By Mrs Edith Connelly Ross

Nehemiah Greene, the only Kansas Lieutenant Governor to attain the governorship by resignation of his superior, was born in Hardin County, Ohio, March 8, 1847. He was educated in the Ohio schools and at the Wesleyan University. After his graduation he taught school in Logan and Champaign counties.

In March, 1855, he came to Kansas. He settled on a claim in Douglas County. However, as the times were not peaceful nor prosperous, he was almost forced to abandon it. It did not yield a living.

He was admitted to the bar in 1857, and practiced law for two years. At the end of that period he returned to the state of his nativity and there entered the ministry. His sincerity, brillance and kindness made him the beloved friend of all his flock.

But, in 1862, when Lincoln called for volunteers, Nehemiah Greene left his church, and became the lieutenant of Company B, Eighty-fifth Ohio Infantry. In the Civil War, he served under General Cox in his famous West Virginia campaign. He was a brave soldier and as generous and kind as he was brave. After the West Virginia campaign, he along with his regiment, was transferred to the Army of the Cumberland, where he served in Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman's army until 1864. He was appointed major of the One Hundred and Fifty-third Ohio, and with them took part in the famous One Hundred Days campaign in West Virgnia.

Major Greene was never a strong man physically. His lungs always troubled him and it was only the undaunted spirit of the man that sustained him in his arduous soldier-life. But in spite of his determination, his failing health finally ended his military career.

This came about through the following circumstances:

One hot day, the men of his regiment were compelled to march steadily under the blazing sun. They were loaded heavily with equipment and Major Green his sympathies excited by their plight tried to relieve them by carrying as many knap-sacks as he could lift. This brought on a violent hemorrhage of the lungs, and left him so ill and exhausted that he was compelled to resign from the army.

In 1865 he returned to Kansas, in the capacity of a minister of the Gospel. He was sent to Manhattan by the Kansas Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Here he remained for two years, serving his church faithfully and well.

As the Republican candidate, he was elected Lieutenant-Governor of Kansas in 1866. When Governor Crawford resigned on November 4, 1868, Mr. Greene took the oath of office and became Governor of Kansas. He held the office a few days over two months. Nothing of very great political importance happened in Kansas during the time.

Governor Greene had in his youth married Miss Ida Leffingwell, of Williamsburg, Ohio. She died in1870, leaving three children - Glenzen S., Effie and Alice. In 1873 Governor Greene remarried - to Miss Mary Sturdevant of Rushville, N.Y. They had two children, Burtis U., and Ned M.

After the election of Governor Harvey, Mr. Greene still retained his interest in political affairs. In 1880, he was elected to the Kansas Legislature. At the end of his service there, he retired to private life. Trouble with his lungs caused him much pain and worry. Though not able to preach often, because of it, many residents of Manhattan and surrounding towns still recall his spirited and witty addresses on public and patriotic occasions.

Governor Nehemiah Greene died at his home in Manhattan, January 12, 1890. (History of Kansas State and People, William E. Connelley, Volume II, 1928, pages 665-666)

By Mrs. Edith Connelley Ross

James Madison Harvey, known in this day as "Old Honesty," was born in Monroe County, Virginia, September 21, 1833. He removed with his parents to Illinois and received his education in the schools of that State. He later studied civil engineering. In 1854 he married Charlotte Cutter, of Adams County, Illinois. They came to Kansas in 1859 and located in Riley County.

Mr. Harvey became a firm Anti-slavery man, and fought bravely in the war. He served as Captain of Company G, Tenth Kansas Volunteer Infantry and took part in the Battle of Prairie Grove. Afterwards he was in a strenuous campaign through Missouri, Arkansas and the Indian Territory. He was also chosen Colonel of a volunteer regiment sent to repel Price in his raid. In 1865 Captain Harvey was mustered out with his regiment.

In the fall of 1865 he was elected to the Legislature, where he rendered valuable aid in untangling many of the problems left by the war, and the unsettled state of Kansas affairs. He was re-elected by the Republicans against Thaddeus H. Walker, candidate of the Liberal Republicans. The Democrats put forward no candidate. In 1866 he was chosen to represent the Seventh District in the State Senate.

In the fall of 1869, he was elected as the Republican candidate for Governor. He was re-elected to that office in 1873. During his administration the State of Kansas advanced steadily along all lines of progress. Governor Harvey pretended to no great erudition his was rather the homely knowledge and philosophy, the native shrewdness of the surveyor and farmer. But his unswerving honesty, his tenacity of purpose his really superior mind, were all at the service of Kansas, and she profited richly by them.

The Legislature of 1869 under Governor Harvey was the first body to meet in the State Capital, after the completion of its first wing, the east one. Before, all the official business had been conducted in a small row of buildings on Kansas Avenue known as "State Row."

Indian troubles were still rife at this time though not so serious as during the administration of Governor Crawford. The Indians harried the border, entering at the northwest. Militia, sent to the Republican, Saline and Solomon Valleys, together with the presence of the United States Troops, kept the Indians fairly within bounds.

The cattle trade grew by leaps and bounds, at this time and the "Cowboy" and the "Longhorn" were thick on the Kansas prairies. Also, at this time, the state received a liberal contribution of the worst elements of the older states, men and women, eager to prey on the rich and reckless cowmen. This it required stern measures to check. Sheriffs and vigilance committees were kept busy by the disorder and violence rife in the western towns. Saloons, dance-halls and gambling dens ran wide open for the benefit of the cowboy. But law and order gradually grew and prosperity increased. The shipments of cattle at Wichita and Dodge City seldom were less than 200,000 head a year.

In March, 1869, the first train on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad reached Topeka, and on the first of September, 1870, the Union Pacific Railroad reached Denver. This, of course, brought immense bands of emigrants to Kansas. In 1872, Kansas cast a larger vote than any New England state, excepting Massachusetts. Under the census of 1870, Kansa became entitled to three Representatives in Congress. Land companies all over the world advertised Kansas. Her advantages to the new settler were described in many languages. The Kansas Pacific Railroad also worked along this line and brought immense numbers of foreigners to Kansas. These became good, steady citizens and are today among the foremost farmers and tradesmen of the State.

The emigrants were settled in colonies and many quaint old-world customs and legends were transplanted to Kansas, and are still preserved intact on the prairies. Swedish, Scotch, English and Welsh were the leading colonists of this itme.

During the administration of Governor Harvey, the Grand Duke Alexis, of Russia, with his suite, made their celebrated exploring and hunting trip over the Kansas plains. They were received in Topeka by Governor Harvey and the Legislature. Some old people of today can recall the "amazing splendor" of that occasion.

In 1870, the Labor Party organized. It held its first state convention in September of that year. A platform was determined on. Two of the "planks" were: two thousand dollars exempt from taxation, and the natural right to the land.

At this time, the farmers of Kansas were beginning to feel keenly the need of cooperation and protection. With the growing of agriculture and trade, came the demand for system and advice. In consequence of this feeling, came the demand for a grange, which was accordingly organized in 1872. Many thousands of farmers joined the organization.

Harvey was elected United States Senator from Kansas, and served from February 2, 1874 to March, 1877.

Governor Harvey died, April 15, 1895. He was survived by four daughters and two sons.

Kansas sincerely mourned the honest, far-seeing man who had given so freely of his life to her service. And she is far richer for his steady, kind guidance and help, and his unassuming upright life. (History of Kansas State and People, William E. Connelley, Volume II, 1928, Pages 667-669)


Thomas A. Osborn, the sixth governor of Kansas, was born at Meadville, Pennsylvania, October 26, 1836. There he attended the public schools and also began his printer's apprenticeship. By his work at the printer's case he paid his way through Alleghany College.

In 1856 he commenced the study of law in the office of Judge Derrickson of Meadville. He was admitted to the bar in Michigan in 1857. In Novmeber of the same year he came to Kansas. He stopped at Lawrence and obtained employment as a compositor on the Herald of Freedom. By industry and ability he soon became foreman and the paper was often left completely in his hands.

Before he was twenty-two years old Thomas A. Osborn was practicing law at Elwood, Doniphan County. He was recognized as a good lawyer and a man of integrity and ability. He was a firm Republican and Free State man.

In 1859 he was elected Senator from Doniphan County and took his seat in 1861. The following term he was chosen President of the Senate.

He filled this position during the absence of the Lieutenant-Governor, and during the impeachment trial of Governor Robison.

Mr. Osborn was elected Lieutenant-Governor of Kansas in 1862 defeating John J. Ingalls. At the expiration of his term of office he was appointed United States Marshal of Kansas by President Abraham Lincoln. He held this position until 1867, during which time he made his home in Leavenworth. He was removed from office for opposing the policy of President Johnson.

The wedding of Mr. Osborn to Miss Julia Delehay of Leavenworth, took place in 1870. Miss Delehay was a beautiful and talented woman, a blood-relation of Abraham Lincoln. They had one son, Edward, born in 1871.

In 1872 Mr. Osborn was nominated as the Republican candidate for Governor of Kansas. He ws elected and began his term in 1873. The year 1874 was the dreadful "Grasshopper Year" of Kansas the year when these pests destroyed all crops and cause famine and untold suffering. Governor Osborn called a special session of the Legislature, which decided the emergency must be met by the issue of county bonds. Relief committees were organized and relief sent to the sufferers. Also during this year, the Indians began stealing from the settlers of Barber County and the southern border generally. United States Cavalry, sent to recover the plunder, unfortunately killed a son of Little Robe, a Cheyenne Chief. This precipitated murder and raids.

Governor Osborn was in a position requiring great diplomacy. Some citizens demanded immediate vengeance, and some urged unlimited forbearance. However, he steered a successful middle course subduing the savages keeping the militia on the border, andyet not offending the more timid citizens by reckless fighting.

Governor Osborn was a far-sighted and prudent man and urged on the Legislature the necessity of economy. His administration was noted for careful handling of the state funds.

Also, at this time, much was done toward colonizing and settling more land. Every encouragement was given the settler. A huge band of Mennonites from Southern Russia settled in the Arkansas Valley in 1874. Owing to the increase of population a number of new counties were organized.

In 1876 came the Centennial Exposition at Philadelphia. Thirty thousand dollars were spent for a beautiful Kansas Exhibit. This brought Kansas much before the public eye. Her merits were more than ever discussed and investigated and many new citizens were added to her people as a consequence.

On January 29, 1873, the two houses of the Legislature met in a joint session to ballot for a United States Senator to succeed Pomery whose term had expired. Before the vote was taken State Senator Alexander M. York rose and accused Pomeroy of bribing him to vote for him - Pomeroy. Pomeroy was defeated.

On the twenty-fourth of March, Senator Caldwell resigned and Governor Osborn appointed Robert Crozier to fill his unexpired term. Also, he appointed John Francis to succeed the State Treasurer, Josiah E. Hayes, who had been impeached and resigned.

In 1877, Governor Osborn was defeated for the United States Senator by Preston B. Plumb.

He was appointed United States Minister to Chili by President Hayes in 1877. He filled this distinguished position for four years, at the end of which time he was sent by President Garfield to Brazil as United States Minister. His diplomatic career was distinguished for its scrupulous care and attention to the business and interest of the United States.

On his return to Kansas, in 1885, he made it known that he had no further desire for public office, preferring private life. But he was elected State Senator in 1889 by Shawnee County. He was active politically till the day of his death. In 1888 he was head of the Kansas Delegation at the National Republican convention.

Governor Osborn's wife, always fragile in health, died in 1892. In 1898 he became engaged to Mrs. Marguerite Fowler Richmond of Meadville, Pennsylvania. She was a beautiful woman, and of a noted family. But before the wedding took place Governor Osborn died. His death occurred February 4, 1898 at Meadville, a few days before the time fixed for the wedding. It was caused by a hemorrhage of the stomach. Governor Osborn's body was brought to Kansas, and placed beside that of his wife in a Topeka cemetery.

He was one of the most brilliant governors of Kansas and his long career as an honored statesman is a source of State pride. (History of Kansas State and People, William E. Connelley, Volume II, 1928, Pages 670-672)

By Mrs. Edith Connelly Ross

George T. Anthony was born on a farm near the town of Mayfield, Fulton County, New York, June 9, 1824. He came of Quaker stock, both his parents being of the Society of Friends. From them he inherited his love of liberty, his unerring sense of justice, his hatred of slavery and all its attendant evils.

When he was but five years of age, his father died. He was the youngest of a family of five children, and the mother had a hard time to keep her little ones from want. So he early came in contact with the hardships and serious phases of life.

His youth was spent on a farm. At eighteen he apprenticed himself to a tinner at Union Springs, Cayuga County. He followed this trade as a journeyman for five years. The necessity of earning his living made his attendance at any regular terms of school an impossibility. His education was acquired during short intervals snatched from his work when he studied and read to the best of his ability. But though his education lacked the polish and varied accomplishments of a college training, he gathered a broad fund of knowledge and his intimate acquaintance with the realities of life, with people and their varied problems, deepened his sympathies and give him an insight into human nature that many a graduate lacks.

When nineteen years old he settled in Medina, New York, where he opened a small hardware store. He continued this enterprise for nine years, working fourteen to sixteen hours a day. It was at this time that he met his wife, Miss Rose A Lyons, of Syracuse to whom he was married December 14, 1852. Later he entered the commission business and in due time was made Loan Commissioner for Orleans County. This position he held for three years.

When President Lincoln issued his call for additional troops, in 1862, George T. Anthony was chosen one of a committee of seven to organize troops in the twenty-eighth District of New York. He threw himself into the work with great fervor, and in four days organized the Seventeenth New York Independent Battery of Light Artillery. He was commissioned Captain of this Battery when it was mustered in August 26, 1862. He saw continuous active service in the war until June 12, 1865 when the officers and men of the Battery were mustered out. The Battery was noted for its fine appearance and training, and upon its discharge George T. Anthony was brevetted Major of Volunteers for gallant and meritorious service.

Mr. Anthony and his wife came to Kansas in 1865 and located in Leavenworth. There he edited the Leavenworth Daily Bulletin and the Leavenworth Daily Conservative. He subsequently became proprietor and editor of the Kansas Farmer. In this enterprise his broad knowledge of farming stood him in good stead. He held before the farmers a higher standard of home life and recommended a rotation of crops system in farming care of machinery and stock and many other innovations far in advance of the times.

In December 1873 he was appointed Assistant Assessor United States Internal Revenue and on July 11, 1868 was made Collector of Internal Revenue.

At the expiration of his term Anthony was appointed President of the Kansas State Board of Agriculture, which position he held three years. He was then appointed one of the Board of Managers for the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition, which place he filled with great ability for two years.

In 1876 Anthony was nominated as the Republican candidate for Governor of Kansas and elected. In his message to the Legislature of 1877 he recommended a reformatory for youths apart from the penitentiary. Several important acts relating to state institutions were passed at this session of the Legislature.

During the year 1877 the temperance movement advanced rapidly in Kansas. Thousands of persons signed the pledge, and a State Temperance Union." A temperance wave, forerunner of prohibition was sweeping the State.

Many interesting events of minor historical value filled Governor Anthony's administration. It was during his first year as Governor that the first telephone in the State of Kansas was installed at Manhattan. A strike of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad employees became so serious as to demand the presence of troops to subdue it. Governor Anthony sent them immediately to the scene of action and stopped the rioting.

In September, 1878 the Indians on the Western frontier again began hostilities. When they were in the vicinity of Fort Doge, Governor Anthony appealed to the general savages were finally subdued. Many were captured, tried in the criminal courts of the state and punished. This was the last Indian raid in Kansas.

Because of political dissensions, Governor Anthony's candidacy for Governor in 1879 was defeated.

In 1881 he was appointed General Superintendent of the Mexican Central Railroad which position he held two years. He was elected to the Kansas Legislature in 1885 from Leavenworth County. It was due to his efforts during this session that the National Soldiers Home was located in Kansas. In 1889 the Executive Council of Kansas elected Governor Anthony a member of the Board of Railroad Commissioners. Three years later he was re-elected. He was appointed Superintendent of Insurance by Governor Morrill in 1895, which position he was holding at the time of his death. This occurred on August 5, 1896. He was buried in a Topeka Cemetery. His funeral was very simple. He was survived by his wife, and one son.

Governor Anthony was aggressively honest, always eager for the advancement of his beloved Kansa, a loyal, great-hearted citizen. His oratory will be remembered for its beauty of logic and reason. (History of Kansas State and People, William E. Connelley, Volume II, 1928, Pages 673-675)

By Mrs Edith Connelley Ross

John Pierce St. John, the eighth governor of Kansas, was born at Brookville, Franklin County, Indiana, on the twenty-fifth of February, 1833. His parents came originally from New York State.

The first fourteen years of St. John's life were spent on his father's farm. The boy obtained only such education as the crude public schools of that period and locality furnished.

In 1848 he removed with his parents to Olney, Illinois. Here both his parents died soon after settling in their new home. In 1852 he crossed the plains to California. There he had a varied career - he mined, chopped wood, clerked - anything to pay his expenses. He also fought in the Indian Wars of 1853-54, in Northern California and Southern Oregon. Here he learned the endurance of a soldier being twice wounded and often exposed to the greatest danger. But his early ambition to be lawyer never faltered during his life of adventure, and at night, after a day's hard work, he would study the few law books he had purchased, by the flickering light of the fire.

During this period of adventure, he visited Mexico, South America, the Sandwich Islands, and many other places of interest.

In 1859 he returned to Illinois poor in purse but rich in experience and knowledge of human nature. He completed his law studies in the offices of Starkweather and McLain at Charleston, Cole County. In this city he married his wife, Susan J. Parker, on the twenty-eight of March, 1860. Two children were born to them, John P., Jr., and Lulu.

During the Civil War, St. John served as Captain of Company C, 68th Illinois Volunteer Infantry, enlisting in April 1862. Later he organized the 143d Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, of which he was Lieutenant-Colonel. He rendered gallant service during the war. In 1865 he moved to Independence, Missouri, where he practiced law for four years. He then located permanently in Olathe, Kansas.

St. John was an ardent Republican standing firmly for whatsoever he believed to be right.

In 1872 he represented his district in the State Senate. In 1876 he declined the nomination for Governor of Kansas tendered to him by the Prohibition party. However, he was elected to that office two years later by the Republicans, and held the governorship for two terms. He was defeated for a third term in 1882 by George W. Glick.

The Legislature of 1879 provided for the building of the west wing of the State House and for the erection of a State Reform School at Topeka. Also as Governor St. John was a firm temperance man, and as the temperance movement was steadily gaining in power, the Legislature voted by a joint resolution to submit to a vote of the people an amendment to the Constitution of Kansas, prohibiting within the state the "manufacture and sale of intoxicating liquors," except for medical and scientific purposes. This amendment was adopted at the general election in 1880.

In 1881 the Legislature passed the Prohibitory Law, as an to enforce the constitutional amendment and since then Kansas has stood staunchly for prohibition and profited greatly thereby.

Beginning in 1874 many colored people emigrated to Kansas from the South. This emigration culminated in 1879 in a grand rush for Kansas by a large numbers of ex-slaves. This influx was known as the "Exodus" and so important was it that the "Exoduster" became well known to Kansas politics and history. Poor, homeless, trustful, the Exoduster displayed the traits of his race in unfailing cheerfulness and childlike trust in Providence. A Freedman's State Central Association was formed with Governor St John at the head and much was done for the relief of the Negroes. Large sums of money were donated for that purpose. Many of the Exodusters grouped together and founded the town of Nicodemus in Graham County. Others settled on small patches in the different Kansas towns and gradually acquired homes.

In 1869 by a treaty the Osage Indians had sold their lands amounting to 8,000,000 acres to the Leavenworth, Lawrence and Galveston Railroad Company. The settlers on the land feared they would lose their homes so in 1874 suit was brought to test the validity of the patents issued to the railroad companies for the Osage lands. After seven years of waiting, the case was decided in favor of the settlers.

During Governor St John's administration, President Hayes and General Grant visited Kansas. They were much surprised and gratified at her excellent condition, and paid many compliments to her splendid schools and institutions, her patriotism and advancement.

Governor St John's administration was distinguished for straightforward honesty. The Governor's enthusiasm for rigid standards of honor was so great as to almost amount to fanaticism. The administration was not marred by a single questionable act.

In 1884, when the Republican National Convention at Chicago refused to take any position against the saloon, he left the Republican party and joined the Prohibitionists. In July, 1885, he was nominated by that party for President and received over 150,000 votes. This defeated Blaine.
Later he joined the People's Party in Kansas. He was always foremost in any party that seemed to him to offer most advantages for mankind.
Governor St. John died at Olathe at the age of eighty-three years, August 31, 1916.

The enactment of the statues giving Kansas the Prohibitory Law came in the administration of Governor St John, as already stated. This was the principal achievement of Governor St. John. It was an important event in the history of Kansas and is treated in the following chapter. (History of Kansas State and People, William E. Connelley, Volume II, 1928, Pages 676-678)


By Mrs. Edith Connelley Ross

John A Martin tenth Governor of Kansas, was born at Brownsville Fayette County, Pennsylvania, March 10, 1839. He received a fair education in the common branches and in his youth perfected himself in the printer's art. In 1857 he was in the office of the Commercial Journal at Pittsburgh. During the fall of that year he came to Kansas a boy of only nineteen years. But his experiences in the early days tended to make him a man in courage and intelligence - in everything but years.

Martin worked a few months in the office of the Squatter Sovereign at Atchison and then entered the service of James Redpath as a compositor on the Crusader of Freedom. In the fall of 1858, he purchased the Squatter Sovereign and changed its name to the Freedom's Champion. This newspaper he conducted till the day of his death, and its columns were always devoted to the cause of the oppressed. Later, the name of the paper was again changed, this time to the Atchison Champion.

Martin was a fervent Free-State man and an enthusiastic Republican. Kansas was quick to see the value of such a man and in 1859 Martin was elected Secretary of the Wyandotte Consitutional Convention - an honor and responsibility coveted by much older men. This was before he was twenty-one years old. He served as a delegate to the Territorial Convention of 1860 at Lawrence and later in that year was sent to the Chicago National Convention. In 1859 he was elected State Senator from Atchison and Brown counties. Thus he was a member of the First State Legislature.

In the summer of 1861 Martin helped organize the Eighth Kansas Infantry of which he was appointed Lieutenant Colonel. He served on the Missouri border during the fall and winter of 1861. In 1862 he was made Provost Marshal of Leavenworth and he went in command of his regiment to Corinth in March of that year.

Colonel Martin fought gallantly all through the Civil War. He was with four great armies during that time - the Army of the Frontier, the Army of the Mississippi, the Army of the Ohio, and the Army of the Cumberland. He was present at the battle of Missionary Ridge, where his heroic fighting was as gallant as in his numerous other battles. Soon after being mustered out, at the close of the war, he was brevetted Brigadier-General for gallant and meritorious service.

Colonel Martin always retained his love for his old comrades and was always certain of their unfaltering loyalty. He was the first Department Commander of the G A R in Kansas, and was always active in any service for the veterans. The Soldiers Orphans Home at Atchison was in a great measure due to his labors. In 1878 he was appointed on the Board of Managers of the National Soldiers' Homes.

On June 1, 1871, he married Miss Ida Challis. Seven children were born to them.

In 1884 Colonel Martin was elected Governor of Kansas, and in 1886 he was re-elected. The beginning of his administration was very difficult and he was besieged by hordes of office-seekers. This on account of the previous Democratic administration.

At first, Governor Martin was not a prohibitionist but in time as he saw the beneficial effects of prohibition he became converted to be one of its most ardent champions. During Governor Martins' administration six education institutions were established in Kansas and 182 school houses were built in 1887. Also the State Reformatory was located at Hutchinson and opportunities for reform were provided for young law-breakers. During this administration, The Annals of Kansas, a compilation of Kansas history extremely valuable, was written and published by D. W. Wilder.

In March of 1886, a strike and serious disturbances on the Missouri Pacific Railroad in Missouri and Kansas demanded the attention of Governor Martin. Rioting caused the Governor to send the First Kansas Militia to the scene of action. After being the cause of great inconveniences and suffering, the strike was settled in April.

A bill was passed by the Legislature of 1887 conferring on women of Kansas the right to vote at school, bond and municipal elections.
This was one of the first steps toward the complete suffrage the State enjoys today.

Kansas had steadily progressed in prosperity and her towns and broad farming lands had increased immensely in value. This led to a "Boom" during which magnificent cities were erected on paper real towns increased in size. Many syndicates were organized to deal in Kansas real estate. Long blocks of buildings were erected in unnecessary towns, and the prairie was long after dotted with rusting pipes and hydrants - the only tangible evidences of these useless towns. The end of 1888 saw the great Kansas "boom" collapse and as this year had also had a failure of crops, Kansas experienced a panic. But this check in prosperity was comparatively brief.

There was a contest for the county seat between towns in several counties. Bitter rivalries and feuds resulted, the worst being Stephens County where several people were killed. On an appeal made to the Governor for help, a regiment of militia was sent to this county. In 1888 Greeley County was organized thus completing the organization of the 105 Kansas Counties.

At the expiration of his term as Governor, Colonel Martin returned to Atchison and resumed his work on the Champion. But in less than a year he was stricken by a fatal sickness. He died at Atchison October 2, 1889. He was buried at his request in the uniform he had so nobly worn in life. (History of Kansas State and People, William E. Connelley, Volume II, 1928, Pages 717-719)


By Mrs. Edith Connelley Ross

George W. Glick, was born at Greencastle, Fairfield County, Ohio, July 4, 1827. He was of German extraction, his great-grandfather having come to America from Germany in time to fight in the War of the Revolution. His father was prominent in local politics, and the boy learned much of honorable public service early in his youth. When he was five years old the family removed to a farm near Fremont, Ohio. Here he lived till he was twenty-one. He received a good education and showed himself to be of a studious and practical disposition.

When twenty-one years old he entered the office of Buckland and Hayes as a law student. Two years later he was admitted to the bar with the Cincinnati Law School students by the Supreme Court. He immediately opened an office in Fremont where his intelligence and capacity for hard work gained him a rapidly growing patronage. He later removed to Sandusy City where in 1858 he was nominated for Congress for his district by the Democrats. He declined the honor, but the same year, ran for State Senator. In this venture he was defeated. Later he was elected Judge Advocate General of the Second Regiment, Seventeenth Division of Ohio Militia, ranking as a colonel.

In 1858 he was married to Miss Elizabeth Ryder of Fremont. Two children were born of this union, a son, Frederick and a daughter Jennie.

Late in the year 1858, Glick came to Kansas, and settled in Atchison. He became the partner of Mr. Alfred G. Otis in a law business. The firm was very successful and continued until 1873 when an affection of the throat compelled Glick to discontinue the business.

Glick was a solider in the Second Kansas Militia, under Col. M. Quigg. He was wounded at the battle of the Big Blue.

Glick was elected to the Legislature of 1863. He was re-elected in 1864, 1865, 1866, 1868, 1874, 1876, and 1882. In the session of 1876 he held the position of Speaker pro tem, in which place he evinced great fairness and wisdom. Also, in this year, he was appointed Treasurer of Managers of the Centennial Exposition by Governor Osborn, which place he ably filled.

Glick was always a firm Democrat and was sent by that party as a delegate to the Democratic National Conventions of 1856, 1868, 1884 and 1892. In 1868 he had been nominated for Governor by his party and though sure of defeat, he answered the party call and ran. Again in 1882 he was nominated and entered heartily into a most strenuous campaign. This time he was elected over great odds defeating Governor St. John the Republican Candidate for a third term. He entered upon his administration in 1883. It was an administration marked by economy foresight and fairness. In spite of party prejudices this has been generally admitted.

Kansas had grown so prosperous that in 1884 aid was sent by the farmers of the State to the flood sufferers of Ohio. Sixty one carloads of corn the golden treasure of Kansas were shipped that year for charity. Also a trainload of corn was shipped by the Kansas G A R to aid in building a Confederate Soldier's Home in Virginia.

Governor Glick while not favoring promiscuous dealing in intoxicants that had existed before the Prohibitory law passed, considered the act premature, rash and unwise. So he recommended the re-submission of the Prohibitory amendment. Nothing came of it.

On March 31, 1883, the Executive Council of Kansas appointed the first Board of Railroad Commissioners consisting of three members for the State of Kansas.

On the eighteenth of March 1884 a special session of the Legislature was called to deal the "foot and mouth disease," prevalent to an alarming degree among the cattle. Few bills other than those relating to the cattle situation were passed at this session.

In 1884 the Government of the United States established at Lawrence a school for training and educating the Indians. This school is known as Haskell Institute.

During Governor Glick's administrate, the State Women's Suffrage Association was organized. It was at this time also, that Congress passed an act establishing a National Soldiers Home at Leavenworth.

At the election of 1884 Governor Glick was again the Democratic nominee. But the Republican candidate John A. Martin was elected. In 1885 Governor Glick was appointed Pension Agent at Topeka by President Cleveland, to which office he was reappointed when Mr. Cleveland again came into office. He served several terms as President of the State Board of Agriculture and in 1908 was President of the State Historical Society. His life, after his retirement from politics was spent alternately between his home in Atchison and an orange grove which he owned in Florida. In the winter of 1910 he fell while at that place and sustained the injury of a broken hip. His advanced age made it impossible for him to recover and after a year of suffering he died on the thirteenth of April 1911. He was eighty-three years old.

Governor Glick was an honorable upright man. He gave freely of the best that was in him for the good of the State whose destinies he was guiding. Republicans and Democrats heartily agree as to the honesty, foresight and kindness of Governor Glick.

The Legislature which met in 1913 appropriated the sum of $6,000 for a marble statue of Governor Glick to be placed in Statuary Hall, Washington. This statue was placed in the Hall June 24, 1914 and formally accepted July 18, 1914. (History of Kansas State and People, William E. Connelley, Volume II, 1928,Pages 714-716)

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