Switzerland County, Indiana
County was organized formally October
Vevay is the County Seat.
Switzerland County is divided into 6 Civil Townships
Cotton * Craig * Jefferson
Pleasant * Posey * York
Where To Find Information In Switzerland County Indiana
(For Birth & Death Certificates
from ca. 1882)
803 East Main Street, P.O. Box 14
Vevay, Indiana 47043-0014
(For Marriage and Divorce Records)
212 W. Main Street
(For Land Records)
212 W. Main Street
205 Ferry Street
210 East Market Street
(P.O. Box 201)
Vevay, Indiana 47043
212 W. Main
SWITZERLAND COUNTY HISTORICAL AND
The first settlement within the
limits of Switzerland, of which any definite account can be obtained,
was made by Heathcoat Picket, who settled above Plum creek, about three
miles above Vevay, in 1795, where he built a cabin and remained for
several years. There being an abundance of game, his family were always
supplied with meat. The bread was made from corn ground in a hand mill.
The family consisted of the father, mother, two sons, and one daughter.
They all endured severe privations, and often narrowly escaped the
dreaded tomahawk of the treacherous savages. In 1798 the Cotton and
Deckason families settled on Indian creek, about three miles from the
Ohio river, some distance from Vevay. In 1799 Robert Gullion settled in
the Ohio river bottom, above the mouth of Loglick creek.
In 1796 John James Dufour, a native of Switzerland, Europe, explored
the country along the Ohio river between Cincinnati and Louisville,
seeking a suitable location for the future homes of himself, his son,
four brothers, three sisters, and a few of their associates who were
desirous of coming to America to introduce the cultivation of the vine.
He finally located between Indian and Plum creeks, and entered, under a
special act of congress, about three thousand acres of land, at two
dollars per acre, with interest, on a credit of twelve years — the
extended credit being given for the purpose of encouraging the
cultivation of the vine and making domestic wine. " The colonists,
numbering seventeen souls, embarked for the United States in January,
1801, and landed at Norfolk, Virginia, in May of the same year. They
began arriving at their destination, New Switzerland — the name given
to their new settlement — in 1803, and by 1809 they had built
comfortable log houses, cleared considerable land, planted orchards and
vineyards, and commenced making considerable quantities of wine, which
in the market was always known as " Vevay wine'."
In November, 1813, John Francis Dufour and Daniel Dufour laid out the
town of Vevay — the lots being sold at public sale. This sale was quite
successful, many persons from neighboring settlements being present and
purchasing liberally. In the spring of 1814 persons from Ohio,
Pennsylvania and New York commenced settling in the new town. The site
of the town, for the most part, was lying in a very heavy timbered
tract of land, and it required much hard work to clear off the timber
and build houses. The county was organized in 1814, and the county seat
was located at Vevay.
The hardships of the early settlers of Switzerland county may be
imagined, from the fact that from 1803 to 1813 the settlers within the
limits of the county were in continual dread of being attacked and
massacred by bands of hostile Indians. As a means for better protection
against surprise by the Indians, several families would meet at night
at the house of one of the number, and while the women and children and
part of the men retired to rest, part of the men kept watch with loaded
guns. Through these precautions, but few, if any, persons ever met
their death at the hands of hostile Indians in that county.
Immediately after the organization of the county it began to increase
in population, and from 1816 to 1822 towns were laid out in different
parts of the county, and the general scene was that of activity,
industry and thrift. In 1815 James Mclntire laid out the town of Erin,
opposite Carrollton, Ky., but was unsuccessful in his attempts to
attract population at that point. In 1816 Peter Demaree laid out the
town of Allensville, which for some time promised to become an
important point. It is now a pleasant village. Thus we
might name several towns that were laid out in that county in
1816-17-18, etc. In short, its progress was fully up to the best
counties in the State.
The farmers of the county are a very industrious, moral, hard-working
people; most of them have gained an independence, and are now enjoying
the fruits of their labors, having excellent residences, while their
children enjoy the best of schools. Hay is the great staple of the
county, and has been exported with great profit. The county is well
timbered with the very best quality of wood, and the farmer has all the
opportunities and advantages for success. Switzerland county has not
increased in population as rapidly as in wealth. Its villages are all
established on a firm footing, and its commerce And agriculture are
Switzerland County, Indiana needs
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Declaration Of Intentions To Become Citizens, 1858-1860
records prior to 1951
Obit To This Site
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