ABRAHAM McDONALD, farmer, was born in Washington County, Penn., February 24,1819, son of John and Rachel (Prong) McDonald, natives of Pennsylvania. Abraham was raised and educated by his parents, and continued at home until the age of eight, when he began working on a farm, which he continued until fifteen, when he began learning the blacksmith's trade, and continued as an apprentice for three years. He then established a blacksmith shop at Bellville, Penn., where he enjoyed a good trade for six years. In 1840 he immigrated to Cass County, settling in Bethlehem Township, and followed his vocation. August 4, 184-\ he married Malinda Conrad, a native of Washington County, Penn.. born August 6, 1821, a daughter of Henry and Sarah (Spindleri Conrad, and six children were born to them: Sarah J., born September 9, 1843, died March 12, 1845; John, born February 12. 1845, died March 29, 1881; William H., born April 9, 1846, died September 21, 1846; Benjamin, born April 15, 1847, died May 3, 1847; Jerome, born March 4, 1851, died January 27, 1864; and Frank, born April 27, 1854, died August 25, 1854; all of whom are buried in the Spring Creek Grave-yard. Mrs. McDonald died March 9, 1878, and October 8, 1879, Phoebe Brown became his second wife. She is a daughter of Mercer and Nancy (Thompson) Brown, and was born in Cass County July 29, 1837. Mr. McDonald owns 110 acres of good land, well improved, and is an esteemed neighbor and citizen, a member of the Masonic fraternity, and a Republican in politics. He has also served his township as trustee, and is a member of the Baptist Church. He began life a poor boy, but with industry and frugality has secured a comfortable home and valuable property.

ROBERT F. McKEE, one of the oldest and most prominent citizens of Bethlehem Township, is a native of Chester County. Penn., where he was born October 14,1816. His parents are William and Mary (Carvin) McKee, natives of Pennsylvania, and of Scotch-Irish extraction. Our subject was reared in Ohio County. W. Va., where he received the usual education obtainable in the schools of his day. At the age of twenty he began for himself, and went to Washington County, Penn., where he worked at the wagon-maker's trade until 1860. In 1861 he removed to Cass County and located in Clay Township, where he lived three years, when he purchased his present home and has ever since lived, having won an honored and respected position in the neighborhood. He was- married, in West Virginia, to Miss Adaline Orwin, a daughter of Fleury and Hannah (Smith) Orwin, natives of Germany. Fourteen sons and one daughter have been the fruit of this union, whose names are follows: John M., born October 28, 1836. and died July 20, 1838; William H, born November 9, 1838; Basil and Jame,:, (twins), born December 28, 1840; Thomas H., born October 30, 1842; Joseph P., born May 15, 1844; George P., born February 2, 1846; Mary A., born May 26, 1848; Robert O.. born February 25, 1851, died May 25, 1852; Litten P. aiid Miller C. (twins), born February 9, 1853 (the latter died March 20, 1870); David G., born May 6, 1855, died October 11, 1871; Avery H., born November 15, 1857; Bruce C., born August 30, 1862, and Irvin, born in March, 1850; and all of those that are living are occupying good positions in life. Five sons served their country during the war of the Rebellion. Mr. McKee is the owner of a good farm, comprising 120 acres, the results of his own labors. In politics he has always been a firm advocate of the principles of the Republican party, and has held the office of justice of the peace for a period of seventeen years. He and wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and he is one of the influential men of the county and enjoys the high esteem of all who know him.

ABNER J. MORROW was born in Washington County, Penn., April 1, 1843, son of John B. and Elizabeth (Clouse) Morrow, natives of Pennsylvania. Our subject was reared upon his father's farm, also worked at blacksmithing, having secured in youth a fair education. At the age of twenty he enlisted in Company A, One Hundred and Eighteenth Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry, and served in the late war until its close, when he was honorably discharged. March 14, 1867, he was united in marriage with Margaret E., daughter of Hiram Teal, a native of Ohio. To this union the following named children were born: John M., born January 24, 1868; Henry E., born January 3, 1870; William E., born April 15, 1872; Marcus M., born January 18, 1874; Charles R., born March 18, 1877; Otto M., born September 27, 1881, and Ollie Edith, born November 6, 1883, died July 26, 1884. Mr. Morrow began life with little or no means at his command, but by industry and frugality has secured a fine farm of 170 acres, located in Section 36, and in conjunction with farming is engaged in threshing grain during the fall. In politics he is a stanch Republican, and he and wife are members of the Baptist Church. He is interested in all matters of public welfare, and is one of the county's progressive and useful citizens.

ORLANDO POWELL, one of the leading farmers of Bethlehem Township, was born January 17, 1845, near Wabash, Ind., being the third of a family of four—Maria, Matilda, Orlando and Jehu— born to Jacob and Martha (Troutman) Powell, the former a native of Washington County, Penn., and of Welsh descent; the latter a native of Illinois, and of English descent. The father came to Cass County in 1835, locating in Bethlehem Township. Our subject was reared upon the farm where he now resides, and, in addition to the ordinary common-school education, he attended the schools at Logansport. At the age of seventeen he enlisted in Company K, Ninety-ninth Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry, under command of Capt. George W. Julian, and faithfully served until the close of the war. He fought with his company in many of the important battles of the Atlanta campaign, and at the conclusion of the war returned home, and was successfully engaged in schoolteaching for a number of years. October 12, 1871, he married Sarah S. McElheny, a daughter of Moses and Philena (Treen) McElheny, by whom he is the father of five children, viz.: Ada F.. born August 14, 1872; Tacy C., born July 31, 1874; Dyer J., born December 8, 1878; Martha P., born July 6, 1881, and Emma B., born March 6,1883, all of whom are now living. Mr. Powell owns a valuable farm of 226 acres, and in politics he advocates the principles of the Republican party, and, as a member of this organization, held the office of township trustee for a number of years. He is a member of the G. A. R. and Mrs. Powell of the Presbyterian Church, and they are highly respected as citizens in the community where they live.

DANIEL SCOTT, farmer, was born in Burlington County, N. J., January 10, 1811, and is a son of Thomas and Mary (Smith) Scott. When six years old his father removed with him . to Preble County, Ohio, where he was reared and acquired a common education. November 3, 1836, he was united in marriage with Eleanor Dilhorn, who is a native of Brownsville, Penn., born April 7,1818. To this union ten children have been born: Thomas, born October 3, 1837, died in March, 1872; Sarah, born March 18, 1839; William H., born April 16, 1841; Mariban. born January 8, 1843; Daniel, born November 26, 1844; Elias W., born December 5, 1847; Joshua, born August 15,1849, died in August, 1850; Mary E., born September 9, 1854, died December 30, 1883; Ann E., born December 6, 1856, died in November, 1860; Henrietta, born May 10, 1858, died in October, 1860. The parents began life together in Preble County, Ohio, where they remained until the spring of 1847, at which time they came to Cass County and entered a tract of land in Bethlehem Township, which has ever since been their home. Mr. Scott now owns 100 acres of land, which he has acquired by hard work and honest dealing. He is now on the shady side of life, having passed the allotted period of man's existence, which is hoped by his many friends that he will greatly exceed. Himself and wife are members of the Society of Friends, in which sobriety, peace and industry are the chief factors.

SAMUEL A. WILLIAMSON, farmer, was born in Miami County, Ohio, November 14, 1825, son of David and Clarissa (Coleman) Williamson, the former a native of Cumberland County. Penu.. born in 1784, and the latter a native of Glastonbury, Conn., born in 1797. They were married in Troy, Ohio, in 1822, and in 1836 removed to Cass County, where he entered 400 acres of land in Bethlehem Township, upon which they lived until their deaths. The father died September 17. 1849. his widow surviving about twenty years, dying February 24, 1869. Samuel A. came with his parents to Cass tUounty, with whom he remained on the home farm until he was twenty-four years of age, during which period he acquired a common school education. January 18, 1850, he married Miss Temperance Conrad, a native of Washington County, Penn., born January 1, 1828, and a daughter of Henry and Sarah (Spindler) Conrad . To this marriage four children were born: Cecelia M., born October 1, 1850, married to John Rohrer October 12, 1880; David M., born October 16, 1851, married to Miss Hattie Yantis April 27, 1876; John J., born October 3, 1853, married to Miss Agnes Tilton February 27, 1878, and Joseph S., born April 23, 1857, married to Miss Rachel Panabaker August 10, 1882—all of whom are now living in Cass County. Mr. Williamson began life in moderate circumstances, and by hard work and economy has accumulated considerable property, now owning 230 acres of well improved land, which he helped to improve from its wild and uncivilized condition. He and wife are members of the Presbyterian Church, and are among Bethlehem Township's best citizens.

.BENJAMIN F. YANTIS, one of the substantial citizens and principal farmers of Bethlehem Township, is a native of Spencer County, Ky., and was born February 2, 1831, one of eight children born to Aaron and Martha (Cochran) Yantis, natives of Virginia, the former born April 11, 1787. Aaron Yantis removed with his family to Cass County in 1836, settling in Logansport, where he lived two years; then removed to Clay Township; thence to Bethlehem Township in 1841, where he resided until his death, which occurred July 19, 1861, his wife preceding him March 30, 1835. Benjamin F. was reared to farming pursuits, and remained at home until he attained his manhood, in the meantime having secured a good practical education. September 13, 1855, he married Mary J. Hill, a native of Washington County, Penn., born May 21, 1834, a daughter of Joseph and Esther (Jenkins) Hill, natives of Washington County, Penn., and Jefferson County, Ohio, respectively. Her parents removed to Fulton County, Ind., in 1852, where the mother died January 24, 1873. The father came to Cass County in 1873, where his death occurred May 12, 1876. Mr. and Mrs. Yantis have been blessed with a family of eight children: Harvey C., born August 18, 1857; Mary E., born December 5, 1858; Esther A., born October 11, 1860, died September 9, 1862; Elvira A., born July 7, 1862; Ruthanna, born May 14, 1864; Joseph A., born June 9, 1866; Lyman, born January 21, 1872, and Etta, born December 7, 1873, died March 26, 1880; one of whom, Elvira, is married to Sumner E. Buck, and resides in Bethlehem Township. Mr. Yantis had a small commencement in the way of this world's goods, and now has 330 acres of valuable land, as the fruit of his industry. For a number of years he held the office of township treasurer, also the office of trustee, which positions he filled with credit to himself and to the satisfaction of his friends. At the present time he is acting in the capacity of drainage commissioner, and is now finishing the work assigned him by the court. He affiliates with the Republican party, and is a member of the F. & A. M., and is a valued member of the community in which he lives. Mrs. Yantis is a . member of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

H. C. YANTIS, a progressive and public-spirited citizen of his township, is a native of Case County, lnd., his birth occurring August 18, 1857. He was reared on his father's farm, upon which he worked in the summer and attended school during the winter, continuing in this. way until twenty years of age. He then began to do for himself, and was for two years engaged in collecting delinquent tax. Since which time he has been engaged in the manufacturing of lumber and drain tile, his mill and factory being located in Section 15, Bethlehem Township, and by an upright system in doing business, has a well established trade. He is also extensively engaged in farming, and is a substantial and much esteemed citizen.

JOHN YUND, an old and prominent citizen of Bethlehem Township, was born in Northumberland County, Penn., October 11,1807. He grew to manhood in his native county, received a practical education in the common schools, and at the age of nineteen removed with his father to Livingston County, N. Y. Here he remained ihree years, at which time he went to Canada, where he served an apprenticeship at wool-carding and coloring. In 1837 he came to Cass County, since which time he has been a resident and an honored citizen. Since his coming to the county he has followed farming with encouraging success, now owning a good farm, comprising 256 acres. He has been three times married, the first time, in 1831, to Miss Esther Brewer, who died after a short wedded life ' of six months. His second marriage was solemnized in 1833, with Miss Eliza Vandeventer, daughter of Isaac and Elizabeth (Culbertson) Vandeventer, who bore him seven children, to wit: Jane R., born August 3, 1835, died February 15, 1851; George, born September 11, 1837; Isaac V., born October 15, 1840, killed at the the battle of Fair Oaks, in Virginia; John M., born December 20, 1842, died February 27, 1851; Solomon, born May 14, 1844 (deceased); Mary, born August 2, 1847, died February 14, 1851; Henry, born August 25, 1850, died in infancy. Mrs. Yund departed this life February 14, 1864; and on July 25, 1866, Mr. Yund was united in marriage to Jehaze Garnau, who bore him two children, both of whom died in infancy. The wife and mother died September, 1875. Since her death Mr. Yund resides on the home farm, with George, his only surviving child, and is passing his declining years in quiet and content. He is an ardent supporter of the principles of the Republican party, and a member of the Presbyterian Church.


Source: History of Cass County, Indiana By Thomas B. Helm, Brant and Fuller, Chicago (Ill.)

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