Genealogy Trails

Wayne County, Indiana
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Center Township

    This township was formed in August, 1817, and comprises an area of about 49 miles. It is 9 miles in length, north and south. Its average breadth is less than 5 1/2 miles, being on the north line 3 1/2 miles, and on the south about 6 3/4 miles. It is watered, principally, by Noland's Fork and its branches. The main branch of the stream enters the township near the northeast corner, and passes through it to the south-west corner. It derives its name from Daniel Noland, the first settler in its valley, about four miles south-west from Centerville, now in the township of Washington.

    Among the earliest settlers in the township were those who first settled on this stream. They were the following: Isaac Julian, on the land now owned by Oliver H. Brumfield, 11/2 miles south-west of Centerville. Mr. Julian's cabin was, in the time of the Indian alarms, altered to a block-house. In this house, which stood a little below Ephraim Merritt's present residence, his first three children were born. Nathan Overman settled near and west of town, the land now owned by Wm. S. T. Morton. Henry Bryan, Wm. Hosier, Robert Culbertson, Greenburg Cornelius, some of the Kings, and others, also settled in this valley.

    Ascending the valley of the creek, on the west side from the south-west corner of the township, were the following, not all of whom, however, were among the earliest settlers in the township: David J. Woods, who built a grist-mill and a sawmill. A saw-mill is still continued there by Robert Delap.
James_______, on the land now owned by S. Neff. Thomas McCoy, from Kentucky, who had settled, with Holman and others, in 1805, a few miles south of Richmond, and who re-moved, in 1813, to this township, where his sons John and Morgan now reside. Joseph W. Jackson, now next north, was an early settler, and near there, Jacob Hyers, who died in Madison county. Wm. Crawford, where now Richard G. Charman lives. Crawford also manufactured whiskey on a small scale, and was, probably, the first distiller in the county. Caleb Jackson, where his son Caleb B. Jackson now resides. Greenbury Cornelius, in 1811, on the land belonging to the present county asylum. Wm. Harvey, on the quarter east of the above. John Harvey, from North Carolina, on land now owned by the heirs of John P. Harvey. Robert Commons, from Virginia, settled, in 1813, where he died December 19, 1837, aged 90 years; the place now owned by John Myers. James Townsend, from South Carolina, on land now owned by Melinda King. Joseph Holman, on the land now owned by Wm. Q. Elliott. Axium  Elliott, from  North  Carolina, three miles north from Centerville; land now owned by Mark Elliott's heirs. Robert Galbraith, where Joseph A. Commons resides, four miles north from town. John Copeland, first, afterward  Daniel  King, from  Kentucky, about  1816, near where he now lives. His son Levi now lives on the homestead.    Robert Culbertson, from Kentucky, in 1815, on land lately owned by Leonard Wolfert, now by Lorenzo D. King. He lives with his son William, four miles north of Centerville. Edward Benbo, on the land now owned by the heirs of Jackson Culbertson. Walter Roberts, from South Carolina, son of Thomas Roberts, an early settler near Richmond, settled, in 1816, where he now lives. John  Stigleman, where his son Henry now resides. Joseph Overman, from North Carolina, about 1813, where he still resides, in the north-east part of the township. Michael Harvey, from  North Carolina, in the north-east part of the township, where his sons reside. Whitson, about 1812, where hie son John resides. John Elwood, from Delaware, where his son Levi lately lived.

    Descending on the east side of the stream, we mention Jacob Griffin, from North Carolina, about 1813, who settled two miles north from town, on land now owned by his son Joshua and Walter G. Stevens. John Maxwell, from Tennessee, a blacksmith and farmer, about 1814, where his son John M. lately resided; the land since sold to James Dunbar, from Abington in 1844, who died in 1869, aged 48, and now owned by his heirs. John King, from Kentucky, entered, about 1812, the land since owned by his son Joseph, now by Joseph's
heirs. Joseph Cook settled on land now owned by James Russell. Jehu Wickersham, in 1816, on land now owned by Oliver T. Jones [not where 0. T. J. resides]. John Garrett, where Joseph J. King resides. Wm., Hosier, from North Carolina, in 1811, on the quarter section now owned and occupied by David Commons, and on which he lives. Robert Harvey, from North Carolina, on the adjoining quarter north, also now owned by David Commons. Wm. Sumner, from Virginia, near town, sold to John King, now owned by Jackson King, his youngest son. His other sons were James W. D., Wm. S., Joseph, and Presley. All settled in the township, west and north-west of the town. Wm. Sumner also owned the land on which Centerville stands. Israel Elliott settled on the land lately owned by Norris Jones, near town. James Junkins, afterward Elisha King, on the land now owned by George Houck. Robert Black, on land now owned by his widow and sons. Henry Bryan, a native of Delaware, removed from Pennsylvania, in 1811, to the farm on which he died, now owned by the heirs of Wm. Gentry, near the south-west corner of the township. He was the first county surveyor.

    In the south part of the township, Isaac Williams settled on land afterward owned by Samuel McConnaha, now by Thomas McConnaha, his son. David Galbraith and his son John, where Jacob Wagoner lived; land now owned by Joshua Eliason. Nathaniel Bell, from Kentucky, one mile south of town, where Martin U. Eliason lives. Daniel Crow, a native of North Carolina, two miles south from town, where he still resides, his youngest son, Jacob, living with him. His other sons are, Stephen, in Washington township; Ashford and Jacob, on the homestead ; Nelson, in Boston township.

    John Smith, son of John Smith, an early proprietor of Richmond, settled one and a half miles south-east from town, on land afterward owned by Paul Frazier, now by his heirs. Wm. Bundy settled where, at the age of 84 years, he still lives with his son-in-law, Amos Haines. Peter and Zachary Dicks, from North Carolina, about 1812, three miles southeast from town on land now owned by their heirs. Beale Butler, in the south-east part of the township; the land now the property of Isam Smelser and Stephen Farlow. Butler
was a judge and a county commissioner. John Jones, from Virginia, three miles south from town, where he still lives, at the age of 82 years. He was several times elected to the legislature, and is a highly respected citizen.

    In the east part of the township, John C. Kibbey, from New Jersey, settled at Salisbury, and owned considerable land there, a part of which is now owned by John P. Voss. Jeremy Mansur, from Massachusetts, settled at Salisbury. He was a blacksmith, and famed as an ax-maker; was afterward a farmer. Parts of the farm are now owned by Joseph C. Ratliff and Thomas Wyatt. Joseph Kem, early on section 15, the section now owned by Joseph 0. Ratliff, James Forkner, T. & J. Miller. Kem resides in Richmond. Isaac Miller settled on the east line of the township, on lands on and near which he arid his sons, A. J., James A., L. D., David, and Oliver reside. Richard Pedrick, (probably not the first,) where are now Thomas and J. Roberts. James E. Bryant, on land early owned by Thomas Aired. Vinnedge Russell and Richard Pedrick, on the section [10] on which John M. Eliason and others reside. Wm.. Culbertson, on land first improved by George Vinnedge. Thomas Culbertson and Richard Cheese-man, early, where Presley, Caleb W., and Lorenzo D. King reside, on and near Poland's Fork. Joseph Overman, where he still lives, and his son Emsley. Wm, Thornburg, from Virginia, in 1810, to Wayne, and thence in 1816 to Center, near the north line, and near where his son Walter resides. He died near Indianapolis in 1841, aged 64.


    In the west part of the township, Jacob Brooks, a native of Virginia, from Ohio in 1827, settled, where he lately lived, on the township line; now lives on section 22, north side of the
National road. _____Conover, also on the west line; land now owned by Wm. Conover, first settled by John Woodward. Charles Canaday, early, where David B. Beeson resides. James Martin, from North Carolina, where his son James B. resides. Samuel Parker, where Henry Gates resides. Jehu Wickersham, (not the Jehu Wickersham before mentioned,) settled where Eli Cook lives. Philip Kitterman, (not the first settler,) where his heirs reside. Ezekiel Commons, in 1813 or 1814, where James Black resides.   Daniel Stone, afterward James Neal, a farmer, blacksmith, and innkeeper, on the land now owned by J. & C. Starr. John Hill, from North Carolina, about 1814, on the land now owned by Wm. Norman's heirs. Peter Edwards, from North Carolina, on land now owned by Jesse and Stephen Homey. Francis Coffin, from North Carolina, on section 11, the land now owned chiefly by Cyrus, Dorelis, and Hiram Huff. John King, from Kentucky, settled, in 1828, where widow Sarah King lives. He died in 1859, aged 75. Mark Elliott came from North Carolina, with his father, Exum Elliott, and settled in the north-west part of the township, near where he died in 1858, aged 44, on the place where his widow lives. His son William, who married Rebecca, daughter of Joseph Jackson, now lives near his mother. Sarah E., daughter of Mark Elliott, married Marion J. Barr.

    Benj. Maudlin, from North Carolina, in 1807, to Wayne township, and in 1813 to Center, two and a half miles north of Centerville; removed to Michigan about 1835, where he died. His son John married Rebecca Elliott, and lives three miles north-west from town. Mark, his son, resides two miles northwest from town. John W. Tindale, from Ohio, in 1840, settled in Green, and in 1854, where he now resides, in the north part of Center. Joseph Palmer, from Virginia, in 1829, settled south of Centerville; his son Daniel now lives in Center, one and a half miles west of Dover.


    James Thompson, a native of New Jersey, removed from Ohio to the place now occupied by his son-in-law, Wm. Frame. He died in 1869, aged 76 years. His son William lives on land adjoining on the west. Lewis Forkner, from North Carolina, settled in Centerville in 1817, and died in 1824. His son James is a merchant in Centerville.


    The first Saw-mill in the township was built by Asa Provo, about the year 1817, on Noland's Fork, three miles north of Centerville. Another, about a mile below, by John Copeland, about the same time. Robert Harvey, another, on the same stream, one and a half miles north-west from town, on the present site of the mills of David Commons. Axum White built a saw-mill above Harvey's, afterward owned by Norris Jones, since rebuilt by Daniel Shank; no mill is now

 running there. Another was built by Nathan Overman, about 1827, one mile west of town; and another below that, by Nathan Hollingsworth, where one is still running. A steam saw-mill was built in 1868, in the east part of the town, by Lyman & Haines.

    The first Grist-mill [corn-cracker] was built about 1816, by James Crawford, one mile south-west of town. It was after-ward owned by Jacob Wolf, who run it ten or fifteen years, and sold it to Jacob Crull, Jun., who rebuilt it, and sold it to Nathan Hollingsworth, who also improved it, and run it about twenty years; and after passing through the hands of several owners, it came into the possession of its present proprietors,
___ Clark and John P. Smith. Robert Harvey built a cheap mill near his saw-mill, sold it to David Commons, who built in its place a first-class flouring-mill, which he thoroughly repaired in 1869. David J. Woods built a grist-mill and a saw-mill in the south-west corner of the township. A sawmill is continued there by Robert Delap. A steam flouring-mill was built about ten years ago by Wm. Platt, and fell into the hands of Norris Jones, who sold it to John Latshaw. It was afterward destroyed by fire. Another was built in its place, but is not running at present.

    A Carding-machine was built by Nathan Overman, one mile west of Centerville, believed to have been the only one ever in the township.


    Among the early Blacksmiths, perhaps the first in the township, was John Maxwell, about two miles north of town. Jeremy Mansur, the famed ax-maker, settled in Salisbury. There were few of the old settlers who were not supplied by him with that indispensable article, of a superior-quality.


    A Tannery, supposed to have been the first in the township, was established by Robert Galbraith, three miles north from Centerville. John Lewis built one in town about 1818.

Town of Centerville.

    This is the oldest town in the county of Wayne. The ground was a donation from Israel Elliott and Ethan A. Stone, of Cincinnati. It was laid out by the trustees, Isaac Julian, Joseph Holman, and Wm.  Harvey. The survey, made by Henry Bryan, is dated October 20,1814, and certified by the trustees, Jan. 2,1815. Additions were made to the plat, as follows: By Joseph Evans, March, 1818; by Lot Pugh, Micajah T. Williams, and Arthur Henrie, June 1,1818; by Wm. Sumner, Jan. 21, 1819; by ¥m, M. Doughty and Wm. Elliott, Dec. 14,1830; by Israel Abrahams, Dec, 1833. The cemetery was laid out by the trustees in May, 1849. Certain lots were specially appropriated for the burial of colored people.

    The first Innkeeper in Centerville is said to have been Rachel JSTeal. Other early keepers of public houses were Wm. Vaughan, Levi M. Jones, and Samuel Hannah. The present one is T. L. Rowan, proprietor of the American House. He is a son of Henry Rowan, who, since 1835, was most of the time a resident of Centerville, until his death, in 1869.


    The first Blacksmith in Centerville is supposed to have been Isaac Forkner. Lewis Burk, now of Richmond, and Frederic Dillon, came soon after.


    Edward Benbo, Daniel Lantz, and Wm. Hill were early Wagon-makers. The present is John Lantz.   Carriage-maker, John Houck.
Jacob N. Booker was probably the first Hatter. George Troxell and Wm. Widup also were early hatters. There was in those days in almost every hamlet a hatter, who supplied the inhabitants as generally with hats of his own manufacture as the cooper, or the wagon-maker, or the cabinetmaker did with his fabrics. Few hats were seen in country stores except such as had been taken of the village hatter in exchange for store goods. Men's and boys' hats for common wear were made of wool. For " Sunday wear," the wool bodies were covered with fur, and resembled the silk hats of the present time.

    Early Cabinet-makers were ____Hiatt, Wm. L. Reynolds,
Hiram E. Hurlbut.

    Martin Hornish and John Chapman were, perhaps, the first Shoemakers. Those at present engaged in the making and sale of boots and shoes in this town, are Alfred Lashly, Scott & Strayer, James Kirk.

 
    The first Tailor was Charles F. Heed, and after him were John E. Dunham, Matthew W. Jack, ¥m. B. Hornish.


    Early Carpenters were Jesse Willetts, Jacob Hornish.


    The first Merchant in Centerville who kept a considerable stock and general assortment of goods, is said to have been Samuel P. Booker. He had, however, been preceded by
Lawrence H. Brannon and Caleb Lewis, in partnership, with a small lot, to supply the more pressing needs of the early inhabitants. Next to Booker was James Blair, in 1823, and soon after, Israel Abrahams, from Washington township, in which he had kept the first store, about three miles east of Milton. Among those who came within a few years afterward were Isaac Burbank, about 1824, Richard Cheeseman, Lot Bloomfield, Thomas Commons, and Jesse Williams. The following named persons are known to have traded here in the years mentioned, some of them, perhaps, earlier as well as later: In 1838, Myers Seaton, Snyder & Adams, Jacob Fisher, A. W. Ray & Co. In 1839, Holman & Ray, Hannah & Newman. In 1840, J. & H. Purviance & Co., Isaac Burbank. In 1841, Elmer & Forkner, Wm. B. Hornish, Richard II. Swain. In 1844, Wm. Arnold. Present merchants: Dry Goods— Isaac Burbank, James Forkner, Wm. S. T. Morton, John B. Vanaernam, Samuel C. Doughty.  Grocers—Henry C. Leeson,   C.  Failor & Co., Michael  L.  Hornish,    Bowers,
Fletcher Medaris.  Druggists—Pritchett & Dickey, John E. Pugh.

    The first Physician residing in Centerville was David F. Sacket, from Salisbury, where he had also served the county as recorder. Next came Dr. Ira Pier, after whom, Drs. John C. Cruise, Wm. Pugh, Isaac V. Dorsey, John Pritchett, and others. Present physicians—John Pritchett, Wm. Dickey, Wm. F. King, Calvin Wood, John Cleveland.


    The first Lawyer is supposed to have been Bethuel Morris, from Virginia, in 1818 or 1819. He removed to Indianapolis ; was for many years a circuit judge, and the president of a bank.   He died there at an advanced age.


    James Rariden commenced practice in Centerville about the year 1820, and continued it there about fifteen years. Cyrus Finch, from about 1824, and died there about 1828.
Martin M. Ray came in 1827; was a good lawyer, removed to Indianapolis, where he died. John S. Newman commenced practice in 1828; removed to Indianapolis in 1860, where he now resides. John B. Stitt practiced here several years, removed west, and died about a year ago.

    Charles H. Test came to Centerville in 1838; now resides at Indianapolis. Jacob B. Julian commenced in 1839. George W. Julian was admitted in 1841. Jesse P. Siddall commenced practice at Centerville in 1842 or 1843, and was for many years a law partner of John S. Newman. Michael Wilson commenced practice here in 1842. Thomas Means in 1843. Present practicing lawyers, Jacob B. Julian, Michael Wilson, Wm. A. Peele, John F. Julian, Thomas J.

Study, S. C. Whitesell, John L. Rupe, Henry C. Fox, Walker.

    The First National Bank of Centerville was established in 1863. Its stockholders were Jacob B. Julian, Oliver T. Jones, Joseph W. Jackson, David Commons, Joshua Eliason, Jesse Cates, Jeremiah W. Swafford, Wm. Culbertson, Alexander Cheeseman, Jos. C. Ratliff, Philip Jenkins, James Forkner, George W. Julian, and others. Oliver T. Jones was chosen President; Benj. L. Martin, Cashier. The latter declined, and J. P. Southard was elected. After a few months, Jacob B. Julian was elected President, and Oliver T. Jones, Cashier. Since then no change has been made in its officers. Its capital is $100,000.


    The Machine Shop and Saw-mill in Centerville was built by Wharton Lyman, Norris Jones, and others, about the year 185-.    It is now owned by Fulghum.


    The Engine House and Town Hall building was erected in 1858, by Norris Jones, who also built the Odd Fellows' building the same year. Perhaps no man has done more to improve the place than Mr. Jones.


    The history of Newspapers published at Centerville, as given in preceding pages, was condensed from a sketch in the True Republican of Nov. 12, 1863, and terminated with the discontinuance of the Wayne County Chronicle in 1864, and the removal of the press and types to Cambridge. Since the sheets containing that history passed through the press,
the following supplement has been received, which is not in-appropriately inserted in this place :

    In 1866, John and James Bromagem commenced The Union in Centerville, and published it about one year. In 1869, Charles B W. Stevens established
The Republican, and continued its publication about six months. And the first of July, 1871, R. J.Strickland revived the Wayne County Chronicle, which is still published by him at Centerville.


    The present Public School-house was built in pursuance of an act of the legislature, which authorized the establishment of a County Seminary in each county, the cost of the building to be paid from the fines collected therein. In 1827 or 1828, the west wing was built; in 1841 or 1842, the east wing; and about the year 1851, the main building. In pursuance of a law under the new constitution, the county seminary buildings throughout the state were sold, and the proceeds put into the school fund. In 1853, the buildings were bought by the Methodists, who established a school under the name  of Whitewater College, which was kept up until
1870,    when the building was sold to the school trustees, and is now the public school-house. The present principal of the school is Edgar A. Brown.

    The first Religious Society in the township was that of the Friends, who, in 1815, organized the West Grove meeting, about 3 miles north-west from Centerville, and built a log meeting-house. The society, at its organization, was com-posed of the families of Robert Commons, Win. Hastings, James Townsend, Benj. Maudlin, Jacob Griffin, Wm.. Harvey, Axum Elliott, Obed Barnard, and perhaps Edward Benbo. It was named by Robert Commons, West Grove, that being the name of the place where he had resided in Pennsylvania. They met in the woods at the place selected for the meetinghouse. The following named persons were also early members, some of them, perhaps, at the time of the organization: Abraham and Joseph Cook, Jehu Wickersham, John Maxwell, John Brumfield, John Copeland, John Harvey, Robert Harvey, Charles Canaday, George Russell, Nathan Overman. Among their early preachers were Jesse Bond, Hannah Baldwin, and Daniel Williams, who is still living in Clay. This meeting has been continued until the present time.

    A Baptist Church is said to have been formed early about 3 miles north of Centerville. Early members were Isaac Cotton, Samuel Taylor, preachers ; John Stigleman, Joshua Eliason, Richard Cheeseman, Isaac Voorhees, and others. It long since ceased to exist.


    The Methodist Episcopal Church of Centerville was formed in 1822. In the absence of early records of the society, recourse could be had only to the memory of its early members, a few of whom are still living. Among the members who joined at or near the year of its organization, were Israel Abrahams, Elisha King, Edward K. Hart, and their wives, Mrs. Hart, Samuel King, Margaret Ringo, John Scott and wife. Within a few years after, Mrs. Therese Finch, Alfred Carter and Ephraim J. Merritt and their wives, Mary Merritt, mother of Ephraim, and Elizabeth Hart. The first preachers are said to have been Russell Bigelow, George Gatch, John Strange, and James Havens. Their first meetings were held in the dwelling of the late Israel Abrahams, nearly opposite the Bank. In 1828, they built a frame meeting-house north of the present jail. Their brick house was built in 1842.


    A Methodist Episcopal Church was formed some twenty-five or more years ago, about 3 1/2 miles north of Centerville, at the present Centerville Crossing, on the railroad. The particulars of its history have not been obtained. There is near it a camp ground, on which meetings have been held for many successive years.


    The Cumberland Presbyterian Church was organized in December, 1842, Rev. Le Roy Woods present and officiating. Members uniting were John B. Stitt, James Woods, Eliza A. Bolander, Sarah Garthwaite, James H. and Susan Hudson, Henry Brown, A. F. Dunham, Francis Smith, E. C. Seaton, Mary Stitt. A little later, Elizabeth Burbank, Margaret Meredith, Wm. B. and Charlotte Hornish, David and Sarah Dinwiddie, Wm. and Martha McCord, Adam and Eve Trumbull. For about a year the church had only occasional service, which was held in the Methodist house. In 1849, their present house of worship was built, under the superintend
ence of E. McCord, Wm. McCord, Adam Trumbull, David Dinwiddie, Wm. Bolander, trustees. Le Roy Woods was their minister for several years, and was succeeded by Elam McCord. Rev. Felix G. Black became their minister in 1854; Charles Bond, March, 1866; Henry D. Onyett, the present pastor, April, 1867. Present elders—Wm. McCord, Adam Trumbull, Norris Jones. A Sabbath-school is connected with the church, superintended by the pastor.

    The Christian Church was organized about the year 1832. A Baptist church had existed as early, probably, as 1820, among whose members were Jesse Thomas, Henry Shoemaker, and others, and had commenced the building of a house of worship in the north part of the town. On the organization of the Christian church, the Baptists gave up theirs, and most of them joined the Christians, who proceeded to finish the house, which they still occupy. Their minister at that time was Daniel Winder.   They have since then been
served by Van Buskirk, Samuel K. Hoshour, and others. Among their early members were Joshua Eliason, Jesse Thomas, Jehiel Lampson, Judith King, John Winder.

    The Presbyterian Church of Center ville was organized April 14,1866. Present, Rev. James A. McKee, moderator, and Rev. L. W. Chapman; A. Samson, clerk. Members—John Mc-Farland and Ann, his wife, Wharton Lyman and Ann M., his wife, Caroline Dickey, Jane Rowan, Kate Johnson, John M. Coyner, elder, and Mary W.,his wife, Louisa A. Cunningham, Jane Doughty, Samuel Wilson, and Mary, his wife, M. Wilson, Elizabeth Young, Elizabeth Heuston. John McFarland and John M. Coyner were chosen elders; Wharton Lyman, deacon. Services were on this occasion held in Snider Hall.
   

    In May, 1866, Rev. Faunt Le Roy Senour was called as pastor of the church, and a Sabbath-school was organized;
John M.  Coyner chosen  super- intendent; Coggshall, assistant superintendent; S. A. Wilson, secretary. In June, Snider Hall was rented for a place of worship for one year. The trustees of the society were John McFarland, F. V. Snider, Nimrod Johnson, Thomas Heuston, and the minister, who is a trustee, ex-officio.   In 1869, T. J . was elected in the place of Judge Johnson, deceased. In 1868, their brick church edifice was built. In October, 1867, Samuel Potter and John Smith were chosen elders. Mr. Senour, after a pastorate of two years, was succeeded by Rev. S. S. Potter, for about two years; and in May, 1870, Rev. Eben Muse, the present minister, commenced his labors.

Hosier Lodge, No. 23, . 0. O. F., was organized August 15, 1845. Its charter members were Francis King, Daniel Lantz, Lazarus Noble, Israel Hannah, Enoch P. Justice, Milton Hiatt, Jason Ham. Its present officers are John Pritchett, N. Q.; Henry D. Onyett, V. G.; Henry B. Leeson, Rec. Sec.; Adam Trumbull, Per. Sec; Jonathan R. Whitacre, Treas.
Hiram Lodge, No. 42, (Masonic,) was organized May, 1847. Its charter members are not now known. Its officers were Francis King, W. M.; Samuel Boyd, S. W.; Martin M. Ray, , J. W.; John Pritchett, Sec.

This lodge was reorganized. June 16, 1870, and is now Hiram Lodge, No. 417. Its officers are Joseph C. Ratliff, W. M.; Wm. Dickey, S. W.; Elihu M. Parker, J. W.; John Pritchett, Sec.; Wm. A. Chance, Treas. Its charter members were Joseph C. Ratliff, Wm. Dickey, Elihu M. Parker, Calvin J. Woods, Morgan McCoy, John F. Julian, John F. Kibbey, John Pritchett.
Biographical and Genealogical.

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LOT BLOOMFIELD, a lawyer, commenced practice in Center-ville in 1820. He was a good scholar, well read in general literature, and a man of fine mind, but was unsuccessful at the bar, withdrew from practice in a few years, and engaged in mercantile pursuits, in which he was very successful. He died many years ago in Indianapolis.


SAMUEL P. BOOKER, a native of Winchester, Virginia, was, as has been stated, one of the first merchants in Centerville, where he commenced business in 1818 or 1819. He is represented as a man of fine personal appearance, of pleasing manners, and a shrewd business man. He was successful in business, dying the wealthiest man of his day in the county. He died July 19,1823, the day on which he was 44 years of age. His funeral was largely attended, being the first Masonic burial in the county; Joseph Holman officiating.


HENRY BRYAN was born on the Brandy wine, near Wilmington, Delaware. When young, he removed with his parents to Beaver county, Pennsylvania; and thence he removed in 1811 to the farm on which he died, two miles south-west of Center-ville. He was a high-toned gentleman, a fine scholar, and held the office of county surveyor, from its creation to the time of his death, in the spring of 1835. His widow yet survives.


STEPHEN COMER, from North Carolina, settled, first, two miles and a half north-east from Richmond, and soon after in Center, near Dover. During the Indian troubles, he fled to the vicinity of Richmond, and returned to his farm after the pacification of the Indians, where he died in 1850, and where his son William resides. His children were John, William, Joseph, James, Rebecca, Stephen, and Mary. John married Elizabeth C. Teagle in 1823, and lived in Green, about a mile from Dover, where he died about the year 1838. His children are Mary Ann; William, living in Richmond; Joseph, manufacturer of cutlery, one mile north of Richmond; John, who resides in Green; and Elizabeth.


ROBERT COMMONS was born in Ireland in 1748, and removed in infancy with his father's family to Chester county, Pennsylvania. He was married to Ruth Hayes, and removed to Western Virginia in 1792, and thence, in 1812, to this township, a mile and a half north-west from Centerville, where he resided until his death, December 19, 1837, aged 89 years. He had nine children: 1. Lydia, who married Adam Davis in Virginia; removed to North Carolina, and thence, in 1811, to Washington county, Indiana, and finally to Mercer county, Illinois. 2. Phebe, who married Jesse Bond. 3, Isaac, who came to Whitewater in 1807; married Mary, daughter of John Townsend, and in 1810 settled seven miles north of Richmond, now in Franklin township. His children were Jonathan, who married a Miss Moore, and died near his father's, Hannah, wife of Samuel Nicholson, in Franklin township. John, married, and now resides in Union City. Lydia, wife of Daniel Kitselman, Wayne township. Robert, who married
Elizabeth Cook, Wayne township. Elvira, died unmarried. Joseph, married, and is deceased. Isaac, who is married, and resides in Richmond. 4. William, son of Robert, Sen., married Sarah Brady. 5. John married Elizabeth Mote, of Ohio, and resides at Drakesville, Wapello county, Iowa. 6. Ezekiel, who married Sarah Julian, and had three sons and three daughters. Jesse, the only son living, is in Rush county. Lydia, wife of    Hulett, her third husband, lives in Rush county. Elbina, wife of Allen Hatfield, lives in Hancock county; The other daughter deceased. Ezekiel Commons died in 1831. 7. Hannah married Greenbury Cornelius in Virginia; both died in Center, in 1824. They had two sons: George, who lives in Tipton county; David, in Madison county. 8. Nathan, who married Martha, daughter of Patrick Beard. Their children, Enos and Hannah, reside in Mississippi. 9. David, who resides in the township.

WILLIAM COMMONS, a son of Robert, was born in Virginia, August 30, 1786, and came to Whitewater about 1810. He married Sarah Brady in 1815, and settled a mile and a half north-west from Centerville, and in 1823, one mile north of town, where now Oliver T. Jones resides. He built the first court-house and jail, (both of logs,) at Salisbury, and afterward, at Centerville, the first jail [log] and the present courthouse. He was esteemed for his moral worth; was a friend to the poor, and ever ready to contribute to their relief. He died May 23, 1848. His wife died May 24, 1863. They had six sons and six daughters: 1. Ruth, who married Lewis Jones, a farmer and horticulturist. 2. David B., who died in Kansas. 3. Rebecca, who married, first, Wm. Beverlin, second, Isaac Lewis, and lives at Rockville, Parke county. 4,5. Reason and Charity, twins. Reason married Mary Woods, and removed to Iowa. He and his son Henry were in the late war. Henry died of sickness in camp; his father, also sick, died at Louisville, Kentucky, on his way homeward. Charity married, first, John Wolf, who died in Hancock county; second, Simpson Chandler, and died in the same county. 6. Eliza, who married Washington Henderson, who died in the township. 7. Ellen, who married Joseph P. Boyd, and lives in Mercer county, Illinois.    8. Nathan, went to California; unmarried; not lately
heard from, probably not living. 9. Robert, married, removed to Iowa; now resides in California. 10. Francena, who married, first, Mallory Norman; second, George Black leach, and died in the township. 11. Washington, died in infancy. 12. Isaac, married Martha A. Jones, and resides at Anderson.

DAVID COMMONS, the youngest son of Robert Commons, was born in Western Virginia, July 18,1800, and came with his father to this township in 1812. He was married in 1824 to Rachel Mote, and had by her two sons: 1. John, who married Eliza Jane, daughter of John Boyd, and has a son and three daughters. He is secretary of Gov. Baker, at Indianapolis. 2. Philip S., who married Hannah Ann, daughter of John Maxwell, and lives in Vermillion county, Illinois. Mrs, Commons died in 1827. Mr. C. married, second, Bethana Carter, and had by her five sons and two daughters: 1. Sarah Ann, who married Thomas Jordan, merchant in Indianapolis, where she died. 2. William, who died at 19. 3. Isaac L., who married Martha, daughter of John Boyd, and resides at Milton. 4. Robert D., who served three years in the late war in the Eighth Regiment Indiana Volunteers. He married Olive Jane Harvey, and lives near his father. 5. Joseph A. married Amanda Beeson, and lives three miles north of Centerville. 6. Mary U., wife of Ira Izor, and lives in the township. 7. Walter &, unmarried, at home. Mr. Commons has held the offices of township trustee and of county commissioner; and was elected in 1847 and again in 1848, as a representative in the legislature. In 1838, after the death of his father, he removed to the farm he had owned for many years, and on which he now resides.


WILLIAM CRAWFORD was born near Belfast, Ireland, about the year 1745. Before he had arrived at man's estate he sailed for America, leaving a large prospective inheritance, which he forfeited by joining the Colonial army, to which he was attached during the entire Revolutionary struggle. He was wounded at the battle of Bunker Hill, being stabbed in the shoulder in the hand to hand fight which followed the giving out of the ammunition of the Colonial army. He was in Lafayette's command a great part of his time; and on ac
count of his activity and physical strength, as well as his courage, he was selected as the bearer of messages and the performer of dangerous excursions. He was an early settler, about two and a half miles south-west from Centerville, where Richard G. Charman resides. He died December 30, 1826, and was buried in the Bryan graveyard.

JOSHUA ELIASON was born in Delaware, and was married to Christina Hucall. He removed to this county with his family, and settled where Thomas Eliason now lives. He had by his first wife six children: William, Joshua, Levi, Lydia, Kitty, and Betsey Ann. After the death of his first wife he married in Center, Patsey Smithson, and had by her five children: Ebenezer, Andrew, John, Henry C, and Thomas Clayton, who lives on the homestead, near the railroad. Four of the sons of Joshua Eliason married and settled in the township: 1. William, who married Harriet McCollister, and settled where he now lives. His children are, Levi, who lives in Iowa; James C, south of his father; John M., northeast of his father; Andrew J., near his father, north; Martin V., south of Centerville; Joshua, west of his father; ¥m, C, with his father. Daughters: Mary Ann, who married Joseph Eperly, and moved to Iowa; Betsey Ann, who married Wm, King, of Crawfordsville; Sarah Ann, who married Elijah R. Harvey. 2. Joshua, brother of William, married Lucinda King, lives a mile east of Centerville, and has a daughter who married James Beaton, and lives in Indianapolis. 3. Levi, also a brother of William, married Sarah Smithson, and had two daughters; the first married Joseph J. King; the second, Thomas Myers, who served in the war, and lost an arm. 4. Thomas Clayton, the youngest of the brothers, is married, and lives on the homestead.


CYRUS FINCH was an early and promising lawyer in Centerville. He was a man of good character, and popular, and is well remembered by many of the old inhabitants. He died at an early age. He was married to Therese A. Booker, sister of Jacob N. and Samuel P. Booker, who, after the death of her husband, married Wm. Widup, who also died. She still survives, at the age of nearly 73 years.

 
ABNER HAINES commenced the practice of law in Centerville in 1831, and continued in it till 1838, when he removed to Eaton, Ohio, where he now lives. Judge Haines was a fair lawyer, and enjoys the confidence and esteem of his fellow citizens.

SAMUEL HANNAH was born Dec. 1,1789, in the state of Delaware. At the age of six years he removed with his father's family to Brownsville, Payette county, Pennsylvania, on the Monongahela river, thirty miles above Pittsburgh. He was married July 11, 1811, to Eleanor Bishop, who died Sept 26,1864. In the spring of 1815, with his wife and two children, he went in a flat-boat to Cincinnati, and thence by wagons to Warren county, Ohio, where he taught school two years. In 1817 he settled in the woods, in what is now the township of Washington. His cabin was one of the rudest of the rude, being for a time a mere shelter, without a door or chimney. In Dec, 1823, having been elected Sheriff of Wayne county, he removed from his farm to Centerville, the county seat. Belonging to the society of Friends, and conscientiously opposed to the collection of fines for refusing to do military duty, he resigned his office in the spring of 1825. In August following he was elected as a representative in the legislature. He declined a re-election, but was in 1826 elected a justice of the peace, which office he held about Four years. The county business being then done by the Board of Justices, he was chosen and continued President of the Board until 1829, when the Board of County Commissioners was restored. He was appointed Postmaster at Centerville under the administration of John Quincy Adams, and held the office until removed under that of President Jackson, in 1829. He was one of the three commissioners appointed by the legislature to locate the Michigan road from the Ohio river to the Lake, and to select the lands secured to the state by a treaty with the Indians, held on the upper Wabash in 1826. In 1830 he was elected Clerk of Wayne county, and served seven years. In 1843 he was again elected to the legislature. In December, 1846, he was elected by the legislature Treasurer of State, and served three years. On his election
he removed to Indianapolis, where he resided until his death, with the exception of a residence of about two years at Centerville, during the construction of the Indiana Central railway. In March, 1851, he was chosen first President of the company, but resigned in July following. He was the same summer elected Treasurer of the Indianapolis and Bellefontaine Railroad Company. In May, 1852, he accepted the office of Treasurer of the Indiana Central Railway Company, and held the office until January, 1864, when he retired from active life.   He died Sept. 8,1869, aged nearly 80 years.

JOSEPH HOLMAN, son of George Holman, was born in Wood-ford county, Kentucky, October 1,1788, and removed with his father to the Whitewater country, two miles south of where Richmond now stands. He married, November 22, 1810, Lydia Overman, daughter of Ephraim Overman, who was born June 13,1792. He settled half a mile from the present town of Boston, and, in March, 1812, three miles north of Centerville, on Noland's Fork. In 1814, he was a candidate for the territorial legislature. Voting being done viva voce, and it being known that there was a tie, his rival, Joseph Brown, voted for himself and Holman, refusing to vote for himself, lost the election. Brown died at Corydon before the close of the first session, and, in 1815, Holman was chosen to fill the vacancy. At the next session, [1815-16,] Congress, in response to a memorial of the territorial legislature, authorized the calling of a convention to form a state constitution with a view to the admission of Indiana as a state into the Union. Gov. Harrison ordered an election for the choice of delegates, and Joseph Holman, Patrick Beard, Jeremiah Cox, and Hugh Cull were chosen. He was, the same year or the next, again elected, and by successive re-elections continued as a representave in the legislature, with the exception of one year, until his removal to Port Wayne. In 1823, having been appointed by President Monroe, Receiver of Moneys at the new land office at Port Wayne, be removed thither, and, with Capt. Samuel C. Vance, Register, opened the office in October. He held the office of Receiver about six years, and was removed by President Jackson. During a part of this time he was a partner in the tanning, mercan
tile, and pork business. In 1830, while at1 Port Wayne, he was again elected to the legislature. In 1833 he removed to Peru, where he was for nine years engaged in farming. In August, 1843, at the solicitation of his father, who, in his declining years, desired the attention of one of hiB children, he removed to the old farm of his father, purchased in 1804. In 1860, the year after his father's death, he removed to Centerville, where he now resides.
Joseph and Lydia Holman had twelve children. Their names, except of two who died in infancy, are as follows: Polly, who married Chauncey Carter, who died at Logan sport, a county auditor or treasurer. Solomon, who married Mary Forey, of Peru, Ind., where he died. He had been assistant engineer in constructing the Wabash and Erie Canal, and en¬gineer of the Whitewater Canal. Patsey, who married Isaac Marquiss, of Peru, where both died, leaving eight children, of whom Jacob and Isaac died in the late war, of disease. Raharel Jane, who married Richard Rue, son of  Henry Roe. They had thirteen children, of whom six or seven are living. Elizabeth, who married successively Robert James, Fisher, and Isaac Marquiss, and is also dead. Wm. J., who married Rebecca Burk, of Indianapolis, and had by her four children, all of whom and their mother are dead. He married, second, Martha Butler. By her he had six children, two of whom died at Pike's Peak. She also died. He married, third, Kate White, by whom he had four children, all living. Sarah, who married Henry James, and resides in Grant county. He has been twice a member of the legislature, and is a preacher in the Christian Church. Rachel, who died at 11. Margaretta L., who married Samuel Conner. They reside in Texas, and have five children living. Joseph George Eph-raim, who married Catharine Morley, of Preble county, Ohio. They have six children, and reside near Fort Wayne.

LEVI M. JONES, was born in Kanawha county, Virginia, October 5,1787, and was married to Mary Thomas in 1807. In 1815 he settled in Center township, about a mile north of Centerville. He died October 5, 1823; his wife, March 12, 1847—both in Centerville, whither they removed two or three years after they settled on the farm. They had ten children,
all married.1. Lewis married Caroline Leavel. 2. Sarah married Robert Franklin. 8. Oliver T.   4. Norris married Sarah Jenkins. 5. Harrison married    Bundy, and died in 1847. 6. Rebecca married Daniel Shank, and died about five years ago.7. Washington married    Hunt, daughter of Smith Hunt, of Abington township. 8. Eli married Anna Crow. Washington and Eli reside at Hecla, Whitley county, Ind.9. Mary, who married Stephen Crow; and Levi, who married Matilda Brown, and lives in Washington township.

OLIVER T. JONES, son of Levi M., was born in Virginia, September 19,1810. He came with his father to Centerville in 1815, and commenced labor at an early age. He worked at brick-making, farming, and teaching, about seven years, within which period he collected state and county revenues two years. From 1839 to 1844 he served as justice of the peace, and was during the same period county examiner. He then removed to the place where he now resides, one mile north of Centerville; and was for several years township treasurer. He has followed farming many years, and still superintends the business of the farm. In 1860 he was elected to the legislature as a representative; re-elected in 1862, attended an extra session in June, 1863, and resigned. In the ensuing fall he was elected a county commissioner, an important office during the war, which office he still holds. Mr. Jones has also for several years been engaged in banking at Centerville. He was married, March 7,1838, to Mary King, of Center. They had twelve children: Joseph, who died at 19; Jane, who married John M. Eliason; Elmira; John K., teller in the bank; Martha, who married Samuel C. Smith; Lucinda, who married Joshua Eliason; Levi M.; Anna, who married Lewis Shute, and resides in Preble county, Ohio; William, Emily, Charles, and Lincoln.


ISAAC JULIAN. The family represented by this name is of French and probably Huguenotic extraction. The family name was originally St. Julien, but has been shortened and anglicised into its present form. The first of the name who came to America was Rene St. Julien, a native of Paris, and a soldier by profession. He fought under the Prince of Orange, afterward William III. of England, at the battle of the Boyne,
in Ireland, July 1,1690, which resulted in the defeat of the adherents of James II. For his services he received from the king a grant of land beyond the Mississippi. But the war of the Revolution gave a quietus to such grants. He came to this country near the close of the seventeenth century, and settled on the eastern shore of Maryland. He had a numerous family, principally sons, from whom all of the name in America are believed to have descended. One of these sons, Isaac Julien, as appears from Irving's Life of Washington, was residing in "Winchester, Virginia, in 1755. He removed to Randolph county, North Carolina, where his descendants still reside.
    A son of the above, also Isaac Julian, came to this county in 1815, and settled on the farm lately owned by John Bond, near Washington. He afterward removed to Greensboro, Henry county, where he died. Isaac, Jacob, Rene, and Schbael, sons of the last named, all preceded him in coming to the West, and all, for a time, resided in this county, as also their sisters, who were married as follows: Elizabeth, to Wm. Cox, and still lives in Richmond; Ellen, to Absalom Harvey, now residing in Missouri; Sarah, to Ezekiel Commons, and resides in Rush county; Barbara, to Samuel Howard; and Martha, to Uriah Bulla, both deceased. Rene, a man of superior na¬tural gifts, died many years since at Newcastle, of " milk sickness," being at the time clerk of Henry county. Jacob died near Logansport, September 29,1870; and Shubael still lives at Cadiz, Ind. Isaac, Jacob, Wm. Cox, and George FaHow, still of this vicinity, cleared the ground north side of Main street. The trees had a few years previously [1807?] been prostrated by a great storm.
    Isaac, the subject of this sketch, and the thind of the name, in regular succession, is the only one of the name whose family has remained permanently identified with Wayne county. He was born in Randolph county, North Carolina, June 4 1781. After obtaining the rudiments of education at the primitive common schools of that region, he engaged in the mercantile business, in which he was not successful. He came to this county early in 1808. Both before leaving North Carolina, and after his arrival here, he was engaged in teaching. In the winter of 1808-9, he taught a school within a few miles of where Richmond now is.   He married, March 29, 1809, Rebecca, a daughter of Andrew Hoover. She was ten years his junior. They became acquainted while engaged in planting corn on the farm of Wm. Bulla. Her father, being a strict and stern member of the Society of Friends, and the groom being an " outsider' the marriage was a secret one, and was solemnized by Richard Rue, Esq., at his residence, three miles south of Richmond. Friend Hoover, however, at length relented and forgave the pair, presenting his daughter, as a token of his restored favor, some articles for going to housekeeping, prominent among which was a resplendent set of pewter " dresser ware." They settled first in a cabin on the bluft on the David Hoover farm, where their first child was born, and afterward removed to a place near Middleboro. And soon after the " Twelve Mile Purchase" was made in 1810, he settled on Noland's Fork, a mile and a half southwest of Centerville, where all his other children were born.
    Mr. Julian and his wife shared, not only in the toils and hardships incident to the first settling of a heavy timbered country, but the greater tribulations attendant on frontier life during an Indian war. They were repeatedly compelled to flee for safety to the older settlements. During this crisis, Mr. Julian was three months in the military service. A graphic picture of their experience during this period, from the pen of Rebecca Julian, will be found in another part of this work.   
    Mr. J. was one of the first trustees of the town of Centerville. He was twice commissioned a justice of the peace: first, Aug. 11, 1815, by Gov. Thomas Posey; and again, Sept. 8, 1817, by Gov. Jonathan Jennings. He also held the office of county commissioner. In 1822 he was a representative in the legislature, which met at Corydon, of which he was said to be an efficient and useful member. Having become pecuniarily involved by going security for others on the eve of a financial crisis, he was compelled, in 1823, to sell his farm. He removed to what is now Tippecanoe county, where he died, Dec. 12,1823, soon after his arrival, near the Wabash, nine miles below Lafayette. Though early cut off, he is said to have left a reputation for strict probity, decided natural ability and force of character, which gave promise of con
tinued and even increased usefulness. He had read much, and possessed a good library for the time in which lived; and it was one of his most cherished desires to afford his children the opportunity for obtaining a good education. By the kindness of friends and relatives, his faidow was enabled to return to Wayne county. The journey, performed in the winter season, with horses and wagon, through an unbroken wilderness, was attended with great difficulty and extreme suffering. With the scanty remnant of property left her, and by industry and rigid economy, she was enabled to keep her family together; and, sharing the spirit of her husband, she secured to them all the facilities of a common school education. The greater part of her life was spent in Wayne county, but the closing scene came at the residence of a daughter, at Mt. Vernon, Iowa, Nov. 21,1867, at the age of 76 years. Her memory is cherished by all who knew her. Her naturally strong mental powers, social sympathies, and religious sentiments appeared to increase during the closing years of her life. Isaac and Rebecca Julian had seven children.1. John M., the eldest, was born Jan. 19, 1811. The death of his father imposed on him many untimely labors and cares. He, however, managed to supplement his scanty educational acquirements by an extensive course of reading and persevering self-improvement. He was engaged for several years in teaching, probably with a view to a preparation fora professional career. Possessed of a fine literary taste and a high moral character, he strove to stimulate his young associates to the cultivation of similar tastes and principles. His varied qualities thus early promised a brilliant future. But the dawn of promise was suddenly overcast by death, August 21, 1834. 2. Sarah was born March 10, 1813, and was married, Jan. 16, 1840, to Jesse H. Holman, son of George Holman. They removed soon after to Linn county, Iowa, where she still resides. She has three children. 3. Jacob B. 4. George W. [Sketches below.] 5. Elizabeth E., born July 15, 1819, was married Jan. 12, 1841, to Allison I. Willetts, a son of Jesse Willetts, an early settler on Green's Fork. They settled soon after in Linn county, Iowa.    He was the founder of the town of Mt. Vernon, in that county, and died some years since, leaving three children. She married, second, Andrew Beatty. 6. Henry, born Nov. 6,1821; died July 21, 1823.  7. Isaac H.

JACOB B. JULIAN, son of Isaac Julian, the subject of the foregoing sketch, was born Jan. 6,1815. He was apprenticed to Edward K. Hart, a blacksmith, in Centerville, and afterward, for a short time, carried on a shop for himself. He began the study of law in 1838, while employed as an assistant by John iTinley, county clerk; completed it in 1839, and was admitted to the bar in June, 1839. In the latter part of the year he was married to Martha J., daughter of Henry Bryan. He has steadfastly adhered to the practice of his profession, having never been absent during the sessions of the civil courts. In 1844 he was elected prosecuting attorney for this judicial circuit. In the winters of 1846-7, and in 1848-9 he represented Wayne county in the legislature. He has, however, been led to no political aspirations, but has sought distinction only in his profession, in which he has succeeded. Although yet in the prijne of life, he has practiced law in this county for a greater number, of years than any other man has ever done. He has four children. His son, John P., is at present his partner in practice, under the firm of Julian & Julian.


GEORGE W. JULIAN, son of Isaac, was born near Centerville, May 5,1817. He was six years of age at the time of his father's death. This sad misfortune, however, was essentially mitigated by the fact that his early training was devolved upon a faithful and competent mother. His early educational advantages were only such as were afforded by the common schools in a new country. Yet he made rapid progress in the acquisition of useful knowledge, by private reading and study, done in great part in the evening by firelight, better light being not at all times easily procured. The deficiency of the family library, as will be readily sup-posed, was supplied by books borrowed of his neighbors. After due preparation, he engaged in teaching a country school, which business he followed with credit three years. It was during the first of his teaching that he signalized himself
by successfully resisting the efforts of the " big boys * to com¬pel him to "treat" on Christmas day, according to a custom long prevalent in the West. About the year 1839, he commenced the study of law, which he prosecuted without the aid of a preceptor. He was admitted to practice in 1840, and followed the business of his profession, except as interrupted by attention to public duties, until the year 1861. In 1845 he was elected a representative of the county in the legislature, where he advocated the abolition of capital punishment, and retrenchment,in public expenditures. In 1848, when Zachary Taylor was nominated for the presidency by the Whig party, he for a season remained neutral, but subsequently attended the Buffalo convention which nominated Martin Van Buren and Charles Francis Adams, and supported that nomination. In 1849 he was elected a representative to Congress over Samuel W. Parker, a prominent Whig. In 1852, when John P. Hale was nominated by the " Free Soil" party for president, Mr. Julian was placed on the ticket for vice-president. He was a delegate to the first national Republican conveittion at Pittsburg, in the spring of 1856, and one of the vice-presidents, and chairman of the committee on organization. In 1860 he was again elected to Congress, and by successive re-elections continued there till the close of the 41st Congress, March, 1871. Among the measures of importance to the country at large with which he has been conspicuously identified, are the homestead law, and the attempt to protect the public lands from further spoliation by lavish grants to railroad companies, or by the sale of large tracts to speculators. He was for ten years a member of tbe house committee on public land*, and for eight years its chairman. He was appointed in 1862 a member of the joint committee of both houses on the conduct of the war, a position which he held nearly four years. He was also one of the committee which prepared articles of impeachment against President Andrew Johnson.
    Mr. Julian was married, first, to Ann E. Finch, of Centerville, May 13, 1845, by whom he had three children.    After her decease, he was married to Laura Giddings, a daughter of the late Hon. Joshua R. Giddings, of Ohio, December 31, 1863.

ISAAC H. JULIAN, a son of Isaac, was born June 19, 1823. He early manifested a decided literary taste, and at intervals of leisure from farm work, succeeded in accomplishing a course of reading in the departments of history and general literature. He also early became a contributor, both in poetry and prose, to many of the newspapers and periodicals of the day. In 1848, he became deeply interested in the antislavery and other humanitarian phases of politics, which then took shape and gave direction to his subsequent literary efforts. He resided in Iowa from the spring of 1846 to the fall of 1850. He studied law, and was admitted to the bar in this county in the spring of 1851, but found the practice too distasteful to make it a life business. In 1857, he edited and got published the " Memoir of David Hoover" accompanying it with an Appendix of interesting and valuable matter relating to the first settlement of the Whitewater valley. In September, 1858, he bought the True Republican newspaper at Centervile, which he edited and published with that name until about the close of the year 1864, when, having purchased a Richmond paper, the two were consolidated under the name of the Indiana Radical, which has since been published by him at Richmond, to which place he removed January 1,1865. He was postmaster at Centerville during President Lincoln's first term, and at Richmond from May, 1869, to July, 1871. He was married October 16,1859, to Virginia M. Spillard, and has four children.


JESSE KINO, from Kentucky, about the year 1826, settled two miles north-east from the town of Washington. He had a large family; and five of his sons, Samuel, Daniel, Elisha, Lorenzo D., and John, came to this county. Samud settled, in 1814 or 1815, near or adjoining Centerville, and resided in other places in the township, and removed successively to Rush and Tipton counties, to Iowa, and lastly to the south-west part of Kansas, where, at the age of 87, he lives with a second wife, and has children, the youngest of whom is about the age of five or six years. Daniel, with Elisha, his brother, came about two years earlier than their father, and married
McAlister.    His sons, James and John, died unmarried.Newton lives in Madison county; Isaac in Green township;Levi, on the farm of his father; Milton, in Madison. A daughter, Mary Jane, married George Ebersal. JElisha settled two miles south of Centerville; afterward started with his family for Oregon, and several of his children and himself died on the way thither. His widow, after her arrival there, married again, and died there. Lorenzo D. came to the county with his father, and after a residence of several years in Green, settled where he now resides, in Center. His sons, William, Joseph, and Absalom, live in the township.

JOHN KING, son of Jesse King, settled a mile and a half north of Centerville, where Joseph King's widow resides, and in 1830, where Jackson King resides, near Centerville. His children were, 1. Luanda, who married Joshua Eliason. 2. James, who married Malinda, a daughter of Caleb B. Jackson, and died at West Grove, where he resided. 3. Joseph, who married Sarah Way, daughter of Seth Way, of Green, and died where his widow resides. 4. William, who married Jemima, daughter of Caleb B. Jackson, and resides four miles north-east of Centerville. 5. Mary, wife, of Oliver T. Jones. 6. Presley, who married a daughter of Ebenezer Cheeseman, and has lately removed to Kansas. 7. Nancy married John M. Maxwell, who resides near Richmond. She died in Center. 9. Jackson, who married Elizabeth Davis, and lives on the late home of his father, near the town. 10. Jesse [not the last born, it is believed, died at the age of 14.


JEREMY MANSUR was born in Temple, Hillsborough county, New Hampshire, December 31,1791. He came in 1813 from New Hampshire to Cincinnati on horseback, and after a stay of six months, removed to Hamilton, Butler county, Ohio, where he was married in 1814 to Jane Carr, and removed the same year to Salisbury, then the county seat of Wayne county, Indiana, where he worked about six years at the edge-tool business. In 1820 or 1821, he settled on a farm between Cen¬terville and Richmond, on the National road. In 1831, he removed to Richmond, and engaged in the mercantile business, which he continued about eight years. He then returned to his farm; and, in 1852, removed to Indianapolis, where he still resides, in the possession of an ample fortune acquired by honest industry.   His children were, 1. Mary Ann, who mar
ried, first, John H. Wright, who died in Indianapolis, having had four children, two of whom (sons) are living; married, second, Charles Parry, a practicing physician and surgeon, and Vice-President of the Indiana Central Eailway, who also died in that city. 2. Clarissa, who married James C. Ferguson, who is engaged in the pork-packing business in Indianapolis. They had seven children, of whom five are living. A daughter, Isabel, died while at school in Kentucky as she was about to graduate. 3. William, who married Hannah Cully in Indianapolis, and had three sons—one living. He has long been engaged in pork-packing, and is a director of the Citizens' Bank. 4. Sarah Jane, who married Wm. S. Reid, of Richmond. 5. Isaiah, who married Amelia Brown of Philadelphia, and is extensively engaged in banking in Indianapolis. 6. Franklin, who married Sarah Grewel in Indianapolis, and resides there. 7. James Carr, who died at the age of three years.

THOMAS MCCOY was one of the earliest settlers of Wayne county, having come with Hoi man and Rue, and settled with them south of Richmond, in 1805. In 1813, he removed to the farm on which he died a few miles south-west of Centerville. He is represented as having been an honest man, brave and true; and with a will as firm as his stalwart, iron frame, he was a leader among the pioneers. During the Indian war his house was their rallying place, and his advice and aid their chief reliance. He was of Irish descent, and retained, during life, some of the characteristics of his countrymen. He died in the winter of 1844-45. His two sons, John, a native of Kentucky, and Morgan, one of the oldest natives of this county, live on the old place, and are highly respected citizens.


OLIVER P. MORTON was born August 4, 1823, in Center township, and was married to Lucinda M. Burbank, May 16, 1845. His parents having died when he was quite young, the care of rearing him devolved upon his grandmother and two aunts. He was at an early age apprenticed to a half-brother in Centerville at the hatter's trade. He worked but a short time at the business, and was for a while without steady employment. He was at length placed at school at the Wayne County Seminary at Centerville, of which Prof. Samuel P. Hoshour was the principal. After a course of preparatory studies at the seminary, he entered Miami University, at Ox-ford, Ohio, in which he made considerable progress in bis studies, but left the University without completing the course. He returned to Centerville and commenced the study of the law, and in 1846 was admitted to practice, and rose rapidly in his profession.   In 1852 he was appointed judge of the judicial circuit to complete the unexpired term of his predecessor. Previously to 1854 he acted with the Democratic party; but when that party repealed the Missouri compromise, he severed his connection with it, and has since acted with the Republican party.   In 1856 he was a candidate for governor in opposition to Ashbel P. Willard, the Democratic candidate, and was beaten.   In 1860 he was elected lieutenant-governor on the ticket with Henry S. Lane as governor, and served as lieutenant-governor but two days. Gov. Lane having been elected by the legislature to the office of senator of the United States, Mr. Morton succeeded him in office.   The war, which commenced in April, 1861, devolved the most weighty and responsible duties upon the state executives. Gov. Morton convened  the  legislature without  delay, and   means were promptly provided to put the state on a war footing.   The promptitude and efficiency with which he discharged his executive duties in relation to the war, gained for him great credit throughout the loyal states.   At the ensuing election [1864] he was elected governor for another term.   But before the term had half expired he resigned his office, took a voyage to Eu¬rope, and returned with improved health.    In January, 1867, he was elected by the legislature senator to Congress for the constitutional term of six years, to succeed the Hon. Henry S. Lane, whose term expired in March following.   He has three sons, John M., Walter S., and Oliver T.


JOHN S. NEWMAN was born in Montgomery county, Ohio, April 10, 1805. He came in March, 1807, to what is now Wayne township, with his grandfather, who settled two miles north of Richmond. His mother having died (May 18,1806) before their settlement here, he was taken into the family of his grandfather, Andrew Hoover, Sen. In January, 1827, he removed to Centerville, where he was for a time
the office of his uncle, David Hoover, then clerk of the county courts. He there also studied law; was admitted to practice in May, 1828, and continued in practice there until 1860. For nearly ten years of the period of his practice, he was in part¬nership with Jesse P. Biddall, under the firm of Newman & Siddall. In 1834 he was elected a representative in the legislature. He was afterward, for several years, a partner in the firm of Hannah & Newman in the mercantile business, in Cen-terville. In 1850 he was elected a delegate to the constitu¬tional convention. In January, 1847, he was chosen president of the Whitewater Valley Canal Company, and served as such five years. In 1851 he was chosen president of the Indiana Central Railway Company, and, in*1860, for convenience to his business, he removed to Indianapolis, where he now re¬sides. And for the last five years he has been president of the Merchants' National Bank of Indianapolis. He was married, October 1,1829, to Eliza J. Hannah, a daughter of Samuel Hannah. They had six children: Mary, who married Dr. H. G. Carey. Gertrude, wife of Ingram Fletcher, a banker in Indianapolis. Omar, engaged in the lumber trade in Chicago. Walter, who was 1st lieutenant in the United States army; served in the late war, and died January 1,1864, at Indianapolis, of disease contracted in the army. Two children died in infancy.

WILLIAM A. PEELLE was born in North Carolina, and came to this county with his father, who settled in New Garden in 1820. He was brought up on the farm of his father; and in 1840 he began the study of law at home, and without a a tutor. In 1845, he commenced practice at Marion, Grant Co., and in 1866 removed to Winchester. In 1848, he was elected Prosecuting Attorney, and in 1854 he was elected Judge of the Court of Common Pleas for Randolph and Jay counties. In 1860, he was elected Secretary of State, and removed to Indianapolis, Jan. 1,1861. After the expiration of his term of office, he removed to Centerville, where he still continues the practice of his profession. In March, 1867, he was appointed Judge of the Criminal Court; and was in 1867 a representative of this county in the state legislature.   Judge Peelle read law with James S. Frazer, who also studied outside of a lawyer's office, and who was afterward a jndge of the Sapreme Court of the State, and who is now a Commissioner at Washington, apponted by President Grant in pursuance of the treaty lately negotiated with Great Britain, to settle the differences between that country and the United States.


JORA PRITCHETT was born in New Jersey, Kov. 25,1803, and reared in Columbiana county, Ohio, where he studied medicine; and came to Centerville in February, 1826. After a successful practice for many years, he graduated, in 1843, at the Ohio Medical College, Cincinnati. He is at this time the oldest practicing physician in the county, excepting Dr. Pennington, of Milton. He married Emily Talbot, daughter of Samuel Talbot, near Centerville, and had three children: 1. Mary, who resides with the family at Centerville. 2. ChisiavuSy who died in infancy. 3. James M., who resides in Washington City. In 1852, he entered the naval school at Annapolis, Md., and graduated in 1857, and is still in the navy of the United States. He was in active service in the late civil war.


WILLIAM PUGH, a native of South Carolina, settled in Richmond, in 1818, and soon after removed to Salisbury, where he studied medicine with Dr. Ithamar Warner, arid returned to Richmond, where he was in practice with Dr. Warner until 1824. He then removed to Centerville, and continued the practice of his profession until his decease, in 1829, aged 33. His son, John E. Pugh, is a druggist in Centerville, and is said to be the first person born in town.


JAMES RARIDEN, a native of Kentucky, after a residence of several years in Brookville, and for a time in Salisbury, where he studied law, and was a deputy clerk for David Hoover, came to Centerville in 1820, where he remained in the practice of law until about 1846. He then removed to Cambridge City, where he died in 1856 or 1857. Though illiterate, he was a man of strong mind, a fair lawyer, and an able advocate. He was several times elected to the legislature, and was a representative in Congress from 1837 to 1841.


GEO. RUPE, from Tennessee, came in 1821 to Richmond, and carried on the hatting business for a year.   He then removed Perry, about three miles west from where Economy now and thence, three years afterward, to the present site of it town, where he built a log shop and dwelling-house together. This was one of the first buildings, if not the very first one, within the present limits of the town. He here carried on the hatting business about thirty years, attaining celebrity nearly equal to that of Beard, of North Carolina, whom allusion has been made. He is spoken of as a good citizen and an honorable man. He died in 1859, in Hamilton County, Ind., of cancer.


HENRY B. RUPE, son of George Rupe, was born in Tennes-5,1821, and came the same year with his father to Wayne county, Indiana. At the age of ten years, he commenced learning the hatter's trade with his father, at Economy, and followed the business until 1858. He was early identified th the antislavery movement; and on the organization of the Liberty party, was run by that party as a candidate for county treasurer. He has lectured much, throughout the county, upon the subjects of slavery, temperance, and population, education as connected with the common schools. Since out the year 1859, he has been a preacher of the Baptist nomination. Since the beginning of his ministerial labors, has preached for churches at Concord, at Cambridge county, and at Elkhorn. In the fall of 1862, he was elected teasurer of Wayne county; and in 1864 was re-elected for second term. He is now living on his farm a mile and a haIf south of Centerville.


JOHN STIGLEMAN was born in Virginia, in the year 1787, hence he removed to this county, in 1819, and settled about three miles north of Centerville, and a few years later moved to the farm now owned and occupied by his son Henry, where he died August 18,1865, aged 79 years. He was a good and faithful citizen, of decided Christian character, and an active amber of the Baptist church. He held the office of county commissioner for one or two terms.


CHARLES H. TEST came to Centerville in 1838, a lawyer of perience and of good reputation. He had commenced practice, in 1821, at Lawrenceburg; had practiced also at Brookville and Rushville. From 1830 to 1838, he had been 13 a circuit judge. He removed from Centerville to White county, and sub- sequently to Indianapolis, where he now resides. He has also been judge of Lafayette circuit; has represented several different counties in the legislature; and has held for a term of two years the office of secretary of state. He is regarded as one of the ablest advocates now in practice in the state.


JESSE WILLIAMS, from Kentucky, in 1815, to Franklin county, and in 1819 to Centerville. He now resides one and a half miles east of town. In 1837, he was elected associate judge to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of Asa M. Sherman ; was re-elected in 1838 for the term of seven years, and again in 1845 for another term of seven years.


JOHN C. KIBBBY, a native of Warren county, Ohio, came to this county about the year 1815, and settled at Salisbury. In about the year 1821 or 1822, he removed to Richmond, where he resided, with the exception of a few years at Centerville, until his death some ten or fifteen years ago. He is said to have been a man of u a mathematical turn of mind, well read in general literature, and an honest man." He was for many years a justice of the peace.


JOHN F. KIBBEY, son of the above, was admitted to practice March 2,1852. He was elected, in 1864, to succeed Jeremiah Wilson as judge of the Sixth judicial district, and came into office, March, 1865. He was re-elected in 1868, and his term will expire in 1872.


SAMUEL RUSSELL, a native of Virginia, from Ohio in 1818, settled in 1819, where his son Vinnedge resides, about four miles north-east from Centerville, and where he died in 1835, aged 63. His children living are Samuel, Vinnedge, and Ann, wife of John Kem. John H. Robe, from Germany, in 1838, to Maryland, and after a residence there of eleven years, to Center, where he now resides, two miles east of Centerville. John P. Voss, from North Carolina in 1827, settled a year after near the site of old Salisbury, in Wayne, and two years later on the place where he now resides, two miles east of Centerville, on the National road. John Atkinson, born in New Jersey, from Ohio at an early day, settled in the north-west part of the township.   He died in 1857, where his son Henry
now lives, in Clay, William Beall, from Kentucky, in 1816, entered and settled on the land now owned by Oliver T. Jones, south of Lorenzo D. King's; and in 1836, settled where he now resides, in Clay, two miles east of Washington, on land entered by his father, Archibald Beall. His children are Curran, Hannah, Brutus, Amanda, Marion, Susanna.


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