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Welcome to Hamilton County, Indiana
History and Genealogy

seal courthouse
Hamilton County Courthouse in Noblesville, Indiana and County Seal

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The county bears the name of Alexander Hamilton, the first secretary of the United States treasure, under Washington. He was an aid to General George Washington throughout the Revolutionary War, first Treasurer of the United States most remembered for his fatal duel with Vice President Aaron Burr.

The surface of the county is level in some parts, and gently undulating in others, and the soil, without any exception, is excellent, being well adapted to either corn, grain or grass.

There are, along White River, some dry, rich prairies and at the heads of Cicero and Stoney creeks, some wet ones, but they are quite small. The balance of the county was originally heavily timbered, with a good proportion of oak, popular, walnut, sugar, hickory and beech. This is one of the finest farming counties in Indiana, and most of the farmers have become wealthy.

Noblesville is the county seat. It is located in the center of the county, and is a thriving town, with a population of about two thousand. It has good railroad facilities, good schools and its public improvements will compare favorably with other town of equal population. There are quite a large number of Friends in Hamilton County. They have done much to develop the resources of that section.

The land containing Hamilton County was brought into the possession of the United States by the Treaty of St. Mary's in 1818. William Conner was the first white settler in the county, in the summer of 1822, after realizing there were enough settlers in the area, Conner and other settlers applied to the Indiana Legislature for a charter authorizing them to become a separate and independent county under Indiana law. The application was presented to the Legislature at the 1822-23 session and the act was passed and approved by the governor on January 8, 1823. The act took effect on the first Monday in April (April 7), 1823. The County Commissioners first met on May 5, 1823, at the house of William Conner. Conner's house would also serve as the County Circuit Court.

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