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Crawford County

History and Genealogy

Crawford County Cities and Towns
Source: Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc., Volume 2, edited by Frank W Blackmar. Published 1912 Standard Publishing Company, Chicago

Arma,  an  incorporated  town  of  Crawford  county,  is  a station  on  the Missouri  Pacific  R.  R.,  9  miles  east of  Girard,  the  county  seat,  and about  3  miles  west  of  the  state  line.  It  is  a  typical  Kansas  town,  has express  and  telegraph  offices,  a  flour  mill,  a  lumber  yard,  several  general  stores,  and  in  1910 reported  a  population  of  327.

Arcadia, an incorporated town of Crawford county, is a station on the St. Louis & San Francisco R. R. about 15 miles northeast of Girard, the  county  seat, and near the Missouri state line. It has a bank, a good graded public school, a fire department, a weekly newspaper.
Beulah, a village of Sheridan township, Crawford county, is a station on the St. Louis & San Francisco R.  R. 5 miles south of Girard, the county seat.  It has a money order post office, express and telegraph service, a good local trade, and in 1910 reported a population of 100.

Brazilton, a town of Crawford county, is located in Walnut township and is a station on the Pittsburg & Chanute division of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe R. R., 8 miles northwest of Girard, the county seat.  It has a money order postoffice, express, telegraph and telephone service, some good general stores, and does considerable shipping.  The Catholics and Lutherans are the leading religious denominations.  In 1910 Brazilton reported a population of 150.

Pittsburg, one of the important cities of southeastern Kansas, is located  in  Crawford  county,  11  miles  southeast  of  Girard,  the  judicial seat.  It  is  3  miles  from  the  Missouri  line  and  134  miles  from  Kansas City,  at  the  junction  of  four  railway  systems — the  Atchison,  Topeka &  Santa  Fe,  the  Missouri  Pacific,  the  Kansas  City  Southern  and  the St.  Louis  &  San  Francisco.  The  main  shops  of  the  Kansas  City  Southern  are  located  here  and  give  employment  to  1,600  men.  It is  in  the mineral  and  oil  district  and  the  zinc  smelters  give  employment  to  1,200.  Coal  is  extensively  mined  and  shipped.  Other  important  industries  are the  foundries  and  machine  shops,  cornice  works,  flour  and  planing  mills,  tent  and  awning  factory,  boiler  works,  paving  and  building  brick  plant, sewer  pipe  works,  factories  for  the  manufacture  of  gloves, mittens, garments and  cigars,  stone  quarries  and  packing  houses.  There  are 4  banks,  4  newspapers  (the  Headlight,  the  Kansan,  the  Labor  Herald and  the  Volkesfreund),  and  a  monthly  fraternal  paper  (the  Cyclone).  The  city  has  electric  lights,  fire  and  police  departments,  sewer  system, waterworks,  paved  streets,  electric  street  railway,  a  $60,000  opera  house  and  fine  school  and  church  buildings.  This  is  the  seat  of  the  manual  training  branch  of  the  state  normal  school,  a  Catholic  academy, and  a  German  Lutheran  school.  There  are  telegraph  and  express  offices  and an  international  money  order  postoffice  with  eight  rural  routes.  This is  one  of  the  points  designated  by  the  government  for  a  postal  savings bank.  The  population  in  1910  was  14,755.

Pittsburg  was  laid  out  in  1876  by  Col.  E.  H.  Brown  for  Moffett & Sargent.  The  postoffice  was  established  that  year  with  George  Richey as  postmaster.  The  first  dwelling  was  built  by  J.  T.  Roach  in  July,  and  the  first  business  house  was  erected  about  the  same  time  by  G  W. Seabury  &  Co.,  who  started  a  general  store.  By  fall  there  were  100 inhabitants.  In 1879  the  town was  incorporated  as a  city  of  the  third class  and  the  first  officers  were  :  Mayor,  M. M.  Snow  ;  councilmen,  J.  R.  Lindburg,  W.  McBride,  F.  Kalwitz,  P.  A.  Shield  and  D.  S.  Miller.   The  Girard  &  Joplin  R.  R.,  which had  been  built  prior  to  the founding of  the  town  connected  it  with  these  two  points.  In 1880  the  railroad was  sold  to  the  St.  Louis  &  San  Francisco  company.  A  new  addition of  40  acres  was  platted  about  that  time  and  in  1882  another addition  of like  extent.  The  first  newspaper  was  the  Pittsburg  Exponent,  established  in  June,  1882,  by  L.  C.  Hitchcock.  By  1884  the  population  was 4,000,  six  years  later  it  was  6,697,  in  1900  it  had  grown  to  10,112.  In 1891  there  were  29  corporations  doing  business  in  Pittsburg  with a combined  capitalization  of  nearly  $10,000,000.  In  1904  there  were  55  coal  companies  employing  11,835  in  addition  to  many  small operators,  and  44  new  coal  mines  were  opened.  During  the  year  ending  in Sept.,  1904,  about  700  new  dwelling  houses  were  built  and  $3,000,000 spent  in  public  improvements.

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