Knox County Indiana




THEO. P. AGNEW, grocer, of Vincennes, Ind., was born in Coshocton County, Ohio, February 16, 1842, son of Martin and Frances (Phillips) Agnew, natives of New York and Ohio respectively. The family came to Knox County in 1841, and located on a farm in Decker Township, and later removed to the city, where the father followed bookkeeping a number of years, and later engaged in the dairy business, which he followed until his death in 1867. Theo. P. was reared in this city, and obtained a very good education in the public schools. In 18(32 he started out in the steamboat business, and engaged in the same rather extensively on the Wabash, Obio, Tennessee, Cumberland and Mississippi Rivers for twenty-four years. In 1870 he became financially interested in the line of steamboats on the Wabash River, which enterprise he conducted successfully until 1885. Among the boats he built and managed were the " Belgrade," " Vigo" and others. In November, 1885, Mr. Agnew quit the river, and engaged in the grocery business in this city, in which he is meeting with good success. In 1875 he married Ella Green, a native of Knox County. They have three children: William, George and Ray. He is a Republican and a K. of P., and is justly recognized as atnong the enterprising and successful business men of Vincennes.


CYRUS McCRACKEN ALLEN, of Vincennes. was born in Clark County, Ky., April 22, 1815, son of Thomas Allen, one of the early and highly-respected pioneers of Indiana. Cyrus M. secured such education as could be procured at that early day.* He followed mercantile pui suits a few years after attaining his majority, but soon dropped that and began the study of law, with the view to making it a profession, reading in Winchester, and later attending a course of lectures in the law department of the old Transylvania University, of Lexington, Ky. About this time he married Mary Lander, and in 1840 removed to Indiana and embarked in his profession at Paoli, Ind., but the following year located at Petersburg, where he practiced law four years, remov- ing to Vincennes in 1844, where his legal ability soon placed him in the front rank of his profession. He took an active part in the political affairs of the county, and in 1859 was elected to the State Legislature by the old Whig party, and here his legislative ability was as marked as his knowledge of the law, gaining him a State reputation. Later he resumed the practice of law, and also engaged as contractor, and assisted in the con- struction of the Ohio & Mississippi Railroad (eastern division), and also built part of the Indianapolis & Vincennes Railroad, also Cairo & Vincennes and Illinois River Railroads. He was a great admirer of Lincoln, and was one of the first to present his name for the nomination to the presidency. In 1860 he was elected by the Republican party to the State Legislatiire, serving as speaker in that memorable session. He broke a quorum by leaving the capitol, thus thwarting the plans of the Democracy, who were leaguing against Gov. Morton and the Union. In 1863 he was candidate for Congress against W. E. Niblack, but was defeated, owing to the hopeless minority of his party. From that on he retired from public life, and devoted his attention to legal pursuits until he was disabled by disease and was compelled to retire from active work. His death, resulting from paralysis, occurred November 2, 1883. His first wife died, and he took for his second wife her sister, Sal lie Lander, who still survives him, also C. M. Allen, Jr., by his first wife. Mr. Allen had a State, if not a national reputation, as an eminent judge of law, a statesman of broad views, a public-spirited citizen, a man of marked literary ability, and in his death Knox County and the State suffered a loss not easy to replace.


JOHN ALLEN, grocer of Vincennes, Ind., is a native of Evansville, Ind., born June 16, 1863. His parents are John and Ellen (Vickery) Allen, natives, respectively, of England and Ire- land, and are now residents of Fort Branch, Gibson Co.. Ind' John was raised in Evansville and attended the public schools of that city. In 1879 he came to this city and engaged as clerk in the grocery store of his uncle, John Vickery. In 1883 he purchased a one-half interest in the business, which he held until his uncle's death in August, 1885. Since that time he has as- sumed complete management and control of the business. He has an excellent stock of goods and is doing well financially. December 11, 1884, he wedded Sarah Callender, a native of Parke County, Ind., who died October ft, 1885; had one child, also deceased. In politics he is a Republican and a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and although a young man is recognized as one among the successful business men of this city.


 Dr. George R. Alsop, cashier German National Bank, was born in Sperroyville, Rappahannoc county, Virginia, December 19, 1851, and was educated in the schools of Rappahannock and Spottsylvania counties, Va. He came to Sullivan county, Indiana, in 1869, teaching school till 1873. In 1873 and 1874 attended Indiana Medical College and next year entered the medical department of the University of Louisville, Ky., from whicn he was graduated in March, 1875. He soon after located at Freelandville, Knox county, Indiana, for the practice of his profession, forming a partnership with Dr. M. M. McDowell, and remaining there eight years. In November, 1882, the doctor was elected Circuit Clerk and in the following autumn moved to Vincennes to enter upon the discarge of the duties of that position. He served four years as clerk and. soon after the close of his term joined in the organization of the German National Bank, of which he became cashier in April, 1888. In that position, he has continued to the present time. Prior to his service as Circuit Clerk, Dr. Alsop was for four years trustee of Widner township, from. 1878 to 1882. Having an abiding faith in the value of Knox county farm lands the doctor has invested largely, and owns a number of valuable farms. Dr. Alsop was married April 20,. 1875, to Miss Nancy J. McClellan, of Sullivan, Ind. They have an. interesting family of four sons and. three daughters.  (VP&S)




JAMES S. BADOLLET. The great-grandparents of our subject came from France to America in 1777, and made their home in Pennsylvania until 1806, when they came to what is now Knox County, Ind. Here the great-grandfather died. His son, our subject's grandfather, was James P. Badollet. He was a graduate of West Point and was a lieutenant in the war of 1812. His death occurred in Knox County in 1873. James S. is a son of William and Amanda (Foulks) Badollet, who were born in the county in 1821 and 1827, respectively, and both died in 1865. James was born in the county November 20, 1854, and after his parents' death he made his home with his grandfather and was reared on a farm. He obtained a very good education in the district schools near home, and during the winters of 1874—75 he was a student in the Evansville Commercial College, from which institution he graduated in the spring of 1875. He subsequently engaged in farming and continued a tiller of the soil until 1882, when he was appointed deputy treasurer of the county. He is a Democrat and cast his first presidential vote for Hancock. He became a member of the I. O. O. F. in 1882, and is a representative of one of the pioneer families of the county and an enterprising young man.


WARREN WORTH BAILEY, editor of the Vincennes News, is a native of Hendricks County, Ind., born near New Winchester, January 18, 1855, son of Elisha and Elizabeth (Faught) Bailey, both natives of Kentucky, the father born in Bourbon County in 1802, and the mother near Frankfort in 1824. The Bailey family, who are of Scotch-German descent, came to Vincennes in 1870, and here resided until the father's death, November 24, 1883. The mother now resides in this city. Warren W. is the eldest of four children born to his father's third marriage. He received a common school education, and worked on a farm in his boyhood days. He began the study of telegraphy in 1871 and soon mastered it. The following year he accepted the position as telegraph operator at Kansas, Ill., for the Indianapolis & St. Louis Eailroad. He continued this work until 1874, when he began learning the printer's trade in the office of the Kansas (Ill.) News, and remained in said office until 1877. He then went to Carlisle, Ind., and became connected with the Carlisle Democrat, as editor and part owner. In 1879 that paper was consolidated with the Vincennes Reporter, and took the name of the Vincennes News. Subject removed to Vincennes at that time, and has continued the newspajjer work. He is an independent Democrat in politics, and is an able editor and popular man of southern Indiana.


THOMAS S. BAILEY, dealer in fancy and staple groceries, was born October 15, 1848, son of James and Caroline (Treadway) Bailey, and is of Irish descent. His father was born near the city of Belfast, Ireland, in County Down, in 1800, and the mother in Pennsylvania in 1808. The paternal grandfather was Jacob Bailey, a native born Irishman, and lived and died in the "Emerald Isle." In 1815 James Bailey came to America and settled in western Pennsylvania, and there resided until about 1830, when he emigrated to Lawrence County, Ill., where he remained until 1873. The then went to Lamar County, Tex., where he died in 1877. His mother died in Illinois in 1858. In 1873 our subject went to Texas, and was there engaged in the real estate business until 1880, when he came to Vincennes. Since that time he has carried on the grocery business, and has been quite successful. He was married, in 1872, to Mary Stiles, a native of Ohio, born in 1851. They have four sons: Louis E., James E., Thomas S. and George S. Mr. Bailey is a member of the Democratic party, and joined the Masonic fraternity at Bridgeport,Ill., in 1870. He enlisted in the Twenty-third Illinois Volunteer Infantry in 1865, and was at Lee's surrender. He was honorably discharged in August, 1865. His wife is a rnember of the Presbyterian Church.


Wm. Baker, president of the German National Bank, wss born in Lippe Detmold. Prussia. September 29, 1835, and was educated in the schools of that country. He came to this country with his parents, arriving in December, 1852. His first employment was as a teamster in the construction of the E. & T. H. railroad. He was subsequently for several years employed on a farm and then for one year drove a dray in Vincennes. Later, in 1860, entered the employ of George Kerckhoff & Co., hides and leather. Here he remained till 1863, when he established a hide and leather business of his own on Second street, between Broadway and Buntin. In 1868 he bought the business of Kerckhoff & Co., at the north corner of Third and Main, and continued the business there for about twenty years, when he retired from active business for a time. He became one of the directors of the German National Battk on its organization, in 1888. In 1894, Mr. Baker was elected president of the bank and has been annually reelected since that date. (VP&S)

John  Baker

John Baker was elected by the people in 1804, and served one full term of six years. He was born in Woodford County, Ky., near Versailles, October 12, 1812, and came to Indiana in 1815. He had, in youth, but limited educational advantages. He first learned the stone-mason trade and followed that occupation until after he arrived at full age. He commenced the study of law after his marriage. He then resided in Orange County, this State. But he studied hard, and possessing a strong mind, sound judgment and a good memory, he made rapid progress and soon took rank as an able lawyer and managed his cases with skill. As a judge he gave very general satisfaction, and was prompt in the discharge of his duties and disposed of business rapidly and satisfactorily. He resided and practiced law for many years in Bedford, Lawrence Co., Ind. He removed to Vincennes in 1850 and resided here until about three years ago, when he removed to Washington, where he now resides engaged in the practice of his profession.


Joseph L. Bayard was born in Vincennes, January 21, 1840, and received his education in the schools of Vincennes and at Bardstown College, at Bardstown, Ky. His first employment in the way of business was as a clerk in the Vincennes branch of the Bank of the State of Indiana. In this position he remained five years till 1893, when he engaged in a general merchandise business in Vincennes, in which he continued till 1869, when he joined in the organizaton of the German Banking Company, a private bank, of which he became cashier. This bank was, in 1871. merged in the First National, and Mr. Bayard became cashier of the enlarged institution. This position he continued to fill for more than twenty-six years until the death of Mr. Rabb, in 1898, when he was elected president of the bank and has been annually re-elected since. Mr. Bayard has never sought public office or public trust but has had many trusts imposed upon him which a broad-minded public spirit would not permit him to decline. He was ome of the organizers of the Citizen's Gas Company and has been treasurer of the company since its organization.. He has also been president of the company since 1898. He was a charter member of the board of trade and has been treasurer of that body siace its organization. He has been a trustee of Vincennes University for fourteen years and treasurer of the institution for ten years. He is also the senior member of the firm of J. L. Bayard & Co., one of the oldest and largest insurance agencies in this end of the State. Mr. Bayard was married in 1881 to Miss Helen Burke, of Marietta, Ohio. They have four sons and one daughter living and one son dead. (VP&S)


 Joseph L. Bayard, Jr., receiving teller of the First National Bank, was born in Vincennes July 21, 1872. He attended the Cathedral school here and later entered Fordham, Fordham, New York taking the scientific course. From this school he was graduated in June, .1892, taking the degree of B. Sc. His first employment after leaving school was in the First National Bank, which he entered as bookkeeper in May, 1894. He became receiving teller, January 1, 1900. Mr. Bayard was married October 28, 1896, to Miss Helen Reily. They have one son. (VP&S)

Isaac Blackford

Isaac Blackford, the first one of the line, was a native of New Jersey, and a graduate of Princeton College. He located at Vincennes and began the practice of law while Indiana was a territory. He was small of stature and thin in person, and as void of surplus flesh as his decisions of surplus verbiage. He was not a speaker in any respect, and was a man of few words and to the point. He held many official positions. He represented the county in the Legislature, and was speaker of the House at the first session under the State government. He was appointed a judge of the supreme court of the State, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of John Johnson, September 10, 1817, and was continued by successive elections on the supreme bench until January 3, 1853. He was subsequently appointed a judge of the Federal court of claims, and died while still a member of that court. He was very economical in his habits and always wore a black suit glossy from long use, and a black silk hat well worn from frequent brushings. As a consequence he amassed a large fortune. He married a Miss Johnson of this county, but their marital relations were not pleasant and they ceased to live together before her death. His wife and only child, George, died in this county long before he died. He was thought by many, at the time he was appointed supreme judge, as too young for that high judicial station, but he fully realized the expectations of his friends, and his enduring reputation will rest upon the decisions delivered by him while a judge of that court, and the eight volumes of reports of its decisions which he published.

Thomas H. Blake

Thomas H. Blake came to this place from Washington City, where his father was at one time mayor. He was admitted to the bar in our circuit court May 27, 1816. He afterward removed to Terre Haute. He was an educated and accomplished man, and ambitious to a fault. He was of splendid personal appearance, fully six feet high and straight as an arrow. He was a perfect gentleman and honorable in all his dealings. He soon showed a decided preference for political distinction, and, after several unsuccessful efforts, was returned to the Twentieth Congress, in 1827, from this district. He was afterward appointed commissioner of the general land office. He died when yet comparatively a young man.


 Henry J. Boeckmani, assistant cashier of the German National  Bank, was born in Vincennes, February 18,1857. He received his education at St. John's German Catholic schools and his first employment was in the bank of R. J. McKenney & Co., of the city, inl which he became bookkeeper in 1873. Here he remained six and a half years and was then for nearly five years bookkeeper in the First National Bank, of Vincennes. Following this he was for a time with C. H. DeBolt, as bookkeeper for his implement business. On the organiization of the German National Bank, in 1888, Mr. Boekman became bookkeeper and assistant cashier and has held that position continuously to the present time. He is also a member of the firm of Boeckman & Co., insurance agents.(VP&S)

Herman Boog

 Herman BOog was born in Brunswick, Germany, May 28, 1864, and came to America in 1888 at the age of 24 years. In 1890 Mr. Boog came to Vincennes and engaged with Frank Mitcihell as baker. In 1891 he formed a partnership with Henry Bergmann and established a bakery at Seventh and Hart streets. In 1895 the partnership was dissolved and Mr. Boog established his present business at 9 South Fourth street, where he has had a steady growth and now conducts one of the largest bakeries in the city, equipped with modern steam machinery. Mr. Boog was married in 1892 to Miss Lina Ahlborn, of Celle, Germany. They have two children living and have lost one by death


 John T. Boyd was born in Vincennes January 21, 1873. He was educated in the schools of the city. His business experience began with a subordinate position in the Second National Bank, which he accepted ini 1804. and he has since that date continued with the bank, becoming assistant cashier in 1809. Mr. Boyd was married October 25 1895, to Miss Katherine Eastham, daughter of City Treasurer Thomas Eastham. (VP&S)

Michael F. Burke

Michael F. Burke was also young when he became circuit judge. He was born in Limerick, Ireland, March 10, 1829, and came to this country in 1848. He had a thorough classical edu- cation. He commenced the study of law and graduated at the law department of the State University in 1851. He commenced the practice at Washington. He was a hard student, and prepared his cases for trial with much care. He was energetic and labored for success in whatever he undertook. He was a forcible speaker, and relied more upon fact and reason than the flowers of eloquence. Before he became judge he prosecuted the pleas of the State one term in our county, by court appointment, in the absence of the regular prosecutor. He made his mark by the vigor and ability he displayed in managing the State cases and  materially advanced his chances to be elected judge the same year. He was elected in 1858. He had a judicial mind and disposed of business rapidly. He was very popular with the bar. He was an active and influential Democrat, and was regarded as the leader of his party in Daviess County, and, during his life, through his tact and management, his party was invariably successful. He had bright prospects of being distinguished in his profession, and would undoubtedly have reaped a harvest of honors in any field he may have sought to cultivate, had not death claimed him in the very dawn of his public career. He died in the summer of 1864, during his first term on the bench. He was a warm and devoted friend, and many a tear was shed over his early death

William P. Bryant

William P. Bryant was judge of our circuit court for two years. During his occupation of the bench but little business of any exciting or important nature occupied the attention of the court. That he discharged his duties acceptably is attested by the fact that his official course never provoked criticism or cen- sure. We do not know where he resided when he was judge of this circuit, but have always been of the impression that he resided in Eockville, Parke County


Jacob Call

Jacob Call was a native of Kentucky. He presided in the circuit court for two years. During his term Thomas McKinney was indicted and tried for the murder of James Boyd, and convicted and sentenced by this judge to suffer death, and was accordingly executed October 15, 1822. "William Cox, a colored man, was also indicted and tried for committing a rape on Miss Smith, and was convicted and also sentenced by this judge to suffer death, and was executed April 9, 1824, These are the only persons who have suffered the death penalty in this county, in accordance with a judicial decree. Judge Call was elected to Congress from this district, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Judge Prince, over Thomas H. Blake, in November, 1824 He committed suicide by hanging himself with a silk handkerchief at Frankfort, Ky., April 20, 1826.

Thomas Campbell

 Thomas Campbell, architect and builder, corner First and Perry Streets, was born in Ireland April 1, 1851, and came to this country with his parents at.the age of three years. His father located on a farm in Richland County, Ill., six miles south of Olney, where young Campbell grew to manhood. When eighteen years of age he was apprenticed to John Barlow, of Olney, with whom he learned, the carpenter's trade. After completing his apprenticeship he continued to work at his trade in Olney for one year, coming to Vincennes in 1873. He worked here as a journeyman carpenter for several years, embarking in his present business in 1892. Mr. Campbell furnishes plans for the greater part of his work and has to his credit many fine buildings in this city and neighboring towns. Among these are the First M. E. Church of tlna city, which is shown elsewhere, the business block at north corner Main and Third Streets, that at 207 -17 North Second, residence of Fred Bierhaus, on Fifth, between Perry and Seminary, residence Guy Mc.Jimsey. 414 N. Sixth the Christian Church at Lawrenceville, C. P. Church at Monroe City and M. E. Churches at Shoals, Worthington, Carlisle and Farmersburg, Ind. Also superintended the $50,000 addition made to the Grand Hotel in this city in 1900 Mr. Campbell displays a taste in design and a genius in his plans that renders his work popular. He is a careful superintendent, permitting no deviation from specifications and the only difficulty he experiences is in meeting the increasing demand for his services. Mr. Campbell was married in 1876 to Miss Lucinda Matters, of Vincennes. They have two children living and one dead. (VP&S)

Jacob Cassell NEW!!

JACOB W. CASSELL, a prominent business man of Vincennes, Ind., was born in Madison County, Ind., December 23, 1840, and is a son of Jacob and Eleanor (Allen) Cassell, who were natives of Tennessee. Jacob W. was reared on a farm in his native county, and secured a good literary education. He graduated from the Commercial College of Pittsburgh, Penn., and completed the two years' course at the Northwestern Christian University at Indianapolis. In 1865 he came to Knox County, Ind., followed by his parents some six years later. The father died here December 8, 1884. In May, 1875, Mr. Cassell moved from his farm in the country to the city, and engaged in the wholesale and retail grocery business, which business he carries on at the present time. He carries a large and select stock of goods pertaining to his line of business, and controls a large share of the trade in the city and county. December 16, 1874, he wedded Miss Alice Turner, a native of Illinois, who has borne him four children: Elizabeth E., Ernest M., Louana Verna Pearl and William C. Mr. Cassell is a Democrat in his political views, and is one of the wide-awake and enterprising business men of the city of Vincennes.


CLARENCE N. CHEEVER, union ticket agent at Vincennes, Ind., is a native of the eastern part of the "Green Mountain State," born July 13, 1849, son of Nathan and Lydia Ann Cheever. The family are of English descent, and both parents were born in Vermont and still reside there. Our subject was educated in the schools of his native State, and at the age of sixteen he obtained a situation in the office of the Metropolitan Railway Company, at Boston, Mass. In 1867 he went to Burlington, Iowa, and was in the employ of the Northwestern Railway Company. He remained there two years and there had charge of the telegraph interests until 1873, when he came to Vincennes and was given the position of assistant ticket agent, which position he retained until 1880, when he was given the position he now holds. He is the agent for the Ohio & Mississippi, Evansville & Terre Haute, Indianapolis & Vincennes and the Cincinnati, Vincennes <fe Chicago Railways. In 1871 he was married to Ida A. Woodward, born in Vermont in 1856. They are the parents of these three children: May F., lima and Helen. Mr. Cheever is a Republican and became a member of the I. O. O. F. in 1875. For twelve years he has been identified with the railway interests of the country and is an exceedingly popular and courteous official.


HON. THOMAS R. COBB, member of the national House of Representatives, was born near the village of Springville, Ind., July 2, 1827, and is one of the children of Dickson and Merise (Shelby) Cobb, the former a native of South Carolina, born in 1798, and the latter born near Haysville, Ky., in 1800. His paternal grandfather was also a South Carolinian by birth, and the family is of Scotch-Welsh descent, their genealogy being traced back about 720 years. As early as 1813 the family of which Mr. Cobb is a representative moved from South Carolina to Ohio, and one year later settled in what is now Lawrence County, Ind. They there participated in all the hardships and inconveniences of pioneer life in the backwoods. The father of Mr. Cobb held the office of county sheriff, was one of the county's best citizens and died in 1878. The mother died at Bedford, Ind., in 1866. Thomas R. Cobb passed his youth in assisting his parents, attending school, and later teaching school and attending the State University. In 1853 he began the study of law at the State University at Bloomington, and the same year was admitted to the Lawrence County Bar. He practiced his profession at Bedford until 1867, when he moved to Vincennes, which has since been his home. Mr. Cobb is one of the leading Democrats of the State, and since manhood has figured prominently in public affairs. The following is his record in brief: In 1852 was appointed a commissioner ofIndiana militia; was a member of the Indiana Legislature from 1858 to 1866; a Democratic candidate for elector in 1868; was president of theIndiana State Democratic Central Committee, in 1876; a delegate to the Democratic National Convention that nominated Tilden and Hendricks in 1876; was elected to the Forty-fifth, Forty-sixth and Forty-seventh sessions of Congress, and re-elected to the Fortyeighth and Forty-ninth sessions. Mr. Cobb has justly the reputation of being an economist, having faithfully worked for the saving of the people's money during his entire congressional career. He served on the Committee of Elections during the Forty-fifth Congress and on the Appropriation Committee during the Fortysixth. The Forty-seventh being a Republican Congress, he was placed on the Committee of Public Lands and the session following was made chairman of that committee. During the Fortyseventh he introduced a bill forfeiting the lands of railway corporations for non-fulfillment of contracts, thus saving to the people millions of money. In the Forty-fifth Congress he introduced a bill and caused it to be passed in the succeeding session, providing for the sale of a tract of land beginning at the Wabash River and extending to the city limits of Vincennes, thus securing to the city a most beautiful park. For many years Mr. Cobb has been in public life, and while perfection is one of the impossibilities of mortal man, his record has been sufficiently acceptable to his constituents that he has always been re-elected with an increased majority. In 1850 Miss Caroline Anderson became his wife and by him the father of five children: Orlando H., Alice, Catharine, George B. and Arthur T. Mrs. Cobb was born in Lawrence County,Ind., in 1830; a daughter of Archibald and Catharine Anderson.


BORN NOV 19, 1752 AND DIED FEB 13, 1818

Though George Clark was not born in Indiana he is responsible for the State of Indiana in many ways.  George Rogers Clark was born in Virginia on November 19, 1752, and died  Feb 13, 1818, The son of John and Ann Rogers Clark. He had five brothers and four sisters. WillIam Clark, his youngest brother, went on a westward expedition with Meriweather Lewis. His father’s occupation was farming and landholding. His mother and father mostly home schooled him, but later he was sent to live with his grandfather and attended a private school there. Clark had red hair, six foot tall, and weighed two hundred pounds. Clark’s  was a surveyor a trade he learned from his Grandfather.  On June 26, 1778 Clark and one hundred seventy- five men traveled on the Ohio River to Kaskaskia. They surprised the fort at Kaskaskia on July 4, 1778, and they took the fort and town without firing a shot. On July 5, 1778 Clark captured Fort Cahokia from the British. Father Gibault, Kaskaskia’s priest, went to Vincennes to secure allegiance with the French. Captain Helm was sent to capture Fort Sackville. Hamilton learned about Helm’s capture of Fort Sackville so he prepared his forces and traveled down the Maumee and Wabash Rivers reaching Vincennes on December 17, 1778. At the time Helm was forced to surrender. Determined to capture Hamilton, Clark, with approximately one hundred seventy- five men, marched eighteen days through freezing floodwaters. On February 23, 1779 Clark’s army entered Vincennes and surrounded the fort. On February 25, 1779 Hamilton surrendered.   after suffering a stroke in 1809 and falling into a fireplace burning his leg, he moved to the home of his sister Lucy Clark Croghan at Locust Grove. The last nine years of Clark's life was spent  disappointed at what he regarded as his country's ingratitude, and broken down by excessive drinking and paralysis, he lost his once powerful influence and lived in comparative isolation until his death, near Louisville, Kentucky. He is buried at Cave Hill Cemtery, Louisiville Kentucky.

J. C. Cohen

Julius C. Cohen was born in the City Neuemburg, Prussia, Aug. 3, 1848, and came to America in 1864 and to Vincennes in 1877. His first employment here was as salesman for I. E. Libshutz and subsequently for other firms in the city. In 1885 Mr. Cohen Embarked in business for himself at No. 106 Main Street. His business was attended with marked success from the start and in 1891 Mr. Cohen bought and occupied the beautiful and commodious three-story building at No. 312 Main, now occupied by him, a cut of which appears elsewhere, one of the best in the city. By close attention to the wants of his patrons and judicious management, he has built up and holds an enviable custom in clothing and gents' furnishings. Mr. Cohen was married Dec. 18, 1871, to Miss Ellen Keenan, of Louisville. (VP&S)


HENRY CROW was born near Hazelton, Gibson Co., Ind.,  May 13, 1821, and is a son of James and Polly (Philips) Crow,  natives of Georgia and Virginia respectively. Our subject lived  with his father until sixteen years old, when they broke up house-  keeping, and he was then obliged to depend on his own resources  to obtain a livelihood, and worked on the neighboring farms. In  1886 he led to Hymen's altar Sarah Jane Williams, daughter of  John and Mary Williams, of Ohio. To them were born the fol-  lowing children : Nancy, Joseph, John, Mary, Nellie, Jane, Delia,  Julia Ann, Emma and Rachel. John, Mary, Delia and Rachel  are deceased. Mrs. Crow died the 6th of August, 1879, of heart  disease. Mr. Crow is a strong supporter of Democratic principles, but has never held any office or had his name before the  public for patronage. He has always been a farmer and stock-  raiser, and has succeeded well financially, and now owns 600  acres of land, 300 of which are under cultivation. He belongs  to no secret organization.

Joseph Crow

JOSEPH CROW was born in Gibson County, Ind., in 1831,  and is one of five children of Henry and Patsey (McGray) Crow.  The father came to Gibson County when quite young, but the  mother was a native of the county. Our subject made his par-ents' house his home until he attained his majority, when he began doing for himself. When twenty-two years old he took for  his companion through life Emeline, daughter of John Cannon,  who was a native of Kentucky, and came to Indiana when a  young man and settled in Knox County, where he worked at  agricultural pursuits and blacksmithing. Joseph Crow, our subject, came to Knox County in 1858, and in the winter of 1865  enlisted in Company C, One Hundred and Forty-third Indiana  Volunteer Infantry, under Capt. Bishop, and served in Tennessee. He enlisted too late to participate in any battles, and was  discharged at Indianapolis in 1865. He located on his present  farm in the spring of 1874, where he owns 100 acres of land.  He became the father of nine children, four of whom are living Joseph, Charlie, Mary Alice and Emma Jane. 

William A. Cullop

bORN mARCH 28, 1853 AND DIED oCT 9, 1927

WILLIAM ALLEN CULLOP WAS BORN mARCH 28, 1853, born near Oaktown, Knox County, Ind.,THE SON OF WILLIAM WASHINGTON CULLOP AND MARIAH JANE PATTERSON. HE  attended the common schools; was graduated from Hanover (Ind.) College in June 1878; professor for two years in Vincennes (Ind.) University; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1881 and commenced practice in Vincennes, Ind.; prosecuting attorney of the twelfth judicial circuit 1883-1886; member of the State house of representatives 1891-1893; delegate to the Democratic National Conventions in 1892 and 1896; elected as a Democrat to the Sixty-first and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1909-March 3, 1917); unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1916; unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic nomination as United States Senator in 1926; resumed the practice of law and was also interested in various business enterprises; died in Vincennes, Ind., October 9, 1927; interment in Greenlawn Cemetery.(VP&S)



ABNER DECKER, son of Alfred and grandson of Isaac  Decker, was born in Knox County, Ind., November 22, 1837,  and is one of twelve children. The father was born in the  county in 1813, and died May 22, 1878. The mother was  Olive P. Alney, who died when Abner was quite young. He resided with his father until eighteen years of age, when he began working on neighboring farms, and at the age of twenty  three was married to Patience Kuykendall, daughter of George  Kuykendall. She died in 1868, leaving four children: Gemma,  Mary Ann, Isabel and Alfred H. All are deceased save Alfred.  Mr. Decker took for his second wife Mary Robinson, daughter of  Samuel Robinson, who died February 9, 1876. Mr. Decker was  married to Margaret E. Rodgers July 16, 1881. She is a daughter of William E. Field and the widow of William Rodgers. To  them was born one child, who died in infancy. Mr. Decker located on his present farm in 1881. He owns 120 acres of fertile  land, and engages quite extensively in stock raising. 


ALFRED DECKER (deceased), who was a well-to-do and  successful farmer of Decker Township, Knox Co., Ind., was born  in said county, and was reared and spent his boyhood days hard  at work on a farm. He learned the carpenter's trade, and always  worked at that and farming. In the year of 1865 he was united  in matrimony to Elizabeth Catt, daughter of John and Elizabeth  Crow, and widow of Eoss Catt. To their union one child was  born, who is yet living: Nancy Elmira, born in 1866. On May  22, 1878, Mr. Decker died, leaving his wife and davighter in good  circumstances with 300 acres of land. Mr. Decker was an indus trious, hard-working farmer, and his death was a great loss to the  community. 

James C  Denny

James C. Denny was appointed by Gov. Morton to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Judge Burke, and presided at the August term of our circuit court. He was born we think in this county, and is in a great measure a self-made man. He is energetic in looking after his professional business and seems never to realize when he is beaten in a law suit or is willing to say "hold, it is enough," until the last ditch has been reached. He was elected attorney-general of Indiana in 1872, and removed from here to Indianapolis where he now resides and practices law.


COL. WILLIAM N. DENNY was born May 12, 1836, at Bruceville, Ind., the fourth of eleven children of William and Catharine (Cook) Denny. The father was born in Kentucky, in 1802, and came to Knox County, Ind., with his parents when but two years old. The grandparents, James and Catharine Denny, were early settlers of the county. The father was reared in this county, and when young joined the Presbyterian Church, and for forty years previous to his death was an elder in the church. He was a farmer and merchant, and for eight years was clerk of the circuit court; previous to that time he was justice of the peace and county commissioner. He was very energetic, and is said to have organized nine different Sunday-schools, and successfully carried them on. He will long be remembered as one of the most prominent and trustworthy men of the county.He died Febru ary 8,1862. The mother was born in central Tennessee in 1804, and is yet hale and strong, and the oldest member of the Presbyterian Church in the city of Vincennes. William N. was reared in Knox County, and secured a limited early education, but afterward attended the Vincennes University. When twenty-four years old he entered the army in Company G, Fourteenth Indiana Infantry as first lieutenant, but was transferred to the Fiftyfirst Indiana Volunteers, and was made captain of Company E, of which his father had been captain but resigned. He was then promoted to different ranks, and finally to the colonelcy, which he held to the close of the war. While a captain he was captured and taken to Libby prison, where he was for nearly two years, and there contracted disease which yet disables him. He made his escape by cutting a hole through a car in which he was being transferred. After his return from the war he farmed about a year, and was then appointed postmaster of Vincennes under Grant's administration, and served thirteen years, the longest term of any who have held the office. Since that time he has carried on farming, and owns eighty acres of very fine land. He was married, May 24,1866, to Ellen K. Lemen, daughter of Benjamin F. Lemen, of Salem, Ill., who was one of the early settlers of the Northwest Territory. She was born April 8, 1843, and has borne eight children, five now living, viz.: Katie E., Florene G., Gertrude L., Mary E. and Carrie C. Mr. and Mrs. Denny are members of the First Baptist Church of Vincennes, and are advocates of the temperance cause, Mrs. Denny being a very active and efficient worker. Mr. Denny is a Republican, and was deputy clerk of thecounty.

James Dick

JAMES DICK was born in Princeton, Ind., April 26, 1823,  and is the eldest of six children born to the marriage of Alexander and Elizabeth (Buchanan) Dick, who were natives of Scotland; married in 1821, and the following year came to the United  States and located at Princeton, Ind. Here the father died when  our subject was seventeen years of age, and he was then obliged  to assist in the support of his mother and brothers and sisters.  In 1846 the mother died, but the family continued together until  our subject's marriage, May 22, 1850. He took for his life companion Sarah, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth (Catt) Kimmons, who were born in Holland and Indiana respectively. To  Mr. and Mrs. Dick's marriage thirteen children were born: Elizabeth (deceased), Joan (deceased), John A. (deceased), Thomas,  James, Mary, John A., Henry, Wellington, Charles, David, Maggie (deceased), and one who died in infancy. Mr. Dick has always  been a farmer with the exception of one year (1858) spent in  merchandising in Decker Station. He owns 420 acres of land,  250 being under cultivation. He is a Democrat in politics.


BORN OCT 12, 1782 AND DIED JUNE 19, 1867

HENRY DODGE WAS A SOLDIER BORN IN VINCENNES INDIANA ,12 October 1782; died in Burlington, Iowa, 19 June 1867. His father, Israel Dodge, was a revolutionary officer of Connecticut. HenRY moved to Missouri in 1796 and settled at Ste. Genevieve; sheriff of Cape Girardeau County in 1808; moved to Galena, Ill., and operated a lead mine; moved to Wisconsin in 1827, then part of Michigan Territory, and settled near the present site of Dodgeville; served in the Black Hawk and other Indian wars; was commissioned major of United States Rangers 1832; left the Army as colonel of the First United States Dragoons 1836; appointed Governor of the Territory of Wisconsin 1836-1841; elected as a Democratic Delegate to the Twenty-seventh and Twenty-eighth Congresses (March 4, 1841-March 3, 1845); was not a candidate for renomination in 1844, having again accepted the appointment of Governor of the Territory of Wisconsin, and served from 1845 until 1848; upon the admission of Wisconsin as a State into the Union in 1848 was elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate; reelected in 1851 and served from June 8, 1848, to March 3, 1857; chairman, Committee on Commerce (Thirty-fourth Congress); declined the appointment of Governor of Washington Territory by President Franklin Pierce in 1857; retired to private life; died in Burlington, Des Moines County, Iowa, June 19, 1867; interment in Aspen Grove Cemetery


George W. Donaldson, president of the Second National Bank, was born on a farm in Knox county, near Wheatland, February 11, 1856. He attended the district school iu the neighborhood of his birth and later Vincennes High School in which he took the teacher's course. He became a teacher in the schools of  the country and continued so engaged for twelve years. During the time that he was engaged as a teacher he successfully conducted a. farm near Bicknell. In 1884 he embarked in mercantile business at Bicknell, where he carried a general stock. and in which business he remained four years, until, in 1888, he was elected treasurer of Knox County. Before entering upon the discharge of his official duties he disposed of the store. He served two terms as treasurer, having been re-elected in 1890. During his service as treasurer Mr. Donaldson had the satisfaction of seeing the entire indebtedness of Knox county wiped out. At the beginning of his term it amounted to $86,000. Soon after his retirement from office the Seconl National was organized and Mr. Donaldson became its first cashier and has been connected with its active operation ever since. He was elected president in January, 1899. Mr. Donaldson owns and conducts a stock farm of about five hundred acres near Bicknell, devoted principally to neat cattle. He is also one of the proprietors of the Citizen's Bank, of Bicknell, Ind., and a member of the Robinson-Donaldson Buggy Company, of this city. Mr. Donaldson was married in 1878 to Miss Sarah A. Gilmore, of Vigo township, Knox county. They have three daughters and one son. (VP&S)

Jonathan Doty

Jonathan Doty was a native of Somerville, N. J., and a grad- uate of Princeton College. He was quite young when he came to Vincennes, but must have displayed superior legal talent, ns he was soon elevated to the bench as president judge of the cir- cuit court. He died the incumbent of that office February 22, 1822.

John M. Duesterberg

John M. Duesterberg, druggist, 624 North Second street, was born, reared and educated in Vincennes. His first employment after leaving school was with H. E. Peck, druggist, in 1861. He remained with Mr. Peck and his successors, Messrs. Luck & Patton, over four years. He was then for three years in the employ of J. E. Lander, druggist. In 1868 he embarked in business for himself, opening a drug store near the old passenger depot in North Vincennes After two years he sold this store and bought an interest with Landers. In 1874 this partnership was dissolved and Mr. Duesterberg opened a store at No. 325 Main street. A year or so later this was removed to No. 316 Main. In 1879 he sold this business and was for a time out of business. In 1883 he opened up a new stock at the corner of Second and Scott. Here he remained ten years. In 1893 he built and occupied his present building at 621 North Second. Mr. Duesterberg was married in 1874 to Miss Mary Rikhoff. of Vincennes(VP&S)



Delana R. Eckles

Delana R. Eckles lived at Greencastle when he was our circuit judge. The business of our court had been suffered to lag, and many cases undisposed of had accumulated, until the docket, when he took the bench in our county, was very large. By his energy, promptness and strict enforcement of rules, he soon cleared his docket, and acquired a reputation as a jurist in dispatching business which is yet remembered and spoken of by old residents of the county. Yet he discharged his duties well and all cases were fairly tried, and no complaint was ever made that he sacrificed the interest of any litigant in order to expedite business. He was afterward appointed chief justice of Utah, and held that position until 1861. The judge, in addition to being a well read lawyer and able jurist, is an agreeable companion. As a pastime he has been partial to fox hunting. According to his own relation, one morning he mounted his charger and called his hounds, and soon "raised" a fox near his premises in Putnam County. His trained perceptions in such matters soon convinced him he had "roused a veteran." It was just sunrise, and he determined to give chase, and succeeded in capturing the fugitive, about sunset, on the banks of the Ohio River. Judge Mack, of Terre "Haute, informs me he is living in retirement on his farm, as Blackstone expresses it "otium cum dignitate." Long may he live.

N. B. EDWARDS was born in Knox County, Ind., November  20, 1822, and is one of ten children of James and Hulda (Congo)  Edwards. The father was born in Tennessee, and came to Indiana  in 1816 and located on the farm where he lived until his death in  1856. The mother was a native of Pike County, Ind., and died  in 1845. Our subject was reared on a farm and received a common school education. He learned the wagon and carriage-maker's trade of his father. When twenty-one years old he bought a  small place in Johnson Township, and in 1848 was united in  marriage to Sarah Almy, daughter of Seneca Almy, a native of  the State, to which marriage were born ten children, four now  living: James, Missouri, Lillie and Vincent. Mr. Edwards has  resided in Decker Township since 1847, engaged in farming. In  1875 he was appointed postmaster at Red Cloud, and now holds  that position. He has been justice of the peace since 1875 and  has read law to some extent, but has never put it in practice. He  is a Republican, and a member of the Methodist Episcopal  Church. He was not in the late war, but helped to raise Company K and Company D, Volunteer Infantry. He is the oldest  citizen of the township and owns fifty acres of land. His wife is  a member of the Christian Church. 

Bishop James Embry

BISHOP JAMES EMBRY DEAD. Official of the African Methodist Episcopal Church Passes Away. Philadelphia, Pa., Aug. 16. Jamee Crawford Embry, bisbcp of the African* methodist episcopal church in Sooth Carolina, died at his home in this city Wednesday. He had been in poor health for some time and in a recent visit to his district in the south was taken  ill with malaria. He returned to his home in this city, but grew rapidly worse until bis death. Bishop Embry was bom in Knox county, Indiana, Nov. 2 1834. In 1859 he began his study for tbe ministry. From 1862 until tbe fall of Vicksburg he served on a supply boat carrying provisions for the army under General Grant. He came to this city in 1884, and' in last May was elected bishop of the* South Carolina district. The Appeal., August 21, 1897 St Paul Minnesota




GEORGE FENDRICH, wholesale and retail tobacconist of Vincennes, Ind., was born in Baltimore, Md., March 17, 1841, and is a son of David and Mary (Sauers) Fendrich, who were born in Germany. The father came to the United States when a young man, married, and located in Baltimore until within about a year of his death, when he removed to this city and resided with our subject until his death in 1881. The mother died in Baltimore. George was reared in his native city and secured a good education in the public schools. By the time he had reached his fifteenth year he had mastered the cigar-maker's trade, and left home, working at his trade in a store in Columbia, Penn. In 1861 he came to Evansville, Ind., and clerked in the wholesale cigar and tobacco business until 1864, when he came to this city and started a cigar manufactory on a small scale. His business increased from time to time so that he gradually dispensed with making his stock, and now carries a large and select stock of im- ported and domestic cigars, snuffs, pipes, chewing and smoking tobacco, etc., and has the only establishment of the kind in the city. October 11, 1870, he was united in matrimony to Theresa  Worth, a native of Cincinnati, Ohio, They became the parents of five children, four now living; Mary K., Clara, John J. and Helen. Mr. Fendrich is a Democrat in politics and has always manifested considerable interest in political affairs. He was a member of the city council three years, and in 1873 was appointed chief of the Vincennes fire department, which position he has filled with ability to the present time.


GEORGE A. FIELD was born in Wabash County, Ill.,  March 10, 1828, son of George Field, who. was a native of Canada. He was married to Margaret Reedy, of Indiana, and died  wlien our subject was but eight years of age. He resided with  his parents on a farm, and in 1834: or 1835 came to Indiana and  located on tlie Wabash River, in Decker Township. His mother  died December 8, 1879. He was married to Julia Purcell, who  bore him two children, Hiram and John, both now deceased. In  1850 Mrs. Field died, and he led to Hymen's altar Almira Crow,  daughter of John Crow. They were married in March, 1857,  and are the parents of ten children: John M., Margaret E., Martha L., Robert, Julia E., Arilel J., Isabel M., Ruth F., Mary  A. and George A. Only Isabel and Ruth are now living. Mr.  Field located on the farm where he now resides in 1852. He  cleared the most of his farm, and now owns 300 acres of fertile  land. He has lived on a farm all his life, with the exception of  five years spent in Vincennes, where he kept a livery stable three  years. He is a Democrat in politics, and he and family are  members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 


 Theodore F. Franke, merchant tailor, was born at Covmgton, Ky., and received his education in the schools of Cincinnati. In 1887 he went to New York City, where he learned the culler's trade, which he afterwards followed for a time in Cincinnati. Coming to Vincennes February 1, 1891, he entered the employ of B. Kuhn & Co., and remained with them until in July, 1901, he bought the merchant tailoring business they had theretofore conducted. He continued to conduct it at the old location until at the first of December, 1801, he bought the business which had been established by John A. Kapps, at 3031/2 Main Street, where he is now driving a thriving trade. Mr. Franke is a young man of steady and industrous habits and gives close attention to the wants of his customers. As a cutter and fitter he has no superior and finds no difficulty in retaining the patronage of a customer once gained. No one ever said he did not get good value for his money when he dealt with T. F. Franke.(VP&S)


 William J. Freeman, cashier of the Second National Bank, was born in Washington, Ind., January 3o, 1860. His parents removed to Edwardsport. where his father, Mr. Job Freeman, operated a coal mine, when W. J. was quite small, and here he attended the public schools till 1885, when his father removed to Vincennes and he entered Vincennes University. After one year here he entered Rose Polytechnic School at Terre Haute, where he remained till November, 1887, when, his father becoming auditor of Knox county, W. J. became his deputy, serving in that capacity four years undor his father and one year under C. H. DeBolt. his successor. In 1803 he became assistant cashier 'of the Second National Hank, which position he held till 1800, when he was advanced to the position of cashier, on the election of Mr. G. W. Donaldson to the presidency. Mr. Freeman was married December 23, 1800, to Miss May. daughter of Thomas Bartlett, of Edwardsport. (VP&S)


Robert M. Glass

 Robert M. Glass was born in Lewistown, Pa., and educated in the schools of that city. He came to Vincennes in 1879 For a period of seven years he was employed as a salesman by B. Kuhn & Co., and I. Joseph & Sons, In 1885 Mr. Glass embarked in business for himself, buying the millinery business of J. T. McJiinsey, theretofore established at 15 North Second street, where he has continued in business to the present time. Mr. Glass carries one of the most complete lines of millinery in the State and having at all times the best trimmers obtainable, enjoys the cream of the city's millinery trade. Mr. Glass was married in 1885 to Miss Fannie E. Collins, of the city. They have two children. (VP&S)

Samuel B. Goodkins

Samuel B. Goodkins lived at Terre Haute when he was our circuit judge. He comes of an old Puritan family that immi- grated to this country among the first who came. He was born in Bennington County, Vt., May 30, 1809. In 1823 he came to Indiana, and located at Terre Haute. In 1830, after finishing his apprenticeship as a printer, he came to Vincennes and commenced the publication of the Vincennes Gazette, a political newspaper, which was continued for many years by R. Y. Coddington after he left. He returned, after a residence of a year or two, to Terre Haute, and there commenced the study of law, and was admitted to the bar in 1834. He had received in his youth but a limited education, and may be called a self-made and self-educated man. He was elected one of the judges of the supreme court of Indiana, and continued on the bench in that court for three years, when he resigned on account of the smallness of the salary. He removed to Chicago and commenced the practice of law, and secured a lucrative business. He is still living, and has returned to Terre Haute, where he resides.

Frank Green

Green's livery stable, Broadway near Busse- ron, was established by William Green, who came to this country from Somersham, Huntingtonsihire, England, in 1831. After some years spent as a driver of stages, mainly on the Evansville and Terre Haute line, ^during a considerable part of the time making Vincennes a stopping place, he, in 1836. in partnership with Samuel Emison, established a livery business in Vincennes. They continued in partnership till 1S55. con- ducting a livery and stage business, their stable was on the east corner of Second arid Broadway. The stable was built on its present site in 1863 and the business has had a continuous existence since. With his advancing years, Mr. Green, the elder, found in his son Frank a steady and reliable business man on whom his mantle could fall with no fears that it would not rest on worthy shoulders. Since 1890 Frank has conducted the business uninterruptedly, save for a period of two years during which he resided in Indianapolis. Under his management Green's Livery has always done its full share of business. Familiar with  every detail, Mr. Green permits nothing but the most faithful attention from his employes and the best service to his patrons. (VP&S)


Eugene Hack

Eugene Hack was born in Wurtemburg. Germany. Nov. 18, 1840, and came to this country in 1807, and to Vincennes in 1868. He entered the employ of Edward Weisert in a grocery store where he remained for six years, having bought the brewery some time before leaving the employ of Mr. Weisert. Mr. Hack has always been prominently identified with public affairs and is largely interested in many of the prominent manufacturing institutions of the city. He is a director of the German National Bank and of the Vincennes Board of Trade. He is also a member of the Board of Education of the city.  Mr. Hack was married in May, 1873, to Miss Dora Hackman, of Vincennes. They have two sons and four daughters. (VP&S)


John F. Hall, exchange clerk of the Second National Bank, was born in Vincennes, February 24, 1878, and is a son of Henry J. Hall. He was educated in the schools of the city, attending the University for a time. In October , 1807, he became a messenger for the Second National Bank and was later advanced to his present position. John is a bright, steady, industrious young man, and apparently has a prosperous future before him (VP&S)


BORN FEB 9, 1773 AND DIED aPR 8, 1841

William Henry Harrison was born on February 9, 1773, and grew up on his family's plantation, Berkeley, in Charles City County, Virginia. He was the son of Elizabeth Basset Harrison and Benjamin Harrison, a signer of the Declaration of Independence and governor of Virginia. William Henry Harrison  attended Hampden-Sydney College for three years. Because Harrison's father wanted his son to become a doctor, he was sent to the medical school of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia to study under the great physician Benjamin Rush. Shortly afterward, when his father died, Harrison decided to pursue a military career. hE married Anna Symmes, the daughter of Judge John Cleves Symmes, a wealthy land speculator. The marriage produced ten children, one of whom, John Scott Harrison, was the father of, Benjamin Harrison,  who became the 23rd president in 1889.  William Henry Harrison After resigning from the army in 1814, Harrison had an obscure career in politics and diplomacy, ending up 20 years later as a county recorder in Ohio. Nominated for president in 1835 as a military hero whom the conservative politicians hoped to be able to control, he ran surprisingly well against Van Buren in 1836. Four years later, he defeated Van Buren but caught pneumonia and died in Washington on April 4, 1841, a month after his inauguration. Harrison was the first president to die in office.

Geo. R. Harvey

Geo. R. Harvey was born in Kingston, Tenn., May 14, 1818. When George was two years of age his parents removed to a farm in Washington county, Ind., where he remained until twelve years of age. He then entered the employ of a merchant tailor in Salem and there learned the tailor's trade. He remained here five years and then established himself in business at the small town of Bono, in Lawrence county, near the Washington county line. Here he commenced business in 1833 and continued it till 1847. In the latter year on account of failing health, due to his confining occupation, he disposed of his business and for an open air occupation chose flat boating and engaged in this occupation on the east fork of White River, following it for a period of two years. Finding him- self then in fairly good health lie removed to Vincennes, where he embarked in business as a merchant tailor, combining with it a book and stationer business. After two years he sold the tailoring department and confined himself to the book and stationery business. Very soon thereafter in partnership with James A. Mason and L. L. Watson, under the firm name and style of Harvey, Mason & Co., he, about 1853-4, bought the Vincennes Gazette, in connection With which the book and stationery business was subsequently conducted. In 1859 they sold the Gazette to Col. C. M. Allen and Dr. H. M. Smith and later in the same year sold the book store to Major Gould and Dr. Shepard. Mr. Harvey was then for two years engaged in an auction and commission business, embarking, in 1861, In millinery and ladies' furnishings and the manufacture of ladies', misses' and children's wraps. This business grew to large proportions and Mr. Harvey did a business running as high as 40,000 to $50,000 a year, making nearly all the goods in those lines sold in this section. In these lines he has continued to the present time, but with advancing years has dropped some features of the business entirely, and has ceased to push the remainder with his erstwhile vigor, being satisfied with a quiet, little business that provides a comfortable living for himself and family. When at the height of his prosperity in the manufacture of ladies* wraps, etc., Mr. Harvey employed five to six tailors and from fifty to sixty needle women. Our venerable subject recalls the fact that when he came to Vincennes there were in active business in the city fifty-two men. Of these he is now the only one in business. The only other one living is Mr. Christian Eberwine, of 503 Busseron street. Mr. Harvey was married April 12, 1849, to Miss Laura B. Brace, of Haysville, Dubois county, Ind., who is still living and assisting in the business.

Charles W. Helle

 Charles W. Helle, dealer in pictures, mouldings, wall paper, paints and window shades, 219 Main street, was born at Freelandville, Knox county, August 11, 1866. His father died when he was but five years of age, and his widowed mother removed soon after to Vincennes, where he attended St. John's Evangelical school and sub- sequently the public schools. Necessity compelled him to seek employment at an early age and he found it mainly in stores until he decided to learn the trade of paper hanger, which he did with Henry Miller. In 1887 he went to Cincinnati and became foreman of the freight house of the C., H. & D. railroad, in which position he remained for six years. He then followed his trade of paper hanger for five years. Returning to Vincennes in 1898, he bought of J. J. Dawson the business which he has since conducted. Mr. Helle was married in 1889 to Miss Mary Hays of Cincinnati.

Alvin P. Hovey

Alvin P. Hovey was quite young when he presided as judge in our circuit court. He has a quick and penetrating mind, and being well versed in the science of law could easily and readily grasp the salient points of a case, and consequently dispatched business rapidly. He was as a general rule courteous and urbane, but impulsive and excitable, and sometimes, for a moment, manifested irritation in dealing with attorneys. But such feelings passed away as quickly as they appeared, and he gave general satisfaction as a judge, and was held in high esteem by attorneys and litigants. He was afterward district attorney for Indiana, and also a judge of the supreme court of the State. During the Rebellion he entered the army and gained an enviable reputation for skill and bravery as a general in the Federal service. He ran for Congress in this district, and was defeated by Judge Niblack, but by a reduced majority. He still lives and is engaged in the practice of law at Mount Vernon, Ind.


 Albert E. Humke was born in Lippe, Detmold, Germany, January 23, 1864. He attended the public schools and a gymnasium of his native country until fifteen years of age, when he, with mother and family, immigrated to this country, coming direct to Wabash, Ind., in 1869, soon after locating in Laketon, where our subject attended the public schools for three years and then became a teacher. The better to fit himself for his chosen profession he attended the State Normal School at Terre Haute, from which he was graduated with honors in 1877. Subsequently he taught as principal as of one of the Ward schools of Wabash. Following this he was for seven years instructor in reading in the State Normal School at Terre Haute. In 1891, Prof. Humke became superintendent of the city schools of Vincennes, a position which he has since held, to the pleasure and profit of their patrons and whose duties he has performed with an assiduity and wisdom that has resulted in one of the best conducted educational departments in the State. Professor Humke was married in 1877 to Miss Mantle D. Gregory of Martinsville, Ill (VP&S)

Elisha M Huntington

Elisha Mills Huntington was born in Otsego County, N. ¥., March 26, 1806. He came to Indiana in 1822, and was admitted to the bar in this county March 27, 1827. He was elected president judge of this circuit in 1837, and acquired considerable reputation as a learned and conscientious judge. In 1841 he was appointed commissioner of the general land office by President Tyler, which he held only for a short time, as, upon the death of Judge Holnian, he was appointed judge of the United States Circuit Court for the district of Indiana, and discharged the duties of that important position for a number of years, with credit to himself and the satisfaction of the public. He died the incum- bent of that position, at St. Paul, Minn., October 26, 1862.


J. C. HURD was born January 31, 1849, in Knox County,  Ind., son of J. C. and Harriet (Townsend) Hurd, natives of New  Jersey and Illinois, respectively. The father was born in 1811,  and came to Illinois in 1845. where he kept a tanyard, having  learned the trade in New Jersey. In 1847 or 1848 he came to  Indiana and settled where our subject now lives, and retailed  liquors for about two years. He then engaged in farming, and  continued that occupation until his death, and was also lock-tender for about sixteen years. He died April 8, 1873, and the  mother February 12, 1883. Our subject received a common  school education, and was married in 1878 to Mary Finge2-,  daughter of John Finger, of Indiana. To them were born three  children: Carlon, Clarence and Blanch. Mr. Hurd is a farmer,  and owns 200 acres of land. He is a Republican, and has been  a member of the Masonic fraternity for two years, and is also a  member of the A. O. U. W. James V. Hurd, brother of our subject, was born in Mount Carmel, 111., October 3, 1847. He received a common school education, and in 1872 was married to  Fanny Rees, who bore him these two children: Lelia and Hattie.  In March, 1882, his wife died, and in 1884 he wedded Emma  Orr, daughter of James Orr. He and J. C. Hurd own the home  farm, and also the ferry at that place. He also belongs to the  Masonic fraternity and A. O. U. W. 




ROBERT JACOBUS was born near where he now lives,  July 20, 1829, son of Peter Jacobus, who was born in Indiana in  1795. He was a farmer, and died when Robert was but six  years old, and the mother, whose maiden name was Margaret  Warth, died when he was twelve years of age. He then made  his home with his uncle, Jacob Jacobus, where he resided five  years. He then began working for himself on neighboring farms,  and made several trips to New Orleans on flat-boats. December  1, 1850, he wedded Mary Ann Anthis, a native of Indiana. He  has always been a farmer, and in 1883 moved to where he now  lives. To his marriage thirteen children were born: Harrison,  Emily, Margaret, John R., Margarette, Peter, Annis, Robert,  Howard, Rebecca, Thomas H., Adaline and Ida. In politics Mr.  Jacobus is a Democrat, and cast his first presidential vote for  Franklin Pearce. He was chosen assessor of Decker Township  in 1858, and served fourteen years, and was then chosen township trustee and served six years. Since that time he has not  run for any ofiice. Since 1872 he has been a member of the Masonic fraternity. He owns 180 acres of land, mostly underlaid  with coal, and takes considerable interest in stock raising. He  is a good citizen, and is always ready to assist in promoting the  welfare of the community. 

General washington Johnson



Armory KInney


ABRAHAM D. KIRK (deceased) is a native of Gibson  County, Ind., where he was born January 3, 1824. He is a son  of Edmond Kirk, who was a native of the "Blue-grass" State,  and came to Indiana with his parents when only a small boy. In  1850 our subject came to Knox County, Ind., and here has always made his home. At the age of twenty-six years he was  married to Mary Jane Mayhall, daughter of William Mayhall, a  native Kentuckian. After marriage he located on his present  farm and cleared 170 acres, owning 600 acres. To their marriage seven children were born, five of whom are living: Frank,  Alice, Charles, Octavia and Drusilla. Mr. Kirk did not participate in the late war. He died June 30, 1884, of cancer of the  throat. His widow still survives him.


John Law

John Law was a native of New London, Conn., where he was born October 2, 1796. He came to Vincennes in 1817, and commenced his professional career. His talents and eloquence soon advanced him in public estimation, and for nearly half a century he was regarded as a leading citizen of this county. He filled many positions of public trust. He was prosecuting attorney of the circuit, receiver of public moneys for this land district, commissioner of the United States to adjust land titles in the Vincennes land district, and was twice elected to represent the district in Congress. He was one of the original owners of Lamas- co, now part of Evansville, the said town deriving its name from taking the first letters of the names of the three proprietors — Law, McCall and Scott — and combining them together. In con sequence of this interest he removed to Evansville and resided a few years, where he died, October 17, 1873, but his remains, in accordance with his often expressed desire while living, were brought and buried in the public cemetery near this city.

Lafayette LeGros

 Lafayette LeGros was born at Allendale, Wabash county, Ill. When he was six or seven years of age his father removed to Bridgeport, Lawrence county, Ill., where he attended the public schools. At the age of seventeen years he engaged to learn the trade of miller and was for several years employed in. a large flouring mill at Bridgeport. Having a natural mechanical turn he quickly obtained an expert knowledge of the trade and was placed in entire charge of the mill at an early age. Finding his health suffered from the occupation, however, he gave it up and came to Vincennes in 1892 and was employed in a bicycle repair shop. In 1894, he accepted a position in a large mill at Davenport, Iowa, which, however, he was compelled to give up on account of his health, after one year. Returning to Vincennes he took charge of a bicycle department for C. Scott & Son. Later he was offered and accepted the formanship of a large bicycle repair shop at Atlanta, Ga. In 1897, with George M. White he established a general bicycle business, of which the present "White Bicycle Company" is the outgrowth.

Mrs. E. J. Loten

 Eleanor J. LotenThe business conducted by Mrs. Eleanor J. Loten at 416 Main street, was established by John Loten, about 1856. Mr. Loten was born in England and came to this country with his father in 1853 to a farm near Grayville, 111. He had learned the trade of house painter and decorator in England and in 1854 came to Vincennes, where lie followed his trade for a time and then established a paint and paper store on Fourth street, between Maim and Busseron. He later bought two Main street lots of Dr. Hitt and erected buildings, one of which is yet occupied by the business conducted by his widow, Mrs. Eleanor J. Loten, nee Roberts, to whom he was married in Hull, England, in 1851. Mr. Loten dying in 1876 Mrs. Loten  succeeded to the business, which she has since conducted most successfully, having added to it a fine line of pictures, frames and ornamental goods, in which she deals largely.


John F. Mail

 John F. Mail, proprietor of Mail's livery, was born in Johnson township, Knox county, July 14, 1860. He was educated in the schools of the county and engaged in fanning on. obtaifiing his majority. Having a good business head as well as the necessary energy and  push, Mr. Mail's farming operations were eminently successful and he soon accumulated a competence. In August, 1891, he bought the Caney livery, boarding and sale stables, at 22 South Sixth street, which he continues to conduct. Mr. Mail has probably the largest and most commodious buildings in the city and is always to be found at his post ready to accommodate his trade, which under his management is showing a healthy growth. Mr. Mail was married in 1885 to Miss Annie Johnson, of Johnson township. They have four children. (VP&S)

Newton F. Malott

Newton F. Malott was born in Lawrence County, Ind., in 1831, and practiced law for many years at Bedford in partnership with Thomas R. Cobb. He graduated at the law department of the State University. He removed to Vincennes in 1867 and commenced the practice here. He was first elected judge in 1870 and has remained on the bench until the present, having been re-elected in 1876 and again in 1882. He has continued in service as circuit judge much longer than any of his predecessors and on the expiration of his present term, will have served continuously in that capacity for eighteen years. He is yet, comparatively speaking, a young man, and comes of a healthy and long lived ancestry. The parents of his wife celebrated their golden wedding February 9, 1886, a very remarkable event very rarely occurring, and to no more than one couple out of every 20,000 marriages actually solemnized. When he was first elected sis counties, Knox, Daviess, Martin, Gibson, Pike and Dubois, composed this circuit. "When the common pleas was abolished in 1873, and its business and jurisdiction transferred to the circuit court, it was reduced to comprise the first three named counties, and in 1879 Martin County was transferred to another circuit, and in 1885 Knox County was constituted a circuit of itself. Judge Malott is a very cautious and prudent judge, and carefully examines every matter requiring his decision. He is particularly careful in the examination of the accounts of guardians and administrators under his jurisdiction, and has saved much to widows and orphans interested in estates passing through his court. He is generally regarded as a thoroughly read and educated lawyer. He takes time to consider and investigate all legal questions that arise in the progress of a cause on trial before him which require his judicial decision. He devotes more time, perhaps, in the trial of causes than a speedy dispatch of business in a nisi prius court will allow. But the business when done is more maturely considered and less liable to be tainted with error. As a judge he has given general satisfaction and enjoys a reputation at home and abroad as an able and safe judge. He is frequently called upon to preside at the trial of important causes in place of the regular judge in other circuits. He has tried to redeem the pledge he made to the convention which first nominated him in Princeton in 1870 "that every man in his court should have justice done him."


Henry Mcquaid

"Henry McQuaid emigrated from Ireland to America in the fore part of 1700. He settled in Shelby County, Kentucky, in 1782, at the close of the Revolutionary War. He secured a large tract of land at that early day, but from disputed titles he lost a portion of these lands. He died in 1795 and James McQuaid, his only son, settled on a portion of the lands acquired by his father, and lived and died on the same. James McQuaid was married to Isabel Pearce, about the year 1784, and there were born six sons and six daughters: Margaret McQuaid, the eldest, bom January 10, 1785; Henry, Nancy, Polly, Elizabeth, John, Fanny, James, Joel: Milton and Malitta were twins: William was the youngest. All the children lived to be full grown men and women.

James McQuaid

 "James McQuaid was a farmer and cleared up and cultivated a large farm on which he lived forty-five years. He died at the age of 70 years. Henry McQuaid was a seceder Presbyterian in faith and a strict Sabbatarian. His son James united with the regular Baptist church and was licensed to preach and in time set apart by ordination. His father opposed him in his religious views, yet nevertheless, he labored for near fifty years in the ministry. Shortly after his ordination he became the pastor of the Clear Creek Baptist church, near Shelbyville, Kentucky, and for forty years he held the same without change. James McQuaid was a warm hearted devotional man. He was a good singer and exhorter and he labored successfully in the ministry and many souls were converted under his preaching and united with the Baptist churches of Shelby county and the surrounding counties. "He became popular and married more young people than any other minister in all the surrounding country. He was called to their homes to marry them; they came to the church and to his house, and on the public highways to get married. James McQuaid organized a number of churches in Kentucky and in the year 1809 he came to Indiana Territory to visit his eldest daughter, Margaret Polk and family; and during his stay organized a church on Maria creek with thirteen members. This church exists at the present day, a large and influential body. It was organized on the 20th day of May, 1809. James McQuaid visited Indiana Territory in 1813 and again in 1818. The trouble of the Indian War had passed by and the country become quiet and the tide of immigration had flown into Indiana rapidly. The Baptist church which he had organized nine years previous was now in a prosperous and growing condition with more than one hundred members with no disturbing elements to its growth and prosperity."


ALLEN MILLER was born in Decker Township, Knox  August 31, 1847, and is one of two children of John  and Sarah (Cunningham) Miller, who were natives of Illinois.  The father was born in 1825, and was reared mostly in Decker  Township, where he followed farming as an occupation. Allen  remained with his people until twenty-one years of age, and received a common school education. April 12, 1866, he led to  Hymen's altar Eliza Hall, who died March 1, 1880, having borne  six children. June 9, 1881, Mr. Miller married Emma Small,  who bore him two children. In February, 1864, he enlisted in  Company K, One Hundred and Twenty-first Volunteer Cavalry,  and was in the battles of Pulaski, Columbia, Franklin, Nashville,  Spring Hill, and Sugar Creek. He was taken prisoner near  Columbia, and also near Franklin, but managed to escape both  times. He was mustered out at Vicksburg, Miss., in August of  1865, and was discharged at Indianapolis. He then returned  home and resumed farming and stock raising, and owns thirty-  five acres of land. He has held the office of constable since 1872.  and has given good satisfaction. 

Dr. R. G. Moore

Ruben G. Moore, M. D., wholesale and retail drugs, paints, toilet articles, etc., 221 Main street, is one of tlie business men of the city who may be said to be old in the business in Vincennes, having been steadily engaged here for more than a third of a century. Dr. Moore was born within six miles of Indianapolis in 1837 and came to Vincennes in 1866. Apparently his long service has not rendered business distasteful to him, for one may confidently expect to find the doctor at his desk at all times Dr. Moore was married in 1867 to Miss Sarah B. Burns, of Moore's Hill, Imd. They have one son, Dr. M. G. Moore, of the city, and two daughters, Mrs. John W. Neptune, of Thorntown, Ind., and Mrs. William Evans Jenkins, of Richmond, Ind.  (VP&S)


William E. Niblack

William E. Niblack was born in Dubois County, Ind., May 19, 1823. He commenced his public career in Martin County. He was elected to the House and Senate of the State Legislature while he resided there. He was appointed judge of this judicial circuit in 1854. While still circuit judge he was elected, in 1858, to Congress from this district to fill the vacancy caused by the death of James Lockhart. and was reelected at different times, until he served in Congress altogether fourteen years. He served in Congress during the trying period of the civil war, and by his wise and conservative course was esteemed a prudent and safe legislator. During this period he came in possession of a curious gun, and called a few friends to his house to inspect the weapon. The peculiarity about it was that it "kicked," and without great care was liable to hurt the person using it. He was elected to represent Knox County in the House of the State Legislature in 1862, and from his long service in legislative bodies and his experience should have been elected speaker, but his modesty caused him to yield to the claims of a friend. In 1871 he was elected a supreme judge of the State and re-elected in 1882. He has increased his reputation as a judge during his service on the supreme bench. He removed to this place about the commencement of his congressional service, and has resided here ever since.


Patrick M. O'Donnell

Patrick M. O'Donnell cashier of the First National Bamk, is a native of Lawrence county, Illinois, where he was horn on a farm, September 4. 1865. He received his education in the public schools of that county. His father .removed to V'incennes in the year 1879 and the next year our subject became a messenger In the Vmcennes National Bank. He continued in the employ of this bank till. 1884, when he became bookkeeper for the First National, a position which he continued to fill until 1893, when he was made assistant cashier. On the death of Mr. Rabb in 1898, and the election of Mr. Bayard to the presidency, Mr. O'Donnell became cashier, a position which he has  since held. He is a member of the firm of J. L. Bayard & Co., insurance. Mr. O'Donnell was married in April, 1893, to Miss Marie C. Convery, of Vincennes. They have three daughters and one son. (VP&S)

James T. Orr

James T. Orr manufacturer and dealer la saddlery, harness, etc., is u native of Ireland, where he was born in 1835, and is of Scotch, His parents, James T. and Catherine Orr, came to America in 1837, and settled at North Vernon, Indiana, whence in 1843, they came to Vinennes. In 1852, at the  age of 17 years, he became an apprentice to  the saddler's trade in Louisville Kentucky. At the end of three years he returned to Vincennes and embarked in business for himself and has continued in the business here since that date, building up a large and profitable trade. In politics Mr. Orr has always been a Democrat aod in religion a Catholic. He was at one time president of the  Vincennes Draw Bridge Company, which constructed the wagon bridge over the Wabash at this place and operated it for a number of years as a toll bridge, and has been prominent in other public enterprises of magnitude. In 1885 Mr .Orr was elected county commissioner and served acceptably for six years. Also served seven years as councilman from the third (now) first ward. He is one of the oldest business men in the city in point of time actually in the harness, and has always been recognized as a man of the strictest integrity and honesty. Mr. Orr was married in 1872 to Miss Mary, daiighter of Thomas P. Beckes. They have four sons and one daughter. (VP&S)


John B. Page

 J. B. Page was born in Vincennes, June 13, 1847. He became an apprentice to the harness and saddlery trade with the firm of Page & Orr about 1862, completing his apprenticeship in 1866.  He then entered the employ of Page & Orr as a journeyman and Continued with them until the dissolution of the firm in 1873, after Avhieh he was employed by his father until 1882, when he became proprietor of the busi- ness by purchase. Mr. Page's large experience in the business makes him a thoroughly competent man in every department. He has his full share of the trade and we do not hesitate to say that all who trade with him get full value for their money. Mr. J. N. Page, son of our subject, is with him and has been for five years and is a thorough master of the trade. He operates a Landis harness sewing machine which Mr. Page has recently added to his equipment and which does work equal and even superior to hand work. This work, as all of Mr. Page's work, is fully guaranteed. He invites all who are interested to call and inspect this new harness machine and will gladly show them how it works. Mr. Page appreciates the patronage of his friends, is at all times genial and pleasant and glad to receive callers whether purchasers or not. When absent his son will be found abundantly able to represent him whether in the salesroom or otherwise. Mr. Page was married. April 23, 1873, to Miss Mary L. Brouilette, of Vincennes, and has two children. Mrs. W. A. Courter and J. N. Page, both of the city. Two children died in infancy.(VP&S)

Oliver Pierson

Oliver Pierson of the White Bicycle Company, was born in Knox county, Ohio, December 13, 1836. After leaving the public schools, young Pierson took an academic course at Martinsburg and there attended college for a time. He afterward learned the trade of chair maker but did not long follow it, taking up that of house painting, emigrating in 1857 to Marshall county, Illinois. Here he taught school onie year and then returned to Ohio. While in Illinois he met and won Miss Martha Fountain, of Marshall county, and in 1860 returned and married her. He then followed school teaching In Ohio one year, after which he returned to Wenona, Ill., where he followed the trade of house painting for some five or six years. From there he went to Oskaloosa, Iowa, where he was engaged, in the manufacture of window blinds. Here he remained till the fall of 1882, when he removed to Wabash county, Ind., and engaged in the saw mill business. In this he continued till 1892, when he engaged in the same business in Knox county and continued it till the year 1899. Mr. Pierson is a skillful mechanic and well versed in everything pertaining to saws and saw mills; At filing and rehammering saws he has few superiors amd bJs trade in this line is quite large. Mr. Pierson is the father of two sons and two daughters. (VP&S)

Thomas Piety

"In the latter end of the eighteenth century, and during the time of the English and French wars in Europe and America, at the treaty of Paris, 1763, the French government ceded to England "New France" and other American possessions east of the Mississippi river. "Austin Piety, an English officer, was stationed at 'Fort Pitt,' at the headwaters of the Ohio river, now 'Pittsburg,' Pennsylvania. He was united in marriage to Sarah Polk about the year 1769. He, with his command, was ordered to Kaskaskia, on the Mississippi River in 1770 by the British authorities. He descended the Ohio river with his wife and troops under his command, as far as the Falls of the Ohio river, and there made a short stay in order to lay in a supply of buffalo and other meat; from thence down the river to its mouth (now Cairo, Illinois), and from thence up to their destination, 'the American Bottom,' on the east side of the Mississippi, opposite St. Louis.

During their stay the subject of this sketch, to-wit Thomas Piety, Sr., was born in 1770. Austin Piety returned to Fort Pitt with his command, and during the Revolutionary War reutrned to England, and from thence never  returned, leaving his wife(Sarah Piety, and four children in America. "Sarah Piety, the mother of these four children (Thomas, who was the oldest, and three sisters, who were younger), in company with her three brothers,—Edmund, Charles and Thomas Polke,— came down the Ohio river to Kentucky in the year 1780. They landed at the Falls of the Ohio where the city of Louisville now is situated. They settled near Bardstown, Nelson county, Kentucky, in a stockade fort to protect them from the Indians, who Were hostile. "Thomas Piety was united in marriage with Miss Mary Duncan, when he was about twenty years of age, and shortly afterwards joined General Arthur Sinclair's [St. Clair's] army against the Indian tribes of the Northwest. Thomas Piety was in the battle of General Sinclair's Defeat, 1791, and was wounded; but he and a wounded soldier were mounted on a small pony horse and saved themselves in the retreat and returned home to Kentucky. He lived in Kentucky until the year 1814, and then moved to Indiana Territory in company with Abram McClelland and family. "They settled where the town of Carlisle now stands in the winter of 1814-15. The Indians stole all their horses, which he had taken in payment for his land in Kentucky. In the month of February he removed into Polke's Fort in Knox county, Indiana Territory.

In August following Thomas Pietyand family settled on Congress lands on Maria creek, and here secured a home where he lived and died, 1835, aged about sixty-five years. His wife survived him many years, and died at the advanced age of eighty-two years. They were buried side by side, with a monumental stone upon which are engraved their respective ages and dates of their deaths, with that of children and grandchildren, near the Maria Creek Christian Church, on the banks of Maria creek. "I cannot describe the jottings of the life of Thomas Piety, Sr.. who lived and died on the outskirts of civilization, without stating some further particulars and incidents of his eventful life. He claimed to be the first American-born child in the Northwest Territory (1770). I have often made this statement, and on searching the pages of the early history for the nearest approach to it, find that it is that of Mrs. Heckewelder, born near Marietta, Ohio, in the year 1781, eleven years afterward. At the present writing, 1884, there are four survivors yet living, the descendants of Thomas Piety, Sr., and wife, to-wit: Mrs. Sally P. Risly, 86 years, who still resides on the old farm of her father, Mrs. Ann P. Taylor in the Rock River country of Illinois, William D. Piety, near Bruceville, Knox county. Indiana, 76 years of age, and Mrs. Susan P. McQuaid of Franklin, Johnson county, Indiana, twenty miles south of Indianapolis, 72 years of age. "There were born to them thirteen children, six sons and seven daughters, all of whom were fully grown men and women with exception of' , who died aged four years in the year 1818. The descendants of Thomas Piety are now to be found all over the Northwest and Southwest from Texas to Oregon."

James A. Plummer

James A. Plummer , was born at McCoNnellsville. Morgan County, Ohio, October 5, 1826. His mother dying when he was an infant he was placed with relatives at Middletown, Ohio, where he was educated. He served an apprenticeship to the trade of chairmaker in Cincinnati, where he was an active member of the volunteer fire department for ten years. Mr. Plummer came to Vincennes in May, 1854, and was for five years employed as a cabinet maker, following which he was for five years employed in the woodwork department of the O. & M. shops. He then embarked in the manufacture of chairs and house finishing lumber, which he has continued to the present time Ho makes oak dining room and double cane chairs and everything in the way of finishings for houses. His chairs wherever known are popular because of their high quality and durability. He employs from seven to twelve men at good wages. Mr. Plummer was married, in 1851, to Miss Esther M. Jackson, of Cincinnati. They have one daughter. Mrs. J. W. Shaw, of Chicago. (VP&S)

Charles Polke, Jr.

 "Charks Polke. son of Captain Charles Polke, was born at Detroit, Michigan, in the British garrison, October 20th. 1782, his father's family having been taken prisoners in Kentucky and taken to Detroit by a band of Indian warriors. His father went to Detroit in 1783, and recovered his lost ones and returned to Kentucky. Few educational advantages were enjoyed in that early day, and Charles Polke never had gone to school one year, all told; yet he learned to read and write, and by self application was enabled to transact business and become an active and useful citizen in the early settlement of Indiana Territory. "Charles Polke came out to the 'Old Post Vincennes' in the spring of 1806, and rented some land of Judge Henry Vanderburgh near the Fair Grounds and cultivated a crop of corn. He returned to Shelby county, Kentucky, and having sold his small farm on the waters of Clear creek and Gulf's creek, near their junction at Brashear's creek or headwaters of Salt River, Kentucky (a river ever made memorable by many disappointed politicians of Kentucky and Indiana), he emigrated to Indiana Territory on pack horses. He crossed the Ohio river seven miles below Louisville at Oatmans' Ferry, below the highlands on the west side of the Ohio river. He traveled along the Indian trace by way of Corydon, the Blue river barrens, the French Licks, down the Patoka river, past White Oak Springs and the Mud Holes to White river, crossing it below the junction of east and west forks at Wright's old ferry to Vincennes. This was the old route through the wilderness to the Falls on the Ohio river, and no wagon or carriage had ever passed through it until 1808, when a train of emigrants came through to Vincennes, with their wagons and stock following this old buffalo and Indian traceway as above described.

"Charles Polke made short stay in Vincennes. He bought 100 acres of land on the waters of Maria creek, 15 mile's north of Vincennes, and during the year 1807 erected a log cabin and commenced improving here on these lands. The Miami and Delaware Indian hunting grounds were here, and during the fall season they were encamped all along Maria creek at the springs of water, and were peaceable until 1809 and 1810. Then they became troublesome, being set on by British agents, by Tecumseh and other war chiefs. This new country was grown up with high grass and on the prairies and barrens the fires in the fall of the year were terrific. There were no roads, no farms, and little or no stock to graze it down. The fires would run all over the lands from the Wabash river to White river, leaving prairies black and bleak, and the barrens and small glades with few exceptions in the same condition. On the north, Busseron creek with its few settlers was the limit of the white settlements, and on the east we were on the outside settlement to the border settlements of the Ohio State line on the waters of the White Water river in Wayne and Franklin counties, Indiana. This remained a new country for forty years and was subject to great sufferings from sickness, fever and ague prevailing among the border settlers and whole families being prostrated by sickness, not one member being able to help another. The sickness brought about great suffering but did not prove fatal to that extent that might be supposed. The War of 1812 between the United States and England terminated December, 1814; and the tide of immigration flowing in from the surrounding states, this wild condition of our country soon changed and Indiana Territory in 1816 became the State of Indiana. "Charles Polke was at the battle of Tippecanoe, November 7, 1811, going with General Harrison's army up the Wabash. On their way they erected the 'Outpost Fort Harrison' a few miles above the city of Terre Haute. But these are all matters of history on which I need not dwell. In the year 1816Indiana Territory became the State of Indiana and Knox county—the mother countyextended north to the southern end of Lake Michigan.

 "Charles Polke died in the year 1845. aged 63 years, having lived to see wonderful changes in his day over all the wild country of northern Indiana.He saw the wilderness and solitary places give way to the tide of immigration of civilized and Christianized men and women; and in place of the Indian wigwams and war-whoop he saw those waste places become the homes of civilized man with farms and villages, towns and cities, with school houses, church houses, railroads, etc. But on these changes I need not now dwell, and therefore will bring to a close these jottings of pioneer life.

" James Polke "

James Polke. author of these memoirs, the eldest son of Charles Polke and Margaret his wife, was born on the 5th day of September, 1804, in Shelbycounty, Kentucky, near the junction of Clear creek and Gulf's creek, forming Brashear's creek, a tributary of Salt river, which runs into the Ohio river below the city of Louisville. "My father, Charles Polke, was united in marriage with Margaret McQuaid. the eldest daughter of Rev. James McQuaid, in the year 1803. My father bought a small tract of land in the deep and dark forest of that early day of pioneer life in that (then) new country. The locality of his new home proved to be sickly, subject to fever and ague and in the year 1806 he sold out his new home and came out to 'Old Post Vincennes.' "My father carried me in his lap on horseback and my mother carried my eldest sister (Delilah), then about nine months old. With their pack horses they rode through the wilderness over one hundred miles and arrived at the 'Old Post' in September, 1806. The village was composed of French inhabitants and Indian traders, with but few American inhabitants. Major William Bruce, a brother-in-law of my father, had come to IndianaTerritory in 1805 and settled about 8 miles north of Vincennes, where the town of Bruceville is now located, lots having been sold in 1816.

My father spent the first winter here and during his stay bought 100 acres of land on the waters of Maria creek. In the early spring of 1807 he erected a cabin house on this land and made a permanent settlement. He lived arid died on the same (in 1845), my mother surviving him ten years and dying in 1855, aged 70'years. The first dawning of my memory of the things of my eventful life were here in this humble cabin house. Here we were in IndianaTerritory, the country wild and unsettled, surrounded by Indians in this (then) wilderness land. The Indians camped and hunted around us during their hunting season and the crack of the rifle could be heard almost any day, killing deer, wild turkeys and other game: but all was peaceable then. About the year 1810 things were changed by the influence of British traders over the war chiefs among the Indian tribes of the Northwest; but this is a matter of history, as are the Indian war of 1811 and the British war of 1812 which followed, and the peace that followed in 1815. "In this new country, as indicated, my experience of life commenced and for the first 5 years of my life events are deeply imprinted on the tablet of my heart and memory.

The Indian War of 1811 was fast looming up and my father took me on horseback behind him to my grandfather's in Shelbycounty. Kentucky. We traveled the trace-way by which he had come to Indiana Territory m 1806—through the Blue River Barrens by Corydon. Harrison County, Indiana. My uncle, Spier Spencer, the first sheriff of the county (1808), lived here. He had been with General Sinclair [St. Clair] and General Wayne in the early Indian wars. He had organized a volunteer company to fight the savage Indians of the Upper Wabash on the Tippecanoe. I saw him parade his company in the streets of Corydon. He joined General Harrison at Vincennes, then the headquarters. My father soon returned to Indiana and joined in General Harrison's campaign to Tippecanoe, which was fought on the 7th of November, 1811. Those brave heroes fell—Joseph Daviess, Abram Owen, Captain Spencer and others. The army returned by Fort Harrison, an outpost erected by the army on their march up the Wabash river, sixty miles norh of Vincennes in the immediate neighborhood of Terre Haute, Indiana. "I remained in Kentucky two years and in August, 1813, returned home to Knox county. I was sent to such schools as were common at that day and learned to spell and read some. My mother and five small children, with a portion of William Police's family, were sent to Kentucky in the spring of 1813, and all returned in August, 1813, as above stated, to the old fort on William Polke's farm. In the early spring of 1814, my father removed his family to our old cabin house on the farm and risked all danger from roving war parties of Indians in their raids on the frontiers of Indiana and Illinois Territories.

Robert Polke

"Robert Polke, youngest son of Captain Polke, Sr., was born in Kentucky in 1798. His mother, Delilah Tyler, died at his birth and he was nursed and brought up by his elder sisters in his father's house until he was ten years old and then was brought to Indiana territory with his eldest brother,William Polke, in 1808. When sixteen years old he joined Andrie company of Rangers to guard the frontier settlements of Indiana and Illinois territories from Indian depredations and served until the Indian troubles were over and peace was declared between the United States and England at the close of the War of 1812. "He was married to Elizabeth Widener in the year 1816 when he was 18 years old and bought a tract of land near New Lebanon in Sullivan county.After a few years he sold the land and returned to Knox county and later lived in Carlisle, Sullivan county. When the Upper Wabash was opened for settlement he moved to Logansport, Cass county. After a stay of some years he removed to Indian territory and engaged in the Indian trade among the Putawahens and died about the year 1842. His sons, to-wit: Thomas, John W., Perry, Charles and Robert and Mrs. Mary Shoate are residents of the State of Kansas (1883)."

John R Porter

John R. Porter resided in this State in Orange County. He was admitted to the bar in Martin County at the first term of the circuit court held in that county in 1820. He had in all probability been admitted before that in some other court and county, and had been in the practice of the profession for some time. One of his relatives was one of the first associate judges of Martin County, and he was prosecuting attorney of the circuit. Portersville, the first county seat of Dubois County, was named in honor of this judge.

William Prince

William Prince came to Vincennes and located uuder the Territorial government and commenced his career here. He was a young man when he came, and he married Miss Theresa Puryea, a daughter of one of the old resident French families of Vincennes. His wife's parents resided on the lot on Main Street, now occupied by the Presbyterian Church and parsonage. They lived to a very advanced age, and the old man took delight in keeping his lot clean and nice, which he did when over ninety years of age. Judge Prince on the organization of Gibson County, removed there and the county seat was named for him. He was elected to Congress from this district in 1824 and died that year during his term. He left surviving him two daughters, one of whom married Judge Samuel Hall, the projector and first president of the Evansville & Terre Haute Railroad. Many of his descendants yet reside in Gibson County.



David Raymond

David Raymond presided as president judge in the circuit court of this county in 1815, during all terms held that year. But little is known concerning him, whence he came or whither he went. His signature to the recoids of court disclose a fair, regu- lar and uniform hand writing, indicative of culture and refinement. His commission as judge of the circuit was not spread on record according to the usage in this county. We think, however, he was  from one of the Southern States, with slavery predilections. While he presided as judge in this county, Ma-sou-pe-con-gar, or the Owl, an Indian, who owned and lived on the survey in the upper prairie, of which Judah's addition to Vincennes is a part, brought an action of detinue against Thomas Jones, for a black or mulatto girl and a cross-cut saw. The case was tried by jury, October 5, 1816, who returned a verdict that the Indian was entitled to recover the black girl and the saw. A new trial was granted. The wonder is that such a cause of action could travel along so far as an issue and trial in a court proceeding according to the course of the com- mon law and under the operation of the ordinance of 1787.

Garrett R. Recker

Garret R. Recker, successor to Convery & Recker, conducts a general foundry and machine shop at Eighth and Hickman Streets, has one of the most complete plants in the state, conveniently arranged and supplied with modern machines of every kind demanded by his trade. His shops employ from 14 to 20 men and do everything in the line comprehended in a general founder and machinists' business. Mr. Recker is not only a thorough master-machinist but a very careful superintendent and thus permits no work to go out of his shop that is not fully up to the requirements. It was thus that a tine business was built up by the firm of Convery & Recker, to which Mr. Recker succeeded on the death of Mr. Convery in January, 1902. Garret R. Recker was born in Vincennes March 2, 1865, and was educated in the city schools. At the age of 15, in 1880, he entered the machine shop of Clark & Buck to learn the trade of machinist and continued in their employ until the year 1893, thirteen years. In that year he and August Convery, also an employee of Clark & Buck for many years, formed a partnership and established a small shop near the corner of Eighth and Hickman. The business grew from year to year until they were finally, in 1900, compelled to erect the large brick building now occupied, and a cut of which appears herewith. Mr. Recker was married February 7, 1888, to Miss Mary E. Ritman, of Newton, Ill. They have four sons and two daughters. (VP&S)


  Gerard Reiter, vice-president of the German National Bank, is of German parentage but was born and reared in Vincennes. The date of his birth was Septeiuber 1. 1849. He was educated in the German Catholic and public schools of the city. His first business experi- ence was as clerk in the county auditor's office, which position he filled when but fifteen years of age. He was deputy auditor for eleven years and in 1874 was elected auditor and re-elected in 1878, serving two full terms and completing a total service in the auditor's office of nineteen years. In 1884 Mr. Reiter was elected a member of the State Legislature as joint representative for the counties of Knox. Sullivan and Greene. In 1888, on the organization of the German National Bank, he became vice-president of the institution and has held that position to the present time. Mr. Reiter served six years as an efficient member of the Vincennes school board, from 1883 to 1886 and from 1889 to 1892. In 1897 he was elected supreme treasurer of the Catholic Knights of America, an office which he held for four years, during which time funds of the society amounting to over three millions of dollars passed through his hands. Of this great trust Mr. Reiter acquitted himself, not only with satisfaction to the order, but with distinguished honor to himself. Mr. Reiter was united in marriage, October 24, 1871, to Miss Ellen Green, a native of Belfast, Ireland. (VP&S)

S. Risch

Sebastian Risch was born in Bernolsheim, Canton Brumath, Alsace, Sept 7, 1834. Immigrated to this country in 1854, landing at New Orleans in March of that year. Shortly after landing he came to Evansville, where he remained about nine months, returning to New Orleans in December of the same year. Here he remained four mouths, coming to Vincennes in the spring of 1855. He worked for a short time on a farm and then engaged in making shingles for some months, following this work with a further engagement on a farm for some fifteen months in the years 1855-6. In January, 1857, he took a position with L. D. Smith, grocer. After fifteen months, in 1858, he entered the general store of Roseman & Stewart, with whom and their successor, J. H. Rabb, he remained until 1867, when he removed to a farm near Vincennes. Failing health, due to a bodily injury, compelled him to give up this work after fifteen months and he returned to Vincennes in 1868. He was then for four years toll-keeper at the wagon bridge over the Wabash. In August, 1873, he opened a boarding house at Eleventh and Main. This business was successful and a few years later, in 1877, Mr. Risch embarked in n general merchandise business at No. 112 Main Street. In November of the same year he bought the store of Joseph Laugel at the corner of Tenth and Main, which he has since conducted most successfully. Mr. Risch's genial and pleasant manner has made him a host of friends, while a ready accommodation of his customers and substantial Inducements to trade have built up and retained a very large custom. Mr. Risch was married May 13, 1862, to Miss Mary Heller, of Vincennes, with whose companionship he has been blessed to the present time. They have eight children, three sons, John A., Anthony M. and Joseph, being in business for themselves in the city. Two others, Henry and Lawrence, are in the store with Mr. Risch at this time.(VP&S)

 John A. Risch

 John A. Risch was born and reared in Vincennes. He is a son of the veteran merchant, Mr. S. Risch, of Tenth and Main Streets. He received his education in the schools of the city and entered the store of his father as a salesman, remaining in tnat position for fifteen years. In 1892 Mr. Risch embarked in business for himself at Second and Tecumseh Streets, where he is still to be found. He carries a general stock of merchandise, including groceries, dry goods, shoes and country produce, and has a large and growing trade. Mr. Risch's close attention to business and his methodical business habits, coupled with a genial and pleasant manner have enabled him to build up a most profitable trade. Notwithstanding the fact that in 1895 he suffered a heavy loss from fire, which destroyed his warehouses and a part of his store building, he now owns the handsome and commodious building in which he is located with a valuable lot adjoining, and carries one of the most complete general stocks in the city. Mr. Risch's high standing with his fellow merchants is evidenced by the fact that he was honored with the presidency of the Association of Retail Merchants on its organization in the summer and fall of 1901. He was made temporary chairman at the first meeting and on completion of the organization became its first president for one year. (VP&S)

George W. Roush

 George W. H. Roush was born in Hillsboro, Ohio, May 26, 1851. He received a good education in the schools of that city, having been duly graduated from the high school. He read law with Charles Collins, a leading attorney of Hillsboro, for two years, following which he was for five years local editor of the Hillsboro Weekly Gazette. He was then for seven years deputy sheriff of Highland County, Ohio, until the year 1899, when he came to Vincennes and established a large business as manufacturer and dealer in lumber. His business flourished, and in 1810 he added a basket factory which experienced a constant and rapid growth until its destruction by tire on the night of June 19, 1901, at which time it was employing 126 people and making two car loads of baskets per day. He is making arrangements to renew his basket factory and will begin work thereon early in the spring of 1902. Mr. Roush is the regular Democratic candidate for Mayor of Vincennes, election May 6, 1902. Mr. Roush was married, March 4, 1876 to Miss Cindarella Chapman, of Hillsboro, Ohio. They have two daughters, Mrs. E. F. Tindolph of the city and Miss Georgia. (VP&S)


Victor Schoenfeld

Victor Schoenfeld was born in Budapest, Hungary, May 19, 1846. Came to America in 1872. The first year after his arrival he spent at Cincinnati; then went to Indianapolis, where be was in business for six years, coming to Vincennes in August, 1879. He went into business at once, conducting, a notion store at 207 Main street He remained at that location nine years, removing to present location, No. 211 Maim, in 1888. He carries a complete stock of proprietary medicines, wall paper, sihades, paints, etc., and a variety of notions anld toys and enjoys a thriving trade. Mr. Schoenfeld was married in 1879 to Miss Rifka Wile, of Vincennes. They have two daughters, Misses Elizabeth and Elvira.  (VP&S)

Anton Simon

Anton Simon was born in Alsace, France, (now Germany), Nov. 2, 1848, and came to America, direct to Vincennes, in 1862. After his arrival here he was for a six months in the employ of Theodore Huslage. He subsequently was in the employ of William Busse, grocer, for five years and a number of years with John Ebner in his brewery. He then embarked in a confectionery business which he continued for si bout three years, till 1874, when the partnership with Mr. Hack was formed. Like his partner. Mr. Simon is an enterprising and public spirited man. He is Vice President of tfie Board of Trade. Mr. Simon was married in I860, to Miss Caroline, daughter of John Ebner, of Vincennes. He was a second time married, in 1876, to Miss Anna Weisenberger, of Vincennes. They have two sons and two daughters (VP&S)

William Simpson

 William Simpson, livery, 15-21 North Third, opposite Grand Hotel, was born on a farm four miles east of Vincennes, Feb. 18, 1869. He attended the public schools and subsequently Vincennes University, almost completing the course of that institution. He remained on the farm till 1891 and was for four years sub- sequently a full partner in the Knox Nuseries. In December, 1895, he accepted a position in the hardware and implement house of Simpson, Emison & Lane. Here lie remained over four years till, in 1900, he bought the livery and boarding stable at the above numbers, which he has since conducted. Mr. Simpson is not only a genial and pleasant gentleman, but an energetic and progressive man and the business under his management has shown material advancement, and the number of its customers has greatly increased. (VP&S)

Richard Bernard "Red" Skelton

Born July 18, 1913 and Died Sept 17, 1997 in Vincennes Indiana to Joseph Elmer Skelton and  Ida Mae Fields. His father was a HagenBeck -Wallace Circus clown  who died in 1913 shortly before his son was born. His mother, left with four boys to raise on her own, worked as a cleaning woman and an elevator operator. She taught her son Red, to appreciate art and gave him tickets to vaudeville shows. As Red Skelton later said, "Mom used to say I didn't run away from home. My destiny just caught up with me at an early age." The person most responsible for Red Skelton's involvement in the theater, however, was the famous actor and comedian, Ed Wynn. Wynn came to Vincennes in 1923 to put on a show, and spotted the 10-year-old Red Skelton selling newspapers on the street, to help support his family. Ed Wynn went up to him, bought all his newspapers and invited him to the show. He took Red Skelton backstage where he introduced the slack-jawed Red Skelton to everyone and let him look through the peephole at the audience filing in. Red Skelton fell in love with show business at that moment, which changed his life forever.As a teenager skelton worked one of his first jobs with the same circus. He married in 1930 Edna Stillwell, they divorced about 13 years later.  Red then married In 1945,  to Georgia Davis. This marriage lasted for 28 years, and resulted in the births of his son Richie and his daughter Valentina. Richie, unfortunately, died of leukemia in childhood, a blow that devastated the family. In 1973 he married his third wife, Lothian Toland.  He will be best remembered for his reciting the "Pledge of Allegiance", a sentimental clown who delighted TV audiences for 20 years playing Clem Kadiddlehopper, Freddie the Freeloader and the Mean Widdle Kid, but most of all for his signature sign off "Good Night and God Bless"

Ballard Smith

Ballard Smith was a young man when he became judge of the circuit court, and served but a brief period. He had previously been a member of the House of Representatives of the State Legislature, and was speaker thereof. He resided at Cannelton, in Perry County. He was a brother of Hamilton Smith, who was 6o largely interested in the manufacturing interests of Cannelton. Judge Smith died young, before his mental powers were fully developed, and before he had opportunity for the display of his capabilities.


 Harry V. Somes was born in Vincennes September 24, 1866, anti received his education in the Cathedral school and the Vincennes public schools. After leaving school, when yet quite young, he was variously employed in grocery stores and elsewhere for some years, his last employment before entering the bank being with William Davidson, books and stationery. In 1884, in the month of August, he became collector for the First National Bank. Since that time he has been from time to time advanced until in January, 1901, he became assistant cashier, his present position. Mr. Somes was married in 1894, to Miss Bertha O'Daniel, of Owensboro, Ky. They have one son and one daughter. (VP&S)

A. C. Spiker

 Augustus C. Spiker was born in Clay County, Illinois, July 1, 1872. When he was twelve years of age his father removed to Stoddard County, Missouri (his mother having previously died), and here he grew to manhood, being employed on the farm and as salesman  in a store. His father dying in 1891, he came to Vincennes in May of that year and attended Vincennes University during the school year of 1891-2. He then, in the fall of 1892, entered Purdue University, which he attended for four years and from which he was graduated in June, 1896. His class record having given him a high standing with the authorities, he was at once appointed an instructor in practical mechanics and drawing, a position which be held for two years, in the course of which, on the production of a satisfactory thesis, he received the master's degree of C. E. In 1898 Mr. Spiker came to Vincennes and opened an office for the practice of his profession. In January, 1911, he was engaged to engineer and superintend the construction of a large system of drainage in Stoddard and New Madrid Counties, Missouri, and' has been engaged there since, completing contracts aggregating over $351,000. On the seventh of January, 1902, he let an additional contract for $87,000 worth of work which will begin soon. His thorough mastery of his profession places him in position to take charge of all sorts of construction work and the care with which he supervises work entrusted to him entitles him to the consideration of all who have need of the services of a competent and faithful civil engineer. Mr. Spiker was married, Sept. 26, 1900, to Miss Mabel Loten, grand-daughter of Mrs. E. J. Loten, of the city. (VP&S)

J. S. Spiker

 Jacob S. Spiker was horn in Clay Bounty, Coming to Vincennes in 1883, he entered the Vincennes University  and was graduated there from in 1887. The following year he was elected surveyor of Knox County. After serving very acceptably to his constituents for something over three years, Mr. Spiker resigned the office for the purpose of taking a special course in civil engineering at Purdue University, which he did. After leaving the university Mr. Spiker. in 1893, opened an office in Vincennes for the practice of his chosen profession, also prepared an index to the Knox County records for the purpose of abstracting titles, in which his office has done a large business, notwithstanding the fact that the increasing demand for his professional services has compelled him to leave this branch mainly in the hands of his associates. Mr. Spiker is a thorough master of his profession, a careful and exacting superintendent, permitting nothing short of perfect compliance with specifications in work which he supervises. He has been employed very largely in the construction of levees, drainage ditches, roads and bridges, and so favorably has he become known through the excellence of his work that his services are in demand in an ever broadening field. He has been compelled to call in the aid of a number of assistants., To a considerable extent his services have been in demand as consulting engineer in matters pertaining to heating and various structural work. Mr. Spiker was in 1898 elected a member of the City Council from the Third Ward and has been one of the most careful and serviceable members of that body. Mr. Spiker was married October 23, 1891, to Miss Elizabeth Hollingsworth, of Vincennes. They have one son. (VP&S)

FREDERICK WILLIAM STAFF, general master mechanic of the Ohio & Mississippi Eailroad, was born in Newport, Ky., March 9, 1S52, being a son of William J. and Wilhelmina (Sauerbrey) Staff, who were born respectively in Saxony and Hanover. Frederick W. was reared with his parents in his native city, having but few opportunities for acquiring an education. When fourteen years of age he began learning the machinist trade, which he mastered in Cincinnati, Ohio. His evenings were spent in acquiring an education, and in time he acquired a fair literary education. At the age of twenty he became draughtsman of the Little Miami Eailroad, having previously devoted a great deal of time and study to this profession. He filled the position creditably a number of years. In 1883 he accepted a similar position on the Ohio & Mississippi, and in July, 1885, was promoted to his present position, and is now filling the position very satisfactorily. In 1876 he was united in marriage to Emma E. Marston, a native of Newport, Ky. To them were born seven children, six now living: Thomas W., Frederick William, Ida May, John W., Pearl, and J. Howard. Mr. Staff is a Democrat in politics, and took quite a part in the political affairs of his native city, being a member of the city council a number of years. He has been a Mason since 1873. He is an example of the self-made men of the country, as he started in life a poor boy with little or no capital, but untiring energy, study, and singular capability for his particular calling in life, and has won golden opinions, not only from his employers, but by a large circle of friends, who know him only to respect his many excellent qualities.



EDWARD TAYLOR, A. M., superintendent of the city schools at Vincennes, Tnd., was born at "West Plains, six miles west of Lafayette, Ind., October 30, 1842. The father was Joseph N. Taylor, a native of Winchester, Va., born in 1813. The mother's maiden name was Phoebe Garretson, born in Springboro, Ohio, in 18 IB. Both parents are still living, and are members of the religious Society of Friends, or Quakers, as also is our subject. They were the parents of seven children. When our subject was seven years of age his parents removed to Monrovia, Ind., in order to secure better church and school facilities, and there he still resides. Subject attended school during the winter and farmed in the summer time until he was seventeen years of age. During his youth he was a member of various literary societies, and thereby acquired a liking for literary work. In 1860 he entered the Earlham College, at Richmond, Ind., and his time was spent between the duties of a student and in assisting his father, who had been chosen superintendent of the institution. He graduated from the classical course in 1865. He then became a teacher of Latin and Greek at Spiceland Academy, Ind., and at the end of the year was elected principal of the academy. He resigned this position, however, in order to travel and study in Europe. He made the tour of the Continent, and spent a year in linguistic and historical studies in Berlin, Prussia, and during his absence sent weekly letters to the Richmond Telegram. Some months after his return he married Miss Louise Bales, daughter of John H. Bales, of Knightstown, Ind. They have two sons. He chose teaching as his occupation, and in 1868 was chosen superintendent of the city schools of Kokomo, Ind. In 1872 he removed to Iowa, where he was for several years principal of New Providence Academy, and during that time

F. A. Thuis

F. A. Thuis Estate. The business of the F. A. Thuis estate, dealers in harness and saddlery, was established by Francis A. Thuis, now deceased, in 1882, on First, between Main and Busseron Streets, and was removed to 111 Main in 1887. Mr. Thuis had built, up a fine business and was in pros- perous circumstances when death overtook him in 1898. Mr. Louis Thuis, the eldest son, who was attending medical college at the time of his father's death, immediately left school to take charge of the business for the benefit of the estate and has sinte conducted it most successfully. Francis A. Thuis, the founder of this business, was born in Diedam, Holland, in Mareh, 1837, and came to this country with a brother when seventeen years of age, in 185i. Landing at New York, he went thence to Cleveland, Ohio, where he remained some three or four years and then came to Vincennes. On the breaking out of the War of the Rebellion he promptly enlisted in the Twenty-fourth Indiana Infantry as a musician and subsequently as a private in the Ninety-first Indiana, gallantly serving his adopted country till the close of the war. Mr. Thuis was married to Miss Mary J. Page, of Vincennes in 1866, and to the union were born five sons, Louis E., Francis Eugene, Charles A.. Joseph G., now deceased, and Silas Leo, and two daughters, Johana E. and M. Elizabeth. (VP&S)1878) was elected to the State Legislature. His principal speeches while in office were in opposition to the enactment of a bill for the re-establishment of capital punishment in the State ; a plea for the financial support of the Eeform School ; in advo- cacy of a bill for the repeal of what was known as "the wine and beer clause," and in support of a bill for compulsory education. In 1879 he published " My Brief History of the American Peo- ple, for Schools," which has reached the sixteenth edition in six years. Under the auspices of the State Temperance Alliance he spent the winter of 1879-80 in travel as a State lecturer in advo- cacy of the reform. In 1881 he removed to Indianapolis, and the following year was elected to his present position. As a boy, it may be said of him that his taste was for science, especially astronomy ; as a college student, it was for the ancient languages ; later, for historical and literary studies, and is now for moral and economic questions.

FKANCIS A. THUIS is a native of Holland, where he was born in 1837, son of Francis A. and Johanna H. (Hendrickson) Thuis, and is of pure Dutch descent. He came to America in 1853, and settled in New York, where he remained one year, and then went to Cleveland, Ohio, where he remained three years. In 1856 he came to Vincennes. He learned the saddler's trade in Europe. After coming to Vincennes he secured a position on the Evanston & Terre Haute Eailroad, which he held two years. He then clerked in a store until 1861, when he enlisted in the Twenty-fourth Indiana Infantry as a musician, and served four- teen months. He then came home and remained nine months, and then re-enlisted in Company A, Ninety-first Indiana Volun- teer Infantry, and served until the close of the war. He was dis- charged in 1865 at Indianapolis. Since the war he has been engaged in the manufacture of the " Scotch horse-collar," and has secured an extensive reputation as a collar manufacturer. He was married in 1866 to Mary Jane Page, a native of Vincennes, born in 1843. They have seven children: Johanna E., Louis E., Mary E., Francis E., Charles A., George J. and Silas L. He is a member of the Democratic party, and in religious belief is a Catholic.


J. M. TURNER is a son of Elias Turner, who was born and  reared in Illinois. Our subject was one of six children and was  born in the "Sucker State" September 15, 1840. When he was  sixteen years old the family broke up, and after working about  six months in Illinois, he came to Indiana, and here his father  died in 1872. His mother's death occurred in Illinois in 1857.  After coming to the " Hoosier State " he engaged in agricultural  pursuits, and has ever since been a tiller of the soil. On the  9th of February, 1868. he was united in marriage to Rosa  H. Moore, a daughter of Thomas Moore, and in 1884 located on  the farm where he now lives. He owns 100 acres of excellent  farming land and is laying up his share of worldly goods. Mr.  and Mrs. Turner became the parents of the following children:  Mary Louisa, Margaret, Joseph C. (deceased), Harry R. and  Emma Carbin. Mrs. Turner died September 20, 1880, and Mr.  Turner took for his second wife Arena Starnater, a native of  Gibson County, Ind., and daughter of R. E. Starnater. To them  was born one child, viz. : Ada Rosa. Mrs. Turner's father has  been a resident of Decker Township for twenty-five years, and  was an old settler of the township. He died in 1876.




Henry Watson

Henry Watson was born and reared in Vincennes. He was educated in the schools of the city. His first employment after leaving the schools was with Thomas Lamport in the lumber business. He was afterwards for four years a salesman in the general store of G. Weinstein & Co. He then engaged in tin and galvanized iron work with his father, Mr. John Watson, who conducted the business at No. 123 North Second Street, the present location of his business. In 1890 he became proprietor of the business by purchase from his father and has since conducted it at the old stand. Mr. Watson is a careful and conscientious workman and spares no pains to render satisfaction to his custom. That he does so is evidenced by a growth in business in which he may well take an honest pride. Mr. Watson was married in 1800 to Miss Emma Acker. They have three children. (VP&S)




Henry Thornton Willis was born at Bruceville, Knox County, Aug. 29, 1862. He received his early education In the public schools and later attended' the State Normal School at Terre Haute and became a teacher in the schools of Knox County, being so engaged for six years. He was then for five years city editor of the Daily Sun, after which, in 1891, he became cashier of the Union Depot Hotel, a position which he has held continuously since that date. The high estimation in which Mr. Willis is held in the community is evidenced by the number of positions of trust and responsibility he has held. He was elected secretary of the Board of Trade, March 24, '1899, and has served in that capacity since that time, having been re-elected annually. He became a member of the City Board of Education in June, 1899, and was at the first meeting thereafter elected secretary of the board. The following year he was chosen treasurer and secretary again the next year, in which position he still serves. He was for a number of years secretary and treasurer of the Security Spoke Manufacturing Co., of the city, and was for twelve years, from 1889 to 1901, secretary of the Old Settlers' AsSociation. of Knox, County. He is a member of the Christian Church; and has been treasurer of that organization since 1896. In politics he is a democrat, though of Republican stock. Mr. Willis was married, June 17, 1896, to Miss Grace Burnet of the city. They have one son. (VP&S)





HANNIBAL YOUNG, a successful farmer of this county,  was born in Crawford County, Ill., January 20, 1831, and is one  of twelve children born to Thomas and Lucy (Barbee) Young,  who were natives of Kentucky. They are of English extraction.  Hannibal was reared upon a farm, and had the advantages of the  common schools. He was left an orphan at the age of fourteen  years, and he then came to Knox County to live with his brother  John, who now resides in Palmyra Township. Here he remained  until attaining his majority. He started in life with no capital  excepting his two hands and indomitable courage. He worked  as a farm hand for some time, receiving $10 per month for his  services. By his industry and economy, in ten years' time he  had saved enough money to enable him to purchase a small home.  In 1858 he sold this and removed to Illinois, and after remaining  tliere three years, he returned and purchased eighty acres of land  in Steen Township. In 1865 he purchased his present farm of  125 acres of land, which is now well improved and makes them  a comfortable home, the result of his own labor. He is a Republican in politics, and held the office of justice of the peace four  years. He was married March 15, 1865, to Miss Catharine Ballow, of this county. They are the parents of these three children: Lucy A., Lilly May, Myrtle A. Mrs. Young is a member  of the Presbyterian Church. 




© 2010/2013  JRice /Genealogy trails

source: Vincennes in Picture and Story  By J. Hodge 1902 (VP&S)
  History of Knox and Daviess Counties  1886