Genealogy Trails

Miami County Indiana
Military History

Early Militia System—The Peru Blues—The Chipanue War—War With Mexico—The Civil War—Miami County Prompt To Respond —Thirteenth Regiment—Other Regiments In Which Miami County Was Represented—Fourteenth Battery—Miscellaneous Enlistments—Tim Indiana Legion—The Roll Of Honor— Relief Work At Home—Spanish-American War.

Soon after the government of the United States was established. Congress passed an act providing for the enrollment of all able-bodied male citizens between the ages of eighteen and forty-five years, except in certain cases, as the nation's militia. The men thus enrolled were to be formed into companies, regiments, brigades and divisions, with the proper commanding officers, in accordance with such regulations as the legislatures of the several states might provide. In the constitution of Indiana, adopted in 1816, it was provided that the governor should be commander-in-chief of the militia of the state, and that all military officers should be appointed and commissioned by him.

In 1836 a military company was organized at Peru, with Alvin M. Higgins as captain and Vincent 0'Donald at first lieutenant. In celebrating the Fourth of July that year, Lieutenant O'Donald was injured in an accident and died soon afterward. The company adopted the name of the "Peru Blues," and it is a matter of regret that the muster rolls cannot be found, so that the names of this pioneer military organization might be given. One of the principal duties of the company was to aid in protecting Col. Abel C. Pepper, the agent of the United States, as he passed through the Wabash country paying the Indians their annuities.

So far as can now be learned, the only time this company was ever called into actual service was in the fall of 1836. George W. Ewing, of the trading firm of W. G. & G. W. Ewing, was a commissioned officer in the state militia, and about the time that Colonel Pepper was engaged in making the Indian payments in the early fall of 1836, Colonel Ewing dispatched Daniel R. Bearss to Peru with the information that the Pottawatomi Indians had risen against the government and with orders to Captain Higgins to march with his company to the scene of the trouble in Fulton county. Within a short time the forty or fifty members of the "Blues" assembled, fully armed and equipped for the march. A number of citizens joined the company as volunteers and the expedition set out over the Mexico road. Home of the men were mounted and as a "war measure" Captain Higgins ordered those on foot to press into service any horses along the line of march. The order was obeyed and a number of horses were impressed, but not without some resistance on the part of the owners.

Near Rochester the Blues were joined by Captain Fitch's company from Logansport, when the real cause of the uprising was learned. It seems that Colonel Ewing, acting in the interest of his firm, had secured possession, in some way, of the money with which Colonel Pepper was to make the Indian payment and refused to return it, claiming the Indians were in debt to his firm the full amount of their payment. When Captains Higgins and Fitch were informed of the true state of affairs, they refused to obey the orders of Colonel Ewing and placed their companies at the disposal of Colonel Pepper. Ewing then returned the money to the paymaster and the militia remained with him until the Indians had been paid. The troops were called out by Colonel Ewing on September 25, 1836, and returned to their homes on October 1st. The place where the payment was made was called Chipanue, and the affair was afterward humorously alluded to as the "Chipanue War."

War With Mexico

Miami county had been organized but a little more than eleven years when the United States became involved in a dispute with Mexico over the annexation of Texas. Peaceable adjustment of the difficulty was out of the question, and on May 11, 1846, President Polk issued a proclamation declaring that a state of war existed between this country and Mexico. Congress being in session at the time immediately authorized the president to call for fifty thousand volunteers, and on May 23, 1846, Governor James Whitcomb called upon the militia of Indiana for four regiment of infantry—two for immediate service and two to be held in reserve. Captain John M. Wilson, of Peru, at once commenced the work of raising a company in Miami county. Failing to secure a full company in the county, a number of men were enrolled from other counties and early in June the company left for New Albany, where on the 16th it was mustered into the service of the United States as Company B, First Indiana volunteer infantry, with James P. Drake as colonel; C. C. Nave, lieutenant-colonel; Henry S. Lane, major.

Prom the incomplete records in the office of the adjutant-general, it is impossible to ascertain the full enrollment of any of the organizations that went out from Indiana for service in the Mexican war, but the following names appear as members of Captain Wilson's company: Edward Anibal, Richard Bell, Joseph Bishop, S. S. Bottow, James Brown, P. I. Brown, Luther Bush, George Carpenter, Jackson Castor, S. L. Clark, W. L. Clark, James Coleman, Henry Collins, Samuel Collyer, John S. Crooks, L. Curtis, II. Davenport, J. S. Denton, William Doughty, C. M. Drouillard, D. M. Dunn, Quincy A. Fisk, William Flagg, J. B. Franklin, Joseph Gertes, Nathan Gibson, George Gordon, Isaac Harter, J. C. Harvey, Alexander Holliday, Jonas Hoover, W. Humphrey, A. A. Hunter, Barnet Judge, Ira Keicher, William Kelley, W. G. Kersner, L. B. Lynch, William McClain, Michael McDonald, Edward McManus, L. Marquiss, John Mellen, Conrad Metzer, Major Miller, Dennis Naughton, J. W. Nichols, Michael O'Neal, Philip Parcels, James Parr, William Passons, Adam Pence, H. W. Penny, Valentine Prester, W. L. Price, J. H. Reed, James Rellahor, John Richardson, S. Rodgers, George

Roundebush, Jesse Rowdle, Sanderson, John Scarce, S. Segraves,

Howard Shadinger, James Shahan, Levi Shellenberger, A. F. Smith, Charles Smith, D. R. Todd, Harvey Tucker, Martin Wey, Edward Wilson, W. T. Wilson, Abram Wright.

Early in July the regiment embarked on the steamer "Grace Darling," at New Albany, and proceeded down the Ohio and Mississippi rivers to New Orleans, where it was transferred to the barque "Sophia Walker" and on this vessel was carried to Point Isabelle, near the mouth of the Rio Grande. Here Colonel Drake reported to General Zachary Taylor and the First Indiana Infantry became a part of General Taylor's army. At the expiration of one year the regiment was mustered out.

The Civil War

For forty years after the passage of the Missouri Compromise Act in 1820, the slavery question was a "bone of contention" in nearly every session of the United States Congress. In the campaign of 1860 threats were made by some of the slave states that, in the event of Abraham Lincoln's election to the presidency, they would withdraw from the Union. The people of the North were inclined to believe that these threats would not be carried out, but they were somewhat rudely awakened on December 20, 1860, when a state convention in South Carolina passed an ordinance of secession. Mississippi seceded on January 9. 1861; Florida, January 10th; Alabama, January 11th; Georgia, January 19th; Louisiana, January 26th ; Texas, February 1st. Hence, when Mr. Lincoln was inaugurated on March 4, 1861, he found seven states already in rebellion against his authority as president. Ordinances of secession were subsequently passed by the states of Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia.

Major Robert Anderson, who was in command of the harbor defenses at Charleston, South Carolina, removed his garrison from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumter, about the beginning of the year 1861, in order to be in a stronger position should an attempt be made to take possession of the defensive works about the city. The secessionists looked upon Anderson's action as a hostile movement and began the construction of batteries with a view to reducing Fort Sumter. On January 9, 1861, the steamer "Star of the West," an unarmed vessel carrying supplies to Major Anderson, was fired upon and compelled to turn back. In the official records this incident is considered as the beginning of the great Civil war, but the general public was not thoroughly aroused to the gravity of the situation until three months later.

At 4:30 A. M., Friday, April 12, 1861, the first shot of the Civil war, as popularly understood, was directed against the solid walls of Fort Sumter. The little garrison promptly responded and for more than forty-eight hours the cannonading went on, when Major Anderson capitulated. He and his men were permitted to retire from the fort with all the honors of war, saluting the flag before it was hauled down. This occurred on Sunday, April 14, 1861, and the next day President Lincoln issued a call for 75,000 volunteers "to preserve the Union and suppress the rebellion."

All over the North, when the news that Fort Sumter had fallen was flashed by the telegraph, the excitement was intense. Political differences were forgotten in the general indignation at the insult offered to the flag. Before the news of the president's call had reached Indiana, Governor Morton sent the following telegram to Washington:

"Indianapolis, Ind., April 15, 1861. "To Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States: "On behalf of the State of Indiana, I tender to you, for the defense of the Nation and to uphold the authority of the Government, ten thousand men.

"Oliver P. Morton, Governor of Indiana."

The next day the governor issued his proclamation calling for six regiments of infantry as the state's quota of the 75,000 troops asked for by the president. As Indiana had furnished five regiments for service in the Mexican war, to avoid historical confusion the first regiment organized for the Civil war was numbered the Sixth. The Indiana regiments raised under the first call for volunteers, with the colonels commanding, were as follows: Sixth, Thomas T. Chittenden; Seventh, Ebenezer Dumont; Eighth, William P. Benton; Ninth, Robert H. Milroy; Tenth, Joseph J. Reynolds; Eleventh, Lewis Wallace.

As soon as the news of the governor's proclamation reached Miami county, Captain John M. Wilson, who had served in the war with Mexico, commenced organizing a company. Captain Wilson received his commission on April 23, 1861, and, although he pushed the work of recruiting as rapidly as possible, the six regiments were made up before he was ready to report. There were then twenty-nine companies at Camp Morton, Indianapolis, in excess of the number required by the call, and sixty-eight other companies organized and ready to report in different parts of the state. Under these circumstances, Governor Morton, on his own responsibility and under the power vested in him as commander-in-chief of the militia, determined to organize five' regiments of twelve months' volunteers, "for the defense of the state, or for the service of the United States if a second call for volunteers should be issued."

Thirteenth Infantry

On May 6, 1861, the governor's action was sanctioned by the legislature, then in special session, in the passage of an act authorizing the governor to organize six regiments. These were numbered from the Twelfth to the Seventeenth, inclusive, and Captain Wilson's company was enrolled as Company B, Thirteenth Regiment, which was mustered into the United States service on June 19, 1861, for three years, with Jere C. Sullivan as colonel. The commissioned officers of the company at the time of muster in were: John M. Wilson, captain; William H. Shields, first lieutenant; William F. Wallick, second lieutenant. Captain Wilson was afterward made major and promoted to lieutenant-colonel; Lieutenant Shields became captain, and Lieutenant Wallick was promoted to first lieutenant. William B. Vance also served as first lieutenant from July 15, 1863, until the expiration of his term of enlistment, and William H. Lowe, who succeeded him, was made captain of the company when the regiment was reorganized. George W. Rader, Silas Clark and Henry Sterne served as second lieutenants at different times. George W. Rader was promoted to regimental quartermaster and Silas Clark became captain of Company A when the regiment was reorganized in 1864. The muster roll of the company was as follows:

Henry Sterne, first sergeant, promoted to second lieutenant and resigned on June 2, 1863; James Carney, James Robinson, John H. Ream and Daniel Barker, sergeants; Simon E. Chamberlain, William Starr, Amos B. Andrews, Alexander Leach, John Powell, William Vance, Francis Moore and John F. Warner, corporals; Henry Crone and Charles Trippeer, musicians, and William Mitchell, wagoner.

Privates—James C. Barnes, William Bates, Cornelius Bell, Samuel Bennett. Wade Blackburn, John Bowman, Lucas G. Bryant, John R. Cassady, Leonard Chapman, Eli Chichester, Silas Clark, Zach. Correl, Davit! Cox, John Crummell, Isaac Davis, William Day, John Dougherty, Jacob Edwards, Michael Ellward, Jacob Elshire, Henry Evans, Matthew Fagan, B. A. Farnham, Amos Fortney, William Fox, Leander Frazier, John Gohn, Levi Gonser, Michael Gonser, Andy W. Griggs, Charles B. Harris, William Hayner, Harvey Hauk, Benjamin F. Huston, William Jackson, Henry Jay, Joseph A. Karthall, Riley G. King, James D. Lawrence, Garrison McFarland, James Marlow, William Mason, Lucas G. Maxfield, George F. Miller, James Miller, John Miller, R. H. Moore. Charles Montgomery, William Morrow, R. S. Mow, John O'Meara, George Osgood, Robert Owens, Leopold Panly, William Pen, Charles Price, Frank Price, Nicholas Rabe, Michael W. Ream, James Reese, William Schlott, Samuel Shively, David Smith, Seneca Smith, Francis Sowers, William H. Stevenson, Allen B. Stroule, Mortimer Styles, William Sutton, Amos Swasey, George Thompson, John P. Vandevender, Isaac Vandorn, William Wampler, John Warner, Robert Watson, Stephen Witham, Joseph Withey, Benjamin F. York.

Recruits—Nelson Aker, Jesse Bogart, Thomas Chapman, Alexander Chronister, Christian Disher, Patrick Dolan, Jonathan Gonser, Ernest Graring, Daniel Hamilton, William Hurst, William P. Iliff, John Henry, Joseph Maguiss, Hugh P. McCarty, Jackson McQuiston, Herman Opity, Francis Pruce, Freeman Scarborough, John C. Smith, James M. Strode, Henry White, Francis Widour.

The Thirteenth Regiment left Indianapolis on July 4, 1861, for western Virginia and a few days later joined General McClellan's army. It was first engaged at the battle of Rich Mountain, where it lost eight killed and nine wounded. Among the engagements in which it took part were the battles of Alleghany, Deserted Farm, the siege of Forts Wagner and Gregg, nearly all the actions with General Butler's army south of Richmond, Cold Harbor, Strawberry Plains, the siege of Petersburg and a number of minor skirmishes. On June 24, 1864, the men whose time had expired were mustered out and the veterans and recruits were later reorganized into a battalion of five companies, which was mustered out at Goldsboro, North Carolina, September 5, 1865.

The six regiments sent out from Indiana under the first call were mustered in for three months. At the expiration of that time all were reorganized and entered the service for three years. In these reorganized regiments were a number of men from Miami county. John P. Hendricks served as a private in Company E, Eighth Infantry; in Company F of the same regiment were Joseph C. Musselman, Jacob Stuttler and John Watson; William H. Noaks was a corporal in Company I, in which company the following privates were credited to Miami county: William Forney, George W. Gates, George W. Haines, Ezra Hunnicut, Levi P. Lilly, James P. Loyd, Joshua Tucker and Oscar Wickersham.

Eighth Infantry

On August 20, 1861, the Eighth Regiment was mustered in for three years, with William P. Benton as colonel. Its first service was with General Fremont in Missouri, after which it served in Arkansas until the opening of the Vicksburg campaign in the spring of 1863, when it joined the army commanded by General Grant. After the fall of Vicksburg it was in Louisiana until the following spring, when it was sent to Virginia and took part in General Sheridan's raid through the Shenandoah valley. From Virginia it was sent to Georgia and was mustered out in that state on September 17, 1865.

John Stanford, of Peru, served as a private in Company D, Ninth Infantry, his name being the only one on the muster rolls credited to Miami county.

Eleventh Infantry

When the reorganized Eleventh Regiment was mustered into the three years' service on August 31, 1861, under Colonel Lewis Wallace, there were five Miami county men on the muster rolls. Cornelius Pontius and Jacob Stanton were in Company D; Manassah Leedy and John A. Nixon in Company F, and Frederick Frankfelt was a private in Company K. This regiment took part in the operations about Fort Donelson, was in the battle of Shiloh and other engagements in the West, after which it was ordered to Virginia. It was mustered out at Baltimore, Maryland, July 26, 1865.

Twelfth Infantry

Fifty-three men from Miami county served as privates in the reorganized Twelfth Infantry, and were scattered through the companies as follows: Company A, Solomon Blousser; Company C, William S. Adams, Henry Allen, Lewis Allen, Victory Allen, Cornelius Beeman, Benjamin Brandon, George Craig, Goldsmith Chalmers, Charles H. Dewey, Andrew J. Goodrich, Joseph Joslyn, William Lowrey, John R. Marshall, Michael Mason, Jacob A. Metzger, William E. Mowbray, Thomas Presnott, John M. Price, William M. Shane, James Snyder, Frederick Strebin, David Swank, John Whitesell, Joseph Witham, Morris 0. Witham, Andrew Woolpert; Company D, Alexander Brown, Solomon Cleland, Oliver P. Cover, Daniel Daines, William Eakright, John Newton and William Rauch; Company E, Eli W. Buntain, Moses Buntain, Elias Chambers, George Dawson, Abraham Dehuff, Joseph Jameson, Elisha McGee and Frederick Sunday; Company I, Cornelius Barnhisel, Samuel Barnhisel, Levi Gaerte, Andrew J. Musselman, William Perry and George W. Rhodes; Company K, Jacob Bahney, William Madlum, John Shoemaker and Jesse Wilcoxen.

The Twelfth regiment was mustered into the three years' service on August 17, 1862, with William H. Link as colonel. He was killed at the battle of Richmond, Kentucky, and Reuben William succeeded to the command. It took part in the Atlanta campaign of 1864 and the famous march to the sea and up through the Carolinas. With the exception of a few recruits and drafted men, the regiment was mustered out on June 8, 1865, those whose time had not expired being then consolidated with other regiments.

Sixteenth Infantry

The Sixteenth Regiment, one of those that was organized for the defense of the state, was mustered into the United States service on May 27, 1862, for three years, under command of Colonel Pleasant A. Hackleman. During its one year's service it was in Maryland and Virginia and was the first regiment to march through the streets of Baltimore after the Sixth Massachusetts had been assaulted there by a mob in April, 1861. Company F of this regiment was recruited in Miami county. Elijah Hawkins, who was mustered in as first lieutenant, was promoted to captain and George Cline became first lieutenant. Henry Boyce was first sergeant; Andrew J. Lee, Isaac M. Davis and William A. Walker, sergeants; Leander J. Hawkins, Joseph F. Fulton, Wilson Deniston, William Kimberlin, Daniel W. Jones and Charles H. Wilkinson, corporals; Aaron E. Teague, musician, and William Garland, wagoner.

Privates—David Brock, Isaiah Brooks, George Cline, Jesse Colaw, Jackson Crane, Abraham Deeds, Thomas Dolan, William H. H. Fallis, Alvanes C. Flemmens, Franklin Furry, Frank Geebow, David D. Gerard, Henry L. Green, Daniel L. Hall, Ephraim Hemby, Jonas Keim, Nixon Lamm, Hiram A. McCartney, William A. McDonnell, Willaim McKay, David McMillan, William Phillebaum, Conrad Plotner, Josiah Pond, James Ramer, Lewis Reed, Louis Reynolds, William Reynolds, Darius A. Riddle, Jacob Silvius, Asa Sinclair, Miller Smith, John Smith, William F. Storm, John R. Thorn, Charles Tice, Jeremiah M. Vaughn, Henry Venis, Perry Walker, Robert Ward, Bassett W. West, John Williamson.

Recruits—Casper Weinberg, Thomas Britt, John J. Bumgarner, John Doll, James Donahue, Commodore Ferguson, Nathaniel Griffin, Joseph Hammond, William Haydon, Freeland Hyson, Rollin Jones, George W. Keene, Matthew McCluster, William McConnell, John R. McDowell, Samuel Martin, Edward Milliken, Frank M. Morris, John Muldown, John B. Myers, Charles J. Osgood, Martin Reeder, George Rink, Philip Robe, Florian Sager, Jacob W. Smith, John Smock, Henry L. Stafford, Charles Tyler.

Soon after it was mustered in the regiment was ordered to Kentucky to repel the invasion of Kirby Smith. On August 30, 1862, it took part in the battle of Richmond, Kentucky, losing 200 men killed and wounded and 600 captured. After the captured men were exchanged the regiment went down the Mississippi river to take part in the campaign against Vicksburg. On January 11. 1863, it assisted in the reduction of Arkansas Post and was the first regiment to plant its colors on theenemy's works. It was then attached to General Hovey's division and participated in the military operation incident to the siege of Vicksburg. It was then with General Banks on the Red river campaign and was on duty in Louisiana until mustered out on June 30, 1865, when the veterans and recruits were attached to the Thirteenth Indiana Cavalry, which was mustered out the following October.

Seventeenth Infantry

The Seventeenth Infantry was mustered in as one of the state regiments for one year on June 12, 1861, but was soon afterward mustered into the United States service for three years, with Milo S. Hascall as colonel. In Company F were seven men from Miami county. George F. Hayden, who entered the service as sergeant, was promoted to captain in April, 1864, and the following served as privates: Andrew Hook, John Richardson, Amos C. Smith, James Z. Smith, Charles Stewart and John Thomas. Julius C. Kloenne, of Miami county, was commissioned captain of Company K on April 25, 1861, and in the same company Allen D. Jones held the rank of sergeant and Charles T. Hughes and Newton Jones served as privates.

The first service of this regiment was in Tennessee and in the compaign against Corinth, Mississippi. In February, 1863, the men were ordered to forage for horses, in order that the command might become mounted infantry, and it is said that they displayed a peculiar talent for finding horses concealed in the most unsuspected places. The men were then armed with the Spencer repeating rifle and as part of Wilder 's famous brigade took part in the engagements at Hoover's Gap, Chickamauga, a number of actions during the Atlanta campaign in 1864, and after the fall of Atlanta it was on duty in Georgia until mustered out at Macon on August 8, 1865.

Twentieth Infantry

This regiment was mustered in at Indianapolis, July 22, 1861, for three years, with William L. Brown as colonel. Company A was recruited in Miami county and at the time of muster in was officered by John Van Valkenburg, captain; William B. Reyburn, first lieutenant; Jonas Hoover, second lieutenant. Colonel Brown was killed at the battle of Manassas Plains and on August 30, 1862, Captain Van Valkenburg was commissioned colonel. Following is the roster of the company: John F. Thomas, first sergeant (promoted adjutant and captain); Sergeants, John T. Bright, George A. Strive, Henry W. Delbert, Charles R. Pew (promoted to first lieutenant); Corporals, Charles F. Delbert, Hezekiah Weisner, William Trippeer (promoted to first lieutenant), William H. Dangerfield, William C. H. Reeder, Warren J. Hawk (promoted to second lieutenant), Nicholas J. Smith, John T. Dunlap; musicians, John P. Mabie, William B. Miller; wagoner, Hopthni B. Thorn.

Privates—Amos D. Ash, Marion F. Barbour, Nerthew S. Bennell, Nathaniel Blackburn, Nathan W. Blood, Samuel G. Busey, George Cockley, Newton Conner, William J. Courter, George W. Darr, Jonathan W. Daully, James Delong (promoted to first lieutenant), William J. Edmond, Ira B. Edson, John B. Fairman, Wilson Fisher, Isaac Flook, Louis B. Fulwiler, Delford C. Goff, John H. Goodwin, John B. Ilann, Elias Harvey, William T. Hoffman, Solomon Hoffman, Henry Irvin, Dickoson Johnson, Morris Kelley, Lucian A. King, Philip H. LaRue, Thomas Lee, William M. McCulloch, Henry I. McGrew, Joseph McMellen, Simeon S. Marsh, George S. Montgomery, William A. Morris, William G. Mowbray, George V. Murphy, Jeremiah Murray, Isaac N. Murrysip, William Newbern, William B. Owens, Meredith G. Parrish, William B. Passage, William H. Patterson, John W. Pier, Robert Pelky, Eli H. Pierson, Conrad Plotner, John W. Preble, William Proctor, Reuben Richardson, Wallace Richardson (promoted to second lieutenant), George W. Robinson, Theodore F. Rock, Elijah Roe, Richard Rogers, Levi A. Sager, John M. Sager, Henry F. Schaeffer, Charles A. Scholl, Jacob Sharp, Jacob I. Shue, Andrew Sigarfoos, James H. Smallwood, Charles A. Smith, Charles W. Smith, Henry A. Southard, William H. Staley; Sylvester Stanford, Jacob Stuber, Samuel 0. Swaggart, John M. Tice, Benjamin F. Tinkham, John S. Tucker, Henry S. Tumblin, Reuben R. Tumblin, Edwin 13. Weist, Emanuel Wentling, Jesse B. Williams, Jacob Wisel, Daniel G. Wright.

Recruits—David P. Brownlee, Napoleon B. Conner, Benjamin F. Cook, William Counts, Richard Fenton, John W. Flook, Noah Herrell, John McDonald, David McMillen, Peter McMillen, James J. Martin, Martin O'Brien, James M. Olinger, John Richardson, George A. Stowe, George Tumblin.

Almost immediately after the regiment was mustered in it was sent to Maryland to guard the lines of communication with the North. Early in September, 1861, it was sent to Hatteras Inlet, but returned to Virginia in time to participate in the Peninsular campaign of 1862. It was engaged at Fair Oaks, the Orchard, the Seven Days' battles and numerous slight skirmishes. Subsequently it took part in the battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, the Mine Run campaign, most of the battles and skirmishes of the Wilderness campaign in 1864 and the siege of Petersburg. On October 18, 1864, the men whose time had expired were mustered out and the regiment was reorganized, the veterans and recruits of the Seventeenth and Ninteenth regiments being added to the Twentieth, William Orr becoming colonel of the reorganized regiment. William Trippeer, of Company A, was made captain of Company H, and Edwin B. Weist, a Miami county soldier, was commissioned second lieutenant of the same company. The regiment was present at the surrender of General Lee at Appomattox, April 9, 1865, after which it moved to Washington and took part in the grand review. It was then ordered to Louisville, Kentucky, where it was mustered out on July 12, 1865.

Twenty-ninth Infantry

In this regiment Miami county was represented in three companies —F, H and I. At the time of muster in C. Perry Butler was second lieutenant of Company I. He was transferred to Company F as first lieutenant and on May 17, 1864, was commissioned captain of that company, in which he was the only man from Miami county. On June 1, 1865, he was commissioned major of the regiment.

Company H consisted largely of Miami county men. The commissioned officers of this company during its term of service were as follows: Captains, William W. Shuler, Adam S. Loventhal, Hiram B. Bates; First Lieutenants, Henry Boyce, William A. Duey, Hiram B. Bates; Second Lieutenants, John Posey and Thomas H. Reese. Following is the complete roster of noncommissioned officers and enlisted men: William Thompson and Benjamin F. Stambaugh, sergeants; Thomas H. Reese, Nelson Earl, Samuel Cade and Franklin G. Moore, corporals; Benjamin West, musician.

Privates—William W. Boyce, John Daily, Thomas Dolan, Jocko Goodbo, James H. Harshman, James Horton, John Killin, James McClain, James McNair, George G. Manas, Samuel E. Mettee, John Miles, Patrick Moloney, Theron Potter, William Ream, Eli Reese, Leonard Rider, Harry S. Walker, Robert Ward.

Recruits—James A. Clemens, Byron T. Cooper, John Dailey, Lorenzo Elibee, Jasper Farnham, George W. Keim, John J. Kennedy, Isaac A. Lindsy, Erastus Miller, Jacob Musselman, James Petty, William H. Petty, Elijah Poor, E. H. Reese, Jackson Raccoon, Peter Raccoon, Jacob Smith, Alvin B. Stutesman, Elwood Ward.

The privates in Company I who were credited to Miami county were Frederick Miller, William Thompson and William Williams.

The Twenty-ninth was organized at Laporte and was mustered in on August 27, 1861, with John F. Miller as colonel. Early in October it joined General Rousseau in Kentucky and was with General McCook's division in the expedition to the Tennessee river. In the spring of 1862 it took part in the second day's battle of Shiloh, where it was under fire for more than five hours and lost heavily in killed and wounded. It then took an active part in the siege of Corinth, after which it moved with General Buell to Kentucky in pursuit of Bragg's army. Returning to Tennessee, it was.with General Rosecrans at the battle of Stone's river and in the Tullahoma campaign, taking part in numerous minor skirmishes. It was engaged both days in the battle of Chickamauga, where it again suffered heavy losses, and after the men returned to field from their veteran furlough, early in 1864, the regiment was on post duty in Georgia. Colonel Miller having been promoted to brigadier-general, during the latter part of its service the regiment was commanded by Colonel David M. Dunn.

Thirty-fourth Infantry

This regiment was mustered in at Anderson, Indiana, September 16, 1861, for three years, with Asbury Steele as colonel. Three Miami county men served as privates in Company H, viz.: Ferdinand Rickert, C. E. Caster and William J. Caster. Winslow E. Jesiop wasi a sergeant in Company K, in which the following privates were credited to Miami county: John Freeman, Joseph A. Keller, William R. Moon, Benjamin A. Spring, James Taylor, John Tharp, John W. Veach, Henry Worthington, Samuel Worthington.

Ahout the middle of October the regiment was ordered to Kentucky and remained in camp until February 14, 1862, when it was ordered to join General Grant in Tennessee. It arrived at Fort Donelson soon after that post surrendered and was then sent to take part in the expedition against New Madrid, Missouri. It was then in Arkansas until the spring of 1863, when it joined the forces under General Grant in the siege of Vicksburg and was in some of the most hotly contested engagements of that campaign. After the fall of Vicksburg it was ordered to Louisiana and from there to Texas. This regiment took part in the last battle of the Civil war at Palmetto Ranche, Texas, May 13, 1865, and John J. Williams, a private of Company B, who enlisted from Jay county, is said to have been the last man killed in action in the war. He fell at Palmetto Ranche on the date above named. The regiment was one of the last to be mustered out, serving in Texas until February 3, 1866.

Thirty-ninth Infantry

This regiment, which later made a famous reputation as the Eighth Cavalry, was mustered in at Indianapolis on August 29. 1861. with Thomas J. Harrison as colonel. A. S. Lakin, of Peru, was chaplain of the regiment and Company A was recruited chiefly in Miami county. In this company Orris Blake and Horace S. Foote served as captain. In March, 1864, Captain Blake was made major of the Twelfth Cavalry and Horace S. Foote was promoted to the command of the company. The first lieutenants were Elhanan V. Peterson, who was promoted to captain of Company M after the regiment was made a cavalry organization, Horace S. Foote, Philander Blake and Nelson Hurst; the second lieutenants were Horace S. Foote, Phillander Blake and Andrew Huffman. James MeGonigal was the first sergeant; Robert C. Voor, Josiah F. Burris, Daniel M. Hinkle and Robert Shilling, sergeants; Samuel C. Jones, Abraham Hicks, Alexander Jameson, Benjamin McKee, David W. Rowe, Uriah W. Oblinger, Albert J. Davidson and Horace W. Jones, corporals; Peter Miller and Peter Wright, musicians; Hamlet D. Thayer, wagoner.

Privates—Erastus Allenbaugh, Benson Arrick, John Band, Owen W. Barker, William Benbow, Willard N. Berry, James L. Bigley, Philander Blake, Daniel Brannon. Augustus Browneller, James Burns, William H. C. Campbell, James Carrothers, Williamson Carrothers, John H.Clark, William Cowger, John S. Dabney, Arnold Davis, William H. H. Dell, Hugh Donnington, Guilford C. Eltzroth, William C. Eltzroth, Leander Fee, Amos Finney, David Finney, Joseph Finney, James N. Flagg, Thomas Fox, Hezekiah Freestone, William F. Gabrael, Daniel Gatton, Josiah Gauffj John P. Gittinger/Zachariah Gunkel, George W. Hand, William Harvey, Jasper Hawkins, Absalom Herrell, William Herrell, Patrick Hicks, John N. Hurst, John Jackson, Charles P. Jones, David W. Jones,' George W. Jones, John N. Jones, Joseph R. Jones, Ralph H. Jones, William W. Jones, Andrew J. Keller, Brinton E. Lamburn, Oliver J. Lamburn, Rufus R. Landrum, James W. Larkin, Aaron Lewis, George W. Lockwood, William L. Long, John Marlow, Philip Miller, Reuben Mobley, Lewis Noel, Perry D. Pearson, William Pence, Benjamin Pontious, Samuel Pontious, George W. Platner, William B. Powel, Christopher Repp, Albert C. Shoaf, Joseph D. Sliney, William H. II. Snyder, George W. Stout, Oliver P. Swain, William Tale, Alexander S. Taylor, George I. Taylor, Hiram S. Thomas, Thomas Q. Utter, Ahijah B. Vore, William A. Wikel, William G. Wilson.

During its term of service a large number of recruits were added to Company A, but in the adjutant-general's report the residence of none of these recruits is given. It is possible that some of them were from Miami county.

As an infantry regiment the Thirty-ninth took part in the early military operations in Kentucky, the battle of Shiloh, the siege of Corinth, and then returned to Kentucky as part of General Buell's army in pursuit of Bragg. In April, 1863, the regiment was mounted and served as mounted infantry during the remainder of that year. Companies L and M were added later in the year and the organization then became known as the Eighth Indiana Volunteer Cavalry. Lieutenant Peterson was made captain of Company M, in which the following Miami county men served as privates: Martin Cate, Tertullus Collins, John W. Fowler, Jeremiah Hatch, George T. Jeffers, Sylvester Leedy, Harrison B. Mitchell, James Ogle, Isaac Pavey, Conrad Platner, Alfred Raynor, Christopher Sanders, Henry Sharp, Nelson Smith, Oliver P. Swain, Samuel Swengle, Robert S. Thomas, Barret H. West, Francis M. Wilkinson, Aaron S. York, Samuel H. Yucum.

After the reorganization as a cavalry regiment, the Eighth took part in General Rousseau's raid in Alabama and in General McCook's raid around Atlanta. It formed part of General Kilpatrick's cavalry in the march to the sea and up through the Carolinas. At Morrisville, under command of Colonel Fielder A. Jones (Colonel Harrison having been promoted to brigadier-general), the regiment whipped Wade Hampton's entire force and had the honor of fighting the last battle in North Carolina. It remained on duty in that state until July 20, 1865,' when it was ordered home. On the last day of that month the Eighth was given a reception at the state house in Indianapolis, after which the men were discharged and returned to their homes. During the entire term of service the regiment bore upon its muster rolls the names of 2,500 men. It captured 1,500 prisoners, 1,000 stands of arms, three railroad trains, 1,400 horses, 14 pieces of artillery and four battle flags, and destroyed many miles of railroad. Of all the regiments sent out by the Hoosier state, none made a more honorable record than the Thirty-ninth—the Eighth Cavalry.

Fortieth Infantry

In this regiment Company B was composed almost entirely of Miami county boys, and a few from the county served in Company I. At the muster in, December 30, 1861, the commissioned officers of Company B were as follows: Daniel A. Ewing, captain; John C. Belew, first lieutenant ; James C. Thompson, second lieutenant. Those who served as commissioned officers at some period of the term of service were: First lieutenants, Willard Griswold( promoted to adjutant of the regiment), Jeremiah C. Brower, Charles S. Smith (promoted to captain, March 1, 1865), Nathaniel Y. Buck; second lieutenants, Albert Olinger, Franklin Cranor and John Debarr.

The roster of the noncommissioned officers and enlisted men shows the names of Albert Olinger and John C. Terrell, sergeants; John C. Owens, Henry K. Butt, Jeremiah C. Brower, William L. Thompson, corporals; John Groat, musician; James Owens, wagoner, and the following

Privates—Isaac Adams, Robert Aitcherson, Augustus Anaker, James H. Banks, George H. Beard, Joseph A. Belew, William Berger, William P. Brannon, Nathaniel Y. Buck, James W. Carpenter, Onesimus Collins, Cassius M. Cook, William G. Cook, Perry Cover, Franklin Cranor, John Debarr, Arthur Doud, Perry Eckleberger, Joseph. Elshnie, Lewis H. Everhart, Skillman Fansler, John H. Gourly, John Hahn, John Hartlerode, Thomas Helvey, Austin D. Hide, Thomas Johns, Hiram Julian, Absalom Kissman, Frederick Kopp, John B. Lee, John Lesley, Morris Lesley, William McConaha, William Myers, Milton Miller, Charles E. Morrett, John Morrett, John H. Null, David R. P. Owens, Henry S. Phillebaum, David Ramsey, John W. Smith, Sanford Staley, Samuel Swoveland, Amos Uplinger, William Vansehouck, Jacob Walling, David Walters, James Walters, Andrew Waymire, John R. Waymire, Samuel Werts, David A. Wiles, Manoah Wolpert, John Wooley, Isaac Yike.

Recruits—Dennis Driskell, Isaac R. Glenn, Joseph Hahn, Henry Halley, Simon P. Irby, Amos Mobley, James S. Ramsey, Jeremiah Reynolds, Jacob P. Shackleford, Albert Thomas and Henry Willis.

In Company I of the Fortieth Mark Dwire served as first lieutenant; Alfred T. Warwick, second lieutenant; Dennis Driskell and Abraham Williams as privates. The name of Dennis Driskell also appears as a recruit in Company B, from which he was transferred.

The Fortieth Infantry was organized in Lafayette and left there immediately after being mustered in for Bardstown, Kentucky. In February, 1862, it marched with General Buell's army to Nashville and into northern Alabama. It next joined in the pursuit of Bragg's forces through Kentucky, after which it reported to General Rosecrans and took part in the battle of Stone's River, or Murfreesboro, where it lost eighty-five men in killed, wounded and missing. Later it was in the engagements at Chickamauga, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, and several of the principal actions of the Atlanta campaign of 1864, particularly the assault on the Confederate intrenchments at Kenesaw mountain and the battle of Peachtree creek. After the occupation of Atlanta by the Federal forces, the regiment returned to Tennessee with General Thomas and was engaged in the battle of Nashville, December 15-16, 1864, and the pursuit of Hood's army which followed. It was then on duty in Louisiana and Texas until near the close of the year 1865, when it was mustered out.

Forty-sixth Infantry

In this regiment George M. Doane was assistant surgeon; Amos Orpit and Taylor Williams served as privates in Company I; J. C. Moses was a sergeant in Company K; Ambrose McVoke held the rank of corporal in the same company, in which three Miami county men served as privates, viz.: Daniel Clise, A. P. Collins and Francis Wilkinson.

Fifty-first Infantry

About two-thirds of the members of Company G, Fifty-first Regiment, came from Miami county. William Moorehead, of Peru, was the assistant surgeon of the regiment. The captains of Company G during its term of service were Francis M. Constant, William Wallick and Avery B. Charpie; the first lieutenants were Joseph Y. Ballou, Abraham G. Murray and John C. Young, and the second lieutenants were William Wallick, Jasper M. Brown, Avery B. Charpie and Louis P. Holman. Elisha Buck held the rank of sergeant; Thomas B. Crooks, William 0. Piper, Francis M. Brown, Caleb Boggs, John W. Crooks, Louis P. Holman, Josiah Metsker and Aaron M. Hurtt were corporals, and Allen S. Hurtt was a musician.

Privates—Robert Baker, Suman B. Black, William H. Bolingbaugh, Thomas R. Bolles, William Bolles, William S. Bolles, Philander Boner, Michael Bowas, Alden W. Bryant, William C. Bryant, John Charles, Avery B. Charpie, Hamilton Crouthers, Andrew J. Curtis, Daniel Deibert, Wilson Deniston, Francis M. Doles, Alexander Ducan, William M. Dunnuck, Charles Dyers, Thomas Ewing, Thomas Faley, Jonas Foss, Sebastian Furgeson, Jacob Glaze, James Hamlin, Charles W. Harper, William S. Harris, Nelson Harvey, Edward Hinds, David Holmes, John Holt, Charles L. Hoover, Francis Kannay, John J. Ken nedy, John Kiles, William H. Larett, John Malone, Conrad Metsker, John H. Miller, Francis M. Moody, Francis M. Piper, Henry C. Ritcheson, Jeremiah Ritcheson, Andrew J. Trimble, James N. M. Tuttle, Alexander Ward, George W. Whiteside, John Young.

Recruits—Alva Copper, George Gardner, William Lang, Henry H. Leavell, Stephen C. Leavell, Jacob Simmons, George Sullivan, William Westeffer.

The Fifty-first was organized at Indianapolis in the fall of 1861 and was mustered into the United States service on the 14th of December, with Abel D. Streight as colonel. A few days later it was ordered to Bardstown, Kentucky, where it remained in a camp of instruction until the following February, when it moved with Buell's army to Nashville. It arrived at Shiloh too late to take part in the battle, but was engaged in the siege of Corinth and later in the campaign against Bragg in Kentucky. Returning to Tennessee, it was assigned to the army commanded by General Rosecrans and participated in the battle of Stone's River. It was then on the famous Streight raid through Alabama and Georgia, which ended with the capture of Streight's force near Rome, Georgia. The prisoners were paroled and were in parole camp at Indianapolis until November, 1863. when they were exchanged and rejoined the army at Nashville, Tennessee. The regiment formed part of General Sherman's army in the Atlanta campaign of 1864, after which it returned to Tennessee with General Thomas and took part in the battle of Nashville in December. Early in 1865 it was ordered to New Orleans and from there to Texas, where it remained on duty until mustered out early in the year 1866.

Seventy-third Infantry

Five men from Miami county served in this regiment. William H. Brenton was assistant surgeon of the regiment from September 27, 1862, to March 13, 1863, and Henry Ferrell, John T. Hood, James H. McConnell and James York served as privates in Company H.

Eighty-seventh Infantry

Company C of this regiment was raised in Miami county. During its term of service Henry Calkins and Milo D. Ellis held the rank of captain; the first lieutenants were Milo D. Ellis, Burr Russell, John Demuth and Irvin Hutchison; the second lieutenants were Isaac H. Cochran, Burr Russell, Elisha Brown and William H. Reyburn.

At the time the regiment was mustered into service Burr Russell was first sergeant; William J. Smith, Alexander Keyes, William H. Reyburn and Elisha Brown were the sergeants; John Demuth, Peter Keegan, John Hand, Benjamin F. Bowen, George W. Bellew, Noah Brower, John B. Steel and Aaron Cotterman, corporals; Joseph J. Kennedy and Nathaniel York, musicians, and Herman Marshall, wagoner.

Privates—Thomas Addington, John Baker, Reyneer Bell, Benjamin

F. Berry, George N. Berry, Martin V. Brown, John F. Busey, Andrew P. Clendeniu, Charles W. Cochran, Henry Conrad, Philip R. Coon, Edward A. Cover, Ezra J. Cypherd, John N. Dangerfield, William Demuth, David Derick, George Derick, David W. Detamore, Solomon Donlay, Leander J. Eastridge, Sylvester Edwards, Peter Fisher, James

G. N. Fites, George Glaze, Joseph Gordon. Christopher Hanks, George Hart, William Haskell, William H. Hawver, Levi Hollingsworth, John W. Hurlburt, Thomas B. Hurtt, Irwin Hutchinson, Constantine Keim, Israel Keim, John Kepler, Thaddeus Keyes, William Kizer, William J. Leffel, William J. Loyd, Asa Marine, Daniel 0. C. Marine, William R. McBride, Francis McGrew, Oscar Mendenhall, James Miller, John C. Moore, David Mote, Isaiah J. Newby, Milton B. Parker, lthamer Perkins, Miles C. Petty, Hiram S. Powell, John Ptomey, John A. Reese, George Robbing, Redin Bobbins, William S. Robbins, William J. Saxon, Isaiah J. Shaffer, Charles H. Smith, John A. Smith, Valentine Smith, Valentine Snyder, John Stitsworth, Henry R. Studebaker, Benson Sullivan, John Swoverland, Jqh'n H. Walker, Charles F. Wallick, Erastus White, William Wickler, Benjamin Williams, Jacob Wissinger, Thomas G. Wood, Jacob Woolf, Clayborn Wright, Franklin Yike, Benjamin G. Young, Martin Zimmerman.

Eleven Miami county men served in Company H. James S. Durett was first lieutenant of the company; Amos B. Andrews and John W. Bowman were sergeants; George B. Miller was a corporal, and John S. Armantrout, David Fires, George King, Simon Lash, Elias Westheffer, Jacob Westheffer and Jacob Wilhelm were privates.

The Eighty-seventh was organized in the Ninth Congressional district and rendezvoused at South Bend. On August 28, 1862, it left that place for Indianapolis, where it was mustered in on the 31st, with Kline G. Shryock as colonel. The same day it left for Kentucky and joined the army under General Buell, taking part in the battles of Springfield and Perryville. It was then ordered to Tennessee and was with General Rosecrans in the Tullahoma campaign, after which it participated in the battle of Chickamauga and the fight at Missionary Ridge. In 1864 it was with General Sherman in the Atlanta campaign and the celebrated march to the sea. Then followed the campaign up through the Carolinas and the surrender of General Johnston's army, after which the regiment moved to Washington and took part in the grand review. It was then ordered to Indianapolis, where it was mustered out on June 21, 1865, the veterans and recruits being at that time attached to the Forty-second Regiment, which was mustered out at Louisville, Kentucky, a month later.

Ninetieth Regiment

In this regiment, which was better known as the Fifth Indiana Cavalry, commanded by Colonel Robert R. Stewart, there were six privates credited to Miami county. Joseph Mason and John Morris served in Company D; Samuel Shroyer, Joshua H. Willard and Richard Williams in Company I; and William A. Miller in Company K.

Ninety-ninth Infantry

Miami county furnished two companies to this regiment—D and I. In Company D Josiah Farrar and George W. Norris served as captain during the term of service; John Clifton, George W. Norris and John Harvey as first lieutenants; Joachim M. Hamlin, George W. Norris and Jacob D. Smith as second lieutenants. Captain Farrar was promoted to lieutenant-colonel and on May 2, 1865, received his commission as colonel.

George W. Norris was mustered in as first sergeant; John Harvey, Jacob Smith, Ezra Roe and Jacob E. Marsh as sergeants; John C. Mullett, Zachariah Gunckle, David Hastings, Edward Piper, Francis Litsenberger, Robert Briggs, John R. Love and Oliver Kissman as corporals; William H. H. Spaulding and Alonzo B. Thorn as musicians, and John S. Parr as wagoner.

Privates—Joseph Adams, Albert Arnold, Henry Barnhart, Joel Barnhart, Anthony B. Barron, Francis M. L. Bland, Clinton Cassell, Andrew Clayton, Evan I. Colter, John F. Connett, Jonathan Copeland, Renard Eaton, Erastus Ellibee, Josiah S. Eply, Isaac Farrar, Lloyd B. Farrar, John Frazee, Richard Frazee, Joseph Fry, Daniel R. Gage, George Griffey, Joseph Griffith, John W. Grimes, John W. Halin, John Wesley Hahn, Howard H. Harbor, Andrew Haynes, Reuben Haynes, Samuel Hitsmiller, Monroe Holt, Eli Howard, John Huffman, Franklin Lavousher, Riley Lindsey, Jacob Lininger, Benjamin Litsenberger, John Loshier, Samuel McCally, Israel Miney, Jefferson Morehead, Gideon Pierce, Vanburen Pierce, David Price, John H. Pringle', Jesse Reamer, Thomas Reamer, William Reamer, James Rolston, John Rolston, Robert Rolston, John Saxton, Henry Shafer, William Shafer, John Snider, Reuben Snider, John Southerton, Jacob Tritt, William T. Tubbs, John Votra, Elwood Ward, William Weymire, Henry Wilson, Robert Wright.

Recruits—William R. Hayse, Franklin Michael, William W. Propeck, George N. Stearns.

The captains of Company I were William V. Powell and Ira B. Myers. Captain Powell was promoted to major and on May 2, 1865, was commissioned lieutenant-colonel of the regiment, when Lieutenant Myers was commissioned captain. The first lieutenants were Ira B. Myers and Lemuel U. Powell, and the second lieutenants were James B. McGonigal and John C. Parks.

Elmore Warnock was first sergeant at the time of muster in; Lemuel IT. Powell and Alfred A. Ream, sergeants; Francis M. Robey, John

C. Parks, Tom W. Powell, Alexander McMillers, Rupell Vinedge, Daniel Albaugh and Francis M. McGraw, corporals; Aid F. Spaulding and Andrew Studebaker, musicians.

Privates—David Albaugh, Augustus Bradford, John C. Branham, Luther Branham, Francis M. Brummett, Joel B. Bryant, Milton Buckley, Stephen Butler, Joseph Cox, Alexander Cress, Jones R. Daily, David Darby, Hugh Devlin, John Dollinger, Thomas Enyart, Abraham Fadely, Jacob Fike, Jacob B. Foster, Ezra K. Friermood, George Friermood, Jacob Friermood, David R. Garrett, John Garsar, John T. Graft, John S. Hamer, Jonathan Hettinger, George Hoyle, Solomon A. Landers, Henry C. Lindley, Jeremiah F. Long, Francis C. McGraw, John Maple, Allen S. Meeks, James Morris, William Musselman, Dennis O'Connor, Ephraim Perkins, Perry A. Powell, Isaac Reece, John Reece, Michael Reece, Andrew F. Robey, John Rust, Philip Sallie, Martin L. Scott, William N. Severance, David Shin, Solomon Shrock, Calvin Spurgeon, David Still, Jefferson Sullivan, Daniel Summers, Benjamin B. Taggart, John N. Troost, James N. Tuttle, William C. Warnock, John Weeks, Jacob M. Wethrow, Abraham Whistler, Leander Wilson, William Wilson, David E. Windsor, George Wolf.

Of the recruits added to this company Abner D. Kimball was the only one credited to Miami county.

The Ninety-ninth Infantry was recruited in the months of August and September, 1862, in the Ninth Congressional district, and was mustered into the service of the United States on October 21, 1862, with Alexander Fowler as colonel. Soon after it was mustered in it was ordered to Memphis, Tennessee, and its first actual service was in the Tallahatchie campaign. It remained in Tennessee until May 6, 1863, when it was ordered to join the army under General Grant for the siege of Vicksburg, and was engaged in the battles of Jackson and the Big Black river. For some time it was then employed in destroying the railroad lines in Mississippi, after which it marched to Chattanooga with General Sherman and took part in the battle of Missionary Ridge. In 1864 it took part in the Atlanta campaign, was with Sherman in the march to the sea, and was one of the regiments that made the .assault on Fort McAllister, which surrendered after a hand to hand fight, thus opening Sherman's communications with the fleet lying off the coast at the mouth of the Savannah river. It was next in the campaign through the Carolinas, then went to Washington, where it was mustered out on June 5, 1865. During its service the Ninety-ninth marched over 4,000 miles. It entered the service with 900 men and was mustered out with only 425.

Minute Men

In the summer of 1863 the celebrated Confederate guerrilla chieftain, General John Morgan, started, upon a raid through the Northern States, especially Indiana and Ohio. On July 8, 1863, Governor Morton issued a call for thirteen regiments of "Minute Men" to defend the state against invasion of the raiders. One of these regiments was the

One Hundred And Ninth Infantry

Miami county was prompt to respond to the call of the governor and furnished two companies—D and F—to this regiment. Of Company D, Joseph Y. Ballou was captain; John C. Belew, first lieutenant; Ira B. Stevens, second lieutenant. The noncommissioned officers were: George I. Reed, first sergeant; John Leslie, John Morris. David Woolpert and Eliphaz Burnett, sergeants; Richard Butt. Washington Cover, Harrison Gibbert and James M. Young, corporals.

Privates—Alpheus Armfield, John Berchert. George Bish. Samuel Bigelow, William Bouton, Moses Burnett, Benjamin K. Butt, William Charles. Christopher Cool, Alfred Cover, Edward A. Cover, Oliver P. Cover, John Cyphers, James I. Davis, Lewis A. M. Edwards, Augustus E. Fites, Edward 0. Fites, Thomas Garlinghouse, Benajah Gier, Harrison Griffith, Walter H. Hurlbut, Joseph Jamison, Levi Karnes, Henry Laudis, Clark Latley, Elisha W. Lawrence, John W. Long, Joseph Losey, James H. Love, George A. Martindale, Ira Mason, Joseph Medsker, Joseph. Morris, Thomas Morris, William A. Mote, Amos Murphy, John Murphy, Jr., Johnson Murphy, Elias Olinger, John Olds, John Piper, Lewis Piper, Abner S. Sanders, George A. Schlott, John Shireman, John Small, Miller Smith, Charles W. Strange, Henry Sullivan, Henry Webber, Samuel Woolpert, Abner A. Wright, Henry Yeik, Elisha Young.

Company F was officered by William B. Reyburn, captain; Jonas Hoover, first lieutenant; William F. M. Wallick, second lieutenant; Franklin S. Foote, first sergeant; Charles W. Cochran, Henry W. Deibert. Brown McClintoe and Charles L. Armstrong, sergeants; Lyman Walker, Alexander Blake, George N. Osgood and Jeremiah Wallick, corporals.

Privates—Thomas A. Beach, Charles Bearss, Frank Bearss, Oliver J. Bearss, Omer D. Bearss, Charles J. Bechtol, Joseph F. Beckwith, Whitman S. Benham, Frank J. Blair, Edward E. Bowman, Louis F. Bowman, Milton Buckley, Moses F. Burnett, B. K. Butt, Robert W. Butt, Alvin B. Charpie, Christopher Cool, Alfred Coon, Francis M. Cook, John H. Constant, David Copley, Edward A. Cover, Oliver P. Cover, William A. Cover, Theodore Cristie, Lafayette Day, Frank Deibert, John Dilley, William Douglass, Thomas R. Ellis, Louis A. M. Edwards, Laban Falk, H. Smith Farnham, Samuel L. Fisher, Anthony Finley, Richard F. Graham, Edward Gray, Charles E. Griggs, William B. Hank, Plum Hanson, Carter B. Higgins, Paul S. Hunt, Henry Jamison, Frank Kennedy, 0. P. Kingsbury, Henry Landis, Oliver H. P. Macy, Henry Mack, John Matthews, Lot Metz, Henry D. Moore, William Morehead, Samuel Morehead, Burk Morse, William Mote, Charles Murden, Newton Myers, John Old, Jacob C. Rader, Thomas J. Raybell, George W. Reeder, Walter S. Reyburn, James Rhidenour, William H. Roberts, Isaac A. Roode, Francis M. Smith, Oliver H. Squires, John Stradley, Alvin B. Stutesman, Charles Tice, Warren Thomas, George Towers, Charles Utley, Robert Vance, William T. Vandorn, Benjamin Wallick, Christopher Wallick, Wesley Wallick, Edward T. Weekly, William Wilds, Charles A. Wilson, Basset Wost.

The regiment was mustered in at Indianapolis on July 10, 1863, only two days after the call for troops was issued by the governor, with 709 men, rank and file, and John R. Mahan as colonel. On the13th it left Indianapolis by rail for Hamilton, Ohio, and from that eity proceeded to Cincinnati, where it remained until after the capture of Morgan near New Lisbon, Ohio. As this event ended the emergency for which the Minute Men were called out, the regiment returned to Indianapolis and was there mustered out on the 17th, having been in the service of the United States just one week.

One Hundred And Twenty-seventh Regiment

This regiment was known as the Twelfth Indiana Cavalry. Miami county furnished all of Company L and twenty-four men for Company M. Orris Blake, of Miami county, who entered the service as captain of Company A, Eighth Cavalry, was made major of the regiment, and William Pew became adjutant. The commissioned officers of Company L were: Ethan E. Thornton, captain; Joseph Y. Ballou and George N. Osgood, first lieutenants; George N. Osgood, J. M. Houk and James Highland, second lieutenants. On May 1, 1865, Lieutenant Ballou received his commission as captain of Company M and George N. Osgood was promoted to first lieutenant.

Privates—Henry E. Adams, George W. Armstrong, Harrison Armstrong, Samuel Benner, William Berktoll, John Blackburn, George Bosh, Reuben K. Brower, William Buckley, William A. Bunger, John W. Burk, Uriah Burk, Eliphaz C. Burnett, Samuel N. Burnett, Benjamin Butt, Silas C. Calvin, Thomas E. Cassingham, George W. Chalk, John L. Chalk, Eli Chichester, Samuel L. Clark, Henry Clayton, William H. Cline, John Clutter, Zachariah Correll, James Davis, Peter Demoss, Uriah Derek. Leroy P. Donaldson, Charles N. Duncan, William Dunnuck, Pleasant Ellison, James D. Flint, Joel Flora, James Foster, George W. Geiger. John H. Geiger, Jacob C. Hatton, James Hilands, David A. Hobaugh. Johnson M. Hbuk (promoted second lieutenant), Lorenzo D. Jerkins, John Karr, Albert E. King, Daniel N. Lambert, Isaac Lambert, William Lane, William W. Lane, Elisha Larance, Simon P. Larh, Clark Latta, Russell R. Leonard, John W. Lesley, Marion F. Linn, George D. Losher, James McCalla, Samuel J. McDonald, George W. Marshall, John Marshall, Ira W. Mason, Albert P. Miller, Arthur 0. Miller, John L. Miller, Thomas C. Miller, Joseph F. Mobery, George Morquett, William Morricay, Jeremiah Morrisey, Edmund B. Morse, Franklin Moyer, James M. Newman, John F. Nixon, Joseph A. Norris, George K. Owens, William Pew (promoted adjutant of the regiment), James Ridenour, Josephus K. Robey, James Sebring, Ira Shadinger, Westley M. Smith, George Stayley, Charles W. Strayer, Napoleon B. Strayer, John Strohn, Dallas Taggart, Joseph R. Taggart, Nixon S. Teal, Benjamin F. Thomas, Charles C. Tice, John C. Veil, Jacob W. Warner, Harvey Waymire, John W. West, Nathaniel Wilkeyson, John W. Willison, George W. Wilson, Samuel S. Wilson, Charles Wolpert, Granville A. Zook.

Recruits—John P. Brown, William J. Burnett, Benjamin F. Davis, William W. Davis, Abram Dispenett, George H. Dula, John H. Morris, Ezra H. Murray, Alonzo Richardson.

The Miami county men who enlisted in Company M. were as follows: James S. Bradley, Jacob Brumbaugh, Washington Brumbaugh, John W. Duck, George W. Fisher, George W. Goodwin, John Handlin, George W. Kelley, Ephraim K. Loux, John Lynam, John MeCurdy, John N. MeCurdy, Elias Main, Jonathan H. Main, Valentine Swortz, William Shinkle, Alonzo Todd, Randolph Trinkle, Charles Volk, William White, Ezra Willcox, Martin Willcox, John Willey, Henry W. Williamson.

The regiment was organized at Kendallville and was mustered in on March 1, 1864, with Edward Anderson as colonel. At first only six companies were mounted. Soon after being mustered in the command was ordered to Nashville and the mounted companies had numerous skirmishes with guerrillas, the unmounted men being employed in guarding railroads. In September, 1864, the regiment was placed at Tullahoma as a garrison for the post. While here the men were several times engaged with the Confederate cavalry under Forrest. About this time Colonel Anderson was ordered to Indiana on special service and Major Blake assumed command. In February, 1865, the Twelfth, all mounted, was sent to New Orleans and from there to Mobile, Alabama, where it was actively engaged in the operations against the defenses of the city. After the surrender of Mobile the regiment, still commanded by Major Blake, was ordered to Columbus, Mississippi. General Grierson wrote to Governor Morton that the Twelfth Indiana Cavalry was one of the best regiments in the service. The regiment was on detached duty in Mississippi until mustered out at Vicksburg on November 10, 1865.

One Hundred And Twenty-eighth Infantry

Miami county furnished six men for this regiment, viz.: James Duncan, George S. Evans, Israel Leedy and Richard K. Miller, of Company I, and William H. Murray and Joseph N. Oliver, of Company K. On March 3, 1864, Richard K. Miller was commissioned captain of Company I, having previously served as adjutant of the regiment. Subsequently he was promoted to major and lieutenant-colonel, and at the close of the war was brevetted colonel "for gallant and meritorious services."

One Hundred And Twentieth Infantry

In this regiment there were likewise six Miami county men, all privates. Josiah Bryant and Milton Young served in Company E, and William Cates, Jacob Hullinger, Charles Lancaster and Albert Perkins in Company G.

The One Hundred Days' Men

In the spring of 1864, when, the general advance upon the Confederate positions was contemplated, it was seen that more men would be essential to the success of the Union arms. To meet this emergency a meeting of the governors of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa and Wisconsin was called at Indianapolis for April 22, 1864, by Governor Morton. At this meeting the plan of raising some 85,000 men in the states named, to serve for one hundred days, was adopted. President Lincoln approved the idea and the work of recruiting the troops was commenced, with the understanding that the short term regiments were to be used to relieve the veterans in the garrisons and acting as guards in the rear of Grant's and Sherman's armies. The first of the one hundred days' regiments in which Miami county was represented was the

One Hundred And Thirty-fourth Infantry

In this regiment a considerable part of Company K was raised in Miami county. Alexander Jameson was commissioned second lieutenant, but was not mustered, and Isaac J. C. Guy took his place.

Privates—Ezekiel Alberry, Oliver Armantrout, John Beecher, Daniel Blackburn, James Clemens, John Coburn, John Cover, Ephraim Crider, Albert Dowd, Alexander Duff, Isaac J. C. Guy, Irwin Hagy, William Hardin, Solomon Jameson, Samuel McElwee, George Martindale, Joseph Munger, Andrew J. Parks, John Small, Lewis Small, Samuel W. Tracy, Leander B. Watson, Samuel Woolpert.

One Hundred And Thirty-eighth Infantry

In this regiment, which was also raised for the one hundred days' service, Company A was recruited in Miami county. Of this company Jonas Hoover was captain; Wesley Wallick, first lieutenant; Henry D. Moore', second lieutenant, and following is a list of the

Privates—Jacob Adams, Samuel S. Barker, Joseph Beckwith, William H. Bell, John H. Bigger, William T. Black, Lewis Bowman, John F. Branaman, John Brandenburg, Allen S. Brown, Levi Brown, John W. Burke, James W. Burnett, Henry Caple, Addison Charpie, William A. Clerry, James A. Conger, Eli Condo, Charles J. Cook, Albert Copeland, Asbury Crabb, Charles V. Crider, David W. Curtis, James M. Deniston, Jacob Easterday, John Ewing, Jacob Freeston, Skillman Fansler, Edward Farnham, George W. Fisher, Patrick Fitz, William Hahn, Franklin Hall, Henry A. Harger, Orlando Harlen, Lester Haskill, William D. Hate, Calvin Herrell, Albert A. Jenkins, Emmett D. Johnson, Charles Jones, James Kendricks, Andrew J. Kennedy, John W. Kiser, Alvin D. Koontz, Christopher Krider, Philip Lame, Oliver Lay ton, William F. Lesley, Henry A. Loore, George McConnell, John E. Matthews, James T. Mendenhall, James Merchant, George L. Mitler, Eugene A. Moore, Ezra H. Murry, Isaac N. Murry, Michael N. Musselman, William G. Moore, John W. Nelson, Columbus Osborn, Lyman Parks, David H. Proctor, John Reader, Thomas E. Ream, Jefferson Reybeil, Walter S. Reyburn, Jay Slater, Daniel Stetler, Solomon Stout, John G. Stradley, Nathaniel J. Troast, Stephen Ullum, Joseph Vandorn, John W. Wallick, John Ward, Oliver H. Webb, George Wickler, Charles A. Willson.

One Hundred And Thirty-ninth Infantry

Seven Miami county men enlisted in Company A of this regiment, which was mustered in for one hundred days on June 8, 1864, with George Humphrey as colonel. They were Stephen Byers, Harvey H. Curtis, James H. Daggy, Newton Hoover, Reese H. Jones, Samuel C. Murphy and Finley Rarydon.

One Hundred And Forty-second Infantry

This regiment was mustered in on November 3, 1864, for one year, with John M. Comparet as colonel. In Company I, Alexander G. Saxon, a Miami county man, was corporal, and the followuig privates were credited to the county: Nathan Addington, Thomas A. Dangerfield, John Gorstine, John E. Grant, Cornelius Jarvis, Flavius J. Massey, Leroy S. Marine, Henry S. Parker, William R. Parker, Albert Reynolds, Heuston Sullivan, all from Xenia (now Converse).

In Company K, Charles E. Davis and Richard Phipps were enrolled as corporals; John Laryen as musician; Riley Clark, George W. Clifton, John C. Clifton, John Dailey, Joseph Dickersou, William J. Edmund, Benjamin Huff, William B. Miner, George C. Petty, James J. Puraell, Christopher C. Rood and Charles Williams as privates.

Soon after being mustered in the regiment was ordered to Tennessee. At the battle of Nashville, December 15-16, 1864, it was held in reserve, many of the members being disappointed at not being permitted to take part in the fight. After that battle the regiment was kept on duty in and around Nashville until mustered out on July 14, 1865.

One Hundred And Fifty-first Infantry

This was one of the regiments recruited under the president's call of December 19, 1864. It was mustered in at Indianapolis on March 3, 1865, for one year, with Joshua Healy as colonel. Companies C and D were raised in Miami county and the county was also represented in Companies H and I.

The officers of Company C were: William A. Nichols, captain; Isaac J. C. Guy, first lieutenant; William A. Vance, second lieutenant; Thomas B. Cade, first sergeant; Samuel C. Jones, James S. Parker, William Pence and Francis B. Showers, sergeants; James H. Love, Harvey Conner, John Martindale, John Beecher, Charles W. Love, Adam W. Smith, Newton W. Tanquary and Mitchell M. Dukes, corporals; Britton E. Lamborn and Charles Osborn, musicians; Silas E. Shoemaker, wagoner.

Privates—Ezekiel Alberry, Peter Armantrout, Columbus Baltimore, Eli Benzinger, Paris A. Brandon, Joseph A. Brazington, Absalom Burnett, Thomas Carson, Harvey H. Curtis, Joseph W. Darby, David A. Ewing, John Fair, William J. Fansler, James H. Fear, John W. Fetrow, John S. Filbert, Harvey Flagg, Sidney Flagg, Benjamin Grimm, Thomas M. Hamblin, John B. Hatfield, Harvey Hauk, Jesse Hickman, John Hickman, Samuel B. Holt, Jeremiah Holtry, Alexander Hoover, Allen Hoover, Andrew Hoover, Samuel Hoover, Joshua Howell, David M. Hutton, Benjamin Jarnagin, Alvarian Jones, Joseph R. Jones, Reese H. Jones, William H. Keyes, Stephen A. King, Alpha Kiser, Benjamin Kotterman, Ezekiel D. Kyle, Boyd Ladd, Harvey H. Larimer, Jacob W. Larimer, Jacob B. Leese, Samuel Lowman, John Mansfield, Henry Marshall, Samuel C. Marshall, Oliver E. Mason, Joseph Monger, Alfred W. Morris, Carvil A. Morris, Thomas E. Morris, Jeremiah Morrisey, Moses J. Murphy, Samuel C. Murphy, Thomas Murray, Lewis Myers, Charles Newton, John Nieman, Isaac D. Norris, Benjamin Parker, John P. Powell, Thomas Powell, Finley W. Rariden, Lemuel Reed, Miles Rhodes, Redin Robins, John H. Shanks, Samuel H. Slaughter, Jasper D. Smith, John Spurgeon, Solomon Stout, Stephen H. Terhune, Joseph Townsend, William Wallick, George Weber, Elisha West, Wiley T. White, Peter Woolpert, Samuel Woolpert, Francis Zook.

Company D was officered by Nathan Stephens, captain; John H. Morgan, first lieutenant; Andrew J. Haines and Thomas R. Ellis, second lieutenants, the last named having been promoted from first sergeant. William B. Owens, Reuben H. Mobley, Francis M. Cook and Ephraim L. Crider were the company's sergeants; Daniel Sturgis, David W. Jones, Allen McGuire, Abner L. Willis, George W. Cones, William B. Cook, William H. Miller and Robert M. Brooks, corporals; Harrison E. Reese, musician, and Perry Akeberger, wagoner.

Privates—Lueas A. Adams, Henry Althaver, Matthew Anacher, Christopher Arnedt, Samuel K. Barker, John C. Bell, John Berry, Joseph Billhimer, Daniel Blackburn, John Blankenship, George W. Blue. Charles E. Bodurtha, Jeremiah Burnett, Henry Caple, Jules Catin, Peter Click, George W. Coleman, John V. Colvin, John P. Cones, Harrison Connett, Francis Cornell, Jeremiah Cornell, James H. Daggy. Michael Duffy, John T. Ewing, Stephen Finney, George W. Fisher, Samuel Fisher, George Gordon, John H. Griswold, Richard H. Groat, Thomas W. Hakins, Thomas Hamons, James D. Hann, Joseph Harding, William Harding, David Harmon, David B. Heaton, Jacob Hight, Mark R. Hoover, Jesse H. Hurst, Oliver P. Kotterman, Dennis Lee, Reuben Leslie, Martin Lynch, Byron McClure, Thomas Mackelwee, Benjamin Miller, Martin L. Miller, Thomas Mullen, Henry Murden, Jacob Myers, James M. Okey, Robert C. Owens, Noah F. Packard, Layman Parks, Jonas W. Paul, John Price, William W. Rankins, Thomas E. Ream, Andrew Shadinger, George F. Shanaberger, Abraham L. Shirley, George A. Shlott, John B. Small, Thomas D. Smith, Oscar F. Snooks, John M. Stanley, Daniel Stetler, William Stevenson, Newton Sweeney, George H. Swihart, Henry A. Taylor, Thomas C. Waite, John W. Walliek, William Walters, George W. Whitney, George Wickler, Francis M. Wilkins, John F. Wilkins, John Woodburn, Miles F. York, Daniel Zigler.

John H. Ream, of Peru, was captain of Company H, but the rank and file of the company came from the counties of Jasper, Starke and Newton. In Company I the following Miami county men were enrolled as privates: Francis N. Holt. Elijah Pond, Nelson Reichard, Silas Stewart and Aaron Taumbaugh.

On March 9, 1865, six days after it was mustered in, the regiment arrived at Nashville, Tennessee, where it was assigned to General Rousseau's command, with which it moved to Tullahoma and remained in that vicinity until June. It was then employed in post and garrison duty at Nashville until mustered out on September 19, 1865.

One Hundred And Fifty-fifth Infantry

On April 18, 1865, this regiment was mustered into the United States service for one year, with John M. Wilson, of Peru, as colonel.

John W. Smith was appointed surgeon of the regiment, and Joseph A. Chandler and Martin B. Arnold served as assistant surgeons. Company K was a Miami county company and was officered by Henry D. Moore, captain; John H. Jamison, first lieutenant; James Bell, second lieutenant.

Privates—Robert Anderson, William Andrews, James Bell (promoted second lieutenant), Edward Berry, Thomas M. Bitters, Samuel L. Black, William T. Black, George W. Books, Aaron Brower, Walter

E. Burnham, William Burnett, Richard W. Butt, Thomas Christie, James Cottercipy, Alfred Cover, Washington A. Cover, Henry E. Daley, James M. Dougherty, William L. Englen, John H. Farnham, James Fites, John W. Fites, William Forrey, Charles Grumpp, Frederick A. Gysin, Benjamin Hann, Samuel Harm, Granville Harbiu, Henry Harger, Jonas Harris, Isaac Harter, Marquis Harter, William T. Hatfield, Thomas W. Hays, Benjamin Hockstettler, Harman Hoover, Michael W. Hurst, Perry Jenness, Andrew J. Kennedy, Jacob King, John V. Kling, John Logan, William Long, Elias M. Lowe, William II. H. Murry, Samuel S. Patton, Daniel Reeder, John C. Reyburn. George

F. Robertson, Wadsworth Roe, Ferdinand Roser, John Schneider, John P. Shannon, John Shepherd, William Shepherd, Alfred Shively, Philip Shively, Obadiah Shively, Finley M. Shaffer, John Steward, James Sweat, Steward E. Tail, James D. Townsend, Robert Vance, John P. Vandeventer, Joseph Vandoren, John Ward, George Williams. George Witham, Jesse C. P. Wood, Samuel Yard, Jasper N. Yates.

The, regiment proceeded to Washington almost as soon as it was mustered in and from Washington was sent to Alexandria, Virginia.

There it was assigned to the Provisional Brigade, Third Division. Ninth Army Corps, and performed post and guard duty until ordered back to

Indiana. Some of the companies were on detached duty in Delaware and two of these, while returning to the regiment, were in a railroad accident, in which several of the men were severely injured. These were the only casualties suffered by the regiment. It was mustered out at Indianapolis on September 1, 1865.

Fourteenth Battery

The Fourteenth Battery, Light Artillery, was recruited in Miami. Wabash, Huntington and Fayette counties and was mustered in at Indianapolis on March 24, 1862, with Meredith H. Kidd, as captain. H. C. Loveland, of Miami county, was second lieutenant; James P. Chandler, sergeant; Thomas H. Wibel, corporal; and the following members of the battery were credited to Miami county: William Baker, William Bartholomew, James Cauger, Henry Coleman, Dewitt C. Goodrick, John S. Hill, Ephraim Hale, James H. Jones, Thomas P. Kiser, Byron Latta, John B. Lane, William H. Moore, Samuel M. Morehead, William B. Morehead, John P. Myers, John Q. Neal, John W. Pier, Hanson Plummer, John W. Plummer, Amos Rolland, Charles R. Sayles, Thomas F. Stanley, Charles W. Utley.

From Indianapolis the battery proceeded to Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee. It then took part in the siege of Corinth, Mississippi; formed part of General Sherman's force in the raid to Meridian; after which it operated around Vicksburg, Memphis, Guntown and Nashville, and aided in the reduction of Spanish Fort at Mobile. It was mustered out on August 29, 1865.

Miscellaneous Enlistments

In addition to the Miami county volunteers mentioned in the foregoing companies and regiments, there were a number of men who served in other commands. Allen Daggy was a private in Company C, Thirty-fifth Infantry; Reuben 0. Small served in Company I, One Hundred and First Infantry, and Walcut Tuttle in Company K of the same regiment; ib the One Hundred and Twenty-sixth Regiment (Eleventh Cavalry), Felician Clove, William Elshire and John Waymire, of Company L, were credited to Miami county; James Howell and Valentine Perkins were privates in Company B, One Hundred and Forty-seventh Infantry, and James A. Lucas was a member of Company F, of that regiment; and the names of Simon Clevenger and David M. Darby, of Xenia, appear on the muster rolls of the Twelfth Indiana Battery.

In the Fourth Heavy Artillery, United States Colored Troops, the following men were credited to Miami county: William Allen, Frank Brooks, Charles Clark, David Harris, John Hart, Peter Hicks, Albert Horton, John Nelson, Washington Paddy, Dick Richardson, Powell Richardson, John Robinson, Henry Thompson, Amos Walk, William Walker and Nelson Williams.

The First United States Veteran Volunteer Engineers was organized under an aet of Congress, approved May 20, 1864, and was under command of Colonel William E. Merrill. Miami county was represented in six companies of this organization—A, B, D, E, F and H. In Company A, Allen S. Hurtt was quartermaster sergeant, and Thomas B. Hurtt was artificer; in Company B were George T. Lamborn and B. Tlill, the latter the artificer of the company; in Company D, George W. Allen was a private; in Company E were three men from Miami county—Elisha S. Buck, sergeant; John Kites, artificer, and Daniel F. Deibert, private; Patrick Murt, of Peru, was the artificer in Company F, and Francis McGrew was a private in Company H.

In the adjutant-general's reports sometimes the entire muster roll of a company appears without the residences of the members being given. It is quite probable that some of the men thus enrolled should be credited to Miami county, but after half a century or more has passed it would be almost impossible to distinguish which ones should be so credited. It is also true that men from this county enlisted in companies organized in other counties, but it is doubtless equally true that in the foregoing lists are some who came from other counties and enlisted in Miami. The spelling of the names in the rosters given above is the same as that found in the reports of the adjutant-general. No doubt that in some instances the names are not spelled as they should be, but it was deemed best to follow literally the official reports without attempting any changes, except in rare cases where there was unquestionably a typographical error.

The Indiana Legion

The special session of the legislature in 1861 passed an act "for the organization and regulation of the Indiana militia." Under the provisions of this act four companies of the "Indiana Legion," sometimes called the "Home Guards," were organized in Miami county. They were the Miami Guards, James Highland, captain; Thomas R. Ellis, first lieutenant; John Pearson, second lieutenant. The Morton Rangers, Thomas E. Cassingham and James W. Campbell, captains; Alexander Stanley and Lucas A. Adams, first lieutenants; Thomas R. Ellis, second lieutenant. The Union Guards, Joseph Y. Ballou and Daniel Griswold, captains; James L. Wilson, first lieutenant; John Lesley and Daniel Harter, second lieutenants. The Wheatville Guards, John Old, captain; Washington A. Cover, first lieutenant; R. W. Butt, second lieutenant. These companies were never called into the field, but the muster rolls of other organizations show that a large number of the original home guards enlisted for actual service and were mustered into the service of the United States.

The Roll Of Honor

Of the volunteer soldiers who went out from Miami county to do battle for their country, 190 never returned. The adjutant-general's report show that of those who died while in the service 52 were killed in action; 18 died of wounds; 5 are known to have died while held as prisoners of war; and 115 died of disease. These figures are doubtless incomplete, as in the reports, opposite the names of a number of the men, is that mysterious and discouraging legend "Unaccounted for." Some of the men thus reported afterward returned to their homes, but from others no tidings were ever received. They probably died in the enemy's country, perhaps in prison, and their remains rest in some unmarked grave. These "unaccounted for" are entitled to a place upon the county's "Roll of Honor."

The Work At Home

While the "Boys in Blue" were at the front, the people at home were not unmindful of their patriotic sacrifice and the necessities of their wives and children. During the war the commissioners of Miami county authorized the payment of $281,650 for soldiers' bounties; $44,890.86 for the relief of soldiers' families, and $4,800 for miscellaneous expenses in connection with the recruiting and equipping of troops, making a total of $331,340.86 expended by the county in its official capacity. These figures may be obtained from the public records, but there is no record of the relief given by the people of the county in their individual capacity. Many a sack of flour, many a basket of provisions, numerous sums of money, bundles of clothing or school books found their way to the home of some soldiers' wife, that her children might be made comfortable and enabled to attend school. If the value of all these voluntary offerings could be ascertained it would probably aggregate as much as the official appropriations of the county. And it is greatly to the credit of these noble women that they were not too proud to accept these offerings of charity. Even cast off clothing was received by them without the feeling that it was reflection upon their poverty, but rather a grateful recognition on the part of some loyal neighbor of the sacrifice they had made by sending the ones they loved best to preserve the institutions the founders of the republic established.

There is one fact in connection with Miami county history during the Civil war period that has never been sufficiently emphasized. In common with most of the other counties of the state, there was some disloyal sentiment in Miami. But from the records of the provost marshal general it may be seen that, when drafts were ordered to fill the quota of enlistments, not a single citizen of the county left his home to avoid the draft. Only a few counties in the state have such a record.

Spanish-American War

For four centuries after the discovery of America the island of Cuba was a Spanish dependency. An expedition for the liberation of the Cubans was projected by Narcisso Lopez in 1850, but it ended in a miserable failure. Fpur years later the Cuban junta in New York organized a relief movement upon a larger scale, but before anything definite could be done news of the scheme reached the Spanish government and the undertaking was forestalled. In 1868 there was a general insurrection among the Cubans, which was followed by a ten years' war. During that time Spain sent over 100,000 troops to the island to overcome the revolutionists, and at the end of the war the inhabitants of the island were cruelly informed that they would have to pay the war debt of some $200,000,000. This started another revolution, but this time the Cubans moved slowly, making careful preparations, and it was not until February, 1895, that an open insurrection broke out in the provinces of Santiago, Santa Clara and Matanzas. Within sixty days 50,000 Spanish soldiers were in Cuba, under command of General Campos. He was succeeded by General Weyler, whose cruelties aroused the indignation of the civilized nations of the world and forced the Spanish government to send General Blanco to take his place. Although the new commander was less inhuman than his predecessor, he was equally determined in his intention to subdue the islanders and compel them to continue under Spanish rule.

In the meantime legislative bodies and political conventions in the United States had been passing resolutions asking this government to recognize the belligerent rights of the Cubans, if not their absolute independence. About ten o'clock on the evening of February 15, 1898, the United States battleship Maine, then lying in the harbor of Havana, was blown up and a number of her crew were killed. This brought the excitement in the United States to fever heat and on April 11, 1898, President McKinley sent a special message to Congress, asking for authority to intervene in behalf of the people of Cuba. On the 20th Congress passed a resolution, which was approved by the president the same day, recognizing the independence of Cuba and demanding that Spain withdraw all claims to and authority over the island. Five days later war was formally declared by Congress, though two days before the declaration the president proclaimed the ports of Cuba in a state of blockade and called for 125,000 volunteers to enforce the resolution of Congress.

Late on the afternoon of April 25, 1898, Governor James A. Mount received notice by telegraph from the secretary of war that Indiana's quota of the 125,000 volunteers would be four regiments of infantry and two light batteries of artillery. The telegram further stated that it was the wish of the president "that the regiments of the National Guard, or state militia, shall be used as far as their numbers will permit, for the reason that they are armed, equipped and drilled."

Instead of four regiments, the state raised five, which were numbered to begin where the Civil war numbers left off. The Indiana regiments in the Spanish-American war were therefore the 157th, 158th, 159th, 160th and 161st.

With the same spirit of patriotism that actuated the people of Miami county at the beginning of the Civil war, a meeting was called at the court-house in Peru for the evening of April 20, 1898, the same day Congress passed the resolution recognizing the independence of Cuba and five days before the formal declaration of war with Spain, to discuss the situation and take such action as might be deemed necessary. Hon. James F. Stutesman called the meeting to order and Judge J. T. Cox was chosen permanent chairman. Speeches were made by Mr. Stutesman, H. P. Loveland, W. E. Mowbray, Captain \V. H. H. Spaulding and others, all expressing sympathy with the struggling Cubans and urging the United States to intervene in their behalf. At the close of the meeting an opportunity was given to those present to enroll themselves as members of a military company, w:hich was to be tendered to the governor in the event of a call for volunteers. About thirty men signed the roll that evening and during the next few days the number was increased to over one hundred. On Thursday evening, April 28, 1898, these men met and elected H. P. Loveland, captain; Milton Kraus, first lieutenant; and Michael Bearss, second lieutenant.

Not long after this Captain Loveland called on Governor Mount and tendered the services of his company. He was informed by the governor that the quota under the first call had been filled by companies of the National Guard, with a few additional volunteers. The governor promised, however, that Miami county should be among the first to be recognized in case a second call was made. A little later, when the One Hundred and Sixty-first Regiment was in process of formation, Captain Loveland again called on the governor to remind him of the promise and urge the acceptance of the Miami county company. It so happened that Company M, of the One Hundred and Sixtieth Regiment, was organized in Cass county, which is in the same Congressional district as Miami, and as there were some of the districts not yet represented by any company, the governor insisted that the new regiment should be made up of companies from these districts. He admitted having made the promise to accept the company from Miami county, but the fact that the Eleventh district already had one company in service caused him to rescind that promise, in order that all parts of the state should have representation. Through this combination of circumstances, Miami county could not "go to war" with a full and regularly organized company, though several of her sons served as members of other organizations.

Jacob A. Kara, of Peru, was a sergeant in Company B, One Hundred and Fifty-eighth regiment, and in the same company Burl R. Elsworth, Jerome Landauer, Sanford See and Loren Whittenburger served as privates. Five Miami county men were in the One Hundred and Sixtieth Regiment: Charles M. Wey, in Company B; Lester K. Miller, in Company D; Howard 0. Powell (corporal), Edward S. Baity and John F. McLean, in Company K. Jessee Montrose was a member of Company I, One Hundred and Sixty-first Regiment. In the Twenty-eighth Battery of Light Artillery Francis J. Coyle was a corporal ; Silas W. Carpenter, a musician, and Charles Griswold, a private.

Militia Companies

A few years after the close of the Civil war a company called the Peru Grays was organized in that city, with J. H..Jack as captain; W. F. Daly, first lieutenant; Isaac Bozarth, second lieutenant. Rank and file, the company was composed of the best young men in the codnty. On one occasion this company took an excursion to Put-inBay and the city of Sandusky, accompanied by the old Howe baud, and everywhere both the "boys" and the musicians met with a cordial reception. In 1876 conditions arose at Seymour, Jackson county, that apparently demanded the presence of the militia and Governor Hendricks called upon the Peru Grays to report for duty. The company went as far as Indianapolis, when it was learned that order could be restored without the use of the troops, and after a few days in the state capital the Grays returned home. Many people criticised the members of the organization for their promptness in obeying the orders of the executive, notwithstanding they had taken an oath to do so, and in time the dissatisfaction thus engendered resulted in the disbandmeut of the company.

The Bunker Hill Light Guards was organized on November 7, 1885, by W. W. Robbins, with forty-seven members. The officers of the company were W. W. Robbins, captain; J. W. Reeder, first lieutenant; J. W. O'Hara, second lieutenant. A band of eleven members was organized under the leadership of David Long. Captain Robbins afterward became a major in the Indiana National Guard. After a few years the novelty of "being soldiers" wore off, the interest in the organization waned and in time the company was disbanded.

In the fall of 1906 a military company was organized at Peru and was mustered into the Indiana National Guard as Company L, Third Regiment. The officers at the time of organization were E. M. Phillips, captain; E. J. Howes, first lieutenant; W. W. Failing, second lieutenant. Some changes were subsequently made in the official roster, by which Fred Becker became captain and W. W. Failing was promoted to first lieutenant. The company's armory on West Third street, between Broadway and Miami streets, was destroyed by fire on January 8, 1910, and soon after that the organization was disbanded. Upon writing to the adjutant-general's office for the official record of this company, the following information was received:

"February 10, 1914. "Dear Sir:—Company L, Third Infantry, I. N. G., was mustered in at Peru, Indiana, October 10, 1906, with Ernest M. Phillips as captain; Earl J. Howes, first lieutenant; John B. Huber, second lieutenant. The company was mustered out March 1, 1910, J. Fred Becker being captain at mustering out date. The company had no other commissioned officers at this time.

"Very respectfully,

"Frank L. Bridges,

Regular Army And Navy

Several Miami county boys have distinguished themselves in the United States army and the navy. Hiram I. Bearss was commissioned as second lieutenant about the beginning of the Spanish-American war. During that conflict he was promoted to captain for meritorious services and later was sent with his regiment to the Philippines, where for his bravery on several occasions he was recommended by his superior officer, Major Waller, for still further promotion. He is still in the service.

Edgar Ridenour, in 1898, was appointed a cadet in the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. He completed the course in that institution and entered the army as a lieutenant. He is still in the service and now holds the rank of captain, having won his promotion by good discipline and soldierly conduct.

Edward R. Coppock enlisted from Jackson township in the regular army some years ago and at the close of the year 1913 was stationed at Fort Ethan Allen, Vermont. He has risen to the rank of lieutenant.

Two brothers, Peter and Otto Haughtington, entered the regular army as privates and both served in the Philippines. Otto twice reenlisted and during his last term served in China at the time of the Boxer troubles. He rose to the rank of quartermaster sergeant and while in the Philippines wrote several interesting letters home, some of which were published in the Peru newspapers. These brothers are no longer in the army.

Walter Constant, a member of one of Miami county's old families, attended the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland, where he was graduated some time in the '70s. He entered the navy as an ensign and rose to the rank of lieutenant, perhaps even higher. His death occurred at Yokohama, Japan, in the early '90s and his remains were accompanied by a naval escort to Peru, where they were interred with military honors.

Victor S. Jackson, another Miami county boy, is now a paymaster in the United States navy, with the rank of lieutenant-commander.

Hale Stutesman, a son of Frank M. Stutesman, of Peru, is second lieutenant in the Tenth United States Infantry and at the beginning of the year 1914 was stationed with his regiment at Panama. Before entering the regular army he was graduated at Princeton University.

Source: History of Miami County, Indiana: a narrative account of its ..., Volume 1 By Arthur Lawrence Bodurtha

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