Washington County, Indiana
Genealogy and History
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Washington County Courthouse in Salem, Indiana

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Washington County, Indiana

Here is a little History for Washington County Indiana
Washington County was organized December 21, 1813, by an act of the Legislature, which became

effective on January 17, 1814.  Washington County was created out of Clark and Harrison Counties.  Orange and Jackson counties were taken from it in 1815, and Scott was carved out in 1820, reducing
Washington County to it's present boundaries. 

The soil is fully diversified.  The range of hills called the knobs, described in the sketch of the adjoining counties, passes along the east line of Washington County, separating it from Clark and Scott counties.  In the south are extensive barrens, parts of which are thickly matted with brush and grubs.  Other parts have wild grass, and other parts are curiously diversified with sink-holes, varying in shape and size, but all showing cavernous nature of Earth underneath.  In other parts of the county are swelling ridges, ever changing their features as you advance along them. This presents beautiful groves of walnut, sugar tree and chestnut.

Washington County was formed in 1814. It was named for U.S. President George Washington.

Salem is the County Seat.

Early Settlers
As early as 1802, a man named Frederick Royce lived among the Ox Indians at a place known as the Lick, two miles east of Salem, and is probably the first white man to inhabit this county. He was a hunter-trader and salt manufacturer. In 1803, Thomas Hopper was the first to settle in this county near Hardingburg.

Brown - Franklin - Gibson - Howard - Jackson - Jefferson - Madison - Monroe Pierce - Polk - Posey - Vernon - Washington

Cambellsburg - Frederickburg - Hardinsburg - Little York - Livonia - New Pekin - Salem - Saltillo

Beck's Mill - Blue River - Bunker Hill - Canton - Claysville - Daisy Hill - Fairview - Farabee - Haleysbury - Highland - Hitchcock - Kossuth - Martinsburg - McKinley - Millport - Mount Carmel - New Philadelphia - New Salem - Organ Springs - Pekin - Plattsburg - Prowsville - Pumpkin Center - Rosebud - Rush Creek - Valley - Smedley - South Boston

County Seat: Salem
Year Organized: 1814
Square Miles: 516.60 (513.72 land, 2.87 water)


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Website Updates:

News: Fatal Affray - transcribed by Jessica Lentine




Updated site. Mobile friendly, organized and alphabetized for easier searching.
Cemeteries: Newby, Studebaker
Death Records: Washington County Intestate Records 1814-1830
Military: 1883 Pensioners on the Roll - transcribed by J.S.
Wills: Early Washington County, Indiana Wills 1821-1830; Additional Wills Recorded in Probate Court Record 1830-1837 and Unrecorded Wllls


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Where to find information Washington County, Indiana

Washington Co. Historical Society
c/o Steven's Memorial Museum
307 E. Market Street
Salem, Indiana 47167
(812) 883-6495
Salem-Washington Township Public Library
212 N. Main Street
Salem, Indiana 47167
(812) 883-5600
City of Salem
Washington County Government
Washington County Clerk
99 Public Square, Suite 102
Salem, Indiana 47167
(marriage & land records)
Washington County Health Department
806 Martinsburg Rd. Suite 100
Salem, Indiana 47167
(birth & death certificates)


Surrounding Counties
|Crawford | Orange | Clark | Harrison | Scott | Jackson | Floyd |

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