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Welcome to Morgan County, Indiana
History and Genealogy

Morgan County Courthouse in Martinsville, Indiana

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Morgan County was established February 15, 1822. Martinsville is the county seat. Morgan County is divided into 14 Civil Townships. First settled in 1822 by Joshua Taylor, Judge Gray, Jacob Cutler, G.W. Preston, Dr. Sims and others; by 1849 it contained a population of about 600. As of 2005, the population was 69, 778. The Mooresville area and surrounding communities received large numbers of southern Quakers, driven to migrate because of their opposition to slavery. Paul Hadley, a Mooresville resident, was the designer of the current Indiana flag, as well as a locally prominent water color artist in the early twentieth century.

Morgan County was named for Revolutionary War General Daniel Morgan, who defeated the British at the Battle of Cowpens.

Morgan County is located near the geographical centre of the State, and contains about 291,800 acres of land and is watered by the White River, White Lick Creek, Mud Creek, Big Indian Creek, Stott's Creek, Clear Creek and Burnett's Creek. Mooresville is the 2nd largest town, and has a population of nearly 1,600. The founder of this place, who is well known to the people of the State, is still an active citizen. The county is well supplied with good schools and churches. There have been great improvements made in this direction during the last five years. The public improvements of the county are in advance of some other counties. This is a good agricultural county. It has 133,615 acres of improved land, producing annually 330,000 bushels of wheat, 6,500 bushels of rye, 50,000 bushels of potatoes, 229, 355 pounds of butter, about 10,000 tons of hay, and over 60,000 pounds of wool; besides thousands of dollars worth of vegetables. The value of improved land in the county is over $9,000,000. The raising of livestock is a profitable pursuit in this county. The farmers are a thrifty class of people, distinguishing themselves by their industry and their love for public improvements.

The first building used for Morgan County courts was the log house of a pioneer. Work began in 1823 to build the first courthouse, a two story log house. A brick courthouse replaced it in 1833. The Morgan County courthouse was designed by Isaac Hodgson in the Italianate style. It was built from 1857 to 1859 by Perry M. Blankenship of Martinsville at a cost of $32,000. Originally it was almost identical to Hodgson's Jennings County courthouse in Vernon, which was also begun in 1857, but the Martinsville building received an addition in the 1970s; the original section was also remodeled and renovated at that time. The building is of red brick with white stone quoins and has tall windows with round arches, arranged in pairs. it is one of the few remaining pre-Civil War courthouses.

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