GRANT COUNTY, INDIANA
NEWSPAPER ARTICLES

Marion, IN.
Dec. 6,1898.  The fiancé committee of the City Council today sold $20,000 of improvement bonds at a premium of $1,262. Such a thing was never done before in Marion. Many times the city has succeeded in selling its own city bonds at an advance, but this is the first  time that the improvement bonds have brought a premium. The bonds nears 6 percent, and are redeemable after 10 yrs. There were 8 bidders for the bonds.

Marion, IN.
Dec.7,1898.  May Powell, aged 15, daughter of Frank Powell, committed suicide today by taking Rough on Rats. Her parents were divorced some time ago, and the father remarried again. The girl made her home with her mother, whom she did not like, and she then went to her father. She took suddenly ill last night, and afterwards told her father what she had done. The girl’s life had been very unhappy.

Marion, IN.
Dec.8,1898.  Isaac Pennington, the Sims township farmer who was on trial yesterday for embezzling $700 of his daughter’s money, was sentenced to a yr in the Michigan City Prison today. The defendant is 46 yrs old and has been one of the most highly respected farmers in the county. Pennington’s daughter pushed the case and was the most important witness. Pennington has many friends in and about Herbst and the Swayzee who are willing to stand by him.  His oldest son will have charge of his business during his father’s absence. Judge Paulus showed signs of weakness while pronounced the words that sent the defendant to prison. Pennington expressed a desire to get away from Grant county as soon as possible and Sheriff Bradford took him to Michigan City this afternoon.

Isaac Pennington, a prominent farmer, is on trial at Marion, charged with embezzling $700, of his daughter’s money. Mr. Pennington’s wife had left a farm of 40 acres to the daughter, and Mr. Pennington was named as the guardian. The girl says he sold the farm and appropriated the money for his own use.

Marion, IN.
Dec.9,1898.  A few weeks ago Patrick Gillen, a laborer, file suit for $10,000 damages against Max Berenstein, one of the wealthiest business men of Marion, for alienating his wife’s affection. A few days afterwards Berenstein filed and affidavit against Gillens attorney, George mouser, and also against Mrs. Gillen, charging blackmail. The damage suit was to be called for trial Thursday, when Attorney Mouser asked for a postponement. This the court refused, and he then made a motion that the case be dismissed, which was done. Mr. Berenstein, when asked what he would do with the blackmail case, said it was a state case, and he was ready to testify against them at any time.

Marion, IN.
Dec. 11,1898.  There was a sensation today when it was found that 41 arrests, growing out of grand jury indictments, were made last night, most of them being saloon keepers for violating the Nicholson law. Sheriff Bradford’s deputies visited houses of disorder, and many inmates were brought in late last night. The keepers were fined $10 and costs, and the inmates $6 and costs. About 20 more are to be arrested tomorrow. Several men were caught in the houses last night.

Matthews In,
Dec. 30, 1898. Another wolf, supposed to be the mate of the one killed last winter, has been seen several times by Eli Rigdon, and others this winter near the old prairie. A hunt will take place the first time a tracking snow falls. A good many who live near the prairie think there was a litter raised last summer on the prairie. These wolves are what is known as the Michigan timber variety.

Marion, IN.
May 25, 1899.  Hamilton Mercer, of the Morning news, will soon go to Springfield, O. where he will serve as a member of a committee of the mercer family to look up the family’s large estate, in New York City and England. Later this committee will report to a mass meeting of the Mercer heirs, to be held in Chicago, June 25. The estate is valued at $200,000,000, and consists of Mercer hall and lands surrounding the castle in Scotland, a large amount of money in Bank of England, a large amount of property on Mercer Street, New York City, and a large tract of land in New Jersey.

Marion, IN.
Dec. 30, 1898, There has not been a game of poker played in Marion since Wednesday noon. The sports are leaving town on orders of police. Some expect to see the houses open up again in a few days, but the most knowing ones say that it is all off. Mayor Golding says that the order was not for a day or a week, but for the rest of the time that he is to be mayor of the city.

9/6/1899
The Marion post-office during the last 4 months had done a remarkable business, aggregating $8,832.27. The corresponding 4 months of the last year showed a total of $7,114.18. At this rate the present year at Marion post-office will show and increase of fully $5,000. This means that the total receipts of the office for the year will be approximately $33,000

Fairmount, IN.
Aug.30,1899. A committee from Knightstown, composed of Mr.E.M. Shurburn, superintendent of the water works in that city, and Messrs. Zion St.Clair, and Applegate, members of the Town Council, were in Fairmount Tuesday studying the municipal ownership plan for electric lights and water works. Las June the Town Board of this city purchased the city electric light plant from Gilbert LaRue and it has been proving very satisfactory.

Marion, IN.
Sept. 1,1899. The 69th Indiana Volunteers took the town this week. Both the city and the Soldiers’ Home were turned over to them. Governor Chapman, of the home, made a very interesting address, but Colonel Perry, of the regiment, of Indianapolis, delivered the principal address of the reunion. Connersville was selected as the place for holding the next meeting. The old officers were re-elected as follows: Colonel, Oran Perry, Indianapolis, and L.M. Lacy, secretary and treasurer. Congressman Steele was present at the exercises and responded to a flattering demonstration with an impressive talk. The campfire last night was most interesting and largely attended. H.O.P. Cline, state commander of the Sons of the Veterans, made an address at the campfire. Only 2 deaths have occurred in the regiment during the past year.

Marion, IN.
Feb.5,1898. This afternoon was the appointed time for the Grant Community Populists to elect delegates to the state convention. Chairman I.M. Miller was at the Superior Court room, but the Populists failed to materialized, and after an hour’s gloomy wait the chairman adjourned the convention.

Matthews, IN.
Feb. 28,1898.  the chase after the wolf, after continuing 2 days, had to be abandoned on account of melting snow, making it impossible to track him further than the prairie. Tom Smiley shot him 3 times with 400(?) shot, knocking him down many times. There were eleven shots fired into him altogether without bringing him down. Joel littler, an old hunter, says it is a genuine gray wolf.

Marion, IN.
Feb. 25, 1898.  Though there is no extraordinary manifestation of the war spirit in Marion, yet the officers of Company A, 4th Regiment, are disposed to take advantage of the feeling aroused by the recent developments with a view to placing the company in the best possible condition for any demand that may be made on it. A meeting was held at the armory tonight for that purpose. There are now about 65 members, and in their physical condition as well as to their moral character. There is no excitement, but simply a dispassionate survey of the situation with a determination to put the company on the best possible footing. The purpose is to increase the membership to the full limit of 83.

Matthews, IN.
Feb.24, 1898. A wild animal, supposed to be a large fox, has been killing sheep for a great many farmers south of town. Yesterday the Smiley boys instituted a hunt and found the track on the Crow farm. The corralled the animal in a pond, surrounded by a thicket, near the Black factory. Charles Smiley passed the point to the animal’s entrance to the pond seventy yards when he heard the animal making the brush crack coming out. As it came in sight he fired 2 shots at it, but failed to bring it down. The saw that it was not a fox at all, but a grey wolf, and proceeded to trail it into the prairie about 2 miles. It was growing dark, and they gave up the chase for the day. A large party is being made up and will give chase tomorrow. The party will be headed by Joel Littler, and old wolf and deer hunter.

Fairmount, IN.
Feb. 20, 1896.  The Fairmount Academy was gutted by fire this afternoon at 3 o'clock. The fire was discovered by one of the students and in an hour the pretty college building was in ruins. The library of about 2000 volumes was taken from the building in comparatively good shape. The desks in the commercial department were also saved. With the exception of these everything else was burned, including the library of the Auroro Literary Society, which contained over 600 hundred volumes.

Marion, IN.
Feb.20,1896. A disastrous fire occurred here about 2 o’clock this morning, resulting in a heavy loss to W.C.Smith, shoe dealer, and to the New York Dry Goods company. The fire is supposed to have come from an overheated furnace under the dry goods store. During the early part of the night the Howard Wall Comedy Company gave an entertainment in White’s Hall on the 3rd floor of the same building with an audience of several hundred present. The loss on the building, owned by Wm. White, is trifling, but Smith’s loss is roughly estimated at $16,000, and that if the New York Store at $15,000

Marion IN.
Nov. 29,1898.    The State Bank of Jonesboro has gone into voluntary liquidation. E.L. Zeis, the cashier and manager, has been contemplating retiring from business for some time and today notice was posted on the door. They will not receive any more deposits and will pay all obligations as fast as possible. The will keep the bank open for 6- to 90 days in order to collect loans and to wind up the institution. The capitol stock is $10,000, held by the Zeis family and a Mr. Curtis, of Rochester.

Marion IN.
Dec. 1,1898. Major Steele has been in consultation with Governor Chapman, of the Soldier’s Home, in regard to the location of the new chapel, which is to be built next Summer. The plans have been approved and the contract will soon be let. Major Steele is making an effort to get a separate building for the nurses employed in the hospital, and will make a strong plea for this building, as well as a building for the electric light plant, at the meeting of the board in Washington next week. Increased appropriations for the purpose of beautifying the grounds will be asked for.

Marion IN.
Nov. 30,1898. Deputy Sheriff Pierson today levied on the stock of the Andrew J. Conroy installment Company, in this city. The company has branch houses in many IN cities, the local branch being under the management of C.E. Tait. The stock was levied on to satisfy a judgment for $10,000 in favor of James A. Ross, of Evansville. There is a lien of $5,000 for attorney’s fees in favor of J.E. Williamson and A.L. Doss of that city. The deputy sheriff secured 1,285 leases on goods that has been sold to the people of Marion, but which had not all been paid

Marion, IN.
Dec.2,1898. Last spring, while Mr. & Mrs. David Highly, of Richmond township, this county, were driving in a storm at night across a bridge near Mier, the horse took fright and leaped from the bridge, dragging the occupants of the buggy into the swollen stream. Mr. Highly caught on one of the abutments and save himself, but his wife was carried down stream lodging in a thorn bush. Highly hurried to Mier, where he secured the assistance of a half dozen men, who rescued his wife from her perilous position.
Now the 2 of the men threaten suit against Mr. Highly for $1,000, claiming he offered them that sum if they would rescue his wife. Mr. Highly claims he did nothing of the sort, and intends to fight the case. Mr. Highly is one of the wealthiest and most influential farmers in the county.

Indiana Journal
Dec. 1, 1898 G.C. Harwood and Charles G. Barley, of Marion have leased the old cracker factory in that place and will engage in the manufacture of iron and brass besteads with a force of 60 men. This is the 3rd factory of its kind in Marion.

Gas City, IN.
Oct. 11,1899The feeling between the 2 factions of the city Council has become so bitter that no meetings have been held for some time. Last night only 4 members were present at roll call. The mayor issued warrants for all members not present and a quorum was secured at 10 o’clock, when the committees for the coming year were appointed. The factions are wrangling over sidewalk improvements which are badly needed.

Marion, IN.
Oct. 12,1899. A number of farmers living south of Marion are discussing the project of uniting for the formation of an association to preserve game birds that fly over their land. A large number have been approached, and it is thought that at least 6000 acres can be secured. The farmers agree not to shoot the birds themselves and to keep off the farm any who would shoot them, and to prosecute anyone who shoot the birds out of season. They think that only in this way can the game birds be preserved to this section of the State. The present game laws are not enforced and the game is rapidly disappearing.

Marion, IN.
Oct. 13,1899. Thomas Alford of Sistersville, West VA. Who has created quite a flurry of late in the Indiana oil field by buying in so many leases, today made another big deal through his attorney, W.H. Trook, of this city. Mr. Alford, together with Archie W. Thompson, of Sistersville, and R.J. Heald, of Marietta Ohio, purchased 350 acres of leased oil territory in Van Buren Township, this county, from Eugene H. Fishburn of Chicago, Richard L. Dezeng of Cincinnati and Elsworth L. Fee of Warren IN. the land lies about directly south of Van Buren. It has not been developed to any great extent, there being but 2 small producers on it at the present time. By the deal Mr. Alford comes into possession of 7/16ths of the land.
Mr. Heald the remaining 2/16ths. It is the intention of the gentlemen to begin developing the property at once and if the fluid is found in paying quantities the drill will be worked to the utmost capacity.

A Remarkable Engine. Fairmount,  Ind,,  July 24.
Engine 1 on the C, L & E. Railway has an unusual record.  It was in the path of the famous  Johnstown  flood and  was swept from the tracks and buried in the sand for several months. When taken out it was covered with rust and mud, but was sent to the shops and given a thorough overhauling. Later it was sold to the Chicago, Indiana & Eastem, where it now makes daily the run from Matthews to Swayzee twice each day.
Date: July 26, 1899 Location: Indiana Paper: Indiana State Journal

Marion, Ind.. April 20.—The trustees of the factory fund last night contracted with Franz Klein, of St. Mary's, O., for the location here of a factory for the manufacture of all kinds of chains, hames, neckyokes and whiffletrees. The factory is to
employ 200 hands, has a capital of $90,000 and will be located on the lands of the Marion Real Estate Company.
Indiana Journal April 28 1897

MARION, Ind. Aug. 19.—The twenty-fourth annual camp meeting of the Seventh-day Adventists of Indiana was formally opened this evening by Rev. John W. Watts, of Indianapolis, president of the Indiana Conference. Rev. .J. H. Morrison, of
Lincoln. Neb. preached the evening sermon. The camp meeting proper has been preceded by a six days workers meeting, the object of which is the preparation of the camp for the ministers and lay delegates. The camp is held this year in a
pretty shaded wood Just north of the National Soldiers' Home Here has been erected in military style almost one hundred family tents and eight or ten large tents. The pavilion has a seating capacity. of two thousand.
Indiana Journal June 26, 1896

MARION, Ind., Aug. 21—About one year ago there was born on the farm of Jesse Carey, living in Liberty  township, this county, a pig with six perfectly formed feet, the two extra feet being attached to the pig's front legs, the animal walking on
the full six feet without any seeming inconvenience. In due time a hog was bred to him, and recently seven small squealers came. On examination it was found that out of the seven six of them had six feet apiece, formed as were their father's,
while the seventh, to keep account of the number of his birth, carried seven feet instead of six. This seven-footed pig was prized by the owner and was tenderly cared for. It was the fond hope of Mr. Carey that the pig would live and in time
be bred and by so doing create a new species of hogs, not that an eight-footed hog would be any finer than the ordinary four-footed animals, but they would be odd. People are looking for something odd now, and the meat from an eight-footed hog would taste better than If from the ordinary. It was not the will of the elements that the seven-footed pig should live When the cloudburst came the other night it caught this little pig from under cover and he was drowned.
Indiana Journal June 26, 1896

BIGAMIST  BAKER AT HOME
MARION, Ind.,  Jan. 27. - Ex-Senator Baker came to Marion last night from Indianapolis, for the first time since it was made public that he was the husband of
two wives. He first went to the Elks lodge, of which ho is a member, and made a full confession, it is said, before the members present. Then he went to the home of his
wife and family on West Second street where .he remained over an hour; then returning to the Spencer House, where he remained, over night. He would not talk, to reporters, but to a friend  he talked quite freely. He told him of his relations with the Gountess of Nazimow. He said, however, to a reporter that his meeting with his wife and family was a very friendly one considering the circumstance under which it was made. He said he had been corresponding with his wife here prior
to his visit last night. He says he intends to stand by his wife and family here and will probably return to them soon. He says however, that he will not make his future home here as it would take too long for his scandal to wear off, but thinks he will probably move to Indianapolis where people are not so bitter against him. It is said that Baker seems to be very much worried as to how he will get loose from the countess as she is in love with him, writing him quite often and addressing him as her dear husband. He hardly thinks, however that she will file bigamy charges against him.
The Indiana State Journal, (Indianapolis, IN) Wed., Feb. 1, 1899 - Submitted by Candi

Will Horn, a Panhandle employee at Marion, has fallen, heir to $15,000 in cash by that death of; an uncle in Pittsburg. He received a telegram Monday announcing his good luck and resigned his position at once and left for Pittsburg. He was a poor boy of good habits. 
The Indiana State Journal, (Indianapolis, IN) Wed., Feb. 1, 1899 - Submitted by Candi

Thomas UTTLEY, the Herculean negro, in jail at Marion for the alleged murder of Col. PAUL, during a riot at Fairmount, attempted suicide with morphine, and with difficulty his life was saved. Uttley claims to have been simply a spectator of that fight...
Indiana General News Items from the Indianapolis News 13 December 1890 Page 6 Columns 5 and 6
 
FIVE GENERATIONS ATTEND A REUNION
Mrs. Susie Miller of Coles, Ind., was very pleasantly surprised by her children and grandchildren on her 84th birthday.
There were five generations represented. There were forty-one present, eight of whom were her children. A bountiful dinner was served.
Those present were:
Mrs. Sarah J. Wright, of Herbst
Mr. Adam Miller
Mr. Ephraim Miller
Mrs. & Mrs. Jordon Miller and sons Earnest and Claud
Mrs. George Leon and grandson RusseI
Mrs. and Mrs. Vinton Miller and son Guy, of Swayzee
Mrs. Humphrey Gaunlt, of Elwood
Mrs and Mrs. Lewis Wright
Mr. and Mrs. W.J. Nesbitt and daughter, of Swayzee
Mr. and Mrs. G.W. Sharp, of Marion
Mr. and Mrs. Ertie Wright and son, Robert
Mrs. Elmer Wilson and daughter. Edith, of Kokomo
Mr. & Mrs. Earl Rybolt and sons, Kenneth and Gerald, of Point Isabel
Mr. & Mrs. Pierce Beal and son, Charles, of Gary. Ind.
Miss Rose Parker, of Crotterville. Ind.
Mrs. Lipton Davis, of Herbst
Mr. and Mrs. Isaac Addington and grandson, Simeon, of Elwood
Mrs. Sarah Jones, of Marion
Mr. Amos Miller and daughter, Iva.
Marion Chronicle, 8 August 1911, p.7

Postal Telegraph Extension
MARION. Ind., Jan. 9.—Sheriff M. D. Moore, of Anderson, Attorney Charles Baggatt, counsel for the Postal Telegraph  Company, and a jury of six men from Elwood, were in Marlon to-day to assess the damages to the Big Four Railroad Company by the Postal Telegraph Company being allowed to erect and maintain a telegraph system on their right-of-way between this city and Anderson,    The jurors are Messrs. Charles Whitehead, Louis Allen, James Wells, Ollie Frasier. Herman Harvey and Jack Applegate. The Postal Company endeavored some time ago to secure privileges to erect a line between the cities in question, but the Western Union Telegraph Company claimed the exclusive right to operate a telegraph system on the right of way of the Big Four, Suit was brought and a strip on the east side of the track between Marion and Anderson was condemned and the Postal Company allowed to erect its poles by paying damages ;to the railroad company. The object of the jury is to determine the amount of the damages. The Postal Company will extend Its line to Union City after completing its Manon and Anderson line.
Date: 1898-12-28;  Paper: Indiana State Journal

Iron and Brass Bed Trust.
MARION. Ind., Jan. 9.—And now the Iron and brass bedstead manufacturers are forming a trust to regulate the sale of the out put of their factories. It Is not called a trust, but it Is to be known as an "association." G. C, Harwood and Charles Michaels, representing two of the bedstead factories in this city, have attended two of these meetings, but have not joined. Nussbaum Bros., proprietors of the other factory of this city, while having been Invited to attend the meetings, say that they nave not joined, and It is not their intention to do so. The Eastern manufacturers have united, and their association is working well. It is understood that there are now eighteen of the Western manufacturers united to regulate the prices. The starting up of several new factories has had a demoralizing effect on the trade.
Date: 1898-12-28;  Paper: Indiana State Journal

Taking His Time For Breakfast
MARION, Ind., March 9.—On Tuesday, Feb. 23, M. B. Knapp, a Marion real estate man, left his rooms In the Odd Fellows' building in this city to go to his breakfast. Since that time he has not been heard from. He has been in hard luck for some time and the day before he disappeared he threatened to commit suicide. The river banks have been searched for some trace of the man but none has been found. It is thought he went to Illinois, where he has a woman friend with whom he had corresponded. Word is expected from that place to-morrow. Knapp had paid some attention to a Marion young woman, but It was said she had not accepted his favors for some time, and the fact is said to have added to his troubles.
The Indiana Journal March 11, 1896

Marion Canning Factory Burned..
MARION, Ind.,. March 9.—The Marion canning factory was destroyed by fire last evening. It was owned by Edwin H.
Martin and Is thought to have been burned by incendiaries. The insurance of $1,000 will not cover the loss. Fourteen people are thrown out of employment.
The Indiana Journal March 11, 1896

Christian Church Dedicated.
SWEETSER  Ind.   March 9.—The new Chrlstian Church at this place was dedicated yesterday.  The veteran dedicator of the Christian church. Rev. I. L. Carpenter, of Wabash, preached the sermon. He raised double the amount of money
that was expected.
The Indiana Journal March 11, 1896

The public schools at Marion, Ind., have been closed for a week on account of the prevalence of diptheria.  About a dozen deaths have occurred. (grant county)
Newark Daily Advocate (Newark, Ohio)  Tuesday, 24 Sep 1889
Submitted by Cathy Schultz

Marion, Ind.— 35 Poles are under arrest here as result of free-for-all fight that begun at a christening ceremony.
[The Day Book. (Chicago, Ill.), November 05, 1912 - sub. by K.T.]

MARION, Ind., Aug. 11.—The Westerman Natural Gas Iron Company, of this city, will go Into the hands of an assignee within the next day or two. The failure is precipitated by the hard" times t and the Inability to realize on the accounts due the company. A few Cays ago one of the companies that has been supplying the factory with scrap Iron got panicky and attempted to force the payment of some paper, with the result that It went to protest. This resulted in a general onslaught of creditors, clamoring for the settlement of claims for scrap, Iron aggregating about $50,000.    Attorney A. T. Wright has been agreed upon for the assignee. The assets of the company are in the neighborhood of $130,000, with liabilities placed at $100,000. The Westerman mill was put In operation about six years ago, and has been one of the best plants that natural gas brought to the city. It gave employment to 170 people, who were paid about $1,700 a week. Last year it paid in wages $90,000.
Date: 1896-08-19; Paper: Indiana State Journal

BROTHERS EXCHANGED WIVES.
Marion, Ind., May 31 .—William and John Church, brothers, lived in Indianapolis. The two young men courted and married young ladies who were friends. The young lady that married William became infatuated with his Brother John before the wedding and the young; lady that married John was in love with William. This fact developed after the weddings of the two brothers, but they lived with their respective wives for a number of years and children were bom. A separation followed, and both brothers secured divorces from their wives. They then married their first loves, who were their sisters-in-law. The wives took the children and their uncles became their step-fathers.
William Church came to Marion and embarked in business and John went to Peru, Last Saturday Mrs. William Church left her husband in, his city, took her children and went to Peru. It is now alleged that she has gone back to her first husband, who is her brother-in-law, and has taken his own children, who had become his niece and nephew, and also her children, born to her second husband
The Fort Wayne Weekly Sentinel Wed. June 5 1901

Fort Wayne Journal Gazette Saturday Morning February 25, 1905; pg1
A HUNTINGTON WOMAN CHARGED WITH BIGAMY
Mrs Skinner Said to Have No Right to the Name
HUNTINGTON, Ind., Feb 24 - Mrs Marcus Skinner was arrested today and is in jail on a charge of bigamy preferred by her former husband, William Hardman, of this city. While they lived together Hardman and the woman both tried several times to get a divorce, but the court never would grant one, as their charges were insufficient. They separated, however, the woman leaving town.  Recently Hardman wanted to get married again and made another effort to be released from his marital ties, but without success. Then he learned that his former wife was living with Marcus Skinner, at Marion, and today he had her arrested for bigamy.

Substantial Dower in the Shape of a Land Claim Will Go to Every Bride of a Cowboy
TOPEKA, Kas.. May 14.—Good news for the widows and marriageable maidens whose affinities have kept out of their way comes from Grant, county. In the southwestern part of this state.  They are invited to form a colony there as a lure to impressionable young ranch-men. The country is so sparsely populated that T. M. Henthorn, one of the principal land owners, has decided something must be done to add to its attractions and encourage settlers. He has hit on the idea of getting some unattached women and locating them in Grant, county. He believes they will draw farmers, cowboys, and ranchmen from all parts of the state, who, will choose wives from among: them and. with a gentle feminine hand to guide them, settle down to the raising of cattle and the cultivation of the land.
The first step has been marked with no little success.Henthorn has found thirty-eight women who are willing to take a chance and, rather than remain spinsters at home, go out in the wilds and see what fortune will do for them in the way of husbands.Whether the few men in Grant county will look with favor on the land and a comely wife offer which Mr. Henthorn is preparing for them cannot be determined until spring. By that time the little colony will be established near Ulysses, the county seat, and if the brave prove brave enough they will find the fair waiting for them.
The population of Grant county is less than four hundred, and nearly all is centered in and close around Ulysses. It is a wise precaution that has led Mr. Henthorn to plant his colony where it will be within reach of civilization if his plans miscarry, for if the women are un-wooed, in spite of their having come to the place with the object of tempting suitors, they will be able to return from their Adamless Eden to haunts where they can be sure of finding: them.
But, judging from the interest which the project has aroused among the Kansas ranchmen who hitherto have gone fancy free, the settlement will have no lack of visitors after the colonists arrive. The fact that a substantial dower, in the form of a claim of land, goes with each bride is likely to prove an additional inducement to cowboys who are tired of bachelor life and want to set up homes of their own. Careful measures have been devised to protect members of the colony from the designs of wooers who would take advantage of their innocence.
Garden City on the Arkansas river, is one of the principal places from which recruits have been drawn. It is in Finney county, adjoining Grant, and the women there are well enough; acquainted with condition in southwestern Kansas to know what they are being called upon to face.  Most of Grant county is barren of the Cimarron river and one or two smaller streams run through it, irrigation is necessary in most sections before the country can be of great value even for grazing purposes.
From the days of the pioneers it has been left alone, for, in addition to its natural difficulties, it was exposed to Indian, raids long after the center and eastern parts of the state were settled. The Kiowas. Comanches and Southern Cheyennes infested its boundaries, and it was through here that their line of march lay when they set out north on the warpath or on raiding parties. Custer finally beat the Indians back on this side, but for years after they were supposed to be concentrated in their reservations in what is now Oklahoma, these southwestern prairies were their continual ranging ground. Grant county has many stories of rights within its limits, but, though the tales made it a picturesque field for the historian, they served to keep settlers away for many years after real danger from the Indians was over.
It is this bleak country that is to be the scene of wholesale wooing which, for all its business like atmosphere, is not without romance. Woman, in some way or another, is at the back of every enterprise, but this is the first time she has been asked to lead the development of a new country by setting herself up as the prize.
Henthorn's idea has received coming on elation in many quarters and among those who are not interested in it except as it may prove to be of general advantage. Protests have been heard, however, from some misogynists who make no secret of the fact that they have wandered so far from the ordinary walks of womankind largely with the object of avoiding the sex, and these say it is tempting. Providence to conspire for the marriage of men who are well enough satisfied with their present conditions.
L Henthorn is an optimist. He expects to have his first batch of thirty-eight married.off before the colony is a month old. and as soon as allotments of land are made to them be will have a second and larger contingent of eager would be brides ready to follow in the footsteps of the pioneers of his matrimonial venture.
Date: Monday, May 15, 1905   Paper: Evansville Courier and Press (Evansville, Indiana)   Page: 10 

Marion, Ind. - Jan 22 —The first common law marriage contract over made in Marion was signed by Arthur M. Peters, of Indianapolis, and Miss Lora Kepler, of this city, on Jan. 9. Peters and Miss Kepler have lived together as husband wife since that date and this, they declare, is  the fulfillment of their contract and makes it binding. They have announced to their friends and the public that they are husband and wife. The cause of this extraordinary marriage contract was the objections of the parents of Miss Kepler, she being 17 years old, and it being impossible for her to get a marriage license in Indiana without the written consent of her parents.
Went to a Lawyer About It.
Peters and Miss Kepler were determined to marry, but Miss Kepley would not consent  to elope to some other state. Peters consulted Alfred Henry, an attorney. The attorney suggested the common law marriage and I'eters told Miss Kepler about it. The young people asked the attorney to draw up a contract that would be legal. The attorney read all the authorities on commond law marriage's and the decisions of the supreme courts of Ohio, Illinois and Missouri on the subject. The contract was then drawn and signed by the contracting parties and George W. Salmon and Eli  Jones as witnesses
Found Supreme Court Authority.
In citing supreme court reports in. the case Attorney Henry referred to the 101. Indiana reports, weore a common marriage was held valid with-out any form of ceremony. In the twenty-third American state reports, in. the case of the state vs. Bitrick the supreme court of Missouri held that the common law marriage was legal and reversed the decision of the lower court.
Just Set Aside the Law.
In reference to marriage by contract in this case the supreme court said: A valid marriage exists between the parties where a man and a woman under 18 years of age, whose mother refuses consent to her marriage making it impossible to procure a license, mutually agree to marry and publicly announce themselves as husband and wife, and this is followed by cohabitation and holding themselves out publicly as husband and wife.
Date: Tuesday, January 22, 1907   Paper: Elkhart Daily Review (Elkhart, Indiana)   Page: 1





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