Tipton County, Indiana
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Tipton County Courthouse

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History of Tipton County

General John Tipton

Murders in Tipton County

Notable People Tipton County

Tipton County, Indiana

Tipton County was named in honor of General John Tipton, a distinguished citizen of the State. Tipton is the county seat. It has good railroad advantages, and its public improvements are in a good state of progress.

Before the arrival of non-indigenous settlers in the early 19th century, the area was inhabited by several Native American tribes, the Miami and Delaware. The county was officially established in 1844 and was one of the last Indiana counties to be settled.

The first murder to take place in the county was in October 1851. Harvey Moon stabbed Andrew Hombeck, with a knife, to death. Moon went to Indianapolis for his trial because a jury was unable to be successfully secured in Tipton County. He was sentenced to five years in prison. He escaped prison and was never seen again.

The first Tipton County Courthouse was a two-story frame building. It was planned in early 1845 and was completed by the end of the year at a cost of about $1200. It was expanded the following year. By 1858, a new courthouse was needed, and the brick building was completed by 1859 at a cost of approximately $15,000.

The present courthouse was designed by Adolph Scherrer. He had taken over the Indiana Statehouse project when architect Edwin May died in 1880; five years after the completion of that project in 1888, Scherrer began work on the Tipton building, which was built of sandstone in Romanesque style with a clock tower that rises 206 feet above the ground, including the flagstaff on top. It was built by Pierce and Morgan of Indianapolis during 1893 and 1894 at ta cost of $170,988. It is one of several Romanesque courthouses dating from the 1890s that are still in use.

Most of the county consists of level till plain with elevations from 850 feet to 900 feet above sea level. Prior to settlement by non-indigenous people, it was mostly covered with dense forests consisting of oak, beech, maple, walnut, hickory, sycamore and tulip tree. The southern part of the county has better natural drainage, and this area was first cleared for agriculture. Much of the rest of the county tended to be swampy due to the level ground and lack of sufficient natural waterways, so drainage channels had to be dug to make the land suitable for farming.

There are four incorporated settlements in the county. The largest is Tipton. Located near the center of the county, it is the county seat; the population in 2010 was 5, 106. Kempton is located near the western border in Jefferson Township and has a population of 335. The town of Sharpsville is located near the northern border, in Liberty Township; its population is 607. Wildcat Township contains Windfall City, which had a population of 708. The city of Elwood lies in Madison County to the east and extends slightly over the border; as of the 2000 census, seven Elwood residents lived in Tipton County.

Cicero - Jefferson - Liberty - Madison - Prairie - Wildcat

Elwood - Kempton - Sharpsville - Tipton - Windfall City

Curtisville - East Union - Ekin - Goldsmith - Groomsville - Hobbs - Jackson - Nevada - New Lancaster - Normanda - Tetersburg - West Elwood


County Seat: Tipton
Year Organized: 1844
Square Miles: 260.57


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News: Samuel Dick vs Trolius Brown, Irena Spurlin



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Where to find information in Tipton County, Indiana

Tipton County Indiana Historical Society
323 W South Street
Tipton, IN 46072
Tipton County Public Library
127 East Madison
Tipton, IN 46072
Tipton County Health Department
101 E Jefferson, Courthouse, 1st Floor
Tipton, IN 46072
(birth & death records from 1882)
Tipton County Clerk
101 E. Jefferson
Tipton, IN 46072
(marriage & divorce records)
Tipton County Recorder
101 E Jefferson
Tipton, IN 46072
(land records)
Indiana State Library
140 North Senate Avenue
Indianapolis, IN 46204

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Surrounding Counties
| Howard | Clinton | Hamilton | Madison | Grant |


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