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Welcome to Allen County, Kansas History and Genealogy

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  The Old Allen County Jail in Iola - Wikipedia

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Allen County was one of the first thirty-three counties organized by the Territorial Legislature in 1855.  It was named for a United States Senator from Ohio, William Allen.

Iola is the county seat.  Besides the cities listed, other communities included Bvayerd, Carlyle, Cofachique (historical) and Petrolia

Area - Total 505 sq mi, land 500 sq mi, water 5 sq mi.

Geographic features of Allen County - The general surface of the country is slightly rolling, though much more level than the greater portion of eastern Kansas. The soil is fertile and highly productive. The bottom land along the streams average one and one-half miles in width, and comprise one-tenth the area of the county. The remainder is the gently rolling or level upland prairie. The principal varieties of trees native to the county are black walnut, hickory, cottonwood, oak, hackberry and elm.

The main water course is the Neosho River, which flows through the western part of the county from north to south. Its tributaries are Indian, Martin's, Deer, Elm and other small creeks. The Marmaton River rises east of the center of the county, and flows through the southeastern part of the county. The Little Osage River rises not far from the head of the Marmaton and flows northeast. Its tributaries are Middle Creek on the north and the South Fork on the south. - Wikipedia

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