County was formed 1 Feb 1818 from Gibson,
Posey, and Warrick Counties. It was named for Capt. Henry Vanderburgh
(1760 - 1812), a Revolutionary War veteran and the judge for the
Indiana Territory. There are 8 Civil Townships: Armstrong, Center,
German, Knight, Perry, Pigeon, Scott and Union, and the County Seat
is at Evansville.
is located in south-west Indiana, bordering Posey County to
the west, and Warrick County to the east. To the south, the Ohio River
divides the county with Henderson County, Kentucky.
and descriptive sketch of Vanderburgh
can be but little else than of Evansville. The county has but few
attractions outside of that city."
Hugh McGary (1783-1844), of Kentucky, settled on the site of Evansville
in 1812, erecting a log house; the first white man's dwelling in that
section. At the time, there was an Indian village, of the Shawanoe
[sic] tribe, near Pigeon creek."
and 1817, Gen. Robert M. Evans, and James W. Jones, united
with Col. McGary, and established the town on an enlarged plan. They
purchased additional land, and made some general preparations for
improvements." According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the population of the
county was 171,922.
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