FRANKLIN COUNTY INDIANA BIOGRAPHIES

ATKINS, Gaius Glenn

ATKINS, Gaius Glenn, clergyman; born, Mt. Carmel, Ind., (Franklin Co) Oct. 4, 1868; son of Thomas Benjamin and Caroline (Morris) Atkins; preliminary education, Ohio public schools; A. B., Ohio State University, 1888; LL. B., Cincinnati Law School, 1891; Yale Divinity School, 1892; (D. D., University of Vermont, 1904, Dartmouth College, 1906); married Bellbrook, O., Aug. 24, 1892, Ada Haynes.  Teacher Mt.  Hermon Fitting School, Mass., 1892-94; ordained minister Congregational Church, 1895; pastor 2nd Congregational Church, Greenfield, Mass., 1894-1900, 1st Congregational Church, Burlington, Vt., 1900-06, 1st Congregational Church, Detroit, since May, 1906. Member Beta Theta Pi, Phi Beta Kappa. Clubs: Detroit, Detroit Golf. Recreation: Outdoor sports. Office: 1st Congregational Church. Residence 25 Forest Ave.

 

BANES, William Mount

It does not fall to the lot of many to have their names engraved upon the roll of honor of a nation, to have fame almost world-wide; but he who is associated with the founding and up building of a county, and thus with the general prosperity of a state, has truly performed a noble part, and his posterity can but look upon his record with just pride.

For more than three-score years the Banes family have been numbered with the inhabitants of Franklin county, and no more sterling citizens ever dwelt in this section of Indiana. For several generations the family lived in Pennsylvania, and in Buckingham township, Bucks county, that state, our subject's father, Jonathan Banes, was born, February 12, 1817. He was a son of Jonathan and Anna (Gillingham) Banes, the former born about 1778, and the latter a daughter of John Gillingham, also of an old family in the Keystone state. The great-grandfather of our subject on the paternal side also bore the Christian name of Jonathan. He died in 1833, aged about ninety years. After the death of his wife, Ann, Jonathan Banes, the second of the name, came to Indiana, and passed his last years at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Emeline High, his death occurring in 1862 Mrs. High is still living, having survived her husband, John High, who died in 1893. Her only sister, Eliza Ann, was called to the better land in girlhood. Cyrus, the eldest brother, went to the west when a young man, became an Indian scout, and it is supposed that he was slain by the redskins. John, another brother, died when about twelve years of age.

Jonathan Banes, the third of the name, born in 1817, as stated above, left the parental home when he was sixteen years of age, and served as an apprentice to the carpenter's trade in Montgomery county, Pennsylvania. For a period he worked in Philadelphia, and in 1837 he came to Brookville, as he had learned of the Whitewater canal, then in process of construction, and believed that he could find employment thereon. This proved to be the case, and he was the superintendent of the building of the wood-work of the dam at Brookville, several, locks, the Case dam, further down the river, and several canal bridges. In 1839 he took the contract for the construction of the lock and an aqueduct at Metamora, but work was suspended that fall, owing to a lack of funds. The following spring Mr. Banes received payment for his past labors and invested the amount in horses, which he drove to Pennsylvania and sold. That autumn he returned, and for four years he was engaged in merchandising at Brookville. but since the spring of 1S45 he has been a resident of Metamora. Having erected a cotton factor}- here, he operated it successfully for a number of years, in the meantime being also engaged in a mercantile business, with his brother Jenks and Calvin Jones. Of late years he has given his attention to agriculture, and to the investing in and sale of land, both in this county and in Illinois, where he entered considerable unimproved property. Long ago he won a place among the wealthy business men of the county, and he owes his means and high standing entirely to his own well directed industry.

A notable event in the life of Jonathan Banes was his marriage, September 5, 1841, to Maria Mount, a daughter of Judge David .Mount, of Metamora. He was born in 1778, in New Jersey, and came to Indiana in 1811. Here he won distinction as a statesman and associate judge, serving in the legislature for many years, acting as one of the honorable body of representative citizens who drew up the constitution of the state, and acting as associate judge of Franklin County. His wife, whose maiden name was Rhoda Hunt, was born in New Jersey, in 1785. She survived him about twenty years, her death occurring in February, 1870. and he having died May 18, 1850. Mrs. Banes, who was born June 24, 1820, is the only survivor of her family. Her sister Sarah, who became the wife of Colonel Daniel Hankins, of Connersville, died in 1839, and her brother James, who for many years was associated in business with Colonel Hankins. is deceased. Jonathan Mount, the next brother, removed to Carroll county, Indiana, where he passed the remainder of his life; and Peter, the youngest, died in Wabash county, where he had lived for some time. Rebecca Ann, born in 1815, never married; and her death took place in 1849. She and Mrs. Banes were the only members of that family born in Franklin county, the others having been born in New Jersey. The two children born to Jonathan Banes and wife were William Mount and Mary. The latter, born in 1846, became the wife of E. W. High, and died September 12,  1890.

William Mount Banes, born June 5, 1843, on the site of his present home, which was the homestead of his parents, has always been a resident of Metamora township. From his youth he has devoted his time to farming and stock-raising, and the finely improved and valuable homestead which he now occupies comprises over one thousand acres.    He has a beautiful home where his friends are  made royally welcome,   hospitality being one of the marked attributes of his nature.

The marriage of Mr. Banes and Nancy, daughter of Thomas Tague, an early settler of this township, was solemnized April 6, 1871. Both of her parents died in 1871, and her death occurred ten years later, when she was in her thirty-sixth year. The three children of that marriage are Cora, Linnie and Leroy. Both daughters graduated from Oxford Female College, and the son is studying civil engineering at Purdue University, and is a young man of great promise. On the 29th of September, 1887, Mr. Banes married Miss Annie Olivia Clouds, daughter of the Rev. George C. and Mary A. Clouds. The former is a well known minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church, now located at Greensburg, Indiana. He is a native of Philadelphia, while his wife was born in Cincinnati. Mrs. Banes also is a Cincinnati lady, her birth having occurred September 29, 1863, and all but one of her seven brothers and sisters are still living. The only child of our subject and wife is Mary, who was born October 10, 1888. They are members of the Methodist Episcopal  church, and  fraternally  Mr. Banes  is a   Mason   of   the  Royal Arch degree.

BLACKLIDGE, Alfred

For just half a century Alfred Blacklidge has been engaged in business in Metamora, during which period he has materially aided in maintaining the high financial standing of this place. He enjoys a truly enviable reputation as a merchant and citizen, his hone able, straightforward course in life meriting the commendation of those with whom he has dealings.

Among the first pioneers of Franklin county was the paternal grandfather of our subject, Jacob Blacklidge, who settled in what is now known as Blooming Grove township in 1813.  He was a native of Virginia, his birth having occurred August 17, 1770, and when he arrived at man's estate he emigrated to Kentucky, where he spent a few years, prior to his removal to this county. Here he cleared a farm in the forest and made a comfortable home for his family. A typical frontiersman, he endured hardships to which his descendants are utter strangers, yet without a murmur of complaint, and helped to pave the way for the prosperity and civilization which followed. Late in life he settled in Rush county, where his death took place December 13, 1849, and within a month his faithful wife joined him in the spirit world, her death occurring January 7, 1850, when she was nearly seventy-eight years of age. Both are sleeping their last sleep in the peaceful cemetery at Metamora. Mrs. Blacklidge was a native of Kentucky, and in her girlhood bore the name of Charlotte Laville. Of their five sons and a daughter, four were born before the removal of the family to Indiana, and all have been summoned to the silent land. They were named as follows: James, Joel, John, Harvey, Alvin and Drusilla, and each of them married and left children.

Harvey Blacklidge, the father of our subject, was the last of his parents' family to pass away. Born in Somerset, Kentucky, September 17, 1802, he was about eleven years of age when he came to this county, and here he grew to manhood, sharing the privations and labors necessary in a new country. After his marriage to Selina Gordon, who was born January 29, 1809, a daughter of William Gordon, he located in Metamora Township, and dwelt upon one farm there until 1857. That year he removed to Decatur County, Indiana, where he resided until he was bereft of his wife, who died September 14, 1868. Returning then to Metamora, he lived with his unmarried daughter, Albina, until his death, February 18, 1889. Another daughter, Angelire, became the wife of Peter C. Woods and died at her home in Illinois, several years ago. Albina also died a few years ago. Elizabeth, the third daughter, married William Stout and is a resident of Oklahoma. William and John are citizens of Metamora, and Milton lives in Madison County, Indiana. Henry gave his life to his country during the civil war. He enlisted as a member of the Eighteenth Regiment of Indiana Volunteer Infantry, and was killed in the battle of Foster's Farm, near Richmond, Virginia, May 10,  1834.

Alfred Blacklidge. the eldest of his parents' children, was born on the old homestead in Metamora township, October 30, 1827. Though he was reared to agricultural pursuits, he early decided to enter the mercantile field of endeavor, and obtained a position as a clerk in a Metamora store in 1848. Having become thoroughly familiar with the business and having carefully accumulated a small capital, he invested it in a stock of goods in September, 1861. Since  that  time, nearly  two-score years,  he. has  been  one of the leading merchants of the town, just and fair in all his transactions, and highly esteemed by every one.

In his early manhood Mr. Blacklidge was united in marriage to Elizabeth Edgerton, a daughter of Mortimer Edgerton, who with his wife came to this state from Penn , New York, being numbered among the pioneers of Laurel township, Franklin county. Four daughters were born to Mr. and Mrs. Blacklidge, of whom Ella is the wife of William Chidester, of Indianapolis; and Miss Kate is at home. Mary became the wife of Dr. E. L. Patterson, and died at their home in Brookville, June 6, 1898. Grace died at the age of twenty-six years. Mrs. Blacklidge and daughters are active members of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

One of the oldest Odd Fellows in Indiana, Mr. Blacklidge joined the order on the 5th of April, 1849, only ten days after the Protection Lodge was organized, that event having taken place March 24. In his political convictions he is a Republican. A high standard of morality and elevated principles have always governed the actions of this worthy citizen, and he may well be proud of the fact that he has never tasted liquor nor tobacco in any form. His example, in every particular, might well serve as a model to the younger generation, who are soon to take the places so long and honorably filled by those of his own.

Submitted by Christine Walters Source: "The Book of Detroiters by Albert Nelson Marquis 1908"

DERBYSHIRE, Ephraim  M.   D.

Doctor Derbyshire is not only a leading physician of Indiana, but stands as a representative of one of the old and honored families of the state, the name having been identified with the annals of American history from pre-Revolutionary times and having ever stood for the staunchest integrity and honor in all the relations of life. The Doctor is a native of Franklin County, having been born near Laurel, on the 17th of February, 1846, a son of James A. and Hannah (Palmer) Derbyshire.  

The Derbyshire family is of stanch old English stock, and records extant show that representatives of the name settled in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, prior to the war of the Revolution, the old family homestead having been located near the town of Yardley, that county. In this old Pennsylvania homestead both the grandfather and the father of the Doctor were born. The former, Alexander D. Derbyshire, passed his entire life in his native county, and he died in the old ancestral home mentioned. He was a weaver by trade, but he devoted the greater part of his life to agricult­ural pursuits.

James Alexander Derbyshire, the father of the Doctor, was born in Bucks county, Pennsylvania, on the 24th of April, 1817, the son of Alexan­der Derbyshire, who was likewise a native of the same county, as has already been noted, his death occurring at the age of sixty-five years, while his wife passed away when James A. was a child of but three years. On the old home­stead James A. Derbyshire grew to maturity, receiving such educational advantages as were afforded by the public schools, and preparing himself for the active duties of life by learning the trade of carpenter. In 1836 his brother-in-law, Joel Palmer, came from Pennsylvania to Indiana to engage in the construction of the Whitewater canal, and in connection with this work Mr. Derbyshire was induced to come to the state in the succeeding year, 1837. His brother-in-law was a contractor, and Mr, Derbyshire found employment with him, being engaged in the construction of locks and bridges on the canal, continuing to be thus employed until work on the canal was suspended. He then turned his attention to agricultural pursuits, having for several years carried on farming operations on rented land in Posey town­ship, Franklin county, where he has ever since continued to reside. In 1846 he purchased his present farm, which is located on section 20, and his enter­prise and sound judgment conserved the success of his efforts, and he has been long recognized as one of the representative men of the county, being held in the highest confidence and esteem in the community where he has so long resided.

In the year 1842 was solemnized the marriage of James A. Derbyshire and Hannah Palmer, daughter of Ephraim Palmer, and they became the parents of seven children, two of whom are now deceased. We here give a brief record concerning the children: Oscar is a resident of Laurel, this county; Ephraim is the immediate subject of this review; Albert and Alexan­der are residents of the state of Oregon; Caroline is the wife of Prof. Felix Shelling, of the University of Pennsylvania; Elizabeth became the wife of John Withers, and her death occurred several years ago; and William P. died in infancy. Mrs. Derbyshire had been in declining health for some time, and in the hope of relief she went to California in 1886, being shortly afterward joined by her husband. They continued to reside in California for a year, but with no appreciable or permanent benefit to the health of Mrs. Derby­shire. They accordingly returned to their home in Indiana, and the devoted wife and mother survived but a short time after her arrival, her death occur­ring in Connersville.

In his political adherency Mr. Derbyshire has long rendered a stanch allegiance to the Republican party and the principles and policies for which it stands sponsor. He was originally a Democrat, but left the ranks of that party at the time of the organization of the Republican party and gave his support to its presidential candidate, John C. Fremont. In earlier years he took quite an active part in local political affairs, and served for some time as a justice of the peace. In his religious views he holds to the faith of the Methodist Episcopal church, of which he is a member. Fraternally he has been long and conspicuously identified with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, being one of the oldest members of that organization in the state. He was initiated into its mysteries in 1839, and has thus been a member for the long term of sixty years. He has on many occasions represented his lodge in the grand lodge of the state, having been a delegate as lately as 1898. On this occasion he received much attention and fraternal deference as a veteran member of the order and as the oldest representative present. Mr. Derbyshire has ever been held in the highest esteem in the community, has ordered his life on a high plane, and is honored as one of the venerable pioneers of the county.

Dr. Ephraim Derbyshire, son of the venerable gentleman whose life history has just been briefly outlined, was reared on the old homestead in Posey Township, securing his preliminary educational discipline in the public schools, after which he completed a course of academic studies in the old Brookville College. After leaving school he learned the tinner's trade, to which he devoted his attention for a time. His ambition and natural predilections, however, prompted him to seek a wider and higher field of endeavor. His ambition was distinctly one of action, and he determined to prepare himself for the medical profession. He began his technical studies in the line, and in 1873-4 he took the course of lectures in the Ohio Medical College. Thus thoroughly fortified by careful and discriminating study, he began the prac­tice of his chosen profession in New Salem, Rush county. Indiana, where he remained until 1880, having built up an excellent practice and established a reputation as an able and skillful practitioner. Desiring to still farther per­fect himself for the work of his profession, he then matriculated in the Med­ical College of Indiana, at Indianapolis, where he completed the full course of study, graduating with the degree of Doctor of Medicine.

Immediately after his graduation the Doctor located in  Bentonville, Fayette County, this state, where he continued in the active and successful practice of his profession until 1897, when he located in Connersville, where his prestige and success have been equally marked. He has a deep appreciation of the responsibilities of his laborious and exacting profession, and not only does he keep fully abreast of the advances made in the sciences -of medicine and surgery, but he is animated by that lively sympathy and geniality of nature which are so essential in the true physician. The Doctor is a member of the State Medical Society and also the district association, and at the present time he is the incumbent as secretary of the county board -of health. For the past thirty-five years Dr. Derbyshire has been a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, in whose work he has a deep and abiddng interest.

The marriage of the Doctor was celebrated in the year 1868, when he was united to Miss Amy C. French, of Decatur County, Indiana. They became the parents of two children, one of whom is deceased. The surviving child, Catherine, gives additional brightness in the home, which is the center of a cultured and refined hospitality. The Doctor and his family enjoy a distinctive popularity in the little city of their home. Reverting, in conclusion, to the Doctor's father,   Jarr.es  A.   Derbyshire, we may say that he is conceded to be the oldest Odd Fellow in the state, and on the occasion of the meeting of the grand lodge,   at Indianapolis, in1898, that distinguished body voted him a medal  in honor of his long and prominent service in the fraternity.Mr.Derbyshire's fine farm comprises two hundred acres, under most effective cultivation and  equipped  with substantial improvements. On his farm are the local famed  Derbyshire  falls,which are known for their picturesque beauty, attracting many visitors to the place

 DOWNS, Captain Thomas

For many years an active factor in the industrial interests of Connersville, Captain Thomas Downs, through his diligence, perseverance anti business ability acquired a handsome competence, and also contributed to the general prosperity through the conduct of enterprises which furnished employment to many. Reliability in all trade transactions, loyalty to all duties of citizenship, fidelity in the discharge of every trust reposed in him,—these are his chief characteristics, and through the passing years they have gained to him the unqualified confidence and respect of his fellow townsmen.

Captain Downs was born in Anderson, Indiana, and is of Irish descent; but at an early day the family was founded in America, and the grandfather, Thomas Downs, removed from his native state of Maryland to Fleming county, Kentucky, in 1800. Thirty years later he became a resident of Franklin county, Indiana, where he continued farming, which he had made his life work until called to his final rest. His wife, who bore the maiden name of Ruth House, was a native of Kentucky, and in their family were three sons and two daughters. Hezekiah Downs, the father of the Captain, was born in Kentucky in 1818, and went with his parents to Rush county at the age of twelve. Through much of his life he followed farming in Madison county, this state, but in 1862 brought his family to Connersville and here his last days were passed. He died in 1882, at the age of sixty-four years.

Captain Downs received his scholastic training in Madison county, and in May, 1862, when only sixteen years of age enlisted, at Anderson, for service in the civil war, becoming a member of Company K, Fifty-fourth Indiana Infantry. On the expiration of his three-months term he re-enlisted, October 2, 1862, becoming a member of Company K, Sixteenth Indiana Infantry, continuing at the front until November 10, 1865, when, the war having ended, he was honorably discharged at Vicksburg. He was with the Army of the Cumberland and participated in the Vicksburg campaign and the Red river expedition. After the former he was ill for three months with typhoid fever, but with this exception he was always found at his post of duty, faithfully performing every service allotted to him, whether upon the field of battle or on the picket line during the silent watches of the night.

When the country no longer needed his services Captain Downs came to Connersville, where he has since made his home. For many years he engaged in contracting and building. He was alone in business until January I, 1874, when he became a member of the firm of Andre, Stewart & Company, contractors and builders and owners and operators of a planing-mill. A year later he purchased the interests of his partners, with the exception of Mr. Stewart, and the firm of Stewart & Downs was organized. This relation was maintained for a year, when Mr. Stewart sold his interest to Mr. Martin, and in 1877, by the admission of Mr. Wait to an interest in the business, the firm of Martin, Downs & Company was established. In 1878 they sold the planing-mill to L. T. Bovver, but Mr. Downs and Mr. Wait continued together in the contracting and building business. Subsequently they purchased the planing-mill of Martin & Ready, and Mr. Ready bought a third interest in the business, operations being carried on under the style of Downs, Ready & Company until January I, 1899, when the Captain withdrew. This firm ran a very extensive planing-mill and did the largest contracting and building business in the city for many years. Many of the finest residences and other buildings of Connersville stand as monuments to the enterprise, thrift and ability of Captain Downs, whose commendable efforts made his success well merited.

Into other fields of endeavor also has he directed his energies and his wise counsel and sound judgment have contributed to the success of a number of the leading business concerns of the city. He is a director of the Fayette Banking Company and is a director of the Central Manufacturing Company, which he aided in organizing in 1S98. serving as its president the first year. He is a member and director of the Fayette Building & Loan Association, of which he served as president for a number of years. On the i6th of July, 1898, he was appointed assistant quartermaster in the United States Army, with the rank of captain. He was stationed at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri one of the largest and oldest military posts and distributing stations in the country, having been established in 1S27, and entered upon the duties of the office August 8. 1898. He is now stationed at Fort Stevens, Oregon.

On the l0th of November, 1866, Mr. Downs was united in marriage to Miss Mary J. Eisemann, of Connersville, and their children are: Florence; Susan J., wife of Charles A. Rieman, a florist of Connersville and superintendent of the city cemetery ; Augusta, wife of J. P. Rhoads, who is employed at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri; William, who died in 188S, at the age of seventeen years ; and George, a graduate of Purdue University. The Captain maintains pleasant relations with his old army comrades through his membership in Connersville Post, No. 126, G. A. R., and is now serving as its commander. He also belongs to Otonka Tribe. No. 94, I. O. R. M. ; Warren Lodge. No. 17. F. & A. M. : and Maxwell Chapter, R. A. M. An ardent advocate of the principles of the Republican party, he does all in his power to promote its growth and insure its success. He has served as a member of the city council and was on the school board for nine years, acting at different times as its secretary, treasurer and president. The cause of education finds in him a warm friend, who has effectively advanced its interests, and other measures for the pubic good receive his hearty support and co-operation. He possesses a social nature and jovial disposition, and the circle of his friends is almost co-extensive with the circle of his acquaintances.Source: Biographical and Genealogical History of Wayne, Fayette, Union and Franklin Counties Indiana

GORDON, Mahlon C.

Mahlon C. Gordon, one of the honored residents of Metamora or vicinity for nearly three-quarters of a century, is the sole survivor of a family of children which formerly  comprised thirteen  members, and which is notable from the fact that it was one of the first  to make a permanent settlement in this section of Franklin county.

William Gordon, the paternal grandfather of our subject, emigrated from England to Virginia in colonial days. In that state he married Miss Duedworth, whose birth had occurred near Lancaster, England, September 14, 1731, and who came to America with her parents when she was young. They took up their abode upon a fine old plantation on the Potomac river, about thirty miles above Washington, the present capital of this nation. Of the six children born to William Gordon and wife, William, Jr., and Sarah, twins, were born after the death of the father. The mother subsequently sold her plantation and in 1796 removed with her family to Kentucky. Her last years were spent at the home of her son William, near Metamora, her death taking place September 12, 1822, when she was in her ninety-second year.

The birth of William Gordon, Jr., the father of the subject of this article, occurred in Virginia, August 11, 1779, and when he was about seventeen years of age he accompanied his mother to the Blue-grass state. In 1803 he married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Kelley, an Englishman, who had come to America as an officer in the army commanded by General Cornwallis. Six years after their marriage the young couple mentioned went to Ohio, where they lived but one year, then coming to Franklin county. Arriving here in the latter part of 1810 or the spring of 1811, Mr. Gordon was the first person to buy land on Duck creek after the land had been surveyed. He was prominently identified with the early settlement of this section and was the owner of large estates during his prime. He passed to his reward September 9, i860, at his home near Metamora; and his wife, Elizabeth, died August 28, 1865, aged seventy-six years and three months. Thirteen children blessed their union, namely: William, Orville, Selina, Julia Ann, Eliza, Emeline, Milton B., Melvin H., Isabella, Leonidas, Angeline, Mahlon C. and Chilton T.

As previously stated, Mahlon C. Gordon is the only one of this large household now living. He was born on his father's farm near Metamora, February 10, 1826, and in his early manhood he owned a flouring-mill and a woolen mill below the town, and operated them successfully until 1858, when the mills were destroyed by fire. Then he removed to the village and started in business again, owning a flouring-mill here for several years. Finally, disposing of this property, he turned his attention to farming, and now lives upon and cultivates the old homestead of his wife's father, John McWhorter. The marriage of Mr. Gordon and Rebecca McWhorter was solemnized January 1, 1850, and for almost half a century they have pursued the journey of life together, loved and respected by all who know them.

HAMMOND, Hon. Edwin Pollok

Conspicuous among the representative members of the Indiana bar stands Hon. Edwin P. Hammond, who without question is one of the ablest exponents of the law in the state. The record of his career, as outlined below, must prove of interest to his innumerable friends and Well-wishers, as it bespeaks the character and labors of a singularly successful, upright, patriotic citizen, who is now a resident of Lafayette.

Born in Brookville, Franklin county, Indiana, November 26, 1835, Edwin P. Hammond is a son of Nathaniel and Hannah H. (Sering) Ham­mond, the former a native of Maine and of fine old New England stock. He was married to Miss Sering in Brookville, Indiana, and became a pioneer of Franklin county, this state. In 1849 he removed to Columbus, Indiana, and later in life became a citizen of Jasper county, where he died in 1874. He was a temperate, industrious man, and was blessed with a happy old age. He left four sons and five daughters. One of the sons, Abram A. Ham­mond, was at one time governor of Indiana, and another son, William P., once represented Morgan county in the Indiana legislature, and later became a prominent lawyer of Albia, Iowa.

In early life the subject of this sketch worked on the farm, his educational advantages being limited to the district schools, but by diligent application he obtained a wide fund of information. At the age of nineteen he became a clerk in the first wholesale dry goods house established in Indianapolis, and in 1855 he took up the study of law in the office of his half brother, Hon. Abram A. Hammond, and Hon. Thomas H. Nelson, of Terre Haute. In the winter of 1856—7 he was admitted to the senior law class of Asbury (now DePauw) University, at Greencastle, and was graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Laws in 1857. Immediately afterward he located in Rensselaer, Jasper county, and there began his professional career, which has been a very successful one.

When the civil war came on, Mr. Hammond was one of the first to respond to President Lincoln's call for troops in defense of the Union. Volunteering in April, 1861, for the three months service, in Company G, Ninth Indiana Infantry, he was elected second lieutenant and was afterward commissioned first lieutenant of the company, which participated in the West Virginia campaign, .under Colonel (afterward General) Robert H. Milroy. At the close of his service Mr. Hammond resumed his law practice in Rensselaer, and in October, 1861, was elected without opposition as representative in the legislature from the counties of Newton, Jasper and Pulaski. In August following he assisted in recruiting Company A, Eighty seventh Indiana Volunteers, and was chosen and commissioned its captain. March 22, 1863, he was promoted to the rank of major and on the 21st of the next November he was commissioned lieutenant colonel. With the exception of a short time in the winter of 1863-4, when he was at home on a recruiting service, he was continuously at the front, part- icipating in many of the most brilliant and hard fought campaigns of the war. He took part in the battle of Chickamauga, September 19 and 20, 1863. When Colonel Newell Gleason, commander of his regiment, had been placed at the head of the brigade, Colonel Hammond assumed the vacated post of colonel of his regiment and continued in that capacity during the remainder of the war. This period included the hundred days of almost incessant fighting from Chattanooga to Atlanta, the march with Sherman to the sea and thence through the Carolinas to Washington. Colonel Hammond enjoyed the respect and good will of the officers and men under his command and the confidence of his brigade, corps and division officers, who at the close of the war recommended that he be brevetted colonel of United States Volunteers, and accordingly he was appointed by the president to this brevet rank of colonel, his commission stating it to be " for gallant and meritorious service."

Quietly taking up the professional duties which he had abandoned in the hour of his country's peril, Colonel Hammond ere long had an extensive and remunerative practice, as he richly deserved.    In March, 1873, Governor T. A. Hendricks appointed the Colonel to the position of judge of the thirtieth judicial circuit, and at the fall election of the same year he was elected to that office. Again, in 1878, he was elected without opposition for a term of six years. May 14, 1883, Judge Hammond was appointed by Governor A. G. Porter as judge of the supreme court of the state from the Fifth district. This appointment was made to fill a vacancy caused by the appointment of Hon. William A. Woods (then judge of the supreme court) to the judgeship of the district court of the United States for Indiana. In the fall of 1884 Judge Hammond was the nominee of the Republican party for judge of the supreme court from the fifth district, and with his party was defeated. Though he was not successful in the race, the fact that he received five thousand more votes than did the head of the ticket was ample evidence of the excellent record he had made and of his popularity with the people of the state. He retired from the supreme court bench January 1, 1885, after having gained for himself an enviable reputation for judicial impartiality, firmness and knowledge of the law. For the next five years he practiced uninterruptedly at Rensselaer, at the expiration of which period he was again elected judge of the circuit court and as such served until August, 1892. At that time he resigned and entered into partnership with Charles B. and Will­iam V. Stuart, under the firm name of Stuart Brothers & Hammond, now one of the strongest law firms of Lafayette, whither Judge Hammond removed in 1894. As a lawyer he has long sustained the reputation of being of the ablest in Indiana; as a judge his rulings and opinions have commanded the respect of the highest authorities. Gifted with a keen, analytical mind and rare powers of discrimination and judgment and intimate knowledge of the law, his services on the supreme-court bench, as well as on that of the circuit court, were such as to place him among the ablest jurists of the time. In appreciation and recognition of the high rank which he had achieved at the bar, Wabash College conferred upon him the degree of Doctor of Laws in 1892.

Previous to the civil war Judge Hammond was affiliated with the Demo­cratic party, but since that time has been an ardent Republican. He was a delegate in the Republican national convention, at Philadelphia, in 1872, which nominated General Grant for his second term. Fraternally, he is a Mason, a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and of the Grand Army of the Republic.

In 1864 the Judge married Miss Mary V. Spitler and their children are as follows: Louie, wife of William B. Austin, of Rensselaer, Indiana; Angela, wife of Edward A. Horner, of Leadville, Colorado; Edwin P., Jr., a graduate of the Indiana State University, is now practicing law with his father; Jean and Nina V.

HARRELL, Mrs. Sarah Carmichael

HARRELL, Mrs. Sarah Carmichael, educator and reformer, born in Brookville, Ind.. 8th January, 1844. Her maiden name was Sarah Carmichael. In 1859 she began to teach in the public schools of Indiana, and for twelve years was remarkably successful, being the first woman teacher to receive equal wages with male teachers in southeast Indiana. Mrs. Harrell entered the primary class in Brookville College when eight years of age, and while still in the intermediate class she left college to take charge of her first - school. Under various pen-names she has written articles on floriculture, educational items and letters of travel. She became the wife, in 1872, of Hon. S. S. Harrell, a successful lawyer, now serving his fourth term in the State legislature. Her family consists of two daughters. She was appointed one of the Board of World's Fair Managers of Indiana by Gov. Hovey. She is a member and the secretary of the educational committee and one of the committee on woman's work. Her greatest work is the origination and carrying to a successful completion of the plan known as the "Penny School Collection Fund of Indiana," to beused in the educational exhibit in the Columbian Exposition. Besides these positions, she is superintendent of scientific temperance instruction for Indiana, and is preparing to secure the enactment of a law to regulate the study of temperance in the public schools.

(Source: American Women by Frances Elizabeth Willard, Mary Ashton Rice Livermore, Vol. 1, 1897. Transcribed by Marla Snow)

HOLLAND, George

No compendium such as the province of this work defines in its essential limitations will serve to offer fit memorial to the life and accomplishments of the honored subject of this review, a man remarkable in the breadth of his wisdom, in his indomitable perseverance, his strong individuality, and yet one whose entire life had not one esoteric phase, being able to bear the closest scrutiny. True, his were " massive deeds and great" in one sense, and yet his entire accomplishment but represented the result of the fit utilization of the innate talent which was his, and the directing of his efforts along those lines where mature judgment and rare discrimination led the way. There was in George Holland a weight of character, a native sagacity, a far-seeing judgment and a fidelity of purpose that commanded the respect of all, but greater than these was his absolute honesty, and "an honest man is the noblest work of God."

George Holland spent almost his entire life in eastern Indiana. He was born in Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, September 28, 1811. There, nine years before, his parents, John and Ann (Henderson) Holland, had taken up their abode. They were poor Protestant peasants from the north of Ireland, and after their marriage and the birth of two of their children they crossed the Atlantic, in 1802. Not long after the birth of their son George they removed to Ohio, and made their home near Zanesville until 1817 when they became residents of Franklin county, Indiana. The father purchased a farm upon the west bank of Whitewater river, about five miles from Brookville, the county seat, making a partial payment upon the place, expecting soon, as the result of his labors, to have the money to discharge the remaining obligation. Death, however, set aside his plans, for in the autumn of 1818 both the father and mother were stricken with a malignant fever, and while their bodies were interred in a cemetery of their adopted land by the hands of strangers, their seven children, all yet in their minority, were ill at home, unable to attend the funeral. There were six sons and a daughter, and on this side of the Atlantic they had no relative. It was a sad fate, made still harder by cruel treatment which was meted out to them, and of which George Holland wrote in an autobiography found among his papers after his death: "We now first began to learn something of the great world around us. Its rush and roar we had before heard only in the distance; but those being gone who had kindly preserved us from exposure and had borne for us all the cares of life, we found ourselves, helpless and unprotected, afloat upon the current. We tasted, too, for the first time, the bitter falsehood of human nature. The man of whom my father had bought his land came forward in the exigency and charitably administered the estate. His benevolence was peculiar. It resulted in appropriating to himself the real and personal property, and turning us, the children, as paupers, over to the bleak hospitalities of the world."

In Indiana, at that time, it was the custom, on the first Monday in April, to gather the poor of a county at the court-house and hire them out to such persons as would engage to maintain them at the lowest price. The winter being passed in the cabin of a neighbor, Mr. Holland and his four brothers were conveyed by the overseers of the poor to  Brookville, on the first Monday in April, 1819, to be thus placed in the care of the lowest bidder. Although but seven years of age, Mr. Holland deeply felt the humiliation of the position, but kind hearted people of Brookville interposed in behalf of himself and his brothers, and found permanent homes for them as apprentices until twenty one years of age. Thus it was that he became an inmate of the home and a member of the family of Robert John, a man who had no property but was possessed of a kind heart and proved a benefactor to the boy. In return, however, Mr. Holland was most faithful to Mr. John, and for many years was his active assistant in whatever work he engaged. When he was about thirteen Mr. John purchased an interest in a printing office, and Mr. Holland began work at the case and press, soon gaining a practical knowledge of the business and becoming a good workman. When Mr. John became sheriff he served as deputy, and on retiring from office he worked in a woolen factory which his employer rented, having charge of a set of wool carding machines for two seasons. In the summer of 1830 Mr. John was elected clerk of the circuit court, and took charge of the office in February, 1831, Mr. Holland again becoming his deputy. This was a year and a half before he attained his majority. His experience in the office had determined him to make the practice of law his life-work, and on coming of age he began reading without the aid of a teacher. The county clerk, John M. Johnson, witnessing his ambitious efforts, permitted him to use his law library, and at the same time he read all the miscellaneous volumes he could procure, thus daily broadening his general as well as professional knowledge. He was always a man of scholarly tastes, and throughout life found one of his chief sources of pleasure among his books. A short time before attaining his majority he successfully passed an examination, and was admitted to the bar. One who knew him well, in referring to his early life, said: "As a boy and youth he was gentle, kind and considerate, full of energy, and possessed of the most indomitable perseverance. His vigorous and unremitting efforts to educate and prepare himself for the profession of his choice in the midst of irksome and exacting duties, and his early struggles in the profession, in the face of poverty and ill health, indicate the heroic spirit and fixedness of purpose which even then distinguished him, and which he afterward so conspicuously displayed under such trying circumstances."

Mr. Holland had not a dollar at the time of his admission to the bar. He, however, borrowed fifty dollars, purchased a small law library at auction and opened an office in Brookville. About this time he secured the office of county assessor and the outdoor exercise proved very beneficial to his undermined health, while the nature of his business made him acquainted with many people and thus paved the way for future law practice. He received -seventy five dollars for his official services, which enabled him to repay the borrowed money. He was not only well equipped for his professional career by a comprehen- sive knowledge of the principles of jurisprudence, but his experience in the clerk's office had given him a thorough and practical knowledge of forms and practice. One from whom we have before quoted, said of him: " His early success at the bar was marvelous, and may be attributed mainly to the thorough knowledge of his profession, which he acquired by the most indefatigable reading and study. He read everything he could get hold of in the way of general and professional literature. Few lawyers of the day, at the Indiana bar, were as thoroughly grounded in the principles of law and as familiar with the English and early American reports as he was. His range of professional reading was most extensive and included most of the rare works in black letter lore that could then be procured. At the same time, and in fact almost during his entire life, even when in later years he was almost overwhelmed with financial cares and responsibilities, his delight was in general literature, it was his rest and recreation, and in historical, political, scientific and religious learning his mind was a encyclopedia of facts. While he had none of the elements of a popular speaker, and, consequently, made no mark as an orator, he was a logical and persuasive reasoner before a jury, and had great force in presenting an argument to a court. The care with which he prepared his cases, the skill and shrewdness he displayed in their management, his unrivaled power in dealing with a complicated and tangled chain of issues and circumstances, together with his extensive professional knowledge, made him a most formidable opponent in the lower courts, and gave him an excellent reputation at the bar of the supreme court, where he was admitted to practice in May, 1835, when twenty four years of age."

Prosperity attended his efforts for many years. The important litigated interests entrusted to his care brought him handsome financial returns, and much of his capital he judiciously invested in property and added not a little to his income through wise speculations. At length, however, disaster overtook him. Honorable himself, he was slow to distrust others, and when those in whose worthiness and friendship he relied implicitly wished him to go security for them he complied. It was in November, 1853, that some of his merchant friends failed, leaving him to pay their indebtedness of fifty thousand dollars. This seemed a great deal, but was as nothing compared to what awaited him. In November, 1854, he awoke to the realization that he was endorser for a broken and bankrupt merchant for one hundred thousand dollars in blank, all due within sixty days and for which he was unmistakably liable. Utterly discouraged and disheartened, in the midst of this gloom and desolation, yet encouraged by his sympathizing wife, he resolved that with the help and blessing of God he would pay the debt, and resolutely set to work to accomplish the task, with an abiding faith that he would live to accomplish it. And he did live to accomplish it after a struggle of twenty one years, paying the last of these debts just fourteen years before his sudden death, and never was a word of suspicion breathed against his fair name. Anxiety pressed heavily upon him and he suffered a purely nervous fever, from the effects of which he never recovered, but he  paid off dollar for dollar. The true character of the man now shone   forth; his ideas of commercial honor and integrity were of the   highest character and his determination to pay that awful debt, most of it fraudulently put upon him, was inflexibly fixed. The financial skill and business ability he displayed at this critical  period in his  affairs; the zeal  and ingenuity he exhibited  in getting extensions of the bank paper upon which he was liable, until he could have time to turn about and handle  his property;   his   unvarying success in disposing of the latter to the best advantage;   in making,   when   necessary, new and   advantageous loans, and generally,  in meeting his obligations, promptly as they became due, are simply marvelous. When one  considers that   all   this was done in connection with the exacting duties of a large law practice, which he never suffered to be neglected, it indicates more strongly than words can express the  strength and   fertility of his mind and his great business and professional capacities.

In May, 1869, Judge N. H. Johnson died suddenly, leaving a vacancy on the bench of the criminal court of Wayne county, and to the position Mr. Holland was appointed. Previous to this time, his only child had married C. C. Binkley, a young lawyer, whom Judge Holland admitted into partnership in his business, this connection continuing until his elevation to the bench. In July, 1861, he had determined to remove to Richmond, and in May, 1862, had established his family in the new home. When elevated to the bench he was in very poor health, but after a few months spent at Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, he returned much improved, and with characteristic energy entered upon his judicial labors. He was re-elected to that office, and administered justice without fear or favor until the court was abolished by legislative act. His professional brethren spoke of him as one of the foremost lawyers of Indiana of his day and his record reflects honor upon the bench and bar of the state.

When twenty three years of age Judge Holland was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth John, daughter of Robert John, in whose family he was reared, and he never lost an opportunity to acknowledge his indebtedness to his wife and her parents for all that they were to him. To her mother, Mrs. Asenath John, he attributed all the ambitious and honorable influences which permeated his youth, and to the assistance and encouragement of his wife he attributed the success which crowned his many years of  effort in paying off the debts of another. One daughter, Georgiana, was born of this marriage, and from the time of their removal to Richmond Mr. Holland and his wife and Mr. and Mrs. Binkley with their children lived in one family. Mrs. Holland survives and still resides with her daughter. In 1849, having no son of their own, they adopted Edwin Holland Terrel, then only nine months old. He was left motherless at that age, and his father, Rev. Williamson Terrel, was an itinerant Methodist minister. The boy proved entirely worthy the love and tender care bestowed upon him. For some years he was a prominent practitioner at the bar at Indianapolis. Having married at San Antonio, Texas, he removed there and entered the practice at that place. Soon afterward he drifted into railroad and other enterprises, resulting very successfully. In 1888, his merit and qualification being well known to Benjamin Harrison, president of the United States, he appointed him United States minister to Belgium, which place he filled with great renown and distinction to the close of that administration. He is still living in San Antonio, occupied with the care of his property and accumulations, enjoying the comforts of one of the most elegant homes of Texas and reveling in the delights of one of the finest private libraries in the state.

In politics Judge Holland was a stalwart Republican, and in 1860 he was a delegate to the national convention in Chicago, which nominated Abraham Lincoln for the presidency. In the spring of 1842 he acknowledged his belief in the Christ and was ever afterward a follower in His footsteps, having an abiding faith in the Christian religion. He was always at his place in the church, and manifested his belief in that practical spirit of helpfulness of the One who came not to be ministered unto but to minister. Death came to him unexpectedly, November 30, 1875, but his upright life had fully prepared him to meet it, and he passed from earth as "one who wraps the draperies of his couch about him and lies down to pleasant dreams."

No death in Wayne County has ever been more deeply lamented than that of Judge Holland. He was a man who regarded home ties as most sacred and friendship as inviolable. Emerson says "The way to win a friend is to be one," and no man in the community had more friends than he. He was a man of very sympathetic and generous nature, a pleasant companion, and especially congenial to those who cultivated all that was highest and best in life. Resolutions of the highest respect were passed by the bar of the county and circuit and the bar of Brookville, his old home, and the sympathy of the entire community was with the family. Almost a quarter of a century has passed since Judge Holland was called to the home beyond, but he is well remembered by all who knew him, his memory is cherished in the hearts of his friends, and his influence still remains as a blessed benediction to those among whom he walked daily.

MARTIN, Charles B.

Charles B. Martin, one of the representative citizen of Brookville township, Franklin county, Indiana, was born on the old Martin homestead   May 28, 1841, and is a son  of Stephen and  Sarah (Wilson) Martin.  His father came to this county from South Carolina in 1811 and entered one hundred and sixty acres of land where Brookville now stands.  He was born March 7,1785, and was blessed with a strong constitution which enabled him to endure the privations and hardships incident to pioneer life. By perseverance and industry he was able to  accumulate  a considerable property  which  placed him and his family in comfortable circumstances.  He erected a cabin of poles, in which he  lived  many years and dispensed a generous hospitality to those around him.  He was a  Universalist  in belief and demonstrated the beauty of his faith in his practical  every-day life, delighting to give help to his brother man. He was twice married, his first wife, Anise Corners, being the mother of the following children, all of whom are dead:  Elizabeth (Mrs. William Stoops),   Edy  (Mrs. John   Stoops), Amos D., William, Daniel C, Stephen and Eliza Jane.  His second wife, Sarah Wilson, was born in June, 1802, and died February 11, 1888. Her children were John S., born November 24,  1835, and represented  on  another  page in  this  work; Patty Annie, deceased, born June 10, 1838; and  Charles B., our subject.  The father of Sarah Wilson Martin came to this county, also from South Carolina, the same year  as did   Mr. Martin, and settled  near the  Martin homestead. Of his three children, John and Charles are prosperous farmers, the third child being Patty Annie.  The father of our subject died on his farm May 5, 1846. Charles B. Martin was educated in the common schools and remained at home until i860. He then moved upon the farm of one hundred and sixty acres which had been purchased by his mother and uncle, Charles Wilson, and was known as the Simpson Jones farm; and to the original tract he has since added one hundred and thirty acres. In 1881 he built a pleasant new residence, replacing the old log house, which had been on the land for sixty years, with a modern brick building. This land 15 kept in the most perfect order, everything about the premises being neat and well kept. November 29, 1860, he was married to Miss Ellen Foster, daughter of William H. and Martha (Burns) Foster.  Mr. Foster was a native of Pennsylvania, a farmer by occupation and a local  minister in the Methodist church. He died when Mrs. Martin was one year old and to the mother fell the care and management of the farm and the care of seven children. The children are Jonathan H.; William Henderson, deceased; Mary; Emeline, wife of Joseph Alley; Ellis W.; Samuel B.; and Ellen, wife of our subject. Mrs. Martin was a judicious manager and by her industry and economy managed to clear the farm of debt and rear her children to lives of honor and usefulness. She lived to be eighty-eight years of age and died with the consciousness of a well-spent life.

The children who have blessed the union of our subject and wife are, John E., who married Laura Thomas; she died June 18, 1897, and in March, 1899, he married Jennie Jacobs, of Whitewater township; the children by his first marriage were Bertha A., Anna, John T., and Charles, deceased; Sarah E., the second child of Mr. Martin, is the wife of Edmund Higgs; Mattie O., deceased; William H., who married Estella Higgs; George A., who married Daisy Holmes, and has two children, Edith and Ethel; Lizzie M.; and Nellie M., Mr. Martin joined the Independent Order of Odd Fellows at the age of twenty-one, and is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, being a liberal contributor to the funds for the erection of the West Fork church. He is a man of high principles and is esteemed for the upright honorable conduct of his every-day life.

MAVITY, James S. M. D.

The character and attainments of the professional men of a city usually determine, to the mind of the stranger, the character of the city itself. Measured by this standard, Fowler stands second to no city of equal size in Indiana. The subject of this sketch stands at the head of the medical profession not only in Fowler, but also throughout the county. This is the unanimous verdict of representative citizens of the community.

Dr. James S. Mavity is a practitioner of twenty seven years' experience, a quarter of a century in the town of Fowler. He is  "Hoosier" by birth, born in Ripley county, February 19, 1845. His parents, David J. and Lurana B. (Davis) Mavity, were natives of Virginia, where they were reared to years of maturity and were married. In 1836 they removed to Ripley county, Indiana, and hence were among the early settlers of that county. They were the parents of six children, named as follows : Thomas Benton, a contractor and builder at Tipton, Indiana ; William K.", who died in Denver, Colorado, at the age of forty seven years, was a physician and surgeon; Lavisa A., who became the wife of James W. Lee, and resides at Indianapolis; Mary Louisa died in childhood ; Sarah E. married Jonathan B. Ward and died in Kokomo, Indiana, at the age of forty seven ; and James S., the subject of this sketch.

The family trace their genealogy to Normandy, and were established in America by William Mavity, grandfather of the subject of this sketch, who located in Greenbrier county, Virginia, in 1765 ; while the Davis family, as represented by the mother, is of English and German descent. David J. Mavity passed away in Ripley county, on the 7th of August, 1872, at the age of seventy four years. His life had been devoted to agricultural pursuits. His father, William Mavity, was a soldier from Virginia in the Revolutionary war. The following appeared in the Indianapolis Sentinel of November 28, 1895, and is: a matter of very great interest, not only as an heirloom, but also as an. unquestioned evidence that the Mavity family is descended from Revolutionary stock:

"In a lonely graveyard a few miles east of the town of New Marion, Ripley county, Indiana, is the grave of William Mavity, a sergeant major of the Second Battalion in the Fourth Regiment, commanded by Colonel Waller of the Virginia troops of the Revolutionary war. He lived in Virginia, and moved to Indiana in 1824, and died about 1832. As a sergeant major it was his duty to make daily reports, which he entered in a pocket diary, that has been preserved by his descendants and is now owned by John Mavity, of St. Helena, California. This diary is absolutely unique and very curious. It was made of coarse paper covered with leather tanned by the owner; and the leather is covered by cloth that was made from cotton raised, carded and spun on his own farm. The writing was done with a goose quill and sometimes a wooden pen. This little diary of twenty two pages is extremely valuable. It contains the names of officers and privates as entered on • the returns from twenty one captains of one hundred and eighty five rank and file.' The sergeant major drew a map of the siege of Yorktown in his diary, showing the positions of the New York troops, Lincoln's and Stev­en's regiments, also Colonel Dabney's and General Washington's headquarters, the British redout and the French troops. What scenes this old weath­er-beaten, even blood-stained little book, has passed through! The edges are ragged, torn and discolored, and on many pages the writing is illegible.

 The following is the exact description of the siege of Yorktown and the surrender of Cornwallis given in this diary. This is the first time this account appears in print, and is as follows:

'"In Camp at Springfield, " 'Sept. 28, 1781. "' Our men marched down to York, and the Rifle men and French Infantry attacked the British outlines and took their works, which Deprived them, of Pasture and ocostined them to kill their Horses; and on the 29th our Riflemen Drove them into their main works, and General Washington with the Grand Army appeared before York and Pitched their camps in view of the Enemies' works about a mile Distant, and immediately Laid close siege to their whole Garison, both by sea and Land, and raised Bateries without firing a shot till the eight of Oct., when we had three Batteries opened and began to play furiously upon the Enemy and silenced their fire, which they kept continually Pouring upon our men, while they were firing their works; and one 14th, at night our men made an Attack on the Enemies' Redoubt, where they kept their Picket Guard and stormed them with a considerable loss and made a great Carnage with the Enemy and took fifty nine prisoners, wounded forty three, and took several stands of arms. We had one Colonel, two Captains and forty rank and file killed, and one major and twenty wounded; and the 15th at night, our men made a Trench in conjunction with the Re­doubt that they had taken from the Enemy within two hundred yards of the Enemies' lines, and raised three Bateries; and they began to mount their cannon; but the Enemy came upon our militia and Drove them out of the works, took possession of our Grand Batery and spiked six pieces of our cannon; but the front came up and Drove them off and killed several and took eight; and on the 16th we finished our works; and on the 17th our Grand Batery Began to play very Heavy, and the Enemy sent a flag for terms of Capitulation; and on the 18th the flag continues; and on the 19th they marched out with the honors of War.'" The Sentinel also contains a cut of this famous little book, and a reproduction of the map referred to.

In his youth, Dr. Mavity received a liberal education at Moore's Hill College, in Dearborn county, Indiana, and began life's struggles on his own account as a teacher. For six years he was thus employed in Indiana and Illinois. His ambition, however, was to fit himself for the medical profession, and he began the study of medicine under the tutor ship of Drs. Smith and Wagner, of Newman, Illinois. In 1870-1 he attended the Indiana Medical College at Indianapolis, and during the last mentioned year opened an office and began practice, at Tipton, Indiana. In 1884 he took a course of lectures at Central University, Kentucky, in the medical department, and received his degree from that institution. In 1876 he came to Fowler and soon took rank with the first physicians in Benton county. Others have come, tarried for a time and retired to other fields; but Dr. Mavity remains a permanent fixture of the town, each year adding to his popularity as a wise counselor and skillful practitioner. He has filled various positions of a professional character, among which may be mentioned that of health officer of Benton county; but he has never entered politics as such. In his political principles he is a Republican. His father was a Democrat until the breaking out of the Civil war. The Doctor has held the position of school .trustee two terms, and the same period that of councilman or trustee of Fowler. In his religious views he is a Unitarian, while his wife and daughter are members of the Presbyterian church. He is also a member of the Masonic fraternity.

He was married September 6, 1868, to Miss Mary A. Hart, a native of Franklin county, Indiana, and a daughter of Robert and Martha (Crary) Hart, the former a native of Franklin county, of Irish ancestry. The Doctor has had six children, of whom three are living. The eldest, Robert Ernest, died at the age of two years. The eldest daughter and fourth child, Agnes by name, is also deceased, passing to the other life at the age of four and a half years. William Asher, the fifth born, died at the age of eight months. The living children are David Everett, Joseph Haller and Helen Hart.

David Everett was educated at the high school of Fowler, of which he is a graduate, and he also attended the high school at Edinburg, Indiana. He began the study of medicine under his father's tuition, entered the Medical College of Indiana in 1889 and pursued a three years course, but was finally graduated at Gross Medical College, at Denver, Colorado, in 1892. The following year he spent in the Arapahoe County Hospital, at Denver, where he held the position of intern. Returning home in the autumn of 1893, he engaged in the practice of his profession in company with his father, which is the present relation. Joseph Haller was educated in the high school of Fowler, also at Bloomington, this state, and at Purdue University at the latter in the pharmaceutical department, and is now employed in the drug business in Fowler. The daughter, Helen Hart, is now a young lady of sixteen years, and a student at the Fowler high school.

The mother of our subject was born in 1810, and died July 15, 1898.

A miscellaneous item of history in connection with the genealogy of Dr. Mavity will, in conclusion, be a matter of interest. The great-great-grand­father of Dr. Mavity was a soldier in the army of William, Prince of Orange, and when England was conquered he settled in Ireland, where the grandfather of Dr. Mavity was born, and where the great grandfather was about to be assassinated by reason of his political views and activity in public affairs, but was liberated by friends or rather saved and immediately came to America.

McCLURE, John H.

This prosperous, respected farmer of Brookville township, Franklin county. Indiana, was born in this township September 16, 1849. His father, William McClure, Sr., was born in Rock Springs, Harrison county. Kentucky, May 1, 1802, and while yet in infancy was taken to Ohio, where they Jived for several years, and in   1807  located  in  Franklin  county, near this city. His education was that of the other youth of his day, confined to a few short months in winter at a school that had none of the conveniences of the present day, headed by a teacher with meager learning. The school buildings were of logs, the furniture nothing but slab seats, with puncheon floors to give protection from the ground. Although his opportunities were so limited, he improved every chance for storing his mind with learning, and the knowledge acquired by him compares favorably with the college-bred man of to-day. It was a great pleasure to him to recall the many interesting incidents of his pioneer life, and numerous articles contributed by him to magazines have afforded keen pleasure to the readers. He was a firm supporter of the government during the trouble in our borders, and incited others to deeds of loyalty.

December 7, 1826, he was married to Miss Minerva Flint, and of the six children resulting from this union but two are now living, James, a resident of Kansas, and William, Jr., who lives in New Haven, this state. July 21, 1842, he was married to Rebecca Spradling, who survives him. Seven children were born of this union: Lucinda, deceased; Mrs. S. R. Ehvell;. Elizabeth (Mrs. Walton); Emiline (Mrs. White); John H., our subject; Indiana (Mrs. Shepard); Evangeline (Mrs. Short), and Richard E., a resident of Metamora. Mrs. Rebecca (Spradling) McClure was the third daughter and sixth child- born to John Spradling, a pioneer who is well remembered in Highland township. The death of Mr. McClure occurred at his residence on June 24, 1882, at the age of eighty years, two months and twenty-three days. He had been a devoted member of the Methodist Episcopal church for thirty years, in which he made his pure, simple religion a part of his-every-day life. He was not without an ambition to accumulate an abundance of this world's goods, but he was thoroughly honest, and his gain came from his own energy and never by another's loss. He was liberal in his charities. He knew that the end was near and had made his preparations to meet his Maker with a cheerfulness born of his faith in immortality, and the loving care of an all-wise Father who watches over ail his children. He had rounded out a full life and was ready to lay down the burden, leaving with the family the assurance of a joyful reunion in the better land.

John H. McClure was brought up on his father's farm and attended the public schools in his youth. In older years he still clung to his early training and gave his attention to agriculture, taking charge of the homestead after the death of his father and making a home for his mother. In 1878 he was married to Belle Arnold, a daughter of George and Harriet Arnold, of Connersville. George Arnold was born in Kentucky, in 1830, and at an early age came with his parents to Hunt's Grove, Hamilton county, Ohio. He was engaged  in teaching school in  his younger days, and  during his vacations helped in clearing away the forest that covered their land. Later he engaged in farming, and is now a man who is well posted on all vital questions of the day, whether it has to do with farming or questions of national importance. He is a Democrat. His wife died in 1874, at the age of fifty-eight years. Their children are: Belle, wife of our subject; Jacob; Samuel; George; Adelia; Leonard; William, deceased; and Hester, deceased. Mr. McClure has four children: Lurton D., born February 17, 1881; Carrie B., March 3, 1883; Carl A., March 31, 1886; and Veletta, August 14, 1S90. He is a member of the Christian church, to which he is a liberal contributor, and also a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows.

PELSOR, Peter D.

Peter D. Pelsor, of Metamora, Franklin county, Indiana, is a well known citizen and was a faithful and gallant soldier in the civil war. He is a native of the Buckeye state. He was born in the village of Montgomery, Hamilton county, Ohio, June 6, 1821. His father, John Pelsor, was a native of Pennsylvania and went to Ohio with his father, Phillip Pelsor, when a young man. The early American ancestry of the family is not clearly defined, but the Pelsors had, doubtless, for several generations been residents of Pennsylvania. John Pelsor, the father of the subject of this sketch, grew to manhood in Ohio. He was one of a family of five members, comprising three sons and two daughters. He married Catherine Roof, who was born in Switzerland county, Indiana. The greater part of his life was passed in Hamilton county, Ohio, and Switzerland county, Indiana. Later in life he removed to Schuyler county, Illinois, where he died many years ago. His wife passed away about two years before the death of her husband. Peter D. Pelsor is one of a family of six, five brothers and a sister. The sister and the two eldest brothers, Absalom and John, are deceased. The surviving members of the family, besides the subject of this biography, are

George and Isaiah. When Peter D. was a child about two years of age, his father removed to Cincinnati; when he was seventeen went to Switzerland county, Indiana, and about a year later came to Franklin county, and this has been his abiding place since, except during the years of his army service. Mr. Pelsor served three years as an apprentice to the carpenter's trade at Brookville, and followed that occupation until 1852.

He has been twice married and is the father of a large family. November 10, 1843, he was married to Lucy Ann Morgan, who died September 16, 1849, leaving three children, all of whom are living, viz.: Rev. Henry C. Pelsor, a Methodist minister; Virginia, wife of Mr. Landingham, of the state of Kansas; and Lucy Ann, wife of Alonzo Mintz. In July, 1850, Mr. Pelsor was married to Jemima Alley, who died July 26, 1 889, leaving six children, namely: Indiana, Miriam, Ellen, Laura, Olive and Sergeant. The last named was born while his father was in the army and was given the name Sergeant by his father, that being the rank of the latter. When she married Mr. Pelsor his second wife had three small children by her first marriage, and Mr. Pelsor cared for and reared them as his own. They are John and Andrew Alley and a daughter, Velena, who is now the mother of seventeen children. Mr. Pelsor's marriage to his present wife, formerly Mrs. Elizabeth Burns, was consummated June 19, 1891. She has one child by her former marriage. The grandchildren of our subject, including the seventeen belonging to Velena, his stepdaughter, number ninety-two, and his great-grandchildren are also very numerous.

The war record of Mr. Pelsor is a most honorable one and includes participation in many of the most important events of the war of the great Rebellion. August 16, 1861, he was mustered into the United States service as a member of Company F, Eighteenth Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry. The company was commanded by Captain Peter C. Woods and the regiment by Colonel Thomas Patterson. The regiment was assigned to General Carr's division, Thirteenth Army Corps, and took part in the following long list of engagements and important events of the war: Blackwater, Missouri, December 18, 1861; Sugar-Creek, Arkansas, February 17, 1862;; Pea Ridge, March 6 to 8; Cotton Plant, July 13; Port Gibson, May 1, 1863;. Champion Hills, May 15; Jackson, Mississippi, May 16; Big Black River, May 17. He was in the famous charge on the Confederate works at Vicks-burg, March 22, and was at the surrender of that famous stronghold on July 4. All of these last named events took place in rapid succession in the famous campaign of 1863. Later in the season he proceeded with his command to. Jackson, Mississippi, and Carrion Crow Bayou, where they arrived November 3, 1863. Thence they went to Texas, landing at Corpus Christi and proceeding to Mustang island, taking the fort  at  that place November 17: thence to Esperanze May 27, 1864. Returning to Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Mr. Pelsor came home on veteran furlough. Returning to Washington he went thence to Bermuda Hundred, on the James river, but soon afterward was ordered back to Washington, and there the regiment was detached from the Thirteenth Army Corps and became a part of the Nineteenth Corps, and with it fought through Sheridan's famous campaign in the Shenandoah valley, taking part in the battles of Opequan Creek, Winchester, Fisher's Hill, Newmarket and Cedar Creek. Mr. Pelsor was made duty sergeant at the organization of his regiment; orderly sergeant October 26, 1862; second lieutenant June 15, 1863; first lieutenant June 21, and was promoted to a captaincy August 4, 1864. He was mustered out of the service at Camp Russell, near Winchester, December 14, 1S64, under special order No. 74, just as he was about to resign, having become unfitted for duty because of a tumor, with which he had been a long time troubled and from which he has never recovered. Mr. Pelsor's long experience in the service of his country was fraught with many dangers and narrow escapes, )?et he remarked to the writer of this article that of all the experiences of his life he would most gladly recall and live over again the days he spent in the services of his country.

Mr. Pelsor has been a Republican since the organization of that party, and is a worthy member of the Grand Army of the Republic. He is the present assessor of Metamora township, a position which he has held several terms. He is well informed on the general issues of the day and is held in high esteem by his fellow citizens.

SMITH, Andrew Jackson   M. D.

In many respects the history of the life of the subject of this article is remarkable and extremely interesting. It will be plainly apparent to the reader that he is a man of strong personality, having the courage of his convictions and daring to do what he believes to be right, under all circumstances.

He is of German parentage, his ancestors spelling the family name Schmidt. He was born near Cape Hatteras, on board the good ship Kaiser Wilhelm, December 31, 1836, while his parents were on their way to the United States from the Fatherland. They settled upon a large plantation in McLean county, Kentucky, and the father, who was a physician, and possessed great ability, became one of the prominent citizens of that community. He owned numbers of slaves, and about the time of the trouble which was brewing between the north and the south over this disputed question, he sympathized with the south, and served his country as a member of congress, from the sixth congressional district of Kentucky. He died in 1876, when in his eighty-seventh year, his death being the result of an accident which he had sustained. His wife, who died in 1894, lived to the advanced age of ninety-eight years.

Strange as it appears, Dr. Andrew J. Smith was totally opposed to the principles of slavery from his boyhood, though the sentiments of his family were at variance with his own. In his young days he assisted many a poor slave to make his escape by means of the "underground railway," and finally his life was threatened so seriously that he concluded that "discretion is the better part of valor," and he left home. Going to New Orleans, he entered the United States Navy as a sailor, and served for three years, a most eventful period in his life, as he visited many of the important ports of the world. He was in Japan at the time that Commodore Perry made the famous treaty of 1853, prior to which year that nation had for centuries been closed to all commercial relations with other countries. Upon his return to Kentucky, his increasing sympathy for the slaves was too plainly evinced for his personal safety, and during the opening days of the war of the Rebellion, when sectional excitement was at its height, he tore down a Confederate flag which had been raised in his neighborhood. For this exploit he was pursued and captured and probably would have been shot had he not man¬aged to escape in disguise. Reaching Louisville, he crossed the Ohio river and enlisted as a private in Company F, Fifth Regiment of Kentucky Volunteers, being accredited to Butler county, Kentucky. This body of troops was better known as the Louisville Legion. Company F was commanded by Captain J. E. VanSant, and the regiment had Colonel L. H. Rosseau at its head. Assigned to Rosseau's brigade, McCook's division of the Twentieth Army Corps, it served in the Army of the Cumberland, doing valiant service in many of the important battles and. campaigns of the war.

Among the numerous battles in which Dr. Smith participated were the following named: Bowling Green, February 15, 1862; Shiloh, April 6-7, 1862; and Stone River, December 31, 1862; Tullahoma, July 1, 1863; Chickamauga, September 19-20; Brown's Ferry, October 27; Chattanooga, November 25; Mission Ridge and Blaine's Cross Roads, December 16, 1863;. Buzzards' Roost, February 25-27, 1864; Peach Tree Creek; Jonesboro; Rocky Face Ridge, May 5-9, 1S64; Resaca, May 13-17, 1864; and then, in quick succession came Dallas, Kenesaw Mountain, fine Mountain, Pine-Knob, Golgotha, Lattimer's Mills, Noonday Creek, Prairie Springs and many others. In fact the fighting was almost continuous during many months of 1864, and in September of that year, by reason of the expiration of his three-years term of service, Dr. Smith was honorably discharged, at Louis¬ville, Kentucky. In January, 1865, however, he re-enlisted, becoming a member of Company A, Fourth Regiment of United States Veteran Infantry, under the command of Captain Montgomery and Colonel Wood. He was soon promoted to a captaincy and served with his regiment, under General Phil Sheridan, in the famous Shenandoah campaign. Subsequently he was sent with the regiment to Washington, and after the assassination of Lincoln they were assigned to guard the prison in which, Payne, Spangler, Dr. Mudd and Mrs. Surratt, fellow conspirators of Booth, were confined. Later they were detailed to accompany Dr. Mudd and Spangler to Tortugas island, where they were sentenced to imprisonment, and returning to Washington, the regiment witnessed the execution of the other assassins.

In 1861 Dr. Smith graduated in the Kentucky School of Medicine, and at the battle of Shiloh he was detailed as assistant surgeon in the field hospital, in the fall of 1865 he was examined and appointed assistant surgeon: in the United States Army, being assigned to duty with the Fifth Regiment of United States Cavalry, a position he filled, with great credit, for five years. During the war he was wounded several times, once at Stone River, the last day of 1862, and at Mission Ridge, Liberty Gap and Kenesaw Mountain. He still carries some Confederate lead in his body, and has never fully recovered from his honorable wounds.

In 1870 Dr. Smith established an office for practice in Tell City, Indiana, where he remained for twelve years, in the meantime taking a course in the Eclectic Medical Institute, at Cincinnati, where he graduated in 1872. In 1882 he removed to Indianapolis, a wider field of action, and there was successfully engaged in practice for nine years, during which period he pursued a course of study and was graduated in the Central College of Physicians & Surgeons, at Indianapolis, in 1886. Since 1891 he has been a resident of Metamora, where he enjoys a fine practice, and has won a well merited place-among the leading members of his profession in this section of the state. He is considered an authority on medical jurisprudence, and in September, 1897, prepared and read before the Franklin County Medical Society an original article on " expert testimony, " which has commanded wide attention and favorable comment.

On the 30th of September, 1889, Dr. Smith married Miss Lulu Huddleston, whose father, Samuel Huddleston, was a member of the Fourth Indiana Regiment during the war of the Rebellion, and now is a citizen of Dublin, Indiana. The Doctor and wife have two promising sons: Adkison John and Noble Gordon. Some time ago Mrs. Smith took a regular course of medical study and training, and since then has been associated with her husband in practice, rendering him invaluable assistance. They have legions of friends in various parts of this and other states.

TATMAN, John M.

John Milton Tatman, a well known resident of Laurel township, Franklin county, Indiana, is a representative of one of the early families of the county. His father, Stephen Tatman, was born in Fleming county, Kentucky, March 5, 1789, and grew up in his native state, whence he went to Ohio, where, November 26, 1815, he was married to Miss Nancy Ross, who was born in what was then the territory of Ohio, January 21, 1802, and who at the time of their marriage was but thirteen years of age. They came to Indiana about 1836 and to Laurel township, Franklin county, in 1842. The family first settled just east of the Laurel cemetery, but did not make any purchase of land there. About two years later the father bought the place which is now owned and occupied by his son, John M., at Mount Auburn or Kokomo, a short distance from the town of Laurel. Stephen Tatman built the residence which still stands on this farm. Here he passed the rest of his life, his death occurring December 12, 1865. His wife survived him until October 15, 1876. They were the parents of eight children who grew to mature years, —five sons and three daughters. Three sons and a daughter are living in 1899, namely: James Harvey, a resident of Connersville, Indiana; Joshua D., also a resident of Connersville; John Milton; and Mrs. Mary Weber, of Des Moines, Iowa. Those deceased were: Mrs. Lizzie Mcintosh; David D. , who died at his home in Indianapolis; Johnson R., who died in Shelbyville, Indiana, where he had lived for several years; and Nancy Jane, who died in 1854.

John Milton Tatman, who resides at the homestead, was born in Ohio, October 28, 1832. He accompanied his parents to Indiana and has always lived at the old home, taking care of his parents in their old age and coming into possession of the homestead when they passed away.

He was married March i, 1S63, to Miss Sarah Malone, daughter of John and Joan Malone. The former was born June 17, 1795, and his wife April 6, 1795. In 1836 they emigrated from Butler county, Ohio, to Franklin county, Indiana, and settled near Andersonville. They lived there many years and reared a family of ten children, five sons and five daughters, four of whom are now living (1899): Mrs. Julia Ann Stevenson, Mrs. Tatman, Mrs. Margaret Lewis and David H. Those deceased were Hiram, Phoebe, Isaac. Harriet, John M. and James Harvey. The parents passed the last years of their lives in Laurel. The mother died February' 3, 1879, and the father March 13, 1884.

As already stated, Mr. and Mrs. Tatman are representatives of early pioneer families of Franklin county. They have a pleasant home, surrounded with the comforts which years of toil have brought, and are esteemed by all who know them. They are members of the Methodist church of Laurel, of which Mr. Tatman has been a steward for many years.
BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY OF Wayne, Fayette, Union and Franklin Counties, The Lewis Publishing Co 1899

TRUSLER, Milton

Not all men order their lives to their liking; nor yet are all men true to themselves in living as nearly to their ideals as possible and attaining to such heights as their opportunities and talents render accessible. We now turn to one who has done much and done it well, wherein all honor lies. Not a pretentious or exalted life has been his, but one that has been true to itself and its possibilities, and one to which the biographer may revert with a feeling of respect and satisfaction.

Hon. Milton Truster's identification with the history of that section of Indiana with which this compilation has to do has been one of ancestral as well as individual nature, and would on that score alone demand consideration in this connection; but such has been his personal prominence in positions of public trust and responsibility; such his influence in furthering the progress and material prosperity of the state at large, that his individual distinction clearly entitles him to represent- ation in this work. Back to that cradle of much of our national history, the Old Dominion, must we turn in tracing the lineage of the subject of this review. He was born in Franklin county, Indiana, on the 31st of October, 1825, the son of Samuel W. and Martha (Curry) Trusler. The original representative of the family in Indiana was James Trusler, grandfather of the subject of this review, who was a  native of Virginia, where he was reared to manhood and there married.

About the year 1812 he emigrated with his family to the wilds of the Hoosier state, coming to Franklin county and settling on a tract of excellent land in the vicinity of the present little village of Fairfield. Here he developed a good farm, upon which he passed the residue of his days, passing away about the year 1840, at the age of eighty-two. He was a man of strong individuality and upright life, being known as one of the successful and influential farmers of this section, where he was uniformly honored and respected, by reason of his sterling character. In his religious adherency he was a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, in which he was a most devout and earnest worker.

In the family of James Trusler were five sons and two daughters. Of these Samuel Wilson Trusler, the father of our subject, was born in Virginia on the 9th of July, 1795, and accompanied his parents on their removal to Indiana in the early pioneer days. In 1830 he removed to Jackson township, Fayette county, this state, where he thereafter continuously devoted his attention to agricultural pursuits until called from the scene of life's labors. He owned a farm of one hundred and forty acres, which he brought under most effective cultivation, bringing to bear those methods and that judgment which insure success. The old homestead farm is now owned by his son, the subject of this review. Samuel W. Trusler was in politics a stanch supporter of the Whig party, and though he had no predilection for official preferment, he was called upon to serve in certain township offices and was for many years a school director, maintaining a lively concern in all that conserved the public welfare. While other members of the family had clung tenaciously to the tenets of the Methodist church, his intellectual powers led him to adopt somewhat more liberal views, and he became a zealous and devoted member of the Universalist church; ordering his life consistently with the faith which he espoused. The death of Mr. Trusler occurred on his farm August 4, 1846, and the community realized that a true and noble character had been withdrawn from their midst. His devoted wife had been summoned into eternal rest in 1838, at the age of thirty-four years, her birth having occurred on the 4th of July, 1804.

Of the children of Samuel W. and Martha (Curry) Trusler five grew to maturity, and of these we offer the following epitomized record: Nelson, who was born in Franklin county, Indiana, May 13, 1822, died at Indianapolis, in 1878, aged fifty-six years. He was one of the representative members of the bar of the state and wielded a wide influence in political affairs. He served for three years in the war of the Rebellion, having held commission as colonel of the Eighty-fourth Indiana Volunteer Infantry. He had held distinguished public preferment, having served as secretary of state and being the incumbent as attorney general of Indiana at the time of his death. He was engaged in the practice of his profession at Connersville for a number of years, after which he removed to the capital city of the state, where his death occurred. The next of the family is Mrs. Mary J. Barnard, widow of William D. Barnard, of Indianapolis. She was born November 9, 1827. Gilbert, who was born in Franklin county, on the 21st of July, 1830, died in Indianapolis. He was a lawyer by profession, and was engaged in practice at Connersville. At the time of the war of Rebellion he effected the organization of the Thirty-sixth Regiment of Indiana Volunteers, with which he went to the front as captain, being promoted major before the expiration of his term of service. He served as mayor of Connersville, was county clerk for two terms and was Fayette county's representative in the state legislature. Thomas J. Trusler was born February 11, 1838. Like his brothers, he was a member of the bar of the state, having been engaged in the practice of his profession in Connersville and Liberty for a number of years, after which he located in Indianapolis. He served as deputy secretary of state under his brother Nelson and also under Hon. W. W. Curry.

Of the children who grew to maturity the subject of this review, Milton Trusler, was the second eldest, and his career, like that of his brothers, has conferred dignity and honor upon the state. He was five years of age at the time his parents took up their abode on the farm in Jackson township, and at the old homestead he was reared under the sturdy and invigorating discipline of farm life. It is interesting to revert to the fact that he never wavered in his allegiance to the great basic art of agriculture during the long years of his active business life. It is still more worthy of note that for sixty-five years he lived on the old family homestead, which is still owned by him and from which he removed only when prompted to seek retirement from the active labors protracted over many years and crowned with merited success. Mr. Trusler received his educational training in the common schools, completing a course of study in the high school at Liberty. He assumed the personal responsibilities of practical business life by engaging in the line of enterprise to which he has been reared from his boyhood days. His original farm comprised sixty-five acres, but he has added to it from time to time, as prosperity attended his industrious and well directed efforts, until he now owns a finely cultivated place of three hundred and twenty acres, well improved with substantial buildings and figuring as one of the most valuable farms in this section of a great agricultural state.

On the 17th of April, 1894, Mr. Trusler removed from his farm to East Connersville, where, in a pleasant home, he is enjoying the rewards of a life of honest and successful endeavor, well deserving that otium cam dignitate which is his portion as the shadows of his life begin to lengthen into the grateful twilight.    On the 9th of March, 1848, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Trusler to Miss Isabelle Thompson, a native of Fayette county, and to them were born four sons and four daughters, concerning whom we incorporate the following data: M. Anna became the wife of Daniel Brumfield, a farmer of this county; Laura J., the widow of James M. Backhouse, resides in Connersville; Samuel F. is a farmer of this county; M. Henry,also a farmer of this county; Sidney E. is engaged in mercantile pursuits in Anderson, Indiana; Nina C. is the wife of J. B. Rose, of Miami county, this state; Ira T. is a resident of Connersville; and Juanita is the widow of William A. Stewart, of Connersville.

In conclusion we will glance at the more salient points in the public or official life of Mr. Trusler. In his political proclivities he was originally a supporter of the Whig party, from which he withdrew to place his allegiance with the new and stronger candidate for public favor, the Republican party, of whose principles and policies he has ever since been a zealous advocate. He has wielded a marked influence in the political affairs of this section, and has served in various township offices. In 1872 he was the incumbent as trustee of Jackson township, a position which he resigned upon being elected to represent his county in the legislature, in which he served as a member of the lower house during the sessions of 1872, 1873, 1874 and 1S75. His personal popularity and the appreciation of his value as a representative in the legislative councils of the state were manifested soon after his retirement from the lower house, since he became the successful candidate of his party for the state senate, in which he served during the sessions of 1876 and 1877. In the councils of his party and as a legislator he showed himself to be a man of strong intellectuality, broad and exact knowledge and mature and practical judgment. His influence was at all times cast on the side which looked to the conservation of public interests; his views were marked by distinctive wisdom, and the confidence in his personal integrity and ability was unwavering. In 1892 Mr. Trusler was the Republican candidate for the office of secretary of state, in which connection he made a very thorough canvass during the incidental campaign, but he naturally met defeat at the polls, since that year marked one of the most memorable general land-slides in the history of the Republican party. His strength in the state was shown, however, in the fact that he ran two thousand votes ahead of his ticket. He has a large acquaintanceship throughout the state and has a strong hold upon the respect and confidence of the farming class, with whose interests he has naturally had a most pronounced sympathy. He was for seven years master of the state Grange, in which connection he did active and effective work in every section of the state, striving at all times to spur farmers onward to the point of making agriculture and its allied industries occupy the dignified position which is intrinsically due.    He has done much to elevate the standard of husbandry in Indiana, and no man is more honored among the agricultural classes.

Mr. Trusler was enrolling officer for Fayette county during the war of the Rebellion and was unflagging in his zeal for the Union cause. Fraternally he is prominently identified with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, being one of the charter members of Everton Lodge, with which he has been connected for more than half a century, and in which he has filled all the chairs, besides representing the lodge a number of times in the grand lodge of the state.

As one of the venerable citizens of Fayette county, and as one whose life has been one of signal usefulness and honor, the publishers of this work realize that even more distinct representation in this connection would not do justice to this well known scion of one of the pioneer families of Indiana, a state which has been honored and enriched by his example.Source: Biographical and Genealogical History of Wayne, Fayette, Union and Franklin Counties Indiana

 WALLACE, Lewis General

It is seldom accorded one man to attain eminence in such varying walks of life as has General Wallace. At the bar he has won distinction, and upon the battle-fields of the south he gained distinguished honors, while no name is more prominent as the representative of our American literature than that of the author of Ben Hur. Indiana, indeed, may well be proud to claim him as one of her gifted sons. He was born in Brookville, Franklin county, April 10, 1827, a son" of David Wallace, who was a popular political speaker, a well-known congressman, and a laborious and impartial jurist. The son received a common school education, and at the beginning of the Mexican war was a law student in Indiana. At the call for volunteers he entered the army as a first lieutenant in Company H, First Indiana Infantry. In 1848 he resumed his profession, which he practiced in Covington and subsequently in Crawfordsville, Indiana, and served four years in the state senate.

At the beginning of the civil war he was appointed adjutant general of Indiana, soon afterward becoming colonel of the Eleventh Indiana Volunteers, with which he served in West Virginia, participating in the capture of Romney and the ejection of the enemy from Harper's Ferry. He became brigadier general of volunteers, September 3, 1861, led a division and the center of the Union lines at the capture of Fort Donelson, and displayed such ability that his commission of major general of volunteers followed on March 21, 1862. The day before the battle of Shiloh his division was placed on the north side of Snake creek, on a road leading from Savannah, or Crump's landing, to Purdy. He was ordered by General Grant, on the morning of April 6 (the first day of the battle), to cross the creek and come up to Gen. William T. Sherman's right, which covered the bridge over that stream, that general depending on him for support; but he lost his way and did not arrive until the night. He rendered efficient service in the second day's fight, and in the subsequent advance on Corinth. In November, 1862, he was president of the court of inquiry on  the military conduct of General Don Carlos Buell in the operations in Tennessee and Kentucky. In 1863 he prepared the defenses of Cincinnati, which he saved from capture by General Edmund Kirby Smith, and was subsequently assigned to the command of the middle department and the Eighth Army Corps, with headquarters in Baltimore, Maryland. With five thousand and eight hundred men he intercepted the march of General Jubal A. Early with twenty eight thousand men, on Washington, D. C., and on July 9, 1864, fought the battle of Monocacy. Although he was defeated, he gained sufficient time to enable General Grant to send reinforcements to the capital from City Point. By order of General Henry W. Halleck he was removed from his command and superseded by General Edward O. C. Ord; but when General Grant learned the particulars of the action he immediately reinstated Wallace, and in his official report in 1865 says: " On July 6 the enemy (Early) occupied Hagerstown, moving a strong column toward Frederick City. General Wallace, with Rickett's division and his own command, the latter new and mostly undisciplined troops, pushed out from Baltimore with great promptness and met the enemy in force on the Monocacy, near the crossing of the railroad bridge. His force was not sufficient to insure success, but he fought the enemy nevertheless, and, although it resulted in a defeat to our arms, yet he detained the enemy and thereby served to enable Wright to reach Washington before him." Returning to his command, General Wallace was the second member of the court that tried the assassins of President Lincoln, and president of that which tried and convicted Captain Henry Wirz, commandant of Andersonville prison. He was mustered out of the volunteer service in   1865.

Returning to Crawfordsville, he resumed the practice of law there and continued an active member of the bar until 1878, when he was appointed governor of New Mexico, serving until 1881. In that year he became United States minister to Turkey, serving until 1885, when he again resumed practice in Crawfordsville. His labors as a representative of the legal profession having been interwoven with that of the author and the lecturer, he has delivered many public addresses throughout the country and his writings have won for him world-wide fame. Among his most popular productions are the Fair God, a story of the conquest of Mexico; Ben Hur, a Tale of the Christ; Life of Benjamin Harrison; The Prince of India; and The Boyhood of Christ." Few novels that have ever been produced have attained the wonderful sale which was accorded Ben Hur. General Wallace's wife also possessed considerable literary ability. She bore the maiden name of Susan Arnold Elston, and was born in Crawfordsville, Indiana, December 25, 1830. Her education was there acquired and in 1852 she became the wife of General Wallace. She has written many articles for newspapers and magazines; her short poem, The Patter of Little Feet, attained wide popularity. Among her other productions are The Storied Sea, Ginevra or The Old Oak Chest, The Land of the Pueblos, and The Repose in Egypt

CULLUM Marcus B, Duluth. Res 2020 E 2d st, office City Hall. Mayor of Duluth. Born Dec. 3, 1856 in Laurel Ind, son of Richard H and Mary (Connell) Cullum. Married in 1892 to Jane M Adams. Educated in common schools Laurel Ind, private school Boston; Alfred (NY) Univ and graduated from Ohio Dental College Cincinnati D D S 1885. Practiced profession in Minneapolis until 1888; practiced in Duluth 1888 to date. Mayor of Duluth 1904 to date. Democrat. Former member Board of State Dental Examiners; alderman 1899-04; member State Dental Society; Kitchi Gammi, Commercial, and Northland Country clubs; Masonic fraternity; B P O E; K of P; I O O F.
[Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota. Publ.  1907 Transcribed by Kim Mohler]

BENJAMIN F. KIEFER.

Benjamin F. Kiefer, of Mesa county, who resides at Fruita and has been in partnership in business with his brother Frank, a sketch of whom will be found elsewhere in this work, was born in Franklin county, Indiana, on May 10, 1858, and is the son of Dominic and Caroline (Witt) Kiefer, whose history is set out more at length in the sketch of their son Frank. Benjamin was reared in his native county, and received his education in the district and parochial schools near his home. He remained on the homestead until he was twenty-two, then went to Howard county, the same state, and there, in company with an older brother, leased a farm about one mile north of Kokomo. They had an opportunity to buy the farm of one hundred and sixty acres for the sum of three thousand two hundred dollars, but neglected to do so, and soon after the discovery of natural gas in the neighborhood made the land much more valuable and secured it rapid absorption within the corporate limits of the town. In the spring of 1883 Benjamin came to Grand valley, in this state, with his mother to join his brother Frank in business. They have carried on extensively, among their operations being the plotting of one hundred and sixty acres into an addition to Fruita known as Cleveland, and also the construction of the Kiefer extension to the Grand Valley canal, they building seventeen miles of ditch to irrigate ten thousand acres of land below Fruita. The Fruita Canal and Land Company, with a capital stock of one hundred thousand dollars, in ten-dollar shares, was organized for the purpose of building this work and to acquire land and water rights. The officers of the company are F.D. Kiefer, president; B.F. Kiefer, secretary and treasurer, and B.F. Hughes, vice-president, they being also the directors. The construction of this ditch brought under cultivation a large body of excellent land, especially well adapted to raising sugar beets, and this has made possible the success of the best beet sugar factory at Grand Junction, which was otherwise a failure. In 1892 Mr. Kiefer and his brother established at Fruita the Mesa County Mail, a weekly newspaper, for the purpose of advertising the resources and industries of Grand valley, more particularly the portion around Fruita. Of this paper H.C. Wagner is the editor. The Kiefer Brothers are energetic and wide-awake business men, with a large allowance of business enterprise and public-spirit. They have been very useful and influential in developing the valley and filling it with productive activities. In politics they are active Democrats, but not aspirants for public office, although the subject was appointed postmaster at Fruita by President Cleveland and served four years. On October 6, 1897, he was married to Miss Mary C. Masser, a native of Republic county, Kansas, and daughter of Dr. Masser, of Fruita. They have two children, Gladys Gertrude and Lucile. Mr. and Mrs. Kiefer are both church members. The Kiefer Brothers were the primary agitators of the high-line ditch enterprise and most effective in bringing it to the attention of the legislature. In consequence of their activity the district irrigation law was passed and surveys have been made. The ditch will be sixty miles long, and forty feet on the bottom and will carry six feet deep of water taken from the Grand river about one mile above Plateau creek. It will have capacity for irrigating sixty thousand acres thousand acres. Mr. Kiefer has been the moving spirit in many of the industrial enterprises of his town and valley, and never lost confidence in the future greatness of the western part of Colorado, and especially the valley of the Grand river, where he resides, and since the fruits of his efforts and enterprises, coupled with the wonderful resources of the valley have been realized, he has succeeded in realizing a handsome competency and comfortable home for his family and himself.
(Source: Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Tracy McAllister)

FRANK D. KIEFER.

One of the early settlers of Mesa county in the neighborhood of Fruita, and one of its most enterprising and progressive citizens, Frank D. Kiefer has the respect and esteem of all classes of if its people and is universally recognized as a leading man in this section and a representative of the best citizenship of the state, he was born on August 20, 1863, in Franklin county, Indiana, and is the son of Dominic and Caroline (Wheat) Kiefer, natives of Germany. The father was reared in his native land and came to the United States at the age of twenty-one. The mother came hither with her parents when she was three. Her father was a contractor fur the construction of canals and became an early resident of Indiana. Mr. Kiefer's father was a tailor by trade, and throughout his life was an industrious craftsman. He died in Indiana in 1869, when his son Frank was six years old. The mother now lives at Fruita. There were nine children in the family, all of whom are living, and Frank was the last born. He grew to the age of nineteen in his native state, being obliged by the exigencies of his situation to go to work at an early age to earn his own living, he had but limited opportunities for education. He worked on farms in Indiana for a number of years, and in February, 1882, came to Colorado, and after passing one season at Gunnison, moved to Mesa county in company with an older brother. He lived at Grand Junction until the Spring of 1884, but during the previous year he and his brother bought one hundred and sixty acres of land on which a portion of the town of Cleveland now stands, and which was plotted by them into town lots in 1889. In 1894 they began to construct what is known as the Kiefer extension of the Grand Valley ditch, building seventeen miles of new ditch, which was completed in 1898. This enterprise brought about ten thousand acres of good land under water, northwest of Fruita, and greatly increased the productive wealth of the region. Previous to this Mr. Kiefer had come into possession of a considerable body of land and now owns about eight hundred acres. He devotes his time to general ranching with all the phases of agricultural life which that term implies. He has done much, not only through the ditch but in many other ways to develop the resources of his section of the county and state and promote their best interests. In politics he is a Democrat, active in the service of his party but not desirous of public office. He is a member of the Woodmen of the World in fraternal relations, and finds interest and entertainment in the proceedings of his camp in the order. On November 20, 1889, he was married to Miss Mabel Clare Steele, a native of Davenport, Iowa and daughter of Joseph L. and Rebecca J. (White) Steele, the former a native of Ohio and the latter of Iowa. They now live at Pasadena, California. Mr. and Mrs. Kiefer have three children, Edith E., Ida F. and Clarence V.
(Source: Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Tracy McAllister)



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