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Cass County, Indiana
Biographical Sketches


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BOONE TOWNSHIP BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES.

C. W. ANDERSON, dealer in general merchandise, Royal Centre, Ind., is a native of Butler County, Penn., where he was born June 19, 1822. The parents from whom he descended were Alexander and Jane (McQuiston) Anderson, who were natives of Scotland and Ireland, respectively, where they were born as follows: The father in the city of Glasgow, Scotland, in the year 1794, and the mother in the County Down, Ireland, in the year 1798. They immigrated to the United States in an early day, and were united in marriage in Butler County, Penn., in the year 1818. From thence they subsequently moved to Trumbull County, Ohio, and from there to Hardin County, Ohio, and from thence, in 1836, to Marion County, Ohio, where they resided until their death, which occurred as follows: The mother died in 1843, and the father in 1849. They were the parents of nine children: James M., Thomas N., Charles W., Alexander, Isabelle, Mary, Jane, Emily and Nancy. C. W., our subject, began, when about twelve years of age, at the blacksmith trade, which he completed, and engaged in the same for some time afterward. He was married, at Caledonia, Marion Co., Ohio, June 17, 1845, to Elizabeth, daughter of Hugh and Hannah (Debow) Wooley. She was born in New York State March 4, 1827. In 1846 Mr. C. W. Anderson and wife moved to Pulaski County, Ind., and in 1847 to Cass County, Ind., settling at Royal Centre, where he formed a partnership with William Krider in the blacksmith trade. In 1848 Mr. Anderson purchased Mr. Krider's interest in the shop, and carried on business himself until 1852, at which time he went to California, where he engaged in mining until 1854, when he returned to Royal Centre and resumed his trade, which he continued until the spring of 1861, at which time he began the mercantile business, which he continued some time; after which he subsequently engaged in saw-milling, and in December, 1884, he again engaged in the mercantile business, which he has since continued. His wife died in October, 1876, and he was again married, in December, 1879, to Mrs. Lucinda Tustison. Mr. Anderson has had born to him seven children: Loretta, Rollin W., Joseph A., George B. M. (deceased), Sarah C., Emily and Charles M. Mr. Anderson was one of the three trustees of Boone Township in 1855, held the office of justice of the peace for some time, and in 1872 was elected to the Legislature. Mr. Anderson is a fine man, highly esteemed by all who know him.

CHARLES BERKSHIRE was born in Carroll County, Ind, November 18, 1833. The parents, who were pioneers, were Soloman and Sarah (McCombs) Berkshire, who settled in Cass County in the year 1840. They were the parents of nine children: Charles, John, Martin V., Jane, Alice, Lucinda, William H, Rebecca and Sarah. Our subject, the eldest member of the family, was married in Boone Township, this county, in June, 1854, to Martha J. McPherson, and afterward settled upon the same farm on which he now resides, in Section 28, Boone Township, where she died September 14, 1855, having borne him one infant daughter, which died young and not named. He then married, in Pulaski County, Ind., a Miss Elizabeth Hall, on December 22, 1856, by whom he has had born to him five children: Sarah E., Mary A., Soloman M., George and Edward H. Mr. Berkshire owns at present 160 acres of fine and well improved land. He is an enterprising and highly esteemed citizen. He and wife are members of the Church of God, of which he has been a member for twenty-eight years, and has been for fourteen years a minister in the church.

MARTIN V. BERKSHIRE, son of Soloman and Sarah Berkshire was born in Carroll County, Ind., August 25, 1839. He was married in Boone Township, this county, in October, 1862, to Margaret J., daughter of William and Elizabeth Steele; she was born in White County, Ind., June, 1842. In 1866 Mr. Berkshire settled upon his present farm where he has resided since. They have a family of eight children, viz.: William H., Mary A., Laura J., Jasper N., Bertha A., James F., Ira A. and Nellie L.

WILLIAM H. BERKSHIRE, son of the old and highly esteemed pioneers, Soloman and Sarah Berkshire, was born in Boone Township, this county, February 19, 1842. He was married in Boone Township, this county, April 6, 1863, to Sarah E., daughter of William and Elizabeth Steele; she was born in White County, Ind., September 25, 1846. In the fall of 1805 Mr. Berkshire settled upon the farm in which he now resides, in Section 28, Boone Township. He owns 120 acres of fine and well improved land. He has had born to him ten children, viz.: Alice J., John M., James T., Emeline, Charles B., Willard M., Anna G., Oscar, Effie M. and Robert C.

HEZEKIAH BURTON was born in Fairfield County, Ohio, November 20, 1826. The parents from whom he descended were John and Catherine (Steward) Burton, who were, also, both natives of Fairfield County, Ohio. The former, John Burton, was a son of Jacob Burton, who was a native of Maryland, where he married Mary Swerngin, and from thence moved to Fairfield County, Ohio, in a very early day, where he afterward resided until death. He was the father of eight children, viz.: Thomas, Polly, Hannah, Isaac, Van S., Elizabeth, Jacob and John, the father of our subject, the next to the eldest member of the family. He served in the war of 1812, and was married to the above Catherine Steward, in Fairfield County, Ohio, she was a daughter of Joseph and Catherine Steward, who were natives of Ireland, and emigrated from there to Fairfield County, Ohio; in a very early day. They were the parents of seven children, viz.: Joseph, Levi, Catherine, Jermima, Rachel, Sarah and Hezekiah. In 1837, Mr. John Burton came to Cass County, Ind., and entered a half section of land in Boone Township, Section 2, after which he returned to Fairfield County, Ohio, and in 1838 moved to Carroll County, Ind., where he died in September, 1839, and in March, 1841, his widow, with her family, moved to Cass County, Ind., and settled upon the land in Boone Township •which he had entered in 1837; here she resided until death, which occured in September, 1847. Ten children were born to them, viz.: Jacob, Mary, Joseph, Jermima, Van S., Hezekiah, John, Harriet, Hannah and Catherine. Hezekiah, our subject, came with his mother to Cass County, Ind., in 1841, and was married, October 4, 1849, to Elizabeth, daughter of George and Lydia Kistler. She was born in Fairfield County, Ohio, December 31, 1831. About one year after Mr. Hezekiah Burton's marriage he settled upon the farm on which he now resides, in Boone Township, Section 8, where he has resided since, with the exception of about two years in Fulton County, Ind. He owns 120 acres of land. Has had born to him ten children: Amos W., John H., Elias F., Elizabeth, Julia, Abraham L., Thomas, Lydia A., Reuben and George.

JOHN J. BURTON, M. D., is a native of Cass County, Ind., and is one of eight children born to John and Susan (Sagaser) Burton, who were natives of England and Pennsylvania, respectively. The former, John Burton, was a son of Leonard Burton, who was a native of Yorkshire, England, born May 15, 1793, and was there united in marriage, in the year 1815, to Emma Metcalf, born September 9, 1793. In 1819, Mr. Leonard Burton, with his family, immigrated to the United States, settling first in Rush County. Ind., and thence, in 1834, removed to Cass County, Iiid., where they resided until their deaths, which occurred as follows: The father died May 18, 1863, and the mother May 11, 1869. They were the parents of seven children: John, Richard, William, James, Levi, Phebe, and one which died in infancy and not named. John, the father of our subject, the eldest member of the family, was born in Yorkshire, England, July 6, 1816. He came with his parents, in 1819. to Rush County, Ind., and was there wedded to the above Susan Sagaser, who was born in Pennsylvania, April 25, 1815, and was a daughter of Henry and Sarah (Swigart) Sagaser, who were both natives of Pennsylvania. The father was born April 8, 1786. and the mother September 13, 1789. They were married, in Pennsylvania, June 29,1809, and subsequently moved to Bourbon County, Ky.. and thence to Rush County, Ind., where the father died November 29, 1839. The mother subsequently came to Cass County, Ind., and made her home with her children until her death, which occurred May 4,1884. They were the parents of fourteen children: William J., George W., Daniel, Susan, Mary, Nancy, Elizabeth, Amanda, Sarah, Emily, Margaret, Samuel, Frederick and Martha E. After John and Susan (Sagaser) Burton's marriage, they, in the fall of the same year, moved to Cass County, Ind., and settled upon land which his father had entered for him in Section 18, Harrison Township, where they resided until their deaths, which occurred as follows: The father's August 12, 1868, and the mother's December 29, 1876. Their.family was as follows: Sarah J., born June 7, 1839; Emma, born June 2, 1841, and died July 1, 1843; Amanda E., born April 2, 1843;'Elizabeth, born December 23, 18-44, and died May 16, 1845; Leonard R., born April 7, 1848; John J., born March 23, 1850; William L., born September 30, 1852, and Elizabeth A., born May 12, 1855. John J., our subject, after acquiring quite a thorough education in the home district schools of the vicinity in which he resided, attended, in the winter of 1807-68, the Logansport Academy, and in the winter of 18(58-69 he attended Hall's Business College, of Logansport, and in the fall of 1869 he entered the Logansport High School, and, at the same time, read medicine under Dr. George Smith. He graduated at the Logansport High School June 12, 1873; after which he devoted his whole attention to reading medicine, Dr. J. B. Shultz, of Logansport, Ind., being his preceptor. In the winter of 1874-75, he attended the Eclectic Medical College, of Cincinnati, Ohio; after which he returned to Logansport and resumed his studies under the same preceptor, which he continued until the winter of 1875-76, at which time he again attended the Eclectic Medical College, of Cincinnati, Ohio, where he graduated May 9, 1876. He then returned to Logansport, and formed a partnership with his preceptor, Dr. J. B. Shultz, in the practice of medicine. He was married, at Logansport, June 23, 1877, to Mary B., daughter of Hiram and Maria (Anderson) Lumbirt; she was born in Cass County, Ind., May 10, 1854. In August, 1878, Dr. Burton moved to Royal Centre, Ind., where he resumed the practice of medicine, which he has since continued. In November, 1885, he, in partnership with Mr. George Kistler, opened up a drug store at this place, which he sold out to Kistler in April, 1886. He was appointed postmaster of Royal Centre, Ind., July 9, 1885, which office he at present holds. He is also president of the town school board, at this place, which office he has held since 1881. The Doctor is an intelligent, wide-awake and enterprising citizen, as well as a thorough medical scholar and a successful and eminent physician and surgeon. He is a member of the Indiana State Eclectic Medical Association and a member of the order of Odd Fellows.

JOHN F. COLEMAN was born at Fort Wayne, Ind., November 21, 1855. His parents, Michael and Caroline (Schrock) Coleman, were both natives of Franklin County, Ohio, where they married, and from thence moved to Fort Wayne, Ind., and subsequently to Fulton County, Ind., where they resided some time, and from there moved to Cass County, Ind., where the mother departed life. The father subsequently went to Iowa, where he now resides. They were the parents of thirteen children, viz.: Calvin, Lafayette, Lydia, Henry, Emma, John F., William, Alice, Laura, Francis, Marion, and two others who died in infancy and not named.

JOHN DAVIS is a native of Cass County, Ind., and was born in Jefferson Township, November 29, 1848. The parents from whom he descended were William and Maria (Sloop) Davis, who settled in Jefferson Township, this county, in an early day, where the mother still resides. The father died in 1870. Seven children were born to them, viz.: Nancy, John, George, Amanda, Rose. Hester and James W. John, our subject, was married in Boone Township, this county, February 26, 1866, to Amy J., daughter of Morris T. and Elizabeth (Conn) Harvey; she was born in Cass County, Ind., June 22, 1844. After Mr. John Davis' marriage he first settled upon his father's old homestead, and in 1873 he purchased and settled on a farm in Section 6, Jefferson Township, where he resided until 1883, when he purchased and settled upon the farm on which he now resides, in Sections 32 and 33, Boone Township, He owns at present 245 acres of fine and well improved land—165 acres in Boone Township and 80 acres in Jefferson Township. Has had born to him six children, viz.: Andrew J., Harvey T., Charles M., Elizabeth, Anzonettie, and Daisy.

DAVID N. FOUTS, M. D., was born at Dayton, Montgomery Co., Ohio, December 9, 1840. His parents, David R. and Sarah (Nail) Fouts, were both natives of North Carolina, where they were born as follows: The father, January 5, 1800, and the mother Seprember 17, 1801. The former, David R. Fouts, was a son of David and Elizabeth (Burket) Fouts, who were both natives of Germany, and from thence immigrated to the United States in a very early day, settling first in North Carolina, and from there moved to Dayton, Ohio, where they afterward resided until their deaths. They were the parents of six children, viz.: Catherine, Joseph, Andrew, Sarah and David R., the father of our subject, the eldest member of the family. He and the above Sarah Nail were united in marriage in Montgomery County, Ohio, October 7, 1822, and afterward settled at Dayton, where they resided until 1849, in which year they moved to Cass County, Ind., entered land in Washington Township, upon which they settled and resided until 1860, when they moved to Fulton County, Ind., where they now reside. They were the parents of ten children, viz.: Andrew, Nancy, Jacob W., Susanna, Joseph, Barbara, Elizabeth, David N., Hannah and John. Dr. David N, our subject, was educated at the Yellowsprings College, at Yellowsprings, Ohio, where he graduated in 1859, after which he clerked in a store at Sabine, Ohio, until August 15, 1861, at which time he entered the service of his country in Company D, Forty-eighth Ohio Infantry Volunteers, as hospital steward; in which capacity he served until December 13, 1862, when he was discharged on account of injury, and returned to Cass County, Ind., where he engaged in teaching school and reading medicine. In the winter of 1870 and 1871 he attended the Ohio Medical College, at Cincinnati, Ohio, and in the winter of 1873 and 1874 attended the Rush Medical College, at Chicago, 111., whore he graduated Marcli 10, 1874; after which lie came to Royal Centre, Ind., and began the practice of medicine, which he has sin'ce pursued. He was united in marriage, in Miami Township, this county, July 27, 1865, to Abbie Miller, who was born in Cass County, Ind., July 19, 1844. After his marriage he settled at New "Waverly, Ind., where he resumed his practice, and resided until 1874, at which time he removed to Royal Centre, Ind., where he has since resided. He lias had born to him two children, viz.: Frank Q. and Emma E. The Doctor is a member of the Masonic order; also a member of the Pulaski County Medical Society, and also a member of the Indiana State Medical Association. He and wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. The Doctor is an intelligent and enterprising man, highly esteemed by nil who know him. He is a thorough medical scholar and a successful and practical physician and surgeon.

SAMUEL FRYE, an old and highly esteemed pioneer of CasS County, is a native of Franklin County, Penn., where he was born October 2, 1824. His father, Samuel Frye, was also a native of Franklin County, Penn., and was born May 1, 1797. He was a son of Andrew Frye, who was a native of Virginia, and emigrated from thence to Maryland, and from there to Franklin County, Penn., in a very early day. He was twice married, and raised to men and women a family of eight children. Samuel, the father of our subject, was married in Franklin County, Penn., May 25, 1820, to Elizabeth Frederick, who was born in Franklin County, Penn., October 31, 1798. In about the year 1833 Mr. Samuel Frye, Sr., moved from Franklin County, Penn., to Bedford County, Penu., and from thence, in 1844, to Cass County, Ind., and settled upon land in Section 29, Boone Township, which he improved, and on which he resided until death. They were the parents of ten children, viz.: Jacob F., John A., Samuel, Daniel, William M., Caleb, Rachel, Jerome, Rebecca E. and Emanuel F. Samuel, our subject, came with his parents to this county in 1844, and has since resided. He was married in Jefferson Township, this county, September 10, 1851, to Sarah, daughter of John and Elizabeth (Gray) Benson. She is a native of Pennsylvania, where she was born June 9, 1833. About one year after our subject's marriage, he settled upon the" farm on which he now resides, which he has improved from the wild, and upon which he has since lived. He owns at present 179 acres of land, which are well improved and under a high state of cultivation. He has had born to him three children, viz.: Mary H. (deceased), Alexander and Elizabeth.

JOHN A. FULLER a native of Cass County, Ind., was born in Boone Township, March 1, 1844. His parents, Aaron J. and Irene (Luce) Fuller, were both natives of Vermont, of English extraction, and were born as follows: The father in November, 1807, and the mother in November, 1809. They were married in Vermont, and from thence, in 1841, moved to Saudusky County, Ohio, and from there, in 1843, to Cass County, Ind., where he died January IS, 1800. His widow still survives, and resides in Miami County, lud. Six children were born to them, viz.: Ellen, Martha, Hannah, Mary. William H. and -John A., our subject;, the youngest member of the family. He was married at Coviugtou. Fountain Co., Ind., October 17, 1802, to Sarah J., daughter of James and Susan (Lobaeh) Wattsbaugh. She was born in Jefferson Township, this county, September 4, 1843. After Mr. John A. Fuller's marriage he settled upon the farm on which he now resides, where he has since lived. He lost his wife by death February 4, 1809, having born to him by her two children, viz.: James A. and Lewis E. (deceased). On December 7, 1871, Mr. Fuller married Elizabeth M., daughter of Jeptha and Ruhamah (Trene) Powell. She was born in Cass County, Ind., July 1, 1853. Mr. Fuller has had born to him by this lady, three children, viz.: Milo N., Jethro and Edith E.

RUDOLPH FUNK was born in Lancaster County, Pemi., January 25, 1818. His parents, Jacob and Anna (Killhefer) Funk, were also both natives of Pennsylvania, where they resided iintil their deaths. They were the parents of four children, v-iz.: Jacob. Mary, Anna and Rudolph, our subject, the youngest member of the family. He was married in Lancaster County, Penn., October 6, 1842, to Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew and Elizabeth (Fishel) Dritt, She was born in Lancaster County, Penu., April 3, 1821. In 1852 Mr. Rudolph Funk moved to Cass County. Ind.. and in October of that year, he settled iipon the same farm on which he now resides. He owns 100 acres of fine and well improved laud. He has had born to him eleven children, viz.: Sarah A., Rudolph, Elizabeth, Andrew, Catherine E., Ira and five others who died iu infancy and not named. Mr. Funk is a member of the Evangelical Association.

HIRAM HARVEY, one of the most extensive farmers and stock-dealers of Cass County, was born iu Harrison Township, this county, October 13,1840. The parents from whom he descended were the old and highly esteemed pioneers, Morris T. and Elizabeth '(Conn) Harvey, who were both natives of Pennsylvania, where they were born as follows: The father in Bucks County November 16, 1808. and the mother in Lycomiug County June 7, 1814. They were married in Lycoming County. Penn., in 1834, and soon afterward moved to the State of Ohio, settling near Hamilton, where they resided until February, 183(5, at which time they moved to Cass County, Ind., where they have since resided. They are the parents of eleven children, viz.: Charles, John W.. Rachel, Susan, Hiram, Henry, Elizabeth, Amy. Lafayette, George and Anzonette. Hiram, our subject, was educated in the district schools of this county and at the high schools of Burnettsville, Ind., after which he engaged in teaching school for some time. He was married in Jefferson Township, this county, in September, 18(50, to Maria, daughter of Walter B. and Anna Carter, by whom he has had born to him six children, viz.: "Willard M., Morris T., Eachel C., John W., Mary J. and Hiram. In the spring of 1862 Mr. Harvey moved to Carroll County, Ind., where he resided until the spring of 1864. at which time he removed to Cass County, Ind., where he has since resided. In 1870 he settled upon the farm on which he now resides. He lost his wife by death in March, 1872, and he was again married. December 14, 1880, to Sarah J. McDonnal, by whom he has had three children born to him, viz.: Blanche, Dennis and Susan A. Mr. Harvey owns at present 3,167 acres of laud. He is an intelligent and enterprising citizen, highly esteemed by all who know him, and one of Cass County's most successful farmers and stock-dealers. He is a member of the Odd Fellows' order.

HENRY T. HARVEY, son of Morris T. and Elizabeth (Conn) Harvey, was born in Harrison Township, this county, January 7, 1842. He was united in marriage, in Jefferson Township, this county, March 1, 1874, to Missouri E., daughter of Judge Lewis Bailey, and afterward settled upon the same farm on which he now resides, in Section 33, Boone Township. He owns at present 230 acres of fine land, which is well improved and under a high state of cultivation. He has had born to him six children, viz.: Alwilda, George W., Bertie (deceased), Harry, Ernest and Frances C.

PETER HEIL, is a native of Germany, where he was born January 28, 1833. He is the next to the eldest member of six children born to Daniel and Mary A. (Kennel) Heil. He immigrated with his father to Cass County, Ind., in 1857, where he was united in marriage. April 29, 1861, to Barbara, daughter of John and Mary M. (Mierhofer) Roman. She was born in Switzerland October 28, 1843. In 1864 Mr. Heil, our subject, purchased and settled upon the farm on which he now resides. Mr. Heil owns at present 2f53 acres of fine and well improved land, all of which lies in Boone Township, Cass County, with the exception of 58 acres in Harrison Township. Mr. Heil has had born to him eleven children: Daniel R., born February 15, 1862; Catherine, born November 27, 1863, and died September 10, 1864; Mary J., born July 27, 1865; Elizabeth A., born February 21, 1869; George, born April 3, 1871; Sarah E., born March 22, 1873; Margaret E., born May, 21, 1875; infant daughter, born August 10, 1878, and died August 11, 1878; William P., born April 9, 1880; Addie M., born September 19, 1882, and Oscar N., born January 3, 1885. Mr. Heil and family are members of the Evangelical Church.

HENRY HEIL was born in Germany September 8, 1835, and is a son of Daniel and Mary A. (Kennel) Heil. He came with his father to this county in 1857, where he was married July 1, 1861, to Eliza A., daughter of Frederick J. and Margaret (Adams) Riep; she died April 3, 1866, and he was again married in Pulaski County, Ind., April 9, 1867, to Mary, daughter of Valentine and Elizabeth (Harker) Culp. After this he settled upon the farm on which he now resides, in Section 25, Boone Township. He owns at present 160 acres of fine land. Has had born to him, three children, viz.: Mina (deceased), Albert (deceased), and Addie (deceased). Mr. Heil is a fine man and is highly esteemed by all who know him.

DANIEL HEIL was born in Germany March 1, 1830. He immigrated to the United States in 1855, and settled in Cass County, Ind., where he has resided since. .He was married in White County, Ind., in September, 1858, to Dora, daughter of Samuel and Christina Kies, she was born in Germany, September 14, 1839. After Mr. Daniel Heirs marriage he settled in Boone Township, where he has resided since. He owns at present 240 acres of land in Boone Township and 15 acres in Harrison Township. Has had born to him nine children, viz.: Mary A., born August 12, 1859; Christina, born February 1, 1862; Samuel, born October 27, 1864; Catherine A., born February 28, 1868; Rosettie, born March 4, 1870; Alfred, born December 23, 1871; John H, born April 12, 1874; James H, born December 21, 1876, and Thomas, born March 31, 1879. He and family are members of the Evangelical Church.

NICHOLAS HILE, son of Daniel and Mary (Kennel) Hile, is a native of Germany, where he was born December 4, 1841. He immigrated to the United States in 1857, and settled in Cass County, Ind., where he has resided since, and was married in Boone Township April 28, 1868, to Nancy J., daughter of Daniel and Rebecca Kistler. She was born in Cass County, Ind., November 24, 1840. In the fall of 1881 Mr. Hile settled upon the farm on which he now resides, which he had purchased in the year 1878, consisting of seventy-six acres of fine and well improved land. Mr. Hile is an enterprising and highly esteemed citizen.

JACKSON HOLMES, an old and highly esteemed pioneer of Cass County, is a native of Preble County, Ohio, and was born May 30, 1825. His parents, Moses R. and Sarah (Jeffrey) Holmes, were both natives of Monmouth County, N. J., and were born as follows: The father in the year 1790, and the mother in 1796. They were also married in Monmouth County, N. J., in the year 1816. From thence, about 1820, they moved to Preble County, Ohio, and in 1831 to Tippecanoe County, Ind.; from thence to Cass County, in 1833, where they resided until 1838, when they moved to Pulaski County, Ind., where they afterward resided until death, which occurred as follows: The father died in 1852 and the mother in 1868. They were the parents of eleven children, viz.: Job J., Mary, Catherine, Amy I., Jackson, Segious, John, James, Epkraini, and two which died in infancy and not named. Jackson, our subject, was married in Monroe Township, this county, June 22, 1848, to Mary J., daughter of Joseph and Ruth Corbet. She was born in Boss County, Ohio, March 22, 1827. In 1802 Mr. Holmes settled upon a farm in Boone Township, Section 9, which he has improved, and upon which he has since lived. His wife died March 5, 1856, having born to him six children, viz.: William (deceased), Mary A., James E., Thomas (deceased), Sarah E., and a son which died in infancy and not named. June 22, 1868, he married Mrs. Rosauna Rogers, widow of John Rogers, by whom he has had born to him three children, viz.: George G. (deceased), Egbert (deceased) and Rosettie D.

JOHN KENNEL was born in Germany, December 15, 1822. His parents, Jacob and Catherine (Mishler) Kennel, were also both natives of Germany, and emigrated from thence to Erie County. N. T., in 1848, and in 1853 to Cass County, Ind., settling in Boone Township, where they afterward resided until their deaths. They were the parents of seven children, viz.: John, Louisa, Elizabeth, Charlotte, Caroline, and two who died in infancy and not named. John, our subject, immigrated with his parents to Erie County, N. Y., in 1848, and was married at Buffalo, N. T., January 25, 1852, to Catherine, daughter of Jacob and Catherine Mitzel. She was born in Germany, August 27, 1827. In 1853 Mr. John Kennel, in company with his parents, moved to Cass County, Ind., and in the same fall he purchased and settled upon the farm on which he now resides, consisting of 170 acres of [fine and well-improved land. His wife died October 26, 1871, and July 25, 1872, he married Rosanna Seacrist, widow of Peter Seacrist. Mr. Kennel has had born to him eleven children: Jacob, H. John, George P., A. Andrew, Samuel, Catherine, George (deceased), and a pair of twins, who died in infancy and not named, by first wife; and William and Frederick. Mr. Kennel and family are members of the Evangelical Association.

HENRY KRAMER, dealer in general merchandise, Royal Centre, Ind., is a native of Fairfield County, Ohio, where he was born August 1, 1837. His father, Lewis Kramer, is also a native of Fairfield County, Ohio, and was born February 4, 1817. His parents, Lewis and Margaret Kramer, were both natives of Lancaster County, Penn., where the father was born in December, 1779, and the mother in December, 1776. They were married in Lancaster County, Penn., and from thence moved to Fairfield County, Ohio, where they afterward resided until their deaths. They were the parents of eight children, viz.: Jacob, George, Sarah, Polly, Adam, Margaret, Christina and Lewis, the father of our subject. He was married in Fairfield County, Ohio, October 5, 1837, to Miss Elizabeth, daughter of George and Hannah (Myers) Benadum. •She was bom in Fairfield County, Ohio. August 16, 1820. In the fall of 1803 Mr. Lewis Kramer and family moved to Cass County, Ind., settling upon the same farm on which he at present resides, in Section 23, Boone Township, where he has lived since. He has had born to him fourteen children, viz.: Almina, Aaron, Emma, Hannah M., Eliza, Martha E., Joshua, William, Adeline, Mary, Minerva, Elizabeth, Clement L. V. and Henry, our subject, the eldest member of the family. He was married in Fairfield County, Ohio, January 10, 1837, to Sarah, daughter of Henry and Margaret (Bumbarger) Heller. She was born in Fairfield County, Ohio, July 20, 1837. In 1865. Mr. Henry Kramer, in company with his parents, moved to Cass County. Ind., and settled at Eoyal Centre, and engaged in grocery business for about two years, after which he rented what is known as the Laselle tract of land in White County, where he moved and engaged in farming and stock-raising until 1871. in which year he moved to Logansport, Iiid., and engaged in butchering business. "His wife died April 3, 1872, and on February 23, 1873, he wedded Anna McLaughlin, and in July of that year he moved to Boone Township, where he purchased a farm in Section 14, upon which he resided until 1883, in which year he moved to Royal Centre, and in the following year began the mercantile business again, which he has since continued. He has had born to him nine children, viz.: William J., Sylvester (deceased), Douglass, Elizabeth R, Minerva (deceased), an infant son (deceased), Clara, Daisy D. and Lewis.

JOHN W. LAYNE, one of Cass County's extensive farmers and wide-awake and enterprising men, was born in Campbell County, Va., October 12, 1836. His parents, Orrison V. and Mary (Organ) Layiie, were also both natives of Campbell County, Va., where they were married and resided until death. They were the parents of eleven children, viz.: Louisa M., William H., David O., Robert F., John W., Edward D., Richard L., Alice, Ida and two that died in in infancy and not named. John W., our subject, in 1853, came, .to Laporte, Ind., where he clerked in a store three years, after which he returned to Campbell County, Va., and remained until the spring of 1857, when he again returned to Laporte, Ind., purchased a stock of goods, and engaged in mercantile business until 1860. He was united in marriage, at Logansport, Ind., May 10, 1864, to Elizabeth J., daughter of Dr. George M. and Margaret (Weakley) Jerolaman; she was born at Logausport, Ind., September 14, 1842. In 1872 Mr. Layne settled on the farm where he now resides, in Boone Township, known as the old Jerolaman tract of land, which consists of 860 acres of fine and well improved prairie land, which his wife became heiress to upon her father's death. She also owns a half interest in a large cotton plantation in Louisiana. Mr. and Mrs. Layne are the parents of four children, viz.: George W., born May 29, 18(>5; Walter E., born January 9, 1807, and died September 5, 1877; Guy M., born September 18, 1808, and died December 11, I860: and'Grace I., born December 8, 180!).

CURTIS LONG is a native of Sussex County, Del., where he was born January 6, 1825. His parents, John and Sarah (Tingle) Long, were also natives of Sussex County, Del., where they were married, and from thence, in 1827, moved to Preble County, Ohio, where the mother died, and the father, in 1833, moved to Cass County, Iiid., where he married a Miss Mary E. Sizor and resided until death. He was the father of eight children, viz.: Peter, William. Mary, Edward, Curtis, Ann and Eliza, by first wife, and John by second wife. Curtis, our subject, came with his father to Cass County in 1833, and when seventeen years of age he went to Logansport, where he learned the carpenter's trade, which he afterward engaged in for twelve years. He was united in marriage, in Clay Township, this county, September 2, 1847, to Catherine, daughter of John and Elizabeth (Copenhauer) Etmier. She was born in Huntingdon County, Penn., December 7, 1821. After Mr. Curtis Long's marriage, he first settled in Clay Township, where he resided until 1849, when he moved to Logansport and resided there until the spring of 1855, at which time he moved to Boone Township and settled upon the same farm on which he now lives, in Section 1, which he had purchased in the fall previous. He owns at present 200 acres of fine and well improved land. 100 acres of which lies in Boone Township, and 40 acres in Pulaski County. He had born to him five children, viz.: William, born July 8, 1848: Clarissa, born February 15, 1850; Margaret, born October 0, 1852; John, born March 4, 1855; Arabella, born March 20, 1858. Mr. Long and family are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

HON. JAMES THOMAS, M. D., is a native of Baltimore, Md., where he was born December 4, 1828. His parents, John and Mary M. (Burtouline) Thomas, were natives of Maryland and France. The former, John Thomas, was born in Baltimore, Md., April 0, 17S3. His parents, John and Eleanor Thomas, were natives of Wales and Scotland, and immigrated to the United States in an early day, settling at Baltimore, Md., where he engaged in the banking business and afterward resided until death. They were the parents of six children, of whom John, the father of our subject, was the eldest. He was educated at Baltimore, Md., and for a number of years engaged in book-keeping there, but subsequently went to New Orleans, La., where he engaged in the mercantile business, and was there united in marriage, September 20, 1806, to the above Mary M. Burtouline, who was born in France October 29,1790, and was a daughter of Joseph and Eve Burtouline. After Mr. John Thomas was united in marriage, he subsequently moved to Baltimore, Md., where he resided until 1832, in which year he moved to Fayette County, Ind., where he purchased land and engaged in farming, and resided until 1840, when he moved to Wabash County. Ind., where he died December 8, 1864-. His widow afterward made her home with her children until death, which occurred August 22, 1875. They were the parents of twelve children, viz.: Joseph B., John, Eleanor, Oliver W., Felix B., Eosetta, Elizabeth, James, Alexander, and three who died in infancy and not named. James. our subject, moved with his parents to Fayette County, Ind.. and until his sixteenth year remained upon the farm with them, during which time he attended the district schools of the vicinity. He then attended the high schools of Connersville, and in 1847 began reading medicine at Laurel, Franklin Co., Ind., under the instruction of Dr. William Kitchen, with whom he remained about two and a half years as a student. He then formed a partnership with Dr. Kitchen and engaged in the practice of medicine with him at that place about six months. He then went to Wabash County. Ind.. where he opened up a practice, which he continued at that place about nine months. He then went to Winamac, Ind., and formed a partnership with his brother, Dr. F. B. Thomas, and engaged in the practice of medicine at that place about four years. He was married near Royal Centre, Ind., May 24, 1857, to Rachel A., daughter of Moses L. and Rachel Washburn. In February, 1858, Dr. Thomas moved to Royal Centre and resumed the practice of medicine, which he has since continued at that place. He lost his wife by death May 30, 1858, and he was again married, May 14, 1859, to Mary A. Kistler, by whom he had one child born to him, James, deceased. This wife died February 12, 1860. He then married his present wife, Elizabeth Lytle, on February 9, 1861, having born to him, by her, seven children, viz.: Mary (deceased), William, Laura, Ernest, James, and two who died in infancy and not named. Dr. Thomas is an intelligent, wide-a-wake and enterprising citizen, as well as a thorough medical scholar and a successful and eminent physician and surgeon. He is a member of the Cass County Medical Society, and also a member of the Grant County Medical Society. He was elected to the Legislature in 1882.

WILLIAM A. THOMPSON was born in Sussex County, Del., June 13, 1827. His parents, James S. and Nancy (Short) Thompson, were also both natives of Sussex County, Del., and were born as follows: The father January 12, 1779, and the mother January 26, 1796. They were married in Sussex County, Del., and from thence, in 1840, moved to Cass County, Ind., where they afterward resided until death, which occurred as follows: The father died May 6, 1844, and the mother December 10, 1870. They were the parents of nine children, viz.: Paynter S., Mary, Isaac W., James H., William A., Nancy E., Nevina W., James H., and Winget C. William A., our subject, was married in Boone Township, this county, August 24, 1856, to Sarah J., daughter of Truett and Lupinkster (Marvel) Thompson, and afterward settled upon the same farm on which he now resides, a part of which he had purchased previously. He lost his wife by death March 13, 1873, having born to him, by her, ten children, viz.: Nancy E., William P., Sarah A., Utica L., Ida A., Mary, Joseph, John, Earnest and a son who died in infancy and not named. On June 27, 1874, Mr. Thompson married Alice B. Gardner (wife of James Gardner, deceased) and daughter of Solomon and Sarah Berkshire, by whom he has had born to him three children, viz.: Anson L., Guy E. and Gracie E. Mr. Thompson owns 120 acres of fine and well improved land. He and wife are members of the Dunkard Church.

NELSON TOUSLEY, dealer in general merchandise and grain, Royal Centre, Ind., is a native of Putnam County, Ohio. His parents, Royal and Armina (Hubbard) Tousley, were natives of Vermont and Canada, where they were born as follows: The father was born in Addison County, June 8, 1804, and the mother August 25, 1808. They were married in Ohio, December 24, 1833, after which they settled in Putnam County, where they resided until 1872, in which year they moved to California, where the father died February 12, 1874. The mother subsequently came to Royal Centre, Ind., where she died April 19, 1882. They were the parents of nine children, viz.: Polly, born December 28, 1834; Hannah, born September 30, 1836; Lewis, born January 13, 1839; Ann, born February 1, 1841; Thomas, born June 23, 1843; Martha, born July 29, 1846; James, born July 9, 1848; Harriet, born February 8, 1851, and Nelson, our subject, born January 4, 1854. In 1881 he came to Royal Centre, Ind., and began mercantile business, which he has continued, and since 1883 has dealt extensively in grain. He was married at Royal Centre, Ind., April 18, 1883, to Rachel G, daughter of Hiram and Maria (Carter) Harvey. She was born in Carroll County, Ind., April l4, 1864. Two children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Tousley, viz.: Nellie, May 8, 1884; William L., November 21, 1885. Mr. Tousley is an enterprising and highly esteemed citizen, a wide-a-wake and accommodating business man.

DANIEL WEYAND, one of the old and highly esteemed pioneers of Cass County, Ind., is a native of Lebanon County, Penn., where he was born May 11, 1807. His parents, Henry and Elizabeth (Wiser) Weyand, were also both natives of Pennsylvania, where they were born as follows: The father in Berks County February 28, 1764, and the mother in Burks County September 6, 1767. They were married in Bucks County, and afterward settled in Lebanon County, where they resided until 1812, in which year they removed to Northumberland County, Penn., where they afterward resided until their deaths. The father died November 20, 1822, and the mother died February 10, 1826. They were the parents of six children, viz.: John, Mary, Elizabeth, Peter, Jonathan and Daniel, our subject, the youngest member of the family, and the only one who now survives. He moved with his parents to Northumberland County, Penn., where he resided until his twenty-second year, when he went to Marion County, Ohio, where he entered land, and was there married, June 29, 1830, to Eliza, daughter of John and Martha (Sweeney) Beckley. She was born in Dauphin County, Penn., May 19, 1810. After Mr. Weyand's marriage he settled upon his land in Marion County, Ohio, where he resided until the spring of 1836, at which time he moved to Cass County, Ind., and settled upon a part of the same farm on which he now resides. He was among the early settlers of Cass County, and well understands the hardships and inconveniences of a pioneer life. He has had born to him eight children, viz.: Isaiah, born June 18, 1831; Israel, born November 13, 1832, and died September 8, 1881; Enoch B., born September 11, 1834; John H., born September 28, 1836; Simon P., born May 9, 1839; Isaac S., born March 21, 1841: George W., born January 31. 1844; Lucy, born June 20, 1847, and died August 2, 1847. Mr. Weyand is an enterprising citizen, well respected by all who know him. Has held many offices of trust . was for nine years trustee of Boone Township, was the first postmaster in Boone Township, held the office during the administrations of Harrison and Taylor, both for four years.

GEOBGE W. WEYAND, trustee of Boone Township, was born in Boone Township, Cass Co., Ind., January 31, 1844, and is a son of Daniel and Eliza (Beckley) Weyand. He enlisted in the service of his country November 23, 1863, in Company F, Twentieth Indiana Volunteers, and served until July 12, 1865, when he was discharged and returned home. He was married in Boone Township, this county, December 30, 1867, to Mina, daughter of Lewis and Elizabeth (Benadum) Kramer, and soon settled upon the same f,arm on which he at present resides. He owns 1Q8 acres of fine and highly improved land. Mr. Weyand has had born to him five children, viz.: Delina A., born June 20, 1869, and died March 9. 1874; Lizzie M., born August 25, 1870, and died March 18, 1874; Morris A., born December 20, 1872; Addie B., born February 23. 1874, and Aaron H, born July 31, 1875. Mr. Weyand was elected trustee of Boone Township in 1884, and re-elected in 1886.

HENRY WIRWAHN, is a native of Prussia, Germany, and was born April 3, 1812. His parents, Henry and Catherine (Dornsef) Wirwahn, were also both natives of Prussia, Germany, and were born as follows: The father in the year 1784, and the mother in 1774. They were married in the same kingdom, in the year 1801, and resided there until their deaths, which occurred as follows: The mother died in the year 1840, and the father in 1855. They were the parents of seven children, viz.: John, Catherine, Henry, Andrew, Frederick, William and Conrad. Henry, Out subject, was married in Germany in June, 1840, to Elizabeth Shaffer, who was born March 12, 1814. In 1842, Mr. Wirwahn, our subject, immigrated to the United States, landing at New York City on August 7 of that year, having started from Germany June 7 previous. Soon after his arrival at New York he went to Buffalo, where he engaged in shoemaking, having learned the trade in Germany, which he followed for a number of years. In June, 1844, he immigrated to Cass County, Ind., and settled in Boone Township, where he has resided since. He landed in Cass County, with a wife and two children, with the small sum of §2.50, and with well directed industry and energy he managed to support his family, and accumulate little by little until, in 1846, he purchased forty acres of hand in Section 9, Boone Township, for which he paid §103. He erected on it a small log cabin, to which he moved and began to subdue and improve his wild land, which was then a dense forest of heavy timber and underbrush. He subsequently entered forty acres more of land adjoining it, which he also improved, and in all made one of the finest farms in Boone Township, upon which he resided until 1875, when he moved to Royal Centre, Ind., where he has since lived. His wife died October 17, 1877, having borne to him seven children, viz.: John, Susan (deceased), Henry, Andrew, Amos (deceased), Pauline and Christopher. Mr. Wirwahn is a highly esteemed citizen. He is a member of the German Lutheran Church.

AMOS WISELEY, an old and highly esteemed pioneer of Cass County, is a native of Fairfield County, Ohio, where he was born September 30, 1813. His parents, Edward and Leah (Tomlinson) Wiseley, were both natives of Pennsylvania, and from thence immigrated to Fairfield County, Ohio, in the year 1800, where they were united in marriage and afterward resided until their deaths. They were the parents of fifteen children, viz.: William, Jesse, Rachel, Mary, Amos, Phebe, Henry, Sarah, Elizabeth, Malinda, Leah, Rhoda, Harriet, Neoma and Isaac N. Amos, our subject, was united in marriage, in Fairfield County, Ohio, August 28, 1846, to Elizabeth, daughter of Abraham and Elizabeth (Muck) Eversole. She was born in Fairfield County, Ohio, July 15, 1824. In September, 1846, Mr. Amos Wiseley immigrated to Cass County, Ind., and settled first upon land in Section 5, Boone Township, which was then owned by Henry Wiseley. He resided here until he erected a house, which consisted of hewed logs, on his own land, in Section 4, Boone Township, which he had entered previously; here he then settled and has resided since. He has had born to him five children, viz.: Leah L. M., born October 3, 1847, and died February 13, 1853; Isaac N., born June 15, 1849, and died October 28, 1866; Elizabeth, born December 15, 1850, and died November 20, 1866; Henry, born July 22, 1855, and died November 3, 1866; William E., born September 23, 1862.

CLAY TOWNSHIP BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES.

ASBERY BARNETT, one of the old pioneers of Cass County, is a native of Kentucky, born, of Irish and English descent, August 5, 1818. He was the youngest son born to Robert and Nancy (Davis) Barnett, the former a native of Pennsylvania, and the latter of Connecticut. His father came to this county in 1831, and in 1833 located upon a farm in Harrison Township. Here his death occurred in June, 1852. The death of his mother occurred in Clay Township in September, 1854. Our subject was about thirteen years okl when his father came to this county. He spent his early life upon the farm, attending school a portion of the time; he did not leave home during the lifetime of his father. In 1853 he removed with his mother to a farm in Section 7, Clay Township. He has never changed his place of residence since, except to a different portion of the farm. In about 1849, with the help of Judge John W. Wright, he built the old plank road leading from Logansport to Rochester, which was operated by them about three years. In 1872 he began the construction of the Northern turnpike. In 1875 the work was finished, and for the six years succeeding it was under his management. He has also been engaged quite extensively in 6aw-milling, and has bought and sold live stock to a considerable extent. Lovina Enyeart, a native of Ohio, born, of Dutch and English descent, June 16, 1826, became his wife May 2, 1844. She was the daughter of Benjamin and Sarah (Miller) Enyeart, both natives of Pennsylvania. Three children were the result of this marriage, named Sallie, Elbert (died in 1864, from the result of a sunstroke received at Nashville, Tenn., while in the service of the Union Army), and Benjamin F. Mr. Barnett lost his first wife June 15, 1850. On May 20, 1852, he was married to Ellen Julian, a native of Rush County, this State, born, of Irish and French descent, December 15,1823. She was the daughter of Jesse and Jane (Reed) Julian. To this latter union four children have been born: Marion (deceased), Eugene, Willard N. and Asbery L. In politics Mr. Barnett is a Republican. He has held the office of trustee in Clay Township eight years.

THOMAS L. BARR, one of the substantial and influential citizens of Clay Township, was born in Huntingdon County, Penn., April 4, 1827. His father, Samuel Barr, was a native of Lancaster County, Penn., born, of Dutch and Scotch-Irish descent, August 1, 1795; moved to Huntingdon County, Penn., when a young man, and later to Mifflin County, same State, where his death occurred September 8, 1862. He had become a school-teacher at the age of fifteen, and kept it up steadily until fifty-five years of age. He was twice elected to the office of recorder of Mifflin County, and held that position at the time of his death. His mother's maiden name was Bell. She was born December 12, 1797. Her marriage to Samuel Barr occurred in Mifflin County, Penn., December 28. 1820, and she died in her native county, within two miles of her birthplace, December 19, 1845. When his parents moved to Mifflin County our subject was only a boy of perhaps eight years. At the age of twenty-four he immigrated to Auglaize County, Ohio. Some months later he removed to Montgomery County, Ohio, where he became a farm-hand. In December, 1852, he came to this county, and worked on a farm, chiefly in Adams Township, until the following August. On the 18th of this month he was married to Rebecca K. Krider, a native of Montgomery County, Ohio, born, of English and German descent, August 17, 1834. She was the third dnughter born to Henry and Susan (Custer) Krider, the former a native of Lancaster County and the latter of Washington County, Penn. On the 28th of the month in which he was married he took his wife and started back to Mifflin County, Penn. Here he was employed in a merchant's mill for about two years. In September, 1855, he returned to this county, and has ever since followed farming in Bethlehem, Adams and Clay Townships. Mr. and Mrs. Barr have had eleven children, only four of whom are living. Their names are: Susanna S., born May 18, 1854, died July 4, 1854; Mary J., born August 9, 1855; Sarah M., born February 10. 1858; Dulcena M., born July 11, 1860, died December 5, I860; Zeruah A., born October 22, 1861, died March 3, 1881; George W., born Mav 7. 1864, died August 29. 1865; Isaiah E., born July 24, 1865, died August 17, 1865; Binnie B., born January 21, 1867, died August 30, 1868; Tamar V., born November 11, 1870; Ada H. R., born May 26, 1875, and Thomas C., born April 20, 1879, died August 15, 1879. In politics Mr. Barr is a stanch Democrat. While a resident of Adams Township he held the office of township trustee one term and the office of assessor one term. The date of his election to the former was the spring of 1872, and his election to the latter office occurred in the spring of 1875. Mr. Barr, his wife and three children belong to the Methodist Episcopal Church. He owns 195 acres of land, about 115 acres of which is under cultivation.

JOHN H. BURNETT, of Clay Township, was born in Highland County, Ohio, February 8, 1848. He was the oldest son lx>rn to Andrew and Mary J. (Horn) Burnett, the former a native of Highland County, Ohio, and the latter a native of Pennsylvania. He had one brother and one sister, their names being George and Hannah, both of whom are living. In March, 1849, his parents immigrated to this State and located upon a farm in Fulton County. March 6, 1864, they came to Cass County and located upon a farm in Noble Township. In 1881 they removed to a farm in Section 19, Clay Township, where they at present reside. In April, 1873, our subject began farming for himself, in Noble Township, and has ever since been engaged in agricultural pursuits. In March, 1876, he removed to a farm in Section 7, Clay Township. In March, 1882, he came to his present home, in Section 19, same township. Lizzie Thornton, a native of Noble Township, this county, born May 12, 1851, became his wife April 3, 1873. She was the daughter of Harvey J. and Catharine (Murray) Thornton, of Noble Township. To this union one child has been born, Nellie May, born December 28, 1880. Mr. and Mrs. Burnett belong to the First Presbyterian Church, of Logansport. Politically he is a Republican. He has a nice little farm, one mile north of Logansport, fitted up with good fences and buildings and in a high state of cultivation. He is an enterprising farmer and an influential citizen.

HON. BENJAMIN F. CAMPBELL, a prominent citizen of Clay Township, is a native of Stark County, Ohio. He was born March 4. 1835, being the third son born to Dugal and Maria (Can-) Campbell, both natives of Washington County, Penn.; the former of Scotch, and the latter of German and Irish descent. His father was born June 10, 1803; immigrated with his parents to Stark County, Ohio, in an early day; thence to this county, in May, 1848. He located upon a farm in Section 3, Clay Township, where he spent the rest of his life, his death occurring July 29, 185'2. He was a carpenter by occupation, and was a faithful member of the Quaker Church. While a resident of Stark County, Ohio, he held the office of justice of the peace twenty years. The mother of our subject was born November 4, 1807. She, too, came with her parents to Stark County, Ohio, where, some time later, she was married to Dugal Campbell. Her death occurred at the old homestead, in Clay Township, August 20, 1807. She was a kind and devoted mother and a consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Our subject was one in a family of ten children —four sons and six daughters. Their names, in the order of their ages, were William C., J6hn T., Eve, Margaret A., Benjamin F., Harriet and Amanda (twins), Mary J., Kachel and Robert C., of whom only Margaret A.. Rachel and Benjamin F., are now living. The only school training he ever received was in the district school of his neighborhood; but realizing the importance of a good education, he did not stop at this, but immediately set about storing his mind with good and useful information. He had a natural taste for reading, and not unfrequeutly did the midnight hour find him with book in hand, gathering that which would be of practical benefit to him in later years. This pursuit has since been faithfully prosecuted, until now he is a well-informed and intelligent gentleman. He has resided upon the old home-place, in Clay Township, ever since locating there with his father, in 1848, and his attention has chiefly been given to agricultural pursuits. On the 7th of January, 1861, he was married to Margaret South, who, also, is a native of Stark County, Ohio, born May 2, 1837. She is the daughter of William
and (Mosier) South, and is a great-niece of Maj. Mosier, of the war of 1812. Mr. and Mrs. Campbell have had eight children —four boys and four girls—two of wh,om. Robert A. and Blanche, are now living. Our subject and his wife are both members of the Baptist Church. In politics Mr. Campbell is an ardent Republican. He takes an ao-tive part in political campaigns', and uses all honorable means to promote the interests of his party. In the fall of 1878 he was elected a member of the Indiana State Legislature, and was the candidate of his party for that office in 18v2, but failed to overcome an opposing majority. He owns 108 acres of land, nearly all of which is in a high state of cultivation. He is a successful farmer and an enterprising citizen.

CHAKLES N. COOK, of Clay Township, is a native of Berkshire County, Mass., and was born September 15. 1830. He was the son of Noah and Lydia B. (Bardwell) Cook, the former a native of West Hampton, and the latter a native of Belchertown. both in Massachusetts. His parents were both of English extraction. His father was a shoe-maker by trade. A part of his early life was sj>ent assisting his father at his trade and a part of the time he worked on a farm. When he had attained his majority he went on a prosjtecting tour to California, where for eighteen months he gave his attention to mining and gardening. In the fall of 1854 he returned to Massachusetts, and remained with his father one year. In the spring of 185*5 he immigrated to this county and located in Logansport. In the fall of 1850 he located a short distance west of the city, where he was engaged in gardening until August, 1802, when he enlisted in Company K, Ninety-ninth Indiana Volunteers, from which he was honorably discharged July 8, 1805, at David's Island, N. T. .He was in the battles of Missionary Ridge, Kenesaw Mountain and the siege of Atlanta. At the close of the war he returned to this county, and has been engaged in farming most of the time since then. February 27, 180(5, he was married to Margaret Ba\\, a native of Washington County, Penn.. born May 0, 1841. She was the daughter of David and Maria (Baker) Ball, of Clay Township. Mr. and Mrs. Cook have three children, all living. Their names are William D., born April 7, 1807; Anna Belle, born May 26, 1871, and Lydia E., born March 26, 1879. Mr. and Mrs. Cook belong to the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. Mr. Cook has held the office of assessor in Clay Township for two terms. In politics he is an ardent Eepublican. He has a comfortable home five miles northeast of Logansport. He is a straightforward man, a respected citizen and temperate in every particular.

L. B. CUSTER, of Clay Township, was born in Fan-field County, Ohio, February 18, 1830. He was the second son born to George B. and Sarah G. (Courtright) Custer, the former a native of Washington County, Penn., and the latter of Fairfield County, Ohio. His father was born August 15, 1810, and at present is a resident of Fairfield Countv, Ohio. His mother was born June 3, 1813. and died in Fairfield County, Ohio, August 26, 1847. His father was the son of George Custer, Jr., and Mary (Wise) Custer, the former of whom was the son of George Custer, Sr., and Susanna (Long) Custer; the former of whom was the son of Paul and Sarah (Ball) Custer, the latter of whom had one sister, Mary, who, about 1730, was married to Augustine Washington, by whom she gave birth to the illustrious Washington, the Father of our Country. Our subject spent his boyhood and youth working upon his father's farm in his native county. His education was received, principally, in the common schools. In April, 1861, he immigrated to this county and located upon a farm in Section 18, Clay Township, where he has ever since resided. November 15, 1860, he was married to Sallie A. Morehart, a native of Fail-field County, Ohio, born November 16, 1838. She was the second child born to Adam and Elizabeth (Dreisbach) Morehart, and came with her parents to this county in 1846. To them have been born three children, as follows: Clara C., born February 15, 1862; George D., born March 31, 1864, and Clarence C., born September 2, 1870, all of whom are living. Mr. and Mrs. Custer belong to the Presbyterian Church. He is a member of the Masonic lodge, and in politics is a Democrat. In January, 1878, he was elected a member of the State Board of Agriculture, and still holds that position. During the year 1882 he served as president of the board. He has also been a director of the Cass County Agricultural Society ever since its organization, with the exception of two years.

WILLIAM DELAPLANE, one of the substantial and influential farmers of Clay Township, was born in Butler County, Ohio, April 8, 1826. He was the third son born to James and Jane (Harper) Delaplane, the former a native of Frederick County, Md., and the latter a native of Berkeley County, Ya. His father was of French, English and German descent, and his mother of Irish descent. His father emigrated from Maryland to Butler County, Ohio, in 1804, and died there October 1, 1858. His mother also died in Butler County January 30, 1867. He spent his early life working upon his father's farm and attending the district school. In the spring of 1874 he located upon a farm in Darke County, Ohio. In the following-fall he came to this State and spent the winter of 1874-75 in Carroll County. In the spring of 1875 he came to this county and located upon a farm in Clay Township, where he has ever since resided. Sarah E. Zinn, a native of Montgomery County, Ohio, born of German descent, September 7, 1835, became his wife January 26, 1854. She was the third daughter of John and Mary (Bahel) Zinn, both natives of Pennsylvania. To them eight children have been born: Mary, J., born March 16, 1855; James, born July 17, 1856; John, born November 17, 1858; Margaret A., born February 21,1862; William, born December 3,1863; Anna, born January 11, 1866; Ollie M., born March 3, 1868, died July 17, 1871, and Bertha L., born January 30, 1872. Mr. and Mrs. Delaplane and all of their children belong to the Methodist Episcopal Church. Politically Mr. Delaplane is a Republican. He owns a farm of 245 acres of good land, most of which is in a high state of cultivation. He is an enterprising and successful farmer and a good citizen. His paternal grandfather was a member of Gen. Washington's staff during the Revolution. His maternal grandfather was also a soldier in the Revolution, under Col. John Morgan.

HEZEKIAH FAIR, of Clay Township, is the second son bor n toSanford and Mary (Lucas) Fair, both natives of Ohio. He was born in Miami County, Ohio, August 6, 1833. When he was sis months old his parents immigrated to this county and located upon a farm in Clay Township. His parents afterward moved to Eel Township, where they spent the rest of their lives. They moved to Eel Township about 1850. About 1857 our subject located in Bethlehem Township, and a year later he removed to Miami County, this State. In 1859 he returned to this county and located in Section 2, Clay Township. Here he lived until the spring of 1876. when he removed to a farm in another part of the same section, where he has since resided. October 26, 1859, he married Martha J. McElwee, a native of Pennsylvania, born July 27, 1839. She was the daughter of Charles and Catharine (Barsh) McElwee, both natives of Pennsylvania. To them twelve children have been born. Their names are: Charles S., born August 28, 1860; William A, born September 25,1861; Melzena, born November 13,1863; James E., born February 16, 1865, died October 9, 1870; Rebecca A., born August 20, 1866; Parker A., born April 1, 1868; Theodore, born December 10, 1869, died October 18, 1870; Viola, born March 29, 1872; Rila, born March 10, 1875, died February 20, 1886; Lloyd, born September 11, 1876; Albert, born June 23, 1879, and Annie, born October 30, 1881. In politics Mr. Fair is a Republican. He is one of Cass County's old pioneers and one of her most highly respected citizens.

JOSEPH G. FUNK, one of the substantial and influential citizens of Clay Township, is a native of Juniata Ccjunty, Penn. He was born, of German descent, April 17, 1834, and was the eldest son of George and Mary (Gingrich) Funk, both natives of Juniata County, Penn. His father died October 12, 1852. In the spring of 1867 he came with his sister, Catharine A., to this county—his mother, brother, William A., and Nancy M. following in the spring of 1867. They located in Clay Township, upon the farm where our subject now resides. His occupation has always been that of a farmer. November 30, 1854, he was married to Mary E. Ward, a native of Mifflin County, Penn., born, of Scotch, Irish and German descent, December 2, 1833. She was the daughter of William and Mary R. (Sunderland) Ward, both natives of Pennsylvania. Mr. and Mrs. Funk have had nine children. Their names are: George W., born March 12, 1857; John H, born May 27, 1858; Horace M., born September 19, 1859; David M., born March 14, 1802; Mary E., born October 30, 1803; Flora S., born July 2, 1865; Anna R., born January 30, 1871; and a pair of twin girls, born October 25, 1855, both died in infancy. In politics Mr. Funk is a Republican. In the spring of 1877 he was elected to the office of assessor of Clay Township, and was re-elected in 1879, and again reelected in 1881. In the spring of 1882 he was elected to the office of trustee, to which he was re-elected in 1884. He has a comfortable home seven miles northeast of Logansport, He is an industrious and successful farmer, and in his official capacity has acquitted himself in a creditable manner.

JOHN W. GEERARD, one of the substantial citizens and enterprising young farmers of Clay Township, was born in Marshall County, this State, January 18, 1854. He was the eldest son born to Andrew R. and Susannah (Miller) Gerrard, the former a native of Switzerland County, this State, born, of French descent, November 12, 1825; moved with his parents to Marshall County, this State, where he at present resides. The latter, a native of Pennsylvania, born, of Dutch descent, February 10, 1823, immigrated with her parents to Marshall County, the latter being among the first settlers of that county. Here she was married to Andrew R. Gerrard, in 1844. She died in Marshall County on the 10th of March, 1863. John W. spent his boyhood and youth working upon his father's farm and attending the district schools. After leaving the common schools he attended high school in Bourbon two terms. In December of 1881 he located upon a farm of his own in his native county. In September, 1883, he removed to this county and located upon the Eel River Stock Farm, in Clay Township, where he has ever since resided. Nora Condon, a native of Kendallville, Noble County, this State, born, of Irish descent, December 15, 1854, became his wife December 27, 1877. She was the daughter of Dennis and Catharine (Anglin) Condon, both natives of Ireland. The present residence of her father is in Muncie, Ind. Mr. and Mrs. Gerrard have had two children: Charles A., born October 11, 1878, died October 13, 1878, and John C., born January 15, 1885. When he located upon the stock farm Mr. Gerrard formed a partnership with his brother-in-law, John Condon, the name of the firm being Condon & Gerrard. They are breeders and dealers in Durham and Jersey cattle, Poland-China hogs, etc. They have a fine lot of stock, which, perhaps, can not be surpassed in Cass County. The farm consists of 200 acres of excellent land, upon which is a splendid brick residence, erected at a cost of $4,000. Mr. Gerrard is an energetic and successful farmer and breeder, and the firm of Condon & Gerrard enjoys the credit of owning the finest stock farm in Cass County.

EDWARD JOHNSON, one of our old pioneers, immigrated to this county from Dayton, Ohio, in the spring of 1830. He was born in the State of Vermont February 9, 1809, being the fourth son of Jacob and Mary (Edwards) Johnson; the former, a native of the old country, of English descent, and the latter, presumably, a native of New Jersey, of English descent. Thirteen children were born to these parents—five sons and eight daughters. Shortly after our subject's birth his father returned from Vermont to the State of New Jersey, and about eight years later immigrated to Dayton, Ohio. Here he remained a few years: then removed to Randolph County, this State, where he located in the woods. Some two or three years later the uncle of our subject immigrated to the same county, with whom he returned to Dayton, Ohio, about three years later, and learned the trade of a blacksmith, and whence he came to this county in 1830. A year later he returned to Dayton. In the spring of 1833 he again returned to Logansport, where he built a shop and engaged in working at his trade. In the spring of 1837 he removed to a farm in Section 8, Clay Township, where he has ever since resided. For a number of years after moving to that farm he worked at his trade, but finally abandoned it, and turned his attention to agricultural pursuits. December 15, 1833, he was united in marriage to Matilda Archer. She was the daughter of James and Achsa (Clevenger) Archer, and was born in Clinton County, Ohio, April 9, 1811. Her parents were both natives of Virginia, of Irish, Dutch and English descent. Their family was composed of eight children. Mr. and Mrs. Johnson have had eleven children, eight of whom are living. They were born as follows: Anthony S., born October 2, 1834, died in the service of the Union Army, at Louisville, Ky., November 5, 1862; Mary J., born April 9, 1836; Mahalah A., born March 20, 1838; Juliet, born December 10, 1840, died October 20, 1842; Amanda, born January 31, 1843: William H, born April 17, 1845; Thomas, born January 10, 1847: Susan D., born February 8, 1849; Kdward, born May 9, 1851, died March 22, 1853; Eleanor, born August 29, 1853, and Matilda A., born August 28, 1855. Mr. and Mrs. Johnson and five of their children belong to the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mary J. is a member of the United Brethren, and Mahalah A. a member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. In politics Mr. Johnson is an ardent Republican. He formerly affiliated with the Whig party, having cast his first presidential vote for Henry Clay.

TOBIAS JULIAN, one of the pioneers of Cass County, was born in Wayne County, this State, January 23, 1822. He was the second son born to Jacob and Mary (Harvey) Julian, both natives of Randolph County, N. C. The former was the son Isaac Julian, and was born, of French descent, about 1785; immigrated to the Territory of Indiana in 1809, and to Henry County, this State, about 1826, and finally to this county in 1839, where he died September 29, 1870. The latter was born in 1779, and came with her parents to Wayne County, this State, about 1809, where, in 1811, she was married to Jacob Julian, and came with him to this county, where she died August 15, 1871, at the remarkable age of ninetytwo. Tobias spent his youth working upon a farm and attending the district school about three mouths in the year. In 1844, at the. age of twenty-two, he left home and located upon a piece of land he had purchased in Fulton County, Ind. In 1846 he emigrated to Green County, Mo., where he remained until March, 1847. He then returned to this county, and farmed until 1851. In 1855 he went to Minnesota, where he purchased land, but owing to a physical disability, resulting from a stroke of lightning, he returned to this county. In 1861 he located upon a farm in Clay Township. This has been his home chiefly ever since. In February, 1854, he was married to Emily Bond, daughter of Eobert and .Rachel (Thornburg) Bond, and one child was born to them, Emma, March •10, 1855, who died at five years of age. His first wife died April 19, 1855. October 4, 1861, he married Mrs. Jane (Covert) Young, daughter of Reuben and Beersheba Covert, formerly of this county. He lost his second wife March 22, 1882. His present home is upon one of his farms in Clay Township. He is a well-informed, agreeable man and an influential citizen. He has been connected with several enterprises calculated to promote the general welfare of his township and county, and many conveniences for the accommodation of the public are due to his enterprising spirit and popular influence. It was he, in connection with the late Noah S. La Eose, of Clay Township, that, amidst unwarranted opposition, initiated the project and secured the construction of the Eighteenth Street Bridge over the Wabash River, at present indispensable to the traveling public. He has also borne an influential part in the construction of several gravel-roads, and at present is president of the Logansport & Rochester Gravel-Road Company.

CAPT. GEORGE W. JULIAN, of Clay Township, was born in Fayette County, this State, June 12,1832. He was the third son born to Jesse and Jane (Reed) Julian, the former a native of North Carolina, born of German and Frenchdescent, March 14, 1794; immigrated, when a boy, with his parents to Tennessee, afterward came to the southern part of this State, and finally to this county and located upon a farm in Washington Township. About two years later he removed to farm in Section 8, Clay Township, where his death occurred February 9, 1847. The latter was a native of Ohio, born of Scotch-Irish descent, December 25, 1796; came with her parents to Fayette County, this State, where, on the 24th of April, 1817, she was married to Jesse Julian; came with her husband to this county, and died at the home-place about 1866. Geo. W. spent his boyhood and early youth working upon his father's farm and attending the district school. At the age of fourteen he entered the Logansport Seminary, where he remained for a number of terms. At about the age of seventeen he entered the Burnettsville Academy, but remained only one term. In 1856 he entered the State University at Bloomington, where he remained two terms. He then returned to Logansport, where he began the study of the law with Judge Stewart, at that time one of the prominent attorneys of this county. In the spring of 1856 he emigrated to Kansas, where he took a claim near Kansas City. Shortly afterward he returned to this county, where, until the fall of 1858, his attention was given to the reading of law and teaching school. During the winter of 1858 -59 he taught school in Clay County, Mo. In the spring of 1859 he made a prospecting trip to Pike's Peak. About one month later he returned home. In August, 1862, he was commissioned by the governor as first lieutenant. He immediately set about raising a company, and by the 18th of the month had his company stationed at Camp Rose, South Bend, Ind. This was Company K, Ninetyninth Indiana Volunteers. It was removed to Camp Jo Reynolds, Indianapolis, September 21, 1862. Here it was organized, and on the 8th of the following November was ordered to Camp Carrington. He remained in the capacity of lieutenant until May 1, 18(53, when he was promoted to a captaincy. He served with credit to himself in the siege of Vicksburg, the siege of Jackson, Miss.; Eocky Face, the Knoxville Campaign, Hesacca, Dallas, Kenesaw, Atlanta and Nashville, Tenn. In December, 1864, on account of physical disability, he resigned his commission and returned home. In the meantime he had devoted his spare time to his law studies, and in 1866 he was admitted to the bar. He went in partnership in the law practice with John C. McGregor, but after a few months' practice was compelled, owing to ill health, to abandon it. He returned to the home-place in Clay Township, where he has since been engaged in agricultural pursuits. October 5, 1870 he was married to Martha A. Batcheller, a native of this county, born July 24, 1846. By her he had two children: Clarence B., born August 11, 1871, and Jesse C., born April 2, 1873. His first wife died April 11, 1873, and on the 18th of October, 1882, he married Ida M. Skelton, a native of Logansport, born September 14, 1849. One child has been born to this union: Geo. E., born October 11, 1883, died February 13, 1884.' Mr. Julian is a member of the I. O. O. F., and a Greenbacker in politics. He has held the office of justice of the peace in Clay Township three terms.

JOHN J. JULIAN, of Clay Township, was born in Bush County, this State, April 7, 1835. He was the second son of Nathan aid Bach el (Baker) Julian; the former a native of South Carolina, of French descent, born February 17, 1799, immigrated with his parents to Tennessee, then to the southern part of this State, and finally to this county in 1835, where his death occurred September 12, 1872; the latter was a native of Kentucky, born, of Dutch descent, April 9, 1802, married to Nathan Julian April 8, 1819, came with her husband to this county, where she died in 1870. Both parents are interred at Bethel Church Cemetery, Clay Township. Our subject had two brothers and six sisters, all living but two. He spent his boyhood and youth at home with his parents, where, after he was old enough, he did all kinds of farm work. He attended the district school about three months in the year, receiving an ordinary common school education. In the summer of 1854 he made his way. overland, to California, where he was engaged in mining until the fall of 1856, when he returned to this county and engaged in agricultural pursuits in Clay Township. In September, 1870, he immigrated to Allen County, Kas., where he farmed for one year. In the fall of 1871 he returned to this county, and for the four or five months following he was employed as clerk in a store in Logansport. In the spring of 1872 he returned to Clay Township, and again took up agricultural pursuits, which has ever since received his attention. April 29,1861, he was married to Lizzie Kerlin, a native of Philadelphia, Penn., born, of Dutch and English descent, December 29, 1835. She was the daughter of Samuel and Hannah (Phares) Kerlin, natives of New Jersey. They have had two children: Samuel O., born February 22, 1862, and Elden, born July 23, 1865, died August 31, 1865. Mr. and Mrs. Julian belong to the Methodist Episcopal Church. In politics Mr. Julian is a Republican. In the spring of 1878 he was elected to the office of township trustee; was re-elected in 1880, and again re-elected in 1886. He has a comfortable home three and one-half miles northeast of Logansport. He is an industrious farmer and an influential citizen.

REED JULIAN, the youngest child born to Jesse and Jane (Eeed) Julian, was born upon the old homestead, in Clay Township, August 4, 1839. He remained at home with his parents until he was past thirty years of age. During this time he worked upon the farm and attended the district schools, in which he received a good common school education. In 1870 he immigrated to the State of Kansas, where he farmed for one year. He then returned to this county, and located where he now resides, in Section 8, Clay Township. Marietta Wood, a native of Logan County, Ohio, born July 29, 1846, became his wife March 25, 1869. She was the oldest daughter born to Thomas and Phebe (Obenchain) Wood. One child has been born to them, Hattie J., January 6, 1870. Mrs. Julian is a member of the Methodist Epscopal Church. Politically Mr. Julian is a member of the National Greenback party. He has a comfortable home three and one-half miles northeast of Logansport, and is an honest, upright man, and a good citizen.

MRS. SUSANNA KRIDER, a venerable old lady of Clay Township, came to this county, with her husband and seven children, in May, 1837. Her maiden name was Susanna Ouster. She was born in Washington County, Penn., March 23, 1802, beipg the oldest daughter born to George and Mary (Wise) Ouster. The former was the son of George and Susanna (Long) Ouster, and was born in Maryland on the 30th of July, 177G. He died in Montgomery County, Ohio, October 15, 1833. The latter was the daughter of Andrew and Zeruah (Hartman) Wise. She was born in Washington County, Penn., February 18, 1778. Her death occurred in Bethlehem Township, this county, August 19,1856. Mrs. Kridfr spent her early life at home with her parents in her native county. On the 26th of September, 1819, she was married to Henry Krider, a native of Lancaster County, Penn., born July 14, 1799. He was the youngest child born to Christian and Susanna (Elebarger) Krider, both natives of Pennsylvania. In March, 1829, she immigrated with her husband to Montgomery County, Ohio, and in May, 1837, came to this county and first located in a cabin in Bethlehem Township. In the following September they removed to a farm in Sections 25 and 36, same township. Here her husbaud died March 15, 1S68, since which she has been a widow. In June, 1868, she moved to Logansport. In 1871 she went to live with her daughter, Mrs. Mary Heddens, of Logansport, where she made her home for four years. .She then returned to the old home place in Bethlehem Township, where she made her home with her son Isaiah until April, 1879, since which her home has been with her daughter, Mrs. Rebecca Barr, in Clay Township. Mrs. Krider is the mother of eight children, three of whom are living. They were Elizabeth, born June 29, 1820, died September 12, 1833; ^George C., born November 24, 1822, died August 17, 1855: Christian E., born February 24, 1825, died January 3, 1864; David H., born December 31, 1827, died October 15, 1883; Isaiah W., born June 4, 1830; Mary M., born October 21, 1832; Rebecca, born August 17, 1834, and Susanna, born February 15, 1837, died December 18, 1860. Mrs. Krider has been a member of the Christian Church for forty years.

CHARLES T. LEACH, an old and highly respected citizen of Clay Township, was the only son born to Azariah and Charlotte (Thomas) Leach, both natives of New York. He was born in Cayuga County, N. Y., February 17,1818. In the spring of 1844 he immigrated to this county and located in Noble Township. Here ho was engaged in agricultural pursuits for eight years. In 1852, on account of impaired health, he left the farm and located in the city of Logansport. Here he first engaged in the livery business. In 1858 he accepted a position with James W. Dunn, who, at that time, was the agent of the American and United States Express Companies. In 1SC1, his employer having resigned, he himself •was made agent for the company, which position he held until 1808, In the spring of 1872 he removed to a farm in Clay Township,. which has ever since been his home. October 19, 1840, he was married to Nancy Smith, a native of New York, who died April 10,. 1869. April 9, 1871, he was married to Mrs. Elizabeth Ingrahamv a native of Maine. Her maiden name was Elizabeth Allen. She died September 20, 1878. September 25, 1882, he was married to Mary Allen, a native of this county. His first wife bore seven children: Charlotte, Margaret, George, Ella, Florence and a pair of twins, who lived but two weeks. Mr. Leach is a member of the F. & A. M. and the I. O. O. F. fraternities. He is a Eepublican in politics, and has twice been elected to the office of justice of the peace in Clay Township. He is an influential citizen and has the universal respect of the community in which he resides.

JOHN H. SOUDER, a highly respected citizen of Clay Township, was born in Perry County, Penn., May 1(5, 1823. He was the second son born to Mathias and Elizabeth (Hammer) Souder, both natives of Pennsylvania and of German descent. The former was was the son of George Souder, who was a soldier in the Revolutionary war. The latter was the daughter of George and Elizabeth Hammer, the former of whom was also a soldier in the Revolution. His boyhood and youth were spent in his native county, working upon his father's farm and attending the district school. At the age of twenty-two he removed to Juniata County, Penn., where for six years he worked at his trade in Perryville. In the spring of 1852 he immigrated to this State and located in Carroll County. During the first six years of his residence there he worked at his trade. In 1858 he located upon a farm in Rock Creek Township, same county, and since has chiefly been engaged in agricultural pursuits. In the spring of 1864 he removed to this county and located upon a farm in Sections 8 and 9, Clay Township, where he has ever since resided. Elizabeth Wilson, a native of Juniata County, Penn., born December 27, 1827, became his wife February 28, 1848. She was the daughter of James and Elizabeth (Rice) Wilson, both natives of Juniata County, Penn., the former of English and the latter of German descent. Mr. and Mrs. Souder have had five children, four of whom are living. Their names are Goshen L., born May 24, 1849; Cloyd L., born April 29, 1853; Clara A., born June 18, 1855; Parker G., born September 11, 1857, died March 12, 1876, and Alice V., born December 28, 1859. Politically Mr. Souder is a Republican. While a resident of Carroll County he held the office of township trustee in Rock Creek Township one term. He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He has a farm of 117 acres, about 100 acres of which are in cultivation. In 1876 he retired from farming, since which he has given his attention to apiculture and pisciculture. His interest in the latter has become quite extensive. He has three good ponds, well stocked with German carp, and contemplates building a fourth soon. One of these covers about one acre and a half of ground and is, perhaps, the best of its kind in the countv.

JACOB W. MOREHART was born in Fairfield County, Ohio, June 27, 18-40. He was the only son born to Adam and Elizabeth (Dreisbach) Morehart, both natives of Pennsylvania and of German descent. His father was born in November, 1779; immigrated with his parents to Fairfield County, Ohio, when fourteen years old; came to this county in November, 1844, and located upon a farm in Section 17, Clay Township. Here he spent the rest of his life, his death occurring September 19, 1878. His mother was bom about 1805; was married to Adam Morehart, in Fairfield County, Ohio, about 1830; came with her husband to this county, and at present makes her home with her daughter, Mrs. Elizabeth Booth, in the city of Logansport. Jacob's boyhood and early youth were spent upon his father's farm and attending the district school. At the age of sixteen years he began farming for himself. This was upon the home-place in Clay Township. He continued upon this place until March, 1875, when he was selected by the commissioners of Cass County to take charge of the County Infirmary, which position he assumed and has held ever since. He is a No. 1 farmer, a good manager, and is discharging his duties in a creditable manner. Mary A. Conrad, a native of Bethlehem Township, this county, born June 8, 1843, became his wife September 8, 1863. She was the daughter of David H. and Mary (Custer) Conrad, both natives of Washington County, Penn. To this union eight children have been born, seven of whom are living: Burl, born August 1, 1865; Marv E., born January 28, 1866; Hannah C., born January 30, 1868; Adam J., born November 15. 1870, died March 18, 1875; David H, born August 2, 1872; Mark, born September 16, 1875; Niota Mabel, born May 18, 1877; and Louis Edgar, born July 15, 1879. Mr. and Mrs. Morehart are members of the Christian Church. In politics he is a Democrat.

THOMAS PLUMMER, a venerable old citizen of Clay Township, was born in Fayette County, this State, July 12, 1815. He was the second son born to John and Nancy (Ladd) Plummer, the former a native of Maryland, of Welsh and English descent, and the latter, a native of North Carolina, of English descent. His father was born September 6, 1772; immigrated to Virginia about the year 1800; afterward moved to Georgia: then to North Carolina, where he was married to Nancy Ladd, June, 1810: immigrated with her to Ohio in 1811; then to Fayette County, this State, in 1814, and finally to this county in 1833. He located upon a farm in Section 16, Clay Township, where he and his wife spent the rest of their lives, their respective deaths occurring July 4, 1855, and Jxily 7, 1859. They are both interred at Bethel Church Cemetery, Clav Township. Subject was the third child in a family of eight children, five boys and three girls. Their names were Noble, born August 7, 1811; died February 20, 1881; Mary A., born June 22, 1813. died September 5, 1885; Thomas, born July 12, 1815; Elihu, born December 22, 1810; died September 21, 1877; Elizabeth, born November 14, 1818, died February 9, 1881; John, born November 15,1820, Nancy, born March 5, 1823, and Moses L., born August 2, 1825, died January 1, 1871. In 1850, subject moved to a farm in Tipton Township, where he was engaged in farming and saw-milling until 1878, when he returned to the old homstead in Clay Township, where he has ever since resided. He is a member of the" Methodist Episcopal Church. Politically he is a Republican. He is one of Cass County's old pioneers and most highly respected citizens.

JOSEPH ROHRER, an old citizen of Clay Township, was born in Lancaster County, Penn., October 8, 1817. He was the son of John and Magdalena (Killheffer) Rohrer, both natives of Lancaster County, Penn. He received an ordinary common school education. In 1837 his parents immigrated to Wayne County, Ohio, where they located upon a farm. Here his parents spent the rest of their lives. In the spring of 1851, subject immigrated to this county and located upon a farm in Sections 3 and 4, Clay Township. Here he has ever since resided. February 8, 1844, he was married to Maria Kampf, a native of Wayne County, Ohio, born December 2, 1819; she was the daughter of Anthony Kampf. To this marriage two children were born: John H., December 20, 1844, and Simon, June 8, 1840. The latter is a minister in the Disciples Church, and at present is located at Poestenkill, N. T. As such he has been eminently successful. Mr. Rohrer lost his first wife April 4, 1853. June 25, 1854, he was married to Susan M. Tweed, a native of Wayne County, Ohio, born March 15, 1834, she was the daughter of John Tweed, a native of Pennsylvania. To this latter union two children have been born, named Lee and Ella, both of whom are dead. Mr. Rohrer is a member of the Disciples Church.

JOHN H. ROHRER, one of the substantial citizens of Clay Township, was born in Wayne County, Ohio, December 20, 1844. He was the oldest of two children born to Joseph and Maria (Kainpf) Rohrer. In the spring of 1851 he caine with his parents to this county and located upon a farm in Clay Township. Here his boyhood and youth were spent, working upon the farm and attending the district school. By the time he was twenty years of age he had obtained sufficient education to teach school. He taught at this time for two years, the first of which was in Cass and the last in Pulaski County. He then became a teacher in the schools of Delphi, this State, remaining one year. In the fall of 1867 he took charge of the graded schools at Burnettsville, White County, this position he held one year. In the spring of 1868, he entered Alliance College, at Alliance, Ohio; here .he remained one year. He then entered Butler University, spending one year. Returning to this county he entered Smithson College, but owing to ill health he was compelled to abandon his studies. In June, 1873, he immigrated to Minnesota. In the meantime he had become a minister in the Disciples Church, having begun to preach while teaching at Burnettsville. In April, 1876, he returned to this State. In January, 1877 he took charge of a congregation of Disciples at Rolling Prairie, Laporte County. A year later, owing to ill-health, he was compelled to abandon the ministry altogether. He then returned to the old homestead in this county, where he has ever since been engaged in agricultural pursuits. Cecelia M. Williamson, a native of Bethlehem Township, this county, born, of Scotch-Irish and German descent, October 1, 1850, became his wife October 12, 1880. She was the daughter of Samuel A. and Temperance (Conrad) Williamson, natives of Ohio and Pennsylvania, respectively. To this union, one child has been born, Clark, August 3, 1881. In politics Mr. Rohrer is an ardent Republican. In July, 1863, at the age of eighteen, he entered Company E, One Hundred and Eighteenth Indiana Volunteers, from which he was honorably discharged in March, 1864.

BENJAMIN D. SCOTT, of Clay Township, was born in the township in which he resides May 15, 1831. He was the third son born to John and Margaret (Watt) Scott, natives of Kentucky and North Carolina respectively. His parents came to this county from Delaware County, this State, in the spring of 1828, and were the first white settlers of Clay Township. Here his parents spent the rest of their lives, their respective deaths occurring September 7, 1866, and March 26, 1878. The entire life of our subject has been spent upon a farm, and, owing to the almost absolute want of school privileges during his earlier life, his education was quite limited. In 1852 he began to learn the carpenter's trade. This was finished in due time, and the first schoolhouse built in his school district was his own workmanship. He worked at his trade until 1859, since which he has been engaged in agricultural pursuits. Belinda Carr, a native of Stark County, Ohio, born August 15, 1836, became his wife August 7, 1856. She was the daughter of John and Phebe (McCoy) Carr, natives of Pennsylvania and Ohio, respectively. Mr. and Mrs. Scott have had seven children, five of whom are living. The first was a girl, born in 1857, and who lived but a short time; then Horace C., born December 20, 1858, died September 7, IboO; Robert B., born November 27, 1859; Mary I, born September 22, 1861; Mattie G. born February 26, 1864; Vira A., born December 16,1866, and Jennie R, born April 19, 1869. Politically Mr. Scott is an ardent Republican. He has a comfortable home six miles northeast of Logansport, and at present enjoys the credit of having been a resident of Clay Township longer than any one else now living in the township.

WILLIAM A. SHACKELFORD, a native of Miami County. Ohio, was born July 18,1827. He was the youngest and only living child born to James and Susan (Murray) Shackelford, the former a native of Virginia, born, of Irish descent, June 6, 1794; immigrated with his parents to Kentucky when he was yet a child; thence to Miami County, Ohio, where his death occurred April 27, I860. The latter was born May 7, 1797; immigrated with her parents to Miami County, Ohio, where she was married to James Shackelford December 21, 1818; she died in that county September 22, 1840. The entire life of our subject has been spent upon a farm. In the fall of 1866 he came to this county and located in Clay Township. Here he remained until March, 1876, when he rented his farm and moved to North Manchester. In May, 1877, he returned to the farm again, in Clay Township. Here he remained until 1880, when he sold his farm, and in June of that year he took his family and went to Kansas. He had intended to locate in the West, if pleased with the country. In September, 1880, he returned, having made up his mind that Cass County was good enough for anybody. On returning to this county he located upon a farm in Section 10, Clay Township, where he has ever since resided. January 2, 1862, he was married to Harriet Robison, a native of Miami County, Ohio, born, of Scotch descent, July 28, 1839. She was the oldest daughter born to William and Susan (Ross) Robison, both natives of Perry County, Penn. Her father was born October 15, 1802. He came with his parents to. Fairfield County, Ohio; thence to Miami County, Ohio, where his parents died. In 1842 he came to this county, and at this writing is living in Logansport. Her mother was born December 21, 1816. She was married to William Robison January 18, 1838; came with him to this county, where she died August 6,1869. Mr. and Mrs. Shackelford have had but one child, John A., born March 20, 1870. They are both members of the Protestant Church—the former of the Methodist and the latter of the Baptist. In politics Mr. Shackelford is a Republican.

SAMUEL D. SHILLING, one of the substantial citizens and farmers of Clay Township, was born in Stark County, Ohio, March a, 1832. He was the third son born to Samuel and Sarah (Weaver) Shilling, both natives of Franklin County, Penn., of German descent. The birth of the former occurred on the 3d of March, 1799, and that of the latter ou the 22d of August, 1798. They were married in their native county April 13, 1820. Shortly after their marriage they immigrated to Stark County, Ohio, and in October, 1848. came to this county and located upon a farm in Clay Township, where they spent the rest of their lives—their respective deaths occurring in September, 1871, and in February, 1870. Samuel's boyhood and early youth were spent upon his father's farm in his native county. He attended the district schools of his day, where he received an ordinary common school education. In the spring of 1863 he immigrated to California, where he worked upon a fruit ranch until the fall of 1865. He then returned to this county. His trip to California was made by the overland route, and the return trip was made by the Isthmus of Panama and New York City. After his return he took up farming at the home place in Clay Township, and has ever since been engaged in agricultural pursuits. In April. 1867, he located where he now lives, in Section 5. Harriet Lackey, a native of Champaign County, Ohio, born of English descent March 11, 1839, became his wife November 20, 1866. She was the fourth daughter born to Alexander and Osee B. (Enyart) Lackey, both natives of Hamilton County, Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. Shilling are parents of six children: Nettie A., born August 27, 1867, died March 10, 1872; Elmer E., born November 28, 1868; Annie, born March 17, 1871, died December 9, 1872; Charlie, born June 24, 1872, died May 19, 1877; Edward L., born January 12, 1874, died May 22, 1877, and Osee, born April 10,1876. Mr. and Mrs. Shilling belong to the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. In politics he is an ardent Prohibitionist.

JOHN H. SIMPSON, one of the pioneers of Cass County, was born in Preble County, Ohio, February 1, 1818. He was the second son born to James and Rachel (Mills) Simpson, both tives of New Jersey, the former of Scotch and the latter of French descent. His boyhood and youth were spent upon a farm in his native county. In 1840 he came to this county and located upon a farm in the northeastern part of Clay Township." In 1867 he removed to the farm he now occupies in Section 16, same township. In April, 1879, he moved his family to Fowler, Benton County, this State, where for four years he was engaged in the grocery business. He returned again to the farm in November, 1883. August 24, 1843, he was married to Mary J. Kerlin, a native of New Jersey, and daughter of Isaac and Elizabeth Kerlin, both natives of New Jersey. To this union four children were born: James, born November 9, 1844; Isaac, born August 6, 1849; Jay, born April 22, 1861, and John, born in January, 1867, died in infancy. His first wife died May 29, 1881. August 6, 1882, he was married to Elizabeth McHenry, a native of Ohio, and daughter of Henry and Lydia (Cline) McHenry, natives of Pennsylvania and Ohio respectively. Mr. and Mrs. Simpson both belong to the church—-the former to the Christian and the latter to the Methodist. In politics he is a Republican. In 1876 he was elected to the office of justice of the peace, which he held until 1879. He has a comfortable home four miles northeast of Logansport.

THOMAS STEPHEN, an old and highly respected citizen of Clay Township, was born in Butler County, Ohio, June 8, 1819. He was the third son born to Thomas and Elizabeth (Gordon) Stephen, both natives of Bedford County, Peiin. His boyhood and youth were spent working upon his father's farm. He attended the common school a portion of the time, but the advantages were poor, consequently his school training was quite limited. In 1845 he immigrated to this county, and located upon a farm in Clinton Township. In 1804 he removed to Clay Township and located upon the farm where he now resides. His occupation lias always been that of a farmer. March 14, 1849, he was married to Nancy Dodds, a native of Butler County, Ohio, who came with her parents to this county, and located upon a farm in Clinton Township about 1882. She was the daughter of John and Margaret Dodds, who were natives of Ireland. To them seven children have been born. Their names are Margaret J., born August 29, 1850; David, born May 9, 1853; Elizabeth E., born August 22, 1855; Rufus J., born February 15, 1858; Edmund T., born December 4, 1800; Nannie, born June 25. 1863; Irena, born October 19, I860—all of whom are living. In politics Mr. Stephen formerly affiliated with the Whig party. His first vote for President was cast for Gen. Harrison. He is now an ardent Republican.

JESSE M. SWIGART, of Clay Township, was born in Ohio, September 13, 1841. He was the third son born to Samuel and Jane (McPherson) Swigart, natives of Ohio. In 1842 his parents immigrated to this county and located upon a farm in Clay Township. His boyhood and youth were spent upon his father's farm. In August, 1803, he enlisted in Company E, One Hundred and Eighteenth Indiana Regiment, from which he was discharged in the following March. In the spring of 18G5 he re-enlisted in Company C, One Hundred and Fifty-fifth Indiana Regiment, from which he received his final discharge in the following August. At the close of the war he returned to this county and took up farming at the old homestead in Clay Township. He farmed here about two years. He then farmed at different places in the township until 1873, when he took his family and immigrated to Oregon. Here he was engaged in agricultural pursuits for three years. He then returned to this county and located upon a farm owned by his father-in-law, Joshua LaRose. A year later he removed to a farm in Section 13, Clay Township. In September, 1878, he moved to Logausport, where for nearly three years he ran a meat market. He then returned to the farm he formerly occupied in Section 13, Clay Township, where he now resides. March 12, 1808, he married Alice LaRose, a native of Clay Township, this county, born October 8, 1848. To them have been born twelve children, among whom were three pairs of twins—all living: Grace, born February 3, 1869; Lillie Mav. born April 12, 1878; Annie, born March 30, 1872, died August 22, 1872: Earl, born November 20, 1870; Dora, born April 27, 1876, died September 3, 1879; the next was an infant daughter, born October 1, 1877, died November 12, 1877, unnamed; Blanche and Bertha (twins), born October 29,1878; Noah and Frank (twins), born July 9, 1881; and Faunie and Ella (twins), born March 26, 1884. In politics Mr. Swigart is a Republican. He has a comfortable home in the town of Adamsboro. He is an upright man and an enterprising citizen.

JOHN W. THOMAS, one of the substantial citizens of Clay Township, was born in Beaver County, Penn., January 18, 1826. He was the second son born to Mansfield and Sarah (Wright) Thomas, natives of Connecticut and Pennsylvania, respectively. He came with his parents to Trumbull County, Ohio, when quite small. In 1^44 they immigrated to this State and located at North Manchester, "Wabash County, where his father, being a carder and clothier by trade, ran a woolen-mill for two vears. fie then went to Peru, where he continued that business about ten years. Here his death occurred in 1874. He had been a soldier in the war of 1812. and was an ordained minister in the United Brethren Church. His mother died in September, 1844. His parents are both interred in the cemetery at North Manchester. Seven children in all were born to these parents, their names being Mansfield A., Sarah, Elizabeth, Clarinda, John W., Minerva, and Eliza Ann, all of whom are living except Mansfield A., who died at about forty-seven years of age. In 1855 subject came to this county and located in Clay Township, where he built and operated a woolen-mill until 1863. In this year he removed to a farm in Sections 14 and 15, same township, where he has ever since resided. In 1867 he built a large woolen-mill in Adam.sboro, which he conducted for eight years. He has ever since given his entire attention to agricultural pursuits. Elizabeth Wilson, a native of this county, born March 5, 1831. became his wife October 27, 1849. She was the daughter of Richard and Jane (Worl) Wilson, natives of Kentucky and Ohio, respectively. To this union four children have been born: Sarah M., born May 28. 1851; Rozalia, born September 30, 1852; Eugene W., born March 12, 1855, and Alice Ann, born August 13,1858—all ofwhom are living. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas belong to the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. Thomas is a member of the F. & A. M. lodge. Politically he is a Republican.

DUDLEY H. WELLS, a native of Connecticut, was the oldest son of Sluman and Charlotte (Butler) Wells, both natives of Connecticut, of English descent. He was born December 15, 1824 "When he was yet a child his parents immigrated to Orleans County, N. Y. Here his parents spent the rest of their lives. In 1846 he immigrated to Fulton County, this State, where he located upon a farm. In 1865 he removed to this county and settled upon a farm in Section 7, Clay Township. In 1874 he removed to a farm in another part of the same section, where he has ever since resided. July 3, 1848, he was married to Mary S. Davis, a native of Albany, N. Y., born, of Irish and Dutch descent, August 2, 1829. She was the daughter of Joel H. and Mary (Harvey) Davis, both natives of New York. Mr. and Mrs. Wells have had four children: Francis D., born, October 5, 1849, died April 18, 1851; Harriet C., born July 4, 1853; William A., born February 14, 1856; Hubbard S., born May 21, 1861. Mr. and Mrs. Wells belong to the Methodist Episcopal Church. In politics Mr. Wells is a Republican. He has a farm of eighty acres of good land, about sixty-five of which is in cultivation. He is an enterprising and successful farmer and an influential citizen.

WILLIAM WILSON, one of the pioneers of this county, is the youngest child of Gen. Walter Wilson and Mary (Williams) Wilson, formerly of this county. He was born in Gibson County, this State, January 28, 1818. His father was a soldier in the war of 1812, and at the battle of Tippecanoe held the rank of captain. He was afterward promoted to the rank of brigadier-general. About one year previous to the battle of Tippecanoe, his father and one Mr. Barren were sent from Vincennes to the site where the battle •was afterward fought, for the purpose of arranging, if possible, terms of peace, which at this time, being exposed to the dangers of the wilderness and the red-man's arrows, was not an enviable mission. Our subject had four brothers and two sisters, all of whom are dead. In the fall of 1830 he came with his parents to this county and located upon a tract of land which, two years before, his father had purchased from the Indians. This was on the right bank of Eel River, in Clay Township, and it is still principally owned by heirs of the family. In 1846 he moved to Logansport, where he engaged in the livery and stage business. This received his attention until 1861, when he was appointed postmaster of the city of Logansport. He held this position until 1865, when he engaged in the pork-packing business. In 1878 he engaged in the jewelry business. In 1881 he removed to a farm in Sections 15, 21 and 22, Clay Township, where he has since been engaged in agricultural pursuits. December 13, 1838, he was married to Sarah Wilson, a native of Maryland. She died January 31, 1844. In 1845 he was married to Amy Ann Henry, a native of Ohio, who died about two years later. May 24, 1849, he was married to Martha Ann Campbell, a native of Delaware, born May 16, 1830. She was the daughter of David and Thirza (Meredith) Campbell, both natives of Delaware. By his first wife was father of three children: Mary Eliza, born October 29,1840, died October 1, 1861; David Walter, born March 15, 1842, died August 15, 1842, and Alexander, born January 5, 1844, served during the late war in the Seventy-third Indiana Regiment, and was (browned in attempting to swim a horse across Osage River, Kansas, May 22, 1866. To his second marriage one child was born, Freeman H., who lived about two months. His third wife bore him seven children. Their names are Byron, born August 3, 1850; Amy Ann, born July 24, 1852; William, born March 9, 1855; Carrie Theresa, born January 10, 1858, died August 22, 1859; Lincoln and Hamlin (twins), born November 16, 1860, the latter, Hamlin, died when a child, Edwin, born July 30, 1863, died in infancy. Politically Mr. Wilson is a Republican. While a citizen of Logansport he held the office of city marshal four years. He also served as councilman for Second Ward one year. He at present occupies a farm of 135 acres of good land, most of which is in a high state of cultivation. He is an influential citizen and highly respected in the community in which he resides. His parents are both interred in the family burying ground upon the old homestead in Clay Township.

JOHN WINGFIELD, of Clay Township, was born in Franklin County, Va., October 3, 1848. He was the third son born to Oliver P. and Delilah (Smith) Wingfield, the former a native of Pennsylvania and the latter a native of Virginia, of Dutch and Scotch-Irish descent. In the fall of 1864 he was drafted into the Confederate service, but was out but one month. In April, 18(57, he located on a farm near Charleston, W. Va. In the following June he immigrated to this State, and located upon a farm in Jackson County. In January, 1868, he removed to a farm in Miami County. In 1869 he took a trip to Kansas, but shortly afterward returned to southern Illinois. Two months later he returned to this State and worked for a while upon a farm in Wabash CountyIn April, 1870, he returned to Miami County. In the fall of 1871 he came to this county and located in Adams Township. In July, 1877, he located where he now resides, in Section 21, Clay Township. Margaret A. Etnier, a native of this county, born March 20, 1851, became his wife August 8, 1877. She was the daughter of John and Eliza Etnier, natives of Pennsylvania. Mr. Wingfield is a member of the I. O. O. F. lodge, and a Democrat in politics. He has a comfortable home, three miles northeast of Logansport. He is an industrious farmer and a good citizen.

JOHN H. WHITE, of Clay Township, was born in Frederick County, Va., January 3, 1825. He was the fourth son born to Batley and Hannah (Hair) White, both natives of Frederick County, Va., of English descent. His father was a saddler by trade. Having learned the trade himself at an early age, he worked with his father until he was seventeen years old. His father, in the meantime, had immigrated to Washington County, Peim. This was in 1828. In the fall of 1843 they immigrated to this county and located upon a farm in Clay Township. Shortly after locating here our subject went to Logausport, where for eighteen months he worked at his trade. He then returned to his father's in Clay Township, and haS ever since been engaged in agricultural pursuits. In March, 1861, he removed to a farm in Section 5, Clay Township, where he has since resided. He married Jane H. Davis, a native of Adams Township, this county, born, of English and Scotch-Irish descent, April 4, 1839. She was the youngest daughter of Joel H. and Mary (Harvey) Davis, both natives of New York. Her parents immigrated to this county from New York in 1837, and located in Logansport. Mr. and Mrs. White have but one child, Horace M., born October 20, 1861, married to Emma C. Puterbaugh October 26, 1882. To this latter union one child has been born, Edith A., April 17, 1884. Mr. and Mrs. AVhite belong to the Methodist Episcopal Church. In politics he is a Republican, and does all he can to promote the interests of his party. In the spring of 1882 he was elected to the office of justice of the peace in Clay Township. In the spring of 1880 he was elected assessor of the township and is the present incumbent. He has a good farm of 160 acres of land, five miles northeast of Logansport.

CLINTON TOWNSHIP BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES.

ANDREW DODDS is one of the pioneers of Clinton Township, and was born December 26, 1826, in Butler County, Ohio. His parents were John and Margaret Dodds, both natives of Ireland. At the age of four years his parents immigrated to this county (in 1830); here our subject has spent his entire life on a farm. April 1, 1851, he was united in marriage with Elizabeth Spader, and to this union were born eleven children, viz.: Margaret, Ira, Edna, Benjamin, Carrie, Henry, Willard, Laura, Charles, Minnie and Josephine ; all now living, and residing within eight miles of their parents. Mr. and Mrs. Dodds are members of the Lutheran Church. He began life a poor boy, and by dint of industry and perseverance he now owns a fine farm of 120 acres in Section 10. He has lived to see a wonderful change in this county. What was once a wilderness is transformed into beautiful farms; the little "village of Logansport has changed into a beautiful city. Mr. Dodds expects to end .his days where he has spent the best part of his life.

HUGH FITZER is one of the pioneers of Cass County, and •was born in Lawrence County, Ohio, March 14, 1827. His parents were Joseph and Sarah (Woods) Fitzer; the former a native of Kentucky, the latter was a native of Ohio and of German and Irish descent. They were united in marriage, about 1821, in Lawrence County, Ohio, where they resided on a farm until 1831, when they immigrated to this county, and settled on the farm where our subject now resides, in the fall of that year. Prior to this, in the fall of 1830, Mr. Fitzer came out and entered 160 acres, and it was •on this that, in December of 1831, they pitched a tent and commenced to make a home in the wilderness. They soon had a rude log cabin built, in which they spent the winter, and for several years this cabin was their home. Here Hugh spent his boyhood and youth, aiding in the farm work, receiving a fair education for that day. He remained at home until his marriage, which occurred August 6, 1861. On that date he was united in wedlock with Nancy J. Hynes, daughter of John and Nancy Hynes, pioneers of this township. She was born March 31, 1842, in this township, where she has always resided. To this union were born two children: Willard C. and Harry J., both of whom are now living and attending school. Willard is taking the scientific course at Purdue University, where he has been about two years. Mr. and Mrs. Fitzer are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. Fitzer is a Democrat. He began life in fair circumstances and has accumulated considerable property. He now owns 455 acres of fine improved land in Section 7. His improvements are modern and his is a very pleasant home.

JOHN HYNES is one of the pioneers of Clinton Township. He was born in Westmoreland County. Penn., on the 23d of November, 1811; his parents were John and Barbara (Binkerd) Hynes; the former a native of Pennsylvania, and the latter a native of Virginia. They began married life together in Pennsylvania. About 1815 Mr. Hynes was called away. In 1816 Mrs. Hynes and her only son, our subject, left Pittsburgh on a llat-boat for Cincinnati, on their way to Montgomery County, Ohio, where Mrs. Hynes had relatives living. Here John spent his boyhood and youth on a farm, attending the schools, receiving as good an education as that day of log schoolhouses afforded. His mother being a widow, and John her only child, it devolved upon him to do his utmost to support her. When he was seventeen years old he heard of the sale of the Canal lands in this county, and about the last of September, 1830, started for the Wabash country. After entering his land he returned to Montgomery County, Ohio, and returned to work on a farm. On March 29, 1832, he was united in marriage with Nancy Coble, daughter of Emanuel and Rachel (Galahan) Coble. Nancy was born December 17, 1811, in Montgomery County, Ohio, where she spent her life up to the time of her marriage. This union was blessed with fourteen children, namely: Rachel, Henry, Harriet B., Mary A., Frances A., Samuel, Nancy J., Sarah E., Emily, Lavina, John, Rebecca, Margaret and Ellen. Mr. and Mrs. Hynes left Ohio on the 5th of September, 1832. and started to find his tract of land in this township. On the 16th of this month they found them selves upon their own soil, and unloaded the wagon under a beech tree. Here they commenced to clear up a home where all was then a wilderness. Mr. Hynes' early recollections of pioneer days is good, and he is one among the few who came here over 50 years ago, that lives to narrate the trials of pioneer life in this county. He is the oldest resident of this township that brought his family when he came. Mr. Hynes has accumulated considerable of property. He now owns 158 acres of finely improved land in Section 11. He also aided his sous in securing homes. Thus, we see a life well and honorably spent. Mr. and Mrs. Hynes are members of the Christian Church, and have taken an active part in the church for forty-five years. Death called Mrs. Hines away on the 15th of November, 1883. Mr. Hynes expects to end his days on the old homestead, where he has spent the best part of his life. Politically he is a Democrat, and voted for Andrew Jackson in 1832. He has held the office of county commissioner and trustee, and justice of the peace in his township, all of which he held with credit to himself.

SAMUEL HYNES, the fifth of a family of fourteen children born to John and Nancy (Coble) Hynes, was born September 2, 1840, on the old homestead in this township. He aided his parents on the farm during his youth, and at twenty-one began life on his own responsibility and spent three winters in chopping cord-wood. At the age of twenty-four he was united in marriage with Mary J. Stewart. She was the daughter of James and Anna E. (Cook) Stewart, natives of Pennsylvania. She was born December 3, 1844. To this union were born two children, namely: Effie A., February 2, 1868; Chloe G., January 22,1879—both of whom are now residing with their parents. Mr. and Mrs. Hynes are members of the Presbyterian Church. Mr. Hyues is a Democrat and believes in the principles of "Jackson." He began life on his own responsibility in fair circumstances, and now owns 314 acres of fine tillable land. Being reared on a farm, he has adopted farming as a life occupation, and can be classed to-day among Clinton's most successful farmers.

JOHN H. MAESHALL was born March 4, 1804, in Montgomery County, Ky. He was the fourth of a family of ten children born to Hubert and Ruth (Hanks) Marshall. They were natives of Kentucky. In 1811 they immigrated to Orange County, this State; thence to Gibson County; from there to Monroe, and in 1835 they removed to Carroll County. John was reared on a farm and received a fair education for that day. At the age of sixteen he began to do for himself by working at any thing he could get to do to make an honest penny. January 22, 1832, he was united in marriage with Margaret Kendall, daughter of Thomas and Mary Kendall, born in Hamilton County, Ohio, February 0, 1813. When about three years old her parents immigrated to Jackson County, this State. Mr. and Mrs. Marshall began life together in Monroe County on a farm. They had born to them eleven children: Mary, John, Ruth, George K., Susannah, Salena, Margaret, Hubert, Sarah, James J., Candace, six of whom are now living. Mr. and Mrs. Marshall are members of the Christian Church, and have been active members forty-six years. During this time Mr. Marshall has acted as a minister nearly thirty-five years. Politically Mr. Marshall is a Republican, and has always upheld the principles of this party. He voted for Andrew Jackson for President, but when the war broke out he began to vote the Republican ticket, Gov. Noble, of this State, commissioned him a captain of a militia company in Monroe County. He owns a fine farm of forty-seven acres in Section 3. It is a pleasant home close to the city, and where Mr. and Mrs. Marshall expect to end their days.

GEO. K. MARSHALL. Prominent among the citizens of Clinton Township is the subject of this sketch. He was born in Rock Creek Township, Carroll County, this State, January 21, 1840. His parents were John H. and Margaret Marshall (see sketch). Our subject spent his boyhood and youth on a farm in Carroll County, receiving a good common school education. August 14, 1861, he enlisted in Company A, Ninth Regiment Indiana Volunteers, and participated in all the campaigns for which his regiment is famous. After his return from the war he engaged in farming, and on December 24, 18155, he was united in marriage with Elizabeth N. Yost, daughter of Adam H. and Naoma Yost, old and respected residents of this county. She was born April 17, 1847. To this union were born five children: Cora, Howard A., Leora J., George Arthur and Annie E., two of whom are dead—Howard and Leora. Mr. and Mrs. Marshall are members of the Christian Church. Mr. Marshall is a member of Tipton Lodge, No. 33, F. & A. M., also of Logansport Post, No. 14, G. A. R. Politically he is a Republican, and firmly believes in the principles of his party. He is at this writing trustee of his township, being elected in April, 1886. His is a comfortable home, situated in Section 3 and near the city.

ALFRED B. MYERS is a native of this township. He was born on the farm where he now resides on the 15th of April, 1842. He was the youngest of a family of four children, namely: Isaac N., Henry C., Mary A. and Alfred B., born to John and Ann (Swisher) Myers. They were united in marriage in the fall of 1830, in Preble County, Ohio, and immigrated to this county in 1833, and entered 240 acres of wild land in Section 26. Here, in a cabin, our subject was born, and he spent his boyhood and youth on the farm, aiding in clearing and making a home. His early education was good for that day of log schoolhouses. On August 15, 1862, he enlisted in Company K, Ninety-ninth Regiment Indiana Volunteers. He took an active part in the Vicksburg campaign, Jackson, Miss., Chattanooga, and participated in all the leading battles around Atlanta, and went with Gen. Sherman through Georgia. Shortly afterward he received an honorable discharge, and returned home to enjoy the Union he had fought so bravely to preserve. He returned without a wound, notwithstanding the fact that he took part in fifteen regular engagements, and some of them were the hottest contested battles of the war. After his return home, or on the 23d of November, 1865, he was united in matrimony with Hannah Klepinger, daughter of Henry and Mary Klepinger, old and respected residents of this township. She was born August 15, 1844, in this county. To this union were born three children, namely: Elmer T., born January 20, 18G7, died February 27, 18(57; Alice M., born May 25, 1869, died September 5, 1877; Grace L., born December 13, 1876. Mr. Myers is a member of the G. A. E., is a Kepublican, and believes in the principles of his party. He began life on his own responsibility in fair circumstances, and by dint of industry and perseverance has accumulated considerable property. He owns a fine improved farm of 240 acres, in Section 26. It is the old homestead, where he was reared and has spent the best part of his life. Being raised on a farm, he has adopted farming as a life pursuit, and is to-day one of Clinton's most successful farmers.

MES. SALLIE NEFF is the widow of Jonathan Neff, who was born in Franklin County, Va., June 30, 1797. His parents were Jacob and Polly Neff, who immigrated to this county in 1829, and settled on the W abash, in this township. Here they resided until their deaths. When Jonathan was twelve years old his father immigrated to Montgomery County, Ohio, and here Jonathan resided until his marriage, which occurred July 3, 1825. On this date he was united in wedlock with Sallie Kinnaman, daughter of Samuel and Nancy Kinnaman; the former a native of North Carolina, of German descent, the latter a native of South Carolina, of Irish descent. Our subject was born on the 16th of June, 1804, in North Carolina. When she was ten years of age her parents immigrated to Montgomery County, Ohio. Here she spent her young life up to the time of her marriage. They began life together in Ohio, and resided there until 1830, when they removed to this county and settled on the farm where she now resides. Here Mr. Neff purchased 320 acres of wild land, built a cabin, and began to make a home. At this time there were but few settlers south of the Wabash, below Logansport, in this township. Mr. and Mrs. Neff had born to them eight children, viz.: Jacob, born July 1, 1826, died March 16, 1856; Washington, born November 1, 1827; Daniel and Polly, born April 16,1829 (Polly died in 1830); William, born June 12, 1832, died in 1872; Sarah, born July 15, 1834, died in 1882; Jonathan, March 11, 1836, died June 25, 1854, and Lucinda, born October 24, 1837, died March 11, 1859. Mr. Neff was also called away, after a long and useful life, on February 7, 1880. He was one of the pioneers of the county. Mrs. Neff and two sons, Washington and Daniel, survive him.

WASHINGTON NEFF is one of the pioneers of this county. He was born November 1, 1827, in Preble County, Ohio. His parents were Jonathan and Sarah (Kinuamau) Neff. AArashington was three years old when his parents came to this county, in 1830, and he spent his early days here on a farm, receiving a fair education for that day. At the age of twenty he began to do for himself by engaging at farm work by the month. On November 3, 1850, he was married to Nancy J. Carter, daughter of Walter and Anne (Damuron) Carter, old and respected residents of this county. Nancy was born August 1, 1831. They had born to them nine children, Annie, Lucinda, Amanda J., Emma A., Benjamin F., Edward C. Rosetta, Laura, and an infant unnamed. Annie, Benjamin F. and Rosetta are deceased. Mr. Neff is a Democrat, and votes the ticket on national affairs. He began life in fair circumstances, and today controls a fine farm in Section 3. He has spent the most of his life on the farm where he now resides and expects to end his days.

' DANIEL K. NEFF. The subject of this sketch was born in Preble County, Ohio, April 16, 1829. When he was one year old his parents immigrated to this county, which makes our subject a resident of fifty-six years, and places him among the pioneers. Here his boyhood was spent on the farm where he now resides, and his early education was fair for that day of log schoolhouses. At the age of twenty-one he began life on his own responsibility, by working for his father by the year. On November 20, 1856, he was united in marriage with Mary Aha. To this union there were born nine children, namely: Napoleon B., Celia, Agues J., Walter S., Marion F., Warren B., Minnie, Clara and May—two of whom are deceased, Napoleon and Agnes. Mr. and Mrs. Neff are members of the Christian Church. Mr. Neff is a Democrat, and firmly believes in the principles of his party. He began life a poor man, and by industry and perseverance has accumulated considerable of this world's goods.

JAMES E. PATTERSON is a native of Tippecanoe County, this State. He was born in Lafayette, August 18, 1830; he was the third of a family of six children born to James and Sarah (Whitcomb) Patterson; the former a native of Montgomery County, Ohio, the latter a native of Vermont; the former of Irish and the latter of English descent. They immigrated to this county in 1851, and settled on the farm where our subject now resides, and remained here until their respective deaths. James spent his early life in Tippecanoe County on a farm, receiving a fair education. He was about twenty-two years of age when he came to this county, on De•cember 10, 1857. He was united in marriage with Margaret Brown, daughter of James and Saliiia Brown, old and respected residents of this township. They began life together on the farm where Mr. Patterson now resides. This union was blessed with three children, namely: Minerva I., born September 8, 1858; John R., born December 1, 1859; Laura A., September 27, 1861—all of whom are now living. Mr. aiid Mrs. Patterson lived happily together until she was called away, on July 12, 1873. She was a member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, and loved by all who knew her. Since her death, Mr. Patterson- has continued to reside with his children on the old home farm. He is also a member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. He is a Republican, and firmly believes in the principles of his party. The father of Mr. Patterson was born on the 8th of May, I?',)!1), and departed this life on September 18. 18(54. The mother of Mr. Patterson was born November 27, 17'JO, and was called away April 22, 1874.

OLIVER H. PORTER, the subject of this sketch, was born in Fayette County, this State, on December 30, 1835. His parents were William and Nancy (Justice) Porter, both natives of this State; the former was born on the 4th of March, 1810, and the latter about 1815. They were married in Fayette, on December 20, 1832, and began life together in limited circumstances on a farm. Soon after, in December, 1830, the mother of our subject was called away. In 1844 Mr. Porter was again married to Elizabeth (Gallants) Cooper, and immediately immigrated to Cass County and settled in Section 13, where they resided until their deaths; the former died in 1860, and the latter in 1878. Oliver spent his boyhood and youth on this old homestead, and owing to the amount of work necessary in clearing up a home in the woods, and the short school terms, he received a limited education. At the age of twenty-three he began life on his own responsibility by engaging in farming and dealing in stock; this he followed until the 24th of December, 1863, when he was united in marriage with Rosanna Benner, daughter of Daniel and Elizabeth (Hizer) Benner; the former a native of Maryland and the latter a native of Ohio, of German descent. She was born November 21.1839, in Carroll County, this State. To this union were born four children, namely: William H., born November 12, 1865; Daniel A., born September 1, 1867; Katie Me, born March 13, 1870; Quincy A., born August 17, 1881—all of whom are now living. Mrs. Porter is a member of the Christian Church. Politically Mr. Porter is a Republican. He has never sought office and prefers to attend to his own private business, which requires 'the most of his attention. He now owns two fine farms, one in Section 3, this township, and the other in Rock Creek Township, Section 22, Carroll County. He has for some years paid considerable attention to the raising and handling of Percheon-Norman horses, and in 1875 he purchased and brought to this county the first pure blooded horse of this breed ever imported to this county.

RICHARD TYNER is one of the pioneers of this county; he was born in South Carolina on October 3, 1800. His parents were James and Margaret (Givens) Tyner, natives of South Carolina, of Irish descent, they both being born in 1776. The parents of our subject immigrated to Franklin County, this State, in September, 1807. Here they resided until 1813, when they removed to Fayette County. Here Mr. Tyner, Sr., resided until his accidental death, which occurred in 1823. Mrs. Tyner continued to reside on the old home farm until her death in 1838. Richard remained at home and took care of his mother and brothers and sisters, they being John, Samuel G., James, AVilliam. Daniel. Lucinda, Malinda and Matilda, until he was twenty-seven years of age. On December 20. 1832, he was united in marriage with Emily Ross, daughter of Andrew and Hannah (Dale) Ross, natives of Kentucky, of Scotch descent. Emily was born in March, 1811. Prior to this, in 1831, Mr. Tyner visited this county on an inspection tour. The next year he returned and bought the farm on which he now resides for $1.37i an acre. In the fall of 1835 he brought his young wife and one child and settled on his land. He' had §70 in money and the personal property he could haul in an ox wagon. Mr. Tyner is one among the few who came here and opened up settlements in this county. He has lived to see a wonderful change take place. The married life of Mr. and Mrs. Tyner was blessed with nine children: Letitia, Jordan R., James, William, Elizabeth, Caroline, Daniel, John and Merideth—four of whom are deceased: James, Letitia, Daniel and Caroline. Mrs. Tyner was called away June 5, 1878. Mr. and Mrs. Tyner were members of the Baptist Church. Politically Mr. Tyner is a stanch Republican, and has always taken an active part in politics. He voted for Andrew Jackson in 182S, but walked 130 miles in three days, in 1832, to vote against him, and has fought Democracy ever since. He has never missed an election, and never expects to. In 1839 he was elected county commissioner, and served six years, during which time the court house was paid for, and let the contract for building the Bridge Street bridge across Eel River, purchased the poor farm and the site where the high school building now stands. He was elected land appraiser, and appraised all the land in Cass County. He has also held the office of trustee of his townsTiip two terms. During all of his official life he has acquitted himself with credit. He now resides on the old home farm, consisting of 200 acres of the finest land in Section 5.



Source: History of Cass County, Indiana By Thomas B. Helm, Brant and Fuller, Chicago (Ill.)

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