Source: "Warrick and Its Prominent People:
A History of Warrick County, Indiana from the Time of Its Organization and Settlement,
with Biographical Sketches of Some of Its Prominent People of the Past and Present",
By William Fortune, 1881



Hon. Ratliff Boon, ex-Governor of the State of Indiana, and for sixteen years Representative from the First Congressional District in the National House of Representatives, was born in Georgia, about the year 1780. He was a cousin of the great pioneer, Daniel Boone, and was also a son-in-law to Bailey Anderson, one of the earliest settlers of this county. His parents moved to Warren county, Kentucky, while he was very young, and at Danville, in that State, he learned the gunsmith's trade. In 1809 he came to Indiana Territory, through the influence of his kinsman, Bailey Anderson, and was probably the first to settle in what is now Boon township, this county, which was named in honor of him. The land upon which he settled and lived during his residence in Warrick county is situated about two miles west of Boonville.

Colonel Boon was one of the most prominent men in Indiana during its early days, and held some of the highest offices within the gift of the people. His education was limited, but he was a man of extraordinary tact and sagacity. He possessed great force of character and had a manner of making loyal friends and bitter enemies. For several years he was Colonel of State militia. Upon the organization of Warrick, as a territorial county, in 1813, as the law at that time required, he was appointed Treasurer, which office he held until 1820. In 1816, when Indiana was admitted into the Union, Boon was elected to represent Warrick county in the first State Legislature. This was the beginning of his career as a politician, and he afterwards held various offices, covering a period of twenty-five years. He was twice elected Lieutenant Governor of Indiana, and during his last term in this office he filled an unexpired term as Chief Executive of the State. He was elected to Congress eight different times, serving, in all, sixteen consecutive years.

In 1839 he removed to Pike county, Missouri, and while a resident of that State he was defeated by Thomas H. Benton in caucus, as a candidate for United States Senator, after which he virtually retired from public life. However, he desired to live to see Polk elected President of the United States, and a few hours after he received the news of his election, in 1846, he died.

Colonel Boon was married to Miss Deliah Anderson, of Kentucky, daughter of Bailey Anderson. The fruits of this marriage were ten children, five boys and five girls, all of whom are now dead, except a daughter, living in Pike county, Missouri.

The marked characteristics of Ratliff Boon's public life forcibly reminds one of the back-woods statesman, Davy Crockett. It was his custom always to return home in the spring and "lay out" the corn rows for his sons, and he would then go back to Congress. In the annals of Warrick county history no man figures more prominently than Ratliff Boon, and his career is one of which we may well be proud.


Few there are who have not heard of General Joe Lane, of Oregon, who, from an obscure flat-boatman, on the Ohio river, has risen to some of the most prominent positions in the land. Today he lives on the Pacific slope, far away from the scenes of his early struggles. He was born in North Carolina, in 1801, and was only six years of age when his father, John Lane, removed to Henderson county, Kentucky. What education he received was obtained, at intervals, in some log house, where a man, who knew his letters, acted as teacher. He was a sharp, quick-witted boy, more fond of hunting than books, and, withal, was very popular with the pioneers, on account of his accommodating disposition. In 1818 his father removed to Vanderburgh county, Indiana, and purchased a tract of land about nine miles above Evansville. Here Joseph was invited by Judge Grass, who kept a store near Rockport, to proceed there and act as a clerk in his establishment. He was at once regarded with favor by all who had business at the store, as he was well posted in stories of frontier life, and was kind and obliging. He next, in company with his brother Simon, bought a flat-boat, sold wood to the steamboats, as they passed; made many trips to New Orleans; carried on a farm; dealt in stock, etc., until the breaking out of the Mexican war, when he began to secure recruits in Evansville and vicinity. Soon a large number of the hardy yeomanry were mustered into the second regiment, and with our subject as their Colonel was off for the scene of the war. His regiment was placed in the division commanded by General Taylor, and his exploits immediately attracted the attention of "Old Rough and Ready," who showed his confidence in the Indiana pioneer by making Colonel Lane a Brigadier General. General Lane was not only a brave man, but he was possessed of a knowledge of the Mexican style of fighting, and was an invaluable officer in that vigorous campaign, so successfully managed by General Taylor.

fn. The land upon which Mr. Lane settled was really in Warrick county at that time, but Hon. Ratliff Boon, fearing that Joe Lane, who was a very popular youth at nineteen years of age, would seriously interfere with his political aspirations in this county, caused a strip of land to be transferred from the southeastern part of Warrick to the territory of Vanderburgh county, which included the farm that Mr. Lane had settled upon, thereby making Joe Lane ineligible to office in this county. By reference to the map, the reader will observe this apparent encroachment upon Warrick county territory by Vanderburgh . However, General Lane afterwards represented Warnck and Vanderburgh counties in the State Senate several terms in succession. — ED. W. AND ITS P. P.

After the close of hostilities the President appointed him Gov ernor of the Territory of Oregon, and upon the admission of Oregon into the Union, he was elected a Senator. General Lane was a delegate from Oregon to the Democratic Convention which nominated Franklin Pierce for President in 1852. In 1860, General Lane was nominated for Vice President on the Breckenridge-Democratic ticket and his career in that memorable campaign is a part of the records of the country. General Lane was married, while living in Vanderburgh county, to Miss Mary Hart, daughter of Matthew Hart. Ten children were the result of this union, of whom only one has died. Taking him as a representative pioneer, we have presented this brief sketch of his life. His public services are a permanent part of our national history. — Evansville and its Men of Mark.


The following letter, which we have slightly abridged, from General Joseph Lane, while living at Rosenburg, Oregon, to A. T. Whittlesey, Esq., Secretary of the Vanderburgh County Historical and Biographical Society, contains many interesting incidents of his own life and reminiscences of prominent men and important events in the early history of Warrick and Vanderburgh counties. From it, much information can be gained regarding the old veteran's residence in this section, which is not given in the foregoing sketch of his life:

"In 1814 my father settled on the Kentucky bank of the Ohio river, opposite the mouth of Cypress creek; the place afterwards owned by the McCormicks, and for aught I know, still belonging to some one of the family; be that as it may. We succeeded in clearing off the cane and small timber, chopping around the big trees so as to deaden them, and put in cultivation ten acres of that rich bottom land. The first year we raised a good crop of corn, a good garden, and some six hundred pounds of cotton in the seed. Then, all families, not very rich, raised cotton and flax; carded, spun, wove and made their own clothing, sheeting and other necessary cloths. When our cotton was picked out of the boll and sacked, old Mr. Vanada, who lived on the bank of the river, three miles from us, proposed to furnish a skiff and with my help take the cotton of both parties to Henderson, then called Red Banks, where a Mr. McBride had put up a gin to pick the seeds from the cotton, and also a small carding machine to make the cotton into rolls, which, by the way, was at that time of great advantage to poor people. Well, in the fall of 1815, with our cotton loaded in the skiff, the good old gentleman and myself set out for Henderson. I did the rowing."

At nightfall we had reached the mouth of Green river; a slight head-wind prevailed, and finding myself a little tired I proposed to land; but Mr. Vanada said: "No, we must reach Henderson by morning." We ate a portion of our cold ham and corn bread, and I settled down to the oars, he held the tiller and on we went, rowing as hard as I could, the wind increased; faithfully did I tug at the oars, but our progress was slow. As we commenced to turn McClain's point the wind took us fair, and the waves broke over the sides of our skiff. The old gentleman called out "Hard on the oars!" and headed our little boat quartering up the river. We made a landing not far from where Shanklin first opened his store. There we camped and slept till morning, the wind still blowing too hard for our little boat or the power that propelled it. As we could not go on, I took a ramble through the woods and brush, and for the first time looked over the land and site where now stands the beautiful and business city of Evansville, with its many churches, and school houses, and banks, and public edifices, with its daily lines of steamboats and railroads, and constant hurry and rush of business, and with its high state of civilization. Then how little did I think of the great future of the site where then, alone, I rambled; could I then have foreseen it, with my uniform good health and energy, what a large fortune could now be mine; perhaps Heaven directs! My life has been one of action, and not of speculation; directed in a different sphere, and although in that sphere I experienced much hardship, deep anxiety and severe wounds, from which I suffer much pain and inconvenience, it was necessary for the protection of our pioneers and the rapid progress of civilization that soon followed and spread all over the Pacific slope. But enough of this."

In the winter of that year, 1815, I obtained permission to go out and work for myself. Early in 1816 I obtained work in Darlington, the county seat at that time of Warrick county. It was located one mile from the Ohio river, between Pigeon and Cypress creeks, and bordered on a long pond, that in winter afforded fine duck shooting, and in summer plenty of mosquitoes, ague and bilious fever; quite as sickly as any place between Louisville and New Orleans."

Myself, and several other young men, took a contract to cut, raft and deliver several hundred saw logs at Henderson, Kentucky, to Mr. Audubon, (subsequently known as the great ornithologist). He had built and owned a very good steam saw mill, a little too soon for the times, which was one among other failures that caused him to quit business and turn his attention to that branch of science and literature in which he afterwards became famous."

It was while engaged in delivering logs and rowing back in our skiff that I got acquainted with every one who lived on the bank of the river, and especially did I get well acquainted with Col. Hugh McGary, and was rather pleased with him. He talked well on the subject of his town site and of the ultimate greatness of his prospective city. With him, I walked over a portion of the land. A portion of it I had walked over the year before, solitary and alone; I found him quite in earnest about his town. Not long after this he put up his hewed log house not far from Mitchell's corner, I think, near the spot where, some time after, James Lewis built his dwelling house. Upon this occasion we camped near his house, and he spent most of the night with us, and talked much and complained bitterly of Col. Ratliff Boon, who was, as he held, the only obstacle to his success; that he, Boon, was opposed to the formation of a new county out of Warrick, Posey and Gibson, and so arranging the boundaries as to make his town site central. I was fond of Boon and did not like to hear him abused, but said nothing until after I had obtained employment in the clerk's office; then the first time that I saw Boon, I took the liberty of saying to him that perhaps he had it in his power, or if he wished he could have a new county formed out of the counties above named, and still have them large enough, and that by so doing he would make many friends. A few months after I happened to be present at a conversation held in the clerk's office, while our circuit court was in session, between Boon, McGary, Gen. Evans and Judge Daniel Grass, all leading men, in which the whole programme of a new county was fully discussed. Boon mentioned that such chipping of Warrick county would necessitate the re-location of the county seat and the probable point would be at or near Setteedown's village, where he, a Shawnee chief, had lived with his little band until 1811, and who, before he left to join his nation had killed some white people in French Island neighborhood. He was followed and killed by a party of citizens, among whom Boon figured conspicuously.

The county seat was re-located and located as above mei [sic] or suggested; and Boon's name is, and rightly shoul [sic] [the rest of the paragraph is unreadable]

To wit: Oliver H. Smith, Gen. Milton Stapp, Bullock and Pinckney Jones; two of these became quite prominent. I suppose that it is safe to say that not a member (myself excepted) of either House of that session, is now living, or has been living within the last ten or fifteen years. On looking back, how sad one feels! The only one left!"

As many of the older members of your society know, I served at intervals in one or the other House of our State Legislature, from 1822 to 1846, when I left vacant an unexpired term in the Senate, and volunteered, in that gallant old veteran, Capt. William Walker's company. From him I took my first lessons in company drill."

At Buena Vista, sword in hand, he fell, while nobly and gallantly battling for his country's honor. A truer and braver soldier fell not upon any battlefield, before or since."

The Speakers in the several Houses, in which I served after 1822, were Isaac Howk, Harbin H. Moore and Dr. John W. Davis; and if I remember correctly, each of these gentlemen served more than one term as presiding officer.

I was twice elected to the Senate, once only beaten for the House; that was by Wm. T. T. Jones, a gallant, talented gentleman. Brown Butler run me close; I beat him by only six votes. After that Butler was my colleague in the House while I was in the Senate. As you are aware, I did my part in bringing about a compromise between the State and her creditors, or bondholders ; the adjustment saved us the disgrace of threatened repudiation, to which I was very earnestly opposed. During my whole service in the! Legislature I did all I could for the promotion of the interests and honor of our State and the district that I in part represented.

I have not, as was my intention when I commenced writing, given the names of the early business men of Evansville, the mechanics, professional men and others that ought to have a place in history. I have endeavored to give the little I knew of the influence of the men who shaped and formed boundaries of counties and location of county seats, all of which was understood, by the actors, a year or two before the great work was accomplished, all of them more or less interested, and still all they did resulted in great public good. Ratliff Boon, Daniel- Grass (the humorist) and Gen. Robert M. Evans, were more than ordinary men of their day and deserve a place in the history of Indiana."

With kind regards and best wishes for the health and success of all the Society, I am, sir, with much respect, your obdient servant, JOSEPH LANE.

The writing of this letter to the Vanderburgh Historical Society was one of the last acts of General Lane's life. He died at Rosenberg, Oregon, on April 20th, 1881, in his seventy-ninth year.


Ezekiel Perigo, one of the early settlers and a prominent citizen of Warrick county, was born in Ohio county, Kentucky, August 6th, 1802. His father, Romey Perigo, was a native of Maryland, and was born in that State during the strife with Great Britain. At eighteen years of age he settled in Ohio county, Kentucky, and in 1800, when twenty one years old, he was married to Miss Rhodia Hinman. He died about 1830.

Mrs. Perigo was a woman of extraordinary bravery. She could handle a gun or shoot a wildcat as well as a man. She died by a stroke of palsy in 1822. In April, 1819, Mr. Perigo moved to Warrick county and settled south of where Ezekiel now lives.

This was one year after Boonville had been laid out and there were not more than a half dozen houses in the place, and these were rudely built log cabins.

Ezekiel's early advantages in instruction were limited to a few days each winter for two or three years while in Kentucky, and after his father's removal to Warrick county he attended a school two weeks, taught by George Hathaway. This comprised all his schooling. However, he obtained most of his education after his marriage by pursuing a regular and systematic course of study in the chimney corner at night by the light of a "shell bark hickory" fire.

In 1822 he was married to Miss Peggy Hudson, a life long member of the Methodist church, who died June 27, 1878, at the age of seventy-three. They had one son, Romey, who was killed in the battle at Atlanta, Ga., during the late war.

Until fifty-four years of age Mr. Perigo pursued farming. He engaged in milling for about eighteen months, and then purchased a saddle and harness shop. He began mercantile business in Boonville in 1856 and continued until 1872.

He finally retired from active business life and now lives on his farm south of Boonville, where he will spend the remainder of his days.

During the late war he was a decided Union man and did much to aid the cause by helping to feed and clothe soldiers' families, and otherwise encouraging the work of fighting our battles. Politically, he was a Whig, having cast his first vote for John Quincy Adams for President, but when the Whig party was succeeded by the Republican he joined the latter. He has been a man of prominence in local politics and has held various offices. He was twice elected constable of Boon township. He has also been treasurer of Boon township four years and trustee four years. He was commissioner of the county seminary for six years and was also appointed commissioner of swamp lands, but there were no duties attached to the latter office. In 1838 he was appointed county collector of taxes and was required to ride over the county and make personal collections. In this he was far more successful than his predecessors. He counted out the silver once after the year's work was done and threw it into one of Jackson's old-fashioned tin cups, which heldabout three pints, completely filling it. This was two years' salary and consisted of about $200. He has been administrator of forty-five estates and commissioner in petition of forty others.

He has been a member of the M. E. church for a number of years, and is esteemed by all as an honorable and upright man. His admirable character appears to better advantage at his own fireside, and none know him but to like him for his sincerity and honesty. His career has been a very useful one, and, although very old, he still retains a wonderful vigor of mind. He has watched the progress of Boonville from the time it was a settlement of a half-dozen log cabins to a thriving town of two thousand population. To use the words of the venerable old gentleman himself, his highest ambition is to so live that when this life's toils are over it may be truthfully said, he was always honest and honorable."


Of the prominent men of Warrick county that have passed away none covered a longer period of usefulness than Dr. Reuben Clark Matthewson, one of the pioneer physicians of Indiana and a gentleman of rare attainments, who settled in this county at a very early day. He was born October 16, 1804, in Steuben county, New York. His parents, Oliver and Agnes Matthew son, lived to be very old. His father died very suddenly of apoplexy at the age of eighty-two, and his mother of heart dis ease at seventy-five years of age. His mother, whose maiden name was Clark, was a descendant of a highly intellectual family and was a lady of extraordinary intellect. It is thought that the subject of this sketch inherited from her much of the talent and ability which he displayed throughout his career from boyhood to old age. In 1817 the family moved from New York to Princeton, Gibson county, Indiana, where the parents ever afterwards lived and are now buried. Reuben was thirteen years old at this time and had attended school very little, but when quite young he evinced a love, if not a passion, for books and music, which he maintained till old age, although averse to the wishes of his father, who wanted him to be a carpenter, the trade which he himself followed. At about this time the son was sent to school to Dr. Ira Bostwick, a gentleman of scholastic attainments and polished manners Between the two there became a warm attachment, which continued until the death of Dr. Bostwick, many years after the manhood of his pupil. At a later period in life he received tuition in Princeton from William Chittenden, a gentleman of literary attainments, and doubtless it was here that he obtained most of his education. At this time he was twenty years old, quiet and reserved, evincing a marked passion for books, and reading much in solitude.

He expressed to his father a desire to read medicine, but Mr. Matthewson tried to discourage him, telling him that he did not possess the capacity or scholarship to engnge in such high notions. However, he was permitted to enter the office of Dr. Charles Fullerton, a practicing physician in Princeton of more than ordinary ability for that time and place. Dr. Fullerton was also a fine musician and a teacher of both vocal and instrumental music. Here the student of medicine spent some of his leisure time in learning melodies and harmonies which were of great use to him early in life. He also studied the languages, particularly Latin, French and German, and for several years he was a regular subscriber and reader of a German newspaper.

He was licensed to practice medicine at the age of twenty-one and at once located in Boonville. This was in 1825, seven years after Boonville was laid out. It was a village of about fifty inhabitants at that time, and Dr. Matthewson was the only physician, Dr. Pasco, who came first, having died in 1824.

He was married February 16, 1828, to Lorinda Baldwin, a young lady of good family and a native of New York. Her parents were among the earliest residents of Boonville. She died August 19th, 1860, a little more than forty-eight years old, after a lingering illness, greatly lamented by all her numerous friends and relatives. Their children were five in number, three sons and two daughters. Two of the sons died in 1847, before they had arrived at manhood. The surviving son is Mr. Charles Clark Matthewson, who resides at the old homestead and is engaged in the drug business in Boonville. He inherits to a large extent his father's love of music and books, and lives quietly in the enjoy ment of his favorite pastimes. Isabella Helen, the second child and eldest daughter, was married in April, 1850, to Dr. W. G. Ralston, and now resides at Evansville. Lucy Maria, the other daughter and youngest child, the fiavorite of her father, and a beautiful and highly accomplished young lady, was married to John Brackenridge in April, 1876, and died two months afterwards.

In some business speculations about 1832 or 1833 Dr. Matthewson became much involved financially. Therefore, he relinquished his practice in Boonville and went to Bardstown, Kentucky, where he was made professor of music of the college at that place. He filled the chair with entire satisfaction for several years and then returned to his home and the practice of his profession, having made enough in the meantime to pay all his liabilities and start him anew.

Dr. Matthewson was a hard student of medicine, as his books show by their marginal annotations. He was a very skillful, successful, and, consequently, popular physician. In his diagnosis and prognosis of disease he excelled most practitioners; hence, to his opinion was given great weight in critical and doubtful cases. He was not a graduate, having attended only a partial course of lectures in the Ohio Medical College, yet he knew more about the real and scientific principles and details of medical science than very many of the professors and teachers in the medical colleges of the day. He practiced his profession in Boonville with the exception of the time he was engaged in teaching music in Bardstown College, for nearly fifty years.

He was a prudent and successful business man and was always regarded as honest and upright.

He was for many years skeptical in religious matters, but later in life he often said that his former notions had undergone a change and that he now entertained the hope and belief that the soul was immortal and would live in the future.

He was entertaining in conversation, having read almost everything that he considered worthy perusal. In physical appearance he was full and erect. His complexion was florid, and he had sparkling hazel eyes and red hair when young, which became almost white before his death. His weight was about 160 pounds and his height five feet ten inches.

In politics Dr. Matthewson was a Whig and afterwards a Republican. He was never a candidate for political favor, but he held the office of postmaster of Boonville from 1841 to 1845.

During his career of active life, covering a period of fifty years, he was identified as foremost in everything tending to the business or social advancement and improvement of his town and county. He was naturally looked upon as a leading citizen, and was held in the highest esteem by all. He was of a sociable disposition and in a quiet way was very benevolent.

During the last years of his life he was in a feeble state of health, which was doubtless a gradual softening of the brain, and on June 22, 1876, after a brief illness, supposed to be heart disease, the surroundings of his long, useful life,"
Saw, in death, his eyelids close.
Calmly, as to a night's repose,
Like flowers at set of sun."


William Scales, who was a pioneer of Indiana territory, and a man of conspicuousness in the early days of Warrick county, was born in North Carolina, in April, 1785. Early in the eighteenth century a family named Scales was banished from Scotland on account of their liberal ideas. They came to the United States, and it is probable that they settled in North Carolina. It is thought that William Scales was a descendant of this family.

In 1803 he was married to Mary Skelton, of Georgia, and during the same year they emigrated to Warren county, Kentucky. In 1807 he came to Indiana and settled in what is now Gibson county, near Princeton. The white men in this part of the country at that time were "few and far between." Settlers twenty miles apart were as neighbors. He constructed a hut of a right-angle triangular shape, with poles, bark and skins, the manner in which the houses of most pioneers were at that time built, and lived in it with his family for sometime, before the more substantial log cabin could be built. A tribe of Indians lived in close proximity to where Mr Scales had decided to settle and shortly after his arrival they came trotting over to his hut in single file to see him. One of the Indians approached him and said, "White man trust Indian, Indian trust white man," meaning that they would be his friend if he would trust them. They then asked that they might keep his eldest boy one day, promising to return with him when the sun went down.

Afraid to refuse lest the savages should become offended he very reluctantly consented to the proposition after a consultation with his wife, and one of the Indians, taking the boy on his shoulders, they trotted away in the same direction they had come. For the father and mother alone in the wilderness, with no friend near, and wholly at the mercy of a band of savages, it was a day of painful anxiety. Now and then they shuddered with the fear that the Indians would prove treacherous, and that they would never again see their boy alive. Night was fast drawing near, and the sun was gradually sinking beneath the horizon. The father's hope began to grow weaker, and he impatiently awaited the end of the time allotted for their return. With fixed eyes he watched the sun disappear entirely in the west and he then turned in the direction the Indians had gone, ready to face any danger, but his face lighted up with a smile of sudden delight, and his heart beat fast with joy as he saw them in the distance coming with his boy. They came trotting up in the same manner they had left and deposited the son at the father's feet. The old Indian then patted the grateful parent on the shoulder, and said, "White man trust Indian; Indian white man's friend always." Forever afterward the Indians and William Scales were good friends.

On account of the prevalence of wild animals at that time no stock could be raised, and hence, their meats consisted wholly of wild game, of which there was an abundance of all kinds. The manner of grinding or rather mashing corn for the purpose of making bread of it, was by hollowing out a stump in which it was mashed by a huge maul. Then the pioneers were introduced to the "spring-pole," which was regarded as a marvelous improvement on the maul mode of mashing corn, and afterwards came the more convenient horsemill, which was thought the limit of mechanical invention in grain grinding.

In 1811 Mr. Scales enlisted as first sergeant in Captain Har grave's company in the war of 1812, and he participated in the battle at Tippecanoe. After the close of the war he removed to what is now the northeastern part of Warrick county, settling near Selvin. His occupation was principally that of a farmer, although he taught school a great deal of the time. He was accustomed to reading, and possessed what at that time and place was a very uncommon education. Consequently, his services during the greater part of his life were of a public or official nature. He was twice assessor of Warrick county. In 1843 he was elected sheriff of the county and held the office two years.

He was elected county treasurer in 1847 and was holding this office at the time of his death. He raised a family of sixteen children, nine girls and seven boys, and has a large number of descendants still living in the county.

He was a man of fine physique and a true type of the "old Scotch gentleman." He was of a sociable, mirthful disposition, and possessed a fund of thrilling and amusing anecdotes of personal experience in his early settlement. He died in Boonville in 1848, at the place where Hon. B. S. Fuller now lives.


The marriage of Cadwell Phelps and Margaret Hamilton was consummated February igth, 1775. Of this union four children were the issue, among whom was A. M. Phelps, the subject of the present sketch, who was born January 6th, 1798, in Hartford, Windsor county, Vermont, where his father, who was of English extraction, had settled some two years previous.

At that period the country was almost a wilderness, and the newness of the territory, in connection with the father's limited means, made the education of his children rather a slender affair. To make amends for this the lad, A. M. Phelps, when released by his father at the age of nineteen, worked two years at ten dollars per month, then entered the Royalton Academy, Vermont, and was a student there for about a year.

But long before this the fame of the great west had reached the green hills of Vermont, and had so gained the attention of young Phelps that at the early age of fourteen, when his father one day pointed out to him an adjacent tract of land on the south side of the farm, and which was then for sale, following it with the remark: "Abraham, we must go to work and try to make money enough to buy that farm for you to possess when you become of age." His reply was: "Father, when that day arrives I am bound for the West."

On the l0th of June, 1820, with wardrobe packed and slung over his back, and only thirty-three dollars in his pocket, he bade adieu to his New England home, and set his face westward so intensified with the idea of his land of promise that four hundred miles of foot travel was to him no dissuasion.

Cleveland, Ohio, was his objective point, and between it and his old home were many long and weary miles. His start was on Monday, and on the following Sunday he came to a church on the Mohawk river, New York, where a congregation was worshipping inside, and a large number of boys playing ball outside, which, to him, looked oddly enough, coming, as he did, from the land of steady habits.

In a few days he reached the Genesee country, New York, and saw in process of construction what was in that day sarcastically termed "Governor Clinton's Ditch," the same which is now enlarged and known as the Great Western Ship and Barge Canal, Shortly after this he reached Lake Erie at a point four miles below: Buffalo, and called Black Rock, where the steamer Walk- in-the-water, the first and only vessel of its kind then running on western waters, was to make its departure on the next day.

Steam navigation at that time was so crude and imperfect as to be akin to failure; therefore, on the appointed morning those concerned thought that to make the vessel walk in the water, a tow line from the steamer with four yoke of oxen hitched to it would make the feat more certain, and, besides, there were Niagara Falls not so far off as could be wished under the circumstances, whose current might give the boat a backward motion, notwithstanding its steam power. It would look as though the calculation was well made, for when all was ready it was found'that the combination of ox muscle and steam power made the boat advance at least two miles an hour. When the danger of the current was passed and the oxen unhitched the boat had a speed of from four to five miles an hour, which enabled Mr. Phelps, who had taken passage in it, to reach Cleveland, distant two hundred miles, in fifty-six hours. But steam power, as applied to navigation, was then in its infancy, and the novelty of calling oxen to the aid of steamers has long since become obsolete.

An uncle and aunt who lived in the little town of Newburgh, situated some six miles back of Cleveland, induced a visit of two weeks. This town will not now be found on the map, for years ago the growth of Cleveland had absorbed Newburgh.

This visit over, the young adventurer again set out with his face still westward, and his next stop was at Franklin, on the Big Miami, thirty-five miles north of Cincinnati, where he taught school in the same house two years and six months.

He then hired as a hand on a flat boat bound for New Orleans, but before starting invested all his money in the purchase of flour and chickens. His funds enabled him to lay in forty barrels of flour and thirty dozen chickens. This was in April 1823. The Miami was the river of mill-dams, and the boat had to run over twenty-four of these before the Ohio could be reached, consequently a rise in the river must be had before the boat could start.

The voyage down the Ohio was a very pleasant one, and his opportunities for examining the towns and country along the banks were quite good.

Of the many places that came under his observation on this trip, Evansville attracted his attention most, and he selected it as the place of his permanent residence.

While in Louisiana and Mississippi he had learned that the reeds used in weaving were so scarce as to command a very high price. This inspired his ingenuity, and on his return to Evansville, which was in June, he went into the manufacture of weaver's reeds, the canebrakes of Kentucky being his chief field of supply, and so assiduously did he work at this that by the middle of November he had about one hundred of these articles ready for sale.

The reeds necessitated the construction of a large skiff with a canvass covering to give shelter from the weather, and when completed, he, with a boy named Jones, whose mother's name was Abbot, made his second trip to the South, where his reeds were peddled out at from two to five dollars each, the pay being partly made in beef hides, deer skins and beeswax, which he sold in New Orleans.

While making this second trip he became acquainted with a Philadelphia merchant at Vicksburg, who bargained with him to peddle goods for one year, Florence, Alabama, being designated as the place where the merchant would supply Mr. Phelps with the goods. To carry out this project his second return to Evansville was followed by a trip to Florence, where he prepared himself self for his new undertaking, in which he was engaged something over a year.

His next movement was to sell his peddling equipage, retaining, however, the horse on which he travelled to Memphis. There he disposed of the horse, and took steamboat passage for Natchez.

In this city he came in contact with a Mr. Wade, from Boston, with whom he contracted for a supply of goods, which he agreed to peddle out in a floating trip down the river, a skiff being used for the conveyance. When a return was desired a steamer was employed to take the skiff to Memphis, when a new supply was laid in and a new trip commenced. Five trips were thus made in one season which realized him in the way of profit about one thousand dollars. This he invested in a stock of dry goods, boots and shoes, and returned to Evansville, in June, 1827.

On July 17th, 1827, he was married to Miss Frances Johnson, with whom he had formed an acquaintance about a year previous.

The following October he put all his goods in a small flatboat, employed a yellow man named Dave, who formerly belonged to Hugh McGary, one of the founders of Evansville, and again started down the river on a peddling expedition. He reached New Orleans in January, 1828, where he purchased a fresh stock of goods, and from this may be dated his permanent establishment in business, for on his return to Evansville he commenced mercantile trade, in a frame house which then stood on the present site of Marble Hall.

His first clerk was James G. Jones, the Judge, and beloved of after times, who was then about fourteen years old, and who lived with him some two years, when Mr. Phelps sold out his stock of goods. While in business he took in pork and nearly all kinds of produce, which he shipped to New Orleans in flat boats, making two or three trips a year.

In 1830, after selling out his stock of goods, and finding himself in possession of some two thousand dollars of United States paper, he resolved to visit his old home in Vermont, from which he had been absent ten years.

On his return he stopped at New York, where all his money and some credit were invested in a fresh stock of goods, which he opened in Newburgh, Indiana, he having decided to make that town his future place of residence. This occurred about the ist of October, 1830.

Since then he has travelled in the stage coach and canal boat more than forty times for the purpose of laying in goods, New York and Philadelphia being the places where he bought his heaviest stocks.

In those days the whistle of the locomotive had not echoed among the passes of the Alleghenies, and the travel worn western merchant found himself on the Atlantic seaboard for the purpose of laying in goods at an expense and fatigue that would astonish business men of the present times.

For many years after the removal of Mr. Phelps to Newburgh his competition was very slight, while his means and credit soon established for him a heavy business. Though the town was at that time only a hamlet and the country very thinly settled, yet customers from Pike, Dubois, and Spencer counties made New burgh their commercial center, and built up for Mr. Phelps a large produce business. In addition to this, of the settlers who were then living on Congress land, many of them got him to purchase their lands for them, allowing him a reasonable interest, and he giving them time to make their payments, and sometimes rendered them further assistance by taking their produce and shipping it to New Orleans. This bartering business required the employment of several Hatboats every year to take off the produce that came inio his hands, and the county records show that about one tenth of the lands in Warrick county have passed through his hands.

Of the many clerks who have been in his employ may be named his brother Cadwell Phelps, who, afier two years of service started a successful business in Boonville. There was also Neely Johnson, afterward Governor of California, Henry Williams, Albert Hazen, Union Bethell, Smith Hazen, Isa.ic Adams, John DeArmon, Tillman Bethell, D. B. Hazen and Robert Hall, the most of whom are living and doing well.

In 1855, and indeed for some years previous, the coal fields of Southern Indiana were in process of development, and about this time the first coal shaft in the vicinity of Newburgh was sunk on Mr. Phelps' land. At a subsequent date in conveying this land to his children he reserved the coal privilege, though more recently he has entailed this upon his heirs. The magnitude of this business may be somewhat appreciated when it is stated that the royalty on the coal taken from these lands amounts to over two thousand dollars per annum.

His religious career dates from 1834, and in 1837 he built the first church in the county. This house was located in Newburgh, and, after its completion and preparation for service, was donated to the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, of which body Mr. Phelps was a member. It was afterwards donated to Indiana Presbytery for school purposes, and there are those now living and holding prominent positions in the church who can remember that their initiatory was taken at Newburgh, and within the walls of Delany Academy, this being the cognomen of the house after its donation to the Presbytery.

Mr. Phelps may be regarded as Newburgh's pioneer merchant, and his removal from Evansville was with the view to supply a need, in making it more convenient for the farmers of Warrick and Spencer counties to ship their produce and lay in the necessary supply of goods; and though the position was to him a lucrative one, and places him to-day among the wealthiest of his county, yet he has ever looked upon Evansville as the point for the great commercial emporium of Southern Indiana, and in consequence is to-day, as of yore, a warm advocate of railroad and other improvements that look to the enlargement of Evansville, and the growth of the surrounding country.

In this sketch we have the farm-boy, the school-teacher, the flatboatman, the peddler, and the merchant, and underlying all there is a tenacity of will, a fixedness of purpose, and a perseverance in effort that finally achieves the desired success.

The old gentleman is now in his eighty-fourth year, and though enfeebled by age, and so crippled in his lower limbs as to make locomotion slow and painful, yet his mental power remains unimpaired, thus proving, in part, that immortality to which all are hastening.

He lives with his family, surrounded by his children and grandchildren, a patriarch among his townsmen nnd friends, and, without any apprehension or regret, is daily looking for the call of the Great Master to another mode of existence.


A careful student, a successful lawyer, an able and just judge, is John Brackenridge Handy, Judge of the Second Judicial District of Indiana. He was born at Washington, D. C., on August 27th, 1828, and is the eldest of a family of eight children, of Edward G. and Attilia A. Handy, of which he and his brother, James H., the second child, are the only survivors. He is of Irish-Scotch descent, and is a nephew of John A. Brackenridge, one of the ablest pioneer lawyers of Southern Indiana. In 1841 his father removed to Boonville; resided on a farm in Hart township for a while, and finally settled three miles west of Boonville. The monotony of farm life was not compatible with young John's nature, and, when about sixteen years old, he ran away from home, and sought more congenial employment. He hired to an old lady living on First street, in Evansville, to sell pies, cakes, pecans, oranges, fruits, etc., to the travellers on passing steamboats, and continued in that delectable business until he became even more disgusted with it than farm life, when he returned home. To imagine the now grave judge once a "peanut boy," gives one an irristable sense of the ludicrous. He afterwards accepted a position as clerk in the store of his uncle, Thomas J. Brackenridge, at Carrsville, Livingston county, Ky., which he held some time. As such things as schools were "few and far between" in that day, his education was chiefly obtained by his own efforts. However, he attended Delany Academy, at Newburgh, a short time, which was then regarded as one of the principal educational institutions in this section. He early manifested a great love of study, and determined to become a lawyer. Accordingly he read law some under his uncle, John A. Brackenridge, and in the fall of 1852 he entered the law school at Louisville, K,y. During the spring and summer of 1853 he attended a law school at Lebanon, Tenn., and in the following fall was admitted to the bar of War- rick county. He moved to Newburgh, and there commenced the practice of law. On the 28th of May, 1854, he was married to Amanda E. Muir, daughter of Dr. Muir, one of the earliest physicians of Boonville. The result of this marriage has been two children, both of whom are now living — Pinta, the eldest, is the wife of E. W. Bethell, cashier of the Boonville National Bank, and a son, Charles M. Handy. He resided at Newburgh until 1862, when, in consequence of the war breaking out, causing a general stagnation of business, he removed to the old homestead, three miles west of Boonville. In partnership with George W. Brackenridge, he commenced the practice of law in Boonville in 1862, but this partnership only lasted about one year, when it was dissolved, and the former removed to San Antonio, Texas, where he has amassed considerable wealth, and he is now President of the First National Bank of that city. In October, 1872, Mr. Handy was nominated by the Democratic party and elected Judge of the Court of Common Pleas for the district comprising the counties of Warrick, Van derburgh, Gibson and Posey. In 1876 he was nominated by the Democratic party and elected Judge of the Second Judicial District, which is composed of Warrick, Spencer, Perry and Crawford counties. His present term will expire in October, 1882.

Judge Handy is passionately fond of books, and spends what time he is free from judicial duties in his library reading. His library is one of the largest and best selected in this part of the State. He is a hard student of both law and general literature.


In the life of Christopher Lenhart Oatley, the subject of this brief sketch, we find a man devoted to his business, a useful citizen, and one highly esteemed. He was born at Zanesville, Mus kingum county, Ohio, November 14th, 1835. and is of German decent. His father, James Oatley, was a farmer in ordinary circumstances. It is noticable that of the prominent men of public life and leading men of business at least fifty per cent were farmer's boys and spent their boyhood days on a farm. The boyhood of C. L. Oatley was much the same as most other farmers' boys. Above all else he was industrious. His opportunities for obtaining an education were poor, but he availed himself of the advantages of the "district school," and there obtained all his schooling. When seventeen years of age he apprenticed himself at Zanesville, Ohio, to learn the miller's trade, where he remained five years in that capacity.

November 22, 1855, he was .narried to Belle C. Huston, the youngest daughter of J. C. and Patience Huston, of Zanesville. The fruits of this marriage has been three children, but the only one now living is the youngest, Miss May Oatley, a young lady of rare accomplishmens.

Mr. Oatley started out in the world as a poor boy wholly dependent upon himself. Afier his marriage he moved from Zanesville, Ohio, to Sterling, Whiteside county, Illinois, where he lived three years employed as manager of the flouring mills at that place. In August, 1859, ne moved to Boonville, obtaining employment in the flouring mill of Dial, Seigel & Co., where he worked three years. In 1863 he removed to Taylors ville, War rick county, and entered into a partnership in the milling business with Flavius P. Day. As Oatley possessed no capital at the time this partnership was one of experience vs. capital, and continued until 1868, when Mr. Oatley sold his interest and removed to Edwards county, Illinois. He purchased a mill at this place and engaged in business, but on account of ill-health disposed of his property and returned to Boonville a year afterward. Here he bought a one-half interest in the Elk Horn flouring mill, and finally became sole proprietor, but admitted Thos. J. Downs to a partnership in 1875. In July, 1881. Mr. Downs was succeeded by W. J. Hargrave. Mr. Oatley is a lover of his business and is peculiarly adapted to it. He has improved the Elk Horn mill until it is now one of the foremost flouring establishments in the country, and their grade of flour is in demand wherever known.

Milling, as carried on by Mr. Oatley, is more of a science than trade, requiring nice adjustments and complicated processes to produce a fine quality of our staple article of food. Although his establishment already seems perfect, he is continually adding new improvements of unsurpassed utility and perfection of design.

The Elk Horn mills have a capacity of one hundred and twenty- five barrels of flour per day, and frequently the press of business becomes so great that they are forced to run day and night.

This establishment is one of Warrick's most, if not the most, important business enterprises and it has been brought up to this standing principally through the efforts of Mr. Oatley.

Although he has been solicited by his party at different times to become a candidate for office, Mr. Oatley has never sought political favor, and, in fact, he has rather shunned it, his business being sufficient to content him. However, in his political belief he is what is termed a "radical Republican."

He possesses what would be regarded as a strongly marked and admirable character. He is very independent, and, withal, liberal in his ideas, and is one of the last men in the world to be victimized by an illusion. He is open to conviction, but not to persuasion. He is endowed with remarkable firmness and self- reliance; his will is indomitable and his word can always be relied on. Once a friend, he is a friend forever — in adversity as in prosperity. His benevolence is a marked trait, and in a quiet way he is very charitable. The better acquainted one becomes with Mr. Oatley, the more the noble qualities of the man are admired, and in this brief sketch the writer feels his inability to pay him a proper or just tribute. Aside from his sterling personal qualities he is a progressive citizen and an enterprising business man.


Jacob Seitz was born January 10th, 1841, three miles east of Boonville. His father, George Seitz, was born at Weisenheim, Bavaria, April 5th, 1815, and emigrated to America in 1837.

In 1838 he came to Warrick county, and settled in what was afterwards known as the "German Settlement" three miles east of Boonville. He was one of the first Germans to settle in Boonville. His father being in feeble health, and most of the time unable to work, the responsibility of the farm rested almost wholly upon our subject, and he was compelled to do the work of a man when only a small boy. The story of the' hardships which he endured, as told by his venerable parents, is one of pathos. He learned the alphabet and reading by attending Sunday-school, and after his day's work, until late at night, he would read chapter after chapter in the Bible, which was his only book. He was sent to a writing school, held at night where he learned to write, and he afterward attended one or two terms of a sixty day school during the winter, but in all he never received more than nine months schooling. The rest of his education he obtained without assistance, and by hard study.

In October, 1858, he was married to Caroline Lacer, who died in 1875. In 1859 he removed to Boonville, and obtained employment in the flouring mill, of which his father was part proprietor, as engineer, without any previous knowledge of machinery, at a salary of $15 per month, and when he quit work he was receiving $35 per month. He afterwards leased his father's interest in the flouring mill, but remained in that busi ness only one year. After engaging in several other pursuits, he was given employment in the tobacco establishment of Kerr, Clark & Co. , as buyer and receiver, but retained it only a few months. He afterwards formed a partnership with George Cromeans, and, with $800 capital, they shipped tobacco on a small scale. They were quite successful, but after remaining in partnership three years dissolved. Mr. Seitz has since continued in the business, but he now conducts it upon a much larger basis, buying grain as well as tobacco. In 1879 he paid out over $80,000 for tobacco and grain, and during 1880 purchased over 600,000 pounds of tobacco. He is one of the most extensive dealers in tobacco in Southern Indiana, and his establishment gives steady employment to several men and boys.

December 25th 1877, Mr. Seitz was married to Mary A. Grimm, of Huntingdon, Perm., a lady of rare scholastic attainments. Mr. Seitz is a man of fine physique and pleasing manners. In 1876, and also in 1880, he was nominated by the Republican party for Sheriff of Warrick county, and although defeated, he largely reduced the Democratic majority each time.

No man is better known in Warrick county than Jacob Seitz, and no man is more generally liked by the people.


William Swint, editor and publisher of the Boonville Enquirer, was born at Jasper, Dubois county, Indiana, April 16th 1844. He is the fourth child and first son of a family of seven, four of whom still survive. His parents were natives of Germany and France, and were adherents of Catholicism. His father, Conrad Swint, (Schwint) was born at Heidelburg, Germany, May 1, 1808, and was a graduate of the Heidelberg university. In 1830 he was married to Miss Adaline Lechner, and in the same year they emigrated to America. He died in April, 1859, at Troy, Perry county, Indiana. William Swint's mother was born in January, 1812, and died at Troy in January, 1869, where she lies buried beside her husband. She was the daughter ol Franz Lechner, a soldier under Napoleon for twenty-four years, who died in this State at the age of eighty-nine. William Swint attended the common schools until twelve years of age, when he apprenticed himself in the Rockport Democrat office, where he remained until the breaking out of the civil war. He enlisted in 1861 in the Twenty-Fifth Indiana Regiment, serving as a private and non-commissioned officer in the capacity of Sergeant- Major, until mustered out of the service in 1864, being engaged in all the campaigns and battles participated in by the regiment.

After his return home he was for a time employed in the clerk's office of Spencer county, where he again took up his old position in the printing office until 1868, when he removed to Louisville, Kentucky, where he was employed on the Louisville Journal until 1870. At that time he removed to Boonville, Indiana, purchasing the Boonville Enquirer, which he has continued the management of, making it a vigorous and influential journal in the county and district, and engaging actively in politics. He has never aspired to any office, but has held a number of minor offices through appointment. He was married by Rev. S. Rav enscroft, in the spring of 1868, to Katie A. Dreher, youngest of four daughters of Ezra and Catherine Dreher. She was born at Madison, Indiana, November 26th, 1849, and died of pneumonia February ulh, 1879, after an illness of one week, leaving three children, two girls and one boy. Her death was a sad stroke to her husband, and his grief has wrought a grave change in him.

Mr. Swint has been a decided factor in the current political literature, and has been recognized of decided importance to the Democratic party, of which he is one of the most prominent leaders in the First district. — From Eminent Men of Indiana.


Katie A. Swint, nee Dreher, spouse of William Swint, was born in Madison, Ind., Nov. 26, 1849, and was the youngest of four daughters of Ezra and Catherine Dreher. She removed with her parents to Rockport, Ind., at an early age, where she was married to William Swint, in 1868. The result of this union was three children — two girls and one boy. She died at her home in Boonville, on Tuesday, February 11, 1879, of pneumonia, after an illness of only one week, aged 29 years.

The following tribute to her memory by one who knew her from childhood, tells the story of her life in language far more beautiful than any within our command:

"How rare, how beautiful, in all the virtues that adorn the character of wife, mother, daughter, sister — only those may truly know who shared the sacred intimacies of her home life. How ardent and sincere it was m its friendships, how cheerful and sunny in its every-day influences, how informal and illuminated with the spirit of self-sacrifice — many, many sorrowing hearts can attest! Her affectionate loyalty to her friends was one of the most distinguishing traits of her character, and her conceptions of duty in this particular were ample and generous. No demand which the sorrow or sufferings of her friends could make upon her time or patience ever went unanswered. No night was too dark to keep her from the bedside of sickness or death; and she carried everywhere the sunlight of cheerfulness and hope. Looking always to the better side of human nature, she refused to think evil of her neighbors, and turned a deaf ear to the tongue of the slanderer. These were the qualities of mind and heart that endeared her to all with whom she came in contact. It is literally true that none knew her but to love her."

But it was in the atmosphere of her own home that was developed the perfect flower and consumation of her womanhood. Her devotion to her husband, in its tenderness, constancy, purity and trust, will never be excelled while the instinct of love abides in the human heart. He repaid it with all the affection of which a generous nature was capable. The attachment between them, indeed, was peculiarly interwoven with the whole history of their lives, for it began when they were boy and girl. Long before marriage was possible, or even contemplated, they loved one another. They loved as boy and girl, as youth and maiden, as man and woman; and their love grew and strengthened and brightened from first to last. It is the happy satisfaction of the writer that he knew of this attachment between them in their youth, and favored and encouraged it, when it was somewhat in his power to do so, because he had faith in them.

"That Katie was a most fond and devoted mother need not be said. Her love for her children was all-pervading and intense. It is one of the saddest features of this untimely death that the three orphaned ones are too young even to realize the depth of their mothers love. But they must be taught to remember that only a few moments before she died — in the midst of a deathbed scene of wonderful beauty and serenity — their mother prayed that it might be a part of her occupation in heaven to guard the earthly footsteps of her children."

Her affection for her aged father and mother was touching in its freshness and constancy. They were ever in her foremost thought, and she always spoke of them with reverential fondness. Among her last words were, "A kiss for Pa, Ma."

She is gone. Some of us who linger behind, bound to her by a thousand ties of love and gratitude, stand appalled before a calamity like this — home destroyed, children bereft, a life-plan thwarted on the very threshold of success. Pondering — vainly, perhaps — the problems of life and destiny; groping — blindly it may be — for the life of a higher faith, we cannot understand why it is that one so young, so good, so necessary to the happiness of others should be thus suddenly taken away. But to her was given that higher faith. In her .conception of the moral government of the world, even this stroke of desolation had its appointed place in the scheme of that all-pervading problem,
"That paints the hue upon an insect's wing,
And sets his throne uron the rolling worlds."

"In that faith she died — died breathing a prayer for her dear children, and responding with the last effort of earthly consciousness to the kiss of the broken-hearted husband."

BENONI S. FULLER. Benoni Stinson Fuller was born in Warrick county, November 13, 1825. His father, Isham Fuller, was a mechanic and well-to-do farmer, who was born in North Carolina, and came to Indiana as early as 1816. He was a great lover of biblical and historical literature, and was remarkably well informed on these and kindred subjects. In 1842 he was elected Representative from Warrick county in the State Legislature, and held the office six consecutive years. He was born in 1798, and died February 14, 1856. Mr. Fuller's mother was also a native of North Carolina, and was a very pious lady. From a sketch of Mr. Fuller's life in the "Eminent Men of Indiana," we quote the following: "Mr. Fuller, as a son of pioneer parents, had few advantages for securing an education, but he had energy and industry, and soon mastered the rudiments. A few short months in the log cabin college each winter were the sum total of his early advantages, but he did much reading outside. Before he was twenty-one we find him in the school-room as a teacher, which, of itself, speaks for the way in which he spent his time. When a boy he did anything for a living, cut wood, mauled rails, burned brush, cleared land, and did all other work incident to firm life. His father gave him his time before he became of age, and he used it apparently to good advantage. He worked at home or abroad, by day or month, and was careful to husband his means and prepare himself for the future. His public life began when he was about thirty years old. At this time he was elected Sheriff of the county and served two terms, from 1857 to 1861. In 1862, during the beginning of the troubles with the South, he was sent to the State Senate. After this he was twice elected to the Lower House, once in 1866 and again in 1868. The last time he served he was unanimously nominated President by the Democratic caucus of its members. In 1872 he was again elected State Senator. In 1874 he was chosen Congressman over Heilman, and again elected to the same position in 1876. In 1878 he declined renomination." Mr. Fuller is the only man from Warrick county, besides Ratliff Boon, who has had the honor of representing the first congressional district in Congress, and his election over Heilman in 1874 was a glorious victory. Politically, his success has been something remarkable, but he says that he has now retired from public life, never to enter it again. DR. W. L. BARKER For its growth and prosperity Boonville owes as much to Dr. William L. Barker as to any one man. For the last thirty-five years he has been prominently identified in every movement or enterprise tending to the advancement of the interests of the town, and his life is interlinked with the later unwritten history of its progress. He was born in Charleston, S. C., October 7, 1818. His father moved to Vanderburgh county, Indiana, in 1832, and engaged in farming, but he was more generally known on account of his public services. He was Commissioner of Vanderburgh county for several years. His death occurred in 1837, when he was about sixty-one years old. The family has a war record as far back as it is possible to trace. Both grandparents of the Doctor were soldiers in the Revolutionary war and his father was in the war of 1812. Dr. Barker himself was surgeon of the i2oth Indiana Volunteers in the late civil war, being mustered into the service in Indianapolis. At Atlanta, Ga., his horse fell, causing a rupture, on account of which he was compelled to resign. He returned home and w,as confined to his bed about four months. The patriotic and benevolent spirit which he manifested during the late war is praiseworthy, and is gratefully remembered by many yet living. No soldier's family or poor person suffered for food, clothing or medical aid, when in his power to alleviate their wants. He has a charitable, sympathetic heart, and in an unobtrusive way gives with liberality to the poor. Doctor Barker came to Boonville in April, 1846, and commenced the practice of medicine. He is the oldest physician living in the county. If the many enterprises depending upon the support of the citizens, which have aided materially in the upbuilding and improvement of Boonville, were traced to the source of their success, Doctor Barker would be found foremost among the more liberal supporters. He was the largest stockholder in the first newspaper ever published in Boonville. He was one of the first contributors and supporters of the Lake Erie, Evansville and Southwestern Railway, built in 1873. He was also instrumental in the organization of the Boonville National Bank, and was one of the largest stockholders. He is a leading member of the secre: fraternities and was a charter member in the organization of the lodges of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Free and Accepted Masons and Knights of Pythias at Boonville. In 1847 Dr. Barker was married to Mary Williams, of Pennsylvania, and from this union had four children. Two are now dead. The only son, Wm. L. Barker, jr , is connected with the Boonville National Bank, and the only daughter, Katie, is the wife of John L. Taylor, Esq. The career of Dr. Barker has been one of prominence in local politics. He was first one of the very few Whigs in this section and afterwards a Republican. He is strong in his likes and dislikes, and a prominent characteristic is the tenacious, uncompromising spirit with which he adheres to his principles. This section of country has always been largely Democratic, and until quite recently it was impossible for a Republican to overcome the majority. Doctor Barker always conducted a vigorous campaign and he possesses ability as an impromptu speaker. He " stumped" Southern Indiana several times and used every honorable means in propagating Republican principles. Although formidable as a politician, he was highly esteemed as a citizen and gentleman of extraordinary intelligence by his political adversaries, and they speak of him in language highly complimentary. The growth of the Republican party in Warrick county is doubtless as much due to the indefatigable efforts of this pioneer champion of the cause as to any other one man. He was several times pressed into candidacy for office by his party. In 1864 he was a candidate for State Senator from the district comprising the counties of Spencer, Perry and Warrick. Benoni S. Fuller was his opponent and were citizens of the same county. They canvassed the district in joint discussion. Dr. Barker was, of course, defeated, but he ran ahead of his ticket between two and three hundred votes, besides receiving a majority in Warrick county. In 1868 he was again the opponent of Benoni S. Fuller for Representative of Warrick county. He was also nominated by his party as a candidate for Representative against Nathan Pyeatte, the Democratic nominee. Although defeated* Doctor Barker's majority in Boon township alone was near two hundred, while he beat Pyeatte twelve votes in his own township. Although something of a politician Doctor Barker has not been an ambitious office-seeker, but has devoted his energies chiefly to his profession, in which he has enjoyed a large, lucrative practice ever since he located here thirty-five years ago. He is a physician of extraordinary skill and ability, and stands high among the medical practitioners of the State. JUDGE J. W. B. MOORE Judge Moore was born near Waterloo, Seneca county, N. Y. , on the 5th day of November, 1801. He was an only child, and early left an orphan, his father having been lost at sea, leaving him and his mother in limited circumstances, but possessed of a small farm near Waterloo. The son worked on the farm in the spring and summer, and attended such schools as the county afforded in the autumn and winter. He early obtained a thorough knowledge of the theory and practice of book-keeping, which was of great advantnge to him later in life. When he was about eighteen years old he became very anxious to read law with his uncle, Joel W. Bacon, then a distinguished lawyer of Western New York, but his mother had, from some cause or other, imbibed an unreasonable prejudice against the profession, and she determined that he should not in any event become a lawyer; and, being a woman of more than ordinary firmness, she had her way. She afterwards induced him to apprentice himself, as was then the custom, to Dr. Wells, the leading physician and surgeon of that locality, with whom he remained some two years. His mother meantime marrying a second husband, and the profession of medicine being distasteful to him, he finally concluded to abandon it and come West. He had some difficulty in^obtaining his mother's consent, who always had great influence over him, and for whom he always retained the greatest affection and reverence. This was, however, at last obtained, and he started on horseback, with but a scant supply of money, and without any well defined notions where he should stop. His journey must have been inexpressibly tedious and lonesome. Shortly after he started he took the ague, with which he was afflicted at frequent intervals for some two years and more. The chill would come on frequently when he was in a wilderness, far from any habitation or human beings. At such times he would get down from his horse, unsaddle it and tie it to a limb, using the saddle for a pillow and the blanket for a covering. When sufficiently recovered he would mount and pursue his journey. He traveled until he arrived at Indianaplis, which had been recently laid out, and designed for the capital of the State. Here he found an uncle, Seth. Bacon, who owned a saw-mill, and who gave him employment in it until something better should offer. His uncle was very kind to him, which the Judge afterwards had ample opportunity of repaying with interest. The uncle, in his old days, lost his property, and became broken in health and energy, with a large family on his hands to support. The Judge, hearing of his condition, visited him, and brought him from the central part of this State, and, after providing him with the necessary supplies, placed him on a good farm, where he remained until his death. Folsomville now stands on a part of the farm. Afier working awhile in the mill, ns we have stated, he obtained a school, which he taught until he made the acquaintance of James Linton, of Charlestown, Clarke county, Indiana, where he afterwards moved. This gentleman was a merchant, and employed the Judge to sell goods and keep books. He went with Mr. Linton to Charlestown, where he remained several years. After remaining a while with Mr. Linton, he obtained employment of Mr. Austin, in the capacity of salesman and book-keeper. Soon after going to Charlestown he united himself with the old school Presbyterian church, in which faith he had been reared. Finally, he went into business with Mr. Shockly, as a partner, receiving a part of the profits for his services as manager, salesman and book-keeper. On the third day of December, 1827, he and Orra M. Shelby were married. She was the eldest daughter of Isaac Shelby, who was then, and who had been for some years, clerk of the Clark Circuit Court. Soon after his marriage he moved his family to Rockport, Spencer county, bringing with him a small stock of goods, but no capital except unlimited credit at Louisville, which was then the emporium of this section. Having remained in business at Rockport about a year, he sold his stock of goods, and bought of John Williams the farm upon which Henry Beeler, Esq. , now resides. He immediately moved to his farm, and was, in the course of years, elected Probate Judge of the county, which he held until elected clerk of the Warrick Circuit Court, receiving his certificate of qualifications, which was then required by law before he could be commissioned, from Judge Goodlet, father of N. M. Goodlet, Esq., of Evansville. In 1844 he was re-elected clerk and recorder for seven years, and it was universally conceded that he was the best clerk in Southern Indiana. In 1856 he was elected Judge of the Common Pleas District, composed of this and Vander- burgh counties, and served a term of four years. In 1 86 1 when President Lincoln issued his first proclamation for 75,000 men, it created intense excitement in this locality. The President was pronounced as a tyrant and usurper, and the call was characterized as unconstitutional, and an outrage upon the South. Judge Moore took the side of his country, procured posters to be struck and put up, calling meetings all over the county, at which he appeared, justified the action of the President, and urged the young men to enlist, to maintain the integrity of the Union. In 1862 he, notwithstanding hisage, enlisted as a private in Capt. Pace's Company, ist Ihd. Cav., Governor Baker commanding, and went with his regiment to the Southwest, and participated in the battle of Frederickstown. He remained with his regiment nearly two years, but a soldier's life proved too much for his constitution, and he was compelled to accept a discharge, much against his wishes. He was a man of great firmness of will and energy of purpose in what he conceived to be right. When he moved to the farm we have mentioned, it, like almost all others, was incumbered with deadened timber, which had to be removed before it could be cultivated with any success or profit. It was then the universal custom to have whiskey at all log-rollings, barn-raisings, etc. He determined not to have whiskey on his farm, and so expressed himself. His neighbors remonstrated, and assured him that he would not be able to get his logs rolled, barns raised, or harvesting done without it. He persisted in his determination, and to the credit of the neighbors, be it said, not one refused to assist him. The good example he set was soon followed by all, and thus a pernicious, degrading custom was entirely abrogated. When he moved to this county he found no Presbyterian church, nor any Presbyterians ; but believing it to be his duty to unite himself with some one of the numerous families of the church of God, he chose the Methodist Episcopal church, of which he remained a consistent and acceptable member from about 1830 until the time of his death. In those early days preachers were few, and church houses still fewer. His house was often used as a preaching place and has ever been a welcome house to the itinerant : those moral heroes who worked out the way for the car of progress, and to whom we are so greatly indebted for our advanced positions, in respect to religion and intelligence. Thus lived and died an honest man, a sincere Christian, a kind husband and an indulgent father, of whom it may be said that " his last days were his best days." He left as his widow the wife of his early years, two daughters, Mrs. T. W. Hammond and Mrs. J. B. Ashley ; and two sons, Isaac S. , and Robert D. O. Moore ; several grandchildren, and a large circle of friends to mourn his loss. — From Boonville Enquirer. ROBERT PERIGO. There are very few persons in Warrick county who don't know Robert Perigo. He has been a resident of the county over fifty years, and is one of its most prominent citizens. He was born in Ohio county, Kentucky, September 6th, 1818, and his parents were Jonathan and Isabella Perigo. His-father was a farmer in good circumstances. He removed to War- rick county when Robert was six months old settling near Boonville. The first school he ever attended was held in the old court-house at Boonville, three miles distant from where his father lived, which he was compelled to walk daily. The teacher of this school was Thomas Fitzgerald, a man of rare scholastic attainments for the time and place, who was afterwards Lieutenant-Governor of Michigan, and a prominent politician. Mr. Perigo was an apt student, and received what was regarded as a very good common school education at that day. When twenty years old he was granted permission to leave home and work at whatever he wanted to. He obtained employment with General Joe Lane, who at that time was proprietor of a wood-yard, situated just below Three Mile Island, in Vander- burgh county. Mr. Perigo's duties consisted of attending to the books and general business of his employer, who was frequently absent from home. He was, of course, very intimately acquainted with the affairs of Lane, who at that time was a very popular and influential man, and he can relate many interesting reminiscences of the illustrious veteran. He remained in Lane's employ about three years, and he remembers him as the most genial and sociable person he ever met. September 12th, 1838, Mr. Perigo was married to Elizabeth Youngblood, a daughter of the Rev. John W. Younghlood. The results of this marriage were eleven children — nine girls and two boys — -all of whom are still living, except two. After his marriage Mr. Perigo engaged in farming, where he now lives. He held the office of trustee of Boon township during the entire time the old congressional township division was in force. In 1864 he was nominated by the Democratic party for representative of Warrick county, and was elected by a majority of 156 over James F. St. Clair, Esq., which was a notable victory at that time. He was an active member of the sessions of the Indiana Legislature in 1865-66. He was re-elected representative in 1876, and was a member of the session of the Legislature of 1877. He has he-Id various minor offices. As a parliamentarian he has few equals in Warrick county. He is a Democrat, and has never sustained a defeat but once for any office for which he was a candidate. His career has been a notable one in local politics. GEORGE L. MASTERS. Among those of the present day who, by their own efforts, have attained the position in our county of active and prominent business men none are more worthy of mention than George Lafayette Masters, whose career, in many respects, is interesting and remarkable. He was born on a farm in the " flats" of Cypress creek, in Warrick county, on August 25th, 1845. His father, Joseph Masters, was a quiet, unassuming man, and a farmer by occupation. His mother's maiden name was Elizabeth Hudspeth, and her parents were among the first settlers of Warrick county. The boyhood days of George Masters were spent on his father's farm, and, as a farmer's boy, he was accustomed to the hard work by which farm life is usually attended. Even in those days of limited educational advantages his opportunities for obtaining an education were poorer lhan those of most boys, and when in the very prime of his boyhood, and when others of his age were in the school-room, he sacrificed his only chance for obtaining an education and responded to the call of his country for soldiers to put down the rebellion. On September 20th, 1861, when only sixteen years of age, he enlisted in the Forty-Second Indiana Regiment, Company K, which was commanded by his brother, Captain James H. Masters. In the engagement with Bragg's army at Perryville, Kentucky, on the 8th of October, 1862, he was wounded through the abdomen, and was consequently confined to the hospital several weeks. While yet unable for duty he was placed in the headquarters of the medical department at New Albany, Indiana, as chief clerk, which position he filled satisfactorily until he had recovered sufficiently lo return to the ranks of his company. In August, 1863, he returned to duty in his regiment. In the battle of Rasacca, Georgia, on the I4th of May, 1864, he was wounded in the shoulder and also through the lower lobe of the right lung by a one and a quarter ounce ball, while making a charge on the enemy. When picked up by his comrades they supposed he was dead. For a long time he laid in the field hospital, and his death was regarded by his friends as inevitable. Finally he was taken to Nashville, and placed in the hospital at that place, where he remained for several weeks. As soon as able to travel he was furloughed, and returned home. He participated in the battles of Perry ville, Ky. , Lookout Mountain, Chicamauga and Mission Ridge, besides numerous little skir mishes. He held an appointment as postmaster of his regiment at the time he was wounded, but he would never take advantage of it to shirk duty. In May, 1865, he was honorably discharged. In 1866, in partnership with his brother, Thomas N. Masters, he purchased the stock of clothing, boots, shoes, etc., owned by Nicholas C. Allen, ana, having no capital whatever, but a reputation for honesty and good credit, gave promissory notes to the amount of $1,800 for payment for the goods. July 4th Thomas Masters died, leaving George with the entire business to control, and a debt of $1,200 to pay off. To the inexperienced young business man, upon whose shoulders a burden was now resting to which most men would have succumbed, this was doubtless the gloomiest period of his life ; but his cares he kept safely buttoned within his own vest, and even his most intimate friends never suspected the fears which "hovered like a blight over his spirit," and caused him many sleepless nights Although without experience in business, and compelled to strive against established competitors, he succeded by shrewd management in making all payments on the promissory notes which he and his brother had given, and paid all outstanding debts. In the fall of 1866 Jasper Hargrave, then a resident of Evans- ville, visited Boonville, and calling on Mr. Masters, after passing the customary remarks of the day, commenced negotiations for the purchase of an interest in his store. Within ten minutes afterwards the doors of the store were closed and the two were invoicing the stock. A partnership was summarily consummated, which continued until January, 1868, when their store was destroyed by fire. The remnants of the stock were sold to Huds- peth Brothers, with whom Masters accepted a position as clerk, which he held about three months. He then opened a store on the east side of the public square in Boonville, which was known as the "Red Front," his stock consisting of boots and shoes only. Jasper Hargrave, his former partner, again approached him one day, stating that he had purchased the building adjoining the St. Charles hotel, and proposed a partnership in the clothing, boot and shoe business, to which Mr. Masters assented. In a short time the two were in their new quarters and again doing a prosperous trade. This partnership continued until about 1870, when Hargrave retired, and Masters shortly afterward sold the stock of goods to E. W. Bethell and Thomas J. Downs. During the following summer he engaged in farming, but in the fall returned to town and bought Bethcll's interest in the clothing store, when the firm became Downs & M asters. This partnership continued until 1871, when Downs retired and the business was for a short time conducted under the firm name of G. L. Masters & Co. In 1872 Colman Miller purchased an interest in the store and the firm became Masters, Miller & Co., which was dissolved in the latter part of 1874, G. L. Masters becoming the sole proprietor of the establishment. In 1867 he held the position of deputy treasurer of Warrick county under his brother, Capt. James H. Masters. April 25th, 1867, he was married to Irene A. Williams. The fruits of this marriage has been four children— two boys and two girls. In February, 1878, he received the appointment as postmaster of Boonville without seeking the position or having thought of the matter. At the time he took charge of the office it was in a bad state, but under his management it has improved, until to-day no postoffice of like proportions stands higher at the Postoffice Department in Washington. The mail handled and revenue receipts have increased to an amount somewhat remarkable for an interior town, and the system with which the office works is highly satisfactory to our citizens generally. Mr. Masters never took an active part in politics until the compaign of 1880, when he demonstrated considerable sagacity and influence as a party leader. Politically he is a Republican, and is recognized in his party ranks as an indispensable factor. REV J. W. YOUNGBLOOD. Rev. J. W. Youngblood was a South Carolinian by birth, having been born in the Abbeville District, in 1796, and is now in his seventy-seventh year. His parents were Samuel and Jane Young- blood. The father was an old Revolutionary soldier, and suffered much in that war, often being robbed and plundered by the Tories. There were ten children in the family — seven sons and three daughters — most of them living to be grown, our subject being the eighth one of the family. The mother died when he was about twelve years old, and his father then broke up housekeeping, leaving his children without the kindly influences of a living mother. They had no education, for their father was poor and in a slave country, where the common class had little opportunity to better their condition. Understanding these disadvantages, and hearing of the new territories opened up to emigration, the father concluded to bring our subject and his youngest brother to Tennessee to live among some acquaintances and some kinsfolk. They left South Carolina with only one horse for the three, came through the State of Georgia, where they stopped a short time to recruit, they then turned through the Cherokee country, and had an opportunity of seeing a great number of these Indians e /ery day. They were generally friendly when they were not drinking, but when intoxicated could not be trusted. Rev. Youngblood calls up often to his friends many incidents that happened as the party passed through this nation. His father was quite a hunter, and had got a large bell to put on their horse, so that when camping out they would take a couple of hickory withes and plait them together and make what was called hopples, and fasten the bell upon the horse for the night. Game was plenty in the nation, and the father had brought his rifle with him, and would often give his sons the large bell to rattle along the road, while he would look for a deer through the brush. One day as they were rattling the bell along the road, the father stayed out hunting for so long a time that the boys became uneasy lest something had befallen him, and they concluded to turn back. Being alarmed, they continued to ring the bell, and commenced shouting at the top of their voices. The noise soon gathered a large crowd of Indians, and one of them spoke to the boys very roughly, and wanted to know what they meant by so much fuss. They were quieted, however, as soon as the lads were able to explain their situation. Their journey proceeded, and they entered the State of Tennessee some time in August, 1811, where they remained about one year, and then came to Kentucky, staying there also about a year. At this time the subject of our sketch came to Indiana Territory, this part of the country at that time being very thinly settled, but the people were very friendly, and dependent much on each other, the rules of good neighbors being observed very generally. The face of the country resembled, however, a wilderness: the Indian moccasin tracks had hardly disappeared. The game, such as bear, deer, elk, wolves and panthers, were in great abundance, and their meat served largely to feed the people. About the fall of 1813, our subject came to this section, and was married September 2ist, 1815, to Ann Musgrave, the ceremony being probably one of the earliest performed in our immediate vicinity. Eleven children were born to them, one daughter only dying in infancy, the rest growing up to be heads of families, and all but three are still living. It may be interesting to the reader to know how the people managed to live in this country at that early day. Of course they were comparatively poor and moneyless. They ;did not live so fast nor so extravagant as they do at the present time. There were no mills and every man made his own mill and ground his own meal, and baked his own bread, sometimes in the ashes, and sometimes on a board before the fire, and again in what we called a "dutch oven." And no complaints against fortune went up from their rude tents. For clothing, they exchanged their merchandise, transported by pack horses to the Cotton States, where they purchased the cotton, brought it back with them, and the women would card, spin and weave it by hand. One of these home-made garments would outwear three of the factory work. The men in cold weather dressed in skins of deer and other animals, which they were first compelled to kill. Buckskin pants were considered elegant The first time our subject ever saw Governor Ratliff Boon he remembers that he was dressed in his buckskin hunting apparel. There was no church or school-house throughout the entire region. The people were rough, and the only way they heard the gospel in their smoky cabins was when some minister who was pioneering in the western wilds would come into their settlement and assemble a congregation. And God often wonderfully blessed the labors of those faithful men. They had much to contend with, for the new country was sorely infested with horse thieves, counterfeiters and housebreakers. Many amusing incidents can be related by our subject in regard to the rough pioneer life of these early days ; and no one can listen to him without feeling a profound reverence for this reverend gentleman himself, who, after a life of noble deeds, calmly awaits the call of his Master. No one is more eloquent and sanguine than he in regard to the progress of our country, the clearing of a wilderness and the cultivation of the soil ; the building of churches; the establishing Sabbath-schools for the benefit of the young. The rise and progress in the arts and sciences, even during the last half century ; from all the inconveniences of the early days, he has lived to see railroads, steamboats and the electric telegraph. The life of this worthy gentleman is so intimately connected with the hardships of a by-gone generation, that a description, as given, was necessary, in order that the reader could properly appreciate trials. After his father had settled his boys in Tennessee, he left them to their fate and returned to Carolina, where, while settling up his business, he died. Shortly after his marriage our subject joined the Methodist Episcopal church, and not very long afterwards the church gave him authority to preach ; and for some forty years he has labored zealously in the cause of Christ, doing much good throughout this section. He has often labored with his own hands for his support, and never coveted any man's silver and gold, or apparel — preaching the truth, as it is in Jesus. He is now the last one of the old ministers that is yet living. Almost all of the old settlers who were living when he began his ministerial labors have died or removed to distant lands ; but the reputation of Rev. J. W. Youngblood, for kindness to the poor, for generosity to his fellow-men, as well as his fervent piety and devotion to the cause of his Master, will never be forgotten. — From Evansvilk audits Men of Mark. T. B. HART. Thompson B. Hart, the fifth of a family of ten children of William and Sallie Hart, was born April ist, 1836, five miles north of Boonville. His father, who was a soldier in the war of 1812, was a native of Mercer county, Kentucky, and he came to Warrick county with the grandfather of the subject of this sketch at a very early day. His mother was a native of South Carolina, and was a very pious and consistent lady. She was a member of the Christian church for a number of years. She took great care to instill in the mind of her children lessons of moral and social duty, and she endeavored to "raise them up " in the way she desired they should live. The education of the subject of this sketch was such as could be obtained in the common schools of Warrick county during his boyhood. He was compelled to walk two miles to school, and at that time it was the custom for pupils to recite their lessons in the order in which they arrived. The "simple rule of three " was the limit of education. He attended the school at Boonville one year, and this comprised all his schooling. However, he has read much desultorily, and has thus obtained a general and practical knowledge not commonly met with in those who have had to contend with like disadvantages. When nineteen years of age he commenced the study of medicine; but his father's last request, before dying, was that Thompson should take charge of the farm, and help support the widowed mother and younger children ; hence, after his father's death, he relinquished the study of medicine, and did as requested. Faithful to his trust, he remained on the home farm about nine years. Early in life he manifested a marked disposition to trade in stock, and this he has made his principal business, although he manages a very extensive farm. January 15th, 1867, Mr. Hart was married to Susan K. Stone, a very intelligent lady, and daughter of Jehu Stone, Esq., one of the earliest and most extensive tobacco buyers of Warrick county. The fruits of this union has been seven children. Mr. Hart is a quiet, unassuming man, and is no political aspirant, as his business has been sufficient to require all his attention. However, he was solicited by his friends to be a candidate for State Senator in 1878, and he was the nominee of the Democratic party. He was elected, and has been a member of the State Senate during 1878-80-81. During his official career he has been a slave to the best interests of his constituents, and an honor to the district which he represented. W. J. HARGRAVE. William Jasper Hargrave was born in Warrick county, two miles north of Boonville, on February loth, 1833. He is a grandson of Rev. William Webb, one of the pioneer preachers, who came to Warrick county as early as 1816, and the nearest neighbor north of where he lived at that time was ten miles distant. The educational advantages of Jasper, as he is familiarly called, were limited to the common schools of Warrick county at that time, and his boyhood was spent on the farm. He was married to Lou Ann Day, daughter of the venerable William Day, on June 8th, 1854. She died in January, 1877. The fruits of this union were six children, four of whom are now living. In 1858 Mr. Hargrave engaged in the hardware, grocery and furniture business in Boonville with his father-in-law and Grant T. Dunnigan. He was also a member of the dry goods firm of Hudspeth, Adams & Co., (now Hudspeth, Curtis & Co.,) of Evansville, from January, 1866, until July, 1868, when he returned to Warrick county and engaged in business with G. L. Masters. He was also interested in the dry goods firm of I. W. Adams & Co. for some time. His public career, which has been a notable one in Warrick politics, began in 1859, when he was elected county clerk. On account of ill-health he refused to be a candidate for re-election. In 1872 he was the Republican candidate for county treasurer. Although the Democratic majority in the county at that time was about 350, he was elected by a majority of 75. He was re-elected by the overwhelming majority of 358. For several years he was the only Republican in Warrick county who could be elected to office. Since he retired from office in 1876 he has lived on his farm, but in July, 1881, he purchased the one-half interest of Thos. J. Downs in the Elk Horn flouring mill. February 3, 1878, he was married to Elvira E. Chapman. He is esteemed for his strict integrity, and has attained a popularity and reputation among his fellow-citizens which will live after him. THOS. J. DOWNS. In great and free America, where the power of wealth and glory of political and social distinction is open to all who have the talent and industry to attain them, the greatest pride of the people are self-made men — the fruits of a Republican form of government. Their rise from humble youth to the position of power and influence must stimulate the efforts of all who desire to better their condition. There are few whose histories better illustrate what can be accomplished by energy and integrity than the subject of this sketch. Thomas J. Downs is a true type of the self-made man. He was born April 13, 1834, in Ohio county, Kentucky, where his grandfather, Thomas Downs, was an early settler. He was a minister in the Missionary Baptist church, and in his rounds had travelled over large portions of Indiana and Kentucky. He was generally considered a man of more than ordinary ability. He was one of two brothers of .English descent, from which sprang all those bearing that name in this country. He died in 1850, in the seventy-sixth year of his age. His son William, the father of Thomas }., died two years previous. He was a farmer in comfortable circumstances, an honest, upright citizen, plain and simple in his manner, a man of few words, but tenacious of his opinions when he believed himself in the right. By the death of his father, which occurred when Thomas J. Downs, the immediate subject of this sketch, was but fourteen years of age, he was withdrawn from school, and cheerfully assumed, until he attained his majority, almost the sole responsibility of providing for the family. In 1855 he removed to Warrick county and worked at his trade as a carpenter. In 1 86 1, at the breaking out of the war, he joined the 42nd Indiana Volunteer Infantry as a musician, but by general orders was mustered out of the service six months afterwards. In the fall of 1863 he enlisted a number of men for the i2oth Indiana regiment (see history Company E, 1 2oth regiment) and was unanimously elected captain. This body participated in the Atlanti^ campaign and in the hard-fought battles at Nashville and Franklin. They were then transferred to North Carolina, where, at the battle of Wise Fork he was wounded in the back of the head, and was mustered out of the service at Newbern in May, 1865. In the fall of 1865 he was elected auditor of Warrick county on the Republican ticket by a majority of twelve votes over Adolph Miehle, the Democratic candidate, the majority of the latter party having been from 150 to 200 prior to that time. At the expiration of his term of office he engaged in the mercantile business and farming for the next five years. In 1875 he purchased a half interest in the Elk Horn flouring mill of Boonville and continued in that business until July, 1881, when he purchased a large farm two miles north of Boonville, and now lives in the quietude of farm life. He was married January 1, 1857, to Lydia M. Williams. They have six children, five boys and one girl. His mother, who was a King, is still living, and now in her old age retains all her mental faculties to a wonderful degree. She possesses a master mind and has lived a consistent Christian life, leaving to others a worthy example for emulation. She is a member of many years standing in the Predestinarian Baptist church. From this brief outline of a busy life, furnished with commendable ' modesty by Mr. Downs, a useful lesson may be drawn. Commencing the battle of life friendless and poor, at an age when most children are still in the nursery, he has lived to see himself a power for good in the community where he dwells. Believing at the outset that a good name is better than riches, with no ambition for public office, he has been governed since youth by those fixed principles of honor and rectitude which stamp him to-day as an honest man, an exemplary citizen and a kind husband. He is of a jovial, complaisant disposition, and to be liked needs only to be known. He is quick of thought and has a sound and original opinion upon every topic, and expresses himself in language that is marked by its simplicity and correctness. In a brief sketch of this kind the most that can be said of him is that he is pre-eminently one of the men of mark of Warrick county. As a Republican Mr. Downs has rendered his party valuable service, and during the political campaigns in the years 1872, 1874 and 1878 was chairman of the Republican Central Committee of Warrick county. — From American Biographical History of Eminent and Self-made Men of Indiana. HANSEL M. SCALES. As a self-made man and exemplary citizen, Hansel Marion Scales, treasurer of Warrick county, deserves mention among the men of the present. He was born in Lane township, Warrick county, November 30th, 1841. His father, John Scales, was a son of William Scales (see sketch), and was born in Gibson county, Indiana, in 1809. He was a farmer, and lived just within the county line (adjoining Warrick), in Lock- hart township. He was married to Louisa Bogan, whose parents were among the early settlers of the county, and they reared a large family of children — eleven in all. He was two or three times elected assessor of Lockhart township. He died in 1860. While a boy, Hansel worked on his father's farm, and was not even given the full benefit of the very poor school advantages at that time. When seventeen years old he was given a position as clerk tn the store of Abraham Chambers, at Lynnville. In 1860 he taught school in Lane township, and after that engaged in farming. December 17, 1863, he was married to Lorenna Robinson, of this county. The result of this union has been four children. In 1867 he was elected justice of the peace of Lane township, but shortly afterwards resigned. In 1870 he was elected assessor of Lane township on the Democratic ticket, and at the expiration of his term of office was re-elected. He was elected trustee of the same township in 1873, and held the office two terms. In 1880 he received the Democratic nomination for treasurer of Warrick county, and was elected. It is to his own efforts that Mr. Scales is indebted for his present good standing. He is a man that at once favorably impresses one by his plain, unaffected, honest manners, and sincere cordiality. He is well known throughout the county, especially in the interior part, and is highly esteemed. While he is not a politician, he has always been a staunch Democrat, and wields considerable influence in his party. S. L. TYNER, M. D. Chance not only has much to do at times with furthering men's progress in life, but has frequently been the cause of their adopting those very callings in which they afterwards attain a high degree of excellence, and, in some cases, become famous. Sir Robert Wilson, a general of distinction, would, in all likelihood, have adopted the law as his profession had it not been for a chance introduction to the Duke of York, which changed what might have been an indifferent lawyer into an able general. Gen. U. S. Grant's entrance upon a military career is said to be due to a circumstance of chance when a boy by borrowing butter from a neighbor one morning. Dr. Tyner's adoption of the medical profession is due to a fortunate and somewhat amusing circumstance. At the close of the war, in 1865, he returned home with the intention of engaging in farming. He began plowing the ground, and had doubtless been at work an hour or two when the horses, getting into a hornet's nest, ran away, tearing the plow and harness into flinders. Thoroughly disgusted, he went to the house, determined to engage in a more congenial business. After a conversation with his wife as to the stock of money on hand he decided to study medicine. Accordingly he entered Rush Medical College of Chicago, September 28, 1865, and after attending the first course of lectures, commenced practicing at Somerville, Gibson county. In 1869 he again entered college, and graduated the same year. He returned home and engaged in practice at Lynnville until 1876, when he removed to Boonville, forming a partnership with Dr. Scales. However, he returned to Lynnville in 1878, where he has since remained in the enjoyment of a wide practice. Dr. Tyner was born in Cynthiana, Posey county, Ind., July 30th, 1838. His education was limited to fifteen months in the common schools of that time, and from his sixteenth to his twenty-second year he was engaged in blacksmithing. September 2oth, 1 86 1, he enlisted in company K, 42d regiment Indiana volunteers, and participated in all the battles and skirmishes in which his company was engaged. At Goldsboro, N. C., he passed examination, and was commissioned as a surgeon in the army. He was mustered out of the service on July 28th, 1865. He is spoken of by his comrades as a brave and noble-hearted soldier, whose duty to his country as a patriotic citizen was ever uppermost in his mind. Dr. Tyner was married to Mary J . Zimmerman, of Warrick county, April 13, 1858. She died January 21, 1859, less than one year after their marriage. On the 3oth of July, 1861, he was married to Jane Morrison, and by this union has had five children — four boys and one girl. Dr. Tyner is devoted to his profession, and he is esteemed for his ability and admirable personal qualities by his fellow physicians. He has attained considerable success as a medical practitioner, and in county affairs generally he is one of the foremost citizens. CHARLES GORDNER, SR. A large per cent of the business men of Warrick county are natives of Germany. They are nearly all men who came here with almost nothing, and have acquired means by frugality and . careful management. They are now the back-bone of the county. Charles Gordner, sr., is a worthy representative of this class. He is the son of Phillip and Louisa Gordner, and was born at Abendtheier, Birkenfeld, in Germany, January i7th, 1830. His father was a miller and in good circumstances. He received an ordinary school education, and at sixteen years of age was apprenticed for two years to learn blacksmithing. He travelled four years following his trade. He was married to Julia Eppinghouse, August 27th, 1852. The next three years he was engaged in business for himself. July 27th, 1855, he sailed for America, and landed at New York on August 2yth. He came direct to Evansville, and when he arrived there he had only forty cents left, which he gave to a drayman for taking his baggage from the wharf-boat. The first man whose acquaintance he formed was William Heilman, who at once became his friend and gave him employment in the foundry. However, after working here several weeks he fell sick and lost his position. When he recovered he worked at whatever he could get to do until March, 1856, when he came to Boonville, and here formed a partnership with Phillip Schneider in the blacksmithing business, but it was dissolved a short time afterwards, leaving Mr. Gordner in debt. He then entered into partnership with McCoy Casey in the same business, but it, too, was soon dissolved on account of Casey's ill-health. Being now considerably in debt and much discouraged, Mr. Gordner went to Samuel Orr, of Evansville, who had been supplying him with iron, related his misfortunes and stated that with the little money on hand he wanted to pay off his indebtedness and relinquish the business. Orr told him to return to Boonville and go to work; that he (Orr) would supply him with iron, which he might pay for whenever able. Mr. Gordner did as he was advised and in this manner was enabled to continue business, owing Samuel Orr as high as two and three hundred dollars up to 1863. Mr. Gordner is now in easy circumstances, but he still feels grateful to William Heilman and Samuel Orr, who were his steadfast friends when in need. Physically, Mr. Gordner is of low stature, but corpulent and robust, and his physiognomy bears a close resemblance to that of William Heilman. Mr. Gordner has never sought office himself, but he is a strong Republican, and a very influential member of his party, as well as a leading citizen. WILLIAM B. SCALES, M. D. William B. Scales, a leading practitioner of medicine of Boonville, vtas born in Pigeon township, Warrick county, on October pth, 1841. His father, Thomas Scales, was recorder of Warrick county from 1867 to 1875, and was an old resident of the county, having settled in this section with his father in 1807 (see sketch of William Scales). He was married to Sarah Bogan, a native of Kentucky, in June, 1826, and they had five children — three girls and two boys — of whom the subject of this sketch is the youngest. Mr. Scales was a quiet unpretentious citizen, and a member of the Baptist church. He was born September 2, 1805, and died in October, 1876. At the age of seventeen years William B. Scales, like many other young men of the present, commenced teaching school for the purpose of earning money with which to qualify himself for his chosen pursuit in life, and taught several terms. He attended the academy at Dale, Spencer county, which was one of the best educational institutions in Southern Indiana, during 1859 and 1860. His parents wanted him to become a lawyer, but he preferred the study of medicine, and he became a student in the office of Dr. Wm. T. Houghland, of Taylorsville, from 1864 to 1867, when he entered the Medical College of Ohio, at Cincinnati. After completing his first course in college he commenced practicing at West Buena Vista, Gibson county, where he remained five years, and then moved to Boonville. In 1876 he formed a partnership with Dr. S. L. Tyner, and during the winters of 1877-8 he again attended the medical college, completing his course. The partnership with Dr. Tyner was dissolved in 1878, and in January, 1879, another was formed with Dr. T. J. Hargan. In 1863 Dr. Scales enlisted in the 9ist Indiana regiment, company B, under Captain Bogan ; but on account of ill health was discharged, after being in the field three months. He was married to Emma Badger, on -April 2, 1868. Dr. Scales has been remarkably successful in his profession. He has established an enviable reputation in this county as a skillful physician, and enjoys an extensive practice. GUSTAVUS SCHREIBER. Gustavus Schreiber was born at Herford, Prussia, October 2, 1839. His parents, August and Albertine Schreiber, were in good circumstances, and his father was an officer of the probate court in his native city. Gustavus attended the high school at Herford, which was superior to many of our American colleges, where thoroughness is compulsory, and he obtained a good school education. At fifteen years of age he obtained a position as a clerk in the Transportation and Banking House at Minden, Prussia, where he remained four years, and it was here he acquired much of the excellent business knowledge, which has been of great service to him in after years. He was afterwards a travelling salesman for wholesale hardware dealers in Prussia. In 1865 he emigrated to this country, arriving at New York on the first day of May in that year. He came direct to Evans- ville, Indiana, where he obtained employment with Topf & Long, wholesale saddle and harness dealers, as book-keeper for the firm, and he remained with them a little over a year. In the fall of 1866 he became acquainted with Victor Bisch, auditor of Vanderburgh county at that time, who offered him a position as clerk in the auditor's office, which he accepted in order that he might become more familiar with the English language. He relinquished this place after holding it one year, and in 1867 accepted a position with Major Blythe Hynes, at that time clerk of Vanderburgh county, which, however, he also relinquished at the end of five months, having been appointed by Victor Bisch as deputy assessor of Vanderburgh county. On account of the sickness of the assessor Mr. Schreiber was employed until May, 1868, in making the assessment. In 1868 he was married to Babetta Kuechler, of Evansville, a native of Hesse Darmstadt, Germany. In July of the same year he moved to Inglefield, Vanderburgh county, where he engaged in the grocery business. He removed to Buckskin, Gibson county, Indiana, in February 1869, and in partnership with his brother-in-law kept a grocery store. In January, 1871, Mr. Schreiber came toBoonville, and engaged in the hardware and grocery trade with Wm. Kinder- man, but in 1875 this partnership was dissolved, since when he has continued in the business himself, conducting it on a larger scale and enjoying an extensive patronage. Mr. Schreiber is an excellent accountant and possesses extraordinary business quali- fications. In 1878 he was chosen at the Democratic primary election as the candidate of that party for auditor of Warrick county, but was defeated by a very small majority. However, this defeat was not caused by personal unpopularity, but by odious issues sprung by the opposition at that time which had no individual relation whatever to him, and no such charge was even made during the campaign. He was renominated for the office by the Democratic convention in 1880, but owing to the annullment by the Supreme Court of the constitutional amendments, making the election of auditor unnecessary that year, the candidacy was of course abandoned. He has served four terms as councilman of Boonville, besides holding various minor offices of trust and honor, and some of the most important offices in the several secret societies of which he is a leading member. Mr. Schreiber is one of the best business men in Southern Indiana, and he has earned an excellent reputation for integrity. In political matters he has always taken an active part with the Democratic party. Mr. Schreiber's true worth is known only by those who have enjoyed his intimate acquaintance. He never talks to the public and hence the public knows nothing of the man. The freedom of thought and action is sacred to him, and honor and honesty guides him in his intercourse with men. C. J. KEEGAN, M. D. Dr. Charles J. Keegan, who has been a practicing physician at Millersburg for twenty-three years, was born in Vanderburgh county, January isth, 1832. His parents, Patrick and Eliza M. Keegan, were natives of Longford county, Ireland, and came to this country in their youth. Dr. Keegan obtained a common school education, and commenced the study of medicine under Dr. M. J. Bray, of Evans ville. In 1856 he entered the Rush Medical College at Chicago, where he graduated in 1858. However, during a part of 1857 he practiced at Millers- burg with Dr. Runcie, and after his graduation he located there. March 16, 1858, he was married to Lucy H. Miller, a native of Cumberland county, Kentucky. Dr. Keegan is a Republican politically, and is an active worker in his party. Religiously he is a Methodist Episcopalian. He has no aspirations outside of his profession, to which he devotes all his energies. He was one of the charter members of the Warrick County Medical Society, of which he was President. He is a member of the State Medical Society, and also of the Tri-State Medical Society. He stands high in his profession as a practicing physician of extraordinary skill and ability. He is a gentleman of fine personal appearance and pleasing address, and is highly esteemed by his fellow citizens and professional brethren. CHARLES SCHNEIDER, SR. The subject of this sketch is one of the oldest and most prominent German citizens of Boonville. He is the son of John C. and Louisa Schneider, and was born June i7th, 1820, in Idar, Fuerstenthum, Province of Birkenfeld, in Germany. His parents were in comfortable circumstances, and he received a good common school education. At thirteen years of age he was apprenticed to learn the silversmith trade, and he travelled through Germany eight years following that business. In 1848 he emigrated to America, arriving at New Orleans. He came direct to Evansville, and after spending a week there came to Boonville, where he remained with his uncle during the winter. He then returned to Evansville, and learned the gunsmith trade with Chas. Kellar, with whom he remained five years. August 25th, 1853, he was married to Phillipina Hepp. In June, 1854, he removed to Boonville, and engaged in gunsmithing in a log cabin on the west side of the public square, where a row of brick business houses now stand. He has been a witness to and a participant in the business progress of the town for now almost thirty years. Last year he opened a large and well selected grocery store in Boonville, which he has intrusted to his son William. He has six children. The eldest, Charles Schneider, jr., is of the firm of Baker & Schneider, druggists, of Boonville. Mr. Schneider has lived a quiet, unpretentious life, and was never a candidate for political office. He is a leading member of the German M. E. Church of Boonville, and is a highly esteemed citizen. JOHN L. TAYLOR Among the very young men of Warrick county who have received honorable recognition at the hands of the people none of the present day are more prominent than John Lewis Taylor. He was born August joth, 1850, in Anderson township, Warrick county, and is the eldest son of Peter and Jane Taylor. Until twenty-three years of age he worked on his father's farm, and his school advantages were very poor, but in 1869 his father moved to Boonville, and he attended the graded school at this place two years. In 1871 he taught school in Anderson townshipi and the following spring attended the Normal school at Oakland City, Indiana. In the fall of 1871 he entered the freshman class for a scientific course in the State University at Blooming- ton, Indiana, and attended regularly three years, completing the junior course. He then returned home and during the winter of 1875-6 taught the graded school at Lynnville, this county. During the intervals of school hours he read law, and at the close of his school in the spring of 1876 he entered the office of Judge John B. Handy and pursued his law studies with avidity. It was during this year that he first took an active part in politics, canvassing the county in company with Hon. Benoni S. Fuller, then a candidate for re-election to Congress, and speaking in the interest of Tilden and the Democratic party. During the winter of 1876-7 he was teacher of the grammar grade in the Boonville schools. At the close of his school he was admitted to the bar and formed a partnership with John T. Thompson, with whom he had studied law in Judge Handy's office. After practicing about one year this partnership was dissolved, and in October, 1877, Mr. Taylor entered the Cincinnati Law School, which he attended regularly until his graduation on the zoth of May, 1878. He returned home and two weeks afterwards was nominated by the Democratic party for representative of War- rick county. He was elected by an overwhelming majority, being by far the largest received by any candidate on either ticket, which is an auspicious beginning of political life for one so young as the subject. January 5th, 1879, he was married to Katie E., daughter of Dr. W. L. Barker, a lady of extraordinary social qualities. Mr. Taylor's career in the Legislature is worthy of passing notice. While he was watchful of the interests of his constituents, he made no attempt to display statesmanship or take rank as a leader, as is too often the fault with ambitious young men just entering public life, but by "allowing his light to shine with becoming modesty," and being faithful to his trust, he won the esteem of both opponent and constituent. He was a creditable representative of the county and his official record in the State Legislature is one that will bear the closest scrutiny. At the close of the session of the Legislature Mr. Taylor returned home and in partnership with W. H. Patterson again commenced the practice of law. He has held the office of clerk of Boonville for two terms. -In 1876 he was appointed deputy prosecutor for Warrick county by G. L. Rheinhard, but on entering law school in 1877 resigned. On his return home from the Legislature in 1879 he was re-appointed to the position, which he held until the expiration of the term in 1880. He was admitted to the bar of the Supreme Court in 1879. In 1880 he was appointed contingent Presidential elector for the First Congressional District by the Democratic State convention. In the Presidential campaign of 1880 he took a very active part and was chosen as chairman of the Democratic central committee of Warrick county to succeed John Nester. He is recognized in his party as a leader and is very popular. Socially, Mr. Taylor is an affable gentleman, and those most intimately acquainted with him like him best. He is a lover of literature and reads much desultorily. A prominent characteristic is his fearless manner of expressing his convictions and the zeal with which he supports his cause. CHARLES PARKE, M. D. Dr. Charles Parke, of Millersburgh, was born in Westneath county, Ireland, the boyhood home of Oliver Goldsmith, on June 3rd, 1836. His parents, Robert and Catherine Parke, came to America when he was five years old, and settled in Vanderburgh county, where he was raised. His grandfather, George Simpson, was wounded at the battle of Waterloo, and was a pensioned soldier of the British government. The subject of this sketch received such an education as was afforded by the common schools, and he then taught school several terms to save money with which to attend college*. He entered the State University at Bloomington, Ind., in 1853, and was in the junior class at the time of beginning of the war. He enlisted in company C of the 6th Kentucky cavalry, under Col. Halisey, and was in the United States service three years, and the State service two months. He participated in the battles of Richmond, Ky. , Chicamauga, and nearly all the battles of the army of the Cumberland, besides having an almost daily skirmish with the enemy. He was one of the seventy-five soldiers that defended themselves for over eight hours in the Rasacca court-house against an army of three thousand, which was one of the most heroic achievements of the late war. He was also one of the three that captured Col. Orton Williams, chief of artillery on Bragg's staff, who was a spy in the union camp at Franklin, Tenn. His war career was one of unusual exposure and active service, and he can recount hour after hour incidents of personal experience of thrilling interest. He enlisted November 20th, 1861, and was discharged December 22d, 1864. After the close of the war he commenced the study of medicine with Drs. Runcie and Hilliard, of Millersburgh. He graduated at the Miami Medical College, of Cincinnati, March i, 1867, and at once commenced practicing in Millersburgh, where he has since resided. He was married June 24, 1869, to Mary A. Jarrett, of Warrick county, and they have three children, viz: J. F., Clara B., and Chas. A. Parke. Dr. Parke has always been a Republican, having cast his first vote for Oliver P. Morton and Abraham Lincoln. He is a member of the Episcopal church, and it is to his support that the building of Union church, of Millersburgh, is largely due. He is also a member of the Masonic order. He is strongly opposed to the manufacture and sale of intoxicating liquors, and the zealousness with which he has advocated these principles has stamped him as the champion of the temperance cause in this section. He enjoys a large, lucrative practice, is interested in various enterprises, and is a gentleman that generally leads and succeeds in whatever he undertakes. I. E. YOUNGBLOOD. Israel Ephraim Youngblood, the third of a family of five children, was born August 5th, 1840, five miles south of Boonville, in Warrick county. His father, James W. Youngblood, was a son of the Rev. John W. Youngblood, the pioneer preacher, and was born in Warrick county. When the subject was only five years of age his father died, leaving the widow and a family of five children wholly dependent upon themselves for a livelihood. However, Mrs. Youngblood was a woman of rare energy and executiveness, and by industry and frugality she succeeded in rearing her little family in comfort, besides giving them such local school advantages as the county at that time afforded. By force of necessity our subject performed the duties of a farm laborer at a very early age, together with his two brothers, the fruits of their industry going toward the support of the family and the improvement of their home. When twenty-one years old a horse afflicted with fistula was given him by his mother, which he succeeded in curing, and sold at a fair price. His mother needing money at that time, he gave her all of the amount, in return for which she gave him a colt. He afterwards sold the colt to his brother for $125, and this money he decided to spend towards obtaining an education. Accordingly he entered the Indiana State Normal School at Terre Haute in March, 1871. At the close of the spring term he returned home and raised a crop of tobacco during the summer, and sowed wheat in the fall. The proceeds of this crop were comparatively large, and he was now able to repay borrowed money which he had used in defraying school expenses. After attending a second term of the State Normal School, he returned home and worked on the farm. In the winter of 1872-3 he taught school in Ohio township, and saved sufficient money to attend the Normal School a part of the winter and all the spring term of 1873. The winter of 1873—4 he taught school in Boon township. With the money he had now saved, and after borrowing a small amount, he re-entered the State Normal School in the spring of 1874, and attended regularly until his graduation in June, 1875. The perseverance here manifested in obtaining an education under such adverse circumstances deserves praise, and is a worthy example to the poor young man who would improve his condition. The young graduate now returned home, but being too ambitious to again teach a country school, borrowed $25 at twenty- five per cent, interest, and started out in the world to obtain a more lucrative position in his chosen avocation. He was chosen principal of a school of two grades at Oaktown, Knox county, Indiana, at a salary of $4 oo per day, and in the spring of the following year taught a normal school at Carlisle, Indiana. To earn money with which to visit the Centennial Exposition in 1876 he taught a select school in Bethel township, Posey county, during July and August of that year, after which he went on a tour through the East, visiting some of the principal cities and popular resorts. In the fall of 1876 he was chosen principal of the graded school at McCutchanville, Vanderburg county, and he here taught several branches with remarkable success which he had not studied while at the State Normal School. In June, 1877, Mr. Youngblood elected superintendent of the schools of Warrick county. Under his administration there has feeen a marked improvement in the schools of the county, and they have advanced fully fifty per cent He was the first superintendent to grade the schools of the county, besides which he has introduced many valuable new ideas and rules into the system of school government. He was re-elected to the office of county superintendent upon the expiration of his term in 1879. In July, 1879, he purchased the Boonville Standard, but on account of his duties as county superintendent preventing him from giving the paper his attention, W. W. Admire was made its editor, until it became necessary for Mr. Youngblood to assume full control in June, 1880. The Standard is the only Republican paper in the county, and Mr. Youngblood succeeded in placing it on a sound financial basis while under his management. In July, 1881, he sold the paper to R. M. Graham. Mr Youngblood is not yet in the prime of life, and being a man of extraordinary stability of character, tenacity of will and perseverance, promises a future of usefulness. MRS. M. J. HUSK. While in the lives of women we do not find the achievements of the soldier or statesman, still we do find many representatives of that sex whose lives have been devoted to the amelioration of those around them, and whose attainments in life are equally as commendable and deserving of chronicling. Mrs. Mary Jane Husk nee Kallams, the subject of this brief sketch, was born January 20th, 1836, near Harrodsburgh, in Mercer county, Kentucky. . Her parents died when she was an infant, and she was adopted and reared by the family of James Curry, a gentleman in affluent circumstances, of Harrodsburgh, Kentucky. The orphan and her adopted relatives became greatly attached to each other, and she was treated very kindly. At fifteen years of age she entered the female academy at Harrodsburgh, which she attended for some time. She was united in marriage to George K. Husk, in Hancock county, Kentucky, September I2th, 1849, and in 1852 they removed to Skelton township, Warrick county, where Mr. Husk engaged in farming. At the breaking out of the late war Mr. Husk enlisted in the army and the management of the farm came into the hands of his wife. She managed it with great care and economy, which demonstrated her extraordinary executive ability. On her husband's return from the army, he found his farm bearing every evidence of thrift. In 1875 they removed to Boonville and opened the Prince Albert hotel, of which Mrs. Husk is still proprietress. April ist, 1880. her husband died, after an illness of only fifteen days. Mrs. Husk is a devout Christian and charitable lady. The hungry never appeal to her in vain. She has a warm heart and her charitable deeds are a noteworthy characteristic. As an instance, we would mention her having reared two orphans, giving them a comfortable home and every advantage for improvement. She is benevolent to a worthy cause. It is to her frugality that Mrs. Husk mostly attributes her success. She is a very intelligent and refined lady, whose life has been one of extraordinary usefulness in her sphere. JOHN A. REYNOLDS. John A. Reynolds is known " far and wide " by his bold and original ideas upon theology. Once a pupil of the Sunday school and a member of the church, to-day he declares himself an atheist. Although a farmer by occupation — a successful one, too — he has devoted his life to the study and investigation of theological and kindred subjects. He is always willing to give his reasons for his singular convictions to those soliciting them, and in defense of the position which he has assumed he offers to discuss the question with any one, at any time and place. John A. Reynolds was born at Thompson, Geauga county, Ohio, July pth, 1819. He was left an orphan and at four years of age he was'bound to Enoch Scott, a farmer, but he purchased his freedom when nineteen years old for $50. His career has been a remarkable one. In 1840 he settled in Warrick county. October gth, 1842, he was married to Percilla Houghland, of this county. He has been an assiduous student of theology from boyhood, and has read nearly every work worthy perusal pertaining to the subject. While his bold atheistic declarations astonish his neighbors, all respect him, and he is regarded as an upright citizen, a kind husband and father. He affirms that he is the strongest atheist in the world. The singular views he holds upon some questions he expresses in the following words: "I believe that this earth is a part of the central sun; I believe that Nature, the natural forces or causes, such as air, water, etc., produce all animal and vegetable life upon earth ; I believe the doctrine of a Supreme Being is a fallacy ; I believe that Nature never steps out of her routine, and that she don't know the cry of an infant from the howl of the hyena." He is a zealous advocate of the unlimited freedom of speech. He is now sixty-two years old, hale and hearty, but he has retired from the active work of life, and is awaiting, to use his own words, the "end of his existence." He has written his own epitaph, which tells the story of this strange man's life in the following words: "Death is an eternal sleep. Here moulders in the dusk abode One whom to faith no homage showed. By moral law, his life he tried, While social duty was his guide, And pure philanthropy the end of all he did. Or could intend " Prayer he pronounced impiety — Vain prompter of divine decree, That oft implores with erring- zeal For boon subversive of its weal." JAMES W. CABBAGE. James Willis Cabbage was born September rath, 1830, inRus- sel county, Kentucky. His parents are John and Nancy Cabbage. The father of John Cabbage died when he was quite young, leaving the family in poor circumstances, and it became his duty to help support his widowed mother ; hence, he was ostracized from all educational advantages, and it was not until the subject became old enough to teach him that he learned to read and write. He came to Warrick county in 1832, settling in Hart township, where he remained until his removal to Alabama many years ago. He was a farmer, and was a man of unquestioned integrity, strong common sense and unflagging industry. James W. is the eldest of nine children. His father felt the need of an education, and was determined that his children should have the full benefit of such advantages as were afforded in this part of the country at that time, which were, of course, very limited. James was, accordingly, sent to such "subscription schools" as were taught in the neighborhood, where he learned reading, writing, orthography and arithmetic — the only branches taught by the " Hoosier schoolmaster" of that time. In his twentieth year, he was granted license and commenced teaching school in Hart township. He taught seven successive years. During 1855 ne attended Delaney Academy, at New- burgh. August 3Oth, 1856, he was married to Tillitha Lowe, whose father, Captain Simon P. Lowe, was a man of prominence in county affairs for several years. He held the office of county treasurer and county commissioner, and was representative in the State Legislature for a number of years. The result of this union has been nine children — six boys and three girls — all of whom are living, except one. After his marriage, Mr. Cabbage engaged in farming, where he now lives, which he pursued successfully, without intermission, until called upon by his fellow citizens to represent them in the State Legislature. He has always taken an active interest in all great political issues, and although an adherent of party, he entertains, and does not fear to express, ideas of the most liberal and conservative character. He is a friend, but not a slave to party. During the late war he advocated the cause of the Union, "Because," he says, " I believe that equal rights and freedom of all mankind is a divine law, and the government our forefathers gave us we must protect." Mr. Cabbage is, and always has been, a Democrat. He cast his first vote for Franklin Pierce, and there has not been a Democratic convention, or an election in Warrick county since he attained his majority, that he has not attended. In 1878 his name was placed before the Democratic primary election for representative of Warrick county, but he was defeated. In 1880 he was nominated for the same office and elected. His career in ihe Legislature is known to the people throughout the State. He went there with the hope and intention of doing good. How far he succeeded, his constituents may judge. He originated and secured the passage of one bill alone, which will be a lasting benefit to the State, *'. e.: the law for the protection of timber. Governor Hendricks said of it: " It is one of the most sensible, practicable and timely measures that has been brought before the Legislature." Mr. Cabbage is a plain man — a man of the people — knowing by experience their wants and these he gave his attention, so far as possible, during the crowded session of 1881. While he does not claim to be infallible, there is nothing in his official record that he is ashamed of. The predominant trait in Mr. Cabbage's character is his honesty; and "An honest man is the noblest work of God." COMMODORE KELLEY. Among the younger successful business men whose lives have been beset by disadvantages, Commodore Kelley, present trustee of Owen township, merits attention. He was born March 3ist, 1844, m Skelton township. He is the fifth son and eighth child of Isham and Eliza Kelley. His father was born in Anderson county, Kentucky, in 1810, and he came to Warrick county with his uncle in 1820. He has lived in Skelton and Owen townships since and has reared a large family. As one of the industrious pioneers to whose labors the present state of development of these townships is due, Mr. Kelley is entitled to remembrance. Commodore worked on his father's farm until eighteen years old. His educational advantages were the very poorest, being limited to a few weeks in all of irregular attendance at the very inferior schools of that time in Skelton township. He received instruction in reading, writing and arithmetic, and the rest of his education has been obtained by close self-application and observation. At the breaking out of the late war his patriotism was aroused and he determined to risk his life in defense of the union, although he had not reached his eighteenth year — the age required by the regiment being organized at that time. However, he was not to be debarred the privilege of enlisting because he lacked a few weeks of being old enough, and so he represented to the officers that he was eighteen years of age. He enlisted in company E, of the sixty-fifth Indiana regiment on August nth, 1861. He was detailed as a teamster and was promoted to wagon-master of the regiment while in North Carolina in 1863. He held this position until the close of the war. In 1862 he was seriously injured while riding a spirited horse, from the effects of which he has never fully recovered. He was in nearly all the engagements of his regiment. In July, 1864, he was mustered out of the service. He then worked on his father's farm two years, after which he engaged in farming for himself in Skelton township. December pth, 1867, he was married to Mary E. Skelton, whose parents were among the earliest settlers of the county. They have three children — two girls and one boy. In 1873, Mr. Kelley movedto Folsomville. In 1879, in partnership with Marion Folsom, he opened a grocery, dry goods, drug and general merchandise establishment. He is also proprietor of the hotel, livery stable and steam thresher at that place, and is an extensive dealer in cattle. He is a Democrat, and is a leader of his party in Owen township. In 1880, he was elected trustee of Owen township. By energy, enterprise and strict integrity he has attained the position among his fellow-citizens of a leading business man, and by his always courteous disposition, has won an enviable popularity. WILLIAM H. BONE. William H. Bone was born May 24, 1837, in Warrick county. His parents were John and Arty M. Bone. His father was a native of Kentucky, but he came to Warrick county at an early day. The school advantages of the subject were limited and very poor. He was left an orphan when only eleven years old, and he has had to work his way up in life. The only schooling he received was nine months' attendance at a school taught by James W. Cabbage, the present representative of Warrick county. What other knowledge he has acquired has been without the aid of a teacher. When seventeen years of age he obtained employment as a clerk in the dry goods store of Abraham Chambers, at Lynnville, where he remained some time. He taught three terms of school in Pike county and two in Warrick county. In 1860, he was elected constable of Owen township. October 3oth, 1859, he was married to AbthiaF. Burris, and the result of this union was eight children. In 1861, he removed to Crowville, Warrick county, where he was employed in the dry- goods and tobacco establishment of Bethell & Floyd until 1862, when he moved to Boonville. He remained there until 1864, in the capacity of clerk in the grocery store of J. W. Thompson. February 8th, 1875, he enlisted in company D, I43rd regiment of Indiana volunteers, and remained in the service until August, 1865, when they were mustered out. He then lived at Crowville four years. In 1869, he removed to Folsomville and took charge of the tobacco establishment of Hudspeth & Shryock. He remained in their employ until 1873, when, in partnership with W. H. Pancake, he purchased the establishment. However, he sold his interest the year following to Benjamin Folsom, who was the founder of Folsomville, and engaged in farming the next two years. In 1877, he made a "purchase of tobacco" in township, for Jacob Seitz, Esq., and, in 1878, he made another " tobacco purchase" under the firm name of W. H. Bone &Co., at Winslow, Pike county. In 1879 he returned to Folsomville and engaged in the dry goods and grocery business. He again purchased the large tobacco factory at that place, and is now engaged solely in buying and shipping tobacco. Mr. Bone is a "self-made man," and he is one of the foremost citizens of Owen township. JOHN B. COCKRUM. John Barrett Cockrum was born September i2th, 1857, at Oakland, Gibson county, Indiana. His grandfather, Col. J. W. Cockrum, was a Colonel of the Indiana State Militia during the Mexican war. He settled in Gibson county at a time when the country was a wilderness, and was the founder of the town of Oakland. The father of the subject, Col. William M. Cock- rum, was reared in the vicinity, where he still lives, and was for a time an extensive speculator in tobacco in Gibson county. When the late war broke out he organized company F, of the 42d Indiana regiment, and was chosen first lieutenant, while his uncle, Captain Barrett, was made captain. However, Barrett resigned, and Mr. Cockrum was chosen captain to fill the vacancy. He was seriously wounded at the battle of Chicka- mauga, and for seventeen days laid on the battle-field, receiving attention from no one except the Confederate surgeons. He was then taken to Libby prison where he lay seven months. Upon his recovery he was made commander of the post military prison at Nashville, which position he held one year. He was also one of the party that had charge of the notorious Captain Wirz, of Anderson ville fame, and conducted him from Nashville to Washington, D. C. In 1864, he was promoted to Lieutenant- Colonel of the 42d Indiana regiment, which position he held until the close of the war. He then returned to his home, at Oakland, Indiana, where he still lives. Up to his seventeenth year, John B. Cockrum, the immediate subject of this sketch, attended the Oakland Normal Institute, where he graduated. The three subsequent years he taught school during the winter, and in the summer read law, with Hon. J. E. McCullough, of Princeton. In 1878, he entered the Cincinnati Law school, and graduted with the degree of Bachelor of Laws, on May 14, 1879. He was married January 22, 1880, to Fannie C. Bittrolf daughter of George A. Bittrolf, Esq., of Evansville. In August, 1879, he located in Boonville, and entered into a partnership with Charles W. Armstrong in the practice of law. He conducts a case with tact, and is an advocate of ability. He has been successful in the short time that he has been practicing, and is one of the most promising young members of the Warrick county bar. WILLIAM H. McVEY, M. D William Henry McVey, a well-known medical practitioner at Selvin, and the subject of this sketch, was born June 22, 1842, in Grass township, Spencer county, Indiana. His parents were Samuel and Permelia McVey, both of whom were natives of Virginia. They came to Spencer county in about 1832, where they spent the remainder of their lives. The father of the subject was a farmer, and commenced life in poor circumstances, but through successful management and hard work had accumulated sufficient to live in ease at the time of his death, which occurred when William was only a small boy. The opportunities of William for obtaining an education were limited to the common country schools of Spencer county, which, however, he had the full benefit of. When eighteen years old he commenced teaching school in Spencer county. He pursued school-teaching in winter, and during the summer studied medicine. Dr. Perragrine, of Centerville, Spencer county, was his preceptor. In 1864, he entered the Eclectic Medical College, of Cincinnati, and graduated in 1868. He subsequently located at Crowville, Warrick county, where he held a wide and successful practice for seven years. In 1875 he moved to Taylorsville, (now Selvin), where he has since remained, enjoying an enviable professional patronage. July 6th, 1865, Dr. McVey was married to Martha Thompson, who is a native of Kentucky, but at that time was a resident of Warrick county. Doctor McVey is a Democrat, and is an influential member of of his party in his section of the county. In 1878 he was a candidate for the nomination for representative of Warrick county, but was defeated. He was elected trustee of Pigeon township in 1880. In the practice of his profession Doctor McVey, as already stated, has been very successful, and, although interested in the mercantile business, he has earned his all in this way. As a physician and citizen he stands high among his fellowmen, and his social qualities are such that have won him a large circle of friends. WILLIAM S. WHITTINGHILL. William Stuart Whittinghill was born June i6th, 1852, in Pigeon township, Warrick county. His grandfather settled in Lane township as early as 1815, where his father, Pleasant N., was born. He is of German-Scotch descent. The subject worked on his father's farm until he was eighteen years old. The rudiments of his education were obtained in the common country schools of Warrick and Spencer counties. In 1871, he attended the Boonville Graded School, and afterward spent a term of twelve weeks in the Normal Institute, at Oakland, Indiana. He also attended school at Gentry ville, Spencer county, ten months, and in September, 1872, entered the sophomore class in the State University, at Bloomington, Indiana. He graduated in 1875, receiving the degree of Bachelor of Science. In 1876 he was chosen principal of the high school at Huntingburgh, Indiana. While at college he had studied the German language about five months, and after his removal to Huntingburgh, where nearly the entire population is German, he became so far familiar with the language, through his associations, that he was enabled to teach it with success and now speaks it very fluently. While yet a student he had singled out the profession of law as his chosen pursuit, and began the study of it while attending college. He was admitted to the bar, in Spencer county, in 1877, and commenced the practice of law at Huntingburgh during the same year, being favored with a liberal patronage until his removal to Selvin, (formerly Taylors ville), Warrick county, in 1879, where he has since resided. In 1880, he was nominated by the Republican party for representative of Warrick county, but was defeated by a majority of 151, the regular Democratic majority in the county having been from 350 to 400 prior to that time. Mr. Whittinghill is a gentleman of refinement and culture, and possesses ability of an extraordinary character. He presents a very handsome physique, and socially is a person whom it affords one pleasure to meet. He is now in his thirtieth year, and gives promise of becoming a leading member of his chosen profession.


BATES, BELA N., an old citizen of Boonville, was born in Hampshire county, Massachusetts, April 13, 1815. At an early age he learned shoemaking, but during the "hard times" about 1837 he shipped on board a whaling vessel for South Amer- ica. On account of severe treatment from the commanding officer he left the ship at Brazil, where he remained about four months. He saw Dom Pedro when a boy and others of the royal family a number of times. In 1841 he came to Boonville and engaged in shoemaking. He did a successful trade for several years and retired. He was married to Jane Perigo, on March 12th, 1843 and they had three children, only one of whom, Mrs. G. H. Spen- cer, of Joplin, Mo., is now living. CAMPBELL, JAMES W., was born three miles north of Boonville, September 29th, 1852. His mother is a sister of Hon. Benoni S. Fuller. He taught two terms of school, but in 1879 gave up his school and accepted a position as clerk in the store of J. M. Hudspeth & Co. In 1880 he was nominated by the Democratic party for Sheriff of Warrick county and was elected by a major- ity of one hundred and sixty-eight votes over the three candi- dates — Jacob Seitz, Republican; W. A. Williams, Independent, and Isaac Boyer, National. This was an auspicious victory. Mr. Campbell is well-known throughout the county and is a popular and promising young man COOK, FREDERICK, trustee of Greer township, was born May 18th, 1847, in Cambridgeshire, England. His parents, Joseph and Mary Cook, emigrated to America in 1851 and came direct to Warrick county, where the father engaged in farming. Frederick received his education in the common schools of this county. February i8th, 1862, when only fourteen years old, he enlisted in company C, sixty-third Indiana regiment of volunteers and carried a musket and participated in all battles of his regiment the same as other soldiers. He never missed an hour of active duty on account of sickness or for other causes, excepting an eight day furlough. He was in the battles at Bull Run, Rasacca, Franklin, Nashville, Altoona Hills, Fort Anderson, and ten others of minor importance. He was mustered out of the service in May, 1865. Mr. Cook has been married twice — the first time on December 2, 1867, to Elizabeth Butcher, of War- rick, who died November 29, 1876, from drinking water poisoned by Edward Leyer, the horrible particulars of which are still fresh in the minds of Warriek county people. April 11, 1878, Mr. Cook was married to Mary A. Irons. His family consists of five children, four by his first and one by his second wife. Mr. Cook has twice been elected constable of Greer town ship. In 1880 he was elected trustee on the Republican ticket, which is an unprecedented occurrence in the political history of the township. He is a very courteous gentleman, and possesses an enviable reputation for strict integrity and he is one of the foremost citizens of Greer township. DAVIS, WILLIAM ROBINSON, was born September 9th, 1827, in Mercer county, Kentucky. His father, Rev. Thomas S. Davis, was a travelling preacher. His mother, whose maiden name was Robinson, died when he was four years old. He lived with his grandfather until eight years of age, when, his father having married again, he returned to the "paternal roof." His father came to Warrick county in 1839 and settled where the subject now lives, which was at that time a dense forest. Although his opportunities were the very poorest, he possesses a practical education. The "rule o' three" is associated with his remembrance of schools in his boyhood as a very important branch — in the opinion of the old-time Hoosier school-master. To obtain money with which to purchase his books, pens, paper, etc., he would kill coons and sell their skins. Mr. Davis has always been a farmer and he is one of the most successful in the county. January i, 1852, he was married to Mary Perigo, an exemplary wife and a pleasant, hospitable lady. She is a half-sister to Ezekiel Perigo, Esq. The fruits of this union has been but one child : a daughter now dead. However, they have raised several orphan children. Mr. Davis has been a Republican since the organization of the party and, although he takes an interest in politics, he never sought office. He is a leading farmer and has been a liberal supporter, according to his means, of every important enterprise in the county for the last twenty- five years. DIAL, JOHN C., of Hart township, was born October 15, 1817, Clermont county, Ohio, near Batavia. . His early educational advantages were limited to about two months every two years in the backwoods schools of that time. He received the greatest part of his education by private tutorage and at a very early age was a master of Smiley's arithmetic as taught at that time and he was considered a critical grammarian by his instructors. He was well acquainted with General U. S. Grant when the latter was a cadet at West Point and his reminiscenses of the illustrious warrior are interesting and amusing. Mr. Dial has been married three times. February l0th, 1842, he was married to Isabella Brooks, of Clermont county, Ohio, and they had seven children. She died February n, 1856. On January 1st, 1857, he was married to Josephine Myrick, also a native of Clermont county, Ohio, and the result of this union was three children. Her death occurred August n, 1865. February 27, 1866 he was married to Mrs. Rachel Edwards, nee Abshire — his present wife — who is a native of Warrick county. In 1842 Mr. Dial came to Warrick county and settled in Hart township, where he now lives. At that time there were no roads through that section of country between the Boonville and Lynnville and Boonville and Crowville roads and it was chiefly through his instrumentality that the present highways were opened. Wild game was plentiful and the country was very sparsely settled. Mr. Dial has always been a Democrat, rather preferring to serve his party than ask of it official favor. DICKEY, FINES J., M. D., was born at Ridgeway, Gallatin county, Illinois, May 4th, 1854. In 1876 he commenced the study of homcepathy with Dr. E. J. Ehrman, of Evansville, and graduated at the Pulte Medical College, of Cincinnati, March 4th, 1879. He came to Boonville the same month and commenced the practice of medicine, and has been remarkably successful. He is the leading homoepathic physician in this section. ECKSTEIN, LEONARD, a leading grocer of Boonville, was born in Jackson county, Indiana, in 1847. He came to Boonville in 1871 in poor circumstances. He chopped wood and did teaming for the Lake Erie, Evansville & Southwestern railroad, being built at that time, and afterward engaged in marketing. By strict economy and close application to business he accumulated sufficient means to engage in the grocery business in 1877. To-day he is one of the leading business men in the county. His success may all be attributed to his sterling business principles. Mr. Eckstein was married, in 1870, to Louisa Price, of Jackson county, and they now have two children. EWEN GEORGE, M. D., was born in Philadelphia, on April 19th, 1832, and his parents were Jeddiah and Ellen Ewen. He received his education partly in the schools at Philadelphia, and partly in Delaney Academy, at Newburgh, where he attended four school terms. The summer of 1844 he spent on the Ohio river, in the storeboat business. His parents came to New- burgh in January, 1845. During 1849 and 1850 he was a clerk in the store of A. M. Phelps, Esq., and during the winter of 1850 and 1.851 he taught school in Ohio township. In 1852 he went to Philadelphia for the purpose of learning the drug business, and served an apprenticeship of two years, with J. Bringhurst, returning to Newburgh in 1854. He then went to Evans ville and was engaged as a clerk in the well-known wholesale drug establishment of Keller & White. However, he returned home, and, during the winter of 1855 and 1856, again taught school in Warrick county. In 1856 he commenced the study of medicine under Doctor J. R. Tilman, of Newburgh, and during the winters of 1856 and 1857 attended medical lectures at Keokuk, Iowa. He was in the Marine Hospital, in Evansville, with Doctor M. J. Bray, from May, 1857, to March, 1858, when he formed a partnership with Dr. J. S. Houghland, of Eureka, Spencer county, Indiana, where he practiced medicine until 1866. In July, 1866, he came to Wheatonville, War- rick county, Indiana, and has been practicing there since. Doctor Ewen is one of the oldest and most successful physicians in the county, being third among the oldest. Four years practical and skillful experience in compounding drugs, with a thorough course of instruction in medicine, qualified him in an extraordinary degree for the practice of his profession. FULLER, WILLIAM W., superintendent of the Warrick county schools, was born July 29, 1856, in Hart township, Warrick county. His parents were Isham and Agnes Fuller, and he is a brother to Hon. Benoni S. Fuller. In 1874 he entered the Oakland Normal Institute, and attended two terms. He also attended the Worthington (Indiana) High School during 1876. He has taught school and been identified with the educational interests of the county for several years. In 1880 he entered the Indiana State University, and was a member of the sophomore class at the time of his election to the office of county superintendent, in June, 1881. He is, doubtless, the youngest county superintendent in the State. Mr. Fuller is a young gentleman of rare ability and promise, and is very popular among the people generally. GRAHAM. ROBERT M., editor and proprietor of the Boonville Standard, was born November 10th, 1849, in Boonville, where he lived with his parents until eleven years old, when they removed to a farm, in Hart township, Warrick county. His education consisted of such as he could obtain in the common country schools, after which he attended the Boonville High School one term. Possessing an insatiable thirst for knowledge, and a very retentive memory, he has, however, by a habit of desultory reading, gained an extensive knowledge of general literature. July 26, 1872, he was married to Mary J. Hunsaker. In 1873, under the firm name of J. B. Graham & Son, he engaged in the drug business at Lynnville. In the meantime he taught school in winter, and studied medicine under Doctor S. L. Tyner. In 1876 he commenced practice in Spencer county, opposite Owensboro, Kentucky, where he remained one year. He also practiced at Folsomville one year ; after which he relinquished medicine and engaged in school teaching. He taught the graded school, at Lynnville, in 1872-73, and has been principal of the Folsomville Graded School three terms. In 1880, he was defeated in a candidacy for superintendent of War- rick county. He left the teachers' ranks as one of the foremost educators of the county, and, in July, 1881, assumed full editorial and business control of the Boonville Standard. Although he has now been in the newspaper business but a short time, he has evinced considerable journalistic ability. He has been a contributor to the educational periodicals of the State and is the author of a work designed for use as a text book for youthful students, entitled "United States Rectangular Survey," which has been highly recommended by the leading educators of the State. HEIM, CONSTANTJNE, one of the leading citizens of Campbell township, was born February 25, 1837, in Eisfeld. Duchy of Meiningen, Germany. He received his education at the Academy of Saalfeld, which he attended from his sixth to his twelfth year. In 1852 his parents emigrated to America and came direct to Vanderburgh county. His father's avocation was that of an apothecary, and, in partnership with John Laval, he practiced medicine at Evansville about ten months. In 1853 he came to Warrick county and engaged in farming. January 6th, 1859, Constantine Heim was married to Minerva Lockyear, of Warrick county, and they had seven children. She died March 2oth, 1874. Mr. Heim was married to Rhoba F. Herston on October 24th, 1874, and by this marriage has had three children. Mr. Heim has obtained an extraordinary knowledge of the English language by close application, and he speaks it with a fluency rarely met with in one of his nationality. Politically he is a Republican, and, in 1880, was the candidate of his party for treasurer of Warrick county, but was defeated by a greatly reduced majority. He is a very intelligent gentleman, of a sociable, complaisant disposition, and he is highly esteemed by his fellow-citizens for his integrity and sterling worth. HEIM, ADOLPH WOLDEMAR, trustee of Campbell township, was born June 12, 1839, in Eisfeld, Duchy of Meiningen, Germany. He received his education at the Academy of Saal- feld, in his native country, but left before graduating. His parents came to America in 1852. and located at Evansville, where the subject attended a select school awhile, taught by a Yankee. This was the only English schooling he received. In 1853 he removed with his parents to Warrick county, and engaged in farming. However, his occupation of later years has chiefly been teaching. He taught district school No. 9, in Campbell township, from 1866 until 1881, successively, which, in point of continuity, is without a parallel in the school history of the county. He holds the highest attainable license, and his teaching is characterized by thoroughness, practicability, system and strict decorum. In 1880 Mr. Heim was elected trustee of Campbell township on the Republican ticket. There were three candidates for the office, and although the township was largely Democratic, he received a majority of sixty-four, while the largest number of votes received by the opposition was ninety-four. He possesses in an eminent degree the qualifications requisite for the office, and fills it satisfactorily to his constituents. February 19, 1864, Mr. Heim was married to Letitia Lockyear. They have four children — three boys and one girl. JONES, T. B., M. D., of Lynnville, was born November 2 8th, 1841, in Spencer county, Indiana. The occupation of his father, Thompson M. Jones, was farming. The subject received his education in the schools of Spencer county and at an early age commenced the study of medicine. August 26, 1861, he enlisted in company C, of the forty-second Indiana regiment, as a private, but was promoted to the rank of captain while in the service. He participated in all the battles of his company and was in the service until July 2d, 1865, when they were mustered out. In 1867 he entered the Ohio Medical College of Cincinnati and graduated in 1870. During the same year he located at Pleasantville, Pike county, and practiced there until March, 1873, when he removed to Lynnville and entered into a partnership with Dr. S. L. Tyner, which, with the exception of two years that the latter was at Boonville, has continued until the present. April 25, 1872, Doctor Jones was married to Emma Zimmerman, of Lynnville, and they have two children. Doctor Jones possesses in an eminent degree those qualities of mind and temperament which are required to meet humanity in its more delicate and sickly phases pleasantly, and his knowledge of medicine is very thorough and practical ; hence, he is a very successful physician. He is regarded as one of the leading physicians of the county and is highly respected and beloved as a citizen. McCoy, JOSEPH S., M. D., a successful medical practitioner of Wheatonville, Warrick county, was born April 6th, 1850, near Midway, Spencer county, Indiana. His parents were William and Fanny McCoy. His education was principally obtained in the common schools of Spencer county, and during the terms of 1868 and 1869 he attended the academy at Grandview, Indiana. He taught school in Spencer county one year, and in Warren county, Kentucky, eighteen months. He commenced the study of medicine under Dr. J. R. Temple, but afterward studied under his brother, Dr. T. J. McCoy. He entered the Louisville Medical College in 1873, and graduated in 1876. In the same year he commenced the practice of medicine at Wheatonville, where he has since remained. Doctor McCoy is a genial young gentleman, warm-hearted and courteous. His acquaintance is easily cultivated, and he possesses the rare gift of bringing social sunshine, as well as medical skill, into the sick room. During the five years he has been at Wheatonville he has built up a wide practice, and has won the esteem of the people. He is now only thirty-one years old, and his career as a practitioner may be said to be only in the bud. Politically, he is a Democrat, and is one of the most influential members of that party in Greer township. MOORE, ROBERT DALE OWEN, the youngest son of Judge J. W. B. Moore, was born in Boonville, February 25th, 1848. His education was limited to such advantages as were afforded by the local schools at that time, which were comparatively poor, owing, in part, to the unsettled condition caused by the war. However, he spent one year at Asbury University, at Greencastle, Indiana. In 1869, he commenced the study of law with his brother, Hon. Isaac S. Moore, one of the ablest lawyers in the State, and, in 1872, was admitted to a partnership. In 1878 he was nominated by the Democratic primary election for clerk of Warrick county, and was elected. Among the minor offices which he has held was that of clerk of Boonville, in 1869; town treasurer, from 1871 to 1875, and town attorney two or three years. He was married to Blanche Barkwell, of Rockport, Indiana, January 23rd, 1868. They have three children — two boys and one girl. Mr. Moore is a liberal, obliging gentleman, and is generally well known and well liked throughout the county. Politically, he is, and has always been, a Democrat. He is one of the most active members of the party in this county, meriting by his untiring services the honorable recognition which he has received. PATTERSON, WILLIAM H., was born September 17th, 1847, five miles south of Boonville. His father, Rev. Nicholas M. Patterson, was one of the earliest Methodist preachers in this county, and was one of the old-time circuit riders. He was one of the most successful revivalists in his day, was a good man, and generally beloved. After receiving a common school education, William taught school to obtain money with which to attend college. He attended Asbury University, at Greencastle, Indiana, for a short time, but afterward entered the Rockport Collegiate Institute, where he graduated in 1870. He again engaged in school-teaching, and read law at home in the meantime, Judge Isaac S. Moore being his preceptor. He was admitted to the bar in 1873. September 14th, of the same year, he was married to Emma Taylor, daughter of Robert Taylor, Esq., of Boonville. Becoming financially embarrassed, in 1875, ne accepted a position as principal of the graded school, at Poseyville, Indiana, at a salary of $75 per month. He taught Latin, higher mathematics, and the higher branches, which had never before been taught there, and gave general satisfaction. At the close of his school he returned to Boonville and again engaged in practicing law. In May, 1879, he entered into partnership with John L. Taylor, and has been quite successful in his profession. He has twice held the office of attorney of Boonville, and one term as clerk. Mr. Patterson is very studious, and is one of the most promising young members of the Boonville bar. PELZER, FREDERICK WILLIAM, the subject of this sketch, was born October loth, 1843, at Osnabreck, Germany. His father was a blacksmith, and in good circumstances. After receiving such common school education as was to be obtained in his native village, he served an appreticeship in his father's blacksmith shop. In 1860 he emigrated to America, landing at New Orleans, and he came direct to Warriek county. He worked at his trade in Boonville, and on the farm, alternatively, until 1866, when he located where he now resides; and his residence, by the way, is one of the finest and most convenient in the county. May 9th, 1872, he was married to Amelia Goett- lich, a native of Long Island. The result of this union has been five children. Mr. Pelzer belongs to the class of " self-made men," and is one of the most enterprising citizens of the county. The " History of Warriek County," by D. J. Lake & Co. , truly says : " He is one of the foremost in all public as well as private enterprises." He is well informed on the general topics of the day, and he is a very genial and pleasant gentleman. While he has always been an active member of the Republican party, he has never sought political favor. He is also a very prominent member of the Masonic order. He manifests a great deal of pride in the county's development and progress, and is one of the kind that makes a thrifty community. TILMAN, DOCTOR J. R., of Newburgh, was born August 8th, 1826, in Cumberland county, Kentucky. His grandfather was a native of Virginia and was born on a plantation adjoining Thomas Jefferson's home. The name at that time was spelled Tilghman. Doctor Tilman graduated at the Evansville Medical College in 1850 and at once commenced practicing at • Taylorsville, Warrick county, where he remained seven years. He was instrumental in having a postoffice established at that place and was the first postmaster. After practicing in Newburgh three years he entered the Jefferson Medical College of Philadelphia and graduated in 1860. At the beginning of the late war he laid aside all business and devoted his time to the union cause. He was assistant surgeon in the sixtieth Indiana regiment and was seriously crippled for life, being compelled to resign after three months' service. Having the public interest always in view, he is one of the class of citizens who exert a marked influence for good in the community. WILDE, GOTTFRIED OTTO EUGENE, son of Carl J. G. and Franziska Wilde, was born in Schlochow, Pomerania, Prussia, May 15th, 1842. His parents were very wealthy. He attended St. Peter's College at Danzig, Prussia, seven years, and graduated in 1858. He received a scientific education and i^ was here that he obtained his knowledge of chemistry. In 1869 he emigrated to America and in the winter of 1870 entered into the drug business in Boonville in the building he now occupies. He was married to Mary Sasse in 1871. Mr. Wilde is a leading member of the German Evangelical Lutheran church at this place and is a highly esteemed citizen. WHITTINGHILL, WINFIELD SCOTT, was born October 28th, 1850, in Pigeon township, Warrick county. He is the eldest son of Pleasant N. and Abagail J. Whittinghill. He worked on the farm with his father until twenty-one years old and was eighteen years of age before he started to school. His education has been obtained principally in the common schools of the county. He attended the Oakland Normal Institute at. Oakland City, Indiana, three terms and also attended two terms of a select school taught at Taylorsville, Warrick county, by Prof. Will Link. During the winter of 1873 he took a thorough course at the Evansville Commercial College. When twenty-one years old he commenced teaching school and has since taught seven terms in all, three of which were at the graded school in Pigeon township and two terms as principal of the Taylorsville graded school. In 1876 he was the Republican candidate for assessor of Pigeon township and, although the township has always been largely Democratic, he was elected. In 1880 the Republicans nominated him for trustee, but this time he was defeated. Mr. Whittinghill is one of the foremost young men of his section and he possesses the ability and tact to accomplish almost anything he undertakes.

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