EDWARD WILLIAM BRAY, pioneer of Orange County, Ind., was born June 5, 1820, and is a son of John H. and Hannah (Shelton) Bray, natives respectively of North Carolina and Virginia, who moved to Kentucky and were there reared; they had four sons and eight daughters, and came to this State in 1815, into this county in 1823, and finished their lives in this township--he in 1875, aged ninety-six, and she in 1873, aged eighty-four years.  Edward W. Bray is well educated, and was a teacher, from his twenty-third to his twenty-eighth year, in the public schools.  November 5, 1840, he married at Belleville,
Ind., Lucy Jane Gilmer, to which union were born ten children, Mary E., Hannah A., Eunice A., Sarah E., Mildred (deceased), John W., Thomas W., Henry, Alexander Gilmer and Shelton.  In 1876, Mr. Bray was elected Justice of the Peace of this township, and was re-elected four years afterward.  He is an active Republican and an original thinker, having taken out a patent for an improved shuttle;  he is also active in Sabbath-school labor.

DAVID W. BREWER, dealer in groceries, hardware, glass and queensware at Monrovia, was born in this county June 16, 1835, and is the second child of Henry and Sarah (Hadley) Brewer;  the former a native of West Virginia, the latter of North Carolina, and both of English descent.  David was reared to farming, and soon after his majority married Maria L. Rennard, who died August 22, 1876, leaving two children, Cynthia and William A.  March 31, 1879, Mr. Brewer married Mattie M. Vihman, who died October 6, 1882.  In August, 1861, Mr. Brewer enlisted in Company A, Thirty-third Regiment
Indiana Volunteers, served three years, and was taken prisoner at Thompson's Station, and confined sixty days in Libby Prison;  afterward paroled, and fought in many battles, as Buzzard Roost, Resaca, Peach Tree Creek, Kenesaw Mountain and others.  After his discharge, he engaged in farming near Monrovia;  was afterward engaged in the produce business, and in 1879 entered the livery business until 1882, with a branch at Mooresville, and in 1883 returned to Monrovia and engaged in his present business.  Mr. brewer cast his first vote for Gen. Fremont in 1856.  He is a member of the I. O. O. F.

JAMES A. BRICK, of Monrovia, was born in this county August 6, 1845, and is the fifth of eleven children born to William and Sarah (Graves) Brick, natives of Ohio.  When he was sixteen years of age, he left the home farm, and enlisted in Company H, Thirty-third Indiana Regiment, in which he served three years, and then became a veteran.  He was taken prisoner at Thompson's Station, was confined thirty-two days in Libby Prison;  was then exchanged, returned to active duty, and was with Gen. Sherman in his historic march to the sea;  then sailed for Fortress Monroe, and was discharged at Indianapolis July 18, 1865.  Mr. Brick was sunstruck at Peach Tree Creek. After coming home, he engaged in farming, but was compelled to abandon labor on account of impoverished health.  August 6, 1865, he married Jane Brewer, which union was cemented by five children--Anna Eliza, Mary F., Minnie J., Elsie D. and Ella M.  Mr. Brick controls a good and well-improved farm, is a successful agriculturist, and a worthy citizen.  He is a member of the G. A. R., and of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and Mrs. Brick of the Friends' Society.

REV. JOHN BRUNER, A. M., is a son of Elias and Jiney (Tarrant) Bruner, natives respectively of Virginia and North Carolina, and of German and English descent.  He was born in Monroe County October 31, 1828, whither his parents removed in 1820, and settled on a tract of Government land, where they remained until 1835, when the mother died;  the father died in 1871 in Arkansas.  Rev. Mr. Bruner was reared to farming, and, after some study and preparation, became a teacher, as which he served about two years.  In 1853, he entered Asbury University, and graduated therefrom after six years, with
the degrees of A. B. and A. M., an attainment which he secured unaided.  He desired at first to become a lawyer, which, however, he gave up for the ministry of the Methodist Episcopal Church, receiving for his fist years's service the sum of $142, and was ordained Deacon in 1862.  His first charge was Bloomington, in which he was very successful.  He has now a record of admissions amounting to 1,000 persons.  April 5, 1860, he married Rebecca S. Mason, which union gave being to nine children, Mary (deceased), Belle, Mason, Frank, Maggie, Anna L., Burke, Hugh and Maud.  Rev. Mr. Bruner is a
member of the Masonic fraternity.  He was assigned to the charge of Monrovia City in 1883.

JOHN BUNDY was born in Perquimans County, N.C., August, 1805, and is a son of Jeremiah and Elizabeth (Lowe) Bundy, natives of North Carolina, and of English extraction.  John Bundy was reared on a farm to industry and usefulness.  March 10, 1831, he married Mary, daughter of Jesse and Mary (Morris) Moore, and this union was productive of the following children: William P., Samuel C., Jesse M., Daniel W., Martha E., Sarah J., Semirah E., Mary D. and John E.  In 1858, Mr. Bundy moved to this township, and purchased 120 acres near Monrovia, where he yet resides.  He is a practical farmer, a Republican, and he and family are birthright members of the Friends' Society.  J. E. Bundy, son of John Bundy, is a native o Guilford County, N.C.;  was born May 1, 1853, and was reared like his father to the farm and industry.  In boyhood, he devoted much time to the art of drawing, in which he has made much proficiency;  he has also painted many model and valuable works in oil, as well as being engaged in giving instruction in this divine endowment.

JOHN M. DAVISJ is a native of Henry County, Ind., and the fourth son of John and Lydia (Davis) Davis, natives respectively of North Carolina and Virginia, and both of Scotch extraction.  Our subject first saw the light April 4, 1836;  spent the first twelve years of his life in Henry County, at which period his parents moved to Wabash County, where he lived until he was thirty years of age, when his mother died, and where his father yet lives, aged ninety-four years.  September 16, 1857, our subject married Eliza J., daughter of Abraham Nordyke, and with an issue of eight children, Alice, Sabinus A., Marietta, Evington E., Albert L., Leoto, Ulyssus and Elmer (deceased).  In 1865, Mr. Davis moved to Hendricks County, was engaged in mercantile business at Plainfield, and in 1870 he came Monrovia, where he
has been engaged in manufacturing drain tile.  Mr. Davis has acquired his property and business position by his unaided industry and energy.  He is a much respected citizen, and he and wife and children belong to the Society of Friends.

ALLEN HADLEY (deceased) was born August 14, 1828, and was the seventh of thirteen children born to John B. and Elizabeth Hadley, the former having died October 12, 1845, in his forty-seventh year;  the latter December 22, 1858, in her fifty-ninth year.  They were natives of North Carolina, located in Morgan County, founded a home and lived until their deaths, both members of the Friends' Society.  Allen Hadley was a native of this township, where he grew to manhood.  March 20, 1851, he married Nancy  T., daughter of Eli and Cecilia Townsend, to which union were born three children, Cecilia A., John F. and Allen.  After his marriage, he followed farming, and continued the same until his decease, September 10, 1881.  He was owner of 166 acres of improved land;  a birthright member of the Friends' Society, a Republican and a Prohibitionist.  Mrs. Hadley resides on the farm owned by her husband, near Mooresville.

DANIEL C. HADLEY, farmer, is a native of this township, was born March 1, 1834, and is the eldest of the five children of Hiram and Louisa J. (Carter) Hadley, both being natives of the "Old North State."  Daniel was reared on a farm, working and going to school, and later he attended college at Richmond, where he obtained a good education.  January 23, 1857, he married Sarah J. Ballard, which union gave being to three children, Byron, born November 9, 1857;  Arthur J., June 18, 1860; and Lizzie D., May 14, 1863. Mrs. Hadley died October 6, 1869, in her thirty-second year.  Mr. Hadley, afterward married his second wife, Sallie W.., widow of Clark Hadley.  Mr. Hadley is an enterprising farmer, and the owner of a home and farm comprising 185 acres, well cultivated, and under good improvement.  He is a Republican by political preference, and he and wife are members of the Society of Friends.

EVAN HADLEY was born in Chatham County, N.C., September 26, 1816, the year in which Indiana was admitted to the Union.  His father, James Hadley, died in 1843;  his mother, Mary Hadley, died in 1874.  In 1819, the parents came to Orange County, this State, where a number of relatives and acquaintances had settled within a few years, and after the harvest of 1820 James Hadley and others made a careful examination of a large portion of the "New Purchase," selected land in the White Lick country, and bought at the public sale at Terre Haute.  The settlement of this land is thus described by Evan Hadley:  "As father had with his brother Eli  Hadley been first to leave his native State, he was first, with a brother-in-law, John Jones, to move to the newer part of the country, where many of their friends and relatives expected to follow as soon as circumstances permitted.  So they loaded the two families and provisions for the winter in wagons, and set out for the promised land, accompanied, as I have heard my parents say, by seven men, including a hand that father hired, to stay and assist in clearing land for a crop the next season.  This hand assisted my father seventy days, and they cleared and fenced ten acres of ground and raised a corn crop on it the next season.  The wagons and emigrants arrived on the twentieth day of eleventh month, 1820, at the cabin of Thomas Ballard, near where the William Macy brick house now stands, and by the kindness of the newly formed neighbors, the women and children obtained shelter with them, and the men of the party proceeded to camp on my father's land, being the quarter section adjoining south of the Macy farm.  They entered at once on the work of building a cabin for a residence, and in seven days they had a house completed with stick and clay chimney, cracks well stopped, door, shutter, floor, and all complete without a nail, pane of glass or scrap of sawed lumber;  what light there was when the door was closed came down the chimney;  the family and assistants took possession and proceeded to housekeeping in a comfortable manner, and the men all joined in the erection of a smaller cabin on an adjoining tract of land, for the use of Uncle and Aunt Jones, before mentioned, which was soon completed, when those who came to assist returned to Orange County, taking the wagons and teams with them.  A few families had 'squatted' on some tracts of land the previous spring, and had partially cleared some patches of ground, and had raised a small supply of soft corn, pumpkins and squashes.
I remember two families of Ballards, McCrackens, Virtrees, Lockharts, Barlows, Reynolds and perhaps others, all of whom have long since disappeared, except Thomas Lockhart, who, something over ninety years old, resides in Hendricks County.  In the spring following, father and his hired hand walked back to Orange County for the team and wagon and stock, of which there were cattle, sheep and hogs, some assistance coming back with father to help get the stock along. An additional supply of provisions was also brought out;  a cow and a young calf had been procured from a neighbor, which had supplied a much needed article of diet for some of the children, and I have heard my mother say that cow did as well without feeding any as others have done since with plenty of food given them.  Some of the hogs 'went wild;'  the old ones being ear-marked, gave a right by law of custom  to a 'wild hog claim,' and the proprietor of the 'mark' was justified in taking what he could capture that herded with those of his mark, as the addition was supposed to be the natural descendants of the original marked ones, and sometimes by strategy all would be decoyed into a kind of trap pen by finding where they bedded in winter, and erecting the strong pen near the place, then continuing to place corn around and leave it for them to find it until they would follow it into the pen, and by interfering with a bait, properly arranged, spring the trap, and find themselves confined, when the young would be marked, and thus perpetuate the claim.  Wolves were some trouble to the sheep, but as the wool was indispensable for winter clothing, much care was taken to protect sheep by housing them of nights, and at times wolves howl around the sheep house very tumultuously when disappointed by being unable to reach their prey.  Wolves were sometimes caught in strongly constructed pen traps, by baiting with the fresh carcass of sheep which they had recently killed.  Summer clothing, bed cords and plow lines were sometimes made from the lint of the native nettle, after the woody portion had became sufficiently tender to be separated from the lint in the same manner that flax is prepared for spinning.  I recollect a visit from a large black bear to our house, or near there, where he stopped when passing, sat down on haunches like a dog does, and elaborately viewed the surroundings for some time, turning his attention towards the house, where he could see the persons, though my mother and the children were all there were at home at the time.  Late in the evening, too, some of the children were a good deal alarmed, but mother did what she could to convince us that there was not likely to be any danger, at any rate when we were in the house.  After satisfying his curiosity, he deliberately walked away in the same direction he was going when he stopped, as though he knew where he was going;  After he was gone, mother went to my uncle, William Hadley's, about a quarter of a mile, and informed him of our visitor;  he procured some company hastily and attempted to pursue with a view of capturing or at least attacking "Bruin," but it soon became so dark that the chase was abandoned.  Bears frequently in the fall of the year, and especially when there was a good crop of mast, came in quite plentiful, but were seldom killed, as there were few, if any, expert bear hunters amongst the settlers.  I remember seeing a few young bears after they were killed, but never saw a grown one caught or killed.  Deer were plentiful, and in winter would come around the clearings and pick buds form the green brush, but were very shy of exposing themselves to danger, so that it required considerable strategy to secure them, though many were killed and furnished a very agreeable change of diet.  Wild turkeys were abundant, and I suppose all the families had considerable supplies of that luxury in the fall and winter.  After corn crops had become plenty,  and some remained in the fields till winter closed in, so as to shut off access to the mast in the woods, both turkey and deer would congregate in the cornfields, when turkeys could be caught in rail pens, by building a few rails high, and covering the top with rails, then making a narrow ditch from the outside through under one side to the inside, coming up toward the middle;  a few rails were placed over it next the wall of the pen then bated by sprinkling shelled corn in the ditch clear through to the inside, and some was scattered around on the ground outside to first arrest their attention;  when they had used up what was scattered around, they would follow the trail through the ditch to the inside, and as soon as they would discover they were enclosed, they would devote themselves to active efforts to escape through the openings between the rails of the walls and overhead, and when the proprietor of the pen discovered them, he would readily capture them by placing a man or boy inside (I have been used for that purpose), who would catch and hand them out.  A few panthers and wild cats or catamounts infested the country and did some damage by destroying young stock, but nearer, that I know of, attacked any person.  During the first year, there was no use for mills, as there was nothing to grind;  all provision was brought from older settlements.  The first mill was built where McDaniels' Brooklyn Mill now is;  that served to grind corn;  the buhrs were cut out of native bowlders. A mill was early built by Joseph Moon at the present Moon Ford, which had a bolt to separate bran from flour;  the customer had to do his own bolting by turning a crank similar to the operation of turning a grind stone.  He also had to elevate the ground flour from the flour chest on the lower to the the third floor, by hand, to the hopper of the belt.  My father sowed an acre or two of wheat about the second year, which made a crop of very poor grain, on account of the wild, green nature of the soil;  he had some of it ground as corn, and sifted by a fine hair sieve, and from this flour our first native wheat bread was made.  The people became quite anxious for religious association, and the Friends first met in voluntary meetings for worship in 1822, if I mistake not, at the cabin of Asa Balas, on what is now the Moon farm;  in 1823, they obtained authority, according to their rules, from the organized superior meetings in Washington and Orange Counties to organize religious meetings in these parts, which was done, and they have from that beginning originated all the meetings of that order in Central, Northern and Western Indiana and Eastern Illinois.  My father and his brother-in-law, Jones, before spoken of, with their families, were the first members of the Friends' Church who settled in Central Indiana.  The Methodists (Episcopal) had some religious services in the neighborhood of the present White Lick Church of that denomination, perhaps a little earlier that the Friends had.
The education of the children of the new settlement early claimed attention, and a cabin for the purpose of a schoolhouse was built near where R. R. Scotts brick dwelling now stands in Mooresville, and Asa Bales was the first teacher.  This schoolhouse at first was designed to accommodate both sides of White Lick, but as the crossing was often difficult then as well as now, and as the settlement on the south and west of the creek soon increased sufficiently to sustain a school on that side of the creek, in 1824 the original Sulfur Spring Schoolhouse was built, and school was opened in it by my father, who taught several terms of three or six months, counting thirteen weeks of five days' school to each week for three months;  the schools were paid for by the patrons by subscription of about $1.50 per scholar for three months.  I omitted to mention in connection with the introduction of milling another device for preparing grain for bread now out of use, called a hominy mortar, made usually by burning out of the top of some solid green stump, a bowl shaded cavity, which was dressed out smooth after burning to a sufficient size;  a post was then placed at a suitable distance for the mortar, and a spring pole placed on the top of the post or fork;  a pestle was then fastened to the end of the pole over the mortar, then the corn was placed in the cavity, and the pestle brought down on it with a sudden jerk, when the elasticity of the pole would immediately jerk the pestle up.  So, by oft repeating this operation, the corn would be mashed into good hominy, and sometimes could be made into bread.  A water-power hominy mill was sometimes erected by balancing a considerable beam, leaving one end heavier that the other.  A cavity was made in a substantial block and placed solidly under the heavy end of the beam, water was then conveyed by a small race across some creek of a branch, and conveyed by some kind of spout into a trough prepared in the light end of the beam, till the weight became sufficient to lower that end and lift the other up till sufficient water ran out to reverse the balance of the beam, when the pestle would down on the corn with forcible effect, and thus the operation would continue as long as was necessary.  In conclusion, I might state I have continuously resided within six miles and less of the place where my father first located, and I think I have had the longest residence in that White Lick part of the county than any now living.  My father's family are all gone to the next world, except a sister, who has long resided in the West.  I might further say that my wife, who was Mary Ann Ballard, daughter of Jesse and Sarah Ballard, both deceased, was born in Monroe Township in 1826, and has continuously resided in the township ever since, and is believed to be the oldest native born person in the township."

JAMES D. HADLEY, farmer and stock raiser, is a native of Chatham County, N.C., was born August 30, 1807, and is the eighth of the nine children of Jeremiah and Ruth (Maris) Hadley, also natives of North Carolina, who moved to this State about 1823, located in this township, and entered 720 acres of Government land, on which they lived and died.  James began the struggle of life on the home farm, and obtained what education he could command from the public schools.  October 1, 1831, he married Matilda Morris, of North Carolina, and to this union were granted the following children:  Esther (deceased), Ruth, Eli (deceased), Martha J. (deceased), Enos (killed in the late war), Eli A., Martha  J. and Nathan  R.  Mr. Hadley is the owner of a good farm of 120 acres, and has been owner of 600, much of which he has given to his children, and all of which he acquired by well-directed industry and frugality.  He is a Republican in politics, a liberal gentleman, an upright citizen, and, with his wife, one of the adherents of the Society of Friends.

LOT M. HADLEY, pioneer farmer and stock raiser, is a native of Chatham County, N.C., was born February 15, 1811, and is the youngest of the nine children of Jeremiah and Ruth (Maris) Hadley.  Lot M. came to this State in 1823, when the family located on Government land near Mooresville.  Mr. Hadley lived to be about eighty years of age, and Mrs. Hadley to be within four years of one hundred.  Lot M. received a fair education, which he has continually improved by study and reading.  January 1, 1832, he married, in this township, Eunice Haydock, of North Carolina, which union produced six children, Nathan, Asenath, Ann (deceased), Amy, Julia and  Jared C. (deceased).  After the death of Mrs. Hadley, July 5, 1867, Mr. Hadley wedded, March 4, 1868, Sophia Crawford, by which marriage he became the father of two children, Arthur M. and Estrella B.  Mr. Hadley is a Republican, and was once a Whig.  He was one of the founders of the Farmers' Bank at Mooresville, and is now a Director and one of the finance committee.
He has also a good farm of 130 acres, where he resides.  He is a member of the Friends' Society, as was his first and is his second wife. Samuel Hadley, a pioneer farmer of this township, was born in Randolph County, N.C., January 1, 1811, and is the third of the six children born to John and Hannah (Allen) Hadley, both natives of North Carolina, and respectively of Irish and English extraction.   Samuel was reared on the farm, and attended the subscription schools, and studied so as to be prepared for teaching, which he followed until 1835, when he came by horseback and located at Monrovia, Ind., and the following winter taught school here.  He afterward engaged in mercantile business for some twelve years.  March 18, 1839, he married JANE CLARK, who died eleven years thereafter, and after he wedded, in 1852, Eliza W., widow of Jesse Reynolds, to which union was born one child, Jesse H.  Mr. Hadley is a practical farmer, owning 177 acres of well cultivated and improved land, containing
good residence, barns, fencing, orchards, etc.  He is now a Republican, but gave his maiden vote for Henry Clay in 1832.  He has been School Examiner, and has held the office of Postmaster of Monrovia.  Mr. and Mrs. Hadley are members of the Society of Friends.

SAMUEL HADLEY, a pioneer farmer of this township, was born in Randolph County, N. C, January 1, 1811, and is the third of the six children born to John and Hannah (Allen) Hadley, both natives of North Carolina, and respectively of Irish and English extraction. Samuel was reared on the farm, and attended the subscription schools, and studied so as to be prepared, for teaching, which he followed until 1835, when he came by horseback and located at Monrovia, Ind., and the following winter taught school here. He afterward engaged in mercantile business for some twelve years. March 18, 1839, he married Jane Clark, who died eleven years thereafter, and after he wedded, in 1852, Eliza "W., widow of Jesse Reynolds, to which union was born one child, Jesse H. Mr. Hadley is a practical farmer, owning 177 acres of well cultivated and improved land, containing good residence, barns, fencing, orchards, etc. He is now a Republican, but gave his maiden vote for Henry Clay in 1832. He has been School Examiner, and has held the office of Postmaster of Monrovia. Mr. and Mrs. Hadley are members of the Society of Friends.

WALTER HADLEY is a native of this county, was born June 10, 1857, and is the third child comprising the family of Hiram and Juliana (Painter) Hadley. Our subject was reared to farming, and obtained a good common school education, having been for a time at the high school at Jennings, and a student of Earlham College, at Richmond.  November 15, 1878, he married Louisa A., daughter of Silas and Rebecca (Holaway) Portis, and a native of North Carolina, to which union were born three children, Julie E., JACOB E and an infant.  Mr. Hadley is a practical farmer, has a good place adjoining Monrovia, which is well cultivated and handsomely improved, having good fencing, orchards, etc., and generally stocked with horses, cattle, sheep and hogs.  He is Republican as a voter, and a member of the Methodist Nixon  Henley, Trustee of Monroe Township, was born in Randolph County, N.C., October 30, 1846, and is the second of the eight children of John and Asenath (Hadley) Henley, natives of North Carolina, and of English extraction.  Nixon was reared to the farming business, but received a fair education, which he improved until he was competent to teach, and that duty he followed with satisfaction for thirteen years, farming during the summer seasons, but abandoned the same after being elected Township Trustee.  April 16, 1869, he married Alida C., daughter of Evan and Mary Ann Hadley, which union gave issue to five children, Lena, Everette Evan, Phebe A., Sibbie and Ruth Angie.  Mr. and Mrs. Henley are birthright members of the Society of Friends, under the rules of which they were married.  Mr. Henley is a practical farmer, and owns 160 acres, with good improvements, and furnished with residence, barns, and containing fencing, orchards, and the like;  he has also a stock of Poland China hogs, short-horn cattle, and long wool sheep, some of which are imported from Canada.  Mr. Henley is a straight out Republican, and has been township Trustee for two terms.  He is likewise a member of the I. O. O. F.

JOHN S. HUBBARD, farmer and stock raiser, was born September 22, 1811, in Stokes County, N.C., and is the third of the nine children of George and Nancy (Shields) Hubbard, natives of  North Carolina.  He was reared on a farm, and in 1826 emigrated to Indiana with his parents, who located in Wayne County;   moved to Morgan County in 1830, and purchased the site of Monrovia, where they remained until their deaths, in 1865 and 1866 respectively.  After his majority, John S. Hubbard worked as a laborer until able to pay for eighty acres;  he also entered forty, which he prepared for cultivation.  February 29, 1836, he married Abigail Henshaw, a union cemented by four children, Jesse, William, John I. and George E.,  all soldiers in the late war.  Mrs. Hubbard died in 1865, and November 15, 1866,
Mr. Hubbard married Catharine Day, which marriage was crowned by one child, Mary B.  Mr. Hubbard is the owner of 230 acres, well cultivate, stocked, improved and appointed.  He is a Republican, and voted first for Henry Clay, in 1832.  He has served three terms as Justice of the Peace, two as Commissioner, five as Notary, and has also been Township Trustee.  Mr. and Mrs. Hubbard are members of the Friends' Society, advocates of temperance, workers in all charities, and highly respected in their community. Nathan E. Hubbard was born in this township February 24, 1840, and is the fourth of the nine children of William B. and Ludah (Vestal) Hubbard, natives of North Carolina, and of English extraction.  William B. Hubbard settled in this county in 1827, where his parents had entered land.  Here he lived and made a home for his family, and at the age of fifty three laid down his useful, quiet life;  his wife survived him about six months. Nathan was reared to the life of a farmer, but received a fair education;
attended the Bloomingdale Academy, became a teacher, and followed the same about seven years.  October 15, 1863, he married Elizabeth A., daughter of Uriah Ballard, of North Carolina, a union which gave being to five children, William B., Ludah E. (deceased), Byron C., Homer S. and Edith E. Mr. Hubbard is a Republican, and has served as Township Trustee.  He gives his time and attention to stock raising and farming, and has a magnificent place of 324 acres, in good and profitable condition.  He is a respected and worthy citizen, and he and wife are connected with the Friends' Society.

DAVID B. JOHNSON, dealer in  hardware, groceries, stoves, glass and queensware, is a native of this county, born July 9, 1851, and is a son of Thomas A. and Elizabeth (Jessup) Johnson, natives of North Carolina, and of English extraction, who emigrated to this State in 1830, locating in Wayne County until 1831, when they moved to this county and entered eighty acres. David B. Johnson was reared a farmer, and became a teacher in the public schools, and followed the same successfully for three years, when he took up the mercantile business with his brother;  then he went to Illinois for a time, after which he returned and united with Mr. S. Phillips, in Monrovia, which association was continued for three years;   he then became a partner with Hobbs & Johnson, and in 1883 succeeded to the business, having
successfully continued the same onward.  November 15, 1867, Mr. Johnson married Hattie Carter, with an issue of one child Howard (born April 20, 1883).  He has been a  successful merchant, a member of the I. O. G. T., is a Republican, and first voted for Gen. Grant.  He and wife are members of the Friends' Society.

EDWIN JOHNSON was born in this township April 14, 1833, and is the fourth of five children of Ashley and Lydia R. (Rhodes) Johnson;  the former a native of North Carolina and the latter of Ohio.  Ashley Johnson emigrated to Indiana when sixteen years old, and located in Wayne County, where he lived, married and entered land for a home.  He died in 1870, a member of the Friends' Society;  his wife survives him and resides in Iowa.  Edwin Johnson remained on the home farm until April 20, 1854, at which time he married Miss Asenath Hadley, of this county, of which union four children were the issue, Elizabeth A., Eudora, Lydia Alice and Joseph.  Mr. Johnson owns and manages an excellent farm, comprising 127 acres of improved and well appointed land, having a good residence, barns, orchards, etc., and thoroughly stocked with horses, cattle sheep and hogs.  Mr. Johnson is a Republican, a Prohibitionist, and he and wife are birthright members of the Society of Friends.

PHILIP JOHNSON was a native of Stokes County, N.C., was born June 21, 1804, and died in this township January 19, 1879.  His parents, William and Elizabeth Johnson were natives of North Carolina, came to this State in 1818, settled at Richmond, remained some years and then moved to this county, where they finished their useful lives.  Philip was brought up to the importance of a farmer's life, with some attendance at the subscription schools, and in 1828 settled upon land near Monrovia entered by his father. July 25, 1827, he married Martha S. Hubbard, which union gave issue to nine children, of which number are living Emeline, Eliza, Mahlon and Mahala (twins), and George H.  Mr. Johnson was for many years of his life an Elder in the Friends' meeting, and for twelve years an Overseer.  He left his
family a full competency for the needs of the present life.  He was a consistent Christian, a benevolent and liberal gentleman, and an honored citizen.

AARON D. LINDLEY was a native of Chatham County, N.C., was born March 1, 1827, and died October 18, 1878.  His parents were David and Mary (Hadley) Lindley, natives of North Carolina, who moved to this State and located on a tract about fourteen miles from where is now Monrovia, whence, in 1865 they moved to Iowa, where the father died in 1877, but his widow is still living. Aaron was reared to farming, received some education from the common schools, and afterward attended Earlham College for a time.  He devoted his life to agriculture, and died where he had passed his days.  September 20, 1849, he married Martha Painter, of Ohio, which union gave birth to six children Jacob P., Samuel (deceased), Mary (deceased), Irwin D., and Howard.  Mrs. Lindley died April 11, 1864, and on the 12th of September, 1865, Mr. Lindley wedded Sarah Maxwell, of Wayne County, and to this union was born one child John M.  Mr. Lindley was a birthright member of the Friends' Society.  He left his family well provided for, and his farm has been well managed by his widow.  He was a worthy and progressive citizen, and made great effort to have the Indianapolis & Sullivan Railroad
completed, but did not live to see that enterprise consummated.

GEORGE A. LONG was born in Hendricks County, Ind., July 21, 1850, and is the second of the four children born to Avington F. and Esther (Elliott) Long, natives of Indiana.  Mr. Long died in this township July 1,1859, a member of the Christian Church, and father of four children.  Mrs. Long is now living at Gasburg, a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church.  George A. Long worked on a farm, and went to school during boyhood.  He also labored in a saw mill;  in 1878 he purchased a half interest in said mill, which was destroyed in 1881.  Soon after the mill was rebuilt, Mr. Long became proprietor in self, and is now doing a thriving business. He is also manager of a threshing machine.  Mr. Long has been solely dependent  on his own exertions for his success and attainments.  He is a Republican, and a
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

JOEL C. MCCLELLAN is a native of Kentucky, was born June 16, 1822, and is the second of the ten children of William and Elizabeth (Cline) McClellan, respectively of Irish and German extraction, who emigrated to this county in 1836, and located in Mooresville, where Mr. McClellan followed his trade that of tanner for considerable time.  He then moved to Monrovia, and soon after purchased land and cleared a farm, on which he resided until his death in 1844, a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, as is Mrs. McClellan, who is yet living at Lake Valley.  Joel C. was reared in that town, and from the common schools obtained a good education.  When he was fourteen years old, he went as an apprentice to carpentering, at which he served three years, and became a journeyman.  November 7, 1844, he married Eliza N. Johnson.  No children have followed this union.  Mr. McClellan is an upright man and a worthy citizen.  He is a member of the Masonic order, a Republican in politics, and, with his wife, a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, of which he has been many years a class leader, and assisted in organizing the first Sabbath School at Monrovia in 1881.

JOSEPH M. MCCOLLUM, farmer and stock raiser, was born in Randolph County, N.C., April 4, 1828, and is the fifth of the seven children of Joseph and Mary (Hobson) McCollum, natives of North Carolina, and respectively of Scotch Irish and English extraction.  Joseph was reared to farming in his native State, and attended the subscription schools.  He remained with his parents until his majority, and with the family emigrated to Indiana in 1849, and located in this county, where he worked on a farm and in a saw mill.  February 26, 1852, he married Miss Matilda, daughter of William and Rachael Weesner, to which union succeeded six children, Delphna, Elmira, Mary Jane, Lousia, John L. and Joseph.  Mrs. McCollum is a birthright member of the Friends' Church.  Mr. McCollum is a practical farmer, and controls 285 acres of improved land, having a good residence, fences, orchards, etc., and well stocked with horses, cattle, sheep and hogs.  He is a Republican voter, and is a charitable gentleman and a respected citizen.

P. THOMPSON, dealer in dry goods, groceries and general merchandise, was born in North Carolina, December 1, 1850, and is the eldest of the eight children of Thomas and Margaret J. (Tate) Thompson, natives of North Carolina, and of English extraction.  Our subject grew to manhood on the farm, and received some rudimentary instruction from the common schools. His parents having moved to this county, they purchased a farm, which they afterward sold and removed to Hendricks County, there, too, purchasing land. After farming, our subject, in 1881, engaged in mercantile business, in which he has continued with much success.  March 17, 1881, he married Julia Kellum, a member of the Society of Friends.  Mr. Thompson is an efficient and diligent business man, a good citizen, and a truly self made man.

WILLIAM O. THOMPSON, stock raiser and farmer, was born in Orange County, N.C., November 17, 1825, and is the twelfth of the fifteen children of Abel and Martha (Hadley) Thompson, natives of North Carolina.  William O. was reared on a farm, and attended the subscription schools of the time, where from he received a fair education.  Shortly after his majority, he emigrated to Indiana, and located in this township, where he has continued to reside.  He devoted his time to farming, and manages a good farm of 400 acres, well improved, stocked and appointed, a valuable property and home;
he has also considerable stock in the Bank of Mooresville, all made by his own application and direction.  April 29, 1852, he married Mary Ann, daughter of Isaac and Rosanna Marshall, to which marriage were allotted six children Abel, Anson H., Atlas M., Martha R., Lydia J., and Sarah E.  Mr. Thompson is Republican in politics, and an esteemed and worthy citizen.  He and wife are members of the Methodist Protestant Church of Antioch.

JOHN WEESNER was born in Orange County, N.C., May 14, 1835, and was brought by his father, Josiah Weesner, to this State in 1838;  he is of German extraction, paternally, and a descendant of Michael Weesner, who settled in North Carolina about the middle of the eighteenth century.  He was reared a farmer and also learned to be a carpenter.  He acquired a fair education at the school in Hopewell, at the Allen Schoolhouse, West Union, and at No. 6, now called the Gasburg School, supplemented with one term at the Friends' Manual Labor School, and subsequently taught a public school.  November 15, 1866, he married Jane Allen, daughter of Charles Allen, and shortly afterward purchased a few acres off the northeast corner of his father's farm, erected a carpenter shop, and engaged at his trade lumber dealing being now a part of his business.  In 1864, he was commissioned Postmaster at the new office of Gasburg, a position he has held ever since.

JEREMIAH L. WELMAN is a native of Oldham County, Ky.;  was born June 10, 1831, and is a son of Andrew N. and Elizabeth (Williams) Welman, natives respectively of Virginia and Kentucky.  His father having died, his mother and family moved to this county in 1845, where he has since lived, and where his mother died August 1, 1883, in her eighty fifty year.  Our subject was reared as a farmer, and followed the same until he was thirty five years of age.  March 20, 1856, he married Elzina Lewallen, a native of Kentucky.  Mr. Welman began the carpentering business in 1863, and devoted himself thereto for about ten years;  and then, coming to Monrovia, engaged in the furniture and undertaking line, which he has continued without competition.  He owns a comfortable residence and good business property.  August, 1861, he enlisted in Company A, Thirty third Indiana Volunteers;  served about eleven months, and was discharged from physical disability, having contracted typhoid fever in the service.  Mr. Welman is Tiler of Monrovia Loge, 261, A., F. & A. M.

DAVID WILSON is a native of North Carolina, and was born December 10, 1835. His father resides in Monrovia, Morgan County, where our subject grew to manhood.  April 19, 1861, David enlisted for three months, and afterward joined the Eleventh Indiana Regiment, and served three years.  He participated at Fort Henry, Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Vicksburg, and with Gen. Banks in the Gulf campaign.  The regiment re-enlisted as veterans in 1864, served under Gen. Sheridan, and was afterward assigned to duty at Fort Henry.  The regiment was also on duty in Georgia when Jeff Davis was captured.  He was slightly wounded at Cedar Creek, and left the service with the rank of Captain in August, 1865.  August 8, 1867, he married Miss Samantha, daughter of Gideon Johnson, one of the founders of Monrovia.  Two children were born to them, one of whom is living Otis G.  Mr. Wilson has given attention to the study of law, and was admitted to practice in 1870; he now, however, gives all his attention to his farm.  He has served three terms as School Trustee, and, in 1880, he was nominated on the Republican ticket for Representative in the legislature, being elected by 310 votes. He was appointed Chairman of the Committee of Fees and Salaries. Mr. Wilson is a highly respected citizen.

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