MILITARY HISTORY OF GREENE COUNTY, INDIANA.
BY COLONEL E. H. C. CAVINS,
From the earliest settlement of Greene county, there was a marked military spirit exhibited by the settlers, for an unusually large number of old soldiers settled in the county. The Revolutionary soldiers, remembered by some of our oldest residents, were Colonel John Stakely, who served on Washington's staff, Zion Brewer, William Wilkerson, John Storms, Adam Rainbolt, Joseph Lawrence, Isaac Hamlin, James Blevins, Joshua Burnett, John Shroyer, Henry Huffman, Abel West fall, Cornelius West fall, Willis Fellows, William Sulser, Jefferson Dover, Daniel Woodsworth, Peter Ingersol, David Rust, John Abbott, John Chaney, William Conway, Fielding Oakley, Michael Downing, John P. Phillips, William Clenny, Francis Lang, Solomon Wilkerson, Sipple Harvey, Robert Ellis, Solomon Carpenter, William G. Bryant, Abraham May, David Sobie, and a Mr. Branham.
The old soldiers of the Indian wars and the War of 1812 were Elijah Skinner, Ben Skinner, Adam Stropes, Frederick Bingham, Daniel Dulin, William S. Cole, John Cavins, Samuel R. Cavins, Jesse Cravens, George Abbott, Thomas Osborn, Major George R. Sarver, Ahunbee Ab-bott, J. C. Andrews, Cornelius Bogard, Cornelius Van Slyke, and probably many others.
For fifteen years after the organization of the county militia musters were fairly well attended, but after that the interest gradually relaxed, until the musters were entirely abandoned.
The first colonel was Levi Fellows, suceeded by Thomas Warnick, and the last was Samuel R. Cavins, who was commissioned by Governor Noble on the 2d day of March, 1836, to hold the office until he was sixty years old.
The names of the other militia officers are not well preserved in tradition, and the writer does not know of any record of them. Among the majors were J. W. Wines and John R. Dixson. Among the captains were D. M. Ingersol, John Burch, William Richey, Josiah Buskirk, Charles Shelton, James G. B. Patterson, Joseph Storm, Leonard Nicholson, Ruel Learned and Norman W. Pierce. Some of our old residents can remember the white plume, tipped with red, that decorated the hat of the militia officer.
SECOND INDIANA REGIMENT IN MEXICO.
On the 8th day of June, 1846, a company from Greene county was accepted by the governor, and on the twenty-second day of June was mustered into the service as Company E, Second Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry. Lovell II. Rousseau was captain, Adam Stropcs, an old soldier who was wounded at the battle of Horse Shoe, was first lieutenant, and David Erwin was second lieutenant.
The regiment was engaged in the battle of Buena Vista on February 23, 1847, and Company E lost in that engagement three killed and seven wounded.
Captain Rousseau became a famous major-general in the war of the Rebellion, and later was a member of congress from the Louisville district in Kentucky, and still later was a brigadier general in the regular army.
FOURTEENTH INDIANA REGIMENT.
On the call of President Lincoln for seventy-five thousand volunteers, a company was organized in Greene county and E. H. C. Cavins was elected captain. The company was not accepted at that time, for the reason that the call was filled. On the first call for three hundred thousand the company was accepted, and assigned as Company D, in the Fourteenth Regiment of Indiana Vol-unteer Infantry, Colonel Nathan Kimball commanding the regiment.
The regiment had been organized originally for one year, and Company D of the one year's service refused to enlist for, three years, and the company took its place in the regiment and reported for duty at Terre Haute, May 7, 1861, and E. H. C. Cavins was commissioned captain. The regiment was mustered into the three years' service on June 7, 1861, being the first regiment mustered into the three years' service in Indiana. This made Captain Cavins the junior captain in the regiment, but on the expiration of its term of service he was colonel of the regiment, which was armed with smooth-bore mus-kets altered from flint lock to percussion lock, except that five Enfield rifles were issued to each company. The regiment afterwards armed itself with Enfield or Springfield rifles from the battlefields on which it was engaged, completing its arming at Antietam.
On the 5th of July, 1861, the regiment left Indianapolis for western Virginia, and was in active campaign there until June 30, 1862, when it embarked at Alexandria, Virginia, and joined the Army of the Potomac on the second day of July at Harrison's Landing, and was assigned to the Second Corps. From that time, during the term of its service, it shared the fortunes, honors, dangers and hardships of the Second army corps. The engagements in which it participated where any of the regiment were killed, or mortally wounded, were Cheat Mountain, Greenbrier, Kernstown, Harrison's Landing, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsvillc, Gettysburg, Bristoc Station, Mine Run, Morton's Ford, Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Totopotomy, and Cold Harbor. The regiment was in fifty-nine' other engagement's, and detachments from the regiment were in six other engagements, and veterans and recruits were in eleven other engagements.
The losses of the regiment were one hundred and fifty-five killed or mortally wounded, four hundred and thirty-seven wounded, seventy-two died of disease, two hundred and seventy-two discharged on account of disease, one hundred and thirty-six discharged by general orders, and forty-nine discharged on account of wounds. The percentage of killed, excluding non-combatants, resignations, discharges on account of disease and general orders and desertions, was over twenty-five per cent., and excluding the same, more wounds were received in battle than there were soldiers in the regiment. This does not include killed and wounded, after the veterans and recruits were transferred to the Twentieth Regiment.
In Company D there were forty recruits, five of whom were killed and eighteen wounded before the recruits were transferred to the Twentieth Indiana Regiment.
This heavy loss among the recruits was probably caused by so many of them going into the Wilderness campaign, just after their enlistment, and before they learned to protect themselves. The last battle was Cold Harbor, after which the veterans and recruits were transferred to the Twentieth Regiment, Indiana Volunteers, and participated in all the battles in which Hancock's famous corps was engaged, the last engagement being at Appomattox.
The regiment is classed as one of Fox's fighting regiments.
TWENTY-FIRST REGIMENT, FIRST HEAVY ARTILLERY.
Late in May, 1861, E. E. Rose, a veteran of the Mexican war, began to raise a company, of which he became captain. William Bough, another veteran of the Mexican war, who was wounded at the battle of Buena Vista, was first lieutenant, and Spencer L. Bryan was second lieutenant. The company was assigned as Company C, Twenty-first Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry, and the regiment was mustered into service on the 24th day of July, 1861, for three years, with James W. Mc-Millen as colonel.
The following week it was ordered East, reaching Baltimore on the 3d of August, where it remained until February 19, 1862, during which time it participated in General Lockwood's expedition to the eastern shore of Virginia.
The regiment sailed from Baltimore to Newport News, from which place it embarked on the 4th day of March, 1862, and sailed witli Butler's expedition. On the 15th day of April it left Ship Island and was at the mouth of the Southwest Pass during" the bombardment of Forts St. Phillip and Jackson.
On the 29th day of April a part of the regiment landed in the rear of St. Phillip and waded across to the Quarantine, while the others went through Pass L'Outre up the Mississippi to New Orleans. This part of the regiment was the first of Butler's army to touch the New Orleans wharf on the 1st of May, and immediately marched up into the city, the regimental band playing "Picayune Butler's Coming, Coming."
The regiment went into camp at Algiers, where it remained until the 13th of May, making frequent forages into the interior. It captured many steamers on Red River and the sea-going blockade runner Fox on the gulf coast.
On the 1st of June it was landed at Baton Rouge, where it remained until the post was evacuated. On the 5th of August it participated in the battle of Baton Rouge, fighting for over three and a half hours against an entire brigade without faltering, and sustaining a loss of one hundred and twenty-six killed and wounded.
On the 8th of September it surprised Waller's Texas Rangers at Des Allemands, killing twelve and capturing thirty-five persons. In October the regiment was sent to Berwich Bay, where it remained until the later part of February, 1863.
During its stay here portions of the regiment were temporarily transferred to gunboats, and participated in almost daily engagements with the iron clad "Cotton," and took part in the engagement at Cornet's Bridge and the destruction of the "Cotton."
In February, 1863, the regiment was changed from an infantry regiment to heavy artillery, and was desig-nated as the First Heavy Artillery.
It took part in the engagements at Camp Bisland, Port Hudson, Sabin Pass, Red River expedition and the reduction of Forts Morgan and Gaines, and Spanish Fort, and the capture of Mobile. Captain Rose resigned on the 8th of December, 1863, after which time Cap-tain William Bough had command of Company C until the close of the war.
Company F, Thirty-first Regiment, Indiana Volun-teer Infantry, was organized in September, 1861. with William B. Squire captain, John T. Smith, first lieuten-ant, and William Thompson, second lieutenant. The regiment was mustered into service September 15, 1861, with Charles Cruft as colonel. Later Lieutenant John T. Smith became colonel.
Soon after it went to Kentucky and went into camp at Calhoun, where it remained until February 12, 1862, when it entered upon its march to Fort Donelson, participated in that engagement on the 13th and 14th and lost in killed twelve, wounded fifty-two, and missing four. Later it marched to Fort Henry, and in the latter part of March was transported to Pittsburg Landing. Engaged two days at Shiloh and lost in killed twenty-two, wounded one hundred and ten, missing ten.
After this engagement it was assigned to the Fourth Division of the Army of Ohio, under command of General Nelson, and marched toward Cornet, and participated in the siege of that place.
After the siege was raised, it moved with Buell's army through northern Mississippi and Alabama into Tennessee. In September the regiment fell back to Louisville with Buell's army, and after Bragg was driven out of Kentucky it returned to Nashville. Its next battle was at Stone River on the 31st day of December, 1862, and January 1 and 2, 1863, where it lost in killed five, and wounded forty-six. On the 19th and 20th of September it was engaged in the battle of Chickamauga, under command of Colonel John T. Smith, sustaining a loss of five killed and sixty-six wounded.
The regiment then crossed the Tennessee river and encamped at Bridgeport. While here, on the 1st day of January, 1864, the regiment reinlisted, and in February proceeded to Indianapolis on veteran furlough.
In the Atlanta campaign the regiment was in the Fourth Corps and participated in many battles and skirmishes. After the capture of Atlanta it followed Hood's army to Pulaski, Tennessee, still in the Fourth Corps, and on the 15th day of December, 1864, parpated in the battle of Nashville, where it sustained a loss of ten killed and thirty-three wounded. After the battle it followed the enemy as far as Huntsville, Alabama, and returned to Nashville, where it remained until after the close of the war. In June and July, 1865, the regiment moved with its corps to New Orleans, and joining Sheridan's anny was transported to Texas, forming part of the anny of observations until December 8th, when it was mustered out of service.
The engagements in which any of the regiment were killed or mortally wounded were Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Resaca, Stone River, Chickamauga, Rocky Face Ridge, Resaca, Pine Mountain, Chattahoochee, Marietta, Jonesborough, Atlanta Campaign, and Nashville. The regiment was present at Fort Henry, Perryville, Hoover's Gap, Smyrna Station, Franklin and many other smaller engagements.
The number of reported killed are one hundred and twenty, wounded three hundred and twelve. The probabilities are that a considerable number of those reported as missing in battle were killed. The regiment is classed as one of Fox's fighting regiments.
FORTY-THIRD INDIANA REGIMENT.
On the 29th day of August, 1861, Company C, Forty-third
Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry, was organized with Elijah
Edington, captain; Henry Roach, a Mexican war soldier, as first
lieutenant, and Joseph A. Burcham as second lieutenant.
The regiment was organized at Terre Haute on the 27th day of September, 1861, with George K. Steele, as colonel. Soon thereafter it moved to Spotts-ville, Kentucky, and from thence to Calhoun, where it remained in camp until the latter part of February, 1862.
It was then transferred to Missouri and attached to General Pope's army, engaging in the siege of New Madrid, and Island No. 10. It was afterwards detailed on duty with Commodore Foote's gun-boat fleet in the reduction of Fort Pillow, serving sixty-nine days in that campaign.
This regiment was the first Union regiment to land in the city of Memphis, and with the Forty-sixth Indiana, constituted the entire garrison, holding that place for two weeks, until reinforced.
In July it was ordered up White River in Arkansas, and subsequently to Helena. In December it marched to Grenada, Mississippi, with Howe's expedition, and on its return to Helena accompanied the expedition to Yazoo Pass.
At the battle of Helena, on the 4th day of July, 1863, the regiment was especially distinguished, alone supporting a battery that was three times charged by the enemy, repulsing each attack, and finally capturing a full rebel regiment larger in point of numbers than its own strength. The gallantry of the regiment on this occasion was to a great extent over-shadowed by the surrender of Vicksburg on the same day, and the resting on the laurels of Gettysburg after three days of heavy battle. The regiment took part in General Steele's campaign of Little Rock, and aided in the capture of that place. On the 1st of January, 1864, the regiment reenlisted at Little Rock, the veterans remustered numbering about four hundred. In March it moved with the expedition of General Steele from Little Rock, which was intended to co-operate with Bank's Red River expedition, and was in the battles at Elkins Ford, Jenkins Ferry, Camden and Marks Mills, near Saline River. At the latter place on the 30th of April the brigade to which ft was attached, while guarding a train of four hundred wagons returning from Camden to Pine Bluffs, was furiously attacked by about six thousand of Marmaduke's cavalry. The Forty-third lost nearly two hundred in kilted, wounded and missing in this engagement. Among the captured were one hundred and four of the re-enlisted veterans. After its return to Little Rock the regiment proceeded to Indiana, on veteran furlough, reaching Indianapolis on the ioth of June. Upon its arrival the regiment volunteered to go to Frankfort, Kentucky, then threatened by Morgan's cavalry, and remained there until the Confederate forces left central Kentucky. On its return the regiment had a skirmish with Jesse's guerillas near Eminence, Kentucky.
Upon the expiration of its veteran furlough, the regiment was detailed to guard Confederate prisoners, at Camp Morton, and remained on that duty until the close of the war.
In December, 1861, Company E, Fifty-ninth Regiment, was organized, and Aden G. Cavins was commissioned captain ; Benjamin S. Brookshire, first lieutenant; Merritt C. Taylor, second lieutenant. About the same time Company D was organized with Russell A. Belden captain, Andrew J. Mason first lieutenant, and later Gibson C. Brandon second lieutenant.
Later Captain Cavins was promoted to major of the Ninety-seventh Indiana Regiment, and Lieutenant Osbon was commissioned captain of Company E.
The regiment was mustered into the service for three years on the nth of February, 1862, at Gosport, Indiana, with Jesse I. Alexander as colonel.
On February 13th the regiment was ordered to New Albany. On the 18th it left on transports for Cairo, and arrived there on the 20th, and on the following day embarked for Commerce, Missouri, and was the first regiment to report to General Pope for duty with the Army of the Mississippi. It was among the first regiments to enter New Madrid, and took possession of Fort Thompson at that place. On the 7th of April it crossed the Mississippi River and assisted in the capture of five thousand prisoners at Tiptonville. It returned to New Madrid on April 10th, embarked and proceeded with the fleet to Fort Pillow. It returned to New Madrid and thence to Hamburg, Tennessee, by transport.
From the 24th of April to May 29th the regiment was engaged in most of the skirmishes and reconnaissances during the march to the siege of Corinth, and after the enemy evacuated the city the regiment followed to Booneville, and then returned to the locality of Corinth. During the summer the regiment went on several expeditions, and returned to Corinth, and was engaged on the 3d and 4th of October in the battle of Corinth, and after the defeat of the enemy joined in the pursuit to the Hatchie River, and again returned to Corinth on the 10th of October.
The regiment was nearly always on a march or a fight. On the 2d of November it marched to Grand junction, thence to Davis Mills and Moscow, thence to Cold Water, Holly Springs, Oxford, Yocan River, thence back to Oxford, thence to Lumpkin Mill, thence in front of the rebel fortifications at Vicksburg, where on the 22<1 of May, 1863, the regiment participated in the assault, sustaining a loss of one hundred and twenty-six killed and wounded. The regiment at the time was in the Seventeenth Corps, General F. P. Blair commanding, and with it marched up the Yazoo River to Satartia, returning to its old position on the 4th of June, where itremained until the surrender on the 4th of July, 1863.
The regiment remained at Vicksburg until September 13th, when it embarked on transport and went to Helena, where it remained until the 28th of September, and then embarked for Memphis. On the 5th of October went by rail to Corinth, thence to Glendale. On the 19th of October started for Chattanooga, and arrived there in time to take part in the grand victory of Missionary Ridge. On the 17th of December, began its return to Bridgeport, Alabama, where the regiment was transferred to the Fifteenth Army Corps, under command of General John A. Logan. On the 23d of December it started for Huntsville, Alabama, and while there the regiment re-enlisted as a veteran organization on the 1st day of January, 1864. After going home on veteran furlough the regiment returned to Huntsville on the 2d of April. Thence in June to Kingston, Georgia, where it joined Sherman's army, on its march to Atlanta. After several expeditions, one of which was in East Lawrence, after Wheeler's cavalry, on the 14th of November, it moved towards Atlanta, and shared the honors, dangers and victories of Sherman's grand march to the sea, and finally participated in the grand review at Washington. The regiment was mustered out of service at Louisville, Kentucky, on the 17th day of July, 1865. It traveled by rail three thousand and seven hundred miles, by water four thousand six hundred and eighteen miles, and by land five thousand three hundred and five miles.
SEVENTY-FIRST REGIMENT, OR- SIXTH CAVALRY.
In August, 1862, Company H, Seventy-first Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry, was organized, and John J. Starnes was commissioned captain, John T. Owen, first lieutenant, and H. D. Watts, second lieutenant. The regiment was organized at Terre Haute, and on the 18th day of August, 1862, it was mustered into service with Melville D. Topping as lieutenant colonel. Before the regiment was drilled, before they received their promised bounty, and before they were required by law to leave the state, at the request of Governor Morton, every man volunteered to go to Kentucky, which state was then being invaded by a large Confederate force. The regiment, with a few other troops, met an overwhelming force at Richmond, Kentucky, on the 30th of August, where Lieutenant Colonel Topping and Major Conkling were killed, the regiment sustaining a loss of two hundred and fifteen killed and wounded, and three hundred and forty-seven prisoners. Two hundred and twenty-five escaped. The prisoners were immediately parolled and returned to Terre Haute. After they were exchanged four hundred of them were sent in December, 1862, to Muldraugh Hill, Kentucky, to guard the railroad, and on the 28th day of December were attacked by a force of four thousand men under General John H. Morgan, and after fighting an hour and a half were captured and paroled. They then returned to Indianapolis, where they remained until August 26, 1863.
On the 22d day of February, 1863, the regiment was authorized to be changed into cavalry, and became the Sixth Regiment, Indiana Cavalry. In October, 1863, the regiment was sent to East Tennessee and was engaged in the siege of Knoxville and active operations against General Longstreet, losing many meni killed and wounded. In the spring of 1864 it was ordered to Mt. Sterling, and afterwards to Nicholsonville. On the 29th of April it left for Georgia and on the nth of May joined Sherman's army, then in front of Dalton, and was assigned to the cavalry corps of the Army of Ohio, under General Stoneman. In the Atlanta campaign, they participated in all of the cavalry operations, and were engaged at Tunnel Hill, Red Clay, Resaca, Cassville, Kenesaw Mountain and other engagements. The regiment aided in the capture of Altoona Pass, and was the first to take possession of and raise the flag on Lost Mountain. On the 27th of July it started with Stoneman on his raid to Macon, Georgia, and in that expedition lost one hundred and sixty-six men in killed, wounded and captured. On the 28th day of August it left Marietta and returned to Nashville.
On September 25th it left Nashville with Croxton's cavalry to assist in repelling the invasion of middle Tennessee by General Forrest. This expedition was commanded by General Loval H. Rousseau, the same officer who was captain of the Mexican war company, raised in Greene county. The expedition lasted twenty days and resulted in the defeat of General Forrest at Pulaski, Tennessee, on September 27th, and his pursuit to Florence and Waterloo, in Alabama. At Pulaski the regiment lost twenty-three men in killed and wounded. On the 1st of November it started by rail to Dalton, Georgia, and on the 26th returned to Nashville; on the 15th and 1 6th of December it participated in the battle in front of Nashville and followed in pursuit of Hood's retreating army. It returned to Nashville on the 1st of April, 1865, and moved to Pulaski ; with the Second Brigade, Sixth Division Cavalry Corps, Military Division of Mississippi. On the 17th of June part of the regiment was mustered out at Pulaski, Tennessee, and on the- 27th of June the recruits were consolidated with the recruits of the Fifth Cavalry, and they were designated as the Sixth Cavalry, and served under Colonel Cortlahd C. Matson in middle Tennessee until the 15th of September, 1865, and was mustered out of service at Murfreesboro.
The Ninety-seventh Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry, was organized in the seventh congressional district in August, 1862, with Robert F. Catterson as lieutenant colonel. The regiment was largely made up in Greene county. Aden G. Cavins was commissioned major and later lieutenant colonel and colonel. The following companies were made up in Greene county: Company A, A. J. Axtell, captain ; Nathaniel Crane, first lieutenant; John Catron, second lieutenant; Company E, Thomas Flinn, captain; Joseph T. Oliphant, first lieutenant; Elijah Mitchell, second lieutenant; Company C, John W. Carmichael, captain; Jacob E. Fletcher, first lieutenant; William F. Jerrall, second lieutenant; Company G, John Fields, captain ; William Hatfield, first lieutenant ; Henry Gastineau, second lieutenant ; and part of Company I, and part of Company F.
The regiment was mustered in the service September 20 1862, at Terre Haute.
On November 9th it was ordered to Memphis, Tennessee, and was assigned to the Third Brigade. First Division, Seventeenth Army Corps, and marched on several expeditions and finally went into winter quarters at Lagrange, Tennessee. In June, 1863, it was ordered to Vicksburg and joined Sherman's army. After the surrender of Vicksburg it pushed on to Jackson, Mississippi. The advance reached Jackson on the 9th of July, and there was constant skirmishing until the 16th.
The regiment returned to Black River, and after tearing up many miles of railroad went to Vicksburg, and thence by boat to Memphis. In October the regiment joined the army near Chattanooga Creek and engaged in the battle at Chattanooga on the 25th of November, and at Missionary Ridge. They followed the retreating army to near Ringgold, and there were ordered to east Tennessee to relieve General Burnside.
After the retreat of Longstreet from east Tennessee they returned with the corps to Scottsboro, Alabama, and remained until the Atlanta campaign in May, 1864. At this time the regiment was in the Third Brigade, Fourth Division, Fifteenth Army Corps, under command of General John A. Logan. It moved to Resaca and engaged in battle on the 14th and 15th.
On the 27th it engaged the enemy at Dallas ; on June 1st at the battle of New Hope Church; on the 15th at Big Shanty; on the 27th at Kenesaw Mountain, where the regiment lost in killed and wounded seventy out of three hundred engaged. It was engaged in the entire battle of Atlanta, and on July 22d captured the Fifth Tennessee Confederate regiment, that being the regiment that killed General McPherson. It was engaged at Ezra Chapel on July 28th, and later at the battle of Jonesboro. On the 1st of September it reached Lovejoy, and on the 3d of October engaged the enemy in pursuit of Hood. On the 12th of November it started on the march to the sea. On the 29th of November it engaged the enemy at Griswoldville, Georgia ; on the 8th of December engaging the enemy at Little Oghuchu River; on December 21st it entered Savannah, and was present at the capture of Columbia, South Carolina, on the 15th day of February, 1865; on the 25th day of March it was at the battle of Bentonville, North Carolina, thence moved to Goldsboro, thence to Richmond, Virginia, thence to Washington City, and was on the grand parade and review. It was mustered out of service on the 9th day of June, 1865, at Washington City.
The regiment sustained losses of forty-six killed, one hundred and forty-six wounded, one hundred and forty-nine died of disease. It marched three thousand miles, lost three color bearers in assault on 15th and 27th of June, 1864.
ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTEENTH REGIMENT.
The One Hundred and Fifteenth Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry, was organized at Indianapolis, and mustered into the service for six months on the 17th day of August, 1863, Colonel John R. Mahan commanding. Company A was recruited in Greene county, with Spencer L. Bryan captain ; Merritt C. Taylor, first lieutenant, and Addison C. Sanders, second lieutenant. The regiment left Indianapolis September 16th, and proceeded through Kentucky to Nicholsonville. On September 24th it moved to Cumberland Gap, passing through Crab Orchard, and reached Cumberland Gap on October 3d. On the 6th it marched southward, passing through Tazewell and across Clinch River, Clinch Mountain, and Holsten River, and entered Morristown on the 8th. On the 10th it reached Blue Spring, where it met the enemy and drove them for fifteen miles. Then the regiment moved to Greenville. On November 6th it marched to Ball's Gap, where it suffered greatly from the want of food and clothing, so. much so that the brigade to which they belonged has since been called "the Persimmon Brigade," on account of the command living largely upon persimmons for a part of the time. During the winter of 1863 and 1864 until their term of service expired, they were in the mountains of east Tennessee, marching almost shoeless over rough roads, and endured many hardships. The regimerit was mustered out of service in February, 1864.
This was the last organized company formed in Greene county. Before this time many of the boys of the county had gone into other regiments, and after this time some went as recruits to the regiments already formed, some as substitutes for drafted men, and some were allured into other counties on account of the local bounties offered.
Biographical memoirs of Greene County, Ind. B.F. Bowen Co 1908
Source: FHL 1351156
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