Although Posey county was unheard of in 1776 and the territory now comprising it had not yet been visited by white men, a number of men who afterward became citizens of the county fought in the Revolutionary war. Later when Tecumseh formed his formidable organization, a number of men who had settled within the boundaries of this county took part in the campaign under General Harrison that ended in crushing the Indians and driving them from the Wabash valley. Among those who enlisted from Posey county were: Thomas Allman, Thomas Givens, Adam Fisher and Ezekiel Kight, who were wounded in the battle of Tippecanoe. Jumes Duckworth was an ensign in the company of Captain Jacob Warrick and after all the commissioned officers had been killed the command of the company devolved upon the young Posey county officer, who bore himself with honor, and after his return home he was made major of the State militia. John Black was killed by a bullet through his head. Others from this county were William and Hugh Todd, Robert Jeffries, Timothy Downen and Thomas Duckworth.

So far as the West was concerned the War of 1812 was merely a continuation of the Indian troubles, which were only temporarily checked by the battle of Tippecanoe. It is probable that those who enlisted from Posey county assisted in the Indian campaigns which were a feature of the two-years war with England, it being the British policy to harrass the Americans by stirring up the border tribes against them.

After both British and Indians were conquered, the military organization was continued and regular musters were held at stated intervals, as explained in a previous chapter. The Posey county regiment was the Thirty-fifth Indiana in the early 'aos. There were two companies in Black township, commanded by Captains Harshman and Dunn. Other captains in the county were: W. A. S. Green, Alexander Mills, H. G. Lerton and Mr. Ellis. These musters were abandoned about 1833-

In 1836 a few Posey county men took part, notably among them Willis Edson, captain of a company. • The War of 1848 with Mexico called out an entire company from this county with Enoch R. James as captain and Alvin P. Hovey as first lieutenant. On account of the quota of the State being filled this company could not get in.

The Civil war opened with a great division of opinion in Posey county as to the right of the government to coerce a State, but from the outset Posey county was loyal to the Union and remained so during the entire war, sending all the able-bodied men to the battle field and enduring hardships at home for the old flag. Before the firing at Fort Sumter mass meetings were being held in all parts of the county and these were addressed by Union orators, so that when the call for men came from the President the Posey county boys were ready to take the field.

On April 22, 1861, the county board met in special session for the purpose of preparing the county for the emergencies of war. The governor was requested to deliver to the county its quota of arms, a sum of $2,000 was ordered paid to Enoch R. James, chairman of the vigilance committee to be used in protecting the citizens and their property by the purchase of arms and munitions of war. The county board at that time was composed of the following gentlemen : A. C. Williams, Josiah Forth and R. G. Thomas. They held another meeting on May 21 and a committee composed of Robert Dale Owen and Alvin P. Hovey was authorized to go to Indianapolis at the expense of the county and offer to advance $10,000 for the purchase of arms for Posey county and take State bonds for the amount. The Bank of Mt. Vernon was ordered to be indemnified for any moneys drawn by Owen or Hovey to make this advance to the State.

On April 15, 1861, Governor Morton, called the "war governor" of Indiana, had offered President Lincoln 10,000 men for the defense of the nation. On the same day the President issued his call for troops. The quota for Indiana was six regiments, comprising in all 4,683 officers and men. This quota was filled so quickly that only those near Indianapolis, the place of rendezvous, were able to get there in time to be accepted. Twelve thousand men were tendered in less than a week. In May the six regiments were transferred to the United States service under the call of the President May 3, for 42,034 volunteers for the regular army to serve three years. Posey county did not get in on this first quota of troops on account of its remote location from Indianapolis.

The first full companies of men from Posey county were in the Twenty-fifth regiment. These companies were A and F and they were mustered into service on August 19, 1861. Upon its organization in July Company A had the following men as its commissioned officers : George W. Saltzman, of New Harmony, captain ; Enoch J. Randolph, Mt. Vernon, first lieutenant; Absalom Boren, New Harmony, second lieutenant. Captain Saltzman was killed at the battle of Shiloh April 6, 1862. The following men subsequently became captain of this company in turn: Enoch J. Randolph, April 10, 1862; Absalom Boren, January 22, 1863; James P. Bennett, August 18, 1864; Gilbert M. Smith, August 25, 1864; George W. Ham, March i, 1865. Captain Bennett was commissioned three days after his death at Atlanta, Ga. Gilbert M. Smith was never mustered as captain, and was discharged as second lieutenant November 8, 1864. Those commissioned as first lieutenant during the entire service were: Absalom Boren, April 10, 1862; James P. Bennett, January 22, 1863 ; George W. Ham, August 25, 1864, and James P. Black, May i, 1865. The second lieutenants were: James P. Bennett, April 10, 1862; Gilbert M. Smith, January 22, 1863; William Todd, May i, 1865. The original enrollment was 100 men and the whole number of recruits was sixty-nine. Thirty-two died or were killed and four deserted. John Hugo was killed at Fort Donelson February 15, 1862, and Jacob Jordan and Henry Myer at Shiloh. Company F was organized with the following commissioned officers : Victor C. Larkin, captain ; Robert G. Shannon, first lieutenant ; Miles Wilsly, second lieutenant. Robert G. Shannon was commissioned captain on August 21, 1864, and John H. Oaks March 20, 1865. John H. Oaks was commissioned first lieutenant March 20, 1865, and Nathaniel Henderson June 5, 1865. For second lieutenant Rufus F. Larkin was commissioned September 4, 1862; John H. Oaks January u, 1865; Joseph Barrett May I, 1865. Robert G. Shannon was the only commissioned officer that was killed in the company. He was a veteran of the Mexican war and was wounded at the battle of Chapultepec. In the Civil war he was wounded at Hatchie River October '5, 1862; at Snake Creek Gap October 15, 1864, and at Bentonville March 21, 1865, dying March 23, 1865, from his latest wounds. The original enrollment of this company was 100 men. It recruited fifty-four men and lost sixteen. Albert Norcross and Seth Johnson were killed at Atlanta August, 1864, and John Ellis at Snake Creek Gap, October 14, 1864. Captain Larkin was commissioned major August 5, 1864.

The Twenty-fifth regiment was organized at Evansville July 17, 1861. In October of that year it marched with Fremont 240 miles in sixteen days. December 19 it assisted in the capture of 1,000 rebels on the Black Water, taking charge of the prisoners the next day and escorting them to St. Louis, where it remained until February, 1862, when it left to join the expedition against Fort Donelson. On February 13 it lost sixteen killed and eighty wounded. It occupied the fort after the surrender and remained there until March 5, when it went to Fort Henry, embarking at that point on the eleventh for Pittsburgh Landing, where it arrived on the eighteenth. It was actively engaged in the battle of Shiloh on the sixth and seventh of April, losing twenty-seven killed and 122 wounded. It then took part in the siege of Corinth, going from there to Memphis, where it was on guard duty till September 6. On October 5 it fought at Hachie river, losing three killed and seventy-six wounded. Six companies under Colonel Morgan were attacked at Davis Mill in Mississippi by General Van Dorn with a large force of mounted infantry, but the rebels were repulsed with a heavy loss. On February 29, 1864, the regiment reenlisted and soon after came home on a furlough.

Its next engagement of consequence was at Atlanta, Ga., where the loss was three killed, six wounded and four prisoners. On October 3 it left Atlanta in pursuit of Hood's army and engaged the enemy at Snake Creek Gap on the fifteenth, with a loss of nine killed and fourteen wounded. Returning to Atlanta, it was with Sherman on his march to the sea and on December 9 to 14 participated in the battle of Savannah, losing nine of its number. On January 4 it was transported to Beaufort, S. C., whence it moved to Pocotaligo, and on the thirtieth started for Goldsboro, N. C., and on the way was engaged in the battle at River Bridge on February 3 and 4, losing ten wounded and one captured. At Bentonville on the nineteenth it lost two killed, twelve wounded and two missing. It arrived in Goldsboro March 24, having completed a 5oo-mile march in fifty-four days. It marched to Raleigh, where it remained until the surrender of Johnson's army. The regiment was mustered out at Indianapolis in July, 1865.

The First Cavalry regiment of Indiana volunteers contained no less than three full companies of Posey county men. They were C, D and H, and were organized in the months of July and August, 1861. The first captain of Company C was John K. Highman, who was killed at Fredericktown, Mo., in November, 1861. Following him were Julian D. Owen, November 12, 1861 ; William W. McReynolds, January 13, 1863 ; James L. Carey, July 6, 1863. The first lieutenants were Josiah Forth, August 20, 1861 ; William W. McReynolds, November .12, 1861 ( resigned) ; Mark McCauley, January 15, 1862; William W. McReynolds, January 13, 1863 ; James L. Carey, January 13, 1863 ; Charles S. Randolph, July 6, 1863. Second lieutenants : Julian D. Owen, August 20, 1861 ; Mark McCauley, November 12, 1861 ; James L. Carey, January 15, 1862; Charles S. Randolph, January 13, 1863; George W. Richards, July 6, 1863. All these officers were from New Harmony and the entire company came from the northern part of the county. The original enrollment was seventy-seven men. Julian D. Owen was promoted lieutenant- colonel, Josiah Forth and Mark McCauley, majors of the First cavalry regiment. Lieutenant Randolph was murdered at Carrollton, La., in February, 1864, Alexander M. Fretageot died September 7, 1862, on the field, Elihu Robinson died in New Orleans in September, 1863, and John Williamson at Greenville, Mo. Four deserted.

The commissioned officers of Company D were as follows : Captains : Lyman W. Brown, August 20, 1861 ; George P. DeWeese, March 25, 1862; James B. Talbott, October 17, 1862; Orrison J. Kyler, April 2, 1864. First lieutenants : George P. DeWeese, August 20, 1861 ; James B. Talbott, March 25, 1862; Orrison J. Kyler, October 17, 1862; John D. Krousch, April 2, 1864. Second lieutenants : James B. Talbott, August 20, 1861 ; George W. Brown, March 25, 1862; Orrison J. Kyler, April 30, 1862; John D. Krousch, December 22, 1862. The original enlistment in this company was seventy-six men, eleven of whom died and eleven of whom deserted. It was recruited with twenty-five men in the time of its service. Charles Pabst, Thomas Asbury and Thomas Sny- der died at St. Louis; Lemuel Asbury, Charles Hinson and John H. Scott died at Pine Bluff, Ark. ; Samuel Atkins died at Pilot Knob ; John Goarty and William W. Marshall died at Helena, Ark. ; Dorastus Ruple died at Cairo, and Peter Winterath died at Indianapolis in 1864.

Company H was organized largely from the vicinity of Mt. Vernon. Its commissioned officers were : Captains : James H. Barter, August 20, 1861 ; John Harding, June 6, 1863. First lieutenants : Edward S. Hayes, August 20, 1861 ; and John Harding, December 18, 1861. Second lieutenants: John Harding, August 20, 1861, and Francis M. Great- house, December 18, 1861. Captain Barter resigned June 5, 1861, and Lieutenant Hayes December 4, 1861. There were seventy-seven men in the company, fifteen of whom died : Thomas Acuff, Thomas Chatsman, Benjamin Cook, Lowery Davenport, Lafayette Hall, George F. Huck, Charles Isenhart, Frederick Kemper, James McDeryman, George F. Majors, John Neely, Henry C. Sherbourn, William Stork, Conrad Thu- mire and Jonathan Topper. Those who were killed in battle or died of wounds were Thomas Acuff, Charles Isenhart and William Stork.

The First cavalry regiment was organized at Evansville and mustered into service August 20, 1861, with Conrad Baker as colonel. The first encounter with the enemy was September 12, near Ironton, Mo., when three companies had a sharp skirmish with the rebels. October 18 the regiment participated in the engagement at Fredericktown and in the charge that decided the battle it captured a piece of artillery and drove the enemy from the field. Major Gavitt and Captain High- man were killed in that charge. The regiment remained in the vicinity of Pilot Knob until the next spring, when it moved to Arkansas and on July 7 fought the -battle of Round Hill. For more than a year it remained at Helena and engaged in various expeditions from that point. It was then stationed at Pine Bluff. Company C, composed of men from the northern part of Posey county, had been detached as an escort to General Hovey and did not rejoin the regiment until just before its return home. This company was with Grant at Vicksburg, later joining the command of General Franklin in western Louisiana, returning to New Orleans in December, 1863. Here it remained until July, 1864, when it joined the rest of the regiment in Arkansas. The original members of the regiment were ordered to Indianapolis in August, 1864, and discharged in September. The recruits numbered thirty-eight men whose terms had not expired. Three of these were in Company A, reorganized, with James A. Pine, of Rockport, captain, and the others were all in Company B, reorganized, with Orrison J. Kyler, captain, William B. Ellsworth, first lieutenant, and Samuel L. Mellen, second lieutenant. In January, 1865, the regiment moved to the mouth of White river in Arkansas, thence to St. Charles on March 20, remaining there until June 24, when it was ordered to Indianapolis and was given honorable discharge.

In addition to these five companies furnished by Posey county in the early months of the war, a considerable number of men had entered the Fifteenth and Sixteenth regiments and the county never received due credit for these. Richard Owen, a famous scientist of New Harmony, was commissioned lieutenant-colonel of the Fifteenth, Michael W. Smith, of the same place, adjutant, and Daniel W. Nettleton became captain of Company C of the same regiment. Owen was promoted colonel of the Sixteenth regiment at its organization.

The home defense was also kept up. By the middle of June, 1861, seven companies had been organized for home defense. These belonged to the Indiana Legion, an organization in which Posey county had sixteen companies before the close of the war. They were known as the First regiment, First brigade of the Indiana Legion. Alvin P. Hovey was the first colonel, his successor being Colonel Enoch James, who was in turn succeeded by John A. Mann. A highly complimentary report was given out by the adjutant-general of the State concerning this regiment. It was well drilled and efficient, doing scouting duty, assisting in dangerous arrests, guarding prisoners and preventing guerilla raids on the border towns. Alarms were frequent on account of the presence of lawless bands roaming through Kentucky, and it was owing to the promptness and activity of the legion that depredations were prevented.

The First regiment was often called upon to do guard duty along the river. An instance of the efficiency of the members of the legion in Posey county is shown in the following account: Late at night on July 9, 1863, Colonel Mann received orders from Governor Morton to hold his command in readiness for action, with the result that by 10 o'clock the next morning seven companies were ready for action. In July, 1864, the regiment of Posey county guards was sent into Kentucky on an expedition under General Hovey.

The Twenty-fourth regiment, of which Alvin P. Hovey was made first colonel, also contained a few Posey county men. It was organized and mustered into service July 31, 1861. Among the Posey county men in this regiment were Richard F. Barter, a resident of Mt. Vernon, lieutenant-colonel of the regiment, later colonel of the One Hundred and Twentieth regiment; Charles Fitch, the chaplain; Charles Larch, a first lieutenant in Company C ; William S. Pollard, of Cynthiana, who became captain of Company K, and who at the reorganization of the regiment was made lieutenant-colonel. The regiment took an active part* in the war and was conspicuously engaged at the battle of Shiloh.

The Sixteenth regiment had three companies, B, C and E, which were composed almost entirely of Posey county men. Of the regimental officers, Colonel Richard Owen, Jesse Nash, major, and Eugene F. Owen, Horace P. Owen and Henry H. Hitchcock, adjutants, were all from New Harmony, while Major Wolfgang Hyne was from Stewartsville.

The men in the three companies were largely from the northern part of Posey county and many of the officers were from Wadesville and Stewartsville.

The officers, with the dates of their commissions, appear as follows: Company B: Captains: Wolfgang Hyne, November 18, 1861 ; Joseph B. Noble, December i, 1862. First lieutenants: Alfred Dale Owen, November 18, 1861 ; Joseph Noble, September i, 1862; George W. Fairchild, December i, 1862; Joseph A. Barrett, February 4, 1863; Jacob Haff, August 12, 1863. Second lieutenants: William M. Holton, November 18, 1861 ; George W. Fairchild, September i, 1862; Joseph A. Barrett, December I, 1862; James Cobble, February 4, 1863. Of Company C the captains were : Jesse Nash, November 22, 1861 ; Richard A. Wilsey, February 19, 1863; Courtland D. Slow, April 15, 1863; Alexander Stallings, September 30, 1863. First lieutenants. Richard A. Wilsey, November 22, 1861 ; Courtland D. Slow, February 19, 1863 ; Alexander Stallings, April 15, 1863; Isaac Wilson, September 30, 1863; second lieutenants, John O'Neil, November 22, 1861 ; Courtland D. Slow, November 15, 1862; Alexander Stallings, February 19, 1863. Of Company E the captains were: Henry F. Fitton, November 13, 1861 ; Walter E. Thrall, July 12, 1863 ; first lieutenants, Walter E. Thrall, November 13, 1863 ; Eugene S. Thrall, July 12, 1863 ; second lieutenants, Philip L. Cox, February 20, 1862. In Company I, Samuel H. Endicott became first lieutenant. The regiment was mustered into service March n, 1862.

The organization had been completed at Indianapolis and the regiment moved from that point to Louisville and thence to Lebanon, where it remained for a time and then went to Munfordsville. There on September 14 seven companies of the regiment were captured by Bragg's army. In November, 1862, they were exchanged and at once started for Memphis, joining the army of the Mississippi. The regiment took part in the battle of Arkansas Post, January 10, 1863. In the campaign against Vicksburg it moved from Milliken's Bend April 14, making rapid and fatiguing marches through swamps and in the scorching sun, and engaged in five desperately fought battles. It was among the first to enter Port Gibson May i, was in advance at Champion Hills on the sixteenth, and behaved with marked gallantry at Black River. It was in the siege of Vicksburg and took part in several skirmishes in the vicinity. In August it was transferred to New Orleans. November 3 the regiment was engaged in the battle of Grand Corteau Plains and soon afterward was with Bank's expedition up Red river. It was in the battle of Saline Cross Roads April 8, 1864, and at Carrion Crow Bayou, La., where its loss was heavy in killed and wounded.

Company B started out with ninety-six men, and in course of ts service recruited sixteen. Twenty-five died and seven deserted. The enrollment of Company C was 103, and recruits, sixteen. Twenty-nine died in the service and two deserted. Company E had ninety-seven men and recruited five. Sixteen died and seventeen deserted. Before the close of the year 1861 Posey county had more than 800 men in the service.

Even those at first opposed to the war manfully bore the burdens and not only went to the battle field, but those left at home cooperated with their neighbors to aid the families of those who had enlisted and to better the soldiers conditions. Clothing, socks and other comforts were provided by the women, who formed aid societies. A military hospital was opened at Mt. Vernon, and the county board voted $500 to assist in maintaining it.

In August, 1862, another company of Posey county men was organized. It was recruited at Mt. Vernon and became Company A, Sixty-fifth Indiana. Its officers were: Captains, Walter G. Hodge, August n, 1862; John M. Duckworth, June 24, 1864; first lieutenants, Moses Ashworth, August ir, 1862; John M. Duckworth, January i, 1864; William Wimpleberg, June 24, 1864; William P. Finch, April 6, 1865; second lieutenants, Barney York, August u, 1862; John M. Duckworth, October 9, 1863; William Wimpleberg, January i, 1864; William P. Finch, September i, 1864; Harrison C. Stout, June i, 1865. A few days after its organization the Sixty-fifth regiment engaged Adam Johnson's rebel force at Madisonville, Ky., with a slight loss. The companies were then distributed to various points in Kentucky, where they remained on guard duty until August, 1863. In this time the regiment had been mounted and attached to the cavalry. It took part in the following battles : Zolli- coffer, September 20, 1863 ; Blountsville, September 22, 1863 ; Rheatown, October u, 1863; Walker's Ford, Tenn., November 17, 1863; Bean Station, December 14, 1863, and the next day at Powder Spring Gap and a.t Skaggs' Mill. It was dismounted and joined Sherman's march to the sea. After a pursuit of Hood's army and engaging in several other battles and skirmishes the regiment was mustered out June 22, 1865. The company started out with ninety-seven men, was recruited with 16 men. Twenty- five were killed or died and five deserted. Captain Hodge was promoted lieutenant-colonel May 24, 1864, but his death occurred before he was mustered in as such. William Wimpleberg became adjutant of the regiment.

On August 4, 1862, came the fourth call of the Government for troops, asking for 300,000 men. Indiana had up to that time furnished 93,041 men, and the number yet required was 3,003. Posey county had furnished 1,343 soldiers, and if Robinson county had furnished thirty-four men, this county would have escaped the draft which took place October 6. In June, 1863, the Government called for 100,000 more men, under which Indiana was to raise four regiments. The number of men required were secured without delay. October 17, 1863, the President called for 300,000 men, the number being increased February i, 1864, to 500,- ooo, and on March 14, to 700,000. Of these Posey county was to raise 683 men and the required number were enlisted without resort to draft. However, the call for another 500,000 additional men, on July 18, 1864, made a draft necessary, and 186 men were taken from the county by this means.

Under the impetus of the call for volunteers in August, 1862, Company F of the Eighteenth regiment was organized in Posey county. Its officers were: Captains, Russell J. Showers, August 27, 1862, and James S. Epperson, July I, 1864; first lieutenants, James S. Epperson, August 27, 1862; Thomas S. Craig, June 24, 1864; John M. Wolfe, January 17, 1865; second lieutenants, James H. C. Lowe, August 27, 1862; Alexander R. Smith, January 30, 1863. The original enrollment of Company F was eighty-eight men, and the recruits numbered nineteen.

Twenty were killed or died and one deserted. At the battle of Perryville, one month after its organization, the regiment bore a conspicuous part and lost 150 men in killed and wounded. It remained in Kentucky and Tennessee until it started on the Atlanta campaign, in which it was engaged in all the important battles. It pursued Hood's army and was in the battle of Nashville. The regiment was mustered out June 22, 1865.

In the same month about 200 men volunteered for the Ninety-first regiment. Company A was entirely made up of Posey county volunteers, while Company D had fifty-seven and Company G thirty-eight from this county. The officers of Company A were as follows : Captains, James M. Carson, August 10, 1862; K. D. Wise, September 12, 1863; John Cor- bin, June i, 1864; first lieutenants, K. D. Wise, August 10, 1862; John Corbin, September 10, 1863; Bedford L. Farris, June i, 1864; second lieutenants, John Corbin, August 10, 1862 ; Enoch Snelling, September 12, 1863; Thomas J. Robertson, June I, 1864; Jacob Boucher, November i, 1864. The Ninety-first regiment performed duty in Kentucky until the winter of 1864. February 22 of that year Company A had a sharp skirmish with 1,200 rebels near Cumberland Gap. The regiment was with General Schofield at Pine Mountain, in the campaign around Kenesaw and Lost Mountain, took part in the Atlanta campaign, and pursued Hood as far as Nashville, and then went to North Carolina. It was discharged in June, 1865.

Under the call of October, 1863, two more companies were raised in Posey county. These were Companies A and K, Tenth cavalry, One Hundred and Twenty-fifth regiment. Company A was officered as follows: Captains, Sylvanus Milner, November 19, 1863; Thomas Claiborn, May i, 1865; first lieutenants, Thomas Claiborn, November 19. 1863; William F. Dixon, May i, 1865, and James H. Chaffin, June i, 1865; second lieutenants, William F. Dixon, November 19, 1863 ; James H. Chaffin, May i, 1865; James K. Vint, August 20, 1865. The officers of Company K were as follows: Captains, Dewitt C. James, January n, 1864; William H. Whitworth, June I, 1865; first lieutenants, Alexander G. Twigg, January n, 1864; Jenkin T. Hugo. June i, 1865; second lieutenants, Leonidas L. Walker, January 11, 1864; Edward A. Pitts, August 20, 1865.

The total enrollment of Company A was ninety-seven men, all but thirteen from Posey county. Twenty-one were killed or died, and five deserted. Company K had 101 men, all but twenty-two from Posey county. Thirteen died and eleven deserted. The Tenth cavalry was organized at Vincennes in the fall and winter of 1863 and 1864, but did not leave the State until the following May. It saw some hard service. In the vicinity of Nashville it engaged Hood's forces and was in several other battles, with an aggregate loss of three field officers and twelve men killed, forty-eight wounded, and seventy-five taken prisoners. On the other hand it captured from the enemy four stands of colors and 300 men, with officers and their arms. In the following winter it captured ten pieces of artillery, 150 officers and men and a supply train of 150 wagons and 500 mules. The regiment was mustered out at Vicksburg in August, 1865, and a little later was discharged at Indianapolis.

The last full company raised in Posey county was a company of 100- day men, known as Company G, in the One Hundred and Thirty-sixth regiment. Joseph Moore was captain, Ebe W. Murray first lieutenant, and James J. Parrett, second lieutenant. In all Posey county furnished the grand total of 3,000 men for the Civil war, a record of which every loyal citizen may still be proud. However, it should be explained that there were but 2,441 able-bodied men in Posey county at that time, and the total given represents the number of enlistments, many of the men enlisting twice and some of them three times, and being counted for each enlistment.

On April 25, 1898, the United States formally declared war against Spain, and on June 24, by direction of the war department, and under the President's second call for volunteers (issued May 25, 1898), to provide for Indiana's quota under said call, twelve new companies were ordered to report at Camp Mount. One of these companies had been organized at Mt. Vernon, by Capt. Winston Menzies, and composed mostly of Posey county boys. In response to this order, the company arrived by rail at Camp Mount, Indianapolis, July r. 1898, and was mustered into the One Hundred and Sixty-first regiment, Indiana infantry, United States volunteers, as Company B.

The following officers and men were members of this company : Captain, Winston Menzies ; first lieutenant, Asa E. Williams ; second lieutenant, Percy Welch; first sergeant, Mike Lowenhaupt; quartermaster sergeant, Frank Jones ; sergeants, Edward Works, Harold Stephens, William B. Fuhrer, Oscar T. Schultz ; corporals, Randolph J. Hovey, Charles A. Bennett, David Groves, Flairance W. Nash, Charles H. Miller, James H. Kreutzinger, Noble Moore, George R. Tingle, Charles F. Cox, John Summers, James Lance, John M. Harris; musicians, Harry M. Lord, Edward Lance, Morton Stalnaker; artificer, Samuel W. King; wagoner, Samuel Kahn ; privates, James Allen, Linwood Z. Alsop, George Bayer, Charles T. Berlin, Frank Bicker, Ralph T. Boren, Arthur Brokaw, George M. Bruce, James Cantrell, Benjamin F. Casey, Arthur Cawthorne, Levi Cooper, George Cox, George W. Cravens, James Crilley, Isaac N. Cunningham, Thomas Drear, Jacob Easmon, Calie Edwards, Samuel Estes, Peter Frohmann, Gustave W. Grabert, George Green, Jr., Charlie Hanks, George F. Harding, William S. Hayes, Richard Hill, Porter G. Holleman, Otta D. Houchin, Lemuel P. Jones, Andrew Keitel, John Kennedy, Ferdinand Koerner, Noah Kuykendall, John Lance, Oscar W. La Grange, Charles G. Maus, John W. Males, David R. Marshall, George McAtee, Floyd Meadows, Charles A. Miller, George A. Murphy, Orvel Murphy, Frank Newell, Arthur Nicholson, Charles Nuthmann, Floyd Ott, James Parke, Marion Farmer, John F. Pearson, August Pfeifer, George B. Phifer, Albert Pirnat, William M. Powers, Fred G. Reavis, Frank Re- denour, Robert R. Reed, Henry Rose, August E. Schaefer, Perry F. Singleton, Lafayette Sluder, Jay J. Smith, Henry Smith, William Stewart, Lyman Switzer, Harry T. Switzer, Samuel Spencer, William Trapp, Burl E. Turner, James K. Utley, Everett Vint, Peter Wallace, Edward Walter, Clarence E. W^ard, Jesse Weissinger, Michael Welsh, Thomas A. Westfall, Harry Williams, \Villiam Woerner, Otto Wehr, Harvey Yeager, Harold C. Bays, Smith Hoge, Nelson Norton, Walter Baldwin ; cook, William L. Corkin.

The company left Camp Mount, Indianapolis, Ind., by rail, August II, 1898, in command of Col. Winfield Durbin, arriving at Camp Cuba Libre, Ponoma Park, Fla., at 7 145 a. m. August 14, 1898. The company remained in camp at Camp Libre, Ponoma Park, Fla., from August 14, 1898, to October 23, 1898, inclusive ; they broke camp on the morning of October 23, 1898, at 10:30 o'clock, boarded cars at Cummer's Switch and arrived at Savannah, Ga., October 24, 1898, at 10:30 a. m., a distance of about 150 miles, via Savannah, Florida & Western railroad. It remained in camp at Camp Onward, Savannah, Ga., from October 24 to December 12, 1898, inclusive, and broke camp and loaded on transport Mobile December 12, 1898, and sailed on the morning of December 13, 1898, for the Island of Cuba, arriving at Havanna Harbor, Cuba, December 15, 1898, and remained on board the transport until December 17, 1898. The company then disembarked and marched nine miles to camp near Marianar, Cuba. They participated in a march from Camp Columbia, Cuba, to Havana, Cuba, and was reviewed by Major-General Brooks January i, 1899; remained in Camp Columbia, Cuba, from December 17, 1898, until March 29, 1899, inclusive, when they embarked on the transport Logan, arriving at Savannah, Ga., Quarantine Station on the morning of March 31, 1899, and at camp near Savannah, Ga., at 10:30 a. m. March 31, 1899, and was mustered out April 30, 1899.

Source:, scanned image History of Posey County, Indiana By John C. Leffel Published by Standard Publ. Co., 1913