TIPTON COUNTY, INDIANA

HISTORY OF TIPTON COUNTY.
EVENTS PRIOR TO THE COUNTY ORGANIZATION.
BY WESTON A. GOODSPEED.


The county of Tipton possesses the historic peculiarity of having had the southern portion thrown into market and settled quite extensively for a number of years before the Indian title to the northern portion was extinguished. It appears that the territory now comprising the county was formerly the an disputed domain of the Miamis; but at some period during the latter part of the eighteenth century, the Delawares seem to have acquired a claim to that portion watered by White River, as is shown by the second article of the treaty of Fort Wayne, September 20, 1809, between the United States and the Delawares, Pottawatomies, Miamis and Eel River Miamis, the article reading as follows: " The Miamis explicitly acknowledge the equal right of the Delawares with themselves to the country watered by the White River. But it is also to be clearly understood that neither party shall have the right of disposing of the same without the consent of the others, and any improvements which shall be made on the said land by the Delawares, or their friends, the Mohecans, shall be theirs forever." By the first article of the treaty of St. Mary's, between the United States and the Delawares, on the 3d of October, 1818, such tribe relinquished their claim to all lands in the State of Indiana. Thus it seems that all that portion of the county "watered by White River became the property of the United States in 18] 8. Three years later (1821), the Government survey took place.

If any white persons located permanently within what is now Tipton County, prior to the thirties, such fact is not now known. White people began to enter what is now Hamilton County as early as 1819, or within a year after the Delaware title to the soil was extinguished, and so rapid was the settlement that, during the session of the State Legislature in 1822-23, the act was passed creating the county of Hamilton. The lands of Hamilton County were subject to entry at Brookville, and later at Indianapolis. The lands of Tipton County (those south of the old Miami reservation) were subject to entry at Fort Wayne, and remained thus until about the year 1848, when the land office was transferred to Indianapolis. But the settlement of southern Tipton County was postponed until about twelve years after the county of Hamilton was created, and was thus a howling wilderness for that entire period, when the county on the south was undergoing rapid settlement and improvement. It is, of course, certain that the county of Tipton was often traversed by white hunters and speculators from the south, and by traders who crossed the county on their way to traffic with the Miamis in Howard and northern Tipton Counties. Various Indian trails were the highways over which the traders traveled. Wild animals were found abundantly in all portions of the county, especially along the streams, where impenetrable swamps abounded, and where the animals sought refuge when pursued by hunters. Old settlers of Hamilton County state that bears were numerously found in all the region bordering Cicero Creek, and that such region was a favorite hunting-ground of the Miamis on the north. The country was constantly invaded by hunters and trappers from the south, and, erelong, the bears had nearly all been killed or driven away, and even the deer had become comparatively scarce and quite shy. Cicero Creek is said to have derived its name from the following circumstance: The survey took place in 1821, under Judge (William B.) Laughlin, of Brookville. One of his assistants was his son Cicero, who undertook to drink, one day, from the stream, but while stooping down missed his hold, and plunged into the water. This mishap so amused the father that he is said to have then and there named the creek Cicero, to commemorate the event of the ducking. This occurred in Hamilton County. Much more regarding wild animals and Indians will be found in other portions of this volume.

THE FIRST PURCHASE OF LAND.

The following, taken from the "Tract Book," in the Recorder's office, exhibits a number of the first pieces of land entered in the county:

PURCHASER. SECTION. TOWNSHIP. RANGE ACRES. DATE OF ENTRY. LOCATION.
Nicholas McCarty 29 21 5 80 Sept 19 1829 W.N.W
Nicholas McCarty 29 21 5 80 Sept 19, 1829 W.S.W
Absalom Summers 31 21 5 136.52 Sept 1, 1834 S.W.
P W. Sharger 30 21 5 145.84 Sept 1, 1834 S.W.
P. W Sharger 31 21 5 142.84 Sept 1, 1834 N.W.
James Beeson 32 21 6 80 Jan. 2, 1835 E.S.E.
James Goodpasture 25 21 4 80 March 9, 1835 E.N.E.
Absalom Summers 36 21 4 320 May 30, 1835 E. half
Eli Wright 29 21 6 160 July 6, 1835 S.E.
Eli Wright. 29 21 6 80 July 6, 1835 W.N.E.
Eli Wright 29 21 6 80 July 6, 1835 E.N.W.
Henry Etchison. 29 21 6 40 August 23, 1835 N.W. S.W.
Henry Hill. 25 21 4 40 August 17, 1835 S.W.S.E.
Samuel King 24 21 4 160 August 29, 1835 N.E.
George R. Kelley 25 21 4 40 August 29, 1835 N.W.S.E.
John Wade 11 21 4 80 Sept. 26, 1835 E.S.E.
John Wade 12 21 4 80 Sept. 26, 1835 W.S.W.
Humphrey Stevens 13 21 4 160 Sept. 26, 1835 N.E.
Humphrey Stevens 13 21 4 80 Sept. 26, 1835 E.N.W.
G. R. Kelley. 25 21 4 80 Sept. 26, 1835 E.S.W.
Samuel King. 19 21 5 65 Sept. 26, 1835 N. S.W.
Henry Ward 30 21 5 160 October 13, 1835 N.E.
D. J. Wood 36 21 4 320 October 13, 1835 W. half
Charles Trial, Jr. 13 21 4 80 October 20, 1835 E. S. E.
John Frazier 17 21 6 80 October 24, 1835 E. S. E.
A. J, Redding. 19 21 5 160 October 24, 1835 S. E.
William Bishop 25 21 4 160 Nov. 3, 1835 E.N.W. & W.N.E.
John Emchiser 14 & 15 21 4 400 Nov. 30, 1835 Parts
Elias Overman 32 21 5 160 Nov. 12, 1835 S. W.
J. Jackson 19 21 6 320 Dec. 3, 1835 E. half
Zarioc W. Darrow 32 21 6 80 Dec. 24, 1835 W. S. E.
Samuel Darrow 32 21 6 160 Dec. 24, 1835 N. E.

SUBSEQUENT SETTLEMENT

The purchase of land and the settlement in the southern portion of the county continued quite extensively during the years 1836, 1837 and 1838, so that in 1839 it was found expedient to make some provision for the taxation of the settlers, and for the administration of justice. Accordingly, by an act of the General Assembly, approved February 16, 1839, the boundary of the county of Richardville was formed, the Miami title to the old Miami reservation having been extinguished in 1838, though the tribe was not to be removed therefrom nor molested until 1842 and 1843, so that no organization of such county could take place until 1844. A portion of the county of Richardville, as thus defined, now belongs to Tipton County, as will be seen by considering what follows. Section 2 of that enactment attached all of the Miami reservation south of Cass County and north of the line dividing Townships 22 and 23 north, to Cass County. These sections were 6, 5. 4 and possibly 3, in Township 23 north. Range 3 east, now in the extreme northwestern part of Tipton County. Section 3 of the enactment attached all of the reservation south of Miami County and north of the line dividing Townships 22 and 23 north, to Miami County. Thus, Sections 1, 2 and perhaps 3, in Township 23 north, Range 3 east, Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 in Township 23 north, Range 4 east, and Sections 3, 4, 5 and 6 in Township 23 north. Range 5 east, now forming a portion of the northern tier of sections of Tipton County, were attached to Miami County. Section 4 of the enactment attached all of the reservation east of the eastern boundary of Miami County, and north of the line dividing Townships 22 and 23 north, to Grant County. The territory thus attached to Grant was Sections 5 and (3 in Township 23 north, Range 6 east, and Sections 1 and 2 in Township 23 north, Range 5 east. Section 5 of the enactment was as follows:

Section 5. .So much of said reservation as is north of the county of Hamilton and south of the line dividing Townships 22 and 23 north, is hereby attached to the said county of Hamilton for judicial purposes ; and the said counties to which the said territory is hereby temporarily attached shall exercise all the rights, privileges and jurisdictions in and over said territory that to said counties belong according to law in other cases, and when the population in such attached territory will warrant shall form the same into townships, and order the election of Justices of the Peace' and other township officers; and the inhabitants of such attached territory shall be entitled to and exercise all the rights and privileges that other citizens of said counties are entitled to

It should be noticed, that all this territory, at least all of the old Miami reservation referred to above, was created as Richardville County, which was not to be organized until the Indians were removed and the white population warranted. In the meantime, the land was attached to the surrounding counties, as above stated. It is clear, then, that all of the Miami reservation now in Tipton County was, by this enactment, included within the boundaries of the old Richardville County. There seems to have been no direct provision made for that portion of Tipton County south of the Miami reservation. An indirect reference seems to be made to it in the first part of Section 5 of the enactment of 1839, quoted above, as the reservation south of the line dividing Townships 22 and 23 north could scarcely have been attached to Hamilton County, unless that portion of Tipton County south of the reservation was attached at the same time, or had been before. But it was not attached before, and subsequent references render it almost absolutely conclusive that Section 5, above quoted, provided that all of the present Tipton County south of the line between Townships 22 and 23 north should be attached to Hamilton County. Whether the southern portion of the countythat south of the reservationwas included within the boundaries of the county of Richardville fixed by the enactment of 1839, cannot be certainly stated by the writer, though that seems to have been the intention.

The Commissioners of Hamilton County no sooner became aware of the passage of the enactment of 1839, than (in January, 1839) they ordered, " That all the territory north of White River, Jackson and Adams Townships (the northern tier of townships of Hamilton County), to the reservation, be attached to and form a part of said townships, and Allen Cole is ordered to obtain all the held notes for the territory north of White River, Jackson and Adams Townships to the reservation." At the March (5th) session of 1839, the same Commissioners divided the attached territory on the north into the following townships:
Cicero Beginning at the southeast corner of Section 32, Township 21 north, Range 6 east, thence north twelve miles, thence west ten miles, thence south twelve miles, to the southwest corner of Section 35, Township 21 north, Range 4 east, thence east to the place of beginning.
Jefferson Beginning at the southeast corner of Section 34, Township 21 north. Range 4 east, thence north twelve miles, thence west ten miles, thence south twelve miles, to the southwest corner of Section 31, Township 21 north, Range 3 east, thence east to the place of beginning. The two townships, Cicero and Jefferson, were made to include all of the present Tipton County except the tier of sections on the northern boundary, such tier having been attached to other counties, as previously stated. For Cicero Township, an election of two Justices of the Peace was ordered held at the house of James Goodpasture, on the first Monday in April, 1839, and Dempsey St. Clair was appointed Inspector of such election. An election of two Justices of the Peace in Jefferson Township was ordered held the first Monday in April, and John Deal was appointed Inspector. Immediately after this, and possibly before the elections were held, the Commissioners of Hamilton re- adjusted the boundaries of Cicero and Jefferson Townships, and created the new township of Madison, giving each the following boundaries :
JeffersonBeginning at the southwest corner of the county, thence east eight , miles, thence north as far as the jurisdiction of Hamilton County extended, which was to the line dividing Townships 22 and 23 north, thence west eight miles, to the western boundary of Tipton County, thence south to the place of beginning.
CiceroBeginning at the southeast corner of Jefferson Township, thence east six miles, thence north as far as the jurisdiction of the county extended, thence west six miles to the northeast corner of Jefferson Township, thence south to the place of beginning.
Madison Beginning at the southeast corner of Cicero Township, thence east six miles to the southeast corner of Tipton County, thence north along the eastern boundary as far as the jurisdiction of Hamilton County extended, thence west six miles to the northeast corner of Cicero Township, thence south to the place of beginning. No other changes were made until Tipton County was created. The settlers continued to pour into the southern portion of the county, and in the northern part many tracts of land were pre-empted by families that became actual residents, and by speculators who expected to hold the land until it had risen greatly in value, after which it would be sold to such men as would contract to become actual residents. Every inducement was offered to emigrants seeking homes, and the sale of lands and town lots in the three villages that were laid out was advertised far in the East, to lure actual residents to the county, and thus hasten the improvement of the new country, increase the population and the blessings which follow settled communities, and multiply the value of the land and the farms.

In 1842 and 1843, the Miamis were removed west of the Mississippi River, after which the pre-emption of lands in the reserve (though they were not yet thrown into market) was rapid, and the settlement and improvement as extensive as if the land had been placed in the land offices for sale. The settlement in the present counties of Howard and Tipton was so rapid that the Legislature was formally petitioned to create two new counties, which was done during the session of 1843-44, the enactment in full being as follows:

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Indiana. That all the country included within the following boundaries shall form and constitute the county of Tipton, to wit : Beginning at the northeast corner of Section 36, Township 23 north, Range 2 east, thence east to the northwest corner of Section 33, Township 23 north, Range 6 east, thence south to the line dividing Townships 20 and 21 north, thence west to the line dividing Ranges 2 and 3, thence north to the place of beginning.

Section 2. That all the country included within the following boundary shall form and constitute the county of Richardville, to wit : Beginning at the northeast corner of Section 36, Township 23 north, Range 2 east, thence north to the southeast corner of Section 13, Township 23 north, Range 2 east, thence west to the line dividing Ranges 1 and 2, thence north to the line dividing Townships 24 and 25 north, thence east to the northwest corner of Section 4, Township 24 north. Range 6 east, thence south to the northwest corner of Section 33, Township 23 north. Range 6 east, thence west to the place of beginning.

Sec 3. Daniel P. Alder, of Grant County ; Jesse Carter, of Clinton County; Samuel Cunningham, of Hamilton County; Giles W. Thomas, of Cass County James Nowland, of Madison County; and Lewis D. Adkins, of Miami County, be, and they are hereby appointed Commissioners for the purpose of fixing the permanent seat of justice in the said county of Tipton, agreeably to the provisions of an act to establish seats of justice in new counties, approved January 14, 1824. The said Commissioners, or a majority of them, shall meet at the house of Jesse Brown, in said county of Tipton, on the second Monday in May next, or as soon thereafter as a majority of them shall agree upon.

Sec. 4. John Moulder, of Parke County; Himelias Mendenhall, of Miami County; John Armstrong, of Carroll County; Oliver Raymond, of Wabash County; and Samuel Colip. of Hamilton County, be, and they are hereby appointed Commissioners for the purpose of fixing the permanent seat of justice in the said county of Richardville agreeably (etc., as in Section 3). The said Commissioners, or a majority of them, shall meet at the house of John Harrison in said county of Richardville on the second Monday in May next, or as soon thereafter as a majority of them shall agree upon.

Sec. 5. The said Commissioners shall locate the permanent seats of justice of said counties as near the center thereof as a convenient site can be obtained, taking into consideration the amount proposed to be donated for the public buildings in said counties. Provided, however, if the land where the said county seats are to be located is not surveyed, and a good and sufficient title cannot be obtained, then th said Commissioners shall convene for the purposes aforesaid as soon as such survey is made and a title can be obtained.

Sec. 6. From and after the first day of May next the said counties of Tipton and Richardville shall enjoy all the rights and jurisdictions which to separate counties do or may belong.


Sec. 7. It shall be the duty of the Sheriff of Hamilton County to notify the Commissioners hereby appointed to locate the seat of justice in the county of Tipton by writing of their appointment and the time and place of their meeting, and the county of Tipton shall make such Sheriff a reasonable compensation for his services.

Sec. 8. It shall be the duty of the Sheriff of the county of Carroll to notify the Commissioners hereby appointed to locate the seat of justice in the county of Richardville by writing of their appointment, and the time and place of their meeting, and the county of Richardville shall make such Sheriff a reasonable compensation for his services.

Sec. 9. The Circuit and other courts of the county of Tipton shall be held at the house of Jesse Brown, in said county, or at any other place where said courts may adjourn to until suitable accommodations can be had at the seat of justice.

Sec. 10. The Circuit and other courts of the county of Richardville shall be held at the house of John Harrison, in said county, or at any other place where said courts may adjourn to until suitable accommodations can be had at the seat of justice.

Sec. 11. The boards doing county business in said counties, ;When elected and qualified, may hold special sessions not exceeding three the first year after the organization of said counties, and shall make all necessary appointments, and do and perform all other business that might have been necessary to be performed at any regular session, and take all necessary steps to assess and collect the State and county revenue.

Sec. 12. The county of Tipton 'shall be attached to and form a part of the Eleventh Judicial Circuit for judicial purposes, and shall be attached to the county of Hamilton for Representative purposes, and to the counties of Hamilton and Boone for Senatorial purposes, and to the Fifth Congressional District.

Sec. 13. The county of Richardville shall be attached to and form a part of the Eleventh Judicial Circuit for judicial purposes, and shall be attached to the county of Carroll for Representative purposes, and to the counties of Carroll and Clinton for Senatorial purposes, and to the Eighth Congressional District.

Sec. 14. The Circuit Courts in the county of Tipton shall be held on Mondays succeeding the courts in Jay County, and shall continue three days if the business require it.

Sec. 15. The Circuit Courts in the county of Richardville shall be held on Thursdays succeeding the courts of Tipton County, and shall continue three days if the business require it.

Sec. 16. The sixth section of an act, approved February 16, 1839, entitled "An act attaching certain territory to the counties therein named," and for other purposes, be and the same is hereby repealed.

Sec. 17. The act entitled " An act to compel speculators to pay a road tax equal to that paid by actual settlers," approved January 31, 1843, is hereby extended to the county of Tipton.

Sec. 18. This act to be in force from and after its passage. Approved January 15, 1844.

THE FIRST ELECTION

On the 27th day of March, 1844, William Harrington was commissioned Sheriff by Gov. Whitcomb. and empowered to order an election of the necessary officers to organize the new county of Tipton.
The 27th of May, 1844, was accordingly selected as the day upon which the first election in the county should be held. Elections were advertised for three Commissioners,
two Associate Judges, one Clerk of the Circuit Court and one Recorder, to be held in Cicero, Madison, Jefferson and Prairie Townships.
The result of this election was as follows:

CANDIDATES. Cicero Twp Madison Twp Jefferson Twp Prarie Twp Total

CLERK.

N. J. Jackson 24 46 4 1 75
David Kemp 11 12 10 5 38
Alexander M. Young 4


10 38 52
James Forsee 7 4 19 10 40

RECORDER.

Amasa P. Cassler 15 21



36
Benjamin McCasland 13 10


6 28
Reuben Farlow 1 19



20
James Cooper 9 8 11 13 41
Sylvester Turpen 2 2 32 36 72

ASSOCIATE JUDGES

Daniel Smith 17 7



24
Silas Blount 29 40 12 8 89
Thomas Cooper 1 5 9 4 19
Joseph Goar 31 46 29 40 146
John Holmes 6 5 18 37 66
Nicholas Fox 6 15 18 1 40

COUNTY COMMISSIONERS.

Thomas Jackson 40 51 28 18 137
J.N.Wright 6 12 10 11 39
Isaac Parker 17 22 25 2 66
Robert Davison 27 32 5 20 84
John Smith 34 39 29 29 131
William Black 7 7 13 19 46
Enos Mills


11 3


14
Eli Teeter


1 7 8


Total Voters 47 62 43 56 108

VOTERS AT THE FIRST ELECTION.

The names of the voters at this first election were as follows in Cicero Township:
David Miller, Jacob Whisler, T. C. Parker, Samuel Ledgerwood, M. L. Thomas, George McNeil, Daniel Welshons, Jesse Brown, Edward Good, George Van Buskirk, E. D. Thomas, Samuel S. White, Andrew Carpenter, David Webbert, D. G. Wilkes, John Beck, Lewis Beck, Stephen Weller, Green Lilly, George White, Solomon Miller, James Lechner, James Johnson, Sylvester Trupen, J. C. Belzer, James Mynerty, William Welshous, William Sharp, Abi-aham Goodykoontz, S. H. Newlin, John Johnson, Solomon Smith, Joseph Van Buskirk, March Tucker, Joseph Sumner, George Tucker, E. R. Conner, Harvey Goodykoontz, Allen Goodpasture, John Emehiser, George Smith, Joseph McMnrtry, James Cooper, A. M. Young, Jonathan Keed, Arthur Davison and E. S. White; total, 47.

The voters in Madison Township at the same election were as follows: Henry Harbet, D. G. Wright, John Morris, Spencer Etchison. Isaac Shaw, C. T. Jackson, Isaac Harbet, Granville Gibson, Josiah Gilliland, James Merritt, George Leamar, Henry Sloan. H. H. Hobbs, Bert Wright, T. Starkey, William Harrington. Philip Ledsinger, Reuben Farlow, James Cross, Zimri Brown, Joseph Henderson, Gabriel Martin. William Townser, William Orr, Silas Blount, William Birch, Colbern Birch, Jr., Thomas Cooper, John Belhamer, Richard Miner,. R. E. Davison, L. T. Hobbs, Charles Thurman, William Stevenson, James Forsee, John B. Cole, Benjamin McCashland, John Little, Amasa P. Cassler, W. H. Stokesberry, Harvey Stokesberry, J. L. Jack, George Rhodes, Samuel Judy, John Etchison, Adam Elder, John W. Bolser, George Little, Samuel Townser, Samael Bottorff, Edward Sharp, Absalom Hobbs, James Shaw, Sr., James Shaw, Jr., Ira Plummer, Daniel Etchison, George Myerly, Thomas Jackson, Nicholas Fox, John Russell, Joseph Goor and Enos Mills; total, 62.

The voters in Prairie Township at the same election were William Bickerson, Joseph McConnelly, Elijah Harder, Joseph Harness, Jesse Stepp, George Teeter. Hardin Stepp, S. T. Harlow, John Parker, William Parker, Eli Teeter, Edward Jackson, Wesley Herron, Jesse Coleman, Eben Teeter, Benjamin Stewart, Daniel Campbell, Perry Evans, Robert Armstrong, Solomon Edmundson, John Herron, J. W. T. Duvall, David Humphreys, John Fariow, John Cooper, William Pfoff, John Sharks, Edward Stivens, G. A. Search, A. Small, Abraham Plew, John Nutter, George Forsee, J. A. Wright, G. W. B. Parks, George Tucker, Daniel Kemp, William Black, Levi Dunn, William Campbell, D. S. Pritchett, A. Pitmore, Daniel Stephens, W. H. Richardson, Amdrose Conn, James Miller, E. M. Sandridge, William Stewart, William Die, George Die, 'Archibald Montgomery, G. N. Ferris, William Terpine, Curtis Pritchett and Robert Alexander; total, 56.
The list of voters at this election in Jeflferson Township could not be found.

ORGANIZATION OF THE COUNTY.

On Monday, the 3d of June, 1844, the three County Commissioners who had been elected met at the house of Jesse Brown, to set the official machinery of the county in motion. William Harrington produced his commission as Sheriff from Gov. Whitcomb, and the County Commissioners, in turn, exhibited their certificates of election. These first Commissioners were Robert E. Davison, John D. Smith and Hoinas Jackson. Their first act was to cast lots for the long and short terms, which was done with the following results: Davison, one year; Smith, two years, and Jackson, three years. N. J. Jackson was appointed temporary County Auditor, and Jesse Brown, County Assessor. Mr. Brown had served as Assessor under appointment from the Commissioners of Hamilton County, and he now presented his assessment list, which was formally received, and he was paid $18.75, for his services for twelve and a half days. The Board then proceeded to create townships as follows: Madison, to be six miles square, in the southeast corner of the county; Cicero, to be six miles square, and to adjoin Madison on the west; Jefferson, to be six miles from north to south, and eight miles from east to west, and to be located west of and adjoining Cicero; Prairie, to be all of the county north of Jefferson Township. Elections in Madison were ordered held at the house of John B. Cole; in Cicero, at the house of Jesse Brown; in Jefferson, at the house of Stephen Eleven, and in Prairie at the Montgomery Schoolhouse. John Hogan was granted a license to vend merchandise for six months for 50 cents, his capital amounting to $60. This gentleman, at that period, was not an Astor or a Stewart. All Road Supervisors, who had previously been appointed under Hamilton County jurisdiction, were ordered to open all roads that had been properly laid out and granted. Two Justices of the Peace were ordered elected in each of the townships, Madison, Cicero and Jefferson, and one in Prairie. At the September term, 1844, N. J. Jackson was again appointed temporary Auditor, as he had not yet qualified as Clerk, to which office he had been elected. Elias S. Conner was appointed Constable of Cicero Township, Madison was divided into four road districts, Cicero into three, and Jefferson into four. Jesse Frasier was appointed Constable of Prairie Township. The county was divided into three Commissioners' Districts, as follows: All east of an extended line between Sections 31 and 32, Township 21 north, flange 5 east, to be District No. 1; all east of the extended eastern boundary of Section 36, Township 21 north, Range 3 east, to be District No. 2; all the remainder of the county to be District No. 3. On Monday, October 14, 1844, David P. Alder, Jesse Carter, Samuel H. Cunningham and G. W. Thomas, four of the five Commissioners appointed by the Legislature to locate the county seat, appeared, and after investigating the merits of several locations, formally drove the stake and permanently fixed the seat of justice of Tipton County on Section 11, Township 21 north, Range 4 east, on a tract of 100 acres that was donated to the county by Samuel King, in consideration of having the county seat located thereon. These Commissioners were paid $159 for their services and discharged. The county seat was named Canton. William H. Nelson was appointed County Agent, and directed to lay out the new county seat, after the design of a plat furnished by the Locating Commissioners, and was ordered to sell not exceeding fifty of the lots so laid out. As the county had no funds to carry on expenses, the Auditor was directed to procure a quire of printed county orders, which were to be issued to raise money.

In December, 1844, Charles Thurman was appointed County Surveyor. In laying out Canton (now Tipton), he was assisted by John Criswell, Jesse Brown, M. L. Thomas and E. "D. Thomas. Andrew Evans was Clerk of the first public sale of town lots, and James Graves was Auctioneer. A. M. Young became Sheriff in the fall of 1844. N. J. Jackson was formally qualified as Clerk and ex officio Auditor. George Tucker was licensed to sell liquor in January, 1845. The buyers of lots in Canton up to March 3, 1845, were Daniel Smith, Lewis Jones, Silas Blount, E. S. White, Lewis Beck, Jesse Frasier, Daniel Lister, J. M. Chew, Samuel Neese, D. G. Wilkes, N. J. Jackson, George Tucker. L, C. Fairie, Daniel Welshous, William Ballard, M. L. Thomas, Brown & Whisler, Samuel Dale, J. N. Starkey and Wilson Thompson. The total receipts of the sale, thus far, were $702.75, one-fourth of which was cash. Almost all the early funds of the county came from the sale of town lots. This was a very important soui'ce of revenue, but the county was forced to issue ordei's, at a considerable discount, which discount continued to increase as time passed, and the orders were not redeemed.

In June, 1845, Joseph Van Buskirk was paid, in orders, $27.75, for assessing the county. The first county tax levied was in 1845, upon the basis of this assessment, 2 1/2-cents on each $100 valuation, and 75 cents on each poll. The cash receipts on the county levy was small indeed, and the delinquent list began to run up. The first court house was completed early in 1846, and a jail was built during the previous winter. Roads began to be laid out in the more needy locations of the county. Township officers and county officers were paid in county orders, at a discount of about 10 per centum. The rapid settlement of the county began to be felt in the presence of money brought in by the new settlers. Business was done, however, largely by a system of exchanges, balances often being disposed of by the transfer of some article of value. Butter, eggs, pork, etc., were worth so much sugar, coffee, calico, tobacco, etc. Deer skins were marketable at about $1 each. The county only gradually grew out of its early financial difficiilties.

THE CIRCUIT COURT.

The first term of the Tipton County Circuit Court was held at the house of Jesse Brown, on Monday, the 12th of May, 1845, before Silas Blount and Joseph Goar, Associate Judges. Alexander M. Young, Sheriff, returned the following persons as grand jurors: Robert Armstrongs Benjamin Leavell, James Shaw, Allen Pitman, Alexander Mills, David G. Wilkes, George Smith, Andrew Evans, Jackson Hill, Joseph Henderson, George Leman, Edward Good, Robert Davison, Harvey Goodykoontz and Jesse Brown. They were sworn, charged and sent into the grand jury room. On motion, William Gaiwer, Marcus Lindsey James Forsee, William Stewart, Earl S. Stone and Amasa P. Gassier were sworn and admitted to practice in the court as attorneys. The first case called was an appeal from the Justice's courtWilliam Welshous vs. Daniel Webbertboth parties being represented by attorneys. The case was continued until the next term of the court, when Mr. Welshous was non-suited and required to pay costs of suit. The second case seems to have been an appeal from Justice's courtWilliam Garver rs. James Teachner. The defendant made default, whereupon judgment was rendered against him for costs. The third caseJoseph A. Wright vs. John B. Cole, trespass on the base for slanderwas fixed for trial at 1 o'clock of the same dayMonday, May 12, 1845. At the time set, the defendant filed a plea of general issue and two special pleas of justification, and was given more time. The first grand jury, mentioned above, after being out a short time, came into court and reported that they had found no bills of indictment, whereupon they were discharged. The next, or fourth case was for trespassJohn Hogan vs. Whisler & Webbert. The plaintiff, not being a resident of the State, was required to give bond for costs, which he did in the sum of $50. The defendants demanded a jury, which was called and selected as follows: Levi Hobbs, Joseph Henderson. Samuel Deal, Michael Mitchell, James ^haw, John Farley, James Goar, William Orr, John B. Wright, Joseph Van Buskirk. Carter Jackson and John B. Cole. This was the first petit jury in the county. The trial proceeded; the jury were sent out, and soon returned with the following verdict: "We, the jury, find the defendants guilty of the trespass, and assess the plaintiff's damages at the sum of $13.20." Judgment was accordingly rendered against the defendants to the amount of the verdict and costs of suit, the total sum being $54. 56. The case of Wright vs. Cole then came up, the plaintiff filing his siiniliter to the general issue of the defendant, and a replication to the second and third special pleas. More time was granted to prepare for the trial.

The first business performed on the third day of this court was the assessment of a fine of $1 each against Earl E. Stone and William Garver for contempt of court. Peace and apparent harmony having been restored by this act of the two Associate Judges, other business was considered. As yet, the Presiding Judge had not been in attendance upon the court. The case of Wright vs. Cole came up, and a jury was called as follows: Joseph Van Buskirk, Jacob Whisler, George Smith, Edward Good, Daniel Lister, March Tucker, James Goar, John Farley, Joseph Sumner, Robert Davison, William Divon and Samuel Deal. The trial was begun, but before concluded court was adjourned until next morning at 9 o'clock. The verdict brought in by this jury was as follows: "We, the jury, find the defendant guilty as charged, and assess the plaintiff's damages at $75.84." Judgment included this sum and costs, amounting to $47.24. On this day, the first grand jury, above mentioned, were allowed 75 cents each for one day's services. At the same time, several of the petit jurors were allowed $4 for three days' services. John Nutter was Bailiff, as were also Jesse Brown and John K. Smith. Thus ended the first term of the Tipton County Circuit Courts.

In November, 1845, John W. Wright, President Judge, and Siias 'Blount and Joseph Goar, Associate Judges, were in attendance. The following grand jury was returned by the Sheriff: Richard Farlow (foreman), James Leavell, Michael Mitchell, James S. Jack, Isaac Shaw, Gilbert Wright. Malachi Cooper, James Pickard, John McHolmes, John Deal. Samuel Batorff, Daniel Smith, Solomon Smith, James Egler and Absalom Hobbs. By the .second day of this term, this grand jury had returned " true bills " of indictment in the following cases: " State of Indiana r.s. Daniel Bales, for public indecency," and " State of Indiana vs. David Bishop and Jonathan Reed, for affray." On the first day of this term, the first plea for divorce was filed by Catharine Sharpe vs. William Sharpe. The complainant, however, appeared by counsel, and dismissed the case at her own costs. The second plea for divorce, filed the same day. was by Jacob Whisler vs. Lavina Whisler. A demurrer was filed to the complainant's bill, and was sustained by Judge Wright, whereupon the case was dismissed. Ten cases were considered by the court at this term, and eight bills of indictment were returned by the Grand Jury.

At the April term, 1846. Jeremiah Smith, President Judge, and Silas Blount and Joseph Goar, Associate Judges, were, present. Judge Smith produced his commission from the Governor, for the term of seven years, as Judge of the Eleventh Judicial Circuit. The rules of court previously adopted were repealed, and a long series of new and better ones was adopted. Among the attorneys admitted to practice in the early Circuit Courts of the county were Andrew Batorff, Nathaniel R. Lindsey and Charles D. Murray in November, 1845; John Davis, J. S. Buckles and William F. Brady in March, 1846. Joseph S. Buckles was the Prosecutor of the Eleventh Judicial Circuit from September, 1846, to September, 1848. Gustavus H. Voss was admitted to the bar in October, 1846. William H. Nelson was admitted during the same term, and James F. Suit and John M. Conan in April, 1847. A metallic seal was adopted at the October term, 1847 ; this is described further on. Amasa P. Cassler became District Prosecuting Attorney in September. 1848. John Green was admitted to the bar in April, 1849, and David Kilgore and Joseph A. Lewis at the same term. Carlton E. Shippey and Richard D. Markland were admitted to the bar in April, 1852. Among the early cases before the Circuit Court were the following: Trespass on the case, trespass, divorce, assumpsit, public indecency, affray, assault and battery, debt, official negligence, cases in chancery, illegal voting, trover and conversion, foreclosure of mortgage, retailing, perjury, betting, ferfeited recognizance, rape, winning, losing, adultery, extortion, riot, larceny, selling liquor to intoxicated person, scire facias, etc., etc. The first charge of murder was in April, 1852, against Harvey Moon, who took a change of venue to the Marion Circuit Court. An account of this case will be found further on. The first person admitted to citizenship was Laurence Beck, a German, from the Dukedom of Hesse-Darmstadt. This was the 10th of November, 1845. John Green, the attorney long-' est a practitioner of the Tipton County bar, is yet an honored resident of the county, and still continues a disciple of Blackstone, with but little diminution in his former intellectual celerity and vigor.

THE PROBATE COURT.

The first probate business on record in the Clerk's office, was the application of Thomas Cooper for letters of administration of the estate of Alexander S. Wallace, deceased, which application was granted on the 6th of July, 1844, by Newton J. Jackson, Clerk of the Court. Mr. Cooper must have been a Quaker, or something of that sort, as, instead of making oath for the faithful performance of his duties as administrator, he " affirmed." On the 5th of September, he returned an inventory of the goods, chattels and effects of Wallace, deceased, the amount being $199.49. He produced a bill of sale of the property, which amounted to $214.62. All this was done before the first session of the com't. On the 11th day of November, 1844, the first Probate Court was held by William H. Nelson, Probate Judge, the first business coming before the court being the above. The bond of Mr. Cooper was pronounced insufficient, and he was required to give additional security, which he did by securing the signature of Alexander M. Young to his bond, which amounted to $150. The lynx-eyed Judge also pronounced the bill of sale insufficient, and ordered it "returned to Mr. Cooper for correction, to be completed and returned by the 25th of November. Before the court was held, or on the 27th of September, 1844, letters of administration had been granted to Edward Sharp, on the estate of James P. Woods, deceased. His bond was fixed at $500. At the abovementioned first term of the court, the bond was approved, but the inventory of the property of the deceased, amounting to $357.27, was rejected, owing to the want of sufficient affidavits from the appraisers. Time was given the administrator for correction. Upon petition of Jeremiah Moty, infant son of George Moty, deceased, Erasmus D. Thomas was appointed guardian, to take care of the person and property of the said Jeremiah Moty. The guardian's bond was fixed at $200; rather an insignificant amount, judging from appearances. Thus ended the proceedings of the first term of Probate Court of Tipton County.

At the February term, 1845, Thomas Cooper was charged with the bill of sale of the estate of A. S. "Wallace, the same amounting to $214.62; and Edward Sharp was charged with the estate of J. P. Woods, which amounted to $357.25, a portion of the estate ($114.61) having been paid over to Anna Woods, widow of the deceased. And here the February term of the court ended.

At the May term, 1845, Daniel Higer was appointed guardian of the estate of Henry Higer, John Higer and Martha Higer, his own (David Higer's) infant children, under fourteen years of age, who had been willed property worth about $105 by Charles Baker, deceased, of Hamilton County. And thus ended the May term of the court.

At the August term, 1845, H. H. Hobbs was appointed guardian of the estate of his infant childrenAmanda, Elizabeth, Nancy and John Hobbs. At the November term, 1845, Andrew J. Sharp was appointed administrator of the estate of Anna Woods, deceased, and Jesse Brown was appointed administrator of the estate of James Goodpasture, deceased. The inventory of Mr. Goodpasture's property, with the appraised value, was as follows: One wagon, $40; one yoke of oxen, $30; one milch cow, $9; one lot of bedding, $9; one table, $2.50; one small chest, 50 cents; one lot of sundry articles, 31 cents; one tea-kettle, 37 cents; one stew pot, 37 cents; one lot of cupboard ware, $1.75; one meal sieve, 25 cents; one Dutch oven, 87 cents; one lot of potatoes, $2; one lot of cabbage, 25 cents; one lot of corn, $1.75; one rifled gun, $2.75; total, $101.67. This inventory is a fit representation of the "goods, chattels, rights, credits, moneys and effects" of each of the early settlers. There was the wagon and yoke of oxen; there was the one cow; there were the meager household furniture, domestic utensils and vegetables, and there was the rifle, which played an important part in the desolate drama of pioneer life. A volume of self-denial is told in that inventory. Ruth Armstrong, widow of Robert Armstrong, deceased, filed a petition in November, renouncing all claim to administer the estate of her deceased husband, and asking that Alexander M. Young, or some other suitable person, might be appointed. Mr. Young was accordingly appointed. Andrew J. Sharp, administrator of the estate of Anna Woods, deceased, was cited to appear at the next term of the court to show cause why he should not be removed or give a new bond and give an inventory of the estate, and present a bill of sale of the property.

And so the probate matters ran on until 1853, when the Common Pleas Court assumed jurisdiction of all probate business. 'Mr. Nelson served as Probate Judge until February, 1851, when he was succeeded by Joseph A. Lewis. In November, 1851, Mr Lewis was succeeded by Richard Minor, who served until probate business was transferred to the Common Pleas Court.

The first commission of lunacy was issued in May. 1849, at which time Amos Pharis petitioned the issuance of such commission to inquire into the sanity of Barbara Pilaris. After consideration, the court directed the Sheriff to summon a jury of twelve men, to determine as to the compos m,mtis or non compos mentis oi thp said Barbara Pharis. The jury found that for the space of about four years next preceding the inquiry, the lady had been of unsound mind, and was wholly unfit to manage her property or person; whereupon Amos Pharis was appointed her guardian, and rerpiired to give bond in the sum of $150. The second seal of the Probate Court was of the usual circular form and size, inclosing the representation of a coffin, with the words on the margin of the seal, "Probate Court of Tipton County, Indiana." This took the place of the seal adopted in 1847, which was really the seal of the " Tipton Circuit Court, Indiana," those words inclosing a cluster of growing wheat, a harrow, a rake, a fork and a plow. The second probate seal, above, was adopted November 13, 1849.

THE COMMON PLEAS COURT.

The first term of the Common Pleas Court of Tipton County was begun and held at the court house in June, 1853, by Earl S. Stone, sole Judge, whose district was composed of the counties of Hamilton, Howard and Tipton. The first business of a probate nature was the confirmation of the letters of administration granted to James A. Junis, on the estate of James Junis, deceased; and the second was the confirmation of the letters of administration granted to Joseph Shank, on the estate of Joseph H. Shepard, deceased. The first business other than of probate Uciture was the case of the State vs. Lewis McEIhaney charged with assault and batteiy. The third case was a charge of the same nature, against Jane Shane. Subsequent cases were petition for a deed, assumpsit, suit on a promissory note, trespass, account, divorce, suit on bond, attachment, injury to the person, assault and battery, for the conveyance of real estate., complaint on note, petition for partition, surety of the peace, etc., etc.

MURDER TRIALS.

The first murder trial on record in the county was the killing of Mr. Hornbeck by Henry Moon, in about 1852. The men were cousins, and became involved in a dispute regarding a few cattle. It seems that Hornbeck went into a field to thrash Moon, but the latter stabbed the former with a pocket-knife, inflicting a mortal wound. Moon was arraigned, took a change of venue to Indianapolis, where he was sentenced to the penitentiary for three years, but was set at libetry at the end of eighteen months.

The murder of a man named Eshelman caused much excitement in the county. He was hunting, and disappeared, and, as he did not return within a I'easonable time, his folks became uneasy tmd instituted a strict search, which resulted in finding his decomposed body in the woods. A young man named Ellison was arrested, some strong evidence existing as to his guilt. He was sent to the penitentiary, but was pardoned by the Governor and released, and a man named David Whelchel was arrested, charged with the murder. At the first trial, Whelchel was sentenced to the penitentiary for life; but he gained a new trial, where the jury " hung," which resulted in his acquittal. Subsequently young Ellison was hung for murder in Missouri

Another important case was the death, by poisoning, of a Mrs. Snyder and her little girl. The two died with spasms, and under suspicious circumstances, and the husband and step-father was arrested, charged with poisoning them with strychnine. On the tirst trial, Mr. Snyder was sentenced for life to the penitentiary. At the first new trial, he was sentenced for twenty- one years, but at the second new trial was again sentenced for life. Many have doubted this man's guilt, thinking that the mother poisoned her child and herself.

Joel Harvey and Jane Goflf were arraigned for the murder of Mr. Goff, husband of Jane Gofl'. The wife was sentenced to two years in the penitentiary, as an accessory, while Harvey was set free, owing to a feeble prosecution.

Two boys In Tipton, named Groves and Paul, became involved in a quarrel, when the former struck the latter on the head with a brick-bat, causing his death. An indictment was returned, but Groves has been missing since the tragedy.

A year or two ago, two boys, named respectively Doles and White, quarreled, when the former stabbed the latter, causing his death. The murderer was sentenced to the penitentiary for twenty-one years.

At Windfall, a man named Armstrong shot and killed a Mr. Thomas, but on the trial was acquitted. A woman was at the bottom of the case. Various other murders have occurred, but the above are the most important.

EARLY JUSTICES OF THE PEACE.


Among the early Justices of the Peace were Jesse Brown, 1844; Solomon Miller, 1844; Joseph McMurtry, 1844; Levi T. Hobbs, 1845; David Lilley, 1845; Andrew Evans, 1845; Reuben Farlow, 1845; Robert Alexander, 1845; Richard Humphrey, 1845; William Black, 1845; D. B. Redmon, 1845; David Decker, 1847; Alexander Suit, 1848; Johnson Farley, 1848; Thomas Jackson, 1849; Philemon Plummer, 1849; Harvey A. Wells, 1849; H. A. Woodruff, 1849; Jesse Brown, 1849; Jesse Smiley, 1849; Richard Miner, 1849; Jonathan Endicott, 1849; John Murphey, 1850; Reuben Jackson, 1850; Green Lilley, 1850; David Lilley, Sr., 1850; John Longfellow, 1850; William Ray, 1850; Robert Alexander, 1850; John Smith, 1850; George Wlmbraugh, 1850, and James Barrow, 1850.

SUBSEQUENT TOWNSHIP BOUNDARIES.


In June, 1847, Wild Cat Township was created as follows: Beginning at the northeast corner of Section 32, Township 23 north, Range 6 east, thence south five miles, thence west twelve miles, thence north five miles, thence east twelve miles to the place of beginning. The other townships were made to correspond. At the March term, 1849, the townships were given the following boundaries: Madison, located in the southeast corner of the county, to be eight miles from north to south and five and a half miles from east to west, just its present size; Cicero, located next west of Madison, to be seven and a half miles from east to west, on the south, thence north six and a half miles, thence east one mile, thence north one and a half miles, thence east six and a half miles, thence south eight miles to the place of beginning; Jefferson, located next west of Cicero, to be seven miles from east to west, and six and a half miles from north to south; Prairie, to commence at the southeast corner of the northeast quarter of Section 32, Township 22 north, Range 4 east, thence west eight miles, thence north six and a half miles, thence east eight miles, thence south six and a half miles, to the place of beginning; Wild Cat, to commence at the southeast corner of Section 20, Township 22 north, Range 6 east, thence west twelve miles, thence north five miles to the county line, thence east twelve miles, thence south five miles to the place of beginning. In June, 1849, Liberty Township was created as follows: To commence at the northeast corner of Secti^^n 31, Township 23 north, Range 5 east, thence west five miles, thence south five miles, thence east five miles, thence north five miles, to the place of beginning. At the same time, W^ild Cat Township was bounded as follows: Commence at the northeast corner of Section 32, Township 23 north. Range 6 east, thence west seven miles, thence south five miles, thence east seven miles, thence north five miles, to the place of beginning. In September, 1851, a portion of eastern Prairie was attached to Liberty, and a portion of southeastern Prairie to Cicero. In September, 1855, the boundaries of Cicero and Jefi"erson were altered to what they are at present. In 1857, fifty-four citizens of Liberty and Wild Cat Towiiships petitioned the Board to create a new township out of certain portions of those two townships, but action thereon was postponed and finally dropped. In 1860, a petition to change the|boundary between Madison and Cicero Townships to a half mile east of where it now is was not granted. No other alterations have been made in the boundaries of the townships.

COURT HOUSES AND JAILS.


Early in 1845, Jesse Brown was ordered to advertise for sealed proposals for the erection of a frame court house, 20x24 feet, two stories high, to be covered with poplar shingles, to be erected on Lot 3, Block 10, Canton, and to be ready by the Ist of June, 1845. In February, the contract was awarded to George Tucker, who was paid the first installment March 5, 1S45. The building was up by June, according to contract, and the contract of completing, partitioning and furnishing the house was let to Jacob W. Whisler and Christian Eshelman, for $238, the work to be completed by November, 3845. This was accomplished according to contract, the contractoi's receiving their pay, $285.50, in March, 1846. Under orders, N. J. Jackson purchased two stoves, ft* $37.77, in December, 1845, for the court house, using the " town lot fund " for that purpose. The cost of this building was about $1,200. It had a hall running through from east to west, and on each side of the lower story were two rooms for the county officers. The upper story was the court room. In September, 1845, the County Agent, W. H. Nelson, was ordered to have built a log jail, 14x20 feet, eight feet high, with walls of hewed-oak timber, one foot square, the rooms to be lined with heavy oak plank, spiked firmly in their places. Charles A. Thurman took the contract at $115, and completed the same in December, 1845. It is stated that no criminal broke out of this old jail, after he was once locked in. It answex-ed all purposes until the present jail was constructed, and possessed a merit, it is stated, that the present building does notcriminals could not escape. Daniel Smith was the first jailer. In June, 1846, Solomon Smith, who had donated to the county 2,000 feet of good lumber for the public buildings, was directed to deliver the same at the court house. In September, 1846, James Cassler contracted to clear the court house square for $13.12. At the same time, George Tucker, under orders, secured twelve chairs for the court house. In the autumn, quite an extensive addition was built to the court house, at a cost of several hundred dollars. This was rendered necessary by the crowded condition of things. In 1855, the public square was fenced anew. In December, 1855, Samuel Deal and Harvey Goodykoontz were appointed to see to the erection of much-needed county offices on the public square, the building to be frame, 14x28 feet, nine feet high, with a partition in the center, the rooms to be ceiled and plastered. The building was completed in June, 1857, at a cost of $329.09. About this time, the county courts began to meet in the Methodist Church, which had been erected about three years before, as the court house had been destroyed by fire.

In June, 1858, Nelson Daubenspeck, of Hamilton County, contracted to build a new court house for Tipton County, within two years, for $10,000, of which $1,000 was to be paid the 1st of November, 1858, $3,000 the 1st of January, 1859, $3,000 the 1st of January, 1860, and $3,000 when the building was completed and accepted. The foundation of the building was to be three and a half feet high, two feet thick at the bottom nnd twenty inches thick at the top. The outer wall was to be of hammer-dressed limestone, and the inner walls either of brick or limestone, eighteen inches thick. The walls oi the building proper were to be of brick, the outside wall to be eighteen inches thick, except the gables, which were to be thirteen inches thick, and the inside walls were to be thirteen inches thick. The tirst story was to be ten feet high, and the second story seventeen feet high. A hall was to extend north and south through the lower story, on the sides of which were to be the county offices. The upper story was to be the court room. The bond of the contractor was fixed at $20,000, with the following sureties: D. S. Hurlock, S. D. Cottingham, J. W. Eoss, J. W. Cottingham and W. Daubenspeck. In September, 1858, in order to meet the expense of constructing this building, the Board ordered issued and sold eight county bonds of $500 each, payable at the banking house of Winslow, Lanier & Co., New York: $2,000 to be paid in two years, and $2,000 in four years. The first $2,000 of these bonds sold at a discount of $84.15. The erection of the house was rapidly pushed, and in December, 1859, Mr. Daubenspeck announced that it was finished. He was soon paid the remainder due him under the contract, besides $500 additional for extra work, and enough more to run the cost up to nearly $15,000. This building is yet in use. In 1862, John W. Axtell re-covered the court house with tin roofing, at $9 per square. At the same time, a fire and burglar proof safe for the Treasurer's office was purchased of W. B. Dodd & Co. , for $550. In December, 1862, John Cox repaired the court house roof to the extent of $60.

In April, 1866, advertisements were ordered for the erection of a combined jail and jailer's residence. In May, bids were received from J. H. McConnell, Alpheus Lay and J. H. Coifman, but neither was accepted then. N. R. Overman was appointed agent, to take th« plans and specifications to Indianapolis, to have them corrected by a competent architect. The plans had been submitted by B. F. Hough & Co. The contract was finally awarded to J. H. Coffman. for $6,000, the building to be completed by the 1st of November, 1866. The old jail was soon sold to John Cassiform for $13. G. W. Boyer was appointed Superintendent to oversee the work on the jail. It was again found necessary to issue several thousand dollars' worth of county bonds, to meet expenses, and N. R. Overman was appointed agent to negotiate their sale. The building, a fine brick structure, was completed in June, 1867, the time allowed the contractor having been extended. This is the present jail In the autumn of 1866, the right to use Seider's Improved System of Keeping Accounts was bought for $350,

MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.


In 1848, the name of the county seat was changed from Canton to Tipton. Both the county and the county seat were named in honor of Gen. John Tipton, who played such a prominent part in the early history of Indiana. Late in 1847, George Tucker, Zimri Brown and O. H. Perry were appointed agents to see that proper donations of land for the necessary depot buildings were given the Peru 6c Indianapolis Eailroad Company. On the first Monday in April, 1847. the townships were required to vote on the question of licensing the sale of liquor within their borders. Every township voted for the license. In March, 1848, the county subscribed fifty shares of stock in the Peru & Indianapolis Railroad. In 1849, lots were ordered deeded to various religious organizations, provided chtu'ches were erected thereon within a specified time, which was not done, and the time was afterward extended until the buildings were constructed. In April, 1849, the townships again voted on the liquor question. Madison was the only township which voted against granting a license. Saloons were called in those days " wet groceries."

A petition to incorporate the county seat was favorably considered by the board in March, 1851. This project again came up by petition with thirty-seven signatures, in September, 1853, at which time 101 acres were incorporated. A new public graveyard was purchased in December, 1853. A set of standard weigths and measures were bought of William Huddart in 1855. In June, 1858, the board received a petition, with thirty-six names appended thereto, praying that, after proper investigation, so much of Cicero Creek as lay within the limits of Tipton County and was suitable, might be declared navigable. Sylvester Turpen, who had presented the petition, was appointed to examine the creek and report its length in the county, depth, width, etc, etc. , and upon receipt of his report, and after due deliberation, the board formally declared that fifteen miles of the twenty miles of the creek in the county were to be considered a navigable water-course, and the various Road Supervisors along the stream were ordered to take charge of such highway. This very novel and useless proceeding occurred only twenty-five years ago. In June, 1861, the board began paying out county funds for the support of soldiers' families, and continued to do so until the war ended. The expense of holding a County Teachers' Institute began to be paid in 1807. Several county officers in past years have proved defaulters to large amounts.

GRANGE ASSOCIATION.


In 1876, the Tipton County Grange Association was organized with a capital stock not to exceed $20,000, the organization to last five years. All necessary officers were appointed, but for some reason the organization did not come up to the hopes of its founders and friends. The following was the grange directory within three or four years after the organization of the association:

Star Grange, No. 814, W. J. Owen, M. ; K. W. Payne, Sec. Post office, Sharpsvillo, Ind. West Grange, No. 1011, W. W. West, M. ; Sidney Jenkins, Sec. Post office. Windfall, Ind. Washington Grange, No. 1)49, Thomas Cole, M. ; C. M. Harman, Sec. Post office, Oakford, Ind. Liberty Grange, No. 205. Reuben Parish, M. ; Newton Graham, Sec. Post office, Windfall. Mount Zion Grange, No. 1069, John Carter, M. , John W.Wallace, Sec. Post office, Sharpsvi lie. Hope Grange, No. 356, S. H. Dillman, M. ; F. M. Harbet, Sec. Post office. New Lancaster. Richland Grange, No. 1225, Oliver Dickey, M. ; Oscar Hoover, Sec. Post office, Tipton, Ind. Duck Oeek Grange, No. 563, John Busenbark, M. ; W. P. Gates, Sec. Post office, New Lat3caster, Ind. Jimtown Grange, No. 278. E. J. Goar, M. ; William H. Goodnight, Sec. Post office, Normanda. Pleasant View Grange, No. 252, G. W. Ham, M. ; I. A. Hulick, Sec. Post office, Tipton. Irwin's Creek Grange, No. 440, G. W. Cass, M.; John Thrawl, Sec. Post office, Windfall Faith Grange, No. 026, E. B. Decker, M. ; Freeman Decker, Sec. Post office, Curtisville. Dixon Grange, No. 135, J. J. Paiil, M. ; George Thompson, Sec. Post office, Tipton. Plum Grove Grange, No. 181, Erasmus Techenor, M. ; William Achenbach, Sec. Pi>st office, Tipton. Greenwood Grange, No. 201, John Potts, M. ; H. N. Bishop, Sec. Post office, Shielville. Walnut Grange, No. 186, F. Van Ness, M. ; Harris Eshelman, Sec. Post office, Shielville. Hoback Grange, No. 133, Harrison Smith, M.; T. J. Grayson, Sec. Post office, Normanda. Turkey Creek Grange, No. 1493, W. Garris, M. ; Perry Wisman, Sec. ; Post office, Tipton. Mud Creek Grange, No. 1,537, George S. McKay, M.; A. D. Riffe, Sec. Post office. Windfall. Independence Grange, No. 192, J. Wolverton, M. ; Jehu Van Buskirk, Sec. Post office, Tipton. Tetersburg Grange, No. 227, J. A. Campbell. M. ; H. H. Bunch, Sec. Post office, Tetersburg. Ind. Bennett Grange, No. ]75.Merril Townsend.M. : D. T. Swing, Sec. Post office, Sharpsville, Ind. Madison Grange, No. 355, John P. Hobbs, M. ; Thomas Cook, Sec. Post office. New Lancaster, Ind. Clay Grange, No. 136, R H. Keller, M.; G. W. Fippen, Sec. Post office, Tipton, Ind. Addison Grange, No. 597, I. N. Ploughe, M. : H. W. Osborn, Sec. Post office, Pickard's Mills, Ind. Cicero Grange, No. 74, Henry Goar, M. ; James Clark, Sec. Post office, Jackson Station, Ind. Union Grange, No. 258, L N. Bouse, M.; W. W. Clark, Sec. Post office, Jackson Station. Rock Prairie Grange, No. 259, W. J. Ham, M.; J. K. P. Carson, Sec. Post office, Tipton, Ind. Taylor Grange, No. , Henry Thomas, M. ; James K. Harmon Sec. Post office, Oakford, Ind. Custisville Grange, No. , C. S. Snook, M. ; D. M. Kirkwond, See. Post office, purtisville, Ind. Fairmount Grange, No. 660, Job Hobbs, M. ; Jackson Knox, Sec. Post office, Tipton, Ind. Elm Hill Grange, No. 824, R. A. Stack, M. ; T. J. Couch, Sec. Post office, Windfall, Ind. Nearly all of these organizations are now non est.

EARLY MARRIAGES.


The first marriage in the county after the organization was August 8, 1844, between Joseph G. Brown and Dorinda Sharp, solemnized by John B. Cole, Justice of the Peace, the license having been issued July 31, 1844. The second marriage was on the 8th of August, 1844 (same day as the above which was first) between Hickman Smiley and Elizabeth Mills, the license having been issued August 3. The ceremony was performed by Judge Goar. The third marriage was between Harvey Denney and Sophia Shaw, September 12, 1844, by J. B. Cole, Justice.

POPULATION OF THE COUNTY.


The population in 1840 was (estimated) 200; in 1850, 3,532; in 1 60, 8,170; in 1870. 11,953; in 1880, 14,402. ft

COUNTY AND STATE ROADS.


State roads were extended across the county during the thirties one from Indianapolis north to the Wabash Eiver, and one from "Muncietown" to La Fayette. Several others were also built late in the thirties. So far as can be learned, the first county road had the following limits: " Beginning on the line of Hamilton County, on the east side of Section 28, Township 21 north, Range 4 east, thence by the best route to King's mill on Cicero Creek." More than twelve residents of Cicero Township petitioned the board of Hamilton County, to which Tipton was then attached, for this road. About a dozen other roads were extended across the county prior to 1844. The first road petitioned for and built after the county was organized was to extend as follows: From near Michael Mitchell's residence to Zimri Brown's; thence to Charles Griffith's, thence to near William Going's and James Jack's, thence north to the Miami Reserve. Charles Thurman, Carter T. Jackson and Samuel Townsend were Viewers. The " Three Per Cent Fund " furnished by the State for the construction of roads was a godsend to Tipton County. A special road tax, however, was levied, so great was the pressure for better highways. The special road tax in 1845 was $74.90; in 1846, was $289.58; in 1848, was $320.65; in 1849, was $472.02. In 1849, Joseph Price, and in 1850, Andrew McMurtry were permitted to hang gates across the State road from Muncie to La Fayette. What did that mean ? By September, 1852, there had been projected a total of seventy-five county roads, the greater number of which had been built. By September, 1854, ninety-two had been projected; by June, 1858, one hundred; by March, 1860, 125; by June, 1806, 208; by September, 1869, 285; by December, 1876, 413; by 1882, to over 500. These roads have cost the county hundreds of thousands of dollars

GRAVEL ROADS. 

A total of eleven gravel roads have peen petitioned for within the past three years, Nos. 1, 4, 6 and 7 having been granted and fully completed, and No. 5 having been granted and partiallj'^ completed. No. 1 extends about eight miles from Tipton to the north line of the county, and cost over $16,000. No. 4 extends northeast of Windfall about five miles, and cost $10,000. No. 6 begins about three miles northwest of Windfall and extends to Sharpsville, being in length about six and one-half miles, and cost about $12,000. No. 7 extends north of Windfall one mile, thence west two miles, being three miles long, and joining No. 6, and cost $5,000. No. 5, now in course of constructon, extends a little east of south from Tipton to the Hamilton County line, an will cost about $17,000. Nos. 1, 4, 6 and 7 have cost over $48,000, which large amount was raised by the sale of cou.nty bonds. If to this amount be added the estimated cost of No. 5, it will be seen that the county has already expended over $60,000 in gravel roads. This amount of indebtedness has already been incurred, $10,000 of which has been paid, leaving the present gravel road debt over $50,000. If to this is added the debt of $25,000 incurred in erecting county buildings, the total county debt foots up to the large amount of aboiit $78,000.

COUNTY DRAINAGE.


The length of county ditches and the amounts used in their construction are told in large figures. As early as the latter part of the fifties, private drainage companies began to be organized in the county, and since then not less than twenty such companies have been organized with a membership varying from a few to fifty-two. It is estimated that private companies and individuals have expended in drainage not less than $200,000. There are about a dozen tile factories in the county also, and thousands of rods are laid down in all parts of the county annually. Within the last eight or ten years, there have been constructed at county expense about 190 ditches, the aggregate length of which is estimated at more than 100 miles, and the aggi-egate cost at more than $200,000. This extraordinary activity, if continued, will render Tipton County the garden spot of Indiana, as the soil is of the richest and most enduring alluvial character. The futui'e has wonderful results in store for the county.

RAILROADS.


The Peru & Indianapolis Railroad was built in 1854. The county donated certain lands for depots and freight houses, and the citizens usually gave the right of way. Besides this, the county took $10,000 worth of stock in the company. In 1869, the county voted on levying a tax of $60,000 to aid the La Fayette, Muncie & Bloomington Railroad^ now the Lake Erie & Western Railroad. There were cast 1,026 votes for the levy and 515 against it. Half of that large appropriation was to be levied in June, 1870, and half in June, 1871. The Great Eastern Railway, now the Cincinnati, St. Louis & Chicago Railway, was constructed about twenty-five years ago, but what help was given f.annot be learned. In 1871, Cicero, Jefferson and Wild Cat Townships voted on the question of aiding the Toledo, Thorntown& St. Iiouis Railway, but as the election was illegal for some reason, another election was held in 1873 for the same purpose in all the townships with the following results, the amount of aid to be 150,000: For the taxCicero, 568; Jefferson, 170; Wildcat, 832; Prairie, 7; Liberty, 16; Madis(.n, 74. Total, 1,173. Against the taxCicero, 52; Jeffersou, 20; Wild Cat, 2; Prairie, 248; Liberty, 218; Madison, 19U. Total, 739. This road has not yet been built, and the Erie road was not until about six years ago.

The Indianapolis, Peru & Chicago Railroad has in the county 13.55 miles of main track, valued at $7, 500 per mile, and 1.61 miles of side track. The Lake Erie & Western Railroad has 20 milea of main track, worth $6,000 per mile, and 1,23 miles of side track. The Pittsburgh, Cincinnati & St. Louis has 11.56 miles of main track, valued at $8,250 per mile, and 1.12 miles of side track.

THE COUNTY PAUPERS.


As near as can be learned, the first poor person was " farmed out " in September, 1846, to Josiah Gilliland, of Madison Township, for $40 per year. About the same time, Rachel Cummings, a helpless old woman, was removed at county expense to the poor-house of Hamilton County. The poor expense for the fiscal year ending June, 1847, was $18.93; for the following year, $126.63; for the year ending June, 1849, it amounted to $131.28; for the year ending June, 1850, to $97; for 1851, to $107.62; for 1852, to $332.19; for 1853, to $238.99; for 1855, to $236.59; for 1858, to $1,320.24; for 1860, to $1,086.08; for 1864, to $3,067.52; for 1867, to $4,812.98; for 1870, to $2,059.06; for 1875, to $3,937.42; for 1876, to $10,599.11; for 1880, to $7, 730.. 77. It now amounts to about $12,000 per annum. The plan continued to be followed of farming the paupers out to the lowest bidders. Considerable township aid was furnished independent of county help. Physicians were employed by the year to doctor the county poor. Drs. R, R. Douglas and H. M. Vickrey were employed in 1853; J. M. Grooves served as such in 1857 and J. M. Sanders, Abraham Reeves and Isaac Parker in 1858. In December, 1863, an agent was appointed to view several locations and to purchase the most favorable for a poor farm. This action was followed by the purchase of 78. 72 acres on Sections 14 and 15, Township 21 north, Range 4 east, of James Recobs for $1,000 cash and $1,490 on the first Monday in March, 1865. Upon this farm was a small frame dwelling, insufficient in size and comfort to accommodate the poor, and bids were called for to repair the old house and erect a new one of modest size and pretensions. As many poor persons as could be accommodated were ordered removed from private families to this house and the new one as soon as the work was finished. John H. McConnell contracted to repair the old house and build a new one, 10x30 feet, frame, for $580. This was in the spring of 1864. William Morris became the first Poor Superintendent, taking the farm for all he could make with it and boarding the poor for so much per week. He was succeeded by D. J. Caldwell, in 1 S'08, and he in turn by R. W. Mullis in 1869. The latter continued for several years, first boarding the poor for $2. 50 per week and later reducing that figure to $2.40 and then to $2.20, and in 1872, raising to $2.25. In 1872, the contract of building a new poor-house was let to William Rubosh and J. H. McConnell, but for some reason the work was abandoned until 1876, when the contract was given to William Young for $7,000. The building, a fine, commodious, two-storied brick structure, was erected immediately, and the poor were soon in better quarters. In 1873, John Emehiser became Superintendent. He agreed to board the poor for $1.75 per week and the use of the farm. In 1875, Thomas B. Bates succeeded him, bidding in the care of the poor for $1.65 per week and the use of the farm. Mr. Bates continued Superintendent until 1883, reducing the costs of the weekly care of the paupers somewhat as time advanced. In 1883, John Q. Shaw succeeded Mr. Bates, bidding in the care of the poor at $1.50 per week and the use of the farm. There are at present about forty inmates of the poor-house. There have been as high as sixty-one and as low as fourteen. Fifty-five acres of the poor farm are under cultivation. The county, though severe, takes good care of its indigent and helpless.

THE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY.


The Tipton County Agricultural Society was first organized on the 11th of August, 1855, and on the 1st of September a constitution and by-laws was adopted. The first county fair was held on the 4th and 5th of October of the same year. Considerable time and expense were employed in fitting up the temporary grounds near the down- town depot with suitable sheds, etc., in which to make the display, but when the time came, so heavy were the rains on both days, that the display of stock and farm productions was very small. The rain on the 5th fell so continuously that not a lady appeared upon the grounds. A start had been made, however, and it remained for the future to continue the enterprise. The society at this first fair numbered about seventy-five members. N. J. Jackson was President and John Green Secretary. A few very large, tine pumpkins were exhibited. A decided disposition for the improvement of stock was manifested. The second fair was almost a failure, but little interest being manifested. The third fair, held near Judge Green's residence, was more of a success, both the Receipts and expenditures amounting to more than 1100. Considerable stock was entered, and the ladies appeared with a creditable display of domestic and fancy articles. For two or three years during the war, no fair was held. At the close of the war, however, the society was again revived. A fair ground was secured south of town, and the County Commissioners were induced to donate $200 to fence the same. After several year?, the society again almost died out, but was fully re-organized in 1874, and became known as the " Tipton County Joint-Stock Agricultural Society. "This society purchased ten acres adjoining the poor-farm of Thomas Smith and rented for ten years a strip of the poor-farm, eighty rods long by twenty-three and one-half rods wide. These two tracts of land constitute the present fair ground. There were 128 stockholders at the commencement of this new organization. Stock was $10 per share, and the total amount of stock was $3,000, all of which was not subscribed. For two or three years excellent fairs were held, the interests in all departments running high, especially in the fast stock department. In 1879, an entirely new organization, called the " Tipton County Fair Company, " was effected. This has endured until the present. In 1878, $1,247.25 was paid in premiums, and in 1882 nearly $1,700. The cash receipts of 1882 were $1,793. In 1878, there were 690 entries; in 1882, there were 937. The present officers are J. T. Hunter, President; D. A. Fish, Vice President; William Barlow, Secretary; W. M. Grimshaw, Treasurer; W. A. Maze, General Superintendent; T. B. Bates, Samuel Loucks, Jonathan Wolverton, J. J. Paul, Newton Campbell, George Weed, P. F. Legg, D. B. Vice, G. W. Myerly. D. Wilkins, T. G. Pratt, Joseph Turner and Lot Thomas, Directors. The fair ground and the interest shown will compare favorably with other counties of the State.

COUNTY MEDICAL SOCIETIES.


As early as 1864, a society of this nature was organized at the county seat, the following physicians being among the members: M. V. B. Newcomer, C. N. Blount, J. J. Mathers, M. M. Bundy, J. M. Gossett, Reuben Harvey, Isaac Parker, J. C. Driver, T. K. Sanders, J. K. Baxter, James Lindsey and A. M. Vickrey. This society did well for about one year, reading essays on important medical topics, thoroughly discussing chosen subjects and examining several interesting clinics. At the end of that period it died out. In 1874, the " Tipton County Medical Society" was organized with the following membership: M. V. B. Newcomer, H. B. Pitzer, G. W. Collins, S M. Conner, J. M. Grove, A. J. Barker, W. A. Heath, J. S. Manity, J. C. Driver, W. N Glass, J. Parker, J. N. Schell, N. W. Doan, A. F. White and M. V. B. Vickrey. The object of the society was " the advancement of medical knowledge, the elevation of professional character, the protection of the interests of its members, the extension of the bounds of medical science and the promotion of all measures adapted to the relief of the suffering and to improve the health and protect the lives of the community. " The members must be " any graduate in medicine of a respectable medical school or licentiate of any regularly organized medical society in good moral and professional standing." This society became auxiliary to the State Medical Society. The members were quite active for a number of years, reading essays, examining clinics and discussing the leading medical topics, including methods of treatment. Late in the seventies, the society became divided in opinion on several important professional questions, and in April, 1881, partially broke up, and a now society was organized, with the following first membership: Winser Austin, A. J. Barker, J. C. Driver, J. W. Crismond, J. A. Bouse, A. E. Rhodes, D. P. Rubush, M. V. B. Newcomer, A. S. Dickey, G. Repp, A. P. Parker, D. R. Campbell, J. P. Jessup, J. D. Armfield, H. G. Evans and M. S. Johnson. This organization became independent of the State Medical Society. The old society did not die, though it ran down very low. The county now has these two medical societies, neither of which is at present very active.

LEGAL PRACTITIONERS.


James Forsee was the first lawyer in town. He was an eccentric Virginian, and would not be considered a good lawyer at the present time. Amasa P. Gassier came after him and was quite an able man, a good judge of law and a successful practitioner. W. H. Nelson came about this time also. The ablest lawyer at the Tipton County bar in early years was William Brady. He had been liberally educated, and, possessing as he naturally did intellectual ability of a high order, he took the lead in all important cases. His early death in 185'2 was a serious loss to the county and to the local legal fraternity. Memorial services were held in his honor and ordered spread upon the county court records. John Green came in 1848, from Jefferson (bounty. He was formerly from North Carolina, his native State. He immediately took the lead, and has been one of the ablest legal practitioners ever in the county. He served the county in the State Senate and as Judge of the Common Pleas Court, and is yet a resident of the county seat and the oldest lawyer of the Tipton County bar. Joseph A. Lewis came soon after Green, and was a man of bright intellect. For years he and Green were antagonists in nearly all the important court cases. Nathan R. Overman was the successor of the mass of legal business that had been left by the removal of Mr. Lewis to the capital of the State. Overman and Green were then the rival lawyers. William Jones came in early, and is yet in successful practice. Daniel Waugh came late in the sixties, and soon had all the work he could do. Many others deserve special mention. Among the lawyers who have resided and practiced in the county have been James Forsee, William Nelson, A. P. Gassier, William Brady, John Green, Joseph A. Lewis, N. R. Overman, Daniel Waugh, John Q. Green, John M. Goar, Aaron P. Thompson, M. Bristow, Charles Swaim, Frank Trissel, J. T. Cox, John W. Robinson, Noah Parker, Joshna Jones, Edward Hatfield and the present practitioners, John Green, N. E. Overman, Daniel Waugh, R. B. Beauchamp, George H. Gifford, John P. Kemp, M. F. Cox, J. M. Tippen, J. I. Parker, J . N. Waugh, B. Giltner, J. W. Metlen. W. H. Clark, J. A. Swoveland, Perry Behymer, W. O. Dean, William Jones and G. F. Isgrig.

EDUCATIONAL STATISTICS.

In 1848 and 1849, the county was called upon to vote on %e question of free public schools. The vote of 1848 was as follows: For free schools Cicero, 86; Jefferson, 95; Prairie, 39; Wild Cat, 6; Madison, 47. Total, 273. Against free schools Cicero, 11; Jefferson, 8; Prairie, 35; Wild Cat, 6; Madison 33. Total, 93. The vote on the same question in 1849 was as follows: For free schools Cicero, 65; Jefferson, 60; Prairie, 41; Wild Cat, 8; Madison, 25; Liberty, 2. Total, 201. Against free schools  Cicero, 65; Jefferson, 26; Prairie, 28; Wild Cat, 12; Madison, 48; Liberty, 10. Total, 189. Does it not seem strange that so many votes should have been cast against the common school system of today? The present common school system was founded in 1853, at which time, for 1853 only, the condition of the county school fund from the sale of school land was as follows:

SEMINARY   AND LIBRARY.

An early law of the State provided that certain fines and penalties in each county should be applied, when the amount had reached $400, toward the erection and maintenance of a county seminary. As fast as the fund accumulated in Tipton County it was loaned at interest In June, 1848, the fund amounted to $108.70; in June, 1849, to $132.20; in June. 1851. to $199.50; and in June, 1852, to $233.61 Soon after this, by legislative enactment, the fund was transferred to the common schools.

Another early law of the State provided that teu per centum of the proceeds of the sale of county lots should be used to purchase and maintain a county library. A special law of 1845 constituted the couuty board the Library Trustees, aud soon after this J. S. Kossler was elected Librarian, A. P. Cassler, Clerk, and N. J. Jackson, Treasurer. In 1846, fifty-five volumes of miscellany were purchased. Each volume was rented out for 10 cents per quarter. The library was added to from time to time as the funds admitted. The total cash receipts from August, 1853, to March, 1857, were $100.51, of which $55.02 had been expended for books. Probably twice that amount of receipts had been received previously.   At this time there were about 300 volumes on hand; this number was afterward increased to nearly 1,000 volumes. The township libraries were first distributed in about 1855, and finally amounted in the aggregate to several thousand volumes. These old libraries have lost their usefulness in this age of newspapers and cheap books.

THE COUNTY PRESS.

In 1855, Drs. Rooker and A. M. Vickrey, of Tipton, purchased an old-fashioned Franklin press and a small quantity of type and other printing materials of Mr. Chapman, of Indianapolis, and commenced issuing a small six-column folio newspaper of Democratic proclivities, called the Tipton County Democrat. The material was bought on time, and the first printer was James Mahaffie, who a year later was succeeded by Archibald Ramsey, who did more, perhaps, to render the county press successful than any other man, not even excepting the proprietors of the papers themselves. Dr. Rooker, quite an able gentleman, assumed the editorial mantle for about one year, when he permanently retired, leaving his portion of the indebtedness to be settled by his partner. In 1857, the name was changed to the Western Dominion, and about this time O. P. Baird was editor, though the ownership really remained with Dr. Vickrey. It is stated that Baird bought the office, but being unable to pay for it, permitted it to go back to Dr. Vickrey. In 1858, the office was again sold to G. W. Fisher, under whom the name became the Tipton County Argus. Mr. B. Geltner was connected with the office in some capacity. In 1859, the office having run down to low water tide, and the prominent Democrats, feeling the need of an organ, bought the whole outfit, changed the name to Tipton County Times, and began issuing the sheet with John Chambers as principal editor and A. Clark as local editor. Ten prominent Democrats owned the paper, among whom were John Chambers, William Stivers, A. J. Redraon, Hugh Dickey, J. V. Cox, A. Clark, Barcibus Geltner and A. McVickrey. The office at that time was valued at $400. In 1860, interest in the enterprise so ran down that the issue was suspended for about six months. Early in 1861, the issue was resumed, with J. V. Cox at the helm. Mr. Cox wrote " leaders " about a dozen lines in length, it is said, while the remainder of the work was done by Archibald Ramsey, the faithful printer. Late in 1861, Judge N. R. Overman secured an interest in the sheet, and became " heavy editor," as he humorously remarks, and " wrote ' leaders ' about a dozen lines in length." Ramsey was still the local editor and printer, and the paper was still owned by the company of Democrats, Mr. Overman owning several shares. In 1862, for partisan reasons, the name of the paper was changed to the Democratic Union, which circumstance created the impression throughout the State that the politics had been changed to Republicanism. But such was far from the case. Early in 1864, the office was sold to William J. Turpen, who, at the time, was in the army, and who began writing a series of very interesting letters from the scenes of war. He was mustered out before the war ended, changed the name to Tipton County Times, and took personal control of his paper, which he successfully conducted until 1809, when he sold out to C. J. Brady and removed to Nashville, Tenn , where he became connected with another paper, though his subsequent efforts were far from being -successful. It is stated that in some manner he so incurred the displeasure of the citizens down there that he was given so long to leave townand he left. Mr. Brady was fairly successful with his paper. He put in the first job press ever in the county. In 1874, he sold out to Judge N. R. Overman, who employed J . T. Cox to edit the sheet. In the spring of 1875, Emsley A. Overman bought a half interest in the office, and about this time the first cylinder power press ever in the county was purchased for about $400 and placed in the office. E. A. Overman became editor and financial manager. In January, 1876, William Haw bought the office, and assisted the paper until January, 1877, when, being unable to pay for the same, he relinquished it, and the office went back to Overman & Overman. E. A. Overman conducted it then until September, 1878, when he purchased N. R. Overman's interest and became sole owner and proprietor. Early in 1880, the office was sold to P. & J. O. Behymer, by others, but a year later it went back to E. A. Overman, who continued it until November, 1881, when it passed to S. Ray Williams, who, in January, 1882, took as a partner D. A. Alexander. In September, 1882, Mr. Williams retired, leaving Mr. Alexander sole owner, but about the 1st of April, 1883, the latter was joined by Jeremiah Fish, who continued with the paper until May, 1883, when he retired, leaving the Tipton Times as it is at present. The paper has suffered severely by the numerous changes of owners, but it has always been an earnest if not an able exponent of the Democratic party of the county. State and nation. Under several of the managements it was extremely able ' and bitter, and at no time has it been in better hands than at present. It enjoys a large circulation, and a liberal job and advertising patronage.

Early in 1860, S. T. Montgomery founded at Tipton a Republican sheet, called the Tipton Republican, which was hailed by members of that party throughout the county with great joy. For a time during that year, it was the only paper issued in the county. Late in 1860 the office was sold to G. W. Lowby, who issued the paper until September, 1861, when he enlisted in the army, and soon afterward the office was sold to satisfy the indebtedness hanging over it on account of the purchase. Thus ever died that short-lived paper.

In August, 1872, Joel Reece began issuing at Tipton a Republican paper called the Tipton Enterprise ,with. Frank Ristine, printer. It was not long ere this paper left the Republican party, going off with great earnestness on the " Grange movement," but after the October election in 1874, the sheet died easily, without hope of resurrection

In the early spring of 1874, W. J. Turpen and L. H. Emmons issued the first number of the Tipton Advance, an independent Democratic newspaper. It continued with a fair degree of success until the spring of 1870. when it was bought by William Haw and merged in with the Times.

The Tipton Republican was started in April, 1876, by John Greeves, at the solicitation of numerous Republicans, and was at the outset so poor that the sheet had barely enough type to dress itself in proper costume for the public eye. After one or two issues, M. W. Pershing went to Chicago and bought $150 worth of office material, which he loaned to Mr. Greeves; but about this time a number of prominent Republicans of the town, concluding that the party should have a permanent organ at the county seat, purchased the office of Mr. Greeves and employed M. W. Pershing to edit the paper temporarily until a permanent editor could be secured. These Republicans were Daniel Waugh, Park Russell, J. H. Fear, M V. B. Newcomer. R. B. Beauchamp, S. I. Davis, W. P. Weed, S. Lowby, M. Rosenthal, J. C. Gregg, William Barlow, H. Mehlig and W. M. Grishaw. This company owned the office with the exception of the $150 worth of material purchased by Mr. Pershing. In August, 1876, Mr. Solonsnook took the office on the same terms under which Mr. Pershing had issued it, i. e., to maintain its Republicanism and to have all he could make from the office, the ownership, of course, still remaining with the company. In October, 1876, J. C. Gregg took the editorial chair on the same terms and successfullv issued the paper until August, 1878.

In September, 1878, T. M. Smith started a Greenback and Republican campaign sheet, subscription price 25 cents for the campaign. Mr. Smith was the Greenback editor and Mr. Pershing the Republican editor of this sheet, which died suddenly and permanently after the campaign. It was called the Advocate. In October, Mr. Pershing was ao-ain placed at the editorial head of the Republican by the company, the issue continuing the number and volume of the Greenback-Republican sheet that had just become defunct. During the first three months after this the cash receipts were $12.50, but after that the paper began to " boom. " In six months the paper was enlarged to a seven-column folio, and at the end of the first year to an eight-column folio, its present size. Mr. Pershing early bought the office and is the present editor. The success of the sheet is unprecedented in the histoiy of the county, and but few men would have had the courage to continue the issue in the face of the bitterest obstacles and in the teeth of the severest threats. The success of the paper is also largely due to the persistent skill with which the editor unraveled the unlawful depredations of certain public officials. A large circulation and large office patronage are enjoyed.

Late in the decade of the fifties, a small folio sheet, called the Car of Progress, was started at Tipton by a Mr. Kelsaw. The paper antagonized the Democratic- doctrines of that period and became involved with the Democratic paper on the leading issues of the day, the principal questions being the extension of slave territory and the probability of war with the South, with the surrounding influences. The paper lived only about ninejjmonths.

Early in 1882, J. O. Behymer began issuing at the county seat a Democratic paper, called the Saturday Express, which was designed to be the organ of the county Democracy. The paper was issued with fair success until the early part of 1883, when it became defunct.

Windfall has not been without its newspaper enterprises. In about May, 1876, Sweet & Fugit established there an independent sheet called the Windfall News, which was conducted by them for a period of about one year, when the office was sold to P. & J. O. Behymer, who issued the paper until the spring of 1880, when it was discontinued. In the fall of 1876, Sweet & Fugit also issued there the first number of a monthly paper for children, called Our Home, which soon attained a circulation all over the United Statesthe actual circulation eing over 3,000. At the time of the sale of the News to the Behymer bBrothers, the office of Our Home went with it, which circumstance terminated the further issue of the children's paper.

THE TIPTON COUNTY PIONEER SOCIETY.


In September, 1879, a preliminary meeting of the old settlers of the county was held at the Clerk's office, pursuant to call, Jud ge John Green being elected President and John Lang Secretary. The following old settlers, with their respective ages, were present: Joseph Puntney, eighty; Peter Hough, eighty-nine; John Green, seventy-two; Thomas Murphey, seventy-two; D. F. Hutto, seventy; James Egler, seventy-six; George Baldwin, sixty-nine; Squire Hill, seventy; John Long, sixty-seven; John Burkhart, sixty-five; Alexander Pennock, sixty-two; John McVay, sixty-five; Thomas Cole, sixty-seven; Boston Day, sixty-five; Samuel Louck, sixty- one; D. J. Caldwell, sixty; D. M. Hill, seventy- four; John Evans, sixty-five; W. S. Bunch, sixty-six; Joseph Oram, seventy-two; Frederick Snyder, seventy-one; S. Patten, seventy -eight; Jesse Stone, seventy six; Martin Kleyla, sixty-five; Barbara Kleyla, sixty- four; and Elizabeth Carr, seventy- three. After the organization the society adjourned, to meet again at the court house on September 25, 1879, at 10 o'clock A .M. On the 4th of July, 1880, the society again met at Green's grove, on which occasion the leading address was delivered by Hon. John Green, and a constitution and by-laws were adopted. A most enjoyable time was passed. In the succeeding September, the following additional members were secured: Silas Blount, aged seventynine; Thomas Lemon, sixty-nine; Barbara Blount, seventy; B. Grason, sixty-five; E. M. Sharp, seventy-two; C. S. Samuels, sixty-one; Isaac Shaw, seventy-two; Susan Samuels, sixty; N. I. Springer, sixty-nine; Ralph Shelton, sixty-eight; C. Philip, sixty-five; Rebecca Coff, seventy-one; H, S. Clark, sixty- four; C. Barlow, sixty-nine; James Bosey, sixty-two; M. Baldwin, sixty; Naoma Lakey, seventy-one; A. S. Mott, seventy; Levi Lakey, ; Thomas Rarey, seventy; Felix Drayestren, eighty-two; B. Richardson, seventy-six: J. T. Hancock, sixty -six, Elizabeth Richardson, sixty-three; Milton Mozingo, seventy-four; Elizabeth Whisler. sixty-two; Mary Caldwell, sixty-four; Nancy Long, sixtyfour; Elizabeth Clark, sixty-eight; R. Tucker, sixty-five; Harrison Dunn, sixty-three; Squ.ire Tucker, seventy-two; J. M.Thompson, sixty-nine; John Bunday, sixty-seven; H. M. Henderson, seventy- three; and S. P. Martinsdale, fifty-nine. The old officers were re elected for the following year, and the meeting adjourned to meet again July 4, 1881, when a large "turnout" assembled to enjoy the occasion. Many others joined whose names cannot be given. The President reported the names of those who had died since the last meeting. Annual meetings are held, eloquent speakers are secured to entertain the old people, and long reviews of the past are socially talked over. The present officers are John Green, President; R. AV. Wright, Secretary; John Long, Treasurer; Vice Presidents, Silas Blount, Green Lilly, J. P. Thomas, Boston Day, Riley Suit, Thomas Cole and Elisha Pickering. Meetings of old settlers were held as long ago as 1856, but as the proceedings were not preserved, no facts can be given here.

TIPTON COUNTY POLITICS.


The first Presidential election held in the county was in 1844. the same year the county was organized. Before that, it is true, in 1840, when the county was yet attached to Hamilton County, the citizens were called upon to vote either for the Whig candidate, Harrison, or the Democratic candidate. Van Biiren; but although the court house at Noblesville was ransacked by the writer, the result of this election in the townships of Tipton County could not be found. In 1844, the question before the people was the probable future application of Texas for admission into the Union. The Democratic party highly favored the admission, mainly upon the ground of an increase of slave territory, while the Whig opposed the measure for an opposite reason. The campaign was conducted with great spirit, approaching in many places extreme parti -san bitterness, but the Democratic party proved victorious, and afterward, early in the spring of 1845, before John Tyler had retired from the Presidential chair, Texas was formally admitted into the Union. The full vote in Tipton County in November, 1844, was as follows: Democrat, for Polk and DallasMadison, 32; Jefferson, 23; Cicero. 35; Prairie, 29; total. 119. Whig, for Clay and FrelinghuysenMadison, 20; Jeiferson. 26; Cicero, 29; Prairie, 25; total, 100. The county took a Democratic stand at the start, though there was little or no excitement over the contest. In 1845, David Wilmot, of Pennsylvania, introduced a bill into Congress prohibiting slavery in the newly acquired territoiy of Texas. This was followed by protracted debates of the most fiery intensity, and the partisan spirit of the whole country was stirred as it had never been before. Many of the hot speeches then delivered in Congress are the most perfect specimens of American eloquence and oratory in existence. A Free- Soil party was organized, and although the bill was finally defeated, the issues which it incited were carried into the campaign of 1848, and the new party placed a ticket in the field. The election in Tipton County in November, 1848, resulted as follows:

TOWNSHIPS Dem Cass and Butler Whig Taylor and Filmore Free Soil Van Buren and Adams
Madison 61 35


Jefferson 53 58


Cicero 61 51 1
Prairie 52 30


Wild Cat 8 9 2
Total 235 183 3

No attempt to organize a Free-Soil party in Tipton County bad boon made, though a number of the citizens, notably the Quakers, had declared in favor of that party. The hot partisan spirit in Congress and throughout the country continued with unabated intensity. California adopted a constitution prohibitiug slavery, and asked for admission into the Union; but the measure was promptly and violently opposed by the Southern members of Congress, who insisted that, as part of the State, at least, was south of Mason and Dixon's line, ii should be adinittod as a Slave State. The excitement and bitterness continued to increase until, in 1850. Henry Clay, the " great pacificator." introduced in Congress his celebrated "Omnibus Bill," which provided, among other things, thai California should be admitted as a Free State, that Texas should be divided into not more than four States, without or with slavory, as the citizens might decide, that a more stringent fugitive slave law should be adopted, and that slavery in the District of Columbia should be abolished. The bill was violently assailed by both parties for months, but was finally adopted. People felt, however, that the issue was simply postponed, aud in the election of 1852, the questions involved in the bill came again before the country, though the Democratic and Whig parties agreed as to the wisdom of tho compromise. Tho Free-Soil party had grown stronger, maintaining that slavery should bo excluded from all the territories. The vote in Tipton County, November. 1852, was as follows:

TOWNSHIPS Dem Pierce and King Whig Scott and Graham Free Soil Hale and Julian
Madison 108 62


Jefferson 88 81


Cicero128 95 5


Prairie 67 41 1
Liberty 34 55


Wild Cat 36 6


Total 561 340 6

The question of the expansion of slave territory continued to stir np partisan hostility. In January, 1854. Stephen A. Douglas introduced into Congress his famous " Kansas-Nebraska Bill," which providod for the formation of those States, and for the adoption or rejection of slav-ery, os the citizens should determine at the polls. Great excitement pre-vailed throughout the North when the measures of this bill became known, as. in ease of its adoption, the Missouri compromise and the compromise of 1850 would be virtually repealed, as both new States lay north of the Mason and Dixon line. The debates in Congress were pas. siouate, vehement, artful and eloquent, and despite the utmost efforts of the Whigs, the bill was finally adopted. The soil of Kansas was immediately invaded by pro-slavery and anti-slavery partisans, to decide the question of slavery, aud soon open war and bloodshed ran riot. The election was held, and the pro-slavery delegates, who claimed to have been elected, assembled at Lecompton and adopted a constitution with slavery as its corner-stone. The anti-elavery delegates, who claimed to have been rightly elected, met at Topeka and adopted a constitution prohibiting slavery. The excitement continued, but finally, as it was im-possible to tell which party was truly in the ascendency. President Pierce appointed John W. Oreary Governor of Kansas, and comparative order was soon restored. The new party. Republican, came into li fe upon the various issues agitating the couutry. drawing its strength from that sentiment iu all parties opposing slavery. The election of November. 1850, came on, resulting as follows in Tipton County:

TOWNSHIPS Dem Buchanan and Breckinridge Whig Fremont and Dayton Free Soil Filmore and Donelson
Madison 162 56 1
Jefferson 86 114 1
Cicero 217 155 3
Prairie 109 71


Liberty 83 119 4
Wild Cat 31 6 5
Total 738 546 14

The bitterness dividing the North and the South continued to increase. In 1857, the United States Supreme Court decided in the Dred Scott case that the negro could not become a citizen under the Constitution. This was followed by [indignant mass meetings in the North and the adoption of denunciatory resolutions and " Personal Liberty Bills." In 1859, John Brown endeavored to incite an insurrection of the slaves in Virginia, but was captured, and himself and a [number of his followers were hung. The fugitive slave law was openly violated throughout the North, and numerous prosecutions followed. The country was on the brink of civil war. The South saw that the enormous influx of population in the Northern States would result in the election of a Republican President, and the leaders of slavery knew that the hour for secession had come. It was publicly announced that the election of a Republican President would be regarded as a sufficient menace to the institution of slavery to warrant the South in withdrawing from the Union. Four parties placed tickets in the field in 1860, with the following result in Tipton County in November, 1860:

TOWNSHIPS. Dem. Douglas and Johnson Rep. Lincoln and Hamilton Dem. Breckinridge and Lane Union Bell and Everett
Madison 136 101 2


Jefferson 90 153 4 2
Cicero 256 221 6


Prairie 126 94 4


Liberty 109 131 5 1
Wild Cat 107 70



Total 824 770 21 3

This election was succeeded by the secession of the leading States of the South, and by a long, bloody, civil war, which forever, it is hoped, obliterated slavery from the United States. In 1864, the question before the country was the continuance or cessation of war. The result in Tipton County in November, 1864, was as follows:

TOWNSHIPS. Dem. McClellan and Pendleton Rep. Lincoln and Johnson
Madison 164 72
Jefferson 119 130
Cicero 279 234
Prairie 158 93
Liberty 145 138
Wild Cat 154 64
Total 1,019 731

Mr. Lincoln was reelected, which was a ratification of his administration and a declaration in favor of a continuance of the war, and extensive preparations to conclude the unnatural civil strife were speedily carried into effect The spring of 1865 saw the war end. and saw the lamented assassination of President Lincoln and the transfer of the Executive Department of the Government to the Vice President, Mr. Johnson. Considerable trouble arose in regard to the reconstruction of the Southern States, which resulted in an effort to impeach the President, the effort failing by but one vote. The question of reconstruction was before the country in 1868, the following being the result of the election in Tipton County, November, 1868:

TOWNSHIPS. Dem. Seymour and Blair Rep. Grant and Colfax
Madison 204 112
Jefferson 132 163
Cicero 368 319
Prairie 192 128
Liberty 162 181
Wild Cat 210 114
Total. 1,268 1,017

The Republican candidates were elected, and so satisfactory to his party was the administration of Gen. Grant that he became the Republican nominee for re-election in 1872. The Democratic party formed a coalition with dissatisfied Republicans and with all who were opposed to Gen. Grant, and placed in nomination Horace Greeley, editor of the New York Tribune, a " Liberal Republican," of great prominence. The result in Tipton, November, 1872, was as follows:

TOWNSHIPS. Liberal Republican Greeley and Brown Rep. Grant and Wilson Bourbon Democrat O'Conor and Adams
Madison 248 156


Jefferson 150 173


Cicero 397 406


Prairie 161 156 5
Liberty 178 200


Wild Cat 193 166 1
Total. 1,327 1,257 6

The Republican candidates were again elected, the result when known, being followed by the death of Mr. Greeley, one of the most eminent editors and philanthropists of the century. Soon after this the Independ-ent or Greenback party caino into existence, its formation being due to the hard times resulting from the depreciation of values at the close of the war. The election of November, 1870, resulted as follows:

TOWNSHIPS. Dem Tilden and Hendricks Rep. Hayes and Wheeler Ind Cooper and Cary
Madison 257 152 5
Jefferson 201 209 12
Cicero 494 438 45
Prairie 224 163 12
Liberty 259 199 8
Wild Cat 269 181 17
Total. 1,704 1,342 99

Owing to mimorous alleged frauds in the election in the South (and even in the North), the Lower House of Congress was unable to determine which candidates were entitled to the electoral vote of certain Southern States. The Constitution provided no remedy for the dilemma, and much excitement resulted in Congress and throughout the country. At last Mr. Edmunds, of Vermont, introduced a bill in Congress, transferring the settlement of the question to an " Electoral Commission," consisting of the Judges of the Surpeme Court of the United States. This bill was accepted by both parties as a compromise, and the result was that the " Electoral Commission " decided by a vote of eight to seven in favor of the Republican candidates, and accordingly Hayes and Wheeler assumed control of the Executive Department. The administration of President Hayes was so satisfactory in its financial results that the Republicans were again enabled to carry the election in 1880. Tipton County voted as follows:

TOWNSHIPS. Dem Hancock and English Rep Garfield and Arthur Ind. Weaver and Chambers
Madison 276 183 2
Jefferson 231 268 24
Cicero 581 458 13
Prairie 244 178 7
Liberty 252 213 4
Wild Cat 272 218 12
Total. 1856 1518 62


CATALOGUE OF COUNTY OFFICERS.

County Commissioners
 Robert E. Davidson, 1844; John D. Smith, 1844; Thomas Jackson, 1844; R. E. Davidson, 1845; Oliver H. Perry, 1846; George Tucker. 1840; Harvey Goodykoontz, 1848; Zimri Brown, 1840; Abraham Ploughe, 1841; H. Goodykoontz, 1850; Joseph McMartry, 1851; Noble S. Riley, 1852; H. Goodykoontz, 1854; J. McHolmes, 1855; Green Lilly, 1855; Thomas J. Smith, 1850; Elisha Pickering, 1857; William P. Gard, 1858; Alexander McCreary. 1850; William Woolly, 1850; Joseph Price, 1860; Greon Lilly, 1801; Thomas Cole, 1802; David Kemp, 1803; John Natter, 1804; G. W. Boyer, 1805; David Kemp, 1800; John Nutter, 1807; Thomas J. Wright, 1808; David Kemp. 1860; Iredell Wright, 1870; T. J. Wright, 1871; Daniel Kemp, 1872; Martin Smith, 1873; Charles F. Meyer, 1874; Green Lilly, 1875; John Evans, 1870; David Kemp, 1870; Morgan Wright, 1877; Jacob G. Off, 1878; George W. Myerly, 1879; Jacob G. Off. 1880; Alexander McCroary, 1881; and B. F. Leg, 1882.

Auditors
N. J. Jackson, 1844; A. M. Young, 1860; William Stivers, 1854; B. R. Groom, 1802; W. S. Armstrong, 1800; R. W. Wright 1874; A. E. Small, 1878; and R. L. Porter, 1882.

Recorders
Sylvester Turpen, 1844; John S. Ressler, 1854; B. R. Groom, 1862; M. E. Clark, 1803; A. E. Small, 1871; and John Long, 1878.

Clerks
N. J. Jackson, 1844; A. M. Young, 1850; W. N. Brady, 1850: Sylvester Turpen, 1854; Ellison C. Hill, 1859; J. V. Cox, 1861; E. A. Overman, 1870: J. A. Moon, 1874; A. B. Pitzer, 1878; and L. T. Bunch, 1882.

Treasurers
Jacob Whisler, 1844; John S. Ressler, 1847;. J. E. Rumsey, 1853; John VV. Chambers, 1857; J. C. Vandevender, 1859; John. Pickens, 1861; J. P. Foster, 1863; Hugh Dickey, appointed 1867; D. A. Fish, 1870; William M. Grishaw, 1872; Jesse Alexander, 1878: John H. Zehner, 1882.

Sheriffs
William Harrington, 1844; P. Evans, 1845; A. M. Young, 1845; A. J. Redmon, 1846; Jesse Brown, 1850; William H. Richardson, 1852; A. J. Redmon, 1854; Samuel Deal, 1854; A. J. Redmon, 1856; William Hall, 1860; Hugh Dickey, 1862; Richard Nash, 1866; Henry George, 1868; Alexander McCreary, 1870; W. R. Albright, 1874; Robert M. Robinson, 1876; James H. Fear, 1880; and John W. Leavell, 1882.

Surveyors
Charles Thurman, 1844; W. H. Nelson, 1850; William Dickey, 1852; A. J. Franklin, 1855; John Van Buskirk, 1858; A. M. Legg, 1860; W. S. Dickey, 1861; Arthur M. Legg, 1862; Josiah M Clark, 1868; John Van Buskirk, 1870; J. M. Clark, 1878; and Frederick Ramsayer, 1882.

County Agents
William H. Nelson, 1844; William F. Brady, 1847; Daniel G. Young, 1850; J. A. Lewis, 1851.

Coroners
William Harrington, 1844; L. J. White, 1845; John Russell, 1847; John Longfellow, 1848; J. P. Workman, 1851; A. D. Doggett, 1854; William Goodrich, 1856; Philip Ballard, 1858; Robert Alexander, 1860; Andrew Swope, 1862; Robert Alexander, 1864; Andrew Swope, 1868; * * * A. J. Baker, 1878; M. V. B. Vickrey, 1880, and Joseph Summers, 1882.

School Examiners
Thomas S. Starkey, 1845; John B. Cole, 1847; J. C. Williams, 1848; Andrew McElhany, 1853; Nathan Smith, 1854; J. A. Lewis, 1854; John E. Rumsey, 1855; Joseph A. Lewis, 1857; Nathan Smith, 1858; M. M. Jones, 1859; John W. Chambers, I860; M. M. Jones, 1861; B. M. Blount, 1862; John J. Mathers, 1864; Cyras N. Blount, September, 1867; Jacob B. Blount, 1870; J. M. Clark, first County Superintendent, 1873; B. M. Blount, 1876; and George C. Wood, 1880.

Probate Judges
 William H. Nelson, 1844; Joseph A. Lewis, Februay, 1851; Richard Miner, November, 1851-53.

Common Pleas
Judges E. A. Stone, 1852; Nathaniel R. Lindsey, 1857; John Green, 1860; N. R. Lindsey, 1864; William Garver, 1864-1873

Circuit Judges
John W. Wright, 1844; Jeremiah , 1846; William Wick, 1852; Stephen Major, 1854; Joseph Buckles, 1858; John Davis, 1865; James O'Brien, 1868; Clark N. Pollard, 1873: N. R. Overman, 1879.

Representatives
William W. Connor, 1844; Robert T. Kimberlin and Carter T. Jackson, 1845; * * Nathan R. Lindsey, 1850, about; M. P. Evans; * * Addison Boxley, 1858; Joseph Goar, 1861; James O'Brien, 1863; William Stivers, 1865; Joel Stafford, 1867; R. Stevenson, 1869; W. W. Connor, 1871; John E. Rumsey, 1873; Samuel M. Taylor, 1875; William Gurrer, 1877; W. D. Rooker, 1879; George Ham, 1881.

Senators
William W. Connor, 1845; William Garver, 1848; Newton J. Jackson, 1852; John Green, 1856; George B. Grubb, 1860; Daniel R. Brown, 1864; John Green, 1868; William O'Brian, 1872; Peter Cardwell, 1875; S. M. Taylor, 1877; Robert Graham, 1880.


Source: Counties of Howard and Tipton Indiana Historical and Biographies Charles Blanchard Editor Chicago F.A. Battey & Co 1883