BOURBON COUNTY


HISTORY OF BOURBON COUNTY, KANSAS

To the Close of 1865

by T. F. Robley

Fort Scott, Kansas 1894


INTRODUCTION

In preparing this book I have departed in many particulars from the ordinary course and established custom of compilers of county histories. I have endeavored to give the causes which led up to our early troubles, and to delineate, to some extent, the public sentiment and feeling of given periods. I have kept in touch with the various Territorial Governments, Administrations, Legislatures and prominent public men, in order that the reader may have an intelligent understanding of the situation. I have intended this book to be of refreshing interest to the old settler, and to be especially interesting and instructive to the young men and women of Bourben County.

T. F. Robley
Fort Scott, Kansas, December, 1894

SYNOPTICAL INDEX

CHAPTER I
Louisiana Purchase - Missouri Territory, Missouri Compromise - Platte Purchase - Santa Fe Trail - Cherokee Neutral Lands - New York Indian Lands

CHAPTER II
Fort Scott Located - Colonel H. T. Wilson - Sergeant John Hamilton - Military Road Completed - Barracks Erected - Relics of a Past Era

CHAPTER III
Annexation of Texas - Mexican War - Wilmot Proviso - Compromise of 1850

CHAPTER IV
1853 - Post of Fort Scott Abandoned - Some of the Early Settlers of Bourbon County - Time from 1854 to 1855 - Description of Frontier Life - Climate - Indian Summer

CHAPTER V
1854 - Mill of the Gods - Kansas-Nebraska Bill - Kansas Territory Organized

CHAPTER VI
1854 - First Governor - First Elections - First Fraud - First Legislature - Bogus Statutes - Samples of Legislation - Government Buildings Sold

CHAPTER VII
1855 - Bourbon County Organized - First County Officers - Neutral Lands in Bourbon County - Fort Scott Incorporated as a Town - More Elections - Second Governor - Political Atmosphere of Bourbon County

CHAPTER VIII
1856 - Tone of Pro-slavery Papers - Topeka Constitution - Trouble Commences - Texas Rangers - Expedition to Middle Creek - Topeka, Legislature - Governor Shannon Resigns - Governor Geary Appointed - Territorial Legislators for Bourbon County - Close of 1856

CHAPTER IX
1857 - Bourbon County Officials - New Towns - Sprattsville - Mapleton - Rayville - Means of Communication

CHAPTER X
1857 - Some More Politics - Dred Scott Decision - Slaves in Bourbon County - Governor Geary Resigns - Governor Walker Appointed - More Immigrants - Fort Scott Town Company - U.S. Officers - Tenderfeet - Free State Hotel

CHAPTER XI
1857 - Public Sentiment - Lecompton Constitution - Election of October 5, 1857 - More Trouble - Squatter's Court - Protective Society

CHAPTER XII
1857 - The Conservatives - U.S. Troops at Fort Scott - First Election on Lecompton Constitution - Close of 1857

CHAPTER XIII
1858 - The Second Election on Lecompton Constitution - First Newspaper Established - First Grand Ball - Trouble Begins Again - Object Lesson in Surgery - Origin of Jayhawker

CHAPTER XIV
1858 - First Manufactory in Fort Scott - Marmaton Town Company - Uniontown - Leavenworth Constitution - English Bill - Jayhawking Reduced to Plain Stealing - Fight with U.S. Troops

CHAPTER XV
1858 - Some Old Settlers of 1858 - Improvements Begin - Border Ruffians have an Inning - Marais des Cygnes Murder - Efforts at Capture - Effects on the Border - Feeling against Fort Scott

CHAPTER XVI
1858 - Public Meeting - Election by "Tailment" - Meeting at Rayville - Protocol of Peace - Montgomery Sized Up

CHAPTER XVII
1858 - Some More Arrivals - After the Amnesty - Improvements Continue - Exit Lecompton Constitution - Kansas is Free

CHAPTER XVIII
1858 - Territorial Election - Governor Denver Resigns - Samuel Medary Appointed - Amnesty Broken - Ben Rice Arrested - Meeting at Rayville - Release of Rice - Death of John H. Little

CHAPTER XIX
1859 - Militia Organized - Jayhawkers Captured - Lawrence and Fort Scott get Acquainted - Amnesty Law - County Seat Moved - Preparing for Another Constitution - An All Around Good Year

CHAPTER XX
1859 - Delegates to Wyandotte Convention - Big 4th of July - Grand Ball - Fort Scott Democrat Revived - Vote on the Wyandotte Constitution - Other Election Items

CHAPTER XXI
1860 - Legislature Meets - Dayton Incorporated - Fort Scott Town Company Incorporated - For Scott Incorporated as a City - First City Election - County Election - Last Border Difficulties - Law Inaugurated

CHAPTER XXII
1860 - Arts of Peace - Population - First Fair Association - N.Y. Indian Lands - Neutral Lands - Troops Arrive - Land Sales - The Great Drouth

CHAPTER XXIII
1861 - Kansas Admitted - State Government - City Affairs - Impending Crisis - Public Meetings - War - War Feeling in Bourbon County - First Troops Organized

CHAPTER XXIV
1862 - Fort Lincoln Fortified - Troops Concentrated - Battle of Drywood - 6th Kansas - Fort Scott a Military Post - More Politics

CHAPTER XXV
1862 - Movement of Troops - Various Items - Fall Elections

CHAPTER XXVI
1863 - County Seat Returned to Fort Scott - City Hall - Elections - County Officers

CHAPTER XXVII
1864 - Political Feeling - Fortifications - Raids on Drywood - Railroads - Politics - Price Raid - Raids by Guerillas - Marmaton Massacre - Fort Scott in Suspense - Public Meeting - General Election

CHAPTER XXVIII
1865 - Lincoln - City Election - Muster Out - The Schools - Business and Improvements - Fall Election - Statistics - Population - The Close

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