MILITARY HISTORY OF
BY COLONEL E. H. C. CAVINS,
From the earliest settlement of Greene county, there was a marked
military spirit exhibited by the settlers, for an unusually large
number of old soldiers settled in the county. The Revolutionary
soldiers, remembered by some of our oldest residents, were Colonel John
Stakely, who served on Washington's staff, Zion Brewer, William
Wilkerson, John Storms, Adam Rainbolt, Joseph Lawrence, Isaac Hamlin,
James Blevins, Joshua Burnett, John Shroyer, Henry Huffman, Abel West
fall, Cornelius West fall, Willis Fellows, William Sulser, Jefferson
Dover, Daniel Woodsworth, Peter Ingersol, David Rust, John Abbott, John
Chaney, William Conway, Fielding Oakley, Michael Downing, John P.
Phillips, William Clenny, Francis Lang, Solomon Wilkerson, Sipple
Harvey, Robert Ellis, Solomon Carpenter, William G. Bryant, Abraham
May, David Sobie, and a Mr. Branham.
The old soldiers of the Indian wars and the War of 1812 were Elijah
Skinner, Ben Skinner, Adam Stropes, Frederick Bingham, Daniel Dulin,
William S. Cole, John Cavins, Samuel R. Cavins, Jesse Cravens, George
Abbott, Thomas Osborn, Major George R. Sarver, Ahunbee Ab-bott, J. C.
Andrews, Cornelius Bogard, Cornelius Van Slyke, and probably many
For fifteen years after the organization of the county militia musters
were fairly well attended, but after that the interest gradually
relaxed, until the musters were entirely abandoned.
The first colonel was Levi Fellows, suceeded by Thomas Warnick, and the
last was Samuel R. Cavins, who was commissioned by Governor Noble on
the 2d day of March, 1836, to hold the office until he was sixty years
The names of the other militia officers are not well preserved in
tradition, and the writer does not know of any record of them. Among
the majors were J. W. Wines and John R. Dixson. Among the captains were
D. M. Ingersol, John Burch, William Richey, Josiah Buskirk, Charles
Shelton, James G. B. Patterson, Joseph Storm, Leonard Nicholson, Ruel
Learned and Norman W. Pierce. Some of our old residents can remember
the white plume, tipped with red, that decorated the hat of the militia
SECOND INDIANA REGIMENT IN MEXICO.
On the 8th day of June, 1846, a company from Greene county was accepted
by the governor, and on the twenty-second day of June was mustered into
the service as Company E, Second Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry.
Lovell II. Rousseau was captain, Adam Stropcs, an old soldier who was
wounded at the battle of Horse Shoe, was first lieutenant, and David
Erwin was second lieutenant.
The regiment was engaged in the battle of Buena Vista on February 23,
1847, and Company E lost in that engagement three killed and seven
Captain Rousseau became a famous major-general in the war of the
Rebellion, and later was a member of congress from the Louisville
district in Kentucky, and still later was a brigadier general in the
FOURTEENTH INDIANA REGIMENT.
On the call of President Lincoln for seventy-five thousand volunteers,
a company was organized in Greene county and E. H. C. Cavins was
elected captain. The company was not accepted at that time, for the
reason that the call was filled. On the first call for three hundred
thousand the company was accepted, and assigned as Company D, in the
Fourteenth Regiment of Indiana Vol-unteer Infantry, Colonel Nathan
Kimball commanding the regiment.
The regiment had been organized originally for one year, and Company D
of the one year's service refused to enlist for, three years, and the
company took its place in the regiment and reported for duty at Terre
Haute, May 7, 1861, and E. H. C. Cavins was commissioned captain. The
regiment was mustered into the three years' service on June 7, 1861,
being the first regiment mustered into the three years' service in
Indiana. This made Captain Cavins the junior captain in the regiment,
but on the expiration of its term of service he was colonel of the
regiment, which was armed with smooth-bore mus-kets altered from flint
lock to percussion lock, except that five Enfield rifles were issued to
each company. The regiment afterwards armed itself with Enfield or
Springfield rifles from the battlefields on which it was engaged,
completing its arming at Antietam.
On the 5th of July, 1861, the regiment left Indianapolis for western
Virginia, and was in active campaign there until June 30, 1862, when it
embarked at Alexandria, Virginia, and joined the Army of the Potomac on
the second day of July at Harrison's Landing, and was assigned to the
Second Corps. From that time, during the term of its service, it shared
the fortunes, honors, dangers and hardships of the Second army corps.
The engagements in which it participated where any of the regiment were
killed, or mortally wounded, were Cheat Mountain, Greenbrier,
Kernstown, Harrison's Landing, Antietam, Fredericksburg,
Chancellorsvillc, Gettysburg, Bristoc Station, Mine Run, Morton's Ford,
Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Totopotomy, and Cold Harbor. The regiment
was in fifty-nine' other engagement's, and detachments from the
regiment were in six other engagements, and veterans and recruits were
in eleven other engagements.
The losses of the regiment were one hundred and fifty-five killed or
mortally wounded, four hundred and thirty-seven wounded, seventy-two
died of disease, two hundred and seventy-two discharged on account of
disease, one hundred and thirty-six discharged by general orders, and
forty-nine discharged on account of wounds. The percentage of killed,
excluding non-combatants, resignations, discharges on account of
disease and general orders and desertions, was over twenty-five per
cent., and excluding the same, more wounds were received in battle than
there were soldiers in the regiment. This does not include killed and
wounded, after the veterans and recruits were transferred to the
In Company D there were forty recruits, five of whom were killed and
eighteen wounded before the recruits were transferred to the Twentieth
This heavy loss among the recruits was probably caused by so many of
them going into the Wilderness campaign, just after their enlistment,
and before they learned to protect themselves. The last battle was Cold
Harbor, after which the veterans and recruits were transferred to the
Twentieth Regiment, Indiana Volunteers, and participated in all the
battles in which Hancock's famous corps was engaged, the last
engagement being at Appomattox.
The regiment is classed as one of Fox's fighting regiments.
TWENTY-FIRST REGIMENT, FIRST HEAVY
Late in May, 1861, E. E. Rose, a veteran of the Mexican war, began to
raise a company, of which he became captain. William Bough, another
veteran of the Mexican war, who was wounded at the battle of Buena
Vista, was first lieutenant, and Spencer L. Bryan was second
lieutenant. The company was assigned as Company C, Twenty-first
Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry, and the regiment was mustered
into service on the 24th day of July, 1861, for three years, with James
W. Mc-Millen as colonel.
The following week it was ordered East, reaching Baltimore on the 3d of
August, where it remained until February 19, 1862, during which time it
participated in General Lockwood's expedition to the eastern shore of
The regiment sailed from Baltimore to Newport News, from which place it
embarked on the 4th day of March, 1862, and sailed witli Butler's
expedition. On the 15th day of April it left Ship Island and was at the
mouth of the Southwest Pass during" the bombardment of Forts St.
Phillip and Jackson.
On the 29th day of April a part of the regiment landed in the rear of
St. Phillip and waded across to the Quarantine, while the others went
through Pass L'Outre up the Mississippi to New Orleans. This part of
the regiment was the first of Butler's army to touch the New Orleans
wharf on the 1st of May, and immediately marched up into the city, the
regimental band playing "Picayune Butler's Coming, Coming."
The regiment went into camp at Algiers, where it remained until the
13th of May, making frequent forages into the interior. It captured
many steamers on Red River and the sea-going blockade runner Fox on the
On the 1st of June it was landed at Baton Rouge, where it remained
until the post was evacuated. On the 5th of August it participated in
the battle of Baton Rouge, fighting for over three and a half hours
against an entire brigade without faltering, and sustaining a loss of
one hundred and twenty-six killed and wounded.
On the 8th of September it surprised Waller's Texas Rangers at Des
Allemands, killing twelve and capturing thirty-five persons. In October
the regiment was sent to Berwich Bay, where it remained until the later
part of February, 1863.
During its stay here portions of the regiment were temporarily
transferred to gunboats, and participated in almost daily engagements
with the iron clad "Cotton," and took part in the engagement at
Cornet's Bridge and the destruction of the "Cotton."
In February, 1863, the regiment was changed from an infantry regiment
to heavy artillery, and was desig-nated as the First Heavy Artillery.
It took part in the engagements at Camp Bisland, Port Hudson, Sabin
Pass, Red River expedition and the reduction of Forts Morgan and
Gaines, and Spanish Fort, and the capture of Mobile. Captain Rose
resigned on the 8th of December, 1863, after which time Cap-tain
William Bough had command of Company C until the close of the war.
Company F, Thirty-first Regiment, Indiana Volun-teer Infantry, was
organized in September, 1861. with William B. Squire captain, John T.
Smith, first lieuten-ant, and William Thompson, second lieutenant. The
regiment was mustered into service September 15, 1861, with Charles
Cruft as colonel. Later Lieutenant John T. Smith became colonel.
Soon after it went to Kentucky and went into camp at Calhoun, where it
remained until February 12, 1862, when it entered upon its march to
Fort Donelson, participated in that engagement on the 13th and 14th and
lost in killed twelve, wounded fifty-two, and missing four. Later it
marched to Fort Henry, and in the latter part of March was transported
to Pittsburg Landing. Engaged two days at Shiloh and lost in killed
twenty-two, wounded one hundred and ten, missing ten.
After this engagement it was assigned to the Fourth Division of the
Army of Ohio, under command of General Nelson, and marched toward
Cornet, and participated in the siege of that place.
After the siege was raised, it moved with Buell's army through northern
Mississippi and Alabama into Tennessee. In September the regiment fell
back to Louisville with Buell's army, and after Bragg was driven out of
Kentucky it returned to Nashville. Its next battle was at Stone River
on the 31st day of December, 1862, and January 1 and 2, 1863, where it
lost in killed five, and wounded forty-six. On the 19th and 20th of
September it was engaged in the battle of Chickamauga, under command of
Colonel John T. Smith, sustaining a loss of five killed and sixty-six
The regiment then crossed the Tennessee river and encamped at
Bridgeport. While here, on the 1st day of January, 1864, the regiment
reinlisted, and in February proceeded to Indianapolis on veteran
In the Atlanta campaign the regiment was in the Fourth Corps and
participated in many battles and skirmishes. After the capture of
Atlanta it followed Hood's army to Pulaski, Tennessee, still in the
Fourth Corps, and on the 15th day of December, 1864, parpated in the
battle of Nashville, where it sustained a loss of ten killed and
thirty-three wounded. After the battle it followed the enemy as far as
Huntsville, Alabama, and returned to Nashville, where it remained until
after the close of the war. In June and July, 1865, the regiment moved
with its corps to New Orleans, and joining Sheridan's anny was
transported to Texas, forming part of the anny of observations until
December 8th, when it was mustered out of service.
The engagements in which any of the regiment were killed or mortally
wounded were Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Resaca, Stone River, Chickamauga,
Rocky Face Ridge, Resaca, Pine Mountain, Chattahoochee, Marietta,
Jonesborough, Atlanta Campaign, and Nashville. The regiment was present
at Fort Henry, Perryville, Hoover's Gap, Smyrna Station, Franklin and
many other smaller engagements.
The number of reported killed are one hundred and twenty, wounded three
hundred and twelve. The probabilities are that a considerable number of
those reported as missing in battle were killed. The regiment is
classed as one of Fox's fighting regiments.
FORTY-THIRD INDIANA REGIMENT. On the 29th day of August, 1861, Company
C, Forty-third Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry, was organized with
Elijah Edington, captain; Henry Roach, a Mexican war soldier, as first
lieutenant, and Joseph A. Burcham as second lieutenant.
The regiment was organized at Terre Haute on the 27th day of September,
1861, with George K. Steele, as colonel. Soon thereafter it moved to
Spotts-ville, Kentucky, and from thence to Calhoun, where it remained
in camp until the latter part of February, 1862.
It was then transferred to Missouri and attached to General Pope's
army, engaging in the siege of New Madrid, and Island No. 10. It was
afterwards detailed on duty with Commodore Foote's gun-boat fleet in
the reduction of Fort Pillow, serving sixty-nine days in that campaign.
This regiment was the first Union regiment to land in the city of
Memphis, and with the Forty-sixth Indiana, constituted the entire
garrison, holding that place for two weeks, until reinforced.
In July it was ordered up White River in Arkansas, and subsequently to
Helena. In December it marched to Grenada, Mississippi, with Howe's
expedition, and on its return to Helena accompanied the expedition to
At the battle of Helena, on the 4th day of July, 1863, the regiment was
especially distinguished, alone supporting a battery that was three
times charged by the enemy, repulsing each attack, and finally
capturing a full rebel regiment larger in point of numbers than its own
strength. The gallantry of the regiment on this occasion was to a great
extent over-shadowed by the surrender of Vicksburg on the same day, and
the resting on the laurels of Gettysburg after three days of heavy
battle. The regiment took part in General Steele's campaign of Little
Rock, and aided in the capture of that place. On the 1st of January,
1864, the regiment reenlisted at Little Rock, the veterans remustered
numbering about four hundred. In March it moved with the expedition of
General Steele from Little Rock, which was intended to co-operate with
Bank's Red River expedition, and was in the battles at Elkins Ford,
Jenkins Ferry, Camden and Marks Mills, near Saline River. At the latter
place on the 30th of April the brigade to which ft was attached, while
guarding a train of four hundred wagons returning from Camden to Pine
Bluffs, was furiously attacked by about six thousand of Marmaduke's
cavalry. The Forty-third lost nearly two hundred in kilted, wounded and
missing in this engagement. Among the captured were one hundred and
four of the re-enlisted veterans. After its return to Little Rock the
regiment proceeded to Indiana, on veteran furlough, reaching
Indianapolis on the ioth of June. Upon its arrival the regiment
volunteered to go to Frankfort, Kentucky, then threatened by Morgan's
cavalry, and remained there until the Confederate forces left central
Kentucky. On its return the regiment had a skirmish with Jesse's
guerillas near Eminence, Kentucky.
Upon the expiration of its veteran furlough, the regiment was detailed
to guard Confederate prisoners, at Camp Morton, and remained on that
duty until the close of the war.
In December, 1861, Company E, Fifty-ninth Regiment, was organized, and
Aden G. Cavins was commissioned captain ; Benjamin S. Brookshire, first
lieutenant; Merritt C. Taylor, second lieutenant. About the same time
Company D was organized with Russell A. Belden captain, Andrew J. Mason
first lieutenant, and later Gibson C. Brandon second lieutenant.
Later Captain Cavins was promoted to major of the Ninety-seventh
Indiana Regiment, and Lieutenant Osbon was commissioned captain of
The regiment was mustered into the service for three years on the nth
of February, 1862, at Gosport, Indiana, with Jesse I. Alexander as
On February 13th the regiment was ordered to New Albany. On the 18th it
left on transports for Cairo, and arrived there on the 20th, and on the
following day embarked for Commerce, Missouri, and was the first
regiment to report to General Pope for duty with the Army of the
Mississippi. It was among the first regiments to enter New Madrid, and
took possession of Fort Thompson at that place. On the 7th of April it
crossed the Mississippi River and assisted in the capture of five
thousand prisoners at Tiptonville. It returned to New Madrid on April
10th, embarked and proceeded with the fleet to Fort Pillow. It returned
to New Madrid and thence to Hamburg, Tennessee, by transport.
From the 24th of April to May 29th the regiment was engaged in most of
the skirmishes and reconnaissances during the march to the siege of
Corinth, and after the enemy evacuated the city the regiment followed
to Booneville, and then returned to the locality of Corinth. During the
summer the regiment went on several expeditions, and returned to
Corinth, and was engaged on the 3d and 4th of October in the battle of
Corinth, and after the defeat of the enemy joined in the pursuit to the
Hatchie River, and again returned to Corinth on the 10th of October.
The regiment was nearly always on a march or a fight. On the 2d of
November it marched to Grand junction, thence to Davis Mills and
Moscow, thence to Cold Water, Holly Springs, Oxford, Yocan River,
thence back to Oxford, thence to Lumpkin Mill, thence in front of the
rebel fortifications at Vicksburg, where on the 22<1 of May, 1863,
the regiment participated in the assault, sustaining a loss of one
hundred and twenty-six killed and wounded. The regiment at the time was
in the Seventeenth Corps, General F. P. Blair commanding, and with it
marched up the Yazoo River to Satartia, returning to its old position
on the 4th of June, where itremained until the surrender on the 4th of
The regiment remained at Vicksburg until September 13th, when it
embarked on transport and went to Helena, where it remained until the
28th of September, and then embarked for Memphis. On the 5th of October
went by rail to Corinth, thence to Glendale. On the 19th of October
started for Chattanooga, and arrived there in time to take part in the
grand victory of Missionary Ridge. On the 17th of December, began its
return to Bridgeport, Alabama, where the regiment was transferred to
the Fifteenth Army Corps, under command of General John A. Logan. On
the 23d of December it started for Huntsville, Alabama, and while there
the regiment re-enlisted as a veteran organization on the 1st day of
January, 1864. After going home on veteran furlough the regiment
returned to Huntsville on the 2d of April. Thence in June to Kingston,
Georgia, where it joined Sherman's army, on its march to Atlanta. After
several expeditions, one of which was in East Lawrence, after Wheeler's
cavalry, on the 14th of November, it moved towards Atlanta, and shared
the honors, dangers and victories of Sherman's grand march to the sea,
and finally participated in the grand review at Washington. The
regiment was mustered out of service at Louisville, Kentucky, on the
17th day of July, 1865. It traveled by rail three thousand and seven
hundred miles, by water four thousand six hundred and eighteen miles,
and by land five thousand three hundred and five miles.
SEVENTY-FIRST REGIMENT, OR- SIXTH
In August, 1862, Company H, Seventy-first Regiment, Indiana Volunteer
Infantry, was organized, and John J. Starnes was commissioned captain,
John T. Owen, first lieutenant, and H. D. Watts, second lieutenant. The
regiment was organized at Terre Haute, and on the 18th day of August,
1862, it was mustered into service with Melville D. Topping as
lieutenant colonel. Before the regiment was drilled, before they
received their promised bounty, and before they were required by law to
leave the state, at the request of Governor Morton, every man
volunteered to go to Kentucky, which state was then being invaded by a
large Confederate force. The regiment, with a few other troops, met an
overwhelming force at Richmond, Kentucky, on the 30th of August, where
Lieutenant Colonel Topping and Major Conkling were killed, the regiment
sustaining a loss of two hundred and fifteen killed and wounded, and
three hundred and forty-seven prisoners. Two hundred and twenty-five
escaped. The prisoners were immediately parolled and returned to Terre
Haute. After they were exchanged four hundred of them were sent in
December, 1862, to Muldraugh Hill, Kentucky, to guard the railroad, and
on the 28th day of December were attacked by a force of four thousand
men under General John H. Morgan, and after fighting an hour and a half
were captured and paroled. They then returned to Indianapolis, where
they remained until August 26, 1863.
On the 22d day of February, 1863, the regiment was authorized to be
changed into cavalry, and became the Sixth Regiment, Indiana Cavalry.
In October, 1863, the regiment was sent to East Tennessee and was
engaged in the siege of Knoxville and active operations against General
Longstreet, losing many meni killed and wounded. In the spring of 1864
it was ordered to Mt. Sterling, and afterwards to Nicholsonville. On
the 29th of April it left for Georgia and on the nth of May joined
Sherman's army, then in front of Dalton, and was assigned to the
cavalry corps of the Army of Ohio, under General Stoneman. In the
Atlanta campaign, they participated in all of the cavalry operations,
and were engaged at Tunnel Hill, Red Clay, Resaca, Cassville, Kenesaw
Mountain and other engagements. The regiment aided in the capture of
Altoona Pass, and was the first to take possession of and raise the
flag on Lost Mountain. On the 27th of July it started with Stoneman on
his raid to Macon, Georgia, and in that expedition lost one hundred and
sixty-six men in killed, wounded and captured. On the 28th day of
August it left Marietta and returned to Nashville.
On September 25th it left Nashville with Croxton's cavalry to assist in
repelling the invasion of middle Tennessee by General Forrest. This
expedition was commanded by General Loval H. Rousseau, the same officer
who was captain of the Mexican war company, raised in Greene county.
The expedition lasted twenty days and resulted in the defeat of General
Forrest at Pulaski, Tennessee, on September 27th, and his pursuit to
Florence and Waterloo, in Alabama. At Pulaski the regiment lost
twenty-three men in killed and wounded. On the 1st of November it
started by rail to Dalton, Georgia, and on the 26th returned to
Nashville; on the 15th and 1 6th of December it participated in the
battle in front of Nashville and followed in pursuit of Hood's
retreating army. It returned to Nashville on the 1st of April, 1865,
and moved to Pulaski ; with the Second Brigade, Sixth Division Cavalry
Corps, Military Division of Mississippi. On the 17th of June part of
the regiment was mustered out at Pulaski, Tennessee, and on the- 27th
of June the recruits were consolidated with the recruits of the Fifth
Cavalry, and they were designated as the Sixth Cavalry, and served
under Colonel Cortlahd C. Matson in middle Tennessee until the 15th of
September, 1865, and was mustered out of service at Murfreesboro.
The Ninety-seventh Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry, was organized
in the seventh congressional district in August, 1862, with Robert F.
Catterson as lieutenant colonel. The regiment was largely made up in
Greene county. Aden G. Cavins was commissioned major and later
lieutenant colonel and colonel. The following companies were made up in
Greene county: Company A, A. J. Axtell, captain ; Nathaniel Crane,
first lieutenant; John Catron, second lieutenant; Company E, Thomas
Flinn, captain; Joseph T. Oliphant, first lieutenant; Elijah Mitchell,
second lieutenant; Company C, John W. Carmichael, captain; Jacob E.
Fletcher, first lieutenant; William F. Jerrall, second lieutenant;
Company G, John Fields, captain ; William Hatfield, first lieutenant ;
Henry Gastineau, second lieutenant ; and part of Company I, and part of
The regiment was mustered in the service September 20 1862, at Terre
On November 9th it was ordered to Memphis, Tennessee, and was assigned
to the Third Brigade. First Division, Seventeenth Army Corps, and
marched on several expeditions and finally went into winter quarters at
Lagrange, Tennessee. In June, 1863, it was ordered to Vicksburg and
joined Sherman's army. After the surrender of Vicksburg it pushed on to
Jackson, Mississippi. The advance reached Jackson on the 9th of July,
and there was constant skirmishing until the 16th.
The regiment returned to Black River, and after tearing up many miles
of railroad went to Vicksburg, and thence by boat to Memphis. In
October the regiment joined the army near Chattanooga Creek and engaged
in the battle at Chattanooga on the 25th of November, and at Missionary
Ridge. They followed the retreating army to near Ringgold, and there
were ordered to east Tennessee to relieve General Burnside.
After the retreat of Longstreet from east Tennessee they returned with
the corps to Scottsboro, Alabama, and remained until the Atlanta
campaign in May, 1864. At this time the regiment was in the Third
Brigade, Fourth Division, Fifteenth Army Corps, under command of
General John A. Logan. It moved to Resaca and engaged in battle on the
14th and 15th.
On the 27th it engaged the enemy at Dallas ; on June 1st at the battle
of New Hope Church; on the 15th at Big Shanty; on the 27th at Kenesaw
Mountain, where the regiment lost in killed and wounded seventy out of
three hundred engaged. It was engaged in the entire battle of Atlanta,
and on July 22d captured the Fifth Tennessee Confederate regiment, that
being the regiment that killed General McPherson. It was engaged at
Ezra Chapel on July 28th, and later at the battle of Jonesboro. On the
1st of September it reached Lovejoy, and on the 3d of October engaged
the enemy in pursuit of Hood. On the 12th of November it started on the
march to the sea. On the 29th of November it engaged the enemy at
Griswoldville, Georgia ; on the 8th of December engaging the enemy at
Little Oghuchu River; on December 21st it entered Savannah, and was
present at the capture of Columbia, South Carolina, on the 15th day of
February, 1865; on the 25th day of March it was at the battle of
Bentonville, North Carolina, thence moved to Goldsboro, thence to
Richmond, Virginia, thence to Washington City, and was on the grand
parade and review. It was mustered out of service on the 9th day of
June, 1865, at Washington City.
The regiment sustained losses of forty-six killed, one hundred and
forty-six wounded, one hundred and forty-nine died of disease. It
marched three thousand miles, lost three color bearers in assault on
15th and 27th of June, 1864.
ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTEENTH REGIMENT.
The One Hundred and Fifteenth Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry, was
organized at Indianapolis, and mustered into the service for six months
on the 17th day of August, 1863, Colonel John R. Mahan commanding.
Company A was recruited in Greene county, with Spencer L. Bryan captain
; Merritt C. Taylor, first lieutenant, and Addison C. Sanders, second
lieutenant. The regiment left Indianapolis September 16th, and
proceeded through Kentucky to Nicholsonville. On September 24th it
moved to Cumberland Gap, passing through Crab Orchard, and reached
Cumberland Gap on October 3d. On the 6th it marched southward, passing
through Tazewell and across Clinch River, Clinch Mountain, and Holsten
River, and entered Morristown on the 8th. On the 10th it reached Blue
Spring, where it met the enemy and drove them for fifteen miles. Then
the regiment moved to Greenville. On November 6th it marched to Ball's
Gap, where it suffered greatly from the want of food and clothing, so.
much so that the brigade to which they belonged has since been called
"the Persimmon Brigade," on account of the command living largely upon
persimmons for a part of the time. During the winter of 1863 and 1864
until their term of service expired, they were in the mountains of east
Tennessee, marching almost shoeless over rough roads, and endured many
hardships. The regimerit was mustered out of service in February, 1864.
This was the last organized company formed in Greene county. Before
this time many of the boys of the county had gone into other regiments,
and after this time some went as recruits to the regiments already
formed, some as substitutes for drafted men, and some were allured into
other counties on account of the local bounties offered.
Biographical memoirs of Greene County, Ind. B.F. Bowen Co 1908
Source: FHL 1351156