Montgomery County, Indiana
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Crawfordsville Courthouse

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  History of Montgomery County

The Court House

Members of the Union Presbyterian Church

A Criminal Trial

Montgomery County in Mexican War

The Railroad Interest of Montgomery County


Montgomery County, Indiana

Montgomery County is a county located in the state of Indiana. The county seat is Crawfordsville. The County is divided into 11 townships which provide local services.

The earliest known inhabitants of the area that would become Montgomery County were the Mound Builders, Native Americans who built large earthen mounds, two of which were constructed in southeastern Franklin Township. Research in the late 1900s has shown these mounds were natural mounds not man made. Subsequent Native American tribes occupied the area until as late as 1832.

The first white settler in the area that would become Montgomery County was William Offield, earlier of Tennessee, who arrived in 1821 with his wife Jennie (nee Laughlin) and one child and settled near the confluence of Offield Creek and Sugar Creek, about five miles southwest of Crawfordsville. The first land in the county to be purchased from the government was a tract in Scott Township sold to John Loop on July 23, 1822; many more tracts were entered in subsequent months, most in Union Township. The area's settlers mostly came from Kentucky and Ohio, with others arriving from Tennessee, Virginia and the Carolinas.

Montgomery County was established by an act of the Indiana state legislature passed on December 21, 1822, which defined the county's boundaries and provided for the organization of its government. It was formed from parts of Wabash New Purchase attached to Parke and Putnam Counties. The county was named in honor of Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed on December 31, 1775, while attempting to capture Quebec City in the Battle of Quebec. The first county election was held on March 1, 1823, with 61 voters participating to elect the first three county commissioners: William Offield, James Blevins and John McColough, who then ordered that the first jail and courthouse be built.

Begining on December 24, 1824, a large land sale was held for several days at the United States Land Office on North Water Street in Crawfordsvile during which a large number of the area's tracts were sold at auction. The money raised from the sale, mostly in the form of gold and silver, was packed into kegs, hauled by wagon to Louisville, carried by boat up the Ohio River, and eventually to Washington, D.C. Settlement increased substantially during the subsequent year.

Montgomery County is home to several Carnegie libraries. These libraries were built in the early 1900s by way of grants from Andrew Carnegie. All but one, the Crawfordsville District Public Library, is still in use today. The Crawfordsville Library was moved to a new location on South Washington Street in 2005 after the old building became too small for the growing collection. The old library is now the home of the Carnegie Museum of Montgomery County, a museum dedicated to the history of Montgomery County. The other Carnegie libraries include: Waveland-Brown Township Public Library, Darlington-Franklin Township Public Library and Linden-Madison Township Public Library. There is also the Ladoga Clark Township Public Library, but it is not a Carnegie building.

Brown - Clark - Coal Creek - Franklin - Madison - Ripley - Scott - Sugar Creek - Union - Walnut - Wayne

Alamo - Crawfordsville - Darlington - Ladoga - Linden - New Marker - New Richmond - New Ross - Waveland - Waynetown - Wingate

Balhinch - Bowers - Browns Valley - Cherry Grove - Deer's Mill - Elmdale - Garfield - Lake Holiday - Linnsburg - Mace - Parkersburg - Shannondale - Smartsburg - Wesley - Whitesville - Yountsville

Beckville - Binford - Fredericksburg - North Union - Troutman

County Seat: Crawfordsville
Year Organized: 1823
Square Miles: 505.44


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Online Records

Biographies Marriage Index
Birth Index Marriage Notices
Birth Notices Military
Books Miscellaneous
Burial Index Museums
Cemeteries News/Brevities
Census Data Newspapers
Churches Obituaries
County History Photographs
Court Records Pioneers
Death Index Post Offices
Directories Schools
Disasters Societies
Divorce Index Stories
State Executions Tax Lists
Historical Landmarks Townships
Land Records Wills
Maps Past Updates
Website Updates:

Land Records: Sale of Sinking Fund Lands
News: Marriage MOUNT-BELL
Wills: Montgomery County Wills - Book A



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Where to find information in Montgomery County, Indiana

Crawfordsville District Public Library
205 S Washington St.
Crawfordsville, IN 47933
Genealogy Club of Montgomery County
205 S Washington St.
Crawfordsville, IN 47933
765-362-2242 x 118
Montgomery County Clerk
100 E. Main St
Crawfordsville, IN 47933
Montgomery County Health Department
110 W. South Blvd
Crawfordsville, IN 47933
(birth and death records)
Linden-Madison Township Historical Society
P.O. Box 154
Linden, IN 47955
Montgomery County Historical Society
P.O. Box 127
Crawfordsville, IN 47933
Montgomery County Historian
Dian Moore
963 E County Road 200 North
Crawfordsville, IN 47933

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Surrounding Counties
| Fountain | Tippecanoe | Clinton | Parke | Putnam | Boone | Hendricks |


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