Baldwin, Edgar M.

Edgar M. Baldwin. The writing of a history of Fairmount and vicinity without mention of the part played by the Baldwin family since the pioneer beginning of that community would be as imperfect as a certain play without its titular hero. The Baldwins were at Fairmount before there was a town, and through three generations their substantial and worthy citizenship has been a prominent factor in the development of this locality. A fact of pioneer history which has often been little mentioned is that the first settlers of any community, through their leadership, their relations in family or friendly ties, with later comers, and through their public spirit in guarding the moral integrity of the community often exercise a farreaching and invaluable influence on the social and economic welfare. An excellent illustration of these influences derived from the first settlers is afforded by the Baldwin family and their connection at Fairmount. They were all the thrifty and substantial stock of Quakers who have been so prominent in Grant county, and the many fine characteristics of this simple people has been exemplified in a high degree through those bearing the Baldwin name.

The detailed history of the Baldwin family would be too long for publication in this work. The ancestry might be traced back to an early era when there were three Baldwins kings, known in numerical order as Baldwin I, Baldwin II, and Baldwin III. However, the regal progenitors of the family will be disregarded at the present time, and this brief article will begin with the establishment of the name on the Atlantic Coast of America. The family in England was Welsh in origin. The story is authenticated that three brothers of the name left their native shores and reached the colonial division of America, one settling in New England, another in Pennsylvania, and another in the Carolinas. Of the New England branch, there have been a great many descendants. One of them is the present Governor Simeon Baldwin, of Connecticut, while Judge Daniel P. Baldwin, at one time attorney-general of Indiana, and who died at Logansport, belonged to the same branch. The brother who located in Pennsylvania was the ancestor of the Baldwins who established and conducted the great Baldwin Locomotive Works at Philadelphia. There was also Governor Baldwin, of Georgia, but to which branch he belonged is not known. The Grant County Baldwins are descended from the ancestor who settled in North Carolina. Only a little information is available concerning the early generations, but it is known that they were all Quakers, were chiefly farmers by occupation, and there is a steady record of thrifty, industrious people of good moral qualities, and high average of thrift and prosperity. In this line was Daniel Baldwin, Sr., great-grandfather of Edgar M. Baldwin. He was born in Guilford county, North Carolina, and married Mary Benbow, of North Carolina. They lived and died in their native state, and were good, honest and plain people, rigid adherents of the Friends church.

In their family of children were: Daniel Baldwin, Jr., born in Guilford county, North Carolina, December 10, J.789. He married Christian Wilcuts, who was bor n November 11, 1793. They were married in 1812. and in the fall of that year, with wagons and ox teams, they accomplished the long and tedious journey across the mountains and through the Ohio Valley to Wayne county, Indiana. They found a home in the Quaker settlement near Richmond, where they entered government land. Their home continued in Wayne county until 1833, and it was in that county that all their children were born. Daniel Baldwin in 1833 brought his family to Grant county. He had prospected in this locality in the previous year and had purchased a piece of land and a partly finished log cabin located at what is now the corner of Main and Eighth Street, in Fairmount. The village plat had not yet been laid out, and there were very few settlers in all this township. The cabin had been started by John Benbow, who was an early land speculator. Into the cabin Daniel Baldwin moved his family, and afterwards completed and improved the house for a comfortable dwelling. That old cabin had the distinction of being the first house in the present corporation limits of Fairmount. Daniel Baldwin, Jr., added to his possessions here until he owned one hundred and sixty acres of land. The north side of Fairmount covers a part of this land, and some of the property is still owned in the family, the widow of Rdbert Bogue, grandson of Daniel Baldwin, Jr., having title to a portion of the original tract. It was in Fairmount that Daniel Baldwin, Jr., spent his last years, and died October 9, 1845. His wife died October 28, 1848. They took a prominent part in establishing the first Quaker church at Fairmount, and were people of the finest pioneer type. They were quiet, God-fearing, neighbor-loving people, of retiring disposition, but enjoyed hosts of friends. They lay buried side by side for about sixty years in the Friends Buck Creek burying ground, until August, 1910, when their descendants removed their bodies to the Park cemetery near Fairmount, and the same old headstones mark their final resting place.

The large family of children of Daniel Baldwin, Jr., and wife are mentioned as follows: 1. Thomas, born April 26, 1813, was married and reared a large family. He was a farmer by occupation and belonged to the Friends church. 2. Millie, born December 1, 1814, married Barnabas Bogue, reared a large family, was a farmer by occupation and also a Friend. 3. Elias, born August 26. 1816. was a farmer, and by his first marriage had two sons, and then married Hannah Mills, whose one child died in infancy. 4. Joseph W. , born January 13, 1818, lived and died in Grant county as a farmer. He married Jane, a daughter of David Stansfield. Her father was the founder of the south half of Fairmount.
Joseph \V. Baldwin was the first merchant of Fairmount, and conducted a store there from 1848 to 1860, and gave the name to the present town of Fairmount. He had eight children, four of whom are yet living. 5. David, born November 6,1819, lived and died in Grant county as a farmer. He married Elizabeth Coleman, but had no children of his own. However, they adopted Dr. J. W. Patterson, now a physician of Fairmount. David and wife were Methodists in religion, his wife having been reared in that church. 6. Daniel, Jr., born November 3, 1821, died during infancy in Wayne county. 7. Jonathan, born September 30, 1823, was a successful and prominent man in Grant county, and died here many years ago. His first wife was Sarah A. Dillon, who left four children, three of whom are living. By his second union he became the husband of Mrs. Emeline (Tharp) Hockett, who had two children by her first marriage but none by her second. 8. Mary, born December 21, 1825, married Dr. Philip Patterson, the first practicing physician of Fairmount. Both are now deceased, and they were the parents of five children, while Dr. Patterson married the second time, and had one daughter by that marriage. 9. Micah, born May 26, 1828, is spoken of more at length in a following paragraph. 10. Huldah, born April 14, 1830, married John Bradford, who died in Illinois, at Momence, six years ago. His widow with her only daughter still lives at Momence. 11. Raehael, died in the prime of life, forty years ago, the wife of James R. Smith, and was the mother of ten children, having two sets of twins, and five of these children are yet living. All of the above children of Daniel Baldwin, Jr., were born in Wayne county, and those who have died all passed away in this state.

Micah Baldwin was in his fifth year when his parents came to Fairmount He grew up on a farm, and later learned the trade of tanner, an occupation which he was destined to follow a number of years. In 1859, with Daniel Ridgeway, he started the second tannery at Fairmount. Later he became associated with his brother-in-law, J. R. Smith, in the same industry. In 1877, Micah Baldwin gave up the tanning trade, and became a dealer in meats. While conducting a tannery he had also handled and made custom shoes and harness, and his last years were spent as a custom maker of shoes and as a repairer. He worked in that line to within six weeks of his death. He died March 13, 1893. From boyhood on through all his life he was a firm adherent of the Quaker faith, and lived up to the high principles of that sect.

On April 24, 1850, Micah Baldwin married Miss Sarah Morris, whose name introduces another familiar family in Grant county. She was born near Fountain City, in Wayne county, Indiana, December 3, 1830, and was about one year old when her parents moved to Grant county. Her parents were Nathan and Miriam Benbow Morris. Her father was born in South Carolina, and her mother in North Carolina, and they met and married after being brought, when young, to Wayne county, Indiana. In Grant county they took up government land, all of it new, and improved a good homestead of one hundred and sixty acres. That continued to be their home for over twenty years, when Mr. Morris sold out and moved to Marshall county. Iowa. Five years later he moved to Kansas, and lived in that state, chiefly at Burr Oak, in Jewell county, until his death in 1881. He was born* in the fall of 1808, so that he was seventy-three years of age when he died. Nathan Morris, from the time of his young manhood, was one of the most zealous ministers of the Quaker church. He preached and worked for his denomination and for the good of humanity, year after year, and never with a cent of remuneration. Equal to his zeal for the'ministry, was his splendid charities, and it is said that no one ever left his door empty-handed. With all his liberality he prospered, and nowhere was there ever a better illustration of a common truth, that those who are most generous in their charity are often the most blest in their material fortunes. The first wife of Nathan Morris died at her home in Grant county during his forty-third year, leaving a large family. He then married Abigail Peacock, whose maiden name was Baldwin, and who was also the mother of a large family. Nathan Morris, by his two wives was the father of twenty-two children, fifteen by his first wife and seven by the second. Of this large family, Mrs. Micah, Baldwin is one of the four yet living, and the oldest of the twenty-two children. She is now in her eighty-third year and is as alert and bright mentally as many women twenty years younger. In many ways she has had a remarkable history. She survived from a time when conditions and environments were almost totally different from those that now obtain. When she was a girl she learned all the housewifery arts which were considered so necessary in pioneer days. She was a skillful weaver, and has woven hundreds of yards of flax and wool cloth. In the early days she made all her clothing from her own weaving, and practiced all the domestic arts which are familiarly associated with the pioneer women. In one day she spun and reeled thirty "cuts" of wool, more than any one who competed with her had been able to do. All her life long she has been devoted to the Quaker church, and for many years did home missionary work. She now has her home in Fairmount, at the same residence where she has lived for half a century. This residence is a land mark in Fairmount, and was for many years occupied by her husband, Micah Baldwin. The children of Micah Baldwin and wife were as follows: 1. Nathan, born June 14, 1851, has never married, is an educated man, and since he was fourteen years of age has been a victim of paralysis, having his home with his mother and brother in Fairmont. 2. Daniel, third of the name was born December 5,1853, and is a farmer in Hardin county, Iowa. He married Lyde Bogue. and has one son, C. Gordon, now eighteen years old. 3. Lucy, born April, 1856, died in 1874, at the age of eighteen. 4. Orlando, born March 7, 1858, is a barber in Kansas City, Kansas. 5. Millie, born August 1, I860, married Henry Delcamp, a resident of Chicago. They are the parents of Earl and Nettie. 6. Benjamin, born December 12, 1862, was accidentally drowned when eighteen months old. 7. Edgar M., born April 2,1866, whose individual career is given in detail in the following paragraph. 8. Mary E., born August 26, 1868, is the wife of Edward M. Hollingsworth, a shoe merchant at Fairmount. They have children, Leo, Kenneth, and Charles E. 9. Charles, born October 21, 1871, is unmarried, and is a printer with a home in Seattle, Washington.

For a number of years Mr. Edgar M. Baldwin has been one of the most influential citizens of Grant county, and as editor and proprietor of the Fairmount Neivs wields a large and beneficent influence over his locality. His early years were spent in Fairmount, where he attended the public schools, and in 1877, when only eleven years old, made his start in the printing trade. He did all the duties required of an apprentice, stood at the case, and learned to set type, was employed in the Fairmount News office, and developed an exceptional skill as a journeyman printer. Like most of the men of his profession he has travelled about the country a great deal, and has worked in the composing rooms of some of the largest dailies and printing establishments in the country. He was at New Vienna, Ohio, at Cincinnati, at Indianapolis, worked on the old Chicago Herald, then went to Philadelphia, spent two years in New York City in a law printing house, once more had employment at Philadelphia, and also at Wilmington, Delaware, did work in the city of Washington, then came west to Cincinnati, and Indianapolis and Chicago, and in 1885 returned to his old home at Fairmount. Here he bought the plant of the Fairmount News from Charles Stout, and conducted that paper for three years. Selling out he went to western Kansas and for a few months ran the Ellis Headlight. In 1890, Mr. Baldwin was appointed to a position in the government printing office at Washington, D. C., where he spent four and a half years, during which time he was employed on many of the large jobs in that printery, the greatest establishment of its kind in America. From Washington he once more came to Fairmount. With the outbreak of the Spanish-American war in 1898, four days after the declaration of war, on April 26, he joined Company A, of the One Hundred and Sixtieth Indiana Infantry. This regiment rendezvoused at Indianapolis, and was mobilized at Chickamauga. The regiment was finally assigned to duty with the army of invasion in Porto Rico, but when the regiment left for the front Mr. Baldwin was in the hospital. A few days later he got out and joined the Fifth Illinois Regiment, going with that command to Newport News, Va. However, the peace protocol was signed while the regiment was on the way. The command was later transferred to the army of occupation and sent to Matanzas Province, Cuba. The regiment was returned to Savannah, Georgia, and was discharged there, April 26, 1899, just a year after his enlistment. The commander of the regiment with which he went to Cuba was George W. Gunder. Returning to his Indiana home, Mr. Baldwin then spent some time as a traveling salesman. After four years he returned to Fairmount and again took over the Fairmount News in 1903. Since then the Fairmount News has been issued under his management, and is one of the most influential and best edited papers of Grant county. The News is issued to its subscribers on Monday and Thursday of each week. The subscription list comprises the best people in the south half of Grant county, and the paper circulates to many quarters of the state. The office of the News is unusually well equipped, not only for periodical publication, but with a complete job plant for catalogue and other high class printing.

Mr. Baldwin was married August 23, 1887, to Myra Rush, a daughter of Rev. Nixon and Louisa Rush, a family whose record will be found elsewhere in this publication. Mrs. Baldwin was born near Fairmount, July 4, 1865. She has the distinction of being the first graduate of the Fairmount Academy with the class of 1887. For a number of years she has been the proficient city editor of the Fairmount Netvs. They are the parents of one son, Mark, born June 8,1889, a graduate of the Fairmount Academy with the class of 1909, and just twenty-two years after his mother, and a graduate with the class of 1912 from Earlham College, at Richmond, Indiana. He is now in the U. S. Soil Survey of the Agricultural Department, having charge of a squad with headquarters in Iowa Mr. Baldwin and his family are active workers and members of the Friends church.

Mr. Baldwin has been almost too busy for participation in public affairs, but has frequently been honored with marks of esteem from his fellow citiziens. He was endorsing clerk in the Indiana State Senate during the session of 1908-09. He was the nominee in the Republican caucus for assistant clerk of the House of Representatives during the following session. He was treasurer of the Republican Editorial Association of Indiana, and was also treasurer of the Grant County Central Committee. In 1912, he enlisted his support in behalf of the Progressive party, and at Peru, on September 11, was nominated for congress in the Eleventh Congressional district on the Progressive ticket. He made an exceptionally strong campaign, received votes from both the old parties, and the campaign, while not resulting in his election, was a most gratifying- tribute to his personal popularity.

Browne, John R.

John R. Browne was born October 17, 1876, in Van Buren township of Grant county, a son of William L. and Martha E. (Kirkpatrick) Browne. The maternal grandfather, William M. Kirkpatrick, was one of the pioneers of Van Buren township. Grant county. The father was a lawyer and for many years practiced his profession at Lincoln, Nebraska, where he died in 1908. The mother now lives at Landersville in this county. There were two children in the family, and Mr. Browne's brother is Frank D. Browne, a substantial farmer near Huntington, Indiana.

John R. Browne spent the first sixteen years of his life on a farm, and during that time attained a common school and part of a high school education. At the age of sixteen he began teaching, which occupation he continued for six years. Many of the nights and a large part of his vacation periods, while a teacher, were spent in reading law both at home and with Mr. 0. L. Cline, and later with Paulus and Cline. In 1898 he was admitted to the bar and begun the practice on March 1, 1899. with Mr. J. F. Charles, as a partner. This partnership was continued as Charles and Browne until December 1,1902, at which time Hiram Brownlee became the head of the new firm of Brownlee, Charles and Browne. This firm continued until May 6, 1903, at which date, Mr. Charles retired. Brownlee and Browne then continued together until November 1st, 1907, at which time, the partnership was dissolved by mutual consent. Mr. has served consecutively as secretary, save during the one year of hia residence at Decatur.

Brownlee, Judge John

Judge John Brownlee was judge of the Cass Circuit Court at the October term, 1854, having been appointed to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Hon. John U. Pettit. He was a lawyer of fair ability and made a creditable judge. He resided in Grant county.

Charles, James

James Charles family was founded in Grant county more than half a century ago and its name has been most prominently and worthily linked with the progress and upbuilding of the city of Marion, judicial center of the county. The late James Charles was a young man at the time when he established his home in this city and through ability, close application and sterling integrity of purpose he gained and long retained precedence as one of the leading business men and influential citizens of the county, where his memory is held in lasting honor. Virtually his entire active career was devoted to the milling business and he became one of the leading exponents of this line of enterprise in central Indiana. He was a man of broad views and sound judgment, vigorous and self-reliant, loyal and public-spirited, and his strong individuality combined with sterling attributes of character to make him well equipped for leadership in popular sentiment and action. He held various positions of public trust, including that of representative of his district in the state senate, and his high standing in the community that long represented his home and the stage of his activities renders most consonant the memorial tribute accorded to him in this history of Grant county.

James Charles was born in Cornwall, England, on the 22d of December, 1835, and in both the paternal and maternal lines was a scion of the stanchest of English stock. He was the tenth in order of birth of the twelve children of Richard and Mary (Oates) Charles. His father was a miller by trade and vocation and followed this occupation in his native land until 1854, when he immigrated with his family to the United States. He first located at Buffalo, New York, but about one year later he came to Indiana and established his residence in Grant county, where he continued to be identified with the milling business during the residue of his active career, his death having occurred, at Marion in 1905, and his wife having survived him by several years.

In the schools of his native land James Charles received a good practical education, which he later rounded out and made symmetrical through self-discipline and active association with men and affairs. He learned the miller's trade under the effective direction of his honored father and he anticipated his parents and other members of the family in coming to America, as he crossed the Atlantic in 1854. Soon after his arrival he found employment at his trade in the city of Buffalo, New York, where he was thus engaged for three years. He then came to Indiana and first located at Fort Wayne, but in December of the same year he came to Grant county and assumed charge of the City mill, the leading flouring mill in the county. He operated this mill for a period of fourteen years and then retired from active business, but at the expiration of one year he again rented the mill, of which he became the owner in 1881. He made many improvements in the property and kept the same up to a high standard in its mechanical equipment and other accessories. He continued the operation of the mill for many years and with marked success, having retained the same in his possession until his death, which occurred on the 8th of December, 1905. From the time of their marriage until their death he and his wife lived continuously in one locality, though various improvements were made upon the lot and the house with the passing of years. Mr. Charles was an aggressive business man, fertile in expedients and an indefatigable worker, but he did not hedge himself in with the affairs and exactions of his business interests, but stood foremost in giving his influence and tangible co-operation in the support of measures and enterprises tending to advance the civic and material welfare of his home city and county. He was identified with the various commercial and general business organizations formed in Marion and wielded large and beneficent influence in community affairs, the while he had the respect and confidence of all those who could appreciate honesty, integrity and loyalty. He served two terms as a member of the city council, and in 1880 further evidence of popular esteem was given, by his election as a member of the board of county commissioners, to which important post he was re-elected in 1882 and in which he advocated progressive policies and labored zealously for the proper administration of the affairs of the county. His loyalty to the land of his adoption was of the most intense order, and he was well fortified in his opinions concerning matters of governmental and economic policy, his allegiance being given unequivocally to the Republican party, as a representative of which he was finally elected to the state senate, in which body he made an admirable record.

On the 1st of July, 1860, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Charles to Miss Sarah Elma Secrist, who was born in the state of Ohio, on the 26th of June, 1842, and who was a daughter of John Secrist, a miller by trade and vocation. The home life of Mr. and Mrs. Charles was marked by ideal relations and associations and she survived him by several years. She continued to reside in the old homestead until her death, which occurred on the 1st of September; 1912, and her name is held in affectionate memory by all who came within the sphere of her gentle and gracious influence. Of the eleven children of Mr. and Mrs. Charles six attained to maturity, and of these John Edwin died in 1887. The five children who survive the parents are all residents of Marion. Miss Lulu Charles is a popular factor in the social life of her native city; James F. is a representative member of the Marion bar and is individually mentioned on other pages of this work; Harry S. is employed by the Marion Light and Heating Company; Mark E. is engaged in general contracting; and Bessie is the wife of A. L. Higbee.

James F. Charles. On other pages of this work is entered a memoir to the late James Charles, who was one of the honored pioneers and influential citizens of Grant county, and thus it is not demanded that the record of his career and of the family history be repeated in the following epitome of the life of his sou, James F., who is one of the representative members of the bar of his native county and who is engaged in the successful practice of his profession in the city of Marion, judicial center and metropolis of Grant county.

James F. Charles was born in the city that is now his home and the date of his nativity was December 30, 1872. He received his early educational discipline in the public schools of Marion and was graduated in the high school when but fourteen years of age, in 1887—a fact indicating his receptiveness and also his ambition and appreciation. He was at the time the youngest person ever graduated in the Marion high school. After leaving school he gained practical and valuable business experience by entering the flour mill conducted by his father, and with the operations and business management of the same he continued to be actively identified until 1896, in the meanwhile showing himself of distinctive business acumen,—a trait evidently inherited from his father and grandfather, the names of both of whom have been prominent in connection with industrial activities in Grant county.

Desirous of fitting himself for a broader field of endeavor, Mr. Charles severed his association with his father's business and was matriculated in the law department of the celebrated University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor. In this institution he was graduated as a member of the class of 1898 and he received therefrom his well earned degree of Bachelor of Laws. He then returned to his native city and was forthwith admitted to the Indiana bar. He has become continuously engaged in the active practice of law in Marion since the autumn of 1898 and has gained secure prestige as one of the prominent and resourceful representatives of the bar of Grant county. He has won success through close application and the proper utilization of his admirable powers as a strong and versatile advocate and well fortified counselor. He continues a close student and is specially well fortified in the involved and exacting science of jurisprudence, the while he is a stickler in the observance of the unwritten ethical code of his profession, so that he commands the confidence and high regard of his confreres at the bar, as does he also those of the general public. In the practice of his profession he has had various partnership alliances but his law business is now conducted in an independent way, with a clientage of important and representative character.

Like his honored father Mr. Charles has been, unwavering and zealous in the support of the cause of the Republican party and he is one ta of its influential representatives in this section of the state. Through several important campaigns he served as vice-chairman of the Republican central committee of Grant county and he has otherwise been active in furthering the party "cause. He has served as city attorney of Marion for the past ten years, under three different administrations, and his long retention of this position indicates the value of his services and the estimate placed upon him in the community that has ever been his home. Upon the organization of the present Grant County Bar Association Mr. Charles had the distinction of being elected its first president, and he is one of its active and valued members at the present time. He is essentially progressive and liberal in his civic attitude and gives his support to those undertakings that tend to conserve the general good of the community. He is secretary and a director of the United States Glove Company, representing one of the important industrial enterprises of Marion, and is an influential member of the Marion Civic Assembly. He is Past Exalted Ruler of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks and a member of the Knights of Pythias.

Connubial responsibilities were assumed by Mr. Charles on the 11th of June, 1907, when he wedded Miss Edith M. Esler, who was born in the city of Baltimore, Maryland, and the two children of this union are Robert Franklin, who was born May 12, 1908; and Edwin Esler, who was born June 26, 1911.

Cox, Eli J.

Eli J. Cox. A native son of Grant county, who is well known to the 'citizens of Fairmount, Eli J. Cox has not confined his activities to the Hoosier State, but is widely known in other parts of the country, especially in Florida, where he is the owner of extensive orange groves. He is of Scotch-Irish descent and is descended from one of two brothers, Joseph and Samuel Cox, who emigrated to this country prior to the War of the Revolution, settling in Pennsylvania, where they were identified with the Fox Quakers. One of these brothers subsequently moved to North Carolina and established a home among the Quakers of Randolph county, and from him Eli J. Cox is directly descended.

Joshua Cox, the grandfather of Eli Cox, was born in North Carolina between the years 1790 and 1795. He grew up there to agricultural pursuits, and was united in marriage with a Miss Rachael Cox, no doubt a distant relative. At the time the Quakers whp were opposed to slavery began their migration north, about 1834, Joshua Cox left North Carolina with his wife and children and located in the Quaker settlement in Morgan county, Indiana, where he secured a tract of undeveloped land from the government and settled down to make a home. There he died not long afterward, when still in the prime of life, while his widow survived him for many years. They were Quakers all of their lives and were the parents of four sons and two daughters, all of whom grew to maturity, were married and had families.

The third in order of birth of his parents' six children, William Cox was born in North Carolina in 1824, and was still a lad when he accompanied them in their migration to Morgan county, Indiana. At the age of twenty years he came to Grant county. Indiana, and when not yet twenty-one was married to Elizabeth Wilson, who was born in 1826 in Randolph county, North Carolina, and was a child when she accompanied her parents. John and Mary R. (Winslow) Wilson, to Grant county. Mrs. Elizabeth (Wilson) Cox was reared a Quakeress, but before marriage joined the United Brethren church, and her husband, refusing to declare himself sorry for his act, was excommunicated by the church and a few years later they both joined the Wesleyan Methodist church, in the faith of which they died. After their marriage, Mr. and Mrs. William Cox located on a farm in Fairmount township, but subsequently moved to another tract in Liberty township, on the Little Ridge road, two and one-half miles southwest from Fairmount. There Mr. Cox's death occurred in January, 1901, while his wife followed him to the grave on June 12th of the same year. They were the parents of thirteen children, as follows: Nathan D., of Fairmount, who is married and has children, grandchildren and one great-grandchild; Abigail, who married first Jonathan Bogue, by whom she had a large family, and married second Josiah Winslow, and lives in Fairmount; John W., a farmer near Fair- mount, who is married and has five children; Mary R., who is the wife of Oliver Haisley, a carpenter of Fairmount, and has two married children; Eli J., subject of this review; Milton T., a fruit grower near Fairmount, who is married and has one son and two daughters, the latter being married; Zimri E., a Colorado ranchman, who is married and has two sons, both civil engineers and graduates of the College of Mining, at Golden, Colorado; Eliza Ann, who married William Shields, now of California, and died leaving three sons; Sarah E., the wife of C. C. Powell, a farmer of Grant county, and has two sons and one daughter at home; Elizabeth C., the wife of E. J. Seale, of Fairmount, who has one son and one daughter; William V.. a farmer of Fairmount township, who has one adopted daughter; Micajah T., who has two sons and one daughter; and Margaret E., twin of Micajah T., who died after her marriage to William T. Cammack, now in the West, by whom she had one son and one daughter.

Eli J. Cox was born on his father's farm in Grant county, Indiana, January 6, 1853, and received his early education in the country schools. Subsequently he became a student in the Marion (Indiana) Normal school, and after a few terms at this institution he became a teacher and for seven years was engaged in educational work in the Grant county schools. In 1881 he went to the western part of Missouri, where for one year he was engaged in hay buying business, and in the following year went to Florida, where he embarked in the orange grove enterprise. In this he met'with almost instantaneous success, and through good management and shrewd business foresight increased his holdings from time to time until he owned large interests in orange groves. He bought and sold this kind of land, established a packing house, and bought and shipped oranges extensively. His brand was well known in the eastern markets. With others, he was caught in the great "freeze" of the year 1895, but managed to recuperate his losses and to regain a part of his groves, and now owns and operates two very valuable orange properties. He has. large land holdings in Florida, and also owns valuable tracts in Texas, near the city of Houston. He is at this time an active member of the Florida State Horticultural Society, and is widely known as an expert in the orange industry. Mr. Cox has been an extensive traveler, having visited nearly every State in the Union, as well as various points in Canada and Mexico. He maintains a handsome home in Fairmount and here takes an active interest in all that affects the material welfare of the city or its people. In political matters Mr. Cox is a Republican but he has cared little for the struggles of the political arena.

Mr. Cox was married in Grant county, to a Miss Ballenger, and to this union there was born one daughter who died in infancy. His second marriage occurred in 1904, in Fairmount, Indiana, to Mrs. Ora D. (Luse) Osborn, who was born in Hancock county, Indiana, March 2, 1869. She came to Fairmount in 1882. with her parents, Walter S. and Elmira C. (Coffin) Luse, natives of Hancock county. Her father was for a number of .veal's a successful agriculturist and tile manufacturer of Liberty township, Grant county, but in 1892 retired from active life, and he and his wife now make their home in Fairmount. He was a pioneer in the manufacture of tile and brick in Indiana, engaging therein as early as 1864. Mr. and Mrs. Cox have no children. Her former husband, Jesse Osborn, died some years ago, when still a young man. Mr. and Mrs. Cox are members of the Friends church.

Cox, Nathan D.

Nathan D. Cox. The following sketch contains the important facts in the life and family records of a Grant county citizen whose name has always stood for all that is honest and of good report in this community for successful thrift and business integrity, for a position which all must respect. The Cox family have been Indiana residents since pioneer days, the early generation having made homes out of the wilderness, and later descendants bore a worthy part as soldiers and as citizens. Nathan D. Cox has for many years been sexton and caretaker of the beautiful Park Cemetery of Fairmont. Previous to that he was a successful farmer in this part of the county, and none would deny that the comforts and blessings of good children now surrounding himself and wife were merited rewards to worthy and well spent Mves.

Nathan D. Cox was born in Grant county, in Liberty township, September 5, 1846. His grandfather, Joshua Cox, a native of Randolph county, North Carolina, where he was born about one hundred and fifteen years ago, was of a Quaker family, a farmer by occupation, and married in his native state, Miss Rachael Cox, who was no relative though of the same name. She also belongs to the Quaker religion. In 1830, with their children, these pioneers embarked their household goods, and other movables in wagons drawn by ox teams, and by many days of alternate driving and camping along the way finally reached Indiana, and settled in Morgan county. There Joshua Cox and wife died some years after their settlement, and it is believed that they were not more than fifty years of age at the time of their death.

Of a family of Joshua Cox was William Cox, father of the Fairmount citizen. He was born in Randolph county. North Carolina, November 9, 1824. and was six years old when he accompanied the family on its migration to Indiana. Growing upon the home farm in Morgan county, he came to Grant county before his marriage. In this county at the age of twenty-one, in 1845, he married Elizabeth Wilson. The Wilson family has played a worthy part in Grant County history. Elizabeth Wilson was born in North Carolina about 1824 or 1825, and was a small child when brought to Grant county by her parents, John and Mary, better known as Polly, (Winslow) Wilson. The Wilson family located on government land, improved a farm out of the wilderness, and there the parents spent their final years, dying at a good old age. They were of the Quaker Faith, were most estimable people, and in their children inculcated the virtues of honor and thrift and simple living, which had been characteristic of Quaker people for generations. They were the parents of seven sons and six daughters.

After his marriage William Cox began life in Liberty township. For some years he rented and worked on others' farm and with his accumulations finally bought land for himself in Fairmount township. Some years later he sold out and bought a farm, in Liberty township, and it was on that homestead that he and his wife died. His death occurred in 1901, and she died five months later in the same year, being seventy-four years of age. He was originally a member of the United Brethren church. William Cox had married outside of his Quaker church, and when called upon in a public meeting of the Quakers to express his sorrow for his act, he refused, and was accordingly dismissed from the congregation. He and his wife then joined the Wesleyan Methodist, and died in that faith. In politics he was first a Whig voter, and later a Republican. However, he at the time maintained a rigid adhei v/ice to the temperance cause, and did all in his power to uphold prohibition principles, irrespective of the larger party lines. There were seven sons and six daughters in the family of William Cox and wife. All the sons are still living, are married, and with the exception of one, have their homes in Indiana. Two of the six daughters are deceased, while the others are all married and have homes of their own.

Mr. Nathan D. Cox, the oldest of the family, came to manhood in Liberty township. He was still a boy when the war between the states broke out, and at the age of nineteen, on October 7, 1864, volunteered in Company A of the Thirty-Third Indiana Infantry. At the close of the war he was discharged, after having seen considerable active service. He fought at the great battle at Nashville, in the closing months of 1864, but escaped unhurt. On starting out for himself he became a farmer, and in 1890 left the farm and took up his residence in Fairmount. In the same year he was appointed superintendent of the Park Cemetery, and has now held that position and given most efficient service for more than twenty years. The Park Cemetery is a matter of much pride to the residents of Fairmont, comprising twelve acres of beautifully laid out and improved grounds, and the cemetery was incorporated in May, 1889. Up to the present writing the interments in the cemetery number over 1,500 and nearly all these additions to the city of the dead have been while Mr. Cox was superintendent. Mr. Cox owns some fine residence property in Fairmount, and has been well prospered through his long career.

For many years he has been a strong Prohibitionist in politics, and he exemplifies his principles not only in abstaining from all spirituous liquors, but has never used tobacco in any form.

On June 6, 1869, was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Cox with Miss Jennie Fisher. She was born in Clinton, Ohio, March 12, 1848, and was a young girl when her parents Asa and Susan (Horsman) Fisher, came to Delaware county, Indiana. Both her parents were natives of Ohio, were married in Clinton county, and settled in Delaware county about 1855. They bought a farm near Bethel, where they lived until their death. Mrs. Fisher died during the war, while her husband passed away some years later. Both were in middle life at the final summons. They were active members of the Christian church. One son, Andy Fisher was a soldier in the Thirty-Sixth Indiana Regiment, was badly wounded at the battle of Murfreesboro, Tennessee, when a bullet struck him in the loins, and he lay for three days and three nights on the battle field. Finally he was cared for by a Confederate soldier, and then sent home, and largely owing to exposure as a soldier died from tuberculosis. He was unmarried. Mrs. Cox is the only one of the ten children in her parents' family now living.

The five children of Mr. and Mrs. Cox are mentioned as follows: Nora is the wife of David Gregg, of Fairmont, and their children are: Edward, who is a teacher; William, who has received an excellent education, and Dewey. Copa, the second in the family, is the wife of Clinton Haisley, who is with the Rubber Company of Jonesboro. They have two children, Chester and Etna, both of whom have been provided with good advantages in the public schools and the Fairmount Academy. The daughter Flora, died in infancy, and the next child, also named Flora, died when young. The fifth and youngest child, William, died at the age of fourteen.

Mr. and Mrs. Cox have for forty-five years been active members of the Wesleyan Methodist church. Mrs. Cox has given a quarter century of work as a Sunday school teacher, while her husband has been a class leader for several years in his local church, later held the same position six years more, and for many years served as superintendent of the Sunday School.

Davis, James

Creator of Garfield, the Cartoon Cat, Jim Davis was born and raised in Grant County, Indiana.

Dillard, Artis

DILLARD, ARTIS, municipal contractor; born in Howard Coounty, Indiana on Dec. 24. 1868. He was the son of Thomas and Ester (Hall)Artis and was raised with a public school education. He married Manerva Ward, of Indianapolis, June 22. 1910,

He began as janitor of the court house located in Marion, Indiana in 1900. He later accepted private contracts trimming trees, laying sod and making lawns. This work led to contracts for digging cellars, sewer and cement work, street building, and finally municipal contracting. Dillard had a cement contract connected with the $100.000 residence of J. W. Wilson, with the First Baptist Church and numerous others as well as finishing contracts on tar via roads amounting to $840,000 in 1914.

He became president of Grant Security and Loan Co., Gill Coal and Supply Co., Marion. He was vice-president of the Grant County Republican Central Committee in 1904. He was an African Methodist. Mr. Dillard was the former president of the Marion Negro Business League, a member of Odd Fellows, Knights of Pythias, and Knights of Tabor. His address: 1818 S. Boots Street, Marion, Indiana.

Duling, Solomon

Solomon Duling. In the annals of early settlement in Grant county one of the names first to be mentioned is that of the Duling family, which for upwards of seventy years has been identified with Fairmount township. Solomon Duling, above named, was born a few years after the settlement of the family in this county, and has thus lived practically all his life in his native community. The Duling name throughout his residence in Grant county has always been associated with solid worth and an industry which brings credit to the possessor and has helped to create the resources and wealth of the community.

The Duling family has always been more or less on the frontier, struggling against the hardships of the wilderness, and making homes first on the Atlantic Coast, and then in different sections of the middle west. First to be mentioned in the family history is William Duling, great-grandfather of Solomon. He spent all his life in Virginia, where he was a farmer. One of the sons of William was Edmund Duling, Sr., grandfather of Solomon, and the next in line of descent was Edmund Duling, Jr. The senior Edward moved from Virginia, early in the nineteenth century and made settlement in Coshocton, Ohio, where he died when past seventy years of age. He married, probably in Virginia, Mary Dean. He had a large family of 13 children, all of whom lived so that it was possible for the entire group to be seated at one time about the same family table. Edmund Duling, Sr., was a prosperous farmer, a man of substance for his time, and was especially prominent in the Methodist church. His home was, in fact, a center for Methodist activities in that part of Ohio. Many meetings were held in his barn, and every itinerant minister who Avent through the country stopped and was fed and lodged in the Duling home. It was one of the old- fashioned log houses, so frequent at that time in Ohio, but its hospitality was unlimited, and it was often filled from cellar to garret with visitors and worshipers who came from a distance, all of them partaking of the generous provisions afforded by the Duling household. Previous to the immigration of the family from Virginia, they had all been slave holders and planters, but the slaves were freed many years before the war.

Edmund Duling, Jr., father of Solomon Duling, and founder of the family fortunes in Grant county, was the third son in a very large family of children. He with two brothers, Solomon and Thomas, became settlers in Grant county, Indiana, and all of them improved excellent farm estates, were successful agriculturists, and became heads of families. The three brothers are now deceased and also their wives. Edmund Duling, Jr., was born in Coshocton county, Ohio, April 9, 1817,. He grew up in his native locality, was a farmer boy, and received a meagre education in the public schools of that time. He married Eliza Ann Hubert, who was born in Guernsey county, Ohio. In the spring of 1845 Edmund Duling, Jr., and his brother Thomas rode horseback from Coshocton to Fairmount, erected their log cabin, returned to Ohio for their families and moved out that fall. There Edmund Duling, Jr., made a clearing in the midst of the tall trees, and probably with the help of some of his neighbors hewed out the timbers from which were built a log cabin, eighteen by twenty feet in dimensions and comprising only one room. The roof of this rude house was the old-fashioned clapboards, bound down with shakes, as they were called. The single door swung on wooden hinges. Wooden pins supplied the fastenings where needed, although the tongue and groove were the chief methods by which the timbers were fastened together. However, the home had one distinction, and that was a lumber floor. Among the articles of kitchen furniture which the family brought into Grant county, was one of the old bake-ovens, and that interesting utensil is now in the possession of Solomon Duling. It is a relic interesting in itself, and especially so from the family associations, since practically all the bread consumed in the household was made by the good housewife and baked in that oven, which was heated either in the fireplace or on coals spread out of doors. The pioneer housewife also had her spinning wheel, and from the flax and wool spun the yarn and made the clothes for all the members of the family. Eventually Edmund Duling and wife improved an excellent farm, and replaced the old log cabin with a good frame house standing near what is now known as the Eighth Street Road. There they lived, labored, reared their children and finally passed to their reward.

Edmund Duling died in 1901, when within a few months of being eighty-four years of age. His wife had passed away some twelve or thirteen years previously. She was born in 1818, and though reared in the Presbyterian faith, afterwards became a Protestant Methodist, and both she and her husband died in that faith. He was first a Whig and later a Republican in politics.

The five children of Edmund Duling, Jr., and wife are mentioned as follows: Maria died after her marriage to Joshua Hollingsworth, her death occurring in 1908. The husband is still living. They were the parents of two children, Edmund and Lena. Asa, the second born is deceased and left a family of two sons, Frank and Verlie. Mary J. died at the age of four years. The next among the children is Solomon. Emily, who married Asbury Crabb, who is still living, died soon after the birth of her only daughter Emma, who is now married and has three children, Lulu, Ethel, and Alva.

Mr. Solomon Duling was born on the old homestead in Fairmount township, December 1, 1850. He was reared there, and still owns half of the eighty acres which made up the old home place. His career has been that of a substantial farmer, and with the passing of years he has brought his land into a high state of cultivation and improvement. Solomon Duling in 1881 married Miss Alice Wright. She was born in Plainfield, Hendricks county, Indiana, January 26,1861. When she was a young girl her parents, Joseph R. and Deborah (Dicker) Wright moved to Grant county. Both her parents were natives of Pennsylvania, where they were married, and then came to Indiana. Her father Joseph Wright, now lives in Fairmount city, at the age of seventy-six. He is a veteran of the Sixty-third Indiana Infantry during the Civil war, and his home has been in Grant county since 1869. His wife died here about five years ago, when about seventy years of age. The Wright family were for a number of years members of the Methodist church, but later joined the Methodist Protestant, and finally became Dunkards. To the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Duling have been born no children, but in the kindness of their hearts they have adopted and reared two foster daughters. One, a niece, is now Mrs. Emma Rich. The other is Mrs. Verna Rogers, and has one son, Orville D. Rogers, their home being in New Castle, Indiana. Mr,, and Mrs. Duling are members of the Methodist Protestant Church, and in politics he is a Republican.

Elliott, Herbert Marion

Herbert Marion Elliott. "The Children's Friend" would be a title which would more nearly signify the relations of Mr. Elliott to the community of his home children than any other which might be discovered. Mr. Elliott professionally is a lawyer, has been identified with the bar for thirty years, twenty years of whieh have been spent in Marion. Though successful as a lawyer, his name and career will be longest appreciated and honored not so much for his prominence in the courts and business affairs as for his thoroughly disinterested and efficient service in the realm of practical philanthropy. The city of Marion is fortunate in the possession of such a man. The upbuilding of a wholesome city is not due to the industries alone, nor to the banks alone, nor to the varied mercantile enterprises, but to the composite activities which are always found associated in any large center of population. Among these varied human activities, certainly the work of the philanthropist must appear larger and more important with every passing decade, and it is with such work that Mr. Elliott's name should be prominently identified in the history of Grant county.

Herbert Marion Elliott was born at Holly, Michigan, September 15, 1853. His parents were Marcus Delos and Emily A. (Seely) Elliott, the father a native of New York and his mother also from the same state. The father, who was a farmer, served as a member of the Michigan legislature in 1877-78 from Oakland county. During the Civil war he had been captain of Company H, an artillery company of the Eighth Michigan Battery light artillery. After the war he continued as a farmer and in several minor offices of trust and responsibility in Michigan until his death which came to him September 5, 1905. The mother passed away in March, 1895. The Marion lawyer is the oldest of four children, the others being Addie E. Zellner, of Penton, Michigan; George M., of Tacoma, Washington; and John D., of Minneapolis. After the death of his first wife the father married Louise Piatt, and their one child is Marian H. Elliott of Holly, Michigan. The parents also had a foster-daughter, Mrs. Cora Bell Howes, now of Los Angeles, California.

Mr. H. M. Elliott was reared on a farm and from an early age learned to depend upon his own efforts for his promotion in life. At Holly he attained a common school education and also attended the high school in Ann Arbor, Michigan. His career began as a school teacher, a vocation which he followed for nine years. Subsequently he engaged in farming in Oakland county, and continued that in connection with his teaching until he was twenty-seven years of age, teaching during the winter season and carrying on farm operations during the summer. On leaving the farm he engaged in the drug business first at Holly, then at Davisburg and then at Detroit. He was in this line of business for about four years, until about 1882. During the years while he was teaching he took up the study of law at Pontiac, and also at Holly and at St. Johns, and was admitted to the bar on January 4, 1884, at St. Johns, Michigan. Immediately afterwards he began private practice at AuSable and Oscoda, Michigan. In 1890 he opened an office in Detroit, and conducted the law business at Oscoda and Detroit until April, 1893, at which time he moved his home to Marion, Indiana, which has since been his permanent home.

On September 4, 1878, Mr. Elliott married Miss Ella E. McLean of Clio, Michigan. Mrs. Elliott was born in Genesee county, Michigan. Their two children are Harry McLean, now of Los Angeles, and Merle Dee, at home. During his residence in Michigan, Mr. Elliott served as prosecuting attorney of Iosco county two terms, and was circuit court commissioner for two terms for the same county. For two terms at Oscoda he was secretary of the board of education.

Since coming to Marion Mr. Elliott's connections with public and benevolent enterprise have been almost too numerous to mention. He has for two and a half years been secretary of the Marion Federation of Charities; for four years was probation officer for Grant county; for six years was president of the board of children's guardians; and is now secretary of the Grant County Hospital Association. He helped organize the Marion Law Institute, a corporation which now owns the bar library valued at $5,000 and Mr. Elliott was its first librarian. He was for five years president of the Y. M. C. A. and was chairman of the building committee until after the plans for the present building had been adopted. He was also president of the building committee which financed and built the Presbyterian church at Marion, easily the finest church edifice in this city. For thirteen years Mr. Elliott was in partnership with his brother George Elliott in the law business at Marion, and during that time they organized and established the Marion Planing Mill Company, and the Marion Insurance Exchange. The latter has since gone into what is known as the Marion Title and Loan Company. The brothers also organized a number of other enterprises, which, during the past two decades have been important in the aggregate commercial activities of this city. Fraternally Mr. Elliott is affiliated with the Masonic Order, and is a member of the Presbyterian church, having been superintendent of the Sunday school for eight years and a member of the Session for twelve years. In politics he is a Progressive Republican, but in later years has taken no prominent part in political affairs. Child saving and home finding for waifs have constituted a large part of Mr. Elliott's benevolent work during recent years. He has without any ostentation and on his private initiative found homes for more than fifty children, and these benevolences have been performed without any supervision from any of the public charities. As a result of his efforts in this direction some of the children for whom he has provided comfortable homes will eventually inherit from five to twenty thousand dollars each from their foster parents. It is in no idle spirit nor from an abnormal trait of character that Mr. Elliott has engaged in bis philanthropic work of child saving. He is a broad-minded man in every respect, is devoted to the cause of social amelioration in all its aspects and from a busy professional career has devoted all the time and means that he could spare for the practical work of child philanthropy. As secretary of Federation of Charities, he was the first man in Indiana to adopt the plan of using the vacant lots in a city for raising crops by and for the poor. Mr. Elliott is a recognized authority in his branch of philanthropy and has written a great deal concerning progressive charities and uplift work in general. One special article on the workings of jail prisoners for the benefit of their families was heavily indorsed at a recent session of the National Prison Reform Board.

Elliott, Nixon

Nixon Elliott. Among his many Quaker friends and all classes of people, Mr. Elliott of Fairmount long enjoyed an esteem of the quality such as is only paid to persons of fine character and noble lives. He belongs to the good old pioneer stock of Indiana, and Grant county, as did also his wife; and in their own careers they have exemplified many of the finest attributes of the substantial Quaker people.

The history of the Elliott family, to which Mr. J. Nixon Elliott belongs goes back to great-grandfather James Elliott who was born in Perquimans county, North Carolina, in 1730. He married Mary Nixon, and they lived and died in their native county, farmers by occupation, and of the orthodox Fox Quaker sect. All the Elliott family were rigid adherents of the Quaker religion, and though they were settled in the Carolinas from the colonial days their principles of peaceful living prevented them from taking any part in the military history of the wars through which the family record runs.

Nixon Elliott, the grandfather, was born in Perquimans county, March 12, 1764. He married Rhoda, a daughter of Joseph and Anna Parker Scott, who was born November 10, 1773. Her father Joseph Scott was born about 1725, was a farmer, and Quaker in religion and lived and died in North Carolina. Nixon Elliott and wife had the following children : Job S-, born October 7, 1795, was married in North Carolina to Mary Dillon, afterwards came to Indiana, and both died in Henry county; James, born September 4, 1800, was a soldier through the Seminole war and afterwards lived and died in Florida, raised a family there and one of his sons, Nixon Elliott, now lives in Pueblo, Colorado; Elias, father of J. Nixon Elliott, was born January 12, 1803. The daughter Mary Elliott, born January 20, 1807, first married a Mr. Alber- son, who died early in life leaving one child, and then she married James Stelling, and came north and died near Greentown, Indiana, leaving no children by her second marriage.

Elias Elliott, the father of J. Nixon Elliott, grew up on a farm, and when a young man moved to Guilford county, in North Carolina. There he married Martha Saunders, of Deep River, where she was born in 1797, being six years older than her husband. After their marriage they began life as farmers in Guilford county, and all their children were born in that locality. In 1849 the family came north to Indiana, and after a few months in Wayne county, moved near to Ogden in Henry county, where they bought a farm, and in the following autumn the mother died. Elias Elliott married for his second wife Jane Cane, a Quakeress of North Carolina. They eomtinued to live in Henry county for seven years, and afterwards moved to Dublin, Indiana, where Elias Elliott died in 1884. He was survived some years by his wife, who died at Richmond, Indiana, at the age of seventy-five. Both were lifelong members of the Friends church. By the second marriage of Elias Elliott, the following children are noted: John B., who lives in Richmond, Indiana, contractor and builder, and has one son and one daughter; Martha, who died early in life; Emma, who died in childhood.

By his first marriage Elias Elliott had the following children: 1. William S., died recently near Greentown, in Howard county, at the age of eighty-four. He was for many years a substantial farmer. He married Sarah Havenridge, and they had a large family, two of whom are yet living; after death of his first wife William S. married Avis Irish. One of their children died in infancy, the two living are Mrs. Mary Golding and Charles Elliott of Oregon. 2. Patrick H. lived and died in Henry county, was a farmer by occupation, and attained the age of seventy-eight years. His first wife was Sarah Applegate, and his second was Levina Reeves. They had a family of children. 3. Dr. David S. died at the age of thirty-three years. He was a graduate of the medical department of Michigan University at Ann Arbor, and was president of the County Medical Society at the time of his death. Dr. Elliott married Hanna Cobb and had two children, both girls, one, Delphina, died aged 16, Hettie is still living, a teacher in the public schools of Richmond, Indiana. 4. James Nixon Elliott is the'next in line. 5. Mary Jane is the wife of J. W. Griffin, a farmer of Spiceland, Indiana. She was first married to Alfred Hall.

J. Nixon Elliott, was born at Deep River, Guilford county, North Carolina, October 28, 1837. When he was eleven years old the family moved to Henry county, Indiana, and there he grew up and received a practical training on a farm, and also some early educational advantages in the pioneer schools. At the close of the war he went south to Macon, Mississippi, and for one year was engaged in teaching the children of the Freedmen. In 1864 his brother David had moved to Grant county, and on J. Nixon Elliott's return from Mississippi he located in Fairmount. He bought a drug store at that place and continued actively in the drug business for fourteen years. Afterwards he changed his line for dry goods and was an active merchant for a number of years. For a long time he has been retired, and now lives in his fine home at 127 E. Washington street in Fairmount.

In 1872 in Fairmount township, Mr. Elliott married Ruth Winslow, who was born, in Fairmount township, July 1, 1839. Her home was always in Grant county, and she represented old pioneer stock. Her parents were Seth knd Mary (Hill) Winslow, both natives of Randolph county, North Carolina, her father born August 23, 1807, and her mother March 2, 1802. They were married in Wayne county, Indiana. Seth Winslow's father was Joseph Winslow, who married Paulina Pritchard, and came north to Indiana in 1830, entering government land in section twenty-three of Fairmount township. On part of that land is now located the Back Creek Quaker cemetery. There Joseph Winslow and wife spent the remainder of their years. Mary (Hill) Winslow was the daughter of Jesse and Mary Hill, who were pioneer settlers of Grant county, entering land in Fairmount township, and living there until their death at a good old age. The Hill family came to Grant county about 1830, and like the Winslows were prominent early members of the Quaker church. All the various members of these early families are buried in Back Creek cemetery. Seth Winslow was married in Wayne county, and then moved to Fairmount township, entering one hundred and sixty acres of government land. It was on that pioneer farm that he and his wife reared their family, and lived and died. Twelve acres of the old Winslow farm is now the present beautiful Park cemetery of Fairmount. Seth Winslow died at the age of eighty-one years and his wife was seventy-seven at the time of her death. In their family were the following children: Sarah, Elizabeth, Caroline, Jesse, and Ruth, who became Mrs. Elliott. She fell heir to most of her father's large estate and the value of the property has been donated to Earlham College at Richmond, the property to pass to that institution when Mr. and Mrs. Elliott die. Mr. Elliott is an active member of the local Quaker church, as was also his wife and in which he has been a member for many years. In church and civic affairs he has always borne his full share of responsibilities. He has given service as township trustee, and in politics has been active in the Prohibition cause. To the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Elliott was born one child, Metella, who lived less than one year and was buried on her first anniversary. Mrs. J. Nixon Elliott died August 19, 1913, and is buried in Park cemetery, Fairmount.

Elliott, William S.

ELLIOTT, WILLIAM S. Grant county, Indiana, has among its honored retired citizens many men to whom it owes much, men of the highest type of responsible citizenship. They have been useful to the community through their activities in business and agriculture, their public services and their professional achievements, and now, having stepped somewhat aside from the busy paths that their descendants still creditably occupy, they are entitled to the consideration -which they universally receive. Among these men, one who holds a prominent place in his community is William S. Elliott, now living a retired life at Fairmount, after many years spent in agricultural pursuits.

Mr. Elliott is a member of a family that originated in New England, but which for more than a century and a half made its home in the South. His grandfather was born near Dobsou's Cross Roads, in North Carolina, about the year 1800, and was reared to agricultural pursuits. -As a young man he moved to Virginia, where he was married to Rachael Overman, a native daughter of the Old Dominion State, and a member of an old and honored Virginia family, and as young married people came to Wayne county, Indiana, probably about the year 1818, as their youngest child was born there in 1819. and the second child, Reuben, the lather of William S., was born in the latter part of 1821. In 1822 the family came on, as they had come from the old Quaker settlement of Virginia, with wagon and teams, and located at what is now the land and location of the present Soldiers' Home in Center township. Grant county. Here Mr. Elliott purchased government land, all wild and undeveloped, and from this property started to carve out a home. The first family residence was a little log cabin on the banks of the Mississinewa river, and there the grandfather died in 1868, his widow passing away at an advanced age some years later. They were both of old Quaker stock and were themselves well-known and prominent Quakers of this settlement, having come North to avoid the slave-holding element. For many years Mr. Elliott was an elder in the Quaker meetings, and at the time of his death was the head of his church. He and his wife were the parents of twelve children, of whom about one-half died in childhood, while the others grew to maturity, while three are still living, as follows: Isaac, who is married and lives in Fairmount. Ohio; Elijah, who is married and resides with his family in Michigan; and a sister, the Rev. Rachel, wife of Henry Thomas, residing in Howard county, Indiana, and a leading minister of the Quaker faith.

Reuben Elliott, the father of William S. Elliott, was reared in Grant county, Indiana, at the old homestead of his father, and received his education in the church schools. After his marriage he settled down on a part of the homestead, and later, in 1849. the father purchased eighty acres of land from the government, which was then known as Sugar Creek Settlement, at that time in the Indian reservation, but which later became the site of the present city of Amboy. This became the home of Reuben Elliott, and here he resided until 1869 or 1870, when he moved with his family to Wabaunsee county, Kansas. There he took up a section of school land and broke a fine farm from the raw prairie, developing an excellent homestead, and planting an orchard which became famous throughout that locality, and was noted for its beauty, being located on a plateau which gave it eminence for many miles surrounding. Reuben Elliott died, honored and respected by all who knew him, in 1897, while his wife passed away there in 1903, at the age of eighty-four years. Mr. Elliott was for many years an elder in the Quaker church, in which his wife was a noted preacher. He was a stalwart Abolitionist, and when the Republican party was organized he joined its forces. His children were as follows: William S.; Elwood, who died unmarried when a young man; Keziah, the wife of Pleasant Perry, residing on the old Elliott homestead in Kansas; Mary E., who died in infancy; Sarah, who is the wife of William Hinshaw and lives in the vicinity of the old homestead in Kansas; Viretta, the wife of Marceta Walton, living at Sunnyside, Washington; Isaac N., for years a railroad conductor and engineer in Kansas, who died at the home of his brother William S., of injuries received in a wreck, while his widow and children live in Kansas City, Missouri; and Joseph Clarkson, a railroad carpenter and contractor whose home is in Topeka, Kansas.

William S. Elliott was born on the old homestead farm in Grant county, Indiana, on the present site of the Mess Hall of the National Military Home, January 20, 1844. He received his education in the Quaker and public schools and the Friends' Academy, and in reality haa never ceased studying, as he has been a keen student of human nature and an observer all of his life, as well as a great reader. He became a pioneer tile-maker, the first in this section of the State, starting in a crude way and gradually developing his business until he had produced the first steam and gear machine, this being later worked out from his method by Chandler and Taylor, of Indianapolis. This has since been the plan and principle by which all of these machines have been manufactured. In addition, Mr. Elliott early turned his attention to agricultural pursuits, in which he met with unqualified success, accumulating a handsome property in Center and Liberty townships, a part being the present city of Radley, which was named in honor of his wife. There he has more than 200 acres, all in a high state of cultivation, being operated by the most up-to-date machinery and modern methods.

In August, 1862, Mr. Elliott enlisted in Company C, Eighty-ninth Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry, as a private, being then not nineteen years of age. He joined for three years' service, but before he had l>een out five weeks he was taken prisoner by the Confederates, at Mumfordsville. Shortly thereafter, he was paroled and sent home, and six weeks later was exchanged and rejoined his regiment at Memphis, Tennessee. There he did post duty while the army marched on to Vicksburg, Mississippi, but eighteen weeks later, during which time Mr. Elliott did much special duty of an important nature, he was appointed a noncommissioned officer. Early in 1864 the regiment was ordered into the field and went to Vicksburg under General Sherman to raid all that section in Mississippi as far as Meridian, destroying the enemy's stores, ia,-tories, etc., and then returned to Vicksburg. The Eighty-ninth was later sent to meet Banks, at Alexandria, to support that general, but nerer lost its identity as a part of the Sixteenth Army Corps. Later the regiment was engaged in moving gun-boats and transports up the Mis- oss/ppi river, but in April, 1864, left the transports to assist General banks and his retreating army. The Sixteenth Army Corps allowed him to retreat through their lines, and then checked the Confederates in the Battle of Pleasant Hill, where both sides met with great loss. Later the Union army retired from the Red river country, and was subsequently sent North and West, against Forrest at the battle of Tupelo, Mississippi, where that general's army was scattered. Returning to Memphis, Mr. Elliott's regiment was sent with others to St. Louis, and took part in driving General Price and his army out of Missouri, and then returned to St. Louis and was sent by transport to Nashville, arriving there on the eve of the great battle of Franklin. Two days of hard fighting ensued, following which Hood's defeated army was pursued to the Tennessee river. The regiment was then sent to New Orleans, and thence via the gulf route to Mobile, participating in the siege of that city, which lasted two weeks. It was then sent to Montgomery, Alabama, and was at that point when the news came of General Lee's surrender, the regiment being then ordered to Mobile, where the men were discharged and mustered out of the service, July 26, 1865. Mr. Elliott's record was that of a faithful soldier, who won promotion by reason of his bravery and gallant service.

Returning to his home by way of Indianapolis, Mr. Elliott again engaged in farming on an extensive scale, but for the past two years has made his home in Fairmount, having retired somewhat from active life. He has always been a stanch Republican, and has served as a member of the common council for ten years, being chairman of the board for the past four years, an office which he still holds. At the age of twenty- four years he was made an elder in the Quaker church, in which he served for fourteen years as meeting clerk, and for six years as clerk of the quarterly meetings. For the past six years Mr. Elliott has been trustee of the White Institute of Wabash county, an institution for the care of poor and needy children.

In the fall of 1865 Mr. Elliott was married in Grant county, Indiana, to Miss Ruth Wilson, daughter of Jesse Wilson, a prominent churchman here, and she died eighteen months later without issue. Mr. Elliott's second marriage was to Miss Alice Radley, in Fairmount, Indiana, she born in England, in 1845, and brought to this country as a child by her parents, Samuel and Mary (Bull) Radley. The Radleys have always been agricultural people and Quakers, and the parents of Mrs. Elliott spent their lives in farming in Grant county, where both died. Eleven children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Elliott, all of whom are living, having homes and families of their own. They have been well educated and fitted for honorable places in the world and are credits to their parents and their community. They were born as follows: Wilson R., born May 31, 1869; Mary, born January 19, 1871; Edward E., born February 23, 1872; Elizabeth J., born October 26, 1873; Frederick Charles, born October 23, 1875; Stanley P., born November 1, 1877; Walter W., born February 6, 1879; Gertrude A., born October 19, 1880; Rebecca Ruth, born September 4, 1882; Samuel R., born September 26, 1884; and Lucy V., born September 26, 1886.

Flanagan, John

John Flanagan. The Flanagan family, prominently represented by John Flanagan, proprietor of the largest dry goods and clothing establishment at Fairmount, has been identified with Grant county upwards of fifty years. The family record is one of much interest, and illustrates the possibilities which America presents to energetic, ambitious people of foreign birth. The Flanagans came from Ireland, and were of very poor though most respectable condition. The ancestry had lived in county Mayo, Ireland, for many years, and was of staunch Irish Catholic stock. The grandparents of John Flanagan lived and died in that vicinity, and were quite old when their lives came to an end. The children in their family who came to America were as follows: 1. James, mentioned in following paragraph. 2. Martin came when a young man to America and married Cecelia Morley, and they lived and died on a farm in Fairmount township. His death occurred a few years ago, when he was' about eighty years of age. He started out in very humble circumstances and practically all his material accumulations were made after he had passed the age of fifty-five, and his later years were spent in very prosperous surroundings. His widow died a few years ago in Fair- mount, at advanced years. They were members of the Catholic church and left a family of children. 3. Sarah was a young woman when she came to America and married in Richmond, Indiana, Michael Welsh. The spent the rest of their lives at Richmond and left a family of children.

James Flanagan, father of John Flanagan, the Fairmount merchant, was born in County Mayo, Ireland, about 1820. Growing up on a little farm, he had absolutely no opportunities for education, though he learned thoroughly the lessons of industry and they proved very valuable to him in his later career. Before leaving his native isle, he married Mary Morley. who came of good Irish stock, and of people long noted for their honesty and integrity. While they lived in Ireland, two children were born to them. Leaving the older, they set out with the baby about 1848, taking passage on a sailing vessel which after a voyage of nine weeks landed them in New Orleans. While aboard ship, the father and baby were stricken with ship-fever, and the infant died.

With the aid of some charitable friends at New Orleans, the father and mother continued their journey up the Mississippi River as far as Cincinnati. There James Flanagan found employment on the Cincinnati, Hamilton and Dayton Railway. That work ultimately brought him into west central Ohio, where at Westville, he left the railroad service and began farming. He thus continued until 1865, when he moved from Preble county to Indiana. Prior to coming to Indiana, he had rented land at New Paris, Ohio, spending a few seasons on three different farms. After coming to Indiana, he rented a farm east of Fairmount, and later bought eighty acres in Fairmount township adjoining the farm he had rented. There he continued to live until his death when about sixty years of age. An industrious, hard working, honest and upright man. he stood in the high esteem of all his neighbors, and through his liberal provisions for his growing family may properly be said to have been fairly successful. He was a Democrat in polities, and a Catholic in religious affiliation. Some years after his death his widow came to the city of Fairmount and made her home with John Flanagan, where she died in 1906, at the age of seventy-five years.

The children of James Flanagan and wife are mentioned as follows: 1. Mary, born in Ireland, came to America with an uncle and aunt, and was married in Grant county, to Patrick Kine, both of whom are now living in the state of Oregon. They have no children. 2. The second child was the baby, who died at New Orleans, shortly after the family landed. 3. Catherine is the wife of Newton J. Wells, a retired farmer at Fairmount, and an ex-soldier of Company C in the eighty-nine Indiana regiment during the war. They are the parents of two sons and four daughters, all of whom are married. 4. Martin, now deceased, was married and left two sons, his widow residing in Marion. 5. The fifth child was John Flanagan, mentioned hereinafter. 6. Thomas died after his marriage, and his widow now lives in Fairmount, being the mother of two sons and one daughter. 7. James died when a young man of great promise, being a teacher at the time of his death. 8. Sarah A. became the wife of Albert Kimes, a farmer, and died a feT years ago, leaving a son and daughter.

John Flanagan was born in Preble county, Ohio, August 10, 1853, and was twelve years of age when his parents moved to Grant county. Here he completed his education begun in the country schools, and for a short time attended a normal school. During four years of his early manhood, he spent his winters as a teacher, while he followed farming during the summer seasons. Practically all his business career has been devoted to merchandising. During the winter of 1878-79, Mr. Flanagan was engaged in teaching, and on April 1, 1879, became associated with E. N. Oakley, and they worked together as partners in a mercantile establishment for three years, at the end of which time Mr. Flanagan sold out his interests. For some years, the firm of Henley and Nixon had been engaged in the grain business in Fairmount, and in April, 1882, Mr. Flanagan and this firm of Henley and Nixon took over a grain elevator at Summittville, Indiana, under the name of Flanagan and Company, Mr. Flanagan conducting the elevator at Summittville for one year. The same firm of Flanagan and Company, consisting of John Flanagan and Henley and Nixon bought the stock of goods valued at eight thousand dollars, located at the corner of Main and Washington Streets in Fairmount. Mr. Flanagan owned one half, and Henley and Nixon owned the other half of this store. However Henley and Nixon continued as grain dealers in Fairmount, for a number of years, but Mr. Flanagan was not in the grain business after the first year, and devoted all his time and attention to the mercantile establishment. The business was conducted as Flanagan and Company from May. 1883 to 1888, when the title was changed to Flanagan and Henley, the latter having bought Mr. Nixon's interest. In 1889 the partners bought the building, a large substantial brick structure. In June, 1893. Mr. Flanagan bought out all the interests of Mr. Henley and has since been sole proprietor. He is a merchant who thoroughly understands the wants of the people in this section of the county, has given close attention to the business, and his success has followed as a matter of course. Besides his mercantile interests, he owns a large amount of land comprising two hundred and forty acres in Orange county, one tract of one hundred acres in Grant county, and another of fifty-six acres in the same county. This land is all well improved with good buildings, and in his farming operations Ire keeps up the quality of his soil, but feeding all the grain crops to his stock.

Mr. Flanagan has served as member of the Fairmount school board six years, being president all that time. His politics is Republican. In religion he did not accept the church of his parents and ancestors, and has never become a member of any church, though he attends the Quaker Church of Fairmount, and is generous in his contributions to all religions and charities.

Mr. Flanagan was married in Fairmount to Miss Sarah E. Winslow. She was born near Fairmount. March 8, 1860. was educated here and belongs to an old Quaker family, being a daughter of Levi and Emiley (Henley) Winslow. Both her parents are still living. Mr. and Mrs. Flanagan have no children of their own, but reared a foster daughter, named Gertrude Winslow, who died unmarried.

Mr. Flanagan was one of the organizers of the Fairmount State Bank, and held the office of president seven years. He was also a director and secretary of the Fairmount Mining Company, a company which put down some of the productive wells in the oil and gas districts of Indiana. For many years Mr. Flanagan has been looked upon as one of the leading citizens of Grant county. He has never held any political office except as president of the Fairmount school board, but has always been a leader in matters pertaining to his town and county's progress. He was president during the entire life of the Fairmount Commercial Club, an organization no longer in existence. He helped organize and was president for several years of the Fairmount Building and Loan Association, and was for several years president of the Tri-County Fair Association.

Frey, Fred

Fred Frey has been farming in Grant county for a number of years and is well known as an enterprising and representative citizen. He was born in Minnesota, October 19, 1864, and is a son of Charles and Augusta (Perru) Frey, both natives of Germany. His maternal grandfather, Christian Perru was of old Prussian stock and lived and died in his native land. The family was founded in America by Franz Frey, "the grandfather of our subject on the paternal side, who was born in Switzerland and spent his early life in that country. He came to America and located in Ohio, where he followed his trade of wagonmaker and was engaged in general farming until his death when he was fifty- three years of age.

His son, Charles Frey, the father of our subject, removed from Ohio to Minnesota and located twenty miles west of Red Wing in Goodhue county, that state. He was married in Ohio in 1860 and his removal to Minnesota took place in the same year. In 1869 he came to Oregon and located in the John Day valley, seven miles below the town. He served during the Civil war as a member of a Minnesota regiment of volunteer infantry for six months and was mustered out and honorably discharged in 1865. For many years he operated a ranch in the John Day valley, farming and keeping a large herd of graded stock. To these activities he later added truck gardening and was successful in this branch of his work. He was the father of nine children: Louisa, who married William Sproul, of California; Fred, the subject of this review; Frank; Minnie, the deceased wife of Ira Sproul; Ella, now Mrs. Ira Sproul. of Bear Valley, Oregon: Edward, of Fox. Grant county; Nettie, who became the wife of Lewis Wilson, and now resides in Washington: Carrie, the deceased wife of Henry Workins of Mount Vernon: and Dora, the wife of Charles McKrola, of Mount Vernon. The public schools of Oregon afforded Fred Frey his early educational opportunities. He later came to Oregon with his parents and pursued his studies in that state.

In 1886, he purchased an interest in the Humholdt mine on the hillside west of Canyon City and worked at mining for twelve years. His holdings were productive and he was extremely successful. At the end of twelve years he abandoned mining and took up a homestead claim in Grant county.

The circumstances which led to his gaining title to this estate were peculiar. A local company engaged in the building of a military road through the district had received in exchange for their services a large grant of land. Charles Frey, the father of our subject, purchased this property from the company. In the making out of the papers ceding the land to the construction company it was found that through some legal negligence the deed was void and the land still remained in possession of the government. Upon this Mr. Frey filed his homestead claim and is now In active operation of one of the finest ranches in Grant county. He is an expert and efficient farmer and conducts his enterprise along scientific and progressive lines. He has developed his place to a remarkable extent and is known in Grant county as a man who has done much to promote the growth and development of his native state. In April, 1896, Mr. Frey was united in marriage to Miss Lou McMillan of California. Mrs. Frey is a charming and hospitable woman, and has been a great aid to her husband in his career. Source: The Centennial History of Oregon, 1811-1912, By Joseph Gaston

Goldthwait, Edgar L.

Edgar L. Goldthwait. As one of the old families of Grant county there are numerous references to the Goldthwaits in the historical volume of the Centennial History and also the sketches of the other branches of that family, so prominently identified with the business and civic life of the community. The following is a brief outline of the ancestry and career of Edgar Louis Goldthwait, who has been best known in Grant county as an editor and publisher.

The founder of his family in the United States was Thomas Goldthwait, who was born at Goldthwaite, Yorkshire, West Riding, in 1610, and emigrated to Salem, Massachusetts, in 1628. He died March 1, 1683. This first ancestor married Rachael Leach of Salem. From this ancestor the line is traced as follows: Samuel, son of Thomas., was born in 1637 and died in 1714, and lived his life at Salem. Samuel, son of Samuel, was born in 1668 and died in 1748, and also spent his life in Salem. Thomas, of Petersham, Massachusetts, born 1738, served all through the Revolutionary war, after several years-' service in the French- Indian wars. Thomas, a son of the latter, lived from 1768 to 1829, his birthplace having been Long Meadow, Massachusetts. In Fairfield county, Ohio, he married Mary Crawford, who lived from 1785 to 1847. When a widow with seven children she emigrated to Marion, Indiana, in 1836.

The father of Edgar L. Goldthwait was Oliver Goldthwait, who was born in 1812 and died in 1872. He was married April 11, 1847, to Marilla Ellen Eward, who was born at Carlisle, Kentucky, September 22, 1830, and died December 31, 1862. Oliver Goldthwait was a carpenter by trade, a man of high moral character, was liberally educated, and was devoted to his church. His wife, Ellen, was a diligent student, an omnivorous reader, and especially charming in conversational ability. Her ancestors were among the earliest settlers of Kentucky, and of Scotch stock.

Edgar L. Goldthwait was born in Grant county, August 7, 1850. When twelve years of age he began an apprenticeship at the printer's trade, and was connected with that trade and the business of publishing and editorial work for forty years. Mr. Goldthwait is especially remembered for his long connection of sixteen years as editor of the Marion Chronicle. In polities he has always been a Republican, and his church is the Congregational.

In December, 1886, Mr. Goldthwait married Candaee Zombro. She was born in Urbana, Ohio, February 19, 1860, a daughter of John Thomas and Rebecca (Brown) Zombro. Mr. and Mrs. Goldthwait are the parents of a fine family of eight children, all of whom are living, and whose names and dates of births are as follows: Mary Agnes, October 21, 1887; George Edgar, October 18, 1889; Margaret, January 15, 1892; James Sweetser, March 27, 1894; John Louis, March 19, 1896; Rebecca, March 7, 1898; Robert Stuart, March 30, 1900; and Marilla Ellen, June 11, 1905. Mr. Goldthwait is of the eighth generation of the family in this country.

Hogston, Alfred

HOGSTON, ALFRED was born while his parents were living in Adams County, Indiana, February 29, 1880. His early life was that of a typical Indiana farm boy, and while he had a good home and was encouraged to make the most of his opportunities, the means at hand did not allow him to secure a better education than was furnished by the local schools. He acquired a liberal education, but paid for most of it by his own work either as a farm boy or as teacher. He attended the Marion Normal College, and during his ten years of school work was at one time principal of the Jonesboro public schools. He completed his higher education in the Indiana State University, from which he received his A. B. degree in 1914 and his degree in law in 1916. Since his admission to the bar he has acquired a good general practice at Marion.

April 11, 1903, he married Miss Verna Jacqua, of Grant County, daughter of Caleb F. and Emma (Small) Jacqua. Her father has been a farmer and machinist. Mr. and Mrs. Hogston have two children, Frederick Landis and Lyndall Lenore. Mr. Hogston is a republican voter, is affiliated with the Masonic Order and the Elks, and while in university was a member of the Gamma Eta Gamma fraternity.

Alfred Hogston has made a commendable record in two professions, education and the law. For the past two years he has been building up an influential connection as a lawyer at Marion, and prior to that for ten years gave most of his time to school work. At the general election in 1918 he was elected a state senator from Grant County on the republican ticket.

He is a son of one of the old and substantial farmer citizens of Grant County, James I. Hogston. James I. Hogston was born in Randolph County, Indiana, February 10, 1850, only son of his father's second marriage to Mary Lacy. James' father was Alfred Hogston, a native of Iredell County, North Carolina. When he was three years old his parents settled in Wayne County, Indiana, being a part of that migration which came in large numbers from some of the Quaker colonies of Western North Carolina to the old Quaker settlement in Wayne County, Indiana. Alfred Hogston spent most of his active career as a farmer in Randolph County. James I. Hogston grew to manhood on his father's farm, attended district schools during the winter and by attendance at summer normal schools qualified for teaching, though he never followed that profession. He has been a successful farmer for forty years, beginning with practically only the labor of his own hands. November 30, 1878, he married Rebecca A. Mann, a native of Randolph County. They started fanning as renters, lived for a time in both Randolph and Adams counties, but in 1882 moved to Franklin Township of Grant County. James I. Hogston has developed one of the large farms of that township. He and his wife had six children, including: Alfred; Anderson, deceased ; Adaline, wife of John A. Patterson ; Myrtle, who married Earl Cabe; and Richard, who married Bertha Babb.

Houck, William J.

William J. Houck. As Lincoln once said relative to his own parentage and youth, the conditions which compassed the early years of William Jackson Houck were those implied in the "short and simple annals of the poor,'' but he had the will to do and to dare and has thus proved himself able to overcome obstacles, master circumstances and push his way forward to the goal of worthy and distinctive success, as is evident when it is stated that he is numbered among the able and representative members of the bar of Grant county, where he has maintained his home since his childhood days and where he has measured fully to the demands of the metewand of popular confidence and esteem. He is engaged in the practice of his profession in the city of Marion, the county seat, and has not only achieved pronounced success and precedence in his chosen profession but also is known as a progressive, liberal and influential citizen. He has passed the half-century mark and has made the years count for good in all the relations of his life, his accomplishment standing the more to his honor because it has represented entirely the concrete results of his own energy, determination and ability.

Mr. Houck was born in Jay county, Indiana, and the place of his nativity was a primative log cabin of the type common to the pioneer era, his parents and other kins-folk having been in the poorest of financial circumstances, so that early felt the lash of necessity, which quickened his ambition and vitalized his mental and physical powers. He was the fourth in order of birth in a family of nine children, all of whom are living except one. The parenfs, Samuel B. and Mary Ann (Iiams) Houck. were both natives of Ohio, where the respective families settled in the pioneer days. Samuel B. Boyd was born in Butler county, that state, and his wife was born near Sandusky, Erie county. After coming to Indiana Samuel Houck followed the vocation of teamster, in Jay county, for two years, at the expiration of which, in the autumn of 1864, he came with his family to Grant county and established his home in Marion. He followed teaming and other modest vocations and the financial returns for his labors were barely adequate to make provision for the necessities of his family. He was a man of integrity and industry and while his career was not marked by dramatic incidents or great temporal success he lived up to his possibilities under existing conditions and thus merited and received the respect of his fellow men. He passed the closing years of his life at Jonesboro, this county, where he died in 1908, at a venerable age, his cherished and devoted wife having passed tp the life eternal two years previously.

William J. Houck is indebted for his early educational discipline to the public schools of Marion and Jonesboro, this county, and in securing a more liberal education he had the definite spur of personal desire and ambition, so that he depended upon his own exertions in defraying the expenses of his collegiate course. When but fifteen years of age he began teaching in the district schools, and that he does not place a specially high estimate upon his scholastic ability at the time is shown by the fact that he states that he "kept rather than taught school.'* Experience proved effective, however, and he made good the handicap, with the result that he was successful in the pedagogic profession through the medium of which he paid his college expenses. He finally entered Ridgeville College, at Ridgeville, Randolph county, an institution that has now passed out of existence, and in the same he was graduated in June, 1880, with the degree of Bachelor of Science (et seq. M. S.)- After leaving college Mr. Houck passed two years as a teacher in the public schools near Cincinnati, Ohio, and simultaneously he pursued his studies in the Cincinnati Law School, his ambition being ;One of action and definite purpose. After completing the prescribed course in the law school Mr. Houck returned to Indiana and entered the office of Judge Haines, of Portland, Jay county, and there he was admitted to the bar of his native state in the year 1880. He forthwith entered upon the practice of his profession, but shortly afterward, in June, 1881, he was deflected from the same, as he was elected superintendent of schools for Jay county, the place of his birth. Thus was shown forth conclusively that he was not like the prophet and without honor in his own country. He gave an effective administration, did much to systematize and advance the work of the schools of the county and the popular estimate placed upon his services was manifest in his re-election in 1883 and again in 1885, so that he served three successive terms, at the expiration of the last of which the county board of trustees failed to elect a successor, with the result that he continued the incumbent about six months after the close of his regular term and then resigned the office.

Resuming the active practice of law at Portland, Jay county, Mr. Houck there remained until September, 1889, when he purchased the weekly newspaper known as the Marion Democrat and returned to the county seat of Grant county. He removed the plant of his paper to new quarters and in its first issue under his regime he changed its title to the Marion Leader. He successfully continued as editor and publisher of the Leader until the autumn of 1895, and brought the paper up to a high standard in its editorial a"nd news departments and as an exponent of local interests. It is still published under the name which he conferred and is one of the influential papers of this section of the state. After his retirement from the field of journalism Mr. Houck resumed the practice of his profession, to which he has since given his entire time and attention and in connection with which he has become one of the representative members of the bar of Grant county, and of the state, with a large and important clientage and with the highest reputation for ability and resourcefulness as a trial lawyer and conservative counselor.

Mr. Houck, as may well be imagined in connection with a man of his character and experience, is staunchly fortified in his opinions concerning matters of public polity, both in a local and general sense, and he has long been one of the influential figures in the councils of the Democratic party in central Indiana. In 1886 he lacked only eleven votes of being nominated for the office of clerk of the supreme court of the state, and two years later he was the Democratic nominee for representative of his district in the state senate, said district comprising Grant and Madison counties, his defeat being compassed by normal political exigencies, for the district had at that time a decisive Republican majority. In 1900 at the Democratic convention for the Eleventh congressional district Mr. Houck, against his own volition and desire, was virtually compelled to accept nomination for congress. His defeat was a foregone conclusion, but he made a spirited and effective campaign through his district and succeeded in reducing the majority of his opponent 3,000 votes, though the district had a normal Republican majority of eight thousand. Mr. Houck is a most vigorous and convincing political speaker and his services have been enlisted by his party in various campaigns in the state, though he has permitted nothing to deflect him from his profession and the demands of his large and representative practice. As a citizen he shows a vital and helpful interest in all that touches the welfare of his home city, county and state and his influence and aid are given to worthy enterprises and measures projected for their good, as well as that of humanity in general. He has unqualified affection for his native state and deep appreciation of the sturdy pioneers who laid broad and deep the foundations upon which has been reared the great superstructure of advanced civilization and prosperity. Both he and his wife are zealous members of the Methodist Episcopal church, and he is affiliated with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and the Tribe of Ben Hur.

On the 21st of June, 1881, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Houck to Miss Eliza C. Shrack, who was born and reared at Dunkirk, Jay county, this state, where her husband taught school for two years. She presides most graciously over the attractive home in Marion and the same is a center of generous hospitality. Mrs. Houck is the only child of James H. and Nancy R. Shrack, who are now living in the same home with Mr. and Mrs. Houck where they have always lived as one family. Mr. and Mrs. Houck have no children.

Johnson, Barclay

Barclay Johnson. There are three generations of the Johnson family whose residence connect them with the state of Indiana of the noted Rich Square Quaker community, they originated in Virginia, and have lived in Indiana almost as long as Indiana has been a state. Barclay Johnson, living retired at Fairmount, first established a home in Grant county forty years ago. As farmers, teachers, and loyal adherents of their church, the Johnson folk have lived wholesome, normal lives, of moderate prosperity, of contented lots, and of high usefulness as units in the community.

The grandfather of Barclay Johnson was Laban N. Johnson, born in Isle of Wight county, Virginia, where he lived and died. A hatter by trade, he also owned a grist mill, and his enterprise was a valuable factor in the community. His death occurred in middle life, and he left a widow and six children. Her maiden name was Sarah Cook, who was born in the same part of Virginia. The families on both sides had long been plantation owners and slave holders, but all their slaves were free previous to 1800. In 1817 Mrs. Sarah Johnson, with her four sons and one daughter, left the community of Rich Square—one of the early Quaker churches of Virginia—and in company with several other families made the journey with wagon and team to Henry county Indiana. It was a trip lasting for some seven or eight weeks, and these immigrants became prominent in the then wilderness of Indiana. The heads of the different families composing the company of immigrants were Samuel B. Binford, Elwood Stanley, Elisha Johnson, a kinsman of Sarah Johnson, James Butler, who became the head of the new Quaker church, known also as Rich Square, in Franklin township, Henry county. That Henry county church was one of the first in that vicinity and the building was constructed of logs. The home of Mrs. Sarah Johnson was very near the church building, and she was one of its first members. She was in many ways a remarkable pioneer woman, and many traditions survive among her descendants as to her character and activity. She brought along with her from Virginia, an old Dutch oven and a kettle for her cooking. The different members of the little colony entered from eighty to one hundred and sixty acres of government land for each family, and they all hewed their homes out of the green woods. The influence of that original settlement has remained to this day in Franklin township of Henry county, and the essential institution is the fine Quaker church, the third building since the founding of the colony, and one that is commodious, comfortable, and of the best type of modern architecture. The Rich Square Quakers were also noteworthy for their efforts in promoting and maintaining educational facilities of a high order, and the little colony in Henry county was the first to establish a high school in that county. Some of the descendants of that colony later moved on to southern Iowa, and there started a third church, also known as the Rich Square church. All of these Rich Square churches, located in different sections of the south and middle west, have been prosperous, and in the vicinity of each one and directly supported by the church people will be found institutions of higher education, either public schools or academies. Mrs. Sarah Johnson, with the aid of her children, improved her eighty acres of land in Henry county, and some years later moved to Clinton county, in this state, where she entered one hundred and sixty acres on the Indian Reserve. There she again took up the pioneer task of making a home, and there she lived until her death, when probably more than eighty years of age. Both she and her husband were birthright Quakers. The following were the children of Laban and Sarah Johnson: 1. Eliza C., late in life married James Butler, who was the head of the Henry County church, and who had been previously married. The husband died in Howard county, and Eliza married Allen Middleton. She died at Barclay Johnson's home in Grant county, Indiana. 2. Joel was the father of Barclay Johnson, and is mentioned in a following paragraph. 3. Rev. Robert Johnson was for more than twenty-five years, pastor of the Tipton County Reserved Friend Meetings, and died there, leaving a large family of children. He also owned one hundred and sixty acres of land. 4. Elijah T. died when past seventy years of age, a bachelor. He was for a number of years a merchant at Russiaville, Indiana. During his younger years he lost his sweetheart by death, and after that led a more or less nomadic existence, working as an Indian trader in northern Michigan for a long time, and also in the far west. 5. Ansalem became the owner of his mother's old Henry county farm, and there lived and died when well up in years. He left two sons and a daughter, who still own the old homestead.

Joel Johnson was born in Virginia, in 1804, and was about thirteen years of age when the family migrated to Henry county, Indiana. Some years later he married Elizabeth Davis, who was born in Henry county in 1810, and grew up there. After their marriage, Joel and wife engaged in farming on land they had secured in its raw condition, and there continued to live many years. They owned one hundred and twenty acres of well improved and valuable farm lands, with good buildings and both comfortable and profitable surroundings. The father died there in 1872, and the old estate still remains in the family possession. His widow died December 2, 1878. She was a daughter of Nathan Davis, at one time a very prominent citizen of Spiceland township in Henry county. Joel Johnson was a trustee of his Quaker church, and for some years a trustee of White's Institute in Wabash county, Indiana. The children of Joel and Elizabeth Johnson are mentioned as follows: Lydia A. Johnson, the first born child, went to Earlham College one year, then taught two years. She later married Benjamin H. Binford, of Hancock county, Indiana, a very successful man financially, but who was killed by a fast train while on his way home from a directors' meeting of the Morristown, Indiana, bank, of which he was a, director. His widow still resides on the large Hancock county. Indiana, farm. Sarah died at the age of sixteen. Barclay Johnson is next in order. Martia died at the age of twelve years. John lives on and owns his father's old Henry county homestead, is a widower and has one son, Myrton L., who is married and has two children. Mary died at the age of eleven years. Elijah is living on a farm in Henry county, is married and has six living children. Alice is the wife of Samuel C. Cogill, the most prominent tile manufacturer of Indiana, and also noted for his sugar plantation holdings in Texas. Her first husband was T. J. Nixon, by whom she had one daughter, Inez. Emily married Gurney Lindley, and left two children.

Mr. Barclay Johnson was born in Henry county, Indiana, on his father's farm, September 12, 1843. He was educated at the Rich Square Seminary, and when seventeen years of age, qualified and began a long career as a teacher. He spent about fifteen years in educational work, and made a success of that as he has of practically everything else to which he has put his hand. In 1874, he moved to Grant county, seven years after his marriage and first lived on a farm in Franklin township, and then bought one hundred and twenty acres, which continued to be his home until 1885. He then moved to Fairmount township, where he became the owner of one hundred and eighty acres of fine land, with excellent improvements in buildings and other facilities, which improvements he and his wife made. He conducted that place very successfully until 1899, and in that year gave up farming in order to accept a commission to become president of Southland College, in Arkansas, an institution maintained for the education of colored people. In 1903 he returned to his farm in Grant county, and in 1906 went west to Palo Alto, California, where his children were then in school. Since 1908 he has lived retired in Fairmount, his home being at 410 N. Vine Street.

In Franklin township of Henry county, in 1871, Mr. Johnson married Miss Sylvia A. Lindley. She was born in Howard county, Indiana. April 10, 1854, a daughter of Osmond and Achsa (Wilson) Lindley, both natives of Randolph county, North Carolina, and of Quaker stock. Both her father and mother had come when young with their respective families to Indiana, and they first became acquainted while attending Earlham College in Richmond, that acquaintance ripening into love and matrimony. They were married in the Quaker church. The widow of Osmond Lindley is still living, at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Wood, in Fairmount, being seventy-seven years of age, of a strong mind, though feeble in body, and zealous in church membership. No one in the vicinity has a clearer mind and is better informed over a long course of years through which she has observed and participated in life. She is the mother of E. C. Lindley, solicitor for the Great Northern Railway Company. Of her twelve children the majority have been prominent in business and the professions.

To Mr. and Mrs. Johnson have been born ten children. Three of these died young, mentioned as follows: Ernest V., who was educated at Fairmount Academy, and was a teacher. He died at the-age of twenty-six years. He had previously married Bertha Coggshall, and left two children, Zora and Yavon. The other two deceased children of Mr. and Mrs. Barclay Johnson are Earl, who died as an infant, and Myra, who died at the age of four years. The living children are mentioned as follows: 1. Elizabeth, who was educated at the Fairmount Academy, is the wife of Walter W. Rush, a farmer in Fairmount township; they have three children, Loreta Olive, Isadore Alice and Dorothy Elizabeth. 2. Clayton B., a graduate of the Fairmount Academy, and also trained in a business school, is now bookkeeper with the Fairmount Glass Company of Indianapolis. He married Emma Rau and their children are Lucile, Walter L. and Ruth A. 3. M. Alice was educated in the Fairmount Academy, University of Illinois at Champaign, and is the wife of Charles Weeks, the noted poultryman of Palo Alto, California. They are the parents of one son, Thomas Barclay Weeks. 4. Annette J. graduated from the Fairmount Academy and Earlham College, where she won the scholarship to Bryn Mawr College and spent one year at Bryn Mawr; she is the wife of Dr. Calvin C. Rush, of Portage, Pennsylvania, and has one daughter, Sylvia Louise, and one son, Norman J. 5. Alfred lives in California, is in the produce, feed and nursery business. He married Edna M. Winslow, who died July 3, 1913, and left two children, Helen Jean and Joe Webster. 6. Professor William Johnson was for three years prior to fall of 1913, professor of science at the Pacific College at Newburg, Oregon. He is now attending the University of California to gain his Master's degree. He graduated from the Fairmount Academy, and Earlham College and married Ethel Henderson, they being without children. 7. Geneva graduated from the Academy and is in the junior year at Earlham College, being also well trained in music. Ernest V. and Elizabeth Johnson, two oldest children of Mr. and Mrs. Barclay Johnson, started to school the same day, graduated from Fairmount Academy the same day, and both began to teach in Grant county schools the same day. Both taught school three years and both were married about the same time, Ernest being married the evening before the day on which his sister Elizabeth was married. Clayton, Alice, Annette and William were all teachers. The Johnson family are all closely identified with the activities of the Friends church, and Mrs. Johnson is an elder in her meeting.

Jones, Hiram A.

Hiram A. Jones. One of the fine old pioneer citizens of Grant county was the late Hiram A. Jones, who died at his home in Section 24 of Fairmount township on March 31, 1908. He was born on the old Jones farm in the same township, on October 17, 1843. The date of his birth indicates the early settlement of the family in this county. Mr. Jones was long a successful farmer, held a high position in the esteem of his community, and besides providing liberally for his immediate household was always helpful and liberal in his relations to the general welfare and advancement of the locality.

The founder of the family in Grant county was Grandfather Ellis Jones, who was born in Ohio, and it is believed that he came to this county with his family from Ohio, and after arriving did the pioneer work of establishing a home, and lived to a good old age in Jefferson township. The parents of the late H. A. Jones were Joseph and Catherine (McCormick) Jones. They were probably married in Ohio, and then moved to Grant county and settled on a farm in Fairmount township. There they continued their useful career until death. Joseph Jones was born April 15, 1811, and died September 15, 1856. His wife was born January 4, 1816, and died December 4, 1889. They were people of the highest character, and were active members of the Methodist church. The Methodist religion was characteristic of all generations of the family, while in politics the male representatives first supported the Whig ticket and later the Republican cause. In the family of Joseph and Catherine Jones, Hiram A. was the second among five sons. They were George; Burton, who lived in Marion, and was first married to Jane Duling, by whom he had one daughter Minnie A., and afterwards married a sister of his first wife, Sina Duling, and their children are Edith and Ralph. Robert L. Jones was a former sheriff of Grant county, and was killed by a prisoner, while performing his duties. He married Louisa Gadden, who lived in Marion and has two sons, Clinton and Paul. The youngest son was Joseph A., who died after his marriage to Malinda Whitson, a sister of R. L. Whitson, editor of this Grant County History.

Hiram A. Jones was a lifelong resident of Fairmount township, with the exception of three years spent in the army during the Civil war. He served three years in Co. C. 89th Indiana Vol. Infantry during the Civil war and had his right eye shot out in battle. After his education in the local schools, he found farming to be his best vocation in life, and from that time until his death followed the industry with thrift and energy, and steadily prospered. In 1874 he bought a fine farm of eighty acres of well improved land, and kept increasing his estate by judicious investment until at the time of his death he owned four hundred and seventy acres, all good land and divided into six different farms. These farms all lay in Fairmount township, excepting eighty acres in Washington township of Delaware county, and all of them were well improved with farm buildings, except one. The home place now occupied by Mrs. Jones, is an unusually attractive rural home, and the house sits in the midst of well kept grounds, and a large red barn is itself an evidence of the prosperity which has always been a feature of this homestead. The late Mr,. Jones was very domestic in his tastes, and lived entirely for his family.

He was married in Jefferson township on April 21, 1867, to Miss Anna Hardy. Her birth occurred in Jefferson township January 28, 1844. She was reared and educated in that vicinity and proved herself a most competent wife and mother, having done her share in the creation of the prosperity which has been described and having given careful attention to the rearing and training of her children. She now occupies the old homestead where she and her husband located nearly forty years ago. Her parents were Walter and Jane (Dowden) Hardy, both natives of Ohio. Her father was born August 27, 1820, and her mother May 4, 1821. Their marriage was celebrated in Grant county, March 26, 1843. They began their careers as farmers in Jefferson township, and to begin with had a tract of almost raw land. They made it a highly improved and well cultivated farmstead, and there spent all their active lives. Her father died in 1887 and her mother on May 9, 1860. They belonged to the Methodist church and in politics he was Republican. The Hardy children were: Anna, Mrs. Jones; Henry, who died in infancy; David, who died after his marriage to Mollie Moore, who is still living with her two children; Noah, who died after his marriage in Jefferson township, and left a family; Celina, who died young; Elizabeth, who died after her marriage to Joseph Boey without children; Lewis, who lives on the old homestead in Jefferson township, and has one son^and two daughters; George, a resident of Indianapolis, and the father of two sons and one daughter. To the marriage of Hiram A. Jones and wife were born eight children, whose names and brief mention of whose careers are as follows: 1. Charles P. educated in the common schools, is a farmer in Fairmount township, and by his marriage to Nora Foster, has five children, Harry, Wilbur, Myrtle, Emerson and Albert. 2. Nettie J. is the wife of Elwood Rich, a farmer in Huntington county, and has three sons, Robert, William and Ralph. 3. George C. is a farmer in Delaware county, and by his marriage to Clara Haynes has three children, Inez, Everett, and Francis. 4. Della S., who is a well educated young woman, has given all her love and affection to her parents, has for a number of years had charge of the home and lives with her mother. 5. Dolly C. is the wife of Wick Leach, a son of Charles Leach, a Grant county family, whose history will be found on other pages. Wick Leach and wife lived in Fairmount township, and have children, Hazel, Adelbert, Kenneth and Robert. 6. Arthur 0., is a farmer on his grandfather's farm, in Fairmount township. He married Tura Skinner, and their children are Ray and Vera. 7. Emma E. is the wife of Louis Needler, a farmer in Jefferson township and trustee of that township. Their children are Joseph and Harvey. Robert L., a farmer in Fairmount township married Lena Neal, and has a son Ralph. Mrs. Jones and family are all members of the Methodist faith.

Kilgore, Marcus M.

Marcus M. Kilgore. The Farmer's Trust and Savings Company of Marion, is one of the solidest and most representative financial institutions of Grant county. Every financial institution during its earlier years acquires estimation and influence in a community largely through the character and reputation of the men whose names are most intimately associated with the undertaking. Some institutions of this kind which have enjoyed prosperous careers of many years apparently lose this personal element in their composition, and continue to exist and enjoy the confidence of the public with apparently little regard to the business managers. But with a new banking house or similar concern, whose prosperity rests upon commercial credit, the personal factor is always the indispensable quality. The success and prosperity of the Farmer's Trust and Savings Company of Marion, which was established only a few years ago, have been to a large degree a reflection of the personal integrity and high business standing of its president, Mr. Marcus M. Kilgore. Mr. Kilgore has been identified with Grant county nearly all the years of his life, and is a plain man of solid worth, whose life and activities have always been above board, and such as to stimulate and give permanence to the confidence reposed in him by a large community.

Marcus M. Kilgore was born on a farm in Franklin county, Indiana, June 26, 1850. He is a son of David and Charity (Sislove) Kilgore. His father, who was born in Pennsylvania, in 1808, and who was a lifelong farmer by occupation, and the mother, who was born in Franklin county, Indiana, in 1811, both came to Grant county in 1852 and spent the remainder of their lives in this vicinity. His father died in this county in 1896. There were eight children in the family, and besides the banker, the three others still living are: Hercules Kilgore of Marion; G. W. Kilgore, of Port Lisbon, Grant county; and Mrs. Susanna Keever, of Marion.

Two years of age when the parents came to Grant county, Marcus M. Kilgore was reared on the old home farm in this county and attained most of his education by attending the district schools, chiefly during the winter seasons. He left the farm when a young man and entered the merchandise business at Port Lisbon in this county and he was one of the successful merchants of that town for twenty years. From there he moved to Converse in Miami county, and in that vicinity was chiefly known as a farmer. During his residence in Miami county, he was elected to the legislature for the session of 1891 on the Democratic ticket, representative of the counlies of Cass and Miami. In 1895 Mr. Kilgore returned to Grant county, and for the following seven years was a resident upon his farm and actively engaged in its operation. In 1907 occurred his election to the office of assessor of Grant county, and he held this honorable distinction for four years. Mr. Kilgore since 1902 has been a resident of Marion, and active in business affairs of this city. In 1910 he was one of the organizers of the Farmer's Trust and Savings Company, and was chosen by other members of the company to the office of president, a place which he has held ever since. He is still engaged in farming and has a splendid farm of three hundred and twenty acres in Liberty and Green township of this county. Mr. Kilgore is now regarded as one of the men of substantial means in Grant county, and yet looking back over a career of forty years, it can truthfully be said that he has acquired practically 1912, of the Good Roads Congress at Indianapolis, and was for ten years president of the State Farmers Congress. On the subject which in a general manner is covered by these organizations mentioned, and - on a great many other public questions, Mr. Strange has been for years a keen and advanced thinker, and it is a special satisfaction that in later years he has seen many of the plans and methods which he advocated anywhere from twenty to thirty years ago now instituted and a regular part of our civic code. In all matters pertaining to the farmer, Mr. Strange is readily recognized as a national figure. He is one of the vice presidents of the National Citizens League on currency and banking reforms. He was appointed from the National Civic Federation, by its president, Seth Low, as one of the committee of one hundred on immigration, and also on other committees notably that on distribution, and also on the one for the enforcement of the pure food laws.

Lawrence, Daniel Winslow

LAWRENCE, Daniel Winslow, teacher and minister; born Grant County, Indiana, August 27, 1851; son of Thomas H. and Anna Maria (Cox) Lawrence; paternal grandfather Peter Lawrence, paternal grandmother Sarah (Hinshaw) Lawrence; maternal grandfather William Cox, maternal grandmother Miriam (Winslow) Cox; English, Scotch, Irish and Welsh descent; educated Earlham College, Richmond, Ind., from which he graduated June 30, 1880, with degree B.S.; His early business occupation was farming;

Mr Lawrence married Elizabeth E. Windle Sept. 1, 1881; she died in 1895 and Dec. 25, 1901, he married Piety F. Elliott; he is descended from one of the Winslows who came to America in the Mayflower in 1620 and of Sir John Lawrence, one time Lord Mayor of London, England.

Our subject was formerly proctor and associate teacher at Earlham College one year; prior to moving to Tenn. was principal of Northbranch, Kansas, Academy; supt. and principal of Skiatook Mission, Hillside, Indian Territory, a mission school among the Cherokee Indians, maintained by the Friends; owner of farm lands in Kansas and orange and fig lands in Texas; is pastor of Friends’ church at Friendsville, Tenn., and principal of Friendsville Academy; church connection, Friends. Source: Who’s Who in Tennessee, Memphis: Paul and Douglass Co., Publishers, 1911; transcribed by Kim Mohler

Leach, Charles M.

Charles M. Leach. Seventy years ago Grant county was still largely wilderness. The settlers during the forties found a few village communities, numerous clearings and tilled fields, and some roads, but still the burdens rested upon most newcomers of cutting down countless trees, uprooting the stumps and brush, and starting cultivation where never before had been the civilized activities of white men. That was the portion of the Leach family when it first became identified with this county, and as its members did their share of pioneer toil, so a later generation enjoyed the fruits of later and better days, and carried forward the same thrift and independence which have always characterized the name.

The Leaches are of Scotch Irish ancestry. Grandfather William Leach was born in Virginia in 1795, grew up in his native commonwealth, and when a young man moved to Ohio. He was married in Ohio to Sarah Harrison, of a good family, related to the family which produced the president of that name. Their marriage occurred about 1815. A short time before 1820 they moved west to Franklin county, Indiana, and were pioneers in that vicinity. Grandfather Leach secured a tract of government land, consisting of eighty acres, and went to work to improve it. During the thirties he left his wife and some of his children on the Franklin county farm, and with his son Edmund, father of Charles M. Leach, and a daughter Rachael, came to Grant county, and entered probably half a section or more of land in Fairmount township. His wife and other children joined him in a year or so, and the family thus reunited continued to prosper and to lend their labors to the development of Grant county. William Leach and his wife remained in this county until their death. The grandfather died in 1851, and his widow survived about fifteen years. She was past seventy years of age at the time of her death. Religiously they were of the old-school Baptist faith, while William Leach was a Democrat in polities. The children of this family were: 1. Rachael, married and had a family. 2. Easom. married, was a successful farmer, died in Grant county, and was the father of thirteen children who grew to maturity. 3. John was married twice, and after a successful career as a farmer left several children. 4. Edmund is mentioned in the following paragraphs. 5. Jane married a farmer and they reared a family of children. 6. Mary, better known as Polly, was married three times, and there were children by two of the husbands. 7. Martha married and died when her family of children were small. 8. Wesley died early in life. Excepting the last, all these children were each given eighty acres of land.

Edmund Leach was born in Franklin county, Indiana, in June, 1821. He was about grown when his father brought him to Fairmount township, and as he was a good ax-man, he assisted in clearing off the trees from a part of the old homestead. He assisted in clearing off the land where the village of Fowlertown now stands. All the country was then new. and in the forests were to be found great abundance of game, which afforded a source of meat supply. William Leach and his son Edmund were excellent riflemen, and proficient sportsmen, especially Edmund, who had a great local reputation in that direction. Edmund Leach married in Grant county Miss Emily Brewer. She was born in Indiana in 1825. a daughter of Stephen Brewer, one of the very early settlers in Fairmount township. Stephen Brewer reared a large family and was nearly one hundred years of age when he died. After his marriage Edmund Leach began making a home for himself on a farm in Grant county, living there until 1864. He then moved to Sullivan county, Indiana, where he bought large tracts of land, and lived there until his death, July 12, 1901. His first wife died in Sullivan county in 1866 soon after they moved there while in middle life, and was the mother of twelve children. For his second wife Edmund Leach married Mrs. Sarah (Bailey) Martin. She had eight children, so that Edmund Leach was the father of twenty children in all. The second wife lives now in the state of Nebraska. Both were members of the Primitive Baptist Church, while Edmund was a Democratic voter.

Charles M. Leach, long one of the successful farmers of southern Grant county, and now living retired at Fairmount, was born in this county in Fairmount township, December 6, 1846. He grew up a farm boy, got a country school education, and when still little more than a boy moved to Sullivan county. In 1872. before his marriage he returned to one of his father's farms in Grant county. Through his own energy and thrifty management he has become one of the most successful men in this section. He owns in one body two hundred and twenty-nine acres of land in sections three and thirty-four, and also owns thirty-one acres in section thirty-four almost adjoining the other farm. All his land is thoroughly cultivated and excellently improved with a large and comfortable house, good barns, silo, and the stock is of the highest grade. Mr. Leach is still interested in the stock business, but the farm is conducted by his son. He also owns one hundred and fifty-one acres of land in Madison county, some real estate, including a good home, in Fairmount, consisting of twenty-three acres, a part of which lies within the corporation limits.

In Fairmount township Mr. Leach married Malissa J. Caskey, who was born in Rush county, Indiana, October 18, 1848. She was reared in her native county, was educated in the common schools, and was a daughter of David and Eliza (Hite) Caskey. Her father was a native of Virginia, while her mother was born in Rush county, where they were married. The Caskeys were substantial farming people, and in 1871 moved from Rush county to Grant county, later went out to Kansas in 1879, and lived in Reno county until their death. Her father was eighty-four years of age at the time of his death, and was born in June, 1821. Her mother passed away in 1900 at the age of seventy-five. The Caskey family belonged to the Christian church, and Mr. Caskey was a Democrat. Of their six children three are yet living, and all are married and have children of their own.

Mr. and Mrs. Leach are the parents of the following children: 1. E. Claud, was born June 16, 1873, lives on a farm in Delaware county, Indiana, and by his marriage to Elsie Dickinson has one child, Cleo. 2. Della died at the age of three years. 3. William 0. is a farmer on the old homestead in Fairmount township, and by his marriage to Nellie Jones has Adelbert, Kenneth, Robert and Hazel. 4. Addie is unmarried, lives at home with her parents and is a bright young woman, a graduate of the Fairmount Academy. 5. Minnie died at the age of one year. 6. Bertha is the wife of Oscar Robert, thrifty farming people in Fairmount township, and their children are Pauline, Harry and Ruby. 7. Ivy is the wife of Leo Underwood, a farmer in Fairmount township, and their child is named Charlie. Mr. and Mrs. Leach are members of the Primitive Baptist Church, and he is affiliated with the Democratic party.

He also owns in Delaware county, Indiana, 215 acres of farm land, all improved. His oldest son lives on one hundred and five acres of that land. In all he owns six hundred and forty-nine acres. All his prosperity has been worthily won, and as an intelligent public-spirited citizen he has long filled a useful place in his community.

Leach, Edmund Clark

Edmund Clark Leach. On section three of Fairmount township is the home of Edmund Clark Leach. Two hundred and forty acres of some of the finest land to be found in southern Grant county are the basis of his industry as a farmer and stockman, and by his success he stands in the very front rank of producers of agricultural crops. His judgment in farming matters is regarded as almost infallible, and everything about his place attests the progressive and prosperous business man. From a considerable distance his home can be recognized by its large white house, red barn, and silo, and the condition of the fields and the fences is a further evidence of his ability. Mr. Leach grows crops that average sixty bushels of corn to the acre, forty bushels of wheat and other grains in proportion, and everything grown on the place is fed to his cattle and hogs. The Leach family has been identified with this section of Indiana, since pioneer times, and originally came from the old commonwealth of Virginia.

Great-grandfather Rev. Eaton Leach was born in Virginia, not long after the close of the Revolutionary war, and was married in that state. Most of their children were born in Virginia, and those whose names are remembered were: William Archibald, Reuben, James H., Mattie, Rebecca. Early in the year 1800 the family came over the Mountains to Franklin county, Indiana, where they were among the very earliest settlers in what was then northwest territory. Indiana did not become an individual territory for several years later, and did not become a state until 1816. Eaton Leach entered land from the government, and he and his wife spent the rest of their lives in Franklin county. lie was a life-long member of the primitive Baptist church, in which faith he was a preacher, and he was a man who exercised great influence and did much for the good of his community. His wife was of the old school Presbyterian church. All his children mentioned above, with the exception of Rebecca lived to be married, and all had children of their own.

William Leach, grandfather of the Fairmount township farmer, was the oldest, and was born in Virginia, about 1790. He enlisted for service in the war of 1812, his participation as a soldier of that war being one of the features in the family history of which his descendants may well be proud. In Franklin county, Indiana, William Leach married Miss Sarah or Sallie Harrison, who was born in Ohio, of the old Ohio family of that name. All the children of William Leach and wife were born in Franklin county. Indiana, and then in the early thirties, they moved to Fairmount township in Grant county. Thus nearly eighty years have passed since the Leach name first became identified with Grant county, and its members have all been effective and honorable citizens of their respective communities. William Leach took up land from the government and eventually acquired by purchase eight tracts of eighty acres each, giving to each one of his eight children, a farm of eighty acres. On the old homestead he continued to make his home throughout the rest of his days, and died about 1848, when less than sixty years of age. His widow survived until a good old age. The first Primitive Baptist church organization was formed in the home of William Leach, and he was one of the officials and active workers in that society,. In politics his support was always given to the Democratic party, and he was in many ways an honored and respected citizen. The eight children of William Leach and wife were as follows: Rachael, Esom, John, Edmund, Jane, Mary (Polly), Martha A., and William Jasper. The last named died young, while all the others married and now have descendants living in this and other parts of the country.

Esom Leach, the oldest son and second child, was born in Franklin county, Indiana, and after coming to Grant county became owner of half a section or three hundred and twenty acres of land in the township of Fairmount. There his death occurred January 17, 1893. His wife, who survived him some years was Lucinda Corn, born in Kentucky, and spending part of her girlhood in Rush county, being still young when her family moved to Grant county. She was fourteen years of age when married to Esom Leach. Their career began in a very humble home, and by their industry and good management they provided well for their children and spent their own years in comfort and prosperity. Lucinda Corn was a daughter of Joseph Corn, one of the early settlers who came from Kentucky to Rush county, and later to Grant county, where he died when a very old man.

Mr. Edmund Clark Leach is one of thirteen children, all of whom married and had families, and eight sons and two daughters are still living. The fifth in this large family, Mr. Leach was born in Fairmount township, May 26, 1849, was reared and educated in his native locality, and has always followed farming with such success as few of his neighbors have attained.

Mr. Leach first married Frances Caskey, who died without children. His second wife was Elizabeth Mann, who was born in North Carolina, but was reared in Grant county, and died in Fairmount in 1885. She left a son, William H., who married Myrtle Payne, who died leaving three children, Harold, Bernice, and Clarkson P. The present wife of Mr. Leach was Miss Zibbie Glass, a daughter of Robert and Elizabeth (Harrison) Glass. She was born and reared in Rush county, but in early womanhood came to Grant county. Mr. and Mrs. Leach are the parents of eight children, namely: Ethel, Myrtle, Elizabeth, Hattie, Carnetia, George, Wilma, and Wilmer. The three oldest children are all graduates of the Fairmount Academy, and Miss Myrtle is now a special supply teacher. Hattie is a student in the Academy as is also her sister Carnetia, while the three youngest are in the grade schools. Mr. and Mrs. Leach are workers in the Primitive Baptist church at Fowlerton, and in politics he is a Democrat.

Lewis, Leander

Leander Lewis, the first husband of Mrs. Smith, was born in Bartholomew county, Indiana, May 30, 1859, and died at Anderson, June 2, 1906, at the age of fifty-three years. He was a son of Armistead and Elizabeth (Carter) Lewis, the former a native of North Carolina, and a son of Michael Lewis. Michael Lewis lost his first wife in North Carolina, and later married again and came north about the middle of the decade of the thirties to Bartholomew county, settling at Old St. Louis, when the county was in its pioneer state of development. There Michael Lewis lived and died, attaining the age of almost four score. He was four times married after coming to Indiana, and had children by all his five wives. Armistead was the only child who lived in the immediate family of his father and mother, and grew up in Bartholomew county, where his father had accumulated a large property as a farmer and business man. Armistead Lewis became the owner of two hundred and forty acres of land in Bartholomew county, having made it almost entirely by his own labor and having cleared and placed it in cultivation from an area of stumps and woods. He also owned and operated a saw* mill. He is now living retired at Columbus, Indiana, and was eighty years of age on January 13, 1913.

His first wife, Elizabeth Carter, died at Hope, Indiana, at the age of seventy-three. She was an old-school Baptist in religion, while Armistead Lewis has long been prominent in the Methodist church, having helped to build one of the early churches of that denomination at St. Louis in Bartholomew county.

Leander Lewis, who was the oldest of three children, grew up in his native county, had a substantial education and during his early years followed his career as a farmer and sawmill man, working with his father. He was married in Brookville, Franklin county, Indiana, to Miss Rachael Wright, who was born and reared there, and was well educated, having served at different times as a supply teacher.

McClure, Samuel

Samuel McClure. In any account of the history of Grant county, mention must be made of Samuel McClure, who had a large share in shaping the destinies of this section. He was one of the men of the pioneer type, who were willing to sacrifice much for the sake of the community, and who bent all their efforts towards building up the country in which they had made their homes. The name of Samuel McClure is especially associated with the early Indian affairs of this region and no man did a more unselfish work for the Indians than did Mr. McClure. In the memories of all the older settlers of this country he is remembered as a man of splendid business ability and of great strength and nobility of character.

Samuel McClure was descended from Scotch and English-Irish ancestors. His great-grandfather emigrated from Scotland at a very early day and settled in Richmond, Virginia. Here a son was born, named Robert, and the latter about 1770. emigrated to Newberry District, South Carolina. Here Samuel McClure, the first, was born on the 11th of November, 1777. He grew up in this state and in 1804 married Mary Stewart, who was born on the 31st of January, 1777, in South Carolina, In the same year in which they were married the young couple set forth on a journey to Ohio, which was then the Northwest territory and here they located near Dayton, on the Little Miami river. After living here for five years they removed to Shelby county, Ohio, where they remained until the outbreak of the War of 1812. At that time Samuel McClure returned to South Carolina and there remained until the fall of 1813. During his return trip to Ohio he and his team were seized and impressed for United States service. They were taken to Fort St. Mary's and there he assisted in building the fort and blockhouse, and after its completion returned to his home. In 1815 he settled on Nine Mile Creek, two miles above his former home and here he remained until Christmas Day, 1826. At this time he left Ohio and came to Indiana, settling on the present site of the city of Wabash. He only remained here a short time before removing to Grant county. This was in 1827, and during this year, or the year following, he built the' first mill on the Mississinewa river that was located within the limits of Grant county, and this mill was only the second to be erected in the county. He managed this mill successfully for some years and then returned to his former home in Wabash, where he died on the 22nd of September. 1838. His widow survived him onlv a short time, dving on May 27, 1839.

Samuel and Mary McClure became the parents of ten children, of whom Samuel McClure, the second, was born on the 16th of November, 1807, in Shelby county, Ohio. He lived with his father until he was about twenty years of age and he then concluded to enter the Indian trade, his interest in the Indian tribes scattered throughout his region having always been a very deep one. At this time there were about eighteen hundred Indians settled along the Wabash and Mississinewa rivers and prospects for trade among them were very good. In the spring of 1822 he therefore went to live with W. G. and G. W. Ewing, who were Indian traders, in order that he might learn the business. He remained with them for several seasons, but in the fall of 1828 he procured a small stock of goods with which to carry on a winter trade from the Ewings, and then, building two log cabins on the banks of the Wabash, he started out in business for himself. In one of his cabins he placed his stock of goods and made a trading post while he used the other as a place to cook and sleep in. Using as his motto the word '' Efficiency " he set to work to do everything within his power to make his business a success, and with this in view struggled over the intricacies of the Indian language and various dialects, and exerted all his powers to win the confidence and friendship of the tribes among whom he traded. He was extremely successful in both endeavors, after a time becoming a fluent speaker of the Indian tongue, and everywhere he went he obtained the confidence of the natives. In the winter of 1832-33 he moved his post to a point three miles below the Wabash river, and located it on his father's farm. He now became a farmer in the summer while continuing his trading operations in the winter. In 1833 he and his brother Robert cut the first state road that ran through Wabash county.

It was in 1833 that Samuel McClure was married to Susannah Furrow, the ceremony taking place on the 10th of January. Mrs. McClure was a daughter of James G. Furrow, of Fort Laramie, Ohio. After his marriage Mr. McClure remained in Wabash county until February, 1834, when he removed to Marion, in Grant county. Here he rented store room from his father and engaged in the mercantile business, trading with both the white settlers and the Indians, but in particular carrying on trading operations with the Meshingomesia band. He at this time had very little capital and it was only through the kindness of Jacob and Abel Furrow that he was able to obtain his first stock of goods from New York City. These two men were merchants in Piqua, Ohio, and were uncles of his wife's. It was shortly after he had opened his store and when he had just about exhausted his first stock of goods that he paid a visit to Dayton, Ohio, where he met Mr. Phillips, a wholesale merchant of that city, and from him obtained another small stock of goods. It was in this way that he struggled forward, but after a time prosperity began to come to him, and this was chiefly through his strict adherence to the principles of honesty and square dealing. In Indian trading at that time there were untold opportunities to cheat the red men, but Mr. McClure was cast in a mold in which dishonesty was utterly impossible to his nature. He consequently won their implicit trust and at the same time the confidence and friendship of the white settlers. It was not long before his creditors discovered that he paid his debts promptly and he was soon established on a solid business basis. He was engaged in business along mercantile lines in the city of Marion from 1834 to 1880 and during this time his business grew steadily until he became one of the wealthiest men of this section, very influential in all matters of public interest.

It was for his interest in the affairs of the Indians that Mr. McClure was best known in the community, for during all these years his activity, engendered by his acquaintance with the Indians during his early years as a trader, was steadily directed toward bettering their conditions and seeing that they received fair play. He early became intimately acquainted with the business affairs of the Indians of the surrounding tribes and in all transactions which they had with the white people he became their chief counsellor. He had their implicit confidence and in time came to have almost entire charge of the business relations of all the surrounding tribes. They never had any occasion to regret this trust which they placed in him, ever finding him a wise and able adviser. Several times he went to Washington to intercede with the government in their behalf. Assisted by Mr. Miller, he was instrumental in securing the payment of their annuity at Peru, Indiana, and in 1853, with the assistance of the same gentleman, and accompanied by a delegation of Miamis, he succeeded in having a census taken of all the Miami Indians. He also assisted in making the treaty of 1854, and in securing the legislation for the partition of the Meshingomesia reservation in 1873, and in every way manifested the deepest interest in the affairs of the Indians.

From one of the poorest men to one of the wealthiest in a community is no small rise, and this is what Mr. McClure did. He at one time owned over five hundred acres of land and much valuable city realty in Marion and Toledo, Ohio. However, many men become wealthy, and that is not the reason the citizens of Marion honor his memory, but the fact that in gaining his wealth he used only clean, upright business methods and the good name which he left is a priceless heritage to his sons. He died in 1889 at the age of eighty-two. He and his wife became the parents of the following children: James M., Mary A., Eliza J., Rosetta M., Louis A., and Erastus P., the latter being elsewhere mentioned in this volume. Eliza J. and Erastus P., are the only surviving children.

Erastus P. McClure. Belonging to the well known McClure family of Marion and Grant county, Indiana, Erastus P. McClure has ably upheld the traditions of that family for integrity and fair dealing. He was born and has always lived in the city of Marion and no man has been more active in every movement pertaining to the welfare of his home city than has Mr. McClure. He has been for many years one of the prominent business men of the town and has taken an active part in political and civic affairs, giving willingly of both time and money.

Erastus P. McClure was born on the 17th of February, 1845, in the old McClure homestead, on the corner of Adams and Branson streets, now located in the principal retail business district. He is the son of Samuel and Susannah (Furrow) McClure, who are mentioned at greater length elsewhere in this volume. His father was one of the earliest and most prominent residents of this section and his death in 1889 was a great loss to the community.

The Marion public schools furnished Erastus McClure with his elementary education, and after he had completed the high school courses he entered the Indiana State University, only remaining there one term. He was eager to enter the business world and considered the training of a business college of more value to him at this time than that of the university. He therefore matriculated at Toledo Commercial College, where he remained for one term. He then returned to Marion and went into business. He conducted the store in partnership with his father, becoming a successful merchant, and was also engaged in farming. For the past twenty years he has been engaged in the handling and shipping of live stock, and is the owner of the farm which his father owned and operated, lying just east of the city of Marion. In all of his business relations he has been exceedingly careful to maintain the honorable name which his father left him and no man in the city is more highly respected than is E. P. McClure.

His activity in civic matters has kept him much in the public eye. He was one of the first park commissioners of the city of Marion and helped to plan and lay out Matter Park. He was president of the Commercial Club in Marion for many years and was a member of the building committee that had in charge the erection of the Commercial Club building. In politics Mr. McClure is a member of the Republican party and has always taken great interest in politics, formerly being very active, although he confined his activities to working for his friends, caring nothing for political honors for himself. He was made delegate at large to the Republican National convention in 1904.

Mr. McClure was married in November, 1867, to Celia Carey, a daughter of Simon Carey, who was a former jeweller of Marion. Mrs. McClure died in 1906 on the 10th of December, having become the mother of three children, two boys who died in childhood and one daughter, who is now Mrs. Harry Croslan, of Marion.

McCulloch, John L.

COLONEL JOHN L. McCULLOCH was Valiant, self-reliant and endowed with great circumspection and constructive ability, Colonel McCulloch has proved one of the most influential and resourceful powers in the civic and industrial progress of the city of Marion, the beautiful and thriving capital and metropolis of Grant county. His character is the positive expression of a noble and loyal nature and he holds by just deserts an inviolable place in popular confidence and esteem. He is a native son of Indiana and a scion of a family whose name has been worthily linked with the history of this state for considerably more than half a century. Through energy, strong initiative and sterling integrity of purpose he has gained definite precedence as one of the prominent and influential men of affairs in his native state, and, further than this, he has been significantly prominent in connection with civic activities representing the higher ideals in the scheme of human thought and action. He is one of the most honored Indiana affiliates of the Masonic fraternity, in which he has the distinction of having received the thirty-third and maximum degree of the Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite, and he has done much to foster the interests of the great fraternal order in his state, especially in his home city. He has served as a member of the military staff of the governor of Indiana, with the rank of Colonel; he is one of the representative bankers of the state, as president of the Marion National Bank; and he has been the liberal and progressive citizen to whom is mainly due the development and upbuilding of a number of the most important industrial enterprises that contribute to the commercial precedence and material and civic prosperity of Marion. The foregoing brief statements indicate fully that in any history of Grant county it is imperative to accord definite tribute to Colonel McCulloch, and thus a review of his career is given in this publication, with all of appreciation and with marked satisfaction. Of the staunchest of Scotch and Swiss lineage, Colonel John Lewis McCulloch has given evidence of possessing the sterling traits of character that most significantly designate the races from which he is sprung, and he takes a due amount of pride in reverting to the fine old Hoosier commonwealth as the place of his nativity. He was born near Vevay, Switzerland county, Indiana, on the 14th of March, 1858, and is a son of George and Louisa (Weaver) McCulloch, the former of whom was born in Scotland and the latter in Switzerland county, Indiana, a representative of one of the fine families that early founded the Swiss colony in that county. The father devoted the greater part of his active career to mercantile pursuits and was long numbered among the representative and influential citizens of Switzerland county, both he and his wife having continued to reside at Vevay until their death.

Of their ten children four sons and two daughters are now living. Colonel McCulloch continued to attend the public schools of his native town until he had completed the curriculum of the high school, and this discipline was supplemented' by a short course of study in Wabash College, at Crawrordsville. At the age of nineteen years he put his scholastic attainments to practical test and utilization, by turning his attention to the pedagogic profession, in which he was a successful teacher in the district schools of his native county for two years. Thereafter he was employed as clerk in a hardware store at Frankfort, Clinton county, for one year, at the expiration of which he gained further and valuable business experience by assuming the position of bookkeeper for the Southern Glass Works, in the city of Louisville, Kentucky, where he remained four years. He then went to the city of Wheeling, West Virginia, where he became bookkeeper for the North Wheeling Glass Company, for which corporation he later became general salesman. After serving five years as one of the valued attaches of this company Mr. McCulloch returned to Indiana, and the spring of 1888 marked his arrival in the city of Marion, where he became the promoter and organizer of the Marion Fruit Jar and Bottle Company. He individually held two-thirds of the stock of the new company and became its president and treasurer. Through his previous experience in connection with the glass-manufacturing industry he had gained substantial knowledge of the details of this line of enterprise and thus was well fortified in the initiating of the new manufactory in Marion. Operations were instituted on a modest scale, with an investment of only ten thousand dollars, and under his aggressive and resourceful administration the industry rapidly expanded in scope and importance, until the company became the second largest fruit-jar manufacturers in the entire United States, with branch factories at Converse and Fairmount, this state, and at Coffeyville, Kansas. The discovery of natural gas in Indiana greatly spurred manufacturing in this state, as history fully records, and in this connection the Marion Fruit Jar and Bottle Company effected large leases of gas and oil land in Indiana and other states. After the supply of gas began to wane these lands proved to be very valuable in the production of oil, and it is a matter of record that the Marion company mentioned drilled about one hundred oil wells which proved very profitable in their output. In 1904 the manufacturing business, which had grown to extensive proportions, was sold to the only other company which had been a large competitor. Colonel McCulloch had been indefatigable in his labors and other incidental activities in connection with the great industry built up under his direction, and the sale of the business was prompted largely by his desire to obtain relaxation from the manifold cares and exactions involved. He sought and found a much needed rest, and he found special pleasure and recreation through two years of extensive travel, in company with his wife and daughter. They not only visited the various sections of the United States but also sojourned in Mexico and made a trip around the world,—starting from San Francisco, and returning home by way of New York city. They visited all of the countries of the Old World and the pleasures and profits gained have proved of abiding order.

When, in 1905, the Marion National Bank was reorganized, Colonel McCulloch became a prominent figure in the institution, as the owner of one-fourth of its stock, and one year after its incorporation under the new regime he was elected its president. He has since continued as the chief executive of this strong and representative bank, and its interests have been signally advanced under his wise and conservative direction, the bank being now the most important in Grant county, in the matter of solidity and extent of business controlled, even as it is also one of the strongest and most popular in central Indiana. Colonel McCulloch has shown special predilection for and ability in the banking business and is known as one of the representative figures in connection with financial affairs in his native state, the while he has a wide acquaintanceship among the leading capitalists and financiers of the country, especially those of Chicago and New York city. Never swerving in the least from the highest principles of integrity and honor, he is an exponent of the best element in financial circles, and his influence in this connection has been both fruitful and benignant. He has held many positions of honor and trust in the Indiana Bankers' Association, of which he is president at the time of this writing, in 1913, and he is also a valued member of the American Bankers' Association, in which he has served as vice-president for Indiana.

Deeply appreciative of the many attractions and superior advantages of his home city, Colonel McCulloch has been most aggressive and influential in the furthering of measures and enterprises tending to advance the civic and industrial progress and prosperity of Marion, and in this connection his fine initiative and executive powers have come into effective play. In the year 1900 he became one of the interested principals in the Marion Paper Company, and for several years past he has been the owner of three-eighths interest in its capital stock, and vice president and secretary of the company. This corporation represents one of the most important and successful industrial enterprises in this part of the state, as is shown by the fact that it is to-day the largest patron of the railroads entering Marion, where it ships in and out a greater freight tonnage than does any other manufacturing concern in Marion. The company manufactures paper-box board, and its trade is not only of the most substantial order but is also widely disseminated.

In politics Colonel McCulloch has been found arrayed as a staunch supporter of the cause of the Republican party, with well fortified opinions concerning matters of governmental and economic import, but he has been essentially a business man and had no desire to enter the turbulent stream of so-called practical politics, though one preferment of incidental order has been his, that of colonel on the military staff of Governor Hanley. He is a man of fine address and unvarying courtesy and consideration, is genial and tolerant, and is by nature and voluntary determination a distinct optimist. He is appreciative of his stewardship and in an unassuming way has given ready aid to those in affliction and distress, so that there are ample reasons for his being held in unequivocal confidence and esteem by all wiio know him. He and his wife are active and liberal members of the Presbyterian church; he is affiliated with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and not only holds membership in the Marion Country Club and the Marion Golf Club and has been president of both, but has also been for a number of years a valued member of the Commercial and Marion Clubs of Indianapolis, these being representative organizations of the capital of the state.

In the Masonic fraternity Colonel McCulloch has been specially prominent and influential in his native state, and he has been a close and appreciative student of the history and teachings of this time- honored fraternity. He is one of the seventy representatives in Indiana who have been distinguished in receiving the thirty-third and ultimate degree in the Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite of Masonry, and he is most active in the work of the various Masonic bodies with which he is affiliated, including the Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. The beautiful new Masonic Temple in Marion will reach completion about April, 1913, and the large and noble benefao tions of Colonel McCulloch in this connection demand special mention. From an article published in a Marion paper at the time when decisive action was being instituted in connection with the proposed Masonic building are taken the following extracts, which are well worthy of preservation in this article:

"The most prominent Mason in Marion and one of the best known in Indiana is Colonel John L. McCulloch, president of the Marion National Bank. It has been largely through the untiring efforts of this representative citizen and Mason that the local Masonic bodies will soon be housed in one of the finest Masonic homes in the state. When the movement for a new temple was launched, Colonel McCulloch, through his great business ability and Masonic enthusiasm, was made its leading spirit and was voted to the chairmanship of the building committee, on which he has admirably and successfully served.

"One of Colonel McCulloch's fondest hopes was to see a Masonic temple in Marion,—a temple that would be a credit to the city and the fraternity. To this end he contributed liberally and kept in close touch with the work of raising finances. When $16,000 was raised by the lodge for building purposes and it was realized that this would be insufficient to defray expenses and that the lodge would have to go in debt for the remainder, Colonel McCulloch came forward and submitted a proposition which certainly attested his interest and enthusiasm. Here is what he told his brethren of Samaritan Lodge, No. 105, Free and Accepted Masons, of which he is a trustee: 'We already have raised $16,000 by subscription and we figure that we shall need $28,000 more to construct the building as we want it. We can, of course, borrow the money to take care of the matter, but I would like to have the building dedicated without indebtedness. I want every penny of the indebtedness provided for before the last brick is laid. We yet need about $28,000. I will give half the amount if the lodge will take care of the remaining half. My money will be ready whenever the lodge raises its half.' This generous offer from Colonel MeCulloch was warmly received by the lodge, and thus was assured the splendid Masonic temple for Marion."

When the thirty-third degree was conferred upon Colonel McCulloch, at Saratoga, New York, the members of his home lodge showed their appreciation of the high honor conferred upon him by presenting to him a beautiful ring emblematic of the degree which he had received. He is a valued member of all the Masonic bodies in Marion and is influential in the affairs of each.

On the 5th of July, 1883, was solemnized the marriage of Colonel McCulloch to Miss Alice Rebecca Wilson, of Louisville, Kentucky,— a young woman of gracious presence and distinctive culture and a representative of one of the old and distinguished families of Kentucky. She is a daughter of Wood and Elizabeth (Muir) Wilson, both of Scotch lineage and both members of families whose names have been prominently and worthily linked with the annals of the state of Kentucky. Mrs. McCulloch's parents are both dead, having died in Louisville, Kentucky, about the close of the Civil war. Her father was a prominent merchant of Louisville, and during the Civil war the Wilson home in Louisville was the headquarters for everything identified with the Union cause, as the family had two sons in the Union Army. Immediately after their marriage, which was celebrated in the city of Louisville, Colonel and Mrs. McCulloch removed to Wheeling, West Virginia, and there, in the year 1884, occurred the birth of their only child, Alice Rebecca, who is now the wife of George Alfred Bell, a prominent manufacturer of Marion, their marriage having been solemnized in 1910. Mrs. Bell has been a resident of Marion from her childhood days and is one of the leaders and most popular factors in the representative social activities of her home city, besides being well known in the social circles of other cities. She and her husband reside with her parents and the beautiful home is a center of gracious and refilled hospitality.

McMurtrie, Uz

Uz McMurtrie. To see a young, energetic, college bred man, who is making use of his education and working his theoretical knowledge into practical experience, must inspire anyone to a belief in education and in the practicality of a university course. Uz McMurtrie, of Marion, Indiana, is one of the best known men of the younger generation in the city, and is a man who has won the respect of everyone, not only through his unmistakable ability, but also through his own well rounded and developed character. He is now county treasurer of Grant county, the youngest county treasurer in the state of Indiana, and is one of the most progressive and active citizens of the community, being always ready to take a hand in any movement that may benefit the city or county.

Uz McMurtrie was born on the 12th of July, 1884, at Attica, Indiana, the son of William and Elizabeth (Starr) McMurtrie. Both of his parents were natives of the state of Indiana, his father having been born in Fountain county, and his mother in Vermillion county. The father of our subject was a soldier in the War of the Rebellion, Company B, 135th Indiana Infantry. Was very young when he entered being one of the youngest members in the company. William McMur- trie and his wife removed to Grant county in 1892, and here they have lived ever since, he being now retired from business. They have had three children, two of whom are now living, Uz McMurtrie and Joseph McMurtrie, who is local manager for Armour and Company in Miami, Florida.

Uz McMurtrie received his preparatory education in the public schools of Attica and Marion, being graduated from the high school in Marion. He then matriculated at Indiana University at Bloomington, where he took a four-year course. He was graduated with the class of 1908, receiving an A. B. degree. He majored in economics and social science, and one of the requirements for a degree in this department was a thesis. Mr. McMurtrie chose for his subject "The Separation of the Sources of State and Local Taxation," the thesis being the result of two years' research work in problems of taxation. He has continued his work along these lines, making a special study of taxation and is now considered an expert in this subject. While in the University he was made president of his class, and to anyone who has ever been a university student this tells a story, for it takes a man with real executive ability and great personal popularity to win this office.

Upon returning to Marion he was elected deputy county treasurer, serving under W. H. Sanders. He went into office in 1909 and served during 1910, 1911, and 1912. In November, 1912, he was elected county treasurer on the Republican ticket, taking office on the 1st of January, 1913, and his previous experience in the duties of the office as well as his training and study along economic lines have enabled him to become a very efficient officer. On February 11, 1914, Mr. McMurtrie married Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William E. Hogin. Mrs. McMurtrie is a member of one of Marion's oldest families. She was graduated from Wilson College, Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, and has studied music extensively, possessing a voice of unusual beauty. She occupies an important place in Marion musical circles and is a member of several social and study clubs.

Mr. McMurtrie has always taken a prominent part in social and fraternal affairs, and in social service work. He is a member of the board of directors for both the Young Men's Christian Association and the Federated Charities. He is a member of the Country Club and of the Mecca Club of Marion. In fraternal aifairs he is a member of the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, being junior warden of Samaritan Lodge. No. 105, of Marion. He also belongs to the Knights of Pythias and to the Elks. He is a member of the Phi Kappa Psi college fraternity, and takes a keen interest in the affairs of his alma mater and of his fraternity.

Miller, John L.

MILLER, JOHN L. The Miller homestead is an eighty-acre place in Deer Creek township. It represents the accumulated energies and the good management of John L. Miller, who is one of the ablest crop producers and most substantial citizen of Miami county. His career has much encouragement for young men who start without resources, except those contained in themselves. He was a renter for several years, prospered in every undertaking, and thriftily turned his surplus into more land, until he found himself independent and with better provision for the future of himself and family than most men have at the close of a long lifetime. John L. Miller was born in Deer Creek township of Miami county, October 5, 1867, and belongs to a family whose residence in this county goes back for about seventy years. His parents were Philip and Amanda (Wilson) Miller. The maternal grandfather was John Wilson. Philip Miller came to Indiana towards the end of the forties, and settled in Miami county years before the building of the first railroad, when all transportation was by canal or by wagon route, and his own toil contributed a part of the development which has made the modern Miami county possible. During the war he enlisted in an Indiana regiment, and went south to do service in defense of the union, being frequently engaged in battle, and on one occasion was wounded by a shot in the army.

John L. Miller grew to manhood on his father's place, early becoming familiar with all kinds of farm labor, and receiving his education in the district school near his home. In 1889 occurred his marriage to Miss Ida Poff, a daughter of Elias and Alice (Isler) Poff. Mr. and Mrs. Miller since their marriage have worked hard, and have taken pains to give their children the best possible advantages in the local schools, and also to provide them good influences in correct habits and morals at home. Their eight children are still within the home circle, and are named as follows: Claude P., Emma, Marie, Edna, Lula, Raymond, Russell and Tavola.

When Mr. Miller came into possession of his present place of eighty acres in Deer Creek township, it was quite well improved with buildings, but during his ownership he has made many other improvements, and it now ranks as a first class homestead. Mr. Miller is affiliated with the Improved Order of Red Men and the Masonic Order, being a post thus familiarizing himself with the agricultural industry, and he has since continued in active fanning, after with the exception of a saw mill he operates in Southeast Missouri, having withdrawn from all other industries. He spent three years at winamac, then came to Pipe Creek township, adjacent to Bunker Hill, and when he settled in Bunker Hill his first home was on the farm adjoining his present place. His home today is one of the finest and most modern to be found in the township, and is one of the attractive and showy places in the district. Source: History of Miami County, Indiana By Arthur Lawrence Bodurtha, H P Loveland

Montgomery, John W.

John W. Montgomery. As a business man John W. Montgomery is one of the best known in Fairmount. He is a skillful worker in marble and granite, and does a large business as a dealer in monuments at that city. His family record connects him with some of the oldest names in the history of Grant county.

The monument business of which Mr. Montgomery is now at the head was established at Fairmount in 1868 by Mr. J. B. Hollingsworth, who retired in 1891, and this is one of the oldest concerns with a continuous history in the town. Mr. Hollingsworth was succeeded by Kelsay Brothers, who conducted the business from 1893 to 1902. In the latter year Mr. Montgomery and William Dye bought the good will and stock and the only important change occurred in 1910, and when J. H. Buchannan bought the interests of Mr. Dye. Since that time the firm has been known as Montgomery and Buchanan, and they have the best plant of its kind in this part of the state. Their stock comprises the finest grade of American granite, selected chiefly from the quarries at Quincy, Massachusetts, and Barre, Vermont. They also have different kinds of foreign granite and marble. Mr. Buchanan attends to the selling end of the business, while Mr. Montgomery is the expert in the cutting department. He learned his trade both in the cutting of granite and marble when a young man, and developed special skill in lettering and scroll work. He was employed by Mr. Hollingsworth, the founder of the business, and after a three years' apprenticeship continued with his employer and later with the Kelsay Brothers until he and his associate bought out the establishment on January 1, 1902.

John W. Montgomery was born in Fairmount, December 4, 1859, and has always lived in this part of the county, having received his education in the public schools, and going from school almost immediately into the trade in which he has been so successful. Mr. Montgomery is the son of Dennis and Maria (Hollingsworth) Montgomery. Dennis Montgomery was born in Grant county, January 31, 1836, and now lives with his son John at the advanced age of seventy-seven years, though he is still a hale and hearty man. He took up during his youth the trade of carpenter, and throughout his active career followed that vocation and from his work was enabled to provide liberally for his children. At the present time he finds attractive employment for his aged years in growing and developing all kinds of flowers about the home. The mother died in October, 1888. She was born in 1840. Her religious connection was with the United Brethren church, while the father was a Congregationalist, while in politics he was a Prohibitionist.

The family history goes back to the great-grandfather, John Montgomery, who was a native of North Carolina, from which state early in the nineteenth century he moved to Indiana, being an old man at the time. He died when past eighty years of age, in Vigo county. He was of Scotch parents and ancestry. The father, James Montgomery, a native of Randolph county, North Carolina, where he was born in 1809, was a boy when the family moved to Vigo county, Indiana. There he grew to manhood, and soon afterward moved to Grant county, among the pioneers. In Grant county he married Hannah, a daughter of Solomon and Anna (Morris) Thomas. The Thomases were among the very first pioneers of Grant county, entered their land from the government and lived here until their death, Solomon Thomas when past eighty years of age, while his wife died in middle life.

James Montgomery and wife after their marriage found a tract of new and unimproved land and cut out a home for themselves from the greenwoods. There James Montgomery died at the early age of thirty- five years, leaving five children. His widow married for her second husband Jehu Moore, and when they died there were two sons by the second marriage. The Montgomerys through three generations of residence in Grant county have always been recognized as among the very best people.

Dennis Montgomery, father of John W., was the first son and second child in the father's family of five children, and the only one still living. Two of his brothers, John and Solomon Montgomery, enlisted in the one hundred and first Indiana regiment of infantry as privates in Fred Cartwright's company, and both died of the measles at Murfreesboro in 1862. Their bodies now are buried side by side in the National cemetery at Murfreesboro. In the family of Dennis Montgomery and wife were four sons and three daughters. Of these Leora died in 1865, Estella in 1871, Elmer in 1887, at the age of twenty, and one infant died in 1887. Ella died after her marriage to R. A. McCoy. Her death occurred in Pennsylvania in October, 1912, and her husband lives in that state with two daughters, Belma and Laura.. A brother of John W. Montgomery is George W. Montgomery, a glass worker at Bellaire, Ohio, where he has his home and is married.

John W. Montgomery was married in Fairmount, December 26, 1886 to Ida Hall. She was born in Madison county, Indiana, December 29, 1867. Her parents died at their old home in Madison county. They were Thomas and Elizabeth (Hopes) Hall, and left five children at their death. Mrs. Montgomery's brother John is still living. Mr. and Mrs. Montgomery became the parents of one child, Leonard E., who was born December 28, 1888, was educated in the city high schools, and is now in the jewelry business at Summittville in Madison county. Mr. and Mrs. Montgomery and son are all active members of the Congregational church and the father served for a number of years as trustee and the son as church clerk.

Morris, Robert A.

Robert A. Morris. Among any community's most important interests are those which deal with its financial affairs, for financial stability must be the foundation stone upon which all great enterprises are erected. The men who control and conserve the money of corporation or country, or of private individual, must of necessity possess many qualities not requisite in the ordinary citizen, and among these, high commercial integrity, poise, judgment, exceptional financial ability and foresight may be mentioned. They must possess the public confidence, for often through their wisdom, sagacity and foresight panics that have threatened the government have been averted. A citizen whose entire training has been along the line of finance, and who has been prominently connected with the banking interests of Grant county for a number of years, is Robert A. Morris, president of the Fairmount State Bank.

Mr. Morris comes of old Southern stock, his paternal great-grandfather having been born in North Carolina of Welsh and Scotch parentage. The family came to the American Colonies prior to the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, and belonged to the Hicks Quaker stock, Mr. Morris himself being a member of the Society of Friends. He was married in North Carolina, and in 1823 came north with the Quakers who left the South because of their opposition to the practice of slavery prevalent in the Old North State, making a settlement near Richmond, Indiana, where they became pioneers. Mr. Morris was a miller by vocation and established one of the first mills in Wayne county, contimiing to spend the remainder of his career there and dying in advanced years, as did also his wife. Among their children was George Morris, the grandfather of Robert A. Morris.

George Morris first saw the light of day in North Carolina, and was still a small boy when he accompanied his parents in their journey overland to the wilderness of Indiana. He grew up to sturdy manhood, was reared to agricultural pursuits and followed farming for some time, but subsequently became an early merchant near Richmond. He was married in that city to Miss Rhoda Frampton, who was born a Quakeress and a member of an old Maryland family of Friends. Mr. Morris passed away near Richmond when but thirty-six years of age, while his wife survived him for a long period, dying at the advanced age of ninety years.

The second son and child of the five children of his parents, Aaron Morris, the father of Robert A. Morris, was born near Richmond, Wayne county, Indiana, November 21, 1834. There he was educated, reared and spent his entire life, and there his death occurred February 15,1907. His brothers and sisters are all still living, are married, and have homes of their own. In his youth Aaron Morris learned the trade of wagon-maker* and this he followed with a reasonable amount of success until 1865, when he was married. At that time he became one of the organizers and partners of the Hoosier Drill Company, of which he continued as manager and a director until 1876, when he disposed of interests and became an official member of a reaper and mower concern. With this venture he continued until 1888, when he embarked in the banking business, at Pendleton, Indiana, where he became the founder of the Pendleton Banking Company. Of this institution he became president, and so remained for a number of years, and it is still in the family name, being now conducted by William F. Morris, a son of its founder. In 1902 Mr. Morris came to Fairmount, Indiana, and here established the Fairmount State Bank, with which he was connected in an official capacity up to the time of his death. Mr. Morris was an excellent business man and financier, and was widely known in banking circles, especially in Wayne, Grant and Madison counties. He bore a high reputation for business integrity and honorable dealing, and in his private life was known to be a man of the utmost probity. He was a stanch Republican throughout his life, but was content with his business interests and never sought personal preferment as a candidate. Throughout his life he was a Quaker, and lived up to the teachings of his faith. While residing in Wayne county, near Pendleton, Mr. Morris was married in 1865, to Miss Martha Thomas, who was born, reared and educated in Madison county, and was a daughter of Louis and Percilla (Moore) Thomas, natives of Pennsylvania, who came from Philadelphia and Chester county in that state at an early date, and located in Madison county. There they spent their lives in agricultural pursuits, in the community in which there were so many members of the Friends church, to which faith they belonged. Mrs. Aaron Morris was one of a large family, the most of whom are still living, and she still survives her husband and makes her home in Madison county, being seventy-five years of age. Four children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Aaron Morris, namely: William F., manager of the State Bank of Pendleton, who married Lyle Zeublin and has two daughters—Mildred and Eleanor; Luella, who is the wife of Elwood Burchell, of Port Chester, New York, a manufacturer of bolts and nuts, who has three sons—Richard. Morris and Robert: Robert A.: and Elizabeth, who is the wife of Frederick Lantz, a merchant of Pendleton, and has one daughter, Deborah.

Robert A. Morris was born near Richmond, Wayne county, Indiana, May 16, 1877. He received his early education in the schools of Richmond, following which he attended Earlham College, and then embarked in the banking business with his father at Pendleton. There he remained from 1895 until 1902, when, having thoroughly mastered the details of banking, he came to Fairmount to take charge of the Fairmount State Bank, and of this he has since had control. This institution has a capital and surplus of $32,000, and is known as one of the solid and substantial financial houses of Grant county. Under the management of Mr. Morris it has enjoyed a steady and continued growth, and has gained the complete confidence of the public.

In 1908 Mr. Morris was married in Fairmount to Miss Artie Suman, who was born, reared and educated in Fairmount, where her people were early settlers. They are now residents of North Dakota, where they are engaged in farming. Mr. and Mrs. Morris have one son: William S., born January 2,1913. In his political preferences Mr. Morris is a Republican.

Quincy, James

James Quincy was born in Marion, attending the Marion Academy, and read law in his father's office and later was elected Justice of the Peace. He died in 1894 at his home here.

Mary A. came with her parents to Marion and attended the early schools here and the Marion Academy. She married James M. Pugh and lived on a farm near Mt. Olive in Pleasant Township, where she died in 1906.

John F. came with his parents to Marion in 1843, attending the early schools here and entered the United States Military Academy at AVest Point in 1862, graduating in 1866. He was commissioned Second Lieutenant in the Tenth Infantry and served on frontier duty at Ft. Aber- crombie, Dakota (since abandoned), here commanding a detachment of mounted infantry. He was appointed Regimental Adjutant in 1867. He served on Mexican frontier at Brownsville, Texas, as Assistant Adjutant General of the District of the Rio Grande, 1867 to 1871. On duty at Military Academy at AYest Point as tactical officer 1871 to '76. Again he served on Frontier duty in Texas in command of Ft. Griffin and in charge of the Lipan Indians. Afterward serving as adjutant again and being stationed at Detroit, in 1884 he was promoted Captain on duty in New Mexico, and was with company on Geronimo Indian Campaign in Arizona and New Mexico. During 1889 to 1894 he served as instructor in U. S. Infantry and Cavalry schools at Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas. Served at Chicago with company during riots in 1894, guarding Postal cars. On duty with company at Fort Reno, Oklahoma, 1894 to 1898, and went with Regiment to Cuba in 1898. Commanded company in battle of Santiago, July 1, 1898, and subsequent fighting about Santiago. In command of battalion Tenth Infantry after return to this country. Promoted Major Eighth Infantry and joined that regiment in Havana, Cuba. On duty as disbursing officer of the Island, 1899 and 1900. Left Cuba for duty with Eighth Infantry in Philippine Islands and commanded regiment in Provinces of Batangas and Laguna until 1901. Promoted Lieutenant Colonel Twenty-eighth Infantry, joined that regiment in United States and returned to Philippines. Promoted to Colonel of Twenty-seventh Infantry, 1902, then in the Islands. In June of that year, he asked for and received- his retirement after forty years in the service of the government. He returned to Marion where he lived renewing old acquaintances, until his death on August 7, 1913. He was buried beside his father and mother in the family plot in the I. 0. 0. F. Cemetery.

Rich, Eri

Eri Rich was of the substantial old Quaker stock which has produced such wealth of character and citizenship in Grant county, the Rich family has been among the worthiest representatives. Eri Rich has spent his best years in this county, has prospered in health and lands, has reared a family to do him credit, and has possessed the esteem of all whose lives he has touched in business or social relations. Mr. Rich after a long career of farming has in recent years lived in Fairmount, and has made a reputation as a breeder of fine horses, his skill in this direction having made him well known among stock men of northeastern Indiana.

Eri Rich was born in the southern part of Hamilton county, Indiana, near Carmel, October 12, 1840. His father was Joseph Rich, his grand- fatber Peter Rich, Jr., both natives of Randolph county, North Carolina, while the great-grandfather was Peter Rich, Sr., a native of England. Peter Rich, Sr., was married in his native land, and came to America about the time of or a little before the Revolutionary war. He lived and died in Randolph county, North Carolina, and reached a good old age. His wife was also old at the time of her death. They had a family of children, among whom was Peter, Jr.

Peter Rich, Jr., was born in Randolph county. North Carolina, about 1776-1777. Growing up in his native locality he learned the trade of wagon making, and was also a farmer. For many years he followed these pursuits in his native county. He married Sarah Sanders. She was a Quakeress, but her husband held to no church. Born to their marriage in North Carolina were the following children: Aaron, Joseph, Isaac, Jesse, John, David, and three daughters, Mary, Rebecca and Martha.

Joseph Rich, the third in the above named family, and the father of Eri Rich was born in North Carolina, in 1811. In 1830 or 1831, before he was of age, he bought his time from his father and came north to Indiana, locating near Carmel, in Hamilton county, on eighty acres of government land. His home was in the wilderness, and in a clearing among the woods he put up a log cabin, cutting the timbers from the standing trees. An interesting fact concerning this old pioneer of Hamilton county is that he set out soon after locating there two acres of apples and peach trees, and that orchard grew and flourished, and for many years was one of the best in all that part of Indiana. Some years after his own settlement, his parents and other members of the family came on to Indiana, locating in Grant county, in Fairmount township, during the latter forties. Thus the latter years of Peter Rich and wife were spent in Grant county, where Peter died at the age of eighty-six years and his wife at the age of eighty-seven. After getting well started in his new home in Hamilton county, Joseph Rich met and married Miriam Newby. She was born in North Carolina, was a young woman when she accompanied her parents to Hamilton county, and her people spent their lives in that section. The first wife of Joseph Rich died in Hamilton county, August 22,1851. She was born January 28, 1803. In 1852 Joseph Rich after the death of his wife, brought his family to Grant county, having sold his property in Hamilton county. He bought land in Liberty township and lived there a number of years finally retiring and making his home at Fairmount where he died about 1896. After coming to Grant county he was three times married, but had no children. His first wife left six children named as follows: Sarah, who married Abner Halloway, who died in Fairmount, and she now lives in Fairmount township, having a family, all of whom are married. Mary, the second child, is the wife of James Marley, of Fairmont, but has no children. The next in order is Eri Rich. Asenath is the wife of John Seale, an Englishman, now living in California, and they have a family of children. Jessie S. married Angeline Jenkins, now deceased, and he lives in the southeastern part of the state of Kansas near Baxter, and has a family. Eliza is the wife of Frank Davis, and lives in Fairmount having children.

Eri Rich was about twelve years old when his father moved from Hamilton county to Grant county. He grew up on a farm, received a substantial education in the local schools, and taking up the vocation to which he had been trained, he conducted a place in the country for a number of years. In 1869, he moved to Miami county, Indiana, where he improved the farm of sixty acres. That land was subsequently traded for a place in Grant county, comprising one hundred and sixty-eight acres. In 1897, Mr. Rich moved to Fairmount, retiring from active agriculture, and has since devoted his time to trade and stock breeding. For five years he was a feed merchant at Fairmount. Since then practically all his work has been in the raising of registered stock. He owns several excellent horses, including the Belgian horse named Ameer, a fine Percheron named Minstrel, and also a fine Belgian named Edmund. He has made a reputation as a careful breeder, and maintains one of the best stables in Grant county.

Mr. Rich was married in Grant county in 1861 to Elizabeth A. Davidson. She was born in Randolph county, North Carolina, January 20. .1841, a daughter of Joseph and Rena (White) Davidson, who were Quaker people, farmers, and natives of North Carolina. The family moved to Indiana about 1858, leased a farm in Grant county, and later in the same year the parents moved to Minnesota where they died at a good old age. Mr. and Mrs. Rich became the parents of eleven children, whose names and careers are briefly stated as follows: Enos died when young; Rena Ellen is the wife of Ray McHatten, and has three children, Grace. Effie and Fred; M. Etta is the wife of Micajah Thomas, living in Fairmount, and their children are Everett, who is married, Adelbert, Clarence W., and Cleo F., the youngest being at home and all the children well educated; Elwood lives in Huntington county, is married and has three sons, Robert, William and Ralph; John is married, and has a family of one son, Alvie, and two daughters, Lulu and Ethel, and lives in Fairmount; Lucina is the widow of Lewis Thomas, living in Huntington, Indiana, and has two sons, Eri and Walter; Milton resides in Fairmount township, is married and has three sons, Doite, Earl and Glen; Eliza is the wife of Norman Little, living in Huntington county, and they are the parents of three sons, Orville, Willard and Virgil; May is the wife of Arthur Marsh, living in California, and they have two sons, Albert and Walter Eri; Eunice died after her marriage to Alfred Marine, leaving one son Eri. The twelfth and youngest child died in infancy. Mr. and Mrs. Rich are both birthright members of the Friends church. Mr. Rich was for a number of years a Republican voter, but latterly has supported the Democratic party.

Rothinghouse, Anthony B.

Anthony B. Rothinghouse. Forty years of residence and business activity gave the late Anthony B. Rothinghouse an established position in the citizenship of Jonesboro, where his widow and one son still live, the latter being proprietor of the finest drug store of the city. The late Mr. Rothinghouse had the solid virtues of his German forefathers, was prospered by years of work and business judgment and kept himself in public spirited relations with the community of which he was a part.

At his death on May 8, 1911, the community lost one of its substantial older citizens. He was born at Minster, Ohio. June 24, 1840, and died at the beautiful home he had erected on north Main street in Jonesboro in 1901 He was of German parentage, and both his father and mother died in Ohio, his father having been a cooper. The late Mr. Rothinghouse grew up in Ohio, and after a somewhat limited education was placed under the direction of his father and acquired a skilled knowledge of the cooper's trade. When a young man he came to Indiana, and at Anderson, in Madison county, on July 28, 1864, married Miss Ernestine Rozell. She was born in this state. February 4, 1842, a daughter of Hamlet and Elizabeth (Davis) Rozell, both natives of Indiana, and they were married near New Castle. They started life as farmers, at first in Delaware county, near Yorktown. and afterwards moved to the city of Anderson. Mr. Rozell had learned the trade of tanner, and continued to follow it through most of his active years. His death occurred at Anderson when past fifty years of age, and his wife had passed way some time before. They had five children, two of whom died before the mother, and one, Charles, died not long thereafter. Those yet living are Mrs. Rothinghouse, and Miles M. Rozell, who is a widower living in Anderson and with four living sons.

After the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Rothinghouse, they lived in Madison county at Anderson, where he continued his trade as a cooper. In 1869 they located in Jonesboro, and in 1871 bought their first home at the corner of Main and Third Streets. That was a frame house of modest proportions and comforts, and about thirty years later as a visible expression of the generous prosperity which had resulted from his labors, Mr. Rothinghouse built the substantial eleven room brick home, where his widow now resides in comfort and plenty. The late Mr. Rothinghouse followed his trade a time in Jonesboro, but eventually entered the drug store of his son Charles, and finally took up the profession of pharmacy and was connected with the business until he retired. The late Mr. Rothinghouse was an active Republican, much interested in the success of his party and held several local offices. He was a member of the Jonesboro Lodge of Masons and a popular member of the local post of the Grand Army. His membership in that order followed upon a service for some time in the Union army. He worshipped in the Catholic faith, while Mrs. Rothinghouse is a Presbyterian.

Mr. and Mrs. Rothinghouse had three children: Fred, who is a druggist at Gas City, and is married; Albert, who married and lived in Gas City, was killed March 4. 1900, while performing service as a member of the Volunteer Fire Department engaged in extinguishing a fire at the Gas City pottery, his death resulting from a falling wall; and Charles, who is still a resident of Jonesboro, and the druggist above mentioned.

Charles Rothinghouse was horn at Anderson, Indiana, May 30, 1865, and has lived in Jonesboro since 1868. When he was twelve years of age he received his first experience in a drug store, and has followed the business with such success as to place him in the first rank of Grant county druggists. For a time he was associated with his brother Fred, but the latter since 1892 has managed the Gas City store. The Rexall Store of Mr. Rothinghouse has been established at its present location since 1896, and he and his father were previously in business on Fourth Street. The Rothinghouse Block is one of the most substantial brick business structures of the town, and Mr. Rothinghouse occupies a portion of it for his business. It is a large and commodious store, and its store furnishings are the best to be found in any similar establishment in the county. -Mr. Rothinghouse is a charter member of the Rexall Store Corporation, and stands in the tenth place of the United States for sales in towns of its population of Jonesboro, and thirteenth in amount of sales for any store in the state of Indiana, regardless of population. Mr. Rothinghouse believes in selling staple and guaranteed goods, and his success is largely due to that policy. Mr. Rothinghouse married Miss Carrie Livengood, and they are the parents of two children. Porter, who died at the age of two and a half years; and Ernest, born in 1889, educated at Notre Dame, and in a school of pharmacy at New Orleans, and since 1909 has been in business with his father as a registered pharmacist.

Scott, Alvin B.

Alvin B. Scott. The large manufacturing industries which were created as a result of the natural gas boom in Grant county and other sections of Indiana have, as a matter of course, developed some exceptional men of industry and ability, and some of the present leaders in local business and manufacturing circles were boys in Grant county when natural gas was first found under its surface.

Prominent in this class of citizenship is Alvin B. Scott, secretary and treasurer and general manager of the Bell Bottle Company at Fairmount. He has held that position three years throughout the period of its present management. He was formerly associated with Mr. Borrey and Mr. Cleveland while they were at the head of the Bell Bottle Company. In May, 1910, Mr. Scott took over the plant, forming a fifty thousand dollar corporation, but retaining the old name of the Bell Bottle Company. James Luther of Terre Haute, is president, Irvin Scott, a brother of Alvin B. is vice president, while Alvin B. Scott is secretary and treasurer and general manager. The board of directors, three in number comprise the three officers just named. The Bell Bottle Company operate a very important industry, one that produces a large amount of wealth every year, and affords employment to about four hundred people. Their output averages three carloads of bottles every day, and the plant is exclusively devoted to the manufacture of bottles of all kinds used in the commercial trade. The plant has one sixteen-ring tank furnace, and first class equipment and efficiency are watchwords throughout the business. Mr. Scott has the entire plant under his personal management, and has been very successful in distributing the product, which is sold and shipped to every part of the United States.

Mr. Scott may be said to have never known any other occupation than glass manufacture. He is familiar with every department and knows the manufacturing end equally as well as the sales and distribution part. He first began with the Dillon Glass Company in the clerical department in 1890. He soon after decided that his prospect for advancement would be better through the practical side of the business and he accordingly learned the trade of glass blower and worked up through every department. In 1895 he became associated with the Model Glass Company of Summitsville, in Madison county, and is president of that concern, having the active management of both plants for two years until he had to withdraw on account of overstrain through the heavy responsibilities laid upon him.

Alvin B. Scott was born in Fairmount township of Grant county, March 27, 1868. He was graduated from the Fairmount Academy with the class of 1889, and found his first work as a clerk. Mr. Scott is a grandson of Stephen Scott, a West Virginian, who was an early settler in Wayne county, where he married and afterwards moved to Grant county, and died in the latter locality. The father of Alvin B. Scott is Levi Scott, a native of Indiana, and for many years a banker in Fairmount. In 1893 the elder Scott suffered from the financial panic and afterwards retired from business and moved to California, where he now lives. He has his second wife, first wife having died at the age of forty- five years. The first wife, and the mother of Alvin B. Scott, was Emily Davis, a daughter of George Davis, of an old and prominent family in Grant county.

Alvin B. Scott was married in Fairmount township to Emily Luther, a daughter of Ivy and Sarah (Stewart) Luther, both of whom are living and are substantial farmers in this section of the county. The Luthers are active members of the Friends church, and -Mr. and Mrs. Scott belong to the same church. In politics Mr. Scott is a Republican. Their four children are mentioned as follows: Merle, a graduate of the Fairmount Academy, for one year a student in the Culver Military Academy, and in 1913, a graduate with the degree of Bachelor of Arts from the State University of Bloomington; Mary E., who is now attending the Fairmount Academy; Sedrick Levi and Martin Ivy, both of whom are in the schools.

Shideler, George A. H.

George A. H. Shideler is one of the best known men in the state of Indiana being secretary and general manager of the Marion Flint Glass Company, and practically all his life a resident of Grant county. Few men in Marion are so well known as he, and his is a familiar figure to every man, woman and child in the city. A product of Grant county, he was born in Jonesboro, on November 23, 1863, and is the son of a well known family of that place.

When nine years of age Mr. Shideler removed to Indianapolis, Indiana, in company with his parents and there he attended school until the age of fifteen, when he took a position as cash boy in the New York Store, in that city. He was an ambitious youth, and it was but a few years before he was able to take a place as traveling salesman for a prominent dry goods house of the city, but when natural gas was discovered in Marion in 1887 he left his traveling position and came to Marion, becoming interested as a stockholder in the Marion- Flint Glass Company, being elected secretary of the company. The factory has long been rated among the most solidly established enterprises in the city, and is operated in accordance with the most advanced methods in vogue today among glass manufacturers.

Mr. Shideler is a man who has always taken an active and prominent part in local and district politics, and his public usefulness has extended to the state legislature, to which he was elected in 1896 and re-elected in 1899. He was appointed a member of the Board of Control of the Reform School for Boys, located at Plainfield, his appointment coming from Governor Mount in 1897. He resigned the place in 1899 when he was elected a second time to the legislature, but was re-appointed in 1900, in consequence of the excellent work he did as a member of that board. In 1899 he was tendered the position of Warden of the Indiana State Prison at Michigan City, receiving the appointment through the governor and the board of managers, and he accepted the office, holding it for two years, when he resigned, since which time he has devoted his entire time and activities to the care of his many and varied private interests. As warden of the Indiana State Prison Mr. Shideler gained a nation wide reputation and no penal institution in the country was better managed than was that institution under his regime. A man of broad human sympathies, keen understanding and humanitarian tendencies, he was eminently fitted for the duties of his position, and he was ever found to be a friend to the unfortunate, who most needed a friend and counselor. He is especially interested in the boy problem, so potent a one in the present day social scheme, and his wide experience in state criminal institutions has taught him that the secret of true manhood lies in controlling the early tendencies of the boy and surrounding him with every safeguard that is-humanly possible in early life. It is not too much to say that Mr. Shideler is one of the most popular men in Grant county today, and one who is most deserving of mention in a historical and biographical work of this order.

Mr. Shideler married July 26, 1894, to Margaret Ball, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Charles A. Ball, of Marion. They have two boys, Robert, aged eighteen, and Richard, aged twelve.

Shively, Dr. Marshall T.

SHIVELY, DR. MARSHALL T. One of the leading citizens of the city of Marion, Indiana, and a representative of one of the pioneer families of the state of Indiana, Dr. Marshall T. Shively is one of the most successful practitioners in Grant county. He has lived in Marion all of his life and his father was a physician in this city before him, and he has well sustained the reputation of his family for ability and strong character.

Dr. Marshall T. Shively was born in Marion, Indiana, on the 10th of July, 1849, the son of Dr. James S. and Harriet 0. (Marshall) Shively. The latter was a daughter of Riley Marshall, who was the grandfather of Vice-president Thomas R. Marshall. Riley Marshall came to Grant county and settled in 1829, one of the early pioneers of this section. Dr. James S. Shively was a native of West Virginia, having been born on the 8th of April, 1813, at Morgantown, "West Virginia, which at that time was part of Virginia. He came to Grant county, Indiana, in 1836, his father having preceded him and settled in Rush county, Indiana. James S. Shively first taught school and then read medicine at Newcastle, Indiana. After his preparation was complete he began the practice of his profession in Muncie, Indiana, remaining there for about a year. In April, 1836, he came to Marion and here began to practice medicine. For fifty-four years he was engaged in the practice of his profession in Marion and he became a prominent physician and one of the influential citizens of the town. He was well known for his charity and for the broad mindedness of his views in the days when this was a rare virtue. In politics he was a member of the Democratic party and was always an active member of his party. He served several terms in the lower house of the Indiana Legislature and in 1886 was elected to the State Senate. He was the father of the Shively Medical Bill, the first practical medical bill passed in the state of Indiana. He spent a long and useful life in Marion, dying in 1893, at the age of eighty years. His- wife was also over eighty years old when she died on May 28, 1889. Six children were born to this couple, one of whom died in infancy. Those yet living are Mrs. Terrie E. Johnson of Marion and Mrs. Mary C. Motter, of Marion, in addition to Dr. Shively.

Dr. Marshall T. Shively was educated as a boy in the city of his birth, attending the public schools and taking private courses. In 1872 he entered the Ohio Medical College, at Cincinnati, from which institution he was graduated in 1874. He began to practice in Marion in partnership with his father and he has been in active practice here ever since. He was in partnership with his father for ten years.

Dr. Shively is an active Democrat but he has never cared to fill office, although he has served as a member of the state central committee. He is a member of the Grant County Medical Society and of the Indiana State Medical Society, and represented this district at the Democratic National Convention at Baltimore in 1912.

On the 17th of May, 1876, Dr. Shively was married to Miss Zamora Bobbs, a daughter of Dr. A. J. and Mary Bobbs, of Marion. The doctor and his wife have become the parents of seven children, as follows: James H. Shively of Houston, Texas; Mary L., who has become the wife of Elmer De Poy, of San Antonio, Texas; Senator Bernard B. Shively, of Marion, a sketch of whose life is included in this work; Thisbe, who is the wife of Raymond E. Page, of Hornell, New York; Miss Lile Zamora Shively, Miss Dorothea Shively and Miss Naedeine Shively, all of whom are living at home. Mrs. Shively died on the 9th of January, 1910.

Zamora Bobbs Shively was born June 7, 1858, in Phillipsburg, Montgomery county, Ohio. She was the eldest of two daughters of Doctor and Mrs. A. J. Bobbs. On the seventeenth day of May, 1876, she married Doctor Marshall T. Shively of Marion, Indiana, and the couple lived happily together until the death of Mrs. Shivelv, January 9th, 1910.

There are many elements in human nature that go to the molding of a genuine lady, a womanly woman. And of course every individual has his or her conception of just what these elements are or what they should be. To say that Mrs. Shively was a talented woman is putting it mildly, since she was in fact in many respects a remarkable woman. And one of the most complete proofs of this fact was, that she was at all times a strong defender of her sex. She believed that the sphere of woman offered abundant opportunities for the making of her position one of importance in the world.

Mrs. Shively's philosophy of life was not drawn from what the public or society thought or suggested, although she was one who ever respected public opinion. She believed that the rule which guided society was too frequently the rule deduced from a false vanity that did not admit the broader, humanitarian view. True, Mrs. Shively was in all respects an individual. She was a character to those by whom she was well known. A woman of active mind, of marked originality and talent. These God given powers which were so much a part of her nature she did not get to pursue during her marriage life with her ardour that she might had she not had the care of a large and ambitious family to look after. But she did manage in her resourceful way, when her time was uot occupied with looking after the interests of her children, for she was essentially at all times the mother, faithful, devoted and kind, during her early married life to pursue her love for art and wood carving. And she has left her family some lasting legacies in oil and water color and specially designed furniture.

In later years prior to her death Mrs. Shively devoted her time more closely to reading and studying current questions and literature, biography and ancient and modern history. The writer can so well recall the rapture with which she almost devoured the works of Swedenborg, Lamartine, Josephus and her constant companion, the Bible, besides scores of other ancient masters of philosophy and literature.

While not a club woman in the common conception of society, yet she did belong to several but took the deepest interest in her literary club work, in which capacity she read several papers on the "Philosophy of Life and the Bible as Applied to Life," that revealed to her auditors masterful attainments. Other and more elaborate papers on the same subjects were in the course of preparation at her death and it is to be hoped that some of the family will in the near future put them in publication for the use of the public.

Mrs. Shively never sought to be the leader of any social set, although she had her friends and admired genius and culture wherever found. In her entertainments she was an original and a genial hostess. Her resourceful mind, ready wit and charming personality won for her the love and admiration of many friends. And while it is true that she loved life, and loved her friends, yet she was not devoted to the narrow confines and limitations of society. Her's was a broader field. She lived in a world, in part within herself, because she ever sought the ideal. A woman of keen perception, she wanted humanity to also see the broader view. She wanted humanity to know and understand more fully the handiwork of the great Maker. She believed that life was the best worth living that contributed something to life, however small it might be. She ever believed that man was too much depending on self, that he was seeking to solve his own destinies when those destinies were not his to control but belonged to the God of Life.

Aside from her family, her husband and her books she loved most the charms of the external world, from which she gleaned so much joy and inspiration. Her love of life sprung from what life had to her revealed. The sighing forests, the meandering streams, hills, mountains and valleys in their draperies of green, these she would have humanity know for in them she saw God, to her they were the green pastures, beside the silent waters over which the Master held sway.

Smith, George W.

George W. Smith. Few families of Grant county, Indiana, are more widely or favorably known than that of Smith, which traces its ancestry back for generations in this country, and numbers among its members men prominent in business and agriculture, in the professions and in civic life, and in military circles from the time of the struggle for American independence. A worthy representative of the name is found in George W. Smith, the owner of a farm in section 3, Mill township, who has passed his entire career here and is known as a progressive and public spirited citizen.

The great-grandfather of George W. Smith was born in Virginia, and, at the outbreak of the Revolutionary war enlisted in the Continental army and continued to serve faithfully throughout the period of warfare, being with General George Washington at Valley Forge. He died in Halifax county, Virginia, at the remarkable age of one hundred and four years, and his widow subsequently moved to Fayette county, Ohio, in 1827, and died at the home of her son, James Smith. Like her husband, she reached phenomenal age, having reached one hundred and seven years at the time of her death, a short time previous to which she had walked over a mile.

James Smith, the grandfather of George W. Smith, was born in 1787, in Halifax county, Virginia, was there reared and educated, and when war was declared with England in 1812 enlisted in the American service and continued to fight gallantly until peace was declared. He was married in his native county to a Miss Henderson, who was born there about 1789, and after the birth of several of their children they left Virginia, in 1820, and moved to Fayette county, Ohio, where Mr. Smith secured one hundred and sixty acres of military land, given him by the Government on account of his services, and located near Rattlesnake Creek. There the first Mrs. Smith died in 1856 or 1857, and Mr. Smith was afterward married to Miss Anna Tracy, who died in 1890 or 1891, when seventy years of age, without issue. Mr. Smith was a steady and industrious farmer, and when he died, in 1877, his community lost one of its good citizens and stalwart Democrats. He and his wife were the parents of quite a large family.

Charles Smith, the father of George W. Smith, was born in Halifax county, Virginia, January 26, 1813, and died at his home in Mill township, Grant county, Indiana, March 4,1879. He was reared and educated in the county of his nativity, and accompanied his parents to Fayette county, Ohio, from whence, in 1852, he came to Grant county, Indiana, and purchased eighty acres of land in sections 2 and 3, Mill township, of Joshua Cannon, twelve acres of this property being improved. Here his first residence was a log cabin, but in 1859 he erected the home now owned and occupied by George W. Smith. The father was a farmer all of his life, had an honorable and upright career, and fairly won the respect and esteem of his fellowmen. He was married in 1845, in Fayette county, Ohio, to Miss Beulah Haines, who was born June 24, 1820, in Fayette county, Ohio, and died at the homestead in Mill township, March 10, 1879, just six days after the death of her husband. She was a woman of many excellencies of mind and heart, and from girlhood throughout her life was a devout member of the Methodist church. Mr. Smith was an early Republican, casting "his vote for Fremont, and was always opposed to slavery. Ebenezer Haines, the maternal grandfather of Mr. Smith, was born in Winchester county, Virginia, and his wife's father was Captain Berry, who was in charge of a company during the Colonial wars, and a neighbor of General Francis Marion, with whom he fought during the Revolution. Prior to this he served as a captain under General Braddock at Braddock's Defeat. Captain Berry was also the founder of Berry's Ferry, Virginia. Of the children of Charles and Beulah (Haines) Smith, George W. Smith is the next to the youngest. The others were as follows: Martha J., born December 12, 1845, who became the wife of David Lyon, and died May 30, 1896, leaving two children; Mary E., born in 1847, became the wife of John C. Evans, and died August 16, 1910, leaving three children, Wilber, Chester and Ethel; Samuel N., born July 20, 1850, died April 9, 1881, single; Emma, born July 21, 1852, who became the wife of Eugene Swarts; and Alice, born April 18, 1860, who died July 12, 1905, after her marriage to William Stout, by whom she had one son, Victor L. Smith.

George W. Smith was born on the farm which he now occupies April 15.1855. He received good educational advantages in the district schools of his native locality and the Jonesboro high school, and was reared to agricultural pursuits and to habits of industry and thrift. As a young man he decided to make farming his life work, and the success which has since attended his well directed efforts shows that he made no mistake in his choice of vocations. A Republican in his political views, he has not found time to enter extensively into the public arena, but has displayed his good citizenship by serving in the capacity of deputy township assessor for a period of seven years. With his family he attends the Methodist church, and has always endeavored to live up to its teachings.

On August 26, 1880, Mr. Smith was married in Mill township to Miss Mary E. Hiatt, who was born in Monroe township, Grant county, Indiana, October 16, 1857, and was reared and educated in Mill township. The Hiatt family is one of the most prominent of this section. Mrs. Smith's father, David W. Hiatt, who died on the 22d of January, 1914, was at the time of his death the oldest native-born resident of the county. He was a grandson of William Hiatt and a son of David Hiatt, both born in North Carolina (probably in Randolph county) and members of an old southern family which belonged to the Quaker faith for generations. William and David Hiatt came to Grant county, Indiana, in 1826, the latter entering eighty acres of land on the Mississinewa river, section 29, Mill township, July 12th of that year. This was prior to the organization of the county, there being only seven other families within its borders, and Mr. Hiatt was forced to walk to Fort Wayne to register his entry. Both William and David Hiatt died on the old homestead in advanced years. David Hiatt married first a Miss Hiatt (no relation), and afterward a Miss Adamson, who also attained old age. David W. Hiatt, the father of Mrs. Smith, was born in Mill township, Grant county, Indiana, November 19, 1830, the county being still unorganized at that time, and with the exception of sixteen years spent in Emmetsburg, Iowa, has lived in Grant county all of his life, which has been devoted to agricultural pursuits. Although now more than eighty-three years of age, he is well preserved, being but slightly bothered by sight and hearing. His political faith is that of the Republican party, and he keeps well posted as to the affairs of importance. Mr. Hiatt was married in Monroe township, Grant county, August 10, 1854, to Miss Lavina Patterson, who was born in Grant county, January 24, 1837, and died in Mill township May 23, 1872, in the faith of the Christian church. They had two children: Mary E., the wife of George W. Smith, and Viola, born August 16, 1860, now the wife of Palmer Dye, of Deputy, Jefferson county, Indiana.

Mr. and Mrs. Smith have had the following children: Leo Fred, born January 24, 1882, educated in the public schools and the Marion Business College, and now a carpenter of St. Lawrence, South Dakota, and single; Lawrence Guy, born August 30, 1884, educated in Mill township, and now his father's assistant on the homestead place; Walter H., born September 5, 18S7, at home; and Francis Burr, born February 23, 1890, also at home.

Smith, Jason B.

Jason B. Smith. For a number of years Jason B. Smith has been a well known resident of Grant county, having been prominently identified with gas development during the decade of the eighties. His headquarters during his operations in that field were at Fairmount, but finally failing health compelled him to go south and he lived for some years out of the county. His first wife was Miss Seytha Dobbins, who died January 15, 1908, leaving the following children: Charles H., who resides in the state of Washington: Harry D, who died as a young man; Bernie, who resides in the state of Oregon; Roy, also residing in Oregon; Willis, residing in Atlanta, Georgia; Clyde, also residing in Atlanta, and Clare, residing in Fitzgerald, Georgia.

After his return from Fitzgerald, Georgia, where he had been operating a saw mill, Mr. Smith was married in March, 1911, to Mrs. Rachael Lewis, whose maiden name was Wright. She was the widow of Leander L. Lewis, a late resident of Fairmount township. Mr. Smith since his marriage has successfully operated the large estate of his wife in Fairmount township, and both are actively interested in many affairs in that locality, giving much attention and assistance to those things which make for progress and a better social and moral condition of community life.

Jason B. Smith was born in Pennsylvania, August 7, 1845, and was quite young when he accompanied his parents to Rush county, Indiana, where he was reared and well educated. After some years the family moved to Decatur county, in this state.

Mr. Smith is the son of David B. and Malinda (Phillips) Smith, the former a native of New Jersey and of a line of prosperous and intelligent people. Mr. Smith moved to Pennsylvania when a young man, where he met and married Miss Phillips, a native of that state and several years after their marriage they set out and established a new home in Indiana. They made the journey west by way of the Allegany river and the Ohio river, as far as Cincinnati, from which city a barge wagon drawn by six horses carried them to Rush county. In'Richland township of that county, they started life in almost a new country, and finally moved to Pugit township in Decatur county, where David Smith improved a substantial homestead. Later he retired to Rushville, where his wife died at the age of seventy-two. David B. Smith spent his last years with a daughter in Connersville, in Fayette county, where his death occurred at the very advanced age of eighty-nine years. Pie and his wife were active members and workers in the Methodist Episcopal church, with which denomination many years of their lives had been spent. He was also a strong abolitionist, and before the war his home was a station on the underground railway, and many a time he assisted the escape of a negro fleeing from the south for the Canadian boundary. After the war he was a Republican.

Jason B. Smith is a veteran of the Civil War on the Union side, having enlisted when a boy in Company B of the One Hundred and Twenty-third Indiana Regiment. His services continued until the close of hostilities, and though unwounded he met with much exposure and hardships of army life.

Jason B. Smith is one of three living children. A sister, Emma, is the wife of John Carpenter, and lives in Rushville, having two sons, Clarence and Jesse. A brother, Frank, is unmarried, and is following the trade of carpenter and builder at his home in Rushville.

Mr. and Mrs. Smith have no children by their marriage, nor was she the mother of any children by her marriage to Mr. Lewis. They are both active in the Christian church of Pairmount City, and in politics he is a Republican.

Mrs. Smith is the daughter of John Wright, who was married in Fairfield township of Franklin county, Indiana, February 14, 1861, to Celia Glidwell. Her mother was born in Franklin county, November 10, 1832, and died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Smith, September 29, 1912. The Glidwells were a well known southern family, and they still hold an annual reunion, Mrs. Smith being secretary of the family association.

Smith, Marshall

SMITH, MARSHALL. A lifelong residence in Grant county and many years of business activities within its borders has given to Marshall Smith a wide acquaintance and an enviable reputation in these parts. He was for years prominent in the lumber industry in this and surrounding counties, and when the scarcity of standing timber made that no longer an attractive business, he shrewdly turned his attention to the farming industry, in which he has since been prosperously engaged. He has been a man to whom fortune has ever accorded a due measure of success, and his position in the county has long been and still is, an enviable one.

Born in Grant county, November 15, 1858, Marshall Smith is the son of George W. and Caroline (Gilpen) Smith. The mother was a daughter of John Gilpen of Grant county, who lived to reach the age of ninety-two years. They became the parents of a large family of eleven children, the mother dying in 1880 and the father in 1903. They were farming people and passed their lives in the old familiar district in Grant county where their sons and daughters were born and reared.

Marshall Smith was about twenty years old when his mother died. He had lived at home up to that time, and his educational advantages had been of the very slightest, covering not more than a few months in all. In those early days the public school system was not the most efficient, and especially in their home community were school matters given but little consideration. Never of a studious nature as a boy, Mr. Smith admits today that he paid more attention in his school-days to devising new plans for annoying the school-master than he ever accorded to his duties, and there are many of his day who might well make the same confession if they would, even as the youth of today might often do.

In 1886 Mr. Smith left the Grant county home and came to Miami county, and in Xenia, now known as Converse, he engaged in the lumber business, buying and selling logs, and gradually increasing his operations until he was regarded as one of the big dealers of the community. After a time he went to Peru and there also began operating in timber, where he remained for about three years, and then went to Loree, in Clay township, Miami county, where he engaged in the sawmill business, —an industry that is never but one step distant from the logging business. When he first identified himself with the saw mill line he was associated with John Flowers, and together they continued prosperously until the mill was destroyed by fire. They were nothing daunted by that misfortune and together built up a newer and better plant than they had previously owned, and continued under the same firm name for about three years. Mr. Smith had by this time begun to see the end of the lumber business in his section of Indiana, and he began to buy up farm lands, beginning to farm some in connection with the mill work, thus familiarizing himself with the agricultural industry, and he has since continued in active fanning, after with the exception of a saw mill he operates in Southeast Missouri, having withdrawn from all other industries. He spent three years at Winamac, then came to Pipe Creek township, adjacent to Bunker Hill, and when he settled in Bunker Hill his first home was on the farm adjoining his present place. His home today is one of the finest and most modern to be found in the township, and is one of the attractive and showy places in the district.

Mr. Smith was married in 1883 to Miss Fannie Lawson, a daughter of Frank and Helena (Morro) Lawson. Mrs. Smith was one of four daughters, the others being: Minnie, married to George Smith; Maggie, the wife of Marion Retherford; and Lillie, who married Lon Smith (not related).

To Mr. and Mrs. Smith seven children have been born, concerning whom brief mention is made here as follows: Edward, the eldest, married May Listen, and they have two children; Josephine and Liston; Grover, Mabel, Shelia, Noble, Mary and Rose, are all unmarried, and share the fine home of their parents. The family are members of the United Brethren church in Bunker Hill, and all are highly esteemed and honored in the community which has long represented their home.

Spencer, Jacob

In 1849 Jacob Spencer moved with his wife and five children to Marion, Indiana. Jacob Spencer came to Marion with hopes of purchasing a hardware store. But when this hope showed no success Jacob Spencer became a farmer. During this time period there were only two hotels in Marion, the Butler House and the Love House. Neither of them were able to accommodate a large number of people. Jacob Spencer soon decided that the town needed a bigger hotel, one of which it could be proud. With this in mind Jacob purchased a section of property on the southeast corner of the town square. Here, in 1856, Jacob built this three story hotel where he offered rooms, meals, livery service, and office space. From this point in 1856 until its close in 1978 the Spencer Hotel was a proud and historic feature of downtown Marion.

One goal of Jacob Spencer was to bring the city to Marion. This goal was attained by always being equipped with the latest and most lavish amenities. When the hotel was first opened in 1856 it provided city livery, feed, and sale stable at the rear of the hotel. This was a very important service for travelers of this time.

Jacob Spencer’s son, Robert J. Spencer, attempted to make the Spencer Hotel everything his father had imagined. His intention was to equip this hotel in the best way to give Marion a hotel that would be a credit to the city and would be well equipped to handle the trade. In doing so he hired French and Swiss chefs and a Belgium baker. The hotel dining room had French wallpaper and the hotel also had a book shop, a soda fountain, a coffee shop, and the Fountain Room. In the fountain room hung beautiful imported chandeliers and on Sundays and special occasions would have a string orchestra play. The Fountain Room was also known for having a live macaw. “The Spencer, with its plush carpeting and sparkling chandeliers, was the place to be in Marion,” says the former desk clerk, Walter Roush. This hotel also had great service. Mrs. Hooper, who was the hotel manager’s daughter said, “The hotel offered immensely good service. Daddy would’ve killed any bellhop that didn’t just hop to.” She also said, “This hotel brought warmth, hospitality, and sophisticated food to an Indiana town.” This hotel was something to be proud of.

Strange, Joshua

Mr. Joshua Strange was born 18 November 1844 in Grant County. His parents were George and Lydia Duckwall Strange. Mr. Strange was one of the prime movers in the organization of the Grant County Farmers Mutual Insurance Company, a company which now carries an insurance business aggregating three and a half million dollars. He drafted the bill for the organization of the State Cyclone and Hailstorm Insurance Company of Indiana. For four years he was state secretary of the State Farmers Mutual Union Insurance Company, and at one time also represented Indiana in the National Union of the same company. He took a foremost part in the Farmers Institute of Indiana, and every honor and opportunity for service in these different capacities have come to him as a natural demand for one equipped and experienced for the best possible service, and he has given in their behalf a great deal of disinterestedness and totally unpaid service.

Mr. Strange was married on March 1, 1866, to Miss Eunice Leonard, a daughter of George W. and Hannah Leonard, who were natives of Clinton county, Ohio. Mrs. Strange was born in Grant county, August 3, 1845. Of the six children born to their union, only two now survive, William T. Strange, who is active manager of the farm in Monroe township; and Dr. Leonard Strange, D. D. S., who for the past three years has been supervising the operation of eight hundred acres of land in Saskatchewan, and is not now engaged in the practice of his profession.

Stretch, James Allen

James Allen Stretch, one of the early residents of Marion, was born in Salem County, New Jersey, July 15, 1817. He moved with his parents to Richmond. Wayne county, Indiana, in 1823. and from Richmond to Henry county in 1835. where they lived on a farm. He was married July 18, 1838, to Jane Adlissa Stephenson, and lived in Henry county until 1943. when he purchased a stock of dry goods and moved 'at- goods to Marion in wagons and opened a dry goods store on the East side of the Public Square. The family first lived in a frame building standing on the corner of Adams and Third Streets, and after some time moved to the homestead on the east side of Adams Street between Sixth and Seventh Streets, now 609 South Adams Street. He sold his -y goods store after sometime in that business, and studied law; was elected to the office of Justice of the Peace, which office he held for iany years in addition to his business as attorney. He also became interested in politics and was nominated by the Republicans for Clerk of the Supreme Court on the State ticket, but the Democrats were suc- wsful in carrying the State. During the Civil War. he entered the service of the government in 1862 and was Captain of Company A, Fifth Indiana Cavalry. This Company was on duty in Grant and Blackford counties for a short time due to the activity of the "Knights of the Golden Circle." He served with his regiment in Kentucky and Tennessee, being engaged in several skirmishes, until December, 1863, when on account of sickness he resigned. He returned to Marion and after an illness of several months, recovered partially and endeavored to attend to business; was elected Magistrate again, but never entirely regained his health which he lost through hard service and exposure while in the volunteer army.

He died in Marion, June 22, 1880, and was buried in the Odd Fellows' Cemetery. His wife and six children, four daughters and two sons, survived him. Mrs. Stretch died in Marion, November 6, 1907, at the age of ninety-one years, having been a resident of Marion sixty-four years, where she was respected and loved by all who knew her.

Three of the six children are living, two being residents of Marion. Sarah, now Mrs. Luther McLane, for a short time after her marriage lived near Somerset, afterward moving to Rochester, Minnesota, where the family lived for many years. They now have their home near Los Angeles, California.

Linnie, widow of the late B. A. Haines, and Miss Victoria still reside in Marion.

Wallace Sr., John M.

Because of John M. Wallace Sr., from the date of its organization down to the present time Grant county has been continuously honored and benefited by the presence within her borders of the Wallace family. In the character of its individual members and in their public services no family in the county probably has been more distinguished and it is impossible to estimate the strength and diversity of the influences which emanate from such a family and affect the social and business affairs of the county even to its most remote bounds.

A representative in the present generation of this well known old family, John M. Wallace, Sr., has been for many years a prominent business man of Marion, in which city he was born May 9, 1853. His parents were John M. and Mariam C. (Weeks) Wallace, the father a native of Connersville, Indiana, and the mother of Rutland, Vermont. The date of the family settlement in Grant county was either 1829 or 1831, so that the family was here in ample time to become charter members of the newly organized Grant county. Their location was in Marion, and the elder John M. Wallace grew up in that city, and entered the profession of law, in which he acquired distinction and success. He was at one time judge of the common pleas court of this county. During the Mexican war he saw service as captain of his company, and during the Civil war he served as adjutant general of Indiana under Governor Oliver P. Morton, Indiana's famous war governor. At the close of the war he was given the rank of colonel. He was then appointed and served for a time as paymaster in the United States Army, with headquarters at Washington, D. C. Col. Wallace was an uncle of General Lew Wallace, the eminent soldier, statesman and author of Indiana. He was a brother of David Wallace who was one time governor of Indiana. Another brother was governor of Washington territory, and secretary of the state of Iowa. Probably no better citizen ever lived in Marion than the late Col. John M. Wallace. He was first in every enterprise that had for its object the advancement of the community, and by his achievements and character earned the lasting esteem of all who came within the circle of his acquaintance. His death occurred in Marion in 1866. Of the four children born to himself and wife two are living, one being L. A. Wallace of Marion, and the other John M., whose name heads this article. John M. Wallace attained his early education in the public schools of Marion, and on entering into active relations with the business of the city, he became one of the owners and publishers of the Marion Democrat, a newspaper with which his name was associated for a number of years. He was then clerk in the govemment service for a time, and about twenty-five years ago established the present music house which bears his name and which is one of the largest establishments of the kind in the state. This firm deals in all kinds of musical merchandise and has a trade that is much more than local through the city or counties.

Mr. Wallace in 1872 married Miss Emma L. Todebush of St. Louis, Missouri. Their two children are Mrs. Kenton M. Wigger of Marion: and John M. Wallace, Jr., who is associated with his father in business. Mr. Wallace is a member of the Marion Golf Club and in politics is a Democrat, one of the most influential members of his party.

Wallace Jr., Judge John M.

Judge John M. Wallace was a native of Franklin county, Indiana, and was elected from the eleventh judicial district, which at that time included Cass county. His first service in this county began April 16, 1854, and he served one full term of six years. He ranked high both as a lawyer and judge. As a man he was gentlemanly in manners and of easy address. He served with credit in the Mexican war and was commissioned colonel of the Twelfth Indiana Infantry in the Civil war and later became paymaster in the regular army. He died in Grant county, Indiana, some years ago. Source: History of Cass County Indiana By Jehu Z. Powell, Lewis Publishing Company.

Webster, George W.

George W. Webster was one of the men of a past generation who helped to make the real history of Grant county was the late George W. Webster. He came to this community at an early day, when conditions were in a most primitive state, and during the long years of his residence hereabouts he played well his part in the development and growth of the city and county. To such men as he the county owes more than may ever adequately be estimated, and perhaps no man of his day is more kindly remembered than is George W. Webster.

Born at Fairfax, Vermont, near St. Albans, he made his home in that vicinity until he was about twenty years of age, then going to New Orleans, next to Piqua, Ohio, and finally coming to Marion, Indiana.
Here he followed the trade of a carpenter and contractor, which he had learned as a young man, and he built many houses and bridges in the county, among the residences which he constructed being a .dwelling house for his father-in-law, Dr. McKiuney, in 1836. Railroad building was a branch of construction work to which he gave considerable attention, and although a vast amount of work was done on some of the early railroads they were never completed. Among some of the larger edifices which were erected by Mr. Webster were a college building in Chicago, the court house in Marion which gave place to the present Grant county court house and the Smithson College building at Logansport. Throughout Illinois, Missouri, and Indiana are also to be found many bridges of his construction.

In his political faith Mr. Webster was a Republican, and at one time he served out an unexpired term as county treasurer, but was never a man to seek public office at any time. His death occurred on the 13th of February, 1892, at the fine old age of eighty years.

Mr. Webster married Miss Maria J. McKinney, the daughter of Dr. McKinney, of Miami county, Ohio. She was born May 12, 1816, in Miami county, Ohio, and she survived her husband but a little more than a year, death claiming her in June, 1893. Both had been life long members of the Christian church, and they were known for worthy Christian people, honored and esteemed by all who shared in their acquaintance. They were the parents of eight children, concerning whom brief mention is made here as follows: William C., the eldest, is now vice-president of the First National Bank of Marion, and is a man of influence and high standing in the city where he has long been known. Euretta married Dr. Milton Jay, of Chicago. Dr. Elery C. Webster is a practicing physician of Marion, Indiana. George Webster, Jr., was for twenty-two years cashier of the Marion State Bank, but has recently retired. More extended mention of his life will be found on other pages of this historical work. Marietta married George W. Spencer and lives in Chicago. Three other children of the family died in infancy. All of the surviving children of Mr. and Mrs. Webster are occupying places of prominence in their various communities, and all are well worthy of the esteem and regard in which they are held wherever they are known.

George Webster, Jr. Before George Webster, Jr., settled down to the banking business in real earnest he tried his luck at many and varied business enterprises, in all of which he realized a fair degree of success, but in none of which he was entirely contented. But his ten years' experience in banking when he first launched out in independent life seemed never to be forgotten, and in 1890 he forsook all other interests, returned to Marion, the town in which he was born and reared, and identified himself with the Marion State Bank as cashier, a position he held for twenty-two years. At that time he sold his banking interests and retired from the business.

Mr. Webster was born on the 28th of October, 1849, at the family home on the corner of Fifth and Washington streets, Marion, a son of George W. and Maria J. (McKinney) Webster, both now deceased. Concerning the father extended mention is made elsewhere in this work in a memorial sketch dedicated to him, so that further reference to the parents of Mr. Webster is unnecessary at this point.

George Webster attended when a boy the public schools, and when he was nineteen accepted his first position—a clerkship in a grocery store. It was thus that he earned the money to pay his way through the Bryant and Stratton Business College in Chicago, from which he was graduated after pursuing a full course of business training in that pioneer and still famous business institution. Returning to Marion, he became deputy county clerk, a position he continued to fill for three years. He engaged in the grocery trade when his services with the county were ended, but the venture did not prove an attractive one with him and he soon sold his interest and went to Manistee, Michigan, where he entered the employ of a large lumber concern as bookkeeper. When he once more returned to Marion, in 1879, he was appointed cashier of Sweetzer's Bank, a position he continued to fill for something like ten years, and he then went to Chicago, becoming interested there in the manufacture of leather goods. For two and a half years he was thus occupied, and at the end of the time disposed of his interests and, locating in Wabash, Indiana, purchased the electric light plant, which he remodeled, putting the plant in excellent shape and continued to operate it for eighteen months. It was at the close of that period that he once more retraced his steps to Marion, here buying an interest in the Marion State Bank and becoming its cashier, a position he continued to fill until his retirement from business, in March, 1913. He has earned an excellent reputation for ability in finance in the banking circles of the state, and is reckoned among the most dependable men of the city, and one whose integrity may not be questioned.

On the 14th of February, 1884, Mr. Webster was married in Wabash, Indiana, to Miss Marie Daughtery, a daughter of Josiah Daughtery, and they have one son, Lawrence B. Webster. Mr. Webster is a stanch and active Republican, and has done good work in the interests of the party whenever the occasion presented itself. The cause of education is one that has also had his special interest, and he was a member of the Marion school board for nine years, serving it in the positions of president and treasurer. He takes a pardonable pride in the educational system of the city which is his home, and his influence in connection with the moral conditions of the community is a most praiseworthy one. He was a member of the library board that was instrumental in securing for Marion its present magnificent library building, and his honest endeavors for the advancement of the city has been felt along every possible line. Fraternally he is associated with the Knights of Pythias, Grant Lodge, No. 103, of which he was the first chancellor commander and was for five years grand treasurer for the state of Indiana. He is at the present time a member of the Board of Trustees of the Indiana Boys' School, located at Plainfield, Indiana.

Wigger, Kenton Ruley

Kenton Ruley Wigger. While the name Wigger has been in the Marion business directory so long that it is a household word in Grant county, and is as familiar to the trade as any landmark about the public square, the original Wigger business house was located in Jonesboro. It was in 1852 that Harman Wigger came with his uncle, Aaron Abel, from Germany, and in 1859 he established the business in Jonesboro that has always been associated with the Wigger family name in Grant county.

When Mr. Wigger concluded to remain in America his parents followed him two years later, and located at Union City, where they ended their days although some of the relatives still live there. When Harman Wigger was prospecting for a location he chose Jonesboro rather than Marion because of the Whiteneck tanyard located there, and William Whiteneck offered special inducements to him. He was a saddler and harness maker, and Mr. Whiteneck wanted a home market for the output of his tannery. Mr. Wigger could have leather at any time and in any quantity, and for twenty-four years he continued the saddle and harness business in Jonesboro, where he accumulated both town and farm property, and where he was married and raised up his family.

One year after coming to Jonesboro Mr. Wigger married Mary Jane Whitson, and one daughter, Mrs. Nora A. W. Tucker, was born to them. Mrs. Wigger did not live long and later he married Sarah Jane Ruley, whe became the mother of Kenton Ruley Wigger, named at the beginning of this Wigger family sketch. After the death of his second wife, Mr. Wigger married her sister, Eliza M. Ruley. The daughter, Nora, married Henry Tucker, of Mt. Clemens, Michigan, and on the death of her husband she returned to the home of her father. Kenton R. Wigger married Miriam A. Wallace (see Wallace family) and one daughter, Miriam Louise, was born to them. Harman Wigger married three times and all were Jonesboro women. The first wife is mentioned in the Whitson family sketch, and all that remain of the Ruley family from which Kenton Ruley Wigger is descended are Mrs. Margaret Ruley Willman of Jonesboro and Mrs. Mary Ruley Weddington of Indianapolis.

When Burtney W. Ruley came from Virginia he located on a farm in Mill, and after serving the county as treasurer (see chapter on Civil Government) he returned from Marion to this farm, where he built a farm home very unusual in that day—a typical Virginia manor in Grant county. This old homestead is now owned by Henry Wise and the house still stands there—back from the road, although built along the old Indianapolis and Ft. Wayne State road crossing the Mississinewa at Ink's ford, but finally the roads were placed on section lines and the house was near the center of the farm—and there are people living who still remember it as the Ruley farm, although the Ruley family had retired to Jonesboro (Gas City was not then on the map), and the Ruley homestead in town was on the site of the Rothinghouse drug store—a well remembered landmark of the town.

Harman Wigger was successful as a harness dealer, and after a few years Marion business men invited him to change his location and open a harness store in Marion. The Whiteneck tannery served his purpose well, and he regarded Jonesboro as a better town and along in the sixties there was frequent agitation of changing the location of the county seat—Jonesboro nearer the center of Grant county. Instead of moving to Marion then, Mr. Wigger induced a younger brother, J. H. Wigger, to open such a store in 1864, and he helped him establish a business that, with changed conditions—notably, the building of the Marion and Liberty (Strawtown) pike, made the Marion store more profitable than the stand in Jonesboro. The Whiteneck tannery burned and finally Harman Wigger removed his family to Marion in 1883, although only a nominal business relation existed between him and his brother, J. fl. Wigger. He invested in rental property, and after the death of J. H. Wigger in 1896, the Wigger Buggy and Harness company of which K. R. Wigger is now the head came into existence. For half a century the name Wigger has been in the Marion business directory.

J. H. Wigger accumulated considerable property and he had a happy family, but Mrs. Josie Swartz and Paul Wigger died soon after the death of their father and a few years later Miss Pauline Wigger died, and upon the death of the wife and mother (Ruth Griffin), the Wigger estate went to relatives. "The earth is a stage," although some of the players have but short time in which to act their parts. J. H. Wigger's time in Grant county was from 1864 to 1896, and his family is now extinct. John Wigger of Washington township is a brother, and Harman Wigger, who was the first of the family in Grant county, is now the senior Wigger in America. He was born August 31, 1836, in Germany. While J. H. Wigger was the first of '' Wigger on the Square,'' in Marion the Wigger Buggy and Harness Company rounds out the first half century of the Wigger harness trade in Marion.

While Harman Wigger is the senior Wigger in this country, he is also the senior in the Whitson-Ruley family relationship. Changes have come to the Wigger family circle as to the rest of the world. While Grandmother Wigger lived and frequently visited in Grant county, the German language was spoken in the family, but now German is seldom spoken—the Wigger family thoroughly American, and the younger generation not knowing the German tongue. Mr. Wigger's immediate family circle is his daughter and the family of his son, K. R. Wigger. Mention of the name Wigger suggests the business Harman Wigger established in the county in 1859—more than half a century ago. When he first handled leather in Jonesboro the demands of the trade were simple and he manufactured everything, and today the Wigger Buggy and Harness Company makes a specialty of hand made harness. A large force of men is employed and Wigger made harness is in great demand among Wigger patrons in Grant county. While the automobile trade is a later feature of the Wigger business and up to date features are everywhere in evidence in the store, the name: "Wigger Buggy and Harness Company'' indicates that the company adheres to the old line— caters to the trade that has always had its headquarters at the Wigger store.

The name Wigger has been advertised as widely as any business or firm name in Grant county, and the future policy is to maintain the excellent business reputation. The Wigger Buggy and Harness Company initiated the plan of sending out wagon loads of buggies for sale among farmers but more recently its policy is to invite all patrons to the "Wig ger on the Square" store where a complete line of luggage articles, trunks, suit cases and valises and all kind of robes and blankets, as well as buggies, carriages, harness and automobiles and accessories are to be found in stock, and a courteous floor service is extended to all. While Mr. Wigger maintains close oversight of his business, he is surrounded with competent salesmen and the Wigger Buggy and Harness Company enjoys splendid patronage.

Wiley, William H.

Mr. Wiley, born 1861 in Indiana, the son of George W. Wiley and Margaret Horne. William Wiley is a man of broad and well fortified views concerning matters of economic and governmental polity and accords unwavering allegiance to the Democratic party, of whose principles and policies he has proved a most effective advocate. He has been an active and efficient worker in behalf of the party cause and in 1906 he was the Democratic nominee for representative of his district in the state senate. He made a spirited canvass throughout the district, which was strongly Republican, and while he failed of election, as he had anticipated, he gained a representative support at the polls and reduced the normal majority of the Republican party, with the result that his defeat was compassed by only one hundred and eighty-four votes. Mr. Wiley is affiliated with the Masonic fraternity, the Knights of Pythias, and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. Both he and his wife are zealous members of the Presbyterian church in their home city and he is serving as a member of its board of trustees.

The 10th of April, 1884, recorded the solemnization of the marriage of Mr. Wiley to Miss Millie J. Bogue, daughter of Robert and Elizabeth Bogue, of Fairmount, Grant county, and she is a most popular factor in connection with the leading social activities of her home city. Mr. and Mrs. Wiley have had two children: Forrest, who died in 1898, at the age of eleven years, and William Emmett, who was a member of the class of 1913 at the Culver Military Academy, winning the scholarship medal which carried with it a scholarship in the University of Chicago, where he will pursue his studies.

Willson, Jason

Jason Willson. The city of Marion, Indiana, has been rarely called upon to mourn the loss of a citizen whose death removed from the community such an important factor in its affairs as did that of the late Jason Willson. For more than a half a century the directing head of the banking firm of Jason Willson and Company, his connection with financial affairs was of such an extensive nature as to give him unquestioned prestige among Indiana bankers, while as a citizen and in private life he ever maintained a reputation as a man of the highest principles and strictest integrity. Mr. Willson was born at Greenwich, New York, November 23, 1826, and was one of the twelve children of Osborn and Susan (Clapp) Willson.

Osborn Willson was born in Vermont, in 1793, and belonged to an early family of the Green Mountain State, whose early spirit of independence carried them valiantly into the ranks of the Continental army during the "War of the Revolution. His paternal ancestors were Scotch- Irish and his maternal ancestors were of Scotch birth, the McCrackens', to which family his mother belonged, coming from Scotland and settling in New England during Colonial days. Her grandfather, Col. David McCracken, sacrificed an arm in the cause of American Independence, while the maternal grandfather of Jason Willson, Isaac Clapp, and the latter's brother, also served in the Revolutionary army. In early life Osborn Willson removed to Washington county, New York, where he was married to Susan Clapp, born at Salem, in that county, in 1799, of Welsh descent. This happy union lasted for sixty-three years, and resulted in the birth of twelve children, all of whom reached maturity and occupied honorable and honored positions in life. At the Golden Wedding Anniversary of this couple hundreds of their descendants and friends gathered to do them honor, and this occasion was duplicated when they had passed sixty-two years of married life. Not long after the latter event, Mrs. Willson passed away, in August, 1875, while her husband survived her five years, his death removing from his community a man who had fairly won the highest respect of all who had known him.

Born in the same house in which his eleven brothers and sisters had lirst seen the light of day, Jason Willson passed his boyhood and youth on the home farm, in the meantime securing a thorough education in the common schools. At the age of eighteen years he embarked upon a career of his own, adopting the profession of educator, in which all of his parents' children were engaged at one time or another. For eight years he was engaged in teaching during the winter months, while in the summer he followed the vocation of farming, but his youthful ambition to better himself in life made him dissatisfied with the small wages and meagre opportunities offered in his calling and eventually he relinquished it to become a traveling photographer. From 1853 to 1859 he was engaged in making daguerreotypes in various parts of the East, West and South, and while thus engaged, in the year 1859, came to Muncie, Indiana. Constantly on the lookout for a more profitable business, he recognized the opportunity for the establishment of a grocery business in Muncie,. and continued to conduct this with remarkable success, for some two years.

It was while a resident of that city, September 19, 1860, that Mr. Willson was married to Miss Sabrina Wolfe, the estimable daughter of Adam Wolfe, the pioneer banker and merchant of Muncie, and this union was the means of causing Mr. Willson to embark upon the career in which he was to gain such high distinction and so great a success. P'rom young manhood it had been his ambition to become a banker, and when he had confided his aspirations to his father-in-law, the elder man, with rare foresight, recognized in him the qualities which go to make for success in the field of finance. Accordingly, Mr. Wolfe proposed that they enter the banking business as partners, and shortly thereafter, having secured some experience in the house of his father-in-law, Mr. Will- son came to Marion and became the founder of the firm of Jason Willson and Company. When the Exchange Bank threw open its doors to the public, January 8, 1862, there was not a railroad nor a mile of gravel road in Grant county, and the only sidewalks in the embryo city consisted of a few stones embedded in the grounds surrounding the Court House. Although the enterprise was a success from the very start, it is interesting to note that for three years and four months following its inception Mr. Willson carried on all the work of the bank, from sweeping the floor to discharging the duties of clerk, bookkeeper, cashier, president and board of directors. At the time he disposed of his interests therein, the bank required the services of no less than six active and experienced men, and had ten corresponding banks located in New York, Cincinnati, Indianapolis, Chicago, Toledo and Cleveland, and a perusal of the record of the institution shows that the accounts with these banks were at no time overdrawn. Mr. Wolfe continued as a partner in the bank until his death, March 20, 1892, a period of more than thirty years, and after his demise Mr. Willson was associated in business with his sons, Fred W. and Albert J. Willson. In 1883 Mr. Willson erected the Bank block, at that time the best in the city, and his residence, built in 1896, was the largest, handsomest, most substantial and modern in the city for years. At the time of his retirement, about ten years prior to his death, he sold his interests in the bank, which then became known as the Marion National, and continued to live retired until his death, March 10, 1913. Mr. Willson gained his position in the world of finance through no happy chance or adventitious circumstance, but by years of most devoted attention to the routine of the business, by an exacting knowledge of its principles, and after the most thorough test of his firmness, sagacity and integrity. He was a Democrat in politics, but of the kind that seeks the establishment of the right principles of government rather than the acquisition of the honors of office. Essentially and pre-eminently a banker, he left to others the task of public service, although the earnestness of his citizenship was never doubted, and in numerous ways he advanced the interests of Marion and its people. The members of the family have always been connected with the Episcopal church.

Three children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Willson: Grace, who died in 1879, in her seventeenth year; Fred W., a graduate of Racine College, of Racine, Wisconsin, and now a resident of Marion, Indiana; and Albert J., a graduate of Yale University, and now a resident of Marion. The golden wedding of Mr. and Mrs. Willson was celebrated at Muncie, Indiana, in 1910, and many of the people who were at their first wedding were there in attendance. This golden wedding was given at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Frank G. Balls at Muncie, Indiana.

On March 11,1913, the various banks of Marion passed the following set of resolutions:

"Whereas, those who are still actively associated with the banks of Marion and Grant county are conscious and appreciative of the record of the nestor of the banking business in this city and county. For more than a generation, Jason Willson set the standard of correct business principles in this community from 1862 thenceforward, without the record of an unkind act or a blot upon his name, as a loyal and valuable citizen and banker. It is therefore resolved, by those who succeed him in different interests, representing his pioneer enterprise of a half century ago, that they certify to his high conception and loyalty to his duties as a banker and his obligations as a common citizen. The confidence of the people, and of the public, were never betrayed; what was entrusted to him was ever faithfully guarded. He was ever faithful and loyal to the confidences that were entrusted to his watchfulness and care."

Resolved, That the banking institutions of Marion close on Wednesday afternoon at 1 o'clock for the day in honor of his memory. Marion National Bank, First National Bank, Marion State Bank, Grant Trust and Savings Company, Farmers Trust and Savings Company.

Mr. Willson was exceptionally successful in a material way as was evidenced by his will, which was filed for probate after his death with the county clerk. Very brief and concise, it was nevertheless very thorough, covering all points in the business-like manner which would be expected of a man of Mr. Willson's ability. The first item provided for the payment of all just debts, including the funeral expenses. Item two bequeathed to his wife, in fee simple, the magnificent residence property at Ninth and Washington streets, together with all the furniture and household goods of every description. The third and final item provided that all other property of the deceased, both real and personal, and the residue therefrom, should become the property of the widow and two sons, to be held in equal shares.

It will not be inappropriate to close this all too inadequate review of the career of this distinguished citizen with a quotation from a local newspaper, which in describing his funeral said in part as follows: "The last rites over the body of Jason Willson, Marion's oldest banker, and reputed to have been for the last ten years the oldest living banker in Indiana, were conducted with impressive solemnity at 2 o'clock, Wednesday afternoon (March 12, 1913). Services were held at the residence, 908 South Washington street, with Rev. F. B. B. Johnston, rector of Gethsemane Episcopal church, in charge. Following the ceremony the body was laid to rest in the I. 0. 0. F. cemetery. The funeral was very largely attended. The friends of Mr. Willson filled the residence Wednesday afternoon. A large number of beautiful floral tributes were given by friends. Out of respect for Mr. Willson all banks in the city closed their doors at 1 o'clock Wednesday afternoon for the remainder of the day, and bankers attended the funeral, as did many business men of the .city.

Wilson, Frank

Frank Wilson. The Wilson family, of whom Frank Wilson of Fairmount township is one of several members to be found within the limits of Grant county, has an appropriate place among the list of pioneers in this part of Indiana, and their home has been here for more than seventy years. As farmers, stock raisers, public spirited citizens, moral and religious men and women, they have been wholesome factors in the life of the community throughout all these decades.

The originator of the family in America was Grandfather Thomas Wilson. Born in Ireland, he was of Scotch-Irish and Protestant ancestry. He married Anna Mackey, and immediately after their marriage they embarked on a vessel which brought them to the United States and they settled in Rockbridge county, Virginia. That county of old Virginia continued to be their home until their death. Thomas Wilson died about middle life, while his widow lived a good many years afterwards, and died on the old Virginia homestead when about eighty- nine. Farming was their occupation, and their church was the Presbyterian Society at Collierstown in Virginia. They had a family of a number of sons and daughters, and the sons are mentioned as follows: Thomas, Jr., lived and died in Grant county, was a farmer, and left three children, two sons and one daughter. John Me., also a farmer, died in Jefferson township of Grant county, leaving a large family. The next in order of age among the sons was James S., mentioned in the following paragraph. Robert K., died on the old Rockbridge county farm in Virginia, and left a widow but no children. Samuel G., lived in the same county of Virginia, was never married, and held an influential station in his community serving as justice of the peace for some time.

James S. Wilson was born in Rockbridge county, Virginia, January 13, 1813. There he grew up, had an education in the old field schools of his native commonwealth, and when ready for the serious occupations of life took up farming. When he was a young man of about twenty- five, in 1838, he rode all the way on horseback from Virginia to Grant county, Indiana. Here, with his brother Thomas, Jr., he took up one hundred and sixty acres of government land on section four in Mill township. While the country had been organized seven or eight years much of its landscape was still as nature had made it, and these brothers started out on their pioneer enterprise in the midst of the green woods. They did a good deal of work in development, and later sold the land to Isaac Rouse. James S. Wilson then moved to Fairmount township, and bought one hundred and sixty acres of almost new land, from John McCormick, who had entered it from the government. It was on that farm that James Wilson spent the rest of his years engaged in the quiet vocation of farming, and in his duties to family and friends. iHis death occurred when he was eighty-one years of age. He was a loyal Democrat, and at one time served as township trustee. His church was the Presbyterian. Some time after he had bought and occupied the Fairmount township farm he married Evaline Morgan, of Mason county, Kentucky. When she was a girl her parents moved to Piqua, Miami county, Ohio, and lived there for some years. Her father, Perry Morgan there married a second wife and moved out to Iowa, while the children of his first wife came to Grant county, Indiana, with his relatives. Mrs. James S. .Wilson died in Grant county in 1874 at the age of fifty-four years and two months. She was also a Presbyterian, and became the mother of four sons and two daughters. These children are noted as follows: 1. Henry P., who died in young manhood after he had married Lyda Roush, a daughter of Isaac Roush. She then married a second time, William Schaefer becoming her husband, and she had one daughter, Bertha, by her first marriage. 2. Eugene N., a retired farmer living at Jonesboro, married Mary A. Templin, and their children are Albert, Marcus L., George G., and Ira. 3. Talitha died young. 4. James Mc. died unmarried and was educated at DePauw University at Greencastle and was an attorney at Marion. 5. Frank and Eva were twins, and the latter died unmarried at the age of twenty-two.

Mr. Frank Wilson, whose name has been placed at the head of this article was born on the old Fairmount township homestead of his father on July 25, 1857. Growing up on that farm, he now owns the estate, having secured through deed from his father one hundred and ninety acres. He is a practical and business-like farmer, and knows how to make Grant county soil produce abundantly. One hundred and fifty- four acres of his land are under cultivation, and the fields produce large quantities of oats, corn, wheat and hay, and his cattle and hogs consume practically all the products. Thus he has conserved the fertility of his land, and his farm is now in a better condition agriculturally speaking than when he received it from his father. With the fruits of his success after many years of continuous labors he is now living semi- retired, spending his winters in his home at Jonesboro, while during the summer he stays on the farm and manages its activities.

In Fairmount township, Mr. Wilson was married to Lou Wilson, who was born at Hardin, Shelby county, Ohio, April 15, 1861. When she was six years old she came to Mill township in Grant county, with her parents, Theodore and Margaret (Caldwell) Wilson. Her parents were both natives of Ireland, having come to Shelby county, Ohio, after their marriage, and their children were born in Ohio. Still later they moved to Grant county, and became substantial farmers in Mill township, but after some years retired to Jonesboro. Theodore Wilson died at the age of sixty-seven, and his wife when sixty-two. They were Presbyterians, and left five children, all of whom are still living. All but one are married, and three of them have children of their own.

Two children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Wilson. Wade H., born September 15, 1889, was educated in the Marion high school, and now conducts his father's farm. He married Edith Kuntz, of Peru, Indiana, and they have one daughter, Mary L., born September 25, 1912. The other child of Mr. and Mrs. Wilson was Eva, who died when only eleven weeks old. Mr. Wilson with his wife and son belongs to the Presbyterian church, and he and his son are Democrats in politics.

Wright, Rachael

Rachael Wright, who is now Mrs. J. B. Smith, as already stated, was a daughter of John Wright, and a granddaughter of William Wright, both of whom were born in Laneastershire, near Manchester, England. William Wright, her grandfather, was born February, 6, 1786. He married Elizabeth Bartsley, both being of old English families. In 1820 the family took passage for America, in a sailing vessel that was seventy-five days on the high seas. After landing they came up the Hudson River, and by the Erie Canal and through the great lakes, finally reaching Dayton, Ohio. Mr. William Wright followed the trade of hatter, in England and worked at the same line in Dayton. On coming to that city he had six hundred dollars in cash. With much faith in his fellow men, owing to his own scrupulous integrity, he loaned all that money to a man without taking a note and lost it all. Although thus deprived of his capital he set about undiscouraged and soon earned two hundred dollars at his trade. In 1825, he moved to Franklin county, Indiana, and entered one hundred and sixty acres of land, and was one of the pioneers in that section. Later his holdings were increased by another one hundred and sixty acres, and eventually a large and commodious brick house was erected on his land, the brick having been made from clay dug and burned on his own farm. It was in that home that he died April 12, 1854, and his wife passed away there August 25, 1863.

They were Church of England people for many years, but owing to the absence of a church of that denomination in their community they worshipped for convenience in the Presbyterian society. Their bodies now rest side by side in the Brookville cemetery. They had three sons and five daughters, all of whom grew up and married and had families except one. These children were: James, born in England, October 18, 1810, and lived in Fairfield township of Franklin county, and married Agnes Templeton, having one son, William. Ann married Dr. George Berry, a prominent physician, and for more than half a century lived in one home in Brookville, Ind., leaving three children. The next child in order was John Wright, father of Mrs. Smith. The fourth was Elizabeth, who married William Butler, and she died, aged 55. Hannah, born in Ohio June 1, 1821, married William Butler, her sister's former husband. Sarah, was born in Ohio, November 9, 1823, and died after her marriage to Andrew Shirk, and had eight children. Mary was born in Indiana, March 12, 1836, and married Elbert Shirk, and left three living children. William, Jr., was born in Indiana, July 21, 1828, and married Permelia Wynn, and they died in Bartholomew county, leaving three children.

John Wright, the father of Mrs. Smith, was born August 15, 1815, and died January 11, 1875.

Mr. and Mrs. Jason B. Smith own and reside on "The Clover Crest" farm, a fine country estate of 225 acres, lying one mile southwest of Fowlerton in Fairmount township. Mrs. Smith moved to this farm in 1884, with her parents, and with the exception of seven years, which she lived in Fairmount, had resided here ever since. She worked very hard on this place and helped to clear it. They do general farming and have a fine silo with 100 ton capacity which they erected in 1911.

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