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Scott County Court House


The present temple of justice was erected in 1888 at a cost of $125,000. It is bounded by Fourth, Scott, Fifth and Ripley streets, and is constructed of stone. The architecture is quite pleasing to the eye. A number of decorations of allegorical design are placed in conspicuous places on the exterior. These are illustrative of historical periods of the Mississippi valley. The interior is conveniently arranged and is quite spacious. Upon entering the building, on each side of the main entrance, are marble tablets inserted into the walls upon which are inscribed the names of many of the earliest settlers of Scott county. The list and inscription follow exactly as they appear today

Dedicated to the Pioneers Who Settled in Scott County on or Before December 31st, 1846. Erected 1901

Clark, W. L.
Clark. Ben W.
Clark. Margaret B.
Davenport, George L.
Davenport, Sarah G.
Davenport. George A.
LeCIaire. Antoine
LeClaire. Margaret
LeClaire, David
LeClaire. Sarah
Smith. Ira F.
Davenport. A. H.
Davenport, Harriet
Bowling, James M.
Bowling, Margaret A.
Condit, S. G.
Condit, Phoebe
Cook, Ira, Sen.
Mitchell, G. C. R.
Matthews, Margaret D.
Smith, P. M.
Van Tuyl, William
Van Tuyl, P. V. Cook
Averill, Leverett
Burnside, James E.
Burnside, Elizabeth
Burnside, Elizabeth Baker
Cook, Ira, Jr.
Cook, William L.
Cook, Ebenezer
Cook, Clarissa C.
Cook, Hon. John P.
Cook, Eliza A.
Cassell, Mary L.
Dodge, Capt. Leroy
Eldridge, D. C.
Eldridge, Rebecca
Eldridge, J. M.
Eldridge, C. H.
Friday, John M.
Hyde, Andrew
Hall, Dr. James
Hall, Capt. W. P.
Higgins, Henry W.
Higgins, Maria W.
Jones, Thomas
Leonard, Maria H.
Little, Samuel
Mitchell, Nat'l.
Mitchell, Anna Rhea
Mcintosh, James
Parkhurst, Lemuel
Spencer, Roswell H.
Sullivan, David
Rowe, Christopher
Rowe, Elizabeth F.
Welch, Cornelia M.
Armil, John
Armil, Susanna
Armil, Jesse L.
Armil Thomas H.
Armil, E. Bradon
Armil, William
Baker, Philip
Baker, Louisa
Barrows, Willard
Bennett, Rodolphus
Curtis, Phineas
Curtis, Louisa B.
Coleman, Andrew
Carter, Vincent S.
Carter, Ann Eliza
Dyer, James
Fuller, Dennis R.
Fuller, Lovencia
Forrest, John
Forrest, Annie E.
Forrest, John G.
Forrest, Eugenia R.
Glaspell, Susan
Grant, Hon. James
Hyde, Julia R.
Hyde, Emma M.
Hall, Mrs. Mahala
Hedges, Sarah M.
Lyter, Samuel
Lyter, Sophia
Leonard, Harvey
Leonard, Pelagie
Mcintosh, Robert
Macklot, Louis A.
Mead, Rev. Enoch
Pelamourgues, Rev. J. A. M.
Rowe, William
Rowe, Mary
Summers, Laurel
Summers, Mary
Wallace, Mrs. M. A.
Brownlie, James
Brownlie, Richie
Burrows, J. M. D.
Burrows, Mrs. Sarah M.
Collins, William S.
Collins, Miles A.
Cook, Mary
Christie, Robert
Weston, Col. Charles
Dillon, Thomas
Dillon, Rosanna
Dillon, Hon. John F.
Dillon, Anna Price
Dow, Hildah A.
Hall, Israel
Hall, Rachel B.
Hall, George F.
Hickson, W. H.
Hyde, George J.
Hoge, David
Hutt, Abraham
Hitchcock, Jared
Hitchcock, Lucy
Jordan, Anna E.
Jacobs,Mark C. - 1837
Jacobs, Louise
Littig, Peter, Sen.
Littig, Mary Baily
Littig, John, Jr.
Littig, Louisa
Littig, August N.
Littig, Mary
Logan, Andrew
Maw, Johnson
Maw, Julia
Munger, Cheeney
Munger, Priscilla L.
Mead, James R.
Mead, Mary E.
McArthur, Gabriel
McArthur, Elizabeth
Owens, James F.
Owens, John
Parmele, Moses
Parmele, Laura
Parmele, Henry
Parmele, Emma Condit - 1835
Parmele, Edwin
Parkhurst, Waldo
Pope, John
Paddock, Lenora
Taylor, Edward
Taylor, Precilla
Wells, Bartholomew
Billon, A. C.
Billon, S. J. Wood
Burrows, L. W.
Burrows, Ruth
Baldwin, Richard C.
Baldwin, Flora C.
Bradley, Horace
Bradley, Eleanor
Collamer, L. B.
Collamer, Mary A.
Donaldson, Adam
Donaldson, Rachel
Donaldson, G. H.
Donaldson, P. A.
Donaldson, J. R.
Donaldson, A. C.
Evans, John
Forrest, George
Eldridge, John M.
Eldridge, Joseph
Eldridge, Mary A.
Holbrook, John C.
Inslee, William
Jack, James
Jack, Eliza C.
Jack, Andrew
Johnson, Ben
Kober, Christian
Kober, Sarah
Lesslie, Charles
Myers, C. F.
Morton, John
Prettyman, R. M.
Prettyman, Mrs. R. M.
Randolph, D. F.
Randolph, Mary J.
Rumbold, James, Sen.
Rumbold, Margarette
Rumbold, James, Jr.
Rumbold, Isabella
Rumbold, Dr. Thomas
Rumbold, William
Shaw, D. B
Thorington, Hon. Jas.
Thorington, Mary
Walraven, John
Witherwax, Dr. J. M.
Armil, Henry B. - 1837
Armil, A. Jackson - 1837
Armil, James L. - 1837
Burrows, Elisha
Burrows, David A.
Burrows, Mary
Buckwalter, David
Buckwalter, Elizabeth
Blood, Dr. Cyrus G.
Dutton, Jerome
Dutton, Celinda P.
Hickson, W. H.
Kelley, Walter
Kelley, Mary
McLoskey, A. A.
McLoskey, Elizabeth
Speer, William
Speer, James
Speer, Margaret
Parker, Samuel
Parker, Francis
Parker, Rhoda C.
Parker, Diantha
Parker, F. J.
Parker, Mary
Parker, Rhoda
Parker, Celinda
Parker, Elizabeth
Parker, Laura
Ames, Charles
Ames, Letitia
Blakemore, F. V.
Blakemore, Emily A.
Davies, John L.
Davies, Margaret J.
Hall, Byron S.
Newcomb, Daniel T.
Newcomb, P. Viele
Price, James
Price, Mary Ann
Pope, Isaac Tracy
Pope, Mary Ann
Pope, Robert H.
Pope, Angeline H.
Pope, Justus
Pope, Sarah Wood
Pope, William Henry
Pope, Mary Allen
Wood, Sarah Pope
Wood, James W.
Sanders, Alfred
Fulton, A. C.
Fulton, Mary
Fulton, LeClaire
Mitchell, Rose Ann
Steinhilber, Ezekiel
Steinhilber, Wilhelmine
Van Patten, John P.
Winrow, Catherine R.
Cook, Edward E.
Gray, William
Gray, Mary A.
Hughes, John
Johnson, Elizabeth
Reading, Kensyl
Reading, Hannah
Reading, August
Stephens, James
Townsend, Robert
Williams, C. C.
Williams, Eliza
Williams, A. F.
Barnes, Dennis - 1842
Gabbert, Capt. W. H. - 1846
Belken, Henry - 1838
Moore, Levi - 1835
Moore, Phebe - 1835
Adams, Rev. Ephraim E.
Donaldson, E. B.
Price, Hon. Hiram
Peaslee, Ezekial
Peaslee, Eliza
Rigg, WilHam
Scott, J. Bowman
Scott, Dorcus H
Stephens, Wesley B.
Stephens, William
Stephens, Hannah
Wick, Marie Louisa
Southland, Catharine Wick
Follett, Maria Wick
Wick, J. Edward
Wick. Adrian F.
Cook, Lowe P.
Friday, Elizabeth
Kessler, Frank
Kessler, Mary Ann
Kessler, John B.
Kessler, Maxy
Kessler, William
Karwath, Henry R.
Karwath, Julia A. Belken
Leonard, Thomas
Meinhardt, J. L. B.
Meinhardt, Regina K.
Miller, Andrew
Miller, Barbara
Miller, Frank A.
Sanders, Gen. Add. H,
Smith, Mary Reed
Reed, Rev. Julius A.
Reed, Caroline B.
Wilkinson, Anna Reed
Barr, Simon
Barr, Susanna
Briceland, Hugh
Baurose, Louis
Connor, John
Connor, Ellen
Demons, L. W.
Demons, Mrs. E. L.
Gilmore, Stewart
Gilmore, Mary A.
Grapengeter. Fritz
Gillin, D.
Gillin, Mrs. Ann
Greehy. John
Greehy. Margarette
Jamison, John
Kelley. John F.
Miller, Nicholas
Miller, Jane P.
Miller, Mary J.
Miller, Henrietta
Martin, Luke
Martin, Mary
McLoskey, Charles A.
Sherman, Ebenezer
Wilson, George
Guy, John A. - 1845
Guy, Elizabeth J.
Rambo, N. M. - 1839
Rambo, Elizabeth
Kessler, Franz N. - 1845
Morton, Allibone
Wilson, Nathaniel - 1840
Wilson, William - 1841
Wilson, Sarah - 1841
Wilson James H. - 1842
Wilson, W. R. - 1844
Wilson, N. J. - 1845
Morgan, David - 1841
Morgan, Mrs. Rebecca
Woodward, Joseph - 1842
Woodward, Mrs. Mary F. - 1842
Woodward, Benjamin B. - 1842
Woodward, Elizabeth E. - 1841
Littig, Peter N. - 1846
Littig. Emma G. - 1846
Comm. - J. M. Eldridge,
Jesse L.Armil.
Hebert, Louis
Hebert, Margaret - 1841
Hebert. Joseph L. - 1845
Noel, Adam
Noel, Susan
Gabbert, Henry
Suiter, Philip
Suiter, Nancy
Suiter, John H.
Suiter, Polly Ann
Suiter. William M.
Suiter, Jacob G.
Suiter, Philip L
Suiter, Joseph - 1837
Suiter, Francis M, - 1839
Suiter, Hannah - 1841
Suiter, James W. - 1842
Suiter, Ellen E. - 1844
Eads, Col. Thomas C.
Eads, Ann Buchanan
Eads, Capt. James B.
Davenport, James H.
Elder, Charles
Elder, Mary
Elder, Joseph
Glynn, Mary H.
Collamer, Lucian B.
Collamer, Mary A.
Cooper, Rafield
Newby, Robert
McGinnis, William
McGinnis, Mary
Snyder, Harriet
Snyder, C. D. - 1846
Robeson, Thomas
Robeson, Sarah B.
Robeson, John E.
Robeson, David S.
Children of T. and S. B. Robeson
Coe, Joseph
Coe, Catherine
Wertz, Mary
Suiter, Alice M. - 1837
Cooper, John T. - 1839
Stone, Horatio G. - 1836
Stone, Hannah - 1840
Stone. S. Clarissa - 1844
Cody, Isaac
Cody, Mary B.
Cody, Col. W. F. - 1846
Houghton, James, Sr
Houghton, Eliza
Backus, George - 1849
Backus, Eliza
Robertson, John
Robertson, Mary Neil - 1847
Holm, Caroline - 1846
Spencer, Roswell Hopkins - 1833
Nichols, O. P.
Nichols, Caroline
Nichols, G. M.
Nichols, R. E.
Nichols, W. J.
Nichols, Isabell
Coleman, J. H. S. - 1840
Coleman, Ada H,

In explanation of the seeming lapses in the chronology of Scott county settlement it should be said that the tablets were placed at different times, the later ones amplifying the previous lists graven in marble. It is probable that the record has now been made of early settlement. In this list will be noted the best known man in the world, Buffalo Bill, and the builder of the great St. Louis bridge and Mississippi jetties, Capt. James B. Eads.


North of the courthouse and in the same lot and connected with it by an underground passage, is a fine stone structure built after the courthouse, which is the county jail. It is fully equipped with devices for the restraint and safe lodgment of prisoners. It is modern in every particular and in its exterior presents a fine appearance.


In 1853 the Scott County Agricultural Society organized, with H. M. Thompson as president ; Judge James Grant, vice president, and John R. Jackson, secretary, and in 1854 the society held its first annual fair south of Sixth street, near Farnam street. In 1855 the next fair was held on land belonging to the association near the Orphans' Home, and the amount paid for premiums was $325. Meetings were held annually on these grounds until 1860, when the fair for that year was held on grounds leased of Antoine LeClaire which were situated north of Thirteenth between Perry and Farnam streets, and all of these meetings were well patronized. The next location was the present Central park and a later location was in northwest Davenport. The association continued to hold these annuals fairs up to about 1898, and since that time interest in such annual meeting of the farmers have ceased to be of interest to the community. Later on the Mile Track Trotting Society was organized and had its grounds just outside of the northwest limits of the city, where was built one of the finest mile tracks in the country and where a number of records for speed were broken. The society held annual meetings up to about 1908, when they ceased.


Miles A. Collins, an early settler of the county, contributed the following amusing article to the Half Century number of the Democrat and it is deemed a fitting finale to this subject, although it treats of the beginning of things in that regard:

"Early on a morning in September, 1854, Eugene Bird and I husked a load of corn, where the Oakdale line of the Tri-City Railway Company is now running, bound for the first fair ever held in Scott county directly that work was done. Bushels of luscious peaches lay west of the house in the peach orchard, and we did not forget to fill our pockets. We paid twenty-five cents each to get inside of an enclosure made by setting railroad ties on end, resting on each other till the enclosure was complete. Almost the first person we met was my father, who asked. 'How did you get in?' 'Why.' we said, 'we paid.' 'You ought not to have done it,' he replied. 'My family ticket (for which he had paid a dollar) lets us in free. You might just as well have saved your money.' Well - I thought that, as William A. Collins, commonly called Uncle Billy, the carpenter, had four sets of children in his family, all those admissions for a dollar might bear a little hard on the society, and it was no harm to help them out. Anyhow I saw the sights of the fair.

"In the early summer of 1853 an organization had been formed, calling itself the Scott County Agricultural Society. It chose H. M. Thompson, president, James Grant, vice president, John R. Jackson, treasurer and James Thorington, secretary. Thursday. September i. 1853. was a big day for Davenport. On that day the Mississippi & Missouri railroad was started, on the corner of Fifth and Rock Island streets, just north of father's house, which is still standing, doing duty as the storehouse of the Rock Island's dining car department. Antoine LeClaire threw the first shovelful of dirt that began the work. The start was witnessed by two brass bands of the city, the Odd Fellows in regalia, the Turn Verein, forty of Strong Burnell's sawmill men in a large wagon drawn by four horses, and a great throng ; some estimated 2,000 persons on the ground. I speak of this to show how it happened that so many railroad ties came to be on the ground that lay east of the corner of Fifth and Rock Island to the river, in LeClaire's cornfield. There were thousands of them. It was not so hard a matter for John R. Jackson to place them in line as a fence. This fence enclosed about an acre, from Sixth street south to about where the U. N. Roberts Company's sash and door factory is. The first thing that I noticed, after getting on the grounds, was the treasurer of the society driving a span of mules hitched to a self-raking reaper, going slowly around the grounds. This reaper had a way of automatically taking the sheaf from the platform, as a man's arm would do. As it was the first reaper of the kind that I ever saw in motion, its operation was interesting. Flour barrels were strung around the fence, covered with unplaned boards. At the foot of the same were bushels and bushels of potatoes and grain, and on the top were placed pantry stores and things good to eat. Not much show for trotting horses; did not take time to make a track; but there was a good show of carriage horses and farm teams. Adam Donaldson, I think, got first premium on carriage team. He also got first on his hogs, which were not numerous, as every man was expected to care for his own family, especially pigs. There was a large crowd in attendance and a good social time. Antoine LeClaire, of course, was there with his carriage He had just finished his mansion on the hill above, now the house of Bishop Cosgrove, and he told us that we would find everything about it first class, from the stair rail of solid mahogany clear through."

Harry E. Downer

Submitted by Barb Z.

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