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Clark County Courthouse in Jeffersonville, Indiana
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Clark County lies on the North bank of
the Ohio River. A significant gateway to the state of Indiana, Clark
County's settlement began in 1783. The state of Virginia rewarded
General George Rogers Clark and his regiment for their victorious
capture of Forts Kaskaskia, Cahokia, and Vincennes from the British
by granting them 150,000 acres of land. A small portion of
this land, 1000 acres, became known as Clarksville. Clarksville, the
first authorized American settlement in Northwest Territory, was
found the following year in 1784.
Organized in 1801, Clark County originally included all or part of Floyd, Clark, Harrison, Scott, Jennings, Jackson, Ripley, Decatur, Bartholemew, Franklin, Shelby, Rush, Fayette, Union, Randolph, Henry, Wayne, Jay and Switzerland Counties. The platting of Jeffersonville occurred a year later.
From its beginning Clark County's history, culture and growth has been linked to the development of the river. The use of the steamboat in the early 1800's to transport goods and services provided Clark County opportunities for commercial and industrial growth. In 1832, James Howard founded the Howard shipyards making Clark County a leader in ship building and bringing with it economic growth.
The railroad brought further economic growth. Two railroad lines, the Monon, which spanned from New Albany to Chicago and the Jeffersonville, Madison and Indianapolis railroad, provided Clark County and southern Indiana with access to the northern trading centers of Indianapolis and Chicago.
Industries locating to Clark County during the 1800s included the Louisville Cement Company in Speed, Indiana and the Ford Plate Glass Company established in Jeffersonville in 1876.
On September 23, 1878 the county seat returned to Jeffersonville from Charlestown, after an absence of 66 years.
|Census||Church Histories/ Records|
|County/Court Records||Death Records|
|Family Bibles/Stories||Historical Landmarks|
Bios: Capt. Lewis C. Baird - transcribed by Brenda Wiesner
Bios: Edward N. Flynn, James Howard, Hon. James K. Marsh,
Bios: HON. MOSES POINDEXTER; HON. DAVID McCLURE
News: James Cuddy shot
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