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FRED AILER, was born in Baden, Germany, in 1822 , the son of Dennis and Barbara Ailer, natives of that country. The family came to America in 1829 and located in Baltimore, where the elder Mr. Ailer worked on a railroad at fifty cents a day. Two years later they moved to another part of the State where Mr. Ailer was engaged in the lumber business, which he followed for three years. Then they removed to the Alleghany mountains where he kept a boarding house for a year and a half. The family then moved to Ohio, where they lived two years then came to Floyd county, Ind., and kept a boarding house on the Paoli Pike, near Mooresville; then moved on a farm in Daviess county, near Washington; from there they went to Celestine, Dubois County, where he kept a grocery.  The elder Mr. Ailer died in 1845.
Fred went to the Mexican War and served in the First Regiment of Indiana.  In 1847 he returned from the war to his home in New Albany and was engaged in contract work.
On January 9, 1847 Fred Ailer was married to Nancy A. Brands, daughter of Tobias and Violet MacFarland Brands, of Floyd County. They have one adopted child, Hattie, wife of Edward C. Burton of Indianapolis.
( Contributed by Mary Hoegh )

STEPHEN J. ALEXANDER, was born in York county, Pa., February 10, 1812.  His father Robert Alexander, was a native of Pennsylvania, and belonged to an old Scotch family.  His mother, Elizabeth McKinley, was a native of York county, Pa.
When Stephen was ten years of age his parents moved to Belmont County, Ohio, where he was educated in the common schools until he was old enough to enter the study of medicine, in which he graduated with honor in 1839.  He then took up his residence in Clermont County, Ohio, where he practiced his profession until 1853, when he located at New Albany, where he remained.  During the war he ranked high as a hospital surgeon, in which capacity he served, during its continuance, in the hospitals at New Albany.
Dr. Alexander has been married three times, and ten children were born to him during these marriages.  For forty years he has been a member of the Masonic Fraternity.
( Contributed by Mary Hoegh )

JACOB ANTHONY (deceased) was born in Paris, Ky., on March 25, 1799,  he died in New Albany, Floyd county, Indiana on January 5, 1878.  Mr. Anthony came to New Albany around the year 1820.  He was married to Sarah A. Marsh on July 21, 1822.   He was a business man, at one time a dry goods merchant, also in the grocery and livery stable business.  He served two terms as sheriff of the county, one term in the Legislature and was collector of customs at this port under both administrations of Lincoln and both terms of Grant.  He held the office up to the time of his death at which time the office was abolished.  He left six children.
( Contributed by Mary Hoegh )

 SARAH A. MARSH ANTHONY was a daughter of Samuel Marsh.  She was born in Middletown, N. J., on August 4, 1805.  The family moved from New York City to New Albany in September, 1814, where she has resided ever since.  The Marsh family traveled from New York in wagons to Cincinnati, from Cincinnati to New Albany in flatboats.  New Albany was at this time a very small village of log cabins.  Mrs. Anthony is reported to be the oldest living resident in New Albany at the time of this writing.  Her father, Samuel C. Marsh, was born in Amboy, N. J., May 16, 1777, and died in New Albany December 21, 1858.  He was engaged in boat building until disabled by age.  Her mother was Martha Seabrook, born in Middletown, N. J., April 27, 1787; she died in New Albany April 12, 1878.
( Contributed by Mary Hoegh )

JAMES APPLEGATE , born in Jeffersonville, September 29, 1838.  His grandfather, Aaron Applegate, came to Indiana in 1806.  His great-grandfather was a soldier in the Revolutionary army and also in the "Whisky  Rebellion," and for forty years afterward a Hardshell Baptist preacher.       James Applegate was educated in the common schools and attended three years at Indiana University.  He read law and was admitted to the bar.  He served two terms as Recorder of Clark county, and for the past sixteen years he has been one of the editors and proprietors of the New Albany Ledger. Those that are married have homes and families of their own and all live in Floyd county, with the exception of Hester, who married a Mr. Beard and lives in Illinois.
    He is presently a member of the Indiana House of Representatives for the district composed of Clark, Floyd, and Jefferson counties.
( Contributed by Mary Hoegh )

WILLIAM R. ATKINS, was born May 23, 1844 in Lafayette township, Floyd county to John A. and Emma Jackson Atkins.  His parents were natives of the same township.  His grandfather, Harvey Atkins, was a native of Nelson county, Kentucky and was among the early settlers, coming to Floyd county when Indiana was still a territory.  His grandparents, on his father's side, John and Nancy Chew, came into the county in 1810 and were among the first settlers in Lafayette township, and the family still reside in the county.     William R. Atkins was raised on his father's farm, and educated in the schools of the county.  In 1862 at the age of 18 years, he enlisted in Co. C., Eighty-first Indiana Infantry and served to the close of the war in 1865.  On his return from the army he again took up his former occupation of farming.  In 1876 he was elected trustee of Lafayette township, serving four years.  In 1880 he was elected commissioner of Floyd county which position he served for four years.  In 1884 he was elected county treasurer of Floyd county and re-elected to the same position in 1886. 
He is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic and takes an active interest in the organization. In 1866 he was married to Miss Hannah Mitchell, of Floyd county.  Three children have blessed this marriage.
( Contributed by Mary Hoegh )

ISAAC M. BAKER, was born March 8, 1825 in Floyd county, Indiana and is the son of Benjamin and Margeret Miller Baker.  Benjamin Baker came from Virginia to Indiana in 1813. Margeret Miller arrived in Indiana from Virginia about the same time and both parents were of German origin.    Isaac M. was brought up on the farm and also learned the trade of a cooper, a business he worked at for thirty years.  He was married in 1849 to Miss Mary M. Wolf, daughter of David and Mary Utz Wolf; the former a native of Kentucky, who came with his parents to Indiana about 1807 and farmed in Floyd county; Mary Utz originally came from Virginia.
Mr. and Mrs. Baker are the parents of twelve children: Louisanna, Hester Ann, Maggie, Ettie, Sally, Clay, Clara E., David, Jennie, Alta, Rosetthia and Isaac, of whom Louisanna, Maggie and Sally are dead. 
Mr. Baker retired from the coopering business and bought a farm and has since devoted his time to tilling the soil.  He owns fifty acres of well improved and productive land in Floyd county which is well adapted to small fruits.
 Mr. Baker is a member of the United Brethren Church, and is opposed to all secret orders.
( Contributed by Mary Hoegh )

JOHN F. BAKER, son of John B. and Jane D. Crump Baker,  was born at New Albany, Indiana May 22, 1850.
His father was born in Belgium, in 1826 and came to the United States in 1832, locating at Louisville, Kentucky and then moving to New Albany in 1848.  He was engaged in farming until 1853 when he began the trade of steamboat building.  Jane D. Crump was the daughter of Thomas Crump and was born in Hart county, Ky., coming with her father and family to New Albany where he was a carpenter.
John F. Baker attended public schools of New Albany and in 1868 apprenticed himself to the cigar manufactures, Jacob West and Wm. Laughman who were businessmen in New Albany.  After serving his apprenticeship he went to Louisville, Ky., and worked in the factories of Jacob Schmidt, Lapold Bros. and John Homyre, these being the leading cigar factories in the city.  In March of 1872 he returned to New Albany and assumed the superintendence of James H. Draper's factory and retail store.  He then went to Owensboro, Ky., and again went to work as a journeyman in the factory of Adolph Helmke.  In this employment he soon was promoted to the position of confidential clerk and business manager in the manufacturing, wholesale and retail departments of that establishment.  He held this position until October 1876 when he returned to New Albany and engaged in the manufacturing and wholesale and retail cigar trade.
In August 1884 he sold his business to Caspar Feiock, but continued as superintendent for that business until March, 1885 when he embarked in the saloon business at No. 100 Pearl street, known as the Centennial saloon.  Mr. Barker is also connected with the Mammoth Insurance Agency which does a general insurance in life, fire and accident risks.
September 10, 1873 Mr. Baker married Miss Mary E. Grouse, daughter of Clemence Grouse, of Owensboro, Ky., and was born in Germany. Three children have been born to the marriage, Walter E. and Arthur L. being born in Owensboro, Ky., and Gertrude O. in New Albany.
Mr. Baker is an encampment member of the I. O. O. F., a member of the endowment rank Knights of Pythias and a past junior sagamore of the Independent Order of Red Men, president of the Brewer and Liquor Dealers Association, also president of the Democratic Union Club of New Albany.
( Contributed by Mary Hoegh )

VALENTINE BECHT, general agent for pianos and organs, New Albany, was born in Germany February 11, 1828. He came to the United States July 19, 1853, and to New Albany in 1860. Here he was first engaged in teaching Catholic schools for five years; he then abandoned teaching Catholic schools, and turned his attention to teaching music.
In 1878 he was appointed to his present position, and is probably one of the most successful and well and favorably known piano and organ agents as there is in the State.
Mr. Becht was educated at the University of Speier, the ancient Emperor city of Germany. On leaving the University he taught Catholic schools in his native country for twelve years, and eleven years he taught in this country. Mr. Becht is a member of the Catholic Church. He is a composer of music of considerable reputation.

THOMAS BEDDOW, manufacturer of fine violins, violas, violoncellos, etc., and repairer of fine violins, corner of State and Main streets, New Albany, Ind., was born in Staffordshire, England, August 20, 1840, and came to America in 1867, locating at Youngstown, Ohio, whence, after a brief residence, he went to East Liverpool, Ohio, where for five years he was engaged in the manufacture of fire brick and terra cotta. Selling out this business, he removed to New Albany, Ind., in 1873, and engaged in the liquor business, in connection with his musical instrument factory. He keeps a full line of these fine instruments, selling them both in America and Europe. In 1865 he was married, in England, to Miss Elizabeth Fereday, of Staffordshire. Four children survive to bless the marriage: Florence E., Minnie L., Alice E. and William F. He is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Knights of Honor.

FRANK BELVIY, a native of France, was born May 13, 1848, and with his mother came to the United States in 1851 locating at New Albany. He attended the schools of New Albany. In 1873 he engaged in the grocery business at Sycamore and Sixth streets, which he continued eight years in connection with the commission business.
In 1880 he discontinued the grocery trade and engaged extensively in the produce, grain and fruit commission business, which he continues to push with enterprise at Nos. 14 and 16 on Spring street, opposite the Federal building.
He was married in 1872 to Miss Mary S. Broecker, daughter of Conrad Broecker, of New Albany. They have seven children: Lizzie, [Amelia], Annie, Frank, Joseph, Martin and Gustave.
He is a member of the German Benevolent Society, St. Joseph Benevolent Society, the Catholic Knights of America and the Catholic Church.
As a business man he has been eminently successful, and is very popular. He is the son of Martin Belviy and Elizabeth Fougerouse, both natives of France. His father died in 1852. His mother crossed the ocean five times, between France and America. His father and mother first came to Pennsylvania about 1820, before there were any railroads or any turnpikes in the country, and had to travel in wagons. They remained for a number of years and then returned to France, with the intention of making that sunny land their home; but on the death of the father, in 1852, the family returned to New Albany.
His mother died here in 1874, at the age of 67. They were among the first settlers of New Albany, having come here from Pennsylvania. There were but few houses and no public improvements, railroads or turnpikes in the country at this time.

DONALD D. BLANCHARD, born October 14, 1863 in Louisville, Ky. He has been a resident of New Albany since the age of three, where he graduated from the High School and the New Albany Commercial College.
His father, John L. Blanchard, also a native of Ky., was for many years engaged in the clothing business at Louisville.  For several years before his death, which occurred in 1870, he held a position at the New Albany Rail Mill. His mother, Sallie H. McDonald, was a daughter of the late Hon. John S. McDonald, of New Albany.  Her father being a wealthy banker and pork packer.After graduation, Mr. Blanchard took a clerical position in the office of the L. & N. R. R Co., of Louisville, but returned to New Albany and entered the office of the DePauw American Plate Glass Works. In 1880 he engaged in the coal business which is located on Bank Street, between Main and Water.  He has built up a large business dealing in Pittsburgh,, anthracite, and Connellsville coke and Blossburg smithing coals.
( Contributed by Mary Hoegh )

PROF. W. W. BORDEN was born at New Providence, Clark county, Ind., August 18, 1823. His father was John Borden, who was born at Portsmouth, R.I., in November, 1785, and came to Indiana in 1818, settling in Clark county, and laying off the town of New Providence, where he died November 7, 1824. He was the superintendent of the first cotton mill at Fall River, Mass. After coming to Indiana he followed the occupations of farming and
mercantile business. Prof. Borden’s mother was Lydia Bellows, born in town of Preston, New London county, Conn. She was a woman of marked individuality, and she was mentally fitted to become, as she did, one of the pioneer mothers of Indiana, - managing a farm and keeping an inn, thus educating her sons, William and John. Prof. Borden was reared at New Providence. After enjoying such advantage as the schools of his native town afforded, he entered an academy at Salem, Ind., taught by John I. Morrison, a noted teacher of the times. He next entered the State University at Bloomington, where he remained some time. After leaving college he returned to his home, where for thirty years he engaged in farming, owning one among the finest farms in Southern Indiana, at New Providence.
Prof. Borden’s superior acquirements in geology and the other sciences, which were self-taught while at work on the farm, gave him honorable rank among the scientific men of Indiana, and State Geologist Cox called him to his assistance in making the geological survey of the State in 1873. In this capacity Prof. Borden made an exhaustive and invaluable survey of a number of the counties of Southern Indiana, which are embodied in the report of State Geologist Cox and are standard authority in the geology of the State.
In July, 1878, he went to Leadville, Col., and engaged in mining and mining engineering. He was among the first of those who went to Leadville, and was a leading spirit in the discovery and development of the rich mines of that famous locality. He made an independent fortune by his operations and the sale of his mining interests within the period of one and one-half years.
On his return home he determined to carry out a noble object he long had at heart, - the founding of an educational establishment for his native town, that should take rank among the leading colleges of the West, a practical and thorough school for young men and young women, including a thorough business course. This laudable and noble ambition has been realized in Borden Institute. The cornerstone of this new institution of learning was laid with imposing ceremonies, at New Providence, on September 6, 1884, and the fine building was dedicated to the purposes for which it was erected, on July 4, 1885. The dedicatory addresses were delivered by Prof. W. H. Venable, of the Chickering Institute, Cincinnati, and Gov. Will Cumback, of Greensburg, Ind., both speakers being noted men in scientific and literary circles.
The main building, 55 x 65 feet, and three stories high, built of brick, is an elegant one in architectural design and finish. Attached to the Institute is a commodious dormitory for boarding students.
The founder has supplied every department of Borden Institute with apparatus of the finest and most expensive character; has furnished a Geological cabinet not excelled in the State; has collected a library containing the best standard works in all departments of literature, science, history and art; has erected a building and beautified it, which is a model of excellence and convenience. All these facilities he has secured regardless of expense, and he has provided the Institute with a faculty of the ablest and best educators, including the best teachers in music, piano, organ, and voice culture.
The curriculum of Borden Institute embraces all the branches of higher education taught in the best colleges, including also the normal school for teachers and the business college for young men and women. Prof. Borden has made the library of Borden Institute one among the best in West.
This Institute is only one of Prof. Borden’s many charities. He has given most liberally in aid of churches, other educational institutions, moral movements and other enterprises having in view the bettering of the mental, moral, physical and material conditions of his fellow men.
At New Providence, Prof. Borden owns a magnificent farm of nearly 2,000 acres, upon which he passes a large portion of his time when not traveling. In New Albany he owns and occupies one of [the] most elegant homes in that city of beautiful residences. He is also a large owner of real estate [in] Washington Territory and elsewhere in the rapidly developing portions of the Great West and on the Pacific Slope.
He comes from English and Quaker ancestors, and inherits the sterling integrity that is a characteristic of the Friends. He is, withal, a man of great public spirit, of generous liberality to the worthy poor and afflicted, and has loved to bless those among whom his home is located.
Prof. Borden was married in November, 1884, to Miss Emma Dunbar, of New Albany, Ind., a lady of rare accomplishments. They have no children.
He is a member of the Baptist Church, and takes a great interest in the work of the church and Sunday school. He is famed as a geologist and scientist, and his geological, mineralogical, and natural history cabinets and his private library are among the largest and best in Indiana.
He is a liberal contributor to the current literature and science of the time

BRADLEY, AUGUSTUS, of New Albany, was born in Edgecomb (now Wilson) County, North Carolina, October 14, 1821, and came to New Albany with his parents in 1830. Richard Bradley, his father, was at one time possessed of a good patrimony, and was one of the substantial farmers in the old North State, but by indorsing for friends he became insolvent, and, at the suggestion of his wife, removed with his family across the mountains to New Albany, with the hope of regaining his fortune in the free atmosphere of Indiana. There he died in 1833. Augustus Bradley’s mother, Obedience Bradley, then apprenticed her son to learn the printer’s trade. After serving his apprenticeship, by rigid economy he and his elder brother enabled their mother to maintain and educate her family. He remained in the printing-office six or seven years, employing all his spare time in study, hoping in this manner to prepare himself for practical business life. At about the age of nineteen he was appointed deputy postmaster at New Albany, by General Burnett – who was then postmaster of that city – and served in that capacity for about three years. Desiring to obtain a more thorough education, he resigned his position and entered Greencastle College, where he made very rapid progress. After spending about a year in college, he was nominated by the Democratic party for county auditor, to which office he was elected in1845, at the age of twenty-three years. He was afterward re-elected, and served his constituents acceptably for nine and a half years. He did all the work of the office himself, and so perfectly was it done that he was never called upon to make a single explanation. On retiring from the auditor’s office, Mr. Bradley entered upon the mercantile business, in some branch of which he has been engaged ever since. In 1861 he was again called into public life and elected state Senator, to fill the place made vacant by the resignation of Colonel D. C. Anthony. After serving the remainder of this term, Mr. Bradley was re-nominated and elected, receiving five hundred and nine votes more than any man on the state ticket. While a member of the Senate he showed himself possessed of excellent legislative ability. One of the important measures in which he was interested was the erection of an asylum for the incurable insane, for which he succeeded in getting an appropriation of thirty-five thousand dollars. The new building, now nearly completed, is of equal capacity with the old one, near which it stands. Mr. Bradley was strongly in favor of meeting the public debt of Indiana as it became due, and accordingly introduced a bill for that purpose, the main features of which were adopted and made the law under which the state debt was settled in 1866. He was also urgent in behalf of many important measures, representing Floyd County as ably as it has ever been represented by any one. He was a war Democrat, believing that much wrong had been done to the South, but that such wrongs did not justify a war upon the old flag. About the expiration of his term as state Senator, he was appointed by Governor Baker a commissioner on the part of the state to examine the accounts of the Fund Commissioners of Indiana, but declined. In 1872 he was a delegate from Indiana to the National Democratic Convention, at Baltimore, which nominated Horace Greeley for the presidency. He has filled many places of trust, always discharging his duties in the most acceptable manner. His character as a private citizen and a public officer has never been assailed. Mr. Bradley served the people of his ward thirteen consecutive years in the New Albany city council, and had much to do with the city’s interest and prosperity. During all this time he watched carefully the interests of the tax-payers, doing all in his power to place the city on a good financial basis. In 1869 Mr. Bradley was elected to the presidency of the Louisville, New Albany and St. Louis Air-line Railroad Company. This was thought to be an enterprise that would be of great benefit to New Albany, and therefore required competent and trusty men. He entered upon the discharge of his duties in this important position with that earnestness and determination to succeed which have characterized his whole life. He procured a subscription of one million, seven hundred thousand dollars, which he expended on the line, fitting almost the entire road for the crossties, and making nine tunnels, one of which is three-fourths of a mile through solid rock. Some thirty miles of this road are completely equipped and in operation; and had it not been for the panic of 1873, which drove all great enterprises, both public and private, to the wall, the Air-line Road would have been entirely completed, and one of the best paying in this country, besides being of great national importance. Mr. Bradley took the presidency of the road without a dollar, and succeeded in grading, bridging, trestling, and almost finishing the greater part of it. He severed his connection with the road as president in 1875, but his ambition still is to see the line completed. For twenty-five years past Mr. Bradley has been secretary and treasurer of the New Albany and Vincennes turnpike, an evidence of the confidence placed by the directors in his ability and integrity. He has always been an unflinching Democrat, fighting gallantly for his convictions. In 1846, while yet in the auditor’s office, he and Mr. Oliver Lucas purchased the Western Union Democrat, of New Albany, which they conducted very successfully, making it a sterling Democratic paper. This was afterwards sold to John B. Norman. It became the New Albany Ledger, and later the Ledger-Standard, which is to-day the most substantial and the leading Democratic paper in the state. Mr. Bradley’s early training made such lasting impressions on his mind that, although not a professed politician, his ardor for the success of his party has never abated, and he is ever ready to give his influence and make personal sacrifices for principle. While he has never pretended to be a public speaker, he makes a good, logical speech, and writes with great ease and fluency on most subjects. Mr. Bradley is a Methodist, and has been an active worker in the interest of the Church ever since his connection with it. For many years he has been a teacher in one of the classes of the Centenary Sabbath-school, and never fails to be at his post, giving the Sabbath mornings to the youth and children of the Church. Some time since, in reviewing with a friend the past, he remarked: “If there is one feature in the history of my life to which I can turn with pleasure, it is to my connection with the Sabbath-school.” Having been taught in his youth the principles of truth so necessary to real manhood, he has ever met friends ready to stand by him. In business and social relations he has always been straightforward and upright, his word being regarded as good as a written contract. Hon. M. C. Kerr, speaker of the House of Representatives, in a letter to a friend, said of Mr. Bradley: “He is one of the best of men, and a citizen of high personal, social, and Christian character, worthy of the respect and confidence of all. I have known him well over twenty years, in most of the relations of life and business, and I can safely say he has to this day maintained a character without blemish.” At the age of twenty-five Mr. Bradley married Miss Sarah A. Leyden, daughter of Patrick and Mary Leyden. Mrs. Bradley is a most estimable lady, an honored member of society, a devoted member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and a leader in almost every enterprise to alleviate the sufferings of the human race. She is the honored president of the New Albany Orphans’ Home, and a zealous, energetic, and successful worker in whatever she undertakes. Her influence has been greatly felt in the temperance movement, working hand in hand with her husband, whose efforts have been united with hers in every undertaking. They have lived in New Albany nearly all their lives, and have few, if any, enemies. Though long since having earned the right to withdraw from active business life, Mr. Bradley still believes in putting his shoulder to the wheel, and is now as full of life and business energy as in his younger days. He is at present engaged in conducting a flour-mill, in connection with his brother-in-law, Mr. Isaac P. Leyden. They also do a large trade in general produce, and the firm is widely and favorably known throughout Southern Indiana.

CAPT. JOSHUA BRAGDON, a native of Maine, was born June 6, 1806. When quite a young man he left his native State and made his home at Mobile, Ala., where he became largely interested in the shipping interests, owning one or two vessels on the Atlantic and several steamboats on the Southern rivers and lakes. During the summer months he would come to New Albany and superintend the building of steamboats, which he would take South in the fall.
In 1849 Capt. Bragdon was united in marriage, at New Albany, to Miss Mary Louise Fitch, a daughter of Mason C. Fitch, Esq.
He was a Union man, and during the Rebellion his property in the South was confiscated by the Confederate Government, involving him in serious losses. After the war closed he invested in the New Albany Rail Mill, now owned by the heirs of W. C. DePauw, deceased, continuing in the business until his death in January, 1875. He left a wife and four children, as follows: Marshall Leighton, Clara Kimball, Mary Louise and Anna Maria.
Capt. Bragdon was a conscientious and consistent member of the Presbyterian Church, a kind husband and a devoted father. He took great interest in the industries and other material enterprises of New Albany, and died respected and honored by all the people of the city.
Mrs. Bragdon’s father, Mason Coggswell Fitch, was born at Williamstown, Mass., June 28, 1797. He graduated from Williams College, his father being the first president of that institution. While a young man he came to New Albany and read law with Judge Dewey, of Charlestown, Ind., and on being admitted to the bar opened an office in New Albany and practiced his profession.
He was elected president of the New Albany Branch of the State Bank of Indiana, and twice a year had to carry all the money of the bank to Indianapolis to the mother bank.
He superintended the erection of the Bank building, now occupied by the First National Bank of New Albany, and in that early day it ranked among the finest buildings in Indiana. He was an elder in the First Presbyterian Church, and died November 29, 1848, leaving a wife and three children. His wife, Anna M. Paxton, lived until November 8, 1886.

JAMES F. BROTHERS, dealer in agricultural implements, garden field and flower seeds as well as fertilizers, was born March 28, 1838 in Orange county, Indiana.His father, Wilson Brothers, was born in 1775 in North Carolina, being one of the early pioneer settlers. He lived to the age of 90 years, dying at the home of his son, Henry at Reynolds, White county, Indiana in 1865.  His mother, Sarah Lewis, was a native of Indiana, and died in Orange county in 1840 at the age of 60 years.  In 1858, after receiving a public school education, James F. Brothers was united in marriage to Miss Rosalie Beswick in Harrison county, Indiana.  She was a daughter of Thomas and Sallie H. Beswick. In 1861 he enlisted in Co. G., Twenty fourth Indiana Infantry, and was in the campaign through Western Missouri, fighting at Fort Donnelson and Fort Henry.  From Fort Henry he was sent to an army hospital at Cincinnati where he was ordered home by Governor Morton. After his health improved he returned to the army in time to take part in the battle at Shiloh.  Again he was sent to a hospital at Keoukuk, Ia., from where he was transferred to a hospital at St. Louis and then sent home being honorably mustered out. He came to New Albany in 1866 and engaged in the real estate business, buying, building and selling houses.  In 1874 he engaged in the notion business, continuing in that trade until 1880 when he started his present business.  Mr. Brothers is a member of the M. E. Church and also the I.O.O.F.
( Contributed by Mary Hoegh )

JAMES BROWN, born April 3, 1842, at Aurora, Ind., and is the son of James Brown and Bettie Cox, the former a native of Virginia and the latter of Pennsylvania, and both pioneers of Indiana. He enjoyed the advantages of a public-school education till he was eleven years old, and then went on the river, running on boats between Aurora and New Orleans, the male relatives being nearly all river men. He was at New Orleans, and left that city on the day Fort Sumter surrendered, April 14, 1861, and on arriving at home, April 20, 18961, he enlisted in the 7th Indiana Infantry, in the three months’ service, and went to West Virginia, where he fought at Cheat Mountain, the first battle of any importance of the war, in which the Revel General Garnett was killed. Serving out his term of enlistment he returned home, and on Dec. 16, 1861, enlisted for three years in the 52d Indiana Infantry. He served this term and was again honorably discharged and returned home, but again re-enlisted, and was finally discharged October 18, 1865, having been badly wounded in the battle at Nashville. He was in the battle at Fort Donnelson and many other severe engagements. He was married in 1868 to Miss Maggie Parsons, of New Albany, who died in 1870, leaving one child, Lillie. He married a second time to Mrs. Kate Lewis, who has a daughter – Lena
Lewis, and to this marriage has been born Mary and Maggie Brown. After returning from the war Mr. Brown was employed at the Glass Works, where he remained until May, 1887, when he was elected sexton of the city cemetery, which office he now most acceptably fills. Few soldiers have a better record than private James Brown. He served efficiently for one year on the New Albany police force.

PROF. JAMES BROWN, marble dealer, corner State and Elm streets, New Albany, Ind. Born in Ireland, Feb. 24, 1830. Came to this country at a very early age. Learned the monumental and marble gravestone business in Baltimore, Md.; emigrated to New Albany in 1852.
Married Miss Ellen Wheelan, at Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1855, by whom he had eight children, two of whom are dead and the following are still living: John C., William J., Mary, Annie E., James and Charles A., who, with himself, are members of the Catholic Church.
Commenced the marble business in New Albany in 1856, and since then has done a very extensive business at home, and by agency throughout the South. He keeps a large number of finished Italian and American marble gravestones and monuments, and Scotch and American granite monuments, and for beauty of sculpture, ornamental carving and lettering, cannot be surpassed.
The Professor is also by nature a poet; and had he turned his mind and attention in that direction he would have held a fair position among the ablest poets.
He has written several beautiful poems; a few of which are: “I Never Found a Friend,” “Destruction of the Phoenix Mill,” “Ben Fury,” “The Vision,” “Justice,” “There is a God,” “Skepticism,” “The Humble Grave,” “Happiness and Contentment,” “A Shoemaker’s Epitaph,” “The Farmer,” “What I Love and Admire,” “The Murdered Man, or the Drunkard’s Fate,” and “Wants of Woman,” the latter a poem of great merit.

DR. WILLIAM A. BURNEY, born in Wayne county, Ind., May 11, 1846, was reared in Indiana, and learned the trade of plasterer.
In 1864, at Indianapolis, he enlisted in the Twenty-eighth U. S. C. Volunteers as a private, and continued in the service till June 24, 1865, when he was honorably discharged. Returning home, he remained there but a short time, starting to Canada September 8, 1865, where he worked in a grocery store, remaining till 1867, and attending school in the winter. Returning home he worked at his trade as a plasterer. In 1868, he went to Kansas City, where he remained a short time, working at his trade. All this time he had been attending school through the winter, and was a diligent student.
He graduated from the Central School at Buffalo, N.Y., in 1868. He read medicine under Dr. S. S. Boyd, at Dublin, Wayne county, Ind., and graduated from the Long Island Hospital College of Medicine in 1876. His rudimentary education was acquired in the public schools of Wayne county, Ind., and as opportunity afforded and his means justified, he attended medical schools until he was financially able to enter upon his last course at Long Island Hospital College of Medicine.
In the fall of 1877, Dr. Burney located at New Albany, Ind., and commenced the practice of medicine.
By his universally acknowledged skill as a physician and surgeon Dr. Burney has built up a very large and profitable practice, having as his patrons many of the best families of the city, and being often called to adjoining counties in difficult cases of surgery and severe cases of illness, particularly those of a chronic character.
He is the owner of fine real estate, having in 1888 erected an elegant office and residence. He is unmarried.
In 1886 he was elected a member of the city Board of Health. He became a member of the Floyd County Medical Society in 1880. In 1884 he was elected vice-president of the society and became president through the death of the regularly elected president.
He has been engaged in the publication and editing of two newspapers published in the interest of the colored race, the New Albany Review, at New Albany, Ind., and the Ohio Falls Express, published at Louisville, Ky. He is also a contributor to several leading newspapers and medical journals.
He was, in 1884, appointed assistant honorary commissioner for the State of Indiana by the Board of Management of the World’s Industrial and Cotton Centennial Exposition at New Orleans, on the recommendation of Hon. B. K. Bruce, chief of the department of colored exhibits, and served most acceptably and with honor to his State. While Dr. Burney is a colored man, he enjoys in an eminent degree the respect and confidence of the white people of New Albany and Floyd county, and numbers among his personal friends and patrons very many of the best white citizens and families.
He is a practical and splendid example of what education and integrity of character will do for the colored race.

BUTLER, JOHN H., of New Albany, is a native of Williamsport, Pennsylvania, where he was born, October 17, 1812. His father, Jonathan Butler, removed with his family to Indiana, and settled in Hanover, Jefferson County, in the year 1819. His mother, Nancy (Hopkins) Butler, was a daughter of John Hopkins, whose family were among the early settlers of the state of Maryland. John H. Butler was educated in the schools of his native village, and later at Hanover, Indiana, where he received a college training. He commenced the study of law at Hanover, in the office of Judge Eggleston, then the most prominent lawyer of that county, and Judge of the Circuit Court. He was admitted to the bar in 1839, and removed to Salem, the county seat of Washington County, where he opened an office and commenced the practice of his profession. Here he met with success from the beginning, and was soon known as a rising young lawyer. For nearly thirty years he pursued his professional career in the same place, achieving a brilliant reputation, and becoming known not only in his county but throughout the state. In 1866 he removed to New Albany, and formed a partnership with W. Gresham, now United States District Judge. In 1868 he was appointed, by Governor Baker, Judge of the Twenty-seventh Judicial District of Indiana. He was a delegate to represent his district in the Republican convention at Chicago which nominated Abraham Lincoln for the presidency, in 1860. He has always been a Republican, but never a professional politician. On the 3d of January, 1843, he married Miss Mary Chase, daughter of Isaac and Ruth Chase, of Salem. They have a family of two sons. The elder, Noble C., studied law with his father, was admitted to the bar in 1867, and the following year was appointed register in bankruptcy, which position he still holds. The other son, Charles H., is a bank teller. Mrs. Butler is a member of the Presbyterian Church, of which her husband is an occasional attendant. Now, in his sixty-seventh year, the cares of life have left their marks upon his brow. But his silvery hairs have never been whitened by dishonor, and his life has been such as to commend him to the esteem of his fellow-men.

MAJOR THOMAS CLARK was born in New Albany, Ind., December 29, 1837, and was reared and educated in that city, where he now resides. At the age of 17 he was apprenticed at the L., N.A. & C. machine shops, to learn locomotive boiler building, serving three years. Before the war he was captain of the National Zouaves, one of the best drilled companies in Indiana, and whose parades and drills created great excitement. At the breaking out of the war he recruited a company and joined the Twenty-third Indiana Infantry, serving three years, and being in all the engagements of that famous regiment until detached and placed upon the staff of Gen. W. Q. Gresham.
He was severely wounded in the battle at Champion Hills in the Vicksburg campaign. At the expiration of his term of enlistment he was honorably discharged, and returned home and recruited another company, and joined the One Hundred and forty-fourth Indiana Infantry, of which he was commissioned major. He served in this regiment until the close of the war.
His wound, disabling him from following his trade, he learned the trade of sheet iron worker, but this also he had to abandon on account of his wound. He then engaged in blacksmithing, which he still follows as contracting blacksmith of the DePauw American Glass Works.
He was married in 1859, to Miss Phoebe Curran, daughter of James Curran, of New Albany. Six children have been born to them, viz: William, Hettie L., George L., Malden W., Mary R. and Pearl P.
He is a son of William and Elizabeth (Pister) Clark, both natives of Philadelphia, who came to New Albany in 1819, when there were but a few houses in the town.
His father was a ship carpenter and a very prominent citizen, being mayor of the city from 1844 to 1847; he was also a member of the City Council for two years. He was extensively engaged in steamboat building, and operated a pump and block factory in connection with steamboat building. He was born in 1797, and died in 1856.
Maj. Clark’s mother was born in 1799 and died in 1873, leaving three sons – Thomas, William and Joseph. William died July 13, 1886. Joseph resides at Birmingham, Ala. Maj. Clark, in 1886, was the Republican candidate for the Legislature against Hon. Charles L. Jewett, Democrat, and although the county was Democratic by 1150 majority, Maj. Clark was defeated by but 275 votes, receiving the largest vote ever given a Republican in the county for that office.
Major Clark is the patentee of the process for converting cast iron into steel, and has succeeded in forming a company in Louisville with a capital of $1,000,000 known as the Falls City Malleable Iron and Steel Works, located at Logan street and Beargrass Creek. He is a superintendent of the works, and they are now making edge-tools of all kinds.

BENJAMIN F. CLINE, a native of Pennsylvania, was born January 18, 1835. He learned the trade of a carpenter in Philadelphia, and coming West settled at New Albany in 1848, following his trade for some time, and then engaging in the grocery and produce business. In 1871 he sold out the grocery store and engaged in his present business, that of a large dealer in all kinds of lumber. Mr. Cline, who possesses excellent business sagacity, found that his acquaintance with the carpenter trade was a great help to him in his lumber business, as it enables him to know just what his customers need, and gives him a thoroughly practical knowledge as to the quality of lumber and timber, and what is necessary to make up the material for a building, no matter of what size. Mr. Cline has always been enterprising as a business man and citizen. He has served, most acceptably, several terms as a member of the City Council. He has been twice married. In 1860 to Miss Sallie A. Payne, of New Albany, who died the same year of her marriage. In 1864 he was the second time married, his wife being Miss Delia Lynn, of New Albany. Two children are the result of this marriage – Edward M. and Mabel. Mr. Cline is a member of the I.O.O.F. and Knights of Pythias. He is a Presbyterian – a member of the Third Church.

FREDERICK D. CONNOR, born in Perry county, Indiana on February 17, 1841.  He was reared and educated in that county where afterward he taught school for two years. In 1862 he enlisted in Co. K., 34th Kentucky Volunteers, serving until the end of the war. During the war he lost an eye due to typhoid fever maltreatment.  In 1865 he went into the Pension Office, at Indianapolis, as a clerk where he served two years.  He then went into the insurance business. Mr.. Connor came to New Albany in 1870, and accepted the appointment of Deputy Internal Revenue Collector of the First District, continuing in this position after the consolidation of the First and Second districts. In 1884 he was appointed Traveling Auditor of the Lake Erie & St. Louis Railway, holding that office until 1887, after which he was appointed Assistant Secretary of the New Albany Forge and Rolling Mill.  He was a stockholder and director in the company. In 1871 he was married to Miss Hattie Sackett, daughter of Charles and Josie Gresham Sackett, her mother being an aunt of Judge W. Q. Gresham of the U.S. Courts of Indiana, Illinois and Wisconsin.  Two daughters were born to this union, Edna and Alma.
He is a member of the Wesley M. E. Church, the Masonic fraternity of the K. T. degree, a Past Grand Master for Indiana of the A. O. U. W. and a representative to the Supreme Lodge.
He is the son of Tarrence Connor and Nancy Tate, both natives of Indiana.  His father being a prominent farmer of Perry county at his death, in 1859.  His mother died in 1880.  He has three brothers and five sisters as follows: John T., editor, Toledo, Ill.; Tarrence, book-keeper, Baxter Springs, Kans.; George H., lawyer, Idaho, with whom Addie, a sister lives; Eliza J., wife of B. E. Scribner, farmer and stock raiser, Putnam county, Ind.; Mary C., wife of Wm. Wilson, Roachdale, Ind.; Emma, wife of Ransom Walls, U. S. mail agent, Greencastle, Ind.; and Andro M., wife of Elijah T. Hawn, Leavenworth, Ind.

( Contributed by Mary Hoegh )

EDWARD CRUMBO, was born in 1841 and is a native of Prussia.  He is the son of Henry and Willemina Hebner Grumbo.  He came with his parents to the United States and settled in New Albany in 1846.  The father was a stone-cutter and opened a quarry on the Knobs in 1854, before the Bedford and Salem quarries were opened.
Mr. Crumbo was married on February 5, 1861 to Phoebe Elizabeth Gardner, of Pulaski county, Indiana.  Nine children were born to this marriage; four boys and five girls.  He is a member of I.O.O.F., K. of P., A.O.U.W., Red Men and has been trustee for eight years and has also passed through the chairs of the A.O.U.W.
He built the courthouse at Salem, as well as many other public buildings which are too numerous to mention.

( Contributed by Mary Hoegh )

PERRY N. CURL, the son of William H. and Rebecca Johnson Curl was born in Morrow county, Ohio on January 30, 1855.  He was reared on a farm in where he attended public schools in his native county and then graduated from the Commercial College at Delaware, Ohio.
In 1877, at the age of 22 he located in New Albany and engaged in the grocery trade with J. R. Droyer for a partner.  The partnership continued until 1880 when he purchased Mr. Droyer's interest.  At this time dry goods, boots and shoes and a line of agricultural implements were added to the inventory.  He is doing both a wholesale and retail business to the extent of $125,000 yearly. Mr. Curl has purchased his store-house, a large livery, sales and feed stable adjoining it, and owns a great deal of other real estate.  He is a member of the Knights of Pythias.
He was married in 1878 to Miss Mary A. McKibben, of Morrow county, Ohio and they were blessed with two sons, Walter and Arthur.
His mother died when he was but 9 years of age.  His father is still living, at the time of this writing, and resides at Cardington, Morrow county, Ohio.

( Contributed by Mary Hoegh )

CHARLES A. DANZ, a native of New Albany, Ind., was born Dec. 9, 1859. His father, Andreas Danz, a native of Germany, came to America in 1847, and located at New Albany, where he engaged in the manufacture of soap on an extensive scale, which business he continued till his death, which occurred in 1877. his mother, Barbara Franck Danz, is the daughter of the late Capt. John P. Franck, one of the early settlers of the city, and one of the most enterprising and respected citizens, starting the first soap factory in the city, and commanding a company here during war of the Rebellion. He died at New Albany in 1864. Three children were born to Andreas Danz and Barbara Franck Danz, of whom Charles A. Danz is the only survivor. Charles A. Danz was educated in the public schools of New Albany, and graduated from the Commercial College of this city at the age of 17 years, taking charge of his father’s large soap factory at his graduation, being a man of great business push and industry. In 1880 he engaged in the saloon business on Pearl street, which he continues at No. 113. He has been twice elected to the City Council from the Fourth Ward of the city, and is now serving his second term. He was married in 1880 to Miss Minnie Shea, of New Albany, daughter of John Shea, and has two children, Andreas and Anna.

JOHN STEELE DAVIS (deceased), of New Albany, was born in Dayton, Ohio, November 14, 1814. His father, John Davis, was a merchant, and for many years magistrate of the county in which he resided. He married Elizabeth Calcier, of Princeton, N.J. He took an active part with General Wayne in the Indiana war, after the defeat of General St. Clair. Judge Davis’ grandfather, Capt. Joseph Davis, emigrated from Wales, and settled near Princeton, N.J. He participated in the struggle for independence, and was with General Washington at the battles of Monmouth and Princeton; at the latter place he lost a leg. John Steele Davis early gave his attention to study and entered Miami University at the age of 16; a short time afterward his father failed in business, which necessitated him to return home. He was now thrown upon his own resources for acquiring an education, and was obliged to assist in the support of his father and family. He afterward read law with W. J. Thomas, of Troy, Ohio, and was admitted to the bar. He immediately came to Indiana, settled in New Albany in 1836, where shortly after his arrival he commenced the practice of law. As a counselor and jurist, few men can claim a higher record; he was constantly engaged in his profession for a period of over forty years, and never prosecuted a man, nor allowed himself to be engaged to prosecute. He probably defended more men for high crimes and misdemeanors than any other man in the State, and was almost invariably successful. He was the first city clerk of New Albany, having been elected in 1839, and was
chosen city attorney in 1846. In 1841 he was elected to the State Legislature for the first time, and later served his county repeatedly in both branches, about twenty years in all. He was elected without opposition, in 1876, judge of the criminal and civil courts of Floyd and Clark counties, an office he did not seek, and only accepted at the earnest solicitation of friends. Judge Davis was an ardent Whig until that party ceased to exist. He was violently opposed to “Know Nothingism,” and for a long time stood aloof from parties, but finally united with the Democracy. In 1843 he was the Whig candidate for Congress against Thomas J. Henley, Democrat, and in a district overwhelmingly Democratic was defeated by only thirty-seven votes. He was presidential elector for President Taylor; and in 1852 was a member of the National Convention that nominated General Scott for President. In 1860 Judge Davis was independent candidate for Congress against James A. Cravens, Democratic nominee, and was defeated by a very small majority. He was a warm supporter of the war for the Union, and had two sons in the war. The younger, John S., rose to the rank of captain, the other son, William P., to the rank of lieutenant-colonel in the Twenty-third Indiana Volunteers.
Judge Davis’ death occurred some nine years ago.

HON. JOHN S. DAY, born in Floyd county, May 20, 1842, son of Cook Day and Margaret Hanger. His father is a native of England, coming to New Albany, with his parents, in 1828, at the age of seven years, his father being the first extensive pork packer in this city, and he, when old enough, engaged in the business with his father, Christopher Day, and subsequently for twenty years freight agent of the New Albany & Salem (L., N. A. & C.) Railroad, being among the earliest of the employes of that road.
Margaret (Hanger) Day is the daughter of Frederick Hanger, a soldier of the War of 1812, and who in 1814 entered 160 acres of land six miles west of New Albany. She is a native of Floyd county, although her father was a Pennsylvanian.
John S. Day was reared and educated at New Albany. At the age of 15 he commenced life for himself as a messenger boy on the L., N. A. & C. Railroad; he was a good messenger boy and by a series of promotions he was sent to the front – from one grade to another – until in 1870 he had reached the position of general superintendent of the “Monon.”
In 1880 he built the Monon branch from Delphi, to Chicago; prior to this time in 1865, he superintended the building of the J., M. & I. Railroad between New Albany and Jeffersonville, and was for three years agent of that line. After the completion of the “Monon” he retired from railroad service.
In 1868 he was one of the originators and stockholders in the New Albany Steam Forge – now the New Albany Steam Forge Rolling-mill – which was first organized with $50,000 capital, and now has $175,000 capital, Mr. Charles Sackett being president.
Mr. Day has also managed extensive lumber interests. He has not however been engaged in very active business during the last five years.
He was twice elected to the City Council from the second ward, and distinguished his terms in that body by his vigorous work in favor of municipal economy and honesty.
In 1884 he was elected to the State Senate from the counties of Floyd and Washington, and was chairman of the committee on Congressional and Senatorial Apportionment for the redistricting of the State in 1884.
In the session of 1886 he was chairman of the Committee on Railroads; was on the Committee on Corporations, on Swamp Lands and Claims. He had served on all these committees in the session of 1884-5, and on the Committee on Banks and County and Township Business. He has been an Odd Fellow since 1862.
In 1866 he was married to Miss Mary A. Hangary, a native of Pennsylvania. Two sons and a daughter have [been] born of this union; all are living.

JOHN DINKLE was born in Floyd county, Ind., Dec. 14, 1867, and WILLIAM DINKLE was born March 7, 1862. They are sons of Henry W. and Malinda (Rue) Dinkle, natives of Germany, who came to America some half a century ago. They came when sailing vessels were the mode of travel between the Old World and the New, and were six weeks in making the voyage. When Mrs. Dinkle’s parents settled in Floyd county, there had been few improvements made in the face of the country. Hence the changes that have taken place since then are wonderful in the extreme. Their children were Lizzie, Malinda, Henry, William, John and Maggie. They all live in Floyd county. John and William Dinkle were brought up on their father’s farm, and were educated in the common schools of the county. The Dinkle boys, as they are familiarly called, are young and intelligent men, and enterprising farmers. They are considerably interested in the culture of fruit, and their farm near Edwardsville is a model of neatness, and contains 38 acres in a high state of cultivation. They also own 95 acres in Georgetown township. They are fast accumulating wealth, and are among the most prosperous men of their neighborhood.

NORTON B. DUNCAN was born in Floyd county, Ind., on the 23d of November, 1835, and is a son of James T. and Kitty (Bateman) Duncan, the former born in Jefferson county, Ky., and the latter in Indiana. The Duncan family can be traced back to the Duncans of Westmoreland county, Va. The father of James T. was Charles Duncan, a son of Henry Duncan, born in Virginia, and whose father, Coleman Duncan, was one of the pioneers of Kentucky. He was a zealous Whig when that title was applied to the patriots in contradistinction to the Tories, during our Revolutionary period. He was a soldier in the war of the Revolution, and came to Kentucky about 1793. His father, Henry Duncan, was the first of the family born in American (born 1710, and died in 1790), and from him descended, directly or indirectly, the Braggs, Asburys, Browns, Lewises, Whites, Hutts, etc. His parents came from Scotland, where, as all who are familiar with Scottish history, know the family was not only one of prominence, but noble, with the blood of kings coursing in their veins. Duncans have even occupied the throne of Scotland. The subject of this sketch, Norton B. Duncan, was brought up on the farm, and received his education in the common schools of the county. He learned the tanning business, which he followed until 1866, when he sold out to his brother Charles. He then made a trip west as far as Iowa, where he remained three years; then returned to Indiana. Later he removed to Illinois, but still not satisfied he again came back to Indiana, and accepting the tradition that “a rolling stone gathers no moss,” he settled down permanently where he now lives. In April, 1858, he was married to Miss Jennie Garrison, a daughter of Gamaliel and Priscilla (Daily) Garrison, the former a native New Jersey, and who came to Indiana in a very early day. He was a surveyor and did much surveying in Floyd county, and lines and corners established
by him are still considered indisputable. Priscilla Daily Garrison’s family was of English descent. Mr. and Mrs. Duncan have never had any children, but have raised two children, viz: William B. Hinkley, now agent of the American Express Company at New Albany, and James Duncan, from infancy to manhood. Mr. Duncan has 5-1/2 acres of highly improved land, and upon which he cultivated small fruit. He belongs to the Masonic fraternity, and is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

GEORGE W. FISHER is a native of Floyd county, Ind., and was born October 9, 1832. He is a son of Jacob and Jane (Thomas) Fisher, the former a native of Pennsylvania, but of German descent, and the latter a native of Virginia. Her family moved from there to Missouri when it was the frontier of civilization, and there most of them sickened and died. George W., the subject of this sketch, was raised on a farm, and educated in the common schools, his education being limited. In 1858 he was married to Miss Sarah E. Moser, born in 1838 in Floyd county, and a daughter of John Moser and Mary (Betty) Moser, the latter a native of Tennessee. She is still living, at the age of 75 years. Se had four sons in the late Civil War, all of whom are dead, except one. Mr. and Mrs. Fisher have had five children, viz: Catherine, born in 1859, married to George Jones, and lives in Texas; Alice M., born in 1861, and married to John Govern; Georgiana, married to William Capper, and lives in Edwardsville; Horatio, born September 11, 1866, and died at the age of five years, and Hattie B., still at home with her parents. Mr. Fisher enlisted in August, 1862, in Co. A., Eighty-first Indiana Volunteer Infantry, and participated in the following battles: Perryville, Edgefield, Murfreesboro, Chattanooga, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Kenesaw Mountain, Buzzard Roost and Atlanta. In 1864 he was transferred to Louisville, Ky., and placed on duty there, taking men from one point to another. May 26, 1865, he was mustered out of the service, and honorably discharged.

CAPT. ANDREW FITE was born in Clark county, Ind., July 7, 1832, but was reared in Harrison county. He graduated from the Floyd County Seminary, at Greenville, where he was an assistant teacher and where he received a certificate to teach. At the inauguration of the present school system of Indiana he began to teach, and continued as a teacher four years. In 1855 he commenced the business of a carpenter and joiner and house-building contractor, continuing at it till 1862, when he enlisted as private in Co. C, Sixty-sixth Indiana Infantry. He was in the battle at Richmond, Ky., with his regiment. He marched with Sherman to the sea, through Georgia, North and South Carolina, Virginia, and to Washington City, taking part in all the battles of that memorable and brilliant campaign, and was honorably mustered out at Washington City in June, 1865.
Since the war he has been doing noble work for the Grand Army of the Republic. He organized Sanderson Post, No. 191, at New Albany, and about twenty Posts in other parts of Indiana. He was senior vice-department commander in 1886, and is now department inspector. He was promoted during the war to orderly sergeant and declined a promotion to a captaincy tendered him. In 1854 he married Miss Nancy Speake, of Floyd county, Ind., who died in 1857, leaving one child, which survived but a short time. In 1860 he married Miss Levinia Sappenfield, of Harrison county, Ind. They have no children. He is the son of John Fite, a native of Pennsylvania, and Eliza Starr, a native of Kentucky. They came to
New Albany in 1816, the year Indiana was made a State. The town then had but three business houses, one of these being the trunk of a large sycamore tree on the river bank, and there were not to exceed twenty residences.

FORD, Emory Leyden; born, New Albany, Ind., (Floyd Co) Jan. 3, 1876; son of Emory Low and Ella I. (Neat) Ford; graduate Princeton University, degree of B.S., 1896; widower. Began business career as chemist Michigan Alkali Co., manufacturers of heavy chemicals, 1896, became purchasing agent and since 1900 has been secretary and treasurer of the company. Also vice president J. B. Ford Co., Anderson Forge and Machine Co.; director Franklin Steamship Co., Fremont Steamship Co., Old Detroit National Bank. Republican. Presbyterian. Member Masonic order (32º), Knight Templar. Clubs: Detroit, University, Country, Detroit Boat, Old Club, Detroit Racquet and Curling, Automobile. Recreations: Yachting and Automobiling. Office: 814 Majestic Bldg. Residence: 33 E. Kirby Av.
Submitted by Christine Walters Source: "The Book of Detroiters by Albert Nelson Marquis 1908" 

FORD, John Battice, vice president and general manager Michigan Alkali Co.; born, New Albany, Ind., (Floyd Co) Oct. 25, 1866; son of Edward and Mittie (Penn) Ford; educated at Western University of Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh, and Harvard University, special course and Law School, 1888; married at Sandusky, O., 1895, Miss Helen Sloane. Began business career as treasurer of the Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co., Pittsburgh, Pa., 1888, continuing until 1893; came to Wyandotte, Mich., with his grandfather, 1893, and founded the Michigan Alkali Co., manufacturers of heavy chemicals, with which he has since been identified; located in Detroit, 1893. President J. B. Ford Co., Huron Portland Cement Co.; vice president Edward Ford Plate Glass Co., Toledo, O.; director Old Detroit National Bank, Security Trust Co., Michigan Savings Bank, etc. Member Board of Commerce. Republican. Episcopalian. Clubs: Detroit, Country, Automobile, Detroit Curling and Racquet. Recreations: Automobiling and golf. Office: 814 Majestic Bldg. Residence: 1730 Jefferson Av.
Submitted by Christine Walters Source: "The Book of Detroiters by Albert Nelson Marquis 1908" 

SHERMAN FRISBIE was born at Milltown, Crawford county, Ind., June 21, 1839. He was reared at Milltown until he was seventeen years old, when he was sent to the Bliss Academy, at New Albany, Ind., where he completed his education. After his graduation he secured a position as second clerk on a steamboat on which his brother Junius L. was chief clerk. He continued as clerk on various steamboats for several years, running between Louisville and New Orleans. In 1864 he and his brother Junius L. purchased the steamboat Idaho, which they run in the Louisville, New Albany and New Orleans trade, selling this boat in 1865. He then quit the river and took the management of the large business of his father, who had removed from Milltown to New Albany. His management was so enterprising and well directed that the value of the large estate was greatly enhanced. He was a careful but public spirited business man, always distinguished for his genial social traits, and had hosts of warm personal friends. He was married in 1864, to Miss Mary L. Thorp, of New Orleans, La. There were born to this marriage three children: Frank, Sherman and Mary E. He died June 27, 1886. He was a member of the City Council from the Second Ward for two years. He was the son of Libbeus Frisbie and Martha Matthews. His father was a prominent and enterprising merchant and farmer of Milltown, Crawford county, Ind., being one of the earliest settlers there. He was a native of Connecticut. He was married at New Albany, Ind., in 1822, his wife being a native of New Jersey, but a resident of New Albany at the time of their marriage. They were honored in life for their many excellent traits, and sincerely mourned at their death. Both died at New Albany.

CAPT. RICHARD F. FULLER was born in Jeffersonville, Ind., February 3, 1832, being a son of Major Charles and Catherine A. (Stewart) Fuller.
His father was a native of Boston, Mass., and came to Indiana as Major of the Fourth Massachusetts Regiment in 1811, and fought under Maj. Gen. William Henry Harrison in the battle at Tippecanoe, November 7, 1811. His mother, Catherine Anstey Stewart, was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, and was reared in the family of Major General Harrison, and was one of the wives of officers taken prisoners at the surrender of General Hull. Her death occurred in 1867. At the close of the War of 1812, Major Fuller and wife were ordered to Pittsfield, Mass., and was commander there until the post was abandoned, whence they shortly after returned to Indiana, locating at Jeffersonville, where he died in 1839, leaving a wife and seven children, of whom the subject of this sketch, Capt. Richard F. Fuller, was the youngest.
His mother died in Jeffersonville in 1867. Her companions in captivity at Hull’s surrender were the wife of Captain Bacon and the wife of Lieut. Col. Gooding.
Captain Fuller received his education in the public schools of Clark county, and at the age of 19 years commenced his career as a steamboat clerk on the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, which he continued for twenty-five years. During that period he was clerk on the steamers Alex Scott, T. C. Twitchell, E. H. Fairchild, in the Louisville and New Orleans trade, and captain of the steamers Luna, Ida Handy, Luminary and several others, thus making
him one of the oldest of steamboatmen of the Falls Cities. Leaving the river he followed clerking in New Albany and at Louisville, and bookkeeping in both cities, having been Deputy Clerk of the city of New Albany, and bookkeeper at the Merchants’ National Bank of New Albany, New Albany Cotton Batting Factory, and filled other equally responsible positions.
Captain Fuller was married in March, 1862, to Miss Dealie E. Bulkeley, of Louisville, Ky., and five children have blessed the union. Richard L., foreman in the carding department of the Batting Works; Clarence B., clerk in the Bank of Commerce, Louisville; Vivian, assistant of his brother Richard L.; Jamie A. and Hannah B.

J. F. GEBHART was born in Maytown, Penn., December 6, 1831, and worked during boyhood in his father’s weave shop. His parents, John R. and Susan Young Gebhart, were natives of Pennsylvania. He had few opportunities for studying books, but improved what he had to the best advantage. In early manhood he embarked in business, but, like many others, the investment proved unfortunate, and he was left without money but plenty of debts. He also, fortunately for himself, his creditors, and a good many other people, had plenty of grit left.
Like many in similar situations who are resolved to retrieve misfortunes and achieve success, he turned his eyes to the great and growing West. He had strong arms, skilled hands, a trust in his God and the courage to dare to do. These were his capital, and with these he started out in life. He now had two ambitions in life. In his first venture he had only future success to stimulate effort, now he had the incentive to win his way in life, and pay the debts left behind him in his old home. The task was not easy.
After looking about for a location he selected New Albany on account of its favorable location. There was no other inducement, for he was, indeed, a stranger in a strange land. The prospect was gloomy, but there was firm faith in the future. Work came as it always will to him who seeks it. There were drawbacks and disappointments. Work was sometimes very slack and the employment not at all times agreeable, but he was on the road he had started to find, and he determined to travel it. On the smooth places he would make all the speed possible, and the rough ones he would jump over, stumble over, any way to get over, but he kept going, and he is still going, and the road keeps getting smoother. But long ago he reached the goal of one ambition. He paid off every dollar of debt and interest he left behind in Pennsylvania. Mr. Gebhart has also accumulated a handsome property in New Albany, lives in and owns one of the many handsome residences in this city of beautiful homes.
Here, perhaps, this notice might end, but the steps along which Mr. Gebhart strode to success, are matters of special interest to his friends, and of general interest to the citizens of New Albany. The example of his course is also valuable to the young.
Mr. Gebhart’s first effort in New Albany was to start a woolen mill. This he accomplished in a small way, during the year 1861, with Mr. John T. Creed as a partner. The latter soon, however, withdrew to embark in other business. Mr. Gebhart continued, determined to stick to the tree he had planted, and succeeded in maintaining and enlarging the mill so that to-day it is the largest woolen and cotton mill combined west of the Allegheny mountains, and which New Albany can be, and is, justly proud of.
Mr. Gebhart did not stop with the woolen and cotton mills, but he turned his attention to other enterprises that now beautify and adorn the city, as well as add to its material prosperity. Next to the woolen and cotton mills stand the New Albany water works as a testimony to his public spirit. He was among the first to agitate the building of the works, and his pen contributed numerous articles on the subject to the columns of the Ledger, advocating their building. It required a great deal of tact, energy and ability to put the works through, but they were built, and have no superior in the United States, and to J. F. Gebhart belongs the honor.
His next idea was a hosiery mill, and this was materialized by the building on Ekin avenue, by W. A. Hedden & Co., of the largest and finest mill of the kind in the West.
Besides other and minor enterprises Mr. Gebhart was one of the first citizens of New Albany who joined as a stockholder and director in the building of that grand structure, the Kentucky and Indiana bridge, and lastly, so far, but not least, in the building of the Eastern Railway, of which he is a director and vice president.
And all this by a man who came among us less than a generation ago, poor and unknown, and who by his own genius for improvement, his stability of purpose, has risen to the honorable position in the business which he now occupies.

GEORGE H. GODFREY was born in Genesee county, town of Stafford, N.Y., September 16, 1839, and is a son of Alonzo and Harriet (Waterman) Godfrey, natives of N.Y. George was but 12 years of age when his parents removed to Michigan. He received a good practical education, and to his other qualifications was added telegraphy.
At the age of 21 he came to Indiana as a telegraph operator, and in 1861, on the 8th of July, he came to New Albany as manager of the Western Union telegraph office. In 1862 he joined the telegraph corps, and was three months with Gen. Negley’s corps in Tennessee, when he returned to New Albany and has remained manager of the Western Union telegraph office of that city. He has always been in telegraph business. He is a prominent member of the Knights of Honor and Knights and Ladies of Honor, and has held all the offices in the lodge. In 1886 he was elected grand protector of the Knights and Ladies of Honor of the State, and re-elected in 1887, and in 1888 he was elected supreme representative to the Supreme Lodge for four years, which meets every two years.
He is also a member of the Odd Fellows. He was married December 24, 1862, to Miss Emma L. Johnson, daughter of James Johnson, Esq., deceased, of New Albany, Ind. They have three children: Harry, Mrs. Jennie Mathers and Mrs. Carrie Steinhauer.

JAMES MONROE GWIN was born in New Albany, Ind., October 22, 1837. He was educated in the public and high schools of the city. During the administration of President Buchanan, from 1857 till 1861, he was assistant postmaster of New Albany under his cousin, F. M. Gwin. During the first year of the war he was in employ of the late Hon. W. C. DePauw, supplying feed for the Government. In 1862 he engaged in the livery, sale and feed business with his father, and in 1867 they added the undertaking business, under the firm name of Merker & Gwin, and he is still engaged in this consolidated business, with one of the most extensive plants in the city. He is a man of business energy and his popularity has won him a very profitable business. He was married in 1860 to Miss Julia Merryman, of
Floyd county, Ind., who died in 1872, leaving no children. He was again married in 1875 to Miss Carrie C. Warren, of New York. Two children, Newland and Edith, have been born of this marriage. He is a son of Berry Gwin, one of the old an dwell known citizens of New Albany.

JOSIAH GWIN was born in Lanesville, Harrison county, Ind., January 28, 1834. When but eight years he came to New Albany with his father’s family. His education was limited to the common schools, and in 1850, when but 17 years of age, he left school and took work with a party of surveyors on the railroad from Lafayette to Michigan City, now a part of the “Monon Road.” His father died in 1852, was sheriff at the time, and Josiah went to clerk for Martin H. Ruter. Phineas M. Kent was appointed postmaster by President Pierce, and Mr. Gwin was selected as his clerk.
In the fall of 1856 he began his career as a newspaper man, by accepting the city editorship of the New Albany Ledger, which he continued until 1860, when he was elected County Recorder. This office he held by successive elections until 1869. In July, 1871, he founded the Daily Standard, a paper soon after consolidated with the Ledger, and Mr. Gwin continued as editor until 1881, when he sold his interest and retired; but soon entered the journalistic field again, and founded the Public Press, which paper he still conducts. He will also establish a daily newspaper at New Albany within a few weeks.

HAINS, JAMES M., merchant, manufacturer, and banker, of New Albany, was born in Harrison County, Indiana, July 31, 1818, and is one of eight children of Benjamin and Mary (Woodfield) Hains. His father, who was born in Dutchess County, New York, in the year made famous by the signing of the Declaration of Independence, was a farmer, and had settled in Harrison County in 1815. His estimable wife died when her son was only five years old. His mother’s death, and other circumstances peculiar to those primitive times, limited the educational advantages enjoyed by Mr. Hains in his youth. His father died when he was seventeen years old, and from that time the young man was compelled to depend entirely upon his own resources. A year previous to this he had determined to secure a good education, and in order to provide himself with the necessary means, he obtained employment out of school hours in a hotel. This enabled him to acquire the rudiments of an English education. At the age of eighteen he apprenticed himself to a firm engaged in the hardware and queensware business, to learn the trade. He commenced in the capacity of porter, and by degrees rose to the position of clerk and salesman in the establishment. At the end of his term of apprenticeship he re-engaged himself for four years longer at an increased salary. His wages while an apprentice had been seventy-five, one hundred, and one hundred and twenty dollars a year, and from this amount he had managed to defray his expenses and save a little besides. At the expiration of the time mentioned, determined to follow out his early aspirations for a higher education, he entered the Wabash College at Crawfordsville, intending to prepare himself for the ministry. He devoted himself assiduously to his studies for two years, but his health gave way under the unaccustomed strain, and he was compelled to abandon his cherished purpose. He returned to his former business with the firm whose apprentice he had been, and remained with them two years longer. He now decided to engage in business for himself, and commenced the manufacture of tin, sheet-iron, and copper-work, in which he continued about five years, with such success that at the end of that time he retired from business. But “inactive industry” did not suit a man of his peculiar temperament, and he was soon elected president, treasurer, and general business manager of the New Albany City Gas Company, which position he held for some twenty years. During part of this time he was president of the Paoli Bank, Orange County, Indiana; and since 1865 he has been president of the New Albany National Bank. In 1869 he was made secretary, treasurer, and business manager of the New Albany Woolen and Cotton Mills, and he still holds this position. The foregoing gives some slight idea of the business capacity and untiring energy of Mr. Hains, as well as the prominent place which he occupies in his community, representing as he does its material prosperity, and occupying positions that show the implicit confidence placed in his integrity. When he had reached thirty-seven years of age, he married Miss Mary E. Dickey, daughter of Rev. John M. Dickey, a Presbyterian preacher of note, and one of the oldest pioneer preachers of the state. Mrs. Hains is a lady of the highest moral worth; her labors in behalf of every good cause have given her the warm esteem of the Christian community, and her husband has ever found in her an earnest helper in all his plans of benevolence. They have had three children, two of whom are now living. James Brooks Hains, the eldest son and a promising young man, died soon after he had graduated, with marked honors, at Wabash College, and while yet a student at the law school at Cambridge. Mr. Hains connected himself with the Presbyterian Church when only twenty years of age. He has always been a warm and liberal supporter of the cause of religion, and his heart and purse have ever been open to the deserving poor and needy. He has truly been a liberal steward
of the wealth which has been committed to him, and his benevolence has become almost proverbial in his city. He is now over sixty years old, and has been identified with almost every enterprise for the material and moral benefit of the community. In addition to occupying the positions already mentioned, he is now trustee of Wabash College, the oldest and best endowed classical college in the state of Indiana. He is justly entitled to be numbered among the foremost “representative men” of the state.

LOUIS HAMMERSMITH was born in Germany November 28, 1852, and came to America with is parents in 1852, and located at New Albany, Ind., where he enjoyed the advantages of the public schools until he was fifteen years old. He then commenced driving a wagon for his father, Charles Hammersmith, which he continued to do for six years, attending to his father’s business for two years after his death, which occurred Sept. 8, 1875, his father running five wagons at the time of his death. In 1880 he purchased the wagons and sixteen horses of the heirs in the estate, and has followed teaming, chiefly between New Albany and Louisville, ever since, now employing forty head of horses in the business. He is a splendid illustration of a thorough-going self-made, pushing business man. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity and the I. O. O. F. He was married April 29, 1879, to Miss Minnie Shoaf, of New Albany. They have three children: Louis, Eva and Charles. Mr. and Mrs. Hammersmith are members of the German Evangelical Church.

ELDER MARTIN V. HANGER was born in Floyd county, Ind., December 28, 1825, and is a son of Frederick and Margaret (Cook) Hanger; the former was a native of Augusta county, Va., and died here in 1872, at the age of 75 years; the latter was born in Hesse-Darnstadt. Her parents came to this country soon after the Revolutionary war, and, like many others, in order to get to Free America, sold themselves for a certain length of time, to pay their passage to this country. They saved their money until their servitude was at an end, that they might have something to begin the world with. Frederick Hanger used to boast that he had six uncles who came to this country form Switzerland in colonial times, all of whom served in the Revolutionary war. Martin V., the subject of this sketch, is essentially a self-made man. His education has been attained through his own exertions,
and by dint of hard work. His boyhood was spent on the farm and working in a cooper shop. He attended the schools of the county. These were quite inferior to the common schools of to-day. They were paid for by general subscription, according to the number of pupils each patron sent to school. Mr. Hanger was educated in these schools. At the age of 15 an objection was raised to his attending school, because he gave the teacher so much trouble, and he was taken away; but he did not discontinue his studies – he kept them up at home, and by the time he was 20, he was qualified to teach. His spare money was spent for books, and he became a good English scholar. He taught about four years in Floyd county, and in 1857 he moved to Harrison county, and in 1863 was elected school trustee of Posey township, and re-elected, serving two terms, after which he was chosen county commissioner for one term. He then removed back to Floyd county, where he has since resided. He owns 329 acres of fine land, which he has in a fine state of cultivation and well stocked. His land is situated in both Floyd and Harrison counties; he resides on that lying in Floyd county, and in sight of his birthplace. Recently he has erected a fine residence, which he designed himself, and which has some peculiarities. Each room is finished in a different style – one in white walnut, one in black walnut, one in wild cherry; while the hall has a specimen of every kind of wood common in this section. The design of the house was obtained by Mr. Hanger from a picture frame he has, which contains 103 kinds of wood, much of which is historical. For instance, one piece was water oak, from the old brig Constitution, another from the charter oak, etc.
Mr. Hanger was married in October, 1847, to Miss Sarah Blunk. They have never had any children; but have raised four boys and one girl, and educated them. Mr. Hanger is a prominent Mason, and a zealous Christian and minister of the Gospel. For thirty years he has been a minister of the Christian Church.

JAMES G. HARRISON was born at Xenia, Ohio, September 29, 1834, and came with his parents to New Albany, Ind., in 1839. His father, George H. Harrison, was a native of Harrisonburg, Va., born in February 1809, died at New Albany in 1854. He graduated from Augusta College, Ky., was a teacher of rare ability, and came to New Albany to take charge of a Methodist Seminary that had been located here by the Indiana Conference of the Methodist Church. The greater part of his life was devoted to teaching, though he served as Postmaster under the administrations of Taylor and Fillmore – 1849-1853. His wife, Sarah P. Grover, was a native of Greene county, Ohio, born in 1810, and died at New Albany in 1873, aged 63 years.
James G. Harrison, son of this worthy couple, was educated in the schools of New Albany, graduating from its high school. During his father’s four years’ term as Postmaster he was his deputy. At the conclusion of his post office service, he entered the office of Dr. William Cooper, for the purpose of studying medicine, but, his father dying a year later, he had to give up his studies. He then was elected Recorder of Floyd county as the Republican nominee, serving a term of four years. In 1862 he was appointed Deputy Postmaster by Hon. John M. Wilson, where he served one year, and was then appointed Assistant Revenue Assessor for the New Albany Division by Assessor Thomas C. Slaughter, serving until that office was abolished. He was then appointed Deputy United States Clerk and United States Commissioner for the Federal Court of New Albany, still holding both these offices. He is also a trustee of the city schools and secretary of the board, a trustee of the DePauw
College for Young Women, a member and officer of the I. O. O. F., a member and officer of the Wesley M. E. Church, and has for fifteen years been engaged in the insurance business.
On the 24th of May, 1856, he was married to Miss Hester A. Hart, daughter of late ex-mayor William Hart, of New Albany. He has three children – George W., James B. and Walter G.

DAVID HEDDEN was born September 5, 1802, in Newark, N.J., and is a son of Stephen and Sallie (Peck) Hedden, natives of that State. The former came to Indiana and settled in Floyd county in 1829, near Greenville, where he bought 300 acres of land, on which he farmed. Being a blacksmith, he moved to New Albany after some years spent in farming. The latter, Sallie Peck Hedden, was a daughter of Judge Peck, of New Jersey, a man of considerable prominence. David Hedden, the subject of this sketch, was brought up in New Jersey, and educated in the common schools. He came to Floyd county in 1820, a year before his father moved out, being then but eighteen years of age, and commenced clerking in a store, which he continued for a year, when he entered into partnership with Elias Ayers in the same business.
The partnership continued until 1842, when Ayers died, and he continued alone in the business three years longer, when his health having failed he retired from active business. He bought a mill, however, but in a short time it was burned. He bought another and took charge of it, and continued to operate it until 1856. He then built a $10,000 residence and retired from active business altogether.
He was married in 1840 to Elizabeth Wood, a daughter of Rev. Joseph Wood, of Brown county, N.Y., and Betsy (White) Wood, of Stanford, Conn. They have seven children, viz: Theodosia, William A., proprietor of Hosiery Mills; Francis, Sarah S. (Baird), Walter David, in brick business; Anna W. (Green), Grace and Ella Hardy. Mr. Hedden is a member of the Presbyterian Church and a Republican.

CHARLES HEGEWALD, born in Saxony, September 18, 1832, came to America in 1853, and in 1854 made his home in New Albany. He served a seven years’ apprenticeship in his native country as a machinist, and for some time worked as a journeyman in that country to secure the means to come to the United States.
On his arrival in New Albany he went to work in the machine shops of the Louisville, New Albany & Chicago Railroad, where he remained until a strike was inaugurated, when he took a place in the Union foundry, remaining there until it failed in 1856; when for two years he held a place in the American Foundry, going thence to the machine shops of Lent, South & Shipman, where he remained until the war broke out. He then returned to the American Foundry as foreman.
In 1873 he entered into a co-partnership with the late W. C. DePauw, in the foundry and machine business, at his present location, the firm continuing until 1878, when Mr. N. T. DePauw purchased his father’s interest and continues a member of the firm, which is the most enterprising and has the largest business of any establishment of its kind in New Albany.
The building covers a half square of ground on Water street, between Pearl and Bank, and the firm, of which Mr. Hegewald is the energetic superintendent and business manager,
employs from 75 to 200 men, according to the demands of trade upon them, and does a business of about $200,000 per year, manufacturing marine and stationary engines, all kinds of steamboat and mill machinery and supplies, brass and iron castings and other machinery.
Mr. Hegewald is one of the self-made, successful and public-spirited men of New Albany. He takes a deep interest in all enterprises that promise to advance the material interests of New Albany, and has done much to help the prosperity of that city.
He served one term as a member of the City Council, declining a re-election. He is in all regards a valuable and excellent citizen.
He was married in New Albany, in 1855, to Miss Catherine Meyer, and they have four children: Emma, John F. C., Arthur and Edwin; John F. C. being a graduate of the West Point Military Academy and a resident of Louisville. Arthur and Edwin are employed in the foundry and machine shops with their father.

CHRISTOPHER HEIMBERGER, born in Germany, January 17, 1833, emigrated to the United States in 1852, settling in Ohio, where he learned the business of photography, and having an artistic aptitude for the business soon rose to high distinction as an artist and now holds rank amongst the best photographers in the country.
He took up his residence in New Albany in 1859, where he speedily built up a large business, his gallery being one of the most attractive in the State both in construction and the artistic gems it contains. Mr. Heimberger was the first of American photographers to discover and apply the superior Plate Glass Light, which is applied in his gallery. As the result of the superiority of his appliances and pictures he is now filling orders for citizens of, not only Indiana, but of Kentucky, Ohio, Illinois and Missouri. Few American photographers may hope to reach such perfection in artistic results and liberal patronage.
In 1859, at Cincinnati, O., Mr. Heimberger was married to Miss Margaret Berst, daughter of Jacob Berst, native of Germany, who came to American in 1847 and located in Harrison county, where he died in 1885, at the age of 72. His daughter Margaret was reared by her uncle, John Nockle, a prominent butcher and grocer of Cincinnati, where her marriage took place. The children born of the happy union are: Adam, Sadie and Bena, all married.
Adam Heimberger, the son, is a partner in photography with is father, and, like him, a born artist.
Christopher Heimberger is a member of the Masonic fraternity and of the Ancient Order of Workmen, and an active member of the German Evangelical church, his entire family being members of this church. He is a self-made man, and no man has done more by his art to illustrate and perpetuate the magnificent scenery of the Central Ohio Valley.

GEORGE HELFRICH, SR., a native of Europe, was born July 20, 1831, and came to the United States in July, 1848, locating at New Albany, Ind. He learned the trade of a house carpenter and builder in the old country, and engaged at his trade on locating at New Albany, carrying it on until 1853. He then accepted a position in the L., N.A. & C. Railroad shops, working there until 1868, when he took charge, as superintendent, of the car department, remaining in this position until 1880. In 1881 he engaged in the planing-mill and lumber business at the corner of East Fifth and Oak streets, New Albany, on a lot
covering 180 by 130 feet. Besides his large planing-mill business, he is a dealer in all kinds of building and construction lumber, shingles, lath, doors, sash and blinds. By his liberal enterprise he has built up a very large trade, which he has fairly won by his integrity. He was married May 2, 1853, to Miss Margaret Ellmancer, of Harrison county, Ind., and has six living children – George, Charles, Edward, William, August and Emma. He is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and has passed all the chairs (the offices) of that order. He is also a member of the Knights of Honor.

EDWARD G. HENRY, a native of Switzerland county, Ind., was born April 16, 1850. His father, David Henry, was a native of Ireland, and a lawyer by profession and a successful farmer, and emigrated to Indiana in the pioneer period of the State. His mother, Caroline Stapp, was a native of Kentucky.
Reared in Switzerland county, he attended the public schools of the county during his boyhood, fitting himself for Hanover College, from which he graduated in 1870.
He then entered the law school of Indiana University, from which Institution he graduated in 1872. The same year he took up his residence at New Albany, and entered upon the practice of law, and has, by his abilities as a counselor and advocate, built up a very lucrative practice, standing high at the bar as a practicing attorney.
In 1888 Mr. Henry was nominated unanimously by the Democratic party of Floyd county for Representative in the State Legislature, to which office he was elected by a large majority.
He is a man of scholarly culture, an able public speaker, and possessed of the elements for a successful and useful public career.

JACOB HESSING was born in Floyd county, Ind., November 27, 1862, and is a son of Jacob and Henrietta (Schreiver) Hessing; the former a native of Germany, who emigrated to this country in 1849, and settled in Louisville, where he remained a short time, when he removed to a farm in Georgetown township, near Edwardsville, where he spent the remainder of his life, dying December 10, 1883. The log house is still standing on the farm that was on it when he bought it, which was scarcely a farm then at all but a tract of woodland. But by patient industry and energy he improved it, and made the wilderness, figuratively, “rejoice and blossom as the rose.” Here he and his good wife reared their large family of children, and here he lived out the measure of his days and passed to his reward.
Henrietta (Schreiver) Hessing, the mother of subject, was born in Germany in 1834, came to America in 1849, and in three years married Mr. Hessing. She was the mother of eleven children, viz: William H., Henry J., Sophia, Mary C., Jacob, Lizzie, Nettie, Amanda, Carrie, Anna and Edward; all living in Floyd county. William lives in Georgetown township; Mary married Edward Perry, and lives in New Albany; Amanda married William Schreiber, and lives in Lafayette township; the others are still at the old homestead with their mother; Henry, the only son of those at home, being married.
The subject of this sketch, Jacob Hessing, was reared on the farm and educated in the common schools of the county. He has always followed farming, and is one of Floyd county’s most energetic and enterprising young farmers. He and his brother, who farms
with him, make a specialty of small fruits, such as strawberries, grapes, etc. Everything about the farm indicates prosperity.

LOUIS C. HIPPLE was born at New Albany, Ind., Sept. 22, 1850. He was educated in the public schools of the city until the age of 18 years, when he engaged with his father, a steamboat cabin builder, to learn the carpenter trade, continuing until his father went out of the business.
He was deputy wharf master under his father from 1875 to 1878, and after this engaged in teaming, during which occupation he invented what is known as the Graff and Hipple Dump Wagon, which is now in use in many of the States, and is a very valuable invention, that with proper capital could be brought into general use throughout the entire country. At New Albany it is used by all the principal coal and brick dealers; and the city, as well as at Cincinnati and Louisville and Jeffersonville, and by the Government at its depot in the latter city; and its inventor has testimonials from all who have used it as to its efficiency in equalizing and dumping a load.
In 1885 he was elected City Marshal of New Albany, and re-elected in 1887. In the Primary Democratic Convention that nominated him in 1885, his majority over the highest man of the opponents was 356, and at the election it was 1,050. His majority at his second election was 1,676. He is a self-made and self-respecting man, and has built himself up by his own indomitable energy and untiring industry.
On January 5, 1881, he was married to Miss Jennie [Eanes], of Floyd county, Ind., daughter of George H. [Eanes], formerly of Virginia. He has one child, Frances D., born on Sept. 22, the same date of the birth of her father. He is a member of the Knights of Honor and of the Knights of Pythias, and is a Methodist by education and rearing.
He is a son of Daniel and Artemesia (Lightner) Hipple. His father was a native of the borough of Landerburg, Cumberland county, Pa., born Feb. 3, 1812; and his mother of Clark county, Ind., born Oct. 22, 1818; and they located at New Albany in 1835. His father engaged in steamboat building, which he followed for a number of years. He was elected jailor under Sheriff Thomas Gwin, serving four years, from 1848 to 1852. He died March 17, 1878, leaving a wife and six children, George M., John W., Jacob L., Louis C., Carrie B. and Eliza E., all of whom are living. Mr. Hipple’s mother came to New Albany in 1829, and married May 1, 1836.

GEO. VAIL HOWK, one of the ex-judges of the Supreme Court of Indiana, and a resident of New Albany, was born in Charlestown, Clark county, Indiana, September 21, 1824 and is the only surviving son of Isaac Howk, one of the pioneer lawyers of the State. The Howk family are of German origin, but settled in Massachusetts early in the last century and engaged chiefly in agriculture. Isaac Howk, the father of the subject of this sketch, was born on a farm in Berkshire county, Massachusetts, in July, 1793, and was educated at Williams College in that county. In 1817 he settled in Charlestown, Ind., and engaged in the practice of his profession. In 1820 he married Miss Elvira Vail, a daughter of Doctor Gamaliel Vail, who had emigrated from Vermont to Indiana Territory in 1806. Their son George V. Howk grew to manhood in Charlestown. His father died in 1833, but his mother devoted the remainder of a long life to the education, comfort and happiness of her
children. She died in New Albany, Ind., September 15, 1869. Judge Howk graduated from Indiana Asbury (now DePauw College) in the class of 1846 under the Presidency of Matthew Simpson, widely known as one of the Bishops of the Methodist Church. Some of his classmates were Newton Booth, ex-United States Senator from California; James P. Luce, James M. Reynolds and Joseph Tingley, one of the Professors of the College. He studied law with Judge Charles Dewey, who was for ten years a judge of the Supreme Court and one of the ablest jurists the State has produced. He was admitted to the bar in 1847, and settled in New Albany. December 21, 1848, he married Miss Eleanor Dewey, late of Charlestown. Mrs. Howk died April 12, 1853, leaving two children. September 5, 1854, he married Miss Jane Simonson, eldest daughter of General John S. Simonson of the United States Army, who still survives. They have two children, John S. and George V. Howk, Jr., and one daughter, Jane S. In 1852 and 1853 Judge Howk was City Judge of New Albany, and from 1850 to 1864, during most of the time, was a member of the City Council. In 1857 he was Judge of the Court of Common Pleas of Floyd county; in 1863 he represented that county in the House, and from 1866 to 1870 he represented Floyd and Clark counties in the Senate of Indiana. He was chosen one of the Supreme Judges of Indiana at the General State Election in October, 1876. Soon after taking his position on the bench, he gave promise of the great ability he has since displayed. His decisions are clear, concise and conclusive, taking rank with those of the ablest jurists of the State, and his suavity of manner toward all with whom he came in contact officially made him very popular with the attorneys practicing at the bar of the Supreme Court. He was re-elected Judge in 1882 and defeated in 1888. In politics Judge Howk is a Democrat. His mother was a Methodist, and he was educated in a Methodist College, but is not a member of any religious denomination. His wife and children are Presbyterians.
Since the election he has established himself at New Albany in the practice of law, with his son as partner.

CAPT. THOMAS HUMPHREYS, deceased, was born in Philadelphia, July 17, 1807, and died at New Albany, Ind., January 19, 1881, aged 73 years old and 6 months. In February, 1830, he took up his residence at New Albany, Ind., where he continued to reside to the day of his death.
He was twice married, the first time to Miss Dowerman and the second time to Miss Elizabeth Hangary. [His first wife lived but two years.] During his entire residence at New Albany, Capt. Thomas Humphreys was not only a good but a useful citizen.
For many years he was the head of the steamboat building firm of Dowerman & Humphreys; his business sagacity and unimpeachable integrity giving to the firm a reputation as one of the first and most reliable boat building firms in the West. Every steamboatman knows that Capt. Humphreys’ word was as good as his bond, and the statements he made then in relation to contracts were taken as established facts. It was his integrity that did more than other single agency to give to New Albany the high fame the city once enjoyed as the most notable boat building locality on the western rivers. From the establishment with which he was connected was turned out many of the most magnificent steamers that have navigated the rivers of the West and South.
Running through his entire life, like a line of polished brightness, was the principle of integrity. It characterized every act of his life, and made for him friends of everyone with whom he came in business or social contact.
His morals were most exemplary, and his influence was wielded in favor of all movements that were for the advancement and elevation of his fellow-men. Yet he was modest and unobtrusive, and, while a man of strong convictions, never tired to force his views upon others, choosing rather the principles he advocated should illustrate and shine forth through his daily walk and conversation. He thus filled the measure of good citizenship.
For several months before his death he gave much thought to religion and preparation for the change he knew was speedily to come. In his inquiries for light upon this important subject, he took counsel of such men as Rev. J. S. Wood and Peter R. Stoy, and when the messenger’s summons came to him he was ready to depart in peace, his last days being full of light and joy.
He left a wife, one son and two daughters, Mrs. S. M. Weir and Mrs. Dr. G. H. Cannon being the daughters. The surviving son is Mr. Daniel Humphreys.

REUBEN KING JENKS was born in Providence, R. I., in the year 1817, son of George B. R. Jenks, whose ancestors were of English origin. Subject’s mother, Aljaha Newman, was a daughter of Nathaniel Newman, who was born in Massachusetts.
Subject was married in Montgomery county, Ohio, in 1840, to Miss Hope Graves, daughter of Zepheniah Graves, who was a native of Rhode Island. Mr. Jenks emigrated from his native State to Ohio in 1829, thence to Indiana in about 1848. Subject and wife have raised eight children; all lived to be grown: Amanda, George, Oscar, Zepheniah, Benjamin, Job W., Julia and Frank.
Our subject followed carpentering for some time, then clerked for a time. Was in United States service some three years during the late civil war. Four of his sons, George, Oscar, Zepheniah and Benjamin were in the service with him.
He has filled some positions of profit and trust, but has never been an office seeker.

CHARLES L. JEWETT, lawyer, New Albany, Ind., was born October 6, 1848, in Hanover, Ind., being the only son of Jonathan and Mary (Wells) Reid. His father died when the boy was an infant, and his mother married Judge P. H. Jewett, who adopted him as a son, and by legal process had his name changed to Jewett. At the age of fifteen he entered the State University, at Bloomington, where he remained until 1866, when he was admitted to the College at Hanover, and studied for one year. His health failing, he left school, and moved to Montana Territory, where he was successively prospector, gold miner, and Government surveyor. In the latter capacity he surveyed all the lands lying near the headwaters of the Missouri river. These two years of pioneer life restored his health and secured for him a physical stamina and development, as well as a fund of experience. Returning to his native State in 1869, he prepared to enter upon the profession to which he had directed all his studies, and toward which his efforts were now bent. He was admitted to the bar at New Albany, October 6, of the same year; immediately commenced practice. October 16, 1869, he was chosen Justice of the Peace, but he resigned within one year. In 1871 he was appointed Deputy Prosecuting Attorney of Scott county, and in 1872 was elected District Attorney for the district composed of Scott, Clark, Floyd, Washington and Harrison counties. In March, 1873, he was appointed by Governor Hendricks Prosecutor for
the Fifth Judicial Circuit, and in October of that year was elected to the same office for a full term. He was re-elected in 1874, and continued to hold the position until October 22, 1877. In 1878 he was Democratic candidate for Judge of the Fifth Circuit. Mr. Jewett is one of the acknowledged leaders of the Democratic party in Indiana, having been a member of the State Central Committee in 1876, Speaker of the House in session of 1884-5, chairman of County Central Committee and was the chairman of Democratic State Central Committee in Cleveland and Harrison campaign. He is an organizer of rare ability and tact, and an able lawyer.

HON. FRANKLIN C. JOHNSON, born near Holland Patent, Lewis county, New York, June 23, 1836. His parents were both natives of New York, but the family is of English origin. His father, Horace Johnson, was a farmer and served as probate judge. His mother was Eliza Pratt. Mr. Johnson was reared in New York and educated at Lowville and Rome Academies, graduating from the latter after a four years’ course, in 1851. In 1853 he located at New Albany, engaging as a clerk in the hardware store of Brooks & Brown, Brooks at the time being president of the New Albany & Salem (L., N. A. & C.) Railroad. In 1855 he became a partner with J. J. Brown and John E. Crane in the business, continuing 3 years. At the breaking out of the war he engaged in the nursery business, which he continued till 1876. In 1872 he was appointed by President Grant, on the nomination of Gov. Morton of Indiana, commissioner of the Philadelphia National Centennial, serving five years. In 1874 he was elected to the State Senate on the Democratic ticket for four years, and was chairman of the Committees on the State Reformatory and Benevolent Institutions. He drafted the bill making Mrs. T. A. Hendricks, Mrs. Roache and Mrs. Coffin trustees of the Women’s Reformatory of Indiana. In 1878 he was appointed by President Hayes, to the Paris Exposition, and there served on the International Jury. He was appointed by Gov. Williams of Indiana a member of the International Congress that assembled in the Palace Crocadero, Paris, being the only member from the United States, being a member with the Prince of Wales, who represented Great Britain. For ten years he was a member of the State Board of Agriculture from this District. In 1880 Mr. Johnson went to Colorado and engaged in the practice of law with his cousin, Stephen R. Pratt, and in 1882 was nominated a candidate for Secretary of State. He returned to New Albany in 1886, but while in Colorado organized the First National Bank at Gunnison, in which he is one of the largest stockholders. He served two terms as a member of the City Council from the first ward. In February, 1859, he was married to Mary E. Murray, a native of Breckinridge county, Ky., and sister of ex-Gov. Eli H. Murray, of Utah, and a lady of rare accomplishments. Three children were born of the marriage – Frank H. and Albert S., both residents of Denver, Colo., and Eliza. Mr. Johnson owns about 150 lots in New Albany, and a fine farm in Clarke county, between New Albany and Jeffersonville.

PHILIP M. KEPLEY, born near Greenville, Floyd county, Ind., October 27, 1818. His parents were Andrew and Mary (Moser) Kepley, his father being a farmer and a mechanic. Mr. Kepley was reared upon his father’s farm, and educated in the common schools of the county, remaining upon a farm until he was 28 years old, when he removed to the city of New Albany and engaged in the grocery business, which he continued for some years. He
was twice elected county treasurer of Floyd county, and held the office for four years. He has also served several terms as a member of the City Council of New Albany, and is at present a member of that body. At the end of his term as county treasurer, Mr. Kepley entered into the livery business, on State street, opposite the court house, and is at present engaged in that business. In all the official stations he has been called to fill, he has discharged his duties with fidelity to the interest of the people and with honor to himself.
He was married in 1842, to Miss Mary M. Cook, daughter of Philip Cook, of Floyd county. Of this marriage nine children were born, all of whom received collegiate educations, and all of whom have married; David M., Nancy I., John L., Mary E., Sarah, Anna B., Martha E., Charles A. and Fannie.

KERR, MICHAEL C., was born at Titusville, Pennsylvania, March 15, 1827. He received an academic education, and graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Laws at the Louisville University in 1851. He was an ardent and indefatigable student from an early age until the close of his life. His attainments in the broad fields of general knowledge were more than ordinary, while in the branches more directly allied to his public duties, such as political economy, the science of government, parliamentary law, etc., his acquirements were extensive and duly acknowledged by his contemporaries. He taught school for sometime in Kentucky, and settled in New Albany, Indiana, where he afterwards permanently resided. He began the practice of law in New Albany in 1852, was elected city attorney in 1854, and prosecuting attorney of Floyd County in 1855; was a member of the state Legislature in 1856 and 1857; was elected reporter of the Supreme Court of Indiana in 1862, and during his term of office edited five volumes of reports; was elected a Representative to the Thirty-ninth, Fortieth, Forty-first, and Forty-second Congress; was the Democratic candidate at large for Representative to the Forty-third Congress, but was defeated by the small majority of one hundred and sixty-two votes; he was elected in 1874 to the Forty-fourth Congress by a majority of thirteen hundred and nine. But the crowning honor of his public career was his election to the speakership of the House of Representatives, at its organization in 1875. Mr. Kerr made an able and impartial presiding officer, and commanded the undivided respect of all parties. For sometime previous to his election to the speakership his health had begun to fail, from the insidious progress of a serious pulmonary affection, which was quickened to action by the arduous duties of his office, forcing him, before the close of the first session, to seek relief from his toils and sufferings by a sojourn among the mountains of Virginia. But the disease had gained too much headway, and his death took place on the 19th of August, 1876, at the Alum Springs, in Rockbridge County, Virginia. His noble qualities of heart and mind endeared him to a large circle of acquaintances and friends. His death was regretted by the whole country.

FRED C. KISTNER was born in Louisville, December 5, 1856, and is a son of Joseph and Caroline (Falk) Kistner, natives of Germany, but who came to New Albany in 1857. His father has been in the clothing business ever since his arrival in this country, and is an active and energetic business man.
The subject graduated in commercial school, and engaged in the clothing business with his father until 1884, when he entered into partnership with Mr. Paul Reising in the brewery business, and has given his full attention to it ever since.
In 1881 he was married to Miss Mary Reising.
Mr. Kistner is the Fifth Ward Committeeman on the Democratic County Central Committee.

GEORGE KRAFT, a native of France, was born in November, 1827, came to America in 1845, and located at New Albany. He immediately engaged at his trade, that of chair-making, and, being a fine workman and very genial and social, he made friends rapidly, and soon built up a most prosperous business. He was a man of enterprise as well as industry, and on April 21, 1856, added the furniture and undertaking business to his chair manufactory. This business he prosecuted successful till his death, which occurred May 25, 1881, at the age of 54 years. He left a wife and five children – Frank A., Joseph H., Catherine, Ida M. and Mamie, Catherine dying June 14, 1885. Being very popular and well liked by all, he was frequently solicited to run for office. This he constantly refused to do. He was a member of several benevolent societies, being treasurer of one for eighteen years. He was also treasurer of several others. He was a strict member of the Catholic Church, and having a fine tenor voice, took great interest in the church choirs and other vocal organizations. He was married in 1852 to Mary E. Terstegge, of New Albany, a cousin of Mr. J. J. Terstegge, the founder of the National Stove Works of New Albany. Frank A. Kraft, his oldest son, was born at New Albany, Ind., Feb. 9, 1854, and was educated in the parochial and public schools and the New Albany Business College. He succeeded his father to the very large business left at his death, and this, by his energy, enterprise and popularity, he has very largely expanded. He is a member of the Catholic Church. On Oct. 28, 1879, he was married to Miss Minnie Ruppert, of New Albany. They have three children living – Bertha, George A. and Lula May.

HENRY LEGG, a native of London, England, was born September 9, 1833. He is a plate glass worker, and was foreman of the casting department of the Thames Plate Glass Works, of London, England, for twenty years. While thus employed he was engaged by Capt. John B. Ford to come to New Albany, Ind., and take charge, as foreman, of the casting department in the immense plate glass works now owned and operated by the W. C. DePauw Company – the DePauw American Plate Glass Works. He left London and came to New Albany in 1872, and remained until 1874, when he returned to London for his family, returning with them. His family consisted of his wife and six children – John, Walter J., Edward, Henry, Elizabeth and Emma. He also brought over with him several skilled plate glass workers and their families, to be employed in the New Albany Plate Glass Works. Mr. Legg brought the box coal furnace to New Albany, and carried the first Dinas brick from Wales to New Albany, this brick being used for the caps of glass furnaces. They are now used everywhere in glass furnaces. He was married in December, 1857, to Miss Caroline Price, of London, England. He is a member of DePauw Masonic Lodge, and when but 21 years old joined the Duke of Brunswick Lodge, London, and is still a member in good standing. He visited this lodge while in London in 1888. He is also a member of the Knights of Honor and of the Knights and Ladies of Honor. He has filled the Master’s, Senior and Junior Deacons’ chairs in DePauw Masonic Lodge, at New Albany. He continues as foreman of the casting department of the W. C. DePauw Company – the DePauw American Glass Works.

WILLIAM G. LIGHTNER, born at St. Louis, Mo., February 9, 1827. His parents located in New Albany, Ind., when he was seven years old, where he was educated in the common schools. After leaving school he learned blacksmithing with his father.
In 1845 he went on the river to learn steamboat engineering, and this business he continued until 1865. The first boat he was on was the Greenwood, running in the New Orleans and Yazoo river trade. Quitting the river in 1865, he engaged in the barrel, stave and shingle manufacture in Clark county, Ind., doing a large business.
In 1873 he returned to New Albany and took the position of chief engineer at the New Albany Woolen and Cotton Mills, which he still fills, being in all respects a first-class engineer.
In 1854 he was married to Miss Adkinson, of New Albany, a native of Nashville, Tenn. They have no children.
He has been a member of the I. O. O. F., both the Subordinate Lodge and the Encampment, since 1853. Both he and his wife are members of the M. E. Church.
His father was Jacob Lightner, a native of Pennsylvania; and his mother was Eleanor Brown, a native of Kentucky. His father, who was a soldier of the War of 1812, died at New Albany, 1847. His mother died in 1884, age 83. They left five children, all now living: Artemesia, widow of Daniel Hipple, resides at Memphis, Tenn.; George W. married at Evansville, Ind.; Elizabeth, wife of Peter Mann, on a farm near New Albany; William G., residing on a farm near New Albany; Laura B., wife of W. B. Smith, of New Albany.

JACOB LOESCH, a native of Floyd county, Ind., was born June 4, 1844, five miles west of New Albany. His father, John Loesch, was a native of Prussia, and came to Floyd county
in 1843. His mother, Catharine Fox, was a native of Germany. The subject of this sketch remained upon his father’s farm until he was eighteen years old, when he was apprenticed and served three years at blacksmithing, at the end of which time he entered upon his trade at Georgetown, conducting the business from 1867 to 1880. During the war he tried to enlist in the army, but was rejected on account of his bad health. In 1880 he was appointed Deputy Sheriff by Sheriff H. R. W. Meyer, serving through the two terms of that officer. In 1884 he was elected Sheriff, and was re-elected in 1886. The county of Floyd never had a more upright, energetic or faithful officer, as his eight years in the public service attests. In November, 1873, he was united in marriage to Miss Margaret J. Knittle, of Floyd county, but a native of Harrison county, Ind., and daughter of Samuel Knittle, a native of Pennsylvania. One child has been born of this marriage – Agatha Catharine. Mr. Loesch is a decided Democrat in politics, and in religion a member of the Catholic Church.

JOHN J. LYONS, a native of Warrensburg, Warren county, N.Y., was born March 15, 1856, but when quite small his parents removed to New York City, where they remained one year and then located at Sharpsburg, Pa., five miles from Pittsburgh, where they resided three years. Not satisfied with the location after a three years’ residence, they removed to Kentucky, and thence to New Albany, Ind.
John J. Lyons attended the public schools in which he was educated. After coming to New Albany he worked eleven years in the rolling mills. In 1879 he went to Jefferson county, Kentucky, and engaged in the grocery business. Being an energetic and pushing business man he prospered, but in 1881 sold out and returned to New Albany, where, with John Russell as partner, he engaged in the hotel, livery and feed business, keeping the West End Hotel, at the corner of West Main and Seventh streets.
Mr. Lyons is a very popular man and thorough in business methods as well as public-spirited.
He was married in August, 1878, to Miss Malissa Martin, of Jefferson county, Ky., and they have three children – Mary, Catherine and Emily.
He is a member of the Catholic Knights of America, the Ancient Order of Hibernians, and the Catholic Church. His parents, Michael and Mary Lyons, were both natives of County Cork, Ireland. His father died when he was a child. His mother married again to Edward Dumphy. She died at New Albany in September, 1884.

Compiled and Published by John M. Gresham & Company, Chicago, Chicago Printing Company, 1889.