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Crawford County
Kansas

History and Genealogy

CRAWFORD COUNTY, KANSAS

1881 Gazetter Businss Directory

NEW PITTSBURG

A mining station on the Girard branch of the St. Louis & San Francisco railway twenty-eight miles from Joplin, 350 miles from St. Louis, and twelve miles from Girard, in the county of Crawford, Kansas. It is a shipping-point for the minerals abouning in its section and the surplus agricultural products of the adjacent country. It has a population of 655, a public school system, church organizations and mercantile houses. the trades and minor industries are fully respresented. An important business feature of that town is the extensive zinc smelting works of Robert Lanyon & Co., which are supplied with abundance of coal in the immediate vicinity. These works produce nearly six tons of spelter per day. The Joplin Coal and Mining Company have a branch of their extensive business located at that point.

The Oswego Coal Company mine their coal in the vicinity of New Pittsburg, and supply the St. Louis & San Francisco Railway company with their fuel. Their trade in the products of coal also extends as far west as Wichita and at the intermediate points along the line. Messrs. Hobart and Condon, of Oswego, Kansas, at which place the main office is situated are the active officers of that company, the former being its president and the latter secretary and treasurer. A branch office is also established at Wichita.

Baxter, S. W., lumber
Beck W. C., grocer
Brumhead J., saloon
Clanton C S., grocer
Coe John A., general merchandise
Georgia A. J., general merchandise
Ghinslor Jno., billiard saloon
Harrah M. M., tinware
Henry F. W., saloon
Heriman & Brown, blacksmith
Holden & Owens, saloon
Johnson J. W., shoemaker
Kinch Jno., shoemaker
Lanyon Robt. & Co., zinc works
Lanyon S. H., & Co., general merchandise
Linburg J. R., drugs, etc.
Long & Brown, lumber
Miller C. A., groceries
Oswego Coal Co., B. F. Hobart, pres.; C. M. Condon, sec. and treas.
Snow, M. M., general merchandise
Stryker Bros., drugs
Turley Mrs. W. H., milliner
Witte Frank, hotel

GIRARD

Nearly in the center of the county of Crawford, upon a magnificent rolling prairie, stretching along the extreme southeastern portion of the State of Kansas, and at the terminal point of the Girard branch of the st. Louis, a San Francisco railway is the stiuation of the enterprising and thriving city of Girard. From the junction of the main line and the branch referred to, the distance is twenty-nine miles and 361 miles from st. Louis. That city is the county seat and has a population of about 1,500. It was first settled in 1869, and was laid out in the usual manner of most Western towns having a large public square and park in the center, upon either side of which are solid blocks of business houses. The streets are board and at right angles and the sidewalks commodious and in good conidtion. Its growth and prosperity are supported by a rich and productive surrounding country and which is constantly receiving large accessions from emigration.

In Crawford county the bottom lands average fifteen per cent, the balance or uplands being eighty-five percent. The timbered land is only ten percent, which the open prairie is ninety percent. The timber belt has an average width of one-half mile through the county, the varieties consisting of red and black oak, walnut, hickory, cottonwood, elm and poplar. Underlying the whole surface of the coutnry there is a strata of bituminous coal, varying in thickness from five feet to a few inches, and of a good quality. The varieties of this coal are red, black and gray, much of it being near the surface, and is obtained by stripping, at only a depth of from four to eight feet; the better quality, of course, is found at a depth of from thirty to fifty feet. It is handled and sold in Girard at ten cent per bushel.

There are important zinc smelting works at New Pittsburg, in the county of Crawford, owned and operated by Messrs. Robert Lanyon & Co. These works are supplied with coal from the immediate vicinity, one shaft yielding a daily product of from seven to ten car-loads. The zinc ore is brought from Joplin, Webb City, and other points is Jasper county, Missouri as it required three car loads of coal to smelt one of zinc, the transfer of the metal instead of the fuel is manifestly a great economy. These works give employment to about one hundred men. During the past year the Joplin Coal and Mining Company, at New Pittsburg and Carbon, shipped upwards of 3,000 carloads. The capacity of these smelting works amounts to 11,000 pounds of spelter per day, and is the source of the rapid growth of that town during the past three years. In 1879 the number of buildings erected as fifty and each succeeding year has witnessed a steady increase both in building and population. For building purposes there are large deposits of lime and sandstone in the immediate vicinity.

The county is not only free from debt, but its treasury shows a surplus of over $20,000. Fruit, hay, grain, live stock, etc., are produced and shipped in large quantities. The soil is exceptionally fertile and productive. Upon forth acres about one-fourth mile from the city of Girard, the agricultural society of that city and county have located their well-improved grounds and buildings. Within the enclosure there is an excellent one-half mile track which is a favorite with horsemen. The inhabitants of that city are moral, temperate, enterprising and intelligent. Its local affairs are ably represented by two well-conducted weekly newspapers, the "Herald" and "Press," the fomer Democratic and the latter Republican in sentiments.

Adams J.N., proprietor Girard House
Alexander J. T., physician
Alford J. W., physician
Arnold W., boots and shoes
Atkinson Theo, drugs, paints and oil, wholesale and retail
Barbee E. L., harness shop
Barker D. A., jeweler
Barker A. W., boots and shoes
Barker J. D., hardware, agricultural implents, stoves and tinware
BAILY & SMITH, livery and feed stable
Bell & Crawford, lumber
Boyle Wilson, merchant tailor
Booth James H, banker
Braden W. H., livery and feed stable
Brown James, justice of the peace
Brown L, lumber
Brown H., dry goods, shoes, hats and caps
Boisseu J. H. & Co., groceries
Butler E. C., wagonmaker
BANK OF GIRARD, E. R. Moffet, pres.; T. C. Molloy, cashier
Cadwell C., hardware, stoves, tinware and agricultural implements
Carson & Shoup, livery and feed stable
Crawford W. B., justice of the peace
Curtice W. B., clothing
Cushenburg J. H., physician
Cushenburg & Co., drugs and groceries
Danly Nora, stationery and notions
Drum P. G., undertaker
Dorman R., live stock dealer
Dunham G. A., groceries
Ennis J., blacksmith
Fanger E. & Bro., groceries, shoes and queensware
Foulk J. K., wagonmaker
Gardner William, furniture and undertaker
Garrison & Drock, carpenters and builders
Given & Co., drugs
Given E. F., jeweler
Godley L. S., drugs
Grund H P., dry goods, shoes, groceries, etc.
Harmony & Gregg, butter and eggs
HAWLEY Col. C. G., Postmaster
HOFFMAN G. W. B., editor and proprietor "Girard Herald," weekly
Howard G. E., Adams Express agent and seed store
James J. S., stationery and notions
Keys g. A., dentist
Kincaid & Leonard, dry goods, groceries and shoes
Killough W. F., harness shop
King Mrs. M. r., proprietress St. James Hotel
Labourn & Ritter, carpenters and builders
Lape L. D. & Co., groceries
Leach C. A., blacksmith
Liepman M. & Bro., clothing, hats and furnishing goods
Lindsey J., shoemaker
Love J. H., dry goods and groceries
Lynch E. C., wagonmaker
Lyons William, harness and saddlery
Lash John, gunsmith
Loomis E., live stock dealer
Marsrhall J A., books, stationery and notions
McCabe P., shoemaker
McClure & Woolf, abstracts of titles
McKay & Brown, real estate and loan office
Mieinhammer Mrs. M., dressmaking and millinery
MOLLOY, T. C., cashier Bank of Girard
Moore A. R., groceries and restaurant
Mills S. E., harnessmaker
Miller G. W., physician
Neves & Clark, groceries and restaurant
Norwood A., dry goods, groceries and shoes
Painton T., meat-market
Patterson C. D. & Son, Crawford county Flouring Mills
Phillips A. A. & Bro., drugs, wholesale and retail
Phillips & Schaeffer, bakery and restaurant
Pinge & Son, attorneys at law
Piper C. H., billiard saloon
Priestly George, meat-market
Raymond & Officer, furniture, hardware, stoves and agricultrual implements
Redlow B. C., live stock dealer
Reinholt John, notion store
Robinson M., shoemaker
Ross, J. W., blacksmith
Russell & Wood, attorneys at law
Sams P.A., wagonmaker
Scholl G. W., physician
Scott & Hackett, groceries
Scott Daniel, attorney at law
Seabury W. G., dry goods, groceries, shoes, etc.
Shelley F. W., marble yard
Sedwell A. M., jeweler, books and stationary
Simpson William, bakery and restaurant
Sinnett M., dry goods, groceries, shoes
Smith W. R., barber saloon, tabacco
Sunderland J. C., photographer
ST. JAMES HOTEL, Mrs. M. r. King, proprietress
Taylor, J. M., live stock dealer
Tontz & Hitz, Girard Flouring Mill
Tryer Nicholas, barber saloon
Turner A. & Co., law, loan and land office
Tyler John, blacksmith
VanDyke G. A., attorney
VanSyckel D. B., attorney
Voss & VanSyckel, attorneys at law
Voss J. T., clothing
WASSER & RIDDLE, editors and proprietors "Girard Press," weekly
Wills & Bridgens, attorneys at law
Woleslagle P. M., groceries
Woolf M. D., lawyer
Wright L. B., books, stationery and notations
Wright Mrs. M. M., millinery
York J. H., barber saloon

OPOLIS

The location of that town is in the southeastern portion of Crawford County, Kansas, and is a station upon the Girard branch of the St. Louis & San Francisco Railway. It is distant from St. Louis 356 miles and from Kansas City 142 miles. It was first settled but three years ago, in 1878, and its population is now about 200. It has one public school with an average attendance of twenty-five scholars; two churches, the Methodist Episcopal and Quaker denominations; two hotels and a public hall, together with several stores and the minor industries appertaining to a thrifty and growing town. Its principal shipments are the products of the adjacent country. That town also enjoys postal and express facilities.

Bates & Washburn, liverymen
Bishop & Gould, grain and live stock
Crame & Shoemaker, general merchants
Davis J. L., general merchant
Hagar W. B., railroad agent
Holden Theodore, postmaster
Hoy E. B., general merchant
Lyngar A. C., general merchant
Love J. H. & Co., general merchants
Lyngar A. C., physician
Ledbetter Thomas, blacksmith
Phillips A. M. , general merchant
Parint William, blacksmith
Ross William, shoemaker
Slattin G. B., butcher
Scovill Rev. J., M. e. church
Tuthill Miss Ella, milliner
Thornton & Cox, general merchants
Vermillion R. e., druggist
Weibley J. C., physician
Weaver, Holden & Co., general merchants
Whybork & Co., grain and stock dealers

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