BROWN  TOWNSHIP
 
This township took its name from Prior Brown, one of the first settlers. It was organized and incorporated in the year 1833, at which time it was struck off from Green, of which it had formed the eastern part for one year, prior to which it had been a part of Jackson for a similar time, and preceding that a part of Blue river for three years.
Brown not being one of the original townships, like Blue river and Brandywine, just described, and Sugar creek, yet to consider, it now becomes necessary to digress a little and introduce a map and explanations, in order to make clear to the mind of the young reader the origin and early history of the township now under consideration, and of the other non original townships to follow.

Explanations, Suggestions, and Historical Facts
In order to comprehend the descriptions of the origin and early history of the county and several townships, the reader should study carefully our outline maps and history connected therewith; also the wall map published in 1875 by the senior member of this firm. To show the number of the townships and their exact size and location by maps, would require eight illustrations. We hardly deem it necessary to give all; but with what we shall introduce, together with the printed history, the student may easily comprehend the various political changes.
Let the reader ever bear in mind that the county consisted of:
In 1828, three townships Blue River, Brandywine and Sugar creek.
In 1831, seven townships Center, Jackson, Harrison and Buck creek being added.
In 1832, eight townships Green being added.
In 1833, nine townships Brown being added.
In 1836, ten townships Vernon being added.
In 1838, twelve townships Jones and Union being added.
In 1850, thirteen townships Worth being added.
In 1853, nine townships Harrison, Jones, Union and Worth being annihilated.

With this brief outline, in connection with the maps given, to which we shall often refer, the reader may readily locate any and all of the civil and congressional townships, present and historical.

Location, Boundary  Size, Topography, Timber, etc.
 Brown township is located in the north-east corner of the county, and is bounded by Madison county on the north, Henry on the east, Jackson township and Henry county on the south, and Green township on the west. It is the only township in the county that is not partially bounded by Center.
In dimensions, Brown is six miles east and west and five miles north and south; and, consequently, consists of thirty sections. It is all located in township seventeen north and ranges seven and eight east, the west tier of sections being in range seven and the remainder in range eight east.
In topography, the face of the township is mainly level, though somewhat undulating in- the vicinity of the streams; soil, limestone deep, rich and lasting; subsoil, gravel and clay.
It was once heavily timbered with beech, sugar maple, oak, elm. walnut, cherry, and poplar, and especially abounded in fine oak. The destroying angel passed over his township and selected out the fine walnut and poplar And claimed them for his own.
It is almost wholly an agricultural and grazing district. The only manufactories in the township, outside of  the flouring mills, are a saw-mill and a tile factory.

Streams.
Sugar Creek enters the township at the north-east corner and flows south-west three and one half miles to the center of section twenty one, and within half a mile of Warrington; thence north-west, dipping into Madison county at the north-west corner of section eight: thence south-west, passing out on the west line of the township, one and a half miles south of the north-west comer, on the west middle line of section thirteen. Brandywine rises west of Warrington. in section twenty, run south by south-west and passes out of the township one- and a hall" miles east of the south-west corner, and near the middle southern line of section thirty one. Willow Branch rises in the Western central part of the township, in the eastern part of section twenty four, and flows south two miles; thence west, passing out a half mile -north of the south-west corner. The Pedee rises in the south-east part of the township, flows north-west four miles, passes Warrington on the north-east, and empties into Sugar Creek in section seventeen. " Brandywine, in Brown, is a small, torpid stream. The first of these streams once furnished limited water-power for "corn crackers" and "muly saw-mills," but has no mills on its banks to-day. The last two are short, sluggish brooks, rising in wet. marshy land and flowing through level territory, are of little use save for drainage.

Earliest Land Entries.
The first land entered in the township was on July 3rd. 1830, by Prior Brown, being the east half of the north-east quarter of section thirty three, in township seventeen north, and in range eight east. The second entry was made on December 2nd of the same year, by Isaac Davis. This land was then in Blue river township.

First Settlers.
Among the first settlers of the township were : Prior Brown, after whom the township was named ; John and Ezekiel Morgan, Geo. Nance, Mr. Davis, Perry Wilson, Sarah Baldwin and her family of seven children, Morgan McQuery, the Johnses, Nibargers, Sparkses, Hiatts, Seth Walker, Mosby Childers, Stephen Harlan, and Thomas Collins. All of whom are gone to the happy hunting grounds beyond the rolling river, and with the spirit's eye look with pleasure on the pleasant surroundings of their posterity, now enjoying the fruits of their labors. At a later date came Alfred and John Thomas ? Jonas Marsh, the father of William, Montgomery, Ephraim, and Dr. John L. Marsh ; William Bussel; Aaron Cass, grandfather of Annetta Cass, murdered in Green township ; John Hays and Joel Cook, steady, prosperous farmers.

First Election.
The first election in the township was in 1834, held at the residence of Barzilla Rozell. The ballots were cast in a hat, and covered with a kerchief. There were no complaints of " stuffing the ballot box " in those halcyon days.

Mills, muly and modern.
The first grist-mill in the township was simply a corn cracker, built by Stephen Harlan in 1835, and located on Sugar Creek, one and one half miles north-east of Warrington, near where the Con­cord church now stands. This mill was run successfully for several years, when Harlan abandoned it and erected a new one on a more extensive scale lower down the stream propelled by an overshot wheel. The older citizens declare that the wheel was too large and set too high to secure the proper fall for the water, which in the dry season was low ; so that on the occasion of letting the water into the race, it passed down very slowly till it came to a craw-fish hole, when it suddenly disappeared, to the utter chagrin of the enterprising miller and the amazement of the rural spectators.
In about 1852, Lane & Co. built a sash saw-mill in the central southern portion of the township, which they run for a number of years, when they sold to Dr. S. A. Troy, who refitted it and kept it in operation for two years, and then traded it off, and it was moved away.
Daniel Blakely, in about 1836, erected a small saw­mill on Sugar Creek, near Nashville, which fed upon the choice logs of the vicinity for a number of years.
A Mr. Jenkins built a steam saw-mill in the north-east part of the township in 1850, and run it for a considerable length of time.
Harlan & Brown, about 1855, erected a steam saw­mill near the old Harlan mill, referred to above, which was successfully operated for, probably, ten years.
Trees & Company erected a steam circular saw-mill in Warrington about 1863, just across the road east from where the present flouring mill now stands.
A little west of Nashville, on the pike, Allen Walton & Brother built, about 1868, the largest and most successful circular saw-mill ever erected in the township, if not in the County, which continued in operation till 1879, when it was removed.

Roads.
This township is reasonably well supplied with good public roads, many of which have been graded and graveled by her enterprising citizens. There are in (In- township nine and three fourth miles of toll pike, besides about six miles surrendered to the public. Tn this township belongs the credit of having the first gravel rood toll pike in the county, built in 1859, and known as the " Knightstown and Warrington Gravel Road"

Railroads,
This township has do railroad completed. The I.. B. and W. are extending n line through the county, which will pass through the township, entering at the south-west corner and passing out near the central middle line on the east.

Synopsis
Brown township has four churches, to-wit:  Baptist, Methodist,  Episcopal. United Brethren, and Christian.

There are three secret orders in the township" Masons, Odd Fellows, and Daughters of Rebecca.

It has two villages, Warrington and Nashville, and two post-offices, Warrington and Willow Branch. The former is the only voting precinct.

She has a tile factory, flour mill, saw-mill, three pikes, one county officer, one mill stream, two border counties, and is democratic by about sixty majority.

Teachers and Schools.
The names and numbers of the schools, and the teachers at present employed, are as follows :

District No. 1. Sparks Miss Laughlin.
District No. 2. Clifton P. H. Copeland.
District No. 3. Garriott W. P. Bussel.
District No. 4. Buchanan S. N. Ham.
District No. 5. Warrington M. J. Scuffle.
District No. 6. Mays Jennie Kitterman.
District No. 7. Brewer Rose M. Thompson.
District No. 8. Democrat Lucy Morris.
District No. 9. Spiceland W. J. Thomas.


Remarks.
These several schools are numbered similar to the numbering of the sections in a congressional township, No. 1 being found in the north-east corner and No. 9 in the south-west, there being three tiers of houses of three each. The Buchanan school-house is located in the western middle part, near J. N. Martindale's farm. The senior member of this firm once swayed the green birch with regal authority at this point, and had the honor of having under his instruction the future county clerk, Ephraim Marsh; Dr. John L. Marsh; and Dr. David Myers, since deceased. At the old original Spiceland school-house, Dr. J. G. Stuart, of Fortville; Wm. Sagers, and Montgomery Marsh, also received his instruction.
In 1838, Montgomery Marsh attended a school located just north of the Buchanan, the building of which was made entirely of buckeye logs. The teacher was David McKinsey, now in the poor-house of this county.

Population and Polls.
The scholastic population of Brown for 1881 is 489. Polls, 243. Population for 1850, 878; for 1860, 1,161 ; 1870, 1,329; for 1880, 1,400

Vote.
The number of votes cast in Brown in 1836 were 51; in 1840, 110: in i860, 205; in 1870, 235 ; in 1880, ,328. Her vote for President in 1881 stood: Republican, 125; Democratic. 186; independent, 17.

Value of Real and Personal Property.
Brown town­ship has 19,248 acres of assessed land, valued at $423,620. Her improvements on the same are valued at $53,810. Value of town lots, $2,330; with improvements on the same valued at $6,380. Personal property, $158,605. Total value of real and personal property. $644,745.

Taxes.
This township is assessed for the current year, to be paid in 1882, for $7,141.45 taxes. Of this amount, the following men pay $40 and upward, viz.;

Armstrong, T. heirs. $43 .10 Armstrong, Thos. H.. $56 .75
BusseI, M. P 57.70 Bridges, John 61.15
Collins, R. J 54 .00 Collins, J. F 49. 95
Cook, J. F 67 .55 Combs, John 70 70
Copeland. Lewis 98. 90 Eakins, W. S. 57. 75
Enright, Robert 42 .55 Forts. J. heirs 80 .50
Foust H E. & J 44.15 Harlan, S. heirs 48 .55
Hamilton J. 47. 75 Howrin, T. J 62. 60
Holliday, F. heirs. 55.60 Havs, J. B 43. 90
Hays, Wm. M. 64 .15 Hays. R. R 58. 05
Hatfleld, W. E 64 .90 Johns, Mat 50 25
Martindale, J. N 70.70 Martindale, E.J 44 15
McDaniel, J. A 88. 50 McCray, S 68. 40
McCray, John 100.15 Mays, John 55. 00
Reeves, B. F 91.90 Reeves, Elijah heirs . 70 .80
Reeves, Jane 86.75 Risk & Hosier. 110.90
Sparks, W. A 40.15 Thomas, M.J 51. 45
Thomas, John M. 197.85 Trees, Wm. 91. 40
Trees, J. R 43.70 Trees, J. W., sen 78 .75
Thomas, A. B. 48.05 Vanderbark, J. W 86 .20
Wilkinson, B 49 .80 Woods, Robert 80 .00
White, J. W 42 .35



Murders,  Suicides and Remarkable Deaths.
It was in this township that a Mr. Bell, brother of Senator Bell, of Madison county, was eaten by the wolves in 1838. His body was found by Mosby Childers north-west of Nash­ville in a badly mutilated condition. His bones, and fragments of his clothing and pocket-book, were picked up in different places. Cause of death never known.
In 1832, a child of Vincent Cooper was frozen to death on the banks of Sugar Creek, in this township. It had wandered from home and was lost.
In the early history of the township a man by the name of Tullus committed suicide, by hanging, within one hundred yards of Warrington.
In 1856, William Mitchell, a young man, was killed by horse racing, being thrown against a tree by the horse taking an opposite side of the tree from what the rider intended he should, and supposed he would, take.
Alfred Jones' wife committed suicide in 1875, by hanging in a small house near her residence. Cause unknown. Her husband was absent from home at the time
.

Township Trustees.
The following are the names of the township trustees from the time they were empowered with authority to levy taxes, together with the date of their appointment:

Wm. L. Garriott 1859 J. W. Trees 1864
Montgomery Marsh 1861 Wm.. Marsh 1865
B. F. Reeves 1863 Wm. L. Garriott 1878


It will be seen from the above that William Marsh held the office of trustee for more than a dozen years, and wfe speak from our own personal knowledge in testifying to his earnestness and efficiency. William L. Garriott sways the scepter at this date, being the first and last trustee in the township under the new regime. Attorney Marsh and Esquire Reeves carried the township safely through the perilous times of the civil war.

Justices of the Peace.
The following are the justices
of the peace for Brown township from its organization to the present time. We copy from the records since 1840. Prior to that time we find no records either in our own court-house or at Indianapolis in the state records.
Barzilla Rozell Unknown Wm. L. Garriott 1862
Seth Walker 1836 Benjamin McCarty 1862
Robert Eakin 1840 Benjamin F. Reeves 1866
Daniel Wilkinson. 1840 Benjamin McCarty 1866
Robert Eakin 1845 Fred F. McKinsey 1870
A. D. Childers 1848 Benjamin F. Reeves 1870
Neville Reeves 1850 Benjamin F. Reeves 1874
A. D. Childers 1853 H. B. Collins 1876
Robert Eakin 1855 Benjamin F. Reeves 1878
A. D. Childers 1857 Joseph Garriott 1880
Benjamin McCarty 1858


Esquires Reeves and Garriott hold the scales of justice in Brown at present.

Ex-County Officers
Brown township, like Virginia, the mother of Presidents, has not been wanting in furnish­ing county officers.
Among these ex-officers we call to memory Ex-Auditor Lysander Sparks, one of the pioneers of the township. His father was the first merchant in Warrington.
Captain Taylor W. Thomas, deceased, late resident of Center township, was elected and served as sheriff from Brown.
Wm. G. Caldwell, one of the staunch resident farmers of Brown, was the immediate predecessor of William Wilkins as sheriff of the county.
Of the ex-commissioners were Seth Walker, Daniel Wilkinson, and Nevil Reeves, all honest, honorable, 44 well-to-do farmers.
Ex-Prosecuting Attorney M. Marsh and Ex-County Surveyor James K. King were both elected in Brown township.
There may be others ; but as there is no record of the residence of the various county officers, it must be taken from memory and hearsay, which are not always reliable.
 
Exports.
The chief exports of Brown are corn, wheat, hogs, cattle, horses, lumber, and flaxseed, with small quantities of apples,.potatoes, and sheep.



Return To The Main Index