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History and Genealogy
of
Lucas County, Iowa

 

Lucas County, Iowa
Land Entries Before 1882

The primary object of pioneers is to own a piece of God's earth which they can call their own. Hence, among the first things they do, is to locate a "claim" under the claim and pre-emption laws, where the land is not yet in market, and await the time it can be formally purchased from the general government; which is done by applying at the office United States land district in which such claim or pre-emption may lie, where the government price of $1.25 per acre is paid, and a certificate of purchase is issued to the purchaser—unless such certificate should be issued upon the presentation of a military land warrant, in lieu of money. At any time after such entry, upon the presentation of such certificate to the register of such land office, the holder, or his assignee, will be entitled to a patent—which is the same as a deed—from the President of the United States. This is termed the original purchase, beyond which no one need go to ascertain the validity of the title to his land in after years.

Thus, in the pioneer days of Lucas county, her settlers who came prior to 1848, secured only a pre-emption title to their claims, which were maintained by law, and the force of custom. After the extinction of the Indian title to the land in this section of the state, by treaty of 1842, under which, the government got possession in 1846, it surveyed it and established a United States land office at Fairfield, where the first entries of claims were made.

The United States Land Office remained in Chariton from February 1853, until 1858, when it was discontinued, and the books, plats and papers were removed to Des Moines, pursuant to an order from the general land office, at Washington, which consolidated all the land offices of the state into one, at that point.

During the period it was in Chariton it was under the official management, first of William Gilmore, from Dubuque, as register, and Col. Isaac Leffler, from Burlington.

In 1854, Robert Coles was appointed register, and N. G. Sales, Receiver, by President Pierce.

In 1856, Mr. Coles resigned and was succeeded by James Baker, now of Springfield, Missouri.

In 1857 Mr. Baker resigned, and he, in turn, was succeeded by Joseph Braden, who retained the office until its discontinuance in 1858.

The largest land entries made in Lucas county by any one person, were those of Samuel Fowler, of New Orleans, Louisiana, in 1848, at Fairfield. The total of his entries were nearly twelve thousand acres, many of which his heirs still hold; or rather the heirs of his brother, Joseph Fowler, whose money was used in payment of this vast area of Lucas county. The lands entered in the name of Samuel Fowler, but in his life time, and after the death of his brother Joseph, he conveyed them, by deed, to the heirs of the latter. The descriptive list of these lands in the deed, covers some five pages of the record in which the deed is entered. Many of these lands are still held by the heirs of Joseph Fowler; and, as in generally the case, they are held at prices which preclude them form being made into productive farms as soon as they otherwise would be. The wild land speculation mania of earlier days did much to retard the development of very many portions of the west, as is shown in this instance.

History of Lucas County, Iowa, 1881
Submitted by Cathy Danielson

Name Date Description of Land
Riddle, William 23 Oct 1848 NW 1/4 of SE 1/4 of SE 1/4 Sec 1,
Twp 73, Range 20, West, 40 Acres
Riddle, John 23 Oct 1848 E 1/2 of SE 1/4 Sec 1,
Twp 73, Range 20 West, 80 Acres
Hubbard, Jesse 16 Nov 1848 NE 1.4 of SE 1/4 Sec 15,
Twp 71, Range 20 West, 40 Acres
Clair, Zalomon J. 27 Nov 1848 W fr 1/2 of NE 1/4 of NW 1/4 of SW 1/4 Sec 3,
Twp 73, Range 20 West, 157 37.100 Acres
Peck, James 14 Dec 1848 NE 1/4 Sec 24 and SW 1/4 of SE 1/4, SE 1/4 of SW 1/4 and E 1/2 of NW 1/4 Sec 35,
Twp 71, Range 20 West, 320 Acres
Kennady, John J. 14 Dec 1848 N fr 1/2 of NE 1/4 Sec 2,
Twp 73, Range 20 West, 73 34.100 Acres
Martin, Samuel P. 14 Dec 1848 W 1/2 SE 1/4 Sec 14,
Twp 71, Range 21 West, 80 Acres
Fowler, Samuel 29 Dec 1848 SW 1/4 Sec 1,
Twp 73, Range 20 West, 160 Acres
Chaad, Alvin P. 01 Mar 1849 W 1/2 of SE 1/4 and E 1/2 of SW 1/4 Sec 34,
Twp 71, Range 20 West, 160 Acres
Rankin, Campbell 17 Apr 1849 SW 1/4 of SW 1/4 Sec 2,
Twp 72, Range 20 West, 40 Acres
McKinley, Samuel 03 May 1849 N 1/2 of NW 1/4 Sec 26, and E 1/2 of SW 1/4 Sec 23,
Twp 71, Range 20 West, 160 Acres
Summers, Samuel T. 03 May 1849 E 1/2 NW 1/4 and N 1/2 of SW 1/4 Sec 24,
Twp 71, Range 20 West, 160 Acres
McKinley, William 28 May 1849 SW 1/4 of NE 1/4, SE of NW, NW of SE and NE 1/4 of SW 1/4 Sec 20,
Twp 71, Range 20 West, 160 Acres
McKinley, John 28 May 1849 N 1/2 of NW 1/4 Sec 20, and S 1/2 of SW 1/4 Sec 20,
Twp 71, Range 20 West, 160 Acres
West, Xury E. 28 May 1849 W 1/2 SE 1/4 and E 1/2 of SW 1/4 Sec 13,
Twp 71, Range 20 West, 160 Acres. Entered under a military bounty land warrant.
Banks, John 08 Jun 1849 NW fr 1/4 Sec 19,
Twp 71, Range 20 West, 155 12.100 Acres
McKinley, Abner 28 Jun 1849 SE 1/4 Sec 21,
Twp 71, Range 20 West, 160 Acres
May, Humphrey G. 28 Jun 1849 W 1/2 of NE 1/4 and E 1/2 of NW 1/4 Sec 34,
Twp 71, Range 20 West, 160 Acres
Hickman, Solomon J. 24 Jun 1849 SW 1/4 Sec 21,
Twp 71, Range 20 West, 160 Acres
McMaines, John 23 Jul 1849 SE 1/4 Sec 29,
Twp 72, Range 21 West, 160 Acres
Payne, Samuel 04 Aug 1849 SW fr 1/4 Sec 7,
Twp 71, Range 20 West, 156 67.100 Acres
Colver, Edmund 10 Aug 1849 SE 1/4 of SE 1/4 Sec 8,
Twp 72, Range 20 West, 40 Acres
Robinson, James F. 20 Sep 1849 SW 1/4of SE 1/4 Sec 25,
Twp 72, Range 20 West, 40 Acres
Allen, Joseph W. 20 Nov 1849 NW 1/4 of NW 1/4 Sec 9,
Twp 72, Range 20 West, 40 Acres
Wilson, Thomas 03 Dec 1849 NE fr 1/4 Sec 5,
Twp 71, Range 20 West, 183 Acres
Prather, David J. 10 Dec 1849 SE 1/4 Sec 5,
Twp 72, Range 20 West, 160 Acres
McDermot, William 20 Dec 1849 SW 1/4 of NE 1/4, and SE 1/4 of NW 1/4 and NW 1/4 of SE 1/4, and NE 1/4 of SW 1/4 Sec 9,
Twp 72, Range 20 West, 160 Acres
Dunn, Philip G. 24 Dec 1849 SE 1/4 of NW 1/4, and NE 1/4 of SW 1/4 and W 1/2 of SE 1/4 Sec 8,
Twp 72, Range 20 West, 160 Acres
Roland, James 30 Dec 1849 SE 1/4 Sec 5,
Twp 72, Range 20 West, 160 Acres
Robinson, James G. 03 Mar 1850 SW 1/4 of SW 1/4 Sec 20,
Twp 72, Range 21 West, 160 Acres
May, William T. 06 Jun 1850 W fr 1/2 of NW 1/4 Sec 1, and E fr 1/2 of NE 1/4 Sec 2,
Twp 71, Range 20 West, 157 Acres
Waynick, David D. 24 Sep 1850 W 1/2 of NE 1/4, and NW 1/4 of SE 1/4, and NE 1/4 of SW 1/4 Sec 20,
Twp 72, Range 20 West, 160 Acres
History of Lucas County, Iowa, 1881
Submitted by Cathy Danielson


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