Genealogy Trails

Miami County Indiana
Biographical Sketches

Richland Township

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THOMAS BLACK, an old and highly esteemed citizen of Miami County, is a native of Preble County, Ohio, and dates his birth from November 21, 1812. His parents, Daniel and Elizabeth (Deem) Black, were natives of Pennsylvania and Kentucky, respectively, born as follows: The father born September 2, 1776, and the mother was born November 6, 1783. They were married in Kentucky, April 25, 1802, and subsequently settled in Butler County, Ohio, and later moved to Preble County, Ohio, where they afterwards resided until their respective deaths, which occurred as follows: The father died March 16, 1863, and the mother June 4, 1867. They were the parents of four children, viz: John, David, Uri and Thomas, our subject, the youngest member of the family. He was married in Preble County, Ohio, August 21, 1838, to Barbara, daughter of John and Catherine (Siler) Craft. She was born in Preble County, Ohio, March 25, 1814. In the fall of 1843, Mr. Black moved to Miami County, Indiana, and settled upon the farm where he now resides, in Richland Township. He owns 158 acres of fine and well-improved land. He has had born to him eight children, viz: William H., born November 14, 1841, John, born March 10, 1844; Malissa C., born May 8, 1846 (deceased); Clementine, born August 20, 1848 (deceased); Deem, born June 20, 1852 (deceased); Thomas F., born March 22, 1855, and two which died in infancy and not named. Mr. Black is a highly .esteemed and enterprising citizen.

JOSEPH L. BROWER is a native of Miami County, Indiana, son of the old and highly esteemed pioneers, Noah and Sarah (Eybrook) Brower, who were natives of Ohio and Indiana respectively. Noah Brower was a son of Jacob and Elizabeth (Teal) Brower, who settled in Miami County, Indiana, in a very early day. They were the parents of ten children, viz: Aaron, Joseph, Noah, Mary, Rebecca, Elizabeth, Abraham, Sarah, Susannah and Jacob. Noah, the father of our subject, was born in Preble County, Ohio, January 28, 1817. He came to Miami County, Indiana, about the year 1836, and was married in Jefferson Township, this county, May 3,1840, to the above Sarah, daughter of Balser and Mary (Eikenberry) Lybrook. She was born in Union County, Indiana, March 28, 1823. After Noah Brower's marriage he settled near Mexico, Indiana, and for a number of years carried on tanning. He afterwards purchased land near Mexico, upon which he settled and resided for eighteen years. He then purchased a farm near Denver, Indiana, upon which he resided until death, July 22, 1877. His wife survived him until January 3, 1885. They were the parents of four children, viz: Mariah, born August 2, 1841; Joseph L., born May 22, 1845; Balser J., born September 14, 1856; and Albert C., born May 21, 1861. Joseph L. Brower was married in Richland Township, this county, November 17, 1867, to Samantha O., daughter of Benjamin F. and Catherine C. (Wooley) Kirby. She was born in Richland Township, October 24, 1848.* In about the year 1874, Mr. Brower settled upon his present farm in Richland Township, where he has since resided. He owns 170 acres of fine land, which is well improved and under a high state of cultivation. He has had born to him eight children, viz: Almedia M., born October 10,1868; Deo O., born August 13, 1870; Noah B., born February 22, 1873; Nettie M., born January 4, 1875; Grace M., born December 27, 1876, and died June 6, 1878; Clarence A., born July 27, 1879, and died August 3, 1881; Sylvia I., born July 10, 1881, and Sarah E., born September 20, 1884. Mr. Brower and wife are members of the German Baptist Church, in which he has been a minister since the year 1880.

JOHN C. DAVIS (farmer, stock raiser and grain dealer), of Richland Township, was born in Madison County, Ohio, September 8, 1838. His parents—Samuel and Zuba (Patterson) Davis—were both natives of Ohio, and were united in marriage in Guernsey County in September, 1837. They subsequently settled in Madison County, Ohio, where the mother died, November 9, 1839. The father subsequently married Martha Smith, and in 1852 moved to Miami County, Indiana, settling upon the same farm on which our subject now resides, in Richland Township, Section 16. He died August 19, 1866. He was the father of seven children, viz: John C., by Miss Patterson, and Isaac M., James J., Joseph T., Eliza J., Mary C. and Alice E., by Miss Smith. John C., our subject, the eldest member of the family, came with his parents to this county in 1852, and has resided here ever since. He was united in marriage in Richland Township, September 20, 1868, to Julia A., daughter of Reuben C. and Judith A. (Keever) Harrison. She was born in Randolph County, Indiana, June 21, 1834. Soon after Mr. Davis' marriage he settled upon his present farm. He owns at present 300 acres of fine and well improved land. Mr. Davis was elected to the office of Commissioner of Miami County in 1876, and re-elected again in 1882. He was a member of the Board of Commissioners when the County Asylum was built; also when the Wabash bridge, of Peru; the Dennison mill bridge, the Pettysville bridge and a number of other small bridges were constructed. Mr. Davis is an intelligent and enterprising man, and one of Richland's representative citizens.

DAVID FOUTS, son of Michael and Sarah (Brower) Fouts, was born in Preble County, Ohio, April 22,1831. He came with his parents to this county in 1837, and has resided here ever since. He was married in Richland Township, this county, February 18, 1858, to Mary J., daughter of Benavil and Sarah (Keim) Derck. She was born in Perry County, Pennsylvania, May 26, 1839. After his marriage Mr. Fouts settled in Richland Township, Section 8, where he resided until the spring of 1882, when he settled upon his present farm, in Section 18, Richland Township, where he has resided since. He owns at present 240 acres of land. Has had born to him five children, viz: Andrew, born November 30, 1859; George L., born November 2, 1863; Sarah E., born "November 4, 1866; Lewis E., born October 15, 1870, and Oren, born November 18, 1884.

SAMUEL T. GRIFFITH was born in Wayne County, Indiana, June 26, 1833. His parents, Benjamin and Martha (Martindale) Griffith, were natives of Virginia and Ohio, respectively. They settled in Wayne County, Indiana, in an early day, and from thence moved to Cass County, Indiana, in 1835, and in 1836 to Miami County, Indiana, settling in Richland Township. They were the parents of seven children, viz: Azel, William, Moses, Samuel T., Harrison, Sarah A., and Martha J. Samuel T. Griffith came with his parents to this county in 1836. He was married in Richland Township, July 27, 1856, to Mary A., daughter of Jesse Wilkinson. She was born in Miami County, Indiana, March 4, 1837. After Mr. Griffith married he settled upon the same farm on which he now resides. His wife died August 9, 1872, having borne him three children, viz: Jesse W., born April 12, 1857; Martha J., born February 19, 1859, and died June 19, 1873; Samuel A., born October 3, 1869, and died November 5, 1878. On November 25, 1874, Mr. Griffith married Mrs. Eliza J. Long, and daughter of James M. and Anna E. (Mitton) Jones. She is a native of Indiana, and was born March 4, 1845. Six children have been born to this union, viz: Oscar E., born December 8, 1875; James O., born January 25, 1877; Minnie L., born February 17, 1879; Harrison G., born February 23, 1881; James L., born August 21, 1882; and Annie, born March 3, 1884. Mr. Griffith and wife are members of the Baptist Church. He owns, at present, 166 acres of fine land. His wife has one child born to her by Mr. Long, Amos E., born June 26, 1864. is a native of Berkshire County, Massachusetts, was born March

JAMES HOLLENSHADE, one of the pioneers of Miami County, is a native of Montgomery County, Ohio, and born July 1, 1812. His parents, James and Catharine (Weist) Hollenshade, were natives of Ireland and Pennsylvania, respectively. The father was born in County Down, Ireland, in June, 1770. He was one of five children born to Tites and Jane Hollenshade. He immigrated to the United States in about the year 1792, landing at Norfolk, Virginia, and from thence went to Baltimore, Maryland, and subsequently to York County, Pennsylvania, where he was married to Catherine Weist. In 1809 he moved to the State of Ohio, where he resided until death, which occurred in Preble County, March 25, 1840. His widow subsequently moved to Jersey County, Illinois, where she died July 12, 1855, at the age of seventy-four years, seven months and twenty-two days. They were the parents of six children, viz: John, Jane, Jacob, James, Nancy and Margaret. James Hollenshade was married in Preble County, Ohio, January 29, 1835, to Elizabeth, daughter of John and Barbara (Sherer) Spacht. She was born in Preble County, Ohio, October 30, 1812. After their marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Hollenshade settled near Eaton, Ohio, where they resided until 1850, when they moved to Miami County, Indiana, settling upon the same farm on which he now resides, in Richland Township, Section 23. Mr. Hollenshade owns at present 230 acres of fine and well-improved land. His wife died June 8, 1872; and on April 16, 1874, he married Anna E., daughter of Absalom and Rebecca (Homes) Boicourt. She was born in Decatur County, Indiana, June 27, 1848. Mr. Hollenshade has had born to him five children, viz: Catharine, born October 1, 1837, and died August 6, 1857; Mary B., born May 27, 1840; Jacob M, born March 28, 1842; Elizabeth M., born January 22, 1846, and died September 17, 1871, by his first wife; and Jesse L., born October 21, 1876, by his last wife; also one adopted child, Bertha W., born September 2, 1871.

TIMOTHY L. KING, one of the pioneers of Miami County, he was born March 9, 1814. His parents—Justis B. and Sally (Wainwright) King —were natives of Massachusetts, and from thence, in 1817, moved to the State of Ohio. They were the parents of seven children, viz: Mary, David W., Jane L., William H., Clarissa A., Timothy L. and Artelissa E. Timothy L., our subject, accompanied his parents to Ohio, and was married in Portage County, that State, September 9, 1835, to Mary M., daughter of Levi and Lydia (Chapman) Wright. She was born in Tioga County, New York, January 15, 1818. After Mr. King's marriage, he first settled in Portage County, Ohio, where he resided until the fall of 1839, at which time he moved to Miami County, Indiana, settling upon land in Erie Township. In March, 1846, he settled upon the farm where he now resides, in Section 32, Richland Township. He owns at present seventy-six acres of fine and well improved land. Has had born to him eleven children, viz: Riley G., born December 24, 1836; Austa I., born September 19, 1838; Lydia J., born March 31, 1841, and died May 27, 1869; William W., born July 6, 1843, and died July 6, 1865; Albert E., born January 13, 1846; Florence E., born March 10, 1848: Oscar A., born February 22, 1851: Mary A., born September 6, 1853, and died April 17, 1875: Charles L., born February 20, 1856, and died November 11, 1876; Emma L., born June 29, 1862, and Frederick E., born February 27. 1865. Mr. King and wife are members of the M. E. Church.

DANIEL KING is a native of Baden, Germany, born December 1o, 1830. His parents were Daniel and Mary (Shrinear) King, both natives of Germany, and were born as follows: The father in the year 1802, and the mother in the year 1808. They were the parents of five children, viz: Mary, Frederick, George, Margaret and Daniel, our subject, the eldest member of the family. He emigrated to the United States in 1853, landing at New York City, and from thence, moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, and in 1854, to Miami County, Indiana, where he was married, December-1, 1861, to Mary King. She was born in Baden, Germany, November 15, 1838, and was a daughter of Martin and Solomo (Zear) King. After our subject's marriage, he settled near Stockdale, in Perry Township, where he resided until the spring of 1865, at which time he moved to a farm in the same township, where he resided until the spring of 1884. He then settled upon his present farm in Richland Township, Section 24, which he had purchased in 1880. He owns at present 281 acres of fine and well improved land, 121 acres in Richland Township, upon which he resides, and 160 acres in Pern Township. He has had born to him nine children, viz: Freeda, born September 15, 1862; Minna, born January 6, 1865: Adelena, born February 20, 1867; Lizzie, born March 28, 1869; Mary I., born September 7, 1871; George W., born March 29,1874; Charles, born December 4, 1876; Emma, born April 17, 1879, and Margaret N., born September 16, 1881.

CHARLES M. LONG was born in Union County, Indiana, September 27, 1832. His parents, John and Margaret (Martindale) Long, were natives of North Carolina and Kentucky, respectively. The father was a son of Frederick and Rachel (Starr) Long, also natives of North Carolina. They emigrated to Union County, Indiana, in 1812. They were the parents of seven children, viz: Sarah, Elizabeth, John, Henry, Ann, Joseph and James. John Long was born in Surrey County, North Carolina, April 25, 1807. He was married in Wayne County, Indiana, October 22, 1829, to the above Margaret Martindale, who was born in Kentucky, May 29, 1808. In 1836 Mr. John Long moved to Miami County. Indiana, and settled in Richland Township, where he has since resided. He is the father of seven children, viz: Anna, Charles M., Nancy J., Amos, John W., Wilhelm H. and Margaret E. Charles M., our subject, came with his parents to this county in 1836. He was married at Chili, Indiana, August 26, 1855, to Lentha A., daughter of Daniel and Amelia (Chandler) Griswold. She was born in Windsor County, Vermont, July 28, 1836. After his marriage, Mr. Long settled upon the same farm on which he now resides in Section 14, Richland Township. He owns at present 320 acres of fine and well improved land. He has had born to him nine children, viz: Clara A., born August 7, 1856, (deceased); Flora M., born February 5, 1859; Archibald J., born May 10,1861; Effie A., born October 1. 1863, (deceased); Charles W., born May 26, 1866; Emma I., born October 6, 1868; John F., born April 29, 1872; Uly C., born October 27, 1874, and Wittie C., born March 10, 1877.

NEWEL G. MILLER, one of Miami County's substantial and enterprising citizens, was born in Fayette County, Indiana, February 28, 1834. His parents, Richard and Amy (Cox) Miller, were natives of North Carolina and Kentucky, respectively, and were born as follows: The father in the year 1802, and the mother in 1813. They were married in Fayette County, Indiana, and from thence, in 1839, moved to Miami County, March 11, 1861. His widow still survives, and resides at Paw-Paw, Indiana. Seven children were born to Richard and Amy Miller's union, viz: Amanda M., Robert S., George B., James B., John C., Millard F., and Newel G. The subject came with his parents to this county in 1839, and has resided here ever since. He was married in Erie Township, this county, May 22, 1854, to Margaret, daughter of William and Catharine (Lockridge) Ptomey. She was born in Henry County, Indiana, December 25, 1832. After marriage Mr. Miller settled upon a part of the same farm on which he now resides. He owns, at present, 280 acres of tine and well improved land. He has had born to him five children, viz: Theodore (deceased), Amanda M., Marion F., Otto B. (deceased), and Florence E. (deceased).

JOHN C. MILLER was born in Miami County, Indiana, May 8, 1840. His parents, Robert and Rebecca (Cox) Miller, were both natives of Kentucky, and were born as follows: The father in Scott County, September 16, 1806, and the mother in Lewis County, March 11,1804. Robert Miller was a son of John Miller, who was a native of South Carolina, where he married Margaret Miller, who was a native of Ireland. After their marriage , they settled in North Carolina, and from thence in 1800 moved to Scott County, Kentucky, where they resided until 1818, when they moved to Fayette County, Indiana. They were the parents of thirteen children, viz: Nancy, Susan, Jane, Richard, John, Robert, Mary, Rebecca, Mahala, James, Alfred, Nathaniel and Eliza. Robert Miller and Rebecca Cox were united in marriage at Connersville, Fayette County, Indiana, July 22, 1828, and, in 1837, moved to Miami County, Indiana, settling in Richland Township, where he entered land, and where he resided until his death, which occurred August 29, 1884. His widow still survives and makes her home with her children. Ten children were born to this union, viz: Henry C., Samuel C., Eliza A., Sarah E., Mary F. (deceased), Richard K., John C, Mary F., James C. and Thomas C. John C., our subject, was married in Richland Township, this county, February 13, 1861, to Philena, daughter of Joseph and Delilah (Keever) Burk; she was born June 6, 1839. After his marriage, Mr. Miller settled upon land in Richland Township, Section 21, a part of his father's old homestead, where he engaged in farming, and where he resided until the spring of 1864, at which time he removed to Peru, Ind., and engaged in the mercantile business. In the fall of 1866, he returned to Richland Township, and again engaged in farming until 1871, when he removed to Peru for the purpose of educating his family, carrying on farming in the meantime. In February-, 1874, he again removed to Richland Township, and settled upon his present farm in Section 21. He owns at present 192 acres of tine and well improved land. Has had born to him three children, viz: Clarence G., born November 21, 1861, and died April 11. 1862; Nellie, born September 3, 1863, and Man' L., born July 2, 1865; also a boy whom he has raised from infancy—Charles Baker —born May 20, 1876. Mr. Miller and family are members of the M. E. Church. They are an intelligent family, and are highly esteemed by all who know them. Mr. Miller is an enterprising man, and makes a specialty of raising and breeding short-horned cattle and fine stock.

CALEB PETTY, an old and highly esteemed pioneer of Miami County, is a native of Surrey County, North Carolina. His parents, William and Mary (Cogshell) Petty, were both natives of the same State. William Petty was a son of Zachariah and Nancy Petty, who were among the early pioneers of Surrey County, North Carolina. They were the parents of twelve children, of whom 6 were sons, viz: Daniel, Josiah, Williams, Dotson, Elisha, Elijah and William, the father of our subject. William Petty was born in Surry County, North Carolina, May 11, 1787. He was married October 8, 1812, to the above Mary Cogshell, who was born in North Carolina, March 21, 1792, and was a daughter of Peter and Mary Cogshell. In 1825, William and Mary Petty moved to Wayne County, Indiana, and from thence, to Miami County, Indiana, in 1837, where they resided until their deaths, which occurred as follows: The mother, September 25, 1869, and the father, February 3, 1872. They were the parents of thirteen children, viz: Daniel, born August 3, 1813; Caleb, born August 25, 1814: Zacariah, born January 5, 1816: William A., born August 4 18i7;Mary A., born June 22, 1819; Nancy C., born October 9, 1821; Milly M., born May 20, 1823; Thomas S.. born March 25, 1825;Jonathan E., born April 28, 1827: Aaron N:, born March 3, 1829: Rachel, born March 16,1831; Zeno, born July 13, 1833, and Eliza J., born March 23, 1837. Caleb Petty came with his parents to Wayne County, Indiana, in the fall of 1836, and later, to Miami County, where he has since resided. He was married in Richland Township, March 18, 1847, to Matilda, daughter of George and Elizabeth (Basset) Swisher. She was born in Ripley County, Indiana, August 10, 1823. Immediately after Mr. Petty's marriage, he settled upon his present farm, in Richland Township, Section 29. He owns 160 acres of fine and well-improved land. He has had born to him ten children, viz: Samantha J., born June 30, 1849; George W., born October 7,1850: Francis M., born April 17, 1853, and died February 24, 1861; Mary E., born February 7, 1855, and died February 21, 1861; Eliza A., born September 23, 1857, and died February 21, 1861: Malinda A., born February 25, 1860; Phebe L., born November 23, 1863; Margaret, F., born December 22, 1865, and died February 1, 1867; Dora B., born December 12, 1867, and died October 4, 1883, and an infant daughter, the eldest member of the family, which died young and not named. Mr. Petty and wife are members of the Baptist Church.

RUDOLPH STONER is a native of Switzerland, born January 12, 1820. His parents—Rudolph and Catherine (Greenizer) Stoner—were also natives of Switzerland, where the mother died in 1826. The father subsequently married Susan Marmot, and emigrated to the United States in 1832, landing at New York City, and from thence in the same year moved to Tuscarawas County, Ohio, where he resided until his death in the year 1841. He was the father of twelve children, viz: Rudolph, Catherine, Susan and Mary (by his first wife), and Jacob, Lizetta, Rosie, Louisa, Frederick, Mary and a pair of twins which died in infancy (by his last marriage). Rudolph Stoner came with his parents to Tuscarawas County, Ohio, in 1832, where he resided until 1843, when he moved to Miami County, Indiana, and the same year entered eighty acres of land in Wabash County. He then returned to Ohio, and the following year returned to Miami County, Indiana, and in 1846 purchased a claim on a part of the same farm on which he now resides. June 18, 1846, he married Margaret, daughter of Obediah and Eve (Kent) Patterson. She was born in Holmes County, Ohio, May 13, 1826. In April, 1847, Mr. Stoner settled upon his land on which he had taken a claim in 1846, where he has since resided. He owns 160 acres of fine land, which is well improved and under a high state of cultivation. His wife died October 11, 1882, having borne him ten children, viz: John, born February 26, 1848 (deceased); James A., born April 21, 1849: Benjamin F., born December 10, 1852; Martin V. B., born April 25, 1855 (deceased); Watson, born May 16, 1857; William, born November 29, 1859 (deceased); Ida M., born January 7, 1862 (deceased); Mary C, born January 26, 1864 (deceased), and two which died in infancy.

BENJAMIN E. WILSON, farmer and stock and grain dealer, of Miami County, is a native of Highland County, Virginia, born January 1, 1839. His parents, Abraham M. and Esther (Fleisher) Wilson, were natives of Highland County, Virginia; also, where the mother died. The father subsequently married Mrs. Ingals Shirley, and, in 1850, moved to Miami County, Indiana, where he resided until 1872, when he moved to Osage County, Kansas, where he still resides. He is the father of twelve children, viz: Sarah A., Benjamin E. and Eliza, by first wife, and George, Samuel B., Harrison F., Hannah, Elizabeth, Jarred M., John E. James and Mary, by last wife. Benjamin E., our subject, came with his parents to this county in 1850, and has resided here ever since. He was married in Richland Township, this county, January 14, 1864, to Mary B., daughter of James and Elizabeth (Spacht) Hollenshade. She was born in Preble County, Ohio, May 27, 1840. After Mr. Wilson's marriage, he settled upon the farm on which he now resides. He owns at present 609 acres of fine land, which is well improved and under a high state of cultivation. He has had born to him four children, viz: Charles E., born December 10, 1864; Rosie E., born March 12, 1867: James J., born January 9, 1869, and Leon T., born June 8, 1883. Mr. Wilson is a member of the Odd Fellows' Order.

Union Township

DR. UPTON A. AGER, of Perrysburg, is a native of Starke County, Ohio, and was born January 24, 1839. He was the only son born to John G. and Mary (Lineroad) Ager, natives of Maryland and Pennsylvania respectively, the former of German and Irish and the latter of German descent. When our subject was eight years old he accompanied his parents to Huntington County, this State, where his youth was spent working upon his father's farm. During this time he attended the public school, in which he received a good common school education. This was supplemented by a course of instruction in select schools at Roanoke and Huntington, by which he received a knowledge of some of the higher branches of learning. After quitting school he accepted a position as clerk in a hardware store in Huntington. This position he held about eighteen months, after which he had a like position in Indianapolis six months. He then returned to Huntington and began the study of medicine in the office of Dr. O. A. Lewis, a graduate of both Rush and Bellevue Colleges. He remained under his instruction two years. During the winter of 1865 and '66 he attended a course of lectures in the Chicago Medical College. The summer of 1866 was spent in the office of Drs. Laymon & Shafer, of Huntington. During the winter of 1866 and '67 he attended a course of lectures in the Rush Medical College, of Chicago, from which he graduated in February, 1867. He returned to Huntington County and entered upon his professional labors at Antioch. A few months later he removed to Rochester, Fulton County. In April, 1868, he came to this county and located at Perrysburg, where he has ever since been actively engaged in the practice of his profession. October 18, 1870, he was married to Cinderilla Wood, a native of Fulton County, and daughter of Christopher and Rebecca (Rannells) Woods. She was born June 20, 1852. Dr. and Mrs. Ager have had five children. They are Mary E., born March 17, 1872; L. Edgerton. born January 20, 1874; Fleetwood C., born July 22, 1877; Zulu B., born September 9, 1880, and Robbie, born February 2, 1882, and died February 3, 1882. Dr. Ager is a member of the I. O. O. F. Lodge and a Republican in politics. As a practitioner he is a complete success. His professional career has been a brilliant one. It was not long after his location at Perrysburg until he had built up an extensive practice. At times his practice has made such demands upon him as to imperil his own physical condition, in consequence of which his health is somewhat impaired. He began life without a dollar, and though he scarcely is past the meridian of life, he has accumulated considerable property. Besides a pleasant home in Perrysburg and a good farm in this county, he owns a farm of 158 acres in Cass County, all of which is the result of his industry, perseverance and economy.

WILLIAM FRIEND, one of Miami County's old pioneers, and one among the early settlers of Union Township, was born in Miami County, Ohio, January 18, 1812. He was the youngest child born to Jesse and Catharine (Moist) Friend, both natives of Randolph County, North Carolina, the former of English and the latter of German descent. Our subject grew up to manhood in his native county. He was left without a mother when he was but ten months old, and before he was eight years old the hand of death had deprived him of his father also. Thus left an orphan boy at this early age, he went to live with his maternal grandfather, with whom he remained until he was a grown man. During this whole time he worked in a grist-mill, owned by his grandfather, which was situated fourteen miles north of Dayton, on a small stream called Still Water. He was thus employed until about 1840. After working in a machine shop in West Milton, Ohio, for over one year, he came in the fall of 1842 to this county, and first located in' Union Township, ever since which time he has been engaged in agricultural pursuits. In 1845, he removed to Jefferson Township, but in 1865 he returned to Union Township, where he has ever since resided. July 28, 1831, he was married to Sophia Cress, a native of Montgomery County, Ohio, born March 22, 1811. She was the daughter of John and Catharine (Plummer) Cress, the former a native of Virginia, of German descent, and the latter a native of Randolph County, North Carolina, of English descent. Mr. and Mrs. Friend had, in all, nine children. They are: Catharine, born October 1, 1832; John, born October 25, 1834; Mary, born August 5, 1836, died July 30, 1851; Jane, born November 11, 1840; Andrew, born May 20, 1843; Jesse, born March 8, 1846; Ira, born November 2, 1847; Simeon, born April 20, 1850, died July 9, 1851; Mahala, born December 25, 1853, died January 24, 1854. Mr. Friend lost his wife March 11, 1885; since which he has made his home with his son John. He has never identified himself with any church, but is a firm believer in the principles of Christianity. In politics he is a Republican. When he came to the county he located in the woods; and what are now beautiful and well-tilled fields, was a vast forest, abounding in deer, wolves, wild turkeys and Indians. Amid all the hard work which the clearing up of a farm devolved upon him, he found time to shoulder his gun and take part in the hunt and chase—a thing which he frequently did. He killed, in all, upwards of three hundred deer, besides an abundance of small game, with which the forest at that time teemed. Mr. Friend is now in the seventy-fifth year of his age, and is enjoying moderately good health. He has resided in our county over forty-four years, and is one of our most highly respected citizens.

JOHN FRIEND, one of the prominent farmers of Union Township, was born in Shelby County, Ohio, October 25, 1834. He was the eldest son born to William and Sophia (Cress) Friend, natives of Miami and Montgomery Counties, Ohio, respectively. While John was yet a young child, his parents removed to Miami County, Ohio, but in October, 1842, they came to Miami County, this State, and located in the woods of Jefferson Township. Here John spent his boyhood and youth working on his father's farm. When he became of age he began farming for himself, and has ever since continued to make that a business. In the fall of 1862, he removed to a farm in Kosciusko County, but in the spring of 1869, he returned to this county, and located where he now resides, in Section 1, Union Township. November 29, 1857, he was married to Elizabeth Himelick, a native of Decatur County, this State, born January 22, 1841. She was the daughter of Andrew and Sarah A. (Arnett) Himelick, the former of whom, at present, resides in Jefferson Township, this county. By his first wife, Mr. Friend had nine children: Sarah A., born July 15, 1859; Rebecca J., born March 15, 1861; William H., born November 14, 1862; James I., born October 21, 1864; Wilson C., born July 31, 1867; Luella S., born December 7, 1868; Milo R., born April 2, 1872; Meldora, born October 1, 1873, and Edwin A., born September 17, 1875, a" of whom are living. Mr. Friend lost his first wife, January 14, 1878, and on the first day of November, 1878, he was married to Mary J. Utter, a native of Johnson County, this State, born January 16, 1847. She was the daughter of Edwin A. and Elizabeth (Byers) Utter, natives of Fayette and Johnson County, this State, respectively. To this latter union one child has been born—Phebe E., born August 7, 1885. Mr. Friend is a member of the F. & A. M. Lodge, and a Republican in politics. He owns a farm of one hundred and twenty acres of good land, nearly all of which is in a high state of cultivation. His farm is fitted up with good fences, a good barn, and a handsome brick residence, and is a very desirable location. He is an honest, upright man, an industrious and successful farmer, and a No. 1 citizen. He is now giving some attention to pisciculture. He has a handsome little pond well stocked with German carp, and already has his table supplied with this luxury.

EPHRAIM H. HILL, merchant of Deedsville, is a native of Union Township, this county, and was born March 26, 1843. He was the son of George and Sarah (Cool) Hill, the former a native of New York City and the latter a native of the State of New York, of German, English and Irish descent. The parents of our subject came to this county and located in the woods of Union Township in the fall of 1839. Ephraim spent his boyhood and youth working upon his father's farm. During this time he attended the district school, in which he received a good common school education. At the early age of seventeen he took up the avocation of a teacher. After teaching successfully seven years, in December, 1869, he took what little capital he had and began the life of a business man in Deedsville. His attention was divided between the grain business and a small grocery store—it being the first of the kind ever in the town. He has thus continued ever since. November 5, 1873, he was married to Lida A. Clingenpeel, a native of this State, and daughter of Jonathan and Hester (Buck) Clingenpeel. She died August 20, 1880, leaving to the care of our subject three children—Edith, Marvin and Ancil—all of whom are living. On the 15th day of September, 1881, Mr. Hill was married to Lucy Marbergar, a native of Huntington Count), this State, born May 28, 1862. She was the daughter of Elias Marbergar, of Union Township. To this latter union two children have been born. They are Vernie, Florence and George Otho. In politics Mr. Hill is a Democrat. He is an enterprising and successful business man and a good citizen. He began life without a dollar, but through industry, perseverance and economy he is now in comfortable circumstances. He has a neat little store and is doing a good business. At present Mr. Hill holds the position of railroad agent, express agent and postmaster at Deedsville.

HENRY HOWES, one of the old pioneers of this county, and one among the first settlers of Jefferson Township, is a native of Vermont, and was born June 19, 1816. He was the oldest son born to Henry and Ruth (Blaisdell) Howes, both natives of New Hampshire, and of English descent. The entire life of our subject has been spent upon a farm. In 1818 his parents emigrated to Ohio and located in Warren County. In October, 1836, he accompanied them to this county, and located with them in the woods of Jefferson Township. He assisted his father in clearing up a farm, and a good deal of hard work naturally devolved upon Henry. He chopped, grubbed, burned brush, rolled logs, plowed, and, in fact, did all kinds of hard work, which the development of a new country necessitates. He resided in Jefferson Township until 1865, when he removed to Union Township. He was married in November, 1840, to Susan Shadinger, who died about 1854. In October, 1859, he was married to Mary Speck, a native of Ohio, and daughter of William and Catharine Speck, the former a native of Kentucky. By his first wife Mr. Howes had four children: Cornelia, Howard, Ruth and William, all of whom are deceased. He and his present wife have had three children: Ida, Mary Louisa and Elbert, of whom, only Mary Louisa is living. Mr. and Mrs. Howes belong to the Baptist Church. Politically, Mr. Howes is a Republican. He held the office of Assessor in Jefferson Township two terms. He is now past seventy years of age, and is enjoying good health. He is one of our country's oldest pioneers living, and one of our most highly respected citizens.

EZRA JONES, one of the prominent farmers of Union Township, and one among the early settlers of that township, is a native of Montgomery County, Ohio, and was born September 3, 1830. He was the tenth child and fifth son born to Samuel and Nancy (Skinner) Jones, both natives of North Carolina, the former of Welsh and the latter, presumably, of English descent. Ezra spent his boyhood upon his father's farm in his native county. When he was fourteen years old, or in October, 1845, he accompanied his parents to this county, and located in Union Township. The farm lay in Section 14 of that township, and is the one upon which our subject now resides. This has always been his home, excepting eleven months, which were spent in Harvey County, Kansas. That was from March 30, 1881, to February 27, 1882. His occupation during his entire life has been that of a farmer. December 29, 1852, he was married to Matilda Cox, a native of Ohio, and daughter of John and Mary (Hoover) Cox, the former a native of North Carolina. She was born February 16, 1833. That marriage resulted in the birth of seven children: Dora A., born October 16, 1853; Jerome B., born January 23, 1857; Mary O., born October 17,1858, died February 18, 1864; Charles F., born August 22, 1864, died May 8, 1883; Fannie A., born October 22, 1866: Alfred E. and Ellen M. (twins), born November 4, 1872; Ellen M. died June 28, 1878. Mr. Jones lost his first wife February 25, 1882, and on the 20th of October, 1883, he was married to Mrs. Amanda Skinner, whose maiden name was Amanda Bell. She was the daughter of Robert Bell, and was born in Carroll County, this State, October 19, 1846. To this latter union three children have been born. They are William G., born August 19, 1884; Uby and Phebe (twins), born May 8, 1886. Mr. Jones is a member of the F. & A. M. Lodge, and a Democrat in politics. He has held the office of Township Trustee in Union Township two terms. In the spring of 1886f he was elected to the office of Justice of the Peace, but declined to serve. He owns a fine farm of 240 acres, most of which is in a high state of cultivation. His farm is fitted up with good fences and buildings, and is a very desirable location. Mr. Jones is a pleasant, intelligent gentleman. an industrious and successful farmer, and one of our most highly respected citizens.

ALONZO D. LEEDY, one of the enterprising young farmers of Union Township, is a native of the township in which he resides, and was born March 31, 1861. He was the second son born to Samuel M. and Rebecca Leedy, natives of Richland and Montgomery Counties, Ohio, respectively, both of German descent. The parents of our subject came to this county and located in Union Township in 1852. The entire life of Alonzo has been spent upon a farm. He attended the district school, in which he received a good common school education. May 24, 1884, he was married to Lydia Hatch, a native of this county, and daughter of Amos and Jennette (Baker) Hatch, of Allen Township. She was born December 28, 1864. To them have been born one child, Dessie May, born August 7, 1886. Politically, Mr. Leedy is a Republican. He is a pushing and enterprising young farmer, and a good citizen.

JACOB LOSHER, one of the honored citizens of Union Township, was born in Columbiana County, Ohio, January 5, 1806. He was the son of Sebastian and Margaret (Hines) Losher, both natives of Pennsylvania. Our subject remained in his native county, engaged in agricultural pursuits, until October, 1856, when he came to this county and located in Union Township, where he has ever since resided. May 21, 1829, he was married to Hannah Justison, a native of New Castle County, Delaware, born September 11, 1802. She was the daughter of John and Rebecca (Pierce) Justison, natives of Delaware. Mr. and Mrs. Losher have had six children, viz: Sebastian, Samuel W., Margaret A., Mary A., John H. and George D., all of whom are living, except Sebastian, who died when he was two years and six months old. Mr. and Mrs. Losher belong to the M. E. Church. The}" have now lived together over fifty-seven years and are enjoying very good health. In politics, Mr. Losher is a Republican. He owns a farm of eighty acres and has a comfortable home.

SAMUEL McELWEE, one of the old pioneers of Miami County, and one among the early settlers of Union Township, was born in York Count}', Pennsylvania, August 17, 1818. He was the fifth son born to John and Elizabeth (Smith) McElwee, both natives of Pennsylvania, the former of Irish and English and the latter of Dutch and English descent. While Samuel was yet a young child his parents removed to Adams County, Pennsylvania, where his boyhood was spent upon a farm. When he was twelve years old his parents removed to a farm in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. In 1845 Samuel came westward to Preble County, Ohio, where he worked one summer upon a farm by the month. He then went to Salem, Miami County, Ohio, where he was employed as a teamster about eighteen months. In 1849 he came to this county, and located in Union Township. During the first year of his residence there he worked at shoemaking. He then located upon a farm in Section 1 of that township, and engaged in agricultural pursuits. In 1868 he removed to the town of Pernsburg, where he has ever since resided. Since locating in the village his attention has still been directed to farming, excepting five years in which he conducted a meat market in Perrysburg. In January, 1839, he was married to Peggy Rockey, a native of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, and daughter of George Rockey. She died in July, 1843. January 22, 1846, he was married to Leah Lininger, a native of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, and daughter of Jacob and Catharine (Miller) Lininger. By his first wife Mr. McElwee had three children—Hannah, Rebecca and Lydia, of whom Hannah and Rebecca are deceased. Mr. and Mrs. McElwee are both members of the M. E. Church. Politically, Mr. McElwee is a Republican. He is now in the sixty-ninth year of his age. He is stout and hearty, enjoys good health, and by a stranger would be taken to be a score of years younger than he is. He has resided in Miami County for thirty-seven years, and is one of the most highly respected citizens.

GOTTLIEB STEINER, one of the prominent citizens of Union Township, was born in Switzerland, November 3, 1831. He was the youngest son born to John Steiner, with whom he came to America when he was six years old. He was left without a mother when he was but six months old. After arriving in this country they remained over one winter at Alleghany City. In the spring of 1838, they continued westward to Ohio, and located in Harden County, where our subject spent his boyhood and early youth working upon a farm. At the age of eighteen he learned the trade of blacksmith and wagon-maker. His first work at his trade was in Kenton, Ohio. He worked there and in other towns, near Kenton, until 1859, when he went to Lima, Ohio, and engaged in the grocery business. Here he remained until 1868, when he came to this State and engaged in the same business in Rochester, Fulton County. Six months later he came to this county and located in Union Township, upon the present site of Deedsville. He enjoys the credit of erecting the first building in that place, and of being her first citizen. During the first nine years of his residence there, he worked at his trade. In 1879, he engaged in the tile business, which received his attention five years. In the spring of 1885, he opened up a grocery store in Deedsville, which is now under the management of his wife. Just at the present time Mr. Steiner gives his attention to his trade. He was married, March 2, 1854, to Mary M. Steiner, (no relation), a native of Bavaria, Germany, born September 27, 1836. She was the daughter of Jacob and Apalonia (Diel) Steiner. Mrs. Steiner accompanied her parents to America when she was ten years old. They located in Harden County, Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. Steiner have had thirteen children, ten of whom are living. They are: Richard S., born August 7,1855; Mary E., born August 30, 1858; Ida IT., born September 5, 1860; Frank S., born August 23, 1862; William T., born May 20, 1864, died March 2, 1865; Calvin O., born November 12, 1865; Theofiel, born April 12, 1867, died August 27, 1867; Edwin G., born November 3, 1868; Celesta, born September 18, 1870; Sevilla, born December 18, 1871: Clemens, born May 5, 1873, died August 22, 1873; Anna B., born April 18, 1875; Magdalena, born June 1, 1879. Mr. and Mrs. Steiner are members of the Lutheran Church. In politics Mr. Steiner is a Democrat. While a resident of Allen County, Ohio, he held the office of Trustee two terms. He is an industrious man and a good citizen.

JACOB W. WARNER, of Union Township, is a native of Preble County, Ohio, and was born January 19, 1844. He was the second son born to David and Margaret (Hitchew) Warner, both natives of Maryland. Jacob spent his boyhood, up to the age of ten, in his native county. His parents came to this county about the year 1854, and located in Union Township. There Jacob grew up to manhood, working upon a farm. In December, 1863, he entered the service of the Union Army, in Company L, 12th Indiana Cavalry, in which he served until the close of the war. He participated in the Five Days Fight at Murfreesboro, Tennessee, and the battles of Nashville, Mobile, and Spanish Fort. He returned to this county at the close of the war, and engaged in farming. He removed to Fulton County in 1868, where he resided three years. In 1871 he returned to this county and located where he now resides, in Section 26, Union Township. In March, 1866, he was married to Eva Shafer, by whom he has had nine children, viz: Alice A., Sarah M., Ordella F., William L., Rosa M., Grace, Olive P., Emma and Walter S., all of whom are living. Mr. and Mrs. Warner are members of the M. E. Church. Mr. Warner is a member of the G. A. R., and a Republican in politics. He owns one hundred and sixteen acres of land—sixty of which are in cultivation. He is an honest, upright man, an industrious farmer, and a good citizen.

SAMUEL WITTER, one of the influential citizens of Union Township, was born in Union County, this State, July I7, 1834. He was the 1st son born to George and Fannie (Kingery) Witter, natives of Pennsylvania and Virginia, respectively. The birth of his father occurred in 1796, and that of his mother in 1802. Samuel spent his early life working upon his father's farm in his native county. He attended the district school, but the advantages were poor, consequently he had the benefit of no more than an ordinary common school education. At the age of twenty-four he began farming for himself. That was in Union County. In 1859, he removed to a farm in Carroll County. He resided there until 1863, when he came to this county and took up his residence in Jefferson Township. In August, 1872, he emigrated to Shawnee County, Kansas, where he was engaged in farming until in February, 1876. At that time he returned to this county and again located in Jefferson Township. In April, 1883, he removed to his present home in Section 36, Union Township. He was married on the 24th day of February, 1858, to Ellen J. Smith, also a native of Union County, born April 27, 1840. She was the daughter of Alexander and Eunice (Ringsby) Smith, the first mentioned formerly of Preble County, Ohio, and the latter a native of North Carolina. That marriage resulted in the birth of two children, viz: William H., born September 3, 1860; died September 19, 1862, and Emerson E., born December 3, 1862, died July 19, 1867. On the 26th day of November, 1863, Mr. Witter suffered the bereavement of losing his first wife, and on the 28th day of November, 1865, he was married to Laura D. Wilson, a native of this county, born September 10, 1848. She was the daughter of Joseph R. and Lucinda (Grimes) Wilson, natives of Preble and Montgomery Counties, Ohio, respectively. To this latter union, three children have been born. Their names are Edward C., born September 23, 1866; Leonidas G., born January 10, 1868, and Charles W., born April 23, 1883, all of whom are living. Mr. and Mrs. Witter are members of the German Baptist Church. Politically Mr. Witter is a Republican. He owns a farm of eighty acres. Besides this he owns a business property in the town of Mexico. He is an honest, upright, square-dealing man and a good citizen.

GEORGE W. WRIGHT, merchant at Perrysburg, was born in New York City, August 4, 1845. He was the third son born to Leonard and Melissa (Eaton) Wright, the former a native of the State of New York, and the latter a native of England. At the tender age of thirteen, George, in company with his older brother, Leonard, left home and made his way to Fulton County, this State. There he worked upon a farm by the month about four years. July 22, 1862, he enlisted into the service of the Union Army in Company D, 87th Indiana Regiment. He received an honorable discharge from that company, June 10, 1865. He participated in the battles of Perrysville, Ky., Chickamauga and Nashville, in which he discharged his duties in a manner becoming a loyal soldier. At the close of the war he came to this county and located at Perrysburg. In 1871 he engaged in the mercantile business in that place, which has' ever since received his attention. April 29, 1869, he was married to Harriet Simonton, a native of this county, and daughter of Hamilton and Keziah (Woodburn) Simonton. Mr. and Mrs. Wright have had three children; they are Fannie, Minnie and Walter H., of whom Fannie died in her third year. Mr. and Mrs. Wright are faithful members of the Presbyterian Church. Politically Mr. Wright is a Republican. He is a pleasant, intelligent gentleman, an enterprising and successful business man and a number one citizen. He has a large and commodious store room, well stocked, and is doing a good business. He began life without a dollar, but through industry, perseverance and economy, he is now in comfortable circumstances.

Butler Township

GEORGE BINKERD, of Butler Township, is a native of Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, born near Miller's Eddy, December 20, 1816, being next eldest in a family of twelve children born to John and Elizabeth (Buzard) Binkerd, who were natives of Virginia and Pennsylvania respectively. Our subject was reared in his native state, receiving a limited education, mostly obtained by working and paying his own tuition. In 1845 he emigrated to and and settled on the farm where he now lives. November 7, 1850, his marriage with Mary A., daughter of John Miller, was solemnized and to their union three sons have been born, viz.: James P., who married Martha McDowell; Jacob, whose wife was Elizabeth Difert, and Isaac E., the latter living at home with his parents. Mr. Binkerd has always made farming his occupation, and he has been very successful. He now owns 280 acres of well improved land. In politics he is a Democrat, but he does not allow party bias or prejudice to control his vote. His property is the accumulation of his own industry and economy. He first worked as a farm hand, at which he was engaged one year, and at intervals cleared on his land.

OLIVER BORDEN, a prominent and early settler of Butler Township, is a native of Hamilton County, Ohio, where he was born December 17, 1829, being the eldest in a family of four children, born to John and Jane (Ackley) Borden, who were both natives of New Jersey, the latter of Scotch-Swede descent. The mother came with her parents to Hamilton County about 1808 or 1810, and the father came to that county about 1823. They emigrated from there to Indiana, and settled in Miami County in 1848, of which they continued residents until their death. Our immediate subject was reared to manhood in his native county. He received a common school education. April 4, 1852, his marriage with Elizabeth Benner was solemnized and to their union four children were born, of which only this one is now living—Joseph. May 20, 1857, Mr. Borden suffered the bereavement of losing his beloved wife. November 20, 1860, his and Sarah A. Blood's nuptials were celebrated, and their union has been blessed with four children, these three now living: Albert, Mark and Alice. His father was a cooper, and he learned in early life that trade, continuing to follow it until 1826, when, for the five or six years immediately subsequent, he divided his attention between his trade and farming, since which time he has followed agricultural pursuits exclusively, and he has been very successful. He now owns 160 acres of well improved land. He and wife are members of the Presbyterian church. In politics he is a Republican, and he was honored with an election to the office of Township Trustee, which he filled in a very creditable manner.

JAMES BOWERS, of Butler Township, is a native of Scioto County, Ohio, where he was born July 26, 1828, being the only child born to George and Mary (Deaver) Bowers, who were natives of Ohio and Maryland, respectively. They emigrated to Indiana and Miami County in the year 1848 and settled in Harrison, living there until their death. Our subject was reared in his native state and received a common school education. June 13, 1850, his marriage with Martha M. Sitt was solemnized, and to their union thirteen children were born, of which these three are now living: Thomas J., who married Margaret Kessler; Charles S., whose wife was Flora Ogborn; Maggie F., wife of Ira McLane. Mary grew to womanhood and died at the age of twenty years. Mr. Bowers has always made farming his occupation and he has been very successful in that pursuit. He now owns 220 acres of of well-improved land. In politics he is an ardent Republican, and always manifests a good live interest in the political affairs of the county and community in which he lives, where he enjoys the respect and esteem of all who know him. He was honored with an election to the office of Justice of the Peace in 1882.

JOHN S. CONN, a leading pioneer of Butler Township, is a native of Columbiana County, Ohio, born near Salem, January 24, 1842, being the fourth in a family of eight children born to Joseph H. and Alice A. (Pierce) Conn, who were natives of Ohio and Virginia respectively, the former of Irish descent; the latter dying in 1846 little is known of her origin. Subject's father emigrated to Indiana in 1851, locating in Wabash County, and died there July 22, 1860, since which time John S. has been upon his own resources. He had obtained a common school education, such as was to be acquired in the primitive log school houses of those days. August 22, 1863, occurred his marriage with Elizabeth A. Manning, a native of Ohio, and daughter of Silas and Lydia Manning. To this union one child, Milo P., was born. August 5, 187J, Mr. Conn suffered the bereavement of losing his wife. September 10, 1875, his and Martha J. Webb's nuptials were celebrated. August 14, 1878, death removed Mr. Conn's second wife. March 11, 1880, Martha A. Wright became his wife, and their union has been blessed with two children, Omer C., and Lettie L. His occupation has always been farming, and he has been very successful. He now owns 188 acres of improved land. He is a member of the I. O. O. F., holding membership in Miami Lodge, No. 52, both Subordinate and Encampment. In politics he is Democratic, and he always manifests a good, live interest in the political affairs of the county and community in which he lives. He is at present acting as the Central Committeeman for his precinct.

GEORGE S. EVANS, a citizen of Butler Township, is a native of the adjoining County of Cass, where he was born December 9, 1842, being the eldest of a family of six children, born to Hugh and Mary E. (Oliver) Evans, who were natives of Virginia and Indiana, respectively, and were among the pioneer settlers of Cass County. Both died before our subject had attained the age of fifteen years, and he was at that early age thrown upon his own resources. He engaged in 1858 with John W. Miller as a farm hand, with whom he continued four years. The next two years subsequent he rented farms, when, in 1863, he realized the necessity of the preservation of our Union, and when the country needed aid, enlisted in Company G, 128th Indiana Volunteer Infantry as private, where he served until the close of the war, and was honorably discharged at Indianapolis April 20, 1866. He participated in the following important engagements: Nashville, Tenn., Atlanta, Franklin, Tenn., Dalton, Ga., Resaca, Ga., Kenesaw Mountain, Lost Mountain, Burnt Hickory, Rough and Ready, Jonesboro, Lovejoy, Columbia, Kingston, N. C. September 26, 1867, his marriage with Josephine Tillett was solemnized, and to their union eleven children have been born, of which these ten are now living: Mary A., Nora E., Susanna, Hattie P., Jessie M., Gracie O., Ira M., Geo. E., Frank O., and Carl G. The deceased child was James H., who died November 5, 1884, aged four years. Our subject has always made farming his occupation, and he has been very successful; he owns 507 acres of improved land; he is a member of the I. O. O. F., both Subordinate and Encampment, and G. A. R. fraternities. In politics he is a Democrat, and he has always manifested a good lively interest in the political affairs of the county and community in which he lives, where he has been honored with the election, in 1882, to the office of County Commissioner, and as a recognition of the creditable manner in which he filled that office he was re-elected. •

JOHN B. IDDING, a resident of Butler Township, was born in Peru Township, August 1, 1847, being the youngest of seven children, born to John D. and Susan (Hoover) Iddings, who were natives of Ohio, both of German descent. They emigrated from there to Miami County about 1840, locating in Peru. A gunsmith by trade; he established a shop which he carried on about twenty five years. A part of the time he owned and operated a farm. About 1865, he closed his gun shop and devoted his entire attention to farming in which he was successful, owning at the time of his death, a good farm. He died in June, 1880, at the advanced age of 68 years. He experienced religion a short time before his death and united with the Catholic Church. He formerly was a member of the I. O. O. F. fraternity. The immediate subject lived with his parents until their death, receiving a common school education. October 2, 1877, his marriage with Mary Huber, of Lancaster, Ohio, was solemnized and to their union these three children have been born; Edward, Samuel and Mary. He has always made farming his occupation and he has been very successful. He now owns over 200 acres of improved land. He is a member of the Catholic Church. In politics he is a Republican.

JONATHAN JOHNSON, better known as "Spectacle" Johnson, a prominent citizen of Butler Township, is a native of Connecticut, born near the town of Greeidge, August 8, 1812, being the third in a family of nine children born to Robert and Dolly (Patterson) Johnson, who were also natives of the New England States. They emigrated to Ohio by wagon, coming to Pittsburg, then down the Ohio on a flat-boat, and locating in Hamilton, where they ever afterward lived until their death. Our subject was reared to manhood there, receiving a common education, such as the facilities of those days afforded—such as was to be obtained in the primitive log school houses. At the age of sixteen he was bound apprentice to learn the cooper's trade for four years and nine months, when he engaged in that trade for himself. February 26, 1836, his marriage with Rebecca Miller was solemnized, and to their union five children have been born, of which four are now living, viz.: Elizabeth J., wife of Josiah Hann; James L., who married Mary May: William, whose wife was Mary A. Keyes, and Jonathan, Jr., whose consort was Phoebe J. Armantrout. July 17, 1871, Mr. Johnson suffered the bereavement of losing his beloved wife. November 9, 1874, his and Eliza J. Wilson's nuptials were celebrated. Their union was of comparatively short duration, she dying August 12, 1878. October 4, 1883, Lorenia Daley became his wife. In 1849 he emigrated to Miami County, Indiana, settling on the farm where he now lives. Since 1873 he has devoted his entire attention to farming, prior to which time he followed coopering and farming together, and he has been very successful. He now owns forty acres, and formerly owned about 400 acres, but started his children in life each with a farm. He is a member of the M. E. and his wife of the Presbyterian church. He also belongs to the Masonic fraternity, holding a membership at Peru. In politics he is a Democrat, and he was honored with an election to the office of Township Trustee two terms.

JOHN LAVENGOOD, a citizen of Butler Township, is a native of Coshocton County, Ohio, born near New Bedford, November 21, 1836, being the next eldest in a family of fourteen children born to George and Barbara (Bickel) Lavengood, who were natives of Pennsylvania and Ohio, respectively. John was reared in his native State and county, remaining at home and assisting his parents on the farm until he attained his majority. He received a limited education such as the schools of those days afforded. In 1857, at the age of 21, he emigrated to Indiana and Miami County, of which he has since remained a resident. January 22, 1864, his marriage with Margaret J., daughter of Robert Long, was solemnized, and to their union five children have been born, of which these three are living: William H., Levi and George M. The deceased children were Schuyler and Annie V. His occupation has always been farming, in connection with which he operated a saw-mill, and he has been very successful. He now owns 11o acres of well improved land, which is the accumulation of his own industry and economy, besides he is the proprietor of 80 acres located in Clarke County. February, 1864, Mr. Lavengood realized the necessity of the Union and enlisted in Company F., 153d Regiment of Indiana Volunteer Infantry, where he served until the war closed. He is a member of the Lutheran and his wife of the M. E. Church. In politics he is a staunch Democrat and he always manifests an interest in the political affairs of the county and community in which he lives, where he was honored with an election to the office of Township Trustee in 1884, his term expiring in 1886.

JAMES A. LONG, merchant at Peoria, or Reserve Post office, embarked in business in 1883, purchasing the stock of Noah Minnick, who had been employed in the business for fourteen years. The present proprietor carries a stock of about $2,000, doing an annual business of about $6,000. Mr. Long is a native of Wabash County, born January 1, 1860, being the fourth in a family of seven children born to Joseph and Lavina (Lutz) Long, who were natives of Ohio and Pennsylvania respectively. He emigrated to Indiana about 1846. For some time thereafter Joseph worked as a farm hand at various places in Miami and Wabash Counties. In the spring of 1850 he went to Cuba, remaining there about eighteen months, when he returned and located in Wabash County, living there until 1874, when he removed to Peoria, of which he has since been a resident. By occupation he has always been a farmer, in which he has been very successful. He is now the proprietor of 588 acres of land, the accumulation of his own industry and economy. He is the father of the following named children: William, Martha, Nancy, James, Mary, Lemora and Luville. The immediate subject of this sketch remained at home until he had attained his majority, receiving a common school education sufficient to enable him to teach, which he did for three terms, since which time he has been in the mercantile business. November 7, 1886, his marriage with Eva Poor was solemnized. He belongs to the I. O. O. F. In politics he is a Republican, and he is now postmaster for the village of Peoria.

DANIEL MALONEY, of Butler, is a native of the County of Karey, Ireland, where he was born, May, 1827, being the youngest of a family of six children born to Michael and Katharine (Flife) Maloney. Daniel was reared to manhood in his native country. He received a limited education. His parents were reasonably well-to-do. August, 1858, his marriage with Henora Rardon was solemnized; the day following they embarked for America and the United States. They were en route about sixty-six days. They landed at New York City, from whence they came to and located near Greenville, Ohio, where they lived about one year, when he moved to Blackford County, and one year later moved to Marion County, living there one year, thence to Wabash County, staying there seven years, when he came to Miami County where he has since lived. Mr. Maloney came to the United States a poor man; he worked at anything he could get to do, such as ditching, chopping cord wood, etc., principally as a farm hand. He rented a farm for 16 years and by untiring industry and the strictest economy he is now one of Miami County's most substantial citizens. He is the proprietor of 260 acres of well improved land. To the union there have been seven children born. Mary, wife of Michael Riley; James, who married Kate Hays; Kate, Joanna, Daniel, Ellen and Bridget. . He and family are members of the Catholic Church. In politics he is a Democrat.

DR. SIMEON S. MARSH, physician and surgeon in Butler Township is a native of Montgomery County, Ohio, born near Germantown, February 5,1837; being the third in a family of eight children born to John and Catharine (Leavell) Marsh, who were natives of New York and North Carolina respectively. They emigrated from Miami County, Ohio, to Cass County in September, 1842, locating in Adams Township, that County. Where the former lived until killed by lightning in May, 1855,. His widow resided there until 1874, when she removed to and made Peru her home until her death, which occurred November 1, 1885. The immediate subject of our sketch was reared to manhood in Cass County. He received a common school education. At the age of nineteen he was thrown upon his own resources. He from that time worked at intervals and went to school, supplementing his education by attendance at high school until 1861. In July of that year he entered the service of his country, enlisting in Company A, 20th Indiana Regiment of Volunteer Infantry, as a private, where he served for over three years. He participated in the following important engagements: Seven days fight at Chickahominy, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and the battles incident; Grant's Campaign from Culpepper to Petersburg, and nearly all the fights in .which his regiment took part. He was honorably discharged July 29, 1864 at Indianapolis. That same year he commenced the study of medicine with Dr. W. H. Brenton, now of Peru, then practicing at Reserve, with whom he continued four years during which time he took a course of lectures at Bellevue Hospital Medical College at which he since has taken three and part of a fourth course, graduating from that "institution in 1874. He has practiced almost without interruption since taking his first course and he has been very successful. He is a member of the G. A. R. and Masonic fraternities. In politics he is a staunch Republican, casting his first vote for Abraham Lincoln.

JACOB E. MARSH, the next younger brother of Dr. S. S. Marsh, was born January 8, 1839, in Montgomery 'County, Ohio. In early life he received a common school education, and in 1862 he enlisted in the 99th Regiment of Volunteers, in which he served until July, 1865, and was then honorably discharged. He was with the Army of the Potomac from the beginning of the Seven Days fight, at Chickahominy, before Richmond, in nearly all the engagements around which his regiment participated. He married Elizabeth Miller, and they have the following family of five children now living: Levi, Irene, Nora, Delbert and Josie, the last two twins.

EDWARD H. MILLER, a citizen of Butler Township, is a native of Peru Township; was born April 22, 1842, being the next youngest in a family of eight (four now surviving) children, born to John W. and Julia A. (Leas) Miller, who were natives of York County, Pennsylvania, and Preble County, Ohio, respectively, the former of German descent. The marriage occurred in Preble County about 1826; two years later, in 1828, they came to Indiana and Miami County, settling on the farm where our subject was born. They remained residents of this county until their death. Edward H. remained at home and assisted his parents on the farm until he attained the age of twenty-two years. He received a limited education in the schools of the vicinity, which was supplemented by attendance at Notre Dame College for one term. January 21, 1864, his marriage with Luan Nesbit was solemnized. . She was a daughter of Walter D. and Luan (Riley) Nesbit. To the union of Mr. and Mrs. Miller eleven children have been born, of which these seven are now living: Carrie E., Maxamillian C., Edward O. Louie, Jessie, John W., and Nellie B. His occupation is now farming, in connection with which he formerly dealt in stock, and he has been very successful. He now owns 238 acres of well improved land. In politics, he has been a life-long Democrat.

ROSS O. MILLER, an enterprising and progressive farmer of Butler Township, was born in Peru Township October 26, 1846, of a family of eight children born to John W. and Julia A. (Leese) Miller, of which he was the youngest. His parents, natives respectively of Pennsylvania and Ohio, were among the earliest settlers of Miami County of which they remained residents until their death. Ross O. lived with his parents until he obtained the age of twenty five years, receiving a common school education. About 1871 he embarked in the business of trading and dealing in stock, which he continued four years, when he engaged in farming which he has' since followed meeting with very good success. He is the proprietor of 233 acres of well improved land. November, 1882, he was united in marriage with Harriet Evans. Mr. Miller is a member of the I. O. O. F. In politics he is an ardent Democrat, being honored by his party with an election to the office of Township Assessor.

ANDREW PEARSON, a prominent citizen of Butler Township, is a native of Miami County, Ohio, where he was born January 8, 1846, being the next eldest in a family of eight children born to William and Sarah (Million) Pearson, who were also natives of Miami County, Ohio, the former of English and the latter of partial German descent. They came to Wabash County, the latter part of the year 1846, of which they have since continued residents. Our immediate subject was reared upon a farm, remaining with his parents until he attained the age of twenty-five years. He received a common school education, supplemented by three terms attendance at High School. October 6, 1870, his marriage with Sarah Armstrong was solemnized, and to their union six children have been born, viz: Bertha, Annetta, Mary, Susan, Augusta, Pearl and Harry Andrew. His occupation has been mostly farming in connection with which he worked for a period of eight years at the blacksmithing trade, and he has been very successful. He now owns 160 acres of well improved land. In politics he is a Republican.

ADAM RAMER, a prominent farmer of Butler Township, is a native of Tuscarawas County, Ohio, where he was born April 1, 1829, being the eldest of eight children born to James and Catharine (Moore) Ramer. They moved, when our subject was quite young, to Coshocton where he was reared until be was seventeen, years of age, which was in 1845, when the family emigrated to Williams County, Ohio, where they stopped for the winter, coming to Miami County the following spring, settling in Butler Township, where they remained until 1861 or 1862, when they moved to Whitley County. After a residence there of a few years they returned to Miami County and located in Perry Township, where Mrs. Ramer died. After her death he lived for a time again in Butler Township, after which he removed to Pulaski County where he died March, 1885. In early life Mr. Ramer received a limited education in consequence of the poor facilities of those days. March 29, 1850, his marriage with Hannah (York) Shortridge was solemnized. By her former marriage Mrs. Ramer had one child, a daughter, Laura, now Mrs. David Lemon. His occupation has always been farming, and he has been very successful. He now owns 124 acres of well improved land which is the accumulation of his own industry and economy. He made rails for 31^ cents a hundred for the man that owned the farm of which he is now the proprietor. He and wife are members of the Christian Church, of which he has been an Elder, and is now leader. In politics he is a Republican.

NATHANIEL RUNYAN, of Butler Township, is a native of New Jersey, where he was born October 8, 1822, being the third in a family of five children born to Lewis and Mary Britton Runyan, who were also natives of New Jersey. The former died about 1830, when Nathaniel was taken and reared to manhood by his uncle, Robert Armstrong. He provided himself with a common school education. He at the age of twenty four started westward, working for a time in Ohio and Michigan, when he came to Miami County, to which his mother had preceded him in 1846. December, 1850, his marriage with Rachel Brown, daughter of Aaron Brown, was solemnized, and to their union four children were born, of which these two are now living—Charles L., and Mary, wife of John Miller. He had in early life learned the wagon maker's trade, which he followed until he came to Peru, since which time he has made farming his occupation, and he has been very successful. He now owns 320 acres of improved land. In politics he is a Democrat, and he always manifests a good, live interest in the political affairs of the county and community in which he lives, where he enjoys the respect and esteem of his fellow-citizens. Mrs. Runyan died some years ago.

SEYMOUR SMITH, of Butler Township, is a native of Augusta, Kentucky, where he was born February 3, 1815, being the third in a family of ten children born to Aquila and Polly (Seymour) Smith, who were natives of Maryland and Virginia respectively, their marriage occurring in Newark, Ohio. Our immediate subject was reared mostly in Pickaway County, Ohio. He received a very limited education, such as the subscription schools of those days afforded. He remained at home until he attained his majority. October, 1844, his marriage with Margaret (Robinson) Strader was solemnized, and to their union ten children were born, of which these six are now living: Jane, now Mrs. F. Hay; Sarah, widow of Graham Bradley: John, who married Charlie Ater; Elizabeth, consort of Levi Hurley; Irene and Martha. October 9, 1882, Mr. Smith suffered the bereavement of losing his beloved wife. His occupation has always been farming, and he has been very successful. He now owns 120 acres of improved land. In politics he is a staunch Republican.

JASPER D. SMITH, a leading citizen of Butler Township, is a native of Kosciusko County, born February 28, 1845, being the fifth in a family of eleven children born to George C. and Rosanna (Dilsaver) Smith. The former, a native of Virginia,born on Crab Bottom, April 6, 1802, the son of Smith. In 1811 his parents emigrated to Ohio, where he grew to manhood and was married to Elizabeth VanDevender; his first marriage was of comparatively short duration, his wife dying after four children had been born. His second marriage also occurred in Ohio. About 1842 he came to Indiana, first settling in Kosciusko County, where he lived until the spring of 1846, when he came to Miami County, locating first on the Mississinewa, and subsequently moved to Pipe Creek, in what is now Jackson Township. He entered land in what is now Harrison Township, on which he lived until 1877, when he traded for a farm in Butler Township, to which he removed, living there until within ten months of his death, when he had become so enfeebled that he made his home with Sarah Plotner, his daughter, ending his days at her home March 7, 1881. He had been a member of the M. E. Church, having joined that organization when a young man. He was an exemplary, true and consistent Christian, and in his death the community lost an honored and respected citizen. He was elevated to the position of County Commissioner, being the incumbent of that office when the location and building of the Indianapolis, Peru & Chicago railroad was in process, he being largely instrumental in securing and protecting the county's interest. He also served Harrison Township as one of its Trustees for a number of years. Our immediate subject grew to manhood on the farm, remaining at home and assisting his parents on the farm until he attained his majority. He received a common school education, such as the facilities of those days afforded. At the age of 20, in 1865, he entered in the service of his country, serving until the close of the war, being honorably discharged on September of the same year. March 5, 1868, his marriage with Susan Plotner was solemnized, and to this union five children have been born, of which three are now living—-Florence I., Clarence E. and Donna E. Both of the deceased children were infants. Mr. Smith's occupation has been principally farming, and he has been very successful. He now owns sixty acres of improved land. The family are members of the M. E. Church. In politics he is a Democrat, and he has always manifested a good, live interest in the political affairs of the county in which he lives, being the present member of the Central Committee representing his precinct.

JACOB S. THOMAS, a prominent citizen of Butler Township, is a native of Jefferson County, Virginia, where he was born October 16, 1812, being the eldest child of a family of thirteen children born to Archibald and Catharine (Swimley) Thomas, who were natives of Maryland and Virginia respectively, the former of Welsh-Irish and the latter of German descent. Leonard Thomas, paternal grandfather of our subject, was a native of Maryland from whence he removed to Virginia, where he lived until his death. Archibald Thomas, father of our subject, was born April 11, 1787. He was a soldier of 1812. The Captain of his company being Davenport. By occupation he was a farmer. He died March 31, 1863, at his home in Champaign, Green County, Ohio, to which he had emigrated in the year 1827. They making the entire journey from Virginia on foot. The immediate subject of our sketch remained at home and assisted his parents until he attained the age of twenty years. He had received a meager education in his native State; this subsequent to his marriage was supplemented by his acquiring more knowledge by reading sufficient to enable him to teach which he followed several terms. March 6, 1834, his marriage with Elizabeth Stanley was solemnized. She was a daughter of Robert and Edith (Mason) Stanley. In 1853 he emigrated to Indiana and Miami County, settling on the farm where he now lives. He had learned milling in early life, and followed that vocation until he came to Indiana, where he engaged exclusively in farming for a period of ten years when in 1863 he purchased a mill which he operated until 1874, when his mill burned and he again resumed farming in which he has since continued. From a business point of view Mr. Thomas has been very successful. He is now the proprietor of 233 acres of well improved land. To the union of Mr. and Mrs Thomas, ten children were born, of which these six are now living: Benjamin F., Joseph W., Arabell (now Mrs. R. Thornburg), Catharine V. (wife of Dr. E. K. Friermood), Evaline and William R. H. October 22, 1873, Mr. Thomas suffered the bereavement of losing his beloved wife. He is a member of the M. E. Church. He formerly belonged to the Masonic and I. O. O. F. fraternities. In politics he is an ardent Republican. Benjamin F. and Robert S., sons, served their country in the Rebel lion. The latter died while in the service at Nashville, Tennessee.

JOSEPH VOTAW, a farmer of Butler Township, is a native of Columbiana County, Ohio, born near Salem, August 21, 1812, being the fifth in a family of eight children born to Joseph and Phoebe (Yates) Votaw, who were both natives of Virginia, of French and English descent, respectively. Our subject was reared in his native State, securing a limited education, such as the facilities of those days offered. When 16 years of age he was apprenticed to learn the blacksmith trade. At about the age of 21 he emigrated to Wayne County, Indiana, where he remained about six years working at his trade. June, 1841, he came to Miami County where he entered 80 acres of the land he now owns. In the fall he established a shop, in which he continued to work until 1876. November, 1836, his marriage with Ruth Wersner was solemnized, and to their union four children were born, of which these two are now living, Phoebe, wife of Charles Pavy, and Daniel, who married Louisa Yuant. February 25, 1849, Mr. Votaw suffered the bereavement of losing his beloved wife; in 1852 his and Lydia Macy's nuptials were celebrated, and to their union nine children have been born. These four are now living; Nathan, Allen, Hannah M. and Emma L. Since 1876 he has devoted his entire attention to farming, which he had followed in connection with his smithing, prior to that, and he has been very successful. He now owns over 320 acres of well improved land. He and wife are members of the Friends Church. In politics he is a Republican, and he has always manifested a good, live interest in the political affairs of the county and community in which he lives, where he enjoys the respect and esteem of all who know him. Mr. Votaw was one of the pioneer settlers of Miami County, coming when the country was a wilderness of woods which abounded in wild game of all kinds.

ANDREW E. WALLACE, Trustee of Butler Township, is a native of Decatur County, born June 8, 1843, being the eldest of a family of seven children born to James- and Margaret (Babcock) Wallace, natives of Ohio and of German-Scotch descent. They removed from Decatur to Fulton County about 1846, where the former still lives. Our subject was reared in Fulton County. He received a common school. education. He remained-at home with his parents until he attained the age of twenty years, when in February, 1864, he entered the service of his country, enlisting in Company F, 87th Regiment of Volunteer Infantry, serving until the close of the war. He was present and participated in all the engagements incident to Sherman's campaign on his march to Atlanta and the Sea, and was honorably discharged at Louisville July, 1865. April 2o, 1867, his marriage with Sarah J. Wright was solemnized, and to their union eight children have been born, of which these six are now living: Cora E., Minnie M., Charley E., Anna M., Edward H. and John R. The two deceased children were Bertha E. and an infant unnamed. Mrs. Wallace is the daughter of Edmund and Anna (Arnold) Wright, who were natives of Warren and Miami Counties, Ohio, respectively. They were among the early settlers of this county. Mr. Wallace's occupation has always been that of farming, and he has been very successful. He now owns 133 acres of well improved land. He and wife are members of the Baptist Church. He also belongs to the I. O. O. F. and Grange fraternities. In politics he is a Republican, and he always manifests a good live interest in the political affairs of the county and community in which he lives, where he was in 1886 honored with an election to the office of Township Trustee, and is the present incumbent.

WILLIAM P. WAY, an old citizen of Butler County, is a native of Mifflin County, Pennsylvania, born near Lewistown, August 20, 1814, being the ninth in a family of eleven children born to Joshua and Mary (Boyd) Way, who were also natives of Pennsylvania, where they lived and died. Our subject was reared in his native State and county, receiving a limited education, such as the facilities of those days afforded. February 15, 1838, his marriage with Martha McKinstry was solemnized, and to their union seven children were born, of which these five are now living: Mary C., wife of James Johnson, Thomas J., whose present wife was Carrie Sifert, William, who married Jennie Starbuck, Samuel B., whose consort was Elizabeth Baker, and George L., who espoused Mary Baker. August 12, 1844 Mr. Way suffered the bereavement of losing his beloved wife. November 17, 1876, his and Mary J. (Cantrel) Baker's nuptials were celebrated, by whom he became the father of this one child, Flora B. He emigrated from Pennsylvania to Indiana, and Miami County in 1844, where he has ever since lived. He now owns 205 acres of well improved land which is the accumulation of his own industry and economy.- He and wife are members of the Presbyterian Church. In politics he is a Democrat and he was honored with an election to the office of Township Trustee in 1880 and 1882, filling the position in a very creditable manner.

BENJAMIN S. YORK, of Butler Township, is a native of Preble County, Ohio, born near Eaton, January 18, 1832, being the fourth in a family of six children born to Nathaniel and Elizabeth (Bishop) York, who were both natives of North Carolina and of English descent. In 1836 they emigrated to Indiana settling in Henry County, where they lived until 1842 when they came to Miami County, locating near where Peoria now stands, where the father died in 1851. The mother is still living at the advanced age of 82 years. Our immediate subject remained at home and assisted his mother until he obtained his majority. August 20, 1857, his marriage, with Elizabeth Laymon was solemnized, and to their union three children have been born, of which only this one is now living, John H., who married Ruth A. Reese. The deceased children were Susan E. and Lucretia, who died at the respective ages of nine and two years. His occupation has always been farming and he has been very successful. He now owns 109 acres of well improved land. He and wife are members of the Christian Church. In politics he is a Republican and manifests a good interest in the political affairs of the community in which he lives, where he enjoys the respect and esteem of his fellow citizens.

JOHN YOUNCE, a leading farmer of Butler Township, is a native of Ashe County, North Carolina, born near Jefferson Court House, May 22,1832, being next to the youngest in a family of six children born to Joseph and Elizabeth (Sheets) Younce, who were 'also natives of Ashe County, North Carolina. They emigrated to Miami County, Ohio, in 1842, where they lived until the fall of 1848, when they came to Miami County, Indiana, and located on the ground where the village of Peoria now stands. In 1856 they removed to Minnesota, living there three years. Then they moved to Green County, Missouri, staying there until 1861, when he was compelled to leave that county and State in consequence of his views on the question of slavery. They then returned to Miami County, where they lived until their death. John went with the family to Minnesota, but only resided there two years, returning direct to this county, where he has since lived. In early life he had no opportunities afforded for obtaining an education. After attaining the age of eighteen he pursued a course at his home without the aid of a teacher, acquiring in that way a reasonably good education. His father was a blacksmith and wagon maker, and he learned that trade, following it until January 16, 1862, when his marriage to Rachel Smith was solemnized, and to their union three children were born, of which these two are now living—Lettie, wife of Frank Kilander, and Webb. Since his marriage his occupation has been farming, and he has been very successful. He now owns 140 acres of well-improved land, the accumulation of his own industry and economy. He is a member of the M. E. Church. In politics he has always been a Republican, and he was honored with an election to the position of Township Assessor, filling that office for two terms in a very creditable manner to the entire satisfaction of his constituents. April 8, 1868, Mr. Younce suffered the bereavement of his loving and beloved wife.

Clay Township

WILLIAM T. BOWLAND was born in Perry County, Ohio, May 18, 1823. His parents, Alexander and Tamsy (Ratliff) Bowland, were the parents of eight children, viz: John C., Elizabeth, Eleanor, Robert, William T., Samuel, Absalom and David. William T., our subject, was married in Seneca County, Ohio, Dec. 5, 1844, to Elizabeth Heck, who was born in Seneca County, Ohio, Jan. 8, 1826, and was a daughter of George and Sarah (Baum) Heck. In the fall of 1849 Mr. Bowland, our subject, moved to Miami County, Ind., and settled upon the same farm on which he now resides, in Section 24, Clay Township. Has had born to him eight children, viz: Cerelda J., born Sept. 24, 1845; Sarah T., born April 25, 1848; George A., born Sept. 2, 1851; Rheuhama C., born Dec. 27, 1853 (deceased); John H., born Sept. 3, 1858; Mariah E., born Dec. 5, 1860; Mary A., born June 20, 1865, and Charles W., born Dec. 17, 1870.

JOHN CONDO, was born in Center County, Pennsylvania, March 14, 1822. His parents, John and Elizabeth (Shaffer) Condo, were natives of Maryland and Pennsylvania, respectively. The former, John Condo, the father of our subject, was a son of Jacob and Elizabeth Condo, who were among the early pioneers of Maryland, and from thence, in an early day, moved to Center County, Pennsylvania, where they afterwards resided until death. He was a soldier in the war of 1812, was the father of nine children, of whom six were sons, viz: Nichols, Jacob, George, Samuel, Joseph and John, the father or our subject. He was born in Maryland, March 10, 1784. He moved with his parents to Center County, Pennsylvania, and was there married to the above Elizabeth Shaffer, who was born in Center County, Pennsylvania, October 19, 1790. After their marriage they first settled in Center County, Pennsylvania, and from thence, subsequently moved to Wayne County, Indiana, purchasing and settling on land which is now within the limits of Germantown, Wayne County, where they afterwards resided until death, which occurred as follows: The father died on August 17, 1841, and mother died April 30, 1872. They were the parents of ten children, viz: Adam, Peter, Christena, Elizabeth, Catharine, Margaret, Susan, John, Matilda and Abigal. John, our subject, came with his parents to Wayne County, Indiana, and was there married January 22, 1844, to Catharine, daughter of Michael and Rosanna (Coffman) Beaver, she was born in West Virginia, August 26, 1821. In 1849, Mr. Condo, our subject, moved to Miami County, Indiana, and settled near Waupecong, where he resided about one year, and then settled upon his present farm in Clay Township, section 28, where he has resided since. He lost his wife by death January 29, 1856, having borne to him six children, viz: John M. (deceased), George (deceased), Eli E. (deceased), Samuel S., Sarah C. (deceased), and Adam B. On July 2, 1857, Mr. Condo married Cynthia A., daughter of Isreal and Elizabeth (Ulrey) Phillips, she was born in Warren County, Ohio, June 1, 1836. Five children has been born to this union, viz: Joseph P., David D. (deceased), Isreal T., Daniel W., and Charles E. Mr. Condo and wife are members of the U. B. Church.

JOHN W. GASAWAY was born in Highland County, Ohio, January 11, 1828. His parents, Thomas and Elizabeth (Lumbeck) Gasaway, were natives of Virginia and Ohio respectively. They were married in Ohio, and from there in about 1837 moved to Tippecanoe County, Indiana, and from there to Carroll County, Indiana, where they afterward resided until death. They were the parents of nine children, viz.: Rebecca J., John W., David I., Catherine E., William A., Thomas B., Isaac J., Mary E. and Matilda C. John W., our subject, came with his parents to Tippecanoe County, Indiana, and from thence to Carroll County in about the year 1840, and was there married, April 14, 1859, to Mary C. Ross, who was born in Carroll County, Indiana, September'25, 1840, and was a daughter of Richard D. and Sarah J. (Brown) Ross. In about 1871 Mr. Gasaway, our subject, moved to Miami County, and settled first in Deer Creek Township, and shortly afterward moved to Clay Township, and settled on his present farm in Section 14. He has had born to him five children, viz.: Sarah A., born August 20, 1860; Matilda E., born June 5, 1863; George R., born September 21, 1869; Rebecca E., born May 1, 1872; James B., born October 29, 1876. Mr. Gasaway and wife are members of the M. E. Church.

WESLEY HAYNES was born in Clinton County, Ohio, June 23, 1834. His parents, James and Martha (Harlan) Haynes, were natives of New York and North Carolina, respectively, and of English and French extraction. The former, James Haynes, was a son of Enoch and Elizabeth Haynes, who were both natives of New York, where they were married, and from thence emigrated to the State of Ohio, where they afterwards resided until death. They were the parents of ten children, viz: Samuel, Wright, Charles, Deborah, Stephen, James, Elizabeth, Asa, Content and Sarah. James, the father of our subject, and Martha, daughter of Nathan and Sarah (Hunt) Harlan, were married in Clinton County, Ohio, and from thence, in 1854, moved to Miami County, Ind., settling in Deer Creek Township, where they afterwards resided until death. They were the parents of ten children, namely: Milton, Lydia, Malinda, Eliza, Martha, Wesley, John, Franklin, Andrew J., and a son which died in infancy and not named. Wesley, our subject, came with his parents to Miami County in 1854, and has  resided here principally since. He was married in Deer Creek Township, Nov. 24, 1858, to Rebecca, daughter of Joseph G. and Hester A. (Rogers) Stevenson. She was born in Warren County, Ohio, Jan. 15, 1843. After Mr. Haynes', our subject's, marriage, he first settled in Deer Creek Township, where he resided until August, 1869, at which time he moved to Clay Township, and settled upon the farm on which he now resides, in Section 16. His wife died June 14, 1877, and on Sept. 18, 1878, he married Sarah Oren, who was the first lady to fill the office of State Librarian of Indiana (wife of Charles Oren, deceased). She was born in Clinton County, Ohio, March 2, 1836. Four children have been born to Mr. Haynes, viz: Charles, born Oct. 11, 1859, and died Nov. 27, 1860; Warren, born Aug. 28, 1862, and died July 26, 1864; Frank E., born June 23, 1865, and Joseph W., born June 1, 1876, all of whom are by the first wife. Mr. Haynes owns 202 acres of fine and well-improved land. In March, 1863, Mr. Haynes enlisted in the service in Company G, 8th Indiana Cavalry, and served until the close of the war, and was mustered out in August, 1865.

JOHN W. JENKINS, Trustee of Clay Township, was born in Franklin County, Virginia, November 20, 1845. His parents were David C. and Mary (Feilder) Jenkins, also natives of Virginia, where they were married and resided until his (the father's) death, which occurred March 24, 1860. His widow subsequently moved to Texas where she still resides. They were the parents of eight children, viz: Susan, James H., Nancy J., David C., Thomas A., Octavo, Sarah B., and John W. Our subject, the eldest member of the family, remained in Virginia until January, 1868, at which time he came to Miami County, Indiana, and located in Clay Township, where he has resided principally, since. He was married in Clay Township, this county, March 2, 1870, to Mary Morris, who was born in Franklin County, Virginia, June 14, 1849. In October, 1872, Mr. Jenkins, our subject, purchased the farm on which he now resides in Section 2, Clay Township, where he settled in the fall of 1873 and has resided since. He owns sixty acres of fine and well improved land. He has had born to him seven children, viz: James B., died in infancy; John T., born October 13, 1871; Louisa A., born May 4, 1874; Melissa J., born December 23,1876; Walter E., born October 4, 1880; Charles H., born October 11, 1883; and George W., born April 18, 1885, Mr. Jenkins was elected to the office of Trustee of Clay Township in 1886. He is a member of the Odd Fellows order and is an enterprising and highly esteemed man.

GEORGE C. MAUGHMER, M. D., is a native of Ross County, Ohio, and was born July 19, 1848. His parents, George and Mary A. (Street) Maughmer, were also both native of Ohio, and were born as follows: The father was born in Ross County, February 2, 1814,'and the mother in Fayette County, August 17, 1813. They were married in Ross County, Ohio, January 8, 1835, and from thence in 1860 moved to Miami County, Indiana, where they still reside. They were parents of six children, viz: Sarah C., Margaret N., Hannah J., John W., George C. and Elizabeth C. George C, our subject, came with his parents to this county in 1860, where he has resided ever since. He was educated at the Oberlin College, of Oberlin, Ohio, after which he engaged in teaching school for some time, and in 1870 began reading medicine under the instructions of Dr. E. J. Kendall, with whom he remained for about three years, and in the winter of 1871-72 attended the Indiana Medical College of Indianapolis, Indiana, after which he resumed his studies and did some practice, and in the winter of 1872-73 took his second course of lectures at the same college and graduated on February 28, 1873. He then returned to Waupecong, Indiana, and opened up a practice for himself, which he has continued since. He was married in Howard County, Indiana, December 24, 1872, to Margaret, daughter of John G. and Julia A. (Lovins) Gayer. She was born in Howard County, Indiana, June 15, 1854. In 1883, Dr. Maughmer attended his third term of lectures at the Indiana Medical College and received his diploma of an Ad E undem Degree. Has had born to him two children, viz: Stella, born October 8, 1873, and Germanicus, born June 20, 1876. The Doctor and his wife are members of the U. B. Church, and he is a member of the Howard County Medical Society. He is an intelligent and enterprising man and a thorough medical scholar, as well as a successful physician and surgeon.

BISSELL PHELPS, an old and highly esteemed pioneer of Miami County, is a native of Lewis County, New York, and was born March 27, 1805. His parents, Noah and Ruth Phelps, were both natives of Connecticut, where they were married, and from thence in an early day, moved to Lewis County New York, where the father died in 1807. His wife survived him a number of years, and died at Wolcottville, Indiana. They were the parents of ten children, viz: Hannah, Lydia, Noah, Julius, Rachel, Ruth, Millie, Statira, Solomon and Bissell, our subject, the next to the youngest member of the family. He was married in Lewis County, New York, October 28, 1832, to Margaret Loucks, who was born in Herkimer County, New York, August 24, 1806. After Mr. Phelps married he first settled in Lewis County, New York, and in 1853 moved to Miami County, Indiana, and in June of that same year, settled upon the farm on which he now resides, Clay Township, section 28. His wife died April 30, 1884, having borne him five children, viz: Charles J., born July 24, 1833, deceased; Andrew J., born November 21, 1835; Mary M., born May 23, 1838; Charles R., born December 1, 1840, deceased, and Caroline, born April 4, 1845.

ANDREW J. PHELPS (farmer and manufacturer of cheese, section 28, Clay Township, Miami County, Indiana), is a son of Bissell and Margaret (Loucks) Phelps, and was born in Lewis County, New York, November 21, 1835. He came to Miami County, Indiana, in 1853, where he was married December 21, 1869, to Caroline C. Wyrick, who was born in DeKalb County, Indiana, February 8, 1844 and is a daughter of Jacob and Mary M. (Feglar) Wyrick. After Mr. Phelps, our subject's marriage, he settled upon the same farm on which he now lives, a part of which he had purchased in 1865. He owns at present 240 acres of fine and well improved land; all in Clay Township, Section 28. He has had born to him four children, viz: George B., born September 17, 1871; Franklin C., born April 13, 1874; Albert J., born July 26, 1876 and Thomas W., born January 1, 1879. In i860 Mr. Phelps was elected to the office of Trustee of Clay Township and held the office until 1878; with the exception of about 18 months, and in 1863 was elected to the office of County Surveyor which he resigned the following year.

GEORGE W. ROSS was born in Carroll County, Indiana, November 2, 1842. His parents, Richard D. and Sarah J. (Brown) Ross, were natives of Tennessee and Indiana respectively, and were born as follows. The father was born in Blount County, Tennessee, August 22, 1812, and the mother in Union County, Indiana, June 1, 1819. They were married in Carroll County, Indiana, September 12, 1837, and from there in 1861 moved to Miami County, Indiana, settling in Deer Creek Township. There he still resides. The mother died September 27, 1872. They were the parents of ten children, viz.: Thomas W. (deceased); Mary C., George W., Matthew L. (deceased); Rebecca J., Harvey D., James B., Joseph D. (deceased); Emily E. and Laura B. (deceased). George W., our subject, came with his parents to this county in 1861, and in March, 1863, enlisted in the service in Company G, Thirty-ninth Regiment or Eighth Cavalry, in which he served until the close of the war, and was mustered out at Lexington, North Carolina, on July 20, 1865. After his discharge he returned home and was married at Peru, Indiana, on June 6, 1867, to Elizabeth R., daughter of Joseph G. and Esther A. (Rogers) Stevenson. She was born in Warren County, Ohio, May 18, 1849. After Mr. Ross, our subject's, marriage, he settled upon the farm on which he now resides, where he has resided principally since. His wife died August 22, 1878, having borne to him five children, viz.: Anna L., born July 21, 1868, and died January 29, 1869; Joseph D., born September 39, 1870; Harry B., born October 7, 1872, and died January 31, 1873; Lorrinah E., born April 5, 1874, and died May 7, 1877; Pearl, born May 5, 1878, and died July 10, 1878. On September 23, 1879, Mr. Ross married Nannie A., daughter of James S. and Phebe A. (Cox) Lovejoy. She was born in Decatur County, Ind., October 16, 1847. Her father was born in Maine, April 12, 1806, and her mother was born in Ohio, June 1, 1825. They were married in Decatur County, Indiana, February 25, 1846, and in 1871 moved to Howard County, Indiana, where they still reside. They are the parents of eleven children, viz.: Nannie A., Thaddeus M., Samuel S., Mary, Warren, Mattie E., Rose, James S., Alice L., Frank E., and a son, the twin of Mattie E., which died in infancy not named. Four children have been born to Mr. Ross by his present wife, viz.: George W., born October 10, 1880, and died July 31, 1881; Ruth E., born October 28, 1881; Jessie H., born April 1, 1884, and Will Antrim, born August 26, 1886.

SAMUEL M. SHARP was born in Franklin County, Ohio, November 11, 1837. His parents, William and Mary (Teegardin) Sharp, were also both natives of Ohio, and were born as follows: The father, May 12, 1806; and the mother, July 17, 1812. They were married in Franklin County, Ohio, and afterward resided there until death. He died on June 30, 1845, and his widow subsequently moved to Pickaway County, Ohio, and from thence to Miami County, Indiana, in 1864, and made her home with her children until death which occurred March 18, 1880. They were the parents of five children, viz: Nancy, Peter, Samuel M., Aaron T. and Margaret. Samuel M. our subject, moved with his parents to Pickaway County, Ohio, and was there married, November 2, 1859, to Isabelle, daughter of Reason and Anna (Hoymen) Bailey. She 'was born in Pickaway County, Ohio, July 13, 1840. After our subject's marriage, he first settled in Pickaway County, Ohio, and in 1863 moved to Franklin County, Ohio, and from thence to Miami County, Indiana, in the spring of 1873, purchased and settled upon the same farm on which he now resides. He has had born to him thirteen children, viz: Mary M., William H., Elizabeth M., Jennie D., Anna M., Margaret M., George L., Myrt A., Daisie B. (deceased), Leon C., Edwin G., Reuby N. and a son which died in infancy and not named.

JOHN ZODY, was born in Richland County, Ohio, April 1, 1831. His parents, Henry and Susan (Fessler) Zody, were natives of Pennsylvania and Maryland respectively. The former, Henry Zody, was a son of Henry Zody, who was a native of Germany, and emigrated from thence to the State of Pennsylvania in a very early day, where he afterwards resided until death. He was the father of five children, viz: Conrad, Henry, Jacob, Elizabeth and Louisa. Henry, the father of our subject, was born in Franklin County, Pennsylvania, December 4, 1798, and was married in Washington County, Maryland, to the above Susan Fessler, who was born in Washington County, Maryland, May 1, 1799. In the year 1830, Mr. Henry Zody, the father of our subject, moved to Richland County, Ohio, and afterwards resided there until death, which occurred as follows: The mother died January 10, 1859, and the father died January 20, 1873. They were the parents of nine children, viz: Elizabeth, Louisa, Nancy, Susan, John, Henry, Aaron, Catharine and David. John, our subject, came to Miami County, Indiana, in the fall of 1849, and was married in Clay Township, this county, December 7, 1856, to Nancy E. Kessler, who was born in Henry County, Indiana, March 14, 1837, and was a daughter of Joseph and Nancy (Baltimore) Kessler. In 1866, Mr. Zody, our subject, settled upon the farm on which he now resides, in section 1, Clay Township. He owns at present 2382 acres of land. He has had born to him nine children, viz: Sarah C., Harlan F., Laura B., Ida M., George H., Ursula O., Viola A., David O. and Mary. Mr. Zody is a member of the Masonic Order.

Deer Creek Township

JOHN COMERFORD, a native of Ireland, came to America in 1850. He was born in County Kilkenny, Ireland, August 26, 1826, where he received a common school education. On his arrival in New York he found himself without friends and only a few dollars in money. He soon found employment on a farm at $10 per month, His marriage with Miss Ann Lawler,. also a native of Ireland, born in 1830, was celebrated April 21,1851. In 1855 after having lived in Ohio, he removed to Rush County, Indiana, where he continued to reside until 1860, at which date he came to Miami County and purchased forty acres of land which comprises part of his present home. Mrs. Comerford has blessed her husband with a family of seven children: Margaret Ann, Mary J., Thomas, Elizabeth, John L., Catharine and James H. The youngest child is at present taking a collegiate course at Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Mr. Comerford now resides upon a farm of 236 acres and since his settlement has been among the most influential and upright citizens of the county. He is politically a Republican, and with his wife belongs to the Catholic Church.

NOAH COTTERMAN, is a native of Montgomery County Ohio, and was born September 6, 1837. His parents, Andrew and Barbara (Stiver) Cotterman, were also natives of Montgomery County. Mr. Cotterman's early life was spent on a farm and in receiving a common school education. Catharine Weaver became his wife January 13, 1859. ^he was born in Hagerstown, Indiana, March 5, 1838, her parents, David S. and Hannah (Mason) Weaver, were natives of Virginia and Ohio respectively. To Mr. and Mrs. Cotterman have been born twelve children, ten of whom are living: David T., Elva A., Barbara E. (deceased), Clara E., Jacob S. (deceased), Francis M., Andrew Y., Lottie L., Lizzie J., Charles E., Robert M. and Laura A. Mr. and Mrs. Cotterman were married six months before they could afford a set of chairs or a table. He came to Miami County in 1858, and began life with no capital but a determined will, and has succeeded by diligent attention to business, in accumulating a comfortable home. He has been a lite-long Democrat. Mrs. Cotterman is a member of the German Baptist Church.

JAMES W. CROCKETT was born in Deer Creek Township, Cass County, October 25, 1861, and is a son of Asher and Susannah (Plank) Crockett. Asher Crockett was born in Montgomery County, Ohio, July 4, 1820, and was the fifth son of William and Nancy (Asher) Crockett, natives of North and South Carolina. In the paternal line Mr. Crockett is of Scotch-Irish extraction and of Welsh in the maternal line. At the age of ten years he was taken by his parents to Carroll County, Indiana. At this time Carroll County was almost a wilderness, it being four miles to the nearest neighbor. His marriage with Miss Susannah Plank, daughter of Henry and Mary M. (Guice) Plank, natives of Adams County, Pennsylvania, was solemnized April 3, 1845. This union was blessed with seven children: Irmanda (deceased), Henry A., Eliza J., Delilah E., Sarah C., James W. and Susan A. (deceased). Mr. Crockett is an ardent Democrat, but has never been an aspirant for political honors. With his wife he belongs to the Christian Church. His early life was spent amid the stirring scenes of pioneer times, and he early became accustomed to those rugged duties which fit him for the active labors of subsequent life. James W. Crockett, the subject of our sketch, was trained to farming and now resides on the old home farm; his education in youth was fair. On March 23, 1884, he united in marriage with Miss Martha L. Pollock, a native of Howard County, Indiana, born July 27, 1864, and a daughter of John and Rosanah (Kettenhouse) Pollock, natives of Ohio. By this union two children have been born, named: Rosanah L. and David H.

G. W. DAVIS, M. D., prominent in the ranks of the medical profession of Miami, was born in Carroll County, February 26, 1855. At the age of twenty-one he began the study of medicine under the instruction of a brother, Dr. S. H. Davis, then of Miami, but now of Bunker Hill, with whom he remained for a period of three years. In 1879 he entered the Electic school of Medicine at Cincinnati and graduated in surgery and medicine the year following. Immediately after graduating, he returned to Miami and engaged in the practice of his profession. His parents were Benjamin and Elizabeth J. (Watts) Davis, natives of this State. Miss Sadie Perry became his wife March 1,1877. She was born in Decatur County, December 3, 1859 and is a daughter of Stamper and Margaret Perry. Mrs. Davis received a good education in youth, especially in music. Dr. Davis is a Republican, but liberal in his political opinions, believing in every man voting his own sentiments.

JACOB DUCKWALL, a prominent farmer of Deer Creek Township, is a native of Montgomery County, Ohio, and was born July 21, 1824. His father, Henry Duckwall, was a native of Virginia, and married in 1800, to Rosanah Linginfelter, of Maryland. Upon arriving at man's estate, Jacob began to work for himself. His first year's wages amounted to $100. In 1845 he came to Cass County, Indiana, and received $8.00 per month. His wages were raised the two following years to $10.00 per month, and during the year 1847 he made some money trading, and his wages were again raised to $11.00 per month. He was united in marriage, November 3, 1848, to Miss Mary Emrick, native of Montgomery County, Ohio, and born October 27, 1829. Six children have been born to them, as follows: Anna V., Henry A., John W., Ella L., Oliver S. and Cora A. Mr. Duckwall began married life as a renter. In 1857 he came to this county and bought eighty acres of land in Section 32. As his means increased he added to what he already had so that by economy and industry, he now owns a valuable farm of 420 acres, and pays a larger tax than any man in Deer Creek Township. He is a staunch Republican, firmly believing in the principles of his party, and he and wife are consistent members of the Methodist Church.

JESSE GETTINGER (deceased), was born near Fredericktown, Maryland, March 10, 1811. His parents, Jacob and Elizabeth (Hooker) Gettinger, were natives of Germany and Maryland, respectively. Mr. Gettinger's early life was spent in Maryland, where he received a good education, his father being well educated both in German and English. He began life upon his own responsibility, at twenty-one years of age, by engaging as superintendent in a boot and shoe factory in Paris, Ohio, which business he followed until his marriage, September 15, 1839, with Miss Melissa Miller, of Lebanon, Ohio. Mrs. Gettinger was born July 8, 1818, a daughter of Richard and Julia (Jaqua) Miller, both of Pennsylvania, and of German and French descent. Her grandfather, Gamaliel Jaqua, was a native of France, where he received a collegiate education, and • emigrated to America for the purpose of teaching the languages. He entered a New York regiment during the war and fought three years. Eight children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Gettinger, namely: John T., Mary J., Sarah E., Charles C., Kiziah M. (deceased), Jesse D., Anna A. (deceased), and Ellsworth. Mr. Gettinger was upright and generous in all his dealings and esteemed by all who knew him. Mrs. Gettinger still resides on the old home farm.

JESSE D. GETTINGER, merchant, Miami, Indiana. Among the successful business men of Miami may be found the name of Jesse D. Gettinger, born in this township, September 5, 1852. His father, Jesse Gettinger, Sr., was born in Maryland. At the age of seventeen years, our subject began life for himself, by working in a saw mill. In 1874, he engaged in the grocery business, but followed it only a short time. He went into the drug business in 1881 and continued in the same for five years. He then purchased the stock of goods known as the Coucher stock, owned by Shirk & Miller, and has successfully carried on the business ever since. He is a zealous Democrat, and when twenty-four years old was elected township assessor by a majority of thirty-five, while at the same time the Republican State ticket received a majority of forty-five, which is sufficient evidence of his popularity. In April, 1882, the confidence reposed in him by the community was attested by his being called to serve them in the office of township trustee, when he received a majority of forty-five. He was re-elected in 1884 by eighty-nine majority. He was married June 12,1874,to Miss Olive Ellars, who was born September 8, 1855, in Clay Township. Two children were born to them: Gertie (deceased) and Ola, Mr. Gettinger is a member of the Masonic Order.

GEORGE W. GRAVES, one of the leading farmers of Deer Creek Township, was born in Decatur County, Indiana, May, 15, 1835. He is of English origin on the paternal side and of Irish on the maternal side. His parents were Joseph and Sarah (Howe) Graves. George W. was reared to early manhood in his native county and received such education as was afforded by the common schools. In 1854 he bought eighty acres of land in Deer Creek Township, where he has ever since resided, devoting his time to agricultural pursuits. This part of Miami County was then known as the swamps and he at once commenced the task to clear and improve it. He cut the first ditch in this township. Having no money he was obliged to clear his farm unaided. He went to work with a stout heart and willing hands, and, as a proof of his success, he now owns four improved farms. February 4, 1854, Samantha Fickle became his wife. She was born November 30, 1835. Daniel and Hetty (Tipton) Fickle, natives of Ohio, were her parents. Mr. and Mrs. Graves are the parents of the following children: Newberry J. (deceased), Arthur E., Warren, Oscar, Clement V., Ivy Pearl and Florence (deceased). Mr. Graves is a staunch Republican.

JOHN W. HAGGERTY, a highly esteemed pioneer of Miami County, Indiana, was born in Fairfield County, Ohio, February 15, 1824. His parents, David and Sarah (Larimer) Haggerty, were both natives of Pennsylvania. When John was four years old his father died, leaving a widow and six children. Until twenty-two years of age Mr. Haggerty's earnings went toward the support of his mother. He then purchased forty acres of land in Elkhart County, but soon left there and bought a tract of land in Pipe Creek Township. He again sold out and settled in Deer Creek Township. His marriage with Miss Sarah C. McCreary was solemnized in 1851. The result of this union was one child, named George A. Mrs. Haggerty died in 1854. Mr. Haggerty's second choice was Miss Ellen Hann, daughter of Benjamin and Mary A. Hann, citizens of Pipe Creek Township. To their union seven children have been born: Carey, Annetty, Emma J., Alonzo E., Idella M., Melvin E. and an infant that died unnamed. Mr. and Mrs. Haggerty have lived to see the county develop from an almost unbroken forest into one of the most fertile and populous regions of northern Indiana. He is a Democrat in politics, and he and wife are members of the Baptist Church.

AUSTIN HERRELL is one of the leading farmers of Deer *Creek Township. The place of his nativity is Henry County, Kentucky, and the date of his birth, August 15, 1825. He is a son of William and Rachel (Wiley) Herrell, whose ancestors were of English extraction. He received in youth a limited education, and in 1842 came to Miami County and hired as a farm hand. He began life with no means, but has succeeded, as the years went by, in accumulating a comfortable competency for his declining years, owning at one time over 500 acres of land. He served the people in the important office of Township Trustee for several years. He has been twice married. His first wife was Elizabeth Hicks, daughter of Isaac and Elsie Hicks. Mrs. Herrell died in 1862. His second marriage occurred in 1863 with Miss Mattie Julian, by whom he had four children—Frankie T., Lulu, Clyde and Bell. His second wife was called away in 1875. In business Mr. Herrell has always been thoroughly energetic and straightforward. He is a member of the Baptist Church, and has been a Republican until the past few years, since which time he has inclined in his belief to the doctrines of the Prohibition party.

EDWIN T. McCONNELL, son of William H. and Sarah (Thornton) McConnell, was born in Deer Creek Township, December 29, 1849. The mother, widow of William H. McConnell, was a native of Highland County, Ohio, born October 15, 1818. Her parents, John and Mary (Johnson) Thornton, were natives of South Carolina, and of English and Irish descent. When seventeen years of age her parents moved to Cass County, Indiana. Her father entered a piece of land near Logansport, where he resided until death. Mrs. McConnell was married in 1842. W. H. McConnell was born in Miami County, Ohio, in 1815. He came to this county in 1846 and entered land where his eldest son, James, now resides. Mr. and Mrs. McConnell were the parents of eight children, as follows: Samuel W. (deceased), James H., Mary (deceased), Edwin T., Cornelia (deceased), Robert F., John W. and Fanny J- (deceased). The boyhood of our subject was like that of any other Indiana lad of the same period, and he early in life learned the bitter but beneficent lesson of self-dependence, and at the age of eighteen took .up the business of life in manly earnest. In 1877 he engaged in the manufacture of drain tile, but disposed of his factory in 1882, and has since followed farming. Mr. McConnell is a man of public spirit and was elected Township Trustee in 1886, making the race on the Republican ticket. He was married May 11, 1882, to Miss Belle Underwood, native of Howard County, Indiana, and daughter of John and Acta E. (Leonard) Underwood. One child has been born to this union, Carrie, born April 18, 1884. Mr. and Mrs. McConnell are members of the Christian Church.

DAVID McCORMICK, farmer, Deer Creek Township, was born in Rockbridge County, Virginia, January 19, 1818, and is the eighth in a family of twelve children born to William and Mary (Clemer) McCormick, the father of Tennessee and the mother of Virginia. David McCormick removed with his parents to Montgomery County, Ohio, at quite an early age, where he remained until his eighteenth year. He then worked at the carpenter trade, but soon returned to the farm. He came to this county in 1.860 and now owns a fine improved farm in section 26. He was married December 20, 1838, to Miss Margaret Orellus, who died February 7, 1850, after bearing the following children: Levi (deceased), Mary, Rebecca, Absalom, Sarah J. (deceased), William and Henry. In 1850 he was united in marriage with Barbara Showalter, a native of Pennsylvania, born May 5, 1826, and to their union were born these children: Margaret, David F., Barbara I., Martha E. (deceased), and James. In politics Mr. McCormick acts with the Republican party.

PATRICK McHALE, a native of Ireland, hearing of the advantages offered in America, sailed for this country, in company with his uncle, Mr. Brown, in September, 1843, and landed at New Orleans in November. Our subject procured employment for a short time and then began firing on a Mississippi steamboat and followed this occupation until June, 1844. The year following he worked on a farm, receiving $75 for his year's work. He then contracted with a man by the name of Snyder to work by the month, and worked out for four years. September 26, 1847, he was married to Elizabeth Good, daughter of Philip Good, a native of Virginia. They began house-keeping in rented property, but the next year bought twenty acres of land in Brown County, Ohio, where he resided until 1850, when he came to Miami County and purchased forty acres of the farm he now owns for $320. He has added by degrees to his first purchase until he now owns a fine farm with first-class improvements. Mr. and Mrs. McHale had a family of seven children: Edward (deceased), John W. (deceased), James, Rebecca, Ann, Philip L. and Nellie. Mrs. McHale was called away February 23, 1885. Mr. McHale was again married May 30, 1886, to Sarah 'J. Groves, of Clermont County, Ohio. Mr. McHale was born March 15, 1826 and was a son of Edward and Mary McHale.

JOHN C. McILWAIN, eldest son in a family of ten children born to John and Sarah (Logan) McIlwain, natives of Scotland and Ireland. The parents emigrated to the United States, first settling in South Carolina, and removed from there in 1813 to Fayette County, Indiana, where they entered a home. Our subject was born in South Carolina, May 181?. He grew to manhood on his father's farm, and obtained the rudiments of an education in the rude log school house common to this country forty years ago.  apprenticed to learn the saddler and harness trade when eighteen years old, and engaged in that business in New Marion, Fayette County. April 10, 1834, Nancy Shafer, daughter of George Shafer, of Butler County, Ohio, became his wife. Mrs. McIlwain died in 1865, leaving a family of seven children—William A., Theodore S., George O., Sarah E., Lida J., Mary and John W., of whom William, Mary and Theodore are now deceased. Mr. McIlwain came to Deer Creek Township in 1856, and experienced all the hardships and privations incident to life in the backwoods, but actuated by energy and will, is now considered one of the successful farmers of the county. Mr. McIlwain is a decided Republican, always ready in the support and defense of his political convictions,

MRS. JANE MENDENHALL. Mrs. Mendenhall was united in marriage with Reuben E. Mendenhall, native of Ohio, September 9, 1853. He was born September 23, 1828. His parents located in this county when the few settlements were but niches in the almost impenetrable forests. Mr. Mendenhall was a farmer by occupation, a man of local prominence, a member of the Baptist Church, and departed this life February 9, 1885. Mrs. Mendenhall was born December 20, 1825, in Ohio, a daughter of Lawrence and Elizabeth (Hanes) Shirley, both of Virginia. The greater part of Mrs. Mendenhall's life has been passed in this county, having resided here some forty-seven years, and witnessed the forests give place to the growing fields, and the wild game that was once so abundant, disappear, and in her way has contributed her share to the work of civilization. She now lives on the farm her husband purchased a short time after their marriage. Mrs. Mendenhall belongs to the Baptist Church.

JOSEPH OLDHAM, the subject of this sketch, is now a resident of Bennett's Switch, and probably the oldest living pioneer of this county. He was born in Lampen County, Va., April 5, 1816. His parents were James and Elizabeth Oldham, natives of Pennsylvania, the former of French and latter of German descent. When Joseph was quite young his parents emigrated to Preble County, Ohio, and later moved to Randolph County, this State, thence to Wells County, and in 1827, Mr. Oldham, Sr., Joseph's father, purchased 80 acres of wild land in Peru Township, this county, from Louis Godfroy, an Indian. The government had erected dwellings for the Indians, one on each section, into one of these houses Mr. Oldham moved, and resided there about seven years, by which time Mr. Oldham had built on his own land, and in 1834 occupied his own home. There were but few white settlers here then, Miami County was not organized yet, Peru was not thought of, and Mr. Oldham says there was only two houses on the site where Logansport now stands. It was here among the Indians that Joseph spent his young life. There were no schools and what education Mr. Oldham has was obtained after maturity. At the age of seventeen he began to do for himself by engaging at blacksmithing, but soon gave that up and tried the tanning business for a while, but finally gave that up and began butchering, which occupation he has followed principally through life. In September, 1838, he was married to Lucinda Fobs, and this union was blessed with six children: Charles, James, Mary, Elizabeth, Sarah and David, one of whom, Mary, is now living. In September, 1854, Mrs. Oldham was called away. On June 23, 1855, he was again married to Mary Countryman, and to this union was born seven children: Jacob, Daniel, Julia, Eliza, Joseph F., Philip and Otto, of whom Jacob, Philip and Otto are deceased. Mr. Oldham began life a poor man and to-day has a comfortable home in Bennett's.

OLIVER H. SANDIFUR, was born in Fayette County, Indiana, July 17, 1824. When six years of age his parents, Noah and Mary Sandifur, moved to Carroll County, where he remained until his twenty-first year. In 1846 he took a claim of 160 acres of heavy timbered land where he now resides. He went to work with a will and soon had a cabin erected and a few acres of land ready for cultivation. He and wife by diligence and economy, have acquired a good home and pleasant surroundings. He was married August 11, 1853, to Sarah Beaver, and by her is the father of six children: Jacob A. (deceased), Mary E., Emma R., Noah A., Oliver U. and William H. Mr. and Mrs. Sandifur are members of the M. E. Church. Mr. Sandifur is a Republican, and held the office of Justice of the Peace for four years. He possesses an unblemished character for honesty and integrity.

WILLIAM H. STEDMAN, farmer, was born in Orange County, New York, May 4, 1823. His parents, Richard and Hannah Stedman, were natives of Ireland and New York respectively. They moved to Muskingum County, Ohio, in 1833, where our subject remained until thirty years of age. He emigrated to Tippecanoe, County, Indiana, and followed boating on the Wabash and Erie Canal for ten years. He then engaged in steam boating on the lower Wabash and Ohio rivers for a number of years. In 1867 he purchased the farm where he now resides. He makes farming his sole business, and is justly regarded as one of the progressive and wide-awake citizens of Miami County. Mr. Stedman was married in 1862 to Julia Todd, by whom he had five children—Hannah, Mary, James, John and Burt. He is a Republican in politics, believing the principles upon which that party is based to be conducive to the greatest good to his section and to the country at large.

MRS. ELIZABETH A. THOMPSON, whose maiden name was Garretson, was born in Clinton County, Ohio, October 28, 1812. She is a daughter of Read and Jane Garretson, natives respectively of New Jersey and Virginia. Mrs. Thompson, when seventeen years of age, removed with her parents to Warren County, Ohio, where she remained until the age of twenty, when she married Cornelius Thompson, a prosperous young farmer of Warren County. He was a son of Roden and Clara (Sayles) Thompson, natives of North Carolina. In April, 1849, Mr. and Mrs. Thompson' removed to Miami County and entered forty acres of land where Mrs. Thompson now resides. Mr. Thompson -was a member of the Baptist Church and a highly respected citizen. His death occurred August 15, 1870. Mrs. Thompson has been a member of the Baptist Church over half a century. She is the mother of six children, only one living—John C., who was born July 26, 1852. Miss Anna Stevens became his wife, October 22, 1873, and to them have been born three children: Charley, Pearl and Harvey.

REV. BEVERLY R. WARD is the youngest of a family of thirteen children, born to Beverly R. and Nettie (Glore) Ward. His parents were married in Kentucky, October 23, 1799. Mr. Ward is a native of Rush County, Indiana. He remained with his mother until 1838, his father having died October 23, 1829. His early education was obtained in the country school, which in his youth were of rather an inferior type. In 1838 he accompanied his brother James to Clinton County, where James entered eighty acres of land. Our subject took a claim in 1841 in what was then known as the seven mile strip or canal lands. In 1848 he removed to Alto, Howard County, and engaged in the cabinet business, which he followed three years, and then sold out and entered the Franklin Theological College, a Baptist institution. He was ordained a minister in 1852, and has since been actively engaged in the ministry, having under his charge three appointments: Young America, Cass County; Dunkirk, and Mt. Pisgah Church, near Alexandria, Madison County. He is also a farmer and owns a fine farm in Section 14. He has been twice married, the first time to Miss Nancy Lett, by whom he had eight children: Williamson D., James O., Sampson L., John H., Carey J., Preston B. and a child that died in infancy. Mrs. Ward was a member of the Missionary Baptist Church, and her death, which occurred January 15,1864, was much lamented. Mr. Ward's second marriage took place in 1864 with Mrs. Rebecca C. Okeson. Six children have been born to the marriage, four of whom are living, viz: Luella, Nellie G., Mary T., Lizzie May. Mr. Ward is a Republican.

HON. WILLIAM ZEHRING, a prominent citizen and farmer of Deer Creek Township, is a native of Butler County, Ohio, born May 3, 1821, and is a second son in a family of five children born to William and Elizabeth (Garst) Zehring, both of whom were natives of Pennsylvania and of German extraction. The father died in 1872 and the mother in 1885. Although our subject's educational training was somewhat limited, attending school only two or three months of the year, he was selected to teach the school in his neighborhood, and continued in that vocation until he had taught eleven terms. In 1856 he bought one hundred acres of land in Montgomery County, Ohio, for which he paid $2,000 down, the amount of his savings for thirteen years. In 1857 he came to Miami County and purchased a farm of 160 acres, where he has ever since resided. His life has been marked by industry and energy, and by diligent labor he has amassed a competence to sustain him in his declining years. He is a Democrat in politics, and has filled the positions of Township Trustee, County Commissioner and Representative in the Legislature. His marriage with Susannah Feagler, daughter of John and Susannah Feagler, residents of Montgomery County, Ohio, took place August 20, 1845. Of their nine children these are now living:Josiah, William, Irving, Benjamin F., Sarah E., John H. and Alfred E. Mrs. Zehring died March 18, 1865. Mr. Zehring's second marriage was solemnized March 16, 1869, with Mrs. Lucinda Wilson. To their union one child has been born, namely: Katie (deceased). Mrs. Zehring is a member of the U. B. Church.

Harrison Township

RICHARD C. CRANE, a native of Preble County, Ohio, was born December 8, 1834, to George and Elizabeth (Batey) Crane, natives respectively of Pennsylvania and New York, who emigrated to Indiana in the year 1848, and located on the farm owned and managed by our subject. Mr. Crane was married in February, 1855, to Sarah Hall, a native of Ohio, to whom were born these children, whose names are as follows: Mariah Jane, Catharine, Vioma, Laura, Belle, Mary Elizabeth, Armintha and William, four of whom are still living. He was again married January 1, 1878, to Miss Mary Miller, a native of Miami County, and to this union three children have been born, the names of which are as follows: Fannie, Lydia and George. He was reared on the farm and received a common school education. He is the owner of 154 acres of land in Harrison township, which he is improving rapidly and which is under a high state of cultivation. He always has taken an active part in the political affairs of the vicinity in which he resides, and at the polls votes the Democratic ticket.

DANIEL F. DEISCH, a son of John Philip and Catharine F. (Kull) Deisch, was born in Hocking County, Ohio, on the 16th of March, 1848. The father and mother were both natives of Germany, coming to this country about 1830. They were married in Ohio and settled in Hocking County, where three of their family of twelve were born. In 1850 they moved to Miami County settling in Washington Township. In about 1858 they moved to Clay Township where Daniel Deisch, the subject of this sketch, was raised on his father's farm, receiving a good common school education. Remaining and helping his father on the farm until he was twenty-eight, He was on the 16th day of March, 1876, married to Rebecca Ann Murden, a daughter of Thomas W. and Cynthia Ann (Smith) Murden, a native of Miami County, being born there on the 6th of November, 1857, and a lady of English descent. To this union were born six children: Charles Oliver, George F., Matilda B., Cora Adell, Osie Filora and an infant. All are living. Mr. D. began business in Marion where he was married, and in 1879 came to McGrawsville where he now has a large general store, the Post office, and is the Railroad Agent. He also deals in grain and stock. Coming to this county when all was new and nearly wilderness, Mr. D. has seen the great change that has made the country what it is. He is an industrious, enterprising young merchant and a No. i citizen.

EZRA T. LAMB, the son of George and Susannah (Thomas) Lamb, was born the 30th of April, 1850, in Jackson Township, Miami County, Indiana. Both were of, English descent, the great grandfather of Mr. Lamb coming from England. The father was born in North Carolina in 1824, and the whole family removed to Madison County, Indiana. But it was in Grant County that the father and mother met and were married in 1849. They settled in the woods east of Amboy and there began life, and raised their family of nine children, whose names are as follows: Ezra, Mary E., William N., Sarah M., Martha, Angeline, Asenath Jane, Walter H. and Harvey. Of these Mary and Angeline have since died. Mr. Ezra Lamb, the subject of this sketch was raised on his father's farm, there receiving an education sufficient to enable him to teach nine successive winters in the public schools of Indiana, and the last six years of his teaching he had a first-class certificate. The 23d of September, 1875, Mr. Lamb was married to Eliza Eppele, a lady of German descent, and one well esteemed, her parents both emigrating to this country from Germany. To this union were born five children, viz: Allie, born July 28, 1876; Charles, born January 30, 1879, died July 11, 1879; Alburtus G., born May 21, 1880; Henry S., born November 17, 1881; Ina J., born November 9, 1883, and an infant son, born October 3, 1886. In the spring of 1886 Mr. Lamb moved to the farm where he now lives, in Section 27. Mr. and Mrs. Lamb are members of the Friend or Quaker Church at Amboy. Beginning life in fair circumstances Mr. Lamb has worked hard and more than doubled his means. He is an enterprising, energetic young farmer and his family is respected by all who know them.

MRS. ELIZABETH PLOTNER, a native of Montgomery County, Ohio, was born April 2, 1842. At the age of six she emigrated to Peru Township, Miami County, with her parents, George and Susan (Yeazel) Rhineberger, natives of Ohio. The father of our subject always followed the occupation of a farmer. The father died October 18, 1872, and the mother is residing in Indianapolis. Our subject was married January 7, 1864, to Mr. Samuel Plotner (deceased), to whom were born two sons, whose names are Frank O. and Harry, the former now residing in Iowa and the latter at home with his mother. The husband of the subject of this sketch was a stock dealer, and met his death by riding on top of a moving train and being precipitated to the ground while passing through a low covered bridge on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad at Newark, Ohio, October 29, 1876. His life was insured for $2,000, besides a farm of 116 acres, which were left to the widow and her two sons, on which she now resides. Our subject has a fine farm in splendid cultivation in the northeast corner of Harrison Township, Miami County, of which she has entire management and which is tilled by a tenant.

ELI SCHROCK, a son of Jacob and Elizabeth, was born in Holmes County, Ohio, the 6th of March 1842. Both parents were of German descent. The father was born the 6th of March, 1804, and died the 6th of March 1858; the mother was born in September 1806, and is still living. There were twelve children in the old gentleman's family, viz: Catharine, Benjamin, Jacob, Isaac, Jonas, Susannah, Elizabeth, Joseph, Eli, Noah, Lydia and John, all born in Holmes County, Ohio. Benjamin and Susannah are now gone on before. All with the exception of three living right in southern Miami and northern Howard, and all have their share of this world's goods. Mr. Jacob Schrock in 1849, moved to Indiana and settled on the line between Miami and Howard County, and there the family were reared, and there Eli Schrock, the subject of this sketch, was reared, helping to clear away the forest and make a home. Mr. Schrock had an education sufficient to enable him to teach two terms in the public schools of the State. Although on account of having no schools, he did not go to school until at the age of 13, yet has improved his opportunities and gained a good education for that time. In 1863, Mr. Schrock was married to Elizabeth Schrock, a daughter of John and Mary (Sproll) Schrock. Both were of German descent and both are now living. To this union was born ten children, viz: Amanda, Lavinia, John, Mary Ann, Harvey, Noah, Eli and Elizabeth, Emma and Willard. In 1877, Harvey was called away. In the spring of 1864 Mr. and Mrs. Schrock settled on the farm where he now lives, in Section 21, where he has since resided and there raised his family. Mr. and Mrs. Schrock are members of the Amish Church. Mr. Schrock began life in fair circumstances and has, by dint of industry and perseverance, gained a fine farm of 115 acres, within 1^ miles of North Grove. His family has grown to be respected throughout the township, and in 1884 the people of Harrison Township gave him their highest office, that of Township Trustee, and in 1886 he was re-elected. Mr. Schrock, is a thorough gentleman and expects to remain on the farm where he has spent the best part of his life in getting under the state of cultivation which it now is.

JONAS STINEMAN, a native of Tuscarawas County, Ohio, was born March 13, 1846, a son of Peter and Fannie (Hockstetter) Stineman, natives of Germany and Pennsylvania, respectively. The father emigrated to America at about the age of thirty, and landed in Canada where he remained {or about fifteen years, and then came to the United States and stopped at Tuscarawas County, Ohio, where he remained until 1848, when he came to Miami County and remained upon the farm now owned by our subject until his death which occurred February 23, 1862. The mother's parents came from Pennsylvania to the same county in Ohio when she was six years old, where she remained until her removal to Indiana with her husband and family. Jonas is the only living child of his father's family and was reared upon the farm. His education was a moderate one and enabled him to obtain a license to teach school on several occasions. His marriage to Miss Lydia Christner, daughter of Peter and Barbara (Egle) Christner, was blessed with the birth of the following seven children: Peter, Fannie, Sarah, Christian, Ezra, Ira and Noah. This union was severed by the death of his beloved wife, on the 19th day of August, 1882, who died at the age of 31. His second marriage with Mrs. Barbara Metzler (Stahley) occurred December 13, 1885, and to this marriage one child has been born, the name of which is Irwin. His second wife is the mother of nine children by her first husband, Daniel Metzler (deceased), the names of whom are as follows: John, Jonas, Lizzie, David, Mary, Jessie, Fannie, Daniel (deceased), and Annie. Mr. Stineman is the possessor of 216 acres of fine farming land located in Harrison Township, Section 30, which is improved in a substantial manner, having erected a commodious two-story brick house and an enormous bank-barn, which gives his home a most aristrocratic appearance, besides, the soil is under the highest state of cultivation, being drained by ditches running in every needed direction. He and family are members of the Amish denomination of religious worshipers and are regular attendants at service. In former years he belonged to the Democratic party, but latterly is an advocate of the cause espoused by the Prohibitionists. Our subject having came to this county when but two years of age has a just right to be classed among the old settlers, he having experienced the hardships of the pioneers of Miami County, and now has the satisfaction of knowing that he is one of the substantial farmers of Harrison Township. Mr. S. has in his possession a very interesting and valuable relic, which is a production of Zurich, Switzerland, in A. D., 1548. It is a German bible and was made by Christopher Froschour. The book has a great resemblance to those now published, although the works of to-day represent considerable improvement. The style of binding is quite similar, although more cumbersome. It is a book that has been the property of Mr. Jacob Forny, of Canada, and was purchased by the subject's father in about the year 1820, when he arrived in this country.

WILLIAM C. YARNALL, native of Harrison County, Ohio, was born September 6, 1841, the sixth child of William and Sarah (Spencer) Yarnall, natives of Ohio, who removed to Indiana in 1861, and located on a farm in Martin County, where they resided during the rest of their lives, his father having died in August 16, 1875. The mother is still living. In his twentieth year he volunteered his services to his country, and enlisted in the Sixty-fifth Indiana Volunteer Regiment of Infantry in August, 1862, and continued in that service for three years, or until the close of the war. He entered as a private, and was mustered in at Evansville, Indiana, and took his departure for the South, where he landed on the Southern soil at Henderson, Kentucky, and participated in the following engagements with the enemy of the Union: At Madison, Kentucky, he took his first hand in a skirmish with the Gray Coats, and the first engagement of note in which he took part was at Murfreesboro, Tennessee. This experience was varied by several minor engagements, including Bowling Green, until 1863. The army crossed through Cumberland Gap, and were the first Union troops that set foot in Knoxville, Tennessee, where considerable scouting was indulged in for some time, and then the celebrated battle of Mission Ridge was placed on the list of our subject's engagements, and from there the regiment proceeded to the siege of Knoxville, where they arrived a short time before the departure of the enemy. They then received a call from headquarters to report at Tunnell Hill, Georgia, to assist General Sherman in his celebrated campaign, and participated in the Buzzard Roost engagement, which was Soon followed by the conflict at Resaca, and after numerous small encounters they next were in front at the battle of Kenesaw Mountain. After this series of engagements a call was issued by General Sherman for a true and tried " orderly," and for heroic services and past bravery our subject was chosen for that position, he having made a record that warranted the appointment. In this position he was retained throughout all the engagements of the war, being in company with the noted general, and doing his errands until the good news came that " Peace was restored." He was exceptionally prompt and ever ready to do his duty, always at his post and never absent on account of sickness or disability. Mustered out at Greensborough, North Carolina, and was honorably discharged at Indianapolis. After the close of the war he labored around through the different parts of the State for some time, and then came to Miami County, where he has been a resident for about twenty years. In 1870 his marriage to Miss Mary A. Hooper, a daughter of Thomas H. and Sarepta (Woodruff) Hooper, was solemnized, to whom have been born two children—Charles Thomas and William C., the latter of whom was deceased while an infant six months of age. He is an ardent advocate of the Republican party and its principles, and in 1884 he was the candidate of his party for the office of County Treasurer, and made a gallant race. He is a regular attendant of religious services, but never yet has made a profession of religion. Until his departure for the war he was reared upon a farm and received a fair education, sufficient to enable him to teach the average common school.




History of Miami County, Indiana: From the earliest time to the present ... By Brant & Fuller, Chicago

 



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