PORTER COUNTY, INDIANA
NEWSPAPER ARTICLES
Train Wreck

OVER THIRTY DIE IN TRAIN WRECK AT PORTER, IND. New  York  Central  Flyer Cuts Through Derailed Train.
TWENTY-SIX   BODIES FOUND Unofficial Report Places Death List As High As Fifty. TOWERMAN BLAMED, JAILED Many  Bodies  Unrecognizable; Number Injured Unknown.
PORTER, Ind., Feb. 27,—Between thirty and forty persons were reported killed and an unknown number injured tonight  when a westbound New York Central train crashed into a derailed east bound Michigan Central train here in what railroad  officials said may be one of the most disastrous wrecks in history.
Michigan Central officials placed the number of dead at more than thirty, while unofficial reports made the death list as high  as fifty.
The towerman of the Michigan Central was arrested Immediately after the wreck, officials saying they believe he had left a switch closed, causing the derailment of the east-bound train.
The Michigan  Central train left Chicago at 5:03 p.m. bound for Toronto Canada. It was cut In half by the west bound flyer, and both engines plunged down an embankment.
Both N Y C Enginemen Dead
Both enginemen of the New York Central train were killed. The engineer was Claude Johnson, of Elkhart, Ind. Five bodies  were recovered near the debris of the two engines.
It is believed that virtually all of the dead were in two of the Michigan Central coaches which were demolished when the New York Central train hit it.
The only dead known on the New York Central train were the two enginemen. The engineer of the Michigan Central is  missing. It was reported that he leaped  from his cab when he saw the oncoming New York Central train.
Officials Blame Towerman
The tracks of the two railroads Intersect here at a sharp angle, being almost parallel. The Michigan Central train believed  to have  started across the intersection and then to have been derailed. The towerman was blamed by railroad officials for allowing the Michigan Central train to attempt to cross ahead of the west-bound train.
A few persons living at this junction point immediately began work of rescue, using lanterns In their search for the dead  and injured. Relief trains arrived from Michigan City and Chicago about an hour after the wreck carrying nurses and doctors.
The victims were taken to Gary and to Michigan City.
List of Identified Dead,
The list of identified dead follows;
Claude Johnson, engineer of the New York Central train, Elkhart. lnd.
Carl Deland, fireman of the New York Central train, Elkhart Ind.
Mrs. Barney Kramer. Michigan City, lnd.
Mrs. Harry Kramer, Michigan City, Ind.
—Rosenwald, High School teacher at Michigan City.
—Heck, traveling salesman, of Chicago.
At 10 o'clock, 26 bodies had been recovered from the wreckage and railway officials were of the opinion that the total death list might exceed forty five,
Twenty bodies were taken to Chesterton, Ind., and four to Michigan City, lnd. in automobiles.
Some Bodies Unrecognizable
Identification of many of the bodies was.impossible because of their mangled condition.
There were no physicians here and first aid was given the injured only by passengers,
The scene of the wreck is at the exact spot where the Hagenheck-Wallace Circus train wan demolished and approximately eighty persons killed several years ago. The circus train was running on the New York Central tracks and the Michigan Central train crashed into it.
Passenger Describes Wreck,
CHICAGO. Feb. 27.—The injured passenger on the New York Central train which crashed into a Michigan Central train at Porter, Ind., were brought Into Chicago on a special train late tonight.
John H Gelhart. of Oakpark, Ill., one of the New York Central Passengers, gave a graphic description of the wreck as follows;
"The first Intimation we had of the disaster came when our train began to Jerk and Jump when the emergency brakes were suddenly applied.
'"The next moment the windows were shattered by bits, of wreckage and there was a terrific grinding as we ploughed through the other train. Women began to scream and I found myself lying alongside the track.
"We crowded out of the wreckage as best we could.  On all sides were people, lying on the ground, some dead and some injured. Many of the bodies were badly mangled."
"Every one was running around frantically, flames and clouds of steam were shooting from the engines but wreckage of the cars did not catch fire.
"The trainmen quickly obtained axes from the cars and armed with these, the passengers helped in the work of recovering the bodies.
"There was little we could do for the Injured but we tried to make them comfortable until the rescue trains arrived."
Date 1921-02-28; Paper Macon Telegraph

FORTY ARE KILLED IN TRAIN WRECK LIST IS GROWING
Forty Are Known to Have Been Killed in Diamond Crossing Train Wreck at Porter, Ind.
M.C. ENGINEER BLAMED BY CROSSING TOWERMAN
Charge is Made That Michigan Central Engineer Ran Past Signals Onto Path of New York Central.
Porter, Ind, Feb, 28—The death list in the Michigan Central - New York Central wreck here reached forty today with the recovery of four additional bodies from the wreckage and reports of deaths of two of the
injured at Michigan City, Ind.
Thirty-six of the mangled and mutilated bodies were laid out in the Chesterton undertaking rooms, a mile and a half from Porter
About one-half of the bodies had been Identified. Because of the mangled condition of many of the bodies Coroner W.O. Seidel was doubtful if many of the bodies could be identified
Responsibility for the wreck was today placed on the shoulders of W. P. Long engineer on the Canadian by Joseph Cook, operator of the signal tower at the crossing. An examination of the block signal system showed that the two blocks were set against the Michigan Central engineer.  His fireman said that he saw the signals set but that Long failed to slow down.
The fact that the derail was set and the train slid from the rails as it shot across the Intersecting New York Central tracks, proved to the satisfaction of most investigators that the towerman, Joseph Cook, had given the New York Central train a clear track and signaled the Michigan Central to stop.
Date: 1921-02-28; Paper: Lexington Herald

Signals Were Set Against Train on Michigan Central; Relief Operator Exonerated of Blame. Death List in Crash at Porter
LIST OF VICTIMS PORTER Ind., Feb. 28 -(By the Associated Press.)—A complete checking up by railroad officials and the coroner of the bodies In the Chesterton morgue at 9 o'clock tonight revealed that there were not more than thirty
seven known dead in the Michigan Central New York Central wreck last night.
The discrepancy between this count and the one of more than forty previously announced by Coroner H. O. Seipel was found to be due to the mutilated condition of some of the dead. In some cases a body badly mangled had been counted as two.
The List or Dead Follows
Mrs, Richard Eva, Jackson, Mich,
L. A. Heck, Chicago,
Frank Wayne, Milwaukee,
Sam Livingston. Chicago,
Mrs. Florence Fleming, Kalamazoo, Mich.
Mr. and Mrs Jack Muller, Crescent City, Ill.
Roy E. Greenwood, Kanakee, Ill.,
Mrs. Justin Collins, London, Ont,
Mrs. Philip Goldstein, Detroit.
Mrs. F. W. Langin, Jackson, Mich.
Howard Arnoy, Cleveland, O,
Mrs. Emma Bevier, Augusta, Mich.
Mrs. Florence See, Michigan City, Ind.
Pearl May Cavanaugh, age 8.
Mrs. Lillian  Baehr, Michigan City, Ind..
Arthur E. Eckman, age 2,
Justin Collins, London, Ontario.
Gordon Campbell, Revelstoke, B.C.
Philip Goldstein, Detroit,
Carl Deland, Elkhart, Ind,, fire-man. New York Central train.
W. G.  Engler, traveling on pass.
Claude Johnson, Elkhart, Ind., engineer. New York Central train,
Peter Cain, Regina, Sask., Canada,
Mrs. Barnhart Kramer, Michigan City, Ind.
Mrs. Frederick Schwier, Michigan City, Ind.
Three-year-old son of Mrs. Frederick Schwier,
Mrs. A. H. Van Ryper, Michigan City, Ind.
A. H. Van Ryper, Michigan City, Ind.
J. W. Baker, El Paso, Illinois.
Mrs. Sarah Moss, Denver, Colo.
Miss Fannie Ballou, Kalamazoo, Mich.
A revised list of persons missing was Issued tonight as follows:
Miss June Campbell, stenographer, Michigan Central division superintendent, Jackson, Mich,
T. J. Campbells (address unknown but supposed to be relative of Miss June Campbell or Gordon Campbell).
Mrs, — McCrary, Chicago, III
 —, McCrary, Chicago, III.
____Woolen, Detroit, Mich.
Mrs. Justin Collins, London, Ont., (husband killed).
Fred Liggett, Niles, Mich.
Mrs. George Baker, Michigan City, Ind.
Date: 1921-03-01; Paper: Macon Telegraph

43 Lose Lives in Train Crash at Porter Ind. Railroad Men Assert Signal Was Set Against Michigan Central Train Hit
PORTER, Ind. (By the Associated Press)—The last body Monday night was believed to have been removed from the debris of the wreck Sunday night when a New York Central train cut in two a Michigan Central flier at the Intersection of the two lines here, but identification of the dead was progressing slowly. The official death list stood at 43, but little more than a score of these had been Identified positively. Several other   bodies were partly identified.
Only one part of the debris remained to be searched Tuesday—the twisted hulk of the New York Central engine which tore through the wooden Michigan Central passenger coach with such force that it was buried several feet in the earth.
Monday night 41 of the dead had been taken to the little furniture store morgue in Chesterton, one mile away, and the other two had been removed to Michigan City. Trainmen and citizens continued in their belief that Joe Cook, substitute signal operator on duty Sunday night, had closed the crossing against the Michigan Central train and opened It for the New York Central train. Trainmen pointed to cuts in tho Michigan Central ties as proof that the train had been derailed by the derailing switch and then had climbed back on the track, when.it hit the "Diamond" at the intersection. Cook's statements were substantiated by his fellow worker, Charles Whitehead, also on duty in the tower.
LIST OF KILLED.
With the death list of Sunday night's wreck fixed at 42 not all of the .victims had been positively identified Monday night. The known dead are:
Howard Arnoy, Cleveland, O.;
Mrs. Emma Bevier, Augusta, Mich.;
J. C. Bavier, Augusta, Mich.;
Mrs. Florence See, Michigan City, Ind.;
Pearl Cavanaugh, S, adopted daughter of Mrs. See.;
Mrs. Lillian Baehr, Michigan City, Ind.;
Arthur E. Eckman, 2, nephew of Mrs. Baehr.:
Justin Collins, London, Ont.;
Gordon Campbell, Retelstoke, B. C;
Carl De Land, Elkhart, Ind., fireman - of N. Y. Central train;
W. G. Engler, traveling to Detroit;
Claude Johnson, Elkhart, Ind., engineer of N. Y. Central train;
Peter Cain, Regina, Sask.;
Mrs. Barnhart Kramer, Michigan City, Ind.;
Mrs. Frederick Schwier, Michigan City, Ind.;
three-year-old son of Mrs. Schwier; Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Van Hyper, Michigan City, Ind.;
J. W. Baker El Paso, Ill.;
Mrs. Sarah Moss, Montreal, Canada;
Miss Fannie Ballou, Kalamazoo, Mich.;
Philip Goldstein, Detroit, Mich.;
C. H. Goldstein.
Mrs. Philip Goldstein, Detroit, Mich.
Mrs. F W. Lang in, Jackson, Mich.
Mrs. Richard Eva, Jackson, Mich.;
L. A. Heck, Chicago;
Frank Wayne, Milwaukee, Wis.
Sam Livingston, Chicago;
Mrs. Florence Fleming, Kalamazoo, Mich.;
Mr. and Mrs. Jack Muller, Crescent City Ill.;
Roy E, Greenwood, Kankakee, Ill.;
Mrs. Justin Collins, London, Ont.
List of Missing-.
The list of missing follows:
T. J. Campbell (address unknown);
Mrs. McCrey, Chicago, Ill.;
—McCrey, Chicago, Ill.;
— Wooler, Detroit, Mich.;
Fred Liggett, Niles, Mich.;
Mrs. George Baker, Michigan City, Ind.
Date: 1921-03-01; Paper: Idaho Statesman

More than Thirty Killed When Trains Crash Scores Injured in Disastrous Wreck at Porter, Ind
PORTER, Ind., Feb. 27.—Between 30 and 40 persons were reported killed, land an unknown number injured tonight when a westbound New York Central train crashed into a derailed eastbound Michigan Central train here in which railroad officials said may he one of  the most disastrous wrecks in history.
Michigan Central officials placed the number of dead at more than 30. while unofficial reports made the dead list as high as 50.
The tower man of the Michigan Central was arrested immediately after the wreck, officials siting they believed he had left a switch closed, causing the derailment of the eastbound train.
Both engine men of the New York Central train.were killed. The engineer was Claude Johnson, of Elkhart, Ind. Fire bodies were recovered near the debris of the two engines. Fifteen bodies had been recovered within a few hours after the wreck.
Two Engine men Killed
It is believed that virtually all of the dead were In two of the Michigan Central coaches which were demolished when the New York Central train hit the mud.
The only known dead on the New York Central Train were the two-engine men.  The engineer, of the Michigan Central is missing. It was reported that he leaped from his cab when he saw the oncoming New York Central Train.
The tracks of the two railroads intersect here at a sharp.tangle, being almost parallel. The Michigan Central, train was believed to have started across the intersection and then to have derailed. The townsman was blame by railroad officials for allowing the Michigan Central train to attempt to cross ahead of the westbound train.
A few persons living at this junction point immediately began the work of rescue, using; lanterns in their search for the dead and injured. Relief trains arrived from Michigan City and Chicago about an hour after the wreck, carrying purses and doctors. The victims were taken to Gary and to. Michigan City.
The bodies taken to the Chesterton. Ind. morgue were Identified as follows;
CLAUDE JOHNSON, engineer of the New York Central train, Elkhart, Ind.
GEORGE DELANO, fireman of the New York Central train, Elkhart, Ind.
MRS. BARNEY CRAMER, Michigan City. Ind.
MRS. HARRY KRAMER, Michigan City, Ind.
W. G. ENGLER. Detroit Mich., aged 30: identified by means of a railroad pass,
MRS. RALPH ZEE; Michigan City. Ind., and her 8-year-old daughter.
____KEELER, former superintendent of schools, of Michigan City, Ind.
PETER CAIN, Regina Saskatchewan.
T. J. CAMPBELL, aged 18; address not learned.
MRS. PEARL CAVANAUGH. Michigan City, Ind.
MRS. FREDERICK SCHWIER. Michigan City,. Ind.
MR. AND MRS. ADDISON E. VAN RIPER, Michigan City. Ind.,
Death List May Exceed
The list of those seriously injured included; Louis Heck Jackson. Mich., salesman for a Chicago Arm; Miss ____ Rosenwald, school teacher, of Michigan City, home Chicago.
At 10 o'clock twenty-six bodies had been recovered from the wreckage and railway officials were of the opinion that the total death list might exceed forty Ave. Twenty bodies were taken to Chesterton, Ind., and four to Michigan City in automobiles.
Identification of many of the bodies was impossible because of their mangled condition. There were no physicians  here and first aid was given the injured only by passengers.
Scene of Previous Crash
The scene of the wreck is at the exact spot where the Hagenbaek- Wallace circus train was demolished and approximately eighty persons killed several years ago The circus train was running on the New York Central tracks and the Michigan Central train crashed Into It.
All of the dead and injured passengers were the occupants of a wooden combination baggage and passenger coach which was demolished.
According to railway officials, the disaster was caused by the failure of the engineer of the Michigan Central train to heed a block signal at the cross-over where the Michigan Central and New York-Central tracks Intersect
The block signal automatically set derailing switch. When the Michigan Central train failed to heed the signal against it, it struck the derailing switch and ploughed along the ties for 300 feet before it stopped with the wooden coach
directly on the track in front of the on coming New York Central, train. Which hit it squarely and then ploughed its way through the wreckage before it could be stopped.
The telephone operator at the local exchange gent out an emergency call and farmers for miles around gathered at the scene to aid in the work of rescue.
GIVES GRAPHIC DESCRIPTION
Passenger Tells of  Removing Bodies From wreckage
CHICAGO, Feb. 27.—The uninjured passengers on the New York Central train which crashed Into a Michigan Central train at Porter. Ind. were brought into Chicago on a special train late tonight.
John H. Gelbart, of Oak Park, Ill one of the New York Central passengers, save a graphic description of the wreck as follows:
"The first Intimation we had of the disaster came when our train began to jerk and jump when tho emergency brakes were suddenly applied.
The next moment the windows, were shattered by bits of wreckage and there was a terrific grinding as we ploughed through the other train. Women began to scream and I found myself lying alongside the track,
"We crowded out of the wreckage as best as we could. On all sides were people lying upon the ground, some dead and some Injured.  Many of the bodies were badly mangled.
Unhurt Aid In Rescue
Every one was running around frantically,   Flames and clouds of steam wreckage of the cars did not catch fire.
The trainmen quickly obtained axes from the cars and armed with these, the passengers helped in the work of recovering the bodies.
'There was little we could do for the Injured, but we tried to make them comfortable until the rescue trains arrived."
Word received at Michigan Central offices here at midnight said that 27 bodies had been taken from the wreckage and that not many more were believed Still hidden in the debris.
More than 100 injured, seriously and slightly, had been sent to hospitals at Chesterton.
Officials Make Announcement
The Michigan Central railroad officially announced tonight that between 50 and 40 persons had been killed in a wreck at Porter, Ind. An unknown number of persons were Injured, the officials said Relief trains were sent from here and Michigan City, Ind. The wreck occurred when train No. 20 on the Michigan Central derailed and collided with a New York Central train. The New York Central announced that two men on its train had been killed.
Porter, Ind,, is a railroad junction point 50 miles from Chicago. It is there that the New York Central Lines cross those of the Pere Marquette. The nearest cities are Gary and Michigan City, Ind. The tracks cross In open country and are visible for considerable distances from either direction.
Tho Michigan Central train No. 20, was officially known as the "Canadian," and was bound from Chicago to Detroit, although it carried through coaches for Toronto.
New York Central train No. 151 was known as the "Interstate Express** and was bound from Boston to Chicago. Both were practically solid Pullman trains.
Date: 1921-02-28; Paper: Lexington Herald

Valparaiso, IN.
Dec. 27,1898. the officials of this county will try during the coming session of the legislature to have a law passed providing for a way in which delinquent taxes may be collected better than under the present laws. At the present time the delinquent taxes in this county amount to $20,000, nearly 1/5th of which is due the State. There are several town lots in the north part of the county on which delinquent taxes are due from one to 5 years, and there is no way in which the taxes can be collected, as the lots will not sell for the taxes. In Portage and Westchester townships more than !0,000 town lots have been platted and nearly 2/3rds of them sold to non residents, who do not pay taxes, and unless some way is provided for the collection the county and State lose the amount. It is estimated that 3000 Chicago people own lots in this county and the same, to a much larger extent, is the case in Lake County.

Valparaiso, Ind.. Jan 27. - A sensation was created here to-night by the arrest of ex-Sheriff Heber Stoddard on an Indictment returned by the grand Jury, charging him with aiding in a criminal operation on Grace Crowell. of Burnet's Crossing. Carroll  county, Indiana, who died In Chicago in December. The Chicago Dispatch published a sensational article the last of December, charging Stoddard with murdering the girl. which was the ground for the Indictment. Public opinion is with Stoddard, who gave bail for his appearance.
Indiana Journal February 3, 1897

Columbus, Ind., Jan. 27 - Prosecutor W. H. Shea to-day filed an affidavit of information against Tunis Nading, a wealthy farmer and prominent citizen of St. Louis ; Crossing, preferred by Samuel Beepstadt and Burgess Pendleton, for buying votes at the November election. Judge Herd Issued a bench warrant for his appearance in court Berry M. Weeden who was also prosecuted some time ago for voting illegally. in the wrong precinct, came from Madison to renew his bond.
Indiana Journal February 3, 1897

The Indictment Quashed.
Valparaiso, Ind., Jan. 4.— In the case of John V. Park, passenger conductor, for involuntary manslaughter, in the Kouts wreck on the Chicago & Atlantic road. Judge Field to-day sustained the defendant's motion to quash the indictment. The state appealed to the supreme court. The judge decided that the present Indiana statute for criminal carelessness was deficient; that the indictment could not stand because it did not prove Park guilty of evil intent, and he could not be punished for mere omission of duty. [St. Paul daily globe., January 05, 1888 (Saint Paul, Minn.)] Contributed by Kim T.


VALPARAISO, Ind., Aug. 13.—Bishop Andrews, of the Methodist Church, to-day appointed Dr. Samuel Beck, of South Bend, presiding elder of the Valparaiso district, vice Dr. J H. Wilson, of this city, resigned because of poor health.
Date: 1896-08-19; Paper: Indiana State Journal

VALPARAISO, Ind., Aug. 12—Last night this vicinity was visited  with  the worst storm ever seen in the county. The rain flooded everything and  was accompanied by terrific lightning. Five houses and barns In this city were struck and slightly damaged, and In the county thirty barns were struck and several burned. David Wilson lost a large barn and 130 tons of hay. Loss, $3,000. Calvin Shinkle's barn and contents were destroyed, with a loss of $1,500. Several horses and cows were killed. The total loss In county is estimated at $150,000, with only slight insurance.
Date: 1896-08-19; Paper: Indiana State Journal

VALPARAISO, Ind., .Aug. 13.—The twenty-third annual commencement exercises of the Northern Indiana Normal School were held to-night in College Auditorium. Twenty-six hundred people were present, with many from neighboring States. Rev. John Husk, of Chicago, delivered the address. This has been the most prosperous year in the history of the school, the total number of graduates for the year being 1,571 in all the different departments, divided as follows: Classic, 21: scientific US: pharmacy. 47; music, 35; elocution, 17; commercial. 426; teachers, 525; phonography and typewriting, 234; kindergarten, 31; law, 50; art, 17; telegraphy, 7<». The graduates are from nearly every State and Territory. Following the address of Dr. Kusk degrees were conferred by President Brown.
Date: 1896-08-19; Paper: Indiana State Journal

New Trial Asked for Boy Slayer
VALPARAISO. Ind., March 2.— A motion for a new trial for John Mollick, 16 year old boy, who was convicted of second degree murder here yesterday will be heard by Judge Loring of the Porter County Circuit court Friday morning. Mollick was sentenced to life imprisonment for the killing of Mrs. Robert Stoltz, whom he is alleged to have murdered in November of last year.
The Logansport Morning Press March 3 1922

Knock Down the Hired Girl and Make a Hasty Exit,
Valparaiso, Ind. Sept 13.—Two prisoner broke jail here last night and made their escape. One was Del West, who has already served four terms in the penitentiary, and Charles Nearhufe, alias C. Monroe, who was arrested in Chicago about two weeks ago and brought here for burglarizing the jewelry store of Max Propp, at Kouts. They secured a key and, unlocking the jail door, ran out. The hired girl grabbed them and called for help, but was knocked down, and the prisoners made their escape. Nearhufe's relatives live near Wheatfield, Ind.
September 15, 1894

Ray Will Sue For False Arrest.
VALPARAISO, Ind., Jan. 27.—Several mouths ago Joseph Wolf, of Chicago, was arrested for robbing Farmer Grondahl's house near here. Thomas Hay, of Burdick, a suburban settlement, was found with Wolf and the stolen property was found on both. Wolf was found guilty a few days ago of robbery and sentenced to two years in the penitentiary, while Ray was discharged. Now the latter has engaged legal counsel here, and will inaugurate a series of half a dozen false imprisonment suits. Explosion of Natural Gas.
Elkhart Weekly Truth Feb 1 1894

Hammond Remains Un-annexed.
VALPAPISO, Ind., Jan. 21.—Friday Judge Biddle overruled the motion for a new trial in the Hammond land annexation case and entered judgment for Hammond. The defendants, East Chicago and others, were granted sixty days to file their bill of exception and twenty days to file their bond for an appeal to the supreme court.
Elkhart Weekly Truth Feb 1 1894

Found Guilty of Malpractice.
VALPARAISO, Ind., Oct 27-Dr. Charles C. Kellogg, formerly of Chesterton, Ind., was found guilty in the circuit court Wednesday of malpractice. Hugo Strahl was awarded $800 damages, he being made a cripple through the doctor's alleged blundering.
Date: Thursday, October 27, 1892  Paper: Elkhart Daily Review (Elkhart, IN) 
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